Eritrea

Country Eritrea
Capital Asmara
Continent Africa
Currency Nakfa(ERN)
Languages Tigrinya, Arabic & English

Information

Introduction

The UN awarded Eritrea to Ethiopia in 1952 as part of a federation. Ethiopia's annexation of Eritrea as a province 10 years later sparked a 30-year struggle for independence that ended in 1991 with Eritrean rebels defeating governmental forces; independence was overwhelmingly approved in a 1993 referendum. A two-and-a-half-year border war with Ethiopia that erupted in 1998 ended under UN auspices in December 2000. Eritrea hosted a UN peacekeeping operation that monitored a 25 km-wide Temporary Security Zone (TSZ) on the border with Ethiopia. Eritrea's denial of fuel to the mission caused the UN to withdraw the mission and terminate its mandate 31 July 2008. An international commission, organized to resolve the border dispute, posted its findings in 2002. However, both parties have been unable to reach agreement on implementing the decision. On 30 November 2007, the Eritrea-Ethiopia Boundary Commission remotely demarcated the border by coordinates and dissolved itself, leaving Ethiopia still occupying several tracts of disputed territory, including the town of Badme. Eritrea accepted the EEBC's "virtual demarcation" decision and called on Ethiopia to remove its troops from the TSZ that it states is Eritrean territory. Ethiopia has not accepted the virtual demarcation decision.

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References

Eritrea - Wikipedia
Eritrea - CIA World Fact Book
Eritrea - BBC
Eritrea - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

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Since Ethiopia-Eritrea Peace Deal, Little to Show: Analysts - Voice of AmericaSince Ethiopia-Eritrea Peace Deal, Little to Show: Analysts  Voice of America

Eritrea Busses Thousands of Students to Military Camp - Human Rights WatchEritrea Busses Thousands of Students to Military Camp  Human Rights Watch

Eritrea Humanitarian Situation Report: Mid-Year January-June 2020 - Eritrea - ReliefWebEritrea Humanitarian Situation Report: Mid-Year January-June 2020 - Eritrea  ReliefWeb

GIEWS Country Brief: Eritrea 28-August-2020 - Eritrea - ReliefWebGIEWS Country Brief: Eritrea 28-August-2020 - Eritrea  ReliefWeb

Ethiopia: Eritrean refugees starved, rejected, victims of traffickers | ICN - Independent Catholic NewsEthiopia: Eritrean refugees starved, rejected, victims of traffickers | ICN  Independent Catholic News

Eritrea: The Eritrea-Ethiopia Peace Deal Is Yet to Show Dividends - AllAfrica - Top Africa NewsEritrea: The Eritrea-Ethiopia Peace Deal Is Yet to Show Dividends  AllAfrica - Top Africa News

Why a proposed Horn of Africa bloc could destabilise the larger region - The Conversation CAWhy a proposed Horn of Africa bloc could destabilise the larger region  The Conversation CA

Why there are fears that Ethiopia could break up - BBC NewsWhy there are fears that Ethiopia could break up  BBC News

The Eritrea-Ethiopia peace deal is yet to show dividends - Daily MaverickThe Eritrea-Ethiopia peace deal is yet to show dividends  Daily Maverick

Eritrea: Training Organized For EDF Promotion - Geeska Afrika OnlineEritrea: Training Organized For EDF Promotion  Geeska Afrika Online

Eritrea: Water Conservation Projects - Geeska Afrika OnlineEritrea: Water Conservation Projects  Geeska Afrika Online

Danakali flags improvements to Eritrea potash project - MINING.COM - MINING.comDanakali flags improvements to Eritrea potash project - MINING.COM  MINING.com

Danakali eyes finish line for Eritrea potash project - MINING.COM - MINING.comDanakali eyes finish line for Eritrea potash project - MINING.COM  MINING.com

Eritrean government releases on bail 69 Christians imprisoned for their faith - Barnabas FundEritrean government releases on bail 69 Christians imprisoned for their faith  Barnabas Fund

