Somalia

Country Somalia
Capital Mogadishu
Continent Africa
Currency Somali Shilling(SOS)
Languages Somali & Arabic

Mogadishu

Information

Introduction

Britain withdrew from British Somaliland in 1960 to allow its protectorate to join with Italian Somaliland and form the new nation of Somalia. In 1969, a coup headed by Mohamed SIAD Barre ushered in an authoritarian socialist rule that managed to impose a degree of stability in the country for more than two decades. After the regime's collapse early in 1991, Somalia descended into turmoil, factional fighting, and anarchy. In May 1991, northern clans declared an independent Republic of Somaliland that now includes the administrative regions of Awdal, Woqooyi Galbeed, Togdheer, Sanaag, and Sool. Although not recognized by any government, this entity has maintained a stable existence and continues efforts to establish a constitutional democracy, including holding municipal, parliamentary, and presidential elections. The regions of Bari, Nugaal, and northern Mudug comprise a neighboring semi-autonomous state of Puntland, which has been self-governing since 1998 but does not aim at independence; it has also made strides toward reconstructing a legitimate, representative government but has suffered some civil strife. Puntland disputes its border with Somaliland as it also claims portions of eastern Sool and Sanaag. Beginning in 1993, a two-year UN humanitarian effort (primarily in the south) was able to alleviate famine conditions, but when the UN withdrew in 1995, having suffered significant casualties, order still had not been restored. A two-year peace process, led by the Government of Kenya under the auspices of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), concluded in October 2004 with the election of Abdullahi YUSUF Ahmed as President of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) of Somalia and the formation of an interim government, known as the Somalia Transitional Federal Institutions (TFIs). The TFIs included a 275-member parliamentary body, known as the Transitional Federal Assembly (TFA). President YUSUF resigned late in 2008 while United Nations-sponsored talks between the TFG and the opposition Alliance for the Re-Liberation of Somalia (ARS) were underway in Djibouti. In January 2009, following the creation of a TFG-ARS unity government, Ethiopian military forces, which had entered Somalia in December 2006 to support the TFG in the face of advances by the opposition Islamic Courts Union (ICU), withdrew from the country. The TFA was increased to 550 seats with the addition of 200 ARS and 75 civil society members of parliament. The expanded parliament elected Sheikh SHARIF Sheikh Ahmed, the former CIC and ARS chairman as president on 31 January 2009, in Djibouti. Subsequently, President SHARIF appointed Omar Abdirashid ali SHARMARKE, son of a former president of Somalia, as prime minister on 13 February 2009. The TFIs are based on the Transitional Federal Charter (TFC), which outlines a five-year mandate leading to the establishment of a new Somali constitution and a transition to a representative government following national elections. However, in January 2009 the TFA amended the TFC to extend TFG's mandate until 2011. While its institutions remain weak, the TFG continues to reach out to Somali stakeholders and to work with international donors to help build the governance capacity of the TFIs and to work toward national elections in 2011.

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References

Somalia - Wikipedia
Somalia - CIA World Fact Book
Somalia - BBC
Somalia - Timeline - BBC

Cities

Links

News Headlines

Google News
Help rebuild Somalia - The Standard (press release)

The Standard (press release)

Help rebuild Somalia
The Standard (press release)
The election of Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed as Somalia president received a lot of support from within and outside Somalia. There could not have been greater acceptance of President Mohamed than the attendance of three heads of state; Kenya's Uhuru ...
Hassan Ali Khaire, an Oil Executive, Is Picked to Be Somalia's Prime MinisterNew York Times
Oil Executive Chosen as Somalia's New Prime MinisterVoice of America
Somalia's New President Appoints Prime MinisterU.S. News & World Report
STRATFOR -KFM -Aljazeera.com
all 121 news articles »


Tackling hunger crises in South Sudan, Somalia, Nigeria and Yemen requires $4.4 billion – UN - UN News Centre

