Somalia

Country Somalia
Capital Mogadishu
Continent Africa
Currency Somali Shilling(SOS)
Languages Somali & Arabic

Mogadishu

Information

Introduction

Britain withdrew from British Somaliland in 1960 to allow its protectorate to join with Italian Somaliland and form the new nation of Somalia. In 1969, a coup headed by Mohamed SIAD Barre ushered in an authoritarian socialist rule that managed to impose a degree of stability in the country for more than two decades. After the regime's collapse early in 1991, Somalia descended into turmoil, factional fighting, and anarchy. In May 1991, northern clans declared an independent Republic of Somaliland that now includes the administrative regions of Awdal, Woqooyi Galbeed, Togdheer, Sanaag, and Sool. Although not recognized by any government, this entity has maintained a stable existence and continues efforts to establish a constitutional democracy, including holding municipal, parliamentary, and presidential elections. The regions of Bari, Nugaal, and northern Mudug comprise a neighboring semi-autonomous state of Puntland, which has been self-governing since 1998 but does not aim at independence; it has also made strides toward reconstructing a legitimate, representative government but has suffered some civil strife. Puntland disputes its border with Somaliland as it also claims portions of eastern Sool and Sanaag. Beginning in 1993, a two-year UN humanitarian effort (primarily in the south) was able to alleviate famine conditions, but when the UN withdrew in 1995, having suffered significant casualties, order still had not been restored. A two-year peace process, led by the Government of Kenya under the auspices of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), concluded in October 2004 with the election of Abdullahi YUSUF Ahmed as President of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) of Somalia and the formation of an interim government, known as the Somalia Transitional Federal Institutions (TFIs). The TFIs included a 275-member parliamentary body, known as the Transitional Federal Assembly (TFA). President YUSUF resigned late in 2008 while United Nations-sponsored talks between the TFG and the opposition Alliance for the Re-Liberation of Somalia (ARS) were underway in Djibouti. In January 2009, following the creation of a TFG-ARS unity government, Ethiopian military forces, which had entered Somalia in December 2006 to support the TFG in the face of advances by the opposition Islamic Courts Union (ICU), withdrew from the country. The TFA was increased to 550 seats with the addition of 200 ARS and 75 civil society members of parliament. The expanded parliament elected Sheikh SHARIF Sheikh Ahmed, the former CIC and ARS chairman as president on 31 January 2009, in Djibouti. Subsequently, President SHARIF appointed Omar Abdirashid ali SHARMARKE, son of a former president of Somalia, as prime minister on 13 February 2009. The TFIs are based on the Transitional Federal Charter (TFC), which outlines a five-year mandate leading to the establishment of a new Somali constitution and a transition to a representative government following national elections. However, in January 2009 the TFA amended the TFC to extend TFG's mandate until 2011. While its institutions remain weak, the TFG continues to reach out to Somali stakeholders and to work with international donors to help build the governance capacity of the TFIs and to work toward national elections in 2011.

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References

Somalia - Wikipedia
Somalia - CIA World Fact Book
Somalia - BBC
Somalia - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

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Tropical cyclone Sagar cause deaths and floods in Somalia, Djibouti ... - Quartz

Quartz



Al Shabaab suicide bomber hits Somalia military convoy - The Star, Kenya

The Star, Kenya

Al Shabaab suicide bomber hits Somalia military convoy
The Star, Kenya
A suicide car bomber from Somalia's Islamist group al Shabaab hit a military convoy outside Mogadishu on Tuesday, causing an unknown number of deaths, a police officer and the group's spokesman told Reuters. The attack targeting a passing military ...



Somalia, U.N. seek $80 million relief aid for flood victims | Africanews - africanews

africanews

Somalia, U.N. seek $80 million relief aid for flood victims | Africanews
africanews
The government of Somalia, together with the United Nations on Sunday launched an appeal for $80 million to provide relief to people affected by recent ...
Somalia and UN appeal for flood relief | Public FinancePublic Finance International
UN, Somalia seek $80 million in immediate relief for flood-affected ...Medafrica Times
Heavy rains, flooding kill 6 in Somalia's capitalwww.worldbulletin.net
UrduPoint News -MENAFN.COM
all 5 news articles »


Al Shabaab suicide bomber hits Somalia military convoy: police - Reuters

Garowe Online

Al Shabaab suicide bomber hits Somalia military convoy: police
Reuters
MOGADISHU (Reuters) - A suicide car bomber from Somalia's Islamist group al Shabaab hit a military convoy outside Mogadishu on Tuesday, causing an unknown number of deaths, a police officer and the group's spokesman told Reuters. The attack ...
Somalia: Car bomb hits military convoy near MogadishuGarowe Online
At least five injured in roadside bomb blast in Somaliacgtn.com
Al-Shabab suicide bomber hits Somalia military convoy: policeThe Daily Star

all 5 news articles »


Cyclone Sagar: At least 15 people killed in Somalia | News | Al ... - Aljazeera.com

Aljazeera.com



Inside Kenya army's war on al Shabaab in Somalia - The Star, Kenya

The Star, Kenya

Inside Kenya army's war on al Shabaab in Somalia
The Star, Kenya
Seven years after Kenya invaded Somalia to tame terror attacks in the Coast and Northeastern by al Shabaab, the army is still lodged in the country. The Kenya Defence Forces have had some ups and downs, but any plans to retreat are pegged back by ...



Watch this rare historical footage of the 1974 AU Summit in Somalia that has been forgotten - Face2Face Africa

Face2Face Africa

Watch this rare historical footage of the 1974 AU Summit in Somalia that has been forgotten
Face2Face Africa
Five years after the 1969 Somali coup, Mogadishu hosted the head of states of the African Union, AU (then the Organisation of African Unity, OAU). President Siad Barre, going by the name Jaalle Siyaad, meaning Comrade Siad, as the chairman of the ...



Mogadishu flooding as heaviest rainfall for 30 years hits Somalia 'killing six people' - The Independent

The Independent

Mogadishu flooding as heaviest rainfall for 30 years hits Somalia 'killing six people'
The Independent
At least six people are thought to have died in Mogadishu as record rainfall brought a wave of flooding and destruction to Somalia. Large storms rocked the southern and central areas of the country on Saturday, including the capital, where water ...
Somalia: Govt and UN Appeal Funds to Help Flood Victims ...AllAfrica.com
Somalia, UN appeal for 80 mln USD for flood victims amid heavy downpourXinhua

all 7 news articles »


Tropical cyclone threatens Somalia and Djibouti - Aljazeera.com

Aljazeera.com

Tropical cyclone threatens Somalia and Djibouti
Aljazeera.com
A small but powerful tropical cyclone is threatening Djibouti and northern parts of Somalia with severe weather within the next 24 hours. 'Sagar' was named by the Indian Meteorological Department on Thursday, after beginning life as a tropical ...
One Dead as Tropical Cyclone Sagar Brings Life-Threatening Flood Threat to Somalia, Djibouti, YemenThe Weather Channel
A Rare Cyclone Is About to Hit SomaliaEarther
Rare Gulf of Aden tropical cyclone to bring flood risk to Somalia, DjiboutiAccuWeather.com
ReliefWeb -Skymet Weather -Garowe Online
all 98 news articles »


Somalia: Southwest leader fires minister and governor amid rift - Garowe Online

Garowe Online

Somalia: Southwest leader fires minister and governor amid rift
Garowe Online
BAIDOA, Somalia - Southwest State president, Sharif Hassan Sheikh Aden has sacked his state minister for the presidency and the governor of the southern ...

and more »