Rwanda

Country Rwanda
Capital Kigali
Continent Africa
Currency Rwandan franc(RWF)
Languages Kinyarwanda, French & English

Information

Introduction

In 1959, three years before independence from Belgium, the majority ethnic group, the Hutus, overthrew the ruling Tutsi king. Over the next several years, thousands of Tutsis were killed, and some 150,000 driven into exile in neighboring countries. The children of these exiles later formed a rebel group, the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), and began a civil war in 1990. The war, along with several political and economic upheavals, exacerbated ethnic tensions, culminating in April 1994 in the genocide of roughly 800,000 Tutsis and moderate Hutus. The Tutsi rebels defeated the Hutu regime and ended the killing in July 1994, but approximately 2 million Hutu refugees - many fearing Tutsi retribution - fled to neighboring Burundi, Tanzania, Uganda, and Zaire. Since then, most of the refugees have returned to Rwanda, but several thousand remained in the neighboring Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC; the former Zaire) and formed an extremist insurgency bent on retaking Rwanda, much as the RPF tried in 1990. Rwanda held its first local elections in 1999 and its first post-genocide presidential and legislative elections in 2003. Rwanda in 2009 staged a joint military operation with the Congolese Army in DRC to rout out the Hutu extremist insurgency there and Kigali and Kinshasa restored diplomatic relations. Rwanda also joined the Commonwealth in late 2009.

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References

Rwanda - Wikipedia
Rwanda - CIA World Fact Book
Rwanda - BBC
Rwanda - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
Rwanda, Ethiopia expand areas of cooperation - The New Times

Rwanda, Ethiopia expand areas of cooperation
The New Times
“Cooperation between Rwanda and Ethiopia remains strong and significant results have been achieved in the areas of Defense, Aviation and Capacity building among others, which continues to benefit the people of our two countries,” said Nikobisanzwe.



Rwanda: Declassified Documents Pin France On 1994 Genocide Against the Tutsi - AllAfrica.com

AllAfrica.com

Rwanda: Declassified Documents Pin France On 1994 Genocide Against the Tutsi
AllAfrica.com
It has been 23 years since the start of the Genocide against the Tutsi. Pope Francis this year begged forgiveness for the Church's role in the Rwandan tragedy, nineteen years after then US President Bill Clinton's apology. But France, accused of ...
Finally, Rwanda gets the apology it is owedIndependent
KNOW YOUR RIGHTS: Patriotism is your dutyThe New Times

all 5 news articles »


Poole nursery raises £5000 to build new school in Rwanda - Nursery World (subscription)

Nursery World (subscription)

Poole nursery raises £5000 to build new school in Rwanda
Nursery World (subscription)
Nursery owner Linda Duly went to Rwanda in 2015 with her husband and visited an orphanage in Kinigi run by Faith Uwantege, who she is 'an extraordinary woman'. The Foundation aims to help restore hope and educate vulnerable children and women to ...



How a Nation Reconciles After Genocide Killed Nearly a Million People - New York Times

New York Times

How a Nation Reconciles After Genocide Killed Nearly a Million People
New York Times
MBYO, Rwanda — They awoke early and gathered along a plot of land here in this Rwandan village made up of a handful of homes. Together, they began hacking away at a grass-bare patch with long-handled garden hoes. The mission: Dig a drainage ditch ...

and more »


Rwanda's Economy Is in the Right Trajectory, But Do Landlords See It? - AllAfrica.com

Rwanda's Economy Is in the Right Trajectory, But Do Landlords See It?
AllAfrica.com
My business is real estate. That's what I do every day including (and this displeases my family) Sundays. Shortly after moving to Rwanda in 2015, I started a real estate company which specialises in helping both Rwandans and expatriates rent, buy and ...

and more »


Rwanda: Team Rwanda Coach Tips Riders On Winning International Races - AllAfrica.com

Rwanda: Team Rwanda Coach Tips Riders On Winning International Races
AllAfrica.com
The national cycling team (Team Rwanda) head coach, Sterling Magnell, has urged local riders to embark on learning strategic racing if the country is to end a continuous jinx in international competitions. Magnell made the remarks after last week's ...

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Rwanda: Private Sector Roots for Market-Driven Agriculture to Maximise Gains - AllAfrica.com

Rwanda: Private Sector Roots for Market-Driven Agriculture to Maximise Gains
AllAfrica.com
The president of the Chamber of Rwanda Farmers at the Rwanda Private Sector Federation (PSF), Christine Murebwayire, said mechanisation and commercial farming are essential to improve agro-production and ensure quality along the value chain.

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Rwanda, DR Congo agree to enhance bilateral trade ties - The New Times

The New Times

Rwanda, DR Congo agree to enhance bilateral trade ties
The New Times
Rwanda and DR Congo have affirmed commitment to strengthen bilateral trade ties between the two countries. This was one of the outcomes from a weekend meeting between François Kanimba, the Minister for Trade, Industry and East African Community ...

and more »


Rwanda Recommits to Tighten Fight Against Malaria - AllAfrica.com

Rwanda Recommits to Tighten Fight Against Malaria
AllAfrica.com
Today, Rwanda joins the rest of the world in a campaign to "End Malaria for Good." An official ceremony will be held in Huye District to mark World Malaria Day. The World Malaria Day is an occasion for the country to combine and tighten its efforts in ...

and more »


Burundi: Food Aid From Rwanda Sent Back Over Security Reasons - AllAfrica.com

Burundi: Food Aid From Rwanda Sent Back Over Security Reasons
AllAfrica.com
On 21 April, the WFP convoy carrying food aid from Rwanda was blocked at Gasenyi border in Kirundo Northern Province. The 300 tons of beans intended for 112, 000 people were sent back to Rwanda, on 24 April, for security reasons, police source says.