Burundi

Country Burundi
Capital Bujumbura
Continent Africa
Currency Burundi franc(BIF)
Languages Kirundi, French & Swahili

Bujumbura

Information

Introduction

Burundi's first democratically elected president was assassinated in October 1993 after only 100 days in office, triggering widespread ethnic violence between Hutu and Tutsi factions. More than 200,000 Burundians perished during the conflict that spanned almost a dozen years. Hundreds of thousands of Burundians were internally displaced or became refugees in neighboring countries. An internationally brokered power-sharing agreement between the Tutsi-dominated government and the Hutu rebels in 2003 paved the way for a transition process that led to an integrated defense force, established a new constitution in 2005, and elected a majority Hutu government in 2005. The new government, led by President Pierre NKURUNZIZA, signed a South African brokered ceasefire with the country's last rebel group in September of 2006 but still faces many challenges.

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References

Burundi - Wikipedia
Burundi - CIA World Fact Book
Burundi - BBC
Burundi - Timeline - BBC

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Burundi: Humanitarian Snapshot (August 2020) - Burundi - ReliefWebBurundi: Humanitarian Snapshot (August 2020) - Burundi  ReliefWeb

Voluntary Repatriation of Burundian Refugees, Update as of 31 July 2020 - Burundi - ReliefWebVoluntary Repatriation of Burundian Refugees, Update as of 31 July 2020 - Burundi  ReliefWeb

Burundi Parliament Gets New Speaker Amidst Controversy - Taarifa RwandaBurundi Parliament Gets New Speaker Amidst Controversy  Taarifa Rwanda

What a new president means for Burundi - The New HumanitarianWhat a new president means for Burundi  The New Humanitarian

Burundi President Rejects Overture From Rwandan Counterpart - New VisionBurundi President Rejects Overture From Rwandan Counterpart  New Vision

Burundi: Make Rights a Priority - Human Rights WatchBurundi: Make Rights a Priority  Human Rights Watch

Burundi President Ndayishimiye Describes Kagame’s Call To Settle Differences As Hypocritical - softpower.ugBurundi President Ndayishimiye Describes Kagame’s Call To Settle Differences As Hypocritical  softpower.ug

As Burundi Bans Publication ItaraBurundi UN Censor Guterres Is Silent Breaking Quarantine - Inner City PressAs Burundi Bans Publication ItaraBurundi UN Censor Guterres Is Silent Breaking Quarantine  Inner City Press

Oral briefing by the Commission of Inquiry on Burundi, 14 July 2020 - Burundi - ReliefWebOral briefing by the Commission of Inquiry on Burundi, 14 July 2020 - Burundi  ReliefWeb

How Burundi's independent press lost its freedom - The Conversation CAHow Burundi's independent press lost its freedom  The Conversation CA

Burundi : Request for Debt Relief Under the Catastrophe Containment and Relief Trust-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Burundi - International Monetary FundBurundi : Request for Debt Relief Under the Catastrophe Containment and Relief Trust-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Burundi  International Monetary Fund

OPED: Time to release Burundian human rights defender Germain Rukuki - Amnesty InternationalOPED: Time to release Burundian human rights defender Germain Rukuki  Amnesty International

Burundi complete season after playing through pandemic - Yahoo SportsBurundi complete season after playing through pandemic  Yahoo Sports

IMF Executive Board Approves US$7.6 Million Debt Relief to the Republic of Burundi Under the Catastrophe Containment and Relief Trust - International Monetary FundIMF Executive Board Approves US$7.6 Million Debt Relief to the Republic of Burundi Under the Catastrophe Containment and Relief Trust  International Monetary Fund

UN Human Rights Council 44: Interactive Dialogue with the COI on Burundi - GOV.UKUN Human Rights Council 44: Interactive Dialogue with the COI on Burundi  GOV.UK

Burundi’s new security minister has a long and bloody past - Mail and GuardianBurundi’s new security minister has a long and bloody past  Mail and Guardian

Studies are underway for two hydropower projects in Burundi - ESI AfricaStudies are underway for two hydropower projects in Burundi  ESI Africa

Voluntary Repatriation of Burundian Refugees, Update as of 30 June 2020 - Burundi - ReliefWebVoluntary Repatriation of Burundian Refugees, Update as of 30 June 2020 - Burundi  ReliefWeb

UNICEF Burundi Humanitarian Situation Report No. 2 - Reporting Period: 01 January to 30 June 2020 - Burundi - ReliefWebUNICEF Burundi Humanitarian Situation Report No. 2 - Reporting Period: 01 January to 30 June 2020 - Burundi  ReliefWeb

