Somalia

Country Somalia
Capital Mogadishu
Continent Africa
Currency Somali Shilling(SOS)
Languages Somali & Arabic

Mogadishu

Information

Introduction

Britain withdrew from British Somaliland in 1960 to allow its protectorate to join with Italian Somaliland and form the new nation of Somalia. In 1969, a coup headed by Mohamed SIAD Barre ushered in an authoritarian socialist rule that managed to impose a degree of stability in the country for more than two decades. After the regime's collapse early in 1991, Somalia descended into turmoil, factional fighting, and anarchy. In May 1991, northern clans declared an independent Republic of Somaliland that now includes the administrative regions of Awdal, Woqooyi Galbeed, Togdheer, Sanaag, and Sool. Although not recognized by any government, this entity has maintained a stable existence and continues efforts to establish a constitutional democracy, including holding municipal, parliamentary, and presidential elections. The regions of Bari, Nugaal, and northern Mudug comprise a neighboring semi-autonomous state of Puntland, which has been self-governing since 1998 but does not aim at independence; it has also made strides toward reconstructing a legitimate, representative government but has suffered some civil strife. Puntland disputes its border with Somaliland as it also claims portions of eastern Sool and Sanaag. Beginning in 1993, a two-year UN humanitarian effort (primarily in the south) was able to alleviate famine conditions, but when the UN withdrew in 1995, having suffered significant casualties, order still had not been restored. A two-year peace process, led by the Government of Kenya under the auspices of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), concluded in October 2004 with the election of Abdullahi YUSUF Ahmed as President of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) of Somalia and the formation of an interim government, known as the Somalia Transitional Federal Institutions (TFIs). The TFIs included a 275-member parliamentary body, known as the Transitional Federal Assembly (TFA). President YUSUF resigned late in 2008 while United Nations-sponsored talks between the TFG and the opposition Alliance for the Re-Liberation of Somalia (ARS) were underway in Djibouti. In January 2009, following the creation of a TFG-ARS unity government, Ethiopian military forces, which had entered Somalia in December 2006 to support the TFG in the face of advances by the opposition Islamic Courts Union (ICU), withdrew from the country. The TFA was increased to 550 seats with the addition of 200 ARS and 75 civil society members of parliament. The expanded parliament elected Sheikh SHARIF Sheikh Ahmed, the former CIC and ARS chairman as president on 31 January 2009, in Djibouti. Subsequently, President SHARIF appointed Omar Abdirashid ali SHARMARKE, son of a former president of Somalia, as prime minister on 13 February 2009. The TFIs are based on the Transitional Federal Charter (TFC), which outlines a five-year mandate leading to the establishment of a new Somali constitution and a transition to a representative government following national elections. However, in January 2009 the TFA amended the TFC to extend TFG's mandate until 2011. While its institutions remain weak, the TFG continues to reach out to Somali stakeholders and to work with international donors to help build the governance capacity of the TFIs and to work toward national elections in 2011.

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References

Somalia - Wikipedia
Somalia - CIA World Fact Book
Somalia - BBC
Somalia - Timeline - BBC

Cities

Links

News Headlines

Google News
Deadly blast targets police near Kenya-Somalia border - Aljazeera.com

Aljazeera.com

Deadly blast targets police near Kenya-Somalia border
Aljazeera.com
At least four children and four policemen have been killed in a roadside explosion in southeastern Kenya, near the border with Somalia, according to police. Noah Mwivanda, a senior police officer in Lamu County, said Tuesday's blast happened between ...
Bomb blast kills eight on Kenya-Somalia borderNews24
Landmine kills eight in northeast Kenya policeEyewitness News
Road bomb in Kenya's Lamu County kills 8, including 4 kidsMiami Herald

all 15 news articles »


Explosion heard from ship off the coast of Somalia, official says - Reuters

Voice of America

Explosion heard from ship off the coast of Somalia, official says
Reuters
BOSASSO, Somalia A huge explosion was heard from a ship off the coast of Somalia's Puntland region late on Monday and flames were seen rising from what might be a foreign vessel, an official in a nearby port said. "We heard (a) huge explosion and (saw) ...
Explosion heard in waters off SomaliaNEWS.com.au
Witnesses in Somalia Report Sinking Ship After Explosion - VOA NewsVoice of America
Ship Explodes Off SomaliaThe Maritime Executive
Maritime Bulletin (press release)
all 6 news articles »


