Sudan

Country Sudan
Capital Khartoum
Continent Africa
Currency Sudanese pound(SDG)
Languages Arabic & English

Information

Introduction

Military regimes favoring Islamic-oriented governments have dominated national politics since independence from the UK in 1956. Sudan was embroiled in two prolonged civil wars during most of the remainder of the 20th century. These conflicts were rooted in northern economic, political, and social domination of largely non-Muslim, non-Arab southern Sudanese. The first civil war ended in 1972 but broke out again in 1983. The second war and famine-related effects resulted in more than four million people displaced and, according to rebel estimates, more than two million deaths over a period of two decades. Peace talks gained momentum in 2002-04 with the signing of several accords. The final North/South Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), signed in January 2005, granted the southern rebels autonomy for six years followed by a referendum on independence for Southern Sudan. The referendum was held in January 2011 and indicated overwhelming support for independence. South Sudan became independent on 9 July 2011. Since southern independence Sudan has been combating rebels from the Sudan People's Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N) in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile states. A separate conflict, which broke out in the western region of Darfur in 2003, has displaced nearly two million people and caused an estimated 200,000 to 400,000 deaths. The UN took command of the Darfur peacekeeping operation from the African Union in December 2007. Peacekeeping troops have struggled to stabilize the situation, which has become increasingly regional in scope and has brought instability to eastern Chad. Sudan also has faced large refugee influxes from neighboring countries primarily Ethiopia and Chad. Armed conflict, poor transport infrastructure, and lack of government support have chronically obstructed the provision of humanitarian assistance to affected populations.

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References

Sudan - Wikipedia
Sudan - CIA World Fact Book
Sudan - BBC
Sudan - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
Former South Sudan newspaper chief editor joins SPLM-IO - Sudan Tribune

Former South Sudan newspaper chief editor joins SPLM-IO
Sudan Tribune
February 7, 2016 (JUBA) - A former South Sudanese outspoken newspaper chief editor has officially declared joining the armed opposition faction of the Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM-IO) under the leadership of former Vice-President, Riek ...

and more »


SRF-Agar calls for meeting of Sudan's main opposition groups, seeks new impetus - Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune

SRF-Agar calls for meeting of Sudan's main opposition groups, seeks new impetus
Sudan Tribune
February 6, 2016 (KHARTOUM) - The Sudanese Revolutionary Front (SRF) led by Malik Agar Saturday agreed on the need to re-energize activities of the Sudanese opposition forces inside the country and called to hold a meeting for the "Sudan Call" forces.

and more »


South Sudan to hire 20000 Zimbabwean teachers: report - Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune

South Sudan to hire 20000 Zimbabwean teachers: report
Sudan Tribune
"It is true that discussions are underway between The republic of South Sudan and Zimbabwe to bring technical experts particularly teachers and nurse," a ministry of education official, who preferred anonymity, told Sudan Tribune Saturday. Arrangements ...
I was raped in South Sudan ... then went backThe Guardian
Aid group accuses South Sudan's government of pursuing “control techniques”South Sudan News Agency
S.Sudan: Hiring 20000 Zimbabwean TeachersGeeska Afrika
Radio Tamazuj -gurtong
all 25 news articles »


Sudan and South Sudan: 5 key political stories - Radio Tamazuj

Radio Tamazuj

Sudan and South Sudan: 5 key political stories
Radio Tamazuj
Sudan: Governance Committee members disagree on NISS powers (Radio Tamazuj, 5 February 2016) - Members of the Governance and Outcomes Committee in Sudan's ongoing national dialogue have carried out a heated debate on the status of National ...



Sudan appeals for US and Germany to pressure rebels to engage in “serious talks” - Sudan Tribune

Sudan appeals for US and Germany to pressure rebels to engage in “serious talks”
Sudan Tribune
Foreign ministry spokesperson, Ali al-Sadiq said that Ghandour discussed with a delegation from the USIP headed by the former US special envoy for Sudan Princeton Lyman, the peace talks in Darfur, South Kordofan and Blue Nile. He told the official news ...

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Flight Ban: Sudan says was not officially notified of Libyan decision - Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune

Flight Ban: Sudan says was not officially notified of Libyan decision
Sudan Tribune
February 6, 2016 (KHARTOUM) - Sudan's foreign ministry said it hasn't received an official notification from Libya's internationally recognised government based in Tobruk regarding its decision to stop air flights with Sudan. JPEG - 34.4 kb; Passengers ...
Sudan “not informed” about Libya flight suspensionStarAfrica.com
Eastern government suspends Sudan flightsThe Libya Observer
Clashes between Libyan forces and Sudanese fighters kills 30Deccan Chronicle
AfricaNews
all 47 news articles »


Fifa election: Gianno Infantino gets South Sudan backing - BBC News

BBC News

Fifa election: Gianno Infantino gets South Sudan backing
BBC News
"We are supporting Gianni Infantino for the Fifa presidency," said South Sudan football chief Chabur Goc Alei. Chabur said Infantino, the preferred candidate of Fifa vice-president and former Manchester United chief executive David Gill, had a better ...
South Sudan, Liberia defy CAF and pledge votes for Infantino, Prince AliESPN FC (blog)

all 86 news articles »


Arrow Boys defect to SPLA-IO in Western Equatoria state - Sudan Tribune

Arrow Boys defect to SPLA-IO in Western Equatoria state
Sudan Tribune
February 7, 2016 (JUBA) – A faction of Arrow Boys said they have defected from the alliance with the government and joined the armed opposition faction of the Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM-IO) led by former Vice-President, Riek Machar.

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UN expert: conflict in Sudan must end immediately - JURIST

The Guardian Nigeria (satire) (press release) (blog)

UN expert: conflict in Sudan must end immediately
JURIST
[JURIST] The UN Independent Expert on the situation of human rights in the Sudan, Aristide Nononsi, on Friday called for an end [press release] to conflict in Darfur between the Sudanese government and the Sudan Liberation Army/Abdul Wahid which may ...
Thousands of civilians flee homes due to violence in Sudan, says UN Independent ExpertThe Guardian Nigeria (satire) (press release) (blog)
UN human rights expert calls for immediate end to Jebel Marra clashesSudan Tribune
Sudan: UN expert urges protection of unarmed civilians after new escalation of violence in DarfurStarAfrica.com

all 14 news articles »


Sudanese alumni help enhance Indonesia-Sudan ties of quota - ANTARA

Sudanese alumni help enhance Indonesia-Sudan ties of quota
ANTARA
Jakarta (ANTARA News) - Indonesian scholars as alumni of Sudanese universities have expressed their support here on Sunday in improving bilateral relations particularly in the field of education. The Sudanese alumni unveiled their statement here on ...