Eritrea

Country Eritrea
Capital Asmara
Continent Africa
Currency Nakfa(ERN)
Languages Tigrinya, Arabic & English

Information

Introduction

The UN awarded Eritrea to Ethiopia in 1952 as part of a federation. Ethiopia's annexation of Eritrea as a province 10 years later sparked a 30-year struggle for independence that ended in 1991 with Eritrean rebels defeating governmental forces; independence was overwhelmingly approved in a 1993 referendum. A two-and-a-half-year border war with Ethiopia that erupted in 1998 ended under UN auspices in December 2000. Eritrea hosted a UN peacekeeping operation that monitored a 25 km-wide Temporary Security Zone (TSZ) on the border with Ethiopia. Eritrea's denial of fuel to the mission caused the UN to withdraw the mission and terminate its mandate 31 July 2008. An international commission, organized to resolve the border dispute, posted its findings in 2002. However, both parties have been unable to reach agreement on implementing the decision. On 30 November 2007, the Eritrea-Ethiopia Boundary Commission remotely demarcated the border by coordinates and dissolved itself, leaving Ethiopia still occupying several tracts of disputed territory, including the town of Badme. Eritrea accepted the EEBC's "virtual demarcation" decision and called on Ethiopia to remove its troops from the TSZ that it states is Eritrean territory. Ethiopia has not accepted the virtual demarcation decision.

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References

Eritrea - Wikipedia
Eritrea - CIA World Fact Book
Eritrea - BBC
Eritrea - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
Journey to Hell Led Ethiopian Nobel Winner to Eritrea Peace Deal - Bloomberg
  1. Journey to Hell Led Ethiopian Nobel Winner to Eritrea Peace Deal  Bloomberg
  2. Accepting Nobel Peace Prize, Ethiopia’s Abiy Ahmed calls for unity  FRANCE 24 English
  3. Ethiopia Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed hails role of Eritrea as he receives Nobel Peace Prize  The Hindu
  4. Ethiopian PM Abiy Ahmed receives Nobel Peace Prize in Oslo  Al Jazeera English
  5. Opinion: Abiy Ahmed's Nobel Peace Prize win is a flawed decision  CNN
  6. View full coverage on Google News


Popular 'Eritrean Press' Facebook page warns readers against copycat version - AFP FactcheckPopular 'Eritrean Press' Facebook page warns readers against copycat version  AFP Factcheck

Eritrean artists profit from peace to make their mark on Ethiopia - FRANCE 24Eritrean artists profit from peace to make their mark on Ethiopia  FRANCE 24

Long-awaited Ethiopia v Eritrea match delayed again - BBC NewsLong-awaited Ethiopia v Eritrea match delayed again  BBC News

Efrem Gidey: From Eritrea to Clonliffe via Calais - RTE.ieEfrem Gidey: From Eritrea to Clonliffe via Calais  RTE.ie

Tanzania defeat Eritrea 5-0 in regional Women's Challenge Cup - Xinhua | English.news.cn - XinhuaTanzania defeat Eritrea 5-0 in regional Women's Challenge Cup - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

The modernist marvels of Eritrea - Apollo MagazineThe modernist marvels of Eritrea  Apollo Magazine

The State of Eritrea Becomes Africa Finance Corporation's 24th Member State - Business WireThe State of Eritrea Becomes Africa Finance Corporation's 24th Member State  Business Wire

Horrors of war trenches motivated peace with Eritrea - Abiy - Africanews EnglishHorrors of war trenches motivated peace with Eritrea - Abiy  Africanews English

Eritreans wait in vain for change after peace with Ethiopia - Yahoo NewsEritreans wait in vain for change after peace with Ethiopia  Yahoo News

After Weeks on the Run, Eritrean Footballers in Uganda Plead for Resettlement - VOA NewsAfter Weeks on the Run, Eritrean Footballers in Uganda Plead for Resettlement  VOA News

Refugees in Ethiopia Grow Impatient for Right to Work - VOA NewsRefugees in Ethiopia Grow Impatient for Right to Work  VOA News

Eritrea becomes Africa Finance Corporation's 24th member state - Mining ReviewEritrea becomes Africa Finance Corporation's 24th member state  Mining Review

Eritrea launches the Meningitis A Vaccination and Vitamin A supplementation Campaign November – December 2019 - Eritrea - ReliefWebEritrea launches the Meningitis A Vaccination and Vitamin A supplementation Campaign November – December 2019 - Eritrea  ReliefWeb

Eritrea launches first phase of Chinese-contracted road project - Xinhua | English.news.cn - XinhuaEritrea launches first phase of Chinese-contracted road project - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

