Congo Democratic Republic

Country Congo Democratic Republic
Capital Kinshasa
Continent Africa
Currency Congolese franc(CDF)
Languages French, Lingala, Kikongo, Swahili & Tshiluba

Information

Introduction

Established as a Belgian colony in 1908, the Republic of the Congo gained its independence in 1960, but its early years were marred by political and social instability. Col. Joseph MOBUTU seized power and declared himself president in a November 1965 coup. He subsequently changed his name - to MOBUTU Sese Seko - as well as that of the country - to Zaire. MOBUTU retained his position for 32 years through several sham elections, as well as through brutal force. Ethnic strife and civil war, touched off by a massive inflow of refugees in 1994 from fighting in Rwanda and Burundi, led in May 1997 to the toppling of the MOBUTU regime by a rebellion backed by Rwanda and Uganda and fronted by Laurent KABILA. He renamed the country the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), but in August 1998 his regime was itself challenged by a second insurrection again backed by Rwanda and Uganda. Troops from Angola, Chad, Namibia, Sudan, and Zimbabwe intervened to support KABILA's regime. A cease-fire was signed in July 1999 by the DRC, Congolese armed rebel groups, Angola, Namibia, Rwanda, Uganda, and Zimbabwe but sporadic fighting continued. Laurent KABILA was assassinated in January 2001 and his son, Joseph KABILA, was named head of state. In October 2002, the new president was successful in negotiating the withdrawal of Rwandan forces occupying eastern Congo; two months later, the Pretoria Accord was signed by all remaining warring parties to end the fighting and establish a government of national unity. A transitional government was set up in July 2003. Joseph KABILA as president and four vice presidents represented the former government, former rebel groups, the political opposition, and civil society. The transitional government held a successful constitutional referendum in December 2005 and elections for the presidency, National Assembly, and provincial legislatures in 2006. The National Assembly was installed in September 2006 and KABILA was inaugurated president in December 2006. Provincial assemblies were constituted in early 2007, and elected governors and national senators in January 2007.

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References

Congo Democratic Republic - Wikipedia
Congo Democratic Republic - CIA World Fact Book
Congo Democratic Republic - BBC
Congo Democratic Republic - Timeline - BBC

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Democratic Republic of Congo: Ebola Virus Disease - External Situation Report 76 - Democratic Republic of the Congo - ReliefWebDemocratic Republic of Congo: Ebola Virus Disease - External Situation Report 76 - Democratic Republic of the Congo  ReliefWeb

Democratic Republic of Congo and Republic of Congo: Floods - Information Bulletin - Democratic Republic of the Congo - ReliefWebDemocratic Republic of Congo and Republic of Congo: Floods - Information Bulletin - Democratic Republic of the Congo  ReliefWeb

Ebola exists. A day at the heart of the epidemic in the Democratic Republic of Congo - LifeGateEbola exists. A day at the heart of the epidemic in the Democratic Republic of Congo  LifeGate

Joint UN-Congolese strategy needed to address insecurity following deadly attacks - UN NewsJoint UN-Congolese strategy needed to address insecurity following deadly attacks  UN News

UNHCR Weekly Emergency Update - Ituri and North Kivu Provinces, Democratic Republic of the Congo - 16 - 29 December 2019 - Democratic Republic of the Congo - ReliefWebUNHCR Weekly Emergency Update - Ituri and North Kivu Provinces, Democratic Republic of the Congo - 16 - 29 December 2019 - Democratic Republic of the Congo  ReliefWeb

Deaths from Democratic Republic of the Congo measles outbreak top 6000 - World Health OrganizationDeaths from Democratic Republic of the Congo measles outbreak top 6000  World Health Organization

WHO AFRO Outbreaks and Other Emergencies, Week 3: 13 - 19 January 2020 Data as reported by: 17:00; 19 January 2020 - Democratic Republic of the Congo - ReliefWebWHO AFRO Outbreaks and Other Emergencies, Week 3: 13 - 19 January 2020 Data as reported by: 17:00; 19 January 2020 - Democratic Republic of the Congo  ReliefWeb

Ebola outbreak in Democratic Republic of Congo: January crisis update - Democratic Republic of the Congo - ReliefWebEbola outbreak in Democratic Republic of Congo: January crisis update - Democratic Republic of the Congo  ReliefWeb

Conserving Congo | UDaily - UDailyConserving Congo | UDaily  UDaily

Democratic Republic of the Congo Ebola Outbreak Fact Sheet #3, Fiscal Year (FY) 2020 (January 17, 2020) - Democratic Republic of the Congo - ReliefWebDemocratic Republic of the Congo Ebola Outbreak Fact Sheet #3, Fiscal Year (FY) 2020 (January 17, 2020) - Democratic Republic of the Congo  ReliefWeb

