Sudan

Country Sudan
Capital Khartoum
Continent Africa
Currency Sudanese pound(SDG)
Languages Arabic & English

Information

Introduction

Military regimes favoring Islamic-oriented governments have dominated national politics since independence from the UK in 1956. Sudan was embroiled in two prolonged civil wars during most of the remainder of the 20th century. These conflicts were rooted in northern economic, political, and social domination of largely non-Muslim, non-Arab southern Sudanese. The first civil war ended in 1972 but broke out again in 1983. The second war and famine-related effects resulted in more than four million people displaced and, according to rebel estimates, more than two million deaths over a period of two decades. Peace talks gained momentum in 2002-04 with the signing of several accords. The final North/South Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), signed in January 2005, granted the southern rebels autonomy for six years followed by a referendum on independence for Southern Sudan. The referendum was held in January 2011 and indicated overwhelming support for independence. South Sudan became independent on 9 July 2011. Since southern independence Sudan has been combating rebels from the Sudan People's Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N) in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile states. A separate conflict, which broke out in the western region of Darfur in 2003, has displaced nearly two million people and caused an estimated 200,000 to 400,000 deaths. The UN took command of the Darfur peacekeeping operation from the African Union in December 2007. Peacekeeping troops have struggled to stabilize the situation, which has become increasingly regional in scope and has brought instability to eastern Chad. Sudan also has faced large refugee influxes from neighboring countries primarily Ethiopia and Chad. Armed conflict, poor transport infrastructure, and lack of government support have chronically obstructed the provision of humanitarian assistance to affected populations.

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References

Sudan - Wikipedia
Sudan - CIA World Fact Book
Sudan - BBC
Sudan - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
S. Sudan rebels claim capture of strategic town in Jonglei - Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune

S. Sudan rebels claim capture of strategic town in Jonglei
Sudan Tribune
March 27, 2015 (ADDIS ABABA) – As renewed fighting between the rival armies in South Sudan escalates in the three states of the oil-rich greater Upper Nile region, rebel forces on Friday claimed to have recaptured the strategic town of Ayod in Jonglei ...
South Sudan Army Claims 54 Rebels Killed in Fresh FightingVoice of America

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South Sudan food crisis leaves people of Ganyiel desperate for a peace deal - The Guardian

The Guardian

South Sudan food crisis leaves people of Ganyiel desperate for a peace deal
The Guardian
Their views were heard by Ertharin Cousin, the executive director of the UN World Food Programme (WFP), and the deputy special representative of the UN secretary general in the UN mission in South Sudan, Toby Lanzer, when they toured Ganyiel last ...



Opposition PLP says extension of Kiir's term a declaration of war - Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune

Opposition PLP says extension of Kiir's term a declaration of war
Sudan Tribune
March 27, 2015 (TONJ) – A South Sudanese opposition party, known as People's Liberal Party (PLP), said the recent extension of term limit for president Salva Kiir and members of parliament was a declaration of war against the people of South Sudan.
War Economy: Kiir's office spends more than budget of an entire stateRadio Tamazuj

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Sudan Joins Coalition Against Yemen Rebels - New York Times

New York Times

Sudan Joins Coalition Against Yemen Rebels
New York Times
The Arab-led, American-supported coalition seeking to rout Houthi rebels in Yemen includes a man indicted on charges of war crimes and vilified by Washington for more than a decade: President Omar Hassan al-Bashir of Sudan. Mr. Bashir's government ...
Sudan denies plane shot down by Yemen's HouthisAnadolu Agency
Sudanese army says ground troops to join Saudi-led coalition in YemenSudan Tribune
Sudan confirms joining Saudi-led Yemen operationYahoo News
Global Voices Online
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South Sudan youth union elects new president - Sudan Tribune

South Sudan youth union elects new president
Sudan Tribune
March 27, 2015 (JUBA) – Members of South Sudan youth union on Wednesday elected a new chairperson after a contest, which saw some candidates withdrawing from the race in favour of the others. Albino Bol Dhieu Bol was in the end elected chairperson ...



Sudan rebels attack garrison, kill dozens - Yahoo News

Yahoo News

Sudan rebels attack garrison, kill dozens
Yahoo News
Khartoum (AFP) - Sudanese rebels said they captured a garrison in conflict-hit South Kordofan and killed 54 troops Saturday, with the army denying the claim. Khartoum has been battling the Sudan People's Liberation Army-North (SPLA-N) in the southern ...

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S. Sudan rebels claim 38 government soldiers killed on battle field - Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune

S. Sudan rebels claim 38 government soldiers killed on battle field
Sudan Tribune
By Tesfa-Alem Tekle. March 26, 2015 (ADDIS ABABA) – South Sudan rebels led by former vice-president, Riek Machar have claimed that 38 government soldiers were killed in the battle fields of Ayot and Nhial Diu in Jonglei and Unity states respectively.



SPLM-IO rebels accuse Juba of unconstitutional term extension - Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune

SPLM-IO rebels accuse Juba of unconstitutional term extension
Sudan Tribune
March 26, 2015 (ADDIS ABABA) – A senior official of the rebel faction of the Sudan Peoples' Liberation Movement (SPLM-IO) led by the former vice-president, Riek Machar, has strongly criticised the recent amendment of the country's transitional ...
South Sudan Opposition Says Extending President's Term IllegalVoice of America
US tells South Sudan rivals to resume peace talksYahoo News
In the war on terror, we must not forget South SudanThe Hill (blog)
News24 -Lexington Herald Leader
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Sudan gov't, Darfur rebel commanders sign peace deal in Chad - Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune

Sudan gov't, Darfur rebel commanders sign peace deal in Chad
Sudan Tribune
March 27, 2015 (KHARTOUM) - Sudanese government and a number of Darfur rebel commanders led by Mohamedain Ismail Bashar, a former operation commander of the Sudan Liberation Movement -Minni Minnawi, signed a peace agreement in the ...
Ballots in Transit to Polling StationsSudan Vision

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IGAD briefs AU peace and security council on South Sudan - Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune

IGAD briefs AU peace and security council on South Sudan
Sudan Tribune
March 28, 2015 (ADDIS ABABA) - The Peace and Security Council of the African Union (AU), at its 494th meeting held on 24 March in the Ethiopian capital, Addis Ababa, was briefed on the situation in South Sudan and the status of the peace process.
Communiqué of the 494th PSC Meeting On the Situation in the Abyei AreaAllAfrica.com
Communiqué of the 494th PSC meeting on the Situation in South SudanOye! Times

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