Somalia

Country Somalia
Capital Mogadishu
Continent Africa
Currency Somali Shilling(SOS)
Languages Somali & Arabic

Mogadishu

Information

Introduction

Britain withdrew from British Somaliland in 1960 to allow its protectorate to join with Italian Somaliland and form the new nation of Somalia. In 1969, a coup headed by Mohamed SIAD Barre ushered in an authoritarian socialist rule that managed to impose a degree of stability in the country for more than two decades. After the regime's collapse early in 1991, Somalia descended into turmoil, factional fighting, and anarchy. In May 1991, northern clans declared an independent Republic of Somaliland that now includes the administrative regions of Awdal, Woqooyi Galbeed, Togdheer, Sanaag, and Sool. Although not recognized by any government, this entity has maintained a stable existence and continues efforts to establish a constitutional democracy, including holding municipal, parliamentary, and presidential elections. The regions of Bari, Nugaal, and northern Mudug comprise a neighboring semi-autonomous state of Puntland, which has been self-governing since 1998 but does not aim at independence; it has also made strides toward reconstructing a legitimate, representative government but has suffered some civil strife. Puntland disputes its border with Somaliland as it also claims portions of eastern Sool and Sanaag. Beginning in 1993, a two-year UN humanitarian effort (primarily in the south) was able to alleviate famine conditions, but when the UN withdrew in 1995, having suffered significant casualties, order still had not been restored. A two-year peace process, led by the Government of Kenya under the auspices of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), concluded in October 2004 with the election of Abdullahi YUSUF Ahmed as President of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) of Somalia and the formation of an interim government, known as the Somalia Transitional Federal Institutions (TFIs). The TFIs included a 275-member parliamentary body, known as the Transitional Federal Assembly (TFA). President YUSUF resigned late in 2008 while United Nations-sponsored talks between the TFG and the opposition Alliance for the Re-Liberation of Somalia (ARS) were underway in Djibouti. In January 2009, following the creation of a TFG-ARS unity government, Ethiopian military forces, which had entered Somalia in December 2006 to support the TFG in the face of advances by the opposition Islamic Courts Union (ICU), withdrew from the country. The TFA was increased to 550 seats with the addition of 200 ARS and 75 civil society members of parliament. The expanded parliament elected Sheikh SHARIF Sheikh Ahmed, the former CIC and ARS chairman as president on 31 January 2009, in Djibouti. Subsequently, President SHARIF appointed Omar Abdirashid ali SHARMARKE, son of a former president of Somalia, as prime minister on 13 February 2009. The TFIs are based on the Transitional Federal Charter (TFC), which outlines a five-year mandate leading to the establishment of a new Somali constitution and a transition to a representative government following national elections. However, in January 2009 the TFA amended the TFC to extend TFG's mandate until 2011. While its institutions remain weak, the TFG continues to reach out to Somali stakeholders and to work with international donors to help build the governance capacity of the TFIs and to work toward national elections in 2011.

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References

Somalia - Wikipedia
Somalia - CIA World Fact Book
Somalia - BBC
Somalia - Timeline - BBC

Cities

Links

News Headlines

Google News
WHO and the Federal Ministry of Health of Somalia call for urgent support to scale up response and address measles ... - ReliefWeb

ReliefWeb

WHO and the Federal Ministry of Health of Somalia call for urgent support to scale up response and address measles ...
ReliefWeb
16 August 2017 – As millions of people in Somalia remain trapped in a devastating cycle of hunger and disease, WHO and health partners are working with national health authorities to save lives and reach the most vulnerable with essential health services.

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Sky Views: Cash not food is best for Somalia - Sky News

Sky News

Sky Views: Cash not food is best for Somalia
Sky News
The United Nations has come up with a wizard new way of taking the fun out of famine camps. It's caused consternation in the agony industry - all the way from warlord lairs to the headquarters of aid agencies. It's bad for business for both - and it ...



