Zimbabwe

Country Zimbabwe
Capital Harare
Continent Africa
Currency United States dollar(USD)
Languages Chewa, Chibarwe, English, Kalanga, Koisan, Nambya, Ndau, Ndebele, Shangani, Shona, Sign language, Sotho, Tonga, Tswana, Venda & Xhosa

Information

Introduction

The UK annexed Southern Rhodesia from the [British] South Africa Company in 1923. A 1961 constitution was formulated that favored whites in power. In 1965 the government unilaterally declared its independence, but the UK did not recognize the act and demanded more complete voting rights for the black African majority in the country (then called Rhodesia). UN sanctions and a guerrilla uprising finally led to free elections in 1979 and independence (as Zimbabwe) in 1980. Robert MUGABE, the nation's first prime minister, has been the country's only ruler (as president since 1987) and has dominated the country's political system since independence. His chaotic land redistribution campaign, which began in 2000, caused an exodus of white farmers, crippled the economy, and ushered in widespread shortages of basic commodities. Ignoring international condemnation, MUGABE rigged the 2002 presidential election to ensure his reelection. The ruling ZANU-PF party used fraud and intimidation to win a two-thirds majority in the March 2005 parliamentary election, allowing it to amend the constitution at will and recreate the Senate, which had been abolished in the late 1980s. In April 2005, Harare embarked on Operation Restore Order, ostensibly an urban rationalization program, which resulted in the destruction of the homes or businesses of 700,000 mostly poor supporters of the opposition. President MUGABE in June 2007 instituted price controls on all basic commodities causing panic buying and leaving store shelves empty for months. General elections held in March 2008 contained irregularities but still amounted to a censure of the ZANU-PF-led government with the opposition winning a majority of seats in parliament. MDC opposition leader Morgan TSVANGIRAI won the most votes in the presidential polls, but not enough to win outright. In the lead up to a run-off election in late June 2008, considerable violence enacted against opposition party members led to the withdrawal of TSVANGIRAI from the ballot. Extensive evidence of vote tampering and ballot-box stuffing resulted in international condemnation of the process. Difficult negotiations over a power-sharing government, in which MUGABE remained president and TSVANGIRAI became prime minister, were finally settled in February 2009, although the leaders have yet failed to agree upon many key outstanding governmental issues.

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References

Zimbabwe - Wikipedia
Zimbabwe - CIA World Fact Book
Zimbabwe - BBC
Zimbabwe - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

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Zimbabwe launches dollar-denominated stock exchange - Deccan HeraldZimbabwe launches dollar-denominated stock exchange  Deccan Herald

US Government Assistance to Zimbabwe tops $3.5 billion since 1980 - US Embassy in ZimbabweUS Government Assistance to Zimbabwe tops $3.5 billion since 1980  US Embassy in Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe asks South Africa to extradite former minister - Anadolu AgencyZimbabwe asks South Africa to extradite former minister  Anadolu Agency

Pakistan shifts T20Is against Zimbabwe to Rawalpindi due to poor air quality in Lahore - CNBCTV18Pakistan shifts T20Is against Zimbabwe to Rawalpindi due to poor air quality in Lahore  CNBCTV18

Zimbabwe Doctors, Nurses Decry Government Rule That Aims to Curb Health Sector Brain Drain - Voice of AmericaZimbabwe Doctors, Nurses Decry Government Rule That Aims to Curb Health Sector Brain Drain  Voice of America

Zimbabwe cricket team tour tests Pakistan's peace claim - Anadolu AgencyZimbabwe cricket team tour tests Pakistan's peace claim  Anadolu Agency

Caledonia Said to Eye One of Zimbabwe’s Largest Gold Mines - BloombergQuintCaledonia Said to Eye One of Zimbabwe’s Largest Gold Mines  BloombergQuint

Pressure grows on Zimbabwe to free detained student leader - The GuardianPressure grows on Zimbabwe to free detained student leader  The Guardian

Why a Zimbabwean farming project failed: lessons for rural innovation - The Conversation CAWhy a Zimbabwean farming project failed: lessons for rural innovation  The Conversation CA

Zimbabwe journalist: 'I was jailed for a month after exposing corruption' - BBC NewsZimbabwe journalist: 'I was jailed for a month after exposing corruption'  BBC News

