Bosnia and Herzegovina

Country Bosnia and Herzegovina
Capital Sarajevo
Continent Europe
Currency Convertible Mark(BAM)
Languages Bosnian, Croatian & Serbian

Information

Introduction

Bosnia and Herzegovina's declaration of sovereignty in October 1991 was followed by a declaration of independence from the former Yugoslavia on 3 March 1992 after a referendum boycotted by ethnic Serbs. The Bosnian Serbs - supported by neighboring Serbia and Montenegro - responded with armed resistance aimed at partitioning the republic along ethnic lines and joining Serb-held areas to form a "Greater Serbia." In March 1994, Bosniaks and Croats reduced the number of warring factions from three to two by signing an agreement creating a joint Bosniak/Croat Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. On 21 November 1995, in Dayton, Ohio, the warring parties initialed a peace agreement that brought to a halt three years of interethnic civil strife (the final agreement was signed in Paris on 14 December 1995). The Dayton Peace Accords retained Bosnia and Herzegovina's international boundaries and created a multi-ethnic and democratic government charged with conducting foreign, diplomatic, and fiscal policy. Also recognized was a second tier of government composed of two entities roughly equal in size: the Bosniak/Croat Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Bosnian Serb-led Republika Srpska (RS). The Federation and RS governments were charged with overseeing most government functions. The Dayton Accords also established the Office of the High Representative (OHR) to oversee the implementation of the civilian aspects of the agreement. The Peace Implementation Council (PIC) at its conference in Bonn in 1997 also gave the High Representative the authority to impose legislation and remove officials, the so-called "Bonn Powers." In 1995-96, a NATO-led international peacekeeping force (IFOR) of 60,000 troops served in Bosnia to implement and monitor the military aspects of the agreement. IFOR was succeeded by a smaller, NATO-led Stabilization Force (SFOR) whose mission was to deter renewed hostilities. European Union peacekeeping troops (EUFOR) replaced SFOR in December 2004; their mission is to maintain peace and stability throughout the country. EUFOR's mission changed from peacekeeping to civil policing in October 2007, with its presence reduced from nearly 7,000 to less than 2,500 troops. Troop strength at the end of 2009 stood at roughly 2,000. In January 2010, Bosnia and Herzegovina assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2010-11 term.

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References

Bosnia and Herzegovina - Wikipedia
Bosnia and Herzegovina - CIA World Fact Book
Bosnia and Herzegovina - BBC
Bosnia and Herzegovina - Timeline - BBC

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Bosnia Herzegovina marks Independence Day - Anadolu AgencyBosnia Herzegovina marks Independence Day  Anadolu Agency

Work Permits For Aliens And Regulating Residence In Bosnia And Herzegovina - Employment and HR - Bosnia Herzegovina - Mondaq News AlertsWork Permits For Aliens And Regulating Residence In Bosnia And Herzegovina - Employment and HR - Bosnia Herzegovina  Mondaq News Alerts

Bosnia and Herzegovina inter-agency response to the mixed movement: Monthly situation report, December 2020 - Bosnia and Herzegovina - ReliefWebBosnia and Herzegovina inter-agency response to the mixed movement: Monthly situation report, December 2020 - Bosnia and Herzegovina  ReliefWeb

To Help Migrants in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Tackle EU Abuses - Human Rights WatchTo Help Migrants in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Tackle EU Abuses  Human Rights Watch

The growing migrant crisis in Bosnia and Herzegovina - newframe.comThe growing migrant crisis in Bosnia and Herzegovina  newframe.com

Serbia donates 5,000 COVID-19 vaccines to Bosnia and Herzegovina - Xinhua | English.news.cn - XinhuaSerbia donates 5,000 COVID-19 vaccines to Bosnia and Herzegovina - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

Bosnia and Herzegovina: Floods, Final Report, DREF Operation n°MDRBA012, 12 February 2021 - Bosnia and Herzegovina - ReliefWebBosnia and Herzegovina: Floods, Final Report, DREF Operation n°MDRBA012, 12 February 2021 - Bosnia and Herzegovina  ReliefWeb

COVAX Blames Bosnia for Hold-up Over COVID-19 Vaccines - Balkan InsightCOVAX Blames Bosnia for Hold-up Over COVID-19 Vaccines  Balkan Insight

IMF Executive Board 2020 Article IV Consultation with Bosnia and Herzegovina - International Monetary FundIMF Executive Board 2020 Article IV Consultation with Bosnia and Herzegovina  International Monetary Fund

