Somalia

Country Somalia
Capital Mogadishu
Continent Africa
Currency Somali Shilling(SOS)
Languages Somali & Arabic

Mogadishu

Information

Introduction

Britain withdrew from British Somaliland in 1960 to allow its protectorate to join with Italian Somaliland and form the new nation of Somalia. In 1969, a coup headed by Mohamed SIAD Barre ushered in an authoritarian socialist rule that managed to impose a degree of stability in the country for more than two decades. After the regime's collapse early in 1991, Somalia descended into turmoil, factional fighting, and anarchy. In May 1991, northern clans declared an independent Republic of Somaliland that now includes the administrative regions of Awdal, Woqooyi Galbeed, Togdheer, Sanaag, and Sool. Although not recognized by any government, this entity has maintained a stable existence and continues efforts to establish a constitutional democracy, including holding municipal, parliamentary, and presidential elections. The regions of Bari, Nugaal, and northern Mudug comprise a neighboring semi-autonomous state of Puntland, which has been self-governing since 1998 but does not aim at independence; it has also made strides toward reconstructing a legitimate, representative government but has suffered some civil strife. Puntland disputes its border with Somaliland as it also claims portions of eastern Sool and Sanaag. Beginning in 1993, a two-year UN humanitarian effort (primarily in the south) was able to alleviate famine conditions, but when the UN withdrew in 1995, having suffered significant casualties, order still had not been restored. A two-year peace process, led by the Government of Kenya under the auspices of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), concluded in October 2004 with the election of Abdullahi YUSUF Ahmed as President of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) of Somalia and the formation of an interim government, known as the Somalia Transitional Federal Institutions (TFIs). The TFIs included a 275-member parliamentary body, known as the Transitional Federal Assembly (TFA). President YUSUF resigned late in 2008 while United Nations-sponsored talks between the TFG and the opposition Alliance for the Re-Liberation of Somalia (ARS) were underway in Djibouti. In January 2009, following the creation of a TFG-ARS unity government, Ethiopian military forces, which had entered Somalia in December 2006 to support the TFG in the face of advances by the opposition Islamic Courts Union (ICU), withdrew from the country. The TFA was increased to 550 seats with the addition of 200 ARS and 75 civil society members of parliament. The expanded parliament elected Sheikh SHARIF Sheikh Ahmed, the former CIC and ARS chairman as president on 31 January 2009, in Djibouti. Subsequently, President SHARIF appointed Omar Abdirashid ali SHARMARKE, son of a former president of Somalia, as prime minister on 13 February 2009. The TFIs are based on the Transitional Federal Charter (TFC), which outlines a five-year mandate leading to the establishment of a new Somali constitution and a transition to a representative government following national elections. However, in January 2009 the TFA amended the TFC to extend TFG's mandate until 2011. While its institutions remain weak, the TFG continues to reach out to Somali stakeholders and to work with international donors to help build the governance capacity of the TFIs and to work toward national elections in 2011.

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References

Somalia - Wikipedia
Somalia - CIA World Fact Book
Somalia - BBC
Somalia - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
The UN's Next Genocide in Somalia - teleSUR English

teleSUR English

The UN's Next Genocide in Somalia
teleSUR English
The ongoing war in Somalia was started by the U.N. back in 2006 when the U.N. and A.U., and ultimately the United States, sanctioned the Ethiopian army to invade Somalia and overthrow the existing government headed by the Union of Islamic Courts.



Joint military efforts weaken Shabaab's control in Somalia - Daily Nation

Daily Nation

Joint military efforts weaken Shabaab's control in Somalia
Daily Nation
Ugandan soldiers patrol a backstreet in the southern town of Merka, 90kms north of Somalia's capital Mogadishu, on July 17, 2016, as part of the African Union Mission in Somalia (Amisom). The country's foreign minister has said that Amisom has ...
Somalia: Moving Out Of The Shadows Of War And Poverty And On The Road To StabilityHuffington Post UK
Somalia's parliamentary election postponed againafricanews
East Africa: Museveni's Trip Exposes Somalia's Teething ProblemsAllAfrica.com
Garowe Online -Reliefweb (plain) -NTV Uganda
all 36 news articles »


