Somalia

Country Somalia
Capital Mogadishu
Continent Africa
Currency Somali Shilling(SOS)
Languages Somali & Arabic

Mogadishu

Information

Introduction

Britain withdrew from British Somaliland in 1960 to allow its protectorate to join with Italian Somaliland and form the new nation of Somalia. In 1969, a coup headed by Mohamed SIAD Barre ushered in an authoritarian socialist rule that managed to impose a degree of stability in the country for more than two decades. After the regime's collapse early in 1991, Somalia descended into turmoil, factional fighting, and anarchy. In May 1991, northern clans declared an independent Republic of Somaliland that now includes the administrative regions of Awdal, Woqooyi Galbeed, Togdheer, Sanaag, and Sool. Although not recognized by any government, this entity has maintained a stable existence and continues efforts to establish a constitutional democracy, including holding municipal, parliamentary, and presidential elections. The regions of Bari, Nugaal, and northern Mudug comprise a neighboring semi-autonomous state of Puntland, which has been self-governing since 1998 but does not aim at independence; it has also made strides toward reconstructing a legitimate, representative government but has suffered some civil strife. Puntland disputes its border with Somaliland as it also claims portions of eastern Sool and Sanaag. Beginning in 1993, a two-year UN humanitarian effort (primarily in the south) was able to alleviate famine conditions, but when the UN withdrew in 1995, having suffered significant casualties, order still had not been restored. A two-year peace process, led by the Government of Kenya under the auspices of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), concluded in October 2004 with the election of Abdullahi YUSUF Ahmed as President of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) of Somalia and the formation of an interim government, known as the Somalia Transitional Federal Institutions (TFIs). The TFIs included a 275-member parliamentary body, known as the Transitional Federal Assembly (TFA). President YUSUF resigned late in 2008 while United Nations-sponsored talks between the TFG and the opposition Alliance for the Re-Liberation of Somalia (ARS) were underway in Djibouti. In January 2009, following the creation of a TFG-ARS unity government, Ethiopian military forces, which had entered Somalia in December 2006 to support the TFG in the face of advances by the opposition Islamic Courts Union (ICU), withdrew from the country. The TFA was increased to 550 seats with the addition of 200 ARS and 75 civil society members of parliament. The expanded parliament elected Sheikh SHARIF Sheikh Ahmed, the former CIC and ARS chairman as president on 31 January 2009, in Djibouti. Subsequently, President SHARIF appointed Omar Abdirashid ali SHARMARKE, son of a former president of Somalia, as prime minister on 13 February 2009. The TFIs are based on the Transitional Federal Charter (TFC), which outlines a five-year mandate leading to the establishment of a new Somali constitution and a transition to a representative government following national elections. However, in January 2009 the TFA amended the TFC to extend TFG's mandate until 2011. While its institutions remain weak, the TFG continues to reach out to Somali stakeholders and to work with international donors to help build the governance capacity of the TFIs and to work toward national elections in 2011.

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References

Somalia - Wikipedia
Somalia - CIA World Fact Book
Somalia - BBC
Somalia - Timeline - BBC

Cities

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News Headlines

Google News
Somalia making progress - UN - News24

News24

Somalia making progress - UN
News24
Late Wednesday the UN Security Council passed a resolution authorising until May 2016 the deployment of the 22 000-strong African Union Mission in Somalia (Amisom), which fights Shabaab and protects the government. The same resolution extended the ...
Somalia: No Popular Elections in 2016Voice of America
UN says Somalia making progress despite election delayThe Daily Star
Somalia's planned 2016 elections will not be a popular voteChannel News Asia
AllAfrica.com
all 23 news articles »


Somalia Achieves Key Economic Data Milestone - International Monetary Fund

International Monetary Fund

Somalia Achieves Key Economic Data Milestone
International Monetary Fund
Zandamela: When our team first began working on Somalia in June 2013 after the protracted civil war, we had practically no data about the economy. It took us almost six months to collect some preliminary information to work with, and we then decided to ...
IMF Sees Somalia Imports Growing by 25% as Growth RecoversBloomberg
For the first time in 25 years, the IMF big numbers that tell us Somalia is ...Mail & Guardian Africa

all 5 news articles »


