Somalia

Country Somalia
Capital Mogadishu
Continent Africa
Currency Somali Shilling(SOS)
Languages Somali & Arabic

Mogadishu

Information

Introduction

Britain withdrew from British Somaliland in 1960 to allow its protectorate to join with Italian Somaliland and form the new nation of Somalia. In 1969, a coup headed by Mohamed SIAD Barre ushered in an authoritarian socialist rule that managed to impose a degree of stability in the country for more than two decades. After the regime's collapse early in 1991, Somalia descended into turmoil, factional fighting, and anarchy. In May 1991, northern clans declared an independent Republic of Somaliland that now includes the administrative regions of Awdal, Woqooyi Galbeed, Togdheer, Sanaag, and Sool. Although not recognized by any government, this entity has maintained a stable existence and continues efforts to establish a constitutional democracy, including holding municipal, parliamentary, and presidential elections. The regions of Bari, Nugaal, and northern Mudug comprise a neighboring semi-autonomous state of Puntland, which has been self-governing since 1998 but does not aim at independence; it has also made strides toward reconstructing a legitimate, representative government but has suffered some civil strife. Puntland disputes its border with Somaliland as it also claims portions of eastern Sool and Sanaag. Beginning in 1993, a two-year UN humanitarian effort (primarily in the south) was able to alleviate famine conditions, but when the UN withdrew in 1995, having suffered significant casualties, order still had not been restored. A two-year peace process, led by the Government of Kenya under the auspices of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), concluded in October 2004 with the election of Abdullahi YUSUF Ahmed as President of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) of Somalia and the formation of an interim government, known as the Somalia Transitional Federal Institutions (TFIs). The TFIs included a 275-member parliamentary body, known as the Transitional Federal Assembly (TFA). President YUSUF resigned late in 2008 while United Nations-sponsored talks between the TFG and the opposition Alliance for the Re-Liberation of Somalia (ARS) were underway in Djibouti. In January 2009, following the creation of a TFG-ARS unity government, Ethiopian military forces, which had entered Somalia in December 2006 to support the TFG in the face of advances by the opposition Islamic Courts Union (ICU), withdrew from the country. The TFA was increased to 550 seats with the addition of 200 ARS and 75 civil society members of parliament. The expanded parliament elected Sheikh SHARIF Sheikh Ahmed, the former CIC and ARS chairman as president on 31 January 2009, in Djibouti. Subsequently, President SHARIF appointed Omar Abdirashid ali SHARMARKE, son of a former president of Somalia, as prime minister on 13 February 2009. The TFIs are based on the Transitional Federal Charter (TFC), which outlines a five-year mandate leading to the establishment of a new Somali constitution and a transition to a representative government following national elections. However, in January 2009 the TFA amended the TFC to extend TFG's mandate until 2011. While its institutions remain weak, the TFG continues to reach out to Somali stakeholders and to work with international donors to help build the governance capacity of the TFIs and to work toward national elections in 2011.

[+] Geography

[+] People

[+] Government

Video

Map


View Larger Map

References

Somalia - Wikipedia
Somalia - CIA World Fact Book
Somalia - BBC
Somalia - Timeline - BBC

Cities

Links

News Headlines

Google News
Ebola Fears Nix Sierra Leone Troop Trip to Somalia - ABC News

Ebola Fears Nix Sierra Leone Troop Trip to Somalia
ABC News
A military spokesman for the African Union mission in Somalia says the AU has canceled a planned troop rotation by Sierra Leonean forces because of the Ebola outbreak. Col. Ali Aden Houmed told The Associated Press late Thursday that the Union decided ...

and more »


Insurgents Kill a Lawmaker in Somalia - New York Times

Raxanreeb Online

Insurgents Kill a Lawmaker in Somalia
New York Times
MOGADISHU, Somalia — Gunmen killed a Somali lawmaker as he left a mosque in Mogadishu on Friday, officials and witnesses said. The lawmaker, Aden Madeer, was the fifth member of Parliament to die in a violent attack this year. Three assailants ...
Somalia lawmaker shot dead by Islamists in MogadishuDeutsche Welle
SOMALIA: UN Envoy deeply concerned by murder of Somali MPs following the ...Raxanreeb Online
Somalia: Somali Islamists kill fifth lawmaker this yearHorseed Media
Somaliland Sun -UPI.com -AllAfrica.com
all 97 news articles »


Somalia's police boss called 'war criminal' in Canada - Toronto Star

Toronto Star

Somalia's police boss called 'war criminal' in Canada
Toronto Star
Mogadishu's new police commissioner was once wanted in Canada as a “war criminal” after a refugee and immigration board concluded he was “responsible for the ruthless torture of prisoners” while serving with Somalia's police force during the 1980s.



