Libya

Country Libya
Capital Tripoli
Continent Africa
Currency Libyan dinar(LYD)
Languages Arabic, Berber & Libyan Arabic

Information

Introduction

The Italians supplanted the Ottoman Turks in the area around Tripoli in 1911 and did not relinquish their hold until 1943 when defeated in World War II. Libya then passed to UN administration and achieved independence in 1951. Following a 1969 military coup, Col. Muammar Abu Minyar al-QADHAFI began to espouse his own political system, the Third Universal Theory. The system is a combination of socialism and Islam derived in part from tribal practices and is supposed to be implemented by the Libyan people themselves in a unique form of "direct democracy." QADHAFI has always seen himself as a revolutionary and visionary leader. He used oil funds during the 1970s and 1980s to promote his ideology outside Libya, supporting subversives and terrorists abroad to hasten the end of Marxism and capitalism. In addition, beginning in 1973, he engaged in military operations in northern Chad's Aozou Strip - to gain access to minerals and to use as a base of influence in Chadian politics - but was forced to retreat in 1987. UN sanctions in 1992 isolated QADHAFI politically following the downing of Pan AM Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland. During the 1990s, QADHAFI began to rebuild his relationships with Europe. UN sanctions were suspended in April 1999 and finally lifted in September 2003 after Libya accepted responsibility for the Lockerbie bombing. In December 2003, Libya announced that it had agreed to reveal and end its programs to develop weapons of mass destruction and to renounce terrorism. QADHAFI has made significant strides in normalizing relations with Western nations since then. He has received various Western European leaders as well as many working-level and commercial delegations, and made his first trip to Western Europe in 15 years when he traveled to Brussels in April 2004. The US rescinded Libya's designation as a state sponsor of terrorism in June 2006. In January 2008, Libya assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2008-09 term. In August 2008, the US and Libya signed a bilateral comprehensive claims settlement agreement to compensate claimants in both countries who allege injury or death at the hands of the other country, including the Lockerbie bombing, the LaBelle disco bombing, and the UTA 772 bombing. In October 2008, the US Government received $1.5 billion pursuant to the agreement to distribute to US national claimants, and as a result effectively normalized its bilateral relationship with Libya. The two countries then exchanged ambassadors for the first time since 1973 in January 2009. QADHAFI in February 2009 took over as chairman of the African Union for the 2009-10 term; in September 2009, a Libyan took over the year-long presidency of UN General Assembly.

[+] Geography

[+] People

[+] Government

Video

Map


View Larger Map

References

Libya - Wikipedia
Libya - CIA World Fact Book
Libya - BBC
Libya - Timeline - BBC

Cities

Links

News Headlines

Google News
Libya's warring sides pull out of Geneva peace talks - Al Jazeera English
  1. Libya's warring sides pull out of Geneva peace talks  Al Jazeera English
  2. Libya: how regional rivalries fuel the civil war  Financial Times
  3. Libya's GNA not to return to Geneva talks: Top official  Anadolu Agency
  4. Second round of UN-hosted Libya talks ends in Geneva Second round of UN-hosted Libya  Yeni Safak English
  5. Libya peace talks break down as rivals pull out  DW (English)
  6. View Full coverage on Google News


Libya conflict: Tripoli, two tales of one city - Al Jazeera AmericaLibya conflict: Tripoli, two tales of one city  Al Jazeera America

Saudi Arabia steps up role in Libya - Al-MonitorSaudi Arabia steps up role in Libya  Al-Monitor

Libya conflict: Two Turkish troops killed - BBC NewsLibya conflict: Two Turkish troops killed  BBC News

Libya's Haftar may lose his properties in US lawsuit - Anadolu AgencyLibya's Haftar may lose his properties in US lawsuit  Anadolu Agency

Libya conflict: Tripoli rocket attacks halt peace talks - BBC NewsLibya conflict: Tripoli rocket attacks halt peace talks  BBC News

