Sudan

Country Sudan
Capital Khartoum
Continent Africa
Currency Sudanese pound(SDG)
Languages Arabic & English

Information

Introduction

Military regimes favoring Islamic-oriented governments have dominated national politics since independence from the UK in 1956. Sudan was embroiled in two prolonged civil wars during most of the remainder of the 20th century. These conflicts were rooted in northern economic, political, and social domination of largely non-Muslim, non-Arab southern Sudanese. The first civil war ended in 1972 but broke out again in 1983. The second war and famine-related effects resulted in more than four million people displaced and, according to rebel estimates, more than two million deaths over a period of two decades. Peace talks gained momentum in 2002-04 with the signing of several accords. The final North/South Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), signed in January 2005, granted the southern rebels autonomy for six years followed by a referendum on independence for Southern Sudan. The referendum was held in January 2011 and indicated overwhelming support for independence. South Sudan became independent on 9 July 2011. Since southern independence Sudan has been combating rebels from the Sudan People's Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N) in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile states. A separate conflict, which broke out in the western region of Darfur in 2003, has displaced nearly two million people and caused an estimated 200,000 to 400,000 deaths. The UN took command of the Darfur peacekeeping operation from the African Union in December 2007. Peacekeeping troops have struggled to stabilize the situation, which has become increasingly regional in scope and has brought instability to eastern Chad. Sudan also has faced large refugee influxes from neighboring countries primarily Ethiopia and Chad. Armed conflict, poor transport infrastructure, and lack of government support have chronically obstructed the provision of humanitarian assistance to affected populations.

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References

Sudan - Wikipedia
Sudan - CIA World Fact Book
Sudan - BBC
Sudan - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
Why protesters are fed up with Sudan's tricky transition - The Conversation AfricaWhy protesters are fed up with Sudan's tricky transition  The Conversation Africa

Sudan: Growing protests against insecurity in central Darfur - Aljazeera.comSudan: Growing protests against insecurity in central Darfur  Aljazeera.com

Coronavirus death toll rises in Sudan, Libya - Anadolu AgencyCoronavirus death toll rises in Sudan, Libya  Anadolu Agency

Eastern Sudan: Transport drivers strike for higher tariffs - Radio DabangaEastern Sudan: Transport drivers strike for higher tariffs  Radio Dabanga

South Sudan Diplomat Urinates During Live Panel Discussion - Voice of AmericaSouth Sudan Diplomat Urinates During Live Panel Discussion  Voice of America

Arabic press review: Sudan investigates Bashir's secret multi-million deposit - Middle East EyeArabic press review: Sudan investigates Bashir's secret multi-million deposit  Middle East Eye

Sudan uprising: Nertati sit-in, the new wave - Global VoicesSudan uprising: Nertati sit-in, the new wave  Global Voices

Sudan Situation Report, 6 Jul 2020 [EN/AR] - Sudan - ReliefWebSudan Situation Report, 6 Jul 2020 [EN/AR] - Sudan  ReliefWeb

One killed in Sudan as thousands rally for faster reform - Al Jazeera EnglishOne killed in Sudan as thousands rally for faster reform  Al Jazeera English

Sudan's first 'Solar Lab' launched in Khartoum - Radio DabangaSudan's first 'Solar Lab' launched in Khartoum  Radio Dabanga

Sudan says busts currency counterfeiting network - Xinhua | English.news.cn - XinhuaSudan says busts currency counterfeiting network - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

Eastern Sudanese Koran teacher sentenced to death - Radio DabangaEastern Sudanese Koran teacher sentenced to death  Radio Dabanga

Wheat hoard seized in Sudan's White Nile state, farmers demand support - Radio DabangaWheat hoard seized in Sudan's White Nile state, farmers demand support  Radio Dabanga

Financing the Revival of Sudan's Troubled Transition - International Crisis GroupFinancing the Revival of Sudan's Troubled Transition  International Crisis Group

