Somalia

Country Somalia
Capital Mogadishu
Continent Africa
Currency Somali Shilling(SOS)
Languages Somali & Arabic

Mogadishu

Information

Introduction

Britain withdrew from British Somaliland in 1960 to allow its protectorate to join with Italian Somaliland and form the new nation of Somalia. In 1969, a coup headed by Mohamed SIAD Barre ushered in an authoritarian socialist rule that managed to impose a degree of stability in the country for more than two decades. After the regime's collapse early in 1991, Somalia descended into turmoil, factional fighting, and anarchy. In May 1991, northern clans declared an independent Republic of Somaliland that now includes the administrative regions of Awdal, Woqooyi Galbeed, Togdheer, Sanaag, and Sool. Although not recognized by any government, this entity has maintained a stable existence and continues efforts to establish a constitutional democracy, including holding municipal, parliamentary, and presidential elections. The regions of Bari, Nugaal, and northern Mudug comprise a neighboring semi-autonomous state of Puntland, which has been self-governing since 1998 but does not aim at independence; it has also made strides toward reconstructing a legitimate, representative government but has suffered some civil strife. Puntland disputes its border with Somaliland as it also claims portions of eastern Sool and Sanaag. Beginning in 1993, a two-year UN humanitarian effort (primarily in the south) was able to alleviate famine conditions, but when the UN withdrew in 1995, having suffered significant casualties, order still had not been restored. A two-year peace process, led by the Government of Kenya under the auspices of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), concluded in October 2004 with the election of Abdullahi YUSUF Ahmed as President of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) of Somalia and the formation of an interim government, known as the Somalia Transitional Federal Institutions (TFIs). The TFIs included a 275-member parliamentary body, known as the Transitional Federal Assembly (TFA). President YUSUF resigned late in 2008 while United Nations-sponsored talks between the TFG and the opposition Alliance for the Re-Liberation of Somalia (ARS) were underway in Djibouti. In January 2009, following the creation of a TFG-ARS unity government, Ethiopian military forces, which had entered Somalia in December 2006 to support the TFG in the face of advances by the opposition Islamic Courts Union (ICU), withdrew from the country. The TFA was increased to 550 seats with the addition of 200 ARS and 75 civil society members of parliament. The expanded parliament elected Sheikh SHARIF Sheikh Ahmed, the former CIC and ARS chairman as president on 31 January 2009, in Djibouti. Subsequently, President SHARIF appointed Omar Abdirashid ali SHARMARKE, son of a former president of Somalia, as prime minister on 13 February 2009. The TFIs are based on the Transitional Federal Charter (TFC), which outlines a five-year mandate leading to the establishment of a new Somali constitution and a transition to a representative government following national elections. However, in January 2009 the TFA amended the TFC to extend TFG's mandate until 2011. While its institutions remain weak, the TFG continues to reach out to Somali stakeholders and to work with international donors to help build the governance capacity of the TFIs and to work toward national elections in 2011.

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References

Somalia - Wikipedia
Somalia - CIA World Fact Book
Somalia - BBC
Somalia - Timeline - BBC

Cities

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News Headlines

Google News
The way out of Somalia’s political impasse - Al Jazeera EnglishThe way out of Somalia’s political impasse  Al Jazeera English

As Somalia's Covid-19 cases surge, a variant is suspected - Times of IndiaAs Somalia's Covid-19 cases surge, a variant is suspected  Times of India

Political impasse over the holding of elections in Somalia is indeed disappointing: India - The HinduPolitical impasse over the holding of elections in Somalia is indeed disappointing: India  The Hindu

Avoid 'risky winner-take-all tactics' in Somalia, UN Security Council hears - UN NewsAvoid 'risky winner-take-all tactics' in Somalia, UN Security Council hears  UN News

UN extends African Union mission in Somalia - Anadolu AgencyUN extends African Union mission in Somalia  Anadolu Agency

Somalia political tension affects people's life: UN - Anadolu AgencySomalia political tension affects people's life: UN  Anadolu Agency

France develops new rapid virus test, Somalia bans street protests & other Covid news - ThePrintFrance develops new rapid virus test, Somalia bans street protests & other Covid news  ThePrint

