Burma(Myanmar)

Country Burma(Myanmar)
Capital Naypyidaw
Continent Asia(Southeast Asia)
Currency Kyat(MMK)
Languages Burmese, Jingpho, Kayah, Karen, Chin, Mon, Rakhine & Shan

Information

Introduction

Britain conquered Burma over a period of 62 years (1824-1886) and incorporated it into its Indian Empire. Burma was administered as a province of India until 1937 when it became a separate, self-governing colony; independence from the Commonwealth was attained in 1948. Gen. NE WIN dominated the government from 1962 to 1988, first as military ruler, then as self-appointed president, and later as political kingpin. In September 1988, the military deposed NE WIN and established a new ruling junta. Despite multiparty legislative elections in 1990 that resulted in the main opposition party - the National League for Democracy (NLD) - winning a landslide victory, the junta refused to hand over power. NLD leader and Nobel Peace Prize recipient AUNG SAN SUU KYI, who was under house arrest from 1989 to 1995 and 2000 to 2002, was imprisoned in May 2003 and subsequently transferred to house arrest. After the ruling junta in August 2007 unexpectedly increased fuel prices, tens of thousands of Burmese marched in protest, led by prodemocracy activists and Buddhist monks. In late September 2007, the government brutally suppressed the protests, killing at least 13 people and arresting thousands for participating in the demonstrations. Since then, the regime has continued to raid homes and monasteries and arrest persons suspected of participating in the pro-democracy protests. The junta appointed Labor Minister AUNG KYI in October 2007 as liaison to AUNG SAN SUU KYI, who remains under house arrest and only recently gained the opportunity for limited communication with NLD leaders. Burma in early May 2008 was struck by Cyclone Nargis which official estimates claimed left over 80,000 dead and 50,000 injured. Despite this tragedy, the junta proceeded with its May constitutional referendum, the first vote in Burma since 1990, setting the stage for the 2010 parliamentary elections. AUNG SAN SUU KYI's house arrest was due to end in May 2009, but was extended for eighteen months after she was convicted for violating the terms of her house arrest.

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References

Burma(Myanmar) - Wikipedia
Burma(Myanmar) - CIA World Fact Book
Burma(Myanmar) - BBC
Burma(Myanmar) - Timeline - BBC

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How Myanmar military went from adored force to brutal army - ThePrintHow Myanmar military went from adored force to brutal army  ThePrint

The March of Myanmar’s Generals - The Indian ExpressThe March of Myanmar’s Generals  The Indian Express

US sanctions on Burma’s military holding firms put more stress on Adani’s under construction box terminal - BusinessLineUS sanctions on Burma’s military holding firms put more stress on Adani’s under construction box terminal  BusinessLine

From the Archives (April 5, 1921): Burma politics - The HinduFrom the Archives (April 5, 1921): Burma politics  The Hindu

Myanmar sanctions take the shine off Burmese rubies - Financial TimesMyanmar sanctions take the shine off Burmese rubies  Financial Times

How Indiana's Burmese community is leading a movement for democracy - The Indianapolis StarHow Indiana's Burmese community is leading a movement for democracy  The Indianapolis Star

The people of Burma are being slaughtered. The world must rally to help them. - The Washington PostThe people of Burma are being slaughtered. The world must rally to help them.  The Washington Post

Burma death toll rises in protest crackdown - Arkansas Online - Arkansas OnlineBurma death toll rises in protest crackdown - Arkansas Online  Arkansas Online

Burma Sanctions Reach The Military-Industrial Complex - International Law - Worldwide - Mondaq News AlertsBurma Sanctions Reach The Military-Industrial Complex - International Law - Worldwide  Mondaq News Alerts

Burma New Year 2021 – Thingyan Festival - US Embassy in BurmaBurma New Year 2021 – Thingyan Festival  US Embassy in Burma

Biden Administration Imposes Sanctions On Burma Following Military Coup - International Law - United States - Mondaq News AlertsBiden Administration Imposes Sanctions On Burma Following Military Coup - International Law - United States  Mondaq News Alerts

