Zimbabwe

Country Zimbabwe
Capital Harare
Continent Africa
Currency United States dollar(USD)
Languages Chewa, Chibarwe, English, Kalanga, Koisan, Nambya, Ndau, Ndebele, Shangani, Shona, Sign language, Sotho, Tonga, Tswana, Venda & Xhosa

Information

Introduction

The UK annexed Southern Rhodesia from the [British] South Africa Company in 1923. A 1961 constitution was formulated that favored whites in power. In 1965 the government unilaterally declared its independence, but the UK did not recognize the act and demanded more complete voting rights for the black African majority in the country (then called Rhodesia). UN sanctions and a guerrilla uprising finally led to free elections in 1979 and independence (as Zimbabwe) in 1980. Robert MUGABE, the nation's first prime minister, has been the country's only ruler (as president since 1987) and has dominated the country's political system since independence. His chaotic land redistribution campaign, which began in 2000, caused an exodus of white farmers, crippled the economy, and ushered in widespread shortages of basic commodities. Ignoring international condemnation, MUGABE rigged the 2002 presidential election to ensure his reelection. The ruling ZANU-PF party used fraud and intimidation to win a two-thirds majority in the March 2005 parliamentary election, allowing it to amend the constitution at will and recreate the Senate, which had been abolished in the late 1980s. In April 2005, Harare embarked on Operation Restore Order, ostensibly an urban rationalization program, which resulted in the destruction of the homes or businesses of 700,000 mostly poor supporters of the opposition. President MUGABE in June 2007 instituted price controls on all basic commodities causing panic buying and leaving store shelves empty for months. General elections held in March 2008 contained irregularities but still amounted to a censure of the ZANU-PF-led government with the opposition winning a majority of seats in parliament. MDC opposition leader Morgan TSVANGIRAI won the most votes in the presidential polls, but not enough to win outright. In the lead up to a run-off election in late June 2008, considerable violence enacted against opposition party members led to the withdrawal of TSVANGIRAI from the ballot. Extensive evidence of vote tampering and ballot-box stuffing resulted in international condemnation of the process. Difficult negotiations over a power-sharing government, in which MUGABE remained president and TSVANGIRAI became prime minister, were finally settled in February 2009, although the leaders have yet failed to agree upon many key outstanding governmental issues.

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References

Zimbabwe - Wikipedia
Zimbabwe - CIA World Fact Book
Zimbabwe - BBC
Zimbabwe - Timeline - BBC

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Zimbabwe activists decry 'unprecedented clampdown' after arrests - Al Jazeera EnglishZimbabwe activists decry 'unprecedented clampdown' after arrests  Al Jazeera English

Crisis-hit Zimbabwe ready to ‘implode’, warns Booker Prize nominee - Financial TimesCrisis-hit Zimbabwe ready to ‘implode’, warns Booker Prize nominee  Financial Times

Zimbabwe: SADC, AU Should Denounce Crackdown - Human Rights WatchZimbabwe: SADC, AU Should Denounce Crackdown  Human Rights Watch

How artists have preserved the memory of Zimbabwe's 1980s massacres - The Conversation CAHow artists have preserved the memory of Zimbabwe's 1980s massacres  The Conversation CA

Protesters and S.African police clash at Zimbabwe embassy - Yahoo NewsProtesters and S.African police clash at Zimbabwe embassy  Yahoo News

South Africa Raises Red Flag Over Reports of Zimbabwe Abuses - BloombergSouth Africa Raises Red Flag Over Reports of Zimbabwe Abuses  Bloomberg

US puts sanctions on ally of Zimbabwe president - Financial TimesUS puts sanctions on ally of Zimbabwe president  Financial Times

Zimbabwe Accused of Stifling Press Freedom as Journalist Denied Bail Again - Voice of AmericaZimbabwe Accused of Stifling Press Freedom as Journalist Denied Bail Again  Voice of America

Covid-19 impact: Zimbabwe v Afghanistan T20I series called off | ESPNcricinfo.com - ESPNcricinfoCovid-19 impact: Zimbabwe v Afghanistan T20I series called off | ESPNcricinfo.com  ESPNcricinfo

