Somalia

Country Somalia
Capital Mogadishu
Continent Africa
Currency Somali Shilling(SOS)
Languages Somali & Arabic

Mogadishu

Information

Introduction

Britain withdrew from British Somaliland in 1960 to allow its protectorate to join with Italian Somaliland and form the new nation of Somalia. In 1969, a coup headed by Mohamed SIAD Barre ushered in an authoritarian socialist rule that managed to impose a degree of stability in the country for more than two decades. After the regime's collapse early in 1991, Somalia descended into turmoil, factional fighting, and anarchy. In May 1991, northern clans declared an independent Republic of Somaliland that now includes the administrative regions of Awdal, Woqooyi Galbeed, Togdheer, Sanaag, and Sool. Although not recognized by any government, this entity has maintained a stable existence and continues efforts to establish a constitutional democracy, including holding municipal, parliamentary, and presidential elections. The regions of Bari, Nugaal, and northern Mudug comprise a neighboring semi-autonomous state of Puntland, which has been self-governing since 1998 but does not aim at independence; it has also made strides toward reconstructing a legitimate, representative government but has suffered some civil strife. Puntland disputes its border with Somaliland as it also claims portions of eastern Sool and Sanaag. Beginning in 1993, a two-year UN humanitarian effort (primarily in the south) was able to alleviate famine conditions, but when the UN withdrew in 1995, having suffered significant casualties, order still had not been restored. A two-year peace process, led by the Government of Kenya under the auspices of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), concluded in October 2004 with the election of Abdullahi YUSUF Ahmed as President of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) of Somalia and the formation of an interim government, known as the Somalia Transitional Federal Institutions (TFIs). The TFIs included a 275-member parliamentary body, known as the Transitional Federal Assembly (TFA). President YUSUF resigned late in 2008 while United Nations-sponsored talks between the TFG and the opposition Alliance for the Re-Liberation of Somalia (ARS) were underway in Djibouti. In January 2009, following the creation of a TFG-ARS unity government, Ethiopian military forces, which had entered Somalia in December 2006 to support the TFG in the face of advances by the opposition Islamic Courts Union (ICU), withdrew from the country. The TFA was increased to 550 seats with the addition of 200 ARS and 75 civil society members of parliament. The expanded parliament elected Sheikh SHARIF Sheikh Ahmed, the former CIC and ARS chairman as president on 31 January 2009, in Djibouti. Subsequently, President SHARIF appointed Omar Abdirashid ali SHARMARKE, son of a former president of Somalia, as prime minister on 13 February 2009. The TFIs are based on the Transitional Federal Charter (TFC), which outlines a five-year mandate leading to the establishment of a new Somali constitution and a transition to a representative government following national elections. However, in January 2009 the TFA amended the TFC to extend TFG's mandate until 2011. While its institutions remain weak, the TFG continues to reach out to Somali stakeholders and to work with international donors to help build the governance capacity of the TFIs and to work toward national elections in 2011.

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References

Somalia - Wikipedia
Somalia - CIA World Fact Book
Somalia - BBC
Somalia - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
Islamic state claims first suicide attack in Somalia, kills 5 - The Indian Express

The Indian Express

Islamic state claims first suicide attack in Somalia, kills 5
The Indian Express
The Islamic State group has claimed its first suicide attack in Somalia, which police said Wednesday killed five people at a checkpoint in the northeastern port city of Bosaso. The group's self-styled news agency Amaq claimed the “martyrdom-seeking ...
IS claims deadly attack in Somalia's Puntland regionWashington Post
Suicide Bomber Kills Five in Somalia's Northern Puntland RegionU.S. News & World Report
Somalia: Suicide Bomber Kills Two At Bosaso Security CheckpointAllAfrica.com
Anadolu Agency
all 24 news articles »


KIRUKU: Cheers to a new Somalia…made in London - Citizen TV (press release)

Citizen TV (press release)

KIRUKU: Cheers to a new Somalia…made in London
Citizen TV (press release)
The just-concluded London Somalia Conference 2017 hosted by the United Kingdom brought to the fore the grim reality of the humanitarian catastrophe plaguing Somalia. After the collapse of the country's central government led by Mohammed Siad Barre in ...



30K volunteers wanted for massive food-packing to relieve Somalia in famine - City Pages

City Pages

30K volunteers wanted for massive food-packing to relieve Somalia in famine
City Pages
Somalia last suffered a famine in 2011. It killed nearly 300,000 people – half of them young children. In an appeal for global aid two months ago, UN relief head Stephen O'Brien asked wealthy countries not to wait for photos of emaciated children ...



Militants Attack 14 villages in Southern Somalia - VOA News - Voice of America

Voice of America

Militants Attack 14 villages in Southern Somalia - VOA News
Voice of America
Witnesses said teams of 10 to 12 militants attacked villages, setting fire to houses, abducting civilians and stealing villagers' livestock.
Militants Attack 14 villages in Southern Somalia - Somalia | ReliefWebReliefWeb
Somalia:AMISOM hands over clean water facility to local community ...Mareeg Media

all 3 news articles »


Somalia at risk of another famine - News.com.au - NEWS.com.au

Somalia at risk of another famine - News.com.au
NEWS.com.au
Prompt humanitarian action has kept drought-ridden Somalia from sliding into famine so far but more resources, better security and increased access to remote ...

and more »


Hell to Heartland: Humanitarian Crisis in Somalia Goes Beyond ... - KSTP.com

KSTP.com

Hell to Heartland: Humanitarian Crisis in Somalia Goes Beyond ...
KSTP.com
The Secretary General of the United Nations told world leaders in London a few weeks ago that he is asking for another $900 million to go to humanitarian ...

and more »


Suqia launches water projects in Somalia | GulfNews.com - gulfnews.com

Suqia launches water projects in Somalia | GulfNews.com
gulfnews.com
Suqia provides drinking water to over 90 000 in Somalia.

and more »


World faces unprecedented famine threat, G7 must take action - ReliefWeb

World faces unprecedented famine threat, G7 must take action
ReliefWeb
Deadly famine is already affecting 100,000 people in parts of South Sudan and threatens to extend to Yemen, Somalia and northeast Nigeria. Widespread famine across all four countries is not yet inevitable, but G7 leaders need to act now with a massive ...

and more »


Keeping Children Safe: Drought #5 - Reliefweb

Reliefweb

Keeping Children Safe: Drought #5
Reliefweb
23rd May, 2017: Results from the post-Jilaal assessment and recent SMART surveys indicate that Crisis (IPC Phase 3) and Emergency (IPC Phase 4) levels of acute food insecurity persist in many areas of Somalia. In addition, a severe AWD/cholera outbreak ...



Somalia: "Otherwise We'll Have to Go to War" - Somaliland ... - AllAfrica.com

AllAfrica.com

Somalia: "Otherwise We'll Have to Go to War" - Somaliland ...
AllAfrica.com
Analysis - Somaliland's Foreign Minister talks about the self-declared state's struggle for recognition, domestic successes, and strategies towards Somalia.
Why Somaliland split from Somalia, state-building and struggle fRudaw

all 2 news articles »