Eritrea Will Participate At 2020 Road World Championships - Geeska Afrika OnlineEritrea Will Participate At 2020 Road World Championships  Geeska Afrika Online

Danakali fights Eritrean history - www.mining-journal.comDanakali fights Eritrean history  www.mining-journal.com

Five Eritreans in Italy after illegal pushback - InfoMigrantsFive Eritreans in Italy after illegal pushback  InfoMigrants

Eritrea:The 1903 Historic Italian Public School Shutdown - Geeska Afrika OnlineEritrea:The 1903 Historic Italian Public School Shutdown  Geeska Afrika Online

Eritrean evangelical, Pentecostal Christians jailed for their faith temporarily freed on bail - The Christian PostEritrean evangelical, Pentecostal Christians jailed for their faith temporarily freed on bail  The Christian Post

Eritrea: Regurgitations of Dr. Fikrejesus Amahazion - Asmarino IndependentEritrea: Regurgitations of Dr. Fikrejesus Amahazion  Asmarino Independent

Eritrea: Logo Dam Is Just The Beginning - Geeska Afrika OnlineEritrea: Logo Dam Is Just The Beginning  Geeska Afrika Online

Eritrea: The Illegal West African Pilgrimage Via Eritrea - Geeska Afrika OnlineEritrea: The Illegal West African Pilgrimage Via Eritrea  Geeska Afrika Online

The Battle to Keep Peace One Year After Winning the Nobel Prize - BloombergQuintThe Battle to Keep Peace One Year After Winning the Nobel Prize  BloombergQuint

Eritrea: Reflections On The International Day Of Peace 2020 - Geeska Afrika OnlineEritrea: Reflections On The International Day Of Peace 2020  Geeska Afrika Online

Eritrea: The “Needy And Less Capable” African - Geeska Afrika OnlineEritrea: The “Needy And Less Capable” African  Geeska Afrika Online

Eritrea Works For Peaceful Ethiopia - Geeska Afrika OnlineEritrea Works For Peaceful Ethiopia  Geeska Afrika Online

Eritrea & Sudan Agree To Bolster Bilateral Ties: Boster Regional Peace - Geeska Afrika OnlineEritrea & Sudan Agree To Bolster Bilateral Ties: Boster Regional Peace  Geeska Afrika Online

Rahwa Ogbe Keshi Habte, Seattle community organizer, dies at 42 - KUOW News and InformationRahwa Ogbe Keshi Habte, Seattle community organizer, dies at 42  KUOW News and Information

Eritrea: Misilam Dam Strategic Assets And National Security - Geeska Afrika OnlineEritrea: Misilam Dam Strategic Assets And National Security  Geeska Afrika Online

Eritrea: Desert Locust Invasion Put Under Control - Geeska Afrika OnlineEritrea: Desert Locust Invasion Put Under Control  Geeska Afrika Online

Eritrea: Belarus's Last Friend In Africa - Geeska Afrika OnlineEritrea: Belarus's Last Friend In Africa  Geeska Afrika Online

Eritrea Says Prize-Winning Ethiopian Peace-Pact Is Falling Short - BloombergQuintEritrea Says Prize-Winning Ethiopian Peace-Pact Is Falling Short  BloombergQuint

Eritrea: Painter Ficre Ghebreyesus Spotlighting Eritrean Art - Geeska Afrika OnlineEritrea: Painter Ficre Ghebreyesus Spotlighting Eritrean Art  Geeska Afrika Online

Ethiopia’s democratic transition is in peril - The EconomistEthiopia’s democratic transition is in peril  The Economist

Eritrea: New Book SILENCE IS MY MOTHER TONGUE - Geeska Afrika OnlineEritrea: New Book SILENCE IS MY MOTHER TONGUE  Geeska Afrika Online

