Somalia

Country Somalia
Capital Mogadishu
Continent Africa
Currency Somali Shilling(SOS)
Languages Somali & Arabic

Mogadishu

Information

Introduction

Britain withdrew from British Somaliland in 1960 to allow its protectorate to join with Italian Somaliland and form the new nation of Somalia. In 1969, a coup headed by Mohamed SIAD Barre ushered in an authoritarian socialist rule that managed to impose a degree of stability in the country for more than two decades. After the regime's collapse early in 1991, Somalia descended into turmoil, factional fighting, and anarchy. In May 1991, northern clans declared an independent Republic of Somaliland that now includes the administrative regions of Awdal, Woqooyi Galbeed, Togdheer, Sanaag, and Sool. Although not recognized by any government, this entity has maintained a stable existence and continues efforts to establish a constitutional democracy, including holding municipal, parliamentary, and presidential elections. The regions of Bari, Nugaal, and northern Mudug comprise a neighboring semi-autonomous state of Puntland, which has been self-governing since 1998 but does not aim at independence; it has also made strides toward reconstructing a legitimate, representative government but has suffered some civil strife. Puntland disputes its border with Somaliland as it also claims portions of eastern Sool and Sanaag. Beginning in 1993, a two-year UN humanitarian effort (primarily in the south) was able to alleviate famine conditions, but when the UN withdrew in 1995, having suffered significant casualties, order still had not been restored. A two-year peace process, led by the Government of Kenya under the auspices of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), concluded in October 2004 with the election of Abdullahi YUSUF Ahmed as President of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) of Somalia and the formation of an interim government, known as the Somalia Transitional Federal Institutions (TFIs). The TFIs included a 275-member parliamentary body, known as the Transitional Federal Assembly (TFA). President YUSUF resigned late in 2008 while United Nations-sponsored talks between the TFG and the opposition Alliance for the Re-Liberation of Somalia (ARS) were underway in Djibouti. In January 2009, following the creation of a TFG-ARS unity government, Ethiopian military forces, which had entered Somalia in December 2006 to support the TFG in the face of advances by the opposition Islamic Courts Union (ICU), withdrew from the country. The TFA was increased to 550 seats with the addition of 200 ARS and 75 civil society members of parliament. The expanded parliament elected Sheikh SHARIF Sheikh Ahmed, the former CIC and ARS chairman as president on 31 January 2009, in Djibouti. Subsequently, President SHARIF appointed Omar Abdirashid ali SHARMARKE, son of a former president of Somalia, as prime minister on 13 February 2009. The TFIs are based on the Transitional Federal Charter (TFC), which outlines a five-year mandate leading to the establishment of a new Somali constitution and a transition to a representative government following national elections. However, in January 2009 the TFA amended the TFC to extend TFG's mandate until 2011. While its institutions remain weak, the TFG continues to reach out to Somali stakeholders and to work with international donors to help build the governance capacity of the TFIs and to work toward national elections in 2011.

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References

Somalia - Wikipedia
Somalia - CIA World Fact Book
Somalia - BBC
Somalia - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
Viewpoint: What Donald Trump gets wrong about Somalia - BBC NewsViewpoint: What Donald Trump gets wrong about Somalia  BBC News

Somalia restaurant attack: Six killed by al-Shabab - BBC NewsSomalia restaurant attack: Six killed by al-Shabab  BBC News

Sizing up Somalia: a new offshore oil frontier in the making - Offshore TechnologySizing up Somalia: a new offshore oil frontier in the making  Offshore Technology

Somalia marks 60th independence anniversary - Anadolu AgencySomalia marks 60th independence anniversary  Anadolu Agency

Al Shabaab’s insurgency and the Somalian imbroglio in the Horn of Africa - Observer Research FoundationAl Shabaab’s insurgency and the Somalian imbroglio in the Horn of Africa  Observer Research Foundation

Corruption in Somalia complicates aid during pandemic - Catholic News ServiceCorruption in Somalia complicates aid during pandemic  Catholic News Service

Tuk tuk drivers in Somalia struggle as lockdown hits business - Deutsche WelleTuk tuk drivers in Somalia struggle as lockdown hits business  Deutsche Welle

