Somalia

Country Somalia
Capital Mogadishu
Continent Africa
Currency Somali Shilling(SOS)
Languages Somali & Arabic

Mogadishu

Information

Introduction

Britain withdrew from British Somaliland in 1960 to allow its protectorate to join with Italian Somaliland and form the new nation of Somalia. In 1969, a coup headed by Mohamed SIAD Barre ushered in an authoritarian socialist rule that managed to impose a degree of stability in the country for more than two decades. After the regime's collapse early in 1991, Somalia descended into turmoil, factional fighting, and anarchy. In May 1991, northern clans declared an independent Republic of Somaliland that now includes the administrative regions of Awdal, Woqooyi Galbeed, Togdheer, Sanaag, and Sool. Although not recognized by any government, this entity has maintained a stable existence and continues efforts to establish a constitutional democracy, including holding municipal, parliamentary, and presidential elections. The regions of Bari, Nugaal, and northern Mudug comprise a neighboring semi-autonomous state of Puntland, which has been self-governing since 1998 but does not aim at independence; it has also made strides toward reconstructing a legitimate, representative government but has suffered some civil strife. Puntland disputes its border with Somaliland as it also claims portions of eastern Sool and Sanaag. Beginning in 1993, a two-year UN humanitarian effort (primarily in the south) was able to alleviate famine conditions, but when the UN withdrew in 1995, having suffered significant casualties, order still had not been restored. A two-year peace process, led by the Government of Kenya under the auspices of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), concluded in October 2004 with the election of Abdullahi YUSUF Ahmed as President of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) of Somalia and the formation of an interim government, known as the Somalia Transitional Federal Institutions (TFIs). The TFIs included a 275-member parliamentary body, known as the Transitional Federal Assembly (TFA). President YUSUF resigned late in 2008 while United Nations-sponsored talks between the TFG and the opposition Alliance for the Re-Liberation of Somalia (ARS) were underway in Djibouti. In January 2009, following the creation of a TFG-ARS unity government, Ethiopian military forces, which had entered Somalia in December 2006 to support the TFG in the face of advances by the opposition Islamic Courts Union (ICU), withdrew from the country. The TFA was increased to 550 seats with the addition of 200 ARS and 75 civil society members of parliament. The expanded parliament elected Sheikh SHARIF Sheikh Ahmed, the former CIC and ARS chairman as president on 31 January 2009, in Djibouti. Subsequently, President SHARIF appointed Omar Abdirashid ali SHARMARKE, son of a former president of Somalia, as prime minister on 13 February 2009. The TFIs are based on the Transitional Federal Charter (TFC), which outlines a five-year mandate leading to the establishment of a new Somali constitution and a transition to a representative government following national elections. However, in January 2009 the TFA amended the TFC to extend TFG's mandate until 2011. While its institutions remain weak, the TFG continues to reach out to Somali stakeholders and to work with international donors to help build the governance capacity of the TFIs and to work toward national elections in 2011.

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References

Somalia - Wikipedia
Somalia - CIA World Fact Book
Somalia - BBC
Somalia - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
UN fears repeat of Somalia food shortages when thousands died - The Guardian

The Guardian

UN fears repeat of Somalia food shortages when thousands died
The Guardian
"In plain language we are concerned about the risk of a repetition of the famine of 2011," said Nicholas Kay, head of the UN mission in Somalia. More than a million people are just "one step below" famine, he said, already hungry and in danger of worse.



Kenya Eager to Return Refugees to Somalia's Jubaland Region - Bloomberg

Geeska Afrika

Kenya Eager to Return Refugees to Somalia's Jubaland Region
Bloomberg
Kenya is proposing that Somali refugees living at camps in the north be moved to a settlement in southern Somalia as part of the United Nations-supported repatriation process, an Interior Ministry official said. Kenya, Somalia and the UN signed an ...
Somalia: Flying Over Beautiful Southern Somalia (New Video)Geeska Afrika
Kenya and Interim Jubbaland State Discuss Repatriation of RefugeesAllAfrica.com
Two Somali refugees shot dead in Dadaab , northeastern KenyaDiplomat News Network

all 8 news articles »


