Cambodia

Country Cambodia
Capital Phnom Penh
Continent Asia(Southeast Asia)
Currency Riel(KHR)
Languages Khmer

Phnom Penh

Information

Introduction

Most Cambodians consider themselves to be Khmers, descendants of the Angkor Empire that extended over much of Southeast Asia and reached its zenith between the 10th and 13th centuries. Attacks by the Thai and Cham (from present-day Vietnam) weakened the empire, ushering in a long period of decline. The king placed the country under French protection in 1863 and it became part of French Indochina in 1887. Following Japanese occupation in World War II, Cambodia gained full independence from France in 1953. In April 1975, after a five-year struggle, Communist Khmer Rouge forces captured Phnom Penh and evacuated all cities and towns. At least 1.5 million Cambodians died from execution, forced hardships, or starvation during the Khmer Rouge regime under POL POT. A December 1978 Vietnamese invasion drove the Khmer Rouge into the countryside, began a 10-year Vietnamese occupation, and touched off almost 13 years of civil war. The 1991 Paris Peace Accords mandated democratic elections and a ceasefire, which was not fully respected by the Khmer Rouge. UN-sponsored elections in 1993 helped restore some semblance of normalcy under a coalition government. Factional fighting in 1997 ended the first coalition government, but a second round of national elections in 1998 led to the formation of another coalition government and renewed political stability. The remaining elements of the Khmer Rouge surrendered in early 1999. Some of the surviving Khmer Rouge leaders are awaiting trial for crimes against humanity by a hybrid UN-Cambodian tribunal supported by international assistance. Elections in July 2003 were relatively peaceful, but it took one year of negotiations between contending political parties before a coalition government was formed. In October 2004, King Norodom SIHANOUK abdicated the throne and his son, Prince Norodom SIHAMONI, was selected to succeed him. Local elections were held in Cambodia in April 2007, with little of the pre-election violence that preceded prior elections. National elections in July 2008 were relatively peaceful.

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References

Cambodia - Wikipedia
Cambodia - CIA World Fact Book
Cambodia - BBC
Cambodia - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

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Cambodia's Festival of the Dead: Rice offerings and Buddhist chants - Channel NewsAsia

Channel NewsAsia

Cambodia's Festival of the Dead: Rice offerings and Buddhist chants
Channel NewsAsia
PHNOM PENH: Cambodians threw rice on the ground on Tuesday (Sep 25) to mark the "Festival of the Dead" or Pchum Ben and feed the spirits of the dead. Cambodians visit pagodas across the country during the 15-day festival that takes place annually to ...

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Filmmaker James Ricketson back in Australia after Cambodia pardon - Aljazeera.com

Aljazeera.com

Filmmaker James Ricketson back in Australia after Cambodia pardon
Aljazeera.com
Ricketson was convicted of espionage and handed a six-year jail sentence last year after flying a drone above a rally organised by the now-dissolved opposition Cambodia National Rescue Party (CNRP). "I'll be going back as soon as I can but I'll need to ...
Family of James Ricketson 'hesitant' about film-maker returning to CambodiaThe Guardian
Australian filmmaker freed from Cambodia prison arrives in SydneyChannel NewsAsia
Aussie filmmaker back home after 15 months in Cambodia jail on accusations of spyingNEWS.com.au
SBS
all 1,432 news articles »


Beat Richner: Doctor to the poor children of Cambodia - The Globe and Mail

The Globe and Mail

Beat Richner: Doctor to the poor children of Cambodia
The Globe and Mail
Beat Richner, a Swiss pediatrician who opened a network of children's hospitals in Cambodia at a time when quality health care was all but non-existent in that country, died Sept. 9 in Zurich. He was 71. His death was confirmed by Dr. Denis Laurent ...



ADB retains forecast of 7 pct economic growth for Cambodia this year - Xinhua

ADB retains forecast of 7 pct economic growth for Cambodia this year
Xinhua
PHNOM PENH, Sept. 26 (Xinhua) -- The Asian Development Bank (ADB) forecast Cambodia's gross domestic product (GDP) growth to maintain its strong momentum in 2018 with strong performances expected in exports and domestic demand, said its press ...

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Cambodia urged to rebuild US ties - Khmer Times

Khmer Times

Cambodia urged to rebuild US ties
Khmer Times
Brad Glosserman, Pacific Forum CSIS senior adviser, last week said the Cambodian government has to put more effort in rebuilding its relationship with the United States. “I believe in many ways that Cambodia has slipped into the Chinese orbit,” Mr ...



Cambodia's current development cannot be achieved without Chinese help: deputy PM - Xinhua

Xinhua

Cambodia's current development cannot be achieved without Chinese help: deputy PM
Xinhua
PHNOM PENH, Sept. 25 (Xinhua) -- Cambodia's remarkable progress today could not be achieved without China's help and support, Cambodian Deputy Prime Minister Hor Namhong said here on Tuesday. Namhong made the remarks during a reception ...
Cambodian police guard opposition leaderNEWS.com.au
Trump's tariffs may hurt, but quitting China is hard to dobdnews24.com

all 24 news articles »


Cambodia to deport Australian film-maker James Ricketson after royal pardon - The Guardian

The Guardian

Cambodia to deport Australian film-maker James Ricketson after royal pardon
The Guardian
An Australian filmmaker who received a royal pardon from Cambodia will be deported on Saturday, immigration officials said, a day after he was released from a six-year sentence in a case Human Rights Watch has called “a ludicrous charade”.
Cambodia Frees Australian Filmmaker Convicted of SpyingNew York Times
Foreign Affairs minister thanks Cambodia for film maker's pardon9news.com.au
James Ricketson: Jailed Australian filmmaker pardoned in CambodiaBBC News
NEWS.com.au -Voice of America
all 314 news articles »


What in the world was Sen. Ericksen doing in Cambodia? - The Seattle Times

The Seattle Times

What in the world was Sen. Ericksen doing in Cambodia?
The Seattle Times
State Sen. Doug Ericksen projects a surprisingly rosy view of the recent election in Cambodia, which the U.S. government and many others have condemned as unfair and undemocratic. What's his deal?

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Beat Richner, Doctor to Cambodia's Needy Young, Dies at 71 - New York Times

New York Times

Beat Richner, Doctor to Cambodia's Needy Young, Dies at 71
New York Times
PHNOM PENH, Cambodia — Beat Richner, a Swiss pediatrician who opened a network of children's hospitals in Cambodia at a time when quality health care was all but nonexistent in that country, died on Sept. 9 in Zurich. He was 71. His death was ...



Jungle plane wreckage that sparked 'search' for MH370 in Cambodia could be a downed US bomber from the Vietnam ... - The Cambodia Daily

The Cambodia Daily

Jungle plane wreckage that sparked 'search' for MH370 in Cambodia could be a downed US bomber from the Vietnam ...
The Cambodia Daily
The plane wreckage that sparked a search for the doomed MH370 jet in the Cambodian jungle could be a US bomber downed during the Vietnam War, a blogger has claimed. As helicopters fly over the area and a ground search begins, some believe the ...