Bosnia and Herzegovina

Country Bosnia and Herzegovina
Capital Sarajevo
Continent Europe
Currency Convertible Mark(BAM)
Languages Bosnian, Croatian & Serbian

Information

Introduction

Bosnia and Herzegovina's declaration of sovereignty in October 1991 was followed by a declaration of independence from the former Yugoslavia on 3 March 1992 after a referendum boycotted by ethnic Serbs. The Bosnian Serbs - supported by neighboring Serbia and Montenegro - responded with armed resistance aimed at partitioning the republic along ethnic lines and joining Serb-held areas to form a "Greater Serbia." In March 1994, Bosniaks and Croats reduced the number of warring factions from three to two by signing an agreement creating a joint Bosniak/Croat Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. On 21 November 1995, in Dayton, Ohio, the warring parties initialed a peace agreement that brought to a halt three years of interethnic civil strife (the final agreement was signed in Paris on 14 December 1995). The Dayton Peace Accords retained Bosnia and Herzegovina's international boundaries and created a multi-ethnic and democratic government charged with conducting foreign, diplomatic, and fiscal policy. Also recognized was a second tier of government composed of two entities roughly equal in size: the Bosniak/Croat Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Bosnian Serb-led Republika Srpska (RS). The Federation and RS governments were charged with overseeing most government functions. The Dayton Accords also established the Office of the High Representative (OHR) to oversee the implementation of the civilian aspects of the agreement. The Peace Implementation Council (PIC) at its conference in Bonn in 1997 also gave the High Representative the authority to impose legislation and remove officials, the so-called "Bonn Powers." In 1995-96, a NATO-led international peacekeeping force (IFOR) of 60,000 troops served in Bosnia to implement and monitor the military aspects of the agreement. IFOR was succeeded by a smaller, NATO-led Stabilization Force (SFOR) whose mission was to deter renewed hostilities. European Union peacekeeping troops (EUFOR) replaced SFOR in December 2004; their mission is to maintain peace and stability throughout the country. EUFOR's mission changed from peacekeeping to civil policing in October 2007, with its presence reduced from nearly 7,000 to less than 2,500 troops. Troop strength at the end of 2009 stood at roughly 2,000. In January 2010, Bosnia and Herzegovina assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2010-11 term.

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References

Bosnia and Herzegovina - Wikipedia
Bosnia and Herzegovina - CIA World Fact Book
Bosnia and Herzegovina - BBC
Bosnia and Herzegovina - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
Bosnia and Herzegovina: Some politicians still ignore 'core European values' 25 years after peace deal - UN NewsBosnia and Herzegovina: Some politicians still ignore 'core European values' 25 years after peace deal  UN News

Dayton Agreement 25 years on: Bosnia and Herzegovina's future still hangs in the balance - Euronews
  1. Dayton Agreement 25 years on: Bosnia and Herzegovina's future still hangs in the balance  Euronews
  2. US, Bosnia and Herzegovina talk cooperation in Balkans  Anadolu Agency
  3. Under a Divisive Peace, Wartime Rifts Hobble Hope in Bosnia  The New York Times
  4. Foreign Secretary marks 25th Anniversary of peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina  GOV.UK
  5. Opinion | From Dayton to Brussels: Working together for a stable and democratic Bosnia and Herzegovina  The Brussels Times
  6. View Full coverage on Google News


Bosnia and Herzegovina - Congress conducts remote observation procedure for local elections on 15 November - Council of EuropeBosnia and Herzegovina - Congress conducts remote observation procedure for local elections on 15 November  Council of Europe

FROM THE FIELD: Planning a route to green cities in Bosnia and Herzegovina - UN NewsFROM THE FIELD: Planning a route to green cities in Bosnia and Herzegovina  UN News

Hostage state: How to free Bosnia from Dayton's paralysing grip - European Council on Foreign RelationsHostage state: How to free Bosnia from Dayton's paralysing grip  European Council on Foreign Relations

Bosnia and Herzegovina vs Iran live stream, prediction, team news, match preview - Republic WorldBosnia and Herzegovina vs Iran live stream, prediction, team news, match preview  Republic World

Program Coordinator - Bosnia and Herzegovina - ReliefWebProgram Coordinator - Bosnia and Herzegovina  ReliefWeb

Bosnia and Herzegovina Fact-Sheet October 2020 - Bosnia and Herzegovina - ReliefWebBosnia and Herzegovina Fact-Sheet October 2020 - Bosnia and Herzegovina  ReliefWeb

