Somalia

Country Somalia
Capital Mogadishu
Continent Africa
Currency Somali Shilling(SOS)
Languages Somali & Arabic

Mogadishu

Information

Introduction

Britain withdrew from British Somaliland in 1960 to allow its protectorate to join with Italian Somaliland and form the new nation of Somalia. In 1969, a coup headed by Mohamed SIAD Barre ushered in an authoritarian socialist rule that managed to impose a degree of stability in the country for more than two decades. After the regime's collapse early in 1991, Somalia descended into turmoil, factional fighting, and anarchy. In May 1991, northern clans declared an independent Republic of Somaliland that now includes the administrative regions of Awdal, Woqooyi Galbeed, Togdheer, Sanaag, and Sool. Although not recognized by any government, this entity has maintained a stable existence and continues efforts to establish a constitutional democracy, including holding municipal, parliamentary, and presidential elections. The regions of Bari, Nugaal, and northern Mudug comprise a neighboring semi-autonomous state of Puntland, which has been self-governing since 1998 but does not aim at independence; it has also made strides toward reconstructing a legitimate, representative government but has suffered some civil strife. Puntland disputes its border with Somaliland as it also claims portions of eastern Sool and Sanaag. Beginning in 1993, a two-year UN humanitarian effort (primarily in the south) was able to alleviate famine conditions, but when the UN withdrew in 1995, having suffered significant casualties, order still had not been restored. A two-year peace process, led by the Government of Kenya under the auspices of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), concluded in October 2004 with the election of Abdullahi YUSUF Ahmed as President of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) of Somalia and the formation of an interim government, known as the Somalia Transitional Federal Institutions (TFIs). The TFIs included a 275-member parliamentary body, known as the Transitional Federal Assembly (TFA). President YUSUF resigned late in 2008 while United Nations-sponsored talks between the TFG and the opposition Alliance for the Re-Liberation of Somalia (ARS) were underway in Djibouti. In January 2009, following the creation of a TFG-ARS unity government, Ethiopian military forces, which had entered Somalia in December 2006 to support the TFG in the face of advances by the opposition Islamic Courts Union (ICU), withdrew from the country. The TFA was increased to 550 seats with the addition of 200 ARS and 75 civil society members of parliament. The expanded parliament elected Sheikh SHARIF Sheikh Ahmed, the former CIC and ARS chairman as president on 31 January 2009, in Djibouti. Subsequently, President SHARIF appointed Omar Abdirashid ali SHARMARKE, son of a former president of Somalia, as prime minister on 13 February 2009. The TFIs are based on the Transitional Federal Charter (TFC), which outlines a five-year mandate leading to the establishment of a new Somali constitution and a transition to a representative government following national elections. However, in January 2009 the TFA amended the TFC to extend TFG's mandate until 2011. While its institutions remain weak, the TFG continues to reach out to Somali stakeholders and to work with international donors to help build the governance capacity of the TFIs and to work toward national elections in 2011.

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References

Somalia - Wikipedia
Somalia - CIA World Fact Book
Somalia - BBC
Somalia - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
One of FBI's most wanted terrorists captured in Somalia - CNN

Christian Science Monitor

One of FBI's most wanted terrorists captured in Somalia
CNN
Liban Haji Mohamed, a Somali-American, was arrested in southern Somalia, Somali intelligence officials said March 3. The FBI's list of most wanted terrorists is limited to suspects indicted by federal grand juries. It does not include prominent figures ...
Somalia's remittance crisis eclipses news of first US ambassador since 1991Christian Science Monitor
Man on most-wanted terror list detained in Somalia, official saysFox News
Virginia cabbie on FBI's Most Wanted Terrorists list detained in SomaliaWashington Post
U.S. News & World Report
all 229 news articles »


