Sudan

Country Sudan
Capital Khartoum
Continent Africa
Currency Sudanese pound(SDG)
Languages Arabic & English

Information

Introduction

Military regimes favoring Islamic-oriented governments have dominated national politics since independence from the UK in 1956. Sudan was embroiled in two prolonged civil wars during most of the remainder of the 20th century. These conflicts were rooted in northern economic, political, and social domination of largely non-Muslim, non-Arab southern Sudanese. The first civil war ended in 1972 but broke out again in 1983. The second war and famine-related effects resulted in more than four million people displaced and, according to rebel estimates, more than two million deaths over a period of two decades. Peace talks gained momentum in 2002-04 with the signing of several accords. The final North/South Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), signed in January 2005, granted the southern rebels autonomy for six years followed by a referendum on independence for Southern Sudan. The referendum was held in January 2011 and indicated overwhelming support for independence. South Sudan became independent on 9 July 2011. Since southern independence Sudan has been combating rebels from the Sudan People's Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N) in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile states. A separate conflict, which broke out in the western region of Darfur in 2003, has displaced nearly two million people and caused an estimated 200,000 to 400,000 deaths. The UN took command of the Darfur peacekeeping operation from the African Union in December 2007. Peacekeeping troops have struggled to stabilize the situation, which has become increasingly regional in scope and has brought instability to eastern Chad. Sudan also has faced large refugee influxes from neighboring countries primarily Ethiopia and Chad. Armed conflict, poor transport infrastructure, and lack of government support have chronically obstructed the provision of humanitarian assistance to affected populations.

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References

Sudan - Wikipedia
Sudan - CIA World Fact Book
Sudan - BBC
Sudan - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
Sudan says shuts UN peacekeepers' Darfur rights office in Khartoum - Reuters

Reuters

Sudan says shuts UN peacekeepers' Darfur rights office in Khartoum
Reuters
Sudan announced on Friday it had asked UNAMID to prepare an exit plan, days after denying it permission to make a second visit to the site of the alleged assaults in Darfur. Sudan initially refused to let UNAMID visit the village of Tabit at all but ...
Sudan increases pressure on UN Darfur missionU-T San Diego
Sudan says Darfur talks limited to ceasefireSudan Tribune

all 76 news articles »


Sudan accused of violating South Sudanese airspace - Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune

Sudan accused of violating South Sudanese airspace
Sudan Tribune
They assurances we heard he was told by the Sudanese president and his government, which was in the press, is that his government and the Sudan armed forces, have no interest in destabilising South Sudan, especially people in the border areas, but now ...
Sudan: Peace In Our TimeStrategy Page
South Sudan: Would an Arms Embargo Help End South Sudan's Civil War?AllAfrica.com
South Sudan, Egypt Ink $26 Million in Bilateral DealsVoice of America
www.worldbulletin.net -Daily News Egypt -Radio Tamazuj
all 64 news articles »


South Sudan Warns UN Against Imposing Sanctions - ABC News

UN News Centre

South Sudan Warns UN Against Imposing Sanctions
ABC News
South Sudan warned Tuesday that imposing sanctions will only make it harder to find an elusive peace in a yearlong conflict that has ripped the country apart and killed thousands of civilians. Ambassador Francis Deng told the U.N. Security Council that ...
South Sudan warns UN that sanctions could fuel confrontationReuters
Security Council extends UN mission in South Sudan through May 2015UN News Centre
UN Renews South Sudan Mission's MandateVoice of America

all 65 news articles »


Sudan and Rebels in Darfur Region Begin Peace Talks - New York Times

New York Times

Sudan and Rebels in Darfur Region Begin Peace Talks
New York Times
The conflict in Darfur, a region in western Sudan, started in 2003, when rebels there accused the central government in Khartoum of discrimination, negligence and marginalization. The United Nations estimates that the conflict has killed as many as 300 ...



EU yet to discuss financial support for Sudan 2015 election - Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune

EU yet to discuss financial support for Sudan 2015 election
Sudan Tribune
November 24, 2014 (KHARTOUM) – The European Union delegation in Khartoum said EU diplomats didn't discuss financial support to the upcoming elections scheduled for April 2015 with the Sudanese electoral body. A member of the National Election ...
Sudanese Community in Istanbul, Sudan’s Positive FaceSudan Vision

all 7 news articles »


Former S. Sudanese diplomat denies fraud allegations - Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune

Former S. Sudanese diplomat denies fraud allegations
Sudan Tribune
David Dang Kong, who served as deputy head of mission at the South Sudanese embassy in Ethiopia told Sudan Tribune Monday that the accusations were “fabricated” and “politically motivated”. The accusations came a day after Kong announced his ...



2000 Ethiopians evacuated from Sudan amid disease fears - Sudan Tribune

2000 Ethiopians evacuated from Sudan amid disease fears
Sudan Tribune
November 23, 2014 (EL-DABBA) – Sudanese authorities and popular bodies have evacuated two thousands Ethiopian nationals from the locality of El-Dabba in the Northern state following discovery of several Hepatitis and AIDS cases among them.

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Sudan Government Asks UN Darfur Mission to Leave - ABC News

ABC News

Sudan Government Asks UN Darfur Mission to Leave
ABC News
The joint U.N.-African Union peacekeeping force in Darfur said Sunday that the Sudanese government has asked it to prepare plans to exit the country, amid tension between Khartoum and the mission over an investigation into allegations of mass rape.
See No Evil, Speak No Evil: U.N. Covers Up Sudan's Bad Behavior in DarfurForeign Policy
Sudan asks UN mission in Darfur to prepare to leaveReuters
UNAMID confirms receipt of verbal request to leave Sudan's DarfurSudan Tribune
AllAfrica.com -Fox News
all 158 news articles »


S. Sudan army says armed rebellion uncovered within Equatoria region - Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune

S. Sudan army says armed rebellion uncovered within Equatoria region
Sudan Tribune
November 23, 2014 (JUBA) – The South Sudanese army (SPLA) claimed it uncovered a plan by some politicians and former militia members allegedly to form a rebellion parallel to that of the armed opposition led by the country's former vice president, Riek ...
Vice-President Vows Never to Step DownAllAfrica.com

all 5 news articles »


Abyei community seeks global recognition of referendum result - Sudan Tribune

Abyei community seeks global recognition of referendum result
Sudan Tribune
November 24, 2014 (JUBA) – Community leaders from the oil-contested region of Abyei say they are determined to push ahead with a campaign seeking regional and international recognition of the October 2013 referendum result. Both the Sudanese and ...

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