Eritrea

Country Eritrea
Capital Asmara
Continent Africa
Currency Nakfa(ERN)
Languages Tigrinya, Arabic & English

Information

Introduction

The UN awarded Eritrea to Ethiopia in 1952 as part of a federation. Ethiopia's annexation of Eritrea as a province 10 years later sparked a 30-year struggle for independence that ended in 1991 with Eritrean rebels defeating governmental forces; independence was overwhelmingly approved in a 1993 referendum. A two-and-a-half-year border war with Ethiopia that erupted in 1998 ended under UN auspices in December 2000. Eritrea hosted a UN peacekeeping operation that monitored a 25 km-wide Temporary Security Zone (TSZ) on the border with Ethiopia. Eritrea's denial of fuel to the mission caused the UN to withdraw the mission and terminate its mandate 31 July 2008. An international commission, organized to resolve the border dispute, posted its findings in 2002. However, both parties have been unable to reach agreement on implementing the decision. On 30 November 2007, the Eritrea-Ethiopia Boundary Commission remotely demarcated the border by coordinates and dissolved itself, leaving Ethiopia still occupying several tracts of disputed territory, including the town of Badme. Eritrea accepted the EEBC's "virtual demarcation" decision and called on Ethiopia to remove its troops from the TSZ that it states is Eritrean territory. Ethiopia has not accepted the virtual demarcation decision.

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References

Eritrea - Wikipedia
Eritrea - CIA World Fact Book
Eritrea - BBC
Eritrea - Timeline - BBC

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Through Eritrea, China Quietly Makes Inroads Near the Red Sea - The DiplomatThrough Eritrea, China Quietly Makes Inroads Near the Red Sea  The Diplomat

Ethiopia, Eritrea and Somalia leaders meet in Asmara - cgtn.comEthiopia, Eritrea and Somalia leaders meet in Asmara  cgtn.com

How Forced Labor in Eritrea Is Linked to E.U.-Funded Projects - The New York TimesHow Forced Labor in Eritrea Is Linked to E.U.-Funded Projects  The New York Times

Eritrea: Annual Humanitarian Situation Report: January-December 2019 - Eritrea - ReliefWebEritrea: Annual Humanitarian Situation Report: January-December 2019 - Eritrea  ReliefWeb

ERITREA: Clergy of Asmara discuss Sacraments of Christian Initiation - Vatican NewsERITREA: Clergy of Asmara discuss Sacraments of Christian Initiation  Vatican News

Grammys 2020: Performers Pay Tribute to Nipsey Hussle In Traditional Eritrean Attire - OkayAfricaGrammys 2020: Performers Pay Tribute to Nipsey Hussle In Traditional Eritrean Attire  OkayAfrica

Italy’s anti-trafficking tactics fail again as Eritreans released - The GuardianItaly’s anti-trafficking tactics fail again as Eritreans released  The Guardian

‘If they find us it’s death or kidnap’: the Eritrean footballers on the run - The Guardian‘If they find us it’s death or kidnap’: the Eritrean footballers on the run  The Guardian

Trump travel ban to add Nigeria, Sudan, Tanzania, Eritrea - Quartz AfricaTrump travel ban to add Nigeria, Sudan, Tanzania, Eritrea  Quartz Africa

From war-torn Eritrea to football coaching in Hull - BBC NewsFrom war-torn Eritrea to football coaching in Hull  BBC News

Switzerland allocates funds to support vocational training in Eritrea - swissinfo.chSwitzerland allocates funds to support vocational training in Eritrea  swissinfo.ch

Eritrean Footballers' Defection in Uganda Sparks Conversation About Youth Migration - VOA NewsEritrean Footballers' Defection in Uganda Sparks Conversation About Youth Migration  VOA News

No peace for Eritrea's long-suffering female conscripts - Ethiopia InsightNo peace for Eritrea's long-suffering female conscripts  Ethiopia Insight

The Brief: Outrage over reports EU-funding linked to forced labour in Eritrea - EuronewsThe Brief: Outrage over reports EU-funding linked to forced labour in Eritrea  Euronews

UNHCR is deeply saddened by the deaths of two Eritrean asylum-seekers in Tripoli, Libya - UNHCRUNHCR is deeply saddened by the deaths of two Eritrean asylum-seekers in Tripoli, Libya  UNHCR

Eritreans Stage Protest Against Asylum Rejections in Ljubljana - Total Slovenia NewsEritreans Stage Protest Against Asylum Rejections in Ljubljana  Total Slovenia News

Three Eritreans in Israel charged with murder of regime supporter - HaaretzThree Eritreans in Israel charged with murder of regime supporter  Haaretz

