Bosnia and Herzegovina

Country Bosnia and Herzegovina
Capital Sarajevo
Continent Europe
Currency Convertible Mark(BAM)
Languages Bosnian, Croatian & Serbian

Information

Introduction

Bosnia and Herzegovina's declaration of sovereignty in October 1991 was followed by a declaration of independence from the former Yugoslavia on 3 March 1992 after a referendum boycotted by ethnic Serbs. The Bosnian Serbs - supported by neighboring Serbia and Montenegro - responded with armed resistance aimed at partitioning the republic along ethnic lines and joining Serb-held areas to form a "Greater Serbia." In March 1994, Bosniaks and Croats reduced the number of warring factions from three to two by signing an agreement creating a joint Bosniak/Croat Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. On 21 November 1995, in Dayton, Ohio, the warring parties initialed a peace agreement that brought to a halt three years of interethnic civil strife (the final agreement was signed in Paris on 14 December 1995). The Dayton Peace Accords retained Bosnia and Herzegovina's international boundaries and created a multi-ethnic and democratic government charged with conducting foreign, diplomatic, and fiscal policy. Also recognized was a second tier of government composed of two entities roughly equal in size: the Bosniak/Croat Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Bosnian Serb-led Republika Srpska (RS). The Federation and RS governments were charged with overseeing most government functions. The Dayton Accords also established the Office of the High Representative (OHR) to oversee the implementation of the civilian aspects of the agreement. The Peace Implementation Council (PIC) at its conference in Bonn in 1997 also gave the High Representative the authority to impose legislation and remove officials, the so-called "Bonn Powers." In 1995-96, a NATO-led international peacekeeping force (IFOR) of 60,000 troops served in Bosnia to implement and monitor the military aspects of the agreement. IFOR was succeeded by a smaller, NATO-led Stabilization Force (SFOR) whose mission was to deter renewed hostilities. European Union peacekeeping troops (EUFOR) replaced SFOR in December 2004; their mission is to maintain peace and stability throughout the country. EUFOR's mission changed from peacekeeping to civil policing in October 2007, with its presence reduced from nearly 7,000 to less than 2,500 troops. Troop strength at the end of 2009 stood at roughly 2,000. In January 2010, Bosnia and Herzegovina assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2010-11 term.

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References

Bosnia and Herzegovina - Wikipedia
Bosnia and Herzegovina - CIA World Fact Book
Bosnia and Herzegovina - BBC
Bosnia and Herzegovina - Timeline - BBC

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Budget Revision could provide Bosnia and Herzegovina with 250 million BAM - Sarajevo TimesBudget Revision could provide Bosnia and Herzegovina with 250 million BAM  Sarajevo Times

Bosnian Court Lifts Movement Restrictions on Turkish Citizen - Balkan InsightBosnian Court Lifts Movement Restrictions on Turkish Citizen  Balkan Insight

Death Toll rises to 10 in Bosnia and Herzegovina - Sarajevo TimesDeath Toll rises to 10 in Bosnia and Herzegovina  Sarajevo Times

Radoncic: Bosnia and Herzegovina has not received any Help, there will be many Deaths - Sarajevo TimesRadoncic: Bosnia and Herzegovina has not received any Help, there will be many Deaths  Sarajevo Times

No Checkpoints set up between Entities in Bosnia and Herzegovina - Sarajevo TimesNo Checkpoints set up between Entities in Bosnia and Herzegovina  Sarajevo Times

Four International Airports temporarily closed in Bosnia and Herzegovina as of Today - Sarajevo TimesFour International Airports temporarily closed in Bosnia and Herzegovina as of Today  Sarajevo Times

EU funded 2,500 COVID-19 Test Kits delivered to Cantonal Hospitals in Bosnia and Herzegovina - Sarajevo TimesEU funded 2,500 COVID-19 Test Kits delivered to Cantonal Hospitals in Bosnia and Herzegovina  Sarajevo Times

Bosnia and Herzegovina joins the European Qualifications Passport for Refugees - Council of EuropeBosnia and Herzegovina joins the European Qualifications Passport for Refugees  Council of Europe

Biocad and ICM Gain Biosimilar Foothold in Southeastern Europe - The Center for BiosimilarsBiocad and ICM Gain Biosimilar Foothold in Southeastern Europe  The Center for Biosimilars

Death Toll rises to Nine in Bosnia and Herzegovina - Sarajevo TimesDeath Toll rises to Nine in Bosnia and Herzegovina  Sarajevo Times