Myanmar's Brutal Military Was Once a Force for Freedom – but it's been Waging Civil War for Decades - International Policy DigestMyanmar's Brutal Military Was Once a Force for Freedom – but it's been Waging Civil War for Decades  International Policy Digest

Desperate Burmese refugees flee to Thailand and India to escape crisis - The GuardianDesperate Burmese refugees flee to Thailand and India to escape crisis  The Guardian

The Interview - Burmese opposition figure Dr Sasa: 'The world has to stop another genocide' - FRANCE 24The Interview - Burmese opposition figure Dr Sasa: 'The world has to stop another genocide'  FRANCE 24

Burma police: Defied kill orders - Arkansas Online - Arkansas OnlineBurma police: Defied kill orders - Arkansas Online  Arkansas Online

Myanmar coup: What protesters can learn from the '1988 generation' - BBC NewsMyanmar coup: What protesters can learn from the '1988 generation'  BBC News

Nepalis show solidarity with Burma protesters - Nepali timesNepalis show solidarity with Burma protesters  Nepali times

Burma Sanctions Reach the Military-Industrial Complex - LexologyBurma Sanctions Reach the Military-Industrial Complex  Lexology

Myanmar/Burma: EU sanctions 11 people over the recent military coup and ensuing repression - EU NewsMyanmar/Burma: EU sanctions 11 people over the recent military coup and ensuing repression  EU News

Striking Burma rail workers exit state housing - Arkansas OnlineStriking Burma rail workers exit state housing  Arkansas Online

Clutching at a straw in Burma - One fiddle's amazing journey from Myanmar to Ireland - IrishCentralClutching at a straw in Burma - One fiddle's amazing journey from Myanmar to Ireland  IrishCentral

Total maintains gas production amid Burma turmoil - Argus MediaTotal maintains gas production amid Burma turmoil  Argus Media

Thousands flee into Thailand following Myanmar air strikes - The HinduThousands flee into Thailand following Myanmar air strikes  The Hindu

USTR Suspends Trade Engagement With Burma | Husch Blackwell LLP - JDSupra - JD SupraUSTR Suspends Trade Engagement With Burma | Husch Blackwell LLP - JDSupra  JD Supra

What's happening in Myanmar? Military coup and protests explained visually - USA TODAYWhat's happening in Myanmar? Military coup and protests explained visually  USA TODAY

Top Russian Defense Official Seeks Closer Burma Ties As Junta Kills Scores Of Protesters In 'Shocking Violence' - Radio Free Europe / Radio LibertyTop Russian Defense Official Seeks Closer Burma Ties As Junta Kills Scores Of Protesters In 'Shocking Violence'  Radio Free Europe / Radio Liberty

BBC Burmese correspondent, another journalist detained as Myanmar junta clamps down on press - The New Indian ExpressBBC Burmese correspondent, another journalist detained as Myanmar junta clamps down on press  The New Indian Express

Burma holiday turns bloody - Northwest Arkansas Democrat-GazetteBurma holiday turns bloody  Northwest Arkansas Democrat-Gazette

Designating Officials and Military Units in Response to Escalating Violence in Burma - US Embassy in BurmaDesignating Officials and Military Units in Response to Escalating Violence in Burma  US Embassy in Burma

OFAC Sanctions Two Burmese Military Holding Companies - International Law - United States - Mondaq News AlertsOFAC Sanctions Two Burmese Military Holding Companies - International Law - United States  Mondaq News Alerts

Cardinal Bo: 'Merciless killings' turning Burma into '21st-century Calvary' - Catholic SentinelCardinal Bo: 'Merciless killings' turning Burma into '21st-century Calvary'  Catholic Sentinel

US and UK reach quickly for sanctions in response to the Burmese military coup, with the EU set to follow - LexologyUS and UK reach quickly for sanctions in response to the Burmese military coup, with the EU set to follow  Lexology

US ag exports suffer as USTR suspends a key trade tie with Burma during unrest - Agri-PulseUS ag exports suffer as USTR suspends a key trade tie with Burma during unrest  Agri-Pulse