Foreign trawlers, illegal fishing, staff shortage deny Somalia $300m in revenue - The East AfricanForeign trawlers, illegal fishing, staff shortage deny Somalia $300m in revenue  The East African

COVID-19, locusts, flooding: WHO and triple threat in Somalia - World Health OrganizationCOVID-19, locusts, flooding: WHO and triple threat in Somalia  World Health Organization

Somali soldiers end protest over unpaid salaries - BBC NewsSomali soldiers end protest over unpaid salaries  BBC News

Somalia, Somaliland talks touted as 'historic' - Anadolu AgencySomalia, Somaliland talks touted as 'historic'  Anadolu Agency

Somalia Humanitarian Bulletin, 1 - 30 June 2020 - Somalia - ReliefWebSomalia Humanitarian Bulletin, 1 - 30 June 2020 - Somalia  ReliefWeb

Mogadishu Stadium will cut cost for Somalia national team - SFF's Arab - Goal.comMogadishu Stadium will cut cost for Somalia national team - SFF's Arab  Goal.com

Five militants killed in southern Somalia - Xinhua | English.news.cn - XinhuaFive militants killed in southern Somalia - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

Chinese Ambassador Qin Jian to Somalia: "Commemorating the 60th Anniversary of Somali Independence" - MFA ChinaChinese Ambassador Qin Jian to Somalia: "Commemorating the 60th Anniversary of Somali Independence"  MFA China

The African Union needs to broaden its role in Somalia - Institute for Security StudiesThe African Union needs to broaden its role in Somalia  Institute for Security Studies

Somaliland: Kenyan Miraa Traders are up in Arms after Somalia Turned back... - MENAFN.COMSomaliland: Kenyan Miraa Traders are up in Arms after Somalia Turned back...  MENAFN.COM

Somalia's tumultuous 60-year journey after independence - DW (English)Somalia's tumultuous 60-year journey after independence  DW (English)

Suicide Bombing Targets Major Turkish Military Base in Somalia - The New York TimesSuicide Bombing Targets Major Turkish Military Base in Somalia  The New York Times

Cholera outbreak kills 26 in Somalia since January: UN - Xinhua | English.news.cn - XinhuaCholera outbreak kills 26 in Somalia since January: UN - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

Somalia braces for COVID-19 | United Nations - UN NewsSomalia braces for COVID-19 | United Nations  UN News

Mogadishu, Somalia - nasa.govMogadishu, Somalia  nasa.gov

UN says 3.5 million people face acute food insecurity in Somalia - cgtn.comUN says 3.5 million people face acute food insecurity in Somalia  cgtn.com

Somalia's Ministry of Planning opened after funding from QFFD - The Peninsula QatarSomalia's Ministry of Planning opened after funding from QFFD  The Peninsula Qatar

Somalia: Operation Overview, 19 June 2020 - Somalia - ReliefWebSomalia: Operation Overview, 19 June 2020 - Somalia  ReliefWeb

Illegal fishing: 112 Iranian ships in Somalia flagged - Anadolu AgencyIllegal fishing: 112 Iranian ships in Somalia flagged  Anadolu Agency

UN says 3.5 mln people face acute food insecurity in Somalia - Macau BusinessUN says 3.5 mln people face acute food insecurity in Somalia  Macau Business

Peacebuilding in Somalia during COVID-19 - Somalia - ReliefWebPeacebuilding in Somalia during COVID-19 - Somalia  ReliefWeb

US air raids in Somalia in early 2020 killed seven civilians: HRW - Al Jazeera EnglishUS air raids in Somalia in early 2020 killed seven civilians: HRW  Al Jazeera English

Fokker 50 Crash Landed in Somalia - SamChui.com - Sam ChuiFokker 50 Crash Landed in Somalia - SamChui.com  Sam Chui

Somalia international partners statement on fostering consensus and reconciliation - GOV.UKSomalia international partners statement on fostering consensus and reconciliation  GOV.UK

Coronavirus - Somalia: Update on COVID-19 in Somalia as of 06 July 2020 - CNBCAfrica.comCoronavirus - Somalia: Update on COVID-19 in Somalia as of 06 July 2020  CNBCAfrica.com

MOFA rejects PRC, Somalia criticism of Somaliland ties - ????MOFA rejects PRC, Somalia criticism of Somaliland ties  ????

