Sudan

Country Sudan
Capital Khartoum
Continent Africa
Currency Sudanese pound(SDG)
Languages Arabic & English

Information

Introduction

Military regimes favoring Islamic-oriented governments have dominated national politics since independence from the UK in 1956. Sudan was embroiled in two prolonged civil wars during most of the remainder of the 20th century. These conflicts were rooted in northern economic, political, and social domination of largely non-Muslim, non-Arab southern Sudanese. The first civil war ended in 1972 but broke out again in 1983. The second war and famine-related effects resulted in more than four million people displaced and, according to rebel estimates, more than two million deaths over a period of two decades. Peace talks gained momentum in 2002-04 with the signing of several accords. The final North/South Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), signed in January 2005, granted the southern rebels autonomy for six years followed by a referendum on independence for Southern Sudan. The referendum was held in January 2011 and indicated overwhelming support for independence. South Sudan became independent on 9 July 2011. Since southern independence Sudan has been combating rebels from the Sudan People's Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N) in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile states. A separate conflict, which broke out in the western region of Darfur in 2003, has displaced nearly two million people and caused an estimated 200,000 to 400,000 deaths. The UN took command of the Darfur peacekeeping operation from the African Union in December 2007. Peacekeeping troops have struggled to stabilize the situation, which has become increasingly regional in scope and has brought instability to eastern Chad. Sudan also has faced large refugee influxes from neighboring countries primarily Ethiopia and Chad. Armed conflict, poor transport infrastructure, and lack of government support have chronically obstructed the provision of humanitarian assistance to affected populations.

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References

Sudan - Wikipedia
Sudan - CIA World Fact Book
Sudan - BBC
Sudan - Timeline - BBC

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Google News
Vox Sentences: 20 million in Somalia, South Sudan, Nigeria, and Yemen face starvation - Vox

Vox

Vox Sentences: 20 million in Somalia, South Sudan, Nigeria, and Yemen face starvation
Vox
Vox Sentences is your daily digest for what's happening in the world, curated by Dara Lind and Dylan Matthews. Sign up for the Vox Sentences newsletter, delivered straight to your inbox Monday through Friday, or view the Vox Sentences archive for past ...

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South Sudan attack 'could hinder aid deliveries' - BBC News

BBC News

South Sudan attack 'could hinder aid deliveries'
BBC News
Aid agencies say the "shocking" killing of six aid workers in South Sudan on Saturday is causing them to re-assess how and when they can deliver supplies. The victims were ambushed by unknown attackers when travelling between Juba and the town of ...
Seven dead in worst attack on aid workers since South Sudan war beganThe Guardian
Aid Groups Determined to Continue Operations in South SudanVoice of America
Death toll in attack on South Sudan aid workers rises to 7ABC News
KTLA -Eyewitness News -africanews
all 116 news articles »


Sudan: 2017 Humanitarian Needs Overview, Dec 2016 - ReliefWeb

ReliefWeb

Sudan: 2017 Humanitarian Needs Overview, Dec 2016
ReliefWeb
The main humanitarian needs in Sudan result from several factors. New and protracted displacement due to conflict affects access to basic services and disrupts the livelihoods and food security of many people. Acute malnutrition in children under the ...



Sudan 'cooperating' with Chad and France over kidnapped Frenchman - africanews

africanews

Sudan 'cooperating' with Chad and France over kidnapped Frenchman
africanews
Sudan is working with Chadian and French authorities on the case of a French citizen who was kidnapped in Chad and taken into Sudan, Foreign Minister Ibrahim Ghandour told state news agency SUNA on Sunday. An unidentified Frenchman was ...
Sudan searching for French hostage: foreign ministerNews24
Sudan working with Chad, France over kidnapped Frenchman | The ...The Star, Kenya
Sudan works with Chad, France to find kidnapped FrenchmanRFI

all 11 news articles »


Uganda's open-door policy sags amid crush of refugees from South Sudan - USA TODAY

USA TODAY

Uganda's open-door policy sags amid crush of refugees from South Sudan
USA TODAY
BIDI BIDI REFUGEE CAMP, Uganda — Two of her five children died as Pauline Nyaluok navigated her way from war-torn South Sudan to this refugee camp in northern Uganda where she expected to be welcomed with open arms. Uganda is celebrated ...
UN: $250M In Aid Needed as South Sudan Refugees Pour Into UgandaAtlanta Black Star

all 3 news articles »


War-Ravaged South Sudan Draws $500 Million Oil Bet From Oranto - Bloomberg

Bloomberg

War-Ravaged South Sudan Draws $500 Million Oil Bet From Oranto
Bloomberg
Oranto, a closely held company part-owned by the Eze family that also has assets in Equatorial Guinea and Nigeria, plans to invest $500 million to develop the oil block awarded by South Sudan earlier this month. “We have faith that the differences in ...

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Sudan: Petr Jasek tells his story - Mission Network News

Mission Network News

Sudan: Petr Jasek tells his story
Mission Network News
He eventually came alongside some Sudanese believers as they helped a young man injured during a protest in Sudan. Then, “He was arrested in December of 2015, was interrogated for a number of hours, and then they took him to a prison, owned and ...



Children suffer grave violations in Sudan's conflict – UN reports - UN News Centre

UN News Centre

Children suffer grave violations in Sudan's conflict – UN reports
UN News Centre
27 March 2017 – Fewer children have been recruited to fight in parts of Sudan, but they are still killed and injured, and victims of sexual violence in the country, according to a new report by the United Nations Secretary-General. “Boys and girls ...
What's Missing in Our Coverage of South Sudan's Civil WarPacific Standard
Security Council Sanctions Committee Concerning South Sudan Meets Special Representatives on Children, Sexual ...ReliefWeb

all 4 news articles »


Sudan and Saudi military to hold joint air force drills | Africanews - africanews

africanews

Sudan and Saudi military to hold joint air force drills | Africanews
africanews
Sudan said on Sunday that it will begin military air operations with Saudi Arabia this week, the first exercises of its kind since the breakdown in 2015 of the links ...

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Sudan, Saudi to hold first joint air force drill - News24

Sudan, Saudi to hold first joint air force drill
News24
Khartoum - Sudan said on Sunday it will begin this week a joint air force drill with Saudi Arabia, the first such manoeuvres since Khartoum allied with Riyadh after breaking ties with Tehran in 2015. The exercises will be held from March 29 until April ...

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