U.S. suspends trade deal with Myanmar until elected government returns - CNBCU.S. suspends trade deal with Myanmar until elected government returns  CNBC

Jeanne Burma | Obituaries - ECM PublishersJeanne Burma | Obituaries  ECM Publishers

A Burmese shadow over India’s monetary policy update - MintA Burmese shadow over India’s monetary policy update  Mint

Atrocity Alert No. 245: Niger, Myanmar (Burma) and Ethiopia - Niger - ReliefWebAtrocity Alert No. 245: Niger, Myanmar (Burma) and Ethiopia - Niger  ReliefWeb

Why my heart breaks for what has become of my beloved Burma - Telegraph.co.ukWhy my heart breaks for what has become of my beloved Burma  Telegraph.co.uk

The United States Strongly Condemns the Recent Killing of People in Burma, Including Children, by the Burmese Military - US Embassy in Cambodia - USEmbassy.govThe United States Strongly Condemns the Recent Killing of People in Burma, Including Children, by the Burmese Military  US Embassy in Cambodia - USEmbassy.gov

GWYNNE DYER: Burma — stick to non-violence - The TelegramGWYNNE DYER: Burma — stick to non-violence  The Telegram

Call out the generals for the despots they are - The New Indian ExpressCall out the generals for the despots they are  The New Indian Express

Moderate magnitude 4.5 quake hits 25 km northeast of Taunggyi, Myanmar (Burma) late at night - VolcanoDiscoveryModerate magnitude 4.5 quake hits 25 km northeast of Taunggyi, Myanmar (Burma) late at night  VolcanoDiscovery

U.S. Commerce Department announces additional export controls on Burma - JD SupraU.S. Commerce Department announces additional export controls on Burma  JD Supra

Adani Ports to be removed from S&P Dow Jones index over Myanmar box terminal - BusinessLineAdani Ports to be removed from S&P Dow Jones index over Myanmar box terminal  BusinessLine

Imposing Sanctions on Burmese State-Owned Enterprise - US Embassy in BurmaImposing Sanctions on Burmese State-Owned Enterprise  US Embassy in Burma

BIS Implements New Burma Export Controls And Adds Four Entities To The Entity List - JD SupraBIS Implements New Burma Export Controls And Adds Four Entities To The Entity List  JD Supra

Burma / Myanmar – Statement by Jean-Yves Le Drian, Minister for Europe and Foreign Affairs (29 Mar. 2021) - France DiplomatieBurma / Myanmar – Statement by Jean-Yves Le Drian, Minister for Europe and Foreign Affairs (29 Mar. 2021)  France Diplomatie

Indiana's Burmese Americans at US front to stand up for Myanmar - The Indianapolis StarIndiana's Burmese Americans at US front to stand up for Myanmar  The Indianapolis Star

Burmese Military Conglomerates Sanctioned by US, UK Amid Crackdowns on Protesters | Kharon - Kharon BriefBurmese Military Conglomerates Sanctioned by US, UK Amid Crackdowns on Protesters | Kharon  Kharon Brief

Burmese Organisations Call for Release of Rights Activist Thin Thin Aung - NewsClickBurmese Organisations Call for Release of Rights Activist Thin Thin Aung  NewsClick

Amid Burma Killing UK Brags of Web Cast As Blocks Press and Opposition to Guterres - Inner City PressAmid Burma Killing UK Brags of Web Cast As Blocks Press and Opposition to Guterres  Inner City Press

Bloody Crackdown in Burma Since Feb. 1 Military Coup Kills 500+ Amid Resistance from Youth, Women - Democracy Now!Bloody Crackdown in Burma Since Feb. 1 Military Coup Kills 500+ Amid Resistance from Youth, Women  Democracy Now!

