Somalia

Country Somalia
Capital Mogadishu
Continent Africa
Currency Somali Shilling(SOS)
Languages Somali & Arabic

Mogadishu

Information

Introduction

Britain withdrew from British Somaliland in 1960 to allow its protectorate to join with Italian Somaliland and form the new nation of Somalia. In 1969, a coup headed by Mohamed SIAD Barre ushered in an authoritarian socialist rule that managed to impose a degree of stability in the country for more than two decades. After the regime's collapse early in 1991, Somalia descended into turmoil, factional fighting, and anarchy. In May 1991, northern clans declared an independent Republic of Somaliland that now includes the administrative regions of Awdal, Woqooyi Galbeed, Togdheer, Sanaag, and Sool. Although not recognized by any government, this entity has maintained a stable existence and continues efforts to establish a constitutional democracy, including holding municipal, parliamentary, and presidential elections. The regions of Bari, Nugaal, and northern Mudug comprise a neighboring semi-autonomous state of Puntland, which has been self-governing since 1998 but does not aim at independence; it has also made strides toward reconstructing a legitimate, representative government but has suffered some civil strife. Puntland disputes its border with Somaliland as it also claims portions of eastern Sool and Sanaag. Beginning in 1993, a two-year UN humanitarian effort (primarily in the south) was able to alleviate famine conditions, but when the UN withdrew in 1995, having suffered significant casualties, order still had not been restored. A two-year peace process, led by the Government of Kenya under the auspices of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), concluded in October 2004 with the election of Abdullahi YUSUF Ahmed as President of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) of Somalia and the formation of an interim government, known as the Somalia Transitional Federal Institutions (TFIs). The TFIs included a 275-member parliamentary body, known as the Transitional Federal Assembly (TFA). President YUSUF resigned late in 2008 while United Nations-sponsored talks between the TFG and the opposition Alliance for the Re-Liberation of Somalia (ARS) were underway in Djibouti. In January 2009, following the creation of a TFG-ARS unity government, Ethiopian military forces, which had entered Somalia in December 2006 to support the TFG in the face of advances by the opposition Islamic Courts Union (ICU), withdrew from the country. The TFA was increased to 550 seats with the addition of 200 ARS and 75 civil society members of parliament. The expanded parliament elected Sheikh SHARIF Sheikh Ahmed, the former CIC and ARS chairman as president on 31 January 2009, in Djibouti. Subsequently, President SHARIF appointed Omar Abdirashid ali SHARMARKE, son of a former president of Somalia, as prime minister on 13 February 2009. The TFIs are based on the Transitional Federal Charter (TFC), which outlines a five-year mandate leading to the establishment of a new Somali constitution and a transition to a representative government following national elections. However, in January 2009 the TFA amended the TFC to extend TFG's mandate until 2011. While its institutions remain weak, the TFG continues to reach out to Somali stakeholders and to work with international donors to help build the governance capacity of the TFIs and to work toward national elections in 2011.

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References

Somalia - Wikipedia
Somalia - CIA World Fact Book
Somalia - BBC
Somalia - Timeline - BBC

Cities

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News Headlines

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Senior al-Shabab Foreign Fighter Defects in Somalia - VOA NewsSenior al-Shabab Foreign Fighter Defects in Somalia  VOA News

Somalia promises to secure Turkish nationals' safety - Anadolu AgencySomalia promises to secure Turkish nationals' safety  Anadolu Agency

As Turkey Shows Interest, Somalia Says Oil Tenders Open to All - BloombergAs Turkey Shows Interest, Somalia Says Oil Tenders Open to All  Bloomberg

Somalia youth preaching peace through basketball - East African Business WeekSomalia youth preaching peace through basketball  East African Business Week

Turkey receives invitation from Somalia to explore offshore oil - Offshore TechnologyTurkey receives invitation from Somalia to explore offshore oil  Offshore Technology

Somalia: Food Assistance Fact Sheet - Updated January 17, 2020 - Somalia - ReliefWebSomalia: Food Assistance Fact Sheet - Updated January 17, 2020 - Somalia  ReliefWeb

No, Somalia Is Not Poised for Economic Success - The National Interest OnlineNo, Somalia Is Not Poised for Economic Success  The National Interest Online