Chibhabha aims to get Zimbabwe off to a flyer - International Cricket CouncilChibhabha aims to get Zimbabwe off to a flyer  International Cricket Council

Zimbabwean Journalist Hopewell Chin'ono Reflects On Time In Prison - Here And NowZimbabwean Journalist Hopewell Chin'ono Reflects On Time In Prison  Here And Now

Elephants: 'My mission to stop poachers in Zimbabwe' - BBC NewsElephants: 'My mission to stop poachers in Zimbabwe'  BBC News

Zimbabwe: Elephants die from 'bacterial disease' - BBC NewsZimbabwe: Elephants die from 'bacterial disease'  BBC News

Zimbabwe: Land redistribution does little for many Black farmers - Anadolu AgencyZimbabwe: Land redistribution does little for many Black farmers  Anadolu Agency

Zimbabwe begins gradual reopening of schools amid virus - Associated PressZimbabwe begins gradual reopening of schools amid virus  Associated Press

Zimbabwe teachers refuse to return to work over low pay and lack of sanitation - The GuardianZimbabwe teachers refuse to return to work over low pay and lack of sanitation  The Guardian

Zimbabwe Opposition Dismisses Accusations of Plot to Topple Mnangagwa - Voice of AmericaZimbabwe Opposition Dismisses Accusations of Plot to Topple Mnangagwa  Voice of America

Lift sanctions unconditionally, says Zimbabwe’s president in his State of the Nation Address - Daily MaverickLift sanctions unconditionally, says Zimbabwe’s president in his State of the Nation Address  Daily Maverick

Zimbabwe parents face huge burden from school reopening - Anadolu AgencyZimbabwe parents face huge burden from school reopening  Anadolu Agency

Cricket: Pakistan rest seniors Mohd Amir, Shoaib Malik, Sarfaraz Ahmed for Zimbabwe home series - Scroll.inCricket: Pakistan rest seniors Mohd Amir, Shoaib Malik, Sarfaraz Ahmed for Zimbabwe home series  Scroll.in

Zimbabwe is relatively weak compared to other teams: Waqar Younis - Times of IndiaZimbabwe is relatively weak compared to other teams: Waqar Younis  Times of India

Zimbabwe players, support staff test positive for Covid-19 | ESPNcricinfo.com - ESPNcricinfoZimbabwe players, support staff test positive for Covid-19 | ESPNcricinfo.com  ESPNcricinfo

'Fully fit' Elton Chigumbura targets much-needed return to form in Pakistan | ESPNcricinfo.com - ESPNcricinfo'Fully fit' Elton Chigumbura targets much-needed return to form in Pakistan | ESPNcricinfo.com  ESPNcricinfo

Zimbabwe faces rise of 1-party state - Anadolu AgencyZimbabwe faces rise of 1-party state  Anadolu Agency

Zimbabwe Sees Economy Expanding in 2021 on Waning Virus Impact - BloombergZimbabwe Sees Economy Expanding in 2021 on Waning Virus Impact  Bloomberg

Zimbabwe Teachers Refuse to Return to Schools Over Pay, Sanitation - Voice of AmericaZimbabwe Teachers Refuse to Return to Schools Over Pay, Sanitation  Voice of America

Why is Zimbabwe conscripting its doctors? It's all about control. - America MagazineWhy is Zimbabwe conscripting its doctors? It's all about control.  America Magazine

PCB changes venues for white-ball series against Zimbabwe - International Cricket CouncilPCB changes venues for white-ball series against Zimbabwe  International Cricket Council

The trial and torture of Zimbabwe’s Joanah Mamombe continues - Daily MaverickThe trial and torture of Zimbabwe’s Joanah Mamombe continues  Daily Maverick

Korea International Cooperation Agency (KOICA) donates $USD300K worth COVID-19 laboratory supplies to Zimbabwe - Zimbabwe - ReliefWebKorea International Cooperation Agency (KOICA) donates $USD300K worth COVID-19 laboratory supplies to Zimbabwe - Zimbabwe  ReliefWeb

Progress against virus brings complacency in parts of Africa - Associated PressProgress against virus brings complacency in parts of Africa  Associated Press

In Zimbabwe, Literature Is Protest - zocalopublicsquare.orgIn Zimbabwe, Literature Is Protest  zocalopublicsquare.org