Nineteen Burmese protesters sentenced to death—Europe get off your sofa! – Frank Hoffer - Social EuropeNineteen Burmese protesters sentenced to death—Europe get off your sofa! – Frank Hoffer  Social Europe

Burma's junta doubles down on its bloody crackdown — can Biden find an answer? - New York PostBurma's junta doubles down on its bloody crackdown — can Biden find an answer?  New York Post

Eyes on Burma: A portrait of a people and their country - Arizona Daily SunEyes on Burma: A portrait of a people and their country  Arizona Daily Sun

Burma Military Attacks Continue, Killing Another Mutraw District Villager - Karen NewsBurma Military Attacks Continue, Killing Another Mutraw District Villager  Karen News

Atrocity Alert No. 244: Myanmar (Burma), South Sudan and Afghanistan - Myanmar - ReliefWebAtrocity Alert No. 244: Myanmar (Burma), South Sudan and Afghanistan - Myanmar  ReliefWeb

OFAC Sanctions Two Military Holding Companies With Large Influence Over Burmese Economy - International Law - United States - Mondaq News AlertsOFAC Sanctions Two Military Holding Companies With Large Influence Over Burmese Economy - International Law - United States  Mondaq News Alerts

Burma forces kill dozens in deadliest day since coup - Fox NewsBurma forces kill dozens in deadliest day since coup  Fox News

Mumbai lockdown: Here are seven cloud kitchens you must check out - IndulgexpressMumbai lockdown: Here are seven cloud kitchens you must check out  Indulgexpress

Fighting Happening in All of KNU's Seven Brigades - Burma News InternationalFighting Happening in All of KNU's Seven Brigades  Burma News International

US and UK Join Canada in Designating Myanmar's Military Conglomerates, with EU Considering Further Action - Gibson DunnUS and UK Join Canada in Designating Myanmar's Military Conglomerates, with EU Considering Further Action  Gibson Dunn

What's happening in Myanmar and how did we get here? - SBS NewsWhat's happening in Myanmar and how did we get here?  SBS News

U.S. Suspends Trade With Myanmar Over Civilian Deaths - The New York TimesU.S. Suspends Trade With Myanmar Over Civilian Deaths  The New York Times

Burmese policeman in hiding reveals repression tactics - CNNBurmese policeman in hiding reveals repression tactics  CNN

Burmese Hoosiers eligible for asylum amid Myanmar military coup - WISHTV.comBurmese Hoosiers eligible for asylum amid Myanmar military coup  WISHTV.com

Death Toll Mounts in Burma as Military Fires on Demonstration, Killing Over 80 People - Democracy Now!Death Toll Mounts in Burma as Military Fires on Demonstration, Killing Over 80 People  Democracy Now!

Alert: Updates to the Security Environment - US Embassy in BurmaAlert: Updates to the Security Environment  US Embassy in Burma

OPINION: Burma coup shows why Biden must reject Great Man foreign policy - The Student LifeOPINION: Burma coup shows why Biden must reject Great Man foreign policy  The Student Life

Statement by Ambassador Thomas Vajda - US Embassy in BurmaStatement by Ambassador Thomas Vajda  US Embassy in Burma

Shan IDPs Fear Burma Army Attacks Along Thai-Burma Border - Burma News InternationalShan IDPs Fear Burma Army Attacks Along Thai-Burma Border  Burma News International

Thant Myint-U | What next for Burma? · LRB 18 March 2021 - London Review of BooksThant Myint-U | What next for Burma? · LRB 18 March 2021  London Review of Books

Message to US Citizens: Security Information Update - US Embassy in BurmaMessage to US Citizens: Security Information Update  US Embassy in Burma

Myanmar Regime Shores Up Ties With Two Powerful Northern Ethnic Armies - The Irrawaddy News MagazineMyanmar Regime Shores Up Ties With Two Powerful Northern Ethnic Armies  The Irrawaddy News Magazine

United States Strongly Condemns Recent Killing of People in Burma, including Children, by Burmese Military - Mirage NewsUnited States Strongly Condemns Recent Killing of People in Burma, including Children, by Burmese Military  Mirage News

Mitch McConnell tends his legacy 8,000 miles away - POLITICOMitch McConnell tends his legacy 8,000 miles away  POLITICO

Taiwan's Myanmar community denounces coup with defiant songs - ReutersTaiwan's Myanmar community denounces coup with defiant songs  Reuters

