Somalia

Country Somalia
Capital Mogadishu
Continent Africa
Currency Somali Shilling(SOS)
Languages Somali & Arabic

Mogadishu

Information

Introduction

Britain withdrew from British Somaliland in 1960 to allow its protectorate to join with Italian Somaliland and form the new nation of Somalia. In 1969, a coup headed by Mohamed SIAD Barre ushered in an authoritarian socialist rule that managed to impose a degree of stability in the country for more than two decades. After the regime's collapse early in 1991, Somalia descended into turmoil, factional fighting, and anarchy. In May 1991, northern clans declared an independent Republic of Somaliland that now includes the administrative regions of Awdal, Woqooyi Galbeed, Togdheer, Sanaag, and Sool. Although not recognized by any government, this entity has maintained a stable existence and continues efforts to establish a constitutional democracy, including holding municipal, parliamentary, and presidential elections. The regions of Bari, Nugaal, and northern Mudug comprise a neighboring semi-autonomous state of Puntland, which has been self-governing since 1998 but does not aim at independence; it has also made strides toward reconstructing a legitimate, representative government but has suffered some civil strife. Puntland disputes its border with Somaliland as it also claims portions of eastern Sool and Sanaag. Beginning in 1993, a two-year UN humanitarian effort (primarily in the south) was able to alleviate famine conditions, but when the UN withdrew in 1995, having suffered significant casualties, order still had not been restored. A two-year peace process, led by the Government of Kenya under the auspices of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), concluded in October 2004 with the election of Abdullahi YUSUF Ahmed as President of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) of Somalia and the formation of an interim government, known as the Somalia Transitional Federal Institutions (TFIs). The TFIs included a 275-member parliamentary body, known as the Transitional Federal Assembly (TFA). President YUSUF resigned late in 2008 while United Nations-sponsored talks between the TFG and the opposition Alliance for the Re-Liberation of Somalia (ARS) were underway in Djibouti. In January 2009, following the creation of a TFG-ARS unity government, Ethiopian military forces, which had entered Somalia in December 2006 to support the TFG in the face of advances by the opposition Islamic Courts Union (ICU), withdrew from the country. The TFA was increased to 550 seats with the addition of 200 ARS and 75 civil society members of parliament. The expanded parliament elected Sheikh SHARIF Sheikh Ahmed, the former CIC and ARS chairman as president on 31 January 2009, in Djibouti. Subsequently, President SHARIF appointed Omar Abdirashid ali SHARMARKE, son of a former president of Somalia, as prime minister on 13 February 2009. The TFIs are based on the Transitional Federal Charter (TFC), which outlines a five-year mandate leading to the establishment of a new Somali constitution and a transition to a representative government following national elections. However, in January 2009 the TFA amended the TFC to extend TFG's mandate until 2011. While its institutions remain weak, the TFG continues to reach out to Somali stakeholders and to work with international donors to help build the governance capacity of the TFIs and to work toward national elections in 2011.

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References

Somalia - Wikipedia
Somalia - CIA World Fact Book
Somalia - BBC
Somalia - Timeline - BBC

Cities

Links

News Headlines

Google News
Al Shabaab militants seize two towns in southern Somalia - Yahoo News

Mareeg Media

Al Shabaab militants seize two towns in southern Somalia
Yahoo News
MOGADISHU (Reuters) - Islamist militants al Shabaab seized control of two towns over two days in southwestern Somalia, a spokesman for the group and local officials said on Saturday, less than a week after its fighters attacked an African Union base in ...
AMISOM retreat from two towns in different regions of Somalia as Al Shabab ...somalicurrent
Somalia:Coalition forces resume offensive against Al shebab in Lower Shabelle ...Mareeg Media
Al-Shabab takes control of two Somali townsYahoo! Maktoob News

all 10 news articles »