T20Is rescheduled between Pakistan and Zimbabwe - Cricket WorldT20Is rescheduled between Pakistan and Zimbabwe  Cricket World

Zimbabwe Asked by U.S. to Help Fight Militants in Mozambique - BloombergQuintZimbabwe Asked by U.S. to Help Fight Militants in Mozambique  BloombergQuint

Zimbabwe cricketers Regis Chakabva and Timycen Maruma test COVID-19 positive - SportstarZimbabwe cricketers Regis Chakabva and Timycen Maruma test COVID-19 positive  Sportstar

Zimbabwe Opposition Activist Detained, Ordered to Undergo Mental Evaluation - Voice of AmericaZimbabwe Opposition Activist Detained, Ordered to Undergo Mental Evaluation  Voice of America

Zimbabwe's restrictions on mobile money transfers are a blow to financial inclusion - The Conversation CAZimbabwe's restrictions on mobile money transfers are a blow to financial inclusion  The Conversation CA

SAA in talks to recoup R350-million in blocked funds from Zimbabwe - Mail and GuardianSAA in talks to recoup R350-million in blocked funds from Zimbabwe  Mail and Guardian

The survivor's guilt of a Zimbabwean in the US - newframe.comThe survivor's guilt of a Zimbabwean in the US  newframe.com

Zimbabwe: Mnangagwa Threatens to Crack Whip On NGOs - AllAfrica - Top Africa NewsZimbabwe: Mnangagwa Threatens to Crack Whip On NGOs  AllAfrica - Top Africa News

Journalist Hopewell Chin’ono speaks out over brutal Zimbabwe prison conditions - The GuardianJournalist Hopewell Chin’ono speaks out over brutal Zimbabwe prison conditions  The Guardian

Going cashless isn't straightforward. Ask Sweden, or Zimbabwe - The Conversation AUGoing cashless isn't straightforward. Ask Sweden, or Zimbabwe  The Conversation AU

Zimbabwe tour of Pakistan 2020 - Cricket WorldZimbabwe tour of Pakistan 2020  Cricket World

Powerless: Zimbabweans hit with another electricity price hike - Al Jazeera EnglishPowerless: Zimbabweans hit with another electricity price hike  Al Jazeera English

Zimbabwe: Sharp Divisions Between Mnangagwa, Chiwenga Over Zanu-PF DCCs - AllAfrica - Top Africa NewsZimbabwe: Sharp Divisions Between Mnangagwa, Chiwenga Over Zanu-PF DCCs  AllAfrica - Top Africa News

Zimbabwe: African Ambassadors Endorse Museum of African Liberation - AllAfrica.comZimbabwe: African Ambassadors Endorse Museum of African Liberation  AllAfrica.com

Notes from an author: Irene Sabatini on finding inspiration in Zimbabwe's landscapes - National Geographic UKNotes from an author: Irene Sabatini on finding inspiration in Zimbabwe's landscapes  National Geographic UK

Zimbabwe: Way Past Time to Privatise SOEs - AllAfrica - Top Africa NewsZimbabwe: Way Past Time to Privatise SOEs  AllAfrica - Top Africa News

UK Statement for the WTO Trade Policy Review of Zimbabwe - GOV.UKUK Statement for the WTO Trade Policy Review of Zimbabwe  GOV.UK

WorldRemit Sees Remittances to Zimbabwe Double in Six Months and Introduces New Retail Partnership With OK Zimbabwe - Business WireWorldRemit Sees Remittances to Zimbabwe Double in Six Months and Introduces New Retail Partnership With OK Zimbabwe  Business Wire

Zimbabwe: Cop Denied Bail for Hiding Notorious Armed Robbers - AllAfrica.comZimbabwe: Cop Denied Bail for Hiding Notorious Armed Robbers  AllAfrica.com

Zimbabwe: MP Mamombe Mentally Ill - Court - AllAfrica - Top Africa NewsZimbabwe: MP Mamombe Mentally Ill - Court  AllAfrica - Top Africa News

One archaeologist’s hunt for the secret mass graves of Zimbabwe - The IndependentOne archaeologist’s hunt for the secret mass graves of Zimbabwe  The Independent

Two Zimbabwe cricketers positive for virus - DAWN.comTwo Zimbabwe cricketers positive for virus  DAWN.com

