Sudan

Country Sudan
Capital Khartoum
Continent Africa
Currency Sudanese pound(SDG)
Languages Arabic & English

Information

Introduction

Military regimes favoring Islamic-oriented governments have dominated national politics since independence from the UK in 1956. Sudan was embroiled in two prolonged civil wars during most of the remainder of the 20th century. These conflicts were rooted in northern economic, political, and social domination of largely non-Muslim, non-Arab southern Sudanese. The first civil war ended in 1972 but broke out again in 1983. The second war and famine-related effects resulted in more than four million people displaced and, according to rebel estimates, more than two million deaths over a period of two decades. Peace talks gained momentum in 2002-04 with the signing of several accords. The final North/South Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), signed in January 2005, granted the southern rebels autonomy for six years followed by a referendum on independence for Southern Sudan. The referendum was held in January 2011 and indicated overwhelming support for independence. South Sudan became independent on 9 July 2011. Since southern independence Sudan has been combating rebels from the Sudan People's Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N) in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile states. A separate conflict, which broke out in the western region of Darfur in 2003, has displaced nearly two million people and caused an estimated 200,000 to 400,000 deaths. The UN took command of the Darfur peacekeeping operation from the African Union in December 2007. Peacekeeping troops have struggled to stabilize the situation, which has become increasingly regional in scope and has brought instability to eastern Chad. Sudan also has faced large refugee influxes from neighboring countries primarily Ethiopia and Chad. Armed conflict, poor transport infrastructure, and lack of government support have chronically obstructed the provision of humanitarian assistance to affected populations.

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References

Sudan - Wikipedia
Sudan - CIA World Fact Book
Sudan - BBC
Sudan - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
Conflicting interpretations emerge over South Sudan's parliament speaker - Sudan Tribune

Conflicting interpretations emerge over South Sudan's parliament speaker
Sudan Tribune
Presidential spokesperson, Ateny Wek Ateny, told the media that the speaker would come from the members of the Equatoria region who are loyal to President Salva Kiir's ruling party of the Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM), and not from any ...

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Preventing Renewed War in South Sudan - International Crisis Group

International Crisis Group

Preventing Renewed War in South Sudan
International Crisis Group
The honeymoon period is now over for the Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in South Sudan, which formally ended the civil war in August 2015. Its guarantors need to act urgently in the next days to save it and prevent the country from ...
South Sudan deputy head of information commission quitsSudan Tribune

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Sudan press body suspends Al-Jareeda over complaint by electricity ministry - Sudan Tribune

Sudan press body suspends Al-Jareeda over complaint by electricity ministry
Sudan Tribune
The Editor in Chief of the newspaper, Ashraf Izz-Eddin, told Sudan Tribune that the newspaper received on Thursday a letter from the press council notifying the daily with the suspension decision within the coming two days. “Accordingly, the newspaper ...



South Sudan, the world's newest country, is too poor to celebrate its independence day - The Independent

The Independent

South Sudan, the world's newest country, is too poor to celebrate its independence day
The Independent
South Sudan, the world's newest country, has announced it will not celebrate its independence day this year. Why not? It simply doesn't have the money. "We decided not to celebrate the July 9 Independence Day, because we don't want to spend that much," ...
South Sudan at risk of 'hunger catastrophe', UN agencies warnSudan Tribune
Tens of thousands flee fighting in South SudanAljazeera.com
South Sudan cancels Independence Day partyChronicle
New Vision -Oneindia
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Al-Bashir meets UN Resident to Sudan - Sudan Tribune

Geeska Afrika

Al-Bashir meets UN Resident to Sudan
Sudan Tribune
June 30, 2016 (KHARTOUM) - President Omer al Bashir Thursday received the United Nations Resident and Humanitarian to Sudan, Marta Ruedas at the Presidential Guest House. During the 30 minutes meeting, the UN Resident and Humanitarian ...
Sudan's Bashir in Saudi Arabia for Umrah pilgrimageGeeska Afrika
Saudi Arabia's King Salman meets Sudanese presidentAl-Arabiya

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Refugee family from Sudan marking first Canada Day in Annapolis Royal - CBC.ca

CBC.ca

Refugee family from Sudan marking first Canada Day in Annapolis Royal
CBC.ca
A family originally from Sudan who recently arrived in Nova Scotia on Tuesday are adjusting to life as Canadians. Laurie McGowan, chair of Annapolis Royal Community Assisting Relocation Group, said a mother and her six children who are between the ...



Ethiopia dismisses impeding transfer of Sudanese POWs and detainees - Sudan Tribune

Ethiopia dismisses impeding transfer of Sudanese POWs and detainees
Sudan Tribune
June 30, 2016 (KHARTOUM)- Ethiopia Thursday denied obstructing the return of around 42 Sudanese Prisoners of War (POWs) and detainees held by the SPLM-N rebels in Blue Nile and South Kordofan states. Since several days, it was announced that the ...

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British envoy says Sudan's opposition would likely join peace roadmap - Sudan Tribune

British envoy says Sudan's opposition would likely join peace roadmap
Sudan Tribune
June 30, 2016 (KHARTOUM) - British Ambassador to Sudan on Thursday expected that the Sudanese opposition groups would sign the African Union brokered Roadmap Agreement during a meeting for the Sudan Call forces to be held soon in Addis Ababa.

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Sudanese Jihadist killed in fighting in Iraq - Sudan Tribune

Sudanese Jihadist killed in fighting in Iraq
Sudan Tribune
Reliable sources told Sudan Tribune that Hamza Sirar Hamza al-Hassan was likely killed in a coalition airstrike against on ISIS's Iraqi hub of Mosu last Monday. Al-Hassan, a nephew of the famous Islamist businessman Abdel-Basit Hamza, was among the ...



Sudan Insider: The Politics of a Ceasefire | Nuba Refugees Consider Next Move | Civil Society Facing Death Penalty - Nuba Reports

Nuba Reports

Sudan Insider: The Politics of a Ceasefire | Nuba Refugees Consider Next Move | Civil Society Facing Death Penalty
Nuba Reports
In our latest Sudan Insider, we provide news and analysis on the recent ceasefire declaration in the Nuba Mountains, changes in Yida, South Sudan, for Nuba refugees, the crackdown on civil society in Khartoum, and the deportation of Eritreans by Sudan ...
8000 Sudanese refugees flee to Sudan- UNThe Nation Newspaper
South Sudan: Refugees Still Flee South Kordofan ConflictAllAfrica.com

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