Libya

Country Libya
Capital Tripoli
Continent Africa
Currency Libyan dinar(LYD)
Languages Arabic, Berber & Libyan Arabic

Information

Introduction

The Italians supplanted the Ottoman Turks in the area around Tripoli in 1911 and did not relinquish their hold until 1943 when defeated in World War II. Libya then passed to UN administration and achieved independence in 1951. Following a 1969 military coup, Col. Muammar Abu Minyar al-QADHAFI began to espouse his own political system, the Third Universal Theory. The system is a combination of socialism and Islam derived in part from tribal practices and is supposed to be implemented by the Libyan people themselves in a unique form of "direct democracy." QADHAFI has always seen himself as a revolutionary and visionary leader. He used oil funds during the 1970s and 1980s to promote his ideology outside Libya, supporting subversives and terrorists abroad to hasten the end of Marxism and capitalism. In addition, beginning in 1973, he engaged in military operations in northern Chad's Aozou Strip - to gain access to minerals and to use as a base of influence in Chadian politics - but was forced to retreat in 1987. UN sanctions in 1992 isolated QADHAFI politically following the downing of Pan AM Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland. During the 1990s, QADHAFI began to rebuild his relationships with Europe. UN sanctions were suspended in April 1999 and finally lifted in September 2003 after Libya accepted responsibility for the Lockerbie bombing. In December 2003, Libya announced that it had agreed to reveal and end its programs to develop weapons of mass destruction and to renounce terrorism. QADHAFI has made significant strides in normalizing relations with Western nations since then. He has received various Western European leaders as well as many working-level and commercial delegations, and made his first trip to Western Europe in 15 years when he traveled to Brussels in April 2004. The US rescinded Libya's designation as a state sponsor of terrorism in June 2006. In January 2008, Libya assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2008-09 term. In August 2008, the US and Libya signed a bilateral comprehensive claims settlement agreement to compensate claimants in both countries who allege injury or death at the hands of the other country, including the Lockerbie bombing, the LaBelle disco bombing, and the UTA 772 bombing. In October 2008, the US Government received $1.5 billion pursuant to the agreement to distribute to US national claimants, and as a result effectively normalized its bilateral relationship with Libya. The two countries then exchanged ambassadors for the first time since 1973 in January 2009. QADHAFI in February 2009 took over as chairman of the African Union for the 2009-10 term; in September 2009, a Libyan took over the year-long presidency of UN General Assembly.

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References

Libya - Wikipedia
Libya - CIA World Fact Book
Libya - BBC
Libya - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
Turkey and Libya renew commitment to contested maritime deal - Al Jazeera English
  1. Turkey and Libya renew commitment to contested maritime deal  Al Jazeera English
  2. Turkey, Libya committed to eastern Mediterranean maritime accord  Reuters
  3. Visa-free travel for Turks in the works: Libya  Anadolu Agency | English
  4. Libya's New PM to Visit Turkey, Hold Talks with Erdogan on Monday  Voice of America
  5. Turkey to deliver 150,000 coronavirus vaccines to Libya  Republic World
  6. View Full coverage on Google News


Libya: Thematic Access Snapshot (UNHAS) (10 Apr 2021) - Libya - ReliefWebLibya: Thematic Access Snapshot (UNHAS) (10 Apr 2021) - Libya  ReliefWeb

Libya releases man described as one of world’s most wanted human traffickers - The GuardianLibya releases man described as one of world’s most wanted human traffickers  The Guardian

The hard work in Libya has only just begun - Arab NewsThe hard work in Libya has only just begun  Arab News

Greece calls for foreign forces to quit Libya - EURACTIVGreece calls for foreign forces to quit Libya  EURACTIV

Libya self-reports March crude output of 1.28 million b/d to OPEC - S&P GlobalLibya self-reports March crude output of 1.28 million b/d to OPEC  S&P Global

US, Italy press for full implementation of the Libya ceasefire agreement - EgypttodayUS, Italy press for full implementation of the Libya ceasefire agreement  Egypttoday

Libya violated rights of 'targeted' woman activist, says anti-discrimination committee - UN NewsLibya violated rights of 'targeted' woman activist, says anti-discrimination committee  UN News

Turkey, Libya recommit to contested maritime borders deal - Associated PressTurkey, Libya recommit to contested maritime borders deal  Associated Press

UN Secretary-General Special Envoy for Libya congratulates the Libyan People on the Advent of the Holy Month of Ramadan - Africanews EnglishUN Secretary-General Special Envoy for Libya congratulates the Libyan People on the Advent of the Holy Month of Ramadan  Africanews English

Total's CEO To Meet With Libyan Government - Africa Oil & PowerTotal's CEO To Meet With Libyan Government  Africa Oil & Power

