Somalia

Country Somalia
Capital Mogadishu
Continent Africa
Currency Somali Shilling(SOS)
Languages Somali & Arabic

Mogadishu

Information

Introduction

Britain withdrew from British Somaliland in 1960 to allow its protectorate to join with Italian Somaliland and form the new nation of Somalia. In 1969, a coup headed by Mohamed SIAD Barre ushered in an authoritarian socialist rule that managed to impose a degree of stability in the country for more than two decades. After the regime's collapse early in 1991, Somalia descended into turmoil, factional fighting, and anarchy. In May 1991, northern clans declared an independent Republic of Somaliland that now includes the administrative regions of Awdal, Woqooyi Galbeed, Togdheer, Sanaag, and Sool. Although not recognized by any government, this entity has maintained a stable existence and continues efforts to establish a constitutional democracy, including holding municipal, parliamentary, and presidential elections. The regions of Bari, Nugaal, and northern Mudug comprise a neighboring semi-autonomous state of Puntland, which has been self-governing since 1998 but does not aim at independence; it has also made strides toward reconstructing a legitimate, representative government but has suffered some civil strife. Puntland disputes its border with Somaliland as it also claims portions of eastern Sool and Sanaag. Beginning in 1993, a two-year UN humanitarian effort (primarily in the south) was able to alleviate famine conditions, but when the UN withdrew in 1995, having suffered significant casualties, order still had not been restored. A two-year peace process, led by the Government of Kenya under the auspices of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), concluded in October 2004 with the election of Abdullahi YUSUF Ahmed as President of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) of Somalia and the formation of an interim government, known as the Somalia Transitional Federal Institutions (TFIs). The TFIs included a 275-member parliamentary body, known as the Transitional Federal Assembly (TFA). President YUSUF resigned late in 2008 while United Nations-sponsored talks between the TFG and the opposition Alliance for the Re-Liberation of Somalia (ARS) were underway in Djibouti. In January 2009, following the creation of a TFG-ARS unity government, Ethiopian military forces, which had entered Somalia in December 2006 to support the TFG in the face of advances by the opposition Islamic Courts Union (ICU), withdrew from the country. The TFA was increased to 550 seats with the addition of 200 ARS and 75 civil society members of parliament. The expanded parliament elected Sheikh SHARIF Sheikh Ahmed, the former CIC and ARS chairman as president on 31 January 2009, in Djibouti. Subsequently, President SHARIF appointed Omar Abdirashid ali SHARMARKE, son of a former president of Somalia, as prime minister on 13 February 2009. The TFIs are based on the Transitional Federal Charter (TFC), which outlines a five-year mandate leading to the establishment of a new Somali constitution and a transition to a representative government following national elections. However, in January 2009 the TFA amended the TFC to extend TFG's mandate until 2011. While its institutions remain weak, the TFG continues to reach out to Somali stakeholders and to work with international donors to help build the governance capacity of the TFIs and to work toward national elections in 2011.

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References

Somalia - Wikipedia
Somalia - CIA World Fact Book
Somalia - BBC
Somalia - Timeline - BBC

Cities

Links

News Headlines

Google News
Somalia's al Shabaab kills three officials, former lawmaker in Mogadishu - Reuters

Somalia's al Shabaab kills three officials, former lawmaker in Mogadishu
Reuters
The militant group has carried out regular attacks in Somalia and neighboring countries aimed at imposing its strict interpretation of Islamic law and overthrowing the Somali government, which is backed by Western donors and African peacekeepers.

and more »


Islamic State or Al-Qaeda? Somalia's Shebab mulls future - Yahoo News

Yahoo News

Islamic State or Al-Qaeda? Somalia's Shebab mulls future
Yahoo News
Mogadishu (AFP) - Somalia's Shebab militants are divided over whether to maintain their allegiance to Al-Qaeda or shift to Islamic State, according to militant and security sources, analysts and clan elders.
Divorce Al-Qaeda and wed Islamic State? Weak but still deadly Somalia's ...Mail & Guardian Africa
Islamic State or Al-Qaeda? Somalia's Al Shabaab mulls futureThe Standard Digital News (satire) (press release) (registration) (blog)
Islamic State or al Qaeda? Somalia`s Shebab mulls futureZee News

all 24 news articles »


Yemen's refugees pose a threat to Somalia - Washington Post (blog)

BBC News

Yemen's refugees pose a threat to Somalia
Washington Post (blog)
As if Somalia wasn't faced with enough challenges as of late, a new crisis is brewing on the horizon. Some brief background: The fragile country of 10 million continues to be plagued by the terrorism of the Islamist group al-Shabab, is facing a serious ...
Somalia's al-Shabab kills man for 'insulting prophet'BBC News
Somalia FM Says His Country, Kenya Are on Good TermsVoice of America
Somalia PM says remittances shutdown by Kenya 'worry'Garowe Online
somalicurrent -Somaliland Sun
all 21 news articles »


Somalia: Puntland President visits UN HQ to express grief at loss of lives in ... - Horseed Media

Horseed Media

Somalia: Puntland President visits UN HQ to express grief at loss of lives in ...
Horseed Media
Puntland President Abdiweli Mohamed Ali visited the headquarters of United Nations in Garowe, the semi-autonomous region's capital to express profound grief over the loss of lives in the recent terrorist attack against the staff members. During his ...
Somalia: First insurance company opens in PuntlandGarowe Online
SOMALIA: Garowe set to receive President Mohamud and Federal States leadersRaxanreeb Online

all 7 news articles »


Somalia President convenes Federal Parliament - Garowe Online

Garowe Online

Somalia President convenes Federal Parliament
Garowe Online
MOGADISHU, Somalia, April 27, 2015(Garowe Online)-Federal Government of Somalia's President Hassan Sheikh MOhamud has convened the sixth parliamentary session in the presence of Prime Minister Omar Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke, Speaker ...
Somalia President welcomes Jubba Parliament formationsomalicurrent
SOMALIA: President Mohamud applauds Jubbaland Parliament formationRaxanreeb Online
Federalisation of Somalia; from “formalising the fragments” to state formationMareeg Media

all 10 news articles »


Restaurant car bomb kills at least 10 in Mogadishu, Somalia - CNN

CNN

Restaurant car bomb kills at least 10 in Mogadishu, Somalia
CNN
The area is not a new target for Al-Shabaab, which has battled Somalia's government for years with the goal of establishing a fundamentalist Islamic state. The restaurant is across the street from the Central Hotel, where Al-Shabaab killed at least 15 ...
UNICEF pays tribute to colleagues killed and injured in Somalia attackUNICEF (press release)
Somalia police: 9 killed by car bomb in capitalBoston Herald
Security Council Condemns Al Shabaab Attack against UNICEF in Garowe ...Daily Times Nigeria

all 305 news articles »


Outgoing Somalia ambassador grateful to Kenya - The Standard Digital News (satire) (press release) (registration) (blog)

Outgoing Somalia ambassador grateful to Kenya
The Standard Digital News (satire) (press release) (registration) (blog)
Ambassador Nur said both the governments of Kenya and Somalia were united in fighting Al-Shabaab and any terror attacks should be treated as criminal acts by individuals, not a whole community. "...Sometimes I see in the media that whenever attacks ...

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UN aid workers among six killed in Al-Shabaab attack in Somalia - CNN

CNN

UN aid workers among six killed in Al-Shabaab attack in Somalia
CNN
Somalia's President called it "an attack against the future of our country." The attack follows a separate incident Sunday in which three African Union troops died in an ambush in the Lower Shabelle region of Somalia. The terrorist group Al-Shabaab ...
At least 7 dead after al-Shabab bombs UN van in SomaliaUSA TODAY
Roadside Bomb in Somalia Kills 4 Unicef WorkersNew York Times
Al-Shabaab bombs UN workers in SomaliaThe Guardian
Wall Street Journal -Yahoo News -CBS News
all 704 news articles »


Migrant shipwreck: one child's journey from Somalia to the shores of Italy - The Guardian

The Guardian

Migrant shipwreck: one child's journey from Somalia to the shores of Italy
The Guardian
Said's journey from Somalia began about a year ago; it has not quite ended yet. The 16-year-old was trying to make his way to Norway, where his parents hoped he would meet relatives, but his journey was interrupted on the shores of Italy after his ...

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Kenya to train Somalia Foreign Ministry officials - somalicurrent

Mareeg Media

Kenya to train Somalia Foreign Ministry officials
somalicurrent
Nine members from Somalia foreign Ministry today left the country to Kenya to undergo diplomatic and international relations training. The ten days training was sponsored by the Kenyan government. The training will take place in port city of Mombasa.
Kenya start training Somali foreign office officials for diplomatic trainingMareeg Media
How to defeat Al ShabaabNew Vision
Kenya Opposition Calls for Elections Over Corruption, InsecurityBloomberg
AllAfrica.com -The Star
all 11 news articles »