Congo Democratic Republic

Country Congo Democratic Republic
Capital Kinshasa
Continent Africa
Currency Congolese franc(CDF)
Languages French, Lingala, Kikongo, Swahili & Tshiluba

Information

Introduction

Established as a Belgian colony in 1908, the Republic of the Congo gained its independence in 1960, but its early years were marred by political and social instability. Col. Joseph MOBUTU seized power and declared himself president in a November 1965 coup. He subsequently changed his name - to MOBUTU Sese Seko - as well as that of the country - to Zaire. MOBUTU retained his position for 32 years through several sham elections, as well as through brutal force. Ethnic strife and civil war, touched off by a massive inflow of refugees in 1994 from fighting in Rwanda and Burundi, led in May 1997 to the toppling of the MOBUTU regime by a rebellion backed by Rwanda and Uganda and fronted by Laurent KABILA. He renamed the country the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), but in August 1998 his regime was itself challenged by a second insurrection again backed by Rwanda and Uganda. Troops from Angola, Chad, Namibia, Sudan, and Zimbabwe intervened to support KABILA's regime. A cease-fire was signed in July 1999 by the DRC, Congolese armed rebel groups, Angola, Namibia, Rwanda, Uganda, and Zimbabwe but sporadic fighting continued. Laurent KABILA was assassinated in January 2001 and his son, Joseph KABILA, was named head of state. In October 2002, the new president was successful in negotiating the withdrawal of Rwandan forces occupying eastern Congo; two months later, the Pretoria Accord was signed by all remaining warring parties to end the fighting and establish a government of national unity. A transitional government was set up in July 2003. Joseph KABILA as president and four vice presidents represented the former government, former rebel groups, the political opposition, and civil society. The transitional government held a successful constitutional referendum in December 2005 and elections for the presidency, National Assembly, and provincial legislatures in 2006. The National Assembly was installed in September 2006 and KABILA was inaugurated president in December 2006. Provincial assemblies were constituted in early 2007, and elected governors and national senators in January 2007.

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References

Congo Democratic Republic - Wikipedia
Congo Democratic Republic - CIA World Fact Book
Congo Democratic Republic - BBC
Congo Democratic Republic - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

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'Staggering' scale of acute hunger in the Democratic Republic of the Congo - UN News
  1. 'Staggering' scale of acute hunger in the Democratic Republic of the Congo  UN News
  2. Democratic Republic of Congo has highest levels of hunger in world, UN says  CNN
  3. Scale of acute hunger in the Democratic Republic of the Congo “staggering”, FAO, WFP warn - Democratic Republic of the Congo  ReliefWeb
  4. Conflict and COVID driving record hunger in DR Congo, warns UN  Al Jazeera English
  5. Scale of hunger crisis in DR Congo 'staggering': UN  Anadolu Agency | English
  6. View Full coverage on Google News


DR Congo announces formation of new government - DW (English)DR Congo announces formation of new government  DW (English)

Social Media Monitoring: Democratic Republic of the Congo - Disinformation targeting the United Nations (UN) presence in the DRC (March 2021) - Democratic Republic of the Congo - ReliefWebSocial Media Monitoring: Democratic Republic of the Congo - Disinformation targeting the United Nations (UN) presence in the DRC (March 2021) - Democratic Republic of the Congo  ReliefWeb

Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) - Ebola Situation Report #40 - April 10, 2021 - Democratic Republic of the Congo - ReliefWebDemocratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) - Ebola Situation Report #40 - April 10, 2021 - Democratic Republic of the Congo  ReliefWeb

Security Council press statement on situation in Democratic Republic of the Congo - Democratic Republic of the Congo - ReliefWebSecurity Council press statement on situation in Democratic Republic of the Congo - Democratic Republic of the Congo  ReliefWeb

Democratic Republic of Congo – Deepening humanitarian crisis (DG ECHO, UN, INGOs, Congolese authorities) (ECHO Daily Flash of 18 March 2021) - Democratic Republic of the Congo - ReliefWebDemocratic Republic of Congo – Deepening humanitarian crisis (DG ECHO, UN, INGOs, Congolese authorities) (ECHO Daily Flash of 18 March 2021) - Democratic Republic of the Congo  ReliefWeb

