Libya

Country Libya
Capital Tripoli
Continent Africa
Currency Libyan dinar(LYD)
Languages Arabic, Berber & Libyan Arabic

Information

Introduction

The Italians supplanted the Ottoman Turks in the area around Tripoli in 1911 and did not relinquish their hold until 1943 when defeated in World War II. Libya then passed to UN administration and achieved independence in 1951. Following a 1969 military coup, Col. Muammar Abu Minyar al-QADHAFI began to espouse his own political system, the Third Universal Theory. The system is a combination of socialism and Islam derived in part from tribal practices and is supposed to be implemented by the Libyan people themselves in a unique form of "direct democracy." QADHAFI has always seen himself as a revolutionary and visionary leader. He used oil funds during the 1970s and 1980s to promote his ideology outside Libya, supporting subversives and terrorists abroad to hasten the end of Marxism and capitalism. In addition, beginning in 1973, he engaged in military operations in northern Chad's Aozou Strip - to gain access to minerals and to use as a base of influence in Chadian politics - but was forced to retreat in 1987. UN sanctions in 1992 isolated QADHAFI politically following the downing of Pan AM Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland. During the 1990s, QADHAFI began to rebuild his relationships with Europe. UN sanctions were suspended in April 1999 and finally lifted in September 2003 after Libya accepted responsibility for the Lockerbie bombing. In December 2003, Libya announced that it had agreed to reveal and end its programs to develop weapons of mass destruction and to renounce terrorism. QADHAFI has made significant strides in normalizing relations with Western nations since then. He has received various Western European leaders as well as many working-level and commercial delegations, and made his first trip to Western Europe in 15 years when he traveled to Brussels in April 2004. The US rescinded Libya's designation as a state sponsor of terrorism in June 2006. In January 2008, Libya assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2008-09 term. In August 2008, the US and Libya signed a bilateral comprehensive claims settlement agreement to compensate claimants in both countries who allege injury or death at the hands of the other country, including the Lockerbie bombing, the LaBelle disco bombing, and the UTA 772 bombing. In October 2008, the US Government received $1.5 billion pursuant to the agreement to distribute to US national claimants, and as a result effectively normalized its bilateral relationship with Libya. The two countries then exchanged ambassadors for the first time since 1973 in January 2009. QADHAFI in February 2009 took over as chairman of the African Union for the 2009-10 term; in September 2009, a Libyan took over the year-long presidency of UN General Assembly.

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References

Libya - Wikipedia
Libya - CIA World Fact Book
Libya - BBC
Libya - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

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At Least 24 Migrants Die as Thousands Rescued in Seas off Libya - U.S. News & World Report

U.S. News & World Report

At Least 24 Migrants Die as Thousands Rescued in Seas off Libya
U.S. News & World Report
Rescuers carry a bag containing the dead body of a migrant at the coast of Tajoura, east of Tripoli, Libya, June 27, 2017. REUTERS/Ismail Zitouny Reuters. TRIPOLI (Reuters) - Red Crescent volunteers recovered the bodies of 24 migrants on Tuesday that ...
25 Migrants Found Dead on Libya Coast: Red CrescentOutlook India
EU leaders boost support for Libya to halt migrant exodus | News ...The Philadelphia Tribune
Irish naval ship 'rescues 712 people' off Libyan coastAljazeera.com
The Straits Times
all 76 news articles »


Egypt army: 12 vehicles destroyed crossing from Libya - News24

News24

Egypt army: 12 vehicles destroyed crossing from Libya
News24
Cairo - Egypt's military says its air force destroyed 12 vehicles loaded with weapons, ammunitions and explosives, after receiving intelligence that "criminal elements" were attempting to cross the western border with Libya. The military said, in a ...
Egyptian air strikes hit 12 vehicles crossing from Libya: militaryReuters
Egyptian warplanes hit arms convoy from Libya: armyDaily Mail
Egypt's Army Destroys 12 Vehicles Crossing from LibyaEgyptian Streets

all 17 news articles »


Hundreds of fighters from Chad, Darfur feeding off Libya's turmoil: report - Reuters

Hundreds of fighters from Chad, Darfur feeding off Libya's turmoil: report
Reuters
TUNIS Hundreds of fighters from Chad and Sudan's Darfur region are feeding off instability in Libya, battling for rival factions, seeking to build rebel movements and engaging in banditry and arms trafficking, Geneva-based researchers said on Tuesday.

and more »


Libya remains the main source of destabilization of the Sahel countries: a report - Libya Herald

Libya Herald

Libya remains the main source of destabilization of the Sahel countries: a report
Libya Herald
Libya remains the main source of destabilization of the Sahel countries and the state seems to have a minor presence in the vast southern porous region, a report released this month states. The report says that a military solution would not solve the ...

and more »


Nigeria: 'Over 2000 Nigerians in Libyan Private Prisons' - AllAfrica.com

Nigeria: 'Over 2000 Nigerians in Libyan Private Prisons'
AllAfrica.com
Nigerians still being held in various private prisons in Libya are in excess of 2,000, The Guardian has learnt. These Nigerians, who are mainly within 20 to 35 years of age, who left the country in search of greener pastures overseas, are being held ...

and more »


New IRA-Libya compensation bill makes its first appearance ... - Belfast Newsletter

Belfast Newsletter

New IRA-Libya compensation bill makes its first appearance ...
Belfast Newsletter
A bill aimed trying to get compensation for victims of Libyan-backed IRA terror had its first reading in the House of Lords on Monday – the first step on its way to ...

and more »


More than 30 migrant boats left Libya for Europe on Sunday ... - euronews

euronews

More than 30 migrant boats left Libya for Europe on Sunday ...
euronews
More than 30 migrant boats left Libya for Europe on Sunday (June 25), “probably because of the end of Ramadan,” according to the Migrant Offshore Aid Station ...

and more »


Haftar forces make gains in Libya's Benghazi - Aljazeera.com

Aljazeera.com

Haftar forces make gains in Libya's Benghazi
Aljazeera.com
East Libyan forces say they have gained control over one of two key remaining districts in Benghazi where they had faced armed resistance. The advance in the central Souq al-Hout neighbourhood on Saturday was the latest step in the slow progress of the ...
East Libyan forces claim control of central Benghazi neighborhoodReuters

all 2 news articles »


Libya, Sudan, Somalia hard hit as US top court partially lifts Trump's travel ban - africanews

africanews

Libya, Sudan, Somalia hard hit as US top court partially lifts Trump's travel ban
africanews
Libya, Sudan and Somalia. The other three were Syria, Yemen and Iraq. Till date, Trump had signed two separate orders, but both had been suspended by lower courts forcing the case to be taken to the apex court. The second order called for 90-day ban on ...
The Supreme Court Agrees To Hear Trump's Travel Ban — And Lets It Mostly Take Effect For NowBustle
16-1436 Trump v. International Refugee Assistance Project (06/26/2017) - Supreme Court of the United StatesSupreme Court of the United States
Statement from President Donald J. TrumpWhitehouse.gov
The White House
all 2,325 news articles »


Libya – Appointment of the new special representative of the UN secretary-general (20 June 2017) - France Diplomatie (press release)

France Diplomatie (press release)

Libya – Appointment of the new special representative of the UN secretary-general (20 June 2017)
France Diplomatie (press release)
We will lend him our full support in his efforts to promote dialogue between Libyan parties and to strengthen the political process conducted under UN auspices, as well as to ensure that diplomatic initiatives are consistent. We would also like to take ...