Somalia

Country Somalia
Capital Mogadishu
Continent Africa
Currency Somali Shilling(SOS)
Languages Somali & Arabic

Mogadishu

Information

Introduction

Britain withdrew from British Somaliland in 1960 to allow its protectorate to join with Italian Somaliland and form the new nation of Somalia. In 1969, a coup headed by Mohamed SIAD Barre ushered in an authoritarian socialist rule that managed to impose a degree of stability in the country for more than two decades. After the regime's collapse early in 1991, Somalia descended into turmoil, factional fighting, and anarchy. In May 1991, northern clans declared an independent Republic of Somaliland that now includes the administrative regions of Awdal, Woqooyi Galbeed, Togdheer, Sanaag, and Sool. Although not recognized by any government, this entity has maintained a stable existence and continues efforts to establish a constitutional democracy, including holding municipal, parliamentary, and presidential elections. The regions of Bari, Nugaal, and northern Mudug comprise a neighboring semi-autonomous state of Puntland, which has been self-governing since 1998 but does not aim at independence; it has also made strides toward reconstructing a legitimate, representative government but has suffered some civil strife. Puntland disputes its border with Somaliland as it also claims portions of eastern Sool and Sanaag. Beginning in 1993, a two-year UN humanitarian effort (primarily in the south) was able to alleviate famine conditions, but when the UN withdrew in 1995, having suffered significant casualties, order still had not been restored. A two-year peace process, led by the Government of Kenya under the auspices of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), concluded in October 2004 with the election of Abdullahi YUSUF Ahmed as President of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) of Somalia and the formation of an interim government, known as the Somalia Transitional Federal Institutions (TFIs). The TFIs included a 275-member parliamentary body, known as the Transitional Federal Assembly (TFA). President YUSUF resigned late in 2008 while United Nations-sponsored talks between the TFG and the opposition Alliance for the Re-Liberation of Somalia (ARS) were underway in Djibouti. In January 2009, following the creation of a TFG-ARS unity government, Ethiopian military forces, which had entered Somalia in December 2006 to support the TFG in the face of advances by the opposition Islamic Courts Union (ICU), withdrew from the country. The TFA was increased to 550 seats with the addition of 200 ARS and 75 civil society members of parliament. The expanded parliament elected Sheikh SHARIF Sheikh Ahmed, the former CIC and ARS chairman as president on 31 January 2009, in Djibouti. Subsequently, President SHARIF appointed Omar Abdirashid ali SHARMARKE, son of a former president of Somalia, as prime minister on 13 February 2009. The TFIs are based on the Transitional Federal Charter (TFC), which outlines a five-year mandate leading to the establishment of a new Somali constitution and a transition to a representative government following national elections. However, in January 2009 the TFA amended the TFC to extend TFG's mandate until 2011. While its institutions remain weak, the TFG continues to reach out to Somali stakeholders and to work with international donors to help build the governance capacity of the TFIs and to work toward national elections in 2011.

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References

Somalia - Wikipedia
Somalia - CIA World Fact Book
Somalia - BBC
Somalia - Timeline - BBC

Cities

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News Headlines

Google News
Vox Sentences: 20 million in Somalia, South Sudan, Nigeria, and Yemen face starvation - Vox

Vox

Vox Sentences: 20 million in Somalia, South Sudan, Nigeria, and Yemen face starvation
Vox
Vox Sentences is your daily digest for what's happening in the world, curated by Dara Lind and Dylan Matthews. Sign up for the Vox Sentences newsletter, delivered straight to your inbox Monday through Friday, or view the Vox Sentences archive for past ...

and more »


Kenya says its army killed 31 extremists in Somalia - Minneapolis Star Tribune

Military.com

Kenya says its army killed 31 extremists in Somalia
Minneapolis Star Tribune
NAIROBI, Kenya Kenya's military says it has killed 31 al-Shabab extremists in a raid in Baadhade district in southern Somalia, but the Islamic militant group denies it. The Kenyan military said Monday that its ground troops were supported in the ...
Somalia Famine Complicates US Counter-Terror CampaignMilitary.com
Kenyan forces kill 31 Al-Shabaab militants in SomaliaThe Hindu
KDF kill 31 Al Shabaab terrorists in Baadhere, Somalia :: Kenya ...The Standard (press release)
africanews
all 29 news articles »