Libya's warring rivals resume talks in Geneva: UN - Al Jazeera EnglishLibya's warring rivals resume talks in Geneva: UN  Al Jazeera English

A Police State With an Islamist Twist: Inside Hifter’s Libya - The New York TimesA Police State With an Islamist Twist: Inside Hifter’s Libya  The New York Times

Libyan Jews' potential return sends out political shockwaves - Al-MonitorLibyan Jews' potential return sends out political shockwaves  Al-Monitor

Libya is test of EU geopolitics, ex-UN inspector says - EUobserverLibya is test of EU geopolitics, ex-UN inspector says  EUobserver

Jamming, precision artillery and long range drone strikes on Libyan battlefield offer lessons learned for US military - Military TimesJamming, precision artillery and long range drone strikes on Libyan battlefield offer lessons learned for US military  Military Times

With Libya Still at War, E.U. Agrees to Try Blocking Weapons Flow - The New York TimesWith Libya Still at War, E.U. Agrees to Try Blocking Weapons Flow  The New York Times

Libya Asks U.S. to Set Up Military Base to Counter Russia - BloombergLibya Asks U.S. to Set Up Military Base to Counter Russia  Bloomberg

Libya: Geneva talks end with no end in sight to fighting - Al Jazeera EnglishLibya: Geneva talks end with no end in sight to fighting  Al Jazeera English

UN to vote on resolution supporting Libya ceasefire - Al Jazeera EnglishUN to vote on resolution supporting Libya ceasefire  Al Jazeera English

Libyan-Algerian Economic Gathering to kick off in March - The Libya ObserverLibyan-Algerian Economic Gathering to kick off in March  The Libya Observer

Eastern Libya forces say 16 Turkish soldiers killed in fighting - HaaretzEastern Libya forces say 16 Turkish soldiers killed in fighting  Haaretz

Ex-C.I.A. Asset, Now a Libyan Strongman, Faces Torture Accusations - The New York TimesEx-C.I.A. Asset, Now a Libyan Strongman, Faces Torture Accusations  The New York Times

Libya rivals hold UN-sponsored talks - Al Jazeera EnglishLibya rivals hold UN-sponsored talks  Al Jazeera English

Rival eastern Libya-based parliament suspends participation in Geneva peace talks - ReutersRival eastern Libya-based parliament suspends participation in Geneva peace talks  Reuters

UN reaffirms support for security sector reform in Libya - Daijiworld.comUN reaffirms support for security sector reform in Libya  Daijiworld.com

Libya internet prices reduced by 50 percent | - Libya HeraldLibya internet prices reduced by 50 percent |  Libya Herald

Leftover rockets will remain a threat for years in Libya - Al Jazeera AmericaLeftover rockets will remain a threat for years in Libya  Al Jazeera America

Libya's Head of GNA tells UNHRC: Violations in Libya lead to deteriorating humanitarian conditions - The Libya ObserverLibya's Head of GNA tells UNHRC: Violations in Libya lead to deteriorating humanitarian conditions  The Libya Observer

Oil prices down with virus rebound and Libya risks - Anadolu AgencyOil prices down with virus rebound and Libya risks  Anadolu Agency

As Libya talks resume in Geneva, UN negotiator seeks to overcome sticking points - UN NewsAs Libya talks resume in Geneva, UN negotiator seeks to overcome sticking points  UN News

'Progress' in talks between Libya rivals: UN envoy - Al Jazeera English'Progress' in talks between Libya rivals: UN envoy  Al Jazeera English

Amazigh Council of Libya calls for a united front to repel the hostility of Haftar's militia - The Libya ObserverAmazigh Council of Libya calls for a united front to repel the hostility of Haftar's militia  The Libya Observer

What's at Stake in Libya? | by Bernard Haykel - Project SyndicateWhat's at Stake in Libya? | by Bernard Haykel  Project Syndicate