Somalia: Turkish workers wounded in deadly al-Shabab car bombing - Al Jazeera EnglishSomalia: Turkish workers wounded in deadly al-Shabab car bombing  Al Jazeera English

Desert Locust Emergency in Somalia - Update 02 | 17 January 2019 - Somalia - ReliefWebDesert Locust Emergency in Somalia - Update 02 | 17 January 2019 - Somalia  ReliefWeb

Cholera situation in Somalia, December 2019 - Somalia - ReliefWebCholera situation in Somalia, December 2019 - Somalia  ReliefWeb

Somalia: Protection cluster - 2019 Response Overview (as of December 2019) - Somalia - ReliefWebSomalia: Protection cluster - 2019 Response Overview (as of December 2019) - Somalia  ReliefWeb

Somalia: Army offensive, airstrike kill 12 militants - Anadolu AgencySomalia: Army offensive, airstrike kill 12 militants  Anadolu Agency

Somalia: 13 die at displaced persons camp in Mogadishu - Anadolu AgencySomalia: 13 die at displaced persons camp in Mogadishu  Anadolu Agency

Is Somalia Poised for Economic Success? - The National Interest OnlineIs Somalia Poised for Economic Success?  The National Interest Online

5 al-Shabaab terrorists killed in Somalia - Anadolu Agency5 al-Shabaab terrorists killed in Somalia  Anadolu Agency

Outbreak update – Cholera in Somalia, 12 January 2020 - Somalia - ReliefWebOutbreak update – Cholera in Somalia, 12 January 2020 - Somalia  ReliefWeb

Trump authorized more airstrikes against al-Shabab but it is surging in Somalia - The - The Washington PostTrump authorized more airstrikes against al-Shabab but it is surging in Somalia - The  The Washington Post

Islamic State's Mixed Fortunes Become Visible in Somalia - The Jamestown FoundationIslamic State's Mixed Fortunes Become Visible in Somalia  The Jamestown Foundation

Somalia bombing kills dozens; airstrikes target militants - The Associated PressSomalia bombing kills dozens; airstrikes target militants  The Associated Press

The US must re-designate TPS for Somalia until the country recovers - International Rescue CommitteeThe US must re-designate TPS for Somalia until the country recovers  International Rescue Committee

Somalia: Bomb blast outside capital Mogadishu kills 3 - Anadolu AgencySomalia: Bomb blast outside capital Mogadishu kills 3  Anadolu Agency

Shabab militants from Somalia may have received help from Kenyans for deadly Manda Bay attack - Military TimesShabab militants from Somalia may have received help from Kenyans for deadly Manda Bay attack  Military Times

UN expresses support for dialogue between Somaliland and Somalia - East African Business WeekUN expresses support for dialogue between Somaliland and Somalia  East African Business Week

A Growing Challenge for America's Somalia Policy - Daily SignalA Growing Challenge for America's Somalia Policy  Daily Signal

Somali FM to Asharq Al-Awsat: Biggest Supporter of Somalia is Saudi Arabia - Asharq Al-awsat EnglishSomali FM to Asharq Al-Awsat: Biggest Supporter of Somalia is Saudi Arabia  Asharq Al-awsat English

Somalia attack: Demonstrations held in Mogadishu - BBC NewsSomalia attack: Demonstrations held in Mogadishu  BBC News

Car bomb kills at least four near Somalia's parliament in Mogadishu - FRANCE 24 EnglishCar bomb kills at least four near Somalia's parliament in Mogadishu  FRANCE 24 English

New oil law in Somalia tests uneasy peace - News for the Oil and Gas Sector - Energy VoiceNew oil law in Somalia tests uneasy peace - News for the Oil and Gas Sector  Energy Voice

Somalia Situation Report, 12 January 2020 - Somalia - ReliefWebSomalia Situation Report, 12 January 2020 - Somalia  ReliefWeb

Mohamud Ali: from Manchester’s roads to football history with Somalia - The GuardianMohamud Ali: from Manchester’s roads to football history with Somalia  The Guardian

The wild ride that brings miraa, or qat, from Kenya to Somalia - Washington PostThe wild ride that brings miraa, or qat, from Kenya to Somalia  Washington Post

Somalia Reels From Deadly Terror Attack - Foreign PolicySomalia Reels From Deadly Terror Attack  Foreign Policy

