Eritrea

Country Eritrea
Capital Asmara
Continent Africa
Currency Nakfa(ERN)
Languages Tigrinya, Arabic & English

Information

Introduction

The UN awarded Eritrea to Ethiopia in 1952 as part of a federation. Ethiopia's annexation of Eritrea as a province 10 years later sparked a 30-year struggle for independence that ended in 1991 with Eritrean rebels defeating governmental forces; independence was overwhelmingly approved in a 1993 referendum. A two-and-a-half-year border war with Ethiopia that erupted in 1998 ended under UN auspices in December 2000. Eritrea hosted a UN peacekeeping operation that monitored a 25 km-wide Temporary Security Zone (TSZ) on the border with Ethiopia. Eritrea's denial of fuel to the mission caused the UN to withdraw the mission and terminate its mandate 31 July 2008. An international commission, organized to resolve the border dispute, posted its findings in 2002. However, both parties have been unable to reach agreement on implementing the decision. On 30 November 2007, the Eritrea-Ethiopia Boundary Commission remotely demarcated the border by coordinates and dissolved itself, leaving Ethiopia still occupying several tracts of disputed territory, including the town of Badme. Eritrea accepted the EEBC's "virtual demarcation" decision and called on Ethiopia to remove its troops from the TSZ that it states is Eritrean territory. Ethiopia has not accepted the virtual demarcation decision.

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References

Eritrea - Wikipedia
Eritrea - CIA World Fact Book
Eritrea - BBC
Eritrea - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
Eritrea Rejects UN Report on Asylum-Seekers - Voice of America

Voice of America

Eritrea Rejects UN Report on Asylum-Seekers
Voice of America
Eritrea's top diplomat to the United Nations says the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees has committed a “conceptual mistake” in a report, which stated that in the past 37 days more than 6,000 Eritreans had claimed asylum in neighboring Ethiopia.
Number of Eritreans seeking asylum in Europe increases threefold in a yearThe Guardian
Lecture sheds light on Eritrean refugee challengesUT Daily Beacon

all 5 news articles »


Eritreans 'fleeing conscription drive' for Ethiopia - UNHCR - BBC News

BBC News

Eritreans 'fleeing conscription drive' for Ethiopia - UNHCR
BBC News
A renewed conscription drive in Eritrea has led to a sharp increase in the number of youths fleeing to neighbouring Ethiopia, a UN refugee agency spokeswoman has told the BBC. More than 6,000 Eritreans had claimed asylum in Ethiopia in the past 37 days ...
UN probing alleged Eritrea rights abuses blamed for migrant exodusReuters
UN Rights Commission Investigates EritreaVoice of America
Eritrea blames UN refugee agency for thousands fleeingBusiness Standard
StarAfrica.com
all 17 news articles »


Nevsun Denies Accusations of Human-Rights Abuses at Eritrea Mine - Bloomberg

Geeska Afrika

Nevsun Denies Accusations of Human-Rights Abuses at Eritrea Mine
Bloomberg
Human rights conditions in Eritrea are “dismal” with indefinite military service, torture, arbitrary detention and restrictions on freedom of expression driving a refugee exodus, according to Human Rights Watch. Military conscripts provide forced labor ...
Nevsun Resources faces lawsuit over 'forced labour' in EritreaThe Globe and Mail
Eritrea: Canadian mine company rejects negligence accusationsGeeska Afrika
Nevsun Resources denies accusations of human rights abuses at at Eritrea MineDiplomat News Network
Copper Investing News -Mining Technology
all 100 news articles »


Eritrean resistance steps up pressure on President Isaias Afewerki - The Guardian

The Guardian

Eritrean resistance steps up pressure on President Isaias Afewerki
The Guardian
Eritrea is the most closed and repressive country in Africa, routinely denying access to the international media. No foreign journalists are based in the country and there is no independent local press. However, in a rare and courageous breach of the ...
Report : Eritrea ruled by President Isaias Afewerki, there is no diplomatic ...Diplomat News Network

all 4 news articles »


One man's hellish journey from Eritrea terror to UK sanctuary - The Guardian

The Guardian

One man's hellish journey from Eritrea terror to UK sanctuary
The Guardian
It was October 2010 and Solomon's sprint across the lunar landscape of northern Eritrea marked the start of a three-year odyssey to Britain that would see him chased by traffickers, forced to drink his own urine, held at gunpoint by smugglers and cross ...

and more »


Eritrean regime pressurised by international legal processes more than ever - Asmarino Independent

Eritrean regime pressurised by international legal processes more than ever
Asmarino Independent
Depending on the information that should be submitted by Eritrean victims of human rights violations, the COI is expected to publish a thorough report describing the dire state of human rights in Eritrea and adopt concrete recommendations to solve the ...



Escaping Eritrea's 'open prison' - Aljazeera.com

Escaping Eritrea's 'open prison'
Aljazeera.com
Eritreans under the age of 50 are rarely given permission to go abroad, and those who try to travel without the correct documents face imprisonment. The authorities adopt a shoot-on-sight policy towards people found in locations deemed a no-go ...
Hidden Oppression in EritreaNew York Times

all 3 news articles »


Eritrea is a Marginal Security Actor in Somalia - Geeska Afrika

International Policy Digest

Eritrea is a Marginal Security Actor in Somalia
Geeska Afrika
It did not, however, rule out the possibility that Eritrea may have provided some assistance to elements within Al-Shabaab without detection through Nairobi via ONLF elements in Kismayo, southern Somalia. In any event, Eritrea is a marginal security ...
UN Security Council Monitoring Group Report on EritreaInternational Policy Digest

all 3 news articles »


Number of Eritrean asylum-seekers in Europe soars from past year – UN - UN News Centre

UN News Centre

Number of Eritrean asylum-seekers in Europe soars from past year – UN
UN News Centre
14 November 2014 – The number of asylum-seekers in Europe from Eritrea during the first 10 months of 2014 has tripled compared with last year, with large numbers of refugees from the country also fleeing to neighbouring Ethiopia and Sudan, the United ...



I represent Eritrea, a country known otherwise as an open prison; the North ... - Irish Independent

Irish Independent

I represent Eritrea, a country known otherwise as an open prison; the North ...
Irish Independent
I represent Eritrea, a country known otherwise, as an open prison; referred to as the North Korea of Africa by Human Rights Watch. In an era where human rights is highly valued and guarded, Eritreans suffer severe human rights abuses in all forms. The ...

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