Eritrea: The 'Israeli'-Emirati Alliance Will Be Felt In Africa - Geeska Afrika OnlineEritrea: The 'Israeli'-Emirati Alliance Will Be Felt In Africa  Geeska Afrika Online

Eritrea: Lack of Rights Reforms Highlight Ongoing Need for Mandate Renewal - Human Rights WatchEritrea: Lack of Rights Reforms Highlight Ongoing Need for Mandate Renewal  Human Rights Watch

Eritrea: Scientists Ponder tools in brucellosis fight - Geeska Afrika OnlineEritrea: Scientists Ponder tools in brucellosis fight  Geeska Afrika Online

Eritrea: A Suburb In Parts Of Asmara - Geeska Afrika OnlineEritrea: A Suburb In Parts Of Asmara  Geeska Afrika Online

Sudan's President Visited Eritrea: Working Visit - Geeska Afrika OnlineSudan's President Visited Eritrea: Working Visit  Geeska Afrika Online

Ethiopian premier in Eritrea to discuss regional issues - Anadolu AgencyEthiopian premier in Eritrea to discuss regional issues  Anadolu Agency

China surprises with ‘net zero by 2060’ announcement - Electrek.coChina surprises with ‘net zero by 2060’ announcement  Electrek.co

Eritrea: 100 Nursing Students Were Graduated - Geeska Afrika OnlineEritrea: 100 Nursing Students Were Graduated  Geeska Afrika Online

Can Eritrea’s government survive the coronavirus? - Aljazeera.comCan Eritrea’s government survive the coronavirus?  Aljazeera.com

Amnesty urges EU to rethink Libya cooperation over refugee abuse - Aljazeera.comAmnesty urges EU to rethink Libya cooperation over refugee abuse  Aljazeera.com

Eritreans Sue E.U. Over Use of Forced Labor Back Home - The New York TimesEritreans Sue E.U. Over Use of Forced Labor Back Home  The New York Times

Time to re-open schools in Eastern & Southern Africa, as the cost for children escalates in learning, protection and nutrition - UNICEFTime to re-open schools in Eastern & Southern Africa, as the cost for children escalates in learning, protection and nutrition  UNICEF

Ethnic Agitations: Why We Must Learn From History, By Olaogun Michael Sunkanmi - Premium TimesEthnic Agitations: Why We Must Learn From History, By Olaogun Michael Sunkanmi  Premium Times

Eritrean activists sue EU for funding roads built with 'forced labour' - ReutersEritrean activists sue EU for funding roads built with 'forced labour'  Reuters

Ethiopia: Unaccompanied Eritrean Children at Risk - Human Rights WatchEthiopia: Unaccompanied Eritrean Children at Risk  Human Rights Watch

With COVID-19 Threat, Eritrea Should Release Political Detainees - Human Rights WatchWith COVID-19 Threat, Eritrea Should Release Political Detainees  Human Rights Watch

Eritrean migrants in Libya claim EU-backed voluntary returns programme isn't so voluntary - EuronewsEritrean migrants in Libya claim EU-backed voluntary returns programme isn't so voluntary  Euronews

Fears grow over seven Eritrea football internationals on the run in Uganda - The GuardianFears grow over seven Eritrea football internationals on the run in Uganda  The Guardian

Eritrean refugees in Germany struggle to reunite with family - InfoMigrantsEritrean refugees in Germany struggle to reunite with family  InfoMigrants

Through Eritrea, China Quietly Makes Inroads Near the Red Sea - The DiplomatThrough Eritrea, China Quietly Makes Inroads Near the Red Sea  The Diplomat

Eritrea: Detainees in overcrowded and unsanitary conditions defenceless against COVID-19 - Amnesty InternationalEritrea: Detainees in overcrowded and unsanitary conditions defenceless against COVID-19  Amnesty International

Why do Eritreans flee their country? | Africa - Aljazeera.comWhy do Eritreans flee their country? | Africa  Aljazeera.com

Art provides comfort and hope to Eritrean refugee in Libya - UNHCRArt provides comfort and hope to Eritrean refugee in Libya  UNHCR