Three Teachers Killed in Suspected Militant Attack Near Kenya's Somalia Border: Police - The New York TimesThree Teachers Killed in Suspected Militant Attack Near Kenya's Somalia Border: Police  The New York Times

33 al-Shabaab militants killed in Somalia - Anadolu Agency33 al-Shabaab militants killed in Somalia  Anadolu Agency

Various Artists: Mogadisco - Dancing Mogadishu (Somalia 1972–1991) | Review - PitchforkVarious Artists: Mogadisco - Dancing Mogadishu (Somalia 1972–1991) | Review  Pitchfork

Somalia: Car bomb attack wounds Turkish contractors, police near Mogadishu - Middle East MonitorSomalia: Car bomb attack wounds Turkish contractors, police near Mogadishu  Middle East Monitor

Erdogan says Somalia has invited Turkey to explore for oil in its seas -NTV - NasdaqErdogan says Somalia has invited Turkey to explore for oil in its seas -NTV  Nasdaq

Ethiopia-Somalia: Climate change and violence trap millions in near-constant crisis - Ethiopia - ReliefWebEthiopia-Somalia: Climate change and violence trap millions in near-constant crisis - Ethiopia  ReliefWeb

Somalia's ex-spy chief apologises for extradition of ONLF commander to Ethiopia - Garowe OnlineSomalia's ex-spy chief apologises for extradition of ONLF commander to Ethiopia  Garowe Online

Somalia - Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #1, Fiscal Year (FY) 2020 (January 17, 2020) - Somalia - ReliefWebSomalia - Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #1, Fiscal Year (FY) 2020 (January 17, 2020) - Somalia  ReliefWeb

Somalia wouldn’t be the first or the last to be dismembered - Daily NationSomalia wouldn’t be the first or the last to be dismembered  Daily Nation

Three militants killed in US airstrike targeting Al-Qaeda affiliate in Somalia - Garowe OnlineThree militants killed in US airstrike targeting Al-Qaeda affiliate in Somalia  Garowe Online

Dozens injured in deadly Somalia blast - WAtodayDozens injured in deadly Somalia blast  WAtoday

Turkey Gazettes Law Ratifying DTA With Somalia - Bloomberg TaxTurkey Gazettes Law Ratifying DTA With Somalia  Bloomberg Tax

Turkey condemns bomb attack on civilians in Somalia - Yeni Safak EnglishTurkey condemns bomb attack on civilians in Somalia  Yeni Safak English

Somalia: Six Soldiers Killed in Al-Shabab Attacks - AllAfrica - Top Africa NewsSomalia: Six Soldiers Killed in Al-Shabab Attacks  AllAfrica - Top Africa News

Six Killed in Car-Bomb Attack in Somalia’s Capital, Police Say - BloombergSix Killed in Car-Bomb Attack in Somalia’s Capital, Police Say  Bloomberg

Somalia: 2-Day Women Journalists Training Promotes Young Women’s Voices In Media - Modern GhanaSomalia: 2-Day Women Journalists Training Promotes Young Women’s Voices In Media  Modern Ghana

Al-Qaeda's senior leadership praises jihadists in Mali and Somalia - Long War JournalAl-Qaeda's senior leadership praises jihadists in Mali and Somalia  Long War Journal

Somalia Hopes Security Cameras Deter Mogadishu Terrorist Attacks - VOA NewsSomalia Hopes Security Cameras Deter Mogadishu Terrorist Attacks  VOA News

Somalia Bombing Kills At Least 79 - NPRSomalia Bombing Kills At Least 79  NPR

Turkey's police special operations chief in Somalia - Anadolu AgencyTurkey's police special operations chief in Somalia  Anadolu Agency

Somalia: 7 killed in Al-Shabaab attack on military base - Anadolu AgencySomalia: 7 killed in Al-Shabaab attack on military base  Anadolu Agency

Somalia: Health Cluster Bulletin, 1 - 31 December 2019 - Somalia - ReliefWebSomalia: Health Cluster Bulletin, 1 - 31 December 2019 - Somalia  ReliefWeb

Somaliland and Somalia in Journalist Arrest and Imprisonment Competition - MENAFN.COMSomaliland and Somalia in Journalist Arrest and Imprisonment Competition  MENAFN.COM