Zimbabwe: Workers confined to plant over COVID fears - Anadolu AgencyZimbabwe: Workers confined to plant over COVID fears  Anadolu Agency

Feature: Zimbabwean businesses embrace social media marketing to boost sales amid pandemic - Xinhua | English.news.cn - XinhuaFeature: Zimbabwean businesses embrace social media marketing to boost sales amid pandemic - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

Zimbabwe capable of springing a surprise: Chibhabha - The News InternationalZimbabwe capable of springing a surprise: Chibhabha  The News International

Zimbabwe: Student thought he was going to die after 'abduction by state security services' - Sky NewsZimbabwe: Student thought he was going to die after 'abduction by state security services'  Sky News

Zimbabwe’s Maligned Dollar Catches Break on Central-Bank Action - BloombergQuintZimbabwe’s Maligned Dollar Catches Break on Central-Bank Action  BloombergQuint

Zimbabwe's Stock Exchange Open to Crypto Listing Subject to 'Regulatory Approval' | Exchanges - Bitcoin NewsZimbabwe's Stock Exchange Open to Crypto Listing Subject to 'Regulatory Approval' | Exchanges  Bitcoin News

Zimbabwe's COVID-19 cases declining, says government - eNCAZimbabwe's COVID-19 cases declining, says government  eNCA

COVID-19 forces Zimbabwe's ruling party to postpone annual conference indefinitely - Xinhua | English.news.cn - XinhuaCOVID-19 forces Zimbabwe's ruling party to postpone annual conference indefinitely - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

Booker nod puts the spotlight on Zimbabwean novelist Tsitsi Dangarembga's arrest - The Straits TimesBooker nod puts the spotlight on Zimbabwean novelist Tsitsi Dangarembga's arrest  The Straits Times

Zimbabwe Cricket planning to apply for Pakistan visa for Lalchand Rajput - The New Indian ExpressZimbabwe Cricket planning to apply for Pakistan visa for Lalchand Rajput  The New Indian Express

Blessing Muzarabani set for Zimbabwe return after release by Northamptonshire | ESPNcricinfo.com - ESPNcricinfoBlessing Muzarabani set for Zimbabwe return after release by Northamptonshire | ESPNcricinfo.com  ESPNcricinfo

Zimbabwe gets government approval for Pakistan tour - SportstarZimbabwe gets government approval for Pakistan tour  Sportstar

Zimbabwe's economy to grow by 7.4% in 2021: minister - eNCAZimbabwe's economy to grow by 7.4% in 2021: minister  eNCA

Zimbabwe seeks former Mugabe minister Saviour Kasukuwere’s extradition to face criminal charges - Daily MaverickZimbabwe seeks former Mugabe minister Saviour Kasukuwere’s extradition to face criminal charges  Daily Maverick

PCB is not paying extra money to Zimbabwe players for coming to Pakistan - Times of IndiaPCB is not paying extra money to Zimbabwe players for coming to Pakistan  Times of India

Zimbabwean shines in draughts tourney - The HeraldZimbabwean shines in draughts tourney  The Herald

Illegal crossings at Zimbabwe-South Africa border - Africanews EnglishIllegal crossings at Zimbabwe-South Africa border  Africanews English

Wales & Regions | Wild times in Zimbabwe and Namibia - Welsh Rugby UnionWales & Regions | Wild times in Zimbabwe and Namibia  Welsh Rugby Union

Zimbabwe: Second-Hand Clothes, Cheap Imports Choke Zim Retailers - AllAfrica.comZimbabwe: Second-Hand Clothes, Cheap Imports Choke Zim Retailers  AllAfrica.com

Zimbabwe: RBZ Debt Accumulation Above U.S.$2 Billion - AllAfrica - Top Africa NewsZimbabwe: RBZ Debt Accumulation Above U.S.$2 Billion  AllAfrica - Top Africa News

PCB confirms match officials for Zimbabwe series-ANI - BW BusinessworldPCB confirms match officials for Zimbabwe series-ANI  BW Businessworld

Culture stakeholders validate Zimbabwe’s Quadrennial Periodic Report - India Education DiaryCulture stakeholders validate Zimbabwe’s Quadrennial Periodic Report  India Education Diary