Sudan peace negotiations: Direct talks in Khartoum on outstanding issues - Sudan - ReliefWebSudan peace negotiations: Direct talks in Khartoum on outstanding issues - Sudan  ReliefWeb

South Sudan: Program Director - Partnerships and Learning - ReliefWebSouth Sudan: Program Director - Partnerships and Learning  ReliefWeb

Sudan Humanitarian Fund Annual Report 2019 - Sudan - ReliefWebSudan Humanitarian Fund Annual Report 2019 - Sudan  ReliefWeb

Sudan: Prioritize Justice and Institutional Reforms - Human Rights WatchSudan: Prioritize Justice and Institutional Reforms  Human Rights Watch

DTM South Sudan: COVID-19 Preparedness & Response: Mobility Update Week 12 (15-28 June 2020) - South Sudan - ReliefWebDTM South Sudan: COVID-19 Preparedness & Response: Mobility Update Week 12 (15-28 June 2020) - South Sudan  ReliefWeb

Sudan's transitional government must be supported through COVID-19. Here's why - The Conversation AfricaSudan's transitional government must be supported through COVID-19. Here's why  The Conversation Africa

Sudan to share govt posts with rebel leaders - Radio DabangaSudan to share govt posts with rebel leaders  Radio Dabanga

GERD: 1959 Egypt/Sudan treaty -‘The worst agreement Khartoum could have signed’ - The Africa ReportGERD: 1959 Egypt/Sudan treaty -‘The worst agreement Khartoum could have signed’  The Africa Report

IMF Staff Completes Mission for a Staff-Monitored Program to Sudan - International Monetary FundIMF Staff Completes Mission for a Staff-Monitored Program to Sudan  International Monetary Fund

Coronavirus response: Team Europe support to Sudan through EU Humanitarian Air Bridge flight - EU NewsCoronavirus response: Team Europe support to Sudan through EU Humanitarian Air Bridge flight  EU News

Sudanese central bank receives 'militia leader's money', report says - Central BankingSudanese central bank receives 'militia leader's money', report says  Central Banking

Sudan Situation Report, 16 June 2020 [EN/AR] - Sudan - ReliefWebSudan Situation Report, 16 June 2020 [EN/AR] - Sudan  ReliefWeb

FROM THE FIELD: Sudanese women ready to 'break taboos' and run for office - UN NewsFROM THE FIELD: Sudanese women ready to 'break taboos' and run for office  UN News

COVID-19 deaths surge in Oman, Bahrain, Sudan, Kuwait - Anadolu AgencyCOVID-19 deaths surge in Oman, Bahrain, Sudan, Kuwait  Anadolu Agency

Sudan Partnership Conference: EU mobilises support for Sudan - EU NewsSudan Partnership Conference: EU mobilises support for Sudan  EU News

UN Peacekeepers Test Positive for Coronavirus in South Sudan - Voice of AmericaUN Peacekeepers Test Positive for Coronavirus in South Sudan  Voice of America

Sudan finds mass grave believed to be linked to 1998 killings - Al Jazeera EnglishSudan finds mass grave believed to be linked to 1998 killings  Al Jazeera English

South Sudan's central bank cuts benchmark interest rate to 10% - Reuters AfricaSouth Sudan's central bank cuts benchmark interest rate to 10%  Reuters Africa

Sudan Situation Report, 2 July 2020 [EN/AR] - Sudan - ReliefWebSudan Situation Report, 2 July 2020 [EN/AR] - Sudan  ReliefWeb

Sudan's bid to ban genital mutilation sparks hope, caution - Associated PressSudan's bid to ban genital mutilation sparks hope, caution  Associated Press

Q&A: Justice for Serious International Crimes Committed in Sudan - Human Rights WatchQ&A: Justice for Serious International Crimes Committed in Sudan  Human Rights Watch

Sudan fires top police officials after protests - ReutersSudan fires top police officials after protests  Reuters

