Somalia

Country Somalia
Capital Mogadishu
Continent Africa
Currency Somali Shilling(SOS)
Languages Somali & Arabic

Mogadishu

Information

Introduction

Britain withdrew from British Somaliland in 1960 to allow its protectorate to join with Italian Somaliland and form the new nation of Somalia. In 1969, a coup headed by Mohamed SIAD Barre ushered in an authoritarian socialist rule that managed to impose a degree of stability in the country for more than two decades. After the regime's collapse early in 1991, Somalia descended into turmoil, factional fighting, and anarchy. In May 1991, northern clans declared an independent Republic of Somaliland that now includes the administrative regions of Awdal, Woqooyi Galbeed, Togdheer, Sanaag, and Sool. Although not recognized by any government, this entity has maintained a stable existence and continues efforts to establish a constitutional democracy, including holding municipal, parliamentary, and presidential elections. The regions of Bari, Nugaal, and northern Mudug comprise a neighboring semi-autonomous state of Puntland, which has been self-governing since 1998 but does not aim at independence; it has also made strides toward reconstructing a legitimate, representative government but has suffered some civil strife. Puntland disputes its border with Somaliland as it also claims portions of eastern Sool and Sanaag. Beginning in 1993, a two-year UN humanitarian effort (primarily in the south) was able to alleviate famine conditions, but when the UN withdrew in 1995, having suffered significant casualties, order still had not been restored. A two-year peace process, led by the Government of Kenya under the auspices of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), concluded in October 2004 with the election of Abdullahi YUSUF Ahmed as President of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) of Somalia and the formation of an interim government, known as the Somalia Transitional Federal Institutions (TFIs). The TFIs included a 275-member parliamentary body, known as the Transitional Federal Assembly (TFA). President YUSUF resigned late in 2008 while United Nations-sponsored talks between the TFG and the opposition Alliance for the Re-Liberation of Somalia (ARS) were underway in Djibouti. In January 2009, following the creation of a TFG-ARS unity government, Ethiopian military forces, which had entered Somalia in December 2006 to support the TFG in the face of advances by the opposition Islamic Courts Union (ICU), withdrew from the country. The TFA was increased to 550 seats with the addition of 200 ARS and 75 civil society members of parliament. The expanded parliament elected Sheikh SHARIF Sheikh Ahmed, the former CIC and ARS chairman as president on 31 January 2009, in Djibouti. Subsequently, President SHARIF appointed Omar Abdirashid ali SHARMARKE, son of a former president of Somalia, as prime minister on 13 February 2009. The TFIs are based on the Transitional Federal Charter (TFC), which outlines a five-year mandate leading to the establishment of a new Somali constitution and a transition to a representative government following national elections. However, in January 2009 the TFA amended the TFC to extend TFG's mandate until 2011. While its institutions remain weak, the TFG continues to reach out to Somali stakeholders and to work with international donors to help build the governance capacity of the TFIs and to work toward national elections in 2011.

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References

Somalia - Wikipedia
Somalia - CIA World Fact Book
Somalia - BBC
Somalia - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
Decorated soldier from 'Black Hawk Down' battle in Somalia dies at 52 - Fox News

Fox News

Decorated soldier from 'Black Hawk Down' battle in Somalia dies at 52
Fox News
He served as the command sergeant major for the Army's Wounded Warrior Program, but had extensive experience in major combat operations, including Operation Just Cause in Panama and with Task Force Ranger in Mogadishu, Somalia, which was later ...
Decorated soldier who fought in 'Black Hawk Down' battle in Somalia dies at 52Daily Mail
CSM who fought in Panama, Somalia and Iraq dies at 52Military Times
Decorated soldier Robert Gallagher from 'Black Hawk Down' battle in Somalia ...Diplomat News Network
Military.com -Stars and Stripes
all 12 news articles »


Somalia gets first cash machine - The Guardian

The Guardian

Somalia gets first cash machine
The Guardian
When 21-year-old student Salma Abdi ran out of cash on a Friday in Mogadishu she used to be without money all day as banks are closed in Somalia. But now Abdi does not need to be bound by bank opening hours as the city has gained its first cash ...
Somali port poised for facelift with Turkish helpHurriyet Daily News

all 9 news articles »


Kenya Defence Forces, Somalia National Army kill over 80 Al-Shabaab militants ... - The Standard Digital News (satire) (press release) (registration) (blog)

The Standard Digital News (satire) (press release) (registration) (blog)

