Sudan

Country Sudan
Capital Khartoum
Continent Africa
Currency Sudanese pound(SDG)
Languages Arabic & English

Information

Introduction

Military regimes favoring Islamic-oriented governments have dominated national politics since independence from the UK in 1956. Sudan was embroiled in two prolonged civil wars during most of the remainder of the 20th century. These conflicts were rooted in northern economic, political, and social domination of largely non-Muslim, non-Arab southern Sudanese. The first civil war ended in 1972 but broke out again in 1983. The second war and famine-related effects resulted in more than four million people displaced and, according to rebel estimates, more than two million deaths over a period of two decades. Peace talks gained momentum in 2002-04 with the signing of several accords. The final North/South Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), signed in January 2005, granted the southern rebels autonomy for six years followed by a referendum on independence for Southern Sudan. The referendum was held in January 2011 and indicated overwhelming support for independence. South Sudan became independent on 9 July 2011. Since southern independence Sudan has been combating rebels from the Sudan People's Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N) in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile states. A separate conflict, which broke out in the western region of Darfur in 2003, has displaced nearly two million people and caused an estimated 200,000 to 400,000 deaths. The UN took command of the Darfur peacekeeping operation from the African Union in December 2007. Peacekeeping troops have struggled to stabilize the situation, which has become increasingly regional in scope and has brought instability to eastern Chad. Sudan also has faced large refugee influxes from neighboring countries primarily Ethiopia and Chad. Armed conflict, poor transport infrastructure, and lack of government support have chronically obstructed the provision of humanitarian assistance to affected populations.

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References

Sudan - Wikipedia
Sudan - CIA World Fact Book
Sudan - BBC
Sudan - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
US, UN Condemn Renewed Violence in South Sudan - ABC News

Wall Street Journal

US, UN Condemn Renewed Violence in South Sudan
ABC News
The United States and United Nations on Thursday condemned a recent outbreak of violence around an oil-rich town in South Sudan, as experts predicted a return to mass violence in the coming weeks. South Sudan has seen near civil war conditions since ...
Rebel Advance Imperils Peace Effort in South SudanWall Street Journal
US Condemns Violence in South Sudan's Unity StateUS Department of State (press release)

all 92 news articles »


South Sudan rebels say they seize oil hub Bentiu; government denies it - Reuters

Reuters

South Sudan rebels say they seize oil hub Bentiu; government denies it
Reuters
ADDIS ABABA/JUBA (Reuters) - Rebels said on Wednesday they had seized the South Sudan oil hub of Bentiu as renewed fighting against government troops entered a third day, but the government said it was still in control of the town. Thousands of people ...
Fighting in Bentiu Leaves Control of S. Sudan Oil Town UnclearVoice of America
South Sudan conflict victim calls for justiceSudan Tribune
South Sudan: Clashes Over Oil TownNew York Times

all 146 news articles »


Conflict Alert: Looming Military Offensives in South Sudan - International Crisis Group

BBC News

Conflict Alert: Looming Military Offensives in South Sudan
International Crisis Group
Warring parties in South Sudan's civil war are preparing for major offensives as seasonal rains ease. Hardliners in both the government and the Sudan People's Liberation Army-In Opposition (SPLA-IO) are entrenching their positions, and think, as one ...
South Sudan food crisis - in 60 secondsBBC News
South Sudan: UN officials welcome launch in of campaign to end use of child ...UN News Centre
S. Sudan: Over 60 civilians injured in fighting near UN baseSudan Tribune
Radio Tamazuj -BBC News -Thomson Reuters Foundation
all 31 news articles »


Al-Thani hopes for greater Sudanese role in Libya - Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune

Al-Thani hopes for greater Sudanese role in Libya
Sudan Tribune
October 29, 2014 (KHARTOUM) – Libya's prime minister has expressed hope that Sudan will play a major role in restoring security and stability in the NNorth African country, denying reports that the Sudanese government is supporting Islamist militias.
Sudan Official Says Bashir Deserves Nobel Peace PrizeVoice of America
Libya and Sudan Strengthen Military CollaborationAtlanta Black Star
Kerry signaled desire for better ties: SudanAPA
Radio Dabanga -Radio Tamazuj -Christian News Network
all 24 news articles »


Sudan's Bashir orders army to launch decisive attack to end rebellion - Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune

Sudan's Bashir orders army to launch decisive attack to end rebellion
Sudan Tribune
October 29, 2014 (KHARTOUM) – Sudanese president Omer Hassan al-Bashir has said that the Sudanese army (SAF) has won more than 40 battles in South Kordofan, Blue Nile and Darfur, recently ordering it to launch a decisive summer attack against ...



South Sudanese refugees face flooding and difficult dynamics in Ethiopia - The Guardian

The Guardian

South Sudanese refugees face flooding and difficult dynamics in Ethiopia
The Guardian
Though a difficult situation is under control for now, many believe heavy fighting will resume in South Sudan once roads dry up, leading to a new surge of tens of thousands of refugees. Moreover, Ethiopia's government is struggling to find suitable ...
South Sudan Refugees in Flooded Ethiopian Camps in Gambella (Video)Tadias Magazine
Ethiopia's S. Sudanese Refugees Resist MoveVoice of America

all 6 news articles »


SLM-MM, Sudan to engage in peace talks in November - Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune

SLM-MM, Sudan to engage in peace talks in November
Sudan Tribune
On Sunday, the Sudan People's Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N) said it received invitation from the AUHIP to resume talks with the government on the Two Areas on 12 November. However, the other rebel groups in Darfur region did not yet receive an ...

and more »


Sudan Democratic Unionist Party leader calls for dialogue - Asharq Alawsat English

Asharq Alawsat English

Sudan Democratic Unionist Party leader calls for dialogue
Asharq Alawsat English
Khartoum, Asharq Al-Awsat—Sudan's Democratic Unionist party leader Muhammad Othman Al-Mirghani called for comprehensive national dialogue on Tuesday, warning that the sub-Saharan African country could witness the “Libyan scenario” unless its ...
Libya PM accepts Sudan peace planNews24
Libya and Sudan agree closer military cooperationLibya Herald
Opposition leader suggests 'soft exit' for Sudan's BashirReuters
Voice of America -Yahoo News
all 165 news articles »


Mirghani's party to participate in Sudan general elections - Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune

Mirghani's party to participate in Sudan general elections
Sudan Tribune
October 29, 2014 (KHARTOUM) – The leader of the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP), Mohamed Osman al-Mirghani, has indicated his party will participate in Sudan's upcoming elections, also calling for the national dialogue process to be accelerated.

and more »


Sudan venue moved to honour Meyiwa - SPORT24

SPORT24

Sudan venue moved to honour Meyiwa
SPORT24
Cape Town - The African Cup of Nations (AFCON) qualifier between South Africa and Sudan has been moved from Nelspruit to Moses Mabhida Stadium in Durban, the SAFA said. The encounter, scheduled for November 15, was moved to Durban following ...
SAFA confirms venue changeKickOff
Bafana V Sudan Qualifier For Moses Mabhida?Soccer Laduma
Afcon qualifier moved to Meyiwa's hometownIndependent Online
AllAfrica.com
all 1,119 news articles »