Bosnia and Herzegovina

Country Bosnia and Herzegovina
Capital Sarajevo
Continent Europe
Currency Convertible Mark(BAM)
Languages Bosnian, Croatian & Serbian

Information

Introduction

Bosnia and Herzegovina's declaration of sovereignty in October 1991 was followed by a declaration of independence from the former Yugoslavia on 3 March 1992 after a referendum boycotted by ethnic Serbs. The Bosnian Serbs - supported by neighboring Serbia and Montenegro - responded with armed resistance aimed at partitioning the republic along ethnic lines and joining Serb-held areas to form a "Greater Serbia." In March 1994, Bosniaks and Croats reduced the number of warring factions from three to two by signing an agreement creating a joint Bosniak/Croat Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. On 21 November 1995, in Dayton, Ohio, the warring parties initialed a peace agreement that brought to a halt three years of interethnic civil strife (the final agreement was signed in Paris on 14 December 1995). The Dayton Peace Accords retained Bosnia and Herzegovina's international boundaries and created a multi-ethnic and democratic government charged with conducting foreign, diplomatic, and fiscal policy. Also recognized was a second tier of government composed of two entities roughly equal in size: the Bosniak/Croat Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Bosnian Serb-led Republika Srpska (RS). The Federation and RS governments were charged with overseeing most government functions. The Dayton Accords also established the Office of the High Representative (OHR) to oversee the implementation of the civilian aspects of the agreement. The Peace Implementation Council (PIC) at its conference in Bonn in 1997 also gave the High Representative the authority to impose legislation and remove officials, the so-called "Bonn Powers." In 1995-96, a NATO-led international peacekeeping force (IFOR) of 60,000 troops served in Bosnia to implement and monitor the military aspects of the agreement. IFOR was succeeded by a smaller, NATO-led Stabilization Force (SFOR) whose mission was to deter renewed hostilities. European Union peacekeeping troops (EUFOR) replaced SFOR in December 2004; their mission is to maintain peace and stability throughout the country. EUFOR's mission changed from peacekeeping to civil policing in October 2007, with its presence reduced from nearly 7,000 to less than 2,500 troops. Troop strength at the end of 2009 stood at roughly 2,000. In January 2010, Bosnia and Herzegovina assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2010-11 term.

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References

Bosnia and Herzegovina - Wikipedia
Bosnia and Herzegovina - CIA World Fact Book
Bosnia and Herzegovina - BBC
Bosnia and Herzegovina - Timeline - BBC

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Bosnia Imam Thanks God for Virus Cancelling Pride March - Balkan InsightBosnia Imam Thanks God for Virus Cancelling Pride March  Balkan Insight

Ten Percent less Revenues from Indirect Taxes in Bosnia and Herzegovina - Sarajevo TimesTen Percent less Revenues from Indirect Taxes in Bosnia and Herzegovina  Sarajevo Times

Bosnia and Herzegovina Reopening For Tourism Guide - Travel Off PathBosnia and Herzegovina Reopening For Tourism Guide  Travel Off Path

Number of Infected with Coronavirus in Bosnia and Herzegovina is 5.5. Higher than in the EU - Sarajevo TimesNumber of Infected with Coronavirus in Bosnia and Herzegovina is 5.5. Higher than in the EU  Sarajevo Times

Bosnia and Herzegovina records 70 Percent Decrease in Tourist Arrivals - Sarajevo TimesBosnia and Herzegovina records 70 Percent Decrease in Tourist Arrivals  Sarajevo Times

Border Police of Bosnia and Herzegovina prevented 183 Migrants from crossing the Border illegally - Sarajevo TimesBorder Police of Bosnia and Herzegovina prevented 183 Migrants from crossing the Border illegally  Sarajevo Times

Agency for Medical Products of Bosnia and Herzegovina is threatened with losing its License - Sarajevo TimesAgency for Medical Products of Bosnia and Herzegovina is threatened with losing its License  Sarajevo Times

Significant Decrease in Total Volume of Foreign Trade of Bosnia and Herzegovina - Sarajevo TimesSignificant Decrease in Total Volume of Foreign Trade of Bosnia and Herzegovina  Sarajevo Times

State Department Report: Russia interfered in Elections in Bosnia and Herzegovina - Sarajevo TimesState Department Report: Russia interfered in Elections in Bosnia and Herzegovina  Sarajevo Times

Hydro-Powered Protests in Bosnia and Herzegovina - Balkan InsightHydro-Powered Protests in Bosnia and Herzegovina  Balkan Insight

