Somalia

Country Somalia
Capital Mogadishu
Continent Africa
Currency Somali Shilling(SOS)
Languages Somali & Arabic

Mogadishu

Information

Introduction

Britain withdrew from British Somaliland in 1960 to allow its protectorate to join with Italian Somaliland and form the new nation of Somalia. In 1969, a coup headed by Mohamed SIAD Barre ushered in an authoritarian socialist rule that managed to impose a degree of stability in the country for more than two decades. After the regime's collapse early in 1991, Somalia descended into turmoil, factional fighting, and anarchy. In May 1991, northern clans declared an independent Republic of Somaliland that now includes the administrative regions of Awdal, Woqooyi Galbeed, Togdheer, Sanaag, and Sool. Although not recognized by any government, this entity has maintained a stable existence and continues efforts to establish a constitutional democracy, including holding municipal, parliamentary, and presidential elections. The regions of Bari, Nugaal, and northern Mudug comprise a neighboring semi-autonomous state of Puntland, which has been self-governing since 1998 but does not aim at independence; it has also made strides toward reconstructing a legitimate, representative government but has suffered some civil strife. Puntland disputes its border with Somaliland as it also claims portions of eastern Sool and Sanaag. Beginning in 1993, a two-year UN humanitarian effort (primarily in the south) was able to alleviate famine conditions, but when the UN withdrew in 1995, having suffered significant casualties, order still had not been restored. A two-year peace process, led by the Government of Kenya under the auspices of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), concluded in October 2004 with the election of Abdullahi YUSUF Ahmed as President of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) of Somalia and the formation of an interim government, known as the Somalia Transitional Federal Institutions (TFIs). The TFIs included a 275-member parliamentary body, known as the Transitional Federal Assembly (TFA). President YUSUF resigned late in 2008 while United Nations-sponsored talks between the TFG and the opposition Alliance for the Re-Liberation of Somalia (ARS) were underway in Djibouti. In January 2009, following the creation of a TFG-ARS unity government, Ethiopian military forces, which had entered Somalia in December 2006 to support the TFG in the face of advances by the opposition Islamic Courts Union (ICU), withdrew from the country. The TFA was increased to 550 seats with the addition of 200 ARS and 75 civil society members of parliament. The expanded parliament elected Sheikh SHARIF Sheikh Ahmed, the former CIC and ARS chairman as president on 31 January 2009, in Djibouti. Subsequently, President SHARIF appointed Omar Abdirashid ali SHARMARKE, son of a former president of Somalia, as prime minister on 13 February 2009. The TFIs are based on the Transitional Federal Charter (TFC), which outlines a five-year mandate leading to the establishment of a new Somali constitution and a transition to a representative government following national elections. However, in January 2009 the TFA amended the TFC to extend TFG's mandate until 2011. While its institutions remain weak, the TFG continues to reach out to Somali stakeholders and to work with international donors to help build the governance capacity of the TFIs and to work toward national elections in 2011.

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References

Somalia - Wikipedia
Somalia - CIA World Fact Book
Somalia - BBC
Somalia - Timeline - BBC

Cities

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News Headlines

Google News
Al-Shabaab's Improvised Explosive Device Supply Chain Gambit in Somalia - War on the RocksAl-Shabaab's Improvised Explosive Device Supply Chain Gambit in Somalia  War on the Rocks

Shaping peace together: Somali youth as change-makers - Somalia - ReliefWebShaping peace together: Somali youth as change-makers - Somalia  ReliefWeb

Somalia: building a stronger primary health care system - World Health OrganizationSomalia: building a stronger primary health care system  World Health Organization

Somalia’s Lawmakers Approve Roble as New Prime Minister - BloombergSomalia’s Lawmakers Approve Roble as New Prime Minister  Bloomberg

Several killed in suicide bombing outside mosque in Somalia - Al Jazeera EnglishSeveral killed in suicide bombing outside mosque in Somalia  Al Jazeera English

EU and WHO deliver emergency life-saving supplies to flood-affected areas in Somalia - Somalia - ReliefWebEU and WHO deliver emergency life-saving supplies to flood-affected areas in Somalia - Somalia  ReliefWeb

Somalia Names New PM, Revises Election Plan - Voice of AmericaSomalia Names New PM, Revises Election Plan  Voice of America

Truck Bomb in Somalia Kills 3 and Wounds 3, Including a U.S. Soldier - The New York TimesTruck Bomb in Somalia Kills 3 and Wounds 3, Including a U.S. Soldier  The New York Times