Amb Kay Lauds Agreement of Intent to Form new Central Somalia Administration - Somaliland Sun

Somaliland Sun

Amb Kay Lauds Agreement of Intent to Form new Central Somalia Administration
Somaliland Sun
Somalilandsun– The United Nations envoy in Somalia welcomed today the agreement stating intent and principles for forming a new regional administration in the central part of the country. "This is another encouraging sign for Somalia's progress to meet ...
Somalia: US Welcomes New Administration in Central SomaliaGeeska Afrika
SOMALIA: UN Representative for Somalia welcomes agreement of intent to form ...Raxanreeb Online
Agreement For Establishing New State In Central Somalia SignedRTT News
Shanghai Daily (subscription)
all 13 news articles »


EU increases humanitarian aid to Somalia - Prague Post

Prague Post

EU increases humanitarian aid to Somalia
Prague Post
The European Commission is giving an additional €10 million for Somalia in response to the increasing humanitarian needs there. This will help respond to the serious food and nutrition crisis that Somalis are currently facing, and will provide basic ...
EU increases humanitarian funding to SomaliaShanghai Daily (subscription)

all 8 news articles »


SOMALIA : PUNTLAND STRONGLY OPPOSES THE MOGADISHU ... - Raxanreeb Online

Raxanreeb Online

SOMALIA : PUNTLAND STRONGLY OPPOSES THE MOGADISHU ...
Raxanreeb Online
In reference to the July 30th 2014 Agreement announced in Mogadishu, the Puntland Council of Ministers convened in an extraordinary meeting chaired by the President HE Dr. Abdiweli Mohamed Ali Gas in which the following decisions were taken;. 1.



July 2014 Update: US covert actions in Pakistan, Yemen and Somalia - Bureau of Investigative Journalism

July 2014 Update: US covert actions in Pakistan, Yemen and Somalia
Bureau of Investigative Journalism
At least 32 people died in three CIA drone strikes in Pakistan, making this the bloodiest month since July 2012. The strikes all reportedly occurred in and around Datta Khel in North Waziristan. The high death toll from just three attacks dramatically ...

and more »


SOMALIA: Al Shabab takes credit of assassination against Somali MP in ... - Raxanreeb Online

Raxanreeb Online

SOMALIA: Al Shabab takes credit of assassination against Somali MP in ...
Raxanreeb Online
The militant group which wages heavy offensive from Somalia government forces and the AMISOM troops in Somalia has killed five lawmakers in Mogadishu this year. A famous lawmaker and singer Saado Ali Warsame was shot and killed a week ago as the ...



Himin & Heeb Boycotts Agreement to Unite Administrations in Central Somalia - AllAfrica.com

Himin & Heeb Boycotts Agreement to Unite Administrations in Central Somalia
AllAfrica.com
Abdullahi Omar Baarleeh, the president of Himin & Heeb says they boycott the agreement to intent to unite administration in central Somalia which was signed in Mogadishu yesterday. Himin and Heeb administration says all inhabitants of central Somalia ...



SOMALIA: Puntland celebrates 16th anniversary - Raxanreeb Online

Raxanreeb Online

SOMALIA: Puntland celebrates 16th anniversary
Raxanreeb Online
Thousands of Puntlanders Join their leaders in the state's main towns of Bassaso,Garowe and Galkacyo among the others to celebrate 1august which marks the day Puntland government was announces in 1998. Among several celebrations include ...
Somaliland: Puntland Withdraws from SFG, Recalls nationals from the ...Somaliland Sun
Somalia: Puntland celebrates 16 years of statehoodGarowe Online

all 5 news articles »