Turkish NGO builds 3 mosques in central Somalia - Anadolu AgencyTurkish NGO builds 3 mosques in central Somalia  Anadolu Agency

Eye on Africa - Violence in Somalia: Security forces fire on protest over delayed election - FRANCE 24Eye on Africa - Violence in Somalia: Security forces fire on protest over delayed election  FRANCE 24

Somalia women drivers dare country's Islamists, conservatives - Africanews EnglishSomalia women drivers dare country's Islamists, conservatives  Africanews English

AMISOM should provide more than security in Somalia - Institute for Security StudiesAMISOM should provide more than security in Somalia  Institute for Security Studies

UNHCR Somalia Factsheet: February 2021 - Somalia - ReliefWebUNHCR Somalia Factsheet: February 2021 - Somalia  ReliefWeb

In Somalia, health workers, girls and women are experts in preventing female genital mutilation - World Health OrganizationIn Somalia, health workers, girls and women are experts in preventing female genital mutilation  World Health Organization

'Triple threat' adds to long-standing crises menacing food security in Somalia – FAO - UN News'Triple threat' adds to long-standing crises menacing food security in Somalia – FAO  UN News

An innovative and unique partnership: WHO, Sweden and Somalia work together to improve health outcomes for all Somalis - World Health OrganizationAn innovative and unique partnership: WHO, Sweden and Somalia work together to improve health outcomes for all Somalis  World Health Organization

Somalia’s election impasse: A crisis of state building - European Council on Foreign RelationsSomalia’s election impasse: A crisis of state building  European Council on Foreign Relations

Somalia: Committee claims election issues resolved - Anadolu AgencySomalia: Committee claims election issues resolved  Anadolu Agency

Doctors Report Sudden Coronavirus Spike in Somalia - Voice of AmericaDoctors Report Sudden Coronavirus Spike in Somalia  Voice of America

Somalia's clan system: undermining democracy? - DW (English)Somalia's clan system: undermining democracy?  DW (English)

Eye on Africa - Somalia urged to solve election impasse - FRANCE 24Eye on Africa - Somalia urged to solve election impasse  FRANCE 24

Suicide bomber detonates near Somalia's presidential palace - Times of IndiaSuicide bomber detonates near Somalia's presidential palace  Times of India

How Airmen and Aircraft Helped Move US Forces Out of Somalia - Air Force MagazineHow Airmen and Aircraft Helped Move US Forces Out of Somalia  Air Force Magazine

Somalia’s delayed presidential elections: Top 7 issues to follow - The Africa ReportSomalia’s delayed presidential elections: Top 7 issues to follow  The Africa Report

Time Running Out on Somalia's Troubled Vote - Voice of AmericaTime Running Out on Somalia's Troubled Vote  Voice of America

Somalia holds emergency talks over election crisis - Deutsche WelleSomalia holds emergency talks over election crisis  Deutsche Welle

Somalia bans opposition protests in Mogadishu - Anadolu AgencySomalia bans opposition protests in Mogadishu  Anadolu Agency

UAE expresses grave concern over deteriorating situation in Somalia - Khaleej TimesUAE expresses grave concern over deteriorating situation in Somalia  Khaleej Times

Somalia: Cross Border Movements - Week 8, 14 February - 20 February 2021 - Somalia - ReliefWebSomalia: Cross Border Movements - Week 8, 14 February - 20 February 2021 - Somalia  ReliefWeb

Kenya says not meddling in Somalia's internal affairs - Anadolu AgencyKenya says not meddling in Somalia's internal affairs  Anadolu Agency

Explosion rocks Somalia's capital Mogadishu - Arab NewsExplosion rocks Somalia's capital Mogadishu  Arab News

Who is in charge in Somalia? - Aljazeera.comWho is in charge in Somalia?  Aljazeera.com

Somalia: Militant group al-Shabab claims attack on hotel - DW (English)Somalia: Militant group al-Shabab claims attack on hotel  DW (English)

DTM Somalia: Cross Border Movements – Somalia (January 2021) - Somalia - ReliefWebDTM Somalia: Cross Border Movements – Somalia (January 2021) - Somalia  ReliefWeb

