Somalia

Country Somalia
Capital Mogadishu
Continent Africa
Currency Somali Shilling(SOS)
Languages Somali & Arabic

Mogadishu

Information

Introduction

Britain withdrew from British Somaliland in 1960 to allow its protectorate to join with Italian Somaliland and form the new nation of Somalia. In 1969, a coup headed by Mohamed SIAD Barre ushered in an authoritarian socialist rule that managed to impose a degree of stability in the country for more than two decades. After the regime's collapse early in 1991, Somalia descended into turmoil, factional fighting, and anarchy. In May 1991, northern clans declared an independent Republic of Somaliland that now includes the administrative regions of Awdal, Woqooyi Galbeed, Togdheer, Sanaag, and Sool. Although not recognized by any government, this entity has maintained a stable existence and continues efforts to establish a constitutional democracy, including holding municipal, parliamentary, and presidential elections. The regions of Bari, Nugaal, and northern Mudug comprise a neighboring semi-autonomous state of Puntland, which has been self-governing since 1998 but does not aim at independence; it has also made strides toward reconstructing a legitimate, representative government but has suffered some civil strife. Puntland disputes its border with Somaliland as it also claims portions of eastern Sool and Sanaag. Beginning in 1993, a two-year UN humanitarian effort (primarily in the south) was able to alleviate famine conditions, but when the UN withdrew in 1995, having suffered significant casualties, order still had not been restored. A two-year peace process, led by the Government of Kenya under the auspices of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), concluded in October 2004 with the election of Abdullahi YUSUF Ahmed as President of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) of Somalia and the formation of an interim government, known as the Somalia Transitional Federal Institutions (TFIs). The TFIs included a 275-member parliamentary body, known as the Transitional Federal Assembly (TFA). President YUSUF resigned late in 2008 while United Nations-sponsored talks between the TFG and the opposition Alliance for the Re-Liberation of Somalia (ARS) were underway in Djibouti. In January 2009, following the creation of a TFG-ARS unity government, Ethiopian military forces, which had entered Somalia in December 2006 to support the TFG in the face of advances by the opposition Islamic Courts Union (ICU), withdrew from the country. The TFA was increased to 550 seats with the addition of 200 ARS and 75 civil society members of parliament. The expanded parliament elected Sheikh SHARIF Sheikh Ahmed, the former CIC and ARS chairman as president on 31 January 2009, in Djibouti. Subsequently, President SHARIF appointed Omar Abdirashid ali SHARMARKE, son of a former president of Somalia, as prime minister on 13 February 2009. The TFIs are based on the Transitional Federal Charter (TFC), which outlines a five-year mandate leading to the establishment of a new Somali constitution and a transition to a representative government following national elections. However, in January 2009 the TFA amended the TFC to extend TFG's mandate until 2011. While its institutions remain weak, the TFG continues to reach out to Somali stakeholders and to work with international donors to help build the governance capacity of the TFIs and to work toward national elections in 2011.

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References

Somalia - Wikipedia
Somalia - CIA World Fact Book
Somalia - BBC
Somalia - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
Uganda deploys new force in SomaliaPublish Date: Apr 17, 2014 - New Vision

New Vision

Uganda deploys new force in SomaliaPublish Date: Apr 17, 2014
New Vision
A new force constituted by Uganda to protect UN personnel and installations in Somalia will start arriving in Mogadishu on Thursday. The force, dubbed the UN Guard Unit, was flagged off by the deputy Chief of Defence Forces, Lt. Gen. Charles Angina, at ...
Somalia: why orthodox aid policy must give way to battlefield realitySomalilandPress
SOMALIA: More Ugandan soldiers d…Raxanreeb Online
SOMALIA: UN-led troops to travel to SomaliaMidnimo Information Center
Firstpost
all 114 news articles »


91 more illegal immigrants deported to Somalia - The Standard Digital News

Geeska Afrika

91 more illegal immigrants deported to Somalia
The Standard Digital News
Kenya: Ninety-one more illegal aliens were Thursday deported to Somalia after they were found to be in Kenya illegally in the ongoing security operation. They are part of the 225 illegal aliens slated for deportation. Officials said the 91 were ...
Tears of Defiance, Resilience and Courage: Through It All, Somalia Will RiseHuffington Post
SOMALIA: Massive displacements in SomaliaMidnimo Information Center
Kenyan Security forces targeting Ethnic Somali Refugees for DeportationGeeska Afrika
ABC News
all 78 news articles »


The best books on Somalia: start your reading here - The Guardian

The Guardian

The best books on Somalia: start your reading here
The Guardian
Set in Somalia around the 2006 US-backed Ethiopian invasion, the final volume in Farah's Past Imperfect trilogy can be read as a standalone novel. This absorbing story puts a human face to the tragedy of a failed state. Three members of a Somali ...



