Somalia

Country Somalia
Capital Mogadishu
Continent Africa
Currency Somali Shilling(SOS)
Languages Somali & Arabic

Mogadishu

Information

Introduction

Britain withdrew from British Somaliland in 1960 to allow its protectorate to join with Italian Somaliland and form the new nation of Somalia. In 1969, a coup headed by Mohamed SIAD Barre ushered in an authoritarian socialist rule that managed to impose a degree of stability in the country for more than two decades. After the regime's collapse early in 1991, Somalia descended into turmoil, factional fighting, and anarchy. In May 1991, northern clans declared an independent Republic of Somaliland that now includes the administrative regions of Awdal, Woqooyi Galbeed, Togdheer, Sanaag, and Sool. Although not recognized by any government, this entity has maintained a stable existence and continues efforts to establish a constitutional democracy, including holding municipal, parliamentary, and presidential elections. The regions of Bari, Nugaal, and northern Mudug comprise a neighboring semi-autonomous state of Puntland, which has been self-governing since 1998 but does not aim at independence; it has also made strides toward reconstructing a legitimate, representative government but has suffered some civil strife. Puntland disputes its border with Somaliland as it also claims portions of eastern Sool and Sanaag. Beginning in 1993, a two-year UN humanitarian effort (primarily in the south) was able to alleviate famine conditions, but when the UN withdrew in 1995, having suffered significant casualties, order still had not been restored. A two-year peace process, led by the Government of Kenya under the auspices of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), concluded in October 2004 with the election of Abdullahi YUSUF Ahmed as President of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) of Somalia and the formation of an interim government, known as the Somalia Transitional Federal Institutions (TFIs). The TFIs included a 275-member parliamentary body, known as the Transitional Federal Assembly (TFA). President YUSUF resigned late in 2008 while United Nations-sponsored talks between the TFG and the opposition Alliance for the Re-Liberation of Somalia (ARS) were underway in Djibouti. In January 2009, following the creation of a TFG-ARS unity government, Ethiopian military forces, which had entered Somalia in December 2006 to support the TFG in the face of advances by the opposition Islamic Courts Union (ICU), withdrew from the country. The TFA was increased to 550 seats with the addition of 200 ARS and 75 civil society members of parliament. The expanded parliament elected Sheikh SHARIF Sheikh Ahmed, the former CIC and ARS chairman as president on 31 January 2009, in Djibouti. Subsequently, President SHARIF appointed Omar Abdirashid ali SHARMARKE, son of a former president of Somalia, as prime minister on 13 February 2009. The TFIs are based on the Transitional Federal Charter (TFC), which outlines a five-year mandate leading to the establishment of a new Somali constitution and a transition to a representative government following national elections. However, in January 2009 the TFA amended the TFC to extend TFG's mandate until 2011. While its institutions remain weak, the TFG continues to reach out to Somali stakeholders and to work with international donors to help build the governance capacity of the TFIs and to work toward national elections in 2011.

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References

Somalia - Wikipedia
Somalia - CIA World Fact Book
Somalia - BBC
Somalia - Timeline - BBC

Cities

Links

News Headlines

Google News
Video shows airport workers with laptop used in Somalia in-flight jet blast - CNN

RTE.ie

Video shows airport workers with laptop used in Somalia in-flight jet blast
CNN
Though preliminary tests showed the bomb contained a military grade of the explosive TNT, the source said, it failed to bring down Daallo Airlines Flight 3159. The pilot turned around and landed the Airbus safely in Mogadishu. Somalia asked U.S ...
Recent blast on Somalia airplane was 'caused by bomb'RTE.ie
Blast that killed one on Somalia passenger plane 'was caused by bomb': officials9news.com.au
Somalia: Plane Blast Caused By Bomb Meant To Kill All On BoardHuffington Post
Christian Science Monitor -Daily News & Analysis -BBC News
all 825 news articles »


Three jailed after refugee who fled Somalia stabbed 30 times in Kensington while vainly using duvet for protection - Evening Standard