Bosnian share indices end mixed in trading week ended March 5 - SeeNewsBosnian share indices end mixed in trading week ended March 5  SeeNews

Bosnia and Herzegovina Operational Update covering January 2021 - Bosnia and Herzegovina - ReliefWebBosnia and Herzegovina Operational Update covering January 2021 - Bosnia and Herzegovina  ReliefWeb

Waste management development in Bosnia and Herzegovina - Balkan Green Energy NewsWaste management development in Bosnia and Herzegovina  Balkan Green Energy News

Sputnik V vaccine registered in Bosnia and Herzegovina’s Republika Srpska - TASSSputnik V vaccine registered in Bosnia and Herzegovina’s Republika Srpska  TASS

Creating a Civic Identity in Bosnia is not a Lost Cause - Balkan InsightCreating a Civic Identity in Bosnia is not a Lost Cause  Balkan Insight

The EU's perverse agenda in Bosnia - EUobserverThe EU's perverse agenda in Bosnia  EUobserver

Refugee and migrant children face increased risks in Bosnia and Herzegovina - Emerging EuropeRefugee and migrant children face increased risks in Bosnia and Herzegovina  Emerging Europe

Bosnia-Herzegovina moves migrants from rundown houses into camps | Daily Sabah - Daily SabahBosnia-Herzegovina moves migrants from rundown houses into camps | Daily Sabah  Daily Sabah

Bosnia Jails Extradited ISIS Fighter Keserovic for Six Years - Balkan InsightBosnia Jails Extradited ISIS Fighter Keserovic for Six Years  Balkan Insight

Serbia's President Arrives In Bosnia With COVID-19 Vaccine Donation - Radio Free Europe / Radio LibertySerbia's President Arrives In Bosnia With COVID-19 Vaccine Donation  Radio Free Europe / Radio Liberty

Bosnia: Calls for EU to 'unlock the gate' - InfoMigrantsBosnia: Calls for EU to 'unlock the gate'  InfoMigrants

Bosnia's Elektroprivreda HZHB 2020 net profit plummets - SeeNewsBosnia's Elektroprivreda HZHB 2020 net profit plummets  SeeNews

Standard and Poor's published Assessment of Bosnia and Herzegovina's Credit Rating - Sarajevo TimesStandard and Poor's published Assessment of Bosnia and Herzegovina's Credit Rating  Sarajevo Times

IOM Warns of Growing Social Tension in Bosnia Over Migrants - Balkan InsightIOM Warns of Growing Social Tension in Bosnia Over Migrants  Balkan Insight

Great power politics in Bosnia: How Berlin can stabilise a dysfunctional state - European Council on Foreign RelationsGreat power politics in Bosnia: How Berlin can stabilise a dysfunctional state  European Council on Foreign Relations

Bosnian Caritas director stresses importance of human kindness while criticizing EU inaction - InfoMigrantsBosnian Caritas director stresses importance of human kindness while criticizing EU inaction  InfoMigrants

Serbia donates vaccines and spreads goodwill in the region - New EuropeSerbia donates vaccines and spreads goodwill in the region  New Europe

Rick Steves goes off the beaten path in Bosnia-Herzegovina | HeraldNet.com - The Daily HeraldRick Steves goes off the beaten path in Bosnia-Herzegovina | HeraldNet.com  The Daily Herald

Bosnia's RiTE Ugljevik swings to net profit in 2020 - SeeNewsBosnia's RiTE Ugljevik swings to net profit in 2020  SeeNews

Bosnia's Krajinapetrol turns to net loss in 2020 - SeeNewsBosnia's Krajinapetrol turns to net loss in 2020  SeeNews

Bosnia highway plan - World HighwaysBosnia highway plan  World Highways

Bosnian hydro power producer HET swings to slim net profit in 2020 - SeeNewsBosnian hydro power producer HET swings to slim net profit in 2020  SeeNews

Quo Vadis Aida? the Bosnian Genocide Drama to Open the 25th IFFK - United News of IndiaQuo Vadis Aida? the Bosnian Genocide Drama to Open the 25th IFFK  United News of India

Bosnian unit of Croatia Osiguranje boosts net profit in 2020 - SeeNewsBosnian unit of Croatia Osiguranje boosts net profit in 2020  SeeNews

Bosnian telco HT Mostar 2020 net profit down 58% - SeeNewsBosnian telco HT Mostar 2020 net profit down 58%  SeeNews