3 Eritreans charged with Tel Aviv murder of fourth who supported Asmara regime - The Times of Israel3 Eritreans charged with Tel Aviv murder of fourth who supported Asmara regime  The Times of Israel

Eritrea: Switzerland Resumes Support for Cooperation Projects in Eritrea - AllAfrica.comEritrea: Switzerland Resumes Support for Cooperation Projects in Eritrea  AllAfrica.com

Homeless man injured in Dublin canal clean-up originally from Eritrea - The Irish TimesHomeless man injured in Dublin canal clean-up originally from Eritrea  The Irish Times

Unlocking the Power of Potash in the Horn of Africa - Stratfor WorldviewUnlocking the Power of Potash in the Horn of Africa  Stratfor Worldview

Eritrean asylum seekers hold protest in Slovenia over asylum process, rejected applications - InfoMigrantsEritrean asylum seekers hold protest in Slovenia over asylum process, rejected applications  InfoMigrants

Upholding the peace: Ethiopia gifts Eritrea land to build new embassy - Face2Face AfricaUpholding the peace: Ethiopia gifts Eritrea land to build new embassy  Face2Face Africa

Trump new US visa travel ban to include seven new Countries - Workpermit.comTrump new US visa travel ban to include seven new Countries  Workpermit.com

Trump Targets a New Group of Immigrants - The AtlanticTrump Targets a New Group of Immigrants  The Atlantic

Wang Yi to Visit Egypt, Djibouti, Eritrea, Burundi and Zimbabwe - Africanews EnglishWang Yi to Visit Egypt, Djibouti, Eritrea, Burundi and Zimbabwe  Africanews English

Somalia President Abdullahi Farmajo visits Eritrea - New Business EthiopiaSomalia President Abdullahi Farmajo visits Eritrea  New Business Ethiopia

Inside The African State Where SIM Cards Are Treasures, ATMs Don't Exist, & No One Spends More Than USD 330 A Month ? - WeeTracker MediaInside The African State Where SIM Cards Are Treasures, ATMs Don't Exist, & No One Spends More Than USD 330 A Month ?  WeeTracker Media

South Sudan hammer Eritrea in Afro basketball qualifiers - nation.co.keSouth Sudan hammer Eritrea in Afro basketball qualifiers  nation.co.ke

Ethiopia MPs call for support to Eritrean refugees in Tigray - New Business EthiopiaEthiopia MPs call for support to Eritrean refugees in Tigray  New Business Ethiopia

UN Seeks $600 Million for Ethiopian Refugee Effort - VOA NewsUN Seeks $600 Million for Ethiopian Refugee Effort  VOA News

Brussels SHAME: EU £17m foreign aid fund spent on project using FORCED LABOUR - Express.co.ukBrussels SHAME: EU £17m foreign aid fund spent on project using FORCED LABOUR  Express.co.uk

Kenya Morans outclass Eritrea - nation.co.keKenya Morans outclass Eritrea  nation.co.ke

Kenya face Eritrea in Afro-basketball opener - nation.co.keKenya face Eritrea in Afro-basketball opener  nation.co.ke

Confirmed: Redwan Hussien Ethiopia’s envoy to Eritrea, to replace Markos Rike, outgoing state minister at MoFA - addisstandard.comConfirmed: Redwan Hussien Ethiopia’s envoy to Eritrea, to replace Markos Rike, outgoing state minister at MoFA  addisstandard.com

Tel Aviv's Global Menu - Tablet MagazineTel Aviv's Global Menu  Tablet Magazine

Cleveland groups speak out against travel ban - WJW FOX 8 News ClevelandCleveland groups speak out against travel ban  WJW FOX 8 News Cleveland

Pelosi says House will vote on bill to repeal travel ban | TheHill - The HillPelosi says House will vote on bill to repeal travel ban | TheHill  The Hill

A trillion trees | Legislative Updates - Norfolk Daily NewsA trillion trees | Legislative Updates  Norfolk Daily News

Nigeria had no warning on potential U.S. travel ban: minister - KFGO NewsNigeria had no warning on potential U.S. travel ban: minister  KFGO News

ERITREA/ETHIOPIA : Addis recalls its ambassador to Asmara - Africa IntelligenceERITREA/ETHIOPIA : Addis recalls its ambassador to Asmara  Africa Intelligence

Samir Sanbar to Asharq Al-Awsat: Weakened UN Role Affected Arab Region - Asharq Al-awsat EnglishSamir Sanbar to Asharq Al-Awsat: Weakened UN Role Affected Arab Region  Asharq Al-awsat English

