Libya

Country Libya
Capital Tripoli
Continent Africa
Currency Libyan dinar(LYD)
Languages Arabic, Berber & Libyan Arabic

Information

Introduction

The Italians supplanted the Ottoman Turks in the area around Tripoli in 1911 and did not relinquish their hold until 1943 when defeated in World War II. Libya then passed to UN administration and achieved independence in 1951. Following a 1969 military coup, Col. Muammar Abu Minyar al-QADHAFI began to espouse his own political system, the Third Universal Theory. The system is a combination of socialism and Islam derived in part from tribal practices and is supposed to be implemented by the Libyan people themselves in a unique form of "direct democracy." QADHAFI has always seen himself as a revolutionary and visionary leader. He used oil funds during the 1970s and 1980s to promote his ideology outside Libya, supporting subversives and terrorists abroad to hasten the end of Marxism and capitalism. In addition, beginning in 1973, he engaged in military operations in northern Chad's Aozou Strip - to gain access to minerals and to use as a base of influence in Chadian politics - but was forced to retreat in 1987. UN sanctions in 1992 isolated QADHAFI politically following the downing of Pan AM Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland. During the 1990s, QADHAFI began to rebuild his relationships with Europe. UN sanctions were suspended in April 1999 and finally lifted in September 2003 after Libya accepted responsibility for the Lockerbie bombing. In December 2003, Libya announced that it had agreed to reveal and end its programs to develop weapons of mass destruction and to renounce terrorism. QADHAFI has made significant strides in normalizing relations with Western nations since then. He has received various Western European leaders as well as many working-level and commercial delegations, and made his first trip to Western Europe in 15 years when he traveled to Brussels in April 2004. The US rescinded Libya's designation as a state sponsor of terrorism in June 2006. In January 2008, Libya assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2008-09 term. In August 2008, the US and Libya signed a bilateral comprehensive claims settlement agreement to compensate claimants in both countries who allege injury or death at the hands of the other country, including the Lockerbie bombing, the LaBelle disco bombing, and the UTA 772 bombing. In October 2008, the US Government received $1.5 billion pursuant to the agreement to distribute to US national claimants, and as a result effectively normalized its bilateral relationship with Libya. The two countries then exchanged ambassadors for the first time since 1973 in January 2009. QADHAFI in February 2009 took over as chairman of the African Union for the 2009-10 term; in September 2009, a Libyan took over the year-long presidency of UN General Assembly.

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References

Libya - Wikipedia
Libya - CIA World Fact Book
Libya - BBC
Libya - Timeline - BBC

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Clashes intensify in east Libya as car bomb kills two - Times LIVE

Times LIVE

Clashes intensify in east Libya as car bomb kills two
Times LIVE
Forces loyal to Libyan commander Khalifa Haftar engaged in fierce clashes around the city of Derna on Tuesday, as two soldiers were killed in a car bomb and another was abducted from a checkpoint elsewhere in the east. The fighting south-west of Derna ...
Officials say suicide car bomber kills 2 in Libya's eastWRAL.com

all 8 news articles »


Former PM says Libya risks partition if it rushes to elections - Reuters

Reuters

Former PM says Libya risks partition if it rushes to elections
Reuters
A security vacuum allowed militants and migrant smugglers to flourish, as competing alliances backed by rival regional powers battled for political power and control of Libya's oil wealth. Factions based in the east and aligned with Khalifa Haftar's ...
UN Libya Envoy Condemns Derna Terror Pockets, Calls for Elections by Year EndAl-Bawaba
UN mulls blacklisting alleged human trafficking leaders in Libyacgtn.com
UN envoy: Ending corruption and trafficking key in LibyaNews24
CNBCAfrica.com
all 17 news articles »


Patients and medical staff in peril in Libya, warns UN - Business Standard

JURIST

Patients and medical staff in peril in Libya, warns UN
Business Standard
Tripoli, May 22 (IANS/AKI) Libya's ongoing conflict is putting patients' lives at risk and even causing their deaths as hospitals and clinics are bombed, shelled and looted in possible war crimes, the United Nations said Tuesday, warning that the ...
Libya after seven years of blockage: Prospects for the transition and the road map A reportLibya Herald
Libya's healthcare system suffers armed conflict, violence: UN reportXinhua
UN: violence in Libya having devastating impact on health careJURIST
Kuwait News Agency
all 6 news articles »


