Sudan

Country Sudan
Capital Khartoum
Continent Africa
Currency Sudanese pound(SDG)
Languages Arabic & English

Information

Introduction

Military regimes favoring Islamic-oriented governments have dominated national politics since independence from the UK in 1956. Sudan was embroiled in two prolonged civil wars during most of the remainder of the 20th century. These conflicts were rooted in northern economic, political, and social domination of largely non-Muslim, non-Arab southern Sudanese. The first civil war ended in 1972 but broke out again in 1983. The second war and famine-related effects resulted in more than four million people displaced and, according to rebel estimates, more than two million deaths over a period of two decades. Peace talks gained momentum in 2002-04 with the signing of several accords. The final North/South Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), signed in January 2005, granted the southern rebels autonomy for six years followed by a referendum on independence for Southern Sudan. The referendum was held in January 2011 and indicated overwhelming support for independence. South Sudan became independent on 9 July 2011. Since southern independence Sudan has been combating rebels from the Sudan People's Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N) in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile states. A separate conflict, which broke out in the western region of Darfur in 2003, has displaced nearly two million people and caused an estimated 200,000 to 400,000 deaths. The UN took command of the Darfur peacekeeping operation from the African Union in December 2007. Peacekeeping troops have struggled to stabilize the situation, which has become increasingly regional in scope and has brought instability to eastern Chad. Sudan also has faced large refugee influxes from neighboring countries primarily Ethiopia and Chad. Armed conflict, poor transport infrastructure, and lack of government support have chronically obstructed the provision of humanitarian assistance to affected populations.

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References

Sudan - Wikipedia
Sudan - CIA World Fact Book
Sudan - BBC
Sudan - Timeline - BBC

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Sudan women in trousers: No indecency charges - BBC News

BBC News

Sudan women in trousers: No indecency charges
BBC News
Charges of indecency have been dropped against 24 women who were caught wearing trousers at a party near the Sudanese capital, Khartoum. The gathering was raided by morality police on Wednesday. If convicted, the women could have faced punishment of 40 ...
Sudan gov't imposes temporary ban on some imports to support currencyafricanews
Sudan: Banks to Freeze Assets of Currency DealersAllAfrica.com
Sudanese judge clears girls of indecent clothing chargesSudan Tribune
Middle East Monitor -RT -International Business Times
all 10 news articles »


South Sudan: Widows of war turn to beauty salon for survival - Aljazeera.com

Aljazeera.com

South Sudan: Widows of war turn to beauty salon for survival
Aljazeera.com
A beauty salon in South Sudan has become a refuge for many widows of war. They are among the thousands who are the sole breadwinners, after their husbands were killed during the country's devastating four-year conflict. Polygamy is common in South ...

and more »


Women take to streets to demand end to South Sudan war | News ... - Aljazeera.com

Aljazeera.com

Women take to streets to demand end to South Sudan war | News ...
Aljazeera.com
Hundreds of women covered their mouths with tape on Saturday as they took to the streets in South Sudan's capital, Juba, to demand an end to their country's war and the suffering of its people. Carrying posters and signs that read "Bring back our peace ...
Mystery behind release of Kenyans from South Sudan jailThe Standard
Humanitarian situation in South Sudan getting worseCrux: Covering all things Catholic
Sudan, South Sudan border commission to approve border demarcation reportSudan Tribune
The Philadelphia Tribune -TRT World
all 6 news articles »


Is Jieng Council of Elders responsible for South Sudan crisis? - Sudan Tribune

Is Jieng Council of Elders responsible for South Sudan crisis?
Sudan Tribune
Silence means acceptance! It takes less than a minute for one to come across Jieng council of elders' meddle on national affairs as they claim. Either through social media or news outlets. So, it has become famous in the country and beyond as a group ...

and more »


ISS: Can South Sudan's peace agreement be revitalised? - defenceWeb

defenceWeb

ISS: Can South Sudan's peace agreement be revitalised?
defenceWeb
While IGAD's revitalisation initiative is encouraging, the question remains how this initiative will differ from previous efforts in overcoming the inevitable obstacles. First, the varied actors in the process will challenge the revitalisation of the ...



At least 45 killed in ethnic fighting in South Sudan – official - EWN - Eyewitness News

Eyewitness News



S. Sudan's Kiir snubs IGAD envoy over pre-forum process - Sudan Tribune

S. Sudan's Kiir snubs IGAD envoy over pre-forum process
Sudan Tribune
December 10, 2017 (JUBA) - South Sudan president Salva Kiir has written a letter to the chairperson of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), seeking ways to end the ongoing civil war, which has displaced more than two million people ...

and more »


Sudanese army breaches ceasefire in Blue Nile again: SPLM-N Agar - Sudan Tribune

Sudanese army breaches ceasefire in Blue Nile again: SPLM-N Agar
Sudan Tribune
December 10, 2017 (KHARTOUM) - The Sudan People's Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N Agar) led by Malik Agar Sunday accused the Sudanese government forces of breaking a unilateral cessation of hostilities in the Blue Nile State for the second time ...

and more »


South Sudanese rights group call to release political detainees - Sudan Tribune

South Sudanese rights group call to release political detainees
Sudan Tribune
The 10 December usually marks the international human rights day. SSHURSA notes with concern the massive human rights violations in South Sudan by the warring parties particularly willfully perpetrated by the government forces. In other countries ...

and more »


Over 40 killed in South Sudan ethnic clashes - africanews

africanews

Over 40 killed in South Sudan ethnic clashes
africanews
The death toll is likely to climb even as the UN mission in South Sudan UNMISS estimates more than 50 dead. UNMISS says it has dispatched a military patrol to the area to establish the level of destruction and the impact on civilians. “We hope to ...