Bosnia and Herzegovina 0-2 Italy: Azzurri seal finals spot - UEFA.comBosnia and Herzegovina 0-2 Italy: Azzurri seal finals spot  UEFA.com

Bosnia and Herzegovina vs Italy prediction, preview, team news and more | UEFA Nations League 2020-21 - SportskeedaBosnia and Herzegovina vs Italy prediction, preview, team news and more | UEFA Nations League 2020-21  Sportskeeda

Opposition Takes Key Cities in Bosnia's Local Elections - Balkan InsightOpposition Takes Key Cities in Bosnia's Local Elections  Balkan Insight

HM The Sultan Congratulates Chairman of Presidency in Bosnia and Herzegovina - Oman News AgencyHM The Sultan Congratulates Chairman of Presidency in Bosnia and Herzegovina  Oman News Agency

Bosnia and Herzegovina vs Italy Nations League preview: where to watch, what they say - UEFA.comBosnia and Herzegovina vs Italy Nations League preview: where to watch, what they say  UEFA.com

Non-Working Day for Statehood Day of Bosnia and Herzegovina - Sarajevo TimesNon-Working Day for Statehood Day of Bosnia and Herzegovina  Sarajevo Times

Bosnia Signs Deal with Pakistan to Send Back Migrants - Balkan InsightBosnia Signs Deal with Pakistan to Send Back Migrants  Balkan Insight

Tackling air pollution: How Bosnia and Herzegovina sets an example with environment-friendly measures - The Financial ExpressTackling air pollution: How Bosnia and Herzegovina sets an example with environment-friendly measures  The Financial Express

Bosnia marks anniversary of Mostar Bridge's demolition - Anadolu AgencyBosnia marks anniversary of Mostar Bridge's demolition  Anadolu Agency

Ambassadors welcome the 25th Anniversary of Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina - Sarajevo TimesAmbassadors welcome the 25th Anniversary of Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina  Sarajevo Times

Bosnia's imperfect peace, 25 years on | The Strategist - The StrategistBosnia's imperfect peace, 25 years on | The Strategist  The Strategist

Bosnian, Serbian Schoolbooks Teach Rival Versions of History - Balkan InsightBosnian, Serbian Schoolbooks Teach Rival Versions of History  Balkan Insight

Bosnian Sport Defies Divisions Yet Struggles to Survive - Balkan InsightBosnian Sport Defies Divisions Yet Struggles to Survive  Balkan Insight

Freed Bosnian Croat War Criminal Shot Dead in Mostar - Balkan InsightFreed Bosnian Croat War Criminal Shot Dead in Mostar  Balkan Insight

Fifty-eighth report of the High Representative for Implementation of the Peace Agreement on Bosnia and Herzegovina (S/2020/1052) - Bosnia and Herzegovina - ReliefWebFifty-eighth report of the High Representative for Implementation of the Peace Agreement on Bosnia and Herzegovina (S/2020/1052) - Bosnia and Herzegovina  ReliefWeb

Higher Average Monthly Gross Salary in Bosnia and Herzegovina - Sarajevo TimesHigher Average Monthly Gross Salary in Bosnia and Herzegovina  Sarajevo Times

Saudi developer plans largest real estate project in Bosnia and Herzegovina - The Real DealSaudi developer plans largest real estate project in Bosnia and Herzegovina  The Real Deal

Prime Minister of the Federation of BiH congratulated Statehood Day - Sarajevo TimesPrime Minister of the Federation of BiH congratulated Statehood Day  Sarajevo Times

Dayton 2.0: Deal that Ended Bosnian War Needs Rewriting, But How? - Balkan InsightDayton 2.0: Deal that Ended Bosnian War Needs Rewriting, But How?  Balkan Insight

Relief Plate from the 9th Century found in Bosnia and Herzegovina - Sarajevo TimesRelief Plate from the 9th Century found in Bosnia and Herzegovina  Sarajevo Times

Bosnian Croat War Criminal's Sentence for Woman's Murder Increased - Balkan InsightBosnian Croat War Criminal's Sentence for Woman's Murder Increased  Balkan Insight

Bosnia: Police arrest Moroccan suspected of killing local man - Al Jazeera EnglishBosnia: Police arrest Moroccan suspected of killing local man  Al Jazeera English

Bosnian tie-up to build fast road section for 19 mln euro - SeeNewsBosnian tie-up to build fast road section for 19 mln euro  SeeNews

Medieval Church Plaque Found in Bosnia and Herzegovina - ArchaeologyMedieval Church Plaque Found in Bosnia and Herzegovina  Archaeology

