Sudan

Country Sudan
Capital Khartoum
Continent Africa
Currency Sudanese pound(SDG)
Languages Arabic & English

Information

Introduction

Military regimes favoring Islamic-oriented governments have dominated national politics since independence from the UK in 1956. Sudan was embroiled in two prolonged civil wars during most of the remainder of the 20th century. These conflicts were rooted in northern economic, political, and social domination of largely non-Muslim, non-Arab southern Sudanese. The first civil war ended in 1972 but broke out again in 1983. The second war and famine-related effects resulted in more than four million people displaced and, according to rebel estimates, more than two million deaths over a period of two decades. Peace talks gained momentum in 2002-04 with the signing of several accords. The final North/South Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), signed in January 2005, granted the southern rebels autonomy for six years followed by a referendum on independence for Southern Sudan. The referendum was held in January 2011 and indicated overwhelming support for independence. South Sudan became independent on 9 July 2011. Since southern independence Sudan has been combating rebels from the Sudan People's Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N) in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile states. A separate conflict, which broke out in the western region of Darfur in 2003, has displaced nearly two million people and caused an estimated 200,000 to 400,000 deaths. The UN took command of the Darfur peacekeeping operation from the African Union in December 2007. Peacekeeping troops have struggled to stabilize the situation, which has become increasingly regional in scope and has brought instability to eastern Chad. Sudan also has faced large refugee influxes from neighboring countries primarily Ethiopia and Chad. Armed conflict, poor transport infrastructure, and lack of government support have chronically obstructed the provision of humanitarian assistance to affected populations.

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References

Sudan - Wikipedia
Sudan - CIA World Fact Book
Sudan - BBC
Sudan - Timeline - BBC

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Google News
South Sudan Risks Famine With Ban on Foreign Aid Workers - VICE News

VICE News

South Sudan Risks Famine With Ban on Foreign Aid Workers
VICE News
The government of South Sudan has reportedly banned foreigners, including aid workers, from employment in the war-ravaged country, according to an order issued in local papers and sent directly to non-governmental organizations (NGOs). Humanitarian ...
South Sudan bans foreign workers amid aid crisisBBC News
South Sudan to limit foreign workersAljazeera.com
South Sudan wants to kick out foreign aid workers, even as a devastating ...Washington Post (blog)
NewsDay -Yahoo News
all 151 news articles »


Sudanese Christian Meriam Ibrahim speaks of her prison ordeal for the first time - The Independent

The Independent

Sudanese Christian Meriam Ibrahim speaks of her prison ordeal for the first time
The Independent
The Sudanese mother who was sentenced to hang for refusing to give up her Christian faith has spoken about her ordeal for the first time, saying she never once considered giving in and that she made her stand on behalf of all those facing persecution ...
Sudanese Christian Meriam Ibrahim tells for first time of her ordealTelegraph.co.uk
Facing Death, Sudan Mom Says She Relied on FaithChristian Broadcasting Network
Sudanese woman: It's my right to follow the religion of my choiceWMUR Manchester
Radio Dabanga -Town Hall -Radio Tamazuj
all 85 news articles »


Opening of Egypt-Sudan border crossing sign of reconciliation - Al-Monitor

Sudan Vision

Opening of Egypt-Sudan border crossing sign of reconciliation
Al-Monitor
CAIRO — The opening of the land port between Egypt and Sudan on Aug. 27 triggered many questions about the extent of harmony and reconciliation between the two countries; things have been tense since the days of former Egyptian President Hosni ...
Forum Calls for Streamlining Paperwork, Creating Single Interface for Foreign ...Sudan Vision

all 2 news articles »


Facing Death, Sudanese Woman Relied on Her Faith - ABC News

ABC News

Facing Death, Sudanese Woman Relied on Her Faith
ABC News
The Sudanese woman imprisoned for refusing to reject Christianity said in a televised interview airing Monday night that she was resolved to keep her faith even if it meant death. Meriam Ibrahim, who now lives in Manchester, New Hampshire, was ...



AUPSC urges Sudan and S. Sudan to resolve Abyei impasse - Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune

AUPSC urges Sudan and S. Sudan to resolve Abyei impasse
Sudan Tribune
September 15, 2014 (JUBA) – The African Union Peace and Security Council (AUPSC) has urged the two Sudans to expedite the implementation of the outstanding administrative and security elements of the June 2011 Agreement on Abyei, in order to meet ...
Govt 'Disappointed' At Khartoum Decision On AbyeiVoice of America

all 2 news articles »


S. Sudan President Seeks Meeting with Sudan's Leader - Voice of America

Voice of America

S. Sudan President Seeks Meeting with Sudan's Leader
Voice of America
South Sudan's President Salva Kiir has officially written to Sudanese President Omar Hassan Al-Bashir proposing talks to deepen bilateral relations and security cooperation, according to Ateny Wek Ateny, South Sudan presidential spokesperson. Ateny ...



Wealthy LA Schools' Vaccination Rates Are as Low as South Sudan's - The Atlantic

Wealthy LA Schools' Vaccination Rates Are as Low as South Sudan's
The Atlantic
In some schools, up to 60 to 70 percent of parents have filed these PBEs, indicating a vaccination rate as low as that of Chad or South Sudan. Unlike in Santa Monica, however, parents in South Sudan have trouble getting their children vaccinated ...



Sudan and Qatar deny accusations of supporting Libya Dawn - Libya Herald

Sudan Tribune

Sudan and Qatar deny accusations of supporting Libya Dawn
Libya Herald
Both Qatar and Sudan have protested the accusations made by the Prime Minister, Abduallah Al-Thinni, at the weekend that they have been sending arms to the Misratan-led Libya Dawn forces. Sudan yesterday summoned the Libyan Charge d'Affaires in ...
Libya warns it may cut ties with Sudan and Qatar over “interference”Sudan Tribune
Libya considers breaking ties with SudanThe North Africa Post
Haftar forces claim responsibility for anti-Islamist airstrikesMiddle East Eye

all 301 news articles »


Sudan summons Libyan diplomat over accusations of backing Islamists militias - Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune

Sudan summons Libyan diplomat over accusations of backing Islamists militias
Sudan Tribune
September 15, 2014 (KHARTOUM) – Sudan's foreign ministry on Monday has summoned the Libyan acting charge d'affaires and conveyed to him Khartoum's dismay of accusations made by the Libyan prime minister Abdullah al-Thinni of Khartoum's backing ...
Foreign Ministry Summons Libyan Charge d'AffairesSudan Vision

all 3 news articles »


South Sudan Mulls Exchange-Rate Unity Once Security Improves - Bloomberg

South Sudan Mulls Exchange-Rate Unity Once Security Improves
Bloomberg
Devaluation would have to be approved by South Sudan's parliament and adopting it would depend on the country's financial situation, according to Mayik. Lawmakers who rejected November's devaluation cited its effect on food and fuel prices, which rose ...