A Practical Guide For Small To Medium Enterprises In Zimbabwe (SME's) On The New Companies And Other Business Entities - Corporate/Commercial Law - Zimbabwe - Mondaq News AlertsA Practical Guide For Small To Medium Enterprises In Zimbabwe (SME's) On The New Companies And Other Business Entities - Corporate/Commercial Law - Zimbabwe  Mondaq News Alerts

Land hunters: App matches Zimbabwe's farmers with vacant plots - ReutersLand hunters: App matches Zimbabwe's farmers with vacant plots  Reuters

Zimbabwe: Man Stabs, Injures Neighbour Over U.S.$100 Debt - AllAfrica.comZimbabwe: Man Stabs, Injures Neighbour Over U.S.$100 Debt  AllAfrica.com

Zimbabwe: Zifa Braces for Football Return - AllAfrica.comZimbabwe: Zifa Braces for Football Return  AllAfrica.com

Zimbabwe: Industrialists Slam Covid-19 Stimulus Package Deception - AllAfrica.comZimbabwe: Industrialists Slam Covid-19 Stimulus Package Deception  AllAfrica.com

Zimbabwe: Chiyangwa's Farm Ownership Exposed After 'Illegal Settlers' Evictions - AllAfrica.comZimbabwe: Chiyangwa's Farm Ownership Exposed After 'Illegal Settlers' Evictions  AllAfrica.com

Zimbabwean writer Tsitsi Dangarembga on protest and prizes - Financial TimesZimbabwean writer Tsitsi Dangarembga on protest and prizes  Financial Times

Zimbabwe's Feed the Future Farmers Demonstrate Resilience During the COVID-19 Lockdown - Zimbabwe - ReliefWebZimbabwe's Feed the Future Farmers Demonstrate Resilience During the COVID-19 Lockdown - Zimbabwe  ReliefWeb

Zimbabwe: Watchdog Decries High Level Graft - AllAfrica - Top Africa NewsZimbabwe: Watchdog Decries High Level Graft  AllAfrica - Top Africa News

Aleem to officiate in five matches of Zimbabwe series - DAWN.comAleem to officiate in five matches of Zimbabwe series  DAWN.com

Zimbabwe power tariffs up 50%, another hike set for next month - ReutersZimbabwe power tariffs up 50%, another hike set for next month  Reuters

Zimbabwe too good a destination to ignore - The HeraldZimbabwe too good a destination to ignore  The Herald

Zimbabwe's debt stifling its economy - The East AfricanZimbabwe's debt stifling its economy  The East African

Pandemic spurs illegal gold rush in Zimbabwe mountains - ReutersPandemic spurs illegal gold rush in Zimbabwe mountains  Reuters

Southern Africa: Sanctions Stalling Zimbabwe's Progress - SADC - AllAfrica - Top Africa NewsSouthern Africa: Sanctions Stalling Zimbabwe's Progress - SADC  AllAfrica - Top Africa News

Zimbabwe to pay white farmers $3.5bn in land compensation deal - Al Jazeera EnglishZimbabwe to pay white farmers $3.5bn in land compensation deal  Al Jazeera English

Zimbabwe’s restrictions on mobile money punish the users, not the offenders - The Africa ReportZimbabwe’s restrictions on mobile money punish the users, not the offenders  The Africa Report

Zimbabwe's Mnangagwa vows to 'flush out' opponents - BBC NewsZimbabwe's Mnangagwa vows to 'flush out' opponents  BBC News

FEATURE-Pandemic spurs illegal gold rush in Zimbabwe mountains - DevdiscourseFEATURE-Pandemic spurs illegal gold rush in Zimbabwe mountains  Devdiscourse

Zimbabwe - once more on the brink of collapse? - BBC NewsZimbabwe - once more on the brink of collapse?  BBC News

South Africa Should Press Zimbabwe to End Repression - Human Rights WatchSouth Africa Should Press Zimbabwe to End Repression  Human Rights Watch

Who is to blame for Zimbabwe’s land reform disaster? - Al Jazeera EnglishWho is to blame for Zimbabwe’s land reform disaster?  Al Jazeera English

Zimbabwe: Economic crunch leading to starvation - Anadolu AgencyZimbabwe: Economic crunch leading to starvation  Anadolu Agency