Eritrea

Country Eritrea
Capital Asmara
Continent Africa
Currency Nakfa(ERN)
Languages Tigrinya, Arabic & English

Information

Introduction

The UN awarded Eritrea to Ethiopia in 1952 as part of a federation. Ethiopia's annexation of Eritrea as a province 10 years later sparked a 30-year struggle for independence that ended in 1991 with Eritrean rebels defeating governmental forces; independence was overwhelmingly approved in a 1993 referendum. A two-and-a-half-year border war with Ethiopia that erupted in 1998 ended under UN auspices in December 2000. Eritrea hosted a UN peacekeeping operation that monitored a 25 km-wide Temporary Security Zone (TSZ) on the border with Ethiopia. Eritrea's denial of fuel to the mission caused the UN to withdraw the mission and terminate its mandate 31 July 2008. An international commission, organized to resolve the border dispute, posted its findings in 2002. However, both parties have been unable to reach agreement on implementing the decision. On 30 November 2007, the Eritrea-Ethiopia Boundary Commission remotely demarcated the border by coordinates and dissolved itself, leaving Ethiopia still occupying several tracts of disputed territory, including the town of Badme. Eritrea accepted the EEBC's "virtual demarcation" decision and called on Ethiopia to remove its troops from the TSZ that it states is Eritrean territory. Ethiopia has not accepted the virtual demarcation decision.

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References

Eritrea - Wikipedia
Eritrea - CIA World Fact Book
Eritrea - BBC
Eritrea - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
Reported Release on Bail of Six Journalists in Eritrea - US Department of State (press release)

Diplomat News Network

Reported Release on Bail of Six Journalists in Eritrea
US Department of State (press release)
The United States welcomes reports of six journalists released on bail in Eritrea. We note with deep concern that the government continues to detain other journalists, reportedly as many as 17. We encourage the government to take immediate steps to ...
US lauds release of journalists, calls on Eritrea to free moreKuwait News Agency

all 8 news articles »


Eritrea: Council of Eritrean Americans National Common Vision for 2015 - Geeska Afrika

Eritrea: Council of Eritrean Americans National Common Vision for 2015
Geeska Afrika
Denver (HAN) January 27, 2015- Public diplomacy and Weekly Diaspora community issues. The National Council of Eritrean Americans (NCEA) presented three peppers to the leaders & members of the Eritrean Americans civic organizations, as why and ...



Global call for release of Eritrean Orthodox church head, under house arrest ... - ChristianToday

ChristianToday

Global call for release of Eritrean Orthodox church head, under house arrest ...
ChristianToday
As the eighth anniversary of the removal of the Eritrean Orthodox Patriarch passes, the US Commission on International Religious Freedom (USCIRF) has issued a global call for his release. Patriarch Abune Antonios, head of the Eritrean Orthodox Church, ...



Six Eritrean journalists released after nearly six years in prison - Reporters without borders (press release)

Six Eritrean journalists released after nearly six years in prison
Reporters without borders (press release)
“We are delighted to learn of the release of these six journalists, which is an exceptional development in the terrible conditions prevailing in Eritrea, said Cléa Kahn-Sriber, the head of the Reporters Without Borders Africa desk. At this point, we ...



Aretai Inhabitants Express Satisfaction With Potable Water Supply Facility - AllAfrica.com

Aretai Inhabitants Express Satisfaction With Potable Water Supply Facility
AllAfrica.com
Habero — The inhabitants of Aretai Administrative area, Habero sub-zone, have expressed satisfaction with the potable water supply facility made available. The inhabitants also stated that they used to encounter shortage of water supply, but at ...



Eritrea frees six journalists: rights group - Al-Arabiya

Al-Arabiya

Eritrea frees six journalists: rights group
Al-Arabiya
“The release of these six journalists... is an exceptional development in the terrible conditions prevailing in Eritrea,” RSF said in a statement. The six freed were named by RSF as Bereket Misghina, Yirgalem Fisseha Mebrahtu, Basilios Zemo, Meles ...
Eritrea frees 6 journalists – right groupNews24
Eritrea Releases Journalists After Six Years in Prison, RWB SaysBloomberg
Happy beginning : Eritrea frees six journalistsDiplomat News Network

all 12 news articles »


Eritrea Assessing Saudi Arabia's New Yemen strategy - Geeska Afrika

Eritrea Assessing Saudi Arabia's New Yemen strategy
Geeska Afrika
Eritrean Leader, Isyas Afwerki is watching closely as rebel assaults spark speculation Yemeni government could fall, prompting fears of instability in strategic state, close to Eritrean Red Sea neighbor. Eritrean Diplomats in Yemen expressed alarm ...

and more »


Eritrea's President Pledges Constitution to Tackle Inequality - Bloomberg

Diplomat News Network

Eritrea's President Pledges Constitution to Tackle Inequality
Bloomberg
Eritrea is drafting a new constitution that will tackle inequality and satisfy the demands of the Horn of Africa nation's people, President Isaias Afwerki said. A committee has begun work on the charter which seeks to close the gap between Eritrea's ...
President Isaias Conducts Interview With National Media Outlets Focusing On ...AllAfrica.com
Eritrean President : We will work in drafting a constitution that satisfies ...Diplomat News Network

all 4 news articles »


Eritrean Catholics to get their own Church in break with Ethiopians - ChristianToday

ChristianToday

Eritrean Catholics to get their own Church in break with Ethiopians
ChristianToday
Pope Francis has established a new Eastern Catholic Church for Eritrea, the first since the early 20th century, in what may be a move to ease the position of Catholics in the country. Roman Catholicism is one of the four religions tolerated in Eritrea ...
A new diocese for Ethiopia and a new Metropolitan for EritreaVatican Radio
Pope establishes Eastern Catholic church for EritreaCatholic Culture
Eritrea: Pope Francis's New Initiative for EritreansGeeska Afrika
DFW Catholic
all 6 news articles »


Eritrea and China sign mutual visa exemption deal - Diplomat News Network

Diplomat News Network

Eritrea and China sign mutual visa exemption deal
Diplomat News Network
The agreement was signed by Eritrea Foreign Minister Osman Saleh and Mr. Zhang Ming in a view to further strengthening existing Eritrean-Chinese relations. The two sides later conducted discussion on the Eritrean – Chinese relations and developments, ...