Cardinal asks President of DR Congo for solutions for North Kivu - Vatican NewsCardinal asks President of DR Congo for solutions for North Kivu  Vatican News

Democratic Republic of the Congo - Health Zone of Sekebanza (As of 20/12/2019) - Democratic Republic of the Congo - ReliefWebDemocratic Republic of the Congo - Health Zone of Sekebanza (As of 20/12/2019) - Democratic Republic of the Congo  ReliefWeb

Killings and violence targeting ethnic group in DR Congo 'may amount to crimes against humanity' - UN NewsKillings and violence targeting ethnic group in DR Congo 'may amount to crimes against humanity'  UN News

DRC Ebola outbreaks: Crisis update - 13 January 2020 - Democratic Republic of the Congo - ReliefWebDRC Ebola outbreaks: Crisis update - 13 January 2020 - Democratic Republic of the Congo  ReliefWeb

RDC - Cluster Logistique - Catalogue des cartes - dcembre 2019 - Democratic Republic of the Congo - ReliefWebRDC - Cluster Logistique - Catalogue des cartes - dcembre 2019 - Democratic Republic of the Congo  ReliefWeb

Impacts of vouchers for households affected by displacement in the Democratic Republic of Congo - Democratic Republic of the Congo - ReliefWebImpacts of vouchers for households affected by displacement in the Democratic Republic of Congo - Democratic Republic of the Congo  ReliefWeb

Five Takeaways from Democratic Republic of the Congo's IMF Program - International Monetary FundFive Takeaways from Democratic Republic of the Congo's IMF Program  International Monetary Fund

15 dead, others missing, in DR Congo boat mishap - Deccan Herald15 dead, others missing, in DR Congo boat mishap  Deccan Herald

DR Congo: Red Cross volunteers attacked during Ebola burial - Democratic Republic of the Congo - ReliefWebDR Congo: Red Cross volunteers attacked during Ebola burial - Democratic Republic of the Congo  ReliefWeb

West and Central Africa: 2019 Regional Funding Status as of 20 January 2020 - Democratic Republic of the Congo - ReliefWebWest and Central Africa: 2019 Regional Funding Status as of 20 January 2020 - Democratic Republic of the Congo  ReliefWeb

The President Of The Democratic Republic Of The Congo Is Confirmed To Attend Mining Indaba 2020 - Africa.comThe President Of The Democratic Republic Of The Congo Is Confirmed To Attend Mining Indaba 2020  Africa.com

Rebels in eastern DR Congo kill at least 18 - Anadolu AgencyRebels in eastern DR Congo kill at least 18  Anadolu Agency

Spains ACS Withdraws From Congos Giant Inga III Dam - BloombergSpains ACS Withdraws From Congos Giant Inga III Dam  Bloomberg

IOM Democratic Republic of the Congo Emergency Response - Situation Report #7 (1 - 30 November, 2019) - Democratic Republic of the Congo - ReliefWebIOM Democratic Republic of the Congo Emergency Response - Situation Report #7 (1 - 30 November, 2019) - Democratic Republic of the Congo  ReliefWeb

Spain's ACS withdraws from Inga 3 hydro project in Congo - ReutersSpain's ACS withdraws from Inga 3 hydro project in Congo  Reuters

The Democratic Republic of the Congo seeks to Expand Nuclear Applications, Strengthen its Nuclear Legal Framework, with IAEA Support - International Atomic Energy AgencyThe Democratic Republic of the Congo seeks to Expand Nuclear Applications, Strengthen its Nuclear Legal Framework, with IAEA Support  International Atomic Energy Agency

Midterm report of the Group of Experts on the Democratic Republic of the Congo (S/2019/974) - Democratic Republic of the Congo - ReliefWebMidterm report of the Group of Experts on the Democratic Republic of the Congo (S/2019/974) - Democratic Republic of the Congo  ReliefWeb

Pope Francis meets with Congolese president - America MagazinePope Francis meets with Congolese president  America Magazine

WFP Democratic Republic of Congo Country Brief, November 2019 - Democratic Republic of the Congo - ReliefWebWFP Democratic Republic of Congo Country Brief, November 2019 - Democratic Republic of the Congo  ReliefWeb

WFP Democratic Republic of Congo: Emergency Situation Report #16 - Democratic Republic of the Congo - ReliefWebWFP Democratic Republic of Congo: Emergency Situation Report #16 - Democratic Republic of the Congo  ReliefWeb