Democratic Republic of Congo: Integrated Food Security Phase Classification Snapshot | March 2021 - Democratic Republic of the Congo - ReliefWebDemocratic Republic of Congo: Integrated Food Security Phase Classification Snapshot | March 2021 - Democratic Republic of the Congo  ReliefWeb

Democratic Republic of Congo – Food insecurity alert (DG ECHO, IPC, UN) (ECHO Daily Flash of 31 March 2021) - Democratic Republic of the Congo - ReliefWebDemocratic Republic of Congo – Food insecurity alert (DG ECHO, IPC, UN) (ECHO Daily Flash of 31 March 2021) - Democratic Republic of the Congo  ReliefWeb

Security Council briefing on the Great Lakes region Implementation of the Peace, Security and Cooperation Framework for the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and the region - Democratic Republic of the Congo - ReliefWebSecurity Council briefing on the Great Lakes region Implementation of the Peace, Security and Cooperation Framework for the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and the region - Democratic Republic of the Congo  ReliefWeb

Humanitarian aid: EU allocates €54.5 million to Africa's Great Lakes region - Democratic Republic of the Congo - ReliefWebHumanitarian aid: EU allocates €54.5 million to Africa's Great Lakes region - Democratic Republic of the Congo  ReliefWeb

DR Congo: Dozens detained in Beni during anti-UN protests - Al Jazeera EnglishDR Congo: Dozens detained in Beni during anti-UN protests  Al Jazeera English

Democratic Republic of the Congo UNHCR Operational Update, February 2021 - Democratic Republic of the Congo - ReliefWebDemocratic Republic of the Congo UNHCR Operational Update, February 2021 - Democratic Republic of the Congo  ReliefWeb

The Democratic Republic of Congo Signs a Public Private Partnership with Insolation Solaire Inc. - Business WireThe Democratic Republic of Congo Signs a Public Private Partnership with Insolation Solaire Inc.  Business Wire

Armed attacks kill hundreds, displace 40000 civilians in northeast DR Congo - Democratic Republic of the Congo - ReliefWebArmed attacks kill hundreds, displace 40000 civilians in northeast DR Congo - Democratic Republic of the Congo  ReliefWeb

Q&A from Congo: Facing Ebola and COVID-19 - Democratic Republic of the Congo - ReliefWebQ&A from Congo: Facing Ebola and COVID-19 - Democratic Republic of the Congo  ReliefWeb

In DRC, measles is spreading and killing again in what seems to be a never-ending fight - Democratic Republic of the Congo - ReliefWebIn DRC, measles is spreading and killing again in what seems to be a never-ending fight - Democratic Republic of the Congo  ReliefWeb

DR Congo: New government still in limbo - Africanews EnglishDR Congo: New government still in limbo  Africanews English

DR Congo announces new Cabinet - Anadolu AgencyDR Congo announces new Cabinet  Anadolu Agency

Democratic Republic of the Congo: Revised Emergency Appeal - Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) Outbreak Containment Strategy and Red Cross / Red Crescent Response Plan, n° MDRCD026, Revision 7 (31 March 2021) - Democratic Republic of the Congo - ReliefWebDemocratic Republic of the Congo: Revised Emergency Appeal - Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) Outbreak Containment Strategy and Red Cross / Red Crescent Response Plan, n° MDRCD026, Revision 7 (31 March 2021) - Democratic Republic of the Congo  ReliefWeb

Monitoring HIV/TB services in the Democratic Republic of the Congo - Democratic Republic of the Congo - ReliefWebMonitoring HIV/TB services in the Democratic Republic of the Congo - Democratic Republic of the Congo  ReliefWeb

The Democratic Republic of Congo's 10th Ebola response: Lessons on international leadership and coordination - Democratic Republic of the Congo - ReliefWebThe Democratic Republic of Congo's 10th Ebola response: Lessons on international leadership and coordination - Democratic Republic of the Congo  ReliefWeb