Mutoro shines as Kenya overcome Somalia - nation.co.keMutoro shines as Kenya overcome Somalia  nation.co.ke

AU condemns Somalia bomb attack - The East AfricanAU condemns Somalia bomb attack  The East African

US Airstrikes Kill 4 Terrorists in Somalia - Air Force MagazineUS Airstrikes Kill 4 Terrorists in Somalia  Air Force Magazine

Somalia: Attacks against journalists continued in 2019 - Anadolu AgencySomalia: Attacks against journalists continued in 2019  Anadolu Agency

Somalia-Ethiopia war forced Kenya and Iran to sever ties - Daily NationSomalia-Ethiopia war forced Kenya and Iran to sever ties  Daily Nation

Turkey offers condolence to Somalia over terror attack - Anadolu AgencyTurkey offers condolence to Somalia over terror attack  Anadolu Agency

Stopping Somalia's pirates by building a fishing industry - Hellenic Shipping News WorldwideStopping Somalia's pirates by building a fishing industry  Hellenic Shipping News Worldwide

Somalia Humanitarian Bulletin, 1 - 31 December 2019 - Somalia - ReliefWebSomalia Humanitarian Bulletin, 1 - 31 December 2019 - Somalia  ReliefWeb

At least 90 killed, dozens wounded in truck bomb blast in Somalia's capital - HaaretzAt least 90 killed, dozens wounded in truck bomb blast in Somalia's capital  Haaretz

Mobilization of veterans to Somalia kicks off today - KFMMobilization of veterans to Somalia kicks off today  KFM

Al Shabaab shoot locusts with machine guns as Somalia battles biggest swarms in 25 years - The TelegraphAl Shabaab shoot locusts with machine guns as Somalia battles biggest swarms in 25 years  The Telegraph

US briefing: Australian bushfires, US strikes in Somalia, Hanukah attacks - The GuardianUS briefing: Australian bushfires, US strikes in Somalia, Hanukah attacks  The Guardian

'Speeding suicide car bomb' explodes in Somalia, injures 15 - Free Malaysia Today'Speeding suicide car bomb' explodes in Somalia, injures 15  Free Malaysia Today

Chase Bank ex-chair's illicit plan to open Somalia bank - Daily NationChase Bank ex-chair's illicit plan to open Somalia bank  Daily Nation

Attack in Somalia leaves at least 79 dead from car bomb - - KUSIAttack in Somalia leaves at least 79 dead from car bomb -  KUSI

AMISOM troops return from Somalia - National - NTV UgandaAMISOM troops return from Somalia - National  NTV Uganda

Camp Simba: Three Americans killed in Kenya base - BBC NewsCamp Simba: Three Americans killed in Kenya base  BBC News

US-trained forces' operation kills Al-Shabaab militants in Somalia - Garowe OnlineUS-trained forces' operation kills Al-Shabaab militants in Somalia  Garowe Online

Kenya: Somalia-Ethiopia War Forced Kenya and Iran to Sever Ties - AllAfrica.comKenya: Somalia-Ethiopia War Forced Kenya and Iran to Sever Ties  AllAfrica.com

Gen Birungi Hails President Museveni as 108 SFC Soldiers Safely Return from Somalia - kampalapost.comGen Birungi Hails President Museveni as 108 SFC Soldiers Safely Return from Somalia  kampalapost.com

Car bomb targeting Turkish engineers kills 3 in Somalia - Garowe OnlineCar bomb targeting Turkish engineers kills 3 in Somalia  Garowe Online

Somalia: Spare the civilians, Red Cross and Red Crescent tell warring parties - Somalia - ReliefWebSomalia: Spare the civilians, Red Cross and Red Crescent tell warring parties - Somalia  ReliefWeb

He fled terrorists in Somalia and moved to Maine. This month, he'll become a US citizen. - Bangor Daily NewsHe fled terrorists in Somalia and moved to Maine. This month, he'll become a US citizen.  Bangor Daily News

UAE strongly condemns car bomb attack in Somalia - Africanews EnglishUAE strongly condemns car bomb attack in Somalia  Africanews English

Over 2500 UPDF veterans to be deployed in Somalia - NTV UgandaOver 2500 UPDF veterans to be deployed in Somalia  NTV Uganda

