Somalia

Country Somalia
Capital Mogadishu
Continent Africa
Currency Somali Shilling(SOS)
Languages Somali & Arabic

Mogadishu

Information

Introduction

Britain withdrew from British Somaliland in 1960 to allow its protectorate to join with Italian Somaliland and form the new nation of Somalia. In 1969, a coup headed by Mohamed SIAD Barre ushered in an authoritarian socialist rule that managed to impose a degree of stability in the country for more than two decades. After the regime's collapse early in 1991, Somalia descended into turmoil, factional fighting, and anarchy. In May 1991, northern clans declared an independent Republic of Somaliland that now includes the administrative regions of Awdal, Woqooyi Galbeed, Togdheer, Sanaag, and Sool. Although not recognized by any government, this entity has maintained a stable existence and continues efforts to establish a constitutional democracy, including holding municipal, parliamentary, and presidential elections. The regions of Bari, Nugaal, and northern Mudug comprise a neighboring semi-autonomous state of Puntland, which has been self-governing since 1998 but does not aim at independence; it has also made strides toward reconstructing a legitimate, representative government but has suffered some civil strife. Puntland disputes its border with Somaliland as it also claims portions of eastern Sool and Sanaag. Beginning in 1993, a two-year UN humanitarian effort (primarily in the south) was able to alleviate famine conditions, but when the UN withdrew in 1995, having suffered significant casualties, order still had not been restored. A two-year peace process, led by the Government of Kenya under the auspices of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), concluded in October 2004 with the election of Abdullahi YUSUF Ahmed as President of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) of Somalia and the formation of an interim government, known as the Somalia Transitional Federal Institutions (TFIs). The TFIs included a 275-member parliamentary body, known as the Transitional Federal Assembly (TFA). President YUSUF resigned late in 2008 while United Nations-sponsored talks between the TFG and the opposition Alliance for the Re-Liberation of Somalia (ARS) were underway in Djibouti. In January 2009, following the creation of a TFG-ARS unity government, Ethiopian military forces, which had entered Somalia in December 2006 to support the TFG in the face of advances by the opposition Islamic Courts Union (ICU), withdrew from the country. The TFA was increased to 550 seats with the addition of 200 ARS and 75 civil society members of parliament. The expanded parliament elected Sheikh SHARIF Sheikh Ahmed, the former CIC and ARS chairman as president on 31 January 2009, in Djibouti. Subsequently, President SHARIF appointed Omar Abdirashid ali SHARMARKE, son of a former president of Somalia, as prime minister on 13 February 2009. The TFIs are based on the Transitional Federal Charter (TFC), which outlines a five-year mandate leading to the establishment of a new Somali constitution and a transition to a representative government following national elections. However, in January 2009 the TFA amended the TFC to extend TFG's mandate until 2011. While its institutions remain weak, the TFG continues to reach out to Somali stakeholders and to work with international donors to help build the governance capacity of the TFIs and to work toward national elections in 2011.

[+] Geography

[+] People

[+] Government

Video

Map


View Larger Map

References

Somalia - Wikipedia
Somalia - CIA World Fact Book
Somalia - BBC
Somalia - Timeline - BBC

Cities

Links

News Headlines

Google News
Somalia: Seven Militants Killed in First Military Clash With ISIS-Aligned Forces - Newsweek

Newsweek

Somalia: Seven Militants Killed in First Military Clash With ISIS-Aligned Forces
Newsweek
The governor of Bari, a region in the semi-autonomous Puntland state in northeastern Somalia, told Voice of America's (VOA) Somali service that Puntland security forces had killed seven militants after encountering a landmine laid by the group, which ...
Somalia Security Forces and IS Fighters Directly Clash for First TimeVoice of America
Troops kill 7 Daesh-linked militants in northern SomaliaPress TV
7 ISIS militants killed in SomaliaAMN Al-Masdar News (registration)
Garowe Online -Xinhua -defenceWeb
all 30 news articles »


Is it time to re-open the Somalia probe? - iPolitics - iPolitics.ca (subscription)

iPolitics.ca (subscription)

Is it time to re-open the Somalia probe? - iPolitics
iPolitics.ca (subscription)
Members of the Canadian Airborne Regiment sprint into position as they arrive to assume responsibility for the airport at Bali Dogle, Somalia, on December 15, ...

and more »


Light to moderate rainfall in the South; northern and central regions remain dry - ReliefWeb

ReliefWeb

Light to moderate rainfall in the South; northern and central regions remain dry
ReliefWeb
River water levels in both the Juba and Shabelle Rivers continue to decline due to limited rainfall both in Somalia and in the Ethiopian highlands. In Beledweyn of Hiiran, water levels in the Shabelle River fell from 3.2 meters on November 20 to 2.55 ...



100 Women 2016: Somalia's fight to save childbirth mums - BBC News - BBC News

100 Women 2016: Somalia's fight to save childbirth mums - BBC News
BBC News
Despite not having been paid for months, these surgeons are fighting for lives on childbirth wards.

and more »


Fears Britain's £500 billion donation to Somalia could be misused by ... - The Sun

The Sun

Fears Britain's £500 billion donation to Somalia could be misused by ...
The Sun
BRITAIN is donating more than half a billion pounds to war-ravaged Somalia – despite concluding there is a “certain” risk the funds could be snapped up by ...

and more »


US|From Somalia to US: Ohio State Attacker's Path to Violence - New York Times

New York Times

US|From Somalia to US: Ohio State Attacker's Path to Violence
New York Times
Abdul Razak Artan lived in Pakistan after fleeing Somalia. Credit Sara Farid for The New York Times. COLUMBUS, Ohio — The young refugee smiled broadly as he accepted his associate degree from a local community college less than seven months ago, ...
Ohio State Attacker IDed as Teen Refugee From SomaliaNewser
Ohio State attacker identified as 18-year-old student from SomaliaWOWT
Deceased Ohio State attacker identified as Somali refugee Abdul Razak Ali ArtanRT
WND.com
all 3,943 news articles »


OCHA Somalia Flash Update - Humanitarian impact of fighting in ... - ReliefWeb

ReliefWeb

OCHA Somalia Flash Update - Humanitarian impact of fighting in ...
ReliefWeb
Situation Overview On 3 December, Puntland Security Forces (PSF) and Darawish soldiers launched an offensive to retake the coastal town of Qandala in Bari ...

and more »


Somalia: US Warplane Bombs Al Shabaab Bases in Southern of Somalia - AllAfrica.com

Somalia: US Warplane Bombs Al Shabaab Bases in Southern of Somalia
AllAfrica.com
Somali commandos unity backed by US Special Forces with helicopters bombed Al shabaab bases at Omar Beere location in lower shabelle region of Somalia overnight. Local residents said the missiles fired by the warplanes on struck the fighters' outpost.



End violence against girls - Somalia | ReliefWeb - ReliefWeb

ReliefWeb

End violence against girls - Somalia | ReliefWeb
ReliefWeb
Batula is a traditional birth attendant and has been working for the past 25 years. Because of her reputation and medical skills, many families take girls to her ...

and more »


?Somalia: Somaliland Elders want election venue moved to ... - Garowe Online

Garowe Online

?Somalia: Somaliland Elders want election venue moved to ...
Garowe Online
A letter signed by 11 Somaliland elders was sent to the country's Federal electoral commission, in which they demanded the election venue to be shifted to...

and more »