Bosnia remembers pivotal leader Alija Izetbegovic - Anadolu AgencyBosnia remembers pivotal leader Alija Izetbegovic  Anadolu Agency

Earthquake hits Bosnia and Herzegovina - Sarajevo TimesEarthquake hits Bosnia and Herzegovina  Sarajevo Times

Decrease of Cross-Border Traffic in Bosnia and Herzegovina recorded - Sarajevo TimesDecrease of Cross-Border Traffic in Bosnia and Herzegovina recorded  Sarajevo Times

Statistics: Number of infected, dead and recovered Persons in Bosnia and Herzegovina - Sarajevo TimesStatistics: Number of infected, dead and recovered Persons in Bosnia and Herzegovina  Sarajevo Times

Hydro power to the people: the fight against Bosnia and Herzegovina's hydroelectric dams - EuronewsHydro power to the people: the fight against Bosnia and Herzegovina's hydroelectric dams  Euronews

Nine Deaths recorded in Bosnia and Herzegovina in Only One Day - Sarajevo TimesNine Deaths recorded in Bosnia and Herzegovina in Only One Day  Sarajevo Times

Bosnian student bids his Malaysian teacher goodbye - The Star OnlineBosnian student bids his Malaysian teacher goodbye  The Star Online

Ministry compiled a Revised List of Infrastructure Projects in Bosnia and Herzegovina in Amount of over One Billion Euros - Sarajevo TimesMinistry compiled a Revised List of Infrastructure Projects in Bosnia and Herzegovina in Amount of over One Billion Euros  Sarajevo Times

Bosnian Finds Suspected War Prisoners' Bodies while Building House - Balkan InsightBosnian Finds Suspected War Prisoners' Bodies while Building House  Balkan Insight

Record: Twelve Deaths have been reported in Bosnia and Herzegovina in Only One Day - Sarajevo TimesRecord: Twelve Deaths have been reported in Bosnia and Herzegovina in Only One Day  Sarajevo Times

Srebrenica genocide in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Foreign Secretary's statement on the 25th anniversary - GOV.UKSrebrenica genocide in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Foreign Secretary's statement on the 25th anniversary  GOV.UK

Four Persons arrested at the Border Crossing of Bosnia and Herzegovina - Sarajevo TimesFour Persons arrested at the Border Crossing of Bosnia and Herzegovina  Sarajevo Times

United Nations in Bosnia and Herzegovina: COVID-19 Socio-economic Response and Recovery Offer - Bosnia and Herzegovina - ReliefWebUnited Nations in Bosnia and Herzegovina: COVID-19 Socio-economic Response and Recovery Offer - Bosnia and Herzegovina  ReliefWeb

Next Generation: Enemies Inherited and the Bosnians Trying to Resist - Balkan InsightNext Generation: Enemies Inherited and the Bosnians Trying to Resist  Balkan Insight

Bosnia and Herzegovina: Brcko District Moves Towards EU Working Time and Discrimination Laws - JD SupraBosnia and Herzegovina: Brcko District Moves Towards EU Working Time and Discrimination Laws  JD Supra

Hydroelectric power in Bosnia: between moratorium and abuse during lockdown - Osservatorio Balcani e CaucasoHydroelectric power in Bosnia: between moratorium and abuse during lockdown  Osservatorio Balcani e Caucaso

Historic Cities and Unmatched Wilderness in 'the Colorado of the Balkans' - Travel+LeisureHistoric Cities and Unmatched Wilderness in 'the Colorado of the Balkans'  Travel+Leisure

Bosnian City to Hold First Elections in 12 Years - Voice of AmericaBosnian City to Hold First Elections in 12 Years  Voice of America

Bosnia fulfilled one of 14 priorities from the European Commission's Opinion - European Western BalkansBosnia fulfilled one of 14 priorities from the European Commission's Opinion  European Western Balkans

Significant Decrease of Tourists' Arrivals and Overnight Stays in Bosnia and Herzegovina - Sarajevo TimesSignificant Decrease of Tourists' Arrivals and Overnight Stays in Bosnia and Herzegovina  Sarajevo Times

189 New Cases of COVID-19 recorded in Bosnia and Herzegovina - Sarajevo Times189 New Cases of COVID-19 recorded in Bosnia and Herzegovina  Sarajevo Times

Serbian President to pay a Visit to Bosnia and Herzegovina - Sarajevo TimesSerbian President to pay a Visit to Bosnia and Herzegovina  Sarajevo Times

