Eritrea

Country Eritrea
Capital Asmara
Continent Africa
Currency Nakfa(ERN)
Languages Tigrinya, Arabic & English

Information

Introduction

The UN awarded Eritrea to Ethiopia in 1952 as part of a federation. Ethiopia's annexation of Eritrea as a province 10 years later sparked a 30-year struggle for independence that ended in 1991 with Eritrean rebels defeating governmental forces; independence was overwhelmingly approved in a 1993 referendum. A two-and-a-half-year border war with Ethiopia that erupted in 1998 ended under UN auspices in December 2000. Eritrea hosted a UN peacekeeping operation that monitored a 25 km-wide Temporary Security Zone (TSZ) on the border with Ethiopia. Eritrea's denial of fuel to the mission caused the UN to withdraw the mission and terminate its mandate 31 July 2008. An international commission, organized to resolve the border dispute, posted its findings in 2002. However, both parties have been unable to reach agreement on implementing the decision. On 30 November 2007, the Eritrea-Ethiopia Boundary Commission remotely demarcated the border by coordinates and dissolved itself, leaving Ethiopia still occupying several tracts of disputed territory, including the town of Badme. Eritrea accepted the EEBC's "virtual demarcation" decision and called on Ethiopia to remove its troops from the TSZ that it states is Eritrean territory. Ethiopia has not accepted the virtual demarcation decision.

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References

Eritrea - Wikipedia
Eritrea - CIA World Fact Book
Eritrea - BBC
Eritrea - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
At General Assembly, Eritrea criticizes 'dominant powers' for impeding vital ... - UN News Centre

UN News Centre

At General Assembly, Eritrea criticizes 'dominant powers' for impeding vital ...
UN News Centre
30 September 2014 – From the General Assembly podium today, Eritrea called for a fundamental overhaul of the United Nation, charging that it has failed in its prime goals of securing world peace and ending poverty due to cynical determination of the ...
Foreign Minister Holds Talks With UN Secretary GeneralAllAfrica.com

all 7 news articles »


Eritrea: UN expert to investigate pervasive rights abuses as part of 'historic ... - UN News Centre

UN News Centre

Eritrea: UN expert to investigate pervasive rights abuses as part of 'historic ...
UN News Centre
29 September 2014 – Amid forced conscription, extrajudicial killings and enforced disappearances, the human rights situation in Eritrea continues to remain “dire,” a United Nations independent expert warned, adding that a new Commission of Inquiry ...
UNHRC establishes commission of inquiry for EritreaSudan Tribune
UN Expert to Investigate Pervasive Rights Abuses As Part of 'Historic' InquiryAllAfrica.com
Dire Human Rights Situation in Eritrea PersistsScoop.co.nz (press release)

all 7 news articles »


Letter from Africa: Emptying Eritrea - BBC News

BBC News

Letter from Africa: Emptying Eritrea
BBC News
In our series of letters from African journalists, film-maker and columnist Farai Sevenzo considers why Eritreans endanger themselves so much to reach Europe. The Mediterranean is fast becoming a massive watery grave for Africans. Another 500 ...

and more »


Travelers should avoid Lesotho and Eritrea, State Department says - Los Angeles Times

Travelers should avoid Lesotho and Eritrea, State Department says
Los Angeles Times
Eritrea: It issued a warning for Eritrea, warning U.S. citizens "not travel to the country since there is increasing possibility [they] will not receive the requisite exit permit from Eritrean authorities." To see the most current warnings and alerts ...



Eritrea: UN Names Commission of Inquiry - Human Rights Watch

Human Rights Watch

Eritrea: UN Names Commission of Inquiry
Human Rights Watch
The flow of Eritrean youth fleeing the country shows that the persistent, alarming patterns of serious human rights violations in Eritrea need scrutiny and action. A Commission of Inquiry should bring world attention to Eritreans' suffering and explore ...
EU Concerned Over Human Rights Situation in EritreaAllAfrica.com
Eritrea under the spotlights after the appointment of UN human rights CommissionDiplomat News Network
UN Human Rights Council Names Commission Of Inquiry On Rights Abuses In ...RTT News
Asmarino Independent
all 8 news articles »


Berhe proud to represent Eritrea in NFL - U-T San Diego

Geeska Afrika

Berhe proud to represent Eritrea in NFL
U-T San Diego
Pittsburgh Steelers wide receiver Derek Moye (14) is tackled by New York Giants cornerback Jayron Hosley (28), strong safety Nat Berhe (34) and defensive end Damontre Moore (98) in the third quarter of a preseason NFL football game, Saturday, Aug.
Eritrea: The first step toward shutting down Eritrean Embassy in SwedenGeeska Afrika
ERITREA - ETHIOPIA - Addis banks on Afars against AfeworkiAfrica Intelligence (subscription)
Sweden orders Eritrean diplomat to leave within 48 hoursDiplomat News Network
Asmarino Independent
all 5 news articles »


One man's hellish journey from Eritrea terror to UK sanctuary - The Guardian

The Guardian

One man's hellish journey from Eritrea terror to UK sanctuary
The Guardian
It was October 2010 and Solomon's sprint across the lunar landscape of northern Eritrea marked the start of a three-year odyssey to Britain that would see him chased by traffickers, forced to drink his own urine, held at gunpoint by smugglers and cross ...

and more »


Cycling in Eritrea - The Economist (blog)

Cycling in Eritrea
The Economist (blog)
ERITREA would appear on no one's list of cycling powerhouses. No African rider has ever won the Tour de France—no black African has ever even competed in it—and the last time an Olympic cycling medal was bestowed on an athlete from anywhere on the ...



American oil tanker rescues 150 immigrants from Somalia , Eritrea, Palestine ... - Diplomat News Network

Diplomat News Network

American oil tanker rescues 150 immigrants from Somalia , Eritrea, Palestine ...
Diplomat News Network
The tanker brought onboard 150 migrants coming from Somalia, Eritrea, Bangladesh, Sudan , Palestine, Syria and Lebanon, NAT said. Among the refugees were 14 children, 19 women and 117 men who were reported to be in relatively good condition.



Eritrea: Security campaign bridging the wider gap between Muslims and Christians - Geeska Afrika

Geeska Afrika

Eritrea: Security campaign bridging the wider gap between Muslims and Christians
Geeska Afrika
In Eritrea Christians make up about 32 percent of Eritrea's 8 million approximately , but the secular Orthodox Christian government of Isyas Afwerki ensures they are well represented in government and have access to the major and important jobs in Eritrea.