Somalia

Country Somalia
Capital Mogadishu
Continent Africa
Currency Somali Shilling(SOS)
Languages Somali & Arabic

Mogadishu

Information

Introduction

Britain withdrew from British Somaliland in 1960 to allow its protectorate to join with Italian Somaliland and form the new nation of Somalia. In 1969, a coup headed by Mohamed SIAD Barre ushered in an authoritarian socialist rule that managed to impose a degree of stability in the country for more than two decades. After the regime's collapse early in 1991, Somalia descended into turmoil, factional fighting, and anarchy. In May 1991, northern clans declared an independent Republic of Somaliland that now includes the administrative regions of Awdal, Woqooyi Galbeed, Togdheer, Sanaag, and Sool. Although not recognized by any government, this entity has maintained a stable existence and continues efforts to establish a constitutional democracy, including holding municipal, parliamentary, and presidential elections. The regions of Bari, Nugaal, and northern Mudug comprise a neighboring semi-autonomous state of Puntland, which has been self-governing since 1998 but does not aim at independence; it has also made strides toward reconstructing a legitimate, representative government but has suffered some civil strife. Puntland disputes its border with Somaliland as it also claims portions of eastern Sool and Sanaag. Beginning in 1993, a two-year UN humanitarian effort (primarily in the south) was able to alleviate famine conditions, but when the UN withdrew in 1995, having suffered significant casualties, order still had not been restored. A two-year peace process, led by the Government of Kenya under the auspices of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), concluded in October 2004 with the election of Abdullahi YUSUF Ahmed as President of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) of Somalia and the formation of an interim government, known as the Somalia Transitional Federal Institutions (TFIs). The TFIs included a 275-member parliamentary body, known as the Transitional Federal Assembly (TFA). President YUSUF resigned late in 2008 while United Nations-sponsored talks between the TFG and the opposition Alliance for the Re-Liberation of Somalia (ARS) were underway in Djibouti. In January 2009, following the creation of a TFG-ARS unity government, Ethiopian military forces, which had entered Somalia in December 2006 to support the TFG in the face of advances by the opposition Islamic Courts Union (ICU), withdrew from the country. The TFA was increased to 550 seats with the addition of 200 ARS and 75 civil society members of parliament. The expanded parliament elected Sheikh SHARIF Sheikh Ahmed, the former CIC and ARS chairman as president on 31 January 2009, in Djibouti. Subsequently, President SHARIF appointed Omar Abdirashid ali SHARMARKE, son of a former president of Somalia, as prime minister on 13 February 2009. The TFIs are based on the Transitional Federal Charter (TFC), which outlines a five-year mandate leading to the establishment of a new Somali constitution and a transition to a representative government following national elections. However, in January 2009 the TFA amended the TFC to extend TFG's mandate until 2011. While its institutions remain weak, the TFG continues to reach out to Somali stakeholders and to work with international donors to help build the governance capacity of the TFIs and to work toward national elections in 2011.

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References

Somalia - Wikipedia
Somalia - CIA World Fact Book
Somalia - BBC
Somalia - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
Somalia: Puntland Police detain 82 Ethiopian immigrants - Horseed Media

Horseed Media

Somalia: Puntland Police detain 82 Ethiopian immigrants
Horseed Media
Security forces in Somalia's autonomous state of Puntland have detained over 80 Ethiopian illegal immigrants who were on a voyage to gulf countries to seek asylum, a security official has said. The 82 immigrants were arrested when Police intercepted ...
80 Ethiopian refugee detained in NE SomaliaMareeg Media

all 4 news articles »


Confirmed: Secret US Bases in Somalia, US Boots on the Ground - The New American

Confirmed: Secret US Bases in Somalia, US Boots on the Ground
The New American
Somalia is such a place, but that hasn't stopped the U.S. Defense Department from setting up bases and deploying troops in that country. In an exclusive report, Foreign Policy exposed an expansing military presence in the war-torn east African nation ...
Rights Group Slams Illegal US Drone Attacks in SomaliaAllAfrica.com

all 2 news articles »


Analysis: Why Somalia is the Burundian president's trump card - Daily Maverick

Daily Maverick

Analysis: Why Somalia is the Burundian president's trump card
Daily Maverick
Simon Allison covers Africa for the Daily Maverick, having cut his teeth reporting from Palestine, Somalia and revolutionary Egypt. He loves news and politics, the more convoluted the better. Despite his natural cynicism and occasionally despairing ...