Plan for Bilateral Cooperation between Bosnia and Herzegovina and Slovenia signed - Sarajevo TimesPlan for Bilateral Cooperation between Bosnia and Herzegovina and Slovenia signed  Sarajevo Times

210 Positive Cases of 375 tested in Bosnia and Herzegovina in One Day! - Sarajevo Times210 Positive Cases of 375 tested in Bosnia and Herzegovina in One Day!  Sarajevo Times

Referees from Bosnia and Herzegovina gain Experience at Championship of Saudi Arabia - Sarajevo TimesReferees from Bosnia and Herzegovina gain Experience at Championship of Saudi Arabia  Sarajevo Times

What can be done to enhance Tourism in Bosnia and Herzegovina? - Sarajevo TimesWhat can be done to enhance Tourism in Bosnia and Herzegovina?  Sarajevo Times

Average Salary in Bosnia and Herzegovina enough for Half of Consumer Basket - Sarajevo TimesAverage Salary in Bosnia and Herzegovina enough for Half of Consumer Basket  Sarajevo Times

Business Owner from Britain reveals Advantages of living in Bosnia and Herzegovina - Sarajevo TimesBusiness Owner from Britain reveals Advantages of living in Bosnia and Herzegovina  Sarajevo Times

Tourist Vouchers for Citizens of Bosnia and Herzegovina who want to spend their Vacation in Bihac - Sarajevo TimesTourist Vouchers for Citizens of Bosnia and Herzegovina who want to spend their Vacation in Bihac  Sarajevo Times

European Commission lists Strategies for Bosnia and Herzegovina - Sarajevo TimesEuropean Commission lists Strategies for Bosnia and Herzegovina  Sarajevo Times

Bosnia and Herzegovina opens Borders for Foreigners with Negative Coronavirus Test! - Sarajevo TimesBosnia and Herzegovina opens Borders for Foreigners with Negative Coronavirus Test!  Sarajevo Times

Bosnian imam celebrates coronavirus cancelling a Pride march - Gay Times MagazineBosnian imam celebrates coronavirus cancelling a Pride march  Gay Times Magazine

Austria to lift the Ban on Commercial Flights from Bosnia and Herzegovina - Sarajevo TimesAustria to lift the Ban on Commercial Flights from Bosnia and Herzegovina  Sarajevo Times

Statistics show that Bosnia and Herzegovina will soon have less than Two Million Inhabitants - Sarajevo TimesStatistics show that Bosnia and Herzegovina will soon have less than Two Million Inhabitants  Sarajevo Times

342 Persons in Bosnia and Herzegovina tested positive for COVID-19 - Sarajevo Times342 Persons in Bosnia and Herzegovina tested positive for COVID-19  Sarajevo Times

Bosnia And Herzegovina No Longer on The EU List of High-Risk Countries for Money Laundering and Terrorist Financing - LexologyBosnia And Herzegovina No Longer on The EU List of High-Risk Countries for Money Laundering and Terrorist Financing  Lexology

Bosnia & Herzegovina: All aboard the flexibility train - LexologyBosnia & Herzegovina: All aboard the flexibility train  Lexology

Bosnia and Herzegovina has not joined the European Procurement of Medicines for Treatment of Coronavirus! - Sarajevo TimesBosnia and Herzegovina has not joined the European Procurement of Medicines for Treatment of Coronavirus!  Sarajevo Times

Ninety Percent less Tourists in Bosnia and Herzegovina in June - Sarajevo TimesNinety Percent less Tourists in Bosnia and Herzegovina in June  Sarajevo Times

7411 Persons COVID-19 Positive in Bosnia and Herzegovina - Sarajevo Times7411 Persons COVID-19 Positive in Bosnia and Herzegovina  Sarajevo Times

Entrance to Hungary forbidden for Citizens of Bosnia and Herzegovina - Sarajevo TimesEntrance to Hungary forbidden for Citizens of Bosnia and Herzegovina  Sarajevo Times

EBRD announces 10m energy efficiency finance package for Sarajevo - Smart EnergyEBRD announces 10m energy efficiency finance package for Sarajevo  Smart Energy

Member of Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina Zeljko Komsic tested Negative for Coronavirus - Sarajevo TimesMember of Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina Zeljko Komsic tested Negative for Coronavirus  Sarajevo Times

Mostly Serbs applied for Service in the Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina - Sarajevo TimesMostly Serbs applied for Service in the Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina  Sarajevo Times

Take a Look at Natural Phenomenon above the River Una - Sarajevo TimesTake a Look at Natural Phenomenon above the River Una  Sarajevo Times