Somalia hotel bomber is former German resident - News24

News24

Somalia hotel bomber is former German resident
News24
The Shabaab has a long history of attracting radicalised members of Somalia's far-flung diaspora as well as foreign fighters, although its appeal has been overshadowed in recently by the rise of the Islamic State and other newly ascendant jihadist groups.
Two journalists killed in Somalia suicide car bomb attackThe Guardian
Somalia hotel bomber identified as former German residentThe Daily Star
German behind Somalia hotel attack: officialXinhua
The Diplomat -Business Standard
all 111 news articles »


Somalia: Puntland accuses Federal government of fuelling Oil Conflict - Horseed Media

Horseed Media

Somalia: Puntland accuses Federal government of fuelling Oil Conflict
Horseed Media
Somalia: Puntland accuses Federal government of fuelling Oil Conflict Somalia's autonomous state of Puntland has accused the Federal government of authorizing a controversial agreement for the neighbouring Galmudug administration which lets ...



Somalia hotel truck bomb toll rises to 15 - U.S. News & World Report

U.S. News & World Report

Somalia hotel truck bomb toll rises to 15
U.S. News & World Report
MOGADISHU, Somalia (AP) The massive truck bomb that killed 15 people, including a Kenyan diplomat, and wrecked Somalia's premier hotel has stunned the capital and raised fears Monday that the Islamic extremist al-Shabab rebels are escalating their ...
Somalia blast: Mogadishu hotel rocked by bombBBC News
12 Are Killed in Bombing Outside Hotel in SomaliaNew York Times
Somalia's president condemns attack on Mogadishu hotelDeutsche Welle
Yahoo News -South China Morning Post (subscription)
all 999 news articles »


Somalia unable to hold full elections in 2016 - News24

News24

Somalia unable to hold full elections in 2016
News24
Mogadishu - War-torn Somalia will not be able to hold full elections due next year, lawmakers said Tuesday, although it remained unclear whether some kind of voting process would still be held. The current President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud and parliament ...

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Plan to build wall on Somalia border on course, insists CS - K24 TV

K24 TV

Plan to build wall on Somalia border on course, insists CS
K24 TV
Interior Cabinet secretary Joseph Nkaissery has maintained that the government will not rescind its plan to build a wall between Kenya and Somalia border in a bid to keep off al Shabaab militants who have been attacking Kenya. He said should the wall ...
THE MOST FROM THE COAST !Coastweek

all 3 news articles »


Africa: Security Council Authorizes Ongoing African Union Deployment in ... - AllAfrica.com

StarAfrica.com

Africa: Security Council Authorizes Ongoing African Union Deployment in ...
AllAfrica.com
The Security Council today authorized the Member States of the African Union to maintain the deployment of the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) for an additional 10 months, until 30 May 2016. By the unanimously adopted text, the Council ...
Joint forces in Somalia free additional areas from al -ShabaabStarAfrica.com
Security Council authorizes ongoing African Union deployment in Somalia ...UN News Centre
Security Council renews mandate of UN Mission in SomaliaShanghai Daily (subscription)
defenceWeb
all 17 news articles »


Somalia's Al Shabab Members Killed in Bay Region - AllAfrica.com

Somalia's Al Shabab Members Killed in Bay Region
AllAfrica.com
The security in the town was tightened and improved by allied forces. The African Union Mission for Somalia (AMISOM) peacekeeping forces along with Somalia army launched new military offensive which saw the capture of strategic towns from Al Shabaab.



Somalia:Puntland Ventures with an Impatience Strategy of Zero-Sum Game - Waagacusub Media

Waagacusub Media

Somalia:Puntland Ventures with an Impatience Strategy of Zero-Sum Game
Waagacusub Media
Dr. Augustine Mahiga, a Tanzanian diplomat, was the head of the United Nations political office for Somalia between 2010 - 2013. He was a high-profile African peace maker who served Somalia for three years to break the rivalry and build a culture of ...

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