Invoking Somalia comment, Digvijaya Singh thanks PM Modi for hailing Kerala as God's country - The Indian Express

The Indian Express

Invoking Somalia comment, Digvijaya Singh thanks PM Modi for hailing Kerala as God's country
The Indian Express
Congress leader Digvijay Singh on Monday invoked Prime Minister's May speech wherein he had “compared” Kerala with “impoverished Somalia” and expressed gratefulness that Narendra Modi's perception “changed” and he has now hailed the state as ...
Invoking Somalia, Digvijay Congratulates Modi For Terming Kerala God's Own CountryNews18

all 3 news articles »


The Latest: Somalia Says Al-Shabab Is Defeated Militarily - ABC News

UN News Centre

The Latest: Somalia Says Al-Shabab Is Defeated Militarily
ABC News
Somalia's Foreign Minister Abdisalam Omer says that as a result of successful joint operations by the Somali military and the African Union's peacekeeping force "we have militarily defeated the evil that is al-Shabab." He said the al-Shabab extremist ...
At UN leader's debate, Somalia calls for unity to address global challengesUN News Centre
Somalia says al-Shabab is defeated militarilyThe Daily Star

all 20 news articles »


Somalia: Kenya Offers US$20000 Bounty for Terror Suspect - AllAfrica.com

Somalia: Kenya Offers US$20000 Bounty for Terror Suspect
AllAfrica.com
The East African nation is building the security wall along its border with Somalia in a bid to keep out Al-Shabaab and boost security after a wave of attacks that have claimed scores of lives and provoked severe criticism of the government's response.



Somalia: To Fight Hunger, Somali Farmers Turn to Ugandan Roots - AllAfrica.com

Somalia: To Fight Hunger, Somali Farmers Turn to Ugandan Roots
AllAfrica.com
Selele — Could growing cassava and sweet potato help Somali families become more resilient to drought? Amina Shale, a Somali farmer, says worsening droughts and ever more unpredictable weather are making getting a crop ever harder. "It can take a ...

and more »


Soldiers in Somalia have received pay - The Star, Kenya

The Star, Kenya

Soldiers in Somalia have received pay
The Star, Kenya
The Kenyan soldiers fighting al Shabaab in Somalia have received their pay and allowances, the Presidency announced yesterday. State House Spokesman Manoah Esipisu said an agreement was signed between Amisom and the European Union, under ...



Somalia facing one of its worst food crises, 5 million left hungry: UN report - Hindustan Times

Hindustan Times

Somalia facing one of its worst food crises, 5 million left hungry: UN report
Hindustan Times
She and her family returned to Somalia five months ago after several years in a refugee camp in neighbouring Kenya, but she regrets that now. “We decided to return home voluntarily, but that was a wrong decision,” the mother of six said. “The small ...
Somalia food crisis: 300000 children need help, says UNBBC News
Kenya denies Somalia's claim on maritime boundary disputeDaily Nation
AF--Somalia-HungerYahoo News
Washington Post -ReliefWeb (www) -Business Daily (press release) (blog)
all 95 news articles »


Shabaab claims pro-government militias surrender in central Somalia - Long War Journal

Long War Journal

Shabaab claims pro-government militias surrender in central Somalia
Long War Journal
One of Shabaab's main radio stations in Somalia has published a report claiming “dozens” of pro-government militiamen in central Somalia hasve surrendered to the al Qaeda branch in recent days. This reportedly occurred in the Galguduud Region, where ...



Somalia's Presidential Election for 14000 People - Foreign Policy (blog)

Foreign Policy (blog)

Somalia's Presidential Election for 14000 People
Foreign Policy (blog)
MOGADISHU, Somalia — The proliferation of billboards and glossy campaign fliers, plastered across windshields and storefronts here, gives the impression of a hard-fought battle for Somali votes. But the coming parliamentary and presidential elections, ...
Shabaab captures town in central SomaliaLong War Journal
Theresa May: UK will send more troops to Somalia to fight Al-ShabaabITV News
Hundreds of UK soldiers heading to Somalia to train forces tackling al-Shabaab terror groupMirror.co.uk
Fox News -PoliticsHome.com
all 28 news articles »