Number of registered unemployed in Bosnia and Herzegovina amounts to 406167 - Sarajevo TimesNumber of registered unemployed in Bosnia and Herzegovina amounts to 406167  Sarajevo Times

Bosnia: Migrants taken off streets in Sarajevo over coronavirus - InfoMigrantsBosnia: Migrants taken off streets in Sarajevo over coronavirus  InfoMigrants

Bosnia Confirms Two Coronavirus Cases, Expects More - Balkan InsightBosnia Confirms Two Coronavirus Cases, Expects More  Balkan Insight

Bosnia and Herzegovina: Population Movement Emergency Appeal n MDRBA011, Operations Update n 4 - Bosnia and Herzegovina - ReliefWebBosnia and Herzegovina: Population Movement Emergency Appeal n MDRBA011, Operations Update n 4 - Bosnia and Herzegovina  ReliefWeb

Stable Supply of Domestic Market in Bosnia and Herzegovina is a Priority - Sarajevo TimesStable Supply of Domestic Market in Bosnia and Herzegovina is a Priority  Sarajevo Times

Bosnia and Herzegovina encouraged to continue cooperation with the Council of Europe to eradicate inequality in elections and adopt necessary reforms in time for 2022 elections - Council of EuropeBosnia and Herzegovina encouraged to continue cooperation with the Council of Europe to eradicate inequality in elections and adopt necessary reforms in time for 2022 elections  Council of Europe

Citizens of Bosnia and Herzegovina left Spain and are on their Way to Bosnia and Herzegovina - Sarajevo TimesCitizens of Bosnia and Herzegovina left Spain and are on their Way to Bosnia and Herzegovina  Sarajevo Times

How climate change triggered a second exodus in Bosnia and Herzegovina - EuronewsHow climate change triggered a second exodus in Bosnia and Herzegovina  Euronews

Security Minister claims Bosnia and Herzegovina is maximally responsible when it comes to Migrants - Sarajevo TimesSecurity Minister claims Bosnia and Herzegovina is maximally responsible when it comes to Migrants  Sarajevo Times

Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina decided for all Borders to be Closed? - Sarajevo TimesPresidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina decided for all Borders to be Closed?  Sarajevo Times

Group of Bosnians safely arrived from the Czech Republic to Bosnia and Herzegovina - Sarajevo TimesGroup of Bosnians safely arrived from the Czech Republic to Bosnia and Herzegovina  Sarajevo Times

COVID-19 Update #3: Serbia/Montenegro/Bosnia and Herzegovina - LexologyCOVID-19 Update #3: Serbia/Montenegro/Bosnia and Herzegovina  Lexology

NATO Secretary General meets the Foreign and Defence Ministers of Bosnia and Herzegovina - NATO HQNATO Secretary General meets the Foreign and Defence Ministers of Bosnia and Herzegovina  NATO HQ

"A delicate moment." Dodik against the Constitutional Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina - European Western Balkans"A delicate moment." Dodik against the Constitutional Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina  European Western Balkans

COVID-19 Update #15: Serbia/Montenegro/Bosnia and Herzegovina - LexologyCOVID-19 Update #15: Serbia/Montenegro/Bosnia and Herzegovina  Lexology

COVID-19 Update #14: Serbia/Montenegro/Bosnia and Herzegovina - LexologyCOVID-19 Update #14: Serbia/Montenegro/Bosnia and Herzegovina  Lexology

Migrants in Bosnia 'More Vulnerable to Infection' Despite Lockdown - Balkan InsightMigrants in Bosnia 'More Vulnerable to Infection' Despite Lockdown  Balkan Insight

Unknown aircraft used in tobacco smuggling from Bosnia and Herzegovina to Croatia - The Dubrovnik TimesUnknown aircraft used in tobacco smuggling from Bosnia and Herzegovina to Croatia  The Dubrovnik Times

Coronavirus Positive Man dies on a Way to Hospital in Bosnia and Herzegovina - Sarajevo TimesCoronavirus Positive Man dies on a Way to Hospital in Bosnia and Herzegovina  Sarajevo Times

Official: Citizens of Bosnia and Herzegovina returned from Italy Tonight - Sarajevo TimesOfficial: Citizens of Bosnia and Herzegovina returned from Italy Tonight  Sarajevo Times

850000 Overnight Stays canceled in Bosnia and Herzegovina - Sarajevo Times850000 Overnight Stays canceled in Bosnia and Herzegovina  Sarajevo Times