Eritrean migrants face torture in Libya: What the international community can do - The Conversation CAEritrean migrants face torture in Libya: What the international community can do  The Conversation CA

Cecafa Cup: Uganda outwit Eritrea as Crested Cranes thump Djibouti - Goal.comCecafa Cup: Uganda outwit Eritrea as Crested Cranes thump Djibouti  Goal.com

Eritrea lurk as Uganda look to reach... - Citizen TVEritrea lurk as Uganda look to reach...  Citizen TV

Eritrea: WHO Eritrea and European Union Collaboration Meeting - AllAfrica.comEritrea: WHO Eritrea and European Union Collaboration Meeting  AllAfrica.com

Why can't this doctor work in the UK? - BBC NewsWhy can't this doctor work in the UK?  BBC News

Eritrean in his 20s dies of his wounds after being stabbed in Tel Aviv - The Jerusalem PostEritrean in his 20s dies of his wounds after being stabbed in Tel Aviv  The Jerusalem Post

Eritrea: Don Bosco Technical School in Dekemhare receives funding to buy a cow to help aid self-sustainability - Eritrea - ReliefWebEritrea: Don Bosco Technical School in Dekemhare receives funding to buy a cow to help aid self-sustainability - Eritrea  ReliefWeb

Eritrean president received Ethiopian Ambassador Credentials - borkena.comEritrean president received Ethiopian Ambassador Credentials  borkena.com

Egypt and Eritrea 'among worst jailers of journalists' - BusinessGhanaEgypt and Eritrea 'among worst jailers of journalists'  BusinessGhana

Eritrea: Canadian Risk Coveting Support of Autocratic Nations - Geeska AfrikaEritrea: Canadian Risk Coveting Support of Autocratic Nations  Geeska Afrika

From a running start in Eritrea to a new home in America, Weini Kelati wins NCAA cross country title - ESPNFrom a running start in Eritrea to a new home in America, Weini Kelati wins NCAA cross country title  ESPN

Humanitarian Action for Children 2020 - Eritrea - Eritrea - ReliefWebHumanitarian Action for Children 2020 - Eritrea - Eritrea  ReliefWeb

DRC, Ethiopia withdraw from regional CECAFA Senior Challenge Cup - Xinhua | English.news.cn - XinhuaDRC, Ethiopia withdraw from regional CECAFA Senior Challenge Cup - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

Somali man charged with wilful homicide of Eritrean national - Malta Independent OnlineSomali man charged with wilful homicide of Eritrean national  Malta Independent Online

The eerie appeal of Eritrea's colonial architecture - East Africa MonitorThe eerie appeal of Eritrea's colonial architecture  East Africa Monitor

Uganda join Harambee Stars in CECAFA semis - Capital FM KenyaUganda join Harambee Stars in CECAFA semis  Capital FM Kenya

Eritrea's Statement At ICPD Meeting - AllAfrica.comEritrea's Statement At ICPD Meeting  AllAfrica.com

Ethiopians, Eritreans stage Norway rally in support of Nobel winner - Journalducameroun.com - EnglishEthiopians, Eritreans stage Norway rally in support of Nobel winner  Journalducameroun.com - English

Ian O'Riordan: Efrem Gidey is not switching nationality but finding one - The Irish TimesIan O'Riordan: Efrem Gidey is not switching nationality but finding one  The Irish Times

Immigration: Majority of asylum seekers in October from Eritrea and Syria - RTL TodayImmigration: Majority of asylum seekers in October from Eritrea and Syria  RTL Today

Efrem Gidey: From Calais refugee camp to European Cross Country medal - BBC NewsEfrem Gidey: From Calais refugee camp to European Cross Country medal  BBC News

Eating on the Cheap: build-your-own Eritrean combo at Queen Sheba - Tucson FoodieEating on the Cheap: build-your-own Eritrean combo at Queen Sheba  Tucson Foodie

FIVB coaching course in Eritrea hopeful in improving Iranian women's fortunes - BoxscoreFIVB coaching course in Eritrea hopeful in improving Iranian women's fortunes  Boxscore

Egypt final push to secure zero-sum water-share agreement - Sudan TribuneEgypt final push to secure zero-sum water-share agreement  Sudan Tribune

Eritrea - where ATMs are unknown and Sim cards are like gold dust - BBC NewsEritrea - where ATMs are unknown and Sim cards are like gold dust  BBC News

Full of promise? Refugees in Ethiopia impatient for right to work - Reuters AfricaFull of promise? Refugees in Ethiopia impatient for right to work  Reuters Africa

Eritrea: Hope Has Given Way to Disenchantment - Geeska AfrikaEritrea: Hope Has Given Way to Disenchantment  Geeska Afrika

