Rwanda

Country Rwanda
Capital Kigali
Continent Africa
Currency Rwandan franc(RWF)
Languages Kinyarwanda, French & English

Information

Introduction

In 1959, three years before independence from Belgium, the majority ethnic group, the Hutus, overthrew the ruling Tutsi king. Over the next several years, thousands of Tutsis were killed, and some 150,000 driven into exile in neighboring countries. The children of these exiles later formed a rebel group, the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), and began a civil war in 1990. The war, along with several political and economic upheavals, exacerbated ethnic tensions, culminating in April 1994 in the genocide of roughly 800,000 Tutsis and moderate Hutus. The Tutsi rebels defeated the Hutu regime and ended the killing in July 1994, but approximately 2 million Hutu refugees - many fearing Tutsi retribution - fled to neighboring Burundi, Tanzania, Uganda, and Zaire. Since then, most of the refugees have returned to Rwanda, but several thousand remained in the neighboring Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC; the former Zaire) and formed an extremist insurgency bent on retaking Rwanda, much as the RPF tried in 1990. Rwanda held its first local elections in 1999 and its first post-genocide presidential and legislative elections in 2003. Rwanda in 2009 staged a joint military operation with the Congolese Army in DRC to rout out the Hutu extremist insurgency there and Kigali and Kinshasa restored diplomatic relations. Rwanda also joined the Commonwealth in late 2009.

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References

Rwanda - Wikipedia
Rwanda - CIA World Fact Book
Rwanda - BBC
Rwanda - Timeline - BBC

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Rwanda: Abusive Detention of Street Children - Human Rights WatchRwanda: Abusive Detention of Street Children  Human Rights Watch

Street children arbitrarily detained, abused in Rwanda: HRW - Al Jazeera EnglishStreet children arbitrarily detained, abused in Rwanda: HRW  Al Jazeera English

Rwanda Detaining, Abusing Street Children: Rights Group - The New York TimesRwanda Detaining, Abusing Street Children: Rights Group  The New York Times

Interview: Rwanda's Street Children Locked up, Abused - Human Rights WatchInterview: Rwanda's Street Children Locked up, Abused  Human Rights Watch

UNHCR Rwanda - Monthly Population Statistics as of 31st December 2019 - Rwanda - ReliefWebUNHCR Rwanda - Monthly Population Statistics as of 31st December 2019 - Rwanda  ReliefWeb

Rwanda Is Locking Up Street Children: Daily Brief - Human Rights WatchRwanda Is Locking Up Street Children: Daily Brief  Human Rights Watch

How DP World is helping to improve Rwanda's trade capabilities - ArabianBusiness.comHow DP World is helping to improve Rwanda's trade capabilities  ArabianBusiness.com

Tackling youth unemployment in Rwanda - CNBCAfrica.comTackling youth unemployment in Rwanda  CNBCAfrica.com

“As Long as We Live on the Streets, They Will Beat Us”: Rwanda's Abusive Detention of Children - Rwanda - ReliefWeb“As Long as We Live on the Streets, They Will Beat Us”: Rwanda's Abusive Detention of Children - Rwanda  ReliefWeb

RWANDAN SALAD - The New TimesRWANDAN SALAD  The New Times

Roundup:Rwanda to host global summit on malaria, neglected tropical diseases - Xinhua | English.news.cn - XinhuaRoundup:Rwanda to host global summit on malaria, neglected tropical diseases - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

For the third time in 11 years, Rwanda changed the language used in primary schools - Washington PostFor the third time in 11 years, Rwanda changed the language used in primary schools  Washington Post

International rights group says Rwanda is detaining and abusing street children - NewshubInternational rights group says Rwanda is detaining and abusing street children  Newshub

Rwanda jails opposition figures for 7-12 years for 'conspiracy' - ReutersRwanda jails opposition figures for 7-12 years for 'conspiracy'  Reuters

Rwanda’s football sponsorships need data on impact to clinch the case - The Africa ReportRwanda’s football sponsorships need data on impact to clinch the case  The Africa Report

Scan Display Rwanda delivers seamless solution at AIDS conference - Bizcommunity.comScan Display Rwanda delivers seamless solution at AIDS conference  Bizcommunity.com

South Africa, Rwanda patch up ties with Kigali-bound envoy - The East AfricanSouth Africa, Rwanda patch up ties with Kigali-bound envoy  The East African

Human Rights Watch Warns Against Rwanda Abusive Detention Of Street Children In New Report - TODAY NEWS AFRICAHuman Rights Watch Warns Against Rwanda Abusive Detention Of Street Children In New Report  TODAY NEWS AFRICA

