Eritrea

Country Eritrea
Capital Asmara
Continent Africa
Currency Nakfa(ERN)
Languages Tigrinya, Arabic & English

Information

Introduction

The UN awarded Eritrea to Ethiopia in 1952 as part of a federation. Ethiopia's annexation of Eritrea as a province 10 years later sparked a 30-year struggle for independence that ended in 1991 with Eritrean rebels defeating governmental forces; independence was overwhelmingly approved in a 1993 referendum. A two-and-a-half-year border war with Ethiopia that erupted in 1998 ended under UN auspices in December 2000. Eritrea hosted a UN peacekeeping operation that monitored a 25 km-wide Temporary Security Zone (TSZ) on the border with Ethiopia. Eritrea's denial of fuel to the mission caused the UN to withdraw the mission and terminate its mandate 31 July 2008. An international commission, organized to resolve the border dispute, posted its findings in 2002. However, both parties have been unable to reach agreement on implementing the decision. On 30 November 2007, the Eritrea-Ethiopia Boundary Commission remotely demarcated the border by coordinates and dissolved itself, leaving Ethiopia still occupying several tracts of disputed territory, including the town of Badme. Eritrea accepted the EEBC's "virtual demarcation" decision and called on Ethiopia to remove its troops from the TSZ that it states is Eritrean territory. Ethiopia has not accepted the virtual demarcation decision.

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References

Eritrea - Wikipedia
Eritrea - CIA World Fact Book
Eritrea - BBC
Eritrea - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

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The once-troubled Horn of Africa is now a positive note on the UN's busy agenda - Quartz

Quartz

The once-troubled Horn of Africa is now a positive note on the UN's busy agenda
Quartz
In June, Ethiopia and Eritrea ceased decades-long hostilities, agreed to reopen borders and embassies, and resumed flights between their capitals. The following month, Eritrea and Somalia restored relations, after nearly 15 years of animosity with ...
More than 1200 detained over deadly Ethiopia violence: policeThe Herald
'Abiy Ahmed is our miracle': Ethiopia's democratic awakening | Tom ...The Guardian

all 89 news articles »


Photos: Everyday Eritreans through lens of its famed photographer - africanews

africanews

Photos: Everyday Eritreans through lens of its famed photographer
africanews
An Eritrean photographer, Ghideon Musa through lenses continues to project the ordinary Eritrea from the capital Asmara and across the Red Sea State's regions. Whiles at it, his lenses respects age, gender, religion and culture. We pick out top 20 ...



Eritrea – Ethiopia hailed by Nobel laureate on 2018 World Peace day - africanews

africanews

Eritrea – Ethiopia hailed by Nobel laureate on 2018 World Peace day
africanews
Leymah Gbowee, a Nobel Peace laureate said on Friday that the 2018 edition of World Peace Day had to be dedicated to Ethiopia and Eritrea. She said in a tweet that the two countries deserved credit “for putting their political differences aside and ...
UN Security Council praises King Salman's efforts in Ethiopia, Eritrea peace dealArab News
Arab Gulf states in the Horn of Africa: What role do they play?Deutsche Welle
UN praises King Salman efforts in Ethiopia, Eritrea peace deal - Al ...Al-Arabiya

all 18 news articles »


Opinion: Why I'm staging 17 minutes of silent protest for Eritrea - CNN

CNN

Opinion: Why I'm staging 17 minutes of silent protest for Eritrea
CNN
Almost by default, the EPLF guerrilla leader, Isaias Afwerki, became Eritrea's first president in 1993. The war of independence was fought on the premise of democracy, justice, and equality, so the unelected president assured the people that he would ...
Eritrean president Afwerki returns to UAE on official visitafricanews
Swiss senate rejects call to speed up deportation of failed Eritrean asylum seekersThe Local Switzerland
Ethiopia-Eritrea deal just the start of the long road to peaceArab News

all 6 news articles »


Ethiopia and Eritrea's second rapprochement - Aljazeera.com

Aljazeera.com

Ethiopia and Eritrea's second rapprochement
Aljazeera.com
Ethiopia and Eritrea took one more important step towards normalising their relations on September 17, when Eritrean President Isaias Afwerki and Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed signed a peace agreement in the Saudi city of Jeddah, the details of ...
Djibouti – Eritrea: Meeting of Djiboutian and Eritrean presidents in Jeddah (17 September 2018)France Diplomatie (press release)
Ethiopia, Eritrea leaders sign peace accord in Saudi ArabiaCBC.ca
Eritrea - Ethiopia accord signed in Jeddah: Here are the detailsafricanews
ReliefWeb -Reuters
all 99 news articles »


Border crossings between Ethiopia & Eritrea re-open after 20 years - TimesLIVE

TimesLIVE

Border crossings between Ethiopia & Eritrea re-open after 20 years
TimesLIVE
For the past 20 years, it has been impossible to travel between Ethiopia and Eritrea. When war broke out between the two in 1998, the borders were closed, and have remained so all these years, even though the conflict ended in 2000.

and more »


Former Top Eritrean Official Arrested After Criticizing President - Voice of America

Voice of America

Former Top Eritrean Official Arrested After Criticizing President
Voice of America
Rights groups call for release of an ex-finance minister arrested after publishing a book critical of the government, Isaias Afwerki.
Ethiopia and Eritrea finally make peacePositive.News
Prince Khalid Says Ethiopia-Eritrea Deal Part of Saudi Foreign ...Al-Bawaba

all 6 news articles »


Ethiopia, Eritrea sign peace deal at Saudi Arabia summit - Aljazeera.com

Aljazeera.com

Ethiopia, Eritrea sign peace deal at Saudi Arabia summit
Aljazeera.com
Ethiopia and Eritrea signed an agreement at a summit in Saudi Arabia, bolstering an historic peace accord between the two former Horn of Africa enemies, officials said. Authorities did not reveal exact details of the new deal signed on Sunday in Jeddah ...
Leaders of Ethiopia, Eritrea sign accord in Saudi ArabiaWashington Post
Ethiopia, Eritrea Sign Agreement in Saudi ArabiaVoice of America
Leaders of Ethiopia and Eritrea sign historic peace accord at Saudi Arabia summitNational Post
CTV News -Aljazeera.com -Associated Press News
all 264 news articles »


Never to Be Seen Again in Eritrea? - Human Rights Watch

Human Rights Watch

Never to Be Seen Again in Eritrea?
Human Rights Watch
They called for the legislature to be convened regularly, as well as for elections and political parties – none of which had been permitted since Eritrea's 1993 independence from Ethiopia. They asked that a Special Court, created by Isaias and ...



Ethiopia-Eritrea Border Opens for First Time in 20 Years - New York Times

New York Times

Ethiopia-Eritrea Border Opens for First Time in 20 Years
New York Times
Mr. Tesfaye was traveling as war broke out between Ethiopia and Eritrea, locking the two countries in hostilities that eventually left tens of thousands dead. Cross-border phone calls were banned, embassies were closed and flights were canceled.
Ethiopia-Eritrea Border Reopens, 20 Years After War And Bad BloodNPR
Ethiopia-Eritrea border reopens after 20 yearsBBC News
Ethiopian, Eritrean leaders officially open their borderWashington Post
Wall Street Journal -Telegraph.co.uk
all 465 news articles »