Turkey, Bosnia sign military financial cooperation deal - Hurriyet Daily NewsTurkey, Bosnia sign military financial cooperation deal  Hurriyet Daily News

Bosnian hydro power producer HEV turns to net loss in 2020 - SeeNewsBosnian hydro power producer HEV turns to net loss in 2020  SeeNews

Bosnian railway operator Zeljeznice RS turns to net loss in 2020 - SeeNewsBosnian railway operator Zeljeznice RS turns to net loss in 2020  SeeNews

Bosnian oil refinery Modrica's net loss narrows 63% in 2020 - SeeNewsBosnian oil refinery Modrica's net loss narrows 63% in 2020  SeeNews

Pollution in Serbia, Bosnia-Herzegovina threatens water supply - Emerging EuropePollution in Serbia, Bosnia-Herzegovina threatens water supply  Emerging Europe

Serb Chetniks' Links to War Criminals and Extremists Uncovered - Balkan InsightSerb Chetniks' Links to War Criminals and Extremists Uncovered  Balkan Insight

Bosnia's NLB Banka 2020 net profit down 43% y/y - SeeNewsBosnia's NLB Banka 2020 net profit down 43% y/y  SeeNews

Bosnia's Sparkasse Bank halves net profit in 2020 - SeeNewsBosnia's Sparkasse Bank halves net profit in 2020  SeeNews

Izetbegovic-Hunn: Good Relations between Bosnia and Switzerland - Sarajevo TimesIzetbegovic-Hunn: Good Relations between Bosnia and Switzerland  Sarajevo Times

Bosnian brewer Pivara Tuzla's net profit drops 33% in 2020 - SeeNewsBosnian brewer Pivara Tuzla's net profit drops 33% in 2020  SeeNews

Bosnian edible oil maker Bimal's net profit rises 3.5% in 2020 - SeeNewsBosnian edible oil maker Bimal's net profit rises 3.5% in 2020  SeeNews

Mostar at the vanguard of deliberative democracy: Congress engages with new municipal authorities - Council of EuropeMostar at the vanguard of deliberative democracy: Congress engages with new municipal authorities  Council of Europe

Migrations, media, and the pandemic / Bosnia Herzegovina / Areas / Homepage - Osservatorio Balcani e CaucasoMigrations, media, and the pandemic / Bosnia Herzegovina / Areas / Homepage  Osservatorio Balcani e Caucaso

How did NASA's Martian rover come to land in a crater named after a tiny Balkan village? - The Conversation AUHow did NASA's Martian rover come to land in a crater named after a tiny Balkan village?  The Conversation AU

Bosnia and Herzegovina: Migrant lives at 'immediate risk', warn UN agencies - UN NewsBosnia and Herzegovina: Migrant lives at 'immediate risk', warn UN agencies  UN News

Pahor announces donation of Covid-19 vaccine to Bosnia - STA - Slovenska Tiskovna AgencijaPahor announces donation of Covid-19 vaccine to Bosnia  STA - Slovenska Tiskovna Agencija

How To Get Citizenship By Investment In Bosnia And Herzegovina? - Corporate/Commercial Law - Bosnia Herzegovina - Mondaq News AlertsHow To Get Citizenship By Investment In Bosnia And Herzegovina? - Corporate/Commercial Law - Bosnia Herzegovina  Mondaq News Alerts

Humanitarian Aid BiH - EU NewsHumanitarian Aid BiH  EU News

FROM THE FIELD: Planning a route to green cities in Bosnia and Herzegovina - UN NewsFROM THE FIELD: Planning a route to green cities in Bosnia and Herzegovina  UN News

Bosnia and Herzegovina: Thousands of migrants lose shelter, after camp destroyed in fire - UN NewsBosnia and Herzegovina: Thousands of migrants lose shelter, after camp destroyed in fire  UN News

Strengthening Administrative Data on Violence against Children: Challenges and promising practices from a review of country experiences - Bosnia and Herzegovina - ReliefWebStrengthening Administrative Data on Violence against Children: Challenges and promising practices from a review of country experiences - Bosnia and Herzegovina  ReliefWeb

Glasgow woman preventing weapons from the Balkans falling into terrorists' hands - Glasgow LiveGlasgow woman preventing weapons from the Balkans falling into terrorists' hands  Glasgow Live

Bosnia and Herzegovina - Congress conducts remote observation procedure for local elections on 15 November - Council of EuropeBosnia and Herzegovina - Congress conducts remote observation procedure for local elections on 15 November  Council of Europe