War Criminal Re-Elected as Mayor in Bosnia - Balkan InsightWar Criminal Re-Elected as Mayor in Bosnia  Balkan Insight

Netherlands 3-1 Bosnia and Herzegovina - UEFA Nations League A 2020/2021 Statistical Preview - WhoScored.comNetherlands 3-1 Bosnia and Herzegovina - UEFA Nations League A 2020/2021 Statistical Preview  WhoScored.com

Russia delivers its First Ansat Helicopter to Bosnia - Sarajevo TimesRussia delivers its First Ansat Helicopter to Bosnia  Sarajevo Times

Sergei Lavrov to visit Bosnia and Herzegovina, discuss bilateral ties - Foreign BriefSergei Lavrov to visit Bosnia and Herzegovina, discuss bilateral ties  Foreign Brief

UEFA Nations League: Netherlands v Bosnia & Herzegovina Match Preview - Football-OranjeUEFA Nations League: Netherlands v Bosnia & Herzegovina Match Preview  Football-Oranje

Citizen of Bosnia and Herzegovina slightly injured in Terrorist Attack in Vienna - Sarajevo TimesCitizen of Bosnia and Herzegovina slightly injured in Terrorist Attack in Vienna  Sarajevo Times

Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina will borrow additional 50 Million BAM - Sarajevo TimesFederation of Bosnia and Herzegovina will borrow additional 50 Million BAM  Sarajevo Times

The elections of 1990, the year zero of Bosnian ethnocracy - Osservatorio Balcani e CaucasoThe elections of 1990, the year zero of Bosnian ethnocracy  Osservatorio Balcani e Caucaso

Murky Bosnian Charity Appeals for African Wells Raise Concerns - Balkan InsightMurky Bosnian Charity Appeals for African Wells Raise Concerns  Balkan Insight

UNIQA's 9-mo pre-tax profit in Bosnia rises 10% y/y - SeeNewsUNIQA's 9-mo pre-tax profit in Bosnia rises 10% y/y  SeeNews

Luxembourg Gazettes Bosnia and Herzegovina Ratification, Reservations, Declarations for Amended Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters - Bloomberg TaxLuxembourg Gazettes Bosnia and Herzegovina Ratification, Reservations, Declarations for Amended Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters  Bloomberg Tax

Eleven Foreign Nationals expelled from Bosnia and Herzegovina - Sarajevo TimesEleven Foreign Nationals expelled from Bosnia and Herzegovina  Sarajevo Times

After a quarter of a century of peace, Bosnia remains wretched - The EconomistAfter a quarter of a century of peace, Bosnia remains wretched  The Economist

OSCE Mission to Bosnia and Herzegovina marks World Children's Day - Sarajevo TimesOSCE Mission to Bosnia and Herzegovina marks World Children's Day  Sarajevo Times

Twenty-Five Years on: Bosnia Remains Caught Between Fear and Hope - Balkan InsightTwenty-Five Years on: Bosnia Remains Caught Between Fear and Hope  Balkan Insight

Letter from Gornji Vakuf-Uskoplje: the Bosnian former frontline town blighted by lingering ethnic divides - The Calvert JournalLetter from Gornji Vakuf-Uskoplje: the Bosnian former frontline town blighted by lingering ethnic divides  The Calvert Journal

Unique Bosnia and Herzegovina in Three Minutes long Video - Sarajevo TimesUnique Bosnia and Herzegovina in Three Minutes long Video  Sarajevo Times

UEFA Nations League Live: Bosnia and Herzegovina vs Italy Live on Sony LIV at 1.15 AM IST - InsideSportUEFA Nations League Live: Bosnia and Herzegovina vs Italy Live on Sony LIV at 1.15 AM IST  InsideSport

Bosnian Serb Leader Blasts Allies After Banja Luka Defeat - Balkan InsightBosnian Serb Leader Blasts Allies After Banja Luka Defeat  Balkan Insight

Bosnia and Herzegovina is no Longer on the Black List of Switzerland - Sarajevo TimesBosnia and Herzegovina is no Longer on the Black List of Switzerland  Sarajevo Times

What is the Average Salary in Bosnia and Herzegovina? - Sarajevo TimesWhat is the Average Salary in Bosnia and Herzegovina?  Sarajevo Times

Bosnia's BH-Gas plans to cut nat gas prices by 8.5% as of Jan - SeeNewsBosnia's BH-Gas plans to cut nat gas prices by 8.5% as of Jan  SeeNews

Bosnia's Banjalucka Pivara shareholders endorse 88% capital cut - SeeNewsBosnia's Banjalucka Pivara shareholders endorse 88% capital cut  SeeNews