SOMALIA: Somaliland forces withd… - Raxanreeb Online

Mareeg Media

SOMALIA: Somaliland forces withd…
Raxanreeb Online
“After the invasion of Somaliland against Puntland territories in Sool and Sanag, the cabinet had an extraordinary meeting today and issued a red warning towards the new invasion,” he said according to Somalia's RBC Radio. “We want to inform the ...
Somaliland Forces Briefly Seize Disputed Taleh DistrictAllAfrica.com
US Special Representative for Somalia Calls for Calm in Soolsomalicurrent
Somaliland Forces Withdraw From Historic Town of TalehGarowe Online
Shanghai Daily (subscription) -Mareeg Media -Midnimo Information Center
all 33 news articles »


SOMALIA: US calls Somaliland and Puntland to refrain from armed conflict in ... - Raxanreeb Online

SOMALIA: US calls Somaliland and Puntland to refrain from armed conflict in ...
Raxanreeb Online
Nairobi (RBC) The U.S Special Representative for Somalia called today both Somaliland and Puntland for Calm and refrain from armed conflict in Sool region following Somaliland's invasion to Taleh town, RBC Radio reports. According to a press statement ...



Rahoto: Syria da Somalia mafi hadari ga 'Yan Jarida - RFI

RFI

Rahoto: Syria da Somalia mafi hadari ga 'Yan Jarida
RFI
Hukumar kula da kare hakkin 'Yan Jaridu a Amurka tace Syria ce kasa mafi hadari ga aikin Jarida a cikin rahoton hukumar na Shekara. An bayyana kasar Iraqi a sahun gaba da Somalia a matsayin ta biyu a jerin kasashen da rayuwar 'Yan jarida ke fuskantar ...



SOMALIA: Somali Prime Minister meets with the traditiona?l elders and women's ... - Raxanreeb Online

SOMALIA: Somali Prime Minister meets with the traditiona?l elders and women's ...
Raxanreeb Online
Mogadishu, Wednesday, 16 April 2014 – The Prime Minister of Somalia His Excellency Abdiweli Sheikh Ahmed and a delegation he is leading have been in Kismayo, the capital of the Interim Jubba Administration, on an official visit since Saturday, April ...
SOMALIA: Somali Prime Minister meets with the traditional elders and women's ...Midnimo Information Center
Somali PM addresses soldiers at military training camp in KismayoWaagacusub Media

all 5 news articles »


Barclays and Remittance Group Reach Deal On Somalia Services - AllAfrica.com

Geeska Afrika

Barclays and Remittance Group Reach Deal On Somalia Services
AllAfrica.com
Barclays has diffused a legal row with Africa's biggest remittances provider by agreeing to keep its account open for a period of time that allows the company to find a replacement bank. Dahabshiil, which remits hundreds of millions of dollars back to ...
Somalia: The attack on Villa Somalia a wake-up call for new security strategyGeeska Afrika
Somaliland: Barclays Bank Retains Dahabshil AccountSomaliland Sun
Dahabshiil resolves dispute with Barclays BankZegabi

all 9 news articles »


SOMALIA: War-torn Somalia's first florist lets romance blossom again - Midnimo Information Center

SOMALIA: War-torn Somalia's first florist lets romance blossom again
Midnimo Information Center
Somalia's first florist, Mohamed Mohamoud Sheik, shows a display of flowers in the pattern of the Somali flag. Photograph: David Smith for the Guardian. If there were any place in the world where it could be said romance is dead, Mogadishu might be it.



British Firm to Explore Somalia Billions of Oil Barrels - Raxanreeb Online

Raxanreeb Online

British Firm to Explore Somalia Billions of Oil Barrels
Raxanreeb Online
British oil giant British Petroleum signed concessions with the Petrol Department for the Somali Federal Republic to explore oil and gas in the war raven East African nation. Intelligence reports existence of significantly large oil deposits in Somalia ...
Somalia: The Africa's next AngolaGeeska Afrika
British Petroleum signs exploration agreement with SomaliaZegabi

all 10 news articles »