Libya

Country Libya
Capital Tripoli
Continent Africa
Currency Libyan dinar(LYD)
Languages Arabic, Berber & Libyan Arabic

Information

Introduction

The Italians supplanted the Ottoman Turks in the area around Tripoli in 1911 and did not relinquish their hold until 1943 when defeated in World War II. Libya then passed to UN administration and achieved independence in 1951. Following a 1969 military coup, Col. Muammar Abu Minyar al-QADHAFI began to espouse his own political system, the Third Universal Theory. The system is a combination of socialism and Islam derived in part from tribal practices and is supposed to be implemented by the Libyan people themselves in a unique form of "direct democracy." QADHAFI has always seen himself as a revolutionary and visionary leader. He used oil funds during the 1970s and 1980s to promote his ideology outside Libya, supporting subversives and terrorists abroad to hasten the end of Marxism and capitalism. In addition, beginning in 1973, he engaged in military operations in northern Chad's Aozou Strip - to gain access to minerals and to use as a base of influence in Chadian politics - but was forced to retreat in 1987. UN sanctions in 1992 isolated QADHAFI politically following the downing of Pan AM Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland. During the 1990s, QADHAFI began to rebuild his relationships with Europe. UN sanctions were suspended in April 1999 and finally lifted in September 2003 after Libya accepted responsibility for the Lockerbie bombing. In December 2003, Libya announced that it had agreed to reveal and end its programs to develop weapons of mass destruction and to renounce terrorism. QADHAFI has made significant strides in normalizing relations with Western nations since then. He has received various Western European leaders as well as many working-level and commercial delegations, and made his first trip to Western Europe in 15 years when he traveled to Brussels in April 2004. The US rescinded Libya's designation as a state sponsor of terrorism in June 2006. In January 2008, Libya assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2008-09 term. In August 2008, the US and Libya signed a bilateral comprehensive claims settlement agreement to compensate claimants in both countries who allege injury or death at the hands of the other country, including the Lockerbie bombing, the LaBelle disco bombing, and the UTA 772 bombing. In October 2008, the US Government received $1.5 billion pursuant to the agreement to distribute to US national claimants, and as a result effectively normalized its bilateral relationship with Libya. The two countries then exchanged ambassadors for the first time since 1973 in January 2009. QADHAFI in February 2009 took over as chairman of the African Union for the 2009-10 term; in September 2009, a Libyan took over the year-long presidency of UN General Assembly.

[+] Geography

[+] People

[+] Government

Video

Map


View Larger Map

References

Libya - Wikipedia
Libya - CIA World Fact Book
Libya - BBC
Libya - Timeline - BBC

Cities

Links

News Headlines

Google News
Libya: Gaddafi's Son and Heir Saif al-Islam Returns to Frontline Politics - Newsweek

Newsweek

Libya: Gaddafi's Son and Heir Saif al-Islam Returns to Frontline Politics
Newsweek
Six years after Libyans toppled their 40-year ruler Muammar Gaddafi from power in a U.S.-backed revolution, the former leader's son and heir apparent to his father's regime, Saif al-Islam Gaddafi, has announced his return to frontline politics ...
Gaddafi's son plans political comeback in LibyaMiddle East Monitor (blog)
EXCLUSIVE: Gaddafi's Son 'Returning to Politics', 'He Will Never ...Sputnik International
Opinion poll show little support in western Libya for new elections or Saif Al-Islam; strong support for new ...Libya Herald
The North Africa Post
all 11 news articles »


Italy breaks up smuggling ring for Libyan diesel fuel - News24

News24

Italy breaks up smuggling ring for Libyan diesel fuel
News24
Rome - Italian police said on Wednesday that they had broken up a network selling low-quality Libyan diesel fuel worth $35m at service stations in Sicily and as far away as France and Spain. In a year-long investigation, the Guardia di Finanza ...
Maltese wanted in Italy over Libyan fuel smuggling racket worth €30 ...MaltaToday
Italy busts int'l oil smuggling ring from LibyaXinhua
Italy breaks up a Libyan gang smuggling low quality fuel into Europeeuronews
The Maritime Executive -Reuters
all 12 news articles »


