Somalia

Country Somalia
Capital Mogadishu
Continent Africa
Currency Somali Shilling(SOS)
Languages Somali & Arabic

Mogadishu

Information

Introduction

Britain withdrew from British Somaliland in 1960 to allow its protectorate to join with Italian Somaliland and form the new nation of Somalia. In 1969, a coup headed by Mohamed SIAD Barre ushered in an authoritarian socialist rule that managed to impose a degree of stability in the country for more than two decades. After the regime's collapse early in 1991, Somalia descended into turmoil, factional fighting, and anarchy. In May 1991, northern clans declared an independent Republic of Somaliland that now includes the administrative regions of Awdal, Woqooyi Galbeed, Togdheer, Sanaag, and Sool. Although not recognized by any government, this entity has maintained a stable existence and continues efforts to establish a constitutional democracy, including holding municipal, parliamentary, and presidential elections. The regions of Bari, Nugaal, and northern Mudug comprise a neighboring semi-autonomous state of Puntland, which has been self-governing since 1998 but does not aim at independence; it has also made strides toward reconstructing a legitimate, representative government but has suffered some civil strife. Puntland disputes its border with Somaliland as it also claims portions of eastern Sool and Sanaag. Beginning in 1993, a two-year UN humanitarian effort (primarily in the south) was able to alleviate famine conditions, but when the UN withdrew in 1995, having suffered significant casualties, order still had not been restored. A two-year peace process, led by the Government of Kenya under the auspices of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), concluded in October 2004 with the election of Abdullahi YUSUF Ahmed as President of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) of Somalia and the formation of an interim government, known as the Somalia Transitional Federal Institutions (TFIs). The TFIs included a 275-member parliamentary body, known as the Transitional Federal Assembly (TFA). President YUSUF resigned late in 2008 while United Nations-sponsored talks between the TFG and the opposition Alliance for the Re-Liberation of Somalia (ARS) were underway in Djibouti. In January 2009, following the creation of a TFG-ARS unity government, Ethiopian military forces, which had entered Somalia in December 2006 to support the TFG in the face of advances by the opposition Islamic Courts Union (ICU), withdrew from the country. The TFA was increased to 550 seats with the addition of 200 ARS and 75 civil society members of parliament. The expanded parliament elected Sheikh SHARIF Sheikh Ahmed, the former CIC and ARS chairman as president on 31 January 2009, in Djibouti. Subsequently, President SHARIF appointed Omar Abdirashid ali SHARMARKE, son of a former president of Somalia, as prime minister on 13 February 2009. The TFIs are based on the Transitional Federal Charter (TFC), which outlines a five-year mandate leading to the establishment of a new Somali constitution and a transition to a representative government following national elections. However, in January 2009 the TFA amended the TFC to extend TFG's mandate until 2011. While its institutions remain weak, the TFG continues to reach out to Somali stakeholders and to work with international donors to help build the governance capacity of the TFIs and to work toward national elections in 2011.

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References

Somalia - Wikipedia
Somalia - CIA World Fact Book
Somalia - BBC
Somalia - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
Security Council extends UN mission in Somalia until August - UN News Centre

UN News Centre

Security Council extends UN mission in Somalia until August
UN News Centre
26 May 2015 – The Security Council today adopted a resolution extending the mandate of the United Nations Assistance Mission in Somalia (UNSOM) as the Horn of Africa country continues down its road towards political recovery and increased security.
UN Security Council extends Somalia mission by three monthsHorseed Media
11 Al Shabab Killed in an Operation in Central SomaliaAllAfrica.com
UN Security Council extends mandate of UN in Somaliasomalicurrent
Xinhua -Geeska Afrika
all 31 news articles »


Is the tide turning against al-Shabab in Somalia? - BBC News

BBC News

Is the tide turning against al-Shabab in Somalia?
BBC News
Somalia's government says it is weakening the leadership of al-Shabab, through a combination of American drone strikes and an amnesty programme for high-level defectors. The BBC's Andrew Harding has been to Mogadishu - where he had exclusive ...
Kenyan soldiers kill 7 Al-Shabaab fighters in southern SomaliaGlobalPost
Kenyan police clash with al Shabaab near Somali borderFRANCE 24
13 Kenyan policemen missing after attackgulfnews.com
Voice of America -The Globe and Mail
all 399 news articles »


Somalia: UN official condemns killing of parliamentarian, reiterates support ... - UN News Centre