AU donates reusable face masks to South Sudan - cgtn.comAU donates reusable face masks to South Sudan  cgtn.com

US to lift Sudan sanctions after gov't election: Source - Anadolu AgencyUS to lift Sudan sanctions after gov't election: Source  Anadolu Agency

Sudan Situation Report, 18 June 2020 [EN/AR] - Sudan - ReliefWebSudan Situation Report, 18 June 2020 [EN/AR] - Sudan  ReliefWeb

Protecting South Sudanese Refugees from COVID-19 | UNICEF Sudan - UNICEFProtecting South Sudanese Refugees from COVID-19 | UNICEF Sudan  UNICEF

COVID-19 fatalities in Sudan exceed 600 - Anadolu AgencyCOVID-19 fatalities in Sudan exceed 600  Anadolu Agency

Sudan: Integrated Food Security Phase Classification Snapshot | June - December 2020 - Sudan - ReliefWebSudan: Integrated Food Security Phase Classification Snapshot | June - December 2020 - Sudan  ReliefWeb

‘I saw so much killing’: the mental health crisis of South Sudan refugees - The Guardian‘I saw so much killing’: the mental health crisis of South Sudan refugees  The Guardian

Bad company: How dark money threatens Sudan's transition - European Council on Foreign RelationsBad company: How dark money threatens Sudan's transition  European Council on Foreign Relations

Sudanese capital to ease lockdown from July 8 - Xinhua | English.news.cn - XinhuaSudanese capital to ease lockdown from July 8 - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

Burundi, South Sudan: East Africa’s weak link in human trafficking - The East AfricanBurundi, South Sudan: East Africa’s weak link in human trafficking  The East African

Sudan peace talks close to agreement – eastern track reopened - Radio DabangaSudan peace talks close to agreement – eastern track reopened  Radio Dabanga

‘Decolonise and rename’ streets of Uganda and Sudan, activists urge - The Guardian‘Decolonise and rename’ streets of Uganda and Sudan, activists urge  The Guardian

Western donors hope to Sudan cash scheme with $500 million: diplomats - ReutersWestern donors hope to Sudan cash scheme with $500 million: diplomats  Reuters

Capacity of Egypt-Sudan electricity linkage to be 250 MW in 1.5 year - EgypttodayCapacity of Egypt-Sudan electricity linkage to be 250 MW in 1.5 year  Egypttoday

Sudan's Al-Burhan supplied Haftar with weapons as Sudanese military leaders vie for UAE money - The Libya ObserverSudan's Al-Burhan supplied Haftar with weapons as Sudanese military leaders vie for UAE money  The Libya Observer

After 13 Years on the Run, a Sudanese Militia Leader Appears in Court - The New York TimesAfter 13 Years on the Run, a Sudanese Militia Leader Appears in Court  The New York Times

Restoring Sudan's forest cover, one tree at a time - UNHCRRestoring Sudan's forest cover, one tree at a time  UNHCR

EU, WHO to strengthen Sudan's COVID-19 response and health system - Sudan - ReliefWebEU, WHO to strengthen Sudan's COVID-19 response and health system - Sudan  ReliefWeb

'Arms embargo creates further insecurity in South Sudan' - Anadolu Agency'Arms embargo creates further insecurity in South Sudan'  Anadolu Agency

Sudanese woman dies before boarding repatriation flight at Hyderabad airport - The Indian ExpressSudanese woman dies before boarding repatriation flight at Hyderabad airport  The Indian Express

Sudan: Humanitarian aid flight brings medical and support staff to Khartoum - Sudan - ReliefWebSudan: Humanitarian aid flight brings medical and support staff to Khartoum - Sudan  ReliefWeb

South Sudan leaders reach key deal on control of states - Al Jazeera EnglishSouth Sudan leaders reach key deal on control of states  Al Jazeera English

