Somalia

Country Somalia
Capital Mogadishu
Continent Africa
Currency Somali Shilling(SOS)
Languages Somali & Arabic

Mogadishu

Information

Introduction

Britain withdrew from British Somaliland in 1960 to allow its protectorate to join with Italian Somaliland and form the new nation of Somalia. In 1969, a coup headed by Mohamed SIAD Barre ushered in an authoritarian socialist rule that managed to impose a degree of stability in the country for more than two decades. After the regime's collapse early in 1991, Somalia descended into turmoil, factional fighting, and anarchy. In May 1991, northern clans declared an independent Republic of Somaliland that now includes the administrative regions of Awdal, Woqooyi Galbeed, Togdheer, Sanaag, and Sool. Although not recognized by any government, this entity has maintained a stable existence and continues efforts to establish a constitutional democracy, including holding municipal, parliamentary, and presidential elections. The regions of Bari, Nugaal, and northern Mudug comprise a neighboring semi-autonomous state of Puntland, which has been self-governing since 1998 but does not aim at independence; it has also made strides toward reconstructing a legitimate, representative government but has suffered some civil strife. Puntland disputes its border with Somaliland as it also claims portions of eastern Sool and Sanaag. Beginning in 1993, a two-year UN humanitarian effort (primarily in the south) was able to alleviate famine conditions, but when the UN withdrew in 1995, having suffered significant casualties, order still had not been restored. A two-year peace process, led by the Government of Kenya under the auspices of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), concluded in October 2004 with the election of Abdullahi YUSUF Ahmed as President of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) of Somalia and the formation of an interim government, known as the Somalia Transitional Federal Institutions (TFIs). The TFIs included a 275-member parliamentary body, known as the Transitional Federal Assembly (TFA). President YUSUF resigned late in 2008 while United Nations-sponsored talks between the TFG and the opposition Alliance for the Re-Liberation of Somalia (ARS) were underway in Djibouti. In January 2009, following the creation of a TFG-ARS unity government, Ethiopian military forces, which had entered Somalia in December 2006 to support the TFG in the face of advances by the opposition Islamic Courts Union (ICU), withdrew from the country. The TFA was increased to 550 seats with the addition of 200 ARS and 75 civil society members of parliament. The expanded parliament elected Sheikh SHARIF Sheikh Ahmed, the former CIC and ARS chairman as president on 31 January 2009, in Djibouti. Subsequently, President SHARIF appointed Omar Abdirashid ali SHARMARKE, son of a former president of Somalia, as prime minister on 13 February 2009. The TFIs are based on the Transitional Federal Charter (TFC), which outlines a five-year mandate leading to the establishment of a new Somali constitution and a transition to a representative government following national elections. However, in January 2009 the TFA amended the TFC to extend TFG's mandate until 2011. While its institutions remain weak, the TFG continues to reach out to Somali stakeholders and to work with international donors to help build the governance capacity of the TFIs and to work toward national elections in 2011.

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References

Somalia - Wikipedia
Somalia - CIA World Fact Book
Somalia - BBC
Somalia - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
Kenya refugee camps: Somalia president warns against closure - BBC News

BBC News

Kenya refugee camps: Somalia president warns against closure
BBC News
Somalia's president has called for "a better way" to bring home refugees from his country, with Kenya insisting that it will go ahead with its plan to close the world's largest refugee camp. The Dadaab camp is home to more than 300,000 Somalis ...
Kenya: Share Somalia BurdenAllAfrica.com
Funding gaps could force Kenya to withdraw troops from SomaliaAfricanews (press release)
Kenya will close world's biggest refugee camp this yearReuters
The Star, Kenya -The Standard Digital News (press release) (blog) -Daily Maverick
all 107 news articles »


Kenyan Troops Kill al-Shabaab Militants in Deadly Firefight in Somalia - VICE News

VICE News

Kenyan Troops Kill al-Shabaab Militants in Deadly Firefight in Somalia
VICE News
Kenya's military said on Wednesday that it had killed 21 al-Shabaab fighters in Somalia, which has repeatedly struck civilian targets inside Kenya. The Kenyan troops, which are in Somalia as part of an African Union (AU) deployment to defeat the ...
Kenyan troops kill 21 al-Shabab militants in ambush in SomaliaHindustan Times
Kenya says its troops kill 21 al Shabaab fighters in SomaliaReuters
Kenyan Army Kills 21 Al-Shabab Militants in SomaliaNewsweek
The Muslim News -AllAfrica.com
all 54 news articles »


