Bosnia and Herzegovina

Country Bosnia and Herzegovina
Capital Sarajevo
Continent Europe
Currency Convertible Mark(BAM)
Languages Bosnian, Croatian & Serbian

Information

Introduction

Bosnia and Herzegovina's declaration of sovereignty in October 1991 was followed by a declaration of independence from the former Yugoslavia on 3 March 1992 after a referendum boycotted by ethnic Serbs. The Bosnian Serbs - supported by neighboring Serbia and Montenegro - responded with armed resistance aimed at partitioning the republic along ethnic lines and joining Serb-held areas to form a "Greater Serbia." In March 1994, Bosniaks and Croats reduced the number of warring factions from three to two by signing an agreement creating a joint Bosniak/Croat Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. On 21 November 1995, in Dayton, Ohio, the warring parties initialed a peace agreement that brought to a halt three years of interethnic civil strife (the final agreement was signed in Paris on 14 December 1995). The Dayton Peace Accords retained Bosnia and Herzegovina's international boundaries and created a multi-ethnic and democratic government charged with conducting foreign, diplomatic, and fiscal policy. Also recognized was a second tier of government composed of two entities roughly equal in size: the Bosniak/Croat Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Bosnian Serb-led Republika Srpska (RS). The Federation and RS governments were charged with overseeing most government functions. The Dayton Accords also established the Office of the High Representative (OHR) to oversee the implementation of the civilian aspects of the agreement. The Peace Implementation Council (PIC) at its conference in Bonn in 1997 also gave the High Representative the authority to impose legislation and remove officials, the so-called "Bonn Powers." In 1995-96, a NATO-led international peacekeeping force (IFOR) of 60,000 troops served in Bosnia to implement and monitor the military aspects of the agreement. IFOR was succeeded by a smaller, NATO-led Stabilization Force (SFOR) whose mission was to deter renewed hostilities. European Union peacekeeping troops (EUFOR) replaced SFOR in December 2004; their mission is to maintain peace and stability throughout the country. EUFOR's mission changed from peacekeeping to civil policing in October 2007, with its presence reduced from nearly 7,000 to less than 2,500 troops. Troop strength at the end of 2009 stood at roughly 2,000. In January 2010, Bosnia and Herzegovina assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2010-11 term.

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References

Bosnia and Herzegovina - Wikipedia
Bosnia and Herzegovina - CIA World Fact Book
Bosnia and Herzegovina - BBC
Bosnia and Herzegovina - Timeline - BBC

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IMF Reaches Staff-Level Agreement with Bosnia and Herzegovina on the Second Review under the Extended Fund ... - International Monetary Fund

SeeNews

IMF Reaches Staff-Level Agreement with Bosnia and Herzegovina on the Second Review under the Extended Fund ...
International Monetary Fund
An International Monetary Fund (IMF) mission, led by Nadeem Ilahi, visited Sarajevo and Banja Luka during May 7-21, 2018, to discuss recent economic developments and policies for the second review of the Bosnia and Herzegovina economic program, ...
Bosnia's Serb Republic to issue 200 mln euro bonds on Vienna Stock Exchange - reportSeeNews

all 8 news articles »


Bosnia and Herzegovina - Electoral Matters - Council of Europe (press release)

Council of Europe (press release)

Bosnia and Herzegovina - Electoral Matters
Council of Europe (press release)
As agreed by the political parties of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, in the context of the EU/US facilitation efforts on electoral reform, and following a formal request made by the EU, the Venice Commission will attend a series of meetings ...



Court police(s) coordinate human rights protection mechanisms in Bosnia and Herzegovina - Council of Europe (press release)

Council of Europe (press release)

Court police(s) coordinate human rights protection mechanisms in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Council of Europe (press release)
Senior police officers of all four court police(s) in Bosnia and Herzegovina are meeting in Mostar on 17 and 18 May 2018 to discuss implementation of the Guidelines for dealing with persons deprived of liberty in closed environment. The Guidelines ...



