Eritrea

Country Eritrea
Capital Asmara
Continent Africa
Currency Nakfa(ERN)
Languages Tigrinya, Arabic & English

Information

Introduction

The UN awarded Eritrea to Ethiopia in 1952 as part of a federation. Ethiopia's annexation of Eritrea as a province 10 years later sparked a 30-year struggle for independence that ended in 1991 with Eritrean rebels defeating governmental forces; independence was overwhelmingly approved in a 1993 referendum. A two-and-a-half-year border war with Ethiopia that erupted in 1998 ended under UN auspices in December 2000. Eritrea hosted a UN peacekeeping operation that monitored a 25 km-wide Temporary Security Zone (TSZ) on the border with Ethiopia. Eritrea's denial of fuel to the mission caused the UN to withdraw the mission and terminate its mandate 31 July 2008. An international commission, organized to resolve the border dispute, posted its findings in 2002. However, both parties have been unable to reach agreement on implementing the decision. On 30 November 2007, the Eritrea-Ethiopia Boundary Commission remotely demarcated the border by coordinates and dissolved itself, leaving Ethiopia still occupying several tracts of disputed territory, including the town of Badme. Eritrea accepted the EEBC's "virtual demarcation" decision and called on Ethiopia to remove its troops from the TSZ that it states is Eritrean territory. Ethiopia has not accepted the virtual demarcation decision.

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References

Eritrea - Wikipedia
Eritrea - CIA World Fact Book
Eritrea - BBC
Eritrea - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
I represent Eritrea, a country known otherwise as an open prison; the North ... - Irish Independent

Irish Independent

I represent Eritrea, a country known otherwise as an open prison; the North ...
Irish Independent
In July this year, my colleagues and I initiated a campaign against the National Slavery in Eritrea. I gave my testimonies at the UN headquarters in Geneva, in the process up to the establishment of a Commission of inquiry. Its job is to investigate ...
Elsa Chyrum Awareness meeting and the “Walk of Witness”Asmarino Independent

all 3 news articles »


Eritrea: In response to UN Monitoring Group on Somalia - Geeska Afrika

Eritrea: In response to UN Monitoring Group on Somalia
Geeska Afrika
Eritrea urges the UN Monitering group to respect the International standards for investigation as stipulated in the Report of the Informal Working Group of the Security Council on General Issues of Sanctions (S/2006/997) that underscores the need for ...

and more »


Eritrea: 'Eritrea At a Crossroads: a Narrative of Triumph, Betrayal and Hope ... - AllAfrica.com

Eritrea: 'Eritrea At a Crossroads: a Narrative of Triumph, Betrayal and Hope ...
AllAfrica.com
Eritrea is at peace, yet its people are flooding across its borders. As many are being caught reaching the shores of Europe as come from Syria, escaping from that nation's civil war. The Eritrean situation can be summed up in two comparative statistics ...

and more »


Eritrea: UN Names Commission of Inquiry - Human Rights Watch

Human Rights Watch

Eritrea: UN Names Commission of Inquiry
Human Rights Watch
The flow of Eritrean youth fleeing the country shows that the persistent, alarming patterns of serious human rights violations in Eritrea need scrutiny and action. A Commission of Inquiry should bring world attention to Eritreans' suffering and explore ...
EU Concerned Over Human Rights Situation in EritreaAllAfrica.com
Eritrea under the spotlights after the appointment of UN human rights CommissionDiplomat News Network
UN Human Rights Council Names Commission Of Inquiry On Rights Abuses In ...RTT News
Asmarino Independent
all 8 news articles »


Hidden Oppression in Eritrea - New York Times

Hidden Oppression in Eritrea
New York Times
In Europe's debate about how to deal with the flow of desperate migrants from Africa, there is an important element missing: the crisis in Eritrea. Every month almost 4,000 Eritreans flee to escape oppression, according to a United Nations special ...

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Eritrea: Asmara residents will retaliate against roundups by Ethiopian ... - Asmarino Independent

Eritrea: Asmara residents will retaliate against roundups by Ethiopian ...
Asmarino Independent
A UN report leaked three days ago estimates that there currently are tens of thousands of TPDM fighters, being hosted in Eritrea, and are being singled out for by the regime in Eritrea for extra support to build “far more fighting capacity” than other ...



Eritrea: President Afwerki's message of goodwill with the European Union - Geeska Afrika

Geeska Afrika

Eritrea: President Afwerki's message of goodwill with the European Union
Geeska Afrika
According to Geeska Afrika Online diplomatic notes, the first of these Goodwill diplomatic messages was sent to EU by President of Eritrea last year to re-establish a good diplomatic partnership with European union. This week, the Eritrean Ambassador ...
FTE Interview With Dan Connell - Researcher, Writer, PhotographerAsmarino Independent

all 7 news articles »


Letter from Africa: Emptying Eritrea - BBC News

BBC News

Letter from Africa: Emptying Eritrea
BBC News
In our series of letters from African journalists, film-maker and columnist Farai Sevenzo considers why Eritreans endanger themselves so much to reach Europe. The Mediterranean is fast becoming a massive watery grave for Africans. Another 500 ...

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UNHCR Establishes Commission of Inquiry for Eritrea - Sudan Tribune

Diplomat News Network

UNHCR Establishes Commission of Inquiry for Eritrea
Sudan Tribune
Addis Ababa — The United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) has named a three-member commission of inquiry to investigate alleged violations of human rights in Eritrea. The Council president appointed Mike Smith of Australia and Victor Dankwa of ...
Dire Human Rights Situation in Eritrea PersistsScoop.co.nz (press release)
UN Expert to Investigate Pervasive Rights Abuses As Part of 'Historic' InquiryAllAfrica.com
Eritrea: UN expert to investigate pervasive rights abuses as part of 'historic ...indiablooms

all 7 news articles »


Eritrea: UN Monitor's Scandal “Regime Change” Letter Resigned - Geeska Afrika

Geeska Afrika

Eritrea: UN Monitor's Scandal “Regime Change” Letter Resigned
Geeska Afrika
Asmara (HAN) October 17, 2014. Regional security and corruption Scandal news. The UN's Somali-Eritrea Monitoring Group (SEMG) is not only shrouded in corruption that needs to be tackled at the UN level but the SEMG abuses its mandate as a body ...