'Green Paradise' brings hydroponics to Libya - Arab News'Green Paradise' brings hydroponics to Libya  Arab News

Helping Libya regain stability - Times of MaltaHelping Libya regain stability  Times of Malta

Libya's city of ghosts - BBC NewsLibya's city of ghosts  BBC News

Libyan officials say UN-sanctioned human trafficker freed - Associated PressLibyan officials say UN-sanctioned human trafficker freed  Associated Press

Libya: UN envoy hails new national government after years of 'paralysis and internal divisions' - UN NewsLibya: UN envoy hails new national government after years of 'paralysis and internal divisions'  UN News

UNSC Watch: P-5 Clash Over Libya, India Worries About UN Report Leak - The WireUNSC Watch: P-5 Clash Over Libya, India Worries About UN Report Leak  The Wire

Agreement reached to unify Libyan parliament: Lawmaker - Anadolu Agency | EnglishAgreement reached to unify Libyan parliament: Lawmaker  Anadolu Agency | English

Russia-Linked Landmines Threaten Lives in Libya - Human Rights WatchRussia-Linked Landmines Threaten Lives in Libya  Human Rights Watch

Libya kicks off delayed COVID-19 vaccination drive - Al Jazeera EnglishLibya kicks off delayed COVID-19 vaccination drive  Al Jazeera English

People dead and injured following Libya detention centre shooting | MSF - Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) InternationalPeople dead and injured following Libya detention centre shooting | MSF  Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) International

The end of Libya's nightmare or the beginning of a new one? - Atlantic CouncilThe end of Libya's nightmare or the beginning of a new one?  Atlantic Council

Libya authorities release 120 captured pro-Haftar fighters - Africanews EnglishLibya authorities release 120 captured pro-Haftar fighters  Africanews English

Aid group says detained migrant killed, 2 injured in Libya - Associated PressAid group says detained migrant killed, 2 injured in Libya  Associated Press

Italy PM Draghi urges Libya to maintain ceasefire - Al Jazeera EnglishItaly PM Draghi urges Libya to maintain ceasefire  Al Jazeera English

Ten years after the Arab Spring, Libya has another chance for peace - The Conversation CATen years after the Arab Spring, Libya has another chance for peace  The Conversation CA

Libya: Is Haftar losing control of his forces in Benghazi? - The Africa ReportLibya: Is Haftar losing control of his forces in Benghazi?  The Africa Report

Libya: Annual report 2020 - Libya - ReliefWebLibya: Annual report 2020 - Libya  ReliefWeb

How Education in Libya is Boosted Through Mobile Apps - BORGEN - Borgen ProjectHow Education in Libya is Boosted Through Mobile Apps - BORGEN  Borgen Project

Libya's new unity gov't sworn in by parliament (aa.com.tr) - Anadolu AgencyLibya's new unity gov't sworn in by parliament (aa.com.tr)  Anadolu Agency

Libyan pay dispute returns, could lead to some oil port closures - S&P GlobalLibyan pay dispute returns, could lead to some oil port closures  S&P Global

UNHCR Update Libya (26 March 2021) [EN/AR] - Libya - ReliefWebUNHCR Update Libya (26 March 2021) [EN/AR] - Libya  ReliefWeb

Libya: New Government Should Put Rights First - Human Rights WatchLibya: New Government Should Put Rights First  Human Rights Watch

France reopens Libya embassy after 7-year closure - Al Jazeera EnglishFrance reopens Libya embassy after 7-year closure  Al Jazeera English

Rival groups in Libya's parliament agree on unification | Daily Sabah - Daily SabahRival groups in Libya's parliament agree on unification | Daily Sabah  Daily Sabah

COVID-19 surveillance Weekly bulletin for Libya Epidemiological Week 14 (29 March – 04 April) - Libya - ReliefWebCOVID-19 surveillance Weekly bulletin for Libya Epidemiological Week 14 (29 March – 04 April) - Libya  ReliefWeb

Libya: Migrant shot dead in detention center, MSF - InfoMigrantsLibya: Migrant shot dead in detention center, MSF  InfoMigrants

The Libyan Intervention Left a Legacy of Regional Chaos - Foreign PolicyThe Libyan Intervention Left a Legacy of Regional Chaos  Foreign Policy

Libya’s eastern administration hands power to interim government - Al Jazeera EnglishLibya’s eastern administration hands power to interim government  Al Jazeera English

Libya arms embargo 'totally ineffective': UN expert panel - UN NewsLibya arms embargo 'totally ineffective': UN expert panel  UN News

All aboard Bus 70: Traveling a local Libyan route from war to hope and renewal - The Washington PostAll aboard Bus 70: Traveling a local Libyan route from war to hope and renewal  The Washington Post