Surgeon who harmed Scots is now working in Libya - BBC NewsSurgeon who harmed Scots is now working in Libya  BBC News

Cease-Fire in Libya Collapses Despite International Efforts - The New York TimesCease-Fire in Libya Collapses Despite International Efforts  The New York Times

WFP requires urgent funds in Libya as humanitarian needs rise [EN/AR] - Libya - ReliefWebWFP requires urgent funds in Libya as humanitarian needs rise [EN/AR] - Libya  ReliefWeb

Libya: A rally for hope | Sport - Al Jazeera AmericaLibya: A rally for hope | Sport  Al Jazeera America

In Libya, Toothless U.N. Embargo Lets Foreign States Meddle With Impunity - The New York TimesIn Libya, Toothless U.N. Embargo Lets Foreign States Meddle With Impunity  The New York Times

Libya's Khalifa Haftar accused of murder and torture in US lawsuit - Middle East EyeLibya's Khalifa Haftar accused of murder and torture in US lawsuit  Middle East Eye

Intel: Why Russia's defense minister met with Libyan strongman Hifter - Al-MonitorIntel: Why Russia's defense minister met with Libyan strongman Hifter  Al-Monitor

Libya’s bloodshed will continue unless foreign powers stop backing Khalifa Haftar - The GuardianLibya’s bloodshed will continue unless foreign powers stop backing Khalifa Haftar  The Guardian

How Barack Obama's Good 'Intentions' Destroyed Libya - The National Interest OnlineHow Barack Obama's Good 'Intentions' Destroyed Libya  The National Interest Online

Libyan Oil Chairman Calls On US To Help End Oil Blockade - OilPrice.comLibyan Oil Chairman Calls On US To Help End Oil Blockade  OilPrice.com

Libya: Banned Cluster Munitions Used in Tripoli - Human Rights WatchLibya: Banned Cluster Munitions Used in Tripoli  Human Rights Watch

No cases of Corona virus in Libya – Tripoli Health Ministry | - Libya HeraldNo cases of Corona virus in Libya – Tripoli Health Ministry |  Libya Herald

Relieving Libya's Agony by Javier Solana - Project SyndicateRelieving Libya's Agony by Javier Solana  Project Syndicate

Libya civil war: Macron accuses Erdogan of meddling in conflict - BBC NewsLibya civil war: Macron accuses Erdogan of meddling in conflict  BBC News

Libya Oil Blockade Helps OPEC Meet Output Cuts - NaharnetLibya Oil Blockade Helps OPEC Meet Output Cuts  Naharnet

Libya's increase in conflict puts migrants at 'significant risk' - Al Jazeera EnglishLibya's increase in conflict puts migrants at 'significant risk'  Al Jazeera English

Car carrier owner denies transporting tanks to Libya - TradeWindsCar carrier owner denies transporting tanks to Libya  TradeWinds

Libya’s Warring Factions Resume Fighting in Threat to Cease-Fire - The Wall Street JournalLibya’s Warring Factions Resume Fighting in Threat to Cease-Fire  The Wall Street Journal

America moves to support economic development in Libya - The Libya ObserverAmerica moves to support economic development in Libya  The Libya Observer

Lasting Libya ceasefire: Some consensus, but further talks needed - UN Mission - UN NewsLasting Libya ceasefire: Some consensus, but further talks needed - UN Mission  UN News

How Africa has been frozen out of Libya peace efforts - BBC NewsHow Africa has been frozen out of Libya peace efforts  BBC News

We urgently need US leadership to help end Libya oil embargo: NOC chairman Sanalla | - Libya HeraldWe urgently need US leadership to help end Libya oil embargo: NOC chairman Sanalla |  Libya Herald

RIP, Libya - The National Interest OnlineRIP, Libya  The National Interest Online

Tunisia: Six Orphans Brought Home from Libya - Human Rights WatchTunisia: Six Orphans Brought Home from Libya  Human Rights Watch