Zimbabwe steps up efforts to revitalize mining industry - Xinhua | English.news.cn - XinhuaZimbabwe steps up efforts to revitalize mining industry - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

Zimbabwe Locks Down Capital, Thwarting Planned Protests - The New York TimesZimbabwe Locks Down Capital, Thwarting Planned Protests  The New York Times

Zimbabwe is on fire but is the world listening? - Daily MaverickZimbabwe is on fire but is the world listening?  Daily Maverick

COVID-19 Response: Weekly UN in Zimbabwe Update Issue 15 | 7 August 2020 - Zimbabwe - ReliefWebCOVID-19 Response: Weekly UN in Zimbabwe Update Issue 15 | 7 August 2020 - Zimbabwe  ReliefWeb

SADC has failed Zimbabwe on many fronts - IOLSADC has failed Zimbabwe on many fronts  IOL

Tsitsi Dangarembga - Booker Prize nominee arrested in Zimbabwe - BBC NewsTsitsi Dangarembga - Booker Prize nominee arrested in Zimbabwe  BBC News

Zimbabwe: President launches tourism recovery campaign - Anadolu AgencyZimbabwe: President launches tourism recovery campaign  Anadolu Agency

Critics: Zimbabwe's New Currency Auction Unfairly Favors Big Business - Global Press JournalCritics: Zimbabwe's New Currency Auction Unfairly Favors Big Business  Global Press Journal

Zimbabwe wants to raise money through a sovereign bond. Why this is ill-advised - The Conversation CAZimbabwe wants to raise money through a sovereign bond. Why this is ill-advised  The Conversation CA

Zimbabwe: Authorities thwart anti-corruption protests, launch a witch-hunt against activists - Amnesty InternationalZimbabwe: Authorities thwart anti-corruption protests, launch a witch-hunt against activists  Amnesty International

Zimbabwe calls US envoy 'thug' as anti-government protests loom - Al Jazeera EnglishZimbabwe calls US envoy 'thug' as anti-government protests loom  Al Jazeera English

Pressure mounts on Zimbabwe to release investigative journalist - DW (English)Pressure mounts on Zimbabwe to release investigative journalist  DW (English)

Zimbabwe: Soldiers shut down Harare ahead of protests - Anadolu AgencyZimbabwe: Soldiers shut down Harare ahead of protests  Anadolu Agency

ANC to meet over Zimbabwe, say they have to help 'when neighbour's house is burning' - News24ANC to meet over Zimbabwe, say they have to help 'when neighbour's house is burning'  News24

Zimbabwe VP named health minister after coronavirus graft scandal - Al Jazeera EnglishZimbabwe VP named health minister after coronavirus graft scandal  Al Jazeera English

Zimbabwe can't afford its $3.5 bln bond to pay off white farmers - Quartz AfricaZimbabwe can't afford its $3.5 bln bond to pay off white farmers  Quartz Africa

Zimbabwe’s New 12-Hour Curfew Hotly Debated - Voice of AmericaZimbabwe’s New 12-Hour Curfew Hotly Debated  Voice of America

Coronavirus: Seven Zimbabwe babies stillborn in one night at hospital - BBC NewsCoronavirus: Seven Zimbabwe babies stillborn in one night at hospital  BBC News

Zimbabwean President, Deputy Clash as Economy Tension Grows - BloombergZimbabwean President, Deputy Clash as Economy Tension Grows  Bloomberg

In Zimbabwe, no one can breathe - African ArgumentsIn Zimbabwe, no one can breathe  African Arguments

Coronavirus: Zimbabwe arrests 100,000 for 'violations' of measures - BBC NewsCoronavirus: Zimbabwe arrests 100,000 for 'violations' of measures  BBC News

EDITORIAL: Don’t give Zimbabwe a cent - Financial MailEDITORIAL: Don’t give Zimbabwe a cent  Financial Mail

Amnesty International Condemns Arrest of Zimbabwe Protesters - BloombergAmnesty International Condemns Arrest of Zimbabwe Protesters  Bloomberg

