Somalia

Country Somalia
Capital Mogadishu
Continent Africa
Currency Somali Shilling(SOS)
Languages Somali & Arabic

Mogadishu

Information

Introduction

Britain withdrew from British Somaliland in 1960 to allow its protectorate to join with Italian Somaliland and form the new nation of Somalia. In 1969, a coup headed by Mohamed SIAD Barre ushered in an authoritarian socialist rule that managed to impose a degree of stability in the country for more than two decades. After the regime's collapse early in 1991, Somalia descended into turmoil, factional fighting, and anarchy. In May 1991, northern clans declared an independent Republic of Somaliland that now includes the administrative regions of Awdal, Woqooyi Galbeed, Togdheer, Sanaag, and Sool. Although not recognized by any government, this entity has maintained a stable existence and continues efforts to establish a constitutional democracy, including holding municipal, parliamentary, and presidential elections. The regions of Bari, Nugaal, and northern Mudug comprise a neighboring semi-autonomous state of Puntland, which has been self-governing since 1998 but does not aim at independence; it has also made strides toward reconstructing a legitimate, representative government but has suffered some civil strife. Puntland disputes its border with Somaliland as it also claims portions of eastern Sool and Sanaag. Beginning in 1993, a two-year UN humanitarian effort (primarily in the south) was able to alleviate famine conditions, but when the UN withdrew in 1995, having suffered significant casualties, order still had not been restored. A two-year peace process, led by the Government of Kenya under the auspices of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), concluded in October 2004 with the election of Abdullahi YUSUF Ahmed as President of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) of Somalia and the formation of an interim government, known as the Somalia Transitional Federal Institutions (TFIs). The TFIs included a 275-member parliamentary body, known as the Transitional Federal Assembly (TFA). President YUSUF resigned late in 2008 while United Nations-sponsored talks between the TFG and the opposition Alliance for the Re-Liberation of Somalia (ARS) were underway in Djibouti. In January 2009, following the creation of a TFG-ARS unity government, Ethiopian military forces, which had entered Somalia in December 2006 to support the TFG in the face of advances by the opposition Islamic Courts Union (ICU), withdrew from the country. The TFA was increased to 550 seats with the addition of 200 ARS and 75 civil society members of parliament. The expanded parliament elected Sheikh SHARIF Sheikh Ahmed, the former CIC and ARS chairman as president on 31 January 2009, in Djibouti. Subsequently, President SHARIF appointed Omar Abdirashid ali SHARMARKE, son of a former president of Somalia, as prime minister on 13 February 2009. The TFIs are based on the Transitional Federal Charter (TFC), which outlines a five-year mandate leading to the establishment of a new Somali constitution and a transition to a representative government following national elections. However, in January 2009 the TFA amended the TFC to extend TFG's mandate until 2011. While its institutions remain weak, the TFG continues to reach out to Somali stakeholders and to work with international donors to help build the governance capacity of the TFIs and to work toward national elections in 2011.

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References

Somalia - Wikipedia
Somalia - CIA World Fact Book
Somalia - BBC
Somalia - Timeline - BBC

Cities

Links

News Headlines

Google News
Somalia: Al-Shabab attack at Nasa Hablod hotel kills 15 - Aljazeera.com

Aljazeera.com

Somalia: Al-Shabab attack at Nasa Hablod hotel kills 15
Aljazeera.com
A suicide bomber detonated an explosives-laden vehicle at the gate of a hotel in Somalia's capital, Mogadishu, which was followed by a second explosion with attackers fighting their way inside the building. Armed group al-Shabab claimed responsibility ...
Somalia: Tributes to minister killed in al-Shabab hotel attackBBC News
At Least 14 Killed in Somalia Hotel Attack; Police Say EndedNew York Times
At least 15 dead after al-Shabaab fighters storm Somalia hotelNew York Post
NPR -The Australian
all 258 news articles »


