Somalia

Country Somalia
Capital Mogadishu
Continent Africa
Currency Somali Shilling(SOS)
Languages Somali & Arabic

Mogadishu

Information

Introduction

Britain withdrew from British Somaliland in 1960 to allow its protectorate to join with Italian Somaliland and form the new nation of Somalia. In 1969, a coup headed by Mohamed SIAD Barre ushered in an authoritarian socialist rule that managed to impose a degree of stability in the country for more than two decades. After the regime's collapse early in 1991, Somalia descended into turmoil, factional fighting, and anarchy. In May 1991, northern clans declared an independent Republic of Somaliland that now includes the administrative regions of Awdal, Woqooyi Galbeed, Togdheer, Sanaag, and Sool. Although not recognized by any government, this entity has maintained a stable existence and continues efforts to establish a constitutional democracy, including holding municipal, parliamentary, and presidential elections. The regions of Bari, Nugaal, and northern Mudug comprise a neighboring semi-autonomous state of Puntland, which has been self-governing since 1998 but does not aim at independence; it has also made strides toward reconstructing a legitimate, representative government but has suffered some civil strife. Puntland disputes its border with Somaliland as it also claims portions of eastern Sool and Sanaag. Beginning in 1993, a two-year UN humanitarian effort (primarily in the south) was able to alleviate famine conditions, but when the UN withdrew in 1995, having suffered significant casualties, order still had not been restored. A two-year peace process, led by the Government of Kenya under the auspices of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), concluded in October 2004 with the election of Abdullahi YUSUF Ahmed as President of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) of Somalia and the formation of an interim government, known as the Somalia Transitional Federal Institutions (TFIs). The TFIs included a 275-member parliamentary body, known as the Transitional Federal Assembly (TFA). President YUSUF resigned late in 2008 while United Nations-sponsored talks between the TFG and the opposition Alliance for the Re-Liberation of Somalia (ARS) were underway in Djibouti. In January 2009, following the creation of a TFG-ARS unity government, Ethiopian military forces, which had entered Somalia in December 2006 to support the TFG in the face of advances by the opposition Islamic Courts Union (ICU), withdrew from the country. The TFA was increased to 550 seats with the addition of 200 ARS and 75 civil society members of parliament. The expanded parliament elected Sheikh SHARIF Sheikh Ahmed, the former CIC and ARS chairman as president on 31 January 2009, in Djibouti. Subsequently, President SHARIF appointed Omar Abdirashid ali SHARMARKE, son of a former president of Somalia, as prime minister on 13 February 2009. The TFIs are based on the Transitional Federal Charter (TFC), which outlines a five-year mandate leading to the establishment of a new Somali constitution and a transition to a representative government following national elections. However, in January 2009 the TFA amended the TFC to extend TFG's mandate until 2011. While its institutions remain weak, the TFG continues to reach out to Somali stakeholders and to work with international donors to help build the governance capacity of the TFIs and to work toward national elections in 2011.

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References

Somalia - Wikipedia
Somalia - CIA World Fact Book
Somalia - BBC
Somalia - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
Somalia: 12 Killed as Army Repels Attack on Prison - ABC News

New York Times

Somalia: 12 Killed as Army Repels Attack on Prison
ABC News
Somalia's government forces regained control of a high security prison in the capital that was attacked Sunday by seven heavily armed suspected Islamic militants who attempted to free other extremists held there, officials said. All the attackers ...
12 Are Killed as Militants Attack Prison in SomaliaNew York Times
12 dead in Islamist attack on Somali prisonCNN
SOMALIA: Somalia forces and AMISOM liberate several towns in Hiraan and ...Raxanreeb Online

all 342 news articles »


Somaliland US, UN, EU Offices for Somalia should keep off our internal Affairs - SomalilandPress