Will Somalia's Missed Election Lead to Chaos? - Foreign PolicyWill Somalia's Missed Election Lead to Chaos?  Foreign Policy

Somalia rejects probe report on Kenya's interference on its internal affairs - Africanews EnglishSomalia rejects probe report on Kenya's interference on its internal affairs  Africanews English

Climate, Peace and Security Fact Sheet Somalia - Somalia - ReliefWebClimate, Peace and Security Fact Sheet Somalia - Somalia  ReliefWeb

Somalia: Joint Market and Supply Chain Update, 14th February - 21st February, 2021 - Somalia - ReliefWebSomalia: Joint Market and Supply Chain Update, 14th February - 21st February, 2021 - Somalia  ReliefWeb

Desert Locust situation update 16 February 2021 - Somalia - ReliefWebDesert Locust situation update 16 February 2021 - Somalia  ReliefWeb

Turkey to build spaceport in Somalia as part of $1B space program | Daily Sabah - Daily SabahTurkey to build spaceport in Somalia as part of $1B space program | Daily Sabah  Daily Sabah

Somalia Humanitarian Bulletin, January 2021 [EN/SO] - Somalia - ReliefWebSomalia Humanitarian Bulletin, January 2021 [EN/SO] - Somalia  ReliefWeb

Somalia: Cross Border Movements - Week 7, (7 February - 13 February) - Somalia - ReliefWebSomalia: Cross Border Movements - Week 7, (7 February - 13 February) - Somalia  ReliefWeb

CARE warns of looming drought in Somalia and desperate lack of funding - Somalia - ReliefWebCARE warns of looming drought in Somalia and desperate lack of funding - Somalia  ReliefWeb

A path out of ongoing electoral impasse in Somalia | Daily Sabah - Daily SabahA path out of ongoing electoral impasse in Somalia | Daily Sabah  Daily Sabah

Anger in Somalia as sons secretly sent to serve in Eritrea military force - ReutersAnger in Somalia as sons secretly sent to serve in Eritrea military force  Reuters

DEC CVA Real-Time Response Review: Somalia and Somaliland - Somalia - ReliefWebDEC CVA Real-Time Response Review: Somalia and Somaliland - Somalia  ReliefWeb

Somalia Crisis Response Plan 2021 - Somalia - ReliefWebSomalia Crisis Response Plan 2021 - Somalia  ReliefWeb

Biden Should Reverse Trump's Decision On Somalia - Critical Threats ProjectBiden Should Reverse Trump's Decision On Somalia  Critical Threats Project

Mohamed Abdirizak: Is Somalia’s government legitimate? - Aljazeera.comMohamed Abdirizak: Is Somalia’s government legitimate?  Aljazeera.com

Somalia leaders in emergency talks over election crisis - Africanews EnglishSomalia leaders in emergency talks over election crisis  Africanews English

Somalia declares state of emergency over locust swarms | Daily Sabah - Daily SabahSomalia declares state of emergency over locust swarms | Daily Sabah  Daily Sabah

State of Somalia Report: SOS 2020 Year in Review - Somalia - ReliefWebState of Somalia Report: SOS 2020 Year in Review - Somalia  ReliefWeb

COVID-19: Somalia to get 1.2M free vaccine doses - Anadolu AgencyCOVID-19: Somalia to get 1.2M free vaccine doses  Anadolu Agency

REVEALED: Turkey plans spaceport in Somalia for $1bn moon mission - Middle East EyeREVEALED: Turkey plans spaceport in Somalia for $1bn moon mission  Middle East Eye

Why Somalia's presidential vote is likely to be delayed - Africanews EnglishWhy Somalia's presidential vote is likely to be delayed  Africanews English

Migration story: The ‘mini Somalia’ in Hyderabad’s Tolichowki - The Siasat DailyMigration story: The ‘mini Somalia’ in Hyderabad’s Tolichowki  The Siasat Daily

Somalia declares state of emergency over locusts - Anadolu AgencySomalia declares state of emergency over locusts  Anadolu Agency