Rwanda Energy Group celebrates one million electricity connections, aims to have 100% electrification by 2024 - CNBCAfrica.comRwanda Energy Group celebrates one million electricity connections, aims to have 100% electrification by 2024  CNBCAfrica.com

In East Africa, S. Sudan most corrupt, Rwanda least: report - The East AfricanIn East Africa, S. Sudan most corrupt, Rwanda least: report  The East African

Rwanda: Free Speech Convictions Upheld - Human Rights WatchRwanda: Free Speech Convictions Upheld  Human Rights Watch

Kenya, Rwanda seek elite foreign investors - The East AfricanKenya, Rwanda seek elite foreign investors  The East African

Gorilla Trekking 101: Adventure In Uganda, Rwanda And Congo - ForbesGorilla Trekking 101: Adventure In Uganda, Rwanda And Congo  Forbes

Missing Rwandan Opposition Politician Sentenced to 10 YearsMissing Rwandan Opposition Politician Sentenced to 10 Years - The New York TimesMissing Rwandan Opposition Politician Sentenced to 10 YearsMissing Rwandan Opposition Politician Sentenced to 10 Years  The New York Times

Rwanda to Get a Share of the $14.2bn Fund to Fight Malaria, HIV/AIDS and TB - KT PressRwanda to Get a Share of the $14.2bn Fund to Fight Malaria, HIV/AIDS and TB  KT Press

Changing Weather to Push Rwanda Inflation, Central Bank Says - BloombergQuintChanging Weather to Push Rwanda Inflation, Central Bank Says  BloombergQuint

Minister Mateke denies Uganda-Rwanda war tweet - Daily MonitorMinister Mateke denies Uganda-Rwanda war tweet  Daily Monitor

Rwandan street children 'beaten and abused' in detention camp - The TimesRwandan street children 'beaten and abused' in detention camp  The Times

Across China: Rwanda students on path to be e-commerce elites in China - Xinhua | English.news.cn - XinhuaAcross China: Rwanda students on path to be e-commerce elites in China - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

Rwanda sets aside $10m for CHOGM sprucing of Kigali - The East AfricanRwanda sets aside $10m for CHOGM sprucing of Kigali  The East African

Rwanda to host first-ever summit on Malaria and NTDs - The New TimesRwanda to host first-ever summit on Malaria and NTDs  The New Times

RPF cadres commit to make sport an engine of Rwanda's economy - The New TimesRPF cadres commit to make sport an engine of Rwanda's economy  The New Times

Rwanda Produces Morphine For Palliative Care - Addiction CenterRwanda Produces Morphine For Palliative Care  Addiction Center

Hundreds join end-of-year community work in Rwanda - Anadolu AgencyHundreds join end-of-year community work in Rwanda  Anadolu Agency

Rwanda is bringing tech buzz to Africa - FortuneRwanda is bringing tech buzz to Africa  Fortune

Rwanda Makes Yellow Fever Vaccination Certificate Mandatory for Some Travelers - KT PressRwanda Makes Yellow Fever Vaccination Certificate Mandatory for Some Travelers  KT Press

Rwanda Worried by 'Negative Rhetoric' from Uganda - KT PressRwanda Worried by 'Negative Rhetoric' from Uganda  KT Press

Rwanda: Building a sustainable future for the next generation - African ReviewRwanda: Building a sustainable future for the next generation  African Review

Stop Rwanda killings of Uganda nationals - Daily MonitorStop Rwanda killings of Uganda nationals  Daily Monitor

Rwanda Hands Over Body of Ugandan who was Shot and Killed by Rwandan Security - softpower.ugRwanda Hands Over Body of Ugandan who was Shot and Killed by Rwandan Security  softpower.ug

Rwanda scraps visa fees for citizens of over 90 countries - Face2Face AfricaRwanda scraps visa fees for citizens of over 90 countries  Face2Face Africa

What Has MICE Got for Rwanda in 2020? - KT PressWhat Has MICE Got for Rwanda in 2020?  KT Press

Rwanda, Zimbabwe to strengthen trade ties - The New TimesRwanda, Zimbabwe to strengthen trade ties  The New Times

Rwanda Blocks 133 Ugandan Cattle in Transit To Burundi - softpower.ugRwanda Blocks 133 Ugandan Cattle in Transit To Burundi  softpower.ug

Bank of Kigali Honours Connect Rwanda Pledge with Rwf 200M - KT PressBank of Kigali Honours Connect Rwanda Pledge with Rwf 200M  KT Press

