Eritrea

Country Eritrea
Capital Asmara
Continent Africa
Currency Nakfa(ERN)
Languages Tigrinya, Arabic & English

Information

Introduction

The UN awarded Eritrea to Ethiopia in 1952 as part of a federation. Ethiopia's annexation of Eritrea as a province 10 years later sparked a 30-year struggle for independence that ended in 1991 with Eritrean rebels defeating governmental forces; independence was overwhelmingly approved in a 1993 referendum. A two-and-a-half-year border war with Ethiopia that erupted in 1998 ended under UN auspices in December 2000. Eritrea hosted a UN peacekeeping operation that monitored a 25 km-wide Temporary Security Zone (TSZ) on the border with Ethiopia. Eritrea's denial of fuel to the mission caused the UN to withdraw the mission and terminate its mandate 31 July 2008. An international commission, organized to resolve the border dispute, posted its findings in 2002. However, both parties have been unable to reach agreement on implementing the decision. On 30 November 2007, the Eritrea-Ethiopia Boundary Commission remotely demarcated the border by coordinates and dissolved itself, leaving Ethiopia still occupying several tracts of disputed territory, including the town of Badme. Eritrea accepted the EEBC's "virtual demarcation" decision and called on Ethiopia to remove its troops from the TSZ that it states is Eritrean territory. Ethiopia has not accepted the virtual demarcation decision.

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References

Eritrea - Wikipedia
Eritrea - CIA World Fact Book
Eritrea - BBC
Eritrea - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

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Eritrea: Messages of Congratulations - AllAfrica.com

Eritrea: Messages of Congratulations
AllAfrica.com
Asmara — The leaders of the People's Republic of China, Republic of Algeria, Republic of Croatia and Sweden sent messages of congratulations to the people and Government of Eritrea in connection with the 27th Independence Day anniversary. President ...



Ethiopia denies accusations by Eritrea of supporting rebel movement - Xinhua

The Times

Ethiopia denies accusations by Eritrea of supporting rebel movement
Xinhua
ADDIS ABABA, May 20 (Xinhua) -- The Ethiopia Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MoFA) said on Sunday accusations by Eritrea of its supporting Eritrean rebel ...
Eritrean woman Aster Tesfamariam, who had a child with an Irish UN worker, says their son needs a passportThe Times

all 2 news articles »


Eritrea: Independence Day Colorfully Celebrated in Gash Barka Region - AllAfrica.com

Eritrea: Independence Day Colorfully Celebrated in Gash Barka Region
AllAfrica.com
At the ceremony in which senior government officials and invited guests took part, the Governor of the Gash Barka region, Mr. Fessehaye Haile stated that the heavy sacrifice the people of Eritrea paid for realizing independence and safe guarding the ...



Ethiopia denies supporting rebels fighting Eritrean regime - Sudan ... - Sudan Tribune

Ethiopia denies supporting rebels fighting Eritrean regime - Sudan ...
Sudan Tribune
May 20, 2018 (ADDIS ABABA) – Ethiopia has described as “baseless” accusations that it supports Eritrean rebel movements. Last week, Eritrea issued (...)

and more »


Eritreans protest in Bern against tough new asylum rules - The Local - The Local Switzerland

The Local Switzerland

Eritreans protest in Bern against tough new asylum rules - The Local
The Local Switzerland
Over a thousand Eritreans protested outside the Swiss national parliament on Friday against tough new rules that could see as many as 3200 people returned to ...
12000 petitioners demand “humane” treatment of Eritreansswissinfo.ch

all 2 news articles »


Eritrea: Music and Dancing Competitions in Connection With Independence Anniversary - AllAfrica.com

Eritrea: Music and Dancing Competitions in Connection With Independence Anniversary
AllAfrica.com
Asmara — Music and dancing competitions that have been underway for the last three months in connection with the 27th Independence Day anniversary concluded at a ceremony conducted on 18 May at Bahti Meskerem Square. Report indicates that at the ...



Eritrea: Symposium On Health Issue - AllAfrica.com

Eritrea: Symposium On Health Issue
AllAfrica.com
Asmara — Symposium on health issues was held at the Adi-Guaedad health center, in Gala-Nafhi sub-zone in the Central region, in connection with the 27th Independence Day anniversary. At the symposium that was attended by health practitioners and ...



Eritrea 'poison pill' complicates miner Lundin's aspirations: sources - Reuters

Eritrea 'poison pill' complicates miner Lundin's aspirations: sources
Reuters
VANCOUVER/TORONTO (Reuters) - The weak human rights record of one of Africa's poorest countries is coming between Lundin Mining Corp and its pursuit of a prized European copper and gold asset. Cash-rich Lundin's latest run at fellow Canadian miner ...



Eritrea: Marathon Competitions in Connection With Independence Day Anniversary - AllAfrica.com

Eritrea: Marathon Competitions in Connection With Independence Day Anniversary
AllAfrica.com
Asmara — Marathon competition and mass sport organized by the Commission of Culture and Sports in connection with the 27th Independence Day Anniversary celebrations was held on 20 May. The marathon, which set off from Nakfa House ended at Bahti ...



Ethiopia-Eritrea conflict, 20 years on: Brothers still at war - Aljazeera.com

Aljazeera.com

Ethiopia-Eritrea conflict, 20 years on: Brothers still at war
Aljazeera.com
The Ethiopian-Eritrean conflict of 1998-2000 erupted 20 years ago today, when the two countries went to war over the scrubby and desolate plains of Badime that are hardly useful for anything. Prime Minister Meles Zenawi of Ethiopia and President Isaias ...
After 20 years, can Ethiopia and Eritrea ever reconcile?New Statesman
Remembering Eritrea-Ethiopia border war: Africa's unfinished conflictThe Star, Kenya

all 14 news articles »