Congo, one year later - Atlantic CouncilCongo, one year later  Atlantic Council

A sustainable Congolese school widens the horizon for young girls - Democratic Republic of the Congo - ReliefWebA sustainable Congolese school widens the horizon for young girls - Democratic Republic of the Congo  ReliefWeb

Atrocity Alert No. 186: Syria, Iraq and Democratic Republic of the Congo - Syrian Arab Republic - ReliefWebAtrocity Alert No. 186: Syria, Iraq and Democratic Republic of the Congo - Syrian Arab Republic  ReliefWeb

DRC Ebola outbreaks: Crisis update - 27 December 2019 - Democratic Republic of the Congo - ReliefWebDRC Ebola outbreaks: Crisis update - 27 December 2019 - Democratic Republic of the Congo  ReliefWeb

Australia urged to stop selling weapons to countries accused of war crimes - The GuardianAustralia urged to stop selling weapons to countries accused of war crimes  The Guardian

Call for Applications: Congo Basin Rainforest Journalism Fund Convening - Pulitzer Center on Crisis ReportingCall for Applications: Congo Basin Rainforest Journalism Fund Convening  Pulitzer Center on Crisis Reporting

DR CONGO: Salesian missionaries launch initiative to secure mattresses, mosquito nets and sheets for children seeking shelter at Maison Papy - MissionNewswireDR CONGO: Salesian missionaries launch initiative to secure mattresses, mosquito nets and sheets for children seeking shelter at Maison Papy  MissionNewswire

How to get beer around Congo, a country with hardly any roads - The EconomistHow to get beer around Congo, a country with hardly any roads  The Economist

Risking my life to protect Congo's rainforest - BBC NewsRisking my life to protect Congo's rainforest  BBC News

Congo opens Chinese-owned Deziwa copper and cobalt mine - ReutersCongo opens Chinese-owned Deziwa copper and cobalt mine  Reuters

Hundreds flee to Uganda to escape ethnic-based violence in DRC - The IndependentHundreds flee to Uganda to escape ethnic-based violence in DRC  The Independent

Congo Wants to Sell Gertlers Oil Blocks on Ugandan Border - BloombergCongo Wants to Sell Gertlers Oil Blocks on Ugandan Border  Bloomberg

Why This Texas City Is Saying Yes to Refugees While the Governor Says No - The New York TimesWhy This Texas City Is Saying Yes to Refugees While the Governor Says No  The New York Times

UAE humanitarian group pledges $1 million to boost healthcare in Congo - The NationalUAE humanitarian group pledges $1 million to boost healthcare in Congo  The National

An Ebola survival miracle | UNICEF - UNICEFAn Ebola survival miracle | UNICEF  UNICEF

African champions Algeria to face Burkina Faso in World Cup qualifying - FRANCE 24African champions Algeria to face Burkina Faso in World Cup qualifying  FRANCE 24

Bboxx signs MOU with DRC to provide electricity to 10 million citizens - African ReviewBboxx signs MOU with DRC to provide electricity to 10 million citizens  African Review

Minister Gould concludes visit to Republic of Congo and Democratic Republic of Congo - Mirage NewsMinister Gould concludes visit to Republic of Congo and Democratic Republic of Congo  Mirage News

Why They Killed Patrice Lumumba - Jacobin magazineWhy They Killed Patrice Lumumba  Jacobin magazine

Bangladesh earns reputation protecting Congo's 'battlefield' - newagebd.netBangladesh earns reputation protecting Congo's 'battlefield'  newagebd.net

UNICEF DR Congo Ebola Situation Report #50 North Kivu, Ituri and South Kivu - Reporting Period: 09 to 15 December 2019 - Democratic Republic of the Congo - ReliefWebUNICEF DR Congo Ebola Situation Report #50 North Kivu, Ituri and South Kivu - Reporting Period: 09 to 15 December 2019 - Democratic Republic of the Congo  ReliefWeb

Congolese torture survivor gets Home Office reprieve - The GuardianCongolese torture survivor gets Home Office reprieve  The Guardian

UNICEF Burundi Humanitarian Situation Report No. 4 - Reporting Period: 01 January to 31 December 2019 - Burundi - ReliefWebUNICEF Burundi Humanitarian Situation Report No. 4 - Reporting Period: 01 January to 31 December 2019 - Burundi  ReliefWeb

More than 50,000 refugees and migrants arrived in Greece by sea - Greek City TimesMore than 50,000 refugees and migrants arrived in Greece by sea  Greek City Times

