Libya

Country Libya
Capital Tripoli
Continent Africa
Currency Libyan dinar(LYD)
Languages Arabic, Berber & Libyan Arabic

Information

Introduction

The Italians supplanted the Ottoman Turks in the area around Tripoli in 1911 and did not relinquish their hold until 1943 when defeated in World War II. Libya then passed to UN administration and achieved independence in 1951. Following a 1969 military coup, Col. Muammar Abu Minyar al-QADHAFI began to espouse his own political system, the Third Universal Theory. The system is a combination of socialism and Islam derived in part from tribal practices and is supposed to be implemented by the Libyan people themselves in a unique form of "direct democracy." QADHAFI has always seen himself as a revolutionary and visionary leader. He used oil funds during the 1970s and 1980s to promote his ideology outside Libya, supporting subversives and terrorists abroad to hasten the end of Marxism and capitalism. In addition, beginning in 1973, he engaged in military operations in northern Chad's Aozou Strip - to gain access to minerals and to use as a base of influence in Chadian politics - but was forced to retreat in 1987. UN sanctions in 1992 isolated QADHAFI politically following the downing of Pan AM Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland. During the 1990s, QADHAFI began to rebuild his relationships with Europe. UN sanctions were suspended in April 1999 and finally lifted in September 2003 after Libya accepted responsibility for the Lockerbie bombing. In December 2003, Libya announced that it had agreed to reveal and end its programs to develop weapons of mass destruction and to renounce terrorism. QADHAFI has made significant strides in normalizing relations with Western nations since then. He has received various Western European leaders as well as many working-level and commercial delegations, and made his first trip to Western Europe in 15 years when he traveled to Brussels in April 2004. The US rescinded Libya's designation as a state sponsor of terrorism in June 2006. In January 2008, Libya assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2008-09 term. In August 2008, the US and Libya signed a bilateral comprehensive claims settlement agreement to compensate claimants in both countries who allege injury or death at the hands of the other country, including the Lockerbie bombing, the LaBelle disco bombing, and the UTA 772 bombing. In October 2008, the US Government received $1.5 billion pursuant to the agreement to distribute to US national claimants, and as a result effectively normalized its bilateral relationship with Libya. The two countries then exchanged ambassadors for the first time since 1973 in January 2009. QADHAFI in February 2009 took over as chairman of the African Union for the 2009-10 term; in September 2009, a Libyan took over the year-long presidency of UN General Assembly.

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References

Libya - Wikipedia
Libya - CIA World Fact Book
Libya - BBC
Libya - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
Libya’s Two Main Factions Agree to a Cease-Fire - The New York Times
  1. Libya’s Two Main Factions Agree to a Cease-Fire  The New York Times
  2. UN salutes new Libya ceasefire agreement that points to 'a better, safer, and more peaceful future'  UN News
  3. Explained: What is the historic Libya ceasefire agreement about?  The Indian Express
  4. What does Libya’s ceasefire deal contain?  Al Jazeera English
  5. Both Libyan sides reach 'permanent ceasefire' deal says UN  THE WEEK
  6. View Full coverage on Google News


Libya Oil Output Set for 1 Million Barrels Daily as Ports Reopen - BloombergQuint
  1. Libya Oil Output Set for 1 Million Barrels Daily as Ports Reopen  BloombergQuint
  2. WEEKLY ENERGY RECAP: Prices fall, Libyan output up  Arab News
  3. Oil declines further with Libyan output set to rise coming weeks  WorldOil
  4. Oil drops further as Libyan output expected to increase  Taipei Times
  5. Oil falls about 2% on Libyan crude output, coronavirus demand concerns  Business Standard
  6. View Full coverage on Google News


India welcomes release of abducted citizens in Libya - The HinduIndia welcomes release of abducted citizens in Libya  The Hindu