Rocky future for Somalia's ancient cave art - CTV News

CTV News

Rocky future for Somalia's ancient cave art
CTV News
Centuries have passed since Neolithic artists swirled red and white colour on the cliffs of northern Somalia, painting antelopes, cattle, giraffes and hunters carrying bows and arrows. Today, the paintings at Laas Geel in the self-declared state of ...

and more »


Gunmen take guests hostage after blast at Somalia hotel - Toronto Sun

Toronto Sun

Gunmen take guests hostage after blast at Somalia hotel
Toronto Sun
MOGADISHU, Somalia -- Gunmen who stormed a hotel in Somalia's capital have taken an unknown number of hotel guests hostage, police said Saturday, as the attackers set up snipers on the rooftop and threw grenades. Islamic extremist group al-Shabab ...



Uganda to pull AMISOM troops out of Somalia by end of 2017 - The Standard Digital News (press release) (blog)

The Standard Digital News (press release) (blog)

Uganda to pull AMISOM troops out of Somalia by end of 2017
The Standard Digital News (press release) (blog)
Uganda deployed in Somalia in 2007, the first of several troop contingents from the region in the African Union-mandated AMISOM force formed to combat al Shabaab Islamist militants, who had established a power base in the Horn of African country.

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Somalia: 150000 Refugees to Leave Camp By December - AllAfrica.com

AllAfrica.com

Somalia: 150000 Refugees to Leave Camp By December
AllAfrica.com
The meeting was attended by Foreign Affairs and Investment Promotion Minister of Somalia Dr Abdusalam Hadliye Omer and UNHCR's Filippo Grandi. The CS said: "The commission directed the tripartite technical committee to conclude concrete operational ...
Joint Communiqué: Ministerial Tripartite Commission for the Voluntary Repatriation of Somali Refugees from Kenya to ...UNHCR

all 62 news articles »


At least 14 killed in Somalia hotel attack - London Free Press

London Free Press

At least 14 killed in Somalia hotel attack
London Free Press
MOGADISHU, Somalia -- Gunmen stormed a hotel in Somalia's seaside capital Saturday, taking guests hostage and "shooting at everyone they could see," before security forces pursued the grenade-throwing assailants to the top floor and ended the ...



Somalia: Two Blasts Heard Near KDF Military Camp in Bardere - AllAfrica.com

Citizen TV (press release)

Somalia: Two Blasts Heard Near KDF Military Camp in Bardere
AllAfrica.com
Two Powerful explosions were heard on Sunday morning near a military camp belonging to Kenyan defense forces (KDF) in Bardere city of Gedo region. A bomb-disposal unit member was confirmed dead as he was trying to defuse a IEDs planted outside the ...
Khalwale, Mudavadi renew calls for KDF exit from SomaliaCitizen TV (press release)

all 3 news articles »


Somalia attack: Hostage crisis after suicide bomber and gunmen target hotel in Mogadishu - The Independent

The Independent

Somalia attack: Hostage crisis after suicide bomber and gunmen target hotel in Mogadishu
The Independent
A suicide bomber and gunmen have stormed a hotel in Mogadishu, where an unknown number of guests and staff were being held hostage. A huge blast rocked the Somali capital on Saturday afternoon as a suicide bomber detonated a car bomb, before ...

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QC supports Yemeni refugees in Somalia - Gulf Times

QC supports Yemeni refugees in Somalia
Gulf Times
Qatar Charity (QC) has inaugurated a project to support Yemeni refugees in Somalia through its office there, coinciding with the start of Ramadan. The project is being implemented in line with a request from the Yemeni ambassador in Somalia, to help ...

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Somalia: Iswa Forces Carry Out Security Sweep in Bardaale - AllAfrica.com

Somalia: Iswa Forces Carry Out Security Sweep in Bardaale
AllAfrica.com
The forces of the Somalia's Interim South West Administration (ISWA) have conducted a massive security sweep in the town of Bardale in Bay province on Sunday, an official said. Speaking to Radio Shabelle, the deputy commissioner of Bardale city Ali ...

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