Somalia

Country Somalia
Capital Mogadishu
Continent Africa
Currency Somali Shilling(SOS)
Languages Somali & Arabic

Mogadishu

Information

Introduction

Britain withdrew from British Somaliland in 1960 to allow its protectorate to join with Italian Somaliland and form the new nation of Somalia. In 1969, a coup headed by Mohamed SIAD Barre ushered in an authoritarian socialist rule that managed to impose a degree of stability in the country for more than two decades. After the regime's collapse early in 1991, Somalia descended into turmoil, factional fighting, and anarchy. In May 1991, northern clans declared an independent Republic of Somaliland that now includes the administrative regions of Awdal, Woqooyi Galbeed, Togdheer, Sanaag, and Sool. Although not recognized by any government, this entity has maintained a stable existence and continues efforts to establish a constitutional democracy, including holding municipal, parliamentary, and presidential elections. The regions of Bari, Nugaal, and northern Mudug comprise a neighboring semi-autonomous state of Puntland, which has been self-governing since 1998 but does not aim at independence; it has also made strides toward reconstructing a legitimate, representative government but has suffered some civil strife. Puntland disputes its border with Somaliland as it also claims portions of eastern Sool and Sanaag. Beginning in 1993, a two-year UN humanitarian effort (primarily in the south) was able to alleviate famine conditions, but when the UN withdrew in 1995, having suffered significant casualties, order still had not been restored. A two-year peace process, led by the Government of Kenya under the auspices of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), concluded in October 2004 with the election of Abdullahi YUSUF Ahmed as President of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) of Somalia and the formation of an interim government, known as the Somalia Transitional Federal Institutions (TFIs). The TFIs included a 275-member parliamentary body, known as the Transitional Federal Assembly (TFA). President YUSUF resigned late in 2008 while United Nations-sponsored talks between the TFG and the opposition Alliance for the Re-Liberation of Somalia (ARS) were underway in Djibouti. In January 2009, following the creation of a TFG-ARS unity government, Ethiopian military forces, which had entered Somalia in December 2006 to support the TFG in the face of advances by the opposition Islamic Courts Union (ICU), withdrew from the country. The TFA was increased to 550 seats with the addition of 200 ARS and 75 civil society members of parliament. The expanded parliament elected Sheikh SHARIF Sheikh Ahmed, the former CIC and ARS chairman as president on 31 January 2009, in Djibouti. Subsequently, President SHARIF appointed Omar Abdirashid ali SHARMARKE, son of a former president of Somalia, as prime minister on 13 February 2009. The TFIs are based on the Transitional Federal Charter (TFC), which outlines a five-year mandate leading to the establishment of a new Somali constitution and a transition to a representative government following national elections. However, in January 2009 the TFA amended the TFC to extend TFG's mandate until 2011. While its institutions remain weak, the TFG continues to reach out to Somali stakeholders and to work with international donors to help build the governance capacity of the TFIs and to work toward national elections in 2011.

[+] Geography

[+] People

[+] Government

Video

Map


View Larger Map

References

Somalia - Wikipedia
Somalia - CIA World Fact Book
Somalia - BBC
Somalia - Timeline - BBC

Cities

Links

News Headlines

Google News
UN: Somalia Food Situation Improving, But Still at Risk - Voice of America

Voice of America

UN: Somalia Food Situation Improving, But Still at Risk
Voice of America
NAIROBI, KENYA—. The U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization says food security in Somalia has actually improved of late, following years of drought. But as experts point out, Somalia's food situation is still far from normal. The disastrous dry spells ...
UN Forecasts 'Worrisome' 2015 Outlook On Humanitarian FrontAllAfrica.com

all 36 news articles »


Somalia: Al-Shabab Leader Says He Has Quit Terror Group - ABC News

U.S. News & World Report

Somalia: Al-Shabab Leader Says He Has Quit Terror Group
ABC News
A leader of Somalia's Islamic extremist group al-Shabab with a $3 million bounty on his head announced Tuesday he has quit the insurgency and renounced violence perpetrated by the al Qaida-linked group. Zakariya Ismail Hersi, who was al-Shabab's ...
Somalia: Al-Shabab leader says he has quit al-Qaida-linked terror group and ...U.S. News & World Report
Somalia: Al-Shabaab Intelligence Zaki Rejected Terror IdeologyGeeska Afrika
Somali President Renews Amnesty Offer for Al-Shabab MembersVoice of America

all 106 news articles »