Italian court rules pushback of Eritreans to Libya illegal - InfoMigrantsItalian court rules pushback of Eritreans to Libya illegal  InfoMigrants

Qatar 'totally rejects' false accusations by Eritrean ministry - Gulf TimesQatar 'totally rejects' false accusations by Eritrean ministry  Gulf Times

The EU's Shame Is Locked Away in Libya - The NationThe EU's Shame Is Locked Away in Libya  The Nation

Tiffany Haddish, Bat Mitzvah Girl - Atlanta Jewish TimesTiffany Haddish, Bat Mitzvah Girl  Atlanta Jewish Times

Cranes in CECAFA semis, Burundi bows... - Citizen TVCranes in CECAFA semis, Burundi bows...  Citizen TV

Cecafa Cup: McKinstry impressed with clinical Uganda amid heavy schedule - Goal.comCecafa Cup: McKinstry impressed with clinical Uganda amid heavy schedule  Goal.com

Is Eritrea coming in from the cold? - BBC NewsIs Eritrea coming in from the cold?  BBC News

Eritreans have peace, now they want freedom - Al Jazeera EnglishEritreans have peace, now they want freedom  Al Jazeera English

How Long Must Eritrea Wait for Change? - Council on Foreign RelationsHow Long Must Eritrea Wait for Change?  Council on Foreign Relations

Muruts Beyene: Living in the Ethiopia-Eritrea Borderland - Al Jazeera AmericaMuruts Beyene: Living in the Ethiopia-Eritrea Borderland  Al Jazeera America

A look at the Ethiopia-Eritrea war whose end brought a Nobel - India TodayA look at the Ethiopia-Eritrea war whose end brought a Nobel  India Today

Why Eritrea didn’t win a Nobel for its peace accord when Ethiopia did - The Washington PostWhy Eritrea didn’t win a Nobel for its peace accord when Ethiopia did  The Washington Post

Young Eritreans are still migrating at alarming rates - Quartz AfricaYoung Eritreans are still migrating at alarming rates  Quartz Africa

Why East African Leaders Should Call for Rights Reforms in Eritrea - Human Rights WatchWhy East African Leaders Should Call for Rights Reforms in Eritrea  Human Rights Watch

Eritrea Should End 18 Years of Darkness - Human Rights WatchEritrea Should End 18 Years of Darkness  Human Rights Watch

Eritrea's seizure of Roman Catholic Church properties criticised - BBC NewsEritrea's seizure of Roman Catholic Church properties criticised  BBC News

Despite Historic Rapprochement With Ethiopia, ‘Nothing Has Changed’ in Eritrea - World Politics ReviewDespite Historic Rapprochement With Ethiopia, ‘Nothing Has Changed’ in Eritrea  World Politics Review

Eritrean soccer players who defected say they live in fear - Associated PressEritrean soccer players who defected say they live in fear  Associated Press

Hopes Dashed as Ethiopia-Eritrea Peace Process Stagnates - VOA NewsHopes Dashed as Ethiopia-Eritrea Peace Process Stagnates  VOA News

Eritrea’s gulag state is crumbling - The EconomistEritrea’s gulag state is crumbling  The Economist

The Ethiopia-Eritrea Abiy Isaias peace accord glow is fading - QuartzThe Ethiopia-Eritrea Abiy Isaias peace accord glow is fading  Quartz

Young Eritreans would rather risk death at sea than let their leaders take their freedom | View - EuronewsYoung Eritreans would rather risk death at sea than let their leaders take their freedom | View  Euronews

Ethiopia's PM wins Nobel Peace Prize for ending Eritrea standoff - EURACTIVEthiopia's PM wins Nobel Peace Prize for ending Eritrea standoff  EURACTIV

Eritrea's 'ice bucket' bid to oust Isaias Afwerki - BBC NewsEritrea's 'ice bucket' bid to oust Isaias Afwerki  BBC News

Eritrea: Is political change really on the horizon? - African ArgumentsEritrea: Is political change really on the horizon?  African Arguments

Eritrea's capital is lovely. But scratch the surface and you'll find a terrifying reality - HaaretzEritrea's capital is lovely. But scratch the surface and you'll find a terrifying reality  Haaretz

Catholic Church institutions in Eritrea are at the service of all - Vatican NewsCatholic Church institutions in Eritrea are at the service of all  Vatican News

Eritrean under 20s footballers disappear in Uganda - BBC NewsEritrean under 20s footballers disappear in Uganda  BBC News

Between peace and uncertainty after Ethiopia-Eritrea deal - Al Jazeera EnglishBetween peace and uncertainty after Ethiopia-Eritrea deal  Al Jazeera English

