Sudan

Country Sudan
Capital Khartoum
Continent Africa
Currency Sudanese pound(SDG)
Languages Arabic & English

Information

Introduction

Military regimes favoring Islamic-oriented governments have dominated national politics since independence from the UK in 1956. Sudan was embroiled in two prolonged civil wars during most of the remainder of the 20th century. These conflicts were rooted in northern economic, political, and social domination of largely non-Muslim, non-Arab southern Sudanese. The first civil war ended in 1972 but broke out again in 1983. The second war and famine-related effects resulted in more than four million people displaced and, according to rebel estimates, more than two million deaths over a period of two decades. Peace talks gained momentum in 2002-04 with the signing of several accords. The final North/South Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), signed in January 2005, granted the southern rebels autonomy for six years followed by a referendum on independence for Southern Sudan. The referendum was held in January 2011 and indicated overwhelming support for independence. South Sudan became independent on 9 July 2011. Since southern independence Sudan has been combating rebels from the Sudan People's Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N) in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile states. A separate conflict, which broke out in the western region of Darfur in 2003, has displaced nearly two million people and caused an estimated 200,000 to 400,000 deaths. The UN took command of the Darfur peacekeeping operation from the African Union in December 2007. Peacekeeping troops have struggled to stabilize the situation, which has become increasingly regional in scope and has brought instability to eastern Chad. Sudan also has faced large refugee influxes from neighboring countries primarily Ethiopia and Chad. Armed conflict, poor transport infrastructure, and lack of government support have chronically obstructed the provision of humanitarian assistance to affected populations.

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References

Sudan - Wikipedia
Sudan - CIA World Fact Book
Sudan - BBC
Sudan - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
Sudan's government signs initial peace deal with rebel group - Aljazeera.com
  1. Sudan's government signs initial peace deal with rebel group  Aljazeera.com
  2. 'Our son was killed in South Sudan doing his job. We won't rest until we know the truth'  Telegraph.co.uk
  3. Sudan gov't, opposition sign framework peace deal  cgtn.com
  4. UNMISS ready to deploy more troops in South Sudan troubled areas: Shearer  sudantribune.com
  5. View full coverage on Google News


Sudan transitional government to build new national army with rebel groups - Middle East EyeSudan transitional government to build new national army with rebel groups  Middle East Eye

Sudan signs initial deal to end conflict with rebel groups - DW (English)Sudan signs initial deal to end conflict with rebel groups  DW (English)

Sudan removes all restrictions on aid organisations - Radio DabangaSudan removes all restrictions on aid organisations  Radio Dabanga

UNAMID and Government of Sudan agree to reactivate Darfur joint security mechanism - Sudan - ReliefWebUNAMID and Government of Sudan agree to reactivate Darfur joint security mechanism - Sudan  ReliefWeb

Starving Lions in Sudan Spur Campaign to Save Them - The New York TimesStarving Lions in Sudan Spur Campaign to Save Them  The New York Times

Sudan: Protests in front of UAE embassy opposing fighting in Yemen - Middle East MonitorSudan: Protests in front of UAE embassy opposing fighting in Yemen  Middle East Monitor

Saudi Arabia to Lift Ban on Sudan’s Livestock Imports in February - Asharq Al-awsat EnglishSaudi Arabia to Lift Ban on Sudan’s Livestock Imports in February  Asharq Al-awsat English

In Sudan's Blue Nile state, cautious hopes of peace amid the ruins of war - Middle East EyeIn Sudan's Blue Nile state, cautious hopes of peace amid the ruins of war  Middle East Eye

More than a dozen killed in attack in South Sudan border region - Al Jazeera EnglishMore than a dozen killed in attack in South Sudan border region  Al Jazeera English

Sudan's Democratic Future Is in the Hands of a Technocrat. Can He Succeed? - Foreign PolicySudan's Democratic Future Is in the Hands of a Technocrat. Can He Succeed?  Foreign Policy