Democratic Republic of Congo Faces Worst Hunger Crisis in the World: UN - Global CitizenDemocratic Republic of Congo Faces Worst Hunger Crisis in the World: UN  Global Citizen

‘Stray bullet’ kills DRC protester in anti-UN rally, police say - Al Jazeera English‘Stray bullet’ kills DRC protester in anti-UN rally, police say  Al Jazeera English

NAS Launches Ground Handling Operations in Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) - AviationPros.comNAS Launches Ground Handling Operations in Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC)  AviationPros.com

Suspected ADF rebels kill 23 in eastern DR Congo attack - Al Jazeera EnglishSuspected ADF rebels kill 23 in eastern DR Congo attack  Al Jazeera English

Implementation of the Peace, Security and Cooperation Framework for the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Region - Report of the Secretary-General (S/2020/306) - Democratic Republic of the Congo - ReliefWebImplementation of the Peace, Security and Cooperation Framework for the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Region - Report of the Secretary-General (S/2020/306) - Democratic Republic of the Congo  ReliefWeb

At least a dozen killed in eastern DR Congo attack - Al Jazeera EnglishAt least a dozen killed in eastern DR Congo attack  Al Jazeera English

DR Congo: Fashion show in Goma hopes to convey a message of peace - Africanews EnglishDR Congo: Fashion show in Goma hopes to convey a message of peace  Africanews English

HRC46: Joint statement by World Vision and humanitarian partners on the crisis in Kasaï Region, DRC - Democratic Republic of the Congo - ReliefWebHRC46: Joint statement by World Vision and humanitarian partners on the crisis in Kasaï Region, DRC - Democratic Republic of the Congo  ReliefWeb

United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo - Report of the Secretary-General (S/2021/274) - Democratic Republic of the Congo - ReliefWebUnited Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo - Report of the Secretary-General (S/2021/274) - Democratic Republic of the Congo  ReliefWeb

Appeal for 'fresh start' as Nile dam talks kick off in DR Congo - Africanews EnglishAppeal for 'fresh start' as Nile dam talks kick off in DR Congo  Africanews English

DR Congo: Social cohesion in focus at South Kivu inter-community peace dialogue - Democratic Republic of the Congo - ReliefWebDR Congo: Social cohesion in focus at South Kivu inter-community peace dialogue - Democratic Republic of the Congo  ReliefWeb

RfP: Evaluation of Ebola Interventions in Democratic Republic of Congo (2018-2020) - ReliefWebRfP: Evaluation of Ebola Interventions in Democratic Republic of Congo (2018-2020)  ReliefWeb

DR Congo likely to declare end of 12th Ebola outbreak - Anadolu AgencyDR Congo likely to declare end of 12th Ebola outbreak  Anadolu Agency

Oxfam staff in DRC suspended amid probe into sex claims, fraud, and bullying - The New HumanitarianOxfam staff in DRC suspended amid probe into sex claims, fraud, and bullying  The New Humanitarian

The Need for a US Special Envoy for the Great Lakes Region - Human Rights WatchThe Need for a US Special Envoy for the Great Lakes Region  Human Rights Watch

Inner Light: The children surviving conflict in DR Congo - BBC NewsInner Light: The children surviving conflict in DR Congo  BBC News

Oxfam suspends DR Congo staff over sexual misconduct claims - Al Jazeera EnglishOxfam suspends DR Congo staff over sexual misconduct claims  Al Jazeera English

DR Congo's Tshisekedi pitches for 'massive' Qatar investment - Eyewitness NewsDR Congo's Tshisekedi pitches for 'massive' Qatar investment  Eyewitness News

Ad Hoc Update #10: Situation concerning the influx from the Central African Republic to the DRC (9 April 2021) - Democratic Republic of the Congo - ReliefWebAd Hoc Update #10: Situation concerning the influx from the Central African Republic to the DRC (9 April 2021) - Democratic Republic of the Congo  ReliefWeb

