Eritrea

Country Eritrea
Capital Asmara
Continent Africa
Currency Nakfa(ERN)
Languages Tigrinya, Arabic & English

Information

Introduction

The UN awarded Eritrea to Ethiopia in 1952 as part of a federation. Ethiopia's annexation of Eritrea as a province 10 years later sparked a 30-year struggle for independence that ended in 1991 with Eritrean rebels defeating governmental forces; independence was overwhelmingly approved in a 1993 referendum. A two-and-a-half-year border war with Ethiopia that erupted in 1998 ended under UN auspices in December 2000. Eritrea hosted a UN peacekeeping operation that monitored a 25 km-wide Temporary Security Zone (TSZ) on the border with Ethiopia. Eritrea's denial of fuel to the mission caused the UN to withdraw the mission and terminate its mandate 31 July 2008. An international commission, organized to resolve the border dispute, posted its findings in 2002. However, both parties have been unable to reach agreement on implementing the decision. On 30 November 2007, the Eritrea-Ethiopia Boundary Commission remotely demarcated the border by coordinates and dissolved itself, leaving Ethiopia still occupying several tracts of disputed territory, including the town of Badme. Eritrea accepted the EEBC's "virtual demarcation" decision and called on Ethiopia to remove its troops from the TSZ that it states is Eritrean territory. Ethiopia has not accepted the virtual demarcation decision.

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References

Eritrea - Wikipedia
Eritrea - CIA World Fact Book
Eritrea - BBC
Eritrea - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
Norway alone in sending Eritrean refugees home - The Local.no

The Local.no

Norway alone in sending Eritrean refugees home
The Local.no
”Detention is an ordinary fact of life, experienced by an inordinate number of individuals – men and women, old and young, including children,” Mike Smith, Chair of the Commission of Inquiry on Human Rights in Eritrea said at a press conference in March.



Ortac Resources' Eritrea partner to kick off drill programme - Proactive Investors UK

Proactive Investors UK

Ortac Resources' Eritrea partner to kick off drill programme
Proactive Investors UK
Ortac Resources (LON:OTC) said its exploration partner Andiamo is about to kick off a 1,000m drill programme on the Haykota licence in Eritrea. It comes after positive trenching results at the Hoba prospect and the diamond drill programme is designed ...

and more »


Migrant crisis: EU asks states to accept 40000 asylum seekers - BBC News

Diplomat News Network

Migrant crisis: EU asks states to accept 40000 asylum seekers
BBC News
The European Commission has called on EU member states to take in 40,000 asylum seekers from Syria and Eritrea who land in Italy and Greece over the next two years. Germany, France and Spain would receive the most migrants under the Commission's ...
EU asks member states to admit 40000 asylum seekers from Syria, EritreaEconomic Times
EU to allow Syrian and Eritrea refugeesGulf Today
EU calls France to take 9127 asylum-seekers from Eritrea and Syria , military ...Diplomat News Network
International Business Times -The Conversation UK -The Guardian
all 447 news articles »


India-Eritrea ties will strengthen: President Mukherjee - Times of India

Times of India

India-Eritrea ties will strengthen: President Mukherjee
Times of India
"India and Eritrea share cordial relations. I am confident that the relations between our two countries will continue to strengthen in the coming years for the mutual benefit of our two peoples," Mukherjee said in his message to Eritrea's President ...
Pranab Mukherjee felicitates Eritrea on eve of its Independence DayZee News
President Rouhani Congratulates Eritrea on Independence DayTasnim News Agency (press release)
Mukherjee felicitates Eritrea on eve of Independence Day May 23, 5:05 pmANINEWS
indiablooms
all 58 news articles »


Afar rebels call for unity of Eritrean opposition groups - Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune

Afar rebels call for unity of Eritrean opposition groups
Sudan Tribune
Haroun said the regime instead ignored the long war of liberation aimed to produce a unified Eritrea and favoured to establish a one-party state by destroying all other opposition parties forcing them to exile. The opposition leader accused the ...
Pres. Sirleaf Congratulates Eritrea On 22nd Independence DayAllAfrica.com

all 7 news articles »


Fleeing slavery for uncertainty: One Eritrean migrant's story - CNN

CNN

Fleeing slavery for uncertainty: One Eritrean migrant's story
CNN
Rome (CNN) "What are you doing here?" A man in a red t-shirt and a long black ponytail shouted angrily at us as we conducted interviews at a center for migrants -- most of whom were from Eritrea -- in the Rome suburb of Tiburtina. "You should be in ...

and more »


Why thousands of asylum-seekers are fleeing Eritrea and risking their lives in ... - The Conversation UK

The Conversation UK

Why thousands of asylum-seekers are fleeing Eritrea and risking their lives in ...
The Conversation UK
When, in May 1991, the 30-year struggle for independence against Ethiopia and its Russian sponsors came to a successful end and 99.9% voted in the 1993 national referendum in favour of independence, the future appeared to be set fair for Eritrea – and ...

and more »


Eritrea one of largest sources of migrants fleeing to Europe; now blames CIA ... - Mail & Guardian Africa

Mail & Guardian Africa

Eritrea one of largest sources of migrants fleeing to Europe; now blames CIA ...
Mail & Guardian Africa
In March United Nations human rights investigators said Eritrea was curtailing most basic freedoms, and that the iron-grip regime of President Issaias Afeworki uses “pervasive state control and ruthless repression” including extra-judicial executions ...
Eritrea Blames “Rights Activists” for Refugee CrisisVDARE.com
Eritrea Says Rights Activists to Blame for Migrant CrisisNaharnet

all 10 news articles »


Not all of Eritrea marks an anniversary of freedom - Mission Network News

Not all of Eritrea marks an anniversary of freedom
Mission Network News
For Eritrean Christians, freedom isn't theirs to celebrate as much if they're a part of the underground church. While religious persecution in Eritrea is not limited to Christians, the underground Christian church has suffered most. According to the ...



Eritrea highlights flaws in Europe's migrant policy - The National

The National

Eritrea highlights flaws in Europe's migrant policy
The National
In 1991 a new state was born when Eritrea, a sliver of Red Sea coast in the Horn of Africa, separated from Ethiopia. The fighters of the Eritrean People's Liberation Front (EPLF) had acquired hero status in Europe during their 30-year struggle for ...
Eritrea Travel WarningKansas City infoZine
Eritrea: An Open Letter to the Eritrean Ambassador in LondonAsmarino Independent

all 4 news articles »