Sudan

Country Sudan
Capital Khartoum
Continent Africa
Currency Sudanese pound(SDG)
Languages Arabic & English

Information

Introduction

Military regimes favoring Islamic-oriented governments have dominated national politics since independence from the UK in 1956. Sudan was embroiled in two prolonged civil wars during most of the remainder of the 20th century. These conflicts were rooted in northern economic, political, and social domination of largely non-Muslim, non-Arab southern Sudanese. The first civil war ended in 1972 but broke out again in 1983. The second war and famine-related effects resulted in more than four million people displaced and, according to rebel estimates, more than two million deaths over a period of two decades. Peace talks gained momentum in 2002-04 with the signing of several accords. The final North/South Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), signed in January 2005, granted the southern rebels autonomy for six years followed by a referendum on independence for Southern Sudan. The referendum was held in January 2011 and indicated overwhelming support for independence. South Sudan became independent on 9 July 2011. Since southern independence Sudan has been combating rebels from the Sudan People's Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N) in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile states. A separate conflict, which broke out in the western region of Darfur in 2003, has displaced nearly two million people and caused an estimated 200,000 to 400,000 deaths. The UN took command of the Darfur peacekeeping operation from the African Union in December 2007. Peacekeeping troops have struggled to stabilize the situation, which has become increasingly regional in scope and has brought instability to eastern Chad. Sudan also has faced large refugee influxes from neighboring countries primarily Ethiopia and Chad. Armed conflict, poor transport infrastructure, and lack of government support have chronically obstructed the provision of humanitarian assistance to affected populations.

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References

Sudan - Wikipedia
Sudan - CIA World Fact Book
Sudan - BBC
Sudan - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
For the US and China, a Test of Diplomacy on South Sudan - New York Times

New York Times

For the US and China, a Test of Diplomacy on South Sudan
New York Times
Now, more than a year after South Sudan's leaders plunged their country into a nasty civil war, the nation has become something of a test of diplomacy between the United States and China, raising the question: Can Washington and Beijing turn their ...
UN Security Council OKs Sanctions Regime for South SudanABC News
UN moves to slap sanctions on South SudanYahoo News
Uganda denies massing troops along Sudan borderReuters
Sudan Tribune
all 200 news articles »


New Attack in Disputed Region Claimed by Sudan, South Sudan - ABC News

TheNewsTribune.com

New Attack in Disputed Region Claimed by Sudan, South Sudan
ABC News
The United Nations reported another deadly attack Monday in the oil-rich region of Abyei that's claimed by both Sudan and South Sudan. It was the fourth attack in two months in the disputed area, signaling a deterioration of security. The status of ...
Armed Misseriya kill four, burn houses in AbyeiSudan Tribune

all 55 news articles »


Sudan issues ID cards to tens of thousands of South Sudanese - UNHCR (press release)

Sudan Tribune

Sudan issues ID cards to tens of thousands of South Sudanese
UNHCR (press release)
More than 54,000 South Sudanese have been registered and some 37,000 identity cards produced since the programme began at the start of February under an agreement between UNHCR, Sudan's Commissioner for Refugees and the Directorate General ...
German officials brief Sudan's foreign minister on Berlin DeclarationSudan Tribune
Sudan Begins Issuing ID Cards for South SudaneseAllAfrica.com
Leaked Document Alleges Sudan Planned Mass MurderWar is Boring
UN News Centre -Radio Dabanga -World Politics Review
all 75 news articles »


Denmark provides $2.3 million for humanitarian needs in Sudan - Sudan Tribune

Denmark provides $2.3 million for humanitarian needs in Sudan
Sudan Tribune
March 2, 2015 (KHARTOUM) - The government of Denmark has contributed $2.3 million to the Sudan Common Humanitarian Fund (CHF) for 2015 following its contribution of $22.7 million since 2008 to help address growing humanitarian needs in Sudan.



Sudanese newspapers can challenge confiscation through courts: judge - Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune

Sudanese newspapers can challenge confiscation through courts: judge
Sudan Tribune
March 2, 2015 (KHARTOUM) Sudan's chief justice expressed his opinion that newspapers can sue any government agency stopping it from printing or confiscating its print runs and stressed that the law empowered newspapers to take this route.



South Sudan's vice-president says sanctions will undermine peace - Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune

South Sudan's vice-president says sanctions will undermine peace
Sudan Tribune
Since last year, the Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD) which is mediating South Sudan peace talks warned it may seek approval from the UN Security Council (UNSC) to impose sanctions on the warring ruling party (SPLM) factions.

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S.Sudan summons general accused of mass child soldier recruitment - Yahoo News

Yahoo News

S.Sudan summons general accused of mass child soldier recruitment
Yahoo News
The president's spokesman Ateny Wek Ateny has condemned the kidnapping, calling Olony the "equivalent to the Boko Haram of South Sudan," referring to the Islamist extremist group behind an insurgency in northern Nigeria that has abducted boys and girls ...
South Sudan general summoned over child soldiers recruitmentPress TV
Unicef Fears Scores of Kidnapped Children in South Sudan Could Be Sent to ...AllAfrica.com
South Sudan claims to have summoned general over child abductionsRadio Tamazuj
indiablooms
all 23 news articles »


Child soldiers fighting on both sides of South Sudan's civil war - ABC Online

ABC Online

Child soldiers fighting on both sides of South Sudan's civil war
ABC Online
They are supposed to be sitting for exams, but hundreds of South Sudanese children are now feared to be on their way to the front line as the country's civil war drags on. UNICEF says hundreds of boys, some as young as 12, have been kidnapped to be ...
Many South Sudan boys 'kidnapped to be child soldiers'BBC News
Hundreds of boys 'kidnapped and forced into becoming child soldiers' in South ...The Independent
UN Security Council considers sanctions on South SudanSudan Tribune
Al-Arabiya
all 254 news articles »


Warrap governor appoints new anti-corruption head - Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune

Warrap governor appoints new anti-corruption head
Sudan Tribune
South Sudan Anti-Corruption Commission (SSACC) is an autonomous and impartial body corporate established under Section 147 of the Interim Constitution of Southern Sudan, 2005 as read with Section 6 of the Southern Sudan Anti-Corruption Act, 2009.

and more »


African Union sends pre-elections assessment team to Sudan - Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune

African Union sends pre-elections assessment team to Sudan
Sudan Tribune
March 3, 2015 (KHARTOUM) - The chairperson of the African Union Commission (AUC), Nkosazana Dlamini Zuma, has approved the deployment of a pre-election assessment mission to Sudan ahead of the country's general elections scheduled for 13 April ...

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