Statement on the migration situation in Bosnia - EU NewsStatement on the migration situation in Bosnia  EU News

Bosnian Companies Donate Building Material To Banovina - Total Croatia NewsBosnian Companies Donate Building Material To Banovina  Total Croatia News

Bosnia and Herzegovina: Migrants Left in the Cold - Human Rights WatchBosnia and Herzegovina: Migrants Left in the Cold  Human Rights Watch

Balkan Insight's Week in Pictures - Balkan InsightBalkan Insight's Week in Pictures  Balkan Insight

President to visit Bosnia-Herzegovina's presidency, Slovenian troops - STA - Slovenska Tiskovna AgencijaPresident to visit Bosnia-Herzegovina's presidency, Slovenian troops  STA - Slovenska Tiskovna Agencija

Women's Day: UNDP bats for temporary basic income to combat COVID-19 - Down To Earth MagazineWomen's Day: UNDP bats for temporary basic income to combat COVID-19  Down To Earth Magazine

In Bosnia and Herzegovina, study projects deepening pandemic impact - UNDPIn Bosnia and Herzegovina, study projects deepening pandemic impact  UNDP

European unity is an example to the world: Bosnia and Herzegovina Head of State - UN NewsEuropean unity is an example to the world: Bosnia and Herzegovina Head of State  UN News

OUTLOOK 2021 Bosnia & Herzegovina - bne IntelliNewsOUTLOOK 2021 Bosnia & Herzegovina  bne IntelliNews

Corruption, political blockages, threaten international efforts to help Bosnia and Herzegovina weather coronavirus - UN NewsCorruption, political blockages, threaten international efforts to help Bosnia and Herzegovina weather coronavirus  UN News

Key findings on the 2020 Report on Bosnia and Herzegovina press Category - EU NewsKey findings on the 2020 Report on Bosnia and Herzegovina press Category  EU News

Bosnia and Herzegovina should recognise sex crime survivors' rights, say experts - UN NewsBosnia and Herzegovina should recognise sex crime survivors' rights, say experts  UN News

Bosnia and Herzegovina: Some politicians still ignore 'core European values' 25 years after peace deal - UN NewsBosnia and Herzegovina: Some politicians still ignore 'core European values' 25 years after peace deal  UN News

Fear grows among Bosnia's Muslims: 'We will be the victims again' - TRT WorldFear grows among Bosnia's Muslims: 'We will be the victims again'  TRT World

Bosnia and Herzegovina, Government of -- Moody's update on UK Sovereign calendar issuers - Yahoo FinanceBosnia and Herzegovina, Government of -- Moody's update on UK Sovereign calendar issuers  Yahoo Finance

Envoys of Austria, Peru and Bosnia participate in Plant Million Tree initiative - The Peninsula QatarEnvoys of Austria, Peru and Bosnia participate in Plant Million Tree initiative  The Peninsula Qatar

Wizz co-founder capitalises on share resurgence - Financial TimesWizz co-founder capitalises on share resurgence  Financial Times

Impact Breakfast Cereals in Bosnia and Herzegovina Market Insights, Overview, Analysis and Forecast 2020-2026 – NeighborWebSJ - NeighborWebSJImpact Breakfast Cereals in Bosnia and Herzegovina Market Insights, Overview, Analysis and Forecast 2020-2026 – NeighborWebSJ  NeighborWebSJ

HRH Crown Prince Congratulates Chairman of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina on Independence Day - MENAFN.COMHRH Crown Prince Congratulates Chairman of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina on Independence Day  MENAFN.COM

Bosnia and Herzegovina: Council adopts conclusions on EUFOR Operation Althea - EU NewsBosnia and Herzegovina: Council adopts conclusions on EUFOR Operation Althea  EU News

Bosnia and Herzegovina: Long-term solutions needed to end recurring humanitarian crisis - Amnesty InternationalBosnia and Herzegovina: Long-term solutions needed to end recurring humanitarian crisis  Amnesty International

Old tensions still alive in Bosnia 25 years after Dayton - Financial TimesOld tensions still alive in Bosnia 25 years after Dayton  Financial Times

Y-PEER Bosnia and Herzegovina - Y-PEER: Strengthening and Expanding Capacity for Delivery of High Quality Peer Education Systems in Arab States, Eastern Europe and Central Asia - Bosnia and Herzegovina - ReliefWebY-PEER Bosnia and Herzegovina - Y-PEER: Strengthening and Expanding Capacity for Delivery of High Quality Peer Education Systems in Arab States, Eastern Europe and Central Asia - Bosnia and Herzegovina  ReliefWeb