What’s Next for Libya’s Oil Surge as War Rivals Talk Peace - BloombergQuintWhat’s Next for Libya’s Oil Surge as War Rivals Talk Peace  BloombergQuint

Libya: Military leaders resume UN-sponsored talks - Al Jazeera EnglishLibya: Military leaders resume UN-sponsored talks  Al Jazeera English

What exactly is happening in Libya? - Open DemocracyWhat exactly is happening in Libya?  Open Democracy

A Libyan deal, an Ivoirien election, and a UN 'separation' in Uganda: The Cheat Sheet - The New HumanitarianA Libyan deal, an Ivoirien election, and a UN 'separation' in Uganda: The Cheat Sheet  The New Humanitarian

Twelve bodies found in Libya mass graves - Al Jazeera EnglishTwelve bodies found in Libya mass graves  Al Jazeera English

Put peace in Libya first, UN chief urges summit on war-shattered nation - UN NewsPut peace in Libya first, UN chief urges summit on war-shattered nation  UN News

UN hails Libya's lifting of force majeure on oil ports - Anadolu AgencyUN hails Libya's lifting of force majeure on oil ports  Anadolu Agency

News Analysis: Permanent cease-fire in Libya depends on ending foreign interference, seriousness about dialogue: experts - Xinhua | English.news.cn - XinhuaNews Analysis: Permanent cease-fire in Libya depends on ending foreign interference, seriousness about dialogue: experts - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

Libya rivals sign ceasefire deal in Geneva - bbc.comLibya rivals sign ceasefire deal in Geneva  bbc.com

UN salutes new Libya ceasefire agreement - Modern DiplomacyUN salutes new Libya ceasefire agreement  Modern Diplomacy

Libya: Flights between Tripoli, Benghazi to begin - Anadolu AgencyLibya: Flights between Tripoli, Benghazi to begin  Anadolu Agency

First Tripoli-Benghazi flight for a year follows Libya talks - Reuters IndiaFirst Tripoli-Benghazi flight for a year follows Libya talks  Reuters India

UN urges Libyan rivals to prioritise ‘national interest’ in talks - Al Jazeera EnglishUN urges Libyan rivals to prioritise ‘national interest’ in talks  Al Jazeera English

Haftar's militia fires 4 rockets at Libyan army - Anadolu AgencyHaftar's militia fires 4 rockets at Libyan army  Anadolu Agency

Libya: Russian plane brings Syrian fighters to Sirte - Anadolu AgencyLibya: Russian plane brings Syrian fighters to Sirte  Anadolu Agency

Libya: GNA arrests ex-coastguard head wanted by Interpol - Al Jazeera EnglishLibya: GNA arrests ex-coastguard head wanted by Interpol  Al Jazeera English

On Libya, the drama at the UNSC in 2011 | Opinion - Hindustan TimesOn Libya, the drama at the UNSC in 2011 | Opinion  Hindustan Times

UN’s Libya envoy ‘quite optimistic’ on ceasefire talks - Al Jazeera EnglishUN’s Libya envoy ‘quite optimistic’ on ceasefire talks  Al Jazeera English

Libyan rivals conclude talks on key security and military issues - UN NewsLibyan rivals conclude talks on key security and military issues  UN News

UN condemns clashes in Libya capital, urges security reforms - Al Jazeera EnglishUN condemns clashes in Libya capital, urges security reforms  Al Jazeera English

Libya detains notorious people smuggler Abd al-Rahman al-Milad - BBC NewsLibya detains notorious people smuggler Abd al-Rahman al-Milad  BBC News

Libya truce deal seems not reliable: Turkish leader - Anadolu AgencyLibya truce deal seems not reliable: Turkish leader  Anadolu Agency

Turkey and UAE openly flouting UN arms embargo to fuel war in Libya - The GuardianTurkey and UAE openly flouting UN arms embargo to fuel war in Libya  The Guardian

Libya's largest oilfield resumes production - Anadolu AgencyLibya's largest oilfield resumes production  Anadolu Agency

