Eritrea

Country Eritrea
Capital Asmara
Continent Africa
Currency Nakfa(ERN)
Languages Tigrinya, Arabic & English

Information

Introduction

The UN awarded Eritrea to Ethiopia in 1952 as part of a federation. Ethiopia's annexation of Eritrea as a province 10 years later sparked a 30-year struggle for independence that ended in 1991 with Eritrean rebels defeating governmental forces; independence was overwhelmingly approved in a 1993 referendum. A two-and-a-half-year border war with Ethiopia that erupted in 1998 ended under UN auspices in December 2000. Eritrea hosted a UN peacekeeping operation that monitored a 25 km-wide Temporary Security Zone (TSZ) on the border with Ethiopia. Eritrea's denial of fuel to the mission caused the UN to withdraw the mission and terminate its mandate 31 July 2008. An international commission, organized to resolve the border dispute, posted its findings in 2002. However, both parties have been unable to reach agreement on implementing the decision. On 30 November 2007, the Eritrea-Ethiopia Boundary Commission remotely demarcated the border by coordinates and dissolved itself, leaving Ethiopia still occupying several tracts of disputed territory, including the town of Badme. Eritrea accepted the EEBC's "virtual demarcation" decision and called on Ethiopia to remove its troops from the TSZ that it states is Eritrean territory. Ethiopia has not accepted the virtual demarcation decision.

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References

Eritrea - Wikipedia
Eritrea - CIA World Fact Book
Eritrea - BBC
Eritrea - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
Eritrea blames international conspiracy for worsen exodus - Sudan Tribune

Khaleej Times

Eritrea blames international conspiracy for worsen exodus
Sudan Tribune
May 30, 2016 (ADDIS ABABA) – Eritrea said the huge exodus of tens of thousands of its citizens was the outcome of an international conspiracy supported by human smugglers. JPEG - 16.3 kb; Migrants from Eritrea sit near tents as they live in a make ...
Colourful bash marks 25 years of independent EritreaKhaleej Times
Eritrean Foreign Minister Osman Saleh claims migration conspiracies against EritreaGeeska Afrika
[Must-Watch] The Arbaminch “Operation”: Another Embarrassing Moment for Isaias and His PuppiesAwramba Times

all 5 news articles »


Eritrea: Maternal and Child Mortality Significantly Reduced - AllAfrica.com

Eritrea: Maternal and Child Mortality Significantly Reduced
AllAfrica.com
Gogne — Medical experts in Gogne sub-zone, Gash-Barka region, said that maternal and child mortality has been significantly reduced due to the effective provision of medical services. According to Mr. Bahabelom Toumzghi, the head of Gogne Medical ...



Eritrea: EU collaboration with Sudan, Eritrea “strengthening human trafficking” - Geeska Afrika

Geeska Afrika

Eritrea: EU collaboration with Sudan, Eritrea “strengthening human trafficking”
Geeska Afrika
LONDON (HAN) May 31.2016. Public Diplomacy & Regional Security News. European plans to co-operate with a number of African states will only increase people-smuggling, says one of the best-known experts on the Eritrean refugee crisis.
Abuse fears as Sudan deports Eritreans: HRWTimes LIVE
Sudan deports hundreds of Eritreans refugees: HRWSudan Tribune
Sudan: Hundreds Deported to Likely AbuseHuman Rights Watch
AllAfrica.com -Bloomberg -The World Weekly
all 18 news articles »


Sudan and Eritrea crackdown on migrants amid reports of EU incentives - IRINnews.org

IRINnews.org

Sudan and Eritrea crackdown on migrants amid reports of EU incentives
IRINnews.org
Authorities in Sudan have launched a crackdown on Eritrean migrants - arresting those living in the capital, Khartoum, and intercepting hundreds travelling north through the country towards Libya, the launching point for smugglers' boats heading for ...
Eritrean youth exodus a 'ploy'Sowetan Live (press release) (registration) (blog)

all 3 news articles »


Eritreans still denied freedom 25 years after independence - The Guardian

The Guardian

Eritreans still denied freedom 25 years after independence
The Guardian
Restrictions on movement into and around Eritrea makes understanding its conditions extremely difficult. More foreign journalists have visited in recent years, but reports of what is going on inside are largely provided by state-controlled sources, who ...
Eritreans are still waiting on freedom, 25 years after independenceQuartz
Eritrea celebrates 25 years of independence after war with EthiopiaBBC News
Eritrea celebrates 25 years of independence despite human rights concernsRFI
Sudan Tribune -AllAfrica.com
all 32 news articles »


Eritrea: Worthy Projects Implemented Nationwide - AllAfrica.com

Eritrea: Worthy Projects Implemented Nationwide
AllAfrica.com
Asmara — In the past 25 years of independence commendable projects that could have significant contribution in the efforts to ensure food security have been implemented. The D.G. of the Infrastructural Development in the Ministry of Public Works, Mr.



Eritrea: Youth Workers' Week Conducted in Barentu Subzone - AllAfrica.com

Eritrea: Youth Workers' Week Conducted in Barentu Subzone
AllAfrica.com
Barentu — Youth Workers' Week has been conducted in Barentu sub-zone in connection with the Silver Jubilee Independence Day anniversary. In a speech he delivered during the event, Mr. Simret Ghebremedhin chairman of the Youth Workers organization ...



Eritrea Blames International Conspiracy for Mass Migration of Citizens - Zegabi

Eritrea Blames International Conspiracy for Mass Migration of Citizens
Zegabi
According to Saleh, young people in Eritrea have been targeted by a “migratory conspiracy and protracted psychological warfare to lure them away from national defense and development responsibilities by attracting them to a promising 'heavenly life.'”.



Eritrea: NAEWDVF Receives Financial and Material Support - AllAfrica.com

Eritrea: NAEWDVF Receives Financial and Material Support
AllAfrica.com
The National Association of Eritrean War Disabled Veteran Fighters (NAEWDVF) has secured support from its branches abroad. The support includes three containers of different types, 40 thousand Kroner, 20 thousand Euros, 2,400 Dollar as well as ...



Video: A visa for Eritrea, the 'African North Korea' - FRANCE 24

FRANCE 24

Video: A visa for Eritrea, the 'African North Korea'
FRANCE 24
Eritrea, a small nation on the Horn of Africa, is one of the most isolated countries in the world. It is also one of the most secretive, and has been duly nicknamed the “African North Korea”. What is everyday life like under the dictatorship? Why do so ...
Eritrea: Silver Jubilee Independence Day Celebration in IsraelAllAfrica.com
25 Years of Struggle Building Socialism in EritreaGeeska Afrika

all 6 news articles »