Washington Urges South Sudan to Form Transitional Government on Time - Asharq Al-awsat EnglishWashington Urges South Sudan to Form Transitional Government on Time  Asharq Al-awsat English

WFP Sudan Country Brief, December 2019 - Sudan - ReliefWebWFP Sudan Country Brief, December 2019 - Sudan  ReliefWeb

Protests in Sudan against UAE for recruiting Sudanese nationals to fight in Libya, Yemen - The Libya ObserverProtests in Sudan against UAE for recruiting Sudanese nationals to fight in Libya, Yemen  The Libya Observer

Logistics Cluster South Sudan River Movement Strategy 2020 - South Sudan - ReliefWebLogistics Cluster South Sudan River Movement Strategy 2020 - South Sudan  ReliefWeb

Sudan’s ‘predicted nightmare’ revolt highlights risks to democratic transition - FRANCE 24 EnglishSudan’s ‘predicted nightmare’ revolt highlights risks to democratic transition  FRANCE 24 English

Sudan gov't, rebel group sign framework agreement - Anadolu AgencySudan gov't, rebel group sign framework agreement  Anadolu Agency

SPA critizes appointment of three new Ministers of State in Sudan government - Radio DabangaSPA critizes appointment of three new Ministers of State in Sudan government  Radio Dabanga

Arabic press review: Sudan's sons recruited by UAE company as fighters - Middle East EyeArabic press review: Sudan's sons recruited by UAE company as fighters  Middle East Eye

WFP South Sudan Situation Report #262, 27 January 2020 - South Sudan - ReliefWebWFP South Sudan Situation Report #262, 27 January 2020 - South Sudan  ReliefWeb

3 church properties attacked again in Sudan, burned down by radical jihadists - The Christian Post3 church properties attacked again in Sudan, burned down by radical jihadists  The Christian Post

How Sudan May Surprise Everyone - Carnegie Endowment for International PeaceHow Sudan May Surprise Everyone  Carnegie Endowment for International Peace

Wildlife Conservationists in Sudan to Examine Sick Lions - Asharq Al-awsat EnglishWildlife Conservationists in Sudan to Examine Sick Lions  Asharq Al-awsat English

South Sudan: Situation Report – January 2020 - South Sudan - ReliefWebSouth Sudan: Situation Report – January 2020 - South Sudan  ReliefWeb

Sudan's suffering lions: Activists and volunteers push to rescue them - Middle East EyeSudan's suffering lions: Activists and volunteers push to rescue them  Middle East Eye

Black Gold Burning: In Search Of South Sudan's Oil Pollution - bellingcat - bellingcatBlack Gold Burning: In Search Of South Sudan's Oil Pollution - bellingcat  bellingcat

Sudan fights resilient black market influence to strengthen pound - The East AfricanSudan fights resilient black market influence to strengthen pound  The East African

El Mahdi: 'Radio Dabanga has become the song of Sudan's oppressed people' - Radio DabangaEl Mahdi: 'Radio Dabanga has become the song of Sudan's oppressed people'  Radio Dabanga

South Sudan parties lock horns over number of states - The East AfricanSouth Sudan parties lock horns over number of states  The East African

Tribal attack in disputed South Sudan border region kills 29 - ReutersTribal attack in disputed South Sudan border region kills 29  Reuters

Sudan Ministry: 25000 sacks of flour 'leaked' every day - Radio DabangaSudan Ministry: 25000 sacks of flour 'leaked' every day  Radio Dabanga

Sudan’s military shut down a mutiny. What does that mean for the democratic transition? - Washington PostSudan’s military shut down a mutiny. What does that mean for the democratic transition?  Washington Post

One step closer to possible reconciliation in Sudan - RFI EnglishOne step closer to possible reconciliation in Sudan  RFI English

Breakthrough on Darfur in Sudan peace negotiations - Sudan - ReliefWebBreakthrough on Darfur in Sudan peace negotiations - Sudan  ReliefWeb