Libya: UN condemns arrest of media authority chief - Al Jazeera EnglishLibya: UN condemns arrest of media authority chief  Al Jazeera English

Libya’s rival groups agree on choosing sovereign positions - Al Jazeera EnglishLibya’s rival groups agree on choosing sovereign positions  Al Jazeera English

Libya: 15 migrants die when boat sinks off Libyan coast - Anadolu AgencyLibya: 15 migrants die when boat sinks off Libyan coast  Anadolu Agency

Footballers and fishermen: Italy's red prawn war with Libya turns ugly - The GuardianFootballers and fishermen: Italy's red prawn war with Libya turns ugly  The Guardian

Libya - Chatham HouseLibya  Chatham House

Libya’s Oil Output Reaches 500,000 Barrels a Day After Truce - BloombergLibya’s Oil Output Reaches 500,000 Barrels a Day After Truce  Bloomberg

'A good day for Libya': UN's Stephanie Williams announces permanent ceasefire – video - The Guardian'A good day for Libya': UN's Stephanie Williams announces permanent ceasefire – video  The Guardian

Former French President Sarkozy charged over Libyan financing - Al Jazeera EnglishFormer French President Sarkozy charged over Libyan financing  Al Jazeera English

GNA head says fragile Libya peace at risk by rival forces - Al Jazeera EnglishGNA head says fragile Libya peace at risk by rival forces  Al Jazeera English

Oil Drops Further With Libyan Output Set to Rise in Coming Weeks - Yahoo Canada FinanceOil Drops Further With Libyan Output Set to Rise in Coming Weeks  Yahoo Canada Finance

Nigerian migrant worker burned alive in Libya - CNNNigerian migrant worker burned alive in Libya  CNN

Libyan oil output triples after blockade deal, with more growth to come - WorldOilLibyan oil output triples after blockade deal, with more growth to come  WorldOil

Political dialogue forum for Libya next month - Vatican NewsPolitical dialogue forum for Libya next month  Vatican News

UNHCR Libya: Support to COVID-19 Response, 16 March – 23 October 2020 - Libya - ReliefWebUNHCR Libya: Support to COVID-19 Response, 16 March – 23 October 2020 - Libya  ReliefWeb

UNHCR Update Libya (23 October 2020) [EN/AR] - Libya - ReliefWebUNHCR Update Libya (23 October 2020) [EN/AR] - Libya  ReliefWeb

Russian, Turkish diplomats discuss Syria, Libya - Anadolu AgencyRussian, Turkish diplomats discuss Syria, Libya  Anadolu Agency

UNHCR's life-saving flights from Libya resume after seven-month suspension - UNHCRUNHCR's life-saving flights from Libya resume after seven-month suspension  UNHCR

Morocco welcomes Libya cease-fire accord - Xinhua | English.news.cn - XinhuaMorocco welcomes Libya cease-fire accord - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

Is a Libyan Warlord Beyond Law's Reach? - LawfareIs a Libyan Warlord Beyond Law's Reach?  Lawfare

EU draws up options for boots on the ground in Libya - POLITICO.euEU draws up options for boots on the ground in Libya  POLITICO.eu

UNHCR Libya Response in 2020 (23 October 2020) [EN/AR] - Libya - ReliefWebUNHCR Libya Response in 2020 (23 October 2020) [EN/AR] - Libya  ReliefWeb

UAE welcomes permanent ceasefire agreement in Libya: statement - Reuters AfricaUAE welcomes permanent ceasefire agreement in Libya: statement  Reuters Africa

Libya’s Oil Crescent Gets Back to Work as Sarir Field Opens - BloombergLibya’s Oil Crescent Gets Back to Work as Sarir Field Opens  Bloomberg

The killing fields of Libya's Tarhuna - Middle East EyeThe killing fields of Libya's Tarhuna  Middle East Eye

