Somalia

Country Somalia
Capital Mogadishu
Continent Africa
Currency Somali Shilling(SOS)
Languages Somali & Arabic

Mogadishu

Information

Introduction

Britain withdrew from British Somaliland in 1960 to allow its protectorate to join with Italian Somaliland and form the new nation of Somalia. In 1969, a coup headed by Mohamed SIAD Barre ushered in an authoritarian socialist rule that managed to impose a degree of stability in the country for more than two decades. After the regime's collapse early in 1991, Somalia descended into turmoil, factional fighting, and anarchy. In May 1991, northern clans declared an independent Republic of Somaliland that now includes the administrative regions of Awdal, Woqooyi Galbeed, Togdheer, Sanaag, and Sool. Although not recognized by any government, this entity has maintained a stable existence and continues efforts to establish a constitutional democracy, including holding municipal, parliamentary, and presidential elections. The regions of Bari, Nugaal, and northern Mudug comprise a neighboring semi-autonomous state of Puntland, which has been self-governing since 1998 but does not aim at independence; it has also made strides toward reconstructing a legitimate, representative government but has suffered some civil strife. Puntland disputes its border with Somaliland as it also claims portions of eastern Sool and Sanaag. Beginning in 1993, a two-year UN humanitarian effort (primarily in the south) was able to alleviate famine conditions, but when the UN withdrew in 1995, having suffered significant casualties, order still had not been restored. A two-year peace process, led by the Government of Kenya under the auspices of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), concluded in October 2004 with the election of Abdullahi YUSUF Ahmed as President of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) of Somalia and the formation of an interim government, known as the Somalia Transitional Federal Institutions (TFIs). The TFIs included a 275-member parliamentary body, known as the Transitional Federal Assembly (TFA). President YUSUF resigned late in 2008 while United Nations-sponsored talks between the TFG and the opposition Alliance for the Re-Liberation of Somalia (ARS) were underway in Djibouti. In January 2009, following the creation of a TFG-ARS unity government, Ethiopian military forces, which had entered Somalia in December 2006 to support the TFG in the face of advances by the opposition Islamic Courts Union (ICU), withdrew from the country. The TFA was increased to 550 seats with the addition of 200 ARS and 75 civil society members of parliament. The expanded parliament elected Sheikh SHARIF Sheikh Ahmed, the former CIC and ARS chairman as president on 31 January 2009, in Djibouti. Subsequently, President SHARIF appointed Omar Abdirashid ali SHARMARKE, son of a former president of Somalia, as prime minister on 13 February 2009. The TFIs are based on the Transitional Federal Charter (TFC), which outlines a five-year mandate leading to the establishment of a new Somali constitution and a transition to a representative government following national elections. However, in January 2009 the TFA amended the TFC to extend TFG's mandate until 2011. While its institutions remain weak, the TFG continues to reach out to Somali stakeholders and to work with international donors to help build the governance capacity of the TFIs and to work toward national elections in 2011.

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References

Somalia - Wikipedia
Somalia - CIA World Fact Book
Somalia - BBC
Somalia - Timeline - BBC

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Somalia MP killed in drive-by shooting - Aljazeera.com

Aljazeera.com

Somalia MP killed in drive-by shooting
Aljazeera.com
Somalia MP killed in drive-by shooting. Politician and folk singer Saado Ali Warsame is fourth MP killed in 2014 in attacks claimed by armed group al-Shabab. Last updated: 23 Jul 2014 14:34. Email Article. Print Article. Share article. Send Feedback.
Somali singer and politician murdered by Islamist gunmenThe Guardian
Lawmaker, former St. Cloud resident killed in native SomaliaSt. Cloud Times
Shabab claims assassination of MP Warsame in SomaliaDeutsche Welle
MiamiHerald.com -Raxanreeb Online
all 125 news articles »


Somalia famine, three years on - Norwegian Refugee Council

Norwegian Refugee Council

Somalia famine, three years on
Norwegian Refugee Council
Three years ago today, a famine was declared in Somalia. During the famine, 260,000 lives were lost to hunger, malnutrition and disease. Aid agencies today caution, again, that the signs of a drought are re-emerging in Somalia and urge for these not to ...