Burundi Journalists Honour Disappeared Colleagues – Taarifa Rwanda - Taarifa RwandaBurundi Journalists Honour Disappeared Colleagues – Taarifa Rwanda  Taarifa Rwanda

Burundi's Main Opposition Party CNL Offices Vandalised - Taarifa RwandaBurundi's Main Opposition Party CNL Offices Vandalised  Taarifa Rwanda

Burundian Refugees Accuse President Ndayishimiye of Peddling Lies, Stoking Conflict - KT PressBurundian Refugees Accuse President Ndayishimiye of Peddling Lies, Stoking Conflict  KT Press

CPJ calls on Burundi's new president to free Iwacu journalists, respect press freedom - CPJ Press Freedom OnlineCPJ calls on Burundi's new president to free Iwacu journalists, respect press freedom  CPJ Press Freedom Online

Burundi Revised humanitarian response Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) May–December 2020 - Burundi - ReliefWebBurundi Revised humanitarian response Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) May–December 2020 - Burundi  ReliefWeb

Rwanda reassures voluntary repatriation of Burundi refugees | The New Times | Rwanda - The New TimesRwanda reassures voluntary repatriation of Burundi refugees | The New Times | Rwanda  The New Times

Shakava, Abuya and Otieno: Kenyan trio win Zambia title with Nkana FC - Goal IndiaShakava, Abuya and Otieno: Kenyan trio win Zambia title with Nkana FC  Goal India

Health Alert – US Embassy Kigali, Rwanda | US Embassy in Rwanda - US Embassy in RwandaHealth Alert – US Embassy Kigali, Rwanda | US Embassy in Rwanda  US Embassy in Rwanda

Dessers and Onuachu score to help Genk open season with victory over Zulte Waregem - Goal.comDessers and Onuachu score to help Genk open season with victory over Zulte Waregem  Goal.com

Burundi, Rwanda mark 58th independence anniversary - Anadolu AgencyBurundi, Rwanda mark 58th independence anniversary  Anadolu Agency

Burundi's new government sworn in - Anadolu AgencyBurundi's new government sworn in  Anadolu Agency

What is next for Burundi under new president? - Anadolu AgencyWhat is next for Burundi under new president?  Anadolu Agency

River Nile: How Kampala Plan Can Avert Sudan And Egypt Tension Against Ethiopia - New VisionRiver Nile: How Kampala Plan Can Avert Sudan And Egypt Tension Against Ethiopia  New Vision

Burundi to elect new government amid pandemic fears - Anadolu AgencyBurundi to elect new government amid pandemic fears  Anadolu Agency

Umuganura, The Essence Of Rwanda, Not A Harvest Festival - KT PressUmuganura, The Essence Of Rwanda, Not A Harvest Festival  KT Press

Pierre Nkurunziza's Death and the Future of Burundi - Council on Foreign RelationsPierre Nkurunziza's Death and the Future of Burundi  Council on Foreign Relations

Overcoming atrocities: An opportunity for change in Burundi - Burundi - ReliefWebOvercoming atrocities: An opportunity for change in Burundi - Burundi  ReliefWeb

Burundi confirms first 2 COVID-19 cases - Anadolu AgencyBurundi confirms first 2 COVID-19 cases  Anadolu Agency

Burundi swears in new president - Anadolu AgencyBurundi swears in new president  Anadolu Agency

Soldier in eastern DRC shoots and kills at least 12 civilians - Al Jazeera EnglishSoldier in eastern DRC shoots and kills at least 12 civilians  Al Jazeera English

Burundi: Campaigns Begin Amid Clampdown - Human Rights WatchBurundi: Campaigns Begin Amid Clampdown  Human Rights Watch

Burundi: Situation Report (12 Jun 2020) - Burundi - ReliefWebBurundi: Situation Report (12 Jun 2020) - Burundi  ReliefWeb

Burundi: Any COVID-19 Cover-Up Will Put Lives at Risk - Human Rights WatchBurundi: Any COVID-19 Cover-Up Will Put Lives at Risk  Human Rights Watch

PROFILE - Burundi's President Pierre Nkurunziza dies at 55 - Anadolu AgencyPROFILE - Burundi's President Pierre Nkurunziza dies at 55  Anadolu Agency

Burundi: Humanitarian Snapshot (April 2020) - Burundi - ReliefWebBurundi: Humanitarian Snapshot (April 2020) - Burundi  ReliefWeb