DRC: Floods in Sake, North Kivu - Operation Update Report n° 2, DREF n° MDRCD031 - Democratic Republic of the Congo - ReliefWebDRC: Floods in Sake, North Kivu - Operation Update Report n° 2, DREF n° MDRCD031 - Democratic Republic of the Congo  ReliefWeb

Security Alert: US Embassy Kinshasa, DRC | US Embassy in the Democratic Republic of the Congo - U.S. Embassy KinshasaSecurity Alert: US Embassy Kinshasa, DRC | US Embassy in the Democratic Republic of the Congo  U.S. Embassy Kinshasa

Ten killed in inter-communal violence amid protests in eastern Congo - ReutersTen killed in inter-communal violence amid protests in eastern Congo  Reuters

How large miners and states stifle local capital and innovation in DR Congo - The Conversation CAHow large miners and states stifle local capital and innovation in DR Congo  The Conversation CA

Oxfam staff named in new sex abuse claims in Congo - Africanews EnglishOxfam staff named in new sex abuse claims in Congo  Africanews English

CATL buys into cobalt mine in D R Congo - just-auto.comCATL buys into cobalt mine in D R Congo  just-auto.com

Is Islamic State really operating in eastern DRC? - The Africa ReportIs Islamic State really operating in eastern DRC?  The Africa Report

CDC Foundation Supports Guinea and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to Take on Latest Ebola Outbreaks in Both Nations - PRNewswireCDC Foundation Supports Guinea and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to Take on Latest Ebola Outbreaks in Both Nations  PRNewswire

Precautionary SAGE 2 minutes: Ebola in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, 5 October 2018 - GOV.UKPrecautionary SAGE 2 minutes: Ebola in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, 5 October 2018  GOV.UK

Cobalt and the Congo: A Sustainable Green Energy Transition Cannot Be Built on Human Exploitation – PRIO Blogs - Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO)Cobalt and the Congo: A Sustainable Green Energy Transition Cannot Be Built on Human Exploitation – PRIO Blogs  Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO)

Measles Surge in the DRC - BloombergMeasles Surge in the DRC  Bloomberg

Precautionary SAGE 3 minutes: Ebola in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, 16 May 2019 - GOV.UKPrecautionary SAGE 3 minutes: Ebola in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, 16 May 2019  GOV.UK

MoU for African schools football competition signed in Congo DR - FIFA.comMoU for African schools football competition signed in Congo DR  FIFA.com

U.N. Warns One-Third of Population of Democratic Republic of the Congo Facing Acute Hunger - Democracy Now!U.N. Warns One-Third of Population of Democratic Republic of the Congo Facing Acute Hunger  Democracy Now!

CDC Supports Efforts to End Ebola Outbreaks in Democratic Republic of Congo and Republic of Guinea - Mirage NewsCDC Supports Efforts to End Ebola Outbreaks in Democratic Republic of Congo and Republic of Guinea  Mirage News

DR Congo`s Catholic Church warns of `Islamisation` in east - WIONDR Congo`s Catholic Church warns of `Islamisation` in east  WION

Two killed during anti-U.N. protests in eastern Congo protests, officials say - ReutersTwo killed during anti-U.N. protests in eastern Congo protests, officials say  Reuters

Congo-Kinshasa: Measles Cases Go Up in DRC - AllAfrica.comCongo-Kinshasa: Measles Cases Go Up in DRC  AllAfrica.com

Dozens burned alive in Congo bus crash - ReutersDozens burned alive in Congo bus crash  Reuters

Measles cases go up in DRC - The East AfricanMeasles cases go up in DRC  The East African

Artisanal miners could help Congo become world's fourth-largest cobalt producer - MINING.COM - MINING.comArtisanal miners could help Congo become world's fourth-largest cobalt producer - MINING.COM  MINING.com

Five militia fighters killed in DRC 'intense' clash: Army - cgtn.comFive militia fighters killed in DRC 'intense' clash: Army  cgtn.com