Sudanese War Crimes Suspect Arrested After 13 Years on the Run - The New York TimesSudanese War Crimes Suspect Arrested After 13 Years on the Run  The New York Times

South Sudan: Camp Coordination and Camp Management Cluster Monthly Situation Report | 1-31 May 2020 - South Sudan - ReliefWebSouth Sudan: Camp Coordination and Camp Management Cluster Monthly Situation Report | 1-31 May 2020 - South Sudan  ReliefWeb

Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan to agree Nile dam deal 'in two weeks' - Al Jazeera EnglishEgypt, Ethiopia and Sudan to agree Nile dam deal 'in two weeks'  Al Jazeera English

On the frontlines of Sudan's war against COVID-19 - Sudan - ReliefWebOn the frontlines of Sudan's war against COVID-19 - Sudan  ReliefWeb

How 'nafeer' can help Sudan out of its coronavirus crisis - Al Jazeera EnglishHow 'nafeer' can help Sudan out of its coronavirus crisis  Al Jazeera English

Devastating South Sudan coronavirus deaths,'a tragedy that can be prevented', Security Council hears - UN NewsDevastating South Sudan coronavirus deaths,'a tragedy that can be prevented', Security Council hears  UN News

People take part in mass demonstration in Khartoum, Sudan - Xinhua | English.news.cn - XinhuaPeople take part in mass demonstration in Khartoum, Sudan - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

Sudan close to a deal with US over embassy bombings: Minister - Al Jazeera EnglishSudan close to a deal with US over embassy bombings: Minister  Al Jazeera English

COVID-19 Movement Restrictions: Sudan Mobility Restriction Dashboard #9 (2 July 2020) - Sudan - ReliefWebCOVID-19 Movement Restrictions: Sudan Mobility Restriction Dashboard #9 (2 July 2020) - Sudan  ReliefWeb

South Sudan names state governors for unity government - Anadolu AgencySouth Sudan names state governors for unity government  Anadolu Agency

Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan must learn how to share the Nile river - The EconomistEgypt, Ethiopia and Sudan must learn how to share the Nile river  The Economist

WFP Sudan Country Brief, May 2020 - Sudan - ReliefWebWFP Sudan Country Brief, May 2020 - Sudan  ReliefWeb

Sudan warns against escalation in Nile dam dispute - Al Jazeera EnglishSudan warns against escalation in Nile dam dispute  Al Jazeera English

Lancaster woman's appeal to help young girls in Sudan forced into selling their bodies to support families during Covid-19 crisis - Lancaster GuardianLancaster woman's appeal to help young girls in Sudan forced into selling their bodies to support families during Covid-19 crisis  Lancaster Guardian

S.Sudan: 84,625 children with acute malnutrition treated - Anadolu AgencyS.Sudan: 84,625 children with acute malnutrition treated  Anadolu Agency

Sharif: Sudan midfielder has five matches to earn Simba SC contract - Goal.comSharif: Sudan midfielder has five matches to earn Simba SC contract  Goal.com

What Is Causing South Sudan's Inter-Communal Fighting? - Voice of AmericaWhat Is Causing South Sudan's Inter-Communal Fighting?  Voice of America

South Sudan, Burundi face expulsion from regional bloc for defaulting annual remittances - cgtn.comSouth Sudan, Burundi face expulsion from regional bloc for defaulting annual remittances  cgtn.com

Solar for Agriculture: Empowering Farmers in North Sudan - Sudan - ReliefWebSolar for Agriculture: Empowering Farmers in North Sudan - Sudan  ReliefWeb

Salisbury-Sudan Emergency Appeal launched - Spire FMSalisbury-Sudan Emergency Appeal launched  Spire FM

Inflation over 114% as Sudan's economic woes deepen - Radio DabangaInflation over 114% as Sudan's economic woes deepen  Radio Dabanga

