Somalia

Country Somalia
Capital Mogadishu
Continent Africa
Currency Somali Shilling(SOS)
Languages Somali & Arabic

Mogadishu

Information

Introduction

Britain withdrew from British Somaliland in 1960 to allow its protectorate to join with Italian Somaliland and form the new nation of Somalia. In 1969, a coup headed by Mohamed SIAD Barre ushered in an authoritarian socialist rule that managed to impose a degree of stability in the country for more than two decades. After the regime's collapse early in 1991, Somalia descended into turmoil, factional fighting, and anarchy. In May 1991, northern clans declared an independent Republic of Somaliland that now includes the administrative regions of Awdal, Woqooyi Galbeed, Togdheer, Sanaag, and Sool. Although not recognized by any government, this entity has maintained a stable existence and continues efforts to establish a constitutional democracy, including holding municipal, parliamentary, and presidential elections. The regions of Bari, Nugaal, and northern Mudug comprise a neighboring semi-autonomous state of Puntland, which has been self-governing since 1998 but does not aim at independence; it has also made strides toward reconstructing a legitimate, representative government but has suffered some civil strife. Puntland disputes its border with Somaliland as it also claims portions of eastern Sool and Sanaag. Beginning in 1993, a two-year UN humanitarian effort (primarily in the south) was able to alleviate famine conditions, but when the UN withdrew in 1995, having suffered significant casualties, order still had not been restored. A two-year peace process, led by the Government of Kenya under the auspices of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), concluded in October 2004 with the election of Abdullahi YUSUF Ahmed as President of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) of Somalia and the formation of an interim government, known as the Somalia Transitional Federal Institutions (TFIs). The TFIs included a 275-member parliamentary body, known as the Transitional Federal Assembly (TFA). President YUSUF resigned late in 2008 while United Nations-sponsored talks between the TFG and the opposition Alliance for the Re-Liberation of Somalia (ARS) were underway in Djibouti. In January 2009, following the creation of a TFG-ARS unity government, Ethiopian military forces, which had entered Somalia in December 2006 to support the TFG in the face of advances by the opposition Islamic Courts Union (ICU), withdrew from the country. The TFA was increased to 550 seats with the addition of 200 ARS and 75 civil society members of parliament. The expanded parliament elected Sheikh SHARIF Sheikh Ahmed, the former CIC and ARS chairman as president on 31 January 2009, in Djibouti. Subsequently, President SHARIF appointed Omar Abdirashid ali SHARMARKE, son of a former president of Somalia, as prime minister on 13 February 2009. The TFIs are based on the Transitional Federal Charter (TFC), which outlines a five-year mandate leading to the establishment of a new Somali constitution and a transition to a representative government following national elections. However, in January 2009 the TFA amended the TFC to extend TFG's mandate until 2011. While its institutions remain weak, the TFG continues to reach out to Somali stakeholders and to work with international donors to help build the governance capacity of the TFIs and to work toward national elections in 2011.

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References

Somalia - Wikipedia
Somalia - CIA World Fact Book
Somalia - BBC
Somalia - Timeline - BBC

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Pentagon Foresees at Least Two More Years of Combat in Somalia - New York Times

New York Times

Pentagon Foresees at Least Two More Years of Combat in Somalia
New York Times
WASHINGTON — Amid its escalating campaign of drone strikes in Somalia, the Pentagon has presented the White House with an operational plan that envisions at least two more years of combat against Islamist militants there, according to American ...



Deportees to Somalia spent days shackled on plane that was ... - TwinCities.com-Pioneer Press

TwinCities.com-Pioneer Press

Deportees to Somalia spent days shackled on plane that was ...
TwinCities.com-Pioneer Press
In what has been called a bizarre turn of events, a plane bound for Somalia carrying deportees, including two Twin Cities men, returned to the United States on Friday, landing in Miami. One of the passengers told his St. Paul attorney that the plane ...
92 People Were Deported To Somalia. Their Flight Returned To The US A Day Later.Essence.com
US Put 92 Somalis on a Deportation Flight, Then Brought Them BackNew York Times
Plane carrying deportees to Somalia returns to the United StatesLuxora Leader
Minnesota Public Radio News -Somaliupdate Online
all 9 news articles »


