Sudan

Country Sudan
Capital Khartoum
Continent Africa
Currency Sudanese pound(SDG)
Languages Arabic & English

Information

Introduction

Military regimes favoring Islamic-oriented governments have dominated national politics since independence from the UK in 1956. Sudan was embroiled in two prolonged civil wars during most of the remainder of the 20th century. These conflicts were rooted in northern economic, political, and social domination of largely non-Muslim, non-Arab southern Sudanese. The first civil war ended in 1972 but broke out again in 1983. The second war and famine-related effects resulted in more than four million people displaced and, according to rebel estimates, more than two million deaths over a period of two decades. Peace talks gained momentum in 2002-04 with the signing of several accords. The final North/South Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), signed in January 2005, granted the southern rebels autonomy for six years followed by a referendum on independence for Southern Sudan. The referendum was held in January 2011 and indicated overwhelming support for independence. South Sudan became independent on 9 July 2011. Since southern independence Sudan has been combating rebels from the Sudan People's Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N) in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile states. A separate conflict, which broke out in the western region of Darfur in 2003, has displaced nearly two million people and caused an estimated 200,000 to 400,000 deaths. The UN took command of the Darfur peacekeeping operation from the African Union in December 2007. Peacekeeping troops have struggled to stabilize the situation, which has become increasingly regional in scope and has brought instability to eastern Chad. Sudan also has faced large refugee influxes from neighboring countries primarily Ethiopia and Chad. Armed conflict, poor transport infrastructure, and lack of government support have chronically obstructed the provision of humanitarian assistance to affected populations.

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References

Sudan - Wikipedia
Sudan - CIA World Fact Book
Sudan - BBC
Sudan - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
Czech FM visits Sudan seeking release of jailed filmmaker - Sudan Tribune

Czech FM visits Sudan seeking release of jailed filmmaker
Sudan Tribune
February 23, 2017 (KHARTOUM) - Czech Foreign Minister Lubomir Zaoralek will visit Khartoum next Sunday for talks on bilateral relations. Also, he is expected to seek a presidential pardon for a journalist sentenced to life in prison last January ...

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Bashir orders full aid access to S Sudan famine areas - News24

News24

Bashir orders full aid access to S Sudan famine areas
News24
Khartoum - President Omar al-Bashir has ordered Sudanese authorities to assist the delivery of international humanitarian aid to famine-hit South Sudan through the country, an official said on Thursday. On Monday, South Sudan, the world's youngest ...
UK's £100m response to South Sudan famine comes from cash already allocatedThe Guardian
Photos: As fighting continues in South Sudan, children battle faminePBS NewsHour
Former S. Sudan state governor forms new political partySudan Tribune
PR Newswire (press release) -UN News Centre -Irish Examiner -IPCINFO: Map detail
all 664 news articles »


Body of AP man shot dead in Sudan to arrive tomorrow - The Hindu

The Hindu

Body of AP man shot dead in Sudan to arrive tomorrow
The Hindu
The grief-stricken family members of Syed Farook Basha, 26, Field Project Coordinator in Omaski Sai Infra Company Ltd., involved in drilling borewells, who was shot dead at Abyei in South Sudan last Friday, are eagerly awaiting the arrival of his body ...
Andhra man's body to reach Hyderabad today from South SudanThe New Indian Express

all 2 news articles »


Enough already on Sudan sanctions - The Herald

Enough already on Sudan sanctions
The Herald
John Prendergast of the lobbying group — Project Enough — wrote a piece that 20 years of ineffective sanctions against Sudan are not enough for him. He's dead wrong and here's why. In early January President Obama conditionally lifted the sanctions ...



EU Supports WFP Food Assistance And Air Operations In Sudan - Reliefweb

EU Supports WFP Food Assistance And Air Operations In Sudan
Reliefweb
The second contribution of more than €2.5 million will help WFP to continue to provide vital air services for the humanitarian community across Sudan. The WFP-operated UNHAS facilitates the movement of humanitarian workers to particularly remote and ...

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South Sudan president in Ethiopia for security talks - Sudan Tribune

Ezega

South Sudan president in Ethiopia for security talks
Sudan Tribune
February 23, 2017 (JUBA)- South Sudan President Salva Kiir has arrived in the Ethiopian capital, Addis Ababa for talks on the implementation of border control and security cooperation deal signed last year. On 28 October 2016, President Kiir and ...
Ethiopia Mulls Road to Import Oil From War-Ravaged South SudanBloomberg

all 12 news articles »


First batch of MAZ equipment shipped to Sudan - Belarus News (BelTA)

Belarus News (BelTA)

First batch of MAZ equipment shipped to Sudan
Belarus News (BelTA)
BelTA informed about the shipment in mid January 2017, quoting Mohamed Abdelazim, director of the company selling farm machinery and equipment, a subsidiary of Sudan's Mohamed Ikhwan Group (MIG), as saying “We, together with MAZ, have recently ...

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Kidnap fears after South Sudan activists disappear in Kenya - defenceWeb

defenceWeb

Kidnap fears after South Sudan activists disappear in Kenya
defenceWeb
Kidnap fears after South Sudan activists disappear A Kenyan court said the state did not have custody of two South Sudanese activists missing from Nairobi, stoking suspicions among opposition supporters they may be detained by Juba's security agents.
New refugee settlement opens in Uganda as thousands of South Sudanese continue to flee every dayReliefWeb
495000 South Sudanese refugees present in Sudan: Sudanese officialXinhua
Kenya: Govt Not Liable for 2 Missing South Sudan Activists - Court ...AllAfrica.com
South Sudan News Agency -Sudan Tribune -The Star, Kenya
all 18 news articles »


UK risks legitimising Sudan's rights abuses with migration talks, MPs ... - The Guardian

The Guardian

UK risks legitimising Sudan's rights abuses with migration talks, MPs ...
The Guardian
Dialogue with Sudan to tackle migrant numbers is putting UK and EU's reputation for championing human rights at risk, says parliamentary committee.

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SPLM-N announces end of South Kordofan clashes - Sudan Tribune

Radio Tamazuj

SPLM-N announces end of South Kordofan clashes
Sudan Tribune
February 22, 2017 (KHARTOUM) - The Sudan people's Liberation Movement - North (SPLM-N) announced the end of recent clashes in South Kordofan with the Sudanese army but pointed to the continued shelling attacks on its positions by the government ...
Sudanese army, SPLA-N trade accusations over renewed fighting in South KordofanRadio Tamazuj

all 2 news articles »