Black Lives Matter Inspires Protesters in Zimbabwe Against President Mnangawa - BloombergBlack Lives Matter Inspires Protesters in Zimbabwe Against President Mnangawa  Bloomberg

Zimbabwe's agriculture minister dies at 65 - Anadolu AgencyZimbabwe's agriculture minister dies at 65  Anadolu Agency

Ravages of acute hunger will likely hit six in 10 in Zimbabwe: WFP - UN NewsRavages of acute hunger will likely hit six in 10 in Zimbabwe: WFP  UN News

U.S. Sanctions Zimbabwe's 'Queen Bee' Over Corruption - BloombergU.S. Sanctions Zimbabwe's 'Queen Bee' Over Corruption  Bloomberg

Zimbabwe: 3 opposition members 'abducted' - Anadolu AgencyZimbabwe: 3 opposition members 'abducted'  Anadolu Agency

Booker-longlisted author Tsitsi Dangarembga freed on bail in Zimbabwe - The GuardianBooker-longlisted author Tsitsi Dangarembga freed on bail in Zimbabwe  The Guardian

Zimbabwe Journalist Arrested For Exposing Corruption | Here & Now - Here And NowZimbabwe Journalist Arrested For Exposing Corruption | Here & Now  Here And Now

Zimbabwe could be headed for political upheaval as economic and health crises spiral - CNBCZimbabwe could be headed for political upheaval as economic and health crises spiral  CNBC

Is Zimbabwe cracking down on dissent? | Human Rights - Aljazeera.comIs Zimbabwe cracking down on dissent? | Human Rights  Aljazeera.com

Zimbabwe Situation Report, 27 July 2020 - Zimbabwe - ReliefWebZimbabwe Situation Report, 27 July 2020 - Zimbabwe  ReliefWeb

Prominent Zimbabwe journalist arrested in Harare - Financial TimesProminent Zimbabwe journalist arrested in Harare  Financial Times

Demonstration Alert – US Embassy Harare, Zimbabwe - US Embassy in ZimbabweDemonstration Alert – US Embassy Harare, Zimbabwe  US Embassy in Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe Situation Report, 24 July 2020 - Zimbabwe - ReliefWebZimbabwe Situation Report, 24 July 2020 - Zimbabwe  ReliefWeb

Zimbabwe: COVID-19 must not be used to stifle freedoms, says UN rights office - UN NewsZimbabwe: COVID-19 must not be used to stifle freedoms, says UN rights office  UN News

Zimbabwe education: School lessons broadcast on the radio - Aljazeera.comZimbabwe education: School lessons broadcast on the radio  Aljazeera.com

Ten years of photo reportage from Libyan traffickers to Mugabe's Zimbabwe - The GuardianTen years of photo reportage from Libyan traffickers to Mugabe's Zimbabwe  The Guardian

How South Africa, Kenya and Zimbabwe measure up on child offenders - The Conversation CAHow South Africa, Kenya and Zimbabwe measure up on child offenders  The Conversation CA

Zimbabwe stock market trading resumes after halting in June - Aljazeera.comZimbabwe stock market trading resumes after halting in June  Aljazeera.com

Zimbabwe : Technical Assistance Report-Government Finance Statistics - International Monetary FundZimbabwe : Technical Assistance Report-Government Finance Statistics  International Monetary Fund

US slaps sanctions on Zimbabwean tycoon - The East AfricanUS slaps sanctions on Zimbabwean tycoon  The East African

What kind of future is Zimbabwe's class of 2020 facing? - Equal TimesWhat kind of future is Zimbabwe's class of 2020 facing?  Equal Times

Zimbabwean authorities warn against July 31 protests - Anadolu AgencyZimbabwean authorities warn against July 31 protests  Anadolu Agency

Zimbabwe's new gold rush - Open DemocracyZimbabwe's new gold rush  Open Democracy

Forget Ghana, Bafana are Zimbabwe’s toughest World Cup foe - Karuru - Goal.comForget Ghana, Bafana are Zimbabwe’s toughest World Cup foe - Karuru  Goal.com

