Sudan

Country Sudan
Capital Khartoum
Continent Africa
Currency Sudanese pound(SDG)
Languages Arabic & English

Information

Introduction

Military regimes favoring Islamic-oriented governments have dominated national politics since independence from the UK in 1956. Sudan was embroiled in two prolonged civil wars during most of the remainder of the 20th century. These conflicts were rooted in northern economic, political, and social domination of largely non-Muslim, non-Arab southern Sudanese. The first civil war ended in 1972 but broke out again in 1983. The second war and famine-related effects resulted in more than four million people displaced and, according to rebel estimates, more than two million deaths over a period of two decades. Peace talks gained momentum in 2002-04 with the signing of several accords. The final North/South Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), signed in January 2005, granted the southern rebels autonomy for six years followed by a referendum on independence for Southern Sudan. The referendum was held in January 2011 and indicated overwhelming support for independence. South Sudan became independent on 9 July 2011. Since southern independence Sudan has been combating rebels from the Sudan People's Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N) in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile states. A separate conflict, which broke out in the western region of Darfur in 2003, has displaced nearly two million people and caused an estimated 200,000 to 400,000 deaths. The UN took command of the Darfur peacekeeping operation from the African Union in December 2007. Peacekeeping troops have struggled to stabilize the situation, which has become increasingly regional in scope and has brought instability to eastern Chad. Sudan also has faced large refugee influxes from neighboring countries primarily Ethiopia and Chad. Armed conflict, poor transport infrastructure, and lack of government support have chronically obstructed the provision of humanitarian assistance to affected populations.

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References

Sudan - Wikipedia
Sudan - CIA World Fact Book
Sudan - BBC
Sudan - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
Sudan accuses Egypt of backing rebels ahead of foreign minister's trip - Times LIVE

Times LIVE

Sudan accuses Egypt of backing rebels ahead of foreign minister's trip
Times LIVE
Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir accused Egypt on Tuesday of supporting rebels at war with Khartoum, a week ahead of a visit to Cairo by Sudan's foreign minister that is aimed at easing tensions between the neighbouring states.
Sudan: This Week's News in BriefAllAfrica.com
Sudan's president accuses Egypt of supporting rebelsPress TV
Sudan's President Omar al-Bashir accuses Egypt of arming rebelsafricanews
defenceWeb -Sudan Tribune -Anadolu Agency
all 38 news articles »


Sudan: Minister of State for Justice, Us Official of Freedoms Discuss Ways of Improvement of Relations Between the ... - AllAfrica.com

Sudan: Minister of State for Justice, Us Official of Freedoms Discuss Ways of Improvement of Relations Between the ...
AllAfrica.com
Khartoum — The Minister of State for Justice, Tahani ToraD-Dabba affirmed that assuming positions in Sudan is not connected with religious and belief condition, referring to existence of many Christians in legislative councils and government offices ...



South Sudan situation: Regional update 16 - 30 April 2017 - South ... - Reliefweb

Reliefweb

South Sudan situation: Regional update 16 - 30 April 2017 - South ...
Reliefweb
*The population and arrival figures are based on best available information at the time of production. UNHCR continues to verify the numbers in all countries and ...
More South Sudanese children are fleeing their country alone ...PRI
Lack Of Clean Water Endangers Health Of Displaced South ...CHANNELS TELEVISION
Lack of clean water endangers displaced South Sudanese ...africanews
BBC News
all 7 news articles »


Equity sees bleak future for Sh11bn South Sudan bank - Business Daily (press release) (blog)

Business Daily (press release) (blog)

Equity sees bleak future for Sh11bn South Sudan bank
Business Daily (press release) (blog)
Co-operative Bank ticker:COOP made a loss of Sh498.3 million in South Sudan and the lender recently said that the difficult operating environment in the country had affected its quarter one results. However, Co-op Bank is yet to announce an exit from ...
Why I Became a Rebel Soldier in South SudanOZY
Sudan's Badr Airlines partners Aloor Airlines for Juba opsch-aviation

all 4 news articles »


2016 Humanitarian Response Plan - ReliefWeb

ReliefWeb

2016 Humanitarian Response Plan
ReliefWeb
The 2016 Humanitarian Response Plan for Sudan brings together 80 humanitarian partners to help 4.6 million people in need of emergency relief aid. Together these partners, of which 35 are national and 45 are international, requested US$972 million to ...



Kiir opens South Sudan dialogue with unilateral ceasefire - Guardian (blog)

Guardian (blog)

Kiir opens South Sudan dialogue with unilateral ceasefire
Guardian (blog)
South Sudan President Salva Kiir looks on at the headquarters of the Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA) in Juba, South Sudan, on May 18, 2017, during the commemoration of SPLA Day. SPLA Day is marked annually in remembrance of a group of ...
President Museveni urges unity in diversity in South SudanIndependent
South Sudan's rival forces clash despite ceasefire declarationSudan Tribune
South Sudan's Kiir declares unilateral ceasefire, prisoner releaseReuters
Minneapolis Star Tribune -africanews
all 43 news articles »


South Sudan State Partially Closes Border in Ebola Scare - Voice of America

Voice of America

South Sudan State Partially Closes Border in Ebola Scare
Voice of America
State authorities in South Sudan closed part of their border with the Democratic Republic of the Congo last week in an effort to prevent the spread of the deadly Ebola outbreak, declared by the World Health Organization in a remote, northern part of ...

and more »


S. Sudan: Bor and Murle communities sign cessation of hostilities accord - Sudan Tribune

S. Sudan: Bor and Murle communities sign cessation of hostilities accord
Sudan Tribune
There will be monitoring committee from the national government for any violation to the ceasefire, according to excerpts from the document Sudan Tribune obtained. “Any party that violates the agreement shall face serious consequences including ...

and more »


Sudan: Obstruction of Aid Endangers Women's Lives | Human ... - Human Rights Watch

Human Rights Watch

Sudan: Obstruction of Aid Endangers Women's Lives | Human ...
Human Rights Watch
Mukuma Hamad, a volunteer health worker, holds a container of folic acid, the only assistance she can give pregnant women who visit the lone health clinic in ...
“No Control, No Choice”: Lack of Access to Reproductive Healthcare ...ReliefWeb

all 4 news articles »


Sudan: Ambassador Ahmed Mohamed Presents His Credentials to Peruvian President - AllAfrica.com

Sudan: Ambassador Ahmed Mohamed Presents His Credentials to Peruvian President
AllAfrica.com
Khartoum — Ambassador Ahmed Yousif Mohamed presented his credentials to President of the Republic of Peru, Pedro Pablo Kuczynski, as Sudan Extraordinary Ambassador and Plenipotentiary at Republic of Peru. The Ambassador conveyed greetings of ...