Somalia: 11 held for rape, murder of teen student - Anadolu AgencySomalia: 11 held for rape, murder of teen student  Anadolu Agency

Somalia: Somali Police Seize Illicit Alcohol - AllAfrica.comSomalia: Somali Police Seize Illicit Alcohol  AllAfrica.com

Enforcing the Sexual Offences Law in Puntland - Somalia - ReliefWebEnforcing the Sexual Offences Law in Puntland - Somalia  ReliefWeb

Somalia names new prime minister, unveils plan for elections - Al Jazeera EnglishSomalia names new prime minister, unveils plan for elections  Al Jazeera English

Somali Schools Reassure of Students Health Safety as Learning Resumes - Voice of AmericaSomali Schools Reassure of Students Health Safety as Learning Resumes  Voice of America

Somalia: Suicide bombing kills 3 in capital city - Anadolu AgencySomalia: Suicide bombing kills 3 in capital city  Anadolu Agency

Somalia: Former premier announces to run for presidency - Anadolu AgencySomalia: Former premier announces to run for presidency  Anadolu Agency

'A race against time': the new law putting Somalia's children at risk of marriage - The Guardian'A race against time': the new law putting Somalia's children at risk of marriage  The Guardian

Somali parents face dilemma over COVID-19 amid polio vaccination - Anadolu AgencySomali parents face dilemma over COVID-19 amid polio vaccination  Anadolu Agency

Somalia: Cross Border Movements - Week 38, 13 - 19 September 2020 - Somalia - ReliefWebSomalia: Cross Border Movements - Week 38, 13 - 19 September 2020 - Somalia  ReliefWeb

Dozens dead in central Somalia as villagers battle al-Shabab - Al Jazeera EnglishDozens dead in central Somalia as villagers battle al-Shabab  Al Jazeera English

Pacifying Somalia: Taking Stock Of Updf's 13 Years At The Frontline - New VisionPacifying Somalia: Taking Stock Of Updf's 13 Years At The Frontline  New Vision

ABDULLAHI B. HALAKHE - Kenya Should Get Out of Somalia and Negotiate With Al Shabaab - The ElephantABDULLAHI B. HALAKHE - Kenya Should Get Out of Somalia and Negotiate With Al Shabaab  The Elephant

Somalia: Humanitarian Dashboard - August 2020 (As of 20 September 2020) - Somalia - ReliefWebSomalia: Humanitarian Dashboard - August 2020 (As of 20 September 2020) - Somalia  ReliefWeb

Inside Somalia: how Covid-19 created a perfect storm in a humanitarian crisis - The GuardianInside Somalia: how Covid-19 created a perfect storm in a humanitarian crisis  The Guardian

Lack of COVID-19 Resources Putting Millions at Risk in Somalia Settlement Camps - Yale School of MedicineLack of COVID-19 Resources Putting Millions at Risk in Somalia Settlement Camps  Yale School of Medicine

International Partners Note Announced FGS-FMS Electoral Agreement - Somalia - ReliefWebInternational Partners Note Announced FGS-FMS Electoral Agreement - Somalia  ReliefWeb

In Somalia, COVID-19 Fears Prevent Maternal Healthcare, Child Vaccines - Voice of AmericaIn Somalia, COVID-19 Fears Prevent Maternal Healthcare, Child Vaccines  Voice of America

Cargo plane crashes at airport in Somalia’s capital, 3 hurt - Washington PostCargo plane crashes at airport in Somalia’s capital, 3 hurt  Washington Post

How Somalia Was Made 'Great Again' - Modern DiplomacyHow Somalia Was Made 'Great Again'  Modern Diplomacy

Somalia: Joint Market and Supply Chain Update, 13th—20th September 2020 - Somalia - ReliefWebSomalia: Joint Market and Supply Chain Update, 13th—20th September 2020 - Somalia  ReliefWeb

Somalia: Nutrition Cluster Snapshot (Jan - Aug 2020) - Somalia - ReliefWebSomalia: Nutrition Cluster Snapshot (Jan - Aug 2020) - Somalia  ReliefWeb

Ramla Ali targets history as Somalia’s first world champion after overcoming civil war and bullying - The IndependentRamla Ali targets history as Somalia’s first world champion after overcoming civil war and bullying  The Independent

