Sudan

Country Sudan
Capital Khartoum
Continent Africa
Currency Sudanese pound(SDG)
Languages Arabic & English

Information

Introduction

Military regimes favoring Islamic-oriented governments have dominated national politics since independence from the UK in 1956. Sudan was embroiled in two prolonged civil wars during most of the remainder of the 20th century. These conflicts were rooted in northern economic, political, and social domination of largely non-Muslim, non-Arab southern Sudanese. The first civil war ended in 1972 but broke out again in 1983. The second war and famine-related effects resulted in more than four million people displaced and, according to rebel estimates, more than two million deaths over a period of two decades. Peace talks gained momentum in 2002-04 with the signing of several accords. The final North/South Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), signed in January 2005, granted the southern rebels autonomy for six years followed by a referendum on independence for Southern Sudan. The referendum was held in January 2011 and indicated overwhelming support for independence. South Sudan became independent on 9 July 2011. Since southern independence Sudan has been combating rebels from the Sudan People's Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N) in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile states. A separate conflict, which broke out in the western region of Darfur in 2003, has displaced nearly two million people and caused an estimated 200,000 to 400,000 deaths. The UN took command of the Darfur peacekeeping operation from the African Union in December 2007. Peacekeeping troops have struggled to stabilize the situation, which has become increasingly regional in scope and has brought instability to eastern Chad. Sudan also has faced large refugee influxes from neighboring countries primarily Ethiopia and Chad. Armed conflict, poor transport infrastructure, and lack of government support have chronically obstructed the provision of humanitarian assistance to affected populations.

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References

Sudan - Wikipedia
Sudan - CIA World Fact Book
Sudan - BBC
Sudan - Timeline - BBC

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Google News
Tea lady's journey from Sudan war zone to the White House - South China Morning Post

South China Morning Post

Tea lady's journey from Sudan war zone to the White House
South China Morning Post
The dirt courtyard covered by a tin roof was festooned with banners of her in floral traditional robes receiving her prize from Kerry and she hopes to use the publicity to expand the network of cooperatives across Sudan. “This work isn't just in ...
Sudan: Students Rally Against Killings in UniversitiesAllAfrica.com
Protest against student's killing in SudanSBS
Sudan to implement visa reciprocity with USSudan Tribune
News24 -Business Insider -Jerusalem Post Israel News
all 31 news articles »


Sudan: Rebels Announce Unilateral Ceasefire - AllAfrica.com

Sudan: Rebels Announce Unilateral Ceasefire
AllAfrica.com
Khartoum — The armed movements in Sudan are willing to lay down their arms for another six months, their leaders announced. The past half year witnessed no less fighting between the rebels and Sudan Armed Forces in Darfur, South Kordofan and Blue ...
Sudanese army resumes air attacks in South Kordofan: SPLM-NSudan Tribune

all 2 news articles »


Washington vows to support transitional government in South Sudan - Sudan Tribune

Toronto Star

Washington vows to support transitional government in South Sudan
Sudan Tribune
April 28, 2016 (WASHINGTON) – The U.S. administration has vowed to support the newly formed Transitional Government of National Unity (TGoNU) in South Sudan in the country's “reform agenda” but said those who committed gross crimes during the war ...
South Sudan government, rebels form transitional coalitionToronto Star
New South Sudan Government Sworn InVoice of America
South Sudan forms unity governmentTimes LIVE
The Guardian
all 117 news articles »


Sudan's 'tea girl' empowers women - AfricaNews

AfricaNews

Sudan's 'tea girl' empowers women
AfricaNews
Popularly known as the 'tea girl' in Sudan, Awadeya Mahmoud has played a transformative role in the society as she continues to seek equal opportunities for women. The 53-year-old is the Founder and Chair of both the Women's Food and Tea Sellers ...



South Sudan defends expulsion of peace monitor - Sudan Tribune

South Sudan defends expulsion of peace monitor
Sudan Tribune
April 28, 2016 (JUBA) - The Government of South Sudanese on Thursday came out to defend the decision it made to expel a British national at the secretariat Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission (JMEC), accusing the victim of arrogance, subjective ...



Sudan opposition seeks new African decision over dialogue process: Al-Mahdi - Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune

Sudan opposition seeks new African decision over dialogue process: Al-Mahdi
Sudan Tribune
April 28, 2016 (CAIRO) - Former Prime Minister and leader of the opposition National Umma Party (NUP) Sadiq al-Mahdi disclosed Thursday that Sudanese opposition groups are seeking a new African Union Peace and Security (AUPSC)'s decision over the ...

and more »


Sudan's armed groups declare six-month unilateral cessation of hostilities - Sudan Tribune

Sudan's armed groups declare six-month unilateral cessation of hostilities
Sudan Tribune
"Following and building upon the declarations and commitments expressed in the Statement of the Sudan Revolutionary Front (SRF) of 17 October 2015 on a Unilateral Cessation of Hostilities, the JEM, SLM-MM, and SPLM-N, (...), hereby declare an ...

and more »


Sudan: 'Progress, but Many Challenges Remain' - UN Expert On Human Rights - AllAfrica.com

Sudan: 'Progress, but Many Challenges Remain' - UN Expert On Human Rights
AllAfrica.com
Khartoum — The UN Independent Expert on the Situation of Human Rights in the Sudan, Aristide Nononsi, today concluded his second visit to Sudan as Independent Expert on the situation of human rights in the country. From his observations during his ...

and more »


“Politically Incorrect”: African Refugee Riots, South Sudan and the Anti-China Plot - Center for Research on Globalization

Center for Research on Globalization

“Politically Incorrect”: African Refugee Riots, South Sudan and the Anti-China Plot
Center for Research on Globalization
Not even a week prior to the refugee riots, South Sudanese rebels invaded Gambella, killed over 200 people, and kidnapped around 100 children, prompting the Ethiopian military to stage a cross-border operation in attempting to free them. This incident ...



South Sudan: Back to the future - Mission Network News

South Sudan: Back to the future
Mission Network News
Todd Nettleton, a spokesman for the Voice of the Martyrs USA, says, “What we hope is going to happen is we set aside the conflict; we set aside the war that literally has cost thousands of lives over the last two years, and now South Sudan can start ...