OSCE presents the third report on judicial response to Corruption in Bosnia - Sarajevo TimesOSCE presents the third report on judicial response to Corruption in Bosnia  Sarajevo Times

World Savings Day marked by the Central Bank of Bosnia and Herzegovina - Sarajevo TimesWorld Savings Day marked by the Central Bank of Bosnia and Herzegovina  Sarajevo Times

Poland MOF Posts Synthesized Text of DTA With Bosnia and Herzegovina in Polish, English - Bloomberg TaxPoland MOF Posts Synthesized Text of DTA With Bosnia and Herzegovina in Polish, English  Bloomberg Tax

Famous Bosnian Actor Mustafa Nadarevic dies at the Age of 77 - Sarajevo TimesFamous Bosnian Actor Mustafa Nadarevic dies at the Age of 77  Sarajevo Times

Bosnia's Federation avg net salary up 6% y/y in Sept - SeeNewsBosnia's Federation avg net salary up 6% y/y in Sept  SeeNews

Lavorv's Visit to Bosnia and Herzegovina has been postponed - Sarajevo TimesLavorv's Visit to Bosnia and Herzegovina has been postponed  Sarajevo Times

Bosnia's Federation to provide total 3 mln euro to four coronavirus-hit airports - SeeNewsBosnia's Federation to provide total 3 mln euro to four coronavirus-hit airports  SeeNews

Famous Bosnian Actor's Passing Draws Tributes Across Region - Balkan InsightFamous Bosnian Actor's Passing Draws Tributes Across Region  Balkan Insight

Lidl Plans Entry Into Bosnia And Herzegovina - ESM - The European Supermarket MagazineLidl Plans Entry Into Bosnia And Herzegovina  ESM - The European Supermarket Magazine

Thirty Years ago, the First Multi-Party Elections held in Bosnia - Sarajevo TimesThirty Years ago, the First Multi-Party Elections held in Bosnia  Sarajevo Times

Sead Kolasinac tests positive for coronavirus - ANI NewsSead Kolasinac tests positive for coronavirus  ANI News

OSCE Mission to Bosnia and Herzegovina calls for calm and safe Election Day - Sarajevo TimesOSCE Mission to Bosnia and Herzegovina calls for calm and safe Election Day  Sarajevo Times

23 Decrease in Tourists Arrivals in Bosnia and Herzegovina - Sarajevo Times23 Decrease in Tourists Arrivals in Bosnia and Herzegovina  Sarajevo Times

The voting dead: Why electoral fraud in Bosnia should matter to the EU - European Council on Foreign RelationsThe voting dead: Why electoral fraud in Bosnia should matter to the EU  European Council on Foreign Relations

Bosnia 0-2 Italia: results, summary and goals - AS EnglishBosnia 0-2 Italia: results, summary and goals  AS English

UEFA Nations League LIVE: Netherlands vs Bosnia & Herzegovina Head to Head Statistics, Possible Line-ups, UEFA Nations League Dates, LIVE Streaming Link, Teams Stats Up, Results, Fixture, and Schedule - InsideSportUEFA Nations League LIVE: Netherlands vs Bosnia & Herzegovina Head to Head Statistics, Possible Line-ups, UEFA Nations League Dates, LIVE Streaming Link, Teams Stats Up, Results, Fixture, and Schedule  InsideSport

Bosnia and Herzegovina sanctions: guidance - GOV.UK - GOV.UKBosnia and Herzegovina sanctions: guidance - GOV.UK  GOV.UK

Iran Victorious over Bosnia and Herzegovina - Tasnim News AgencyIran Victorious over Bosnia and Herzegovina  Tasnim News Agency

Eighteen New Members joined Mountain Rescue Service - Sarajevo TimesEighteen New Members joined Mountain Rescue Service  Sarajevo Times

European unity is an example to the world: Bosnia and Herzegovina Head of State - UN NewsEuropean unity is an example to the world: Bosnia and Herzegovina Head of State  UN News

Bosnia's Federation jobless rate falls to 38.5% in Sept - SeeNewsBosnia's Federation jobless rate falls to 38.5% in Sept  SeeNews

U.S. Air Force partners with Armed Forces in Bosnia and Herzegovina for Air-Ground integration bilateral exercise - DVIDSU.S. Air Force partners with Armed Forces in Bosnia and Herzegovina for Air-Ground integration bilateral exercise  DVIDS

With their country locked out of EU accession talks, Bosnia's frustrated 'Dayton generation' is making its own way to Europe - Equal TimesWith their country locked out of EU accession talks, Bosnia's frustrated 'Dayton generation' is making its own way to Europe  Equal Times

