Somalia

Country Somalia
Capital Mogadishu
Continent Africa
Currency Somali Shilling(SOS)
Languages Somali & Arabic

Mogadishu

Information

Introduction

Britain withdrew from British Somaliland in 1960 to allow its protectorate to join with Italian Somaliland and form the new nation of Somalia. In 1969, a coup headed by Mohamed SIAD Barre ushered in an authoritarian socialist rule that managed to impose a degree of stability in the country for more than two decades. After the regime's collapse early in 1991, Somalia descended into turmoil, factional fighting, and anarchy. In May 1991, northern clans declared an independent Republic of Somaliland that now includes the administrative regions of Awdal, Woqooyi Galbeed, Togdheer, Sanaag, and Sool. Although not recognized by any government, this entity has maintained a stable existence and continues efforts to establish a constitutional democracy, including holding municipal, parliamentary, and presidential elections. The regions of Bari, Nugaal, and northern Mudug comprise a neighboring semi-autonomous state of Puntland, which has been self-governing since 1998 but does not aim at independence; it has also made strides toward reconstructing a legitimate, representative government but has suffered some civil strife. Puntland disputes its border with Somaliland as it also claims portions of eastern Sool and Sanaag. Beginning in 1993, a two-year UN humanitarian effort (primarily in the south) was able to alleviate famine conditions, but when the UN withdrew in 1995, having suffered significant casualties, order still had not been restored. A two-year peace process, led by the Government of Kenya under the auspices of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), concluded in October 2004 with the election of Abdullahi YUSUF Ahmed as President of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) of Somalia and the formation of an interim government, known as the Somalia Transitional Federal Institutions (TFIs). The TFIs included a 275-member parliamentary body, known as the Transitional Federal Assembly (TFA). President YUSUF resigned late in 2008 while United Nations-sponsored talks between the TFG and the opposition Alliance for the Re-Liberation of Somalia (ARS) were underway in Djibouti. In January 2009, following the creation of a TFG-ARS unity government, Ethiopian military forces, which had entered Somalia in December 2006 to support the TFG in the face of advances by the opposition Islamic Courts Union (ICU), withdrew from the country. The TFA was increased to 550 seats with the addition of 200 ARS and 75 civil society members of parliament. The expanded parliament elected Sheikh SHARIF Sheikh Ahmed, the former CIC and ARS chairman as president on 31 January 2009, in Djibouti. Subsequently, President SHARIF appointed Omar Abdirashid ali SHARMARKE, son of a former president of Somalia, as prime minister on 13 February 2009. The TFIs are based on the Transitional Federal Charter (TFC), which outlines a five-year mandate leading to the establishment of a new Somali constitution and a transition to a representative government following national elections. However, in January 2009 the TFA amended the TFC to extend TFG's mandate until 2011. While its institutions remain weak, the TFG continues to reach out to Somali stakeholders and to work with international donors to help build the governance capacity of the TFIs and to work toward national elections in 2011.

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References

Somalia - Wikipedia
Somalia - CIA World Fact Book
Somalia - BBC
Somalia - Timeline - BBC

Cities

Links

News Headlines

Google News
Somalia: Deaths as car bomb explodes in Mogadishu - Aljazeera.com

Aljazeera.com

Somalia: Deaths as car bomb explodes in Mogadishu
Aljazeera.com
The death toll from a car bomb blast in Somalia's capital Mogadishu has risen to at least 15, police said. Tuesday's suicide bombing near the Somali president's palace in Mogadishu caused a huge blast and destroyed two hotels nearby. "The number of the ...
Truck Bomb Kills 15 in Somalia; Shabab Claim ResponsibilityNew York Times
Somalia: UN envoy condemns terrorist attack on Mogadishu hotelUN News Centre
Somalia truck bomb targets Mogadishu's SYL HotelBBC News
CNN -gulfnews.com -Anadolu Agency
all 184 news articles »