Turkish sailors return after captivity in Eritrea - Anadolu AgencyTurkish sailors return after captivity in Eritrea  Anadolu Agency

UN Decries Lack of Reforms and Widespread Abuse in Eritrea - VOA NewsUN Decries Lack of Reforms and Widespread Abuse in Eritrea  VOA News

Canadian Firm Can Be Sued for Alleged Eritrea Abuses - Human Rights WatchCanadian Firm Can Be Sued for Alleged Eritrea Abuses  Human Rights Watch

Analysis | Mapping Eritrea’s COVID-19 response till initial virus-free status - Africanews EnglishAnalysis | Mapping Eritrea’s COVID-19 response till initial virus-free status  Africanews English

From diplomat to dinghy: why people are risking the Channel in small boats - The GuardianFrom diplomat to dinghy: why people are risking the Channel in small boats  The Guardian

CPJ joins letter calling on UN Human Rights Council to maintain pressure on Eritrea - CPJ Press Freedom OnlineCPJ joins letter calling on UN Human Rights Council to maintain pressure on Eritrea  CPJ Press Freedom Online

EU: Eritrea regime taking money is 'improved relations' - EUobserverEU: Eritrea regime taking money is 'improved relations'  EUobserver

44th Session of the Human Rights Council: Interactive dialogue on Eritrea - Statement of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Eritrea - Eritrea - ReliefWeb44th Session of the Human Rights Council: Interactive dialogue on Eritrea - Statement of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Eritrea - Eritrea  ReliefWeb

HOW TO WATCH FOREST (H) - News - htafc.comHOW TO WATCH FOREST (H) - News  htafc.com

Human Rights Council holds dialogue on Eritrea, ends discussion on Rohingya muslims and other minorities in Myanmar - Eritrea - ReliefWebHuman Rights Council holds dialogue on Eritrea, ends discussion on Rohingya muslims and other minorities in Myanmar - Eritrea  ReliefWeb

Ethiopian Cardinal Berhaneyesus Demerew barred from entering Eritrea - BBC NewsEthiopian Cardinal Berhaneyesus Demerew barred from entering Eritrea  BBC News

Statement to the European Parliament's Committee on Development on the Human Rights Situation in Eritrea - Human Rights WatchStatement to the European Parliament's Committee on Development on the Human Rights Situation in Eritrea  Human Rights Watch

Ethiopia's New Stance on Eritrean Asylum-Seekers Criticized - VOA NewsEthiopia's New Stance on Eritrean Asylum-Seekers Criticized  VOA News

Why Egypt called on America to mediate Gerd dam standoff - The Star, KenyaWhy Egypt called on America to mediate Gerd dam standoff  The Star, Kenya

Eritrea coronavirus: Expats repatriated, caseload at 251 - Africanews EnglishEritrea coronavirus: Expats repatriated, caseload at 251  Africanews English

Ethiopia plans to close Eritrean refugee camp despite concerns - Al Jazeera EnglishEthiopia plans to close Eritrean refugee camp despite concerns  Al Jazeera English

COVID-19 Supplies From Alibaba Never Reached Eritrea - VOA NewsCOVID-19 Supplies From Alibaba Never Reached Eritrea  VOA News

UNICEF applies innovative strategies for COVID-19 response in Eritrea - Eritrea - ReliefWebUNICEF applies innovative strategies for COVID-19 response in Eritrea - Eritrea  ReliefWeb

Africa in the news: Ethiopia, Eritrea, Sudan, COVID-19, and AfCFTA updates - Brookings InstitutionAfrica in the news: Ethiopia, Eritrea, Sudan, COVID-19, and AfCFTA updates  Brookings Institution

DP World to Upgrade, Maintain Eritrean Ports - BloombergQuintDP World to Upgrade, Maintain Eritrean Ports  BloombergQuint

