Eritrea

Country Eritrea
Capital Asmara
Continent Africa
Currency Nakfa(ERN)
Languages Tigrinya, Arabic & English

Information

Introduction

The UN awarded Eritrea to Ethiopia in 1952 as part of a federation. Ethiopia's annexation of Eritrea as a province 10 years later sparked a 30-year struggle for independence that ended in 1991 with Eritrean rebels defeating governmental forces; independence was overwhelmingly approved in a 1993 referendum. A two-and-a-half-year border war with Ethiopia that erupted in 1998 ended under UN auspices in December 2000. Eritrea hosted a UN peacekeeping operation that monitored a 25 km-wide Temporary Security Zone (TSZ) on the border with Ethiopia. Eritrea's denial of fuel to the mission caused the UN to withdraw the mission and terminate its mandate 31 July 2008. An international commission, organized to resolve the border dispute, posted its findings in 2002. However, both parties have been unable to reach agreement on implementing the decision. On 30 November 2007, the Eritrea-Ethiopia Boundary Commission remotely demarcated the border by coordinates and dissolved itself, leaving Ethiopia still occupying several tracts of disputed territory, including the town of Badme. Eritrea accepted the EEBC's "virtual demarcation" decision and called on Ethiopia to remove its troops from the TSZ that it states is Eritrean territory. Ethiopia has not accepted the virtual demarcation decision.

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References

Eritrea - Wikipedia
Eritrea - CIA World Fact Book
Eritrea - BBC
Eritrea - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
Eritrean resistance steps up pressure on President Isaias Afewerki - The Guardian

The Guardian

Eritrean resistance steps up pressure on President Isaias Afewerki
The Guardian
Eritrea is the most closed and repressive country in Africa, routinely denying access to the international media. No foreign journalists are based in the country and there is no independent local press. However, in a rare and courageous breach of the ...
Report : Eritrea ruled by President Isaias Afewerki, there is no diplomatic ...Diplomat News Network

all 4 news articles »


Spike in Eritreans fleeing into Ethiopia - Aljazeera.com

Aljazeera.com

Spike in Eritreans fleeing into Ethiopia
Aljazeera.com
Over 200 Eritrean refugees are crossing the heavily fortified and dangerous border into neighbouring Ethiopia daily, the United Nations said in a report noting a "spike" in those fleeing. Tens of thousands of people have fled the Horn of Africa country ...
Eritrea: Denying access will force Regional pressure to protect Eritrean PeopleGeeska Afrika
We know how many Eritrean children reach Europe on their own, but not how ...StarAfrica.com
Open Letter to Mr. Ban Ki-moon Secretary-General of the United NationsAsmarino Independent

all 13 news articles »


Eritrea: Weekly Diplomatic campaign to regain regional security trust - Geeska Afrika

Eritrea: Weekly Diplomatic campaign to regain regional security trust
Geeska Afrika
Asmara (HAN) October 31, 2014 Public diplomacy and Regional Energy Security and safety news. Earlier this week the Eritrean diplomat leaked an Eritrean diplomatic campaign to regain trust, according to Geeska Afrika Online sources, told Horn of ...
Festival Staged to Mark 10th Anniversary of Eritrean-South African Diplomatic TiesAllAfrica.com

all 2 news articles »


Eritrea: Embargoes and sanctions without credible link to Al-Shabaab - Geeska Afrika

Geeska Afrika

Eritrea: Embargoes and sanctions without credible link to Al-Shabaab
Geeska Afrika
Asmara (HAN) October 27, 2014. Public diplomacy and Regional Security Industry Tracker news. The government of Eritrea still maintains it has nothing to hide from SEMG and is a victim of a conspiracy. Given that SEMG reports appear to give Eritrea a ...
Eritrea dirty tricks: The sacking of the SEMG ExpertBorglobe

all 3 news articles »


Newly Formed NUEW Central Council Holds Meeting - AllAfrica.com

Newly Formed NUEW Central Council Holds Meeting
AllAfrica.com
The Council headed by the Chairperson of the NUEW, Ms. Tekh'a Tesfamichael, is conducting discussion focusing on the active role Eritrean women played in the armed struggle for independence and safeguarding the nation's dignity, as well as the ...



Hidden Oppression in Eritrea - New York Times

Hidden Oppression in Eritrea
New York Times
In Europe's debate about how to deal with the flow of desperate migrants from Africa, there is an important element missing: the crisis in Eritrea. Every month almost 4,000 Eritreans flee to escape oppression, according to a United Nations special ...

and more »


Festival of Eritrean Community Members in Saudi Arabia Underway - AllAfrica.com

Festival of Eritrean Community Members in Saudi Arabia Underway
AllAfrica.com
The opening ceremony in which Ms. Fawzia Hashim, Minister of Justice, Ambassador Mohammed-Omar Mahmud and a number of Eritrean citizens took part witnessed the staging of artistic performances by students of the International Eritrean Community ...



I represent Eritrea, a country known otherwise as an open prison; the North ... - Irish Independent

Irish Independent

I represent Eritrea, a country known otherwise as an open prison; the North ...
Irish Independent
I represent Eritrea, a country known otherwise, as an open prison; referred to as the North Korea of Africa by Human Rights Watch. In an era where human rights is highly valued and guarded, Eritreans suffer severe human rights abuses in all forms. The ...

and more »


UNHRC establishes commission of inquiry for Eritrea - Sudan Tribune

Diplomat News Network

UNHRC establishes commission of inquiry for Eritrea
Sudan Tribune
September 29, 2014 (ADDIS ABABA) The United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) has named a three-member commission of inquiry to investigate alleged violations of human rights in Eritrea. The Council president appointed Mike Smith of ...
UN Expert to Investigate Pervasive Rights Abuses As Part of 'Historic' InquiryAllAfrica.com
Eritrea: UN expert to investigate pervasive rights abuses as part of 'historic ...indiablooms

all 7 news articles »


Southern Region - Construction of Over 11-Million Nakfa Potable Water Supply ... - AllAfrica.com

Southern Region - Construction of Over 11-Million Nakfa Potable Water Supply ...
AllAfrica.com
Mendefera Mr. Afwerki Russom, in charge of water projects follow-up in the Southern region, pointed out that potable water supply projects are under construction at an expenditure of over 11-million Nakfa in different parts of the region ...