Sudan

Country Sudan
Capital Khartoum
Continent Africa
Currency Sudanese pound(SDG)
Languages Arabic & English

Information

Introduction

Military regimes favoring Islamic-oriented governments have dominated national politics since independence from the UK in 1956. Sudan was embroiled in two prolonged civil wars during most of the remainder of the 20th century. These conflicts were rooted in northern economic, political, and social domination of largely non-Muslim, non-Arab southern Sudanese. The first civil war ended in 1972 but broke out again in 1983. The second war and famine-related effects resulted in more than four million people displaced and, according to rebel estimates, more than two million deaths over a period of two decades. Peace talks gained momentum in 2002-04 with the signing of several accords. The final North/South Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), signed in January 2005, granted the southern rebels autonomy for six years followed by a referendum on independence for Southern Sudan. The referendum was held in January 2011 and indicated overwhelming support for independence. South Sudan became independent on 9 July 2011. Since southern independence Sudan has been combating rebels from the Sudan People's Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N) in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile states. A separate conflict, which broke out in the western region of Darfur in 2003, has displaced nearly two million people and caused an estimated 200,000 to 400,000 deaths. The UN took command of the Darfur peacekeeping operation from the African Union in December 2007. Peacekeeping troops have struggled to stabilize the situation, which has become increasingly regional in scope and has brought instability to eastern Chad. Sudan also has faced large refugee influxes from neighboring countries primarily Ethiopia and Chad. Armed conflict, poor transport infrastructure, and lack of government support have chronically obstructed the provision of humanitarian assistance to affected populations.

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References

Sudan - Wikipedia
Sudan - CIA World Fact Book
Sudan - BBC
Sudan - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
Sudan and the US Department of Justice: Moral myopia on a grand scale - Sudan Tribune

Yahoo News

Sudan and the US Department of Justice: Moral myopia on a grand scale
Sudan Tribune
Instead of directing the $3.84 billion nominally set aside for restitution primarily to those in Sudan who have been directly harmed, DOJ has evidently settled on a plan by which only Sudanese forced into the diaspora between 2004 and 2012—and to a ...
Sudan summons EU diplomat over statement on humanitarian needsYahoo News

all 19 news articles »


Sudanese military delegation visits Qatar for talks on bilateral cooperation - Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune

Sudanese military delegation visits Qatar for talks on bilateral cooperation
Sudan Tribune
July 28, 2015 (KHARTOUM) - The Sudanese army's chief of general staff Mustsfa Obeid Salim is conducting a visit to Doha for talks with his Qatari counterpart Ghanem bin Shaheen Al-Ghanem on joint military joint cooperation between the two countries.
Qatar-Sudan ties reviewedPeninsula On-line

all 3 news articles »


Sudan to sign “unprecedented” gold exploration agreement with Russian company - Sudan Tribune

Sudan to sign “unprecedented” gold exploration agreement with Russian company
Sudan Tribune
Last December, Sudan's minister of minerals, Ahmed Mohamed Sadiq Al-Karuri, and the Russian minister of natural resources and environment signed a joint agreement covering economic, oil, mining and geology domains. Sources within the ministry of ...

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Sudanese MPs may soon get smart phones from the government - Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune

Sudanese MPs may soon get smart phones from the government
Sudan Tribune
July 28, 2015 (KHARTOUM) – The Sudanese parliament wants to provide its MPs with smart phones in order to connect them to ministries' websites to familiarize themselves with its activities. JPEG - 34.7 kb; Incumbent President Omar al-Bashir, who was ...



South Sudan Displeased at Non-Invitation to Obama Meeting - Voice of America

Voice of America

South Sudan Displeased at Non-Invitation to Obama Meeting
Voice of America
South Sudan's foreign minister says the government in Juba is disappointed after it was left out of a meeting with President Barack Obama to discuss the country's conflict. Obama met with regional leaders and senior officials of the African Union and ...
Obama, African leaders meet to end South Sudan's civil warCNN
Obama hints on threats for increased sanctions, arms embargo on S. SudanSudan Tribune
Barack Obama threatens economic sanctions if South Sudan civil war deal not ...Telegraph.co.uk
FRANCE 24 -Inter Press Service
all 2,747 news articles »


Four people killed in tribal clashes in Sudan's capital - Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune

Four people killed in tribal clashes in Sudan's capital
Sudan Tribune
July 28, 2015 (KHARTOUM) – At least four people were killed following clashes between al-Hawaweer and al-Gamo'iya at an area that lies west of Sudan's twin capital city of Omdurman in a dispute over land. JPEG - 28.7 kb; Abdel Rahim Mohammed ...



US envoy calls for lasting solution to South Sudan's conflict - Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune

US envoy calls for lasting solution to South Sudan's conflict
Sudan Tribune
“The United States is working very hard to see that the two warring parties in South Sudan's conflict reach an agreement ahead of the 17 August 2015 deadline given by the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) and the mediators,” she said.

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A New Approach for South Sudan - New York Times

New York Times

A New Approach for South Sudan
New York Times
The conflict was triggered by the competing personal ambitions of the leaders of various factions within the ruling party, as well as a dispute over whether the government of South Sudan should cooperate with, or try to unseat, the Sudanese government ...
No viable compromise in the IGAD Plus proposed 'Compromised Peace Agreement'Sudan Tribune
Manna falls from heavens into South Sudan hellThe Daily Star
Manna from heaven for South Sudan hellNews24
Yahoo Sports -Zee News -International Crisis Group
all 81 news articles »


Algeria scrutinizes travel by its citizens to Sudan - Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune

Algeria scrutinizes travel by its citizens to Sudan
Sudan Tribune
July 27, 2015 (KHARTOUM) – Algerian authorities are now keeping a close watch on their citizens travelling to seven Arab countries witnessing conflict or in proximity to areas of conflict for fear that they may be attempting to join terrorist groups ...

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African leaders demand end to Sudan sanctions - Yahoo News

Yahoo News

African leaders demand end to Sudan sanctions
Yahoo News
"For the sake of solidarity between the peoples of the member countries, the heads of state and government express their support for our sister republic of Sudan and call for the lifting of sanctions imposed on that country," they said in a joint ...
Bashir arrives in Mauritania for regional summitSudan Tribune
Sudan's Bashir in Mauritania despite ICC arrest warrantTimes LIVE

all 27 news articles »