Starting a cigar firm in Zimbabwe - BBC NewsStarting a cigar firm in Zimbabwe  BBC News

Coronavirus Economic Fallout Batters Zimbabwe Bird Sanctuary - Voice of AmericaCoronavirus Economic Fallout Batters Zimbabwe Bird Sanctuary  Voice of America

Zimbabwe’s worst economic crisis in more than a decade - The EconomistZimbabwe’s worst economic crisis in more than a decade  The Economist

Many Zimbabweans sell goods from their cars in hard times - Associated PressMany Zimbabweans sell goods from their cars in hard times  Associated Press

Health Alert, New Lockdown Restrictions, and Commercial Flights - US Embassy in ZimbabweHealth Alert, New Lockdown Restrictions, and Commercial Flights  US Embassy in Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe FM Moyo: Sanctions are 'weapon of mass destruction' - Deutsche WelleZimbabwe FM Moyo: Sanctions are 'weapon of mass destruction'  Deutsche Welle

Crackdown on mobile money hits Zimbabwe’s poor - Financial TimesCrackdown on mobile money hits Zimbabwe’s poor  Financial Times

Breast cancer: Zimbabwe woman's struggle to avoid mastectomy - BBC NewsBreast cancer: Zimbabwe woman's struggle to avoid mastectomy  BBC News

ED still keen on western hugs despite rights abuse storm - Matemadanda - New Zimbabwe.comED still keen on western hugs despite rights abuse storm - Matemadanda  New Zimbabwe.com

Zimbabwean Lives Matter movement grows with support from big names - Business DayZimbabwean Lives Matter movement grows with support from big names  Business Day

Zimbabwe: Use Education, Local Expertise to Solve Challenges - Minister - AllAfrica.comZimbabwe: Use Education, Local Expertise to Solve Challenges - Minister  AllAfrica.com

Zimbabwe descends into rule by law – activists arrested and abducted - Daily MaverickZimbabwe descends into rule by law – activists arrested and abducted  Daily Maverick

Zimbabwe Billionaire Struggles to Sell Telecom Asset - BloombergZimbabwe Billionaire Struggles to Sell Telecom Asset  Bloomberg

GALLERY: Zimbabwean Lives Matter protest outside Zimbabwean embassy - EWNGALLERY: Zimbabwean Lives Matter protest outside Zimbabwean embassy  EWN

Virus Stalls Zimbabwe Tycoon's Bid to Sell Liquid Telecom Stake - Data Center KnowledgeVirus Stalls Zimbabwe Tycoon's Bid to Sell Liquid Telecom Stake  Data Center Knowledge

The U.S. Government's COVID-19 Response in Zimbabwe (4 August 2020) - Zimbabwe - ReliefWebThe U.S. Government's COVID-19 Response in Zimbabwe (4 August 2020) - Zimbabwe  ReliefWeb

Zimbabwe Hopes Rural Electrification Can Stop Deforestation. Here's Why It Might Not Work - IEEE SpectrumZimbabwe Hopes Rural Electrification Can Stop Deforestation. Here's Why It Might Not Work  IEEE Spectrum

Head of Mission Zimbabwe - ReliefWebHead of Mission Zimbabwe  ReliefWeb

Zimbabwe: #freehopewellnow - an Open Letter to the AU and SADC - AllAfrica - Top Africa NewsZimbabwe: #freehopewellnow - an Open Letter to the AU and SADC  AllAfrica - Top Africa News

Zimbabwe Defence Forces committed to serving the nation - ChronicleZimbabwe Defence Forces committed to serving the nation  Chronicle

Zimbabwe says keen to raise funds on global markets to compensate former white farmers - Xinhua | English.news.cn - XinhuaZimbabwe says keen to raise funds on global markets to compensate former white farmers - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

Zanu-PF hits back at ANC's Magashule over Zimbabwean Lives Matter comments - EWNZanu-PF hits back at ANC's Magashule over Zimbabwean Lives Matter comments  EWN

Zimbabwe bird sanctuary has 400 species, not enough tourists - Associated PressZimbabwe bird sanctuary has 400 species, not enough tourists  Associated Press