Eritrean refugees in Ethiopia resist camp closure amid COVID-19 fears - The New HumanitarianEritrean refugees in Ethiopia resist camp closure amid COVID-19 fears  The New Humanitarian

How Forced Labor in Eritrea Is Linked to E.U.-Funded Projects - The New York TimesHow Forced Labor in Eritrea Is Linked to E.U.-Funded Projects  The New York Times

The State of Eritrea Becomes Africa Finance Corporation's 24th Member State - Business WireThe State of Eritrea Becomes Africa Finance Corporation's 24th Member State  Business Wire

Bank of Eritrea - Central BankingBank of Eritrea  Central Banking

Eritrean president on visit to Ethiopia - Anadolu AgencyEritrean president on visit to Ethiopia  Anadolu Agency

Turkish sailors freed after 3-month captivity in Eritrea - Anadolu AgencyTurkish sailors freed after 3-month captivity in Eritrea  Anadolu Agency

Youth volunteers in Eritrea ensure young people are protected against COVID-19 pandemic - Eritrea - ReliefWebYouth volunteers in Eritrea ensure young people are protected against COVID-19 pandemic - Eritrea  ReliefWeb

Eritrea weighs role in Egypt-Ethiopia dispute over Nile dam - Al-MonitorEritrea weighs role in Egypt-Ethiopia dispute over Nile dam  Al-Monitor

Angola, Eritrea, Uganda confirm first cases as coronavirus spreads in Africa - The HinduAngola, Eritrea, Uganda confirm first cases as coronavirus spreads in Africa  The Hindu

Turkish sailors safe after captivity in Eritrea - Anadolu AgencyTurkish sailors safe after captivity in Eritrea  Anadolu Agency

Eritrea must free political prisoners and low-risk offenders to reduce COVID-19 threat in crowded jails, says UN expert - Eritrea - ReliefWebEritrea must free political prisoners and low-risk offenders to reduce COVID-19 threat in crowded jails, says UN expert - Eritrea  ReliefWeb

Why Eritrea's leader was left out of Ethiopia's Nobel Peace Prize - Aljazeera.comWhy Eritrea's leader was left out of Ethiopia's Nobel Peace Prize  Aljazeera.com

Eritrean navy urged to free dozens of Yemeni fishermen from custody - ArabnewsEritrean navy urged to free dozens of Yemeni fishermen from custody  Arabnews

Why Eritrea didn’t win a Nobel for its peace accord when Ethiopia did - The Washington PostWhy Eritrea didn’t win a Nobel for its peace accord when Ethiopia did  The Washington Post

27 migrants accused of starting Safi riots, remanded in custody - Malta Independent Online27 migrants accused of starting Safi riots, remanded in custody  Malta Independent Online

Human rights situation in Eritrea: Report of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Eritrea (A/HRC/44/23) - Eritrea - ReliefWebHuman rights situation in Eritrea: Report of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Eritrea (A/HRC/44/23) - Eritrea  ReliefWeb

Amid Red Sea Rivalries, Eritrea Plays for Independence - smallwarsjournalAmid Red Sea Rivalries, Eritrea Plays for Independence  smallwarsjournal

America Should Start Planning for Eritrea’s Transition - The National InterestAmerica Should Start Planning for Eritrea’s Transition  The National Interest

Eritrean Refugees in Ethiopia: Tigray & Afar Regions : Situational Update (as of 30 April 2020) - Ethiopia - ReliefWebEritrean Refugees in Ethiopia: Tigray & Afar Regions : Situational Update (as of 30 April 2020) - Ethiopia  ReliefWeb

No way to find home: common stories of Eritreans in Italy and the Netherlands - Open DemocracyNo way to find home: common stories of Eritreans in Italy and the Netherlands  Open Democracy

Eritreans have peace, now they want freedom - Al Jazeera EnglishEritreans have peace, now they want freedom  Al Jazeera English

Is Eritrea coming in from the cold? - BBC NewsIs Eritrea coming in from the cold?  BBC News