Libya ceasefire talks resume in Geneva - Aljazeera.comLibya ceasefire talks resume in Geneva  Aljazeera.com

Libyan Consulate in Milan issues a warning to citizens on coronavirus - The Libya ObserverLibyan Consulate in Milan issues a warning to citizens on coronavirus  The Libya Observer

Virginia District Court approves lawsuit against Libyan warlord Haftar - The Libya ObserverVirginia District Court approves lawsuit against Libyan warlord Haftar  The Libya Observer

Turkey's Erdogan: No military solution to the conflict in Libya - Al Jazeera EnglishTurkey's Erdogan: No military solution to the conflict in Libya  Al Jazeera English

Why African countries seek greater role in Libya peace process - Al Jazeera EnglishWhy African countries seek greater role in Libya peace process  Al Jazeera English

Why the war in Libya will never end - SalonWhy the war in Libya will never end  Salon

Internationally recognized Libyan government suspends participation in Geneve 5+5 Libya Military talks – after continued Tripoli truce violations | - Libya HeraldInternationally recognized Libyan government suspends participation in Geneve 5+5 Libya Military talks – after continued Tripoli truce violations |  Libya Herald

UN evacuates endangered refugee centre in Libya's Tripoli - Middle East EyeUN evacuates endangered refugee centre in Libya's Tripoli  Middle East Eye

Libya's oil output just days away from complete stoppage - WorldOilLibya's oil output just days away from complete stoppage  WorldOil

Italy Caused Chaos in Libya by Mismanaging Migration Policy - Foreign PolicyItaly Caused Chaos in Libya by Mismanaging Migration Policy  Foreign Policy

Concern for the increased tensions and fragility in Libya - GOV.UKConcern for the increased tensions and fragility in Libya  GOV.UK

Tripoli-based HoR welcomes UN mission efforts in Geneva talks - The Libya ObserverTripoli-based HoR welcomes UN mission efforts in Geneva talks  The Libya Observer

Gafà reacts to ICC complaint on Libya migration deal: 'Cassola should report EU commissioner as well' - MaltaTodayGafà reacts to ICC complaint on Libya migration deal: 'Cassola should report EU commissioner as well'  MaltaToday

Neville Gafà: Muscat's loyal servant and the secret Libya migration deal - MaltaTodayNeville Gafà: Muscat's loyal servant and the secret Libya migration deal  MaltaToday

European Union approves new Libya mission | SOFREP - SOFREPEuropean Union approves new Libya mission | SOFREP  SOFREP

Anxiety and uncertainty as UN refugee agency halts work at Libya facility - The New HumanitarianAnxiety and uncertainty as UN refugee agency halts work at Libya facility  The New Humanitarian

Migrant day laborers in Tajoura, Libya - InfoMigrantsMigrant day laborers in Tajoura, Libya  InfoMigrants

Libya: Renewal of migration deal confirms Italy's complicity in torture of migrants and refugees - Amnesty InternationalLibya: Renewal of migration deal confirms Italy's complicity in torture of migrants and refugees  Amnesty International

The Second Libyan Real Estate Development Forum – 5 to 6 February in Tunis | - Libya HeraldThe Second Libyan Real Estate Development Forum – 5 to 6 February in Tunis |  Libya Herald

Libyan Crimes Watch: Pro-Haftar Al-Kanyat militias killed 3 civilians based on IDs - The Libya ObserverLibyan Crimes Watch: Pro-Haftar Al-Kanyat militias killed 3 civilians based on IDs  The Libya Observer

Haftar's spokesman says solution in Libya is through rifles not international conferences - The Libya ObserverHaftar's spokesman says solution in Libya is through rifles not international conferences  The Libya Observer

Libya's Bloodshed Will Continue Unless Foreign Powers Stop Backing Khalifa Haftar - Carnegie Endowment for International PeaceLibya's Bloodshed Will Continue Unless Foreign Powers Stop Backing Khalifa Haftar  Carnegie Endowment for International Peace