Somalia: Post-Independence and discourse of perplexed leadership - Horseed Media

Horseed Media

Somalia: Post-Independence and discourse of perplexed leadership
Horseed Media
Somalia with more than two decades of civil war carries an indelible scar from colonial and authoritarian powers, which have imposed cultural and psychological limits that have become the impervious fault lines of conflict. Colonialism has shaped the ...

and more »


Somalia top priority in UN agriculture organisation funding appeal - Reuters

Somalia top priority in UN agriculture organisation funding appeal
Reuters
ROME (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - The Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) has launched an emergency appeal for $697 million to help 30 million people in 31 crisis-hit countries, a senior official with the U.N. agency said on Tuesday. Somalia ...

and more »


US bank regulators may destroy Somalia's economy - Al Jazeera America

International Policy Digest

US bank regulators may destroy Somalia's economy
Al Jazeera America
On Feb. 6, 2015, U.S. banks stopped money transfers to Somalia because of strict regulations set by the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency over concerns of money laundering and funding for terrorist organizations. The decision has left Somalis ...
Halt of Remittances Threatens Stability in SomaliaInternational Policy Digest

all 30 news articles »


Somalia's Foreign Minister's Concern Over Closure of Remittances to Somalia - AllAfrica.com

Somalia's Foreign Minister's Concern Over Closure of Remittances to Somalia
AllAfrica.com
Somalia's Foreign Minister, Dr. Abdusalam Omer, on Friday last week expressed his concern last week about the dangers posed by the threat of closure for remittances to Somalia. Dr. Omer said Somalia was at a critical juncture: with Al Qaeda and its ...



Somalia 'determined' to improve on human rights situation - Horseed Media

Horseed Media

Somalia 'determined' to improve on human rights situation
Horseed Media
Somalia's Federal government has said that it will work on to improve human rights situations in the country in consultation with the relevant stakeholders including International organizations and donors. For many years, Somalia has had terrible human ...



The Formula 4.5 in Somalia should be Ban(It's completely apartheid system) - SomalilandPress

SomalilandPress

The Formula 4.5 in Somalia should be Ban(It's completely apartheid system)
SomalilandPress
It's great honor for me to have this opportunity and share my experience and insight about the bad situation of what is called the minority groups in Somalia. First since there is no any fair and exact census for Somali population, I can simply say ...



Heart-rending pictures of Somali refugees forced to pile everything they own ... - Daily Mail

Daily Mail

Heart-rending pictures of Somali refugees forced to pile everything they own ...
Daily Mail
This week the Food and Agriculture Organisation warned that many people in Somalia are 'on the edge'. Despite knowing the hardships people there face every day, government soldiers destroyed dozens of temporary shelters and shops at a refugee camp ...
The most wanted terrorist of FBI captured in SomaliaHuewire News

all 2 news articles »


Somalia: Puntland court acquits politicians of charges of 'treason' - Garowe Online

Garowe Online

Somalia: Puntland court acquits politicians of charges of 'treason'
Garowe Online
GAROWE, Somalia, March 4, 2015 (Garowe Online)-A court in Somalia's north eastern state of Puntland has dropped treason charges against politicians and traditional leaders on Wednesday, Garowe Online reports. The chairman of first degree court of ...
Somalia: Puntland President arrives in KismayoHorseed Media
SOMALIA: Puntland President Abdiweli arrives KismayuRaxanreeb Online
Somalia: Is patriarchy invincible in Puntland ?SomalilandPress

all 8 news articles »


Somalia's 'pirate capital' is its best kept secret - Aljazeera.com (blog)

Aljazeera.com (blog)

Somalia's 'pirate capital' is its best kept secret
Aljazeera.com (blog)
It is early morning and a man with a greying hairline and sharp eyebrows welcomes us to a sparsely-furnished office near an old fort that used to house Somalia's anti-imperialist hero, Sayyid Abdulle Hassan. Muse Osman is the mayor. This soft-spoken ...
The other side of Somalia's piratesHorseed Media

all 7 news articles »