Somalia

Country Somalia
Capital Mogadishu
Continent Africa
Currency Somali Shilling(SOS)
Languages Somali & Arabic

Mogadishu

Information

Introduction

Britain withdrew from British Somaliland in 1960 to allow its protectorate to join with Italian Somaliland and form the new nation of Somalia. In 1969, a coup headed by Mohamed SIAD Barre ushered in an authoritarian socialist rule that managed to impose a degree of stability in the country for more than two decades. After the regime's collapse early in 1991, Somalia descended into turmoil, factional fighting, and anarchy. In May 1991, northern clans declared an independent Republic of Somaliland that now includes the administrative regions of Awdal, Woqooyi Galbeed, Togdheer, Sanaag, and Sool. Although not recognized by any government, this entity has maintained a stable existence and continues efforts to establish a constitutional democracy, including holding municipal, parliamentary, and presidential elections. The regions of Bari, Nugaal, and northern Mudug comprise a neighboring semi-autonomous state of Puntland, which has been self-governing since 1998 but does not aim at independence; it has also made strides toward reconstructing a legitimate, representative government but has suffered some civil strife. Puntland disputes its border with Somaliland as it also claims portions of eastern Sool and Sanaag. Beginning in 1993, a two-year UN humanitarian effort (primarily in the south) was able to alleviate famine conditions, but when the UN withdrew in 1995, having suffered significant casualties, order still had not been restored. A two-year peace process, led by the Government of Kenya under the auspices of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), concluded in October 2004 with the election of Abdullahi YUSUF Ahmed as President of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) of Somalia and the formation of an interim government, known as the Somalia Transitional Federal Institutions (TFIs). The TFIs included a 275-member parliamentary body, known as the Transitional Federal Assembly (TFA). President YUSUF resigned late in 2008 while United Nations-sponsored talks between the TFG and the opposition Alliance for the Re-Liberation of Somalia (ARS) were underway in Djibouti. In January 2009, following the creation of a TFG-ARS unity government, Ethiopian military forces, which had entered Somalia in December 2006 to support the TFG in the face of advances by the opposition Islamic Courts Union (ICU), withdrew from the country. The TFA was increased to 550 seats with the addition of 200 ARS and 75 civil society members of parliament. The expanded parliament elected Sheikh SHARIF Sheikh Ahmed, the former CIC and ARS chairman as president on 31 January 2009, in Djibouti. Subsequently, President SHARIF appointed Omar Abdirashid ali SHARMARKE, son of a former president of Somalia, as prime minister on 13 February 2009. The TFIs are based on the Transitional Federal Charter (TFC), which outlines a five-year mandate leading to the establishment of a new Somali constitution and a transition to a representative government following national elections. However, in January 2009 the TFA amended the TFC to extend TFG's mandate until 2011. While its institutions remain weak, the TFG continues to reach out to Somali stakeholders and to work with international donors to help build the governance capacity of the TFIs and to work toward national elections in 2011.

[+] Geography

[+] People

[+] Government

Video

Map


View Larger Map

References

Somalia - Wikipedia
Somalia - CIA World Fact Book
Somalia - BBC
Somalia - Timeline - BBC

Cities

Links

News Headlines

Google News
Rebuilding Somalia - Aljazeera.com

Aljazeera.com

Rebuilding Somalia
Aljazeera.com
People & Power's Juliana Ruhfus investigates whether Somalia's government is succeeding in building a nation state or whether its political alliances are compromising its credibility. In September 2014, we were invited by the president's office to come ...
Somalia Faces Famine Threat, 3 Million People In Need Of Aid: UNHuffington Post
No Flak Jacket: UN's Ban Ki-Moon Lands in SomaliaABC News
In Somalia, Ban lauds country's progress towards stability, urges 'continuity'UN News Centre
Voice of America -Reuters
all 256 news articles »