Ugandan bodies flown home after Somalia al-Shabab attack - BBC News

BBC News

Ugandan bodies flown home after Somalia al-Shabab attack
BBC News
The bodies of 10 Ugandan soldiers killed in Somalia by militant Islamist group al-Shabab have been flown back home. The attack was a "game changer", and al-Shabab should expect an "appropriate response", said an army spokesman. Twelve Ugandan ...
12 Ugandan troops killed as Shabaab assaults base in SomaliaLong War Journal
Uganda says 12 of its soldiers killed in Islamist attack in SomaliaReuters
Uganda: 12 soldiers killed in Somalia attackU.S. News & World Report
UN News Centre -CNN
all 295 news articles »


Student returns to Somalia with dream of becoming a doctor - UNHCR (press release)

Student returns to Somalia with dream of becoming a doctor
UNHCR (press release)
Last month, Rahma was on board two repatriation flights carrying 116 returnees from Kenya to Somalia – the final leg of what has been a transformative journey. She returned to her family not only full of hope, but also determined to pursue her studies.



Somalia's Federal Future - Layered Agendas, Risks and Opportunities - AllAfrica.com

Somalia's Federal Future - Layered Agendas, Risks and Opportunities
AllAfrica.com
Pressure remains high for an electoral transition in Somalia in 2016, with little appetite for the prospect of the current framework being extended. The desire for direct elections is in the process of yielding to the reality that there is insufficient ...



Qaeda-Affiliated Group Overruns African Union Base in Somalia - New York Times

UN News Centre

Qaeda-Affiliated Group Overruns African Union Base in Somalia
New York Times
MOGADISHU, Somalia — Fighters from the Shabab militant group overran an African Union military base in southern Somalia on Tuesday morning in an attack that included a suicide bombing and an intense firefight, witnesses and officials said. The Shabab ...
Somalia: UN envoy condemns attack on African Union baseUN News Centre
Somalia attack: Al-Shabab attacks African Union Janale baseBBC News
Islamist militants attack African Union base in southern SomaliaReuters
NPR -Scotsman
all 393 news articles »


Somalia – Terrorist attack against an African Union Mission base (September 1 ... - France Diplomatie (press release)

Somalia – Terrorist attack against an African Union Mission base (September 1 ...
France Diplomatie (press release)
France condemns the attack perpetrated on September 1 by the Shabab terrorist group against an African Union Mission base in Somalia in the town of Janaale, which killed several dozen Ugandan soldiers. We extend our condolences to the victims' families ...



Somalia warns of return to piracy - BBC News

BBC News

Somalia warns of return to piracy
BBC News
In northern Somalia, government officials are warning of a revival of piracy, unless foreign nations - and the naval armada patrolling the coast - do more to help create jobs and security ashore, and to combat illegal fishing at sea. At first glance ...

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Somalia is pregnant with opportunity - somalicurrent

Waagacusub Media

Somalia is pregnant with opportunity
somalicurrent
Somali entrepreneur and business leaders are taking part in the ongoing Expo Milano where at 150 countries are showcasing the opportunities in their countries to potential investors for potential investment. Speaking at the event, the President of ...
Somalia: Speaker Jawari under Pressure for Stalled Impeachment MotionWaagacusub Media

all 4 news articles »


Majority of Kenyans want KDF to stay in Somalia – survey - Capital FM Kenya (press release) (blog)

Capital FM Kenya (press release) (blog)

Majority of Kenyans want KDF to stay in Somalia – survey
Capital FM Kenya (press release) (blog)
“In terms of general support for the continued presence of the KDF in Somalia the country appears almost evenly split, with just a modest majority (57pc) favouring this policy. In regional terms, a clear contrast emerges, however, with support for it ...
Kenya: Majority of Kenyans Want KDF to Stay in Somalia - SurveyAllAfrica.com

all 7 news articles »


Somalia Shakes up Military Leadership Amid Al Shabaab Attacks - AllAfrica.com

Somalia Shakes up Military Leadership Amid Al Shabaab Attacks
AllAfrica.com
During their weekly assembly in Mogadishu on Thursday, the cabinet ministers of Somalia have sacked chief of Somali National Army Major General Dahir Adan Elmi who has been leading the military for the past 2 years. The cabinet also approved the ...
Somali gov't appoint new army chief in a new strategy to fight Al Shababsomalicurrent

all 4 news articles »