Member of Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina congratulated Accession of Northern Macedonia to NATO - Sarajevo TimesMember of Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina congratulated Accession of Northern Macedonia to NATO  Sarajevo Times

Bosnia and Herzegovina in-debts for additional 160 Million Euros - Sarajevo TimesBosnia and Herzegovina in-debts for additional 160 Million Euros  Sarajevo Times

Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina undertakes Measures in Accordance with the Decisions of the Crisis Staff - Sarajevo TimesCourt of Bosnia and Herzegovina undertakes Measures in Accordance with the Decisions of the Crisis Staff  Sarajevo Times

Four International Airports in Bosnia and Herzegovina to be closed Tomorrow - Sarajevo TimesFour International Airports in Bosnia and Herzegovina to be closed Tomorrow  Sarajevo Times

Ambassador of Italy to Bosnia and Herzegovina sent a Message to Citizens in Bosnian Language - Sarajevo TimesAmbassador of Italy to Bosnia and Herzegovina sent a Message to Citizens in Bosnian Language  Sarajevo Times

Bosnia Voices Alarm Over Prospect of More Migrants - Balkan InsightBosnia Voices Alarm Over Prospect of More Migrants  Balkan Insight

Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina ready to help Civilians protect themselves - Sarajevo TimesArmed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina ready to help Civilians protect themselves  Sarajevo Times

Bosnian Serb Ex-Policeman Charged with Murdering Civilians - Balkan InsightBosnian Serb Ex-Policeman Charged with Murdering Civilians  Balkan Insight

Kosovo abolished Tariff Rates on Goods from Serbia and Bosnia and Herzegovina - Sarajevo TimesKosovo abolished Tariff Rates on Goods from Serbia and Bosnia and Herzegovina  Sarajevo Times

Bosnian Serbs Shut Schools as Coronavirus Precaution - Balkan InsightBosnian Serbs Shut Schools as Coronavirus Precaution  Balkan Insight

Acquitted Bosnian War Defendant Sues for Compensation - Balkan InsightAcquitted Bosnian War Defendant Sues for Compensation  Balkan Insight

Emergency Session of Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina to be held Today - Sarajevo TimesEmergency Session of Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina to be held Today  Sarajevo Times

Session of the Football Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina Assembly postponed - Sarajevo TimesSession of the Football Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina Assembly postponed  Sarajevo Times

5.5 Billion BAM at the Accounts of the Central Bank of Bosnia and Herzegovina - Sarajevo Times5.5 Billion BAM at the Accounts of the Central Bank of Bosnia and Herzegovina  Sarajevo Times

Coronavirus Cases in Bosnia and Herzegovina rise to 83! - Sarajevo TimesCoronavirus Cases in Bosnia and Herzegovina rise to 83!  Sarajevo Times

191 Coronavirus Positive Cases reported in Bosnia and Herzegovina - Sarajevo Times191 Coronavirus Positive Cases reported in Bosnia and Herzegovina  Sarajevo Times

New Case of Coronavirus confirmed in Bosnia and Herzegovina - Sarajevo TimesNew Case of Coronavirus confirmed in Bosnia and Herzegovina  Sarajevo Times

Bosnia's Milorad Dodik and His Enablers - Balkan InsightBosnia's Milorad Dodik and His Enablers  Balkan Insight

Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina confirmed Radomir Susnjar's 20-year Sentence for War Crimes - Sarajevo TimesCourt of Bosnia and Herzegovina confirmed Radomir Susnjar's 20-year Sentence for War Crimes  Sarajevo Times

The Monetary and Financial System in Bosnia and Herzegovina is stable - Sarajevo TimesThe Monetary and Financial System in Bosnia and Herzegovina is stable  Sarajevo Times

Cantons and Cities in Bosnia and Herzegovina could be closed? - Sarajevo TimesCantons and Cities in Bosnia and Herzegovina could be closed?  Sarajevo Times

Average Monthly Net Salary in Bosnia and Herzegovina is 945 BAM - Sarajevo TimesAverage Monthly Net Salary in Bosnia and Herzegovina is 945 BAM  Sarajevo Times

Applause for all Health Workers in Bosnia and Herzegovina (video) - Sarajevo TimesApplause for all Health Workers in Bosnia and Herzegovina (video)  Sarajevo Times

Bosnia and Herzegovina receives Modern Equipment, 100 Patients will be tested in one Day - Sarajevo TimesBosnia and Herzegovina receives Modern Equipment, 100 Patients will be tested in one Day  Sarajevo Times