Burundi: Situation Report (30 Jun 2020) [EN/RN] - Burundi - ReliefWebBurundi: Situation Report (30 Jun 2020) [EN/RN] - Burundi  ReliefWeb

Nkurunziza's life and Burundian politics: beyond the mourning and controversies - The Conversation AfricaNkurunziza's life and Burundian politics: beyond the mourning and controversies  The Conversation Africa

WFP Burundi Country Brief, April 2020 - Burundi - ReliefWebWFP Burundi Country Brief, April 2020 - Burundi  ReliefWeb

Will Burundi's New President Seize the Moment? - Foreign PolicyWill Burundi's New President Seize the Moment?  Foreign Policy

Burundi: Fear, Repression in Covid-19 Response - Human Rights WatchBurundi: Fear, Repression in Covid-19 Response  Human Rights Watch

Burundi Turns Out to Replace President of 15 Years, Pandemic or No - The New York TimesBurundi Turns Out to Replace President of 15 Years, Pandemic or No  The New York Times

A Brutal Legacy of Burundi's Late President - Human Rights WatchA Brutal Legacy of Burundi's Late President  Human Rights Watch

In the news: Killings, arrests as elections draw near in Burundi - The New HumanitarianIn the news: Killings, arrests as elections draw near in Burundi  The New Humanitarian

Nature’s Treasures photo competition is on - The East AfricanNature’s Treasures photo competition is on  The East African

Coronavirus response takes backseat as election looms in Burundi - IRINnews.orgCoronavirus response takes backseat as election looms in Burundi  IRINnews.org

Burundi launches COVID-19 mass screening campaign - Anadolu AgencyBurundi launches COVID-19 mass screening campaign  Anadolu Agency

Burundi Court Orders New President Sworn In Soon as Possible - VOA NewsBurundi Court Orders New President Sworn In Soon as Possible  VOA News

AU and UN appeal for 'stable and peaceful environment' for Burundi elections - UN NewsAU and UN appeal for 'stable and peaceful environment' for Burundi elections  UN News

Burundi gets new prime minister after 22 years - Anadolu AgencyBurundi gets new prime minister after 22 years  Anadolu Agency

Burundi: Is President Pierre Nkurunziza ready to relinquish power? - DW (English)Burundi: Is President Pierre Nkurunziza ready to relinquish power?  DW (English)

Pierre Nkurunziza: Burundi leader to get $530,000 and luxury villa - BBC NewsPierre Nkurunziza: Burundi leader to get $530,000 and luxury villa  BBC News

Burundi eulogizes Nkurunziza at massive funeral - Anadolu AgencyBurundi eulogizes Nkurunziza at massive funeral  Anadolu Agency

Burundi Flash Update: As of 20 June 2020, 144 cases of COVID-19 are confirmed by the MoPH in Burundi - Burundi - ReliefWebBurundi Flash Update: As of 20 June 2020, 144 cases of COVID-19 are confirmed by the MoPH in Burundi - Burundi  ReliefWeb

Dar port dangles cheaper cargo rates than Mombasa - The East AfricanDar port dangles cheaper cargo rates than Mombasa  The East African

Grenade attack kills two in Burundi bar ahead of polls - Al Jazeera EnglishGrenade attack kills two in Burundi bar ahead of polls  Al Jazeera English

Burundi: Coronavirus prompts timid steps for a break with the past - Deutsche WelleBurundi: Coronavirus prompts timid steps for a break with the past  Deutsche Welle

Burundi: Why history will judge Pierre Nkurunziza harshly - The Africa ReportBurundi: Why history will judge Pierre Nkurunziza harshly  The Africa Report

Burundi election commission says Ndayishimiye new president - Al Jazeera EnglishBurundi election commission says Ndayishimiye new president  Al Jazeera English

Burundi to quarantine travelers from US, UK, Australia - Anadolu AgencyBurundi to quarantine travelers from US, UK, Australia  Anadolu Agency

German students on connecting with Rwandan youth through skating - The New TimesGerman students on connecting with Rwandan youth through skating  The New Times

COVID-19 is Coinciding with Dangerous Trends in Burundi's Democracy - Council on Foreign RelationsCOVID-19 is Coinciding with Dangerous Trends in Burundi's Democracy  Council on Foreign Relations

Burundi court upholds poll results, says Ndayishimiye president - Al Jazeera EnglishBurundi court upholds poll results, says Ndayishimiye president  Al Jazeera English

'Climate of fear' worsens in Burundi - DW (English)'Climate of fear' worsens in Burundi  DW (English)