Kenya Defence Forces, Somalia National Army kill over 80 Al-Shabaab militants ...
The Standard Digital News (satire) (press release) (registration) (blog)
Somalia: The Kenya Defence Forces have killed more than 80 members of Somalia's Al Shabaab militants in an offensive in Jamaame and Magambo areas near Kismayu in Somalia. The militants were killed on Thursday in an operation by the KDF and ...
Ambassador: Al-shabaab no longer a serious threat to Somaliasomalicurrent
Al-Shabaab as a regional and international threatWaagacusub Media

all 4 news articles »


Islamist militants stone 18-year-old boy to death in Somalia after he's ... - National Post

National Post

Islamist militants stone 18-year-old boy to death in Somalia after he's ...
National Post
Al-Shabaab militants in southern Somalia publicly stoned an 18-year-old boy to death after he was accused of rape, the Al-Qaeda-linked group and witnesses said. The teenager, named as Hassan Ahmed Ali, was accused of raping a 28-year-old woman at ...
Al-Shabaab Stones to Death a Teenager Convicted of Rape in SomaliaBreitbart News
Somalia's al Shabaab says stones man to death for rapeReuters
SOMALIA: Aid groups worry Somalia's military gains are yet to translate into ...Raxanreeb Online
Horseed Media -Mareeg Media -AllAfrica.com
all 52 news articles »


Somalia sets out 'tentative' path towards oil and gas production - Out-Law.com

Somalia sets out 'tentative' path towards oil and gas production
Out-Law.com
Oil companies have not operated in Somalia since civil war erupted in 1991 and they were forced to declare force majeure. However, Omar said it was in Somalia's interest that companies with previous links to the country “are given every opportunity to ...
Pinsent Masons | Somalia sets out 'tentative' path towards oil and gas productionLinex Legal (press release) (registration)

all 2 news articles »


Somalia: Foreign Companies and Front Line Countries Exploiting Status of ... - Somaliland Sun

Somaliland Sun

Somalia: Foreign Companies and Front Line Countries Exploiting Status of ...
Somaliland Sun
"Former Kenyan President, daniel Toroitich Arap Moi quoted saying, We are very concerned about the revival of Somalia which will reclaim the disputed Somali territories of NFD and Ogaden region under Kenyan and Ethiopian control." He said this at the ...
Somalia: Foreign Companies and Front Line Countries Exploiting Somalia's ...Mareeg Media

all 4 news articles »


Somalia's Radio Shabelle owner's UK passport seized - BBC News

BBC News

Somalia's Radio Shabelle owner's UK passport seized
BBC News
A court in Somalia has ordered the seizure of a radio station owner's UK passport after he was accused of threatening national security. Somalia-based Radio Shabelle owner Abdi Malik, who was arrested in August, appeared in court handcuffed. The judge ...
SOMALIA: Union, Journalists call for justice to detained journalists in MogadishuRaxanreeb Online
Court Releases Detained Journalists On BailAllAfrica.com
Somalia: Court Adjourned and Shabelle Owner and Newscaster Released on bailMareeg Media
Diplomat News Network
all 20 news articles »


SOMALIA: Foreign Minister says more countries willing to invest Somalia - Raxanreeb Online

Raxanreeb Online

SOMALIA: Foreign Minister says more countries willing to invest Somalia
Raxanreeb Online
bayle3 Mogadishu (RBC) The Minister of Foreign Affairs and Investment Promotion of Somalia Dr Abdurahman Duale Beileh said that the countries willing to engage to invest Somalia are increasing with the hope that peace and stability is returning back.



Somalia Plans to Start Producing Oil Offshore in Six Years - Bloomberg

The Africa Report

Somalia Plans to Start Producing Oil Offshore in Six Years
Bloomberg
Somalia plans to begin producing oil and gas offshore for the first time within six years and is in talks with state governments about how revenue will be shared, Petroleum Minister Daud Mohamed Omar said. The Horn of Africa country, which has been ...
Somalia aims to get oil flowing by 2020Horseed Media
Somalia to get oil flowing by 2020The Africa Report
Somalia aims to produce oil and gas within six yearsDiplomat News Network
Oil and Gas Industry Latest News
all 9 news articles »


Sustained response to Somalia piracy requires effective State governance – UN ... - UN News Centre

UN News Centre

Sustained response to Somalia piracy requires effective State governance – UN ...
UN News Centre
22 October 2014 – While noting the progress made to combat piracy off the coast of Somalia, the United Nations political chief today said that a sustained long-term solution must include the presence of effective Government and State institutions that ...
UN: Piracy off Somalia at lowest level in yearsUSA TODAY
Sustained response to Somalia piracy requires effective State governance: top ...GlobalPost

all 23 news articles »