Libya

Country Libya
Capital Tripoli
Continent Africa
Currency Libyan dinar(LYD)
Languages Arabic, Berber & Libyan Arabic

Information

Introduction

The Italians supplanted the Ottoman Turks in the area around Tripoli in 1911 and did not relinquish their hold until 1943 when defeated in World War II. Libya then passed to UN administration and achieved independence in 1951. Following a 1969 military coup, Col. Muammar Abu Minyar al-QADHAFI began to espouse his own political system, the Third Universal Theory. The system is a combination of socialism and Islam derived in part from tribal practices and is supposed to be implemented by the Libyan people themselves in a unique form of "direct democracy." QADHAFI has always seen himself as a revolutionary and visionary leader. He used oil funds during the 1970s and 1980s to promote his ideology outside Libya, supporting subversives and terrorists abroad to hasten the end of Marxism and capitalism. In addition, beginning in 1973, he engaged in military operations in northern Chad's Aozou Strip - to gain access to minerals and to use as a base of influence in Chadian politics - but was forced to retreat in 1987. UN sanctions in 1992 isolated QADHAFI politically following the downing of Pan AM Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland. During the 1990s, QADHAFI began to rebuild his relationships with Europe. UN sanctions were suspended in April 1999 and finally lifted in September 2003 after Libya accepted responsibility for the Lockerbie bombing. In December 2003, Libya announced that it had agreed to reveal and end its programs to develop weapons of mass destruction and to renounce terrorism. QADHAFI has made significant strides in normalizing relations with Western nations since then. He has received various Western European leaders as well as many working-level and commercial delegations, and made his first trip to Western Europe in 15 years when he traveled to Brussels in April 2004. The US rescinded Libya's designation as a state sponsor of terrorism in June 2006. In January 2008, Libya assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2008-09 term. In August 2008, the US and Libya signed a bilateral comprehensive claims settlement agreement to compensate claimants in both countries who allege injury or death at the hands of the other country, including the Lockerbie bombing, the LaBelle disco bombing, and the UTA 772 bombing. In October 2008, the US Government received $1.5 billion pursuant to the agreement to distribute to US national claimants, and as a result effectively normalized its bilateral relationship with Libya. The two countries then exchanged ambassadors for the first time since 1973 in January 2009. QADHAFI in February 2009 took over as chairman of the African Union for the 2009-10 term; in September 2009, a Libyan took over the year-long presidency of UN General Assembly.

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References

Libya - Wikipedia
Libya - CIA World Fact Book
Libya - BBC
Libya - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
Can the UN achieve peace in Libya? - Aljazeera.com

Aljazeera.com

Can the UN achieve peace in Libya?
Aljazeera.com
The downfall and death of Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi in 2011 was hailed as a victory for democracy by some in the international community. Since then, Libyans have suffered six years of war, chaos and competing governments. The power struggle ...

and more »


Libyan coastguard threatens Spanish NGO ships as tensions rise in Mediterranean - Telegraph.co.uk

Telegraph.co.uk

Libyan coastguard threatens Spanish NGO ships as tensions rise in Mediterranean
Telegraph.co.uk
Libya's coastguard threatened to target a Spanish humanitarian ship rescuing migrants in the Mediterranean this week as tensions continue to grow between NGOs and the Libyan government. A ship run by the group Proactiva Open Arms was intercepted by ...
Spanish NGO's vessel seized by Libyan Coast GuardThe Libya Observer
Libya Says It Will Shoot Refugee Rescue Boats on SightDaily Beast
Libyan marine rescue zone aims to 'organise' NGOs: navyDaily Mail
Daily Sabah -Reuters
all 139 news articles »


Libya Boosts Oil Output At Biggest Field - OilPrice.com

OilPrice.com

Libya Boosts Oil Output At Biggest Field
OilPrice.com
Libya is returning with more barrels to the market after its biggest oil field started raising production and an export terminal re-opened for tanker loading. Crude oil output at Sharara--the biggest field in Libya, which is exempt from OPEC cuts--rose ...
Libya's Sharara oil field production back to normal - NOCTimes of India

all 4 news articles »


Malta 'in the dark' over Libya IMO communication - MaltaToday

MaltaToday

Malta 'in the dark' over Libya IMO communication
MaltaToday
Al Gawashi is said to have told the international maritime agency that Libya did not have enough resources to operate its SAR regions on its own and would therefore deploy Malta's help. Tripoli did so because it wants to retain control over its SAR ...

and more »


Three NGOs halt Mediterranean migrant rescues after Libyan hostility - The Guardian

The Guardian

Three NGOs halt Mediterranean migrant rescues after Libyan hostility
The Guardian
Three NGOs have suspended migrant rescues in the Mediterranean because of the increasingly hostile stance of the Libyan authorities and coastguard. Save the Children and Germany's Sea Eye have joined Médecins sans Frontières (MSF) in halting ...
Aid Groups Suspend Migrant Rescues Over Libyan ThreatsNBCNews.com
NGOs halt migrant rescue operations, citing Libya 'threat'CNN
Doctors Without Borders Suspends Migrant Rescue Patrols Off Libyan CoastNew York Times
Aljazeera.com -Irish Times -EUobserver -BuzzFeed News
all 218 news articles »


Eastern government bans Italian companies for alleged hostility towards Libya - The Libya Observer

The Libya Observer

Eastern government bans Italian companies for alleged hostility towards Libya
The Libya Observer
The Ministry of Economy of the Interim Government, a parallel body in east Libya, has issued a resolution to ban the Italian companies from working in Libya or establishing any joint Libyan-Italian firms. The resolution referred for the prohibition of ...



Qatar and Arab powers are already at war…in Libya - Washington Examiner

Washington Examiner

Qatar and Arab powers are already at war…in Libya
Washington Examiner
After disputed elections in 2014, Libya has once again descended into chaos, with numerous factions warring against one another. These include Berber militias, ISIS terrorists, repentant former members of Ghaddafi's military, and many other factions.

and more »


Libya: Videos Capture Summary Executions - Human Rights Watch

Human Rights Watch

Libya: Videos Capture Summary Executions
Human Rights Watch
(Beirut) – Forces loyal to the Libyan National Army (LNA) in eastern Libya appear to have executed captured fighters in Benghazi and desecrated corpses, Human Rights Watch said today. Video recordings posted online since January 2017 seem to show ...
East Libyan elite forces snub ICC over warrant for commanderReuters
ICC issues arrest warrant for Libyan military commanderIndependent Online
Libya: Haftar's Military Commander under International Arrest WarrantThe North Africa Post
Business Insider -Intelligencer Post -AllAfrica.com
all 17 news articles »


News Roundup - Wed, Aug 16, 2017 - The Libya Observer

News Roundup - Wed, Aug 16, 2017
The Libya Observer
The head of the National Oil Corporation, Mustafa Sanallah, visited Tobruk on Tuesday evening to attend the 7th conference on oil refineries in Libya. Sources close to Sanallah stated that the visit is to begin work on activating oil investments in the ...

and more »


Libya's Biggest Oil Field Is Reopening For Business - Bloomberg

Bloomberg

Libya's Biggest Oil Field Is Reopening For Business
Bloomberg
Libya wants to boost crude production as much as possible because it's still exempt from the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries' agreement to cut supplies through March. Output climbed to a three-year high of 1.02 million barrels a day in ...
Libya's Sharara oilfield output dropped after security breaches: engineerReuters
Oil prices flat, bounce off lows on Libya supply questionsThe Star Online
Oil slips as slowing Chinese demand overshadows Libya disruptionChron.com
Wall Street Journal
all 36 news articles »