Sudan

Country Sudan
Capital Khartoum
Continent Africa
Currency Sudanese pound(SDG)
Languages Arabic & English

Information

Introduction

Military regimes favoring Islamic-oriented governments have dominated national politics since independence from the UK in 1956. Sudan was embroiled in two prolonged civil wars during most of the remainder of the 20th century. These conflicts were rooted in northern economic, political, and social domination of largely non-Muslim, non-Arab southern Sudanese. The first civil war ended in 1972 but broke out again in 1983. The second war and famine-related effects resulted in more than four million people displaced and, according to rebel estimates, more than two million deaths over a period of two decades. Peace talks gained momentum in 2002-04 with the signing of several accords. The final North/South Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), signed in January 2005, granted the southern rebels autonomy for six years followed by a referendum on independence for Southern Sudan. The referendum was held in January 2011 and indicated overwhelming support for independence. South Sudan became independent on 9 July 2011. Since southern independence Sudan has been combating rebels from the Sudan People's Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N) in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile states. A separate conflict, which broke out in the western region of Darfur in 2003, has displaced nearly two million people and caused an estimated 200,000 to 400,000 deaths. The UN took command of the Darfur peacekeeping operation from the African Union in December 2007. Peacekeeping troops have struggled to stabilize the situation, which has become increasingly regional in scope and has brought instability to eastern Chad. Sudan also has faced large refugee influxes from neighboring countries primarily Ethiopia and Chad. Armed conflict, poor transport infrastructure, and lack of government support have chronically obstructed the provision of humanitarian assistance to affected populations.

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References

Sudan - Wikipedia
Sudan - CIA World Fact Book
Sudan - BBC
Sudan - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