NGO Advises Nigerians To Steer Clear Of Libya - SaharaReporters.com

SaharaReporters.com

NGO Advises Nigerians To Steer Clear Of Libya
SaharaReporters.com
“Moreover, there is an ongoing internal conflict in southern Libya, not to mention that the country as a whole is still contending with ISIS and other radical extremist groups, divisions between two warring governments and a crumbling economy,” the ...
Women fleeing FGM find abuse in LibyaReliefWeb
Migrants and refugees live under deplorable conditions in Libya – UNdefenceWeb

all 10 news articles »


Libya: Refugees and migrants held captive by smugglers in deplorable conditions - UNHCR

UN News Centre

Libya: Refugees and migrants held captive by smugglers in deplorable conditions
UNHCR
Libyan authorities estimate that an additional 6,000 migrants and refugees are still being held by smugglers. If confirmed, this would bring the total number of refugees and migrants held in Sabratha to 20,500, including those in official detention ...
Libya: Smugglers holding refugees and migrants in deplorable conditions, say UN agenciesUN News Centre
'Shocking' abuse of migrants in Libya smuggling hub: UNThe Sun Daily

all 12 news articles »


Boris Johnson dodges calls for apology over his Libya "dead bodies" remark - HeraldScotland

HeraldScotland

Boris Johnson dodges calls for apology over his Libya "dead bodies" remark
HeraldScotland
But Mr Johnson replied: "By far the best thing that this Government and this House can do is get behind the plan that this Government is promoting to bring security to Libya, security to Sirte, and that would do honour to all those who fell fighting ...
Boris Johnson accuses critics of his Libya 'dead bodies' joke of 'trivialising' the issueMirror.co.uk
Boris Johnson refuses to apologise to Libyans for 'dead bodies' gaffeBusiness Insider
Boris Johnson sidesteps calls to apologise over Libya `dead bodies´ commentsDaily Mail
CommonSpace -The Guardian -HuffPost UK
all 17 news articles »


News Roundup - Wed, Oct 18, 2017 - The Libya Observer

News Roundup - Wed, Oct 18, 2017
The Libya Observer
The General Electricity Company in Libya (GECOL) announced on Tuesday the completion of maintenance work on the damaged 400 K.V cable, which is connected to the Gulf Steam Power Plant in Sirte. This comes after overcoming all difficulties faced by ...

and more »


Libyan is first witness to directly implicate Benghazi suspect at trial in ... - Washington Post

Washington Post

Libyan is first witness to directly implicate Benghazi suspect at trial in ...
Washington Post
The government's effort to prove Ahmed Abu Khattala responsible for the September 2012 attacks on U.S. facilities in Benghazi, Libya, after days of wrenching ...

and more »


UN-backed Libya talks hit new snag | News24 - News24

UN-backed Libya talks hit new snag | News24
News24
Talks between representatives of rival authorities in strife-torn Libya have hit a new snag after a parliamentary delegation suspended its participation in the ...

and more »


Presidential Guard personnel to receive advanced training in Italy - The Libya Observer

The Libya Observer

Presidential Guard personnel to receive advanced training in Italy
The Libya Observer
The Presidential Guard of the Presidential Council announced that they will send one of their groups to Italy for training. The Presidential Guard said that the participants will receive an advanced training course on the maintenance of the armoured ...



Armed robbery at Benghazi restaurant kills Egyptian worker - The Libya Observer

The Libya Observer

Armed robbery at Benghazi restaurant kills Egyptian worker
The Libya Observer
“When the attackers escaped, I returned to the restaurant and found an Egyptian man called Abdullah covered in blood after being killed,” he stated, adding that six Egyptians and one Libyan were wounded in the shooting. Local authorities did not ...