Eritrea

Country Eritrea
Capital Asmara
Continent Africa
Currency Nakfa(ERN)
Languages Tigrinya, Arabic & English

Information

Introduction

The UN awarded Eritrea to Ethiopia in 1952 as part of a federation. Ethiopia's annexation of Eritrea as a province 10 years later sparked a 30-year struggle for independence that ended in 1991 with Eritrean rebels defeating governmental forces; independence was overwhelmingly approved in a 1993 referendum. A two-and-a-half-year border war with Ethiopia that erupted in 1998 ended under UN auspices in December 2000. Eritrea hosted a UN peacekeeping operation that monitored a 25 km-wide Temporary Security Zone (TSZ) on the border with Ethiopia. Eritrea's denial of fuel to the mission caused the UN to withdraw the mission and terminate its mandate 31 July 2008. An international commission, organized to resolve the border dispute, posted its findings in 2002. However, both parties have been unable to reach agreement on implementing the decision. On 30 November 2007, the Eritrea-Ethiopia Boundary Commission remotely demarcated the border by coordinates and dissolved itself, leaving Ethiopia still occupying several tracts of disputed territory, including the town of Badme. Eritrea accepted the EEBC's "virtual demarcation" decision and called on Ethiopia to remove its troops from the TSZ that it states is Eritrean territory. Ethiopia has not accepted the virtual demarcation decision.

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References

Eritrea - Wikipedia
Eritrea - CIA World Fact Book
Eritrea - BBC
Eritrea - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
Eritrea country profile: Historic capital, powerful leader, migration ... - africanews

africanews

Eritrea country profile: Historic capital, powerful leader, migration ...
africanews
Eritrea, one of the continent's low-key states minds its business under the leadership of its first and only president, Isaias Afwerki.
Isaias Afwerki Channels Haile DeruE in Interview With Eri-TV | AwateAwate.com

all 3 news articles »


Swiss re-start cooperation projects in Eritrea - swissinfo.ch

swissinfo.ch

Swiss re-start cooperation projects in Eritrea
swissinfo.ch
Switzerland has resumed support for cooperation projects in Eritrea, having withdrawn from the east African country over ten years ago. Since the beginning of October, Switzerland has supported two vocational projects in the country one of which has ...

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Eritrea: Switzerland Supports Cooperation Projects in Eritrea - AllAfrica.com

Eritrea: Switzerland Supports Cooperation Projects in Eritrea
AllAfrica.com
Bern, Switzerland Having withdrawn from the country over ten years ago, the SDC has now resumed support for cooperation projects in Eritrea. In October 2017, it began supporting two vocational projects in a pilot phase scheduled to run until the end ...



Eritrea: President Isaias Afwerki Sends Message of Condolence to Somali President - AllAfrica.com

Eritrea: President Isaias Afwerki Sends Message of Condolence to Somali President
AllAfrica.com
In these harrowing days where the people of Somalia have yet again suffered a pernicious terrorist attack of huge proportions, allow me to extend - on behalf of the Government and people of Eritrea and on my own behalf - our heartfelt condolences to ...



Global church body to intervene in Ethiopia Eritrea border dispute - africanews

africanews

Global church body to intervene in Ethiopia Eritrea border dispute
africanews
Eritrea in its address to the United Nations 72nd General Assembly in September 2017 called for an end to what it said was Ethiopia's continued occupation of sovereign Eritrea. Eritrea described the act as a security risk to the entire Horn of Africa ...



Ethiopia Frees Eritrean Journalists After Nearly 11 Years - Voice of America

Voice of America

Ethiopia Frees Eritrean Journalists After Nearly 11 Years
Voice of America
The two governments have little tolerance for perceived dissent or criticism, and usually rank near the bottom on indexes of press freedom. CPJ says that as of 2016, Ethiopia was holding 16 journalists behind bars, while Eritrea was holding 17, some of ...
Ethiopia frees Eritrean journalists jailed for over a decade without chargeafricanews

all 3 news articles »


Eritrea suffers new US sanctions over human trafficking - africanews

africanews

Eritrea suffers new US sanctions over human trafficking
africanews
Eritrea has been hit by new United States (U.S.) sanctions according to a White House statement. Under the new sanctions regime the U.S. said it was constraining Eritreans from engaging in educational or cultural exchange programs with the U.S..



'Ethiopia had to back Eritrea sanctions lifting as head of UNSC' - africanews

africanews

'Ethiopia had to back Eritrea sanctions lifting as head of UNSC'
africanews
Eritrea was slapped by the U.S.-sponsored arms sanctions with the reason that they were backing Somalia's al-Qaeda affiliated insurgents, Al-Shabaab. They have repeatedly denied any links to the group. Cohen added that the lifting of the close to ten ...
Eritrea warns UN: Ethiopian 'occupation' of border region threatens security in Horn of AfricaEast Africa Monitor

all 2 news articles »


Eritrea: Commendable Achievement in Assisting War Disabled Veterans - AllAfrica.com

Eritrea: Commendable Achievement in Assisting War Disabled Veterans
AllAfrica.com
Asmara The National Association of Eritrean War Disabled Veterans in the Northern Red Sea region reported that encouraging results are being registered in the effort being exerted to equip the disabled citizens with different skills that are ...



Eritrea: Minister Osman Saleh Conducts Seminar for Eritrean Nationals in Washington DC - AllAfrica.com

Eritrea: Minister Osman Saleh Conducts Seminar for Eritrean Nationals in Washington DC
AllAfrica.com
Asmara Mr. Osman Saleh, Minister of Foreign Affairs, conducted seminar for Eritrean nationals residing in Washington DC and its environs on 8 October on the objective political, economic situation in the homeland as well as on diplomatic activities.