UN expert: No rights improvements in Eritrea after peace deal - Aljazeera.comUN expert: No rights improvements in Eritrea after peace deal  Aljazeera.com

Rights Groups Urge Release of Journalists in Eritrea, Years After Disappearances - VOA NewsRights Groups Urge Release of Journalists in Eritrea, Years After Disappearances  VOA News

Report: Eritrean High Schoolers Face Forced Labor, Abuse - VOA NewsReport: Eritrean High Schoolers Face Forced Labor, Abuse  VOA News

Eritrea Mandate Needed Until Abuses Addressed - Human Rights WatchEritrea Mandate Needed Until Abuses Addressed  Human Rights Watch

Crackdown on Christians in Eritrea affecting those in need - Vatican NewsCrackdown on Christians in Eritrea affecting those in need  Vatican News

Eritrean refugee, 19, killed himself as he 'feared he would be sent back' - The GuardianEritrean refugee, 19, killed himself as he 'feared he would be sent back'  The Guardian

Eritrea must release prisoners of conscience immediately and unconditionally - Amnesty InternationalEritrea must release prisoners of conscience immediately and unconditionally  Amnesty International

Chinese envoy to Eritrea hails constructive bilateral ties - Xinhua | English.news.cn - XinhuaChinese envoy to Eritrea hails constructive bilateral ties - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

Eritrean refugees defy border closures only to find hardship in Ethiopia - The New HumanitarianEritrean refugees defy border closures only to find hardship in Ethiopia  The New Humanitarian

Eritrean government takes over more Church schools - Vatican NewsEritrean government takes over more Church schools  Vatican News

Crackdown on Christians in Eritrea spurs UN expert to press Government 'to live up to its international commitments' - UN NewsCrackdown on Christians in Eritrea spurs UN expert to press Government 'to live up to its international commitments'  UN News

US Draws Eritrea Closer With Removal From Terror List - Voice of AmericaUS Draws Eritrea Closer With Removal From Terror List  Voice of America

Roundup: East African policymakers gather in Eritrea's capital amid call for regional integration - Xinhua | English.news.cn - XinhuaRoundup: East African policymakers gather in Eritrea's capital amid call for regional integration - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

Eritrean Press: Reporting on Africa's most secretive state - BBC NewsEritrean Press: Reporting on Africa's most secretive state  BBC News

Eritrea Orthodox Church ex-leader expelled for 'heresy' - BBC NewsEritrea Orthodox Church ex-leader expelled for 'heresy'  BBC News

From school to the grave, military service tears families apart in Eritrea - The Irish TimesFrom school to the grave, military service tears families apart in Eritrea  The Irish Times

Rights group accuses Eritrea of persecuting exiled activists - Aljazeera.comRights group accuses Eritrea of persecuting exiled activists  Aljazeera.com

Eritrea Tops List of Most Censored Countries - VOA NewsEritrea Tops List of Most Censored Countries  VOA News

For Eritrea's Christians, government not the solution but the problem - Crux: Covering all things CatholicFor Eritrea's Christians, government not the solution but the problem  Crux: Covering all things Catholic

Eritrea Independence: First anniversary since peace deal - Al Jazeera AmericaEritrea Independence: First anniversary since peace deal  Al Jazeera America

Eritrea Beats North Korea as World’s Most-Censored Country - BloombergEritrea Beats North Korea as World’s Most-Censored Country  Bloomberg

Asylum seekers from Eritrea and the long arm of the regime - InfoMigrantsAsylum seekers from Eritrea and the long arm of the regime  InfoMigrants

Life as an Eritrean journalist | News | Africa - Mail and GuardianLife as an Eritrean journalist | News | Africa  Mail and Guardian

Ethiopia's under-15 side set for history in Eritrea - BBC NewsEthiopia's under-15 side set for history in Eritrea  BBC News

Church in Eritrea dismayed by the nationalisation of health facilities - Vatican NewsChurch in Eritrea dismayed by the nationalisation of health facilities  Vatican News

Inquest uncovers suffering of Eritrean refugee found hanged - The GuardianInquest uncovers suffering of Eritrean refugee found hanged  The Guardian

Amid border wrangles, Eritreans wrestle with staying or going - The New HumanitarianAmid border wrangles, Eritreans wrestle with staying or going  The New Humanitarian

Exposing human rights violations through sport in Eritrea — is anyone taking notice? - Daily MaverickExposing human rights violations through sport in Eritrea — is anyone taking notice?  Daily Maverick

Eritrea pushes back at 'rabid detractors' calling for reforms - Africa TimesEritrea pushes back at 'rabid detractors' calling for reforms  Africa Times