DR Congo: Political tensions, armed attacks, displacement and COVID threats continue - UN NewsDR Congo: Political tensions, armed attacks, displacement and COVID threats continue  UN News

DR Congo hosts 'last chance' talks over contested Nile dam - Yahoo Finance AustraliaDR Congo hosts 'last chance' talks over contested Nile dam  Yahoo Finance Australia

Democratic Republic of Congo has Highest Levels of Hunger in World- UN Says - - Walta Information CenterDemocratic Republic of Congo has Highest Levels of Hunger in World- UN Says -  Walta Information Center

How China's mines rule the market of critical raw materials - DW (English)How China's mines rule the market of critical raw materials  DW (English)

Democratic Republic of Congo confirms a new Ebola case - Business StandardDemocratic Republic of Congo confirms a new Ebola case  Business Standard

15 dead, 30 infected with Ebola in Africa's Guinea, Congo - Hindustan Times15 dead, 30 infected with Ebola in Africa's Guinea, Congo  Hindustan Times

Militia violence threatens 3 million displaced children in Democratic Republic of Congo: UNICEF - Democratic Republic of the Congo - ReliefWebMilitia violence threatens 3 million displaced children in Democratic Republic of Congo: UNICEF - Democratic Republic of the Congo  ReliefWeb

DRC President Calls For Renewed GERD Cooperation - Africa Oil & PowerDRC President Calls For Renewed GERD Cooperation  Africa Oil & Power

The Democratic Republic of Congo is Back on the Front Page - Council on Foreign RelationsThe Democratic Republic of Congo is Back on the Front Page  Council on Foreign Relations

Democratic Republic of the Congo Crisis Response Plan 2021 - Democratic Republic of the Congo - ReliefWebDemocratic Republic of the Congo Crisis Response Plan 2021 - Democratic Republic of the Congo  ReliefWeb

Democratic Republic of Congo Emergency Dashboard, January 2021 - Democratic Republic of the Congo - ReliefWebDemocratic Republic of Congo Emergency Dashboard, January 2021 - Democratic Republic of the Congo  ReliefWeb

Southern Africa Region - Fact Sheet, September 2020 - Democratic Republic of the Congo - ReliefWebSouthern Africa Region - Fact Sheet, September 2020 - Democratic Republic of the Congo  ReliefWeb

Democratic Republic of the Congo - Situation report, November 2020 - Democratic Republic of the Congo - ReliefWebDemocratic Republic of the Congo - Situation report, November 2020 - Democratic Republic of the Congo  ReliefWeb

Democratic Republic of the Congo – Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #2 Fiscal Year (FY) 2021 - Democratic Republic of the Congo - ReliefWebDemocratic Republic of the Congo – Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #2 Fiscal Year (FY) 2021 - Democratic Republic of the Congo  ReliefWeb

MoU for Creation of Pan-African School Football Championship Signed in DR Congo - Liberian Daily ObserverMoU for Creation of Pan-African School Football Championship Signed in DR Congo  Liberian Daily Observer

Liquid expands into a cloud company - Capacity MediaLiquid expands into a cloud company  Capacity Media

Democratic Republic of the Congo: The only thing left in Kasai was the land - Democratic Republic of the Congo - ReliefWebDemocratic Republic of the Congo: The only thing left in Kasai was the land - Democratic Republic of the Congo  ReliefWeb

With a New Museum, African Workers Take Control of Their Destiny - The New York TimesWith a New Museum, African Workers Take Control of Their Destiny  The New York Times

EASO Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) Medical Country of Origin Information Report, December 2020 - Democratic Republic of the Congo - ReliefWebEASO Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) Medical Country of Origin Information Report, December 2020 - Democratic Republic of the Congo  ReliefWeb

DR Congo: Probe State Role in UN Experts' Murder - Democratic Republic of the Congo - ReliefWebDR Congo: Probe State Role in UN Experts' Murder - Democratic Republic of the Congo  ReliefWeb

