Eritrea

Country Eritrea
Capital Asmara
Continent Africa
Currency Nakfa(ERN)
Languages Tigrinya, Arabic & English

Information

Introduction

The UN awarded Eritrea to Ethiopia in 1952 as part of a federation. Ethiopia's annexation of Eritrea as a province 10 years later sparked a 30-year struggle for independence that ended in 1991 with Eritrean rebels defeating governmental forces; independence was overwhelmingly approved in a 1993 referendum. A two-and-a-half-year border war with Ethiopia that erupted in 1998 ended under UN auspices in December 2000. Eritrea hosted a UN peacekeeping operation that monitored a 25 km-wide Temporary Security Zone (TSZ) on the border with Ethiopia. Eritrea's denial of fuel to the mission caused the UN to withdraw the mission and terminate its mandate 31 July 2008. An international commission, organized to resolve the border dispute, posted its findings in 2002. However, both parties have been unable to reach agreement on implementing the decision. On 30 November 2007, the Eritrea-Ethiopia Boundary Commission remotely demarcated the border by coordinates and dissolved itself, leaving Ethiopia still occupying several tracts of disputed territory, including the town of Badme. Eritrea accepted the EEBC's "virtual demarcation" decision and called on Ethiopia to remove its troops from the TSZ that it states is Eritrean territory. Ethiopia has not accepted the virtual demarcation decision.

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References

Eritrea - Wikipedia
Eritrea - CIA World Fact Book
Eritrea - BBC
Eritrea - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

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Rwanda, Nigeria's National Conference and an Ethiopia-Eritrea War - AllAfrica.com

Rwanda, Nigeria's National Conference and an Ethiopia-Eritrea War
AllAfrica.com
A treaty signed in 2002 at Algiers ended a war between Ethiopia and Eritrea -seen by some as a war between two Tigray cousins: Meles Zenawe and Isaias Afwerki - conflict in which 80,000 soldiers on both sides died. A truce is being policed by United ...



Ethiopia: Piracy is not just limited to Eritrean music - Geeska Afrika

Geeska Afrika

Ethiopia: Piracy is not just limited to Eritrean music
Geeska Afrika
Addis Ababa (HAN) April 18, 2014 In this section Music Opinion By, Madote Admin (Eritrean Music) - Gossaye Kellemu, alias Jacky Gosee, is one of vocalists from the younger generation rising to Ethiopian stardom, along with guys like Temesgen ...

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Eritrea: Funeral ceremony of late Eritrean Generals, Died in Car Accident - Geeska Afrika

Geeska Afrika

Eritrea: Funeral ceremony of late Eritrean Generals, Died in Car Accident
Geeska Afrika
Asmara, March 26, 2014 The funeral ceremony of the late Eritrean veteran freadom fighters Brig. General Mebrahtu Tekleab (Vaynac), Brig. General Amanuel Haile (Hanjema) and Mr. Desu Tesfatsion would be conducted tomorrow, Wednesday 26 March at ...



Inhabitants Kerkasha Express Satisfaction With Potable Water Supply - AllAfrica.com

Inhabitants Kerkasha Express Satisfaction With Potable Water Supply
AllAfrica.com
Eritrea: Inhabitants Kerkasha Express Satisfaction With Potable Water Supply. 17 April 2014. Barentu The inhabitants of Kerkesha Administrative area, Barentu sub-zone, have expressed satisfaction with potable water supply. They further indicated ...



Bright Eritrean Refugee in Sudan Selected to Study in the Netherlands - AllAfrica.com

Bright Eritrean Refugee in Sudan Selected to Study in the Netherlands
AllAfrica.com
Khartoum, Sudan When Mohammed Humed fled from Eritrea to the famous Sudanese tourist destination of Kassala, he was not going on holidays. He was looking for a better life, one providing safety and peace. "We left because we could see there was no ...

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Eritrean Refugee in Sudan Selected to Study in the Netherlands - Geeska Afrika

Geeska Afrika

Eritrean Refugee in Sudan Selected to Study in the Netherlands
Geeska Afrika
Khartoum (HAN) April 18, 2014 By, NICOLAS BRASS, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees - Press Release - These days in Sudan, Eritrea's policy of indefinite military conscription, coupled with drought and poor economic opportunities, prompt ...



Branches of National Associations and PFDJ in Italy Assess Joint Activities ... - AllAfrica.com

Branches of National Associations and PFDJ in Italy Assess Joint Activities ...
AllAfrica.com
Speaking at the meeting, Mr. Zemede Tekle, the Eritrean Ambassador to Italy, gave extensive briefings focusing on the accomplishments registered vis--vis political, diplomatic and development programs. He further made note of the ongoing efforts to ...



Inhabitants of Three Administrative Areas in Tserona Sub-Zone Engage in ... - AllAfrica.com

Inhabitants of Three Administrative Areas in Tserona Sub-Zone Engage in ...
AllAfrica.com
Eritrea: Inhabitants of Three Administrative Areas in Tserona Sub-Zone Engage in Upgrading School Infrastructure. 17 April 2014. Tserona The inhabitants of Adi-Hargets, Ona-Andom and Adi-K'eren Administrative areas, Tserona sub-zone, are engaged in ...



Ministry of Justice's Branch in Southern Region Organizes Training for ... - AllAfrica.com

Ministry of Justice's Branch in Southern Region Organizes Training for ...
AllAfrica.com
Eritrea: Ministry of Justice's Branch in Southern Region Organizes Training for Magisterial Judges. 17 April 2014. Mendefera The branch office of the Ministry of Justice in the Southern region organized a training course dealing with criminal, civic ...



It's April, which means Eritrea's refugees are headed north - GlobalPost

GlobalPost

It's April, which means Eritrea's refugees are headed north
GlobalPost
ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia Walking along the roads of Mebrat Hail in the suburbs of Addis Ababa does not feel the same as it did two months ago. About half of the Eritrean refugees who lived through the winter in the neighborhood's immense condominiums ...
Eritrea: Three Senior Generals have been assigned to civilian positionsGeeska Afrika

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