Kenya to stay course in quest to stabilise Somalia - President - Reuters Africa

Reuters Africa

Kenya to stay course in quest to stabilise Somalia - President
Reuters Africa
NAIROBI (Reuters) - Kenyan troops will keep fighting Islamist militants in Somalia until peace and stability is restored to the region, President Uhuru Kenyatta said, one year after gunmen stormed a shopping mall in his country's capital. Militants ...
Kenya's Westgate attack: Unanswered questions one year onBBC News
Shots fired at Nairobi mall rattle Kenyans a year after WestgateReuters

all 505 news articles »


SOMALIA: We have to hold our people's right to peace, Deputy PM says - Raxanreeb Online

Raxanreeb Online

SOMALIA: We have to hold our people's right to peace, Deputy PM says
Raxanreeb Online
Mogadishu (RBC) The Deputy Prime Minister of the Federal Government of Somalia Ridwan Hersi Mohamed congratulated the Somali people on the International Peace Day, declaring that the great nation of Somalia deserves peace, development and to ...
Government of Somalia will have open and transparent talk with PuntlandMareeg Media
Somalia: Puntland marks Int'l Day of PeaceGarowe Online

all 6 news articles »


Kenya to stay the course in Somalia stabilisation quest - defenceWeb

defenceWeb

Kenya to stay the course in Somalia stabilisation quest
defenceWeb
Salim said the appointment of Major-General Philip Kameru, whom the government praised for intelligence work in Somalia, to head Kenya's National Intelligence Service could improve co-ordination. But he said critics were still surprised no senior ...

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Oil-rich Somalia faces famine while US oversees military occupation - Workers World

www.worldbulletin.net

Oil-rich Somalia faces famine while US oversees military occupation
Workers World
Early in September, U.S. President Barack Obama announced he had carried out a targeted assassination of the leader of the Al-Shabaab Islamic resistance organization in Somalia. The group has been fighting against the Somali government and a regional ...
SOMALIA: Dozen Al-shabab members surrender to the governmentRaxanreeb Online
Dozen Al-Shabaab rebels surrender in Somaliawww.worldbulletin.net
Somalia: The Demise of al-Shabaab LeaderGarowe Online
The Standard Digital News
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Kenya has no interest in Somalia, says Mohammed Abdi Affey - The Standard Digital News

Kenya has no interest in Somalia, says Mohammed Abdi Affey
The Standard Digital News
SOMALIA, KENYA: Intergovernmental Authority on Development Special envoy to Somalia Ambassador Mohammed Abdi Affey has dismissed claims that Kenya is keen on creating Jubbaland in Somalia as a buffer state against the AL-Shabaab militants.
UN envoy to Somalia hails Kismayo reconciliation conferenceSabahi Online

all 7 news articles »


SOMALIA: Fragile gains have been eroded, sustained response is critical to ... - Raxanreeb Online

Raxanreeb Online

SOMALIA: Fragile gains have been eroded, sustained response is critical to ...
Raxanreeb Online
According to the Somali Government, the humanitarian organizations have enhanced cooperation with the Federal Government of Somalia. A high- level ministerial Emergency Response Committee was established in July to ensure strengthened ...
Famine Alert: Immediate Response Is Needed to Combat Somalia's Growing ...Huffington Post

all 3 news articles »


SOMALIA: Somaliland Time For Another Referendum? - Raxanreeb Online

Raxanreeb Online

SOMALIA: Somaliland Time For Another Referendum?
Raxanreeb Online
In 2001, the citizens of Somaliland went to the polls to vote on the new constitution for the Republic of Somaliland, which cited Somaliland as an independent sovereign country and separate from Somalia. An astonishing 97% voted in favour of the ...

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Forced displacement in Somalia shows 'no signs of easing,' UN agency warns - UN News Centre

UN News Centre

Forced displacement in Somalia shows 'no signs of easing,' UN agency warns
UN News Centre
16 September 2014 Alarming circumstances such as forced evictions, drought, conflict and lack of livelihood have forced over 130,000 people from their homes in Somalia so far this year, with the majority being internally displaced, warned the United ...