Libya

Country Libya
Capital Tripoli
Continent Africa
Currency Libyan dinar(LYD)
Languages Arabic, Berber & Libyan Arabic

Information

Introduction

The Italians supplanted the Ottoman Turks in the area around Tripoli in 1911 and did not relinquish their hold until 1943 when defeated in World War II. Libya then passed to UN administration and achieved independence in 1951. Following a 1969 military coup, Col. Muammar Abu Minyar al-QADHAFI began to espouse his own political system, the Third Universal Theory. The system is a combination of socialism and Islam derived in part from tribal practices and is supposed to be implemented by the Libyan people themselves in a unique form of "direct democracy." QADHAFI has always seen himself as a revolutionary and visionary leader. He used oil funds during the 1970s and 1980s to promote his ideology outside Libya, supporting subversives and terrorists abroad to hasten the end of Marxism and capitalism. In addition, beginning in 1973, he engaged in military operations in northern Chad's Aozou Strip - to gain access to minerals and to use as a base of influence in Chadian politics - but was forced to retreat in 1987. UN sanctions in 1992 isolated QADHAFI politically following the downing of Pan AM Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland. During the 1990s, QADHAFI began to rebuild his relationships with Europe. UN sanctions were suspended in April 1999 and finally lifted in September 2003 after Libya accepted responsibility for the Lockerbie bombing. In December 2003, Libya announced that it had agreed to reveal and end its programs to develop weapons of mass destruction and to renounce terrorism. QADHAFI has made significant strides in normalizing relations with Western nations since then. He has received various Western European leaders as well as many working-level and commercial delegations, and made his first trip to Western Europe in 15 years when he traveled to Brussels in April 2004. The US rescinded Libya's designation as a state sponsor of terrorism in June 2006. In January 2008, Libya assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2008-09 term. In August 2008, the US and Libya signed a bilateral comprehensive claims settlement agreement to compensate claimants in both countries who allege injury or death at the hands of the other country, including the Lockerbie bombing, the LaBelle disco bombing, and the UTA 772 bombing. In October 2008, the US Government received $1.5 billion pursuant to the agreement to distribute to US national claimants, and as a result effectively normalized its bilateral relationship with Libya. The two countries then exchanged ambassadors for the first time since 1973 in January 2009. QADHAFI in February 2009 took over as chairman of the African Union for the 2009-10 term; in September 2009, a Libyan took over the year-long presidency of UN General Assembly.

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References

Libya - Wikipedia
Libya - CIA World Fact Book
Libya - BBC
Libya - Timeline - BBC

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Europe migration: 'Horrific experiences' on the crossing from Libya - BBC News

BBC News

Europe migration: 'Horrific experiences' on the crossing from Libya
BBC News
The number of migrants attempting the journey from Libya to Europe has gone down since last year, but the proportion of those who die on the way has risen. One person died or went missing for every 18 people who crossed via the central Mediterranean ...



UN: 1,700 Libyan families displaced by fighting in last 48 hours ... - Aljazeera.com

Aljazeera.com



Trump May Attend International Conference on Libya in Italy in November - Conte - Sputnik International

Sputnik International

Trump May Attend International Conference on Libya in Italy in November - Conte
Sputnik International
“During the working breakfast, we discussed with Trump various issues, including Libya. You know, there's a delicate moment coming for him with the midterms [congressional elections], we'll see whether he will be able to come [to Italy to attend the ...

and more »


UN: Renewed fighting in Libyan capital displaces thousands - Tampa Bay Times

UN: Renewed fighting in Libyan capital displaces thousands
Tampa Bay Times
BENGHAZI, Libya (AP) — The U.N. aid agency says renewed fighting between rival militias in Libya's capital has displaced 1,700 families in the past two days. The U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs said late Tuesday that a total ...



Interview: Libya's NOC hopes talks with IOCs will boost oil outlook as security stays fraught - S&P Global Platts

Interview: Libya's NOC hopes talks with IOCs will boost oil outlook as security stays fraught
S&P Global Platts
Algiers — Libya's crude oil production has hit a five-year high, bringing badly needed revenue to the violence-wracked country, but further gains will depend on stabilizing security and attracting foreign investment, the chairman of state-owned ...



The Latest: EU says Libya responsible for rescue ship - Fox News

Fox News

The Latest: EU says Libya responsible for rescue ship
Fox News
Humanitarian boats loaded with rescued migrants are increasingly shunted between European governments under political pressure to stem newcomers. The EU has trained Libya's coast guard in sea rescues, but aid groups say Libya in no way meets the ...
France refuses to allow last private migrant ship to dockDeutsche Welle
The Latest: Morocco navy fires on boat carrying migrantsABC News

all 704 news articles »


France's pressure leaves Italy outside political process in Libya - Libyan Express

Libyan Express

France's pressure leaves Italy outside political process in Libya
Libyan Express
France managed to make Italy stay away from the developments of the Libyan status quo, especially after the latest Tripoli violence. a source close to Khalifa Haftar told Arabi 21 website. The source added that currently in Tripoli, several western ...



Libya's Oil Production Hits Highest Since 2013 - OilPrice.com

OilPrice.com

Libya's Oil Production Hits Highest Since 2013
OilPrice.com
Libya's oil production has hit its highest level since 2013, the chairman of the National Oil Corporation (NOC), Mustafa Sanalla, told Bloomberg in response to questions on Sunday. If the security situation in the country improves, Libya's production ...



Libya: new ceasefire in Tripoli after 115 deaths - ANSAmed

ANSAmed

Libya: new ceasefire in Tripoli after 115 deaths
ANSAmed
Although it is still unclear how long this second truce could last, French President Emmanuel Macron, from the UN General Assembly in New York, has stressed Paris' position in favor of elections to be scheduled in Libya in December. ''Only this can ...



Analysts: France and Italy's Differences Undermine Efforts Against IS in Libya - Voice of America

Voice of America

Analysts: France and Italy's Differences Undermine Efforts Against IS in Libya
Voice of America
France and Italy have had differences over how changes should be brought in Libya in the post-Moammar Gaddafi era, but those differences have become public in recent months, raising concerns among some analysts that the ongoing tension between the ...
Over 100 killed, nearly 400 injured in LibyaCitizen
UN envoy briefs Ministerial Meeting on latest Libya developmentsThe Libya Observer
EU urges end to Libya violence as death toll soarsDeutsche Welle
Channel NewsAsia -The Daily Star -Reuters
all 193 news articles »