Bosnia and Herzegovina

Country Bosnia and Herzegovina
Capital Sarajevo
Continent Europe
Currency Convertible Mark(BAM)
Languages Bosnian, Croatian & Serbian

Information

Introduction

Bosnia and Herzegovina's declaration of sovereignty in October 1991 was followed by a declaration of independence from the former Yugoslavia on 3 March 1992 after a referendum boycotted by ethnic Serbs. The Bosnian Serbs - supported by neighboring Serbia and Montenegro - responded with armed resistance aimed at partitioning the republic along ethnic lines and joining Serb-held areas to form a "Greater Serbia." In March 1994, Bosniaks and Croats reduced the number of warring factions from three to two by signing an agreement creating a joint Bosniak/Croat Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. On 21 November 1995, in Dayton, Ohio, the warring parties initialed a peace agreement that brought to a halt three years of interethnic civil strife (the final agreement was signed in Paris on 14 December 1995). The Dayton Peace Accords retained Bosnia and Herzegovina's international boundaries and created a multi-ethnic and democratic government charged with conducting foreign, diplomatic, and fiscal policy. Also recognized was a second tier of government composed of two entities roughly equal in size: the Bosniak/Croat Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Bosnian Serb-led Republika Srpska (RS). The Federation and RS governments were charged with overseeing most government functions. The Dayton Accords also established the Office of the High Representative (OHR) to oversee the implementation of the civilian aspects of the agreement. The Peace Implementation Council (PIC) at its conference in Bonn in 1997 also gave the High Representative the authority to impose legislation and remove officials, the so-called "Bonn Powers." In 1995-96, a NATO-led international peacekeeping force (IFOR) of 60,000 troops served in Bosnia to implement and monitor the military aspects of the agreement. IFOR was succeeded by a smaller, NATO-led Stabilization Force (SFOR) whose mission was to deter renewed hostilities. European Union peacekeeping troops (EUFOR) replaced SFOR in December 2004; their mission is to maintain peace and stability throughout the country. EUFOR's mission changed from peacekeeping to civil policing in October 2007, with its presence reduced from nearly 7,000 to less than 2,500 troops. Troop strength at the end of 2009 stood at roughly 2,000. In January 2010, Bosnia and Herzegovina assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2010-11 term.

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References

Bosnia and Herzegovina - Wikipedia
Bosnia and Herzegovina - CIA World Fact Book
Bosnia and Herzegovina - BBC
Bosnia and Herzegovina - Timeline - BBC

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Google News
34th Universal Periodic Review: Bosnia and Herzegovina - GOV.UK34th Universal Periodic Review: Bosnia and Herzegovina  GOV.UK

Bosnia and Herzegovina v Italy preview: where to watch, predicted line-ups, team news - UEFA.comBosnia and Herzegovina v Italy preview: where to watch, predicted line-ups, team news  UEFA.com

Why Macron's remarks on Bosnia are dangerous - Al Jazeera EnglishWhy Macron's remarks on Bosnia are dangerous  Al Jazeera English

French president calls Bosnia a 'ticking time-bomb' - Al Jazeera EnglishFrench president calls Bosnia a 'ticking time-bomb'  Al Jazeera English

Macron criticized for calling Bosnia and Herzegovina a "ticking time-bomb" - European Western BalkansMacron criticized for calling Bosnia and Herzegovina a "ticking time-bomb"  European Western Balkans

Bosnia and Herzegovina's Armed Forces to mark Fourteenth Anniversary - Sarajevo TimesBosnia and Herzegovina's Armed Forces to mark Fourteenth Anniversary  Sarajevo Times

American giant Amazon could soon enter the Bosnia and Herzegovina Market more strongly? - Sarajevo TimesAmerican giant Amazon could soon enter the Bosnia and Herzegovina Market more strongly?  Sarajevo Times

Where is Bosnia and Herzegovina on Gallup's List of Law and Order? - Sarajevo TimesWhere is Bosnia and Herzegovina on Gallup's List of Law and Order?  Sarajevo Times

New Earthquake hit Bosnia and Herzegovina - Sarajevo TimesNew Earthquake hit Bosnia and Herzegovina  Sarajevo Times

Over 1.2 Million Tourists visited Bosnia and Herzegovina - Sarajevo TimesOver 1.2 Million Tourists visited Bosnia and Herzegovina  Sarajevo Times

International community urged to deliver on promise for better future for Bosnia and Herzegovina - UN NewsInternational community urged to deliver on promise for better future for Bosnia and Herzegovina  UN News

