Sudan

Country Sudan
Capital Khartoum
Continent Africa
Currency Sudanese pound(SDG)
Languages Arabic & English

Information

Introduction

Military regimes favoring Islamic-oriented governments have dominated national politics since independence from the UK in 1956. Sudan was embroiled in two prolonged civil wars during most of the remainder of the 20th century. These conflicts were rooted in northern economic, political, and social domination of largely non-Muslim, non-Arab southern Sudanese. The first civil war ended in 1972 but broke out again in 1983. The second war and famine-related effects resulted in more than four million people displaced and, according to rebel estimates, more than two million deaths over a period of two decades. Peace talks gained momentum in 2002-04 with the signing of several accords. The final North/South Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), signed in January 2005, granted the southern rebels autonomy for six years followed by a referendum on independence for Southern Sudan. The referendum was held in January 2011 and indicated overwhelming support for independence. South Sudan became independent on 9 July 2011. Since southern independence Sudan has been combating rebels from the Sudan People's Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N) in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile states. A separate conflict, which broke out in the western region of Darfur in 2003, has displaced nearly two million people and caused an estimated 200,000 to 400,000 deaths. The UN took command of the Darfur peacekeeping operation from the African Union in December 2007. Peacekeeping troops have struggled to stabilize the situation, which has become increasingly regional in scope and has brought instability to eastern Chad. Sudan also has faced large refugee influxes from neighboring countries primarily Ethiopia and Chad. Armed conflict, poor transport infrastructure, and lack of government support have chronically obstructed the provision of humanitarian assistance to affected populations.

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References

Sudan - Wikipedia
Sudan - CIA World Fact Book
Sudan - BBC
Sudan - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
Sudan hopes US travel ban won't harm sanctions bid - New Vision

New Vision

Sudan hopes US travel ban won't harm sanctions bid
New Vision
These conditions -- known as the "five tracks" -- include improved access for aid groups, halting support for rebels in neighbouring South Sudan, an end to hostilities in the conflict zones of Darfur, Blue Nile and South Kordofan, and counterterrorism ...
Sudan Hopes US Travel Ban Won't Affect Sanctions Lifting: OfficialU.S. News & World Report
US diplomat says lifting of Sudan sanctions is not linked to human rightsMiddle East Monitor
Human rights prompted US sanctions on Sudan: PrendergastSudan Tribune

all 7 news articles »


Last of his kind: Rhino named Sudan, 43, the final hope for scientists as they launch desperate bid to save species - Mirror.co.uk

Mirror.co.uk

Last of his kind: Rhino named Sudan, 43, the final hope for scientists as they launch desperate bid to save species
Mirror.co.uk
Ann Olivecrona, who led the team, said: “Sudan was the youngest of the rhinos we caught. It sounds crazy but in a way we were saving them from the threat of poaching. If we hadn't caught Sudan he would have been dead a long time ago, for sure, they all ...



Activists Try To Sway Trump On Sudan Decision Before July Deadline - NPR

Activists Try To Sway Trump On Sudan Decision Before July Deadline
NPR
The Trump administration must decide by July 12 whether to continue the Obama administration's approach to Sudan, sanctions relief in return for ceasefires and humanitarian access to war-torn regions. DAVID GREENE, HOST: Before leaving office ...



In South Sudan, preparing young generation for young country's future - Christian Science Monitor

Christian Science Monitor

In South Sudan, preparing young generation for young country's future
Christian Science Monitor
The country itself is young, having split from Sudan only in 2011. But years of conflict in Sudan, and a four-year civil war within the brand-new nation, have severely damaged the social and institutional fabric in ways that endanger basic human rights ...
South Sudan censors press, restricts reporters in civil warABC News
South Sudan censors newspapers, hampers press in civil wargulfnews.com
South Sudan recalls head of diplomatic missions from seven countriesSudan Tribune
U.S. News & World Report -TheCable
all 37 news articles »


South Sudan Church leaders visit refugees in Ethiopia - Vatican Radio

Vatican Radio

South Sudan Church leaders visit refugees in Ethiopia
Vatican Radio
The heads of the member Churches of South Sudan's Council of Churches (SSCC) have empathised with the people of South Sudan who fled their homes to take refuge in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia as a result of the ongoing conflict in that country. The heads of ...

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The world's youngest nation has canceled independence day for the second year in a row - Quartz

Quartz

The world's youngest nation has canceled independence day for the second year in a row
Quartz
South Sudan, riven by conflict and famine, has again canceled celebrations for its independence day on July 9. Last year, the government also canceled celebrations because of a lack of funds. “We are not celebrating… because our situation does not ...



Football can heal South Sudan, says FA boss - BBC Sport - BBC Sport

BBC Sport

Football can heal South Sudan, says FA boss - BBC Sport
BBC Sport
The new head of South Sudan's Football Association Francis Amin believes he can use the game to unite a fractured nation.

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South Sudan armed opposition rules out national dialogue participation - africanews

africanews

South Sudan armed opposition rules out national dialogue participation
africanews
South Sudanese armed opposition Sudan People's Liberation Movement SPLM-IO has rejected calls to join the country's National Dialogue process launched by President Salva Kiir. Leader of SPLM-IO, self-exiled in South Africa, said in a letter dated June ...



Meet Sudan: 'The most eligible bachelor in the world' and last male ... - National Post

National Post

Meet Sudan: 'The most eligible bachelor in the world' and last male ...
National Post
Sudan — the last surviving male of his species — is 43 and it is feared he only has months to live. Now conservationists are in a race to breed him before he ...

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Washington announces Sudan's eligibility for (GSM-102) programme - Sudan Tribune

Washington announces Sudan's eligibility for (GSM-102) programme
Sudan Tribune
June 27, 2017 (KHARTOUM) - The U.S. Department of Agriculture's Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) on Friday announced the addition of Sudan as eligible countries under the Africa Middle East Region for the Export Credit Guarantee Programme ...

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