Eritrea

Country Eritrea
Capital Asmara
Continent Africa
Currency Nakfa(ERN)
Languages Tigrinya, Arabic & English

Information

Introduction

The UN awarded Eritrea to Ethiopia in 1952 as part of a federation. Ethiopia's annexation of Eritrea as a province 10 years later sparked a 30-year struggle for independence that ended in 1991 with Eritrean rebels defeating governmental forces; independence was overwhelmingly approved in a 1993 referendum. A two-and-a-half-year border war with Ethiopia that erupted in 1998 ended under UN auspices in December 2000. Eritrea hosted a UN peacekeeping operation that monitored a 25 km-wide Temporary Security Zone (TSZ) on the border with Ethiopia. Eritrea's denial of fuel to the mission caused the UN to withdraw the mission and terminate its mandate 31 July 2008. An international commission, organized to resolve the border dispute, posted its findings in 2002. However, both parties have been unable to reach agreement on implementing the decision. On 30 November 2007, the Eritrea-Ethiopia Boundary Commission remotely demarcated the border by coordinates and dissolved itself, leaving Ethiopia still occupying several tracts of disputed territory, including the town of Badme. Eritrea accepted the EEBC's "virtual demarcation" decision and called on Ethiopia to remove its troops from the TSZ that it states is Eritrean territory. Ethiopia has not accepted the virtual demarcation decision.

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References

Eritrea - Wikipedia
Eritrea - CIA World Fact Book
Eritrea - BBC
Eritrea - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

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Akhriya Steps-Forth: From Akhriya to All of Eritrea - Awate.com

Akhriya Steps-Forth: From Akhriya to All of Eritrea
Awate.com
???? ????? ?? ???? ?? ?? ?????: Unlike the commonly known Las Vegas slogan, “What happens in Vegas stays in Vegas,” our motto is and should be the stark opposite of that: What happened in Akhriya did not, could not, and will not stay in Akhriya. This ...



Eritrean referee helps refugees through football - BBC News

BBC News

Eritrean referee helps refugees through football
BBC News
Eden Habtemichael was one of the few female football referees in Eritrea, before she was forced to flee in fear of her life. Now living in the UK, she has started a team to help young asylum seekers. For more special content linked to this year's BBC ...

and more »


Eritrea, where the EU is hoodwinked into paying millions to a regime encouraging a mass exodus - Telegraph.co.uk

Telegraph.co.uk

Eritrea, where the EU is hoodwinked into paying millions to a regime encouraging a mass exodus
Telegraph.co.uk
Not even the terrifying crossing of the Mediterranean, where thousands more drowned in the cruel sea, has been enough to deter them. No country has dominated the African Scramble for Europe as much as Eritrea, the isolated and secretive state in the ...



Eritrea capital Asmara is Air Arabia's latest African destination - africanews

africanews

Eritrea capital Asmara is Air Arabia's latest African destination
africanews
The Eritrean capital Asmara is the latest African destination for Saudi-based Air Arabia, the airline announced on Tuesday. The move is part of an African expansion program the airline added. ADVERTISING. inRead invented by Teads. The flight to Asmara ...



Meleket in Silver Spring is a sweet taste of Eritrean cooking - Washington Post

Washington Post

Meleket in Silver Spring is a sweet taste of Eritrean cooking
Washington Post
Your first clues are found on Page 4 of the menu at Meleket Ethiopian Restaurant: Right there, next to the “fried burger” and the “poisson du jour” are two pastas, a pesto with chicken and a meatball plate. The owners, I immediately suspect, hail from ...



Canadian firm to face historic legal case over alleged labour abuses in Eritrea - The Guardian

MINING.com

Canadian firm to face historic legal case over alleged labour abuses in Eritrea
The Guardian
A Canadian mining company has lost its bid to block a lawsuit accusing it of human rights abuses against miners in Eritrea after a ruling by an appeals court in British Columbia. The decision, against Nevsun Resources, paves the way for a ...
Canadian miner loses appeal to move human rights lawsuit to EritreaMINING.com
ERITREA: Canadian Appeal Court Affirms Eritreans' Slavery and Forced Labour Claims Can ProceedAsmarino Independent
Zacks' 7 Best Strong Buys for 2018Zacks.com

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SA, Eritrea take up Afreximbank shares - The Herald

The Herald

SA, Eritrea take up Afreximbank shares
The Herald
JOHANNESBURG. – South Africa and Eritrea have taken up shareholding in the African Export-Import Bank (Afreximbank) – the continent's multilateral trade finance institution, in demonstration of their commitments to promoting intra-trade and economic ...

and more »


Ethiopia likely to mount raids on Eritrea-based Afar militants in retaliation for militant killing of European tourist - IHS Jane's 360

Ethiopia likely to mount raids on Eritrea-based Afar militants in retaliation for militant killing of European tourist
IHS Jane's 360
On 3 December, a European tourist was killed during a raid on the Erta Ale volcano tourist site in Ethiopia's Afar region by gunmen who had crossed the border from nearby Eritrea. Afar regional police guarding the site exchanged fire with the attackers ...

and more »


Eritrean diaspora stages protest in the Swedish capital - Aljazeera.com

Aljazeera.com

Eritrean diaspora stages protest in the Swedish capital
Aljazeera.com
Stockholm, Sweden - Hundreds of Eritreans gathered outside the embassy of the east African nation in the Swedish capital Stockholm on Friday to protest against the recent arrest of teachers and the director of an Islamic school. The arrest of Hajji ...



Eritrea - Prolonging a Miscarriage of Justice - Asmarino Independent

Asmarino Independent

Eritrea - Prolonging a Miscarriage of Justice
Asmarino Independent
It will soon be a year and a half of unjust imprisonment for Medhanie Tesfamariam Berhe, the man extradited from Sudan in a disturbing case of mistaken identity during a high profile joint investigation by the British National Crime Agency (NCA), and ...