Tunisia approves reopening of Libya land border to passengers | - Libya HeraldTunisia approves reopening of Libya land border to passengers |  Libya Herald

Libyan youth agree on recommendations as part of Libyan Political Dialogue | - Libya HeraldLibyan youth agree on recommendations as part of Libyan Political Dialogue |  Libya Herald

Libyan sides sign countrywide ceasefire - The Canberra TimesLibyan sides sign countrywide ceasefire  The Canberra Times

Libya's Es Sider port to reopen Saturday, first tanker within 48 hours - DevdiscourseLibya's Es Sider port to reopen Saturday, first tanker within 48 hours  Devdiscourse

Pope prays for peace and stability in Libya - Vatican NewsPope prays for peace and stability in Libya  Vatican News

Libya: EU removes Agila Saleh and Nuri Abu Sahmain from sanctions list - EU NewsLibya: EU removes Agila Saleh and Nuri Abu Sahmain from sanctions list  EU News

Libyan tanker Badr continues to be illegally detained in Bulgaria since 2017 – despite court rulings | - Libya HeraldLibyan tanker Badr continues to be illegally detained in Bulgaria since 2017 – despite court rulings |  Libya Herald

Member of Libya's Presidential Council condemns Macron's pejorative remarks on Islam - The Libya ObserverMember of Libya's Presidential Council condemns Macron's pejorative remarks on Islam  The Libya Observer

Explained: Untangling the conflict in Libya - The Indian ExpressExplained: Untangling the conflict in Libya  The Indian Express

Russia Says Syria, Libya Fighters Deployed to Karabakh Conflict - The Moscow TimesRussia Says Syria, Libya Fighters Deployed to Karabakh Conflict  The Moscow Times

Al-Mishri says Libya is gearing toward ending transitional phase - The Libya ObserverAl-Mishri says Libya is gearing toward ending transitional phase  The Libya Observer

Syrian rebel fighters prepare to deploy to Azerbaijan in sign of Turkey’s ambition - The GuardianSyrian rebel fighters prepare to deploy to Azerbaijan in sign of Turkey’s ambition  The Guardian

Who's Who in Libya's War? - Council on Foreign RelationsWho's Who in Libya's War?  Council on Foreign Relations

War in Libya: how did it start, who is involved and what happens next? - The GuardianWar in Libya: how did it start, who is involved and what happens next?  The Guardian

Libya conflict: GNA regains full control of Tripoli from Gen Haftar - BBC NewsLibya conflict: GNA regains full control of Tripoli from Gen Haftar  BBC News

Libya: Mapping areas of military control - Aljazeera.comLibya: Mapping areas of military control  Aljazeera.com

The next steps in Libya - Brookings InstitutionThe next steps in Libya  Brookings Institution

2020 will see warlord Haftar's defeat in Libya: Analyst - Anadolu Agency2020 will see warlord Haftar's defeat in Libya: Analyst  Anadolu Agency

More than 100 civilians killed in Libya between April and June - Aljazeera.comMore than 100 civilians killed in Libya between April and June  Aljazeera.com

Libya denounces Egypt’s ‘will not stand idle’ threats - Aljazeera.comLibya denounces Egypt’s ‘will not stand idle’ threats  Aljazeera.com

Libya conflict: Why Egypt might send troops to back Gen Haftar - BBC NewsLibya conflict: Why Egypt might send troops to back Gen Haftar  BBC News

Libyan army seizes Haftar's helicopter - Anadolu AgencyLibyan army seizes Haftar's helicopter  Anadolu Agency

Libya: Video captures Haftar attack on civilians - Anadolu AgencyLibya: Video captures Haftar attack on civilians  Anadolu Agency

Libya is a victim of migration, not its reason, says GNA President Serraj - UN NewsLibya is a victim of migration, not its reason, says GNA President Serraj  UN News