Bosnia and Herzegovina v Italy preview, prediction and odds - SoccerTimesBosnia and Herzegovina v Italy preview, prediction and odds  SoccerTimes

Local and regional democracy in Bosnia and Herzegovina - Council of EuropeLocal and regional democracy in Bosnia and Herzegovina  Council of Europe

Bijeljina: 18 families receive keys to their new homes - Bosnia and Herzegovina - ReliefWebBijeljina: 18 families receive keys to their new homes - Bosnia and Herzegovina  ReliefWeb

Commissioner calls for urgent relocation of migrants from Vucjak in Bosnia and Herzegovina - Council of EuropeCommissioner calls for urgent relocation of migrants from Vucjak in Bosnia and Herzegovina  Council of Europe

Because of Political Blockings of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Financial Agreements worth 2 Billion BAM are on hold - Sarajevo TimesBecause of Political Blockings of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Financial Agreements worth 2 Billion BAM are on hold  Sarajevo Times

Humanitarian crisis in Bosnia and Herzegovina escalates - FairplanetHumanitarian crisis in Bosnia and Herzegovina escalates  Fairplanet

Sweden's Crown Princess Couple concludes Bosnia and Herzegovina tour - Royal CentralSweden's Crown Princess Couple concludes Bosnia and Herzegovina tour  Royal Central

Rangel: I can be objective on Bosnia and Herzegovina since I come from Portugal - European Western BalkansRangel: I can be objective on Bosnia and Herzegovina since I come from Portugal  European Western Balkans

France is the 'Ticking Time Bomb', Not Bosnia - Balkan InsightFrance is the 'Ticking Time Bomb', Not Bosnia  Balkan Insight

Bosnia and Herzegovina: Population Movement Emergency Appeal n° MDRBA011, Operations Update n° 3 - Bosnia and Herzegovina - ReliefWebBosnia and Herzegovina: Population Movement Emergency Appeal n° MDRBA011, Operations Update n° 3 - Bosnia and Herzegovina  ReliefWeb

Bosnia and Herzegovina's Football Association helps Development of Football Infrastructure for Youth - Sarajevo TimesBosnia and Herzegovina's Football Association helps Development of Football Infrastructure for Youth  Sarajevo Times

Bosnia and Herzegovina: additional €2 million in humanitarian aid for refugees and migrants - Bosnia and Herzegovina - ReliefWebBosnia and Herzegovina: additional €2 million in humanitarian aid for refugees and migrants - Bosnia and Herzegovina  ReliefWeb

Sarajevo for under £100 a night! How to see the capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina on the cheap - Daily MailSarajevo for under £100 a night! How to see the capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina on the cheap  Daily Mail

UN women's rights experts issue findings on Andorra, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Cambodia, Iraq, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, and Seychelles - Iraq - ReliefWebUN women's rights experts issue findings on Andorra, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Cambodia, Iraq, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, and Seychelles - Iraq  ReliefWeb

Most of Emigrants from Bosnia and Herzegovina Move to Croatia - Total Croatia NewsMost of Emigrants from Bosnia and Herzegovina Move to Croatia  Total Croatia News

Bosnia Remains Hostage to Old, Obsolete Narratives - Balkan InsightBosnia Remains Hostage to Old, Obsolete Narratives  Balkan Insight

Bosnia eyes 15 mln euro KfW loan for HPP Capljina revamp - Renewables NowBosnia eyes 15 mln euro KfW loan for HPP Capljina revamp  Renewables Now

Digitization of the Collections of the National Museum of Bosnia and Herzegovina to be presented soon - Sarajevo TimesDigitization of the Collections of the National Museum of Bosnia and Herzegovina to be presented soon  Sarajevo Times

Bosnia wants explanation for Macron's 'time-bomb' remark - EUobserverBosnia wants explanation for Macron's 'time-bomb' remark  EUobserver

Bosnian Serb Lawmakers Claim Right to Self-Determination - Balkan InsightBosnian Serb Lawmakers Claim Right to Self-Determination  Balkan Insight

Swedish Crown Princess Couple begin visit to Bosnia and Herzegovina - Royal CentralSwedish Crown Princess Couple begin visit to Bosnia and Herzegovina  Royal Central

Forced Movement of Migrants in Bosnia Sparks Warning of Humanitarian Emergency - Bosnia and Herzegovina - ReliefWebForced Movement of Migrants in Bosnia Sparks Warning of Humanitarian Emergency - Bosnia and Herzegovina  ReliefWeb

