Eritrea

Country Eritrea
Capital Asmara
Continent Africa
Currency Nakfa(ERN)
Languages Tigrinya, Arabic & English

Information

Introduction

The UN awarded Eritrea to Ethiopia in 1952 as part of a federation. Ethiopia's annexation of Eritrea as a province 10 years later sparked a 30-year struggle for independence that ended in 1991 with Eritrean rebels defeating governmental forces; independence was overwhelmingly approved in a 1993 referendum. A two-and-a-half-year border war with Ethiopia that erupted in 1998 ended under UN auspices in December 2000. Eritrea hosted a UN peacekeeping operation that monitored a 25 km-wide Temporary Security Zone (TSZ) on the border with Ethiopia. Eritrea's denial of fuel to the mission caused the UN to withdraw the mission and terminate its mandate 31 July 2008. An international commission, organized to resolve the border dispute, posted its findings in 2002. However, both parties have been unable to reach agreement on implementing the decision. On 30 November 2007, the Eritrea-Ethiopia Boundary Commission remotely demarcated the border by coordinates and dissolved itself, leaving Ethiopia still occupying several tracts of disputed territory, including the town of Badme. Eritrea accepted the EEBC's "virtual demarcation" decision and called on Ethiopia to remove its troops from the TSZ that it states is Eritrean territory. Ethiopia has not accepted the virtual demarcation decision.

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References

Eritrea - Wikipedia
Eritrea - CIA World Fact Book
Eritrea - BBC
Eritrea - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
What we talk about when we talk about change in Eritrea – the case of education - African Arguments (registration)

African Arguments (registration)

What we talk about when we talk about change in Eritrea – the case of education
African Arguments (registration)
Eritrea is often seen as one of the world's most highly-repressive states – and is sometimes even referred to as the 'North Korea of Africa' – but this episode at the School of Law appears to offer a different picture. Furthermore, academics within ...
Photo essay: Eritrea — where cycling is breadDaily Maverick
Eritrean Opposition from Difference Management to Difference ResolutionAsmarino Independent

all 5 news articles »


Eritrea Urged to Provide Evidence That Three Journalists Are Still Alive - AllAfrica.com

Eritrea Urged to Provide Evidence That Three Journalists Are Still Alive
AllAfrica.com
Reporters Without Borders (RSF) wrote yesterday to Eritrea's ambassador in France responding to the accusations she made against RSF in a letter to the head of UNESCO's Division of Freedom of Expression and Media Development, in which she denied ...

and more »


Eritrea is Africa's North Korea - but UK bureaucrats won't accept its citizens ... - The Independent

The Independent

Eritrea is Africa's North Korea - but UK bureaucrats won't accept its citizens ...
The Independent
Little wonder hundreds of thousands of Eritreans have fled their homeland. For all the froth and fury of the domestic immigration debate, it can be a difficult decision to leave friends and family for the uncertainty of seeking sanctuary in another nation.

and more »


Veteran Eritrean freedom fighters launch underground opposition - The Guardian

The Guardian

Veteran Eritrean freedom fighters launch underground opposition
The Guardian
It was years into Eritrea's struggle to break away from neighbouring Ethiopia, and occupying troops had recently shuttered schools across the country. With no outside help forthcoming, Habte Tesfamariam and Yusuf Berhanu, both fresh-faced university ...



Number of Eritreans granted protection in UK plummets - The Guardian

The Guardian

Number of Eritreans granted protection in UK plummets
The Guardian
In the first quarter of 2015, 73% of decisions on Eritreans resulted in them being granted leave to remain. However, Home Office migration statistics released on Thursday for the second quarter of this year show the percentage has plummeted to 34%.
Government accused of closing door on Eritrean refugees in attempt to hit ...The Independent

all 4 news articles »


'Africa's North Korea': Why do people flee Eritrea? - Channel 4 News

Channel 4 News

'Africa's North Korea': Why do people flee Eritrea?
Channel 4 News
And the reason commonly cited for the dangerous journey to Europe - Eritrea's national service, which though legally compulsory for 18 months, in reality amounts to "indefinite enrollment in the military where conscripts are used as "forced labour ...



Guardian Africa series: Inside Eritrea - The Guardian

The Guardian

Guardian Africa series: Inside Eritrea
The Guardian
But 24 years later Eritrea has become known as “Africa's North Korea”, and its citizens are fleeing in their thousands to escape a repressive government. Eritreans now make up the third largest group of people embarking on the perilous Mediterranean ...
Is Eritrea the North Korea of Africa?Christian Science Monitor
A Twitter Account Targeted by Inside Eritrea as an “enemy number one”Geeska Afrika
US Ambassador: Eritrea Arrested 48 of Our StaffWalta Information Center

all 17 news articles »


Outside Eritrea looking in: a diaspora that stands divided - The Guardian

The Guardian

Outside Eritrea looking in: a diaspora that stands divided
The Guardian
The stories and comments on our Inside Eritrea series this week demonstrate a diverse range of views, and these are just two of many contributions we received from members of the Eritrean diaspora who got in touch to tell us what it's like to live ...



'If we don't give them a voice, no one will': Eritrea's forgotten journalists ... - The Guardian

The Guardian

'If we don't give them a voice, no one will': Eritrea's forgotten journalists ...
The Guardian
In response to these conditions, Eritrean journalists in exile set up PEN Eritrea, an organisation to connect this inaccessible country and the outside world, and to campaign on behalf of the country's imprisoned journalists, many of whom have been ...



Eritrean refugees arrive in Rossland - Rossland News

Rossland News

Eritrean refugees arrive in Rossland
Rossland News
Twenty-nine year old Ruta Zakarias Yohannes is a refugee from Eritrea, Africa. She arrived from a refugee camp in Cairo with her two sons, Eyobed Gideon Melake, who turned five the day they arrived, and Yonathan Gideon Melake, age four. Ruta fled ...