Somalia

Country Somalia
Capital Mogadishu
Continent Africa
Currency Somali Shilling(SOS)
Languages Somali & Arabic

Mogadishu

Information

Introduction

Britain withdrew from British Somaliland in 1960 to allow its protectorate to join with Italian Somaliland and form the new nation of Somalia. In 1969, a coup headed by Mohamed SIAD Barre ushered in an authoritarian socialist rule that managed to impose a degree of stability in the country for more than two decades. After the regime's collapse early in 1991, Somalia descended into turmoil, factional fighting, and anarchy. In May 1991, northern clans declared an independent Republic of Somaliland that now includes the administrative regions of Awdal, Woqooyi Galbeed, Togdheer, Sanaag, and Sool. Although not recognized by any government, this entity has maintained a stable existence and continues efforts to establish a constitutional democracy, including holding municipal, parliamentary, and presidential elections. The regions of Bari, Nugaal, and northern Mudug comprise a neighboring semi-autonomous state of Puntland, which has been self-governing since 1998 but does not aim at independence; it has also made strides toward reconstructing a legitimate, representative government but has suffered some civil strife. Puntland disputes its border with Somaliland as it also claims portions of eastern Sool and Sanaag. Beginning in 1993, a two-year UN humanitarian effort (primarily in the south) was able to alleviate famine conditions, but when the UN withdrew in 1995, having suffered significant casualties, order still had not been restored. A two-year peace process, led by the Government of Kenya under the auspices of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), concluded in October 2004 with the election of Abdullahi YUSUF Ahmed as President of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) of Somalia and the formation of an interim government, known as the Somalia Transitional Federal Institutions (TFIs). The TFIs included a 275-member parliamentary body, known as the Transitional Federal Assembly (TFA). President YUSUF resigned late in 2008 while United Nations-sponsored talks between the TFG and the opposition Alliance for the Re-Liberation of Somalia (ARS) were underway in Djibouti. In January 2009, following the creation of a TFG-ARS unity government, Ethiopian military forces, which had entered Somalia in December 2006 to support the TFG in the face of advances by the opposition Islamic Courts Union (ICU), withdrew from the country. The TFA was increased to 550 seats with the addition of 200 ARS and 75 civil society members of parliament. The expanded parliament elected Sheikh SHARIF Sheikh Ahmed, the former CIC and ARS chairman as president on 31 January 2009, in Djibouti. Subsequently, President SHARIF appointed Omar Abdirashid ali SHARMARKE, son of a former president of Somalia, as prime minister on 13 February 2009. The TFIs are based on the Transitional Federal Charter (TFC), which outlines a five-year mandate leading to the establishment of a new Somali constitution and a transition to a representative government following national elections. However, in January 2009 the TFA amended the TFC to extend TFG's mandate until 2011. While its institutions remain weak, the TFG continues to reach out to Somali stakeholders and to work with international donors to help build the governance capacity of the TFIs and to work toward national elections in 2011.

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References

Somalia - Wikipedia
Somalia - CIA World Fact Book
Somalia - BBC
Somalia - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
Islamist militants stone 18-year-old boy to death in Somalia after he's ... - National Post

National Post

Islamist militants stone 18-year-old boy to death in Somalia after he's ...
National Post
Al-Shabaab militants in southern Somalia publicly stoned an 18-year-old boy to death after he was accused of rape, the Al-Qaeda-linked group and witnesses said. The teenager, named as Hassan Ahmed Ali, was accused of raping a 28-year-old woman at ...
Somalia's al Shabaab says stones man to death for rapeReuters
Somalia: Al Shabaab stones teenager to deathGarowe Online
Somalia: al-Shabaab stones a teenage boy to death for 'Rape' allegationsHorseed Media

all 24 news articles »


Somalia's Radio Shabelle owner's UK passport seized - BBC News

BBC News

Somalia's Radio Shabelle owner's UK passport seized
BBC News
A court in Somalia has ordered the seizure of a radio station owner's UK passport after he was accused of threatening national security. Somalia-based Radio Shabelle owner Abdi Malik, who was arrested in August, appeared in court handcuffed. The judge ...
Court Releases Detained Journalists On BailAllAfrica.com
Somalia: Court Adjourned and Shabelle Owner and Newscaster Released on bailMareeg Media
appeals to release Journalists of Radio Shabelle,SomaliaDiplomat News Network

all 20 news articles »


How soccer survived war in Somalia - Minnesota Public Radio News

How soccer survived war in Somalia
Minnesota Public Radio News
Filmmaker J.R. Biersmith spent a year following two friends who played for the national soccer team in Somalia. He's working on a documentary that will tell the story of their dream to one day play professionally - in the face of some steep odds. It's ...