SomalilandPress

Somaliland US, UN, EU Offices for Somalia should keep off our internal Affairs
SomalilandPress
The United States Representative for Somalia James P. McAnulty, UN Special Representative for Somalia Nicholas Kay and European Union Ambassador for Somalia Michele Cervone d'Urso are all blinding themselves from prevailing progress and the ...
Nine killed in fighting between rival regions in north SomaliaReuters UK
Somalia: Somaliland forces take control of Saah DheerGarowe Online
Top world diplomats call for calm in northern SomaliaHorseed Media
Raxanreeb Online
all 42 news articles »


Militants attack intelligence site in Somalia - The Daily Star

The Daily Star

Militants attack intelligence site in Somalia
The Daily Star
MOGADISHU: Islamist rebels blew up a car bomb and gunmen attacked a national intelligence site in Somalia's capital where suspected militants are held, in an assault Sunday that left at least 12 people dead. Three soldiers and two civilians were killed ...



Al-Shabab attacks Somalia's intelligence HQ - Aljazeera.com

Aljazeera.com

Al-Shabab attacks Somalia's intelligence HQ
Aljazeera.com
Al-Shabab, which wants to impose its own strict version of Islam, controlled Mogadishu and the southern region of Somalia from 2006 to 2011. It was driven out of the capital by peacekeeping forces deployed by the African Union. African forces launched ...



Islamist rebels attack intelligence site in Somalia, 12 killed - Toronto Sun

Toronto Sun

Islamist rebels attack intelligence site in Somalia, 12 killed
Toronto Sun
Ugandan soldiers serving in the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) patrol in a formation near the Jilacow underground cell inside a national security compound after an attack by suspected militants in Mogadishu August 31, 2014. Islamist rebels ...



Summary executions in Somalia - Aljazeera.com

Aljazeera.com

Summary executions in Somalia
Aljazeera.com
Somalia's military court sentenced three men to death on July 30 for alleged membership in the armed Islamist group Al-Shaabab and involvement in attacks in Mogadishu, the capital. Four days later, the Somali media posted to Twitter photographs of ...
SOMALIA: Somali forces and AMISOM liberate Tiyeeglow town in Bakool region ...Raxanreeb Online
AU, Somali Troops Take Key Town From Al-ShababAllAfrica.com

all 33 news articles »


SOMALIA: Minister of Information welcomes cabinet approval of new Draft Media ... - Raxanreeb Online

Raxanreeb Online

SOMALIA: Minister of Information welcomes cabinet approval of new Draft Media ...
Raxanreeb Online
Mogadishu (RBC) Somalia Minister of Information Mustafa Duhulow, warmly welcomed cabinet approval of the draft Media Law saying the Media Law is in the interest of Somalis, and will let enhance the development of Somali Media. The draft Media Law ...

and more »


Al-Shabab target intelligence site in Somalia - Mail & Guardian Online

Al-Shabab target intelligence site in Somalia
Mail & Guardian Online
The assault came a day after Somalia's national army and African Union forces said they had captured an al-Shabab stronghold as part of a joint offensive aimed at capturing key ports and cutting off a key source of revenue for the rebels. In Sunday's ...



SOMALIA: Joint forces capture Kuntu-waarey district, Hiiraan region - Raxanreeb Online

Raxanreeb Online

SOMALIA: Joint forces capture Kuntu-waarey district, Hiiraan region
Raxanreeb Online
The governor of Kuntuwaareey district Mohamed Weheliye Ahmed speaking to a local radio station stated that the Somali government forces along with the Djiboutian soldiers who are part of the African Union Mission in Somalia have liberated Baadi-adde ...



Somalia: Weekly Security and National Army Operations update - Geeska Afrika

Geeska Afrika

Somalia: Weekly Security and National Army Operations update
Geeska Afrika
Mogadishu (HAN) September 1, 2014 Regional defense and National security news. Weekly update on the progress of the Federal Government of Somalia over the last week. The Somali Minister discussed various issues with reporters, including Geeska ...
SOMALIA: AMISOM welcomes the progress made in Jubbaland reconciliation ...Raxanreeb Online
Somalia: Former Kismayo opposition leader surrenders to AMISOMHorseed Media
somalia:Somalia International partners welcome reconciliation progress in ...Mareeg Media
Reuters
all 36 news articles »