Sudan

Country Sudan
Capital Khartoum
Continent Africa
Currency Sudanese pound(SDG)
Languages Arabic & English

Information

Introduction

Military regimes favoring Islamic-oriented governments have dominated national politics since independence from the UK in 1956. Sudan was embroiled in two prolonged civil wars during most of the remainder of the 20th century. These conflicts were rooted in northern economic, political, and social domination of largely non-Muslim, non-Arab southern Sudanese. The first civil war ended in 1972 but broke out again in 1983. The second war and famine-related effects resulted in more than four million people displaced and, according to rebel estimates, more than two million deaths over a period of two decades. Peace talks gained momentum in 2002-04 with the signing of several accords. The final North/South Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), signed in January 2005, granted the southern rebels autonomy for six years followed by a referendum on independence for Southern Sudan. The referendum was held in January 2011 and indicated overwhelming support for independence. South Sudan became independent on 9 July 2011. Since southern independence Sudan has been combating rebels from the Sudan People's Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N) in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile states. A separate conflict, which broke out in the western region of Darfur in 2003, has displaced nearly two million people and caused an estimated 200,000 to 400,000 deaths. The UN took command of the Darfur peacekeeping operation from the African Union in December 2007. Peacekeeping troops have struggled to stabilize the situation, which has become increasingly regional in scope and has brought instability to eastern Chad. Sudan also has faced large refugee influxes from neighboring countries primarily Ethiopia and Chad. Armed conflict, poor transport infrastructure, and lack of government support have chronically obstructed the provision of humanitarian assistance to affected populations.

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References

Sudan - Wikipedia
Sudan - CIA World Fact Book
Sudan - BBC
Sudan - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
Sudan warns South Sudan against 'hostile moves' by rebels in its territory - Reuters

Sudan Tribune

Sudan warns South Sudan against 'hostile moves' by rebels in its territory
Reuters
KHARTOUM (Reuters) - Sudan's intelligence chief warned South Sudan against "hostile moves from its territory", saying any incursion by rebel forces based in its neighbor would be treated as an "assault" by Juba. In comments broadcast by a Sudanese news ...
S. Sudanese lawmakers demand probe into $250m fuel fundSudan Tribune
'More advocacy needed for Sudan Appeal': Communist PartyRadio Dabanga
Khartoum threatens to pursue Sudanese rebels into S SudanRadio Tamazuj
Voice of America -gurtong
all 35 news articles »


S. Sudan talks to resume Wednesday as rebels carry out fresh attacks - Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune

S. Sudan talks to resume Wednesday as rebels carry out fresh attacks
Sudan Tribune
In a statement broadcast by SSTV in South Sudan's capital, Juba, on Monday information minister Micheal Makuei Lueth said: “We are ready to go to Ethiopia for [the] resumption of peace talks with full mandate and authority from the president to return ...



Human rights law - The Economist

Sudan Tribune

Human rights law
The Economist
IT HAS been a bad few weeks for the International Criminal Court (ICC)—and for the cause of justice, in Kenya and Sudan. First, on December 5th the court's chief prosecutor, Fatou Bensouda, declared that the charge of crimes against humanity laid ...
Sudan accuses ICC prosecutor of seeking to escalate Darfur crisisSudan Tribune
Sudan President Bashir hails 'victory' over ICC chargesBBC News
Sudan's President Omar al-Bashir claims victory over ICC after it drops Darfur ...The Independent
Reuters -Voice of America -The Guardian
all 309 news articles »


Khartoum claims it has “documented evidence” Juba is supporting rebels - Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune

Khartoum claims it has “documented evidence” Juba is supporting rebels
Sudan Tribune
Last Thursday, the director of Sudan's National Intelligence and Security Services (NISS), Mohamed Atta, threatened to pursue rebel groups inside the South Sudanese territory, adding they have endured enough Juba support to the Sudanese Revolutionary ...
Can the U.S. Forge a Relationship with South Sudan?U.S. News & World Report
UN: Tens of thousands dead in S Sudan warAljazeera.com
South Sudan conflict: What chance of peace?BBC News
Waterloo Record -ABC News
all 538 news articles »


Sudan unveils oil ambitions - UPI.com

Sudan unveils oil ambitions
UPI.com
South Sudan gained control over major oil producing acreage when it secured independence in 2011 through a peace deal with Sudan brokered with the help of the U.S. government. Sudan, however, maintained control over the export infrastructure.



China, Sudan sign $700m loan for new Khartoum airport - Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune

China, Sudan sign $700m loan for new Khartoum airport
Sudan Tribune
40% of the construction works will be implemented by Sudanese companies. A new 300-room hotel will be also part of this airport, which is located at 40 km from Khartoum city. Sudan hopes that this airport will increase the exportation of Sudanese goods ...
Sudan signs USD 700 mln airport financing deal with ChinaKuwait News Agency
Sudan: China to build new Khartoum airportStarAfrica.com
New Khartoum Airport Contract SignedSudan Vision

all 6 news articles »


Ireland provides additional funds for humanitarian needs in Sudan - Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune

Ireland provides additional funds for humanitarian needs in Sudan
Sudan Tribune
December 16, 2014 (KHARTOUM) – The government of Ireland has contributed an additional $1.9 million to the Sudan Common Humanitarian Fund (CHF), following its contribution earlier this year of more than $1.3 million to help address growing ...
Ireland Contributes over US$3M to Sudan Common Humanitarian FundSudan Vision

all 4 news articles »


South Sudan: action needed to avert “catastrophe” - FT.com (registration) (blog)

FT.com (registration) (blog)

South Sudan: action needed to avert “catastrophe”
FT.com (registration) (blog)
As if South Sudan hasn't enough to contend with, now it has the reprove of the usually buttoned-up IMF. Following a review of the oil-dependent economy, the IMF outlines the “acute challenges” facing the new country, which started tearing itself apart ...
IMF sees improvement in Sudan's economic indicatorsSudan Tribune
Republic of South Sudan: IMF Executive Board Concludes 2014 Article IV ...EIN News (press release)

all 6 news articles »


UNSC condemns human rights violations in S. Sudan - Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune

UNSC condemns human rights violations in S. Sudan
Sudan Tribune
December 15, 2014 (JUBA) – The United Nations Security Council strongly condemned the serious human rights violations and abuses that caused the death of tens of thousands of civilians and displaced has nearly two million people in South Sudan.



South Sudanese around the globe commemorate conflict victims - Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune

South Sudanese around the globe commemorate conflict victims
Sudan Tribune
Many mourners also wore black t-shirts with different messages condemning what has been described as an ethnically motivated “genocide” administered by South Sudanese president Salva Kiir Mayardit. Conflict erupted in South Sudan on 15 December ...