'Unwell' Bosnian Serb General's Trial Suspended to September 2021 - Balkan Insight'Unwell' Bosnian Serb General's Trial Suspended to September 2021  Balkan Insight

Finland Gazettes Notices Applying MLI to DTAs With Bosnia and Herzegovina, Indonesia - Bloomberg TaxFinland Gazettes Notices Applying MLI to DTAs With Bosnia and Herzegovina, Indonesia  Bloomberg Tax

Why culture makes smoking a hard habit for the Western Balkans to kick - Emerging EuropeWhy culture makes smoking a hard habit for the Western Balkans to kick  Emerging Europe

Chairman of Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina calls President Aliyev - MENAFN.COMChairman of Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina calls President Aliyev  MENAFN.COM

Bosnia's Federation Development Bank puts on sale Agrokomerc department store for 1.9 mln euro - SeeNewsBosnia's Federation Development Bank puts on sale Agrokomerc department store for 1.9 mln euro  SeeNews

Russian Helicopters delivers first Ansat to a client in Europe - Vertical Mag - Vertical MagazineRussian Helicopters delivers first Ansat to a client in Europe - Vertical Mag  Vertical Magazine

NATO Defence Education Enhancement Programme (DEEP) supports distance learning in response to the COVID-19 pandemic - NATO HQNATO Defence Education Enhancement Programme (DEEP) supports distance learning in response to the COVID-19 pandemic  NATO HQ

In Bosnia and Herzegovina, study projects deepening pandemic impact - UNDPIn Bosnia and Herzegovina, study projects deepening pandemic impact  UNDP

Bosnia and Herzegovina should recognise sex crime survivors' rights, say experts - UN NewsBosnia and Herzegovina should recognise sex crime survivors' rights, say experts  UN News

Bosnia and Herzegovina vs Italy Football Live score and Live Video UEFA Nations League 2020 - The Think CuriouserBosnia and Herzegovina vs Italy Football Live score and Live Video UEFA Nations League 2020  The Think Curiouser

Nurkic Buys Home For Family In Need In His Native Bosnia & Herzegovina - Trailblazers.comNurkic Buys Home For Family In Need In His Native Bosnia & Herzegovina  Trailblazers.com

Enough of double standards in Bosnia and Herzegovina - Emerging EuropeEnough of double standards in Bosnia and Herzegovina  Emerging Europe

Bosnia and Herzegovina: Authorities create gratuitous suffering for hundreds left without shelter - Amnesty InternationalBosnia and Herzegovina: Authorities create gratuitous suffering for hundreds left without shelter  Amnesty International

Corruption, political blockages, threaten international efforts to help Bosnia and Herzegovina weather coronavirus - UN NewsCorruption, political blockages, threaten international efforts to help Bosnia and Herzegovina weather coronavirus  UN News

Coronavirus response: Bosnia and Herzegovina benefits from further Allied assistance against global pandemic - NATO HQCoronavirus response: Bosnia and Herzegovina benefits from further Allied assistance against global pandemic  NATO HQ

W. Balkan countries tighten COVID-19 measures - Anadolu AgencyW. Balkan countries tighten COVID-19 measures  Anadolu Agency

Bosnia and Herzegovina - Transparency InternationalBosnia and Herzegovina  Transparency International

Migrant trafficking ring uncovered by Italy-Slovenia probe - InfoMigrantsMigrant trafficking ring uncovered by Italy-Slovenia probe  InfoMigrants

Bosnia and Herzegovina: Population Movement Emergency Appeal n MDRBA011, Operations Update n 6 - Bosnia and Herzegovina - ReliefWebBosnia and Herzegovina: Population Movement Emergency Appeal n MDRBA011, Operations Update n 6 - Bosnia and Herzegovina  ReliefWeb

Fear grows among Bosnia's Muslims: 'We will be the victims again' - TRT WorldFear grows among Bosnia's Muslims: 'We will be the victims again'  TRT World

Possibility Of Acquiring Title To Real Estate By Foreign Persons In Bosnia And Herzegovina - Real Estate and Construction - Bosnia Herzegovina - Mondaq News AlertsPossibility Of Acquiring Title To Real Estate By Foreign Persons In Bosnia And Herzegovina - Real Estate and Construction - Bosnia Herzegovina  Mondaq News Alerts

Bosnia and Herzegovina: Council adopts conclusions on EUFOR Operation Althea - EU NewsBosnia and Herzegovina: Council adopts conclusions on EUFOR Operation Althea  EU News