Bosnia and Herzegovina's (BiH's) Border Police presented Work Plan with Focus on Migratory Crisis - Sarajevo TimesBosnia and Herzegovina's (BiH's) Border Police presented Work Plan with Focus on Migratory Crisis  Sarajevo Times

Bosnia and Herzegovina to join "mini-Schengen" initiative in November? - European Western BalkansBosnia and Herzegovina to join "mini-Schengen" initiative in November?  European Western Balkans

Post-Conflict Research Center visits Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina - Sarajevo TimesPost-Conflict Research Center visits Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina  Sarajevo Times

The EU and the Council of Europe continue supporting reforms in the field of human rights in Bosnia and Herzegovina - Council of EuropeThe EU and the Council of Europe continue supporting reforms in the field of human rights in Bosnia and Herzegovina  Council of Europe

Balkans aviation: FlyBosnia to grow Bosnia-Herzegovina's direct links - CAPA - Centre for AviationBalkans aviation: FlyBosnia to grow Bosnia-Herzegovina's direct links  CAPA - Centre for Aviation

Bosnia and Herzegovina – Restrictive measures against refugees and migrants (DG ECHO) (ECHO Daily Flash of 22 October 2019) - Bosnia and Herzegovina - ReliefWebBosnia and Herzegovina – Restrictive measures against refugees and migrants (DG ECHO) (ECHO Daily Flash of 22 October 2019) - Bosnia and Herzegovina  ReliefWeb

Final EP Rapporteurs revealed: Bilcik for Serbia, Rangel for Bosnia and Herzegovina - European Western BalkansFinal EP Rapporteurs revealed: Bilcik for Serbia, Rangel for Bosnia and Herzegovina  European Western Balkans

Bosnia is at risk of becoming a failed state. Does the EU want that on its doorstep? - The GuardianBosnia is at risk of becoming a failed state. Does the EU want that on its doorstep?  The Guardian

Bosnian Salafist Preachers Calibrate Message to Growing Audience - Balkan InsightBosnian Salafist Preachers Calibrate Message to Growing Audience  Balkan Insight

Bosnia and Herzegovina signs BEPS MLI on multinational group taxation - MNE TaxBosnia and Herzegovina signs BEPS MLI on multinational group taxation  MNE Tax

Bosnia Halts Extradition of Croat Ex-Fighter after Victim Dies - Balkan InsightBosnia Halts Extradition of Croat Ex-Fighter after Victim Dies  Balkan Insight

Germany's KfW to grant 19.5 mln euro for energy efficiency projects in Bosnia - SeeNewsGermany's KfW to grant 19.5 mln euro for energy efficiency projects in Bosnia  SeeNews

Orange Warning issued for Bosnia and Herzegovina - Sarajevo TimesOrange Warning issued for Bosnia and Herzegovina  Sarajevo Times

Bosnia and Herzegovina's Defense Minister called on Support of Annual National Plan for NATO - Sarajevo TimesBosnia and Herzegovina's Defense Minister called on Support of Annual National Plan for NATO  Sarajevo Times

Gonzato: we now need Tangible Proof that Bosnia and Herzegovina is willing to become Member of the EU - Sarajevo TimesGonzato: we now need Tangible Proof that Bosnia and Herzegovina is willing to become Member of the EU  Sarajevo Times

Analyst: Forces that want to divide Bosnia and Herzegovina are not Sleeping - Sarajevo TimesAnalyst: Forces that want to divide Bosnia and Herzegovina are not Sleeping  Sarajevo Times

Stabilisation and Association Committee advised and urged Bosnia and Herzegovina on the Issues needed for EU Membership - Sarajevo TimesStabilisation and Association Committee advised and urged Bosnia and Herzegovina on the Issues needed for EU Membership  Sarajevo Times

Two Main parties in Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina to coordinate at Local Elections - Sarajevo TimesTwo Main parties in Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina to coordinate at Local Elections  Sarajevo Times

End Violence Against Children: who has heard of INSPIRE strategies in South Eastern Europe and the Caucasus? - Osservatorio Balcani e CaucasoEnd Violence Against Children: who has heard of INSPIRE strategies in South Eastern Europe and the Caucasus?  Osservatorio Balcani e Caucaso

Decrease in Number of Building Permits issued in Bosnia and Herzegovina - Sarajevo TimesDecrease in Number of Building Permits issued in Bosnia and Herzegovina  Sarajevo Times

First Accelerator Lab opened in Bosnia and Herzegovina - Sarajevo TimesFirst Accelerator Lab opened in Bosnia and Herzegovina  Sarajevo Times

