Sudan

Country Sudan
Capital Khartoum
Continent Africa
Currency Sudanese pound(SDG)
Languages Arabic & English

Information

Introduction

Military regimes favoring Islamic-oriented governments have dominated national politics since independence from the UK in 1956. Sudan was embroiled in two prolonged civil wars during most of the remainder of the 20th century. These conflicts were rooted in northern economic, political, and social domination of largely non-Muslim, non-Arab southern Sudanese. The first civil war ended in 1972 but broke out again in 1983. The second war and famine-related effects resulted in more than four million people displaced and, according to rebel estimates, more than two million deaths over a period of two decades. Peace talks gained momentum in 2002-04 with the signing of several accords. The final North/South Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), signed in January 2005, granted the southern rebels autonomy for six years followed by a referendum on independence for Southern Sudan. The referendum was held in January 2011 and indicated overwhelming support for independence. South Sudan became independent on 9 July 2011. Since southern independence Sudan has been combating rebels from the Sudan People's Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N) in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile states. A separate conflict, which broke out in the western region of Darfur in 2003, has displaced nearly two million people and caused an estimated 200,000 to 400,000 deaths. The UN took command of the Darfur peacekeeping operation from the African Union in December 2007. Peacekeeping troops have struggled to stabilize the situation, which has become increasingly regional in scope and has brought instability to eastern Chad. Sudan also has faced large refugee influxes from neighboring countries primarily Ethiopia and Chad. Armed conflict, poor transport infrastructure, and lack of government support have chronically obstructed the provision of humanitarian assistance to affected populations.

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References

Sudan - Wikipedia
Sudan - CIA World Fact Book
Sudan - BBC
Sudan - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
UN says 1 million South Sudan refugees now in Uganda - The Hindu

The Hindu

UN says 1 million South Sudan refugees now in Uganda
The Hindu
In this Tuesday, June 6, 2017 file photo, South Sudanese refugees queue to receive lunch at the Imvepi reception centre, where newly arrived refugees are processed before being allocated plots of land in nearby Bidi Bidi refugee settlement, in northern ...
1 million South Sudan refugees now in Uganda, UN saysABC News
South Sudan refugees in Uganda pass 1 million mark, UNHCR renews call for helpUNHCR
Today marks 1 million South Sudanese fleeing to UgandaNorwegian Refugee Council
Reuters -Capital FM Kenya (press release) (blog)
all 9 news articles »


More urgency needed in quest for South Sudan peace UN Refugee Chief - UNHCR

UNHCR

More urgency needed in quest for South Sudan peace UN Refugee Chief
UNHCR
AL-NAMIR, East Darfur, Sudan - As worsening violence in South Sudan drives ever more men, women and children to run for their lives, the UN Refugee Chief is calling on warring parties, regional states and the international community to look for urgent ...
Sudan: This Week's News in BriefAllAfrica.com
Sudan: Inter-Agency Operational Update: South Sudanese Refugee Response, 31 July 2017Reliefweb
South Sudan refugees face long exile: UN's GrandiIndependent
Xinhua -Sudan Tribune
all 18 news articles »


Sudanese PM, officials pushed from activist's funeral procession + Video - Press TV

Press TV

Sudanese PM, officials pushed from activist's funeral procession + Video
Press TV
People attending the funeral procession of a prominent Sudanese rights activist have forcefully pushed Prime Minister and First Vice President Bakri Hassan Saleh and a number of high-ranking officials from the ceremony. According to a report published ...

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Stick around for a Corbyn premiership? 'I'd rather walk to Sudan,' says Channel 4 star - Spectator.co.uk (blog)

Spectator.co.uk (blog)

Stick around for a Corbyn premiership? 'I'd rather walk to Sudan,' says Channel 4 star
Spectator.co.uk (blog)
A brief trawl of the Foreign Office's travel advice for Brits thinking of paying a visit to Sudan will tell you that's it's not the best idea with cholera, the threat of terrorism and clashes between government forces and rebel groups on the menu ...



South Sudan's Parliament Suspends Debate on Budget - Voice of America

Voice of America

South Sudan's Parliament Suspends Debate on Budget
Voice of America
South Sudan's parliament have suspended debate on a $451 million budget as questions linger over how government agencies will be financed and how money was spent during the past fiscal year. Oil production and other sources of revenue for the ...



From South Sudan to NBL: The 'huge potential' of Deng Acouth - SBS

SBS

From South Sudan to NBL: The 'huge potential' of Deng Acouth
SBS
In 2013, he joined the Savannah Pride program, an initiative that was started with the South Sudanese community in Western Sydney. It uses basketball to inspire and educate young Australians. "It felt good because everyone there was like me," Acouth said.

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Sudanese bishop: papal visit to South Sudan possible in 2018 - National Catholic Reporter

National Catholic Reporter

Sudanese bishop: papal visit to South Sudan possible in 2018
National Catholic Reporter
Rome The head of the Sudanese bishops' conference says recent discussions with the Vatican's secretariat of state gave him hope Pope Francis will be able to visit war-torn South Sudan some time next year. Bishop Eduardo Hiiboro Kussala, president of ...



Turkish students visit Sudan, Niger - Anadolu Agency

Anadolu Agency

Turkish students visit Sudan, Niger
Anadolu Agency
University students in Turkey are visiting Sudan and Niger as part of a volunteering program. Twelve students have reached Sudan and participated in a maintenance work at a school on Tuesday. The students painted the walls of Nur-i Osmaniye education ...



Right body urges inclusive revitalizing peace process for S. Sudan - Sudan Tribune

Right body urges inclusive revitalizing peace process for S. Sudan
Sudan Tribune
August 16, 2017 (JUBA) - The Centre for Peace and Justice (CPJ) has called for an inclusive revitalization process in South Sudan's peace process, saying isolating the country's rebel groups from the peace process could mean prolonging the war in the ...

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South Sudan: Is Peace Possible Without Rebel Leader Machar? - AllAfrica.com

AllAfrica.com

South Sudan: Is Peace Possible Without Rebel Leader Machar?
AllAfrica.com
Cape Town Four years into the South Sudan crisis, a solution is yet to be found. Gruesome crimes continue, with millions displaced and hundreds of thousands facing famine, according to numerous reports from Human Rights Watch. The group also points ...

and more »