UN News Centre

Tackling hunger crises in South Sudan, Somalia, Nigeria and Yemen requires $4.4 billion – UN
UN News Centre
22 February 2017 – Sounding the alarm on behalf of more than 20 million people in South Sudan, Somalia, Yemen, and north-east Nigeria facing devastating levels of food insecurity, Secretary-General António Guterres joined other top United Nations ...
How to donate: South Sudan famine and Somalia, Yemen and Nigeria food crisesThe Guardian
Britain Pledges Extra $250 Million to Fight Famine in South Sudan, SomaliaU.S. News & World Report
Somalia and South Sudan to receive £100 million each in UK aidThe Independent
Sky News -The Scotsman -Reliefweb -IPCINFO: Map detail
all 664 news articles »


Asylum seeker says husband, mother were killed on wedding day in Somalia - CBC.ca

CBC.ca

Asylum seeker says husband, mother were killed on wedding day in Somalia
CBC.ca
The 23-year-old Somali woman spent the days after her marriage in July fleeing — first to a relative's home in Mogadishu, Somalia's capital, and then to countries across the world, including Ecuador, Colombia and Costa Rica. She finally made it to the ...

and more »


Somalia is a leader in mobile money but still wants to print its first cash notes in 25 years - Quartz

Quartz

Somalia is a leader in mobile money but still wants to print its first cash notes in 25 years
Quartz
After a few years of relative stability and successful elections, Somalia's new government hopes to reverse all that. Buoyed by donors, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank, the country now wants to resume printing banknotes this year.

and more »


Pastoralists rely on hosts and aid to beat drought in Somalia - africanews

africanews

Pastoralists rely on hosts and aid to beat drought in Somalia
africanews
At Turkaraq – a village in Somalia's semi-autonomous Puntland region, a group of pastoralists have set up camp. They travelled long distances in search of water and pasture. While movement is part of life for Somalia's pastoralists – in the last year ...

and more »


WFP Somalia Country Brief, January 2017 - ReliefWeb

ReliefWeb

WFP Somalia Country Brief, January 2017
ReliefWeb
Somalia is now in a state of drought emergency, with the severity ranging from moderate to extreme. In a post-Deyr assessment report released in early February by the Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit for Somalia (FSNAU) and the Famine Early ...

and more »


Somalia's diaspora poets step into the mainstream - CNN

CNN

Somalia's diaspora poets step into the mainstream
CNN
One quick search on YouTube throws up hundreds of videos of young poets talking about their connection to Somalia in Canadian, Swedish or US vernaculars, among many others. These videos reach tens of thousands of people around the world.



Blast leaves 34 dead in Mogadishu marketplace in Somalia - The Indian Express

The Indian Express

Blast leaves 34 dead in Mogadishu marketplace in Somalia
The Indian Express
A Somali police officer says a blast at a busy market in the western part of Somalia's capital tore through shops and food stands and killed more than a dozen people and wounded many others. (Source: AP). Somalia's new president visited victims wounded ...
Blast in Somalia kills 34 in Mogadishu marketplaceMoneycontrol.com
Securing SomaliaForeign Affairs
Suicide Bombing in Somalia Kills Dozens at a MarketNew York Times
The Standard (press release) -The Independent
all 176 news articles »


Farmaajo inaugurated as the ninth President of Somalia - ReliefWeb - ReliefWeb

Farmaajo inaugurated as the ninth President of Somalia - ReliefWeb
ReliefWeb
Mohamed Abdullahi Farmaajo was today inaugurated as the ninth president of Somalia in a colourful ceremony attended by over 1200 people including two ...

and more »


Drought in Somalia: Time is Running Out - Aljazeera.com

Aljazeera.com

Drought in Somalia: Time is Running Out
Aljazeera.com
Baidoa, Somalia - Four-year-old Safia Adan lies in Baidoa Regional Hospital in southern Somalia with a tube through her nose. She is suffering from severe malnutrition and dehydration. At her side her worried grandmother looks up to explain that Safia ...