SOMALIA: Somalia condemns Israel on subjecting innocent civilians to inhuman ... - Raxanreeb Online

SOMALIA: Somalia condemns Israel on subjecting innocent civilians to inhuman ...
Raxanreeb Online
In statement from Somalia's foreign minister office read, “Somalia is strongly condemning the heartless offensive on the boycotted civilians in Gaza, and the targeting of innocent civilians which is against the universal human respect, culture and ...
Somalia condemns Israeli Gaza attacksomalicurrent
Somalia Strongly Condemns Israel's Attack On GazaAllAfrica.com

all 4 news articles »


SOMALIA: Details emerge from Jilib airstrike targeted to Al Shabab base - Raxanreeb Online

SOMALIA: Details emerge from Jilib airstrike targeted to Al Shabab base
Raxanreeb Online
Jilib (RBC) At least one person was killed in an airstrike that hit a base of the Somalia's militant group Al Shabab in Jilib town, southern Somalia region of Middle Jubba on Tuesday. According to residents who spoke on anonymity condition, Kenyan ...
Somalia: Kenya warplanes target Al Shabaab hideouts againGarowe Online

all 3 news articles »


SOMALIA: US Government condemn… - Raxanreeb Online

SOMALIA: US Government condemn…
Raxanreeb Online
“We offer our deepest condolences to her family. As a singer, songwriter, poet and parliamentarian Warsame exemplified all the best qualities of Somali culture and tradition. This is a tremendous loss to the people of Somalia and to Somalis around the ...



SOMALIA: Sacked NISA head sworn into Member of Parliament - Raxanreeb Online

SOMALIA: Sacked NISA head sworn into Member of Parliament
Raxanreeb Online
General Bashir Goobe has served as the country's head of NISA in the past eight months before he was later sacked on earlier this month following repeated deadly attacks on the State House of Villa Somalia and the parliament by the militants of Al ...



Somali Lawmaker Killed in Mogadishu - AllAfrica.com

Somali Lawmaker Killed in Mogadishu
AllAfrica.com
Gunmen in Somalia's capital have shot dead a member of parliament -- the fourth Somali lawmaker killed in Mogadishu this year. A government official tells VOA's Somali Service that Saado Ali Warsame was killed Wednesday near the Ambassador Hotel.



Somali Singer, Parliament Member Killed in Mogadishu - Voice of America

Voice of America

Somali Singer, Parliament Member Killed in Mogadishu
Voice of America
She was a well-known singer formerly based in the U.S. city of Minneapolis. A lawmaker there of Somali origin, Abdikadir Hassan, said in a VOA interview that he worked with Warsame on projects to fight injustice in Somalia. “I worked with her while she ...



SOMALIA: Minister of Sea Resources says, Somalia's territorial waters remain ... - Raxanreeb Online

SOMALIA: Minister of Sea Resources says, Somalia's territorial waters remain ...
Raxanreeb Online
Mogadishu (RBC) The Minister of Fisheries and Sea Resources of the Federal Government of Somalia Mohamud Olow Barrow has rebuffed media reports and public speculations on the possibility that the current government will endanger the country's sea ...
Govt Minister Denounces President's Call for NegotiationsAllAfrica.com

all 3 news articles »


Somalia: The giant Somali telecommunication companies linked services - Geeska Afrika

Geeska Afrika

Somalia: The giant Somali telecommunication companies linked services
Geeska Afrika
In Somalia telecommunications revolution has taken place despite the absence of any functioning national basic services or government institution since 1991. The three giant phone companies are engaged in fierce competition for both mobile and land ...