Rwanda

Country Rwanda
Capital Kigali
Continent Africa
Currency Rwandan franc(RWF)
Languages Kinyarwanda, French & English

Information

Introduction

In 1959, three years before independence from Belgium, the majority ethnic group, the Hutus, overthrew the ruling Tutsi king. Over the next several years, thousands of Tutsis were killed, and some 150,000 driven into exile in neighboring countries. The children of these exiles later formed a rebel group, the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), and began a civil war in 1990. The war, along with several political and economic upheavals, exacerbated ethnic tensions, culminating in April 1994 in the genocide of roughly 800,000 Tutsis and moderate Hutus. The Tutsi rebels defeated the Hutu regime and ended the killing in July 1994, but approximately 2 million Hutu refugees - many fearing Tutsi retribution - fled to neighboring Burundi, Tanzania, Uganda, and Zaire. Since then, most of the refugees have returned to Rwanda, but several thousand remained in the neighboring Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC; the former Zaire) and formed an extremist insurgency bent on retaking Rwanda, much as the RPF tried in 1990. Rwanda held its first local elections in 1999 and its first post-genocide presidential and legislative elections in 2003. Rwanda in 2009 staged a joint military operation with the Congolese Army in DRC to rout out the Hutu extremist insurgency there and Kigali and Kinshasa restored diplomatic relations. Rwanda also joined the Commonwealth in late 2009.

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References

Rwanda - Wikipedia
Rwanda - CIA World Fact Book
Rwanda - BBC
Rwanda - Timeline - BBC

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Survivor of Rwandan genocide trains as neurosurgeon in Toronto - CTV News

CTV News

Survivor of Rwandan genocide trains as neurosurgeon in Toronto
CTV News
As many as 800,000 people were killed in Rwanda's 1994 genocide in which the Tutsi minority group was systematically murdered across the east-African nation by the Hutu ethnic majority. More than two million refugees fled Rwanda, sparking a ...



Rwanda: Fair trial must be guaranteed for former presidential hopeful - Amnesty International

Amnesty International

Rwanda: Fair trial must be guaranteed for former presidential hopeful
Amnesty International
Following the opening of the trial of former Rwandan presidential hopeful Diane Rwigara, who has been charged, alongside her mother and four other defendants, with “inciting insurrection” among other counts, Amnesty International's Regional Director ...



Kagame flaunts Rwanda's health success - Daily Trust

Daily Trust

Kagame flaunts Rwanda's health success
Daily Trust
President of Rwanda, Paul Kagame, has said pulling forces together in community-based health insurance, community health workers and good external partnerships are responsible for Rwanda witnessing its highest decline in maternal and child mortality ...
Kagame Touts Rwanda's Health Care Successes - VOA NewsVoice of America
Kagame backs WHO proposal on universal health coverage | The ...The New Times
Kagame Touts Rwanda's Health Care SuccessesNew Delhi Times

all 11 news articles »


Nigeria Sends Lecturers to Rwanda - KT Press

KT Press

Nigeria Sends Lecturers to Rwanda
KT Press
The University of Rwanda is looking to cut back on the budget for lecturers' recruitment in the next two years following a new partnership with the government of Nigeria. On May 21, the second batch of Senior lecturers from Nigeria arrived in Rwanda to ...



Zone V: Rwanda, Kenya triumph at handball event - Daily Monitor (press release) (blog)

Daily Monitor (press release) (blog)

Zone V: Rwanda, Kenya triumph at handball event
Daily Monitor (press release) (blog)
ZONE V HANDBALL CHAMPIONSHIPS Juniors Rwanda 32-27 Uganda Youth Kenya 22-17 Ethiopia. KAMPALA. Old rivalries were renewed on Sunday when Uganda and Rwanda met in the finals of the Africa Zone V Handball Tournament at Namboole.



Tackling the Gender Gap in Rwanda's Burgeoning Tech Sector - Pacific Standard

Pacific Standard

Tackling the Gender Gap in Rwanda's Burgeoning Tech Sector
Pacific Standard
In recent years, Rwanda has been going through a digital revolution. The technology industry has become one of the largest contributors to gross domestic product growth, at 3 percent, and, the government claims, the burgeoning sector is attracting more ...

and more »


Rwanda Calls for Bids to Develop Her Land in Djibouti - KT Press

KT Press

Rwanda Calls for Bids to Develop Her Land in Djibouti
KT Press
Rwanda is receiving bids from local investors who wish to develop the 60 hectares of land the country acquired in Djibouti. The strategic 60 hectares sit on the shores of Indian Ocean and could possibly open a window for export and import goods ...



Church Leaders Comfort Lightning Strike Mourners in Rwanda - Adventist Review

Adventist Review

Church Leaders Comfort Lightning Strike Mourners in Rwanda
Adventist Review
The traumatic event claimed the lives of 16 people in the Nyaruguru District, in the Southern Province, as more than 200 people were worshipping in Nyarunazi Seventh-day Adventist Church in the District of Ruheru, South Rwanda Field. Church region ...



Rwanda Scoops Global Aviation Safety Award - KT Press

KT Press

Rwanda Scoops Global Aviation Safety Award
KT Press
Rwanda has won the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) award after surpassing the global average in implementing safety standards. Overall, Rwanda scored 74 percent in implementing the standards with safety areas which include protection ...
Rwanda Awarded For Resolving Aviation SafetyTaarifa Rwanda (satire) (press release) (blog)

all 2 news articles »


Rwanda gets international aviation safety certificate - The New Times

The New Times

Rwanda gets international aviation safety certificate
The New Times
The International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) yesterday awarded Rwanda with a certificate in recognition of the country's improved competencies in overseeing and managing safety and security in the aviation sector. The president of ICAO Council, ...

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