Sudan’s deep state still poses a threat to the democratic process - The Africa ReportSudan’s deep state still poses a threat to the democratic process  The Africa Report

Sudanese in rebel-held Kauda hope for peace after Hamdok's visit - Al Jazeera EnglishSudanese in rebel-held Kauda hope for peace after Hamdok's visit  Al Jazeera English

Female soldiers rising up South Sudan's military ranks call for greater respect for human rights - South Sudan - ReliefWebFemale soldiers rising up South Sudan's military ranks call for greater respect for human rights - South Sudan  ReliefWeb

'It was painful to declare it': outbreak of animal disease was blow to Sudan exports - The Guardian'It was painful to declare it': outbreak of animal disease was blow to Sudan exports  The Guardian

Sudanese activists demand Al Bashir be transferred to ICC - Radio DabangaSudanese activists demand Al Bashir be transferred to ICC  Radio Dabanga

IGAD envoy urges S. Sudanese troops to serve nation - Xinhua | English.news.cn - XinhuaIGAD envoy urges S. Sudanese troops to serve nation - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

Egypt, Sudan, Ethiopia towards ‘Comprehensive Agreement' on Nile Dam - Asharq Al-awsat EnglishEgypt, Sudan, Ethiopia towards ‘Comprehensive Agreement' on Nile Dam  Asharq Al-awsat English

Sudan: Intercommunal clashes displace tens of thousands in volatile Darfur region - UN NewsSudan: Intercommunal clashes displace tens of thousands in volatile Darfur region  UN News

Sudan: 'Radio Dabanga Has Become the Song of Sudan's Oppressed People' - El Mahdi - AllAfrica.comSudan: 'Radio Dabanga Has Become the Song of Sudan's Oppressed People' - El Mahdi  AllAfrica.com

Sudan: Flash Update - Humanitarian Response in Abyei (25 Jan 2020) - Sudan - ReliefWebSudan: Flash Update - Humanitarian Response in Abyei (25 Jan 2020) - Sudan  ReliefWeb

Committee Urges Swift Formation of South Sudan Unity Government - VOA NewsCommittee Urges Swift Formation of South Sudan Unity Government  VOA News

Darfur Tribal Fighting Kills 48: Sudan Red Crescent - VOA NewsDarfur Tribal Fighting Kills 48: Sudan Red Crescent  VOA News

Sudan: Lives of traumatized, displaced women in West Darfur under threat - UN NewsSudan: Lives of traumatized, displaced women in West Darfur under threat  UN News

From South Sudan, Daniel a valued leader for Packers in single year of eligibility - INFORUMFrom South Sudan, Daniel a valued leader for Packers in single year of eligibility  INFORUM

Sudanese asylum seeker flown back to UK after Khartoum gunfight delay - The GuardianSudanese asylum seeker flown back to UK after Khartoum gunfight delay  The Guardian

In East Africa, S. Sudan most corrupt, Rwanda least: report - The East AfricanIn East Africa, S. Sudan most corrupt, Rwanda least: report  The East African

Sudan needs help with refugees - The Kingston Whig-StandardSudan needs help with refugees  The Kingston Whig-Standard

Sudan's intelligence chief resigns after Khartoum mutiny - The East AfricanSudan's intelligence chief resigns after Khartoum mutiny  The East African

DTM South Sudan: Biometric Registration - Malakal, PoC Site Upper Nile (Publication: 27 January 2020) - South Sudan - ReliefWebDTM South Sudan: Biometric Registration - Malakal, PoC Site Upper Nile (Publication: 27 January 2020) - South Sudan  ReliefWeb

Suicides on the rise among South Sudanese refugees in Uganda - UNHCRSuicides on the rise among South Sudanese refugees in Uganda  UNHCR

Sudan Sentences 29 Intelligence Officers to Death for Teacher’s Killing - The New York TimesSudan Sentences 29 Intelligence Officers to Death for Teacher’s Killing  The New York Times

