Country Somalia
Capital Mogadishu
Continent Africa
Currency Somali Shilling(SOS)
Languages Somali & Arabic




Britain withdrew from British Somaliland in 1960 to allow its protectorate to join with Italian Somaliland and form the new nation of Somalia. In 1969, a coup headed by Mohamed SIAD Barre ushered in an authoritarian socialist rule that managed to impose a degree of stability in the country for more than two decades. After the regime's collapse early in 1991, Somalia descended into turmoil, factional fighting, and anarchy. In May 1991, northern clans declared an independent Republic of Somaliland that now includes the administrative regions of Awdal, Woqooyi Galbeed, Togdheer, Sanaag, and Sool. Although not recognized by any government, this entity has maintained a stable existence and continues efforts to establish a constitutional democracy, including holding municipal, parliamentary, and presidential elections. The regions of Bari, Nugaal, and northern Mudug comprise a neighboring semi-autonomous state of Puntland, which has been self-governing since 1998 but does not aim at independence; it has also made strides toward reconstructing a legitimate, representative government but has suffered some civil strife. Puntland disputes its border with Somaliland as it also claims portions of eastern Sool and Sanaag. Beginning in 1993, a two-year UN humanitarian effort (primarily in the south) was able to alleviate famine conditions, but when the UN withdrew in 1995, having suffered significant casualties, order still had not been restored. A two-year peace process, led by the Government of Kenya under the auspices of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), concluded in October 2004 with the election of Abdullahi YUSUF Ahmed as President of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) of Somalia and the formation of an interim government, known as the Somalia Transitional Federal Institutions (TFIs). The TFIs included a 275-member parliamentary body, known as the Transitional Federal Assembly (TFA). President YUSUF resigned late in 2008 while United Nations-sponsored talks between the TFG and the opposition Alliance for the Re-Liberation of Somalia (ARS) were underway in Djibouti. In January 2009, following the creation of a TFG-ARS unity government, Ethiopian military forces, which had entered Somalia in December 2006 to support the TFG in the face of advances by the opposition Islamic Courts Union (ICU), withdrew from the country. The TFA was increased to 550 seats with the addition of 200 ARS and 75 civil society members of parliament. The expanded parliament elected Sheikh SHARIF Sheikh Ahmed, the former CIC and ARS chairman as president on 31 January 2009, in Djibouti. Subsequently, President SHARIF appointed Omar Abdirashid ali SHARMARKE, son of a former president of Somalia, as prime minister on 13 February 2009. The TFIs are based on the Transitional Federal Charter (TFC), which outlines a five-year mandate leading to the establishment of a new Somali constitution and a transition to a representative government following national elections. However, in January 2009 the TFA amended the TFC to extend TFG's mandate until 2011. While its institutions remain weak, the TFG continues to reach out to Somali stakeholders and to work with international donors to help build the governance capacity of the TFIs and to work toward national elections in 2011.

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Somalia - Wikipedia
Somalia - CIA World Fact Book
Somalia - BBC
Somalia - Timeline - BBC



News Headlines

Google News
S Leone to withdraw Somalia troops over Ebola -

S Leone to withdraw Somalia troops over Ebola
The African Union which has more than 22,000 troops in Somalia from Kenya, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Uganda, Burundi, Nigeria and Ghana said the departing soldiers will now be replaced by troops from countries that already have boots on the ground, until the ...
Sierra Leone Troops Pull Out of Somalia as Ebola Blocks RotationBloomberg
Sierra Leone Peacekeepers to Leave Somalia MissionTIME
Ethiopian soldiers could replace Sierra Leone troops in Somalia - presidentDaily Mail

all 1,318 news articles »

It's official: Units credited for Somalia campaign -

It's official: Units credited for Somalia campaign
More than 200 units ranging in size from detachments to groups and brigades have been officially credited for participation in Operations Restore Hope and United Shield, the 2-year relief and evacuation campaign in Somalia. Soldiers who were assigned ...

EU Decides to Support the Restoration of Somalia's Economy -

EU Decides to Support the Restoration of Somalia's Economy
In a press statement the EU said 13.4 million U.S. dollars will be used to restore the economies of horn of African countries especially Somalia. European Union Special Envoy to Somalia, Michele Cervone d'Urso said the restoration of public economies ...

After Barren Years in Somalia, Signs of Growth by the Bunch - New York Times

New York Times

After Barren Years in Somalia, Signs of Growth by the Bunch
New York Times
AFGOOYE, Somalia Armed with machetes, the men push their way through the densely packed rows of trees, emerging every few minutes with large bundles of green bananas over their shoulders. A guard, his chest crossed with bullet belts, his hands ...

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Somalia turns to KSA in war against terror - Arab News

Arab News

Somalia turns to KSA in war against terror
Arab News
As a country working hard to counter terrorism, Saudi Arabia has an important experience to share with the world. Somalia has been suffering from the influence of terror groups and has subsequently turned to Saudi Arabia for help. One Somali official ...
Somalia: Anti-terror Saudi programs can help Somalis regain stabilityGeeska Afrika

all 3 news articles »

Somalia appoints new prime minister after damaging spat - Daily Mail

Daily Mail

Somalia appoints new prime minister after damaging spat
Daily Mail
Somalia's president on Wednesday appointed a new prime minister, 11 days after the war-torn nation's previous premier was ousted amid bitter infighting. President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud said he had appointed political heavyweight Omar Abdirashid Ali ...
Somalia: New Premier Is AppointedNew York Times
Somalia names envoy to US as new prime ministerPress TV
Somalia president appoints new prime ministerBusiness Standard
Garowe Online -Reuters Africa
all 117 news articles »

Somalia: Puntland President expects more Investors to arrive - Horseed Media

Somalia: Puntland President expects more Investors to arrive
Horseed Media
Somalia: Puntland President expects more Investors to arrive Puntland President Abdiweli Mohamed Ali Gaas has called for more investors to come and open businesses in the stable semi-autonomous region of Somalia. Dr Gaas said this remarks after ...
SOMALIA: President Abdiweli Gaas returns to the countryRaxanreeb Online

all 5 news articles »

Somalia Inaugurates Ten-Club League -

Somalia Inaugurates Ten-Club League
"A total of 19 foreign players, representing 6 clubs are playing in the league this year, which would mean that football in Somalia was becoming more popular and even attracting the attention of international professionals" president Abdiqani Said Arab ...

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Somalia: A very chilling security presentation by NISA - Geeska Afrika

Somalia: A very chilling security presentation by NISA
Geeska Afrika
Geeska Afrika Online (1985 -2014) The International Gateway news and views about the Horn of Africa (Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia, Somaliland, Sudan, South Sudan, Djibouti, Kenya and Uganda), the best IGAD news and information Online Site for the last ...

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Somalia-Somaliland Talks to Resume in Djibouti -

Diplomat News Network

Somalia-Somaliland Talks to Resume in Djibouti
There are already delegates from Somalia led by the president of the federal republic of Somalia, Hon. Hassan Sheikh Mohamud and the president of the self-declared republic of Somaliland Ahmed Mohamed Mohamud Silaanyo who arrived there during the ...
Djibouti mediating talks between Somalia and SomalilandDiplomat News Network
Somalia, Somaliland leaders continue Djibouti
Somalia: Federal Govt, Somaliland agree to resume dialogueGarowe Online
somalicurrent -Raxanreeb Online -Turkish Press
all 19 news articles »