Eritrea

Country Eritrea
Capital Asmara
Continent Africa
Currency Nakfa(ERN)
Languages Tigrinya, Arabic & English

Information

Introduction

The UN awarded Eritrea to Ethiopia in 1952 as part of a federation. Ethiopia's annexation of Eritrea as a province 10 years later sparked a 30-year struggle for independence that ended in 1991 with Eritrean rebels defeating governmental forces; independence was overwhelmingly approved in a 1993 referendum. A two-and-a-half-year border war with Ethiopia that erupted in 1998 ended under UN auspices in December 2000. Eritrea hosted a UN peacekeeping operation that monitored a 25 km-wide Temporary Security Zone (TSZ) on the border with Ethiopia. Eritrea's denial of fuel to the mission caused the UN to withdraw the mission and terminate its mandate 31 July 2008. An international commission, organized to resolve the border dispute, posted its findings in 2002. However, both parties have been unable to reach agreement on implementing the decision. On 30 November 2007, the Eritrea-Ethiopia Boundary Commission remotely demarcated the border by coordinates and dissolved itself, leaving Ethiopia still occupying several tracts of disputed territory, including the town of Badme. Eritrea accepted the EEBC's "virtual demarcation" decision and called on Ethiopia to remove its troops from the TSZ that it states is Eritrean territory. Ethiopia has not accepted the virtual demarcation decision.

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References

Eritrea - Wikipedia
Eritrea - CIA World Fact Book
Eritrea - BBC
Eritrea - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
Report on Abuses in Eritrea Draws Demonstrators, Heated Emotions - Voice of America

Voice of America

Report on Abuses in Eritrea Draws Demonstrators, Heated Emotions
Voice of America
This week, thousands of Eritreans gathered in Geneva, Switzerland, to both support and protest a new U.N. report alleging that the leaders of the Eritrean government have committed crimes against humanity. Elsewhere, hundreds of Eritrean refugees ...
It's Bad in Eritrea, but Not That BadNew York Times
Diaspora Eritreans protest regime human rights abusesAljazeera.com
Why Ethiopia, Eritrea skirmish is unlikely to spiral into another warNews24
African Arguments (registration) -Africanews -ABC News
all 48 news articles »


Eritrea Accuses Ethiopia of Planning a Full-scale War - Voice of America

Voice of America

Eritrea Accuses Ethiopia of Planning a Full-scale War
Voice of America
The government of Eritrea told the U.N. Human Rights Council that its neighbor Ethiopia is planning to launch a full scale war against its territory. Eritrean and Ethiopian troops recently clashed along their border. The countries are blaming one ...
Eritrea accuses Ethiopia of contemplating full-scale warReuters
Is Ethiopia contemplating 'full-scale war' against Eritrea?Africanews
Eritrea: UN HRC 32: Addressing human rights violations in Eritrea and the UN Commission of Inquiry's findingsOMCT World Organisation Against Torture
News24 -Sudan Tribune
all 37 news articles »


In pictures: Eritrea as seen by Mary Harper - BBC News

BBC News

In pictures: Eritrea as seen by Mary Harper
BBC News
The BBC's Mary Harper recently returned from Eritrea. Here are some of the people and places she encountered during her journey through the African country. Fruit stall in Asmara Image caption Although much of Eritrea is dry and rugged, it produces ...



Ktn debate shows lack of accountability in Eritrea - Walta Information Center

Ktn debate shows lack of accountability in Eritrea
Walta Information Center
Just a week after Ethiopian and Eritrean forces sparred into a two day battle at Tsorena, the Kenyan Tv network Ktn invited the ambassadors of the two countries to Kenya on one of its talk shows. With the conflict so recent, everybody expected that it ...



Eritrea claims jailed Swedish journalist is still alive - The Local.se

The Local.se

Eritrea claims jailed Swedish journalist is still alive
The Local.se
When asked by the interviewer whether Eritrea's government should be the body that decides on Isaak's sentence rather than an independent judiciary, the minister replied that the country has an independent judiciary, but that the government deals with ...
Eritrea: Immediately and unconditionally release prisoners of conscienceAmnesty International UK

all 2 news articles »


Eritrea: Over 200000 Petitioners Slam Sickening COI-Eritrea Report - AllAfrica.com

Eritrea: Over 200000 Petitioners Slam Sickening COI-Eritrea Report
AllAfrica.com
More than 10,000 Eritreans and their friends from across Europe inundated Geneva on Tuesday, June 21, 2016, to protest against the politically driven agenda of the UN Commission of Inquiry on Human Rights and to condemn the COI-Eritrea for its ...



Border Clashes Between Ethiopia and Eritrea Heighten Fears of War - New York Times

New York Times

Border Clashes Between Ethiopia and Eritrea Heighten Fears of War
New York Times
The jagged line separating Eritrea from its former ruler, Ethiopia, has been one of Africa's most combustible flash points. Tens of thousands of soldiers died from 1998 to 2000 in a war that had been called as pointless as two bald men fighting over a ...
Ethiopia and Eritrea trade blame over border clashesAljazeera.com
Ethiopia and Eritrea blame each other for border clashBBC News
Why Eritrea's Border With Ethiopia Is a Conflict ZoneNewsweek
Anadolu Agency -Times LIVE
all 135 news articles »


Eritrea accuses Ethiopia of planning full-scale war - TVC News

TVC News

Eritrea accuses Ethiopia of planning full-scale war
TVC News
Eritrean presidential adviser Yemane Ghebreab is accusing Addis Ababa of planning a full-scale war against Asmara. Yemane warned that Ethiopia is finally making good its long term threat, adding that Ethiopian forces have been making reinforcements ...

and more »


Eritrea: Worn-out Disinformation on Phantom Israeli Bases - AllAfrica.com

Eritrea: Worn-out Disinformation on Phantom Israeli Bases
AllAfrica.com
The Beirut-based Al-Mayadeen Arabic TV channel falsely claimed, in its "Al-Zehira" one-hour programme broadcast yesterday from 15:00-16:00 hrs, that "Israel has completed the construction of its largest listening post at Emba-Soira, Eritrea" to monitor ...



Africa's modernist enigma - BBC News

BBC News

Africa's modernist enigma
BBC News
Last year, more people fled to Europe from Eritrea than any other African nation. The government in Asmara has recently been accused of crimes against humanity, but when Mary Harper was given rare access to the country she was surprised by what she ...

and more »