Multipartism and clannism in Somalia: Breaking the vicious cycle | Daily Sabah - Daily SabahMultipartism and clannism in Somalia: Breaking the vicious cycle | Daily Sabah  Daily Sabah

Child rights organisations call for greater child protection in Somalia amid pandemic - Somalia - ReliefWebChild rights organisations call for greater child protection in Somalia amid pandemic - Somalia  ReliefWeb

Sixty Years On: A New Dawn for Somalia - International Policy DigestSixty Years On: A New Dawn for Somalia  International Policy Digest

Baseless Charges Against Prominent Somali Journalist - Human Rights WatchBaseless Charges Against Prominent Somali Journalist  Human Rights Watch

Statement on Fostering Consensus and Reconciliation - Somalia - ReliefWebStatement on Fostering Consensus and Reconciliation - Somalia  ReliefWeb

Kenya: Meru Miraa Traders Say Somalia Flights Ban Ruining Their Business - AllAfrica.comKenya: Meru Miraa Traders Say Somalia Flights Ban Ruining Their Business  AllAfrica.com

Somalia: National Teams to Cut Costs Following Renovation of the National Stadium - AllAfrica.comSomalia: National Teams to Cut Costs Following Renovation of the National Stadium  AllAfrica.com

Mortar shells hit after Somalia celebrates reopened stadium - The Associated PressMortar shells hit after Somalia celebrates reopened stadium  The Associated Press

AMISOM donates medical supplies to HirShabelle State - Somalia - ReliefWebAMISOM donates medical supplies to HirShabelle State - Somalia  ReliefWeb

Coronavirus – Somalia: Update on COVID-19 in Somalia (6th July 2020) - GuardianCoronavirus – Somalia: Update on COVID-19 in Somalia (6th July 2020)  Guardian

Somaliland: Millions of People Face Acute Food Insecurity in Somalia, UN says - MENAFN.COMSomaliland: Millions of People Face Acute Food Insecurity in Somalia, UN says  MENAFN.COM

UN Envoy calls for continuing support for Somalia's ongoing response to COVID-19 and praises frontline health workers - Somalia - ReliefWebUN Envoy calls for continuing support for Somalia's ongoing response to COVID-19 and praises frontline health workers - Somalia  ReliefWeb

Somalia: Inadequate US Airstrike Investigations - Human Rights WatchSomalia: Inadequate US Airstrike Investigations  Human Rights Watch

Somalia: Shock As Body of Missing Girl Recovered in Galgadug Region - AllAfrica.comSomalia: Shock As Body of Missing Girl Recovered in Galgadug Region  AllAfrica.com

Somalia's PM appoints spy agent as identification manager - Garowe OnlineSomalia's PM appoints spy agent as identification manager  Garowe Online

Somalia: Joint Market and Supply Chain Update, 7 - 14 June 2020 - Somalia - ReliefWebSomalia: Joint Market and Supply Chain Update, 7 - 14 June 2020 - Somalia  ReliefWeb

Somalia: China Rejects Taiwan Bid for Diplomatic Relations With Somaliland - AllAfrica - Top Africa NewsSomalia: China Rejects Taiwan Bid for Diplomatic Relations With Somaliland  AllAfrica - Top Africa News

Al-Shabab sets up coronavirus treatment centre in Somalia - Al Jazeera EnglishAl-Shabab sets up coronavirus treatment centre in Somalia  Al Jazeera English

FROM THE FIELD: COVID-19 just the latest crisis facing Somalia - UN NewsFROM THE FIELD: COVID-19 just the latest crisis facing Somalia  UN News

Somalia: 4 civilians killed by roadside bomb in capital - Anadolu AgencySomalia: 4 civilians killed by roadside bomb in capital  Anadolu Agency

Somalia: Regional Leaders Set to Meet Over Plans to Postpone Elections, Isolates Federal Government - AllAfrica - Top Africa NewsSomalia: Regional Leaders Set to Meet Over Plans to Postpone Elections, Isolates Federal Government  AllAfrica - Top Africa News

Somalia: Already 20 Journalists Arrested in the First Half of 2020 - AllAfrica.comSomalia: Already 20 Journalists Arrested in the First Half of 2020  AllAfrica.com

OIC condemns terrorist attacks in Somalia, Mali - Arab NewsOIC condemns terrorist attacks in Somalia, Mali  Arab News