Bosnia's Serb Republic turns down China's Sinochem motorway construction bid - report - SeeNewsBosnia's Serb Republic turns down China's Sinochem motorway construction bid - report  SeeNews

European Court Rules Against Bosnia in Mostar Election Case - Balkan InsightEuropean Court Rules Against Bosnia in Mostar Election Case  Balkan Insight

Swedish Princess in an Official Visit to Bosnia and Herzegovina - Sarajevo TimesSwedish Princess in an Official Visit to Bosnia and Herzegovina  Sarajevo Times

First Restaurant for People in Need opened in Bosnia and Herzegovina - Sarajevo TimesFirst Restaurant for People in Need opened in Bosnia and Herzegovina  Sarajevo Times

Bosnia and Herzegovina has to pay back another Billion BAM of Debt of Former Yugoslavia - Sarajevo TimesBosnia and Herzegovina has to pay back another Billion BAM of Debt of Former Yugoslavia  Sarajevo Times

Bosnia & Herzegovina vs Italy Preview: Where to Watch, Live Stream, Kick Off Time & Team News - 90minBosnia & Herzegovina vs Italy Preview: Where to Watch, Live Stream, Kick Off Time & Team News  90min

Prime Minister of Bosnia and Herzegovina participates at World Economic Forum - Sarajevo TimesPrime Minister of Bosnia and Herzegovina participates at World Economic Forum  Sarajevo Times

Migration: Alternative to Vucjak camp needed now, says Red Cross - Bosnia and Herzegovina - ReliefWebMigration: Alternative to Vucjak camp needed now, says Red Cross - Bosnia and Herzegovina  ReliefWeb

Boyle: plan for Americans and Europeans is still to divide Bosnia and Herzegovina - Sarajevo TimesBoyle: plan for Americans and Europeans is still to divide Bosnia and Herzegovina  Sarajevo Times

Head of EU Delegation in Bosnia and Herzegovina handed over Vehicles to Police in the city of Bihac - Sarajevo TimesHead of EU Delegation in Bosnia and Herzegovina handed over Vehicles to Police in the city of Bihac  Sarajevo Times

Public Revenues in Bosnia and Herzegovina higher for 96 Million BAM compared to Last Year - Sarajevo TimesPublic Revenues in Bosnia and Herzegovina higher for 96 Million BAM compared to Last Year  Sarajevo Times

Two Strong Earthquakes hit Bosnia and Herzegovina - Sarajevo TimesTwo Strong Earthquakes hit Bosnia and Herzegovina  Sarajevo Times

Interesting: One Community in Bosnia and Herzegovina produces the highest Number of Eggs per Capita in Europe - Sarajevo TimesInteresting: One Community in Bosnia and Herzegovina produces the highest Number of Eggs per Capita in Europe  Sarajevo Times

Ripac in Bosnia and Herzegovina is a Small Paradise! - Sarajevo TimesRipac in Bosnia and Herzegovina is a Small Paradise!  Sarajevo Times

Beauty of Bosnia and Herzegovina: Water Mills on Vrbas River (video) - Sarajevo TimesBeauty of Bosnia and Herzegovina: Water Mills on Vrbas River (video)  Sarajevo Times

Companies producing Weapons in Bosnia and Herzegovina recorded Excellent Results - Sarajevo TimesCompanies producing Weapons in Bosnia and Herzegovina recorded Excellent Results  Sarajevo Times

‘The Bob Dylan of Genocide Apologists’ - The New York Times‘The Bob Dylan of Genocide Apologists’  The New York Times

Murder or War Crime? Why Bosnia Had a Dilemma - Balkan InsightMurder or War Crime? Why Bosnia Had a Dilemma  Balkan Insight

Record Number of Companies with Blocked Accounts in Bosnia and Herzegovina - Sarajevo TimesRecord Number of Companies with Blocked Accounts in Bosnia and Herzegovina  Sarajevo Times

Crown Princess Victoria and Prince Daniel to visit Bosnia and Herzegovina - Royal CentralCrown Princess Victoria and Prince Daniel to visit Bosnia and Herzegovina  Royal Central

Team of Hairdressers in Bosnia and Herzegovina Cuts Hair to Migrants Free of Charge - Sarajevo TimesTeam of Hairdressers in Bosnia and Herzegovina Cuts Hair to Migrants Free of Charge  Sarajevo Times

Young People learned about the Security Sector in Bosnia and Herzegovina - Sarajevo TimesYoung People learned about the Security Sector in Bosnia and Herzegovina  Sarajevo Times

