Somalia

Country Somalia
Capital Mogadishu
Continent Africa
Currency Somali Shilling(SOS)
Languages Somali & Arabic

Mogadishu

Information

Introduction

Britain withdrew from British Somaliland in 1960 to allow its protectorate to join with Italian Somaliland and form the new nation of Somalia. In 1969, a coup headed by Mohamed SIAD Barre ushered in an authoritarian socialist rule that managed to impose a degree of stability in the country for more than two decades. After the regime's collapse early in 1991, Somalia descended into turmoil, factional fighting, and anarchy. In May 1991, northern clans declared an independent Republic of Somaliland that now includes the administrative regions of Awdal, Woqooyi Galbeed, Togdheer, Sanaag, and Sool. Although not recognized by any government, this entity has maintained a stable existence and continues efforts to establish a constitutional democracy, including holding municipal, parliamentary, and presidential elections. The regions of Bari, Nugaal, and northern Mudug comprise a neighboring semi-autonomous state of Puntland, which has been self-governing since 1998 but does not aim at independence; it has also made strides toward reconstructing a legitimate, representative government but has suffered some civil strife. Puntland disputes its border with Somaliland as it also claims portions of eastern Sool and Sanaag. Beginning in 1993, a two-year UN humanitarian effort (primarily in the south) was able to alleviate famine conditions, but when the UN withdrew in 1995, having suffered significant casualties, order still had not been restored. A two-year peace process, led by the Government of Kenya under the auspices of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), concluded in October 2004 with the election of Abdullahi YUSUF Ahmed as President of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) of Somalia and the formation of an interim government, known as the Somalia Transitional Federal Institutions (TFIs). The TFIs included a 275-member parliamentary body, known as the Transitional Federal Assembly (TFA). President YUSUF resigned late in 2008 while United Nations-sponsored talks between the TFG and the opposition Alliance for the Re-Liberation of Somalia (ARS) were underway in Djibouti. In January 2009, following the creation of a TFG-ARS unity government, Ethiopian military forces, which had entered Somalia in December 2006 to support the TFG in the face of advances by the opposition Islamic Courts Union (ICU), withdrew from the country. The TFA was increased to 550 seats with the addition of 200 ARS and 75 civil society members of parliament. The expanded parliament elected Sheikh SHARIF Sheikh Ahmed, the former CIC and ARS chairman as president on 31 January 2009, in Djibouti. Subsequently, President SHARIF appointed Omar Abdirashid ali SHARMARKE, son of a former president of Somalia, as prime minister on 13 February 2009. The TFIs are based on the Transitional Federal Charter (TFC), which outlines a five-year mandate leading to the establishment of a new Somali constitution and a transition to a representative government following national elections. However, in January 2009 the TFA amended the TFC to extend TFG's mandate until 2011. While its institutions remain weak, the TFG continues to reach out to Somali stakeholders and to work with international donors to help build the governance capacity of the TFIs and to work toward national elections in 2011.

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References

Somalia - Wikipedia
Somalia - CIA World Fact Book
Somalia - BBC
Somalia - Timeline - BBC

Cities

Links

News Headlines

Google News
Reformist technocrat seeks to unseat Somalia President in upcoming polls - The Standard (press release)

The Standard (press release)

Reformist technocrat seeks to unseat Somalia President in upcoming polls
The Standard (press release)
Reformist technocrat Dr. Ali Haji Warsame who is seeking to become the next President of Somalia in the upcoming polls, a few weeks away. His agenda includes good governance, tackling high-level corruption and restoring security and vital social services.

and more »


Mind-body Wellness Helps Trauma Survivors in Somalia - Voice of America

Voice of America

Mind-body Wellness Helps Trauma Survivors in Somalia
Voice of America
In Somalia, an exercise program for survivors of sexual violence is helping participants overcome trauma. It's a trendy program in an unlikely place. In classes across the Somali capital of Mogadishu, youths practice breathing, meditation and stretching.

and more »