6981 Cases of Coronavirus Infection have been confirmed in Bosnia and Herzegovina - Sarajevo Times6981 Cases of Coronavirus Infection have been confirmed in Bosnia and Herzegovina  Sarajevo Times

Electronic Data Management to be introduced in Prisons in Bosnia and Herzegovina - Sarajevo TimesElectronic Data Management to be introduced in Prisons in Bosnia and Herzegovina  Sarajevo Times

Citizens of Bosnia and Herzegovina will not have to enter Quarantine upon Entering Austria! - Sarajevo TimesCitizens of Bosnia and Herzegovina will not have to enter Quarantine upon Entering Austria!  Sarajevo Times

Croatia has extended the Border Crossing Ban for Citizens of Bosnia and Herzegovina - Sarajevo TimesCroatia has extended the Border Crossing Ban for Citizens of Bosnia and Herzegovina  Sarajevo Times

Ten Deaths related to Coronavirus recorded in Bosnia and Herzegovina - Sarajevo TimesTen Deaths related to Coronavirus recorded in Bosnia and Herzegovina  Sarajevo Times

Commission: Bosnia and Herzegovina must work on Illegal Migration if it wants to remain in the Visa-free Regime - Sarajevo TimesCommission: Bosnia and Herzegovina must work on Illegal Migration if it wants to remain in the Visa-free Regime  Sarajevo Times

Increase in Number of Building Permits issued in Bosnia and Herzegovina - Sarajevo TimesIncrease in Number of Building Permits issued in Bosnia and Herzegovina  Sarajevo Times

Bosnia and Herzegovina declares Pandemic in one Part of its Territory - Sarajevo TimesBosnia and Herzegovina declares Pandemic in one Part of its Territory  Sarajevo Times

Six People died of Coronavirus in One Day in Bosnia and Herzegovina! - Sarajevo TimesSix People died of Coronavirus in One Day in Bosnia and Herzegovina!  Sarajevo Times

Anger in Bosnia after British PM Ennobles 'War Crimes Denier' - Balkan InsightAnger in Bosnia after British PM Ennobles 'War Crimes Denier'  Balkan Insight

EU continues to support Agri-food Sector in Bosnia and Herzegovina with Three Million BAM - Sarajevo TimesEU continues to support Agri-food Sector in Bosnia and Herzegovina with Three Million BAM  Sarajevo Times

What is the average monthly paid Net Salary in Bosnia and Herzegovina? - Sarajevo TimesWhat is the average monthly paid Net Salary in Bosnia and Herzegovina?  Sarajevo Times

Fifty Citizens of BiH were not allowed on the Plane to Sarajevo, Eurowings demanded a Coronavirus Test - Sarajevo TimesFifty Citizens of BiH were not allowed on the Plane to Sarajevo, Eurowings demanded a Coronavirus Test  Sarajevo Times

Croatian president presents award to war crimes suspect - Al Jazeera EnglishCroatian president presents award to war crimes suspect  Al Jazeera English

Baby Boom: Number of Babies born in One Day in Bosnia and Herzegovina surprised many - Sarajevo TimesBaby Boom: Number of Babies born in One Day in Bosnia and Herzegovina surprised many  Sarajevo Times

Bosnia: Kosovo, Republika Srpska identical situations - Anadolu AgencyBosnia: Kosovo, Republika Srpska identical situations  Anadolu Agency

Eight Local Self-government Units awarded with 666600 BAM for Development Management - Sarajevo TimesEight Local Self-government Units awarded with 666600 BAM for Development Management  Sarajevo Times

"Prevent" warned Volkswagen that someone was Eavesdropping on their Managers - Sarajevo Times"Prevent" warned Volkswagen that someone was Eavesdropping on their Managers  Sarajevo Times

Azerbaijani films to be screened in Bosnia and Herzegovina [PHOTO] - AzerNewsAzerbaijani films to be screened in Bosnia and Herzegovina [PHOTO]  AzerNews

Custody Measure to be ordered for Three Persons suspected of Illicit Trafficking in Narcotic Drugs - Sarajevo TimesCustody Measure to be ordered for Three Persons suspected of Illicit Trafficking in Narcotic Drugs  Sarajevo Times

Celtic draw Reykjavik in Champions League first qualifying round - BBC SportCeltic draw Reykjavik in Champions League first qualifying round  BBC Sport

Take a Look how the biggest and most secure Prison in Bosnia and Herzegovina looks like (video) - Sarajevo TimesTake a Look how the biggest and most secure Prison in Bosnia and Herzegovina looks like (video)  Sarajevo Times

