Eritrea

Country Eritrea
Capital Asmara
Continent Africa
Currency Nakfa(ERN)
Languages Tigrinya, Arabic & English

Information

Introduction

The UN awarded Eritrea to Ethiopia in 1952 as part of a federation. Ethiopia's annexation of Eritrea as a province 10 years later sparked a 30-year struggle for independence that ended in 1991 with Eritrean rebels defeating governmental forces; independence was overwhelmingly approved in a 1993 referendum. A two-and-a-half-year border war with Ethiopia that erupted in 1998 ended under UN auspices in December 2000. Eritrea hosted a UN peacekeeping operation that monitored a 25 km-wide Temporary Security Zone (TSZ) on the border with Ethiopia. Eritrea's denial of fuel to the mission caused the UN to withdraw the mission and terminate its mandate 31 July 2008. An international commission, organized to resolve the border dispute, posted its findings in 2002. However, both parties have been unable to reach agreement on implementing the decision. On 30 November 2007, the Eritrea-Ethiopia Boundary Commission remotely demarcated the border by coordinates and dissolved itself, leaving Ethiopia still occupying several tracts of disputed territory, including the town of Badme. Eritrea accepted the EEBC's "virtual demarcation" decision and called on Ethiopia to remove its troops from the TSZ that it states is Eritrean territory. Ethiopia has not accepted the virtual demarcation decision.

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References

Eritrea - Wikipedia
Eritrea - CIA World Fact Book
Eritrea - BBC
Eritrea - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
Trapped and bereft in the world's 'fastest emptying country' - The Guardian

The Guardian

Trapped and bereft in the world's 'fastest emptying country'
The Guardian
The UN and human rights activists estimate that as many as 5,000 Eritreans flee illegally every month, but the Eritrean government claims that the real number is closer to 1,000, because Ethiopians often pretend to be Eritrean when seeking asylum abroad.



We were forced to work at Western-run mine, say Eritrean migrants - Reuters

Reuters

We were forced to work at Western-run mine, say Eritrean migrants
Reuters
A Canadian company operating in one of Africa's poorest countries faces compensation claims from some workers who say they suffered harsh conditions.

and more »


Refugee from Eritrea wants to leave his flat in Wales to get away ... - WalesOnline

WalesOnline



United Nations News Centre - Routinely 'written off,' Eritrea is ... - UN News Centre

UN News Centre

United Nations News Centre - Routinely 'written off,' Eritrea is ...
UN News Centre
Telling the United Nations General Assembly that over the 25 years of Eritrea's independence it has faced a “concerted onslaught” of difficulties – incessant ...

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Eritrea: Meskel Holiday Celebrated - AllAfrica.com

Eritrea: Meskel Holiday Celebrated
AllAfrica.com
During the ceremony in which religious leaders, senior Government and PFDJ officials, diplomats as well as thousands of the faithful took part, the Secretary of the Holy Synod, Abune Lucas headed prayers followed by religious hymns around the Damera ...



Inside Eritrea's exodus - The Africa Report

Inside Eritrea's exodus
The Africa Report
Migrants, most of them from Eritrea, jump into the water from a crowded wooden boat as they are helped by members of an NGO during a rescue operation at the Mediterranean sea, about 13 miles north of Sabratha, Libya. Photo: Emilio Morenatti/AP/SIPA.



EU urged to watch Eritrea over regime's right violations - Sudan Tribune

EU urged to watch Eritrea over regime's right violations
Sudan Tribune
September 23, 2016 (ADDIS ABABA) – Media rights watchdog Reporters Without Borders (RSF) urged the European Union (EU) to closely watch Eritrea over gross human rights violations by the regime which Some of these violations may constitute crimes ...



15 Years Behind Bars in Eritrea - Human Rights Watch

Human Rights Watch

15 Years Behind Bars in Eritrea
Human Rights Watch
This week marks 15 years since Eritrea's opposition politicians and independent journalists saw freedom. In September 2001, Eritrean security forces arrested 11 government officials, 10 journalists, and numerous other dissidents, all of whom had one ...
'15 Years Behind Bars in Eritrea' - HRW wants EU and allies to actafricanews
Eritrea called on to provide info on jailed journalistsBizcommunity.com

all 4 news articles »


Eritrea is a prison state – no wonder so many are desperate to ... - The Guardian

The Guardian

Eritrea is a prison state – no wonder so many are desperate to ...
The Guardian
Today marks a bleak date in the country's history, when a paranoid elite began a brutal campaign to cement its grip on power.
Fate of American Citizen Unknown After Four Years in Eritrean PrisonVoice of America
Eritrea: The story begins on the 18th of September 2001 - AsmarinoAsmarino Independent

all 4 news articles »


Eritrea: World Tourism Day Observed - AllAfrica.com

Eritrea: World Tourism Day Observed
AllAfrica.com
In the commemorative event that was held at the Azieb Dairy Products Factory, Mr. Mohamed Idris, Director General of Tourism Services in the Ministry of Tourism, explained that promoting Eritrea's tourism potentials and making the country a tourist ...

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