Sharing the Nile: Sudan, Egypt and Ethiopia Come to an Agreement - The African ExponentSharing the Nile: Sudan, Egypt and Ethiopia Come to an Agreement  The African Exponent

US sanctions South Sudan vice president over human rights abuse - Aljazeera.comUS sanctions South Sudan vice president over human rights abuse  Aljazeera.com

South Sudan's president fires third central bank governor in three years - Central BankingSouth Sudan's president fires third central bank governor in three years  Central Banking

DTM South Sudan: Wau PoC sites & collective centres – Population Count (Data collection December 2019) - South Sudan - ReliefWebDTM South Sudan: Wau PoC sites & collective centres – Population Count (Data collection December 2019) - South Sudan  ReliefWeb

Yemeni residents welcome withdrawal of Sudanese troops from port city Mocha - Middle East EyeYemeni residents welcome withdrawal of Sudanese troops from port city Mocha  Middle East Eye

DTM South Sudan: Biometric Registration - Nasir, Upper Nile (Publication: 27 January 2020) - South Sudan - ReliefWebDTM South Sudan: Biometric Registration - Nasir, Upper Nile (Publication: 27 January 2020) - South Sudan  ReliefWeb

Ex-NBA star Deng invests in basketball in South Sudan - cgtn.comEx-NBA star Deng invests in basketball in South Sudan  cgtn.com

DTM South Sudan: Bentiu PoC Site Population Count (October 2019) - South Sudan - ReliefWebDTM South Sudan: Bentiu PoC Site Population Count (October 2019) - South Sudan  ReliefWeb

UNHCR seeks international solidarity for refugees and hosts in Sudan - UNHCRUNHCR seeks international solidarity for refugees and hosts in Sudan  UNHCR

Sudan: Law And Disorder - Strategy PageSudan: Law And Disorder  Strategy Page

Sudan gold merchant robbed and killed - Radio DabangaSudan gold merchant robbed and killed  Radio Dabanga

Foreign wildlife experts head to Sudan to examine sick lions - cgtn.comForeign wildlife experts head to Sudan to examine sick lions  cgtn.com

Sudan country refugee response plan (January 2020 - December 2020) - Sudan - ReliefWebSudan country refugee response plan (January 2020 - December 2020) - Sudan  ReliefWeb

Sudan Humanitarian Needs Overview 2020 (January 2020) - Sudan - ReliefWebSudan Humanitarian Needs Overview 2020 (January 2020) - Sudan  ReliefWeb

Sudan's revolution runs aground in Darfur - The New HumanitarianSudan's revolution runs aground in Darfur  The New Humanitarian

Joint Press Release: Robust Show of International Humanitarian Support to Sudan - Sudan - ReliefWebJoint Press Release: Robust Show of International Humanitarian Support to Sudan - Sudan  ReliefWeb

Sudan: Seven killed by grenade thrown during fight at wedding party - Sky NewsSudan: Seven killed by grenade thrown during fight at wedding party  Sky News

Sudan's union slams Cairo raid on Anadolu Agency - Anadolu AgencySudan's union slams Cairo raid on Anadolu Agency  Anadolu Agency

Sudan Finance Minister: 'Diesel subsidies to be cut' - Radio DabangaSudan Finance Minister: 'Diesel subsidies to be cut'  Radio Dabanga

S. Sudan govt accuses rebel groups of recruiting child soldiers - The East AfricanS. Sudan govt accuses rebel groups of recruiting child soldiers  The East African

Nile River dam row: Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan make draft deal - BBC NewsNile River dam row: Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan make draft deal  BBC News

Sudan doesn't have foreign reserves to protect value of the pound - Business RecorderSudan doesn't have foreign reserves to protect value of the pound  Business Recorder

Sudan government signs initial peace deal with rebel group - ABC NewsSudan government signs initial peace deal with rebel group  ABC News