UAE's TBHF allots $1m to build health centre in Kasai Oriental - Construction Week OnlineUAE's TBHF allots $1m to build health centre in Kasai Oriental  Construction Week Online

Handball: Egypt thrashed Gabon in the AFCON quarter-finals - EgypttodayHandball: Egypt thrashed Gabon in the AFCON quarter-finals  Egypttoday

1,100 foreigners got Ukrainian citizenship in 2019 - 112 International1,100 foreigners got Ukrainian citizenship in 2019  112 International

Fara Fara Takes Hold: A Phoner with Carsten Hller - Cultured MagazineFara Fara Takes Hold: A Phoner with Carsten Hller  Cultured Magazine

Egypt qualifies for the handball AFCON quarter-finals - EgypttodayEgypt qualifies for the handball AFCON quarter-finals  Egypttoday

Measles Death Toll Surpasses 6,000 In Democratic Republic Of Congo - NewsyMeasles Death Toll Surpasses 6,000 In Democratic Republic Of Congo  Newsy

WACS and SAT3 : Gabon, Congo, DRC and Cameroon experience internet disruption due to an incident on the Cameroonian landing point - Business in CameroonWACS and SAT3 : Gabon, Congo, DRC and Cameroon experience internet disruption due to an incident on the Cameroonian landing point  Business in Cameroon

Another Congolese Colonel Defects from Army - chimpreports.comAnother Congolese Colonel Defects from Army  chimpreports.com

Big Heart allocates $1 million for health centre in Congo - Gulf TodayBig Heart allocates $1 million for health centre in Congo  Gulf Today

Former Flyers defenseman Brandon Manning suspended for using racial slur in AHL game - PhillyVoice.comFormer Flyers defenseman Brandon Manning suspended for using racial slur in AHL game  PhillyVoice.com

Event preview: Mining Indaba 2020 - Africa Outlook MagazineEvent preview: Mining Indaba 2020  Africa Outlook Magazine

China's mystery virus prompts emergency WHO meeting - The New HumanitarianChina's mystery virus prompts emergency WHO meeting  The New Humanitarian

Rwanda backs DR Congo crackdown on Hutu rebels - Daily MonitorRwanda backs DR Congo crackdown on Hutu rebels  Daily Monitor

The Language Used Only by Lake Kivu's Fishermen - Atlas ObscuraThe Language Used Only by Lake Kivu's Fishermen  Atlas Obscura

Congolese At War On Twitter, Debate Banyamulenge Status - Taarifa RwandaCongolese At War On Twitter, Debate Banyamulenge Status  Taarifa Rwanda

Minister Gould to travel to Republic of Congo and Democratic Republic of Congo - Mirage NewsMinister Gould to travel to Republic of Congo and Democratic Republic of Congo  Mirage News

Covent Garden star is son of a modern Major-General - Slipped DiscCovent Garden star is son of a modern Major-General  Slipped Disc

DR CONGO: Don Bosco Center graduates 69 students who successfully completed 14-month course - MissionNewswireDR CONGO: Don Bosco Center graduates 69 students who successfully completed 14-month course  MissionNewswire

DRC Special Forces Kill Commander Of FLN anti-Rwanda Terrorist Group - Taarifa RwandaDRC Special Forces Kill Commander Of FLN anti-Rwanda Terrorist Group  Taarifa Rwanda

Looting Is Part of War Gen Sejusa Speaks Out on UPDF Congo Escapade - chimpreports.comLooting Is Part of War Gen Sejusa Speaks Out on UPDF Congo Escapade  chimpreports.com

Uganda Cranes draw Rwanda, Kenya in World Cup qualifiers - IndependentUganda Cranes draw Rwanda, Kenya in World Cup qualifiers  Independent

Democratic Republic of the Congo - Situation report October 2019 - Democratic Republic of the Congo - ReliefWebDemocratic Republic of the Congo - Situation report October 2019 - Democratic Republic of the Congo  ReliefWeb

Rwanda Investigations Bureau Parades Rebel Leaders - Taarifa RwandaRwanda Investigations Bureau Parades Rebel Leaders  Taarifa Rwanda

USAFE-AFAFRICA builds partnership with Malawian air force - Edwards Air Force BaseUSAFE-AFAFRICA builds partnership with Malawian air force  Edwards Air Force Base

DR Congo anger grows over deadly unrest - Aljazeera.comDR Congo anger grows over deadly unrest  Aljazeera.com

DeFazio Visits Mexico Border Camps - Eugene WeeklyDeFazio Visits Mexico Border Camps  Eugene Weekly