Why do Eritreans flee their country? | Africa - Aljazeera.comWhy do Eritreans flee their country? | Africa  Aljazeera.com

UN report: Chilling details of Libya migrant center strike - Minneapolis Star TribuneUN report: Chilling details of Libya migrant center strike  Minneapolis Star Tribune

Two Eritrean asylum seekers shot dead in Tripoli - InfoMigrantsTwo Eritrean asylum seekers shot dead in Tripoli  InfoMigrants

Eritrea - where ATMs are unknown and Sim cards are like gold dust - BBC NewsEritrea - where ATMs are unknown and Sim cards are like gold dust  BBC News

Sudan country refugee response plan (January 2020 - December 2020) - Sudan - ReliefWebSudan country refugee response plan (January 2020 - December 2020) - Sudan  ReliefWeb

UN appeals for $358M for refugees in Ethiopia - Anadolu AgencyUN appeals for $358M for refugees in Ethiopia  Anadolu Agency

Crossing the Red Sea: Where the new littoral-state council goes next - Africa TimesCrossing the Red Sea: Where the new littoral-state council goes next  Africa Times

Ethiopia may not be the Christian safe haven it has been - Mission Network NewsEthiopia may not be the Christian safe haven it has been  Mission Network News

Orlando's Selam Ethiopian & Eritrean Cuisine makes Yelp's top 100 places to eat in America - Orlando WeeklyOrlando's Selam Ethiopian & Eritrean Cuisine makes Yelp's top 100 places to eat in America  Orlando Weekly

Meet Tecle: Boise’s first refugee from Africa to run for local office - International Rescue CommitteeMeet Tecle: Boise’s first refugee from Africa to run for local office  International Rescue Committee

Is Eritrea coming in from the cold? - BBC NewsIs Eritrea coming in from the cold?  BBC News

Why Eritrea's leader was left out of Ethiopia's Nobel Peace Prize - Al Jazeera AmericaWhy Eritrea's leader was left out of Ethiopia's Nobel Peace Prize  Al Jazeera America

Eritreans have peace, now they want freedom - Al Jazeera EnglishEritreans have peace, now they want freedom  Al Jazeera English

Why Eritrea didn’t win a Nobel for its peace accord when Ethiopia did - The Washington PostWhy Eritrea didn’t win a Nobel for its peace accord when Ethiopia did  The Washington Post

Eritrea Should End 18 Years of Darkness - Human Rights WatchEritrea Should End 18 Years of Darkness  Human Rights Watch

More transmigrants discovered in refrigerator truck in Zeebrugge port - The Brussels TimesMore transmigrants discovered in refrigerator truck in Zeebrugge port  The Brussels Times

UF students react to possible travel ban expansion - The Independent Florida AlligatorUF students react to possible travel ban expansion  The Independent Florida Alligator

How Long Must Eritrea Wait for Change? - Council on Foreign RelationsHow Long Must Eritrea Wait for Change?  Council on Foreign Relations

Eritrea’s gulag state is crumbling - The EconomistEritrea’s gulag state is crumbling  The Economist

Eritrea: Is political change really on the horizon? - African ArgumentsEritrea: Is political change really on the horizon?  African Arguments

A look at the Ethiopia-Eritrea war whose end brought a Nobel - India TodayA look at the Ethiopia-Eritrea war whose end brought a Nobel  India Today

Eritrean artists profit from peace to make their mark on Ethiopia - FRANCE 24Eritrean artists profit from peace to make their mark on Ethiopia  FRANCE 24

Democrats challenge Trump's travel ban on anniversary - Anadolu AgencyDemocrats challenge Trump's travel ban on anniversary  Anadolu Agency

UN expert: No rights improvements in Eritrea after peace deal - Aljazeera.comUN expert: No rights improvements in Eritrea after peace deal  Aljazeera.com

Eritrea's 'ice bucket' bid to oust Isaias Afwerki - BBC NewsEritrea's 'ice bucket' bid to oust Isaias Afwerki  BBC News

UN says S. Sudanese represent largest refugee population in Ethiopia - cgtn.comUN says S. Sudanese represent largest refugee population in Ethiopia  cgtn.com

Eritrea must release prisoners of conscience immediately and unconditionally - Amnesty InternationalEritrea must release prisoners of conscience immediately and unconditionally  Amnesty International

Chinese envoy to Eritrea hails constructive bilateral ties - Xinhua | English.news.cn - XinhuaChinese envoy to Eritrea hails constructive bilateral ties - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

Eritrean government takes over more Church schools - Vatican NewsEritrean government takes over more Church schools  Vatican News

Sub-Saharan Africa has the most expensive broadband prices - ITWebSub-Saharan Africa has the most expensive broadband prices  ITWeb