Uganda Sends Fresh Troops to Somalia - Wall Street Journal

Wall Street Journal

Uganda Sends Fresh Troops to Somalia
Wall Street Journal
A member of the Ugandan Special Forces under the African Union Mission in Somalia, in an operation to clear a building in the town of Barawe. Ugandan troops and Somalia's army recaptured the strategic port from Islamist militants in early October ...
Uganda Deploys Over 2700 Troops In SomaliaLeadership Newspapers
Somalia: Allied forces repel Al Shabaab attack, 3 militants killedGarowe Online
SOMALIA: AU, Somali officials update on the joint secuity Operation Indian OceanRaxanreeb Online
Diplomat News Network -AllAfrica.com
all 27 news articles »


Put-Up Job for Copenhagen Conference on Somalia - somalicurrent

Put-Up Job for Copenhagen Conference on Somalia
somalicurrent
The Federal Government of Somalia (FGS) and the United Nations Mission in Somalia (UNSOM) are frantically engaged in put-up job for the first Ministerial High Level Partnership Forum (HLPF) Conference on Somalia scheduled to take place in ...

and more »


The World Bank Group in Somalia: Helping to Rebuild State Institutions Piece ... - World Bank Group

The World Bank Group in Somalia: Helping to Rebuild State Institutions Piece ...
World Bank Group
A new World Bank-administered Multi-Partner Fund for Somalia has recently opened a facility to finance emergency expenditures in Somalia's budget and several weeks ago, Mogadishu's federal institutions began receiving salaries and operating support ...



Somalia has first postal service in more than two decades - Minnesota Public Radio News

Somalia has first postal service in more than two decades
Minnesota Public Radio News
... running again for the first time in over two decades. This news comes after the first ATM was installed in Mogadishu earlier in October. Mary Harper, Africa editor for the BBC World Service, joins The Daily Circuit to talk about these developments ...



Somalia: Global Anti-piracy conference in Dubai - Geeska Afrika

gulfnews.com

Somalia: Global Anti-piracy conference in Dubai
Geeska Afrika
The conference was opened by Shaikh Abdullah Bin Zayed Al Nahyan, the UAE Foreign Minister, who passionately spoke of tackling the root causes of piracy off the coast of Somalia through the strengthening of local governments and building local capacity ...
The Fourth Counter-Piracy Conference Held in DubaiAllAfrica.com
Contact Group on Piracy off the Coast of Somalia Meets in Dubaisomalicurrent
'Pirates off Somalia down, but not out'gulfnews.com
Business Insurance
all 53 news articles »


Somalia Pirates release Indian sailors - Horseed Media

Horseed Media

Somalia Pirates release Indian sailors
Horseed Media
Somali pirates released seven Indian hostages after more than four years of captivity, a government official confirmed. The seven sailors were freed in Dhuusamareeb town, located in Central Somalia on Thursday and were flown to the capital. The details ...
Somalia: Somali pirates free seven kidnapped Indian sailorsGarowe Online
All Pirate Captives from Container and Bulk Freight Ships Taken off Somalia ...The Handy Shipping Guide
Somali Pirates Release 7 Indian SailorsVoice of America

all 24 news articles »


At Least Three Million in Somalia in Need of Aid: UN Secretary General - NDTV

NDTV

At Least Three Million in Somalia in Need of Aid: UN Secretary General
NDTV
A month earlier, the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs for Somalia said agencies were unable to meet the needs of 350,000 people who had fled to Mogadishu because they were hindered by a shortage of funds and by violence.



UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon visits Somalia - somalicurrent

somalicurrent

UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon visits Somalia
somalicurrent
United Nations Secretary-General, Ban Ki-moon, and World Bank Group President, Jim Yong Kim, arrived in Mogadishu to pledge support for Somalia's transition and for efforts to strengthen security and development across the wider Horn of Africa region.



Somalia seizes weapons ship - News24

News24

Somalia seizes weapons ship
News24
Meanwhile, United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki-moon and World Bank President Jim Yong Kim arrived in Mogadishu for a visit aimed at supporting Somalia against the al-Shabaab insurgency and in carrying out political reforms with the goal of holding ...