Unrelated video clips falsely shared as 'Medicine-Jihad' against the Hindus in India - FactlyUnrelated video clips falsely shared as 'Medicine-Jihad' against the Hindus in India  Factly

The Bosnian War, in photos - MeduzaThe Bosnian War, in photos  Meduza

Bosnia & Herzegovina - EU NewsBosnia & Herzegovina  EU News

Bosnia and Herzegovina: Mixed migration flows | winter 2020–2021 situation - Bosnia and Herzegovina - ReliefWebBosnia and Herzegovina: Mixed migration flows | winter 2020–2021 situation - Bosnia and Herzegovina  ReliefWeb

Illegal landfill sites along rivers in the Balkans are causing an ecology disaster - EuronewsIllegal landfill sites along rivers in the Balkans are causing an ecology disaster  Euronews

Ambassadors take part in tree planting initiative READ MORE - Gulf TimesAmbassadors take part in tree planting initiative READ MORE  Gulf Times

Bosnia and Herzegovina Fact-Sheet – December 2020 - Bosnia and Herzegovina - ReliefWebBosnia and Herzegovina Fact-Sheet – December 2020 - Bosnia and Herzegovina  ReliefWeb

Bosnia and Herzegovina – a Failed State 25 Years After the Peace Accords – PRIO Blogs - Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO)Bosnia and Herzegovina – a Failed State 25 Years After the Peace Accords – PRIO Blogs  Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO)

Life-saving distribution of winter aid begins in Bosnia - Bosnia and Herzegovina - ReliefWebLife-saving distribution of winter aid begins in Bosnia - Bosnia and Herzegovina  ReliefWeb

Bosnia and Herzegovina: Population Movement Emergency Appeal n° MDRBA011, Operations Update n° 6 - Bosnia and Herzegovina - ReliefWebBosnia and Herzegovina: Population Movement Emergency Appeal n° MDRBA011, Operations Update n° 6 - Bosnia and Herzegovina  ReliefWeb

Urban life reconsidered: From ash clouds and floods, to green energy and climate action, adapting to climate change means transforming cities in Bosnia and Herzegovina - Bosnia and Herzegovina - ReliefWebUrban life reconsidered: From ash clouds and floods, to green energy and climate action, adapting to climate change means transforming cities in Bosnia and Herzegovina - Bosnia and Herzegovina  ReliefWeb

Hill International to Support Key Development on Bosnia and Herzegovina's Principal Motorway - GlobeNewswireHill International to Support Key Development on Bosnia and Herzegovina's Principal Motorway  GlobeNewswire

Just how much influence does Russia have in Bosnia and Herzegovina? - Emerging EuropeJust how much influence does Russia have in Bosnia and Herzegovina?  Emerging Europe

Caritas Bosnia and Herzegovina raises alarm over plight of migrants in the country - Bosnia and Herzegovina - ReliefWebCaritas Bosnia and Herzegovina raises alarm over plight of migrants in the country - Bosnia and Herzegovina  ReliefWeb

2021/22 Women's U19 Round 1 draw live on Thursday - Women's Under-19 - News - UEFA.com2021/22 Women's U19 Round 1 draw live on Thursday - Women's Under-19 - News  UEFA.com

Coronavirus response: Bosnia and Herzegovina benefits from further Allied assistance against global pandemic - NATO HQCoronavirus response: Bosnia and Herzegovina benefits from further Allied assistance against global pandemic  NATO HQ

Bosnia and Herzegovina: Floods and Landslides - Jun 2020 - ReliefWebBosnia and Herzegovina: Floods and Landslides - Jun 2020  ReliefWeb

Bosnia and Herzegovina vs. Netherlands - Football Match Report - October 11, 2020 - ESPN IndiaBosnia and Herzegovina vs. Netherlands - Football Match Report - October 11, 2020  ESPN India

Possibility Of Acquiring Title To Real Estate By Foreign Persons In Bosnia And Herzegovina - Real Estate and Construction - Bosnia Herzegovina - Mondaq News AlertsPossibility Of Acquiring Title To Real Estate By Foreign Persons In Bosnia And Herzegovina - Real Estate and Construction - Bosnia Herzegovina  Mondaq News Alerts

Croatia's Provectus Capital Partners invests in Keindl Sport - SeeNewsCroatia's Provectus Capital Partners invests in Keindl Sport  SeeNews