Evening Standard

Three jailed after refugee who fled Somalia stabbed 30 times in Kensington while vainly using duvet for protection
Evening Standard
A refugee who fled war-torn Somalia as a child was stabbed 30 times in an “abhorrent” attack in Kensington – as he desperately tried to protect himself by wrapping a flimsy duvet around his body. The man and a friend miraculously survived after they ...

and more »


TNT caused explosion on Somali airliner - CNN

CNN

TNT caused explosion on Somali airliner
CNN
Al-Shabaab has been behind some of the worst violence in recent years in and around Somalia. Some of it targeted tourists, such as last month's deadly attack on a beachside restaurant-hotel complex in Mogadishu. Young people also have been targets, ...
Somalia plane: Daallo Airlines confirms passenger missingBBC News
Somalia Plane Explosion 'Likely' Caused By BombNBCNews.com
Somalia Daallo Airlines Explosion: Wheelchair Passenger Suspected As Suicide BomberInternational Business Times
Huffington Post Canada -Aljazeera.com
all 1,590 news articles »


Somalia beach attack: Survivor tells of ordeal at hands of al-Shabab - BBC News

BBC News

Somalia beach attack: Survivor tells of ordeal at hands of al-Shabab
BBC News
The 21 January attack by al-Shabab on a popular beachside restaurant in the Somali capital Mogadishu has now claimed more than 40 lives. Many of the victims died from their injuries in the days following the attack. Nasro Dahir Abukar was at the Beach ...

and more »


Investigators Confirm Suicide Bomber Caused Somalia ... - Wall Street Journal

Wall Street Journal

Investigators Confirm Suicide Bomber Caused Somalia ...
Wall Street Journal
NAIROBI, Kenya—Somali and international investigators have confirmed that the man ejected from a Airbus A321 over Somalia by a blast aboard the airplane was a suicide bomber, an official briefed on the probe said Friday. The Wall Street Journal ...



Withdraw KDF from Somalia, urges governor - The Standard Digital News (satire) (press release) (registration) (blog)

The Standard Digital News (satire) (press release) (registration) (blog)

Withdraw KDF from Somalia, urges governor
The Standard Digital News (satire) (press release) (registration) (blog)
Speaking in Kericho town, the former Council of Governors chairman argued that information filtering out from Somalia was that Kenya's troops had since turned into an occupation force. "If the general population of Somalia is of the view that the KDF ...

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Blast injures official in S. Somalia: military - Shanghai Daily (subscription)

The Statesman

Blast injures official in S. Somalia: military
Shanghai Daily (subscription)
MOGADISHU, Feb. 7 (Xinhua) -- A senior official in Gedo region, southern Somalia, was injured in a roadside landmine, military officials said Sunday. Yasiin Hiirey, military commander in Gedo region told Xinhua that Deputy Commissioner of the region ...
Official injured in Somalia blastThe Statesman
Military reports one injury in Somalia blastNewsGhana.com.gh

all 6 news articles »


Airline CEO: Explosive residue found on Somalia jet damaged by blast - Ottawa Sun

Airline CEO: Explosive residue found on Somalia jet damaged by blast
Ottawa Sun
In this photo taken Tuesday, Feb. 2, 2016, a hole is seen in a plane operated by Daallo Airlines as it sits on the runway of the airport in Mogadishu, Somalia. A gaping hole in the commercial airliner forced it to make an emergency landing at Mogadishu ...



German Ambassador Frasch Accredited to Somalia - SomalilandPress

SomalilandPress

German Ambassador Frasch Accredited to Somalia
SomalilandPress
On 3 February 2016, German Ambassador Jutta Frasch handed over her credentials to Hassan Sheikh Mohamud, President of the Federal Republic of Somalia. New-German-ambassador-1 In her speech, Ambassador Frasch welcomed Somalia's progress in ...



Somalia says bomb caused plane blast - The Daily Star

Somalia says bomb caused plane blast
The Daily Star
We invite all our readers to share with us their views and comments about this article. Disclaimer: Comments submitted by third parties on this site are the sole responsibility of the individual(s) whose content is submitted. The Daily Star accepts no ...

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