Somalia

Country Somalia
Capital Mogadishu
Continent Africa
Currency Somali Shilling(SOS)
Languages Somali & Arabic

Mogadishu

Information

Introduction

Britain withdrew from British Somaliland in 1960 to allow its protectorate to join with Italian Somaliland and form the new nation of Somalia. In 1969, a coup headed by Mohamed SIAD Barre ushered in an authoritarian socialist rule that managed to impose a degree of stability in the country for more than two decades. After the regime's collapse early in 1991, Somalia descended into turmoil, factional fighting, and anarchy. In May 1991, northern clans declared an independent Republic of Somaliland that now includes the administrative regions of Awdal, Woqooyi Galbeed, Togdheer, Sanaag, and Sool. Although not recognized by any government, this entity has maintained a stable existence and continues efforts to establish a constitutional democracy, including holding municipal, parliamentary, and presidential elections. The regions of Bari, Nugaal, and northern Mudug comprise a neighboring semi-autonomous state of Puntland, which has been self-governing since 1998 but does not aim at independence; it has also made strides toward reconstructing a legitimate, representative government but has suffered some civil strife. Puntland disputes its border with Somaliland as it also claims portions of eastern Sool and Sanaag. Beginning in 1993, a two-year UN humanitarian effort (primarily in the south) was able to alleviate famine conditions, but when the UN withdrew in 1995, having suffered significant casualties, order still had not been restored. A two-year peace process, led by the Government of Kenya under the auspices of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), concluded in October 2004 with the election of Abdullahi YUSUF Ahmed as President of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) of Somalia and the formation of an interim government, known as the Somalia Transitional Federal Institutions (TFIs). The TFIs included a 275-member parliamentary body, known as the Transitional Federal Assembly (TFA). President YUSUF resigned late in 2008 while United Nations-sponsored talks between the TFG and the opposition Alliance for the Re-Liberation of Somalia (ARS) were underway in Djibouti. In January 2009, following the creation of a TFG-ARS unity government, Ethiopian military forces, which had entered Somalia in December 2006 to support the TFG in the face of advances by the opposition Islamic Courts Union (ICU), withdrew from the country. The TFA was increased to 550 seats with the addition of 200 ARS and 75 civil society members of parliament. The expanded parliament elected Sheikh SHARIF Sheikh Ahmed, the former CIC and ARS chairman as president on 31 January 2009, in Djibouti. Subsequently, President SHARIF appointed Omar Abdirashid ali SHARMARKE, son of a former president of Somalia, as prime minister on 13 February 2009. The TFIs are based on the Transitional Federal Charter (TFC), which outlines a five-year mandate leading to the establishment of a new Somali constitution and a transition to a representative government following national elections. However, in January 2009 the TFA amended the TFC to extend TFG's mandate until 2011. While its institutions remain weak, the TFG continues to reach out to Somali stakeholders and to work with international donors to help build the governance capacity of the TFIs and to work toward national elections in 2011.

[+] Geography

[+] People

[+] Government

Video

Map


View Larger Map

References

Somalia - Wikipedia
Somalia - CIA World Fact Book
Somalia - BBC
Somalia - Timeline - BBC

Cities

Links

News Headlines

Google News
Somalia: UN envoy calls for better protection of children affected by armed conflict - UN News Centre

UN News Centre

Somalia: UN envoy calls for better protection of children affected by armed conflict
UN News Centre
22 July 2016 Concluding a six-day visit to Somalia, a United Nations child rights envoy has called for better protection of children caught up in armed conflict, urging the country's authorities to treat former child soldiers as victims in need of ...
UN Demands that Somalia Protects Children Affected by WarPrensa Latina

all 3 news articles »


Somalia: Key Alshabaab Figure Surrenders to Government - AllAfrica.com

AllAfrica.com

Somalia: Key Alshabaab Figure Surrenders to Government
AllAfrica.com
Mohamed Dahir also known as Tmio Jilac has surrendered to Somali Police in the central regional state administration of Galmudug. Speaking to Radio Mogadishu during interview Timo Jilac said he joined the group on early 2009 and decided to quit after ...