We're not a part of Somalia, Mr. Trump and don't belong in your ... - Washington Post

Washington Post

We're not a part of Somalia, Mr. Trump and don't belong in your ...
Washington Post
Saad Ali Shire is the minister of foreign affairs and international cooperation for the Republic of Somaliland. Amid the discourse, debate and dissent over ...

and more »


Somalia Spirals towards Famine as Humanitarian Crisis Looms - Scoop.co.nz (press release)

Somalia Spirals towards Famine as Humanitarian Crisis Looms
Scoop.co.nz (press release)
In Somalia alone, more than 8,400 cases of disease have already been confirmed in 2017, over 200 of which have been fatal. Andrew Johnston, Save the Children New Zealand's International Programmes Director, warns that the scale of suffering is higher ...

and more »


With Somalia in the Throes of Famine, UN Warns of Worsening ... - NBCNews.com

NBCNews.com

With Somalia in the Throes of Famine, UN Warns of Worsening ...
NBCNews.com
With famine already ravaging Somalia, the U.N. warns South Sudan, Nigeria, and Yemen are also in danger.

and more »


Somalia: Shelter Cluster Factsheet, February 2017 - Reliefweb

Reliefweb

Somalia: Shelter Cluster Factsheet, February 2017
Reliefweb
Due to the ongoing drought, displacements are happening all over Somalia. Some of these have joined existing IDP settlements while others have formed new settlements in the peripheries of the towns. They need emergency shelter and NFIs. There is ...



Drought-stricken Somalia battles hunger and cholera - News24

News24

Drought-stricken Somalia battles hunger and cholera
News24
Cholera patient Zeinab Hussein, a 50-year-old farmer, is one of thousands of desperate Somalis who have streamed into Baidoa in southwestern Somalia seeking food and medical care as a result the country's prolonged drought. The influx has overwhelmed ...
Drought-stricken Somalia benefits from Turkish food aidAnadolu Agency
Turkey distributes humanitarian aid in SomaliaThe Peninsula Qatar
Turkish Red Crescent mobilizes for unprecedented famine threat in SomaliaDaily Sabah
TRT World -Reliefweb
all 15 news articles »


Somalia: Ethiopia Shifts Troops Around, Adjusts Posture | Stratfor - STRATFOR

STRATFOR

Somalia: Ethiopia Shifts Troops Around, Adjusts Posture | Stratfor
STRATFOR
Ethiopian forces recently withdrew from several locations in Somalia's central Galgaduud region, according to reports by Jowhar and on several social media ...

and more »


As Cholera Spreads, Somalia Begins Vaccination Campaign - New York Times

New York Times

As Cholera Spreads, Somalia Begins Vaccination Campaign
New York Times
A health worker vaccinate a child against cholera in Mogadishu, Somalia, on March 16. Credit Gavi/Arete/Karel Prinsloo Handout/European Pressphoto Agency. Somalia, which has been hit by a series of crises that sound like a page from the Book of Job, ...



New leader must now drive Somalia's rebirth - The Standard (press release)

The Standard (press release)

New leader must now drive Somalia's rebirth
The Standard (press release)
The democratic installation of Mohamed Mohamed as President of the Federal Republic of Somalia is the most hopeful political development in the war-torn Horn of Africa country in decades. Mr Mohamed, a New York resident and dual US-Somali citizen ...
General favors more aggressive approach in SomaliaEconomic Times
US general favors more aggressive approach in SomaliaLA Daily News
Plan to ramp up Somalia anti-terror campaign goes to TrumpCNN
Newsweek -Military.com -ReliefWeb
all 46 news articles »