How a Burmese immigrant profited by flipping cheap oil leases from Trump auctions - ReutersHow a Burmese immigrant profited by flipping cheap oil leases from Trump auctions  Reuters

Burmese Ethnic Groups Call for Peace in Home Country - Spectrum NewsBurmese Ethnic Groups Call for Peace in Home Country  Spectrum News

Still I Rise: A tribute to my friend Thin Thin Aung, arrested by the Myanmar army - Scroll.inStill I Rise: A tribute to my friend Thin Thin Aung, arrested by the Myanmar army  Scroll.in

Chinese Embassy Makes Contact With Myanmar’s Shadow Government - The Irrawaddy News MagazineChinese Embassy Makes Contact With Myanmar’s Shadow Government  The Irrawaddy News Magazine

Statement By Ambassadors To Myanmar - US Embassy in BurmaStatement By Ambassadors To Myanmar  US Embassy in Burma

Explained: How Burma became Myanmar after a military coup three decades ago - The Indian ExpressExplained: How Burma became Myanmar after a military coup three decades ago  The Indian Express

More Demonstrators Killed in Myanmar Anti-Coup Protests - VOA AsiaMore Demonstrators Killed in Myanmar Anti-Coup Protests  VOA Asia

Burma protests: At least 39 killed in country’s deadliest day since coup - Fox NewsBurma protests: At least 39 killed in country’s deadliest day since coup  Fox News

'Stop killing citizens': Dozens rally at Texas Capitol against violence at Myanmar protests - Austin American-Statesman'Stop killing citizens': Dozens rally at Texas Capitol against violence at Myanmar protests  Austin American-Statesman

Myanmar’s most famous fighter speaks up to shine light on ‘tragedy’ - South China Morning PostMyanmar’s most famous fighter speaks up to shine light on ‘tragedy’  South China Morning Post

Burmese students to hold Bangkok cultural event to support Civil Disobedience Movement - The ThaigerBurmese students to hold Bangkok cultural event to support Civil Disobedience Movement  The Thaiger

Explained: Myanmar, Burma and why the different names matter - MoneycontrolExplained: Myanmar, Burma and why the different names matter  Moneycontrol

Cardinal Bo: 'We need the light of God's mercy in Myanmar' | CNA - Catholic News AgencyCardinal Bo: 'We need the light of God's mercy in Myanmar' | CNA  Catholic News Agency

SOS From Burma Amid Bloody Crackdown - NTDSOS From Burma Amid Bloody Crackdown  NTD

Burma's Suu Kyi Asks Court to Let Her Meet Lawyers, Activists Urge New Year Defiance - NTDBurma's Suu Kyi Asks Court to Let Her Meet Lawyers, Activists Urge New Year Defiance  NTD

CT Kitchen: Burma Superstar and adventures in veganism - Madison.comCT Kitchen: Burma Superstar and adventures in veganism  Madison.com

Myanmar Regime Seizes Bank Accounts of Soros’ Open Society Foundation - The Irrawaddy News MagazineMyanmar Regime Seizes Bank Accounts of Soros’ Open Society Foundation  The Irrawaddy News Magazine

PPST welcomes the CRPH's federal democratic charter - Burma News InternationalPPST welcomes the CRPH's federal democratic charter  Burma News International

Sepia-tinted memories: Tamil Nadu’s enduring links with Burma - The HinduSepia-tinted memories: Tamil Nadu’s enduring links with Burma  The Hindu

Myanmar or Burma: What's in a name? - What's the country called? - Economic TimesMyanmar or Burma: What's in a name? - What's the country called?  Economic Times

Burma or Myanmar: One Country With Two Names? - VOA AsiaBurma or Myanmar: One Country With Two Names?  VOA Asia

Here Are the Children Killed by the Myanmar Regime’s Forces Since Feb. 1 - The Irrawaddy News MagazineHere Are the Children Killed by the Myanmar Regime’s Forces Since Feb. 1  The Irrawaddy News Magazine

'It's heartbreaking': Chin community fears for families in Burma - The Canberra Times'It's heartbreaking': Chin community fears for families in Burma  The Canberra Times