Four Persons Coronavirus Positive in Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Bosnia and Herzegovina - Sarajevo TimesFour Persons Coronavirus Positive in Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Bosnia and Herzegovina  Sarajevo Times

Inside Srebrenica: old scars, new wounds - The Irish TimesInside Srebrenica: old scars, new wounds  The Irish Times

EIB signs 11.8 million grant with Bosnia and Herzegovina for Corridor Vc - DevdiscourseEIB signs 11.8 million grant with Bosnia and Herzegovina for Corridor Vc  Devdiscourse

67 Cases of Coronavirus Infection in Bosnia and Herzegovina's Capital Sarajevo - Sarajevo Times67 Cases of Coronavirus Infection in Bosnia and Herzegovina's Capital Sarajevo  Sarajevo Times

Process of Exhumation completed in Zvornik - Sarajevo TimesProcess of Exhumation completed in Zvornik  Sarajevo Times

Anadolu Agency's Morning Briefing - Aug. 9, 2020 - Anadolu AgencyAnadolu Agency's Morning Briefing - Aug. 9, 2020  Anadolu Agency

VIDEO: Lawyers for Generals Gotovina and Markac give overview of Operation Storm and the ICTY trials that followed - Croatia WeekVIDEO: Lawyers for Generals Gotovina and Markac give overview of Operation Storm and the ICTY trials that followed  Croatia Week

World Bank provides 123 Million Euros for Navigability and Flood Protection in Sava and Drina Rivers - Sarajevo TimesWorld Bank provides 123 Million Euros for Navigability and Flood Protection in Sava and Drina Rivers  Sarajevo Times

Bulgaria Changes Entry Rules for Arrivals From Some European Countries - SchengenVisaInfo.comBulgaria Changes Entry Rules for Arrivals From Some European Countries  SchengenVisaInfo.com

65 Positive Cases of Coronavirus recorded in Sarajevo - Sarajevo Times65 Positive Cases of Coronavirus recorded in Sarajevo  Sarajevo Times

From Jane Austen to Mahatma Gandhi, UK's note-worthy crowd - Note worthy - Economic TimesFrom Jane Austen to Mahatma Gandhi, UK's note-worthy crowd - Note worthy  Economic Times

Master of Yugoslav War Memorials Leaves a Rich Legacy - Balkan InsightMaster of Yugoslav War Memorials Leaves a Rich Legacy  Balkan Insight

Croatia Hails 25th Anniversary of Operation Storm Victory; Serbs Mourn - Balkan InsightCroatia Hails 25th Anniversary of Operation Storm Victory; Serbs Mourn  Balkan Insight

Interview with Ajna and Muhamed, Inventors of Corona Counter - Sarajevo TimesInterview with Ajna and Muhamed, Inventors of Corona Counter  Sarajevo Times

COVID-19 School Dilemma Troubles Balkan, Central Europe Govts - Balkan InsightCOVID-19 School Dilemma Troubles Balkan, Central Europe Govts  Balkan Insight

'This is it!' former war refugee lives dream as Reserve Citizen Airman - Youngstown Air Reserve Station'This is it!' former war refugee lives dream as Reserve Citizen Airman  Youngstown Air Reserve Station

Education vital to prevent escalation of violence that can lead to genocide, OSCE human rights head says on Srebrenica anniversary - Bosnia and Herzegovina - ReliefWebEducation vital to prevent escalation of violence that can lead to genocide, OSCE human rights head says on Srebrenica anniversary - Bosnia and Herzegovina  ReliefWeb

Islamic community praise the pride march cancellation - FairplanetIslamic community praise the pride march cancellation  Fairplanet

Poland to extends flight ban to 45 countries until August 25 - The First NewsPoland to extends flight ban to 45 countries until August 25  The First News

Mystery of Croatian School Massacre Unsolved, 25 Years On - Balkan InsightMystery of Croatian School Massacre Unsolved, 25 Years On  Balkan Insight

Bosnia and Herzegovina - Transparency InternationalBosnia and Herzegovina  Transparency International

GIZ ORF-EE working together with associations of municipalities towards sustainable urban mobility - Balkan Green Energy NewsGIZ ORF-EE working together with associations of municipalities towards sustainable urban mobility  Balkan Green Energy News

In Bosnia and Herzegovina, study projects deepening pandemic impact - UNDPIn Bosnia and Herzegovina, study projects deepening pandemic impact  UNDP