Sudan

Country Sudan
Capital Khartoum
Continent Africa
Currency Sudanese pound(SDG)
Languages Arabic & English

Information

Introduction

Military regimes favoring Islamic-oriented governments have dominated national politics since independence from the UK in 1956. Sudan was embroiled in two prolonged civil wars during most of the remainder of the 20th century. These conflicts were rooted in northern economic, political, and social domination of largely non-Muslim, non-Arab southern Sudanese. The first civil war ended in 1972 but broke out again in 1983. The second war and famine-related effects resulted in more than four million people displaced and, according to rebel estimates, more than two million deaths over a period of two decades. Peace talks gained momentum in 2002-04 with the signing of several accords. The final North/South Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), signed in January 2005, granted the southern rebels autonomy for six years followed by a referendum on independence for Southern Sudan. The referendum was held in January 2011 and indicated overwhelming support for independence. South Sudan became independent on 9 July 2011. Since southern independence Sudan has been combating rebels from the Sudan People's Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N) in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile states. A separate conflict, which broke out in the western region of Darfur in 2003, has displaced nearly two million people and caused an estimated 200,000 to 400,000 deaths. The UN took command of the Darfur peacekeeping operation from the African Union in December 2007. Peacekeeping troops have struggled to stabilize the situation, which has become increasingly regional in scope and has brought instability to eastern Chad. Sudan also has faced large refugee influxes from neighboring countries primarily Ethiopia and Chad. Armed conflict, poor transport infrastructure, and lack of government support have chronically obstructed the provision of humanitarian assistance to affected populations.

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References

Sudan - Wikipedia
Sudan - CIA World Fact Book
Sudan - BBC
Sudan - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
S. Sudanese rebels asked Beijing not to sell weapons to Juba - Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune

S. Sudanese rebels asked Beijing not to sell weapons to Juba
Sudan Tribune
October 24, 2014 (NAIROBI) – The opposition faction of the Sudan Peoples' Liberation Movement (SPLM) led by former vice-president, Riek Machar asked the Chinese government to stop selling weapons to president Salva Kiir's government, an official has ...
China's Emergency Relief to South SudanThe Diplomat
South Sudanese rebels renew calls for withdrawal of Ugandan troopsMareeg Media
The face of hungerHerald Scotland

all 8 news articles »


South Sudan probes Chinese firm amidst hacking allegations - Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune

South Sudan probes Chinese firm amidst hacking allegations
Sudan Tribune
“On 3 October 2014, at 10:48am, we received an email from Mr. Sullivan Chen of Huawei Company. The email was sent to the acting director general of information, Mr. Paul Jacob Kumbo,” he wrote. Lueth, in a 14 October letter obtained by Sudan Tribune, ...
S/Sudan: Chinese company hacks govt's system-OfficialStarAfrica.com

all 2 news articles »


Sudanese Bishop Urges End to Attacks on Civilians - Voice of America

Voice of America

Sudanese Bishop Urges End to Attacks on Civilians
Voice of America
In June, U.S. officials accused the Sudanese government of stepping up its aerial attacks on civilians in South Kordofan and Blue Nile states. Ethnic minority rebels from the Sudan People's Liberation Movement have been fighting government forces in ...
Bashir says Sudan's regional isolation endingNew Vision
Sudan president says country's regional isolation endingBusiness Standard
Mbeki travels to Khartoum to discuss resumption of peace talksSudan Tribune
Shanghai Daily (subscription)
all 9 news articles »


South Sudan: Women propose sex strike for peace - BBC News

BBC News

South Sudan: Women propose sex strike for peace
BBC News
Female peace activists in South Sudan have proposed a nationwide sex strike to end the country's civil war. The activists want women to support the strike in the hope that it encourages men to seek a peaceful settlement to the conflict, the Sudan ...
South Sudan women propose sex ban until peace restoredSudan Tribune
South Sudan Crisis Threatens DevelopmentVoice of America
South Sudan women suggest sex strike to stop civil warRT
Sudan Vision -News24
all 77 news articles »


Sudan frees Chinese oil worker abducted in W. Kordofan - Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune

Sudan frees Chinese oil worker abducted in W. Kordofan
Sudan Tribune
October 24, 2014 (KHARTOUM) - The Sudanese security services on Thursday managed to free a Chinese oil worker kidnapped in West Kordofan state and arrested killers of a Sudanese engineer shot in an armed attack in Baleela area last week.
Abducted Chinese Worker Freed in Sudan: MinisterNDTV
Security agents liberate Chinese abductee, Sudan's West KordofanRadio Dabanga
Sudanese Defence Minister Holds Military Talks in ChinaSudan Vision
StarAfrica.com
all 15 news articles »


Ethiopia, Egypt and Sudan to select consultancy firm - Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune

Ethiopia, Egypt and Sudan to select consultancy firm
Sudan Tribune
October 21, 2014 (ADDIS ABABA) – Egypt, Sudan and Ethiopia have agreed to choose an international firm that will study the hydrological and socio-environmental impacts of Ethiopia's massive hydro power plant project being built on the Nile river.

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Sudan's dialogue appears to be attempt to reunite Islamists: Attabani - Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune

Sudan's dialogue appears to be attempt to reunite Islamists: Attabani
Sudan Tribune
October 24, 2014 (KHARTOUM) – The leader of the opposition Reform Now Movement (RNM) called for an inclusive process to end war in Sudan and achieve democratic reforms, saying the current situation surrounding the country's national dialogue ...

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South Sudan peace deal offers glimmer of hope - The Guardian

The Guardian

South Sudan peace deal offers glimmer of hope
The Guardian
There is the first flicker of hope that peace may be restored to South Sudan: it began with an acceptance of responsibility. Three factions of the South Sudanese ruling party, meeting in the Tanzanian city of Arusha, on Monday accepted that they are ...
South Sudanese rebel leadership meets in NairobiSudan Tribune
South Sudan's Warring Factions Agree to Talks Mediated by TanzaniaWall Street Journal
S Sudan rivals accept responsibility for warAljazeera.com
Sudan Vision
all 175 news articles »


Notice - Continuation of the National Emergency with Respect to Sudan - Whitehouse.gov (press release)

USA TODAY

Notice - Continuation of the National Emergency with Respect to Sudan
Whitehouse.gov (press release)
On November 3, 1997, by Executive Order (E.O.) 13067, the President declared a national emergency with respect to Sudan and, pursuant to the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701-1706), took related steps to deal with the ...
Obama extends emergency sanctions in SudanUSA TODAY

all 3 news articles »


The Sudanese 'spies' in London Starbucks - Telegraph.co.uk

Telegraph.co.uk

The Sudanese 'spies' in London Starbucks
Telegraph.co.uk
After three days the ordeal ended. The agents put Mrs Ahmed in a car and drove her to the airport. “I couldn't believe I was going home. The Sudan regime had decided I was an enemy because I met with a Darfur independence activist in London. I nearly ...

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