Sudan

Country Sudan
Capital Khartoum
Continent Africa
Currency Sudanese pound(SDG)
Languages Arabic & English

Information

Introduction

Military regimes favoring Islamic-oriented governments have dominated national politics since independence from the UK in 1956. Sudan was embroiled in two prolonged civil wars during most of the remainder of the 20th century. These conflicts were rooted in northern economic, political, and social domination of largely non-Muslim, non-Arab southern Sudanese. The first civil war ended in 1972 but broke out again in 1983. The second war and famine-related effects resulted in more than four million people displaced and, according to rebel estimates, more than two million deaths over a period of two decades. Peace talks gained momentum in 2002-04 with the signing of several accords. The final North/South Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), signed in January 2005, granted the southern rebels autonomy for six years followed by a referendum on independence for Southern Sudan. The referendum was held in January 2011 and indicated overwhelming support for independence. South Sudan became independent on 9 July 2011. Since southern independence Sudan has been combating rebels from the Sudan People's Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N) in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile states. A separate conflict, which broke out in the western region of Darfur in 2003, has displaced nearly two million people and caused an estimated 200,000 to 400,000 deaths. The UN took command of the Darfur peacekeeping operation from the African Union in December 2007. Peacekeeping troops have struggled to stabilize the situation, which has become increasingly regional in scope and has brought instability to eastern Chad. Sudan also has faced large refugee influxes from neighboring countries primarily Ethiopia and Chad. Armed conflict, poor transport infrastructure, and lack of government support have chronically obstructed the provision of humanitarian assistance to affected populations.

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References

Sudan - Wikipedia
Sudan - CIA World Fact Book
Sudan - BBC
Sudan - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
South Sudan: UN officials call for international engagement to de-escalate ... - UN News Centre

UN News Centre

South Sudan: UN officials call for international engagement to de-escalate ...
UN News Centre
29 May 2015 – As South Sudan's civil conflict continues to escalate, five senior United Nations officials have urged all stakeholders in the country to reach a sustainable solution to the crisis through inclusive dialogue and foster a lasting peace ...
South Sudan Faces Growing HungerVoice of America
Humanitarian Crisis in South Sudan Continues to WorsenInter Press Service
Devastation in South Sudan Approaches Razor's Edge of Hunger CrisisVICE News
Eyewitness News -News24 -BDlive
all 66 news articles »


When will peace return to South Sudan? - Deutsche Welle

Deutsche Welle

When will peace return to South Sudan?
Deutsche Welle
We sit on a South Sudanese Army (SPLA) pick-up. The soldiers are happy and want to demonstrate their victory over the rebels. Full of conviction, a young soldier says, "nothing can happen here again," as his drunken colleagues sing in the background.
Indian Peacekeeper Injured in Fresh Firing in South Sudan: SourcesNDTV
Why, more than ever, UN Peacekeeping needs global supportSudan Tribune
Security Council renews mandate of UN Mission in South SudanUN News Centre
Zee News
all 115 news articles »


S. Sudanese army comes under another attack in Western Equatoria - Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune

S. Sudanese army comes under another attack in Western Equatoria
Sudan Tribune
May 29, 2015 (JUBA) – South Sudanese army (SPLA) came under yet another deadly attack on Thursday in Yambio county in Western Equatoria state. Senior national and state government officials continue to contradict themselves over how to describe the ...

and more »


Sudanese journalists to discuss press freedoms with security services - Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune

Sudanese journalists to discuss press freedoms with security services
Sudan Tribune
Sudan's constitution guarantees freedom of expression but laws subordinate to the constitution such as the National Security Forces Act of 2010 contains articles that can be potentially used to curtail press freedom and instigate legal proceedings ...
The Losing Equation for SudanAsharq Alawsat English
Saudi Arabia Hails Sudan’s Stances in Arab RegionSudan Vision
Sudan enjoys growing Arab relationsThe Worldfolio
Crossmap
all 10 news articles »


UN peacekeeper injured in Upper Nile state shooting - Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune

UN peacekeeper injured in Upper Nile state shooting
Sudan Tribune
“We are deeply concerned at reports of escalating violence against the civilian population in the context of the ongoing conflict in South Sudan, particularly against women and children,” it reads in part. According to the joint UN statement, since the ...
Peacekeeper, South Sudanese IDPs Wounded in UN Camp ShootingVoice of America
a Local Radio Project is Calming Community TensionsAllAfrica.com

all 3 news articles »


Suspected Murle raiders kill two people in Jonglei - Sudan Tribune

Suspected Murle raiders kill two people in Jonglei
Sudan Tribune
May 27, 2015(BOR) – Two people were killed when suspected Murle raiders attempted to attack Pariak village in South Sudan's Jonglei state. The raiders reportedly attacked herders at a grazing field near residential areas, killing one on spot while the ...



The untold story of Israeli military exports to South Sudan - +972 Magazine

+972 Magazine

The untold story of Israeli military exports to South Sudan
+972 Magazine
Since South Sudan's independence, Israel has continuously sold it weapons, military training, homeland security and surveillance technology. The only problem? They are being used to commit war crimes and potential crimes against humanity. By: Adv. Itai ...



Rebel groups commit to protect children in Darfur - Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune

Rebel groups commit to protect children in Darfur
Sudan Tribune
Leaders of the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM), Sudan Liberation Movement - Abdel Wahid al-Nur (SLM/AW) and Sudan Liberation Movement - Minni Minnawi (SLM/MM) made their commitment in at the end of a consultations meeting held in ...

and more »


President Kenyatta in new push for S.Sudan peace - Capital FM Kenya (press release) (blog)

Capital FM Kenya (press release) (blog)

President Kenyatta in new push for S.Sudan peace
Capital FM Kenya (press release) (blog)
Speaking at State House, Nairobi, after a lengthy meeting attended by representatives of the IGAD peace process, the Arusha peace talks and 10 former SPLM officials, President Kenyatta announced that the South Sudan peace process will now have a new ...
Kenya president hopes to revive South Sudan peace talksThe Daily Star

all 96 news articles »


Greater Gokrial students optimistic of ending Warrap conflict - Sudan Tribune

Greater Gokrial students optimistic of ending Warrap conflict
Sudan Tribune
May 28, 2015 (KAMPALA) - South Sudanese students from Greater Gokrial in Warrap state have discussed ways of ending three month of deadly conflicts between Gokrial west and Gokrial East counties. The students, meeting in the Uganda capital, Kampala ...