Rwanda FDA imposes stricter food safety regulations, gives processing industries deadline to re-register - CNBCAfrica.comRwanda FDA imposes stricter food safety regulations, gives processing industries deadline to re-register  CNBCAfrica.com

Uganda Releases 9 Rwanda Nationals to Reduce Tensions - VOA NewsUganda Releases 9 Rwanda Nationals to Reduce Tensions  VOA News

Unearthing challenges facing women entrepreneurs in Rwanda - CNBCAfrica.comUnearthing challenges facing women entrepreneurs in Rwanda  CNBCAfrica.com

Norway to take 600 Libya evacuees from Rwanda camp - ReutersNorway to take 600 Libya evacuees from Rwanda camp  Reuters

Danube Home enters Rwandan market - The New TimesDanube Home enters Rwandan market  The New Times

Conspiracy jail sentences for Rwandan opposition - defenceWebConspiracy jail sentences for Rwandan opposition  defenceWeb

Rwanda bets on LSE bond to boost economic growth - The East AfricanRwanda bets on LSE bond to boost economic growth  The East African

Rwanda to Deploy Drones in Mosquito Breeding Sites to End Malaria - KT PressRwanda to Deploy Drones in Mosquito Breeding Sites to End Malaria  KT Press

Rwanda 2019 Investments Climb to $2.5 Billion on Energy Projects - BloombergRwanda 2019 Investments Climb to $2.5 Billion on Energy Projects  Bloomberg

Rights Group Criticizes Rwanda's Ruling on Former Officers - The New York TimesRights Group Criticizes Rwanda's Ruling on Former Officers  The New York Times

Rwanda urges Belgium to arrest Genocide fugitive Sebatware - The New TimesRwanda urges Belgium to arrest Genocide fugitive Sebatware  The New Times

Rwanda would welcome a travel advisory against Ugandan smugglers - The New TimesRwanda would welcome a travel advisory against Ugandan smugglers  The New Times

Rwanda to scrap visa fees for over 90 countries - The New TimesRwanda to scrap visa fees for over 90 countries  The New Times

Rwanda to Waive Visa Fees For Africans - The African ExponentRwanda to Waive Visa Fees For Africans  The African Exponent

Rwanda: Proof of French Support to 1994 Genocidal Govt Published - AllAfrica.comRwanda: Proof of French Support to 1994 Genocidal Govt Published  AllAfrica.com

Norway to Take 600 Migrants Evacuated to Rwanda From Libya - VOA NewsNorway to Take 600 Migrants Evacuated to Rwanda From Libya  VOA News

Goverrnment silent on Ugandan IT expert missing in Rwanda - Daily MonitorGoverrnment silent on Ugandan IT expert missing in Rwanda  Daily Monitor

Rwanda: Authorities to Turn Mount Kigali Into Tourist Destination - AllAfrica.comRwanda: Authorities to Turn Mount Kigali Into Tourist Destination  AllAfrica.com

Maralyn's labour of love to help the victims of genocide - GazetteMaralyn's labour of love to help the victims of genocide  Gazette

RWANDA: Empower signs PPA for Rucanzogera mini-hydro project - AFRIK 21RWANDA: Empower signs PPA for Rucanzogera mini-hydro project  AFRIK 21

Tensions loom over the Great Lakes region - Mail and GuardianTensions loom over the Great Lakes region  Mail and Guardian

Travel - The most inviting city in Africa? - BBC NewsTravel - The most inviting city in Africa?  BBC News

Rwanda: REG to Install Smart Metres After Rwf19 Billion Electricity Theft - AllAfrica.comRwanda: REG to Install Smart Metres After Rwf19 Billion Electricity Theft  AllAfrica.com

Connect Rwanda in Partnership with St. Anne's School of Annapolis present "I'm Not Leaving" on January 31st - Eye On AnnapolisConnect Rwanda in Partnership with St. Anne's School of Annapolis present "I'm Not Leaving" on January 31st  Eye On Annapolis

The Man Who Ran Jumia's Truncated Food Business In Rwanda Is Making Jumia's Loss His Gain - WeeTracker MediaThe Man Who Ran Jumia's Truncated Food Business In Rwanda Is Making Jumia's Loss His Gain  WeeTracker Media

Rwanda maintains good score in new graft index - The New TimesRwanda maintains good score in new graft index  The New Times

Rwanda: Multi-Billion Project to Control Floods From Volcanoes Launched - AllAfrica.comRwanda: Multi-Billion Project to Control Floods From Volcanoes Launched  AllAfrica.com