UN News Centre

Somalia: UN official condemns killing of parliamentarian, reiterates support ...
UN News Centre
“The assassination of Mr Yusuf Muhammad Dirir is an abhorrent act of terrorism,” declared Nicholas Kay, Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Somalia and head of UNSOM. “I wish Abdullahi Boss Ahmed a speedy recovery and I commend all ...
In video, Somali ISIS members court Al-ShabaabCNN
Somalia: Militants Kill Lawmaker in Capital, Attack 2 TownsABC News
Dozens killed in al Shabaab fighting in Somalia, attacks in capitalReuters
RFI
all 205 news articles »


Final Report of Somalia Population Estimation Survey launched - Horseed Media

Horseed Media

Final Report of Somalia Population Estimation Survey launched
Horseed Media
Somalia's Federal government in collaboration with the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) officially launched the final report of the population estimation survey, the first of its kind since 1986 before the Central government collapsed.
Puntland lashes out Somalia's Estimation Survey resultsomalicurrent
UNFPA, UNHCR include Somaliland in sponsored 'Somalia' population censusSomalilandPress
Somaliland: Country Included in an UNFPA, UNHCR sponsored 'Somalia ...Somaliland Sun
Mareeg Media
all 8 news articles »


EU Contributes to Governance and Peacebuilding in Somalia By Joining the ... - AllAfrica.com

defenceWeb

EU Contributes to Governance and Peacebuilding in Somalia By Joining the ...
AllAfrica.com
The EU Delegation to Somalia is pleased to announce EU's first contribution of €5 million ($6.2 million) to the Somalia Stability fund. This contribution will be used to support the Federal Government of Somalia and regional authorities rebuilding ...
Somalia receives armoured vehicles from UAEdefenceWeb
EU donates $6M to Somalia governmentsomalicurrent

all 5 news articles »


Somalia: Puntland President fires Bari Governor & Bossaso Mayor - Horseed Media

Horseed Media

Somalia: Puntland President fires Bari Governor & Bossaso Mayor
Horseed Media
Puntland President Abdiweli Mohammed Ali has fired the governor of Bari province and the mayor of Bossaso city, the capital of Bari, Horseed Media reports. The Presidential decree was announced on Wednesday by the spokesperson of the Puntland ...
Somalia: Puntland President sacked governor and city Mayorsomalicurrent

all 7 news articles »


Somalia: Over 5000 Somali refugees stuck in Yemen port town - Horseed Media

Horseed Media

Somalia: Over 5000 Somali refugees stuck in Yemen port town
Horseed Media
Somalia: Over 5000 Somali refugees stuck in Yemen port town Thousands of Somali refugees trying to escape the Violence in Yemen are reported to be stuck in the Port town of Mukalla, Southern part of the middle-eastern country, an official has said.



Somalia outrage at remittance bans - BBC News

BBC News

Somalia outrage at remittance bans
BBC News
Somalia's president has lashed out at the government of neighbouring Kenya - accusing it of a "heavy-handed" approach to regional security, and specifically criticizing Kenya's recent decision to clamp down on money transfer companies allegedly linked ...
Somalia's al Shabaab fighters attack village in KenyaReuters UK
Somalia President lashes out Kenyan governmentsomalicurrent
Kenyan Fighter Jets Bombed Al Shabab Bases in SomaliaAllAfrica.com

all 187 news articles »


How Somalia's Al Shabaab Turned Against Its Own Foreign Fighters - The Intercept - First Look Media

The Intercept - First Look Media

How Somalia's Al Shabaab Turned Against Its Own Foreign Fighters
The Intercept - First Look Media
Like other young Westerners of Somali origin, Ibrahim decided to move to Somalia after watching Shabaab's videos on the Internet and following the news of battles between Somali militants and the U.S.-backed African peacekeeping force, AMISOM. “At that ...

and more »


World Must Not 'Squander' Opportunity in Somalia, UN Envoy Tells Security ... - AllAfrica.com

Diplomat News Network

World Must Not 'Squander' Opportunity in Somalia, UN Envoy Tells Security ...
AllAfrica.com
While it is too soon to celebrate definitive success in Somalia, and while the situation remains challenging, progress is being made and the international community would be missing a strategic opportunity if it failed to realize how much is being ...
UN envoy draws attention to progress in Somalia despite challengesGlobalPost

all 15 news articles »