Somalia

Country Somalia
Capital Mogadishu
Continent Africa
Currency Somali Shilling(SOS)
Languages Somali & Arabic

Mogadishu

Information

Introduction

Britain withdrew from British Somaliland in 1960 to allow its protectorate to join with Italian Somaliland and form the new nation of Somalia. In 1969, a coup headed by Mohamed SIAD Barre ushered in an authoritarian socialist rule that managed to impose a degree of stability in the country for more than two decades. After the regime's collapse early in 1991, Somalia descended into turmoil, factional fighting, and anarchy. In May 1991, northern clans declared an independent Republic of Somaliland that now includes the administrative regions of Awdal, Woqooyi Galbeed, Togdheer, Sanaag, and Sool. Although not recognized by any government, this entity has maintained a stable existence and continues efforts to establish a constitutional democracy, including holding municipal, parliamentary, and presidential elections. The regions of Bari, Nugaal, and northern Mudug comprise a neighboring semi-autonomous state of Puntland, which has been self-governing since 1998 but does not aim at independence; it has also made strides toward reconstructing a legitimate, representative government but has suffered some civil strife. Puntland disputes its border with Somaliland as it also claims portions of eastern Sool and Sanaag. Beginning in 1993, a two-year UN humanitarian effort (primarily in the south) was able to alleviate famine conditions, but when the UN withdrew in 1995, having suffered significant casualties, order still had not been restored. A two-year peace process, led by the Government of Kenya under the auspices of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), concluded in October 2004 with the election of Abdullahi YUSUF Ahmed as President of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) of Somalia and the formation of an interim government, known as the Somalia Transitional Federal Institutions (TFIs). The TFIs included a 275-member parliamentary body, known as the Transitional Federal Assembly (TFA). President YUSUF resigned late in 2008 while United Nations-sponsored talks between the TFG and the opposition Alliance for the Re-Liberation of Somalia (ARS) were underway in Djibouti. In January 2009, following the creation of a TFG-ARS unity government, Ethiopian military forces, which had entered Somalia in December 2006 to support the TFG in the face of advances by the opposition Islamic Courts Union (ICU), withdrew from the country. The TFA was increased to 550 seats with the addition of 200 ARS and 75 civil society members of parliament. The expanded parliament elected Sheikh SHARIF Sheikh Ahmed, the former CIC and ARS chairman as president on 31 January 2009, in Djibouti. Subsequently, President SHARIF appointed Omar Abdirashid ali SHARMARKE, son of a former president of Somalia, as prime minister on 13 February 2009. The TFIs are based on the Transitional Federal Charter (TFC), which outlines a five-year mandate leading to the establishment of a new Somali constitution and a transition to a representative government following national elections. However, in January 2009 the TFA amended the TFC to extend TFG's mandate until 2011. While its institutions remain weak, the TFG continues to reach out to Somali stakeholders and to work with international donors to help build the governance capacity of the TFIs and to work toward national elections in 2011.

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References

Somalia - Wikipedia
Somalia - CIA World Fact Book
Somalia - BBC
Somalia - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
EU votes to keep protecting aid to Somalia from pirates - The Guardian

The Guardian

EU votes to keep protecting aid to Somalia from pirates
The Guardian
The European council voted last week to extend the EU naval force's Operation Atalanta until December 2016, saying its main focus is to protect shipments from the UN's World Food Programme (WFP) that pass through pirate waters on the way to Somalia.
Piracy in AfricaThe Economist

all 2 news articles »


Bristol: Paedophile Gang from Somalia Convicted of 40 Child Sex Crimes - International Business Times UK

Garowe Online

Bristol: Paedophile Gang from Somalia Convicted of 40 Child Sex Crimes
International Business Times UK
Thirteen Somali men have been convicted of more than 40 child sex crimes in a shocking case in Bristol. The paedophiles preyed on 10 victims in the south-west city and carried out a string of child exploitation offences, including rape and child ...
Somalia: 13 men guilty of enforced prostitution and rape of vulnerable girls ...Garowe Online
Bristol Somalia sex abuse gang: 13 Somalian men convicted of child sex ...Western Daily Press
Somali Sex Ring In Bristol -- 14 Men Arrested For Grooming Girls Into Sex SlavesThe Inquisitr

all 205 news articles »


Freed Somalia Towns Feel Besieged - Wall Street Journal

Wall Street Journal

Freed Somalia Towns Feel Besieged
Wall Street Journal
HUDUR, Somalia—Women slip into this southern town in the middle of the night with sacks of rice for sale—a lifeline for residents and a move that demonstrates the continued threat from surrounding Islamist militants. Hudur is one of a number of towns ...