Somalia says army kills 12 Shabab militants - Xinhua | English.news.cn - XinhuaSomalia says army kills 12 Shabab militants - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

Al-Shabab negotiations eyed as path to end fighting in Somalia - MENAFN.COMAl-Shabab negotiations eyed as path to end fighting in Somalia  MENAFN.COM

Turkey donates 12 military vehicles to Somalia - Anadolu AgencyTurkey donates 12 military vehicles to Somalia  Anadolu Agency

Somalia: Somaliland Rejects Somalia's Election Talks Outcome - AllAfrica - Top Africa NewsSomalia: Somaliland Rejects Somalia's Election Talks Outcome  AllAfrica - Top Africa News

DTM Somalia: Cross Border Movements – Somalia (August 2020) - Somalia - ReliefWebDTM Somalia: Cross Border Movements – Somalia (August 2020) - Somalia  ReliefWeb

ICE removes Somali man convicted of aiding terror group - U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement NewsroomICE removes Somali man convicted of aiding terror group  U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement Newsroom

Somalia: New PM Given Green Light to Form New Government - AllAfrica.comSomalia: New PM Given Green Light to Form New Government  AllAfrica.com

WHO to vaccinate 400,000 children in Somalia - Anadolu AgencyWHO to vaccinate 400,000 children in Somalia  Anadolu Agency

Somalia marks 6 months of COVID-19 - Somalia - ReliefWebSomalia marks 6 months of COVID-19 - Somalia  ReliefWeb

Somalia: The Rape and Murder That Shook Mogadishu - AllAfrica - Top Africa NewsSomalia: The Rape and Murder That Shook Mogadishu  AllAfrica - Top Africa News

Decline in health care visits in Somalia amid COVID-19 - Anadolu AgencyDecline in health care visits in Somalia amid COVID-19  Anadolu Agency

US says airstrike kills 6 al-Shabab in Somalia after ambush - Military TimesUS says airstrike kills 6 al-Shabab in Somalia after ambush  Military Times

As Somalia chooses delegate voting system, outsider sees his chances rise - The East AfricanAs Somalia chooses delegate voting system, outsider sees his chances rise  The East African

Project Highlights: Addressing acute food insecurity in rural areas of Somalia - Somalia - ReliefWebProject Highlights: Addressing acute food insecurity in rural areas of Somalia - Somalia  ReliefWeb

Al-Shabaab plots to retake Somalia town after suffering heavy losses - Garowe OnlineAl-Shabaab plots to retake Somalia town after suffering heavy losses  Garowe Online

Somalia: Cross Border Movements – Week 37, 6 – 12 September 2020 - Somalia - ReliefWebSomalia: Cross Border Movements – Week 37, 6 – 12 September 2020 - Somalia  ReliefWeb

IOM Somalia COVID-19 Preparedness and Response - Mission Update #21 (16 - 29 August 2020) - Somalia - ReliefWebIOM Somalia COVID-19 Preparedness and Response - Mission Update #21 (16 - 29 August 2020) - Somalia  ReliefWeb

Turkey supports Somali hospital with medical equipment - Anadolu AgencyTurkey supports Somali hospital with medical equipment  Anadolu Agency

Marine describes harrowing duty in Somalia - Examiner EnterpriseMarine describes harrowing duty in Somalia  Examiner Enterprise

Somalia: Cross Border Movements – Week 35, 23 August - 29 August 2020 - Somalia - ReliefWebSomalia: Cross Border Movements – Week 35, 23 August - 29 August 2020 - Somalia  ReliefWeb

Somalia Market Update: July 2020 Update (Issued August 25, 2020) - Somalia - ReliefWebSomalia Market Update: July 2020 Update (Issued August 25, 2020) - Somalia  ReliefWeb

Somalia Polio Flash Update: Week 34 2020 - Somalia - ReliefWebSomalia Polio Flash Update: Week 34 2020 - Somalia  ReliefWeb

UN says lack of funding hampers flood response in Somalia - Xinhua | English.news.cn - XinhuaUN says lack of funding hampers flood response in Somalia - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

Somalia: Deni visits Southwest after historic Mogadishu deal - Garowe OnlineSomalia: Deni visits Southwest after historic Mogadishu deal  Garowe Online

Somalia Food Security Outlook Update, August 2020 - Somalia - ReliefWebSomalia Food Security Outlook Update, August 2020 - Somalia  ReliefWeb