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Exclusive: US Operates Drones From Secret Bases in Somalia - Foreign Policy (blog)

Foreign Policy (blog)

Exclusive: US Operates Drones From Secret Bases in Somalia
Foreign Policy (blog)
But the shadowy U.S. presence in this strategic port city in war-torn southern Somalia has clear consequences for anyone with a share of power here. That includes Somali regional officials who are quick to praise American counterterrorism efforts ...
African Union troops retreat in Somalia as Shebab attackYahoo News
Somalia is home to two secret US drone bases – reportRT
AU troops retreat in SomaliaNews24
Mareeg Media -Sputnik International
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Somalia Hires First Six Female Prosecutors - Voice of America

Voice of America

Somalia Hires First Six Female Prosecutors
Voice of America
MOGADISHU, SOMALIA—. In a nation long marred by conflict, corruption and impunity, Somalia's government is hoping to rebuild the country's justice system and, for the first time, has brought on board six female prosecutors. Abdullahi Ahmed Jamaa ...
Somalia Justice depertment appoints first Six Female Prosecutorssomalicurrent

all 4 news articles »


Somalia Parliament approves Independent electoral and local boundaries ... - Horseed Media

Horseed Media

Somalia Parliament approves Independent electoral and local boundaries ...
Horseed Media
Somalia Parliament approves Independent electoral and local boundaries commission Somalia's Federal Parliament on Monday unanimously approved the newly formed Independent Electoral and local boundaries commission. Chaired by the Parliament ...
Somalia parliament approves members of new electoral bodysomalicurrent

all 4 news articles »


Somalia: Somali Citizens among Civilians killed in Saudi-led air strikes in Yemen - Horseed Media

Horseed Media

Somalia: Somali Citizens among Civilians killed in Saudi-led air strikes in Yemen
Horseed Media
Somalia: Somali Citizens killed in Saudi-led air strikes in Yemen At least six Somali citizens have been killed in Saudi-led coalition air strikes in the Southern Port city of Aden over the weekend, witnesses and a Somali diplomat in the war-torn ...

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Al Shabaab advances in several towns in Southern Somalia - Horseed Media

Horseed Media

Al Shabaab advances in several towns in Southern Somalia
Horseed Media
Al Shabaab advances in several towns in Southern Somalia Hundreds of al-Shabaab fighters stormed a strategic district in a province northwest of the capital after the Somali government forces withdrew, residents confirmed. Wanlaweyn, a small town in ...

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Somalia reached 'tipping point,' can secure peace, UN official says - Reuters

Voice of America

Somalia reached 'tipping point,' can secure peace, UN official says
Reuters
NAIROBI (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Somalia has made "remarkable" progress in the last two years and has reached a "tipping point" where it can secure peace, the chief United Nations official in Somalia said on Thursday. Philippe Lazzarini spoke to ...
UN Official: Donor Fatigue, Insecurity Threaten Somalia ProgressVoice of America
Somalia reached "tipping point", can secure peace, UN official saysReuters Africa
UN hails China´s humaniterian role in Somaliasomalicurrent

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Somali Government Calls On Ahlu Suna Movement to End Disagreement ... - AllAfrica.com

somalicurrent

Somali Government Calls On Ahlu Suna Movement to End Disagreement ...
AllAfrica.com
The federal government of Somalia has called upon sufi armed group Ahlu Suna Wal Jama to end political standoff and start talks with new established Galmudug regional state. The movement has shunned the regional administration that was elected in ...
Abdikariim Hussein Guled elected president in central SomaliaCoastweek
Somalia: Regional leaders Congratulate Abdikarim on Election triumphBayoubuzz
Abdikarim Hussein Guled: Galmudug's new president profiledsomalicurrent
Mareeg Media
all 15 news articles »