Somalia: Opposition Up in Arms Over Plan to Delay Somalia Elections - AllAfrica - Top Africa NewsSomalia: Opposition Up in Arms Over Plan to Delay Somalia Elections  AllAfrica - Top Africa News

Protecting livestock and pastoral livelihoods in Somalia during COVID-19 amid floods and insecurity - Somalia - ReliefWebProtecting livestock and pastoral livelihoods in Somalia during COVID-19 amid floods and insecurity - Somalia  ReliefWeb

Meru miraa traders say Somalia flights ban ruining their business - Daily NationMeru miraa traders say Somalia flights ban ruining their business  Daily Nation

Somalia Market Update: May 2020 Update (Issued June 16, 2020) - Somalia - ReliefWebSomalia Market Update: May 2020 Update (Issued June 16, 2020) - Somalia  ReliefWeb

Somalia: Risk of undetected COVID-19 in camps for displaced - Somalia - ReliefWebSomalia: Risk of undetected COVID-19 in camps for displaced - Somalia  ReliefWeb

Somalia: Humanitarian Dashboard - May 2020 (As of 29 June 2020) - Somalia - ReliefWebSomalia: Humanitarian Dashboard - May 2020 (As of 29 June 2020) - Somalia  ReliefWeb

133 Somali nationals evacuated to Somalia - Daily Monitor133 Somali nationals evacuated to Somalia  Daily Monitor

Somalia: Newly rehabilitated clinic up and running in Afgoye - Somalia - ReliefWebSomalia: Newly rehabilitated clinic up and running in Afgoye - Somalia  ReliefWeb

Suicide car bomber hits checkpoint at Somalia's Mogadishu port - ReutersSuicide car bomber hits checkpoint at Somalia's Mogadishu port  Reuters

Somalia's COVID-19 Response: Internally displaced people especially at risk - Somalia - ReliefWebSomalia's COVID-19 Response: Internally displaced people especially at risk - Somalia  ReliefWeb

Somalia: Burundian Amisom Soldiers Donate Medical Supplies to Hirshabelle - AllAfrica.comSomalia: Burundian Amisom Soldiers Donate Medical Supplies to Hirshabelle  AllAfrica.com

World Bank Approves $55 Million to Sustain Somalia's Reforms and Fiscal Response to Multiple Crises - Somalia - ReliefWebWorld Bank Approves $55 Million to Sustain Somalia's Reforms and Fiscal Response to Multiple Crises - Somalia  ReliefWeb

Somalia rejects 'ridiculous' UAE incentive to join Yemen war - Middle East MonitorSomalia rejects 'ridiculous' UAE incentive to join Yemen war  Middle East Monitor

Somalia: Nutrition Cluster Snapshot (January - May 2020) - Somalia - ReliefWebSomalia: Nutrition Cluster Snapshot (January - May 2020) - Somalia  ReliefWeb

A taste of Venezuela and Somalia in Boston - WCVB BostonA taste of Venezuela and Somalia in Boston  WCVB Boston

Farmajo issued with historic manifesto as Somalia grapples with pre-election crisis - Garowe OnlineFarmajo issued with historic manifesto as Somalia grapples with pre-election crisis  Garowe Online

World Bank approves $55 million IDA grant for Somalia - Ventures AfricaWorld Bank approves $55 million IDA grant for Somalia  Ventures Africa

Somalia: Floods in Qardho - Operation Update MDRSO009 (22 June 2020) - Somalia - ReliefWebSomalia: Floods in Qardho - Operation Update MDRSO009 (22 June 2020) - Somalia  ReliefWeb

Africa: The African Union Needs to Broaden Its Role in Somalia - AllAfrica.comAfrica: The African Union Needs to Broaden Its Role in Somalia  AllAfrica.com

Somalia: FGS accused of pushing for “fake charges” against journalist - Garowe OnlineSomalia: FGS accused of pushing for “fake charges” against journalist  Garowe Online

In the face of extreme droughts, Somali women face a dangerous new world - National GeographicIn the face of extreme droughts, Somali women face a dangerous new world  National Geographic

Explainer 220: What are Somaliland and Somalia discussing in Djibouti?, The Foreign Desk - Radio - MonocleExplainer 220: What are Somaliland and Somalia discussing in Djibouti?, The Foreign Desk - Radio  Monocle

