Somalia

Country Somalia
Capital Mogadishu
Continent Africa
Currency Somali Shilling(SOS)
Languages Somali & Arabic

Mogadishu

Information

Introduction

Britain withdrew from British Somaliland in 1960 to allow its protectorate to join with Italian Somaliland and form the new nation of Somalia. In 1969, a coup headed by Mohamed SIAD Barre ushered in an authoritarian socialist rule that managed to impose a degree of stability in the country for more than two decades. After the regime's collapse early in 1991, Somalia descended into turmoil, factional fighting, and anarchy. In May 1991, northern clans declared an independent Republic of Somaliland that now includes the administrative regions of Awdal, Woqooyi Galbeed, Togdheer, Sanaag, and Sool. Although not recognized by any government, this entity has maintained a stable existence and continues efforts to establish a constitutional democracy, including holding municipal, parliamentary, and presidential elections. The regions of Bari, Nugaal, and northern Mudug comprise a neighboring semi-autonomous state of Puntland, which has been self-governing since 1998 but does not aim at independence; it has also made strides toward reconstructing a legitimate, representative government but has suffered some civil strife. Puntland disputes its border with Somaliland as it also claims portions of eastern Sool and Sanaag. Beginning in 1993, a two-year UN humanitarian effort (primarily in the south) was able to alleviate famine conditions, but when the UN withdrew in 1995, having suffered significant casualties, order still had not been restored. A two-year peace process, led by the Government of Kenya under the auspices of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), concluded in October 2004 with the election of Abdullahi YUSUF Ahmed as President of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) of Somalia and the formation of an interim government, known as the Somalia Transitional Federal Institutions (TFIs). The TFIs included a 275-member parliamentary body, known as the Transitional Federal Assembly (TFA). President YUSUF resigned late in 2008 while United Nations-sponsored talks between the TFG and the opposition Alliance for the Re-Liberation of Somalia (ARS) were underway in Djibouti. In January 2009, following the creation of a TFG-ARS unity government, Ethiopian military forces, which had entered Somalia in December 2006 to support the TFG in the face of advances by the opposition Islamic Courts Union (ICU), withdrew from the country. The TFA was increased to 550 seats with the addition of 200 ARS and 75 civil society members of parliament. The expanded parliament elected Sheikh SHARIF Sheikh Ahmed, the former CIC and ARS chairman as president on 31 January 2009, in Djibouti. Subsequently, President SHARIF appointed Omar Abdirashid ali SHARMARKE, son of a former president of Somalia, as prime minister on 13 February 2009. The TFIs are based on the Transitional Federal Charter (TFC), which outlines a five-year mandate leading to the establishment of a new Somali constitution and a transition to a representative government following national elections. However, in January 2009 the TFA amended the TFC to extend TFG's mandate until 2011. While its institutions remain weak, the TFG continues to reach out to Somali stakeholders and to work with international donors to help build the governance capacity of the TFIs and to work toward national elections in 2011.

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References

Somalia - Wikipedia
Somalia - CIA World Fact Book
Somalia - BBC
Somalia - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
Intelligence Official: Islamic State Growing in Somalia - Voice of America

Voice of America

Intelligence Official: Islamic State Growing in Somalia
Voice of America
Hussein said reports he has received indicate administrations in Somalia have underestimated the threat of the pro-IS group led by former al-Shabab cleric Abdulkadir Mumin. He criticized the Somali government and regional administrations for not taking ...

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Somalia: President Relieves Chief Justice Over Corruption - AllAfrica.com

Somalia: President Relieves Chief Justice Over Corruption
AllAfrica.com
The President of the Federal Republic of Somalia has relieved chief justice Aydid Ilka Hanaf of his duties on Wednesday. Lawyer Dr. Ibrahim Idle Suleyman from Hargeysa will fill the position with immediate effect according to Villa Somalia ...



The lesbian rapper who escaped forced marriage in Somalia - The Guardian

The Guardian

The lesbian rapper who escaped forced marriage in Somalia
The Guardian
After many dead leads he eventually made contact with someone who works for the UN and they arranged a plan to get Berlin out of Somalia. They managed to get her another phone through a Somali girl they contacted, who dropped the handset outside ...



Can an app tackle domestic violence in Somalia? - The Guardian

The Guardian

Can an app tackle domestic violence in Somalia?
The Guardian
Dahrio, a mother of three, lives in a camp for internally displaced people in Mogadishu, Somalia. Her community has always seen her as a strong, happy woman. But for three years her cheerful facade hid repeated, terrifying domestic abuse by her husband ...



UK starts deploying troops to South Sudan, Somalia - Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune

UK starts deploying troops to South Sudan, Somalia
Sudan Tribune
An advance party of 10 soldiers will support the African Union peacekeeping efforts against the al-Shabab militant group in Somalia, Presstv reported. The UK Defense Secretary, Michael Fallon said the deployment of the troops was “another demonstration ...



First British troops arrive in Somalia as part of UN mission - The Guardian

The Guardian

First British troops arrive in Somalia as part of UN mission
The Guardian
British troops have arrived in Somalia as part of efforts to tackle the threat from Islamist militants. The military personnel, the first of up to 70 due to be deployed there this year, are part of a UN peacekeeping mission to counter the extremist ...
British troops arrive in Somalia to help tackle threat from militantsDaily Mail
British Army team in Somalia on UN peacekeeping dutiesBBC News
Somalia Islamist Militants Target African Union Base in CapitalBloomberg
RFI -Garowe Online -International Business Times
all 86 news articles »


Somalia claims destruction of ISIS training camp - Horseed Media

Horseed Media

Somalia claims destruction of ISIS training camp
Horseed Media
Somali commandos have destroyed an Islamic State training camp in a raid in Southern Somalia, the Somali army has said. The ground operation took place in the town of Janale, which is some 90km (55 miles) south-west of the capital, Mogadishu earlier ...
Somalia says kills 12 in raid on ISIL cellGarowe Online
Somalia: Special Force Overrun Islamic Militants Training FacilityAllAfrica.com

all 4 news articles »


Kenya Announces to Increase Number of Consulate in Somalia - AllAfrica.com

Kenya Announces to Increase Number of Consulate in Somalia
AllAfrica.com
Speaking to the media in Mogadishu Kenyan ambassador to Somalia LukasTumbo has said his country will open consulates in the cities of Kismayo,Garowe, Baidoa and Hargeysa to serve Kenyan nationals working in Somalia. Ambassador Tumbo revealed ...



Security Council to make Somalia visit ahead of vote - New Vision

New Vision

Security Council to make Somalia visit ahead of vote
New Vision
The UN Security Council will travel to Somalia this month to show support for elections scheduled in August, Egypt's UN Ambassador and this month's council president, Amr Aboulatta, said Monday. The 15 envoys will also travel to Nairobi during the May ...
UN Security Council supports Somalia's upcoming electionAfricaNews

all 6 news articles »


Somalia: Journalists Under Attack - Human Rights Watch

Human Rights Watch

Somalia: Journalists Under Attack
Human Rights Watch
The 74-page report, “'Like Fish in Poisonous Waters': Attacks on Media Freedom in Somalia,” documents killings, threats, and arbitrary detention of journalists since 2014. The Somali federal government and regional authorities have used various abusive ...
Human Rights Watch urges Somalia to protect journalistsTRT World
'News Is Important in Somalia' But Journalists Are Being Murdered - HRWSputnik International
HRW: Somali Government, Militants Intimidating JournalistsVoice of America
Pulse Headlines
all 12 news articles »