Sudan

Country Sudan
Capital Khartoum
Continent Africa
Currency Sudanese pound(SDG)
Languages Arabic & English

Information

Introduction

Military regimes favoring Islamic-oriented governments have dominated national politics since independence from the UK in 1956. Sudan was embroiled in two prolonged civil wars during most of the remainder of the 20th century. These conflicts were rooted in northern economic, political, and social domination of largely non-Muslim, non-Arab southern Sudanese. The first civil war ended in 1972 but broke out again in 1983. The second war and famine-related effects resulted in more than four million people displaced and, according to rebel estimates, more than two million deaths over a period of two decades. Peace talks gained momentum in 2002-04 with the signing of several accords. The final North/South Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), signed in January 2005, granted the southern rebels autonomy for six years followed by a referendum on independence for Southern Sudan. The referendum was held in January 2011 and indicated overwhelming support for independence. South Sudan became independent on 9 July 2011. Since southern independence Sudan has been combating rebels from the Sudan People's Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N) in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile states. A separate conflict, which broke out in the western region of Darfur in 2003, has displaced nearly two million people and caused an estimated 200,000 to 400,000 deaths. The UN took command of the Darfur peacekeeping operation from the African Union in December 2007. Peacekeeping troops have struggled to stabilize the situation, which has become increasingly regional in scope and has brought instability to eastern Chad. Sudan also has faced large refugee influxes from neighboring countries primarily Ethiopia and Chad. Armed conflict, poor transport infrastructure, and lack of government support have chronically obstructed the provision of humanitarian assistance to affected populations.

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References

Sudan - Wikipedia
Sudan - CIA World Fact Book
Sudan - BBC
Sudan - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
Sudan's FM says differences on Ethiopia's Renaissance dam settled - Sudan Tribune

Sudan's FM says differences on Ethiopia's Renaissance dam settled
Sudan Tribune
August 27, 2016 (KHARTOUM) - Sudan's Minister of Foreign Affairs Ibrahim Ghandour has said differences that existed among Sudan, Ethiopia and Egypt on the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) have completely been settled. JPEG - 67.3 kb ...

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S. Sudan's Kiir says imposition of Machar will prolong conflict - Sudan Tribune

Aljazeera.com

S. Sudan's Kiir says imposition of Machar will prolong conflict
Sudan Tribune
August 27, 2016 (JUBA)- South Sudan president Salva Kiir warned on Saturday that any attempt to impose a return to power his main political rival and the leader of armed opposition, Riek Machar, will prolong the war and increases the suffering of the ...
One year after peace deal, South Sudan 'worse off'Aljazeera.com
S. Sudan ex-VP Machar discharged from Khartoum hospital: aidesYahoo News
'We just want to live' – on the road with South Sudan's refugeesThe Guardian
Radio Tamazuj -News24 -Financial mail
all 136 news articles »


South Sudan's troubled agreement is not keeping the peace - Fox News

Fox News

South Sudan's troubled agreement is not keeping the peace
Fox News
JUBA, South Sudan – When South Sudan's president signed a peace deal a year ago to try to end the country's civil war, he added 16 reservations to the agreement. Salva Kiir called it "the most divisive and unprecedented peace deal" in African history ...
S Sudan wants big budget despite economyTaipei Times
Mamdani: South Sudan power-sharing deal will not workNTV Uganda

all 13 news articles »


Sudan's FVP, Museveni discuss bilateral relations - Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune

Sudan's FVP, Museveni discuss bilateral relations
Sudan Tribune
Sudan's official news agency (SUNA) quoted the Sudanese Foreign Minister as saying that the meeting also discussed the ongoing arrangements for the upcoming visit of the Sudanese President Omer al-Bashir to Kampala besides the meeting of the joint ...

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Sudan and South Sudan border committee to resume work in mid-September: envoy - Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune

Sudan and South Sudan border committee to resume work in mid-September: envoy
Sudan Tribune
In September 2012, both Sudan and South Sudan signed a series of cooperation agreements, which covered oil, citizenship rights, security issues, banking, border trade among others. In March 2013, the two countries signed an implementation matrix for ...



Activists Angry as Rome Flies Migrants Back to Sudan - Breitbart News

Breitbart News

Activists Angry as Rome Flies Migrants Back to Sudan
Breitbart News
Struggling as 10,000 people arrive on its shores each week, Italy has begun to send migrants back to Sudan on charter flights. The Italian government repatriated the first 48 migrants to Sudan on Wednesday after striking a deal with the North African ...



Kiir acted out of wisdom against anti-UN statements: JCE - Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune

Kiir acted out of wisdom against anti-UN statements: JCE
Sudan Tribune
"He [Kiir] demonstrated strong leadership and should people appreciate the address and support the speech", he added. A former chief of justice in the regional administration before South Sudan seceded from Sudan, Thiik said Africa's newest nation was ...

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SPLM-N urges US envoy to raise case of detained pastors with Sudanese government - Sudan Tribune

SPLM-N urges US envoy to raise case of detained pastors with Sudanese government
Sudan Tribune
“SPLM-N Secretary General on Friday phoned the US special envoy to Sudan and South Sudan who is on his way to Khartoum about the attacks on Sudanese Christians especially the trial of Christian pastors from the Nuba Mountains and civil society ...

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Kalma IDPs commemorate killed camp residents, reject Sudan's peace roadmap - Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune

Kalma IDPs commemorate killed camp residents, reject Sudan's peace roadmap
Sudan Tribune
Most of the camp residents sympathise with the rebel Sudan Liberation Movement (SLM-AW) led by Abel-Wahid al-Nur which rejects the African Union led process for peace and to bring the armed groups to take part in a comprehensive constitutional ...

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The tragedy that is South Sudan and warring elite - The Standard (press release)

The Standard (press release)

The tragedy that is South Sudan and warring elite
The Standard (press release)
For years, I thought South Sudan was a victim society. History has a wicked way of dealing some people a cruel hand. Bad topography is one. Another is simply having bad neighbours – predatory and malevolent neighbours. Yet another is the cruelty of ...