Libya: Health-Care under Attack [EN/AR] - ReliefWeb

ReliefWeb

Libya: Health-Care under Attack [EN/AR]
ReliefWeb
GENEVA/TUNIS (22 May 2018) Violence in Libya continues to have a devastating impact on health care in the country, with hospitals and other medical facilities bombed, shelled and looted; medical personnel targeted, attacked and even taken hostage or ...



Tony Blair refuses to apologise to Libyan torture victim Abdel Hakim Belhaj - The Guardian

The Guardian

Tony Blair refuses to apologise to Libyan torture victim Abdel Hakim Belhaj
The Guardian
Tony Blair has refused to personally apologise to the Libyan dissident Abdel Hakim Belhaj, who was tortured in a jail in Libya following a rendition operation mounted with the help of MI6, saying he knew nothing about the case until after he left ...
Tony Blair 'didn't know about' Libya rendition of Abdul Hakim BelhajThe Times
Tony Blair says he did NOT know about Libyan dissident who was kidnapped and tortured by Gaddafi after 'MI6 tip-off ...Daily Mail
Libyan dissident's lawyer hits out at Tony Blair's 'non-apology'BT.com

all 17 news articles »


Libya Central Bank probes Audit Bureau corruption accusations - The Libya Observer

Libya Central Bank probes Audit Bureau corruption accusations
The Libya Observer
The Governor of the Central Bank of Libya (CBL) Al-Siddiq Al-Kabeer ordered financial committee tasked to track money laundering to investigate the allegations of Audit Bureau that accuse certain firms of smuggling foreign currency. Al-Kabeer urged in ...



Libya model for North Korea? Trump instead leaning toward nuke disarmament in phases - USA TODAY

USA TODAY

Libya model for North Korea? Trump instead leaning toward nuke disarmament in phases
USA TODAY
The Trump administration is leaning toward a disarmament approach that would force North Korea to give up its nuclear weapons in phases in return for sanctions relief and other rewards as specific targets are met, analysts say. That move acknowledges ...
Pence: North Korea will end like Libya only if 'Kim Jong Un doesn't make a deal'KABC

all 643 news articles »


Pence: N. Korea like Libya only if 'Kim doesn't make a deal' - WKMG News 6 & ClickOrlando

WKMG News 6 & ClickOrlando

Pence: N. Korea like Libya only if 'Kim doesn't make a deal'
WKMG News 6 & ClickOrlando
WASHINGTON (CNN) - US Vice President Mike Pence warned North Korea that it could end up like Libya if it fails to make a nuclear deal with Washington. "There was some talk about the Libyan model last week, and you know, as the President made clear, ...
Pence: North Korea will 'end like the Libyan model' if Kim does not cooperateThe Hill

all 1,354 news articles »


Forget the Libya Model. South Africa Shows the Path to Peace With Pyongyang. - Foreign Policy (blog)

Foreign Policy (blog)

Forget the Libya Model. South Africa Shows the Path to Peace With Pyongyang.
Foreign Policy (blog)
For all the talk of the Libya model, it is worth recalling that Tripoli was five to 10 years away from building its first bomb when Muammar al-Qaddafi abandoned its program. Getting rid of fully built and functional nuclear weapons, as de Klerk did ...

and more »


Qatar Fund for Development, QRCS Revitalize Libya's Medical Sector [EN/AR] - Reliefweb

Reliefweb

Qatar Fund for Development, QRCS Revitalize Libya's Medical Sector [EN/AR]
Reliefweb
May 22nd, 2018 ? Doha: Qatar Red Crescent Society (QRCS) has completed 95% of the medical support program in the city of Sirte, north of Libya, with $499,000 funding from Qatar Fund for Development (QFFD). In response to the humanitarian aid appeal ...