Haftar in Libya not flexible for cease-fire talks: US - Anadolu AgencyHaftar in Libya not flexible for cease-fire talks: US  Anadolu Agency

Libya’s proxy sponsors face a dilemma - Brookings InstitutionLibya’s proxy sponsors face a dilemma  Brookings Institution

Libya's Haftar calls for support amid military losses - Anadolu AgencyLibya's Haftar calls for support amid military losses  Anadolu Agency

There's no shortage of players in Libya's conflict. But few champions for peace - The Conversation AfricaThere's no shortage of players in Libya's conflict. But few champions for peace  The Conversation Africa

Protesters set government building on fire in eastern Libya - Aljazeera.comProtesters set government building on fire in eastern Libya  Aljazeera.com

Egypt’s parliament approves troop deployment to Libya - Aljazeera.comEgypt’s parliament approves troop deployment to Libya  Aljazeera.com

Talks may lead to end of blockade of Libyan oilfields - The GuardianTalks may lead to end of blockade of Libyan oilfields  The Guardian

Libyan warlord faces legal action in US for alleged war crimes - The GuardianLibyan warlord faces legal action in US for alleged war crimes  The Guardian

Libya Situation Report, 8 July 2020 - Libya - ReliefWebLibya Situation Report, 8 July 2020 - Libya  ReliefWeb

Decisive, dissuasive will win in Libya - Anadolu AgencyDecisive, dissuasive will win in Libya  Anadolu Agency

Libya: GNA calls Egypt’s military threat ‘declaration of war’ - Aljazeera.comLibya: GNA calls Egypt’s military threat ‘declaration of war’  Aljazeera.com

European states urge 'humanitarian truce' in Libya - DW (English)European states urge 'humanitarian truce' in Libya  DW (English)

UN: Libyan government, Haftar in 5+5 military talks - Anadolu AgencyUN: Libyan government, Haftar in 5+5 military talks  Anadolu Agency

Libya’s war becomes a global scramble for power and prestige - The Washington PostLibya’s war becomes a global scramble for power and prestige  The Washington Post

At least six migrants died, 93 rescued off Libya’s coast - Aljazeera.comAt least six migrants died, 93 rescued off Libya’s coast  Aljazeera.com

What is Turkey's endgame in Libya? - The InterpreterWhat is Turkey's endgame in Libya?  The Interpreter

UNHCR helps re-open health centre during lockdown in Libya - UNHCRUNHCR helps re-open health centre during lockdown in Libya  UNHCR

As Foreign Interference in Libya Reaches Unprecedented Levels, Secretary-General Warns Security Council 'Time Is Not on Our Side', Urges End to Stalemate - Libya - ReliefWebAs Foreign Interference in Libya Reaches Unprecedented Levels, Secretary-General Warns Security Council 'Time Is Not on Our Side', Urges End to Stalemate - Libya  ReliefWeb

Libyan authorities shot dead three Sudanese migrants: UN - Aljazeera.comLibyan authorities shot dead three Sudanese migrants: UN  Aljazeera.com

Libya: Reveal Missing Politician's Whereabouts - Human Rights WatchLibya: Reveal Missing Politician's Whereabouts  Human Rights Watch

Libya: Attacks give gov't 'no choice but to respond' - Anadolu AgencyLibya: Attacks give gov't 'no choice but to respond'  Anadolu Agency

Joint statement on Libya - World Health OrganizationJoint statement on Libya  World Health Organization

Anadolu Agency details destruction in Libya - Anadolu AgencyAnadolu Agency details destruction in Libya  Anadolu Agency

Libyan Army inflicts severe losses on Haftar militias - Anadolu AgencyLibyan Army inflicts severe losses on Haftar militias  Anadolu Agency

Waves of Russian and Emirati Flights Fuel Libyan War, U.N. Finds - The New York TimesWaves of Russian and Emirati Flights Fuel Libyan War, U.N. Finds  The New York Times