US official: No results after $3.2bn spent restoring Somalia's security - Middle East MonitorUS official: No results after $3.2bn spent restoring Somalia's security  Middle East Monitor

Somalia: Health Cluster Bulletin, July 2020 - Somalia - ReliefWebSomalia: Health Cluster Bulletin, July 2020 - Somalia  ReliefWeb

UNHCR Somalia: Operational Update 1-31 July 2020 - Somalia - ReliefWebUNHCR Somalia: Operational Update 1-31 July 2020 - Somalia  ReliefWeb

Somalia: Cross Border Movements – Week 36, 30 August – 5 September 2020 - Somalia - ReliefWebSomalia: Cross Border Movements – Week 36, 30 August – 5 September 2020 - Somalia  ReliefWeb

Serving women affected by a multiple humanitarian situation in Somalia - Somalia - ReliefWebServing women affected by a multiple humanitarian situation in Somalia - Somalia  ReliefWeb

Army kills several Al-Shabaab militants in central Somalia 22.09.2020. 19:04 - Garowe OnlineArmy kills several Al-Shabaab militants in central Somalia 22.09.2020. 19:04  Garowe Online

Villa Somalia official found dead in a Mogadishu hotel 23.09.2020. - Garowe OnlineVilla Somalia official found dead in a Mogadishu hotel 23.09.2020.  Garowe Online

Outbreak update – Cholera in Somalia, 16 August 2020 - Somalia - ReliefWebOutbreak update – Cholera in Somalia, 16 August 2020 - Somalia  ReliefWeb

Somalia: Nutrition Cluster Snapshot (January - July 2020) - Somalia - ReliefWebSomalia: Nutrition Cluster Snapshot (January - July 2020) - Somalia  ReliefWeb

Somalia: Assessment of Hard-to-Reach Areas (March 2020) - Somalia - ReliefWebSomalia: Assessment of Hard-to-Reach Areas (March 2020) - Somalia  ReliefWeb

US-based Somali Bantu face deportation to a country they've never known - The WorldUS-based Somali Bantu face deportation to a country they've never known  The World

Somalia's Education System Struggles to Attract Girls – VOA - SomaliaffairsSomalia's Education System Struggles to Attract Girls – VOA  Somaliaffairs

Somalia: KDF Soldier, Five Alshabaab Militants Killed in Mandera Ambush - AllAfrica.comSomalia: KDF Soldier, Five Alshabaab Militants Killed in Mandera Ambush  AllAfrica.com

Somalia Humanitarian Bulletin, 1 August - 3 September 2020 - Somalia - ReliefWebSomalia Humanitarian Bulletin, 1 August - 3 September 2020 - Somalia  ReliefWeb

U.S. Military Seeks Authority to Expand Counterterrorism Drone War to Kenya - The New York TimesU.S. Military Seeks Authority to Expand Counterterrorism Drone War to Kenya  The New York Times

Somalia - Floods (UN OCHA, NOAA-CPC) (ECHO Daily Flash of 26 August 2020) - Somalia - ReliefWebSomalia - Floods (UN OCHA, NOAA-CPC) (ECHO Daily Flash of 26 August 2020) - Somalia  ReliefWeb

‘She’s telling us how to run our country’: Trump again goes after Ilhan Omar’s Somali roots - POLITICO‘She’s telling us how to run our country’: Trump again goes after Ilhan Omar’s Somali roots  POLITICO

Security Council Renews Mandate of United Nations Assistance Mission in Somalia for 12 Months, Unanimously Adopting Resolution 2540 (2020) - Somalia - ReliefWebSecurity Council Renews Mandate of United Nations Assistance Mission in Somalia for 12 Months, Unanimously Adopting Resolution 2540 (2020) - Somalia  ReliefWeb

Somalia Climate Update: July 2020 Monthly Rainfall and Vegetation Cover (NDVI) (Issued August 25, 2020) - Somalia - ReliefWebSomalia Climate Update: July 2020 Monthly Rainfall and Vegetation Cover (NDVI) (Issued August 25, 2020) - Somalia  ReliefWeb

Opposition leader calls for reform in Somalia's intelligence agency - SomaliaffairsOpposition leader calls for reform in Somalia's intelligence agency  Somaliaffairs

ICE says deportation flight to Somalia opposed by Ilhan Omar included convicted murderer and rapist - Washington ExaminerICE says deportation flight to Somalia opposed by Ilhan Omar included convicted murderer and rapist  Washington Examiner