Democratic Republic of Congo to inaugurate national museum - BBC NewsDemocratic Republic of Congo to inaugurate national museum  BBC News

How the Congolese Army killed 43 Ghanaian peacekeepers on one of the deadliest United Nations missions - gotech dailyHow the Congolese Army killed 43 Ghanaian peacekeepers on one of the deadliest United Nations missions  gotech daily

Gavi at 20 years - Delivering on the promise of immunisation: How far have we come? - World - ReliefWebGavi at 20 years - Delivering on the promise of immunisation: How far have we come? - World  ReliefWeb

Storm destroys Congo churches - Mennonite World ReviewStorm destroys Congo churches  Mennonite World Review

America's Favourite Superhero Movie Is Black Panther, Britain's Is Captain Marvel - Bleeding Cool NewsAmerica's Favourite Superhero Movie Is Black Panther, Britain's Is Captain Marvel  Bleeding Cool News

'Balkanization Can't Succeed'-DRCs Former Prime Minister Tshibala - Taarifa Rwanda'Balkanization Can't Succeed'-DRCs Former Prime Minister Tshibala  Taarifa Rwanda

Democratic Republic of the Congo Situation: UNHCR Regional Update (October 2019) - Democratic Republic of the Congo - ReliefWebDemocratic Republic of the Congo Situation: UNHCR Regional Update (October 2019) - Democratic Republic of the Congo  ReliefWeb

Democratic Republic of the Congo - Escalating conflict and displacement (DG ECHO, UN, INGOs, media) (ECHO Daily Flash 20 December 2019) - Democratic Republic of the Congo - ReliefWebDemocratic Republic of the Congo - Escalating conflict and displacement (DG ECHO, UN, INGOs, media) (ECHO Daily Flash 20 December 2019) - Democratic Republic of the Congo  ReliefWeb

Plane crash in Democratic Republic of Congo leaves 26 dead - The GuardianPlane crash in Democratic Republic of Congo leaves 26 dead  The Guardian

Reporter's Notebook: Unpunished crimes in the Democratic Republic of Congo - FRANCE 24 EnglishReporter's Notebook: Unpunished crimes in the Democratic Republic of Congo  FRANCE 24 English

Democratic Republic of The Congo, Republic of Congo: Floods - | DG ECHO Daily Map | 16/12/2019 - Democratic Republic of the Congo - ReliefWebDemocratic Republic of The Congo, Republic of Congo: Floods - | DG ECHO Daily Map | 16/12/2019 - Democratic Republic of the Congo  ReliefWeb

SeedCLIR: Democratic Republic of the Congo - Democratic Republic of the Congo - ReliefWebSeedCLIR: Democratic Republic of the Congo - Democratic Republic of the Congo  ReliefWeb

Democratic Republic of Congo boosts business ties with Japan - EuronewsDemocratic Republic of Congo boosts business ties with Japan  Euronews

DR Congo protests: At least 5 people killed - Aljazeera.comDR Congo protests: At least 5 people killed  Aljazeera.com

Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC): Floods - Emergency Plan of Action (EPoA) DREF n MDRCD029 / PCD054 - Democratic Republic of the Congo - ReliefWebDemocratic Republic of the Congo (DRC): Floods - Emergency Plan of Action (EPoA) DREF n MDRCD029 / PCD054 - Democratic Republic of the Congo  ReliefWeb

Is DR Congo on the brink? - Al Jazeera EnglishIs DR Congo on the brink?  Al Jazeera English

Security Council Press Statement on Situation in Democratic Republic of Congo, 14 October 2019 - Democratic Republic of the Congo - ReliefWebSecurity Council Press Statement on Situation in Democratic Republic of Congo, 14 October 2019 - Democratic Republic of the Congo  ReliefWeb

Democratic Republic of the Congo - Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #1, Fiscal Year (FY) 2020 (December 2, 2019) - Democratic Republic of the Congo - ReliefWebDemocratic Republic of the Congo - Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #1, Fiscal Year (FY) 2020 (December 2, 2019) - Democratic Republic of the Congo  ReliefWeb

Democratic Republic of the Congo: Vulnerability Assessment Committee Results 2019 - Democratic Republic of the Congo - ReliefWebDemocratic Republic of the Congo: Vulnerability Assessment Committee Results 2019 - Democratic Republic of the Congo  ReliefWeb

Democratic Republic of Congo Emergency Dashboard, November 2019 - Democratic Republic of the Congo - ReliefWebDemocratic Republic of Congo Emergency Dashboard, November 2019 - Democratic Republic of the Congo  ReliefWeb