Egypt, Tunisia presidents: 'We fully support' Libyan peace process - Arab NewsEgypt, Tunisia presidents: 'We fully support' Libyan peace process  Arab News

Libya: Haftar and Muslim Brotherhood big losers of new government - The Africa ReportLibya: Haftar and Muslim Brotherhood big losers of new government  The Africa Report

UNHCR Update Libya (2 April 2021) - Libya - ReliefWebUNHCR Update Libya (2 April 2021) - Libya  ReliefWeb

Operation IRINI and the search for peace in Libya - Libya - ReliefWebOperation IRINI and the search for peace in Libya - Libya  ReliefWeb

U.S. military interventions loom large 10 years after Obama attacked Libya - NBC NewsU.S. military interventions loom large 10 years after Obama attacked Libya  NBC News

Libya’s unity government seen as ‘historic step’ - Financial TimesLibya’s unity government seen as ‘historic step’  Financial Times

Suspects arrested over killing of militia leader in eastern Libya - Al Jazeera EnglishSuspects arrested over killing of militia leader in eastern Libya  Al Jazeera English

WHO Libya: Health response to COVID-19 in Libya, update # 25 (Reporting period: 1-31 March 2021) - Libya - ReliefWebWHO Libya: Health response to COVID-19 in Libya, update # 25 (Reporting period: 1-31 March 2021) - Libya  ReliefWeb

UNHCR Update Libya (19 March 2021) [EN/AR] - Libya - ReliefWebUNHCR Update Libya (19 March 2021) [EN/AR] - Libya  ReliefWeb

International football returns to Libya after seven-year hiatus - Al Jazeera EnglishInternational football returns to Libya after seven-year hiatus  Al Jazeera English

France to reopen embassy in Libya after nearly seven years - Al Jazeera EnglishFrance to reopen embassy in Libya after nearly seven years  Al Jazeera English

Female Libyan activists demand politicians stick to election timetable - The GuardianFemale Libyan activists demand politicians stick to election timetable  The Guardian

Special Envoy for Libya arrives in Tripoli, holds meetings with Presidency council, Prime Minister and Foreign Minister - Libya - ReliefWebSpecial Envoy for Libya arrives in Tripoli, holds meetings with Presidency council, Prime Minister and Foreign Minister - Libya  ReliefWeb

Libya to investigate discovery of bodies in Benghazi - ReutersLibya to investigate discovery of bodies in Benghazi  Reuters

Libya’s fresh start is Europe’s new challenge - POLITICO EuropeLibya’s fresh start is Europe’s new challenge  POLITICO Europe

Libya militia leader wanted by ICC shot dead: officials - DW (English)Libya militia leader wanted by ICC shot dead: officials  DW (English)

Europe should not delude itself on Libya - EUobserverEurope should not delude itself on Libya  EUobserver

Fresh start for Libya? Hopes ride on new wheeler-dealer leader. - The Christian Science MonitorFresh start for Libya? Hopes ride on new wheeler-dealer leader.  The Christian Science Monitor

UN Secretary-General's Special Envoy for Libya, Ján Kubiš Meets High-Level Officials in Berlin, Continues His Outreach with Ministries of Foreign Affairs - Libya - ReliefWebUN Secretary-General's Special Envoy for Libya, Ján Kubiš Meets High-Level Officials in Berlin, Continues His Outreach with Ministries of Foreign Affairs - Libya  ReliefWeb

New revelations show how close Libya came to peaceful transition - Arab NewsNew revelations show how close Libya came to peaceful transition  Arab News

Nearly 1000 migrants returned to Libya - InfoMigrantsNearly 1000 migrants returned to Libya  InfoMigrants

Libya's new presidency council to visit Turkey on Friday - ReutersLibya's new presidency council to visit Turkey on Friday  Reuters

Dendias to visit Libya Monday - Kathimerini English EditionDendias to visit Libya Monday  Kathimerini English Edition

Libya: Humanitarian Access Snapshot (February 2021) - Libya - ReliefWebLibya: Humanitarian Access Snapshot (February 2021) - Libya  ReliefWeb

WFP Libya Country Brief, February 2021 - Libya - ReliefWebWFP Libya Country Brief, February 2021 - Libya  ReliefWeb

Family of photographer urge Libya to investigate his death - The GuardianFamily of photographer urge Libya to investigate his death  The Guardian

Libya has staged an unlikely comeback. The United States can help make it stick. - Washington PostLibya has staged an unlikely comeback. The United States can help make it stick.  Washington Post

Guterres urges UNSC to establish monitors around Libya’s Sirte | Daily Sabah - Daily SabahGuterres urges UNSC to establish monitors around Libya’s Sirte | Daily Sabah  Daily Sabah