Roadside bomb kills at least 4 troops in Somalia town: officials - Reuters

Anadolu Agency

Roadside bomb kills at least 4 troops in Somalia town: officials
Reuters
Further south, Kenyan soldiers working under the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) killed seven al Shabaab fighters in a Somali district on the countries' border, Kenyan authorities said. The blast in Afgoye, about 30 km (18 miles) southwest of ...
Kenyan soldiers kill 7 al-Shabaab militants in SomaliaAnadolu Agency
KDF kills seven al Shabaab fighters in SomaliaThe Star, Kenya
Kenyan soldiers kill 7 Shabaab militants in SomaliaCapital FM Kenya (press release) (blog)
AllAfrica.com -Jerusalem Post Israel News
all 22 news articles »


Somalia Upper House Elects New Speaker - Voice of America

Voice of America

Somalia Upper House Elects New Speaker
Voice of America
Somalia's upper house of parliament has elected Senator Abdi Hashi Abdullahi as its speaker.The vote Sunday was the last major step toward holding the presidential election that has already been delayed several times. Former CEO of Goobjoog Media ...
Somalia elects speaker of the Upper House ahead of the presidential electionReliefweb
Somalia: Abshir Bukhari elected 1st deputy Speaker of Somalia's SenateGarowe Online

all 10 news articles »


Guterres: Thousands of child soldiers fight in Somalia - Aljazeera.com

Aljazeera.com

Guterres: Thousands of child soldiers fight in Somalia
Aljazeera.com
UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres expressed alarm at reports that children may constitute a large part of the force recruited and used by the armed al-Shabab group in Somalia. In a report to the Security Council circulated this week, the UN chief ...
UN Alarm That Most of Al-Shabab's Force in Somalia Are KidsABC News
In Somalia, Terrorists Groups And National Army Recruit Child Soldiers To Fight Each OtherIndiatimes.com

all 8 news articles »


Restoring access to water in drought-prone areas of Somalia - Reliefweb

Restoring access to water in drought-prone areas of Somalia
Reliefweb
Gedo region is part of Jubaland state in Somalia, bordering Ethiopia and Kenya. In 2015-2016, the El Niño phenomenon caused severe droughts throughout the region, resulting in food insecurity, out-migration and death of livestock. According to an ...



Refugee Flow From Somalia, Afghanistan Continues Into US - Breitbart News

Breitbart News

Refugee Flow From Somalia, Afghanistan Continues Into US
Breitbart News
In the final days of the Obama Administration, 23 refugees came through Slovakia's Emergency Transit Centre from countries including Somalia, Afghanistan, Ethiopia, Iraq and Eritrea, all of which have struggled with terrorism, according to the ...



Roadside bomb kills at least 4 soldiers in Somalia town: officials - The Daily Star

Roadside bomb kills at least 4 soldiers in Somalia town: officials
The Daily Star
We invite all our readers to share with us their views and comments about this article. Disclaimer: Comments submitted by third parties on this site are the sole responsibility of the individual(s) whose content is submitted. The Daily Star accepts no ...

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Thousands reached in Somalia reproductive health campaign - UNFPA.org/news

UNFPA.org/news

Thousands reached in Somalia reproductive health campaign
UNFPA.org/news
MORODIJEEX – It was early morning when a young sheikh, Abdi Iidan, and his wife joined the long queue leading to a tent in Morodijeex, in north-western Somalia. Mr. Iidan stood out from the crowd; women dominated the queue. They were seeking ...



Crisis in the Horn of Africa: Somalia's Famine - Aljazeera.com

UN News Centre

Crisis in the Horn of Africa: Somalia's Famine
Aljazeera.com
Nisar Majid, a food security expert and co-author of Famine in Somalia, talks to REWIND about the fallout of the famine and the current situation in Somalia. As aid agencies are warning that five million people in Somalia are again facing acute food ...
Somalia: Only early action will avert another catastrophe, says senior UN relief officialUN News Centre
UN warns of famine risk in Somalia amid worsening droughtTimes of India
UN Seeks Funds for Famine Prevention Amid Drought in SomaliaVoice of America
ReliefWeb -News24
all 12 news articles »