Amnesty International: Decision to confine Thousands of Migrants into Camps in Bosnia and Herzegovina puts Lives at Risk - Sarajevo TimesAmnesty International: Decision to confine Thousands of Migrants into Camps in Bosnia and Herzegovina puts Lives at Risk  Sarajevo Times

Over 20000 Euros of Fines for Pharmacies in Bosnia and Herzegovina because Increase in Prices - Sarajevo TimesOver 20000 Euros of Fines for Pharmacies in Bosnia and Herzegovina because Increase in Prices  Sarajevo Times

Central Bank: Safety and Liquidity of the Banking Sector in Bosnia and Herzegovina confirmed - Sarajevo TimesCentral Bank: Safety and Liquidity of the Banking Sector in Bosnia and Herzegovina confirmed  Sarajevo Times

Significant Decrease in Number of Catholics in Bosnia and Herzegovina - Sarajevo TimesSignificant Decrease in Number of Catholics in Bosnia and Herzegovina  Sarajevo Times

Montenegro closed Two Border Crossings with Bosnia and Herzegovina - Sarajevo TimesMontenegro closed Two Border Crossings with Bosnia and Herzegovina  Sarajevo Times

Ivan Ikic in post-production with The Users - CineuropaIvan Ikic in post-production with The Users  Cineuropa

Government of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina allocates 30 Million BAM for Hospitals - Sarajevo TimesGovernment of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina allocates 30 Million BAM for Hospitals  Sarajevo Times

Two Russian cancer biosimilars receive registration certificate in Europe - The Pharma LetterTwo Russian cancer biosimilars receive registration certificate in Europe  The Pharma Letter

Bosnia and Herzegovina could have to Deal with up to 10000 Arrivals a Day! - Sarajevo TimesBosnia and Herzegovina could have to Deal with up to 10000 Arrivals a Day!  Sarajevo Times

Chairman of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina met with Canadian Prime Minister - Sarajevo TimesChairman of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina met with Canadian Prime Minister  Sarajevo Times

Energy Summit 2020 Bosnia and Herzegovina postponed - Sarajevo TimesEnergy Summit 2020 Bosnia and Herzegovina postponed  Sarajevo Times

Eighteen Persons in Bosnia and Herzegovina infected by Coronavirus - Sarajevo TimesEighteen Persons in Bosnia and Herzegovina infected by Coronavirus  Sarajevo Times

Six New Cases of Coronavirus confirmed in Bosnia and Herzegovina - Sarajevo TimesSix New Cases of Coronavirus confirmed in Bosnia and Herzegovina  Sarajevo Times

The first Death caused by Coronavirus in Bosnia and Herzegovina - Sarajevo TimesThe first Death caused by Coronavirus in Bosnia and Herzegovina  Sarajevo Times

Bosnia Entity Halts Projects With China Over Coronavirus Fears - Balkan InsightBosnia Entity Halts Projects With China Over Coronavirus Fears  Balkan Insight

Mehmed Spaho was a Prominent Politician against Division of Bosnia and Herzegovina - Sarajevo TimesMehmed Spaho was a Prominent Politician against Division of Bosnia and Herzegovina  Sarajevo Times

Large Number of People in Bosnia-Herzegovina are ill and live in Poverty - Sarajevo TimesLarge Number of People in Bosnia-Herzegovina are ill and live in Poverty  Sarajevo Times

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Bosnia and Herzegovina recommends Citizens not to Travel - Sarajevo TimesMinistry of Foreign Affairs of Bosnia and Herzegovina recommends Citizens not to Travel  Sarajevo Times

No Infected with Coronavirus among Members of Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina - Sarajevo TimesNo Infected with Coronavirus among Members of Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina  Sarajevo Times

17.680 Orders issued for placing Passengers in Isolation in Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina - Sarajevo Times17.680 Orders issued for placing Passengers in Isolation in Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina  Sarajevo Times

Online Hate Speech targeting Women in Bosnia and Herzegovina is rising significantly - Sarajevo TimesOnline Hate Speech targeting Women in Bosnia and Herzegovina is rising significantly  Sarajevo Times

150 Persons infected with Coronavirus in Bosnia and Herzegovina - Sarajevo Times150 Persons infected with Coronavirus in Bosnia and Herzegovina  Sarajevo Times

European Commission against Racism and Intolerance made Recommendations for Bosnia and Herzegovina - Sarajevo TimesEuropean Commission against Racism and Intolerance made Recommendations for Bosnia and Herzegovina  Sarajevo Times