Libya Emergency Dashboard, February 2021 - Libya - ReliefWebLibya Emergency Dashboard, February 2021 - Libya  ReliefWeb

Libya and Italy to activate several agreements, including reopening Italian airspace: Libyan embassy in Rome | - Libya HeraldLibya and Italy to activate several agreements, including reopening Italian airspace: Libyan embassy in Rome |  Libya Herald

Abdullah bin Zayed receives UN Special Envoy on Libya - WAM ENAbdullah bin Zayed receives UN Special Envoy on Libya  WAM EN

UN says Libya's National Oil Corporation remains challenged - Offshore TechnologyUN says Libya's National Oil Corporation remains challenged  Offshore Technology

Libyan interior minister survives attack on motorcade - The Associated PressLibyan interior minister survives attack on motorcade  The Associated Press

Australian police probe alleged 'kill/capture' mercenary operation in Libya - ABC NewsAustralian police probe alleged 'kill/capture' mercenary operation in Libya  ABC News

Explained: Untangling the conflict in Libya - The Indian ExpressExplained: Untangling the conflict in Libya  The Indian Express

Explained: What is the historic Libya ceasefire agreement about? - The Indian ExpressExplained: What is the historic Libya ceasefire agreement about?  The Indian Express

Libya crisis: Vote to unite splintered nation - BBC NewsLibya crisis: Vote to unite splintered nation  BBC News

Revisited - A fractured country: Libya, 10 years after Gaddafi - FRANCE 24Revisited - A fractured country: Libya, 10 years after Gaddafi  FRANCE 24

Libya nurtures a fragile peace - Libya - ReliefWebLibya nurtures a fragile peace - Libya  ReliefWeb

Libya talks make progress towards new temporary government, says U.N. - The HinduLibya talks make progress towards new temporary government, says U.N.  The Hindu

Crisis Group Libya Update #2 - Libya - ReliefWebCrisis Group Libya Update #2 - Libya  ReliefWeb

US calls on Russia, Turkey, UAE to halt military interventions in Libya - Business StandardUS calls on Russia, Turkey, UAE to halt military interventions in Libya  Business Standard

Crisis Group Libya Update #3 - Libya - ReliefWebCrisis Group Libya Update #3 - Libya  ReliefWeb

Libya clutches at new hope 10 years after its revolution - DW (English)Libya clutches at new hope 10 years after its revolution  DW (English)

Joint Statement on the Situation in Libya - Libya - ReliefWebJoint Statement on the Situation in Libya - Libya  ReliefWeb

The Biden administration inherits a rapidly deteriorating Libya - Brookings InstitutionThe Biden administration inherits a rapidly deteriorating Libya  Brookings Institution

A migrant's journey of hope in Libya - Libya - ReliefWebA migrant's journey of hope in Libya - Libya  ReliefWeb

'Rejuvenation of Libyan patriotism' deserves full Security Council support, says UN mission chief - UN News'Rejuvenation of Libyan patriotism' deserves full Security Council support, says UN mission chief  UN News

What exactly is happening in Libya? - Open DemocracyWhat exactly is happening in Libya?  Open Democracy

ECHO Factsheet – Libya – February 2021 (Last updated 11/02/2021) - Libya - ReliefWebECHO Factsheet – Libya – February 2021 (Last updated 11/02/2021) - Libya  ReliefWeb

Libya: UN chief urges foreign fighters to leave by Saturday - Al Jazeera EnglishLibya: UN chief urges foreign fighters to leave by Saturday  Al Jazeera English

To End the Killings in Libya, the Cost Balance Needs to Change - Human Rights WatchTo End the Killings in Libya, the Cost Balance Needs to Change  Human Rights Watch

Libya is a victim of migration, not its reason, says GNA President Serraj - UN NewsLibya is a victim of migration, not its reason, says GNA President Serraj  UN News

EU congratulates new Libyan government - Anadolu AgencyEU congratulates new Libyan government  Anadolu Agency

Libya: Road to Peace Can't Bypass Justice - Human Rights WatchLibya: Road to Peace Can't Bypass Justice  Human Rights Watch

Libya threatens to withdraw from ceasefire over Haftar - Anadolu AgencyLibya threatens to withdraw from ceasefire over Haftar  Anadolu Agency

The Debate - Can Libya move on? New plan to end ten years of fighting - FRANCE 24The Debate - Can Libya move on? New plan to end ten years of fighting  FRANCE 24

UN urges withdrawal of foreign forces, mercenaries from Libya - Al Jazeera EnglishUN urges withdrawal of foreign forces, mercenaries from Libya  Al Jazeera English

Explainer: Libya‘s war in 500 words - Al Jazeera EnglishExplainer: Libya‘s war in 500 words  Al Jazeera English