Sudan

Country Sudan
Capital Khartoum
Continent Africa
Currency Sudanese pound(SDG)
Languages Arabic & English

Information

Introduction

Military regimes favoring Islamic-oriented governments have dominated national politics since independence from the UK in 1956. Sudan was embroiled in two prolonged civil wars during most of the remainder of the 20th century. These conflicts were rooted in northern economic, political, and social domination of largely non-Muslim, non-Arab southern Sudanese. The first civil war ended in 1972 but broke out again in 1983. The second war and famine-related effects resulted in more than four million people displaced and, according to rebel estimates, more than two million deaths over a period of two decades. Peace talks gained momentum in 2002-04 with the signing of several accords. The final North/South Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), signed in January 2005, granted the southern rebels autonomy for six years followed by a referendum on independence for Southern Sudan. The referendum was held in January 2011 and indicated overwhelming support for independence. South Sudan became independent on 9 July 2011. Since southern independence Sudan has been combating rebels from the Sudan People's Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N) in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile states. A separate conflict, which broke out in the western region of Darfur in 2003, has displaced nearly two million people and caused an estimated 200,000 to 400,000 deaths. The UN took command of the Darfur peacekeeping operation from the African Union in December 2007. Peacekeeping troops have struggled to stabilize the situation, which has become increasingly regional in scope and has brought instability to eastern Chad. Sudan also has faced large refugee influxes from neighboring countries primarily Ethiopia and Chad. Armed conflict, poor transport infrastructure, and lack of government support have chronically obstructed the provision of humanitarian assistance to affected populations.

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References

Sudan - Wikipedia
Sudan - CIA World Fact Book
Sudan - BBC
Sudan - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
South Sudan sexual violence 'rampant,' two-year-old raped: UN - Reuters

UN News Centre

South Sudan sexual violence 'rampant,' two-year-old raped: UN
Reuters
UNITED NATIONS (Reuters) - Rape and other forms of sexual violence by all sides in South Sudan's civil war have become so widespread that a 2-year-old child was among the victims, the U.N. special representative on sexual violence in armed conflict ...
South Sudan at 'crossroads' as it seeks to combat sexual violence, says UN ...UN News Centre
UN envoy says S. Sudan at “crossroads” on sexual violence fightSudan Tribune
South Sudan sexual violence 'rampant', says UN envoyThe Guardian
BBC News -Al-Arabiya
all 41 news articles »


The Sudanese 'spies' in London Starbucks - Telegraph.co.uk

Telegraph.co.uk

The Sudanese 'spies' in London Starbucks
Telegraph.co.uk
After three days the ordeal ended. The agents put Mrs Ahmed in a car and drove her to the airport. “I couldn't believe I was going home. The Sudan regime had decided I was an enemy because I met with a Darfur independence activist in London. I nearly ...
China Experience: 'Hearing is not the Same as Seeing'Sudan Vision
Celebrate the Golden Jubilee of the October 1964 RevolutionSudan Tribune

all 4 news articles »


S. Sudanese rival factions sign framework agreement in Tanzania - Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune

S. Sudanese rival factions sign framework agreement in Tanzania
Sudan Tribune
October 20, 2014 (ARUSHA) – Factions of the ruling party in South Sudan, the Sudan Peoples' Liberation Movement (SPLM), have signed a framework agreement which aims to address the root causes of the conflict that erupted in mid-December and ...
South Sudan's Warring Factions Agree to Talks Mediated by TanzaniaWall Street Journal
S Sudan rivals accept responsibility for warAljazeera.com
South Sudan warring sides sign deal to end conflictPress TV
Yahoo News -www.worldbulletin.net -Radio Tamazuj
all 58 news articles »


Sudan's Bashir to seek re-election in 2015 - Aljazeera.com

Aljazeera.com

Sudan's Bashir to seek re-election in 2015
Aljazeera.com
Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir - in power since a 1989 coup - will stand for re-election in April 2015 after being retained as the leader of the ruling party, an adviser has said. Bashir, who is the only sitting head of state wanted by the ...
Sudan's ruling party selects major nominees for presidentSudan Tribune
Sudan's Bashir chosen by ruling party as candidate for 2015 electionsReuters
Sudan's President Omar Hassan al-Bashir chosen by his ruling party as sole ...The Standard Digital News (satire) (press release) (registration) (blog)

all 32 news articles »


Sudan's electoral body rejects all appeals on delineation of geographical ... - Sudan Tribune

Sudan's electoral body rejects all appeals on delineation of geographical ...
Sudan Tribune
Al-Hardallo told the government-sponsored Sudan Media Center (SMC) website that al-Musharaf Mohamed Sadiq made an objection on typos of some components of the constituencies, stressing the NEC rejected the appeal because the necessary ...

and more »


Sudan considers arming, training South Sudan rebels, leaked document says - Fox News

Fox News

Sudan considers arming, training South Sudan rebels, leaked document says
Fox News
FILE - In this Saturday, Sept. 20, 2014 file photo, rebel soldiers guard the village of Majieng, about 6km from the town of Bentiu, in South Sudan. Sudan's government plans to increase military assistance to rebels in South Sudan, which could prolong ...
Sudan will arm S. Sudan rebels, leaked document saysThe Daily Star
South Sudan-Uganda border post closed over tax disputesSudan Tribune
Khartoum to arm South Sudan rebels, according to leaked documentSouth China Morning Post (subscription)

all 177 news articles »


European envoys to Sudan plan to visit South Darfur state - Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune

European envoys to Sudan plan to visit South Darfur state
Sudan Tribune
The report says the UNAMID movements in the region are still limited by Sudanese authorities. “Between 1 January and 1 April UNAMID land movements were restricted on 72 occasions, compared with 35 restrictions in the previous reporting period.
EU Ambassadors in Sudan plan to visit Darfur in NovemberRadio Dabanga
European Ambassadors Make Request to Visit DarfurSudan Vision

all 13 news articles »


South Sudan sexual violence "rampant," 2-year-old raped - UN - Reuters

Reuters

South Sudan sexual violence "rampant," 2-year-old raped - UN
Reuters
"In my 30 years of experience, I've never witnessed anything like what I saw in Bentiu," Zainab Hawa Bangura told reporters about a recent trip to the northern town, one of South Sudan's regions worst hit by the conflict. "The IDPs (internally ...



Bashir says agreements with al-Sisi built on solid foundations - Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune

Bashir says agreements with al-Sisi built on solid foundations
Sudan Tribune
October 19, 2014 (KHARTOUM) – Sudanese president Omer Hassan al-Bashir and the Egyptian president, Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, have expressed keenness to promote joint cooperation between the two countries stressing existence of strong political will to ...
Sudan and Egypt: Friends or foes?Middle East Eye
Egypt, Sudan attempt to fix 'silent tension' in relationsDaily Times
Sudan and Egypt agree to work together on LibyaLibya Herald
Yahoo News -Sudan Vision
all 107 news articles »


Sudan's Bashir accuses Mahdi of implementing rebels' agendas - Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune

Sudan's Bashir accuses Mahdi of implementing rebels' agendas
Sudan Tribune
He pointed the SRF takes arms against the state in order to seize the whole country, emphasising the SRF program is based upon a Zionist project targeting Sudan. On 8 August, the NUP and the SRF signed the Paris Declaration after the former suspended ...