IOM South Sudan: Weekly COVID-19 Situation Report (22 - 28 June 2020) - South Sudan - ReliefWebIOM South Sudan: Weekly COVID-19 Situation Report (22 - 28 June 2020) - South Sudan  ReliefWeb

Sudan: Foreign Minister Participates in Arab-Chinese Forum - AllAfrica.comSudan: Foreign Minister Participates in Arab-Chinese Forum  AllAfrica.com

Peacekeepers from Mongolia repair hospital in South Sudan - AKIpressPeacekeepers from Mongolia repair hospital in South Sudan  AKIpress

Sudan's anti-corruption committee seizes funds - Radio DabangaSudan's anti-corruption committee seizes funds  Radio Dabanga

Coronavirus continues to spread in African countries - Anadolu AgencyCoronavirus continues to spread in African countries  Anadolu Agency

Chikungunya in Sudan - Radio DabangaChikungunya in Sudan  Radio Dabanga

Sudan says it detained 122 fighters headed for Libya - Middle East EyeSudan says it detained 122 fighters headed for Libya  Middle East Eye

COVID-19: Centre asks states, UTs to bolster mechanism to address mental health issues - Outlook IndiaCOVID-19: Centre asks states, UTs to bolster mechanism to address mental health issues  Outlook India

7 plagues devastating South Sudan's health system - South Sudan - ReliefWeb7 plagues devastating South Sudan's health system - South Sudan  ReliefWeb

South Sudan: Upsurge in violence could threaten peace - Vatican NewsSouth Sudan: Upsurge in violence could threaten peace  Vatican News

South Sudan — Unity State Event Tracking Report: Mayom County, Unity State, 23 June 2020 - South Sudan - ReliefWebSouth Sudan — Unity State Event Tracking Report: Mayom County, Unity State, 23 June 2020 - South Sudan  ReliefWeb

Sudan, UNAMID agree to investigate killing of civilians in Kalma camp - Sudan - ReliefWebSudan, UNAMID agree to investigate killing of civilians in Kalma camp - Sudan  ReliefWeb

Humanitarian Coordinator in South Sudan condemns killing of an aid worker in Lakes and calls for an end to violence - South Sudan - ReliefWebHumanitarian Coordinator in South Sudan condemns killing of an aid worker in Lakes and calls for an end to violence - South Sudan  ReliefWeb

Intense fighting in eastern South Sudan once again forces thousands to flee - South Sudan - ReliefWebIntense fighting in eastern South Sudan once again forces thousands to flee - South Sudan  ReliefWeb

Ethiopia, Egypt, Sudan discuss Nile River dam at UN Security Council - Al-MonitorEthiopia, Egypt, Sudan discuss Nile River dam at UN Security Council  Al-Monitor

Sudan's Partners Pledge Almost $2 Billion but Is It Enough? - AllAfrica - Top Africa NewsSudan's Partners Pledge Almost $2 Billion but Is It Enough?  AllAfrica - Top Africa News

UNMISS trains community influencers to raise awareness on COVID-19 in Eastern Equatoria - South Sudan - ReliefWebUNMISS trains community influencers to raise awareness on COVID-19 in Eastern Equatoria - South Sudan  ReliefWeb

Mass grave discovered east of Sudan’s capital Khartoum - The East AfricanMass grave discovered east of Sudan’s capital Khartoum  The East African

Covid-19 preparedness in Wunthou Border, Renk County, South Sudan - South Sudan - ReliefWebCovid-19 preparedness in Wunthou Border, Renk County, South Sudan - South Sudan  ReliefWeb

A president and five deputies but South Sudan still cries for leadership - Daily NationA president and five deputies but South Sudan still cries for leadership  Daily Nation

UNHCR East and Horn of Africa, and the Great Lakes Region COVID-19 External Update #14 (18 June - 1 July 2020) - Sudan - ReliefWebUNHCR East and Horn of Africa, and the Great Lakes Region COVID-19 External Update #14 (18 June - 1 July 2020) - Sudan  ReliefWeb