Eritrea

Country Eritrea
Capital Asmara
Continent Africa
Currency Nakfa(ERN)
Languages Tigrinya, Arabic & English

Information

Introduction

The UN awarded Eritrea to Ethiopia in 1952 as part of a federation. Ethiopia's annexation of Eritrea as a province 10 years later sparked a 30-year struggle for independence that ended in 1991 with Eritrean rebels defeating governmental forces; independence was overwhelmingly approved in a 1993 referendum. A two-and-a-half-year border war with Ethiopia that erupted in 1998 ended under UN auspices in December 2000. Eritrea hosted a UN peacekeeping operation that monitored a 25 km-wide Temporary Security Zone (TSZ) on the border with Ethiopia. Eritrea's denial of fuel to the mission caused the UN to withdraw the mission and terminate its mandate 31 July 2008. An international commission, organized to resolve the border dispute, posted its findings in 2002. However, both parties have been unable to reach agreement on implementing the decision. On 30 November 2007, the Eritrea-Ethiopia Boundary Commission remotely demarcated the border by coordinates and dissolved itself, leaving Ethiopia still occupying several tracts of disputed territory, including the town of Badme. Eritrea accepted the EEBC's "virtual demarcation" decision and called on Ethiopia to remove its troops from the TSZ that it states is Eritrean territory. Ethiopia has not accepted the virtual demarcation decision.

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References

Eritrea - Wikipedia
Eritrea - CIA World Fact Book
Eritrea - BBC
Eritrea - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

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At concert, Ethiopia, Eritrea leaders preach peace, love, unity - Reuters

Reuters

At concert, Ethiopia, Eritrea leaders preach peace, love, unity
Reuters
ADDIS ABABA (Reuters) - Ethiopia's Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed and Eritrean President Isaias Afwerki preached love and unity on Sunday at a concert attended by thousands of flag-waving guests, part of a rapprochement between the two nations after years ...
Eritrean, Ethiopian leaders call new peace example to AfricaWashington Post
As Eritrea looks to open up, here's how to understand its nascent but vital historyQuartz
Ethiopian, Eritrean Leaders Vow to Safeguard Peace TreatyBloomberg
Aljazeera.com
all 233 news articles »


'Like a dream': Families separated for decades by Ethiopia-Eritrea conflict celebrate peace deal - Washington Post

Washington Post

'Like a dream': Families separated for decades by Ethiopia-Eritrea conflict celebrate peace deal
Washington Post
ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia — When Daniel Gayem's father in Ethiopia wanted to talk to his brother in neighboring Eritrea, they would set up a conference call through Daniel — who lived in Las Vegas. The two brothers were born in Eritrea when it was a ...
Eritrea President Isaias Afwerki 'both charismatic and brutal'BBC News
Why the Eritrea-Ethiopia peace is good for African politicsAljazeera.com
Eritrea's president to visit Ethiopia, embassy to re-openEyewitness News
africanews -NPR
all 174 news articles »


Ethiopian & Eritrea dialogue a positive news for 'Brand Africa' - Travel News | eTurboNews

Travel News | eTurboNews

Ethiopian & Eritrea dialogue a positive news for 'Brand Africa'
Travel News | eTurboNews
Ethiopian Airlines announced on July 10 that it had finalised preparations to resume daily flights to Asmara, Eritrea, on July 17. This follows agreements reached in Asmara between Dr. Abiy Ahmed, Prime Minister of the Federal Democratic Republic of ...

and more »


A legal blow to illegal Eritrean immigrants - Arutz Sheva

A legal blow to illegal Eritrean immigrants
Arutz Sheva
The decision was made in response to an Eritrean's appeal against the decision to deport him, which was submitted on the grounds that he would be forced to enlist in national service if he was returned to Eritrea. It is another legal blow to Eritreans ...



Ethiopia and Eritrea put an end to two decades of conflict - The Economist

The Economist

Ethiopia and Eritrea put an end to two decades of conflict
The Economist
In 2012 Ethiopia bombed three military camps in Eritrea used by the Ethiopian opposition. In 2015 it bombed an Eritrean mine and weapons depot. As recently as June 2016 Ethiopian and Eritrean troops came to blows, causing many casualties. Afterwards ...
People in Ethiopia are calling strangers in Eritrea as phone lines are opened after 20 yearsCNN
The backstory of how Ethiopia and Eritrea found peace after 20 yearsQuartz
Ethiopia And Eritrea Declare End Of WarNPR
Eyewitness News -Independent Online -eNCA
all 247 news articles »


Eritreans are happy about peace and wary of Isaias' promises - Aljazeera.com

Aljazeera.com

Eritreans are happy about peace and wary of Isaias' promises
Aljazeera.com
As the convoy carrying Abiy and Eritrean President Isaias Afwerki - who personally greeted his guest at the Asmara airport - travelled across the city, people waved the twinned flags of Ethiopia and Eritrea and threw flowers and corn. Portraits of Abiy ...
Former sworn enemies Ethiopia and Eritrea have declared end of warCNN
Ethiopia's Abiy and Eritrea's Afwerki declare end of warBBC News
Eritrea and Ethiopia to re-establish diplomatic tiesBBC News
CNBC -The Guardian
all 359 news articles »


Eritrea leader to visit Ethiopia amid historic thaw between former rivals - Toronto Star

Toronto Star

Eritrea leader to visit Ethiopia amid historic thaw between former rivals
Toronto Star
ADDIS ABABA, ETHIOPIA—Eritrea's longtime President Isaias Afwerki is visiting Ethiopia on Saturday, the latest step in an unprecedented diplomatic thaw between the former archrivals. Eritrea's information minister Yemane Gebremeskel confirms the visit ...



Swiss court rules Eritreans who face national service can be deported - The Local Switzerland

The Local Switzerland

Swiss court rules Eritreans who face national service can be deported
The Local Switzerland
The court said the "abuse and sexual assault are not sufficiently widespread to have any bearing on this assessment", adding that it did not feel that "anyone returning to Eritrea voluntarily faces a real risk of detention or any accompanying inhumane ...
Eritrean military service no grounds for asylum, rules Swiss courtswissinfo.ch

all 2 news articles »


Ethiopia, Eritrea leaders sign peace declaration - The Globe and Mail

The Globe and Mail

Ethiopia, Eritrea leaders sign peace declaration
The Globe and Mail
The leaders of Ethiopia and Eritrea signed a "joint declaration of peace and friendship" on Monday, Eritrea's information minister said, a day after a historic summit marked a start to normalization of ties between the longtime foes. Matthew Larotonda ...



UAE's role in Ethiopia-Eritrea rapprochement draws praise - Khaleej Times

Khaleej Times

UAE's role in Ethiopia-Eritrea rapprochement draws praise
Khaleej Times
They praised the role His Highness Sheikh Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan, Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi and Deputy Supreme Commander of the UAE Armed Forces, has played in effecting a rapprochement between Ethiopia and Eritrea - two African nations ...

and more »