Erdogan says two Turkish soldiers were killed in Libya - National PostErdogan says two Turkish soldiers were killed in Libya  National Post

Oil up 2% on Libyan Squeeze, Saudi Call for OPEC 'Fire Brigade' - Investing.comOil up 2% on Libyan Squeeze, Saudi Call for OPEC 'Fire Brigade'  Investing.com

Bani Walid Mayor denies meeting with Haftar - The Libya ObserverBani Walid Mayor denies meeting with Haftar  The Libya Observer

Turkey risks falling deeper into Libya conflict as it deploys troops - BBC NewsTurkey risks falling deeper into Libya conflict as it deploys troops  BBC News

Libya in chaos as endless war rumbles on - BBC NewsLibya in chaos as endless war rumbles on  BBC News

What's behind the fight for Libya? - BBC NewsWhat's behind the fight for Libya?  BBC News

Libya is now turning into an international conflict - EUobserverLibya is now turning into an international conflict  EUobserver

Why Europe Is Finally Paying Attention to Libya - The New York TimesWhy Europe Is Finally Paying Attention to Libya  The New York Times

Fayez al-Sarraj on arms, war and peace in Libya - Al Jazeera AmericaFayez al-Sarraj on arms, war and peace in Libya  Al Jazeera America

Libya conflict: GNA and Gen Haftar's LNA ceasefire 'broken' - BBC NewsLibya conflict: GNA and Gen Haftar's LNA ceasefire 'broken'  BBC News

What's happening with the war in Libya? | Start Here - Aljazeera.comWhat's happening with the war in Libya? | Start Here  Aljazeera.com

As Libya Descends Into Chaos, Foreign Powers Look for a Way Out - The New York TimesAs Libya Descends Into Chaos, Foreign Powers Look for a Way Out  The New York Times

Mercenaries flock to Libya raising fears of prolonged war - The GuardianMercenaries flock to Libya raising fears of prolonged war  The Guardian

As Rivals Fight for Control of Libya, Erdogan Says Turkey May Jump In - The New York TimesAs Rivals Fight for Control of Libya, Erdogan Says Turkey May Jump In  The New York Times

Reporters - Libya: The infernal trap - FRANCE 24Reporters - Libya: The infernal trap  FRANCE 24

Libya: 'Dire and untenable' situation for tens of thousands of children in unrelenting conflict - UN NewsLibya: 'Dire and untenable' situation for tens of thousands of children in unrelenting conflict  UN News

Nearly 1,000 migrants 'returned to Libya' this year - Al Jazeera EnglishNearly 1,000 migrants 'returned to Libya' this year  Al Jazeera English

Confusion clouds international efforts to reach Libya ceasefire - The GuardianConfusion clouds international efforts to reach Libya ceasefire  The Guardian

Libya Rebels Capture Key Coastal City in Threat to U.N.-Backed Government - The New York TimesLibya Rebels Capture Key Coastal City in Threat to U.N.-Backed Government  The New York Times

Libya's youth suffer from war and lack of opportunities - Aljazeera.comLibya's youth suffer from war and lack of opportunities  Aljazeera.com

How to Stop Libya’s Collapse - Foreign Affairs MagazineHow to Stop Libya’s Collapse  Foreign Affairs Magazine

US 'very concerned' as conflict intensifies in Libya - The GuardianUS 'very concerned' as conflict intensifies in Libya  The Guardian

Libya conflict: Turkey troop deployment bill sent to MPs - BBC NewsLibya conflict: Turkey troop deployment bill sent to MPs  BBC News

UN special envoy 'angry' at foreign meddling in Libya - Al Jazeera EnglishUN special envoy 'angry' at foreign meddling in Libya  Al Jazeera English

What's at Stake in Libya's War? - Council on Foreign RelationsWhat's at Stake in Libya's War?  Council on Foreign Relations