Somalia

Country Somalia
Capital Mogadishu
Continent Africa
Currency Somali Shilling(SOS)
Languages Somali & Arabic

Mogadishu

Information

Introduction

Britain withdrew from British Somaliland in 1960 to allow its protectorate to join with Italian Somaliland and form the new nation of Somalia. In 1969, a coup headed by Mohamed SIAD Barre ushered in an authoritarian socialist rule that managed to impose a degree of stability in the country for more than two decades. After the regime's collapse early in 1991, Somalia descended into turmoil, factional fighting, and anarchy. In May 1991, northern clans declared an independent Republic of Somaliland that now includes the administrative regions of Awdal, Woqooyi Galbeed, Togdheer, Sanaag, and Sool. Although not recognized by any government, this entity has maintained a stable existence and continues efforts to establish a constitutional democracy, including holding municipal, parliamentary, and presidential elections. The regions of Bari, Nugaal, and northern Mudug comprise a neighboring semi-autonomous state of Puntland, which has been self-governing since 1998 but does not aim at independence; it has also made strides toward reconstructing a legitimate, representative government but has suffered some civil strife. Puntland disputes its border with Somaliland as it also claims portions of eastern Sool and Sanaag. Beginning in 1993, a two-year UN humanitarian effort (primarily in the south) was able to alleviate famine conditions, but when the UN withdrew in 1995, having suffered significant casualties, order still had not been restored. A two-year peace process, led by the Government of Kenya under the auspices of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), concluded in October 2004 with the election of Abdullahi YUSUF Ahmed as President of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) of Somalia and the formation of an interim government, known as the Somalia Transitional Federal Institutions (TFIs). The TFIs included a 275-member parliamentary body, known as the Transitional Federal Assembly (TFA). President YUSUF resigned late in 2008 while United Nations-sponsored talks between the TFG and the opposition Alliance for the Re-Liberation of Somalia (ARS) were underway in Djibouti. In January 2009, following the creation of a TFG-ARS unity government, Ethiopian military forces, which had entered Somalia in December 2006 to support the TFG in the face of advances by the opposition Islamic Courts Union (ICU), withdrew from the country. The TFA was increased to 550 seats with the addition of 200 ARS and 75 civil society members of parliament. The expanded parliament elected Sheikh SHARIF Sheikh Ahmed, the former CIC and ARS chairman as president on 31 January 2009, in Djibouti. Subsequently, President SHARIF appointed Omar Abdirashid ali SHARMARKE, son of a former president of Somalia, as prime minister on 13 February 2009. The TFIs are based on the Transitional Federal Charter (TFC), which outlines a five-year mandate leading to the establishment of a new Somali constitution and a transition to a representative government following national elections. However, in January 2009 the TFA amended the TFC to extend TFG's mandate until 2011. While its institutions remain weak, the TFG continues to reach out to Somali stakeholders and to work with international donors to help build the governance capacity of the TFIs and to work toward national elections in 2011.

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References

Somalia - Wikipedia
Somalia - CIA World Fact Book
Somalia - BBC
Somalia - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
AMISOM to leave Somalia in 2016 - envoy - New Vision

New Vision

AMISOM to leave Somalia in 2016 - envoy
New Vision
Acting Special Envoy to Somalia Lydia Wanyoto (right) talks to Somalia Ambassador to Uganda Saidi Dahir centre) while Omar Alasow looks on, during the International Human Rights ToT workshop for senior Somalia army officers at Commonwealth Speke ...
Somalia:AMISOM to leave Somalia in 2016 envoyMareeg Media

all 1 news articles »


Somalia: marking one year in Puntland, UN pledges state-building support - UN News Centre

UN News Centre

Somalia: marking one year in Puntland, UN pledges state-building support
UN News Centre
17 August 2014 At a ceremony marking its first year in Puntland, the United Nations mission in Somalia today pledged its continued support as the country looks ahead to beginning the process of federalism aimed at building a stronger, more united ...
SOMALIA: UNSOM to open its office in HargeisaRaxanreeb Online
Top UN Envoy Pledges to Step Up Support for Peace, Progress in SomalilandAllAfrica.com
Somalia: UNSOM marks first anniversary in Puntlandsomalicurrent
Geeska Afrika -RTT News
all 35 news articles »


Somalia TV sales grow as many avoid public places - Kansas.com

SFGate

Somalia TV sales grow as many avoid public places
Kansas.com
The TV business is booming in Somalia, in part because of fears by people of gathering in public places like restaurants that are targeted for deadly attacks by the al-Qaida-linked militant group al-Shabab. Movie theaters, long a source of ...
Fears of violence in Somalia fuel boom in TV businessSFGate

all 131 news articles »


SOMALIA: Puntland calls SFG on talks with International community presens - Raxanreeb Online

Raxanreeb Online

SOMALIA: Puntland calls SFG on talks with International community presens
Raxanreeb Online
Following two-day closed door meeting between Somalia's north eastern government of Puntland and members of Somali parliament from the region, a verdict containing five articles, including talks call for the federal government of Somalia with the ...



'Driven by unemployment, youth in Somalia turned to piracy as a solution' - The Guardian

The Guardian

'Driven by unemployment, youth in Somalia turned to piracy as a solution'
The Guardian
In Somalia, almost seven out of 10 young people in the country are unemployed. When you consider that over 70% of the population is under 35, the youth unemployment situation in Somalia borders on catastrophic. As a result most young people want to ...

and more »


Somalia: Al-shabaab is History, Warlords are Next - Geeska Afrika

Geeska Afrika

Somalia: Al-shabaab is History, Warlords are Next
Geeska Afrika
When Somali national Army (SNA) and African Union troops(AMISOM started gaining ground in Southern Somalia cities and villages, Islamic Militants of Al-Shabaab fighters turned their war strategy to other areas like Somaliland, Puntland, Khatumo and ...



Three Journalists Tortured While in Detention - AllAfrica.com

Three Journalists Tortured While in Detention
AllAfrica.com
Reporters Without Borders condemns the closures of Mogadishu-based Radio Shabelle and Sky FM and arrests of 19 journalists and employees on 15 August, and the continuing detention and reported torture of the directors of the two radio stations and ...



UPDF Somalia troops not paid for six months - The Observer

UPDF Somalia troops not paid for six months
The Observer
UPDF soldiers keeping peace in Somalia have not been paid for six months, The Observer has learnt. Frustrated, the soldiers have asked Parliament to intervene. Each soldier draws a gross salary of $1,028 (Shs 2.6m) which translates into a net pay of ...

and more »


On landmark Somalia visit, Security Council pledges support toward political ... - UN News Centre

UN News Centre

On landmark Somalia visit, Security Council pledges support toward political ...
UN News Centre
13 August 2014 Members of the United Nations Security Council arrived in Mogadishu this morning on a landmark visit to Somalia to review progress made by the Federal Government and to demonstrate their continued support for the country's efforts to ...
SOMALIA: Puntland President boycotts to attend UN Security Council meeting ...Raxanreeb Online
UN Security Council on historical visit to Somalia [Op-Ed]Horseed Media
UN Security Council envoys visit war-torn SomaliaThe Nation
AllAfrica.com
all 45 news articles »


Medal for Maltese commander of Somalia operation - Times of Malta

Medal for Maltese commander of Somalia operation
Times of Malta
The commander of the Maltese contingent on an EU mission off Somalia, Lieutenant Colonel Michael Cardona, has been presented with the Common Security and Defence Policy Service Medal. The decoration was also presented to Commander Ruud W.J. ...