Eritrea

Country Eritrea
Capital Asmara
Continent Africa
Currency Nakfa(ERN)
Languages Tigrinya, Arabic & English

Information

Introduction

The UN awarded Eritrea to Ethiopia in 1952 as part of a federation. Ethiopia's annexation of Eritrea as a province 10 years later sparked a 30-year struggle for independence that ended in 1991 with Eritrean rebels defeating governmental forces; independence was overwhelmingly approved in a 1993 referendum. A two-and-a-half-year border war with Ethiopia that erupted in 1998 ended under UN auspices in December 2000. Eritrea hosted a UN peacekeeping operation that monitored a 25 km-wide Temporary Security Zone (TSZ) on the border with Ethiopia. Eritrea's denial of fuel to the mission caused the UN to withdraw the mission and terminate its mandate 31 July 2008. An international commission, organized to resolve the border dispute, posted its findings in 2002. However, both parties have been unable to reach agreement on implementing the decision. On 30 November 2007, the Eritrea-Ethiopia Boundary Commission remotely demarcated the border by coordinates and dissolved itself, leaving Ethiopia still occupying several tracts of disputed territory, including the town of Badme. Eritrea accepted the EEBC's "virtual demarcation" decision and called on Ethiopia to remove its troops from the TSZ that it states is Eritrean territory. Ethiopia has not accepted the virtual demarcation decision.

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References

Eritrea - Wikipedia
Eritrea - CIA World Fact Book
Eritrea - BBC
Eritrea - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
Eritrea: The use of Forced Labour at the Colluli Potash Project in Eritrea - Asmarino Independent

Asmarino Independent

Eritrea: The use of Forced Labour at the Colluli Potash Project in Eritrea
Asmarino Independent
The systematic stripping of Eritrea's mineral resources continues. It is not enough for the Eritrean government to give foreign companies such as Nevsun 60% ownership of the Bisha Mining, which has benefited the president and a handful of cohorts, but ...

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Switzerland grants entry to Eritrean asylum seeker fearing detention in Israel - Haaretz

Haaretz

Switzerland grants entry to Eritrean asylum seeker fearing detention in Israel
Haaretz
A Swiss court recently permitted an Eritrean asylum seeker to enter Switzerland, in an effort to prevent the man from being held in an Israeli detention center. A three-judge panel of the Swiss Federal Administrative Court accepted the man's appeal ...



Eritrea: Currency fights back dictatorship - Asmarino Independent

Asmarino Independent

Eritrea: Currency fights back dictatorship
Asmarino Independent
(Asmara 27/08/2014) Freedom Friday (Arbi Harnet) activists have successfully launched an innovative project to encourage young Eritreans to resist the regime that is pushing them into exile. The initiative which was successfully launched at the annual ...

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Eritrea: Jemmie is the fourth homicide victim in Ottawa, Canada this year - Geeska Afrika

Geeska Afrika

Eritrea: Jemmie is the fourth homicide victim in Ottawa, Canada this year
Geeska Afrika
As the hunt for his killer continues, dozens of people, including his high school friends and others from the Eritrean community, gathered to remember the Algonquin College student who was stabbed to death early Saturday after a night out at a downtown ...

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Eritrea: Ending the Exodus? - International Crisis Group

Eritrea: Ending the Exodus?
International Crisis Group
Eritrea's youth exodus has significantly reduced the young nation's human capital. While this has had advantages for the government allowing the departure of those most dissatisfied and most likely to press for political change the growing social ...

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Eritrea: Egyptian tribesmen demanded either ransom or kidneys - Geeska Afrika

Geeska Afrika

Eritrea: Egyptian tribesmen demanded either ransom or kidneys
Geeska Afrika
Cairo (HAN) August 23, 2014 Humanitarian and Refugee issues. The Egyptian Sinai Peninsula criminals have kidnapped tens of thousands of refugees to ransom. Eritrean refugees are being held captive and enslaved in Egyptian Sinai Desert. Eritrean ...



Turkish Airlines, Qatar Airways put Eritrea on the global aviation map - anna.aero

anna.aero

Turkish Airlines, Qatar Airways put Eritrea on the global aviation map
anna.aero
The Turkish Ambassador in Eritrea Mr Firat Sunel and Mr Paulos Kahsay, Director General of Eritrean aviation celebrated the launch last week of Turkish Airlines' new thrice-weekly service to Istanbul (via Taif in Saudi Arabia). Our analysis suggests ...

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Eritrean border guards shoot dead 10 civilians trying to flee - Sudan Tribune

Eritrean border guards shoot dead 10 civilians trying to flee
Sudan Tribune
The group underscored the need to address the country's growing internal crisis which is behind the ongoing exodus, as well as calling for greater engagement with Eritrea potentially ending a decade of isolation that has been both self-imposed and ...

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Report - Eritrea Faces Youth Drain - AllAfrica.com

Report - Eritrea Faces Youth Drain
AllAfrica.com
A new report said a lot of young people are leaving Eritrea due to authoritarian rule, growing dissatisfaction and long-term national service. The International Crisis Group has called for both domestic and international action to reduce the youth drain.

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Eritrea's president wasn't invited to Washington, but does it matter? - Public Radio International

Eritrea's president wasn't invited to Washington, but does it matter?
Public Radio International
A fourth leader, Eritrea's Isaias Afwerki, was also not invited, and that snub has become big topic among Washington's Eritrean community. "My president is not invited and I am not happy about it," one Washington cab driver said. "The policy of ...