Sudan

Country Sudan
Capital Khartoum
Continent Africa
Currency Sudanese pound(SDG)
Languages Arabic & English

Information

Introduction

Military regimes favoring Islamic-oriented governments have dominated national politics since independence from the UK in 1956. Sudan was embroiled in two prolonged civil wars during most of the remainder of the 20th century. These conflicts were rooted in northern economic, political, and social domination of largely non-Muslim, non-Arab southern Sudanese. The first civil war ended in 1972 but broke out again in 1983. The second war and famine-related effects resulted in more than four million people displaced and, according to rebel estimates, more than two million deaths over a period of two decades. Peace talks gained momentum in 2002-04 with the signing of several accords. The final North/South Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), signed in January 2005, granted the southern rebels autonomy for six years followed by a referendum on independence for Southern Sudan. The referendum was held in January 2011 and indicated overwhelming support for independence. South Sudan became independent on 9 July 2011. Since southern independence Sudan has been combating rebels from the Sudan People's Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N) in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile states. A separate conflict, which broke out in the western region of Darfur in 2003, has displaced nearly two million people and caused an estimated 200,000 to 400,000 deaths. The UN took command of the Darfur peacekeeping operation from the African Union in December 2007. Peacekeeping troops have struggled to stabilize the situation, which has become increasingly regional in scope and has brought instability to eastern Chad. Sudan also has faced large refugee influxes from neighboring countries primarily Ethiopia and Chad. Armed conflict, poor transport infrastructure, and lack of government support have chronically obstructed the provision of humanitarian assistance to affected populations.

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References

Sudan - Wikipedia
Sudan - CIA World Fact Book
Sudan - BBC
Sudan - Timeline - BBC

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Rebel MVT members call for neutral base outside South Sudan - Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune

Rebel MVT members call for neutral base outside South Sudan
Sudan Tribune
July 30, 2014 (GAMBELLA) – Military officials of the South Sudanese rebel group led by former vice-president Riek Machar have asked for a neutral country to host the main base of the members of the Monitoring and Verification Team (MVT), accusing ...

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Sudan's PCP leader demands 2015 elections be delayed - Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune

Sudan's PCP leader demands 2015 elections be delayed
Sudan Tribune
July 30, 2014 (KHARTOUM) – The leader of Sudan's Popular Congress Party (PCP), Hassan al-Turabi, said his party participated in the national dialogue in order to return “power to the people”, disclosing he demanded the government to delay the 2015 ...

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History repeats itself in South Sudan war - The Daily Star

The Daily Star

History repeats itself in South Sudan war
The Daily Star
NAIROBI: A fly-covered baby crawls on the baked earth of southern Sudan watched by a vulture: a brutal but iconic photograph of famine that shocked the world two decades ago. Today, aid workers warn that deadly famine will return in a matter of weeks, ...
South Sudan peace talks may resume on MondaySudan Tribune
As famine and violence loom, is this South Sudan's last chance for peace?Christian Science Monitor
Tutu tells world leaders not to forget S. Sudan...New Vision
eNCA
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Machar says Martyrs' Day a reminder for change in S. Sudan - Sudan Tribune

Machar says Martyrs' Day a reminder for change in S. Sudan
Sudan Tribune
July 30, 2014 (ADDIS ABABA) – The former vice-president, Riek Machar, who leads the SPLM in Opposition rebel faction, said Martyrs' Day has reminded the people of South Sudan and their leadership of their obligations to uphold the ideals for which the ...



Eid wishes for a peaceful, democratic Sudan - Radio Dabanga

Radio Dabanga

Eid wishes for a peaceful, democratic Sudan
Radio Dabanga
The National Consensus Forces (NCF, a coalition of opposition parties) congratulated the Sudanese people on Eid El Fitr, wishing them a peaceful and democratic Sudan in the near future. Speaking to Radio Dabanga, NCF chairman Faroug Abu Eisa ...
Eid El Fitr Wishes for a Peaceful, Democratic SudanAllAfrica.com
NGO Letter Regarding Human Rights Situation in Sudan at the 27th session of ...Human Rights Watch

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Exiled S. Sudan CSOs select representatives for peace talks - Sudan Tribune

Exiled S. Sudan CSOs select representatives for peace talks
Sudan Tribune
July 29, 2014 (ADDIS ABABA) – Exiled South Sudan civil society organisations on Tuesday concluded selecting their representatives for the ongoing peace process, led by the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD). The civil society ...



Zimbabwe, South Sudan agree on teacher exchange program - Sudan Tribune

Zimbabwe, South Sudan agree on teacher exchange program
Sudan Tribune
July 30, 2014 (JUBA) – The South Sudanese and Zimbabwean ministers of education say a teaching exchange program agreed between the two countries would provide benefits for both teachers and students. Lazarus Dokora, the Zimbabwean minister of ...

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Peace is only ultimate choice to end violence in South Sudan - Sudan Tribune

Peace is only ultimate choice to end violence in South Sudan
Sudan Tribune
June 30, 2014 - In South Sudan, when once talk about peace and harmony, some people who are enemy of peace and reconciliation will begin analyzing in different ways. Before going further, I would like to bring in to your attention about the definitions ...

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In South Sudan, Once Bustling Malakal Now a Ghost-town - Voice of America

Voice of America

In South Sudan, Once Bustling Malakal Now a Ghost-town
Voice of America
That's how World Food Program (WFP) spokeswoman Challiss McDonough described what she saw when she visited at the U.N. Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) compound in Malakal last week with WFP Executive Director Ertharin Cousin and UNICEF ...



Aboushi helped create 185 smiles - ESPN

Montreal Gazette

Aboushi helped create 185 smiles
ESPN
CORTLAND, N.Y. -- There are 185 new smiles in Sudan these days, and Oday Aboushi helped create them all. Aboushi, an offensive lineman for the New York Jets, was part of a five-day surgical mission by the Islamic Medical Association of North America in ...
Jets' Aboushi helped create 185 smiles in SudanWaterbury Republican American
Jets lineman Oday Aboushi creating smiles in SudanNew Haven Register

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