Zimbabwe Education Cluster: Humanitarian Response & COVID-19 Sitrep #8, 6 August 2020 - Zimbabwe - ReliefWebZimbabwe Education Cluster: Humanitarian Response & COVID-19 Sitrep #8, 6 August 2020 - Zimbabwe  ReliefWeb

Zimbabwe continues arrests of critics, says opposition party - WXOW.comZimbabwe continues arrests of critics, says opposition party  WXOW.com

Zimbabwe Price Bulletin, July 2020 - Zimbabwe - ReliefWebZimbabwe Price Bulletin, July 2020 - Zimbabwe  ReliefWeb

Zimbabwe Moves to Eliminate Parallel Exchange Rate in New Law - BloombergZimbabwe Moves to Eliminate Parallel Exchange Rate in New Law  Bloomberg

Zimbabwe weighs plan to sell land-settlement bond on new bourse - Moneyweb.co.zaZimbabwe weighs plan to sell land-settlement bond on new bourse  Moneyweb.co.za

Zimbabwe: Unity of Purpose Way Forward - New Zimbabwe.comZimbabwe: Unity of Purpose Way Forward  New Zimbabwe.com

50000 of Cayman's COVID test kits heading to Zimbabwe - Cayman Compass50000 of Cayman's COVID test kits heading to Zimbabwe  Cayman Compass

Zimbabwe's COVID-19 deaths rise to 84 - cgtn.comZimbabwe's COVID-19 deaths rise to 84  cgtn.com

Zimbabwe President in Fight With Tycoon Over Economy Crash - BloombergZimbabwe President in Fight With Tycoon Over Economy Crash  Bloomberg

NUM National Union of Mineworkers : MEDIA STATEMENT ON THE RECENT POLITICAL DEVELOPMENTS IN ZIMBABWE - Marketscreener.comNUM National Union of Mineworkers : MEDIA STATEMENT ON THE RECENT POLITICAL DEVELOPMENTS IN ZIMBABWE  Marketscreener.com

Zimbabwe's Battle To Control Currency Inadvertently Boosts Bitcoin Profile - Bitcoin NewsZimbabwe's Battle To Control Currency Inadvertently Boosts Bitcoin Profile  Bitcoin News

Zimbabwe: Mnangagwa Suspends Zesa Board - AllAfrica - Top Africa NewsZimbabwe: Mnangagwa Suspends Zesa Board  AllAfrica - Top Africa News

TAMUKA C. CHIRIMAMBOWA - COVID-19 and the Future of Democracy in Zimbabwe - The ElephantTAMUKA C. CHIRIMAMBOWA - COVID-19 and the Future of Democracy in Zimbabwe  The Elephant

Zimbabwe's clock ticking towards immense crisis - Moneyweb.co.zaZimbabwe's clock ticking towards immense crisis  Moneyweb.co.za

Zimbabwe police warn citizens against taking part in anti-corruption protests - EWNZimbabwe police warn citizens against taking part in anti-corruption protests  EWN

Zimbabwe ruling party seeks de-listing of Old Mutual unit - Reuters AfricaZimbabwe ruling party seeks de-listing of Old Mutual unit  Reuters Africa

Renovations at Rufaro stadium in Zimbabwe drop pace - Construction ReviewRenovations at Rufaro stadium in Zimbabwe drop pace  Construction Review

The Latest GMAT Scores By Country: From Afghanistan To Zimbabwe - Poets&QuantsThe Latest GMAT Scores By Country: From Afghanistan To Zimbabwe  Poets&Quants

Zimbabwe's health care crisis deepens as coronavirus rages - The Straits TimesZimbabwe's health care crisis deepens as coronavirus rages  The Straits Times

Old Mutual: A giant entangled in Zimbabwe's currency woes - News24Old Mutual: A giant entangled in Zimbabwe's currency woes  News24

US sanctions Libyans, Zimbabweans - News for the Oil and Gas Sector - Energy VoiceUS sanctions Libyans, Zimbabweans - News for the Oil and Gas Sector  Energy Voice