Bosnia and Herzegovina season canceled, Igokea awarded championship - EurohoopsBosnia and Herzegovina season canceled, Igokea awarded championship  Eurohoops

Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina confirmed an Indictment One Person for Organizing a Terrorist Group - Sarajevo TimesCourt of Bosnia and Herzegovina confirmed an Indictment One Person for Organizing a Terrorist Group  Sarajevo Times

Memorandum of Understanding on technical cooperation signed between Bosnia and Herzegovina and The Netherlands - The Netherlands and YouMemorandum of Understanding on technical cooperation signed between Bosnia and Herzegovina and The Netherlands  The Netherlands and You

Exports from Italy to Bosnia and Herzegovina in the first Two Months decreased by 8 Million Euros - Sarajevo TimesExports from Italy to Bosnia and Herzegovina in the first Two Months decreased by 8 Million Euros  Sarajevo Times

Feature: Lamija Saracevic -- only female watchmaker in Bosnia and Herzegovina - Xinhua | English.news.cn - XinhuaFeature: Lamija Saracevic -- only female watchmaker in Bosnia and Herzegovina - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

Bosnia and Herzegovina confirms Third Death caused by Coronavirus - Sarajevo TimesBosnia and Herzegovina confirms Third Death caused by Coronavirus  Sarajevo Times

Bosnian Acquitted of Going to Fight in Ukrainian Conflict - Balkan InsightBosnian Acquitted of Going to Fight in Ukrainian Conflict  Balkan Insight

New enlargement strategy of the EU: a new chance for the Balkans - New Eastern EuropeNew enlargement strategy of the EU: a new chance for the Balkans  New Eastern Europe

Discrimination against Persons with Disabilities in Bosnia and Herzegovina is still widespread - Sarajevo TimesDiscrimination against Persons with Disabilities in Bosnia and Herzegovina is still widespread  Sarajevo Times

Bosnia and Herzegovina confirms second COVID-19 Death - Sarajevo TimesBosnia and Herzegovina confirms second COVID-19 Death  Sarajevo Times

Four new Border Crossings between Bosnia and Herzegovina and Montenegro - Sarajevo TimesFour new Border Crossings between Bosnia and Herzegovina and Montenegro  Sarajevo Times

Sixteen new Cases of Coronavirus Infection registered in Bosnia and Herzegovina - Sarajevo TimesSixteen new Cases of Coronavirus Infection registered in Bosnia and Herzegovina  Sarajevo Times

All Public Gatherings and Work of Catering Facilities suspended in Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina Entity - Sarajevo TimesAll Public Gatherings and Work of Catering Facilities suspended in Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina Entity  Sarajevo Times

NATO Secretary General meets the Foreign and Defense Ministers of Bosnia and Herzegovina - Sarajevo TimesNATO Secretary General meets the Foreign and Defense Ministers of Bosnia and Herzegovina  Sarajevo Times

COVID-19: Looming crisis in developing countries threatens to devastate economies and ramp up inequality - UNDPCOVID-19: Looming crisis in developing countries threatens to devastate economies and ramp up inequality  UNDP

Exports from Bosnia and Herzegovina recorded Decrease in January and February - Sarajevo TimesExports from Bosnia and Herzegovina recorded Decrease in January and February  Sarajevo Times

Thirty-Nine Cases of Coronavirus confirmed in Bosnia and Herzegovina - Sarajevo TimesThirty-Nine Cases of Coronavirus confirmed in Bosnia and Herzegovina  Sarajevo Times

Analysis: Investment Position of Bosnia and Herzegovina - Sarajevo TimesAnalysis: Investment Position of Bosnia and Herzegovina  Sarajevo Times

Serbia to close Several Border Crossings with Bosnia-Herzegovina - Sarajevo TimesSerbia to close Several Border Crossings with Bosnia-Herzegovina  Sarajevo Times

UEFA decided to postpone all Qualifying Tournaments for Younger in Bosnia and Herzegovina - Sarajevo TimesUEFA decided to postpone all Qualifying Tournaments for Younger in Bosnia and Herzegovina  Sarajevo Times

Classes in Primary and Secondary Schools in Bosnia-Herzegovina suspended because of Coronavirus - Sarajevo TimesClasses in Primary and Secondary Schools in Bosnia-Herzegovina suspended because of Coronavirus  Sarajevo Times

Balkan Countries Tighten Security as Coronavirus Cases Surge - Balkan InsightBalkan Countries Tighten Security as Coronavirus Cases Surge  Balkan Insight