Why East African Leaders Should Call for Rights Reforms in Eritrea - Human Rights WatchWhy East African Leaders Should Call for Rights Reforms in Eritrea  Human Rights Watch

Young Eritreans are still migrating at alarming rates - Quartz AfricaYoung Eritreans are still migrating at alarming rates  Quartz Africa

Eritrea's seizure of Roman Catholic Church properties criticised - BBC NewsEritrea's seizure of Roman Catholic Church properties criticised  BBC News

White House Rules Would Restrict Foreign Travelers From Coming To U.S. - Delaware First MediaWhite House Rules Would Restrict Foreign Travelers From Coming To U.S.  Delaware First Media

Witch Prophet Is a Canadian Cannabis Hero - Exclaim!Witch Prophet Is a Canadian Cannabis Hero  Exclaim!

Eritrean under 20s footballers disappear in Uganda - BBC NewsEritrean under 20s footballers disappear in Uganda  BBC News

Young Eritreans would rather risk death at sea than let their leaders take their freedom | View - EuronewsYoung Eritreans would rather risk death at sea than let their leaders take their freedom | View  Euronews

Eritrean refugees defy border closures only to find hardship in Ethiopia - The New HumanitarianEritrean refugees defy border closures only to find hardship in Ethiopia  The New Humanitarian

Catholic Church institutions in Eritrea are at the service of all - Vatican NewsCatholic Church institutions in Eritrea are at the service of all  Vatican News

The modernist marvels of Eritrea - Apollo MagazineThe modernist marvels of Eritrea  Apollo Magazine

Eritrean soccer players who defected say they live in fear - Associated PressEritrean soccer players who defected say they live in fear  Associated Press

Long-awaited Ethiopia v Eritrea match delayed again - BBC NewsLong-awaited Ethiopia v Eritrea match delayed again  BBC News

Eritrean soccer players go missing in Uganda again - ReutersEritrean soccer players go missing in Uganda again  Reuters

Journey to Hell Led Ethiopian Nobel Winner to Eritrea Peace Deal - BloombergJourney to Hell Led Ethiopian Nobel Winner to Eritrea Peace Deal  Bloomberg

Between peace and uncertainty after Ethiopia-Eritrea deal - Al Jazeera EnglishBetween peace and uncertainty after Ethiopia-Eritrea deal  Al Jazeera English

Roundup: East African policymakers gather in Eritrea's capital amid call for regional integration - Xinhua | English.news.cn - XinhuaRoundup: East African policymakers gather in Eritrea's capital amid call for regional integration - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

Eritrea's capital is lovely. But scratch the surface and you'll find a terrifying reality - HaaretzEritrea's capital is lovely. But scratch the surface and you'll find a terrifying reality  Haaretz

Ethiopia's PM wins Nobel Peace Prize for ending Eritrea standoff - EURACTIVEthiopia's PM wins Nobel Peace Prize for ending Eritrea standoff  EURACTIV

Here's why Ethiopians at Eritrea border reject Abiy's Nobel Peace Prize - Africanews EnglishHere's why Ethiopians at Eritrea border reject Abiy's Nobel Peace Prize  Africanews English

The Ethiopia-Eritrea Abiy Isaias peace accord glow is fading - QuartzThe Ethiopia-Eritrea Abiy Isaias peace accord glow is fading  Quartz

Eritrea in the UN Human Rights Council: Fox guarding the henhouse - Deutsche WelleEritrea in the UN Human Rights Council: Fox guarding the henhouse  Deutsche Welle

Patriotism versus Hope: Eritreans Wrestle with Leaving Home or Remaining - Inter Press ServicePatriotism versus Hope: Eritreans Wrestle with Leaving Home or Remaining  Inter Press Service

Eritrean players fail to return home once again - BBC NewsEritrean players fail to return home once again  BBC News

Eritrea tops CPJ list of worst countries for press censorship - Aljazeera.comEritrea tops CPJ list of worst countries for press censorship  Aljazeera.com

Eritrea forces footballers to pay £5,600 bond before world games to stop them claiming asylum - The TelegraphEritrea forces footballers to pay £5,600 bond before world games to stop them claiming asylum  The Telegraph

EASO publishes a Country of Origin Information (COI) report on Eritrea - EU NewsEASO publishes a Country of Origin Information (COI) report on Eritrea  EU News

Church in Eritrea dismayed by the nationalisation of health facilities - Vatican NewsChurch in Eritrea dismayed by the nationalisation of health facilities  Vatican News

Eritrea Tops List of Most Censored Countries - VOA NewsEritrea Tops List of Most Censored Countries  VOA News