US adds Islamic State commander in Somalia to list of global terrorists - Long War Journal

Long War Journal

US adds Islamic State commander in Somalia to list of global terrorists
Long War Journal
The US Department of State added the commander of the Islamic State's nascent force in Somalia to its list of specailly designated global terrorists today. Abdulqadr Mumin, the leader of the small cadre of Islamic State fighters in the East African ...
Daesh-linked Somalia militant named terrorist by USAnadolu Agency

all 6 news articles »


Explosion in Somalia - EU News

Explosion in Somalia
EU News
Today's blast in Mogadishu is yet another attempt to disrupt Somalia's process towards democracy and state-building, following decades of unrest and civil war. We extend our condolences to the families of the victims.



Suicide bomber hits near presidential palace in Somalia - Stars and Stripes

Stars and Stripes

Suicide bomber hits near presidential palace in Somalia
Stars and Stripes
MOGADISHU, Somalia — A suicide bomber has detonated an explosives-laden truck near the gate of Somalia's presidential palace in the capital on Tuesday, killing at least five people, police say. The bomb exploded in the morning during a traffic jam ...
Death toll from Somalia car bomb attack rises to 22Citizen TV (press release)
Somalia: 15 Die in Al-Shabab Attack in Mogadishu | Democracy Now!Democracy Now!
Suicide bomber hits Somalia presidential compound, 12 deadThe Philadelphia Tribune
Xinhua
all 18 news articles »


Somalia: Puntland commandos stage mutiny, seize El Bur-bound technicals - Garowe Online

Garowe Online

Somalia: Puntland commandos stage mutiny, seize El Bur-bound technicals
Garowe Online
GAROWE, Somalia-Complaining of delayed salaries, Puntland commandos have seized central Somalia-bound technicals, Garowe Online reports. The commandos captured four technicals and a bullet-proof Toyota Land Cruiser bound for Somali ...

and more »


What next for Somalia?: Women's role in Somalia's future - NTV Uganda

What next for Somalia?: Women's role in Somalia's future
NTV Uganda
Somalia's leaders will be voted by 135 clan leaders One of the presidential candidates, the only female in the race Fadumo Dayub says this is not an election but a selection by a few people. The second part of the series “What Next for Somalia?” looks ...

and more »


Somalia Blocks Returnees, Cites Inadequate Humanitarian Support - Voice of America

Voice of America

Somalia Blocks Returnees, Cites Inadequate Humanitarian Support
Voice of America
Somali authorities say they are preventing the refugees from going back home because the country faces severe humanitarian challenges.
Somalia Region 'Blocks Return' of Refugees from DadaabNewsweek

all 4 news articles »


Somalia: Senior Al-Shabaab Militant Surrenders to the Somali Government - AllAfrica.com

AllAfrica.com

Somalia: Senior Al-Shabaab Militant Surrenders to the Somali Government
AllAfrica.com
Ibrahim Aden Ibrahim, a senior al-Shabaab militant on Monday night surrendered to the National Intelligence and Security Agency. "I made the decision to surrender to the Somali government two years ago and benefit from the President's offer of Amnesty.

and more »


Somalia attack: 10 killed after gunmen raid restaurant, seize hostages - CNN

CNN

Somalia attack: 10 killed after gunmen raid restaurant, seize hostages
CNN
(CNN) Gunmen raided a beach restaurant in the Somali capital of Mogadishu, killing 10 people and seizing hostages amid fierce battles with security forces, authorities said. The standoff started Thursday when attackers detonated a car bomb outside the ...
Somalia: Al-Shabab gunmen attack beach restaurantAljazeera.com
Somalia attack: Gunman storm beach restaurant in MogadishuBBC News
Death Toll in Somalia Beach Restaurant Attack Rises to TenThe Wire
Reuters -The Independent -USA TODAY
all 142 news articles »


Mo Farah's brother 'faces being deported from Britain to Somalia' - Telegraph.co.uk

Telegraph.co.uk