Why Erdogan's media sees British conspiracy in Somalia - Al-Monitor

ITV News

Why Erdogan's media sees British conspiracy in Somalia
Al-Monitor
On Jan. 22, a car bomb exploded at the gate of a Mogadishu hotel, where a Turkish team was getting ready to welcome Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan. No Turkish nationals were among the six victims, yet the suicide attack was interpreted by both ...
Somalia shows signs of recovery and optimism after decades of turmoilITV News
HASAN KANBOLATToday's Zaman
Erdogan welcomed with great fanfare in SomaliaSabahi Online

all 86 news articles »


Somalia's Year of Delivery - AllAfrica.com

Horseed Media

Somalia's Year of Delivery
AllAfrica.com
By Webheraldpressh*. Nicholas Kay, the Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General to Somalia, has expressed some optimism over progress in Somalia. In an article for Al Jazeera, he looks back on 2014 and forward to 2015, noting that Somalia is ...
UN and US Envoys urge Somalia lawmakers to approve New CabinetHorseed Media
Somalia: United States Welcomes the Announcement of the Nomination of a ...Raxanreeb Online
Ambassador Nicholas Kay Digresses from the pivotal reality in Somaliasomalicurrent
Gbooza -www.worldbulletin.net -Daily Journal
all 19 news articles »


Somalia: Taxi Driver Suspected terror Brother is No-fly-list - Geeska Afrika

Geeska Afrika

Somalia: Taxi Driver Suspected terror Brother is No-fly-list
Geeska Afrika
By Matthew Barakat (AP) – The FBI on Thursday added a former taxi driver from northern Virginia to its list of most-wanted terrorists, saying he was a recruiter for the Al-Shabaab terror group in Somalia. An arrest warrant, originally issued in ...
Latest from IranPress TV
FBI adds suspected Somali-American militant to 'Most Wanted Terrorist' listReuters
APNewsBreak: Suspected terrorist brother of no-fly-list manChicago Daily Herald
Chicago Tribune
all 206 news articles »


Calif. Bank's Decision Imperils US-Somalia Money Pipeline - American Banker

Calif. Bank's Decision Imperils US-Somalia Money Pipeline
American Banker
Calif. Bank's Decision Imperils U.S.-Somalia Money Pipeline. by Kevin Wack. JAN 30, 2015 7:35am ET. The ability of Somali-Americans to send cash home to their relatives is again in peril after a California bank decided to stop facilitating the money ...



Somalia: Going Back To The Future Is Not Politically Correct - Strategy Page

Geeska Afrika

Somalia: Going Back To The Future Is Not Politically Correct
Strategy Page
January 30, 2015: The African nations contributing most of the peacekeepers in Somalia are getting impatient with the Somali Army. This force was supposed to be near its ultimate strength (50,000 troops) and ready to take over from the peacekeepers by ...
Mental Health Issues Part of Al-Shabaab's Legacy in SomaliaAllAfrica.com
14 killed in Al Shabab attack in SomaliaZee News
Somalia: President called for more defectionsGeeska Afrika

all 20 news articles »


Turkish president in Somalia to launch development projects - U.S. News & World Report

U.S. News & World Report

Turkish president in Somalia to launch development projects
U.S. News & World Report
Turkey's President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, left, and Somalia President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud attend a ceremony in the capital Mogadishu, Sunday Jan. 25, 2015. Under tight security Turkish President, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, launched development ...
Erdogan delays Somalia trip to attend Saudi king's funeralReuters
Turkish president pledges more investment for war-torn SomaliaYahoo News
Turkish president visits war-torn SomaliaHurriyet Daily News
Yahoo News UK -Daily Sabah
all 537 news articles »


Somalia's Rebirth Validates Ethiopia's Efforts and Sacrifices - AllAfrica.com

Somalia's Rebirth Validates Ethiopia's Efforts and Sacrifices
AllAfrica.com
For the first time in 24 years, last week, Somalia hosted IGAD's Council of Ministers in what has been applauded as a clear testimony of the changing political and security landscape in Somalia. Indeed, the event clearly showed that Somalia was ...

and more »


Profit and Loss in Somalia - Foreign Policy (blog)

Foreign Policy (blog)

Profit and Loss in Somalia
Foreign Policy (blog)
The unit has a bloody history in Somalia: In October 1993, five Delta operators and 13 other U.S. troops died in a desperate fight with Somali militiamen, hundreds of whom also lost their lives. The battle was later memorialized in the book Black Hawk ...