UN: 4500 Civilians Killed, Wounded in Somalia Since 2016 - Voice of America

Voice of America

UN: 4500 Civilians Killed, Wounded in Somalia Since 2016
Voice of America
Bader said some of the report's findings corroborate their own research in Somalia. “A lot of the grave abuses which are documented in this report and quantified to a certain extent are ones which we ourselves have continued to document, whether it is ...
United Nations News Centre - Not enough being done to shield ...UN News Centre
Armed conflict kills over 2000 civilians in Somalia in 2 years: UNPakistan Today
Several Al-Shabaab militants killed in Somalia military operationXinhua
Somaliupdate Online -The Standard
all 10 news articles »


Somalia begins polio vaccination campaign in Banadir and Lower ... - Reliefweb

Somalia begins polio vaccination campaign in Banadir and Lower ...
Reliefweb
Mogadishu, Somalia, 10 December 2017—The Federal Government of Somalia's Ministry of Health with support from the World Health Organization (WHO) and UNICEF today launched a focused 3-day oral polio vaccination campaign targeting 726 699 children ...
Somalia, UN seek to vaccinate over 700,000 children against polio ...Xinhua

all 2 news articles »


Pentagon Expects To Battle Islamic Terrorists In Somalia For Two More Years - The Daily Caller

The Daily Caller

Pentagon Expects To Battle Islamic Terrorists In Somalia For Two More Years
The Daily Caller
The Pentagon is planning to battle Islamic terrorists in Somalia for at least two more years, a proposal allowed under new rules signed by President Donald Trump. These new rules signed in October allow the Pentagon to engage in operations outside ...

and more »


Somalia: Egypt Airlifts 20 Wounded as Mogadishu Toll Jumps to 512 ... - AllAfrica.com

Garowe Online

Somalia: Egypt Airlifts 20 Wounded as Mogadishu Toll Jumps to 512 ...
AllAfrica.com
An aircraft has airlifted 20 people who have been seriously wounded on Oct 14 deadly truck bombing in Mogadishu to Cairo for medical treatment.
Somalia: Huge fire engulfs main market in Mogadishu - Garowe OnlineGarowe Online
Mogadishu's youngest Mayor strives to deliver agenda amid security ...The Standard
20 wounded at Mogadishu attack arrive in Egypt for treatmentEgypttoday (blog)

all 6 news articles »


Somalia veterans' malaria drug case is too old to proceed, federal ... - The Globe and Mail

The Globe and Mail

Somalia veterans' malaria drug case is too old to proceed, federal ...
The Globe and Mail
Plaintiffs seek class-action certification for suit after what they say is permanent damage caused by mefloquine, which they were forced to take during the 1990s mission to the East African country.

and more »


Somalia calls Trump Jerusalem move 'dangerous' - News24

News24

Somalia calls Trump Jerusalem move 'dangerous'
News24
Jerusalem - Somalia's government says it is closely following with concern the "dangerous" decision by President Donald Trump to recognise Jerusalem as the capital of Israel. "We are urging the US government to seriously reconsider the risks that its ...
Somalia, Djibouti Say Trump's Recognition of Jerusalem is 'Dangerous'Voice of America
The Latest: Somalia calls Trump Jerusalem move 'dangerous'Daily Mail

all 13,472 news articles »


THIS WEEK: UPDF awarded for good work in Somalia - Independent

Independent

THIS WEEK: UPDF awarded for good work in Somalia
Independent
Kampala, Uganda | THE INDEPENDENT | UPDF battle group 22 which has been serving under African Union Mission in Somalia commonly known as AMISOM commanded by Col Bernard Tuhame has been awarded medals of honor by the mission. The troops that recently ...



Plane carrying deportees to Somalia returns to the United States ... - Minneapolis Star Tribune

Garowe Online

Plane carrying deportees to Somalia returns to the United States ...
Minneapolis Star Tribune
A plane with deportees to Somalia, including at least four from Minnesota, returned to the United States on Friday after a stop in Senegal that authorities said did not go according to plan. Immigration and Customs Enforcement said in a statement that ...
Minnesota men facing deportation flown back to States - Story | KMSPKMSP-TV

all 2 news articles »