Sudan

Country Sudan
Capital Khartoum
Continent Africa
Currency Sudanese pound(SDG)
Languages Arabic & English

Information

Introduction

Military regimes favoring Islamic-oriented governments have dominated national politics since independence from the UK in 1956. Sudan was embroiled in two prolonged civil wars during most of the remainder of the 20th century. These conflicts were rooted in northern economic, political, and social domination of largely non-Muslim, non-Arab southern Sudanese. The first civil war ended in 1972 but broke out again in 1983. The second war and famine-related effects resulted in more than four million people displaced and, according to rebel estimates, more than two million deaths over a period of two decades. Peace talks gained momentum in 2002-04 with the signing of several accords. The final North/South Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), signed in January 2005, granted the southern rebels autonomy for six years followed by a referendum on independence for Southern Sudan. The referendum was held in January 2011 and indicated overwhelming support for independence. South Sudan became independent on 9 July 2011. Since southern independence Sudan has been combating rebels from the Sudan People's Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N) in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile states. A separate conflict, which broke out in the western region of Darfur in 2003, has displaced nearly two million people and caused an estimated 200,000 to 400,000 deaths. The UN took command of the Darfur peacekeeping operation from the African Union in December 2007. Peacekeeping troops have struggled to stabilize the situation, which has become increasingly regional in scope and has brought instability to eastern Chad. Sudan also has faced large refugee influxes from neighboring countries primarily Ethiopia and Chad. Armed conflict, poor transport infrastructure, and lack of government support have chronically obstructed the provision of humanitarian assistance to affected populations.

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References

Sudan - Wikipedia
Sudan - CIA World Fact Book
Sudan - BBC
Sudan - Timeline - BBC

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Google News
S. Sudan security agents surround opposition leader's house - Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune

S. Sudan security agents surround opposition leader's house
Sudan Tribune
Lam Akol Ajawin, the leader of the opposition Sudan People's Liberation Movement for democratic Change (SPLM-DC), confirmed that security operatives indeed surrounded his premise. Unaware of what prompted the surprise move, Akol admitted he has ...
South Sudan opposition leader says troops surround his homeU.S. News & World Report
Lam Akol, South Sudan opposition leader, says troops surround his homeWashington Times
South Sudan security forces surround house of opposition figureReuters
Voice of America -Times LIVE -News24
all 104 news articles »


Rebel conference did not review top leadership: spokesman - Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune

Rebel conference did not review top leadership: spokesman
Sudan Tribune
April 25, 2015 (ADDIS ABABA) – A spokesperson of the leader of the opposition faction of the Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM-IO) said the recent rebels leadership conference did not review the top leadership nor necessitated further ...



Sudan's opposition leader calls for popular uprising to overthrow the regime - Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune

Sudan's opposition leader calls for popular uprising to overthrow the regime
Sudan Tribune
Sudanese authorities on released Abu Issa earlier this month along with rights activist Amin Mekki Madani and the dissident member of the ruling National Congress Party (NCP) Farah Agar following four months of arrest for signing a political charter ...

and more »


Sudan's pyramids, nearly as grand as Egypt's, go unvisited - Yahoo News

Yahoo News

Sudan's pyramids, nearly as grand as Egypt's, go unvisited
Yahoo News
The pyramids at Meroe, some 200 kilometers (125 miles) north of Sudan's capital, Khartoum, are rarely visited despite being a UNESCO World Heritage site like those in Egypt. Sanctions against the government of longtime President Omar al-Bashir over ...
Sudan's Al-Bashir Re-Elected With 94 Percent of VoteABC News
Sudan's pyramids go unvisitedThe Columbian
This isn't where you think it isNEWS.com.au
Sudan Tribune
all 118 news articles »


Sudan accuses Darfur peacekeepers of killing 7 civilians - News24

News24

Sudan accuses Darfur peacekeepers of killing 7 civilians
News24
Khartoum - Sudan's government on Sunday accused peacekeepers in Darfur of killing seven civilians, disputing the UN-African Union mission's version of events in which it said its forces had repelled two attacks by gunmen. The UN-AU Mission in Darfur ...
Sudan refutes UNAMID account of this week's clashes in South DarfurSudan Tribune
Sudan accuses UNAMID of killing 7 civiliansPress TV
'Erroneous Accounts On South Darfur Clashes Misinform Sudan' - UnamidRadio Dabanga
AllAfrica.com
all 53 news articles »


UN vows to continue development projects in South Sudan - Sudan Tribune

UN vows to continue development projects in South Sudan
Sudan Tribune
“Since independence the United Nations and its agencies, such as the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), have worked in support of the people of South Sudan and key institutions of the world's youngest country. Our work has continued ...

and more »


Sudanese army and rebels both claim victory in South Darfur battles - Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune

Sudanese army and rebels both claim victory in South Darfur battles
Sudan Tribune
The Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF) said it inflicted heavy losses on the rebels penetrated inside the region from the border areas and renewed accusations that Juba government supports the armed groups. SAF spokesperson, Colonel al-Sawarmi Khalid ...
Sudan army repels rebel attack in DarfurDaijiworld.com
Khartoum accuses S.Sudan of backing Darfur rebelsZee News
Soldiers Clash With Rebels in DarfurRadio Dabanga

all 36 news articles »


Uganda allocates Shs 16.2bn for UPDF stay in South Sudan - Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune

Uganda allocates Shs 16.2bn for UPDF stay in South Sudan
Sudan Tribune
“They [lawmakers] asked [defense] minister Crispus Kiyonga to produce details of the previous expenditure since the army entered South Sudan in December 2013,” the Observer newspaper reported. The minister, who was appearing before MPs to defend ...

and more »


South Sudan capital hit by drinking water shortages - Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune

South Sudan capital hit by drinking water shortages
Sudan Tribune
Dollar exchange rate has sharply risen to nearly 10 South Sudanese pounds (SSP) per one dollar as the country has exhausted is foreign reserves while production of oil has reduced due to the ongoing war. The young nation imports most of commodities ...



Bor county prepares to allocate 2000 residential plots - Sudan Tribune

Bor county prepares to allocate 2000 residential plots
Sudan Tribune
April 26, 2015(BOR) – In a bid to reduce slum estates and create modern settlements Jonglei state's Bor county is preparing to allocate over 2,000 new plots to landless residents living in the capital. Sudan Tribune has learnt that plots have been ...