Sustained response to Somalia piracy requires effective State governance UN ... - UN News Centre

UN News Centre

Sustained response to Somalia piracy requires effective State governance UN ...
UN News Centre
22 October 2014 While noting the progress made to combat piracy off the coast of Somalia, the United Nations political chief today said that a sustained long-term solution must include the presence of effective Government and State institutions that ...
UN: Piracy off Somalia at lowest level in yearsUSA TODAY
Sustained response to Somalia piracy requires effective State governance: top ...GlobalPost

all 9 news articles »


Somalia Plans to Start Producing Oil Offshore in Six Years - Bloomberg

Diplomat News Network

Somalia Plans to Start Producing Oil Offshore in Six Years
Bloomberg
Somalia plans to begin producing oil and gas offshore for the first time within six years and is in talks with state governments about how revenue will be shared, Petroleum Minister Daud Mohamed Omar said. The Horn of Africa country, which has been ...
Somalia aims to get oil flowing by 2020Horseed Media
Somalia aims to produce oil and gas within six yearsDiplomat News Network

all 9 news articles »


Analysis: The state of state-building in Somalia - IRINnews.org

Geeska Afrika

Analysis: The state of state-building in Somalia
IRINnews.org
NAIROBI, 21 October 2014 (IRIN) - A fence-mending deal signed this month by Somalia and Puntland has variously been hailed as a blueprint for stability and state-building in the wake of decades of civil war, and dismissed as a recipe for renewed inter ...
Somalia: The state of state-building in SomaliaGeeska Afrika

all 4 news articles »


Somalia: UN envoy condemns attack on African Union troops in Hiiraan region - UN News Centre

UN News Centre

Somalia: UN envoy condemns attack on African Union troops in Hiiraan region
UN News Centre
20 October 2014 The UN envoy for Somalia condemned today an attack on African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) forces in Hiiraan region and called for calm as rival clans caused insecurity in the area, which is near the centre of the East African ...
AU to probe sex abuse by AMISOM troops in SomaliaNew Vision
Somalia: AU envoy calls for calm after Hiraan skirmishGarowe Online
Burundi to Investigate Allegations of Sexual Abuse By Amisom SoldiersAllAfrica.com
somalicurrent -Diplomat News Network
all 23 news articles »


Somalia: Foreign Companies and Front Line Countries Exploiting Status of ... - Somaliland Sun

Somaliland Sun

Somalia: Foreign Companies and Front Line Countries Exploiting Status of ...
Somaliland Sun
"Former Kenyan President, daniel Toroitich Arap Moi quoted saying, We are very concerned about the revival of Somalia which will reclaim the disputed Somali territories of NFD and Ogaden region under Kenyan and Ethiopian control." He said this at the ...
Somalia : Foreign Companies and Front Line Countries Exploiting Somalia's ...Mareeg Media

all 4 news articles »


Anti-terrorism law set to be debated by the Somalia Parliament - Horseed Media

Horseed Media

Anti-terrorism law set to be debated by the Somalia Parliament
Horseed Media
Somalia parliament New anti-terrorism bill has been submitted to the Somalia's Federal Parliament on Wednesday by the government and expected to be debated by the Members of the Parliament. The new laws that would boost the powers of security ...
Somalia: Mogadishu Parliament Crafting 2016 Election LawsSomaliland Sun
EU and EC Discuss Somali IssuesMareeg Media
Somali parliament discusses political parties, 2016 electionsSabahi Online

all 8 news articles »


Somalia's al Shabab say they stoned a rapist to death and will give the woman ... - Sydney Morning Herald

Sydney Morning Herald

Somalia's al Shabab say they stoned a rapist to death and will give the woman ...
Sydney Morning Herald
Mogadishu: Somalia's al Shabab militants said they stoned an 18-year-old man to death for raping a woman at gunpoint in one of their strongholds in the southern Lower Shabelle region. The group, which pledges loyalty to al-Qaeda, has been losing ...
Somalia: UN officials visit Barawe districtMareeg Media
Somali al-Shabab court 'stones teenager to death'BBC News

all 5 news articles »