Heroic voices of Radio Dabanga honoured at Sudan National Museum - Radio DabangaHeroic voices of Radio Dabanga honoured at Sudan National Museum  Radio Dabanga

South Sudan's First VP Denies Allegations of Human Rights Abuses - VOA NewsSouth Sudan's First VP Denies Allegations of Human Rights Abuses  VOA News

RASNA WARAH - South Sudan: An African Tragedy where Looting is the Name of the Game - The ElephantRASNA WARAH - South Sudan: An African Tragedy where Looting is the Name of the Game  The Elephant

Poverty, Overwhelmed School System Forcing Sudan's Children to Work - VOA NewsPoverty, Overwhelmed School System Forcing Sudan's Children to Work  VOA News

Trump travel ban to add Nigeria, Sudan, Tanzania, Eritrea - Quartz AfricaTrump travel ban to add Nigeria, Sudan, Tanzania, Eritrea  Quartz Africa

15 killed, 7 wounded in South Sudan cattle raid - The East African15 killed, 7 wounded in South Sudan cattle raid  The East African

Sudan: Activists Demand Al Bashir Be Transferred to ICC - AllAfrica - Top Africa NewsSudan: Activists Demand Al Bashir Be Transferred to ICC  AllAfrica - Top Africa News

'Tragic and absurd': Sudanese refugees detained in Niger - Al Jazeera English'Tragic and absurd': Sudanese refugees detained in Niger  Al Jazeera English

Malawi: Govt Ignore to Rescue Malawian Under 'Torture' in South Sudan - AllAfrica - Top Africa NewsMalawi: Govt Ignore to Rescue Malawian Under 'Torture' in South Sudan  AllAfrica - Top Africa News

Gen Paul Lokech, Betty Bigombe sorting mess in South Sudan - Daily MonitorGen Paul Lokech, Betty Bigombe sorting mess in South Sudan  Daily Monitor

Sudanese-American Player Promotes Wheelchair Basketball in South Sudan - VOA NewsSudanese-American Player Promotes Wheelchair Basketball in South Sudan  VOA News

Govt ignore to rescue Malawian under 'torture' in South Sudan - Malawi Nyasa Times - News from Malawi about Malawi - Nyasa TimesGovt ignore to rescue Malawian under 'torture' in South Sudan - Malawi Nyasa Times - News from Malawi about Malawi  Nyasa Times

Prominent South Sudan economist, 30 others pardoned by President Kiir - ReutersProminent South Sudan economist, 30 others pardoned by President Kiir  Reuters

Sudan's new policy allows private traders to export gold - Mining TechnologySudan's new policy allows private traders to export gold  Mining Technology

Women in Sudan challenge religious beliefs while pursing soccer dreams - New York PostWomen in Sudan challenge religious beliefs while pursing soccer dreams  New York Post

Gunfire Rattles Sudan's Capital, Raising Concern for New Government - VOA NewsGunfire Rattles Sudan's Capital, Raising Concern for New Government  VOA News

Saudi Arabia lifts ban on Sudan's livestock imports - ArabnewsSaudi Arabia lifts ban on Sudan's livestock imports  Arabnews

South Sudan: Troika statement, 2 January 2020 - GOV.UKSouth Sudan: Troika statement, 2 January 2020  GOV.UK

David Mabuza irks both sides in South Sudan mediation - Daily MaverickDavid Mabuza irks both sides in South Sudan mediation  Daily Maverick

Sudan's hard currency reserves cover three months of imports - Radio DabangaSudan's hard currency reserves cover three months of imports  Radio Dabanga

South Sudan's main rebel group condemns fresh attack - The East AfricanSouth Sudan's main rebel group condemns fresh attack  The East African

WFP South Sudan Situation Report #261, 10 January 2020 - South Sudan - ReliefWebWFP South Sudan Situation Report #261, 10 January 2020 - South Sudan  ReliefWeb