Somalia Humanitarian Funding Overview (data as of 31 December 2019) - Somalia - ReliefWebSomalia Humanitarian Funding Overview (data as of 31 December 2019) - Somalia  ReliefWeb

FIBA AfroBasket qualifiers: Brave Somalia gives Kenyans real scare - The StandardFIBA AfroBasket qualifiers: Brave Somalia gives Kenyans real scare  The Standard

Somalia's Galmudug state to hold presidential election on 30 January - SomaliaffairsSomalia's Galmudug state to hold presidential election on 30 January  Somaliaffairs

LOOK BACK: 25 years since Somalia affair stained Canada's reputation - Toronto SunLOOK BACK: 25 years since Somalia affair stained Canada's reputation  Toronto Sun

Somalia Market Update: November 2019 Update (Issued December 27, 2019) - Somalia - ReliefWebSomalia Market Update: November 2019 Update (Issued December 27, 2019) - Somalia  ReliefWeb

Triumph SC's Mohamed Named Somalia's National Footballer of the Year - USL League OneTriumph SC's Mohamed Named Somalia's National Footballer of the Year  USL League One

Research Terms of Reference: CCCM Detailed Site Assessment, SOM1909, Somalia (December 2019, Version 1) - Somalia - ReliefWebResearch Terms of Reference: CCCM Detailed Site Assessment, SOM1909, Somalia (December 2019, Version 1) - Somalia  ReliefWeb

Desert Locust swarms in Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia threaten to ravage East Africa - WIONDesert Locust swarms in Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia threaten to ravage East Africa  WION

Somalia Telecommunications Market 2020, Strategic Analysis and Outlook to 2025-Analysis of Somalia Mobile, Fixed Telephone and Broadband Markets – Dagoretti News - Dagoretti NewsSomalia Telecommunications Market 2020, Strategic Analysis and Outlook to 2025-Analysis of Somalia Mobile, Fixed Telephone and Broadband Markets – Dagoretti News  Dagoretti News

Somalia's Ahlu Sunnah now rejects government-led elections in Galmudug - SomaliaffairsSomalia's Ahlu Sunnah now rejects government-led elections in Galmudug  Somaliaffairs

South Sudan thrash Somalia in Afro-basketball opener - nation.co.keSouth Sudan thrash Somalia in Afro-basketball opener  nation.co.ke

Leave the girls alone - The Irish World NewspaperLeave the girls alone  The Irish World Newspaper

The emir's terrorists are attacking Turkey. UAE's Mohammed bin Zayed ordered the attack that killed 90 in Somalia... The CHP, Good Party are using same discourse as the Emiratis, Saudis. Turkey will foil this game in Libya. Barbaros is back! - IBRAHIM KARAGÜL - Yeni Safak EnglishThe emir's terrorists are attacking Turkey. UAE's Mohammed bin Zayed ordered the attack that killed 90 in Somalia... The CHP, Good Party are using same discourse as the Emiratis, Saudis. Turkey will foil this game in Libya. Barbaros is back! - IBRAHIM KARAGÜL  Yeni Safak English

rom Somalia to Middle East, terror stalks new decade - Daily Nationrom Somalia to Middle East, terror stalks new decade  Daily Nation

Greenville Triumph player Omar Mohamed named Somalia's International Player of the Year - Greenville JournalGreenville Triumph player Omar Mohamed named Somalia's International Player of the Year  Greenville Journal

Somalia army repels attack on military base near Mogadishu - Garowe OnlineSomalia army repels attack on military base near Mogadishu  Garowe Online

WATCH GMS GRASSROOTS: From London to competing for Somalia in Taekwondo at the highest level - Munirah's Story - GiveMeSportWATCH GMS GRASSROOTS: From London to competing for Somalia in Taekwondo at the highest level - Munirah's Story  GiveMeSport

Somalia Struggles After Worst Flooding in Recent History - VOA NewsSomalia Struggles After Worst Flooding in Recent History  VOA News

UAE strongly convicts al-Shabab bomb attack in Somalia - MENAFN.COMUAE strongly convicts al-Shabab bomb attack in Somalia  MENAFN.COM

Somalia Galmudug parliament elects new Speaker, deputies in Dusomareb - SomaliaffairsSomalia Galmudug parliament elects new Speaker, deputies in Dusomareb  Somaliaffairs