Somalia: COVID-19 Humanitarian Component (as of 21 June 2020) - Somalia - ReliefWebSomalia: COVID-19 Humanitarian Component (as of 21 June 2020) - Somalia  ReliefWeb

Somalia - Somaliland talks: Djibouti to mediate; US, EU as facilitators - Africanews EnglishSomalia - Somaliland talks: Djibouti to mediate; US, EU as facilitators  Africanews English

WFP Somalia Country Brief, April 2020 - Somalia - ReliefWebWFP Somalia Country Brief, April 2020 - Somalia  ReliefWeb

Somalia: COVID-19 Humanitarian Component (as of 8 June 2020) - Somalia - ReliefWebSomalia: COVID-19 Humanitarian Component (as of 8 June 2020) - Somalia  ReliefWeb

Shock as girl, 11, is discovered dead after missing for two weeks in Somalia - Garowe OnlineShock as girl, 11, is discovered dead after missing for two weeks in Somalia  Garowe Online

WorldRemit launches remittance services in Somalia - IBS IntelligenceWorldRemit launches remittance services in Somalia  IBS Intelligence

Mogadishu Names Somaliland-born Members to Sub-committees to Fail Resumed Somaliland, Somalia Talks Again - MENAFN.COMMogadishu Names Somaliland-born Members to Sub-committees to Fail Resumed Somaliland, Somalia Talks Again  MENAFN.COM

Taiwan, Somaliland announce bilateral relations - Anadolu AgencyTaiwan, Somaliland announce bilateral relations  Anadolu Agency

Somalia: Federal States' leaders agree to hold own meeting after Mogadishu talks failed - Garowe OnlineSomalia: Federal States' leaders agree to hold own meeting after Mogadishu talks failed  Garowe Online

Iranian fleet accused of stealing Somalian fish despite acute food shortage - The GuardianIranian fleet accused of stealing Somalian fish despite acute food shortage  The Guardian

Alarm over Somalia election dispute grows - SomaliaffairsAlarm over Somalia election dispute grows  Somaliaffairs

Somalia Covid-19 cases exceed 3000, death toll stands at 92 - SomaliaffairsSomalia Covid-19 cases exceed 3000, death toll stands at 92  Somaliaffairs

Finland boosting coronavirus healthcare aid for Iraq, Somalia - News Now FinlandFinland boosting coronavirus healthcare aid for Iraq, Somalia  News Now Finland

Battling Somalia's epidemic, a grieving British doctor finds peace - ReutersBattling Somalia's epidemic, a grieving British doctor finds peace  Reuters

Senior Al-Shabaab leader surrenders to SNA in southern Somalia - Garowe OnlineSenior Al-Shabaab leader surrenders to SNA in southern Somalia  Garowe Online

Somali opposition, UN welcome regional leaders' 9 July meeting in Dusamareb - SomaliaffairsSomali opposition, UN welcome regional leaders' 9 July meeting in Dusamareb  Somaliaffairs

Family of Isak Aden, who was killed by police in Eagan a year ago, files civil rights suit; protesters want case reopened - Sahan JournalFamily of Isak Aden, who was killed by police in Eagan a year ago, files civil rights suit; protesters want case reopened  Sahan Journal

Somalia: Alshabaab Claims Responsibility for Killing 4 AMISOM Soldiers in the Outskirts of Mogadishu - AllAfrica.comSomalia: Alshabaab Claims Responsibility for Killing 4 AMISOM Soldiers in the Outskirts of Mogadishu  AllAfrica.com

New photovoltaic solar power plant in Mogadishu, Somalia - Construction ReviewNew photovoltaic solar power plant in Mogadishu, Somalia  Construction Review

Somalia: Joint committee agrees on terms of engagement between FGS and Somaliland - Garowe OnlineSomalia: Joint committee agrees on terms of engagement between FGS and Somaliland  Garowe Online

Gulf Of Aden Security Review July 6, 2020 - Critical Threats ProjectGulf Of Aden Security Review July 6, 2020  Critical Threats Project

Q&A: the impact of Covid-19 on piracy in East Africa - Ship TechnologyQ&A: the impact of Covid-19 on piracy in East Africa  Ship Technology