Ndayishimiye: Burundi government's presidential hopeful - BBC NewsNdayishimiye: Burundi government's presidential hopeful  BBC News

'Not just where people kill each other’: the man hoping to transform Burundi - The Guardian'Not just where people kill each other’: the man hoping to transform Burundi  The Guardian

Grenade blast leaves two dead ahead of Burundi polls - IRINnews.orgGrenade blast leaves two dead ahead of Burundi polls  IRINnews.org

Burundi Opposition Leader Says Party Members Attacked in Run-up to Elections - VOA NewsBurundi Opposition Leader Says Party Members Attacked in Run-up to Elections  VOA News

Burundi: Humanitarian Snapshot (March 2020) - Burundi - ReliefWebBurundi: Humanitarian Snapshot (March 2020) - Burundi  ReliefWeb

In Another Life: The Boys of Burundi | Poverty - Aljazeera.comIn Another Life: The Boys of Burundi | Poverty  Aljazeera.com

Burundi: Drop demand on international NGOs to disclose ethnic identity of employees - Amnesty InternationalBurundi: Drop demand on international NGOs to disclose ethnic identity of employees  Amnesty International

Burundi election countdown amid 'deteriorating' human rights situation - UN NewsBurundi election countdown amid 'deteriorating' human rights situation  UN News

A Perfect Storm Is Brewing in Burundi - Human Rights WatchA Perfect Storm Is Brewing in Burundi  Human Rights Watch

The Cruel Irony of Burundi's Media Awards - Human Rights WatchThe Cruel Irony of Burundi's Media Awards  Human Rights Watch

Humanitarian agencies seek US$290 million to support Burundian refugees - UNHCRHumanitarian agencies seek US$290 million to support Burundian refugees  UNHCR

Burundi, the Forgotten Crisis, Still Burns - Africa Center for Strategic StudiesBurundi, the Forgotten Crisis, Still Burns  Africa Center for Strategic Studies

Burundi unveils cabinet including ministers under US sanctions - Al Jazeera EnglishBurundi unveils cabinet including ministers under US sanctions  Al Jazeera English

Burundi's president died from COVID-19: reports - Anadolu AgencyBurundi's president died from COVID-19: reports  Anadolu Agency

Post-Nkurunziza Burundi: The Rise of the Generals - Africa Center for Strategic StudiesPost-Nkurunziza Burundi: The Rise of the Generals  Africa Center for Strategic Studies

Burundi reports first coronavirus death - Anadolu AgencyBurundi reports first coronavirus death  Anadolu Agency

Anger as Genocide Denier is Included in Belgian Commission to Examine Colonial Past - KT PressAnger as Genocide Denier is Included in Belgian Commission to Examine Colonial Past  KT Press

Burundi Election Could Be Compromised, UN Warns - VOA NewsBurundi Election Could Be Compromised, UN Warns  VOA News

Burundi: Intimidation, Arrests During Elections - Human Rights WatchBurundi: Intimidation, Arrests During Elections  Human Rights Watch

Burundi COVID-19 Flash Update No. 1 (08 April 2020) - Burundi - ReliefWebBurundi COVID-19 Flash Update No. 1 (08 April 2020) - Burundi  ReliefWeb

Burundi first lady in Kenya for COVID-19 treatment - Anadolu AgencyBurundi first lady in Kenya for COVID-19 treatment  Anadolu Agency

The situation in Burundi - Report of the Secretary-General (S/2019/837) - Burundi - ReliefWebThe situation in Burundi - Report of the Secretary-General (S/2019/837) - Burundi  ReliefWeb

China's influence in Burundi has grown, while that of the EU has diminished - D+C Development and CooperationChina's influence in Burundi has grown, while that of the EU has diminished  D+C Development and Cooperation

Burundi Joins Other African States to Move Its Capital - IDN InDepthNews | Analysis That MattersBurundi Joins Other African States to Move Its Capital  IDN InDepthNews | Analysis That Matters

Burundi: More than 4,000 mass graves uncovered - BBC NewsBurundi: More than 4,000 mass graves uncovered  BBC News

Burundi Football Team Plays Through Coronavirus Threat - VOA NewsBurundi Football Team Plays Through Coronavirus Threat  VOA News

Burundi vote: Political campaigns end ahead of elections - Aljazeera.comBurundi vote: Political campaigns end ahead of elections  Aljazeera.com

Burundi election body chief appeals for patience after tense vote - Al Jazeera EnglishBurundi election body chief appeals for patience after tense vote  Al Jazeera English