Rwanda: Relief for Farmers As Coffee Prices Rise By 13 Percent - AllAfrica.comRwanda: Relief for Farmers As Coffee Prices Rise By 13 Percent  AllAfrica.com

Rwanda on alert as locusts invade regional countries - The New TimesRwanda on alert as locusts invade regional countries  The New Times

Opposition, Rwanda party invited for NRM conference - Daily MonitorOpposition, Rwanda party invited for NRM conference  Daily Monitor

Heroes Cycling Cup: Habimana wins first senior race - The New TimesHeroes Cycling Cup: Habimana wins first senior race  The New Times

Rwanda, Israel meet over border protection - The New TimesRwanda, Israel meet over border protection  The New Times

Rwanda has not confirmed attendance of NRM conference - The New TimesRwanda has not confirmed attendance of NRM conference  The New Times

Three Ugandans arrested in Rwanda - Daily MonitorThree Ugandans arrested in Rwanda  Daily Monitor

Norway opens its doors to 600 people evacuated from Libya to Rwanda - The GuardianNorway opens its doors to 600 people evacuated from Libya to Rwanda  The Guardian

Strategies for delivering on the Sustainable Development Goals: Some lessons from Rwanda - Brookings InstitutionStrategies for delivering on the Sustainable Development Goals: Some lessons from Rwanda  Brookings Institution

Rwanda: Govt Commits to Uproot Illegal Fishing Practices - AllAfrica.comRwanda: Govt Commits to Uproot Illegal Fishing Practices  AllAfrica.com

Airtel acquires 12-year unified license, undergoes name-change: Rwanda weekly round-up - CNBCAfrica.comAirtel acquires 12-year unified license, undergoes name-change: Rwanda weekly round-up  CNBCAfrica.com

Ugandan smuggler shot while smuggling drugs into Rwanda - The New TimesUgandan smuggler shot while smuggling drugs into Rwanda  The New Times

Rwanda students on path to be e-commerce elites in China - News GhanaRwanda students on path to be e-commerce elites in China  News Ghana

Rwanda's tea exports rise by 8 percent - The New TimesRwanda's tea exports rise by 8 percent  The New Times

Rwandan neurosurgery ops go high-tech - The New TimesRwandan neurosurgery ops go high-tech  The New Times

Rwanda: Members of 'Twigire Muhinzi' Cooperative find niche in peas and chilli exports - FreshPlaza.comRwanda: Members of 'Twigire Muhinzi' Cooperative find niche in peas and chilli exports  FreshPlaza.com

Rwanda set to get first powdered milk factory - cgtn.comRwanda set to get first powdered milk factory  cgtn.com

Rwanda's Public Schools Adjusting to Single Shift - KT PressRwanda's Public Schools Adjusting to Single Shift  KT Press

Rwanda to pitch at UK-Africa investment summit - The New TimesRwanda to pitch at UK-Africa investment summit  The New Times

A Rwandan farmer's son: Why I advocate for GMO crops in Africa - Alliance for ScienceA Rwandan farmer's son: Why I advocate for GMO crops in Africa  Alliance for Science

Ugandans, adiós, amigos! Museveni wants Rwandans not - The New TimesUgandans, adiós, amigos! Museveni wants Rwandans not  The New Times

Government silent on Ugandan IT expert missing in Rwanda - Daily MonitorGovernment silent on Ugandan IT expert missing in Rwanda  Daily Monitor

Rwanda Reviews Coffee Prices - KT PressRwanda Reviews Coffee Prices  KT Press

How inclusive is Rwanda's higher education for the visually impaired? - The New TimesHow inclusive is Rwanda's higher education for the visually impaired?  The New Times

Details of Rwandan Franc bond on London Stock Exchange emerge - The New TimesDetails of Rwandan Franc bond on London Stock Exchange emerge  The New Times

Zimbabwe leans on Rwanda for ease of doing business tips - New Zimbabwe.comZimbabwe leans on Rwanda for ease of doing business tips  New Zimbabwe.com

Rwanda to Follow Up On 40 Agreements Signed with Morocco Next Week - KT PressRwanda to Follow Up On 40 Agreements Signed with Morocco Next Week  KT Press

DreamWeek 2020: Real-Life 'Hotel Rwanda' Figure Hopes for Reconciliation - Rivard ReportDreamWeek 2020: Real-Life 'Hotel Rwanda' Figure Hopes for Reconciliation  Rivard Report