Sudan

Country Sudan
Capital Khartoum
Continent Africa
Currency Sudanese pound(SDG)
Languages Arabic & English

Information

Introduction

Military regimes favoring Islamic-oriented governments have dominated national politics since independence from the UK in 1956. Sudan was embroiled in two prolonged civil wars during most of the remainder of the 20th century. These conflicts were rooted in northern economic, political, and social domination of largely non-Muslim, non-Arab southern Sudanese. The first civil war ended in 1972 but broke out again in 1983. The second war and famine-related effects resulted in more than four million people displaced and, according to rebel estimates, more than two million deaths over a period of two decades. Peace talks gained momentum in 2002-04 with the signing of several accords. The final North/South Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), signed in January 2005, granted the southern rebels autonomy for six years followed by a referendum on independence for Southern Sudan. The referendum was held in January 2011 and indicated overwhelming support for independence. South Sudan became independent on 9 July 2011. Since southern independence Sudan has been combating rebels from the Sudan People's Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N) in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile states. A separate conflict, which broke out in the western region of Darfur in 2003, has displaced nearly two million people and caused an estimated 200,000 to 400,000 deaths. The UN took command of the Darfur peacekeeping operation from the African Union in December 2007. Peacekeeping troops have struggled to stabilize the situation, which has become increasingly regional in scope and has brought instability to eastern Chad. Sudan also has faced large refugee influxes from neighboring countries primarily Ethiopia and Chad. Armed conflict, poor transport infrastructure, and lack of government support have chronically obstructed the provision of humanitarian assistance to affected populations.

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References

Sudan - Wikipedia
Sudan - CIA World Fact Book
Sudan - BBC
Sudan - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
Sudan 'apostasy' woman arrives in Italy - Aljazeera.com

Aljazeera.com

Sudan 'apostasy' woman arrives in Italy
Aljazeera.com
A Sudanese woman who was spared a death sentence for converting from Islam to Christianity and then barred from leaving Sudan, has flown into Rome on an Italian government plane en route to the US, officials say. Mariam Yahya Ibrahim Ishaq, 27, whose ...
Christian woman spared from death row flies out of SudanTimes of India
Christian Mom Meriam Ibrahim Leaves Sudan Bound For ItalyNBCNews.com
Sudan 'apostasy' woman Meriam Yahia Ibrahim flies to ItalyBBC News
Telegraph.co.uk -Fox News
all 135 news articles »


Christians face 'growing harassment' in post-breakup Sudan - The Daily Star

The Daily Star

Christians face 'growing harassment' in post-breakup Sudan
The Daily Star
KHARTOUM: Church properties have been bulldozed and seized in a climate of growing harassment of minority Christians in Islamist-run Sudan since the south's 2011 independence, its council of churches said. Kori Elramla Kori Kuku, general secretary of ...

and more »


US envoy calls for meaningful negotiations between South Sudan leaders - Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune

US envoy calls for meaningful negotiations between South Sudan leaders
Sudan Tribune
“We are working with the parties to the conflict, with other stakeholders from South Sudan; civil society, religious leaders, political parties to try to put an end to the conflict so that this humanitarian situation is can begin to be turned around ...
Ban names new envoy to South SudanIndependent Online
South Sudan Blames Rebels 'Intransigence' For Stalled Peace TalksVoice of America
South Sudan warring sides to resume talksCapital FM Kenya

all 43 news articles »


Sudan's 7+7 committee reaches partial agreement on national dialogue - Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune

Sudan's 7+7 committee reaches partial agreement on national dialogue
Sudan Tribune
July 23, 2014 (KHARTOUM) – Sudan's national dialogue committee known as 7+7, comprised of government parties and opposition ones, on Wednesday said it has partially agreed on a roadmap for a process to realise peace and democratic reforms.



US lawmakers seek answers in 'troubling' violation of Sudanese Christian ... - Fox News

US lawmakers seek answers in 'troubling' violation of Sudanese Christian ...
Fox News
June 5, 2014: In this file image made from an undated video provided by Al Fajer, a Sudanese nongovernmental organization, Meriam Ibrahim breastfeeds her newborn baby girl as the NGO visits her in a room at a prison in Khartoum, Sudan. (AP).



Persecution | Hearing held to pressure Sudan and the White House to do more ... - World Magazine

World Magazine

Persecution | Hearing held to pressure Sudan and the White House to do more ...
World Magazine
WASHINGTON—Lawmakers on Wednesday blasted the Sudanese government for continuing to prohibit Meriam Ibrahim and her family from leaving Sudan. Rep. Chris Smith, R-N.J., chairman of the House Foreign Affairs Subcommittee on Africa, convened ...



Presidential guards accused of involvement in armed robberies in Juba - Sudan Tribune

Voice of America

Presidential guards accused of involvement in armed robberies in Juba
Sudan Tribune
July 23, 2014 (JUBA) – Presidential guards protecting South Sudanese president Salva Kiir have been accused of having gone on a rampage, robbing and terrorising citizens as well as foreigners in the national capital, Juba, a senior security official ...
Running From 'Tigers' in South SudanVoice of America
Rains and lack of toilets may worsen South Sudan cholera epidemicTrustLaw (blog)

all 6 news articles »


Meriam Ibrahim Still Not Allowed to Leave Sudan After Being Sentenced to Die - LifeNews.com

Meriam Ibrahim Still Not Allowed to Leave Sudan After Being Sentenced to Die
LifeNews.com
The Sudanese woman who was pregnant and sentenced to death for not recanting her faith will be the topic of a congressional hearing planned for Wednesday. Rep. Chris Smith, the pro-life leader in Congress who is the Chairman of the House ...



Matar da ta yi ridda a Sudan ta isa Italiya - RFI

RFI

Matar da ta yi ridda a Sudan ta isa Italiya
RFI
Meriam Yahia Ibrahim Ishag da aka yanke wa hukuncin kisa bayan ta yi ridda a kasar Sudan kafin daga bisani aka janye hukuncin yanzu haka ta isa kasar Italiya tare da 'yayanta akan hanyarsu ta zuwa kasar Amurka. Meriam ta samu tarba daga Firaministan ...



EU passes resolution condemning Meriam Ibrahim apostasy case - Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune

EU passes resolution condemning Meriam Ibrahim apostasy case
Sudan Tribune
July 24, 2014 (STRASBOURG) – The European parliament has passed a resolution on the case of Sudan's Meriam Yahia Ibrahim condemning her “degrading and inhumane” treatment and calling for urgent legal reforms that protect fundamental human ...