Quake info: Moderate mag. 4.5 earthquake - Gulf of Aden, 42 km northwest of Bosaso, Bari, Somalia, on Friday, 26 Feb 2021 12:09 am (GMT +3) - VolcanoDiscoveryQuake info: Moderate mag. 4.5 earthquake - Gulf of Aden, 42 km northwest of Bosaso, Bari, Somalia, on Friday, 26 Feb 2021 12:09 am (GMT +3)  VolcanoDiscovery

Somalia Monthly Rainfall Performance, Jan 2002 - Jan 2021: Deviation from Short Term Averages - Somalia - ReliefWebSomalia Monthly Rainfall Performance, Jan 2002 - Jan 2021: Deviation from Short Term Averages - Somalia  ReliefWeb

Somalia: Cross Border Movements - Week 6, 31 January - 6 February 2021) - Somalia - ReliefWebSomalia: Cross Border Movements - Week 6, 31 January - 6 February 2021) - Somalia  ReliefWeb

WFP Somalia Country Brief, December 2020 - Somalia - ReliefWebWFP Somalia Country Brief, December 2020 - Somalia  ReliefWeb

Somalia: Displacement Situation Report Multi-Sectorial Location Assessment Round 1 (July- August 2020) - Somalia - ReliefWebSomalia: Displacement Situation Report Multi-Sectorial Location Assessment Round 1 (July- August 2020) - Somalia  ReliefWeb

Joint communiqué on the critical desert locust situation and emergency response in Somalia - Somalia - ReliefWebJoint communiqué on the critical desert locust situation and emergency response in Somalia - Somalia  ReliefWeb

Statement on the killing of NRC staff member in Mogadishu, Somalia - Norwegian Refugee CouncilStatement on the killing of NRC staff member in Mogadishu, Somalia  Norwegian Refugee Council

Somalia: 16 dead, several injured in 3 bomb blasts - Anadolu AgencySomalia: 16 dead, several injured in 3 bomb blasts  Anadolu Agency

Somalia's Covid-19 cases rise to 6,444 - The East AfricanSomalia's Covid-19 cases rise to 6,444  The East African

UNICEF Somalia Humanitarian Situation Report No. 1, Reporting Period: 1 January to 31 January 2021 - Somalia - ReliefWebUNICEF Somalia Humanitarian Situation Report No. 1, Reporting Period: 1 January to 31 January 2021 - Somalia  ReliefWeb

Somalia: Agricultural livelihoods and food security in the context of COVID-19, Monitoring Report, January 2021 - Somalia - ReliefWebSomalia: Agricultural livelihoods and food security in the context of COVID-19, Monitoring Report, January 2021 - Somalia  ReliefWeb

Somalia: Humanitarian Response Plan 2021 (February 2021) - Somalia - ReliefWebSomalia: Humanitarian Response Plan 2021 (February 2021) - Somalia  ReliefWeb

UN and Government of Somalia call for urgent scaling up of emergency response as 2.65 million Somalis are projected to be in acute hunger - Somalia - ReliefWebUN and Government of Somalia call for urgent scaling up of emergency response as 2.65 million Somalis are projected to be in acute hunger - Somalia  ReliefWeb

Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update – February 2021 - Somalia - ReliefWebChildren and Armed Conflict Monthly Update – February 2021 - Somalia  ReliefWeb

Desert Locust situation update 23 February 2021 - Somalia - ReliefWebDesert Locust situation update 23 February 2021 - Somalia  ReliefWeb

Outbreak update – Cholera in Somalia, 31 January 2021 - Somalia - ReliefWebOutbreak update – Cholera in Somalia, 31 January 2021 - Somalia  ReliefWeb

Somalia: Assessment of Hard-to-Reach Areas (November 2020) - Somalia - ReliefWebSomalia: Assessment of Hard-to-Reach Areas (November 2020) - Somalia  ReliefWeb

Explainer 252: Somalia's political problem, The Foreign Desk - Radio - MonocleExplainer 252: Somalia's political problem, The Foreign Desk - Radio  Monocle

Somalia: Somalia 2020 Post Gu Total Acute Malnutrition Burden Estimates by Region, 4 Feb 2021 - Somalia - ReliefWebSomalia: Somalia 2020 Post Gu Total Acute Malnutrition Burden Estimates by Region, 4 Feb 2021 - Somalia  ReliefWeb