Swedish soldiers to fend off pirates near Somalia - The Local Sweden

The Local Sweden

Swedish soldiers to fend off pirates near Somalia
The Local Sweden
The soldiers, from Gothenburg, will be stationed off the coast of Somalia as part of Sweden's fifth mission to the region. Two small Swedish combined transport and war ships will be on board the Dutch HNLMS Rotterdam, an amphibious warfare ship of the ...



Somalia: UNHCR Drought Response at 31 July 2017 - ReliefWeb

ReliefWeb

Somalia: UNHCR Drought Response at 31 July 2017
ReliefWeb
53,150 individuals were provided with drinking water through trucked water delivery, borehole rehabilitation and water kiosks(25,950 in Lower Juba, 23,910 in Togdheer, 2,400 in Sanaag and 890 in Sool regions)*. 6,600 individuals benefited from core ...

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“Neutral” Somalia finds itself engulfed in Saudi Arabia-Qatar dispute - African Arguments (registration)

africanews

“Neutral” Somalia finds itself engulfed in Saudi Arabia-Qatar dispute
African Arguments (registration)
In January 2016, for instance, Somalia severed ties with Saudi Arabia's nemesis Iran as the regional powers' rivalry heated up; on the same day, Mogadishu received a $50 million aid pledge from Riyadh. In Yemen's civil war, Mogadishu backs the Saudi ...
Somalia under pressure to side with Saudi Arabia, UAE against Qatarafricanews
?Somalia: Puntland sides with Saudi, UAE against Qatar in the Gulf crisesGarowe Online
Somalia: Puntland Supports UAE and KSA on the Gulf Crisis, Calls for the FGS to Reconsider StanceHorn Observer
Somaliupdate Online
all 258 news articles »


Somalia: Turkish Airlines Brings 60 Tons of Food Aid - AllAfrica.com

Somalia: Turkish Airlines Brings 60 Tons of Food Aid
AllAfrica.com
A Turkish Airlines cargo plane carrying over 60 tons of food aid arrived in Somalia's capital Mogadishu on Tuesday. The supplementary food aid is for Somali children living in the drought-stricken nation as half its population faces a humanitarian ...

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In the Race Between Turkey and the UAE, Somalia Wins - STRATFOR

STRATFOR

In the Race Between Turkey and the UAE, Somalia Wins
STRATFOR
The base in Somalia will be Turkey's second overseas installation, but it will be focused more on assisting Somalia than demonstrating Turkish military capabilities. As Turkey expands its geopolitical and economic presence in the Middle East and East ...



Continued measles spread in Somalia crisis prompts WHO call for donor support - CIDRAP

CIDRAP

Continued measles spread in Somalia crisis prompts WHO call for donor support
CIDRAP
Against the backdrop of a drought and outbreaks of cholera and measles in Somalia, the World Health Organization (WHO) and the country's health ministry today issued an urgent call for $6.8 million to step up the response and vaccinate 4.2 million ...
WHO calls for urgent support to combat Somalian measles outbreakHealio

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Muhoozi visits Somalia, commends troops for securing country - Independent

Independent

Muhoozi visits Somalia, commends troops for securing country
Independent
Mogadishu, Somalia | AMISOM | – The Chief of Defence Forces (CDF) of the Uganda People's Defence Forces (UPDF) General David Muhoozi arrived in Somalia Tuesday on an official visit. His visit to Somalia on a routine assessment mission, is his first ...

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Somalia: US Commends Govt Efforts to Promote Al-Shabaab Defections - AllAfrica.com

AllAfrica.com

Somalia: US Commends Govt Efforts to Promote Al-Shabaab Defections
AllAfrica.com
The United States commends the efforts of the Federal Government of Somalia to facilitate the defections of former and current al-Shabaab members. The United States supports a Somali-led process of degrading al-Shabaab's influence using a ...
Defected militant commander says al-Shabab not serving IslamPress TV
US urges Somalia to create pathways for Al-Shabaab defectionsXinhua
VIDEO: Defected Mukhtar Robow Says He Wants to Help Peaceful SomaliaSomaliupdate Online
africanews
all 50 news articles »