Eritrea

Country Eritrea
Capital Asmara
Continent Africa
Currency Nakfa(ERN)
Languages Tigrinya, Arabic & English

Information

Introduction

The UN awarded Eritrea to Ethiopia in 1952 as part of a federation. Ethiopia's annexation of Eritrea as a province 10 years later sparked a 30-year struggle for independence that ended in 1991 with Eritrean rebels defeating governmental forces; independence was overwhelmingly approved in a 1993 referendum. A two-and-a-half-year border war with Ethiopia that erupted in 1998 ended under UN auspices in December 2000. Eritrea hosted a UN peacekeeping operation that monitored a 25 km-wide Temporary Security Zone (TSZ) on the border with Ethiopia. Eritrea's denial of fuel to the mission caused the UN to withdraw the mission and terminate its mandate 31 July 2008. An international commission, organized to resolve the border dispute, posted its findings in 2002. However, both parties have been unable to reach agreement on implementing the decision. On 30 November 2007, the Eritrea-Ethiopia Boundary Commission remotely demarcated the border by coordinates and dissolved itself, leaving Ethiopia still occupying several tracts of disputed territory, including the town of Badme. Eritrea accepted the EEBC's "virtual demarcation" decision and called on Ethiopia to remove its troops from the TSZ that it states is Eritrean territory. Ethiopia has not accepted the virtual demarcation decision.

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References

Eritrea - Wikipedia
Eritrea - CIA World Fact Book
Eritrea - BBC
Eritrea - Timeline - BBC

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Eritrea: A diver's dreamscape - MyAJC.com - MyAJC

MyAJC

Eritrea: A diver's dreamscape - MyAJC.com
MyAJC
The coral wall rose from the depths of the Red Sea, a vast and multicolor canvas brimming with sea l...
East Africa: European Union's Double Standard Policy Towards ...AllAfrica.com

all 2 news articles »


Merhawi Kudus: The Eritrean sensation dreaming of turning his love of riding into Grand Tour success - Cycling Weekly

Cycling Weekly

Merhawi Kudus: The Eritrean sensation dreaming of turning his love of riding into Grand Tour success
Cycling Weekly
Eritrean Merhawi Kudus sticks out, and rightfully so. The 23-year-old recently logged second place on a Valenciana mountain stage behind Nairo Quintana and battled with Fabio Aru, Rui Costa and Romain Bardet in the Tour of Oman. They are some of the ...



Eritrean official denies arrest of journalists - Sudan Tribune

Eritrean official denies arrest of journalists
Sudan Tribune
An exiled Eritrean opposition Radio station, Eritrean Forum Radio, on Sunday said that the two journalists had been taken by five government agents from their home in Asmara on February 14. The two journalists reportedly were arrested on suspicion of ...



In Eritrea, a Diver's Dreamscape - New York Times

New York Times

In Eritrea, a Diver's Dreamscape
New York Times
The Dahlak Archipelago — a scattering of more than 120 islands, only four inhabited — near Massawa, Eritrea, abounds with butterflyfish, jellyfish, barracuda, manta rays, parrotfish, red snappers, coral fish, puffer fish, clown fish and more than 200 ...



Eritrea's Merhawi Kudus rises toward the top - VeloNews (blog)

VeloNews (blog)

Eritrea's Merhawi Kudus rises toward the top
VeloNews (blog)
Merhawi Kudus rode to fourth overall at the Tour of Oman. Photo: Tim De Waele | TDWsport.com. MUSCAT, Oman (VN) — Eritrean Merhawi Kudus of Dimension Data sat on the sea wall in Muscat taking in the rugged cityscape after the Tour of Oman finished.



Eritrea jails journalists working for state-run media - Sudan Tribune

Eritrea jails journalists working for state-run media
Sudan Tribune
In a recent report, the Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ), said 23 journalists were imprisoned in Eritrea as of December 1, 2014, one of the largest numbers in the world and the most in Africa. Nine have been in prison since 2001, and almost all ...

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Corruption Perceptions List 2016 - Eritrea ranks 164th out of 176 countries - Asmarino Independent

Asmarino Independent

Corruption Perceptions List 2016 - Eritrea ranks 164th out of 176 countries
Asmarino Independent
With last November's launch of Transparency International's Corruption Perceptions Index 2016, it's timely to assess Eritrea's stand in the world and understand what the PFDJ has done to the country with regards to this socio-economic malaise that has ...



Eritrea: 30th Round National Service Members Graduate - AllAfrica.com

Eritrea: 30th Round National Service Members Graduate
AllAfrica.com
Asmara — A total of 1,460 members of the 30th round National Service of technical schools in Sawa who have been attending a 6-month military training graduated on February 18. Speaking at the graduation ceremony, the Commander of Sawa National ...



UN criticises tightened Swiss policy on Eritreans - swissinfo.ch

swissinfo.ch

UN criticises tightened Swiss policy on Eritreans
swissinfo.ch
François Crépeau, a Canadian lawyer who serves as the UN's special rapporteur on the human rights of migrants, lashed out at Switzerland's recent decision to tighten its asylum policy towards Eritreans in an interview with two Swiss newspapers on Friday.

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Eritrea Wins Men and Women Elite Ttt and Itt in African Continental Cycling Championship - AllAfrica.com

Eritrea Wins Men and Women Elite Ttt and Itt in African Continental Cycling Championship
AllAfrica.com
Asmara — The 2017 African Continental Cycling Championship that started on Tuesday in the Egyptian city of Luxor witnessed extraordinary performance the Eritrean National Cycling team that comfortably won the 57.8 Km Team Time Trial (TTT) both in the ...

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