Erdogan arrives in Sarajevo for Bosnia and Herzegovina visit, election rally - Daily Sabah

Daily Sabah

Erdogan arrives in Sarajevo for Bosnia and Herzegovina visit, election rally
Daily Sabah
President Recep Tayyip Erdogan on Sunday has arrived in Bosnia and Herzegovina's capital Sarajevo on a working visit and an important election rally abroad. Erdogan is accompanied by Deputy Prime Minister Hakan Çavusoglu, Minister of Foreign Affairs ...
Erdogan rally divides opinion in Bosnia and HerzegovinaAhval
Turkey's Erdogan seeks votes in Bosnia after ban on campaigning elsewhereReuters
Turkish elections: Erdogan holds rally in Bosnia's SarajevoAljazeera.com
Xinhua -Sputnik International -Hurriyet Daily News
all 114 news articles »


The Commissioner calls on Bosnia and Herzegovina to improve assistance to asylum-seekers and migrants - Council of Europe (press release)

Council of Europe (press release)

The Commissioner calls on Bosnia and Herzegovina to improve assistance to asylum-seekers and migrants
Council of Europe (press release)
In a letter addressed to the Ministers for Human Rights and Refugees and for Security of Bosnia and Herzegovina published today, Commissioner Mijatovic urges the authorities to spare no effort in order to improve their handling of migrants' arrivals.



Bosnian Croats Turn Back Buses Carrying Migrants From Sarajevo - ReliefWeb

Hurriyet Daily News

Bosnian Croats Turn Back Buses Carrying Migrants From Sarajevo
ReliefWeb
Several buses carrying 270 refugees and migrants from Sarajevo to an asylum center in southern Bosnia-Herzegovina were stopped and turned back by police in a Bosnian Croat-dominated canton on May 18, officials say. More than 4,000 migrants have ...
Erdogan to head to Bosnia for May 20 pre-election rallyHurriyet Daily News
Blocked from western Europe, Erdogan takes his polarising rally to Bosniaeuronews
To Stop Migrants, Bosnia Will Tighten Border ControlsTotal Croatia News
Anadolu Agency -Daily Sabah -Renewables Now
all 135 news articles »


Istanbul donates 15 more buses to Bosnian capital - Anadolu Agency

Anadolu Agency

Istanbul donates 15 more buses to Bosnian capital
Anadolu Agency
A handover ceremony was held in Sarajevo, attended by Turkey's Ambassador to Sarajevo Haldun Koc, TIKA Vice President Birol Cetin, Turkish lawmaker from Istanbul Ismail Hakki Turunc, Bosnia and Herzegovina Minister of Transport Mujo Fiso and GRAS ...
Bosnia's Serb Republic industrial PPI growth accelerates in AprilSeeNews
The "Balkan route" through BiH - Migrants are unwanted but they do existIndependent Balkan News Agency (press release) (blog)
Turkey to construct key Belgrade-Sarajevo motorwayvestnik kavkaza
InfoMigrants
all 8 news articles »


Bosnia and Herzegovina: Building Roads Towards the Future ... - Emerging Europe

Emerging Europe

Bosnia and Herzegovina: Building Roads Towards the Future ...
Emerging Europe
The last year ended with good news for Bosnia and Herzegovina. After years of political stalemate parliament finally voted in favour of a measure which will ...
Bosnian insurer Sarajevo Osiguranje boosts net profit in 2017SeeNews

all 2 news articles »


'Fabric of society' at risk in Bosnia and Herzegovina, UN Security ... - UN News

UN News

'Fabric of society' at risk in Bosnia and Herzegovina, UN Security ...
UN News
With elections looming, tensions across Bosnia and Herzegovina are rising alongside inflammatory rhetoric against the country's long-standing peace ...
With Election Date Set, High Representative for Bosnia and ...ReliefWeb
Fabric of society at risk in Bosnia and Herzegovina, UNSC told - UNIUnited News of India
Envoy for Bosnia-Herzegovina warns against deepening political ...Xinhua

all 4 news articles »


Bosnia and Herzegovina: UNCT Operational Update of the Refugee/Migrant Situation, End of April 2018 - Reliefweb

Reliefweb

Bosnia and Herzegovina: UNCT Operational Update of the Refugee/Migrant Situation, End of April 2018
Reliefweb
KEY FIGURES FOR 2018. 2.762 (1 Jan – 30 April) detected arrivals. 53(2 girls, 51 boys) unaccompanied minors identified. UN agencies assisted 1.392 people with transport, food, NFIs and psychosocial counselling. 384(46 f, 338 m) Asylum applications.