Libya

Country Libya
Capital Tripoli
Continent Africa
Currency Libyan dinar(LYD)
Languages Arabic, Berber & Libyan Arabic

Information

Introduction

The Italians supplanted the Ottoman Turks in the area around Tripoli in 1911 and did not relinquish their hold until 1943 when defeated in World War II. Libya then passed to UN administration and achieved independence in 1951. Following a 1969 military coup, Col. Muammar Abu Minyar al-QADHAFI began to espouse his own political system, the Third Universal Theory. The system is a combination of socialism and Islam derived in part from tribal practices and is supposed to be implemented by the Libyan people themselves in a unique form of "direct democracy." QADHAFI has always seen himself as a revolutionary and visionary leader. He used oil funds during the 1970s and 1980s to promote his ideology outside Libya, supporting subversives and terrorists abroad to hasten the end of Marxism and capitalism. In addition, beginning in 1973, he engaged in military operations in northern Chad's Aozou Strip - to gain access to minerals and to use as a base of influence in Chadian politics - but was forced to retreat in 1987. UN sanctions in 1992 isolated QADHAFI politically following the downing of Pan AM Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland. During the 1990s, QADHAFI began to rebuild his relationships with Europe. UN sanctions were suspended in April 1999 and finally lifted in September 2003 after Libya accepted responsibility for the Lockerbie bombing. In December 2003, Libya announced that it had agreed to reveal and end its programs to develop weapons of mass destruction and to renounce terrorism. QADHAFI has made significant strides in normalizing relations with Western nations since then. He has received various Western European leaders as well as many working-level and commercial delegations, and made his first trip to Western Europe in 15 years when he traveled to Brussels in April 2004. The US rescinded Libya's designation as a state sponsor of terrorism in June 2006. In January 2008, Libya assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2008-09 term. In August 2008, the US and Libya signed a bilateral comprehensive claims settlement agreement to compensate claimants in both countries who allege injury or death at the hands of the other country, including the Lockerbie bombing, the LaBelle disco bombing, and the UTA 772 bombing. In October 2008, the US Government received $1.5 billion pursuant to the agreement to distribute to US national claimants, and as a result effectively normalized its bilateral relationship with Libya. The two countries then exchanged ambassadors for the first time since 1973 in January 2009. QADHAFI in February 2009 took over as chairman of the African Union for the 2009-10 term; in September 2009, a Libyan took over the year-long presidency of UN General Assembly.

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References

Libya - Wikipedia
Libya - CIA World Fact Book
Libya - BBC
Libya - Timeline - BBC

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Enslaving of Africans in Libya calls for stern action by leaders - Daily Nation

Daily Nation

Enslaving of Africans in Libya calls for stern action by leaders
Daily Nation
An African migrant with his hands chained, takes part in a march towards the offices of the European Union during a demonstration on December 2, 2017 in central Athens, protesting against the slavery of migrants in Libya and against the deals between ...
Why Nigerian victims of slavery cannot sue Libya by Femi Falana SANVanguard
Libya's Slave Markets Show We Must Challenge Racism Wherever We Find ItHuffPost
Commentary: How America Bears Responsibility for Libya's Slave AuctionsFortune
The Nation Newspaper -Evening Standard -Daily Post Nigeria
all 152 news articles »


Libya, Italy to join forces against people traffickers - The Local Italy

The Local Italy

Libya, Italy to join forces against people traffickers
The Local Italy
The announcement was made after talks in the Libyan capital between Italian Interior Minister Marco Minniti and Libya's Prime Minister Fayez al-Sarraj. Intelligence agents, coastguard and judicial officials from both countries will sit on the ...
Libya and Italy to Set up Operations Room to Tackle Migrant SmugglingU.S. News & World Report
Protests at Libyan embassy in London against slaveryafricanews
Italy gives Libya 35 million euros to secure southern bordersLibyan Express
Middle East Eye
all 22 news articles »


Libya appeals for protection in legal woes with foreign firms - Xinhua

Libya appeals for protection in legal woes with foreign firms
Xinhua
TRIPOLI, Dec. 10 (Xinhua) -- Libya's UN-backed deputy prime minister Ahmad M'etig on Sunday stressed importance of qualified legal teams to represent Libya before international courts. M'etig made his remarks during a seminar organized by the Libyan ...

and more »


Khalifa Haftar loyalists attack polling stations in east Libya, vow to ban 2018 elections - The Libya Observer

The Libya Observer

Khalifa Haftar loyalists attack polling stations in east Libya, vow to ban 2018 elections
The Libya Observer
Puppets of warlord Khalifa Haftar in Benghazi, Umm al-Rizam and Qubbah, east Libya, have attacked the polling stations and tore up the posters bearing the numbers of the stations, in a big blow to the High National Elections Commission (HNEC) and UN ...

and more »


Russian, Libyan diplomats to discuss intra-Libyan settlement on December 11-13 - ministry - TASS

Russian, Libyan diplomats to discuss intra-Libyan settlement on December 11-13 - ministry
TASS
MOSCOW, December 10. /TASS/. Foreign Minister of Libya's Government of National Accord Mohamed Taher Siala on December 11-13 will meet in Moscow Russia's Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov to discuss the Libyan settlement, the Russian Foreign Ministry said ...

and more »


Germany contributes 1 million euros to assist election process in Libya - The Libya Observer

The Libya Observer

Germany contributes 1 million euros to assist election process in Libya
The Libya Observer
The German Ambassador to Libya Christian Buck signed an agreement in Tunis with the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) Special Representative and Deputy Head of the United Nations Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL), Maria Ribeiro, whereby Germany ...



Libya – port situation - Hellenic Shipping News Worldwide

Libya – port situation
Hellenic Shipping News Worldwide
In accordance with the latest Port Security Advisory (2-17) of 5 September 2017, the US Coast Guard (USCG) has determined that ports in Libya are not maintaining effective anti-terrorism measures. Ships are also advised to “proceed with extreme caution ...



Don't put all the blame on Libya for slavery - Washington Post

Washington Post

Don't put all the blame on Libya for slavery
Washington Post
After years of ignoring the sale of human beings in Libya, leaders from Europe and Africa have been making a grand show of shock and indignation. After CNN released a report about migrants being sold into slavery while attempting to cross the ...
Hundreds of migrants returning home from Libya camps - World ...CBC.ca
Slavery in Libya: What Is Government of Liberia Doing?Front Page Africa
Hundreds of West African migrants return home from LibyaMiami Herald
Daily Nation -CNN -Eyewitness News
all 171 news articles »


SRSG Ghassan Salamé message for Human Rights Day - ReliefWeb

The Libya Observer

SRSG Ghassan Salamé message for Human Rights Day
ReliefWeb
In Libya, human rights abuses are carried out at an alarming scale, with no accountability or due process. This year alone, indiscriminate fighting in residential areas, airstrikes and explosive ordinance have tragically left at least 365 Libyans ...
Ambassadors of Western countries concerned about Libya's human rights violationsXinhua
Ambassadors of US and EU countries urge for human rights respect in Libya, speedy amendment of LPAThe Libya Observer

all 4 news articles »


Libyan political, oil and bank heads discuss funds to lift crude output - Reuters

Reuters

Libyan political, oil and bank heads discuss funds to lift crude output
Reuters
“The meeting dealt with the necessary financial arrangements to provide funding to the National Oil Corporation so as to be able to raise production and carry out its tasks and responsibilities in ... production, exploration, refining and transport of ...

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