Somalia

Country Somalia
Capital Mogadishu
Continent Africa
Currency Somali Shilling(SOS)
Languages Somali & Arabic

Mogadishu

Information

Introduction

Britain withdrew from British Somaliland in 1960 to allow its protectorate to join with Italian Somaliland and form the new nation of Somalia. In 1969, a coup headed by Mohamed SIAD Barre ushered in an authoritarian socialist rule that managed to impose a degree of stability in the country for more than two decades. After the regime's collapse early in 1991, Somalia descended into turmoil, factional fighting, and anarchy. In May 1991, northern clans declared an independent Republic of Somaliland that now includes the administrative regions of Awdal, Woqooyi Galbeed, Togdheer, Sanaag, and Sool. Although not recognized by any government, this entity has maintained a stable existence and continues efforts to establish a constitutional democracy, including holding municipal, parliamentary, and presidential elections. The regions of Bari, Nugaal, and northern Mudug comprise a neighboring semi-autonomous state of Puntland, which has been self-governing since 1998 but does not aim at independence; it has also made strides toward reconstructing a legitimate, representative government but has suffered some civil strife. Puntland disputes its border with Somaliland as it also claims portions of eastern Sool and Sanaag. Beginning in 1993, a two-year UN humanitarian effort (primarily in the south) was able to alleviate famine conditions, but when the UN withdrew in 1995, having suffered significant casualties, order still had not been restored. A two-year peace process, led by the Government of Kenya under the auspices of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), concluded in October 2004 with the election of Abdullahi YUSUF Ahmed as President of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) of Somalia and the formation of an interim government, known as the Somalia Transitional Federal Institutions (TFIs). The TFIs included a 275-member parliamentary body, known as the Transitional Federal Assembly (TFA). President YUSUF resigned late in 2008 while United Nations-sponsored talks between the TFG and the opposition Alliance for the Re-Liberation of Somalia (ARS) were underway in Djibouti. In January 2009, following the creation of a TFG-ARS unity government, Ethiopian military forces, which had entered Somalia in December 2006 to support the TFG in the face of advances by the opposition Islamic Courts Union (ICU), withdrew from the country. The TFA was increased to 550 seats with the addition of 200 ARS and 75 civil society members of parliament. The expanded parliament elected Sheikh SHARIF Sheikh Ahmed, the former CIC and ARS chairman as president on 31 January 2009, in Djibouti. Subsequently, President SHARIF appointed Omar Abdirashid ali SHARMARKE, son of a former president of Somalia, as prime minister on 13 February 2009. The TFIs are based on the Transitional Federal Charter (TFC), which outlines a five-year mandate leading to the establishment of a new Somali constitution and a transition to a representative government following national elections. However, in January 2009 the TFA amended the TFC to extend TFG's mandate until 2011. While its institutions remain weak, the TFG continues to reach out to Somali stakeholders and to work with international donors to help build the governance capacity of the TFIs and to work toward national elections in 2011.

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References

Somalia - Wikipedia
Somalia - CIA World Fact Book
Somalia - BBC
Somalia - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
In Somalia, Hunger Isn't All About the Rains - Voice of America

Voice of America

In Somalia, Hunger Isn't All About the Rains
Voice of America
NAIROBI—. Somalia is the only country to have suffered two famines in recent history. Its farming and livestock industries are strong but political turmoil and ongoing violence leave populations vulnerable to food insecurity. In some ways, Kassim ...
Somaliland:President Obama Is Backing the Wrong Partners In SomaliaSomalilandPress
Somalis, After 2 Famines, Still Face Food InsecurityAllAfrica.com
Remittance Cuts a Threat to Somalia's Food SecurityMareeg Media

all 13 news articles »


Zachary Chesser who tried to take baby to Somalia sues FBI and mother - Daily Mail

Daily Mail

Zachary Chesser who tried to take baby to Somalia sues FBI and mother
Daily Mail
A Muslim terror convert who tried to take his new-born baby to Somalia is suing the FBI and his own mother for 'conspiring to stop his on living in Jordan with his wife'. Zachary Chesser, of Virginia, was sentenced to 25 years in prison for attempting ...
Court Hears Appeal in Terror-Related Custody DisputeABC News
Terror convict sues FBI and his own mother, demanding money for violating his ...Fox News
Terror convict: My mother and the FBI violated my rightsDothan Eagle

all 143 news articles »


Somalia interferes with Sweden-Saudi Arabia row - Horseed Media

Garowe Online

Somalia interferes with Sweden-Saudi Arabia row
Horseed Media
Somalia interferes with Sweden-Saudi Arabia row Somalia's federal government has interfered with the on-going diplomatic row between the Swedish government and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The row between the two countries emerged after Swedish ...
Somalia sides with Saudi Arabia in diplomatic spat with SwedenGarowe Online
Somalis in Social media cite the interference of the somalia government in the ...somalicurrent
Somalia condemns Swedish interventions to the Internal Affairs of Saudi ArabiaDiplomat News Network
Mareeg Media -Saudi Press Agency -Waagacusub Media
all 82 news articles »


Why a retired British army colonel has become the last hope for Somalia's ... - Telegraph.co.uk

Telegraph.co.uk

Why a retired British army colonel has become the last hope for Somalia's ...
Telegraph.co.uk
Even by Somalia's standards, the village of Amara is a lawless place. A tumbledown hamlet in the sunbleached scrubland north of Mogadishu, it lies in a “no man's land” between turf controlled by local warlords and the al-Shabaab Islamist militia. It is ...



Top Al-Shabaab Commander Captured In Somalia - Leadership Newspapers

Leadership Newspapers

Top Al-Shabaab Commander Captured In Somalia
Leadership Newspapers
A senior intelligence officer confirmed on Thursday in Mogadishu that an a-Shabaab top commander was captured as he was preparing attacks in Somalia. The source, who spoke on condition of anonymity, said it was too early to name the commander, ...

and more »


Saudi Arabia airstrikes in Yemen disrupt Somalia flights - Garowe Online

Garowe Online

Saudi Arabia airstrikes in Yemen disrupt Somalia flights
Garowe Online
MOGADISHU, Somalia, March 26, 2015 (Garowe Online)-As Saudi fighter jets are pummeling Houthi positions in neighboring Yemen, flights into and from Somalia have been affected on Thursday morning according to aviation officials, Garowe Online reports ...



Somalia President, clan elders in fresh squabble over convention - Garowe Online

Garowe Online

Somalia President, clan elders in fresh squabble over convention
Garowe Online
DHUSAMAREB, Somalia, March 26, 2015 (Garowe Online)-Federal Government of Somalia's President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud is in Galgadud regional capital of Dhusamareb for the third day for a regional convention on the formation of federal state, ...



SOMALIA: Members of Congress urge Congressional leadership to support ... - Raxanreeb Online

Raxanreeb Online

SOMALIA: Members of Congress urge Congressional leadership to support ...
Raxanreeb Online
We write to express strong support for the President's request of $87.7 million in Economic Support Funds (ESF) to support the formation of legitimate, durable institutions that will enhance stability and economic development in Somalia. The country is ...



Uganda boosts security after US warning on attack by Somalia's Shebab militants - Daily Mail

Daily Mail

Uganda boosts security after US warning on attack by Somalia's Shebab militants
Daily Mail
Uganda said Thursday it was boosting security over threats by Somalia's Shebab militants, after the US embassy in Kampala warned its citizens of a possible imminent terror attack. In an emergency warning, the US mission in Kampala said it had "received ...
Al Qaeda or Islamic State? Somalia's Al-Shabaab divided over shifting its ...Mail & Guardian Africa
African armies told to tackle terrorismNew Vision

all 106 news articles »


Somalia lauded UAE's humanitarian Efforts - Geeska Afrika

Somalia lauded UAE's humanitarian Efforts
Geeska Afrika
HAN & Geeska Afrika Online (1985-2015), the oldest free independent Free Press in the region, brings together top journalists from across the Horn of Africa. Including Ethiopia, Somalia, Eritrea, Sudan, Djibouti, South Sudan, Uganda, Kenya, Oromo ...