Sudan

Country Sudan
Capital Khartoum
Continent Africa
Currency Sudanese pound(SDG)
Languages Arabic & English

Information

Introduction

Military regimes favoring Islamic-oriented governments have dominated national politics since independence from the UK in 1956. Sudan was embroiled in two prolonged civil wars during most of the remainder of the 20th century. These conflicts were rooted in northern economic, political, and social domination of largely non-Muslim, non-Arab southern Sudanese. The first civil war ended in 1972 but broke out again in 1983. The second war and famine-related effects resulted in more than four million people displaced and, according to rebel estimates, more than two million deaths over a period of two decades. Peace talks gained momentum in 2002-04 with the signing of several accords. The final North/South Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), signed in January 2005, granted the southern rebels autonomy for six years followed by a referendum on independence for Southern Sudan. The referendum was held in January 2011 and indicated overwhelming support for independence. South Sudan became independent on 9 July 2011. Since southern independence Sudan has been combating rebels from the Sudan People's Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N) in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile states. A separate conflict, which broke out in the western region of Darfur in 2003, has displaced nearly two million people and caused an estimated 200,000 to 400,000 deaths. The UN took command of the Darfur peacekeeping operation from the African Union in December 2007. Peacekeeping troops have struggled to stabilize the situation, which has become increasingly regional in scope and has brought instability to eastern Chad. Sudan also has faced large refugee influxes from neighboring countries primarily Ethiopia and Chad. Armed conflict, poor transport infrastructure, and lack of government support have chronically obstructed the provision of humanitarian assistance to affected populations.

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References

Sudan - Wikipedia
Sudan - CIA World Fact Book
Sudan - BBC
Sudan - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
Salva Kiir discusses Sudan's security deal with SPLM-N rebels - Sudan Tribune

FRANCE 24

Salva Kiir discusses Sudan's security deal with SPLM-N rebels
Sudan Tribune
September 24, 2016 (KHARTOUM) - South Sudanese President Salva Kiir discussed with the Sudan People's Liberation Movement North (SPLM-N) the implementation of security agreement signed between the two countries. JPEG - 19.9 kb; A photo ...
South Sudan rebel chief urges armed resistance against governmentFRANCE 24
South Sudan's top-down disasterWashington Post
At UN Assembly, South Sudan calls for more talks on additional peacekeepersUN News Centre
Daily Nation -Fox News -Reliefweb (plain)
all 119 news articles »


Sudan Should Remove Foreign Exchange Controls, World Bank Says - Bloomberg

TVC News

Sudan Should Remove Foreign Exchange Controls, World Bank Says
Bloomberg
Sudan lost 75 percent of its oil revenue when South Sudan became independent in 2011. The eastern African nation should increase agricultural productivity and improve the management of its natural resources income as part of reforms needed to diversify ...
Idriss Deby agrees to participate in Sudan Peace D ...TVC News
Sudan needs swift reforms to revive ailing economy: World BankBusiness Recorder (press release) (registration) (blog)

all 3 news articles »


Sudan is committed to dialogue and will 'knock on every door in pursuit of peace,' Minister tells UN - UN News Centre

UN News Centre

Sudan is committed to dialogue and will 'knock on every door in pursuit of peace,' Minister tells UN
UN News Centre
24 September 2016 In his address to the General Assembly today, Ibrahim Ahmed Abd al-Aziz Ghandour, the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Sudan, said the 2030 Agenda and other frameworks before the United Nations are vital for all countries and he ...
Sudan Says Africa Wants Out of War Crimes CourtNews18

all 42 news articles »


Alberta's South Sudanese hold conference on refugee crisis - CBC.ca

CBC.ca

Alberta's South Sudanese hold conference on refugee crisis
CBC.ca
Alberta is home to the largest South Sudanese diaspora in Canada and many say they're struggling as they watch their home country collapse into civil war. Members of the South Sudanese community hosted a conference in Calgary Saturday to raise ...

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'I keep hoping to see them': Tamma Joyce, 19, separated from family fleeing South Sudan bloodshed - CBC.ca

CBC.ca

'I keep hoping to see them': Tamma Joyce, 19, separated from family fleeing South Sudan bloodshed
CBC.ca
In a few short bursts of gunfire, Tamma Joyce lost contact with her family and her future. It was evening and quiet in a small town called Lainya in southwestern South Sudan. Suddenly, gunshots broke out. "People just scattered," the 19-year-old said.



4.8 million people in emergency or crisis level food insecurity (IPC, May - July 2016) - ReliefWeb (www)

ReliefWeb (www)

4.8 million people in emergency or crisis level food insecurity (IPC, May - July 2016)
ReliefWeb (www)
UNHAS cargo deliveries have exceeded pre-July crisis levels as agencies continue to scale up assistance to meet increased humanitarian needs. Average number of South Sudanese arriving per day in Uganda exceeds 3,000. Inflation levels continue to rise, ...



Opposition delegation travels to Addis Ababa for Sudan Call ... - Sudan Tribune

Opposition delegation travels to Addis Ababa for Sudan Call ...
Sudan Tribune
September 24, 2016 (KHARTOUM) - A delegation from the internal groups of the opposition umbrella Sudan Call on Saturday has travelled to Addis Ababa to ...

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Opposition group calls for new peace process in East Sudan ... - Sudan Tribune

Opposition group calls for new peace process in East Sudan ...
Sudan Tribune
September 23, 2016 (KHARTOUM) - The United People's Front for Liberation and Justice(UPFLJ), a group from eastern Sudan has called on the African Union ...

and more »


Sudan: No Justice for Protester Killings | Human Rights Watch - Human Rights Watch

Human Rights Watch

Sudan: No Justice for Protester Killings | Human Rights Watch
Human Rights Watch
Sudanese men at the funeral of Salah Sanhouri, 26, who was killed during protests by security forces on September 27, 2013, pray over his body. Protests over ...
British envoy supports AU efforts for peace in Sudan - Sudan TribuneSudan Tribune

all 3 news articles »


Idris Deby accepts to participate in Sudan's dialogue process - africanews

africanews

Idris Deby accepts to participate in Sudan's dialogue process
africanews
African Union and Chadian president Idriss Deby Itno has accepted an invitation by his Sudanese counterpart, Omar al-Bashir to participate in a national dialogue conference. The conference, slated for October 10 is scheduled to take place in Sudan's ...
US interests with the Sudan made the Darfur issue disappears from the radarSudan Tribune
Sudan's New Friendships Are Starting to Pay OffSTRATFOR
Sudan frees 21 rebel child soldiers: UN - eNCAeNCA

all 19 news articles »