Why does Uhuru encourage miraa growing and use? - Midnimo Information Center

Midnimo Information Center

Why does Uhuru encourage miraa growing and use?
Midnimo Information Center
2016723636048315943549860551460 There has been considerable controversy over the consequences of consuming miraa. For a long time it was consumed in Somalia, northern parts of Kenya, and Ethiopia.
More trade with Kenya would win Somali land recognitionThe Star, Kenya

all 4 news articles »


Kenyan police kill two suspected members of Somalia's al Shabaab - Reuters

CNN

Kenyan police kill two suspected members of Somalia's al Shabaab
Reuters
The group has said in the past its attacks in Kenya are in retaliation for Kenya sending troops into Somalia in 2011 where they are battling the militants as part of an African Union peacekeeping force. The al Qaeda-linked group also seeks to overthrow ...
Kenya: Disappearances, Deaths in NortheastHuman Rights Watch

all 56 news articles »


African Force in Somalia Gets New Commander as Uganda Plans Exit - Bloomberg

Geeska Afrika

African Force in Somalia Gets New Commander as Uganda Plans Exit
Bloomberg
Lieutenant General Osman Noor Soubagleh arrived Monday in the capital, Mogadishu, becoming force commander of the African Union Mission in Somalia, or Amisom, the organization said in a statement. The Horn of Africa country's elections, due this year, ...
Uganda: New Battle Group From Uganda Deploys in SomaliaAllAfrica.com

all 3 news articles »


Somalia: President Meets With US Military Officials - AllAfrica.com

Mareeg Media

Somalia: President Meets With US Military Officials
AllAfrica.com
The president of the federal republic of Somalia Hassan Sheikh Mohamud has today met with top U.S. military experts at a secret base in Lower Shabelle region, reports said. In the closed-door meeting, Somali president and U.S. military officials ...
Somalia: Gunmen open fire on passenger bus, kill twoMareeg Media
Al Shabaab hideouts in southern Somalia raidedGarowe Online
3 Al-Shabab terrorists killed in southern SomaliaAPA

all 18 news articles »


Somalia: One Man's Terrorist Is Another Man's Carpenter - AllAfrica.com

AllAfrica.com

Somalia: One Man's Terrorist Is Another Man's Carpenter
AllAfrica.com
What does a terrorist look like? No such archetype exists of course, but you certainly wouldn't figure somebody like Mohammed Abdi*. Yet the slight, middle-aged man with a neatly trimmed beard was until 18 months ago a member of the Somali jihadist ...



Turkish Aid workers leave Somalia after their work permit suspended - Mareeg Media

Mareeg Media

Turkish Aid workers leave Somalia after their work permit suspended
Mareeg Media
The staff members of the Turkish-run Deva hospital began on Friday to leave Somalia following an order from Somali federal government. The general director of Deva hospital Dr Mohamed Al Berto told the media that they are unhappy to depart from ...



AU to probe alleged killing of 14 civilians in Somalia - Times LIVE

Times LIVE

AU to probe alleged killing of 14 civilians in Somalia
Times LIVE
The incident occurred late Sunday in the west of Somalia, about 30 kilometres from regional capital Baidoa, and involved Ethiopian troops from the AU Mission in Somalia (AMISOM). "AMISOM has received reports of alleged civilians killed during an ...
14 Somali Civilians Killed in Clashes in Southwestern SomaliaVoice of America
Amisom to pull out its forces from SomaliaTUKO.CO.KE
Somalia: Government Condemns AMISON Civilian Deaths Calls for InvestigationsAllAfrica.com

all 24 news articles »


Somalia: Hiran elders raise stakes for state formation endeavor - Garowe Online

Garowe Online

Somalia: Hiran elders raise stakes for state formation endeavor
Garowe Online
BELEDWEYNE, Somalia-We will have a federal state on our own, Hiran clan elders told Somalia's Federal Government (SFG) and the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD). The remarks are the latest in a series of barbs traded on media by ...