Somalia: Déjà Vu with a Vengeance - Garowe Online

Garowe Online

Somalia: Déjà Vu with a Vengeance
Garowe Online
Somalia's current government has long staked its legitimacy on being able to implement a nationwide reconciliation among its warring factions, but the people are now more aggravated about the chronical infighting of the President and his Prime ...
Attempt By President Hassan to Convince MPs Ends Up FruitlessAllAfrica.com
ASSESSING MINISTERIAL HLPF COPENHAGEN CONFERENCE ON SOMALIAsomalicurrent

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Rebuilding Somalia - Aljazeera.com

Aljazeera.com

Rebuilding Somalia
Aljazeera.com
People & Power's Juliana Ruhfus investigates whether Somalia's government is succeeding in building a nation state or whether its political alliances are compromising its credibility. In September 2014, we were invited by the president's office to come ...
At least 3 million in Somalia in need of aid - UN Secretary GeneralReuters
In Somalia, With Security and Peace, Development Will FollowWorld Bank Group
In Somalia, Ban lauds country's progress towards stability, urges 'continuity'somalicurrent
Garowe Online
all 273 news articles »


Somalia's al-Shabab kills 28 non-Muslims in Kenya - Washington Post

CBC.ca

Somalia's al-Shabab kills 28 non-Muslims in Kenya
Washington Post
The bus traveling to the capital Nairobi with 60 passengers was hijacked about 30 miles from the town of Mandera, near Kenya's border with Somalia, said two police officers who spoke on the condition of anonymity because they were ordered not to talk ...
Somalia's al-Shabaab kills 28 non-Muslims in KenyaCBC.ca
Somalia's Al-Shabab Says It Killed 28 In KenyaHuffington Post
Kenya claims anti-Shebab strikes in Somalia after bus attackIBNLive
The Malaysian Insider -Chicago Tribune
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Radio Journalist Gunned Down - International Press Institute (press release)

Radio Journalist Gunned Down
International Press Institute (press release)
Radio journalist Abdirisak Ali Abdi died from gunshot wounds sustained in an attack by two unidentified individuals in a restaurant in Galkayo, Puntland on Nov. 18, 2014. Abdi was a freelance journalist for Puntland-based Radio Daljir and HornCable TV ...



Somalia cannot afford to repeat 'pattern of division, paralysis' – UN ... - UN News Centre

UN News Centre

Somalia cannot afford to repeat 'pattern of division, paralysis' – UN ...
UN News Centre
19 November 2014 – Somalia's positive strides do not mean “plain sailing”, the United Nations political chief stressed today, telling a high-level forum in Copenhagen that the international community must continue to support the Horn of Africa nation ...
UN Envoy to Somalia expresses concern over violence in SomalilandGarowe Online
New Approaches Are Needed for State-Building in SomaliaFair Observer
SOMALIA: Somali President's keynote speech – HLPF CopenhagenRaxanreeb Online
Sabahi Online
all 81 news articles »


Somalia's new bourse sees seven firms listing on opening in 2015 - Reuters

Somalia's new bourse sees seven firms listing on opening in 2015
Reuters
"These are companies built by Somalis themselves and they have the potential to grow and attract international investment," Idd Mohamed, chairman of the Somalia bourse, told Reuters on Tuesday. He did not name the firms. "The Somali companies are ...

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Somalia: TEDx Talks and the Rebirth of Mogadishu - Geeska Afrika

Geeska Afrika

Somalia: TEDx Talks and the Rebirth of Mogadishu
Geeska Afrika
Mogadishu (HAN) November 28, 2014 – Entertainment and Public Diplomacy for Regional Security news. At open Summit: Creating a TED talk in Somalia can be as educational as watching one. What Students Can Learn from Giving TEDx Talks in Somalia.
TEDx Mogadishu lights up Somali Capital againsomalicurrent

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