DR Congo's fragile detente 'could yet unravel', Security Council warned - Democratic Republic of the Congo - ReliefWebDR Congo's fragile detente 'could yet unravel', Security Council warned - Democratic Republic of the Congo  ReliefWeb

Evaluation of Democratic Republic of the Congo - Interim Country Strategic Plan 2018-2020 (Evaluation Report: Volume I, October 2020) - Democratic Republic of the Congo - ReliefWebEvaluation of Democratic Republic of the Congo - Interim Country Strategic Plan 2018-2020 (Evaluation Report: Volume I, October 2020) - Democratic Republic of the Congo  ReliefWeb

Ivanhoe may bring forward DRC copper expansion, says Friedland - Creamer Media's Mining WeeklyIvanhoe may bring forward DRC copper expansion, says Friedland  Creamer Media's Mining Weekly

Digging deeper into the state of cobalt mining in the DRC - CNBCAfrica.comDigging deeper into the state of cobalt mining in the DRC  CNBCAfrica.com

Humanitarian Action for Children 2021 - Democratic Republic of the Congo - Democratic Republic of the Congo - ReliefWebHumanitarian Action for Children 2021 - Democratic Republic of the Congo - Democratic Republic of the Congo  ReliefWeb

Democratic Republic of Congo Key Message Update, September 2020 - Democratic Republic of the Congo - ReliefWebDemocratic Republic of Congo Key Message Update, September 2020 - Democratic Republic of the Congo  ReliefWeb

Police fire tear gas, arrest demonstrators against Monusco in DRC - Africanews EnglishPolice fire tear gas, arrest demonstrators against Monusco in DRC  Africanews English

NAS launches ground handling operation in DRC | Air Cargo - Logistics Update AfricaNAS launches ground handling operation in DRC | Air Cargo  Logistics Update Africa

Raxio's growth phase - Capacity MediaRaxio's growth phase  Capacity Media

Facing the challenges of COVID and Conflict in DR Congo - Democratic Republic of the Congo - ReliefWebFacing the challenges of COVID and Conflict in DR Congo - Democratic Republic of the Congo  ReliefWeb

More than 1.7 million COVID-19 vaccines arrive in the Democratic Republic of Congo - UNICEFMore than 1.7 million COVID-19 vaccines arrive in the Democratic Republic of Congo  UNICEF

DRC: London funds clean water for one million people in Kivu - AFRIK 21DRC: London funds clean water for one million people in Kivu  AFRIK 21

AVZ nails stunning lithium drill hits in the DRC - The West AustralianAVZ nails stunning lithium drill hits in the DRC  The West Australian

European Union backs peace and security in the Democratic Republic of the Congo with new aid for police reform - Democratic Republic of the Congo - ReliefWebEuropean Union backs peace and security in the Democratic Republic of the Congo with new aid for police reform - Democratic Republic of the Congo  ReliefWeb

Escaping “Perpetual Beginnings”: Challenges and opportunities for local atrocity prevention in the Democratic Republic of Congo - Democratic Republic of the Congo - ReliefWebEscaping “Perpetual Beginnings”: Challenges and opportunities for local atrocity prevention in the Democratic Republic of Congo - Democratic Republic of the Congo  ReliefWeb

Democratic Republic of the Congo Country Strategic Plan (2021–2024) - Democratic Republic of the Congo - ReliefWebDemocratic Republic of the Congo Country Strategic Plan (2021–2024) - Democratic Republic of the Congo  ReliefWeb

The 2021 Humanitarian Response Plan for the Democratic Republic of Congo will provide urgent assistance to 9.6 million vulnerable people. A budget of US$1.98 billion will be required to meet these needs - Democratic Republic of the Congo - ReliefWebThe 2021 Humanitarian Response Plan for the Democratic Republic of Congo will provide urgent assistance to 9.6 million vulnerable people. A budget of US$1.98 billion will be required to meet these needs - Democratic Republic of the Congo  ReliefWeb

Human rights: Widespread attacks in DR Congo may amount to crimes against humanity - UN NewsHuman rights: Widespread attacks in DR Congo may amount to crimes against humanity  UN News