Eritrea

Country Eritrea
Capital Asmara
Continent Africa
Currency Nakfa(ERN)
Languages Tigrinya, Arabic & English

Information

Introduction

The UN awarded Eritrea to Ethiopia in 1952 as part of a federation. Ethiopia's annexation of Eritrea as a province 10 years later sparked a 30-year struggle for independence that ended in 1991 with Eritrean rebels defeating governmental forces; independence was overwhelmingly approved in a 1993 referendum. A two-and-a-half-year border war with Ethiopia that erupted in 1998 ended under UN auspices in December 2000. Eritrea hosted a UN peacekeeping operation that monitored a 25 km-wide Temporary Security Zone (TSZ) on the border with Ethiopia. Eritrea's denial of fuel to the mission caused the UN to withdraw the mission and terminate its mandate 31 July 2008. An international commission, organized to resolve the border dispute, posted its findings in 2002. However, both parties have been unable to reach agreement on implementing the decision. On 30 November 2007, the Eritrea-Ethiopia Boundary Commission remotely demarcated the border by coordinates and dissolved itself, leaving Ethiopia still occupying several tracts of disputed territory, including the town of Badme. Eritrea accepted the EEBC's "virtual demarcation" decision and called on Ethiopia to remove its troops from the TSZ that it states is Eritrean territory. Ethiopia has not accepted the virtual demarcation decision.

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References

Eritrea - Wikipedia
Eritrea - CIA World Fact Book
Eritrea - BBC
Eritrea - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
Home Office Eritrea guidance softened to reduce asylum seeker numbers - The Guardian

The Guardian

Home Office Eritrea guidance softened to reduce asylum seeker numbers
The Guardian
Home Office documents obtained by the Public Law Project detail efforts by the government to seek more favourable descriptions of human rights conditions in Eritrea, an east African country that indefinitely detains and tortures some of its citizens as ...



What will happen to Eritrean asylum seekers after Israel deports them? - +972 Magazine

+972 Magazine

What will happen to Eritrean asylum seekers after Israel deports them?
+972 Magazine
Emanuel, an Eritrean asylum seeker whom Israel deported to Uganda half a year ago, agreed to take the risk of being interviewed on camera for one reason: he wanted the Israeli Supreme Court justices to look into his eyes as he told them what happens to ...



Eritrea: Release Patriarch Abune Antonios - United States Commission on International Religious Freedom (press release)

United States Commission on International Religious Freedom (press release)

Eritrea: Release Patriarch Abune Antonios
United States Commission on International Religious Freedom (press release)
Patriarch Abune Antonios WASHINGTON, D.C. January 20, 2017 marks the 11-year anniversary of the Eritrean government's illegal removal of Abune Antonios as the rightful Patriarch of the Eritrean Orthodox Church, the nation's largest religious ...



UK Downplayed The Severity Of This Conflict To Avoid Taking People In - Newsy

Newsy

UK Downplayed The Severity Of This Conflict To Avoid Taking People In
Newsy
The U.K. downplayed torture, killings and other human rights abuses in Eritrea so it wouldn't have to take in as many refugees from the east African country. Documents published by the Public Law Project show the U.K. offered more aid to Eritrea in ...

and more »


Eritrea says Italy holding wrong man in people-smuggling case - The Guardian

The Guardian

Eritrea says Italy holding wrong man in people-smuggling case
The Guardian
The Eritrean government has said a man being held in an Italian jail on suspicion of people smuggling is a victim of mistaken identity. In June last year Italian and British officials claimed to have captured Medhanie Yehdego Mered, considered to be a ...



The door is open: Eritrean refugee family adjusts to winter in Montana - The Missoulian

The Missoulian

The door is open: Eritrean refugee family adjusts to winter in Montana
The Missoulian
Ermias Gebrehawariat, 7, left, and his sister Samrawit, 9, look over recorder music with their mother after school on Thursday. They arrived in Missoula with their parents, Biniam Adhanom and Helen Reda, in mid-December. The family spent the last eight ...

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Refugees get jobs and a taste of American culture at Berkeley coffee shop - Los Angeles Times

Los Angeles Times

Refugees get jobs and a taste of American culture at Berkeley coffee shop
Los Angeles Times
The nonprofit establishment counts among its baristas people who left Eritrea, Afghanistan, Iran, Nepal, Bhutan, Uganda and Syria after facing political, religious or ethnic persecution. It's a coffee shop with a cause, giving recent arrivals barista ...



The website daring to mock the Eritrean regime - The Observers (blog)

The Observers (blog)

The website daring to mock the Eritrean regime
The Observers (blog)
Eritrea has been in the grip of a dictatorship for over 20 years. Democracy in the African country is non-existent, and it has been in last place on the World Press Freedom Index for the last eight years. Under these circumstances, the creation of a ...



Copyright, royalties and piracy in the Eritrean music industry - Music In Africa

Music In Africa

Copyright, royalties and piracy in the Eritrean music industry
Music In Africa
This has made it difficult for Eritrean artists to protect their works, particularly internationally. Since the 1990s, there have been cases of artists based in Ethiopia reproducing or creating derivative works of Eritrean artists without any ...



World in Progress: Fleeing from oppression and poverty in Eritrea - Deutsche Welle

Deutsche Welle

World in Progress: Fleeing from oppression and poverty in Eritrea
Deutsche Welle
World in Progress: Fleeing from oppression and poverty in Eritrea. Many Eritreans have risked their lives to flee from a repressive regime. Linda Staude went to get a first-hand account on life in Eritrea - her report is presented by Sue Cox.

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