In pictures: Meet Zorica Rebernik, Bosnia's lady in red - Gulf NewsIn pictures: Meet Zorica Rebernik, Bosnia's lady in red  Gulf News

Bosnia's Pavlovic International Bank starts operating as Nasa Banka - SeeNewsBosnia's Pavlovic International Bank starts operating as Nasa Banka  SeeNews

Taking Bosnia's Constitution to Court – an Unfinished Fight - Balkan InsightTaking Bosnia's Constitution to Court – an Unfinished Fight  Balkan Insight

Bosnia's Autoceste FBiH secures 1.68 bln euro investment for motorway projects - SeeNewsBosnia's Autoceste FBiH secures 1.68 bln euro investment for motorway projects  SeeNews

Bosnian camp for migrants: no water, no electricity but tuberculosis and scabies - FairplanetBosnian camp for migrants: no water, no electricity but tuberculosis and scabies  Fairplanet

Senate Hearing Blames Dodik for Bosnia's Stalemate - Balkan InsightSenate Hearing Blames Dodik for Bosnia's Stalemate  Balkan Insight

Bosnian Citizen Tried for Joining Ukrainian Separatist Unit - Balkan InsightBosnian Citizen Tried for Joining Ukrainian Separatist Unit  Balkan Insight

Bosnia's Federation sells 15.3 mln euro of 5-yr T-notes - SeeNewsBosnia's Federation sells 15.3 mln euro of 5-yr T-notes  SeeNews

Forced Relocation of Refugees in Bosnia Can Spark Humanitarian Emergency - The Globe PostForced Relocation of Refugees in Bosnia Can Spark Humanitarian Emergency  The Globe Post

2020/21 Women's U17 qualifying round draw | Women's Under-17 - UEFA.com2020/21 Women's U17 qualifying round draw | Women's Under-17  UEFA.com

We have talent! Silicon Valley - Bosnia and Herzegovina Meetup - Sarajevo TimesWe have talent! Silicon Valley - Bosnia and Herzegovina Meetup  Sarajevo Times

Croatia should not be allowed to join Schengen, HRW says - InfoMigrantsCroatia should not be allowed to join Schengen, HRW says  InfoMigrants

Bullet arrived in the Bosnia and Herzegovina's Parliament Building in an Envelope from Belgrade - Sarajevo TimesBullet arrived in the Bosnia and Herzegovina's Parliament Building in an Envelope from Belgrade  Sarajevo Times

Bosnia-Herzegovina: Fearing winter at the Vucjak refugee camp - Deutsche WelleBosnia-Herzegovina: Fearing winter at the Vucjak refugee camp  Deutsche Welle

Bosnia seeks extradition of Missouri man in war crimes case - The Associated PressBosnia seeks extradition of Missouri man in war crimes case  The Associated Press

EU’s gatekeeper laments bloc’s message to would-be Balkan members - Financial TimesEU’s gatekeeper laments bloc’s message to would-be Balkan members  Financial Times

Euro 2020 qualifiers: Who needs what in final games? - BBC NewsEuro 2020 qualifiers: Who needs what in final games?  BBC News

Miss Bosnia and Herzegovina for this Year is 21-year-old Ivana Ladan - Sarajevo TimesMiss Bosnia and Herzegovina for this Year is 21-year-old Ivana Ladan  Sarajevo Times

Medical Tests Delay Bosnian Serb General's Massacre Trial Again - Balkan InsightMedical Tests Delay Bosnian Serb General's Massacre Trial Again  Balkan Insight

Ambassadors of the Peace Implementation Council Steering Board rejected Conclusions of Republika Srpska National Assembly - Sarajevo TimesAmbassadors of the Peace Implementation Council Steering Board rejected Conclusions of Republika Srpska National Assembly  Sarajevo Times

Deputy Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Sweden in Official Visit to Bosnia and Herzegovina - Sarajevo TimesDeputy Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Sweden in Official Visit to Bosnia and Herzegovina  Sarajevo Times

Migrants' Freedom of Movement Restricted in Western Bosnia - Balkan InsightMigrants' Freedom of Movement Restricted in Western Bosnia  Balkan Insight

Bosnia & Herzegovina vs Italy Predictions & Betting Odds – 15th November 2019 - Online-Betting.me.ukBosnia & Herzegovina vs Italy Predictions & Betting Odds – 15th November 2019  Online-Betting.me.uk

Bosnia's ASA Finance to launch buyout offer for Vakufska Banka - SeeNewsBosnia's ASA Finance to launch buyout offer for Vakufska Banka  SeeNews