Somalia

Country Somalia
Capital Mogadishu
Continent Africa
Currency Somali Shilling(SOS)
Languages Somali & Arabic

Mogadishu

Information

Introduction

Britain withdrew from British Somaliland in 1960 to allow its protectorate to join with Italian Somaliland and form the new nation of Somalia. In 1969, a coup headed by Mohamed SIAD Barre ushered in an authoritarian socialist rule that managed to impose a degree of stability in the country for more than two decades. After the regime's collapse early in 1991, Somalia descended into turmoil, factional fighting, and anarchy. In May 1991, northern clans declared an independent Republic of Somaliland that now includes the administrative regions of Awdal, Woqooyi Galbeed, Togdheer, Sanaag, and Sool. Although not recognized by any government, this entity has maintained a stable existence and continues efforts to establish a constitutional democracy, including holding municipal, parliamentary, and presidential elections. The regions of Bari, Nugaal, and northern Mudug comprise a neighboring semi-autonomous state of Puntland, which has been self-governing since 1998 but does not aim at independence; it has also made strides toward reconstructing a legitimate, representative government but has suffered some civil strife. Puntland disputes its border with Somaliland as it also claims portions of eastern Sool and Sanaag. Beginning in 1993, a two-year UN humanitarian effort (primarily in the south) was able to alleviate famine conditions, but when the UN withdrew in 1995, having suffered significant casualties, order still had not been restored. A two-year peace process, led by the Government of Kenya under the auspices of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), concluded in October 2004 with the election of Abdullahi YUSUF Ahmed as President of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) of Somalia and the formation of an interim government, known as the Somalia Transitional Federal Institutions (TFIs). The TFIs included a 275-member parliamentary body, known as the Transitional Federal Assembly (TFA). President YUSUF resigned late in 2008 while United Nations-sponsored talks between the TFG and the opposition Alliance for the Re-Liberation of Somalia (ARS) were underway in Djibouti. In January 2009, following the creation of a TFG-ARS unity government, Ethiopian military forces, which had entered Somalia in December 2006 to support the TFG in the face of advances by the opposition Islamic Courts Union (ICU), withdrew from the country. The TFA was increased to 550 seats with the addition of 200 ARS and 75 civil society members of parliament. The expanded parliament elected Sheikh SHARIF Sheikh Ahmed, the former CIC and ARS chairman as president on 31 January 2009, in Djibouti. Subsequently, President SHARIF appointed Omar Abdirashid ali SHARMARKE, son of a former president of Somalia, as prime minister on 13 February 2009. The TFIs are based on the Transitional Federal Charter (TFC), which outlines a five-year mandate leading to the establishment of a new Somali constitution and a transition to a representative government following national elections. However, in January 2009 the TFA amended the TFC to extend TFG's mandate until 2011. While its institutions remain weak, the TFG continues to reach out to Somali stakeholders and to work with international donors to help build the governance capacity of the TFIs and to work toward national elections in 2011.

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References

Somalia - Wikipedia
Somalia - CIA World Fact Book
Somalia - BBC
Somalia - Timeline - BBC

Cities

Links

News Headlines

Google News
Thousands march in Somalia after attack that killed more than 300 - The Guardian

The Guardian

Thousands march in Somalia after attack that killed more than 300
The Guardian
Thousands of Somalis have demonstrated against those behind the bombing that killed more than 300 people at the weekend, defying police who opened fire to keep them away from the site of the attack. Wearing red headbands, the crowd of mostly young ...
Why Isn't Somalia's '9/11' Drawing as Much Global Attention?Newsweek
Thousands protest al-Shabab as new details of Somalia truck bombing emergeWashington Post
Somalia blast toll tops 300The Herald
Anadolu Agency -The Hindu -ABC News
all 230 news articles »


Lewiston man says his brother was killed in blast in Somalia | WGME - WGME

WGME

Lewiston man says his brother was killed in blast in Somalia | WGME
WGME
LEWISTON, Maine (AP) -- A Maine man says his brother was one of the more than 300 people killed in a bomb blast in Mogadishu, Somalia.

and more »


After Years of Progress, a Deadly Setback in Somalia - The New Yorker

The New Yorker

After Years of Progress, a Deadly Setback in Somalia
The New Yorker
The district of Hodan, in Mogadishu, the capital of Somalia, exemplifies the city's transformation in recent years. Visitors can find open-air pizza restaurants, ice-cream parlors and shisha bars, hotels and restaurants, barrow boys hawking bananas and ...
In Somalia, hope fades in desperate search for missingABC News
Somalia bombing may have been revenge for botched US-led ...The Guardian
Photos: al-Qaeda-linked militants kill more than 320 in Somalia truck bomb attackVox
NBCNews.com -BBC News -The Independent
all 405 news articles »


Somalia truck bombing toll over 300 as scores missing - Chicago Tribune

Chicago Tribune

Somalia truck bombing toll over 300 as scores missing
Chicago Tribune
Still, analysts said there was little doubt the Islamic extremist group carried out the bombing, one of the deadliest in sub-Saharan Africa. "No other group in Somalia has the capacity to put together a bomb of this size, in this nature," said Matt ...
Somalia truck bombing toll over 300, scores remain missingWashington Post
Somalia bombing death toll passes 300 reportFinancial Times
Somalia car bombings kill at least 300CNN
TIME -Aljazeera.com
all 871 news articles »


Pope expresses sorrow over Somalia bomb attack - Daily Nation

Daily Nation

Pope expresses sorrow over Somalia bomb attack
Daily Nation
"I pray for the conversion of the violent and send my encouragement to all those who, in the face of enormous difficulties, work for peace in this martyred country," Pope Francis said at his weekly audience in St Peter's square. No-one has claimed ...



A Lifeline for Millions in Somalia, Money Remittance Industry Seeks ... - Voice of America

Voice of America

A Lifeline for Millions in Somalia, Money Remittance Industry Seeks ...
Voice of America
Many banks have pulled out of the remittance industry over compliance fears.

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The Brief: Mahmoud Hussein in jail, Kirkuk, Somalia - Aljazeera.com

Aljazeera.com

The Brief: Mahmoud Hussein in jail, Kirkuk, Somalia
Aljazeera.com
Heartache continues in Somalia, as the death toll from a truck bombing has risen above 300 people. Has the media covered this enough? And is the world as sympathetic to the victims of this attack as they would be if the blast took place in Europe or ...



IOM Somalia Humanitarian Response Update #7, September 2017 - ReliefWeb

ReliefWeb

IOM Somalia Humanitarian Response Update #7, September 2017
ReliefWeb
As severe drought conditions continue, the overall nutrition situation has continued to deteriorate, especially in northern and central parts of the country. The 2017 Post Gu Seasonal Food Security and Nutrition Assessment conducted across Somalia ...

and more »


Pope Francis prays for victims of Somalia massacre - Catholic News Agency

Catholic News Agency

Pope Francis prays for victims of Somalia massacre
Catholic News Agency
On Wednesday, Pope Francis offered prayers for the more than 300 victims of a terrorist bombing in the African country of Somalia, one of the most lethal attacks to take place anywhere in the world in recent years. I would like to express my sorrow ...

and more »


A bomb blast in Somalia's capital exposes the government's failures - The Economist

The Economist

A bomb blast in Somalia's capital exposes the government's failures
The Economist
How many civil wars are going to take place till Somalia wakes up to the fact that the war being tackled is either one of ideology or one of religious fundamentalism. Two opposing ideas, in an predominant Muslim nation, has seen nothing but anguish.