In Dig At PM, Jairam Ramesh Congratulates 'Finance Minister Of Somalia' - NDTV

NDTV

In Dig At PM, Jairam Ramesh Congratulates 'Finance Minister Of Somalia'
NDTV
Congress leader Jairam Ramesh also took a dig at factionalism in the CPI(M). (File Photo). Kochi: Highlights. Ramesh made a call to TM Issac for getting finance portfolio in Kerala; Congratulated Issac for being Finance Minister of Somalia: Jairam ...

and more »


Somalia: Security Council commends advancements, urges accelerated peace- and State-building - UN News Centre

UN News Centre

Somalia: Security Council commends advancements, urges accelerated peace- and State-building
UN News Centre
24 May 2016 – The Security Council welcomed the political and security progress in Somalia during a mission to the capital, Mogadishu, on 19 May, where representatives of the 15-member body met with President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud, regional leaders ...
Somalia reaps rewards of Ankara's investmentFinancial Times
Eating Somali food? Don't forget the banana, or you might get humiliated onlineLos Angeles Times

all 4 news articles »


SOMALIA: Somali Clan Elders meet in Puntland [Photos/Video] - Horseed Media

Horseed Media

SOMALIA: Somali Clan Elders meet in Puntland [Photos/Video]
Horseed Media
The delegations from Somali clans in Somalia, Djibouti, Ethiopia and Kenya are attending the three-day summit organized by King Burhan Musa, the 34th king of Daarood kingdom. It is the first such gathering for the Somali traditional leaders since the ...
Somalia: Fissures engulf Elders' Gathering in PuntlandGarowe Online
Puntland women voiced their readiness to contribute to the National CVE strategy for SomaliaMareeg Media

all 3 news articles »


Kenya Says Its Troops Killed 21 Al-Shabaab Militants in Somalia - Bloomberg

Kenya Says Its Troops Killed 21 Al-Shabaab Militants in Somalia
Bloomberg
Kenyan troops killed 21 members of the Islamist group al-Shabaab during a gunfight in Hawina, in southwestern Somalia, the government said. “Among the dead was Salat Bart, a junior al-Shabaab commander believed to have been the leader of the group,” ...

and more »


Somalia on Recovery Path After Decades of Ruin - AllAfrica.com

Somalia on Recovery Path After Decades of Ruin
AllAfrica.com
Ten years ago, Somalia was in a state of near-hopelessness as Mogadishu was conquered by a coalition of Muslim clerics who routed 11 notorious warlords and their militias who had ruled the city for one-and-a-half decades. Union of Islamic Courts (UIC ...



Somalia: FBI 'Set Up' Our Sons Somali-American Defendants' Mothers Say - AllAfrica.com

Somalia: FBI 'Set Up' Our Sons Somali-American Defendants' Mothers Say
AllAfrica.com
The mothers of two Somali-Americans on trial for allegedly planning to join Islamic State say their sons were "set up" by an FBI informant. The women spoke to VOA Somali outside a Minneapolis court Monday, after the government's star witness, informant ...

and more »


21 terrorists killed in Somalia - NEWS.com.au

21 terrorists killed in Somalia
NEWS.com.au
Kenya's army has killed 21 fighters from the Islamist terrorist group al-Shabaab in neighbouring Somalia. The dead include junior al-Shabaab commander Salad Bart, who is believed to have been in charge of the group, army spokesman Colonel David ...



Security Council concludes visit to Somalia; urges swift approval of electoral model - UN News Centre

UN News Centre

Security Council concludes visit to Somalia; urges swift approval of electoral model
UN News Centre
19 May 2016 – The United Nations Security Council concluded a one-day visit to Somalia today by reaffirming its solidarity with the country's people and Government and reiterating its calls to the federal parliament to legalize the 2016 electoral model ...
In Somalia, UN pushes for on time electionNew Vision
UN Security Council visits Somalia to support upcoming pollsU.S. News & World Report
UN Security Council in Somalia in show of solidarityGarowe Online
Horseed Media
all 43 news articles »