Alberta man helps with ‘nationally distributed’ COVID-19 campaign in Somalia - Global NewsAlberta man helps with ‘nationally distributed’ COVID-19 campaign in Somalia  Global News

Somalia: Humanitarian Dashboard - December 2020 (As of 27 January 2021) - Somalia - ReliefWebSomalia: Humanitarian Dashboard - December 2020 (As of 27 January 2021) - Somalia  ReliefWeb

Somalia: Caught in the middle of a deeply divided region - The Africa ReportSomalia: Caught in the middle of a deeply divided region  The Africa Report

Somali concern at US troop withdrawal - BBC NewsSomali concern at US troop withdrawal  BBC News

Somalia and Kenya’s diplomatic disputes create collateral damage - The Africa ReportSomalia and Kenya’s diplomatic disputes create collateral damage  The Africa Report

Somalia and Kenya still have a road to neighbourly cooperation - Al Jazeera EnglishSomalia and Kenya still have a road to neighbourly cooperation  Al Jazeera English

US to pull most of its troops out of Somalia on Donald Trumps orders - Business StandardUS to pull most of its troops out of Somalia on Donald Trumps orders  Business Standard

Health for all is Somalia's answer to COVID-19 and future threats to health - World Health OrganizationHealth for all is Somalia's answer to COVID-19 and future threats to health  World Health Organization

Somalia looks to first full elections in 51 years, despite COVID-19 crisis - UN NewsSomalia looks to first full elections in 51 years, despite COVID-19 crisis  UN News

2 Years' Worth Of Rain In 2 Days: Somalia Sees Strongest Cyclone Ever - NPR2 Years' Worth Of Rain In 2 Days: Somalia Sees Strongest Cyclone Ever  NPR

The Way Forward for the United States in Somalia - Foreign Policy Research InstituteThe Way Forward for the United States in Somalia  Foreign Policy Research Institute

In Somalia, COVID-19 Vaccines Are Distant as Virus Spreads - Voice of AmericaIn Somalia, COVID-19 Vaccines Are Distant as Virus Spreads  Voice of America

Somalia: Why clan elders are vital in launching talks with Al-Shabaab - The Africa ReportSomalia: Why clan elders are vital in launching talks with Al-Shabaab  The Africa Report

What Ethiopia’s crisis means for Somalia - Brookings InstitutionWhat Ethiopia’s crisis means for Somalia  Brookings Institution

FROM THE FIELD: Frontline resilience in Somalia - UN NewsFROM THE FIELD: Frontline resilience in Somalia  UN News

Suicide Bomber in Somalia Hits Prime Minister’s Rally - The New York TimesSuicide Bomber in Somalia Hits Prime Minister’s Rally  The New York Times

Somali Stability Depends on More Than Just Counterterrorism - Council on Foreign RelationsSomali Stability Depends on More Than Just Counterterrorism  Council on Foreign Relations

Somalia Severs Diplomatic Ties With Kenya - The New York TimesSomalia Severs Diplomatic Ties With Kenya  The New York Times

Somalia's Current Security and Stability Status - Somalia - ReliefWebSomalia's Current Security and Stability Status - Somalia  ReliefWeb

Facing elections and a potential US troop withdrawal, risks to Somalia’s security abound - Brookings InstitutionFacing elections and a potential US troop withdrawal, risks to Somalia’s security abound  Brookings Institution

Somalia Parliament Approves New Prime Minister - Voice of AmericaSomalia Parliament Approves New Prime Minister  Voice of America

No answers yet for Somalia - The HinduNo answers yet for Somalia  The Hindu

Viewpoint: What Donald Trump gets wrong about Somalia - BBC NewsViewpoint: What Donald Trump gets wrong about Somalia  BBC News

Somalia at a critical juncture, as federal, state leaders, meet to break election impasse - UN NewsSomalia at a critical juncture, as federal, state leaders, meet to break election impasse  UN News

Covid-19 response in Somalia: A comparative look - The BMJCovid-19 response in Somalia: A comparative look  The BMJ