Quran Teachers Killed in Attack in Somalia - IQNA (International Quran News Agency)Quran Teachers Killed in Attack in Somalia  IQNA (International Quran News Agency)

‘Shockwaves across the nation’ — Teen raped and thrown from building by group of 11 men - Extra.ie‘Shockwaves across the nation’ — Teen raped and thrown from building by group of 11 men  Extra.ie

UN pledges to work closely with Somalia on election security - Garowe OnlineUN pledges to work closely with Somalia on election security  Garowe Online

Somalia: Hagaa Season Floods Update 3, As of 23 August 2020 [EN/S0] - Somalia - ReliefWebSomalia: Hagaa Season Floods Update 3, As of 23 August 2020 [EN/S0] - Somalia  ReliefWeb

Somalia Humanitarian Fund: 2020 Dashboard (As of 31 August 2020) - Somalia - ReliefWebSomalia Humanitarian Fund: 2020 Dashboard (As of 31 August 2020) - Somalia  ReliefWeb

East Africa: Mandera Youths Cross Into Somalia to Join Al-Shabaab - AllAfrica - Top Africa NewsEast Africa: Mandera Youths Cross Into Somalia to Join Al-Shabaab  AllAfrica - Top Africa News

Somalia Airport Resumes Operations After Crash-Landing - AllAfrica.comSomalia Airport Resumes Operations After Crash-Landing  AllAfrica.com

Somalia: COVID-19 Monthly Report (August 2020) - Somalia - ReliefWebSomalia: COVID-19 Monthly Report (August 2020) - Somalia  ReliefWeb

Millions of displaced people face dual hardship of COVID-19: Report - Down To Earth MagazineMillions of displaced people face dual hardship of COVID-19: Report  Down To Earth Magazine

ICE deportation flight, objected to by Omar over COVID fears, included convicted murderer, rapist - Fox NewsICE deportation flight, objected to by Omar over COVID fears, included convicted murderer, rapist  Fox News

CAIR Condemns Trump's Latest 'Racist and Xenophobic' Attack on Muslim Rep. Ilhan Omar of Minnesota - PRNewswireCAIR Condemns Trump's Latest 'Racist and Xenophobic' Attack on Muslim Rep. Ilhan Omar of Minnesota  PRNewswire

Ramla Ali signs multi-fight promotional deal with Eddie Hearn's Matchroom Boxing - Sky SportsRamla Ali signs multi-fight promotional deal with Eddie Hearn's Matchroom Boxing  Sky Sports

AU troops repel militant attack on airport in Somalia - Garowe OnlineAU troops repel militant attack on airport in Somalia  Garowe Online

Gulf Of Aden Security Review – September 23, 2020 - Critical Threats ProjectGulf Of Aden Security Review – September 23, 2020  Critical Threats Project

The US 'War on Terror' Has Displaced 37 Million People - FPIF - Foreign Policy In FocusThe US 'War on Terror' Has Displaced 37 Million People - FPIF  Foreign Policy In Focus

Mogadishu-based Amana Bank signs comprehensive software deal with Path Solutions - BobsguideMogadishu-based Amana Bank signs comprehensive software deal with Path Solutions  Bobsguide

Hope for Somalia as leaders near striking inclusive election deal in Mogadishu - Garowe OnlineHope for Somalia as leaders near striking inclusive election deal in Mogadishu  Garowe Online

Somalia's first female mechanic is changing stereotypes one vehicle at a time - Face2Face AfricaSomalia's first female mechanic is changing stereotypes one vehicle at a time  Face2Face Africa

IDMC Internal Displacement 2020: Mid-Year Update - World - ReliefWebIDMC Internal Displacement 2020: Mid-Year Update - World  ReliefWeb

UNICEF Somalia Humanitarian Situation Report No. 8 - 24 July to 24 August 2020 - Somalia - ReliefWebUNICEF Somalia Humanitarian Situation Report No. 8 - 24 July to 24 August 2020 - Somalia  ReliefWeb

East Africa Seasonal Monitor - September 10, 2020 - World - ReliefWebEast Africa Seasonal Monitor - September 10, 2020 - World  ReliefWeb

Somalinimo: young, gifted and Somali... and at Cambridge - The GuardianSomalinimo: young, gifted and Somali... and at Cambridge  The Guardian

Viewpoint: What Donald Trump gets wrong about Somalia - BBC NewsViewpoint: What Donald Trump gets wrong about Somalia  BBC News