From Dubai to Somalia with love - Khaleej Times

Khaleej Times

From Dubai to Somalia with love
Khaleej Times
The artists, who are part of The Ajala Project, have donated their artwork to be sold at The Workshop Gallery and artwork proceeds will be donated to Emirates Red Crescent's 'For Your Sake Somalia' campaign. This exhibition, organised by Dubai-based ...

and more »


Tennessee man from Somalia speaks out amidst court decision on temporary travel ban - WZTV

WZTV

Tennessee man from Somalia speaks out amidst court decision on temporary travel ban
WZTV
NASHVILLE, Tenn. A Mid-State family member is speaking out following the Supreme Court's decision to allow parts of President Trump's temporary travel ban to go into effect. There are six middle eastern countries on the 90-day travel ban; Somalia, ...

and more »


Somalia: Soldier Who Shot Minister Sentenced to Death | Time.com - TIME

TIME

Somalia: Soldier Who Shot Minister Sentenced to Death | Time.com
TIME
A military court in Somalia has sentenced a soldier to death by firing squad after he fatally shot the country's minister of public works.
Suicide car bomber posing as a milk delivery van in Somalia capital kills at least 15Hamilton Spectator
Car Bomb in Somalia Capital Kills at Least 15, Police SayU.S. News & World Report
Deadly car bomb attack rocks Somalia's MogadishuAljazeera.com
News24 -CBS News -Seattle PI
all 122 news articles »


Libya, Sudan, Somalia hard hit as US top court partially lifts Trump's travel ban - africanews

africanews

Libya, Sudan, Somalia hard hit as US top court partially lifts Trump's travel ban
africanews
Libya, Sudan and Somalia. The other three were Syria, Yemen and Iraq. Till date, Trump had signed two separate orders, but both had been suspended by lower courts forcing the case to be taken to the apex court. The second order called for 90-day ban on ...
The Supreme Court Agrees To Hear Trump's Travel Ban And Lets It Mostly Take Effect For NowBustle
The Latest: Egypt lets 6 Yemenis board New York-bound flightNew York Daily News
US Supreme Court Revives Travel Ban Giving Donald Trump VictorySomaliupdate Online
KSL.com -Houston Public Media -Canton Repository -Supreme Court of the United States
all 2,318 news articles »


Photos Of Somalia: Surviving In One Of The World's Driest Places ... - NPR

NPR

Photos Of Somalia: Surviving In One Of The World's Driest Places ...
NPR
In Somalia, photographer Nichole Sobecki saw how the worsening drought is transforming people's lives.

and more »


US soon to have permanent diplomatic presence in Somalia - News24

News24

US soon to have permanent diplomatic presence in Somalia
News24
Mogadishu - The United States ambassador to Somalia says the US once again will have a permanent diplomatic presence in the country after it opens offices in Mogadishu later this year. The US embassy was closed in 1991 as the Horn of Africa nation slid ...

and more »


7 Dead in Suicide Blast at Police Station in Somalia Capital - U.S. News & World Report

U.S. News & World Report

7 Dead in Suicide Blast at Police Station in Somalia Capital
U.S. News & World Report
A Somali woman walks past the scene of a suicide car bomb attack on a police station in Mogadishu, Somalia Thursday, June 22, 2017. A number of people are dead and several others wounded in the blast in Somalia's capital, police said Thursday, adding ...
Somalia suicide attack: 7 dead in Mogadishu police station blastThe Indian Express
3 dead in suicide blast at police station in Somalia capitalTimes of India
Somalia: 5 killed in suicide car bomb attackAnadolu Agency
New York Daily News -euronews
all 66 news articles »


Turkey's military training camp in Somalia to open soon - Anadolu Agency

Anadolu Agency

Turkey's military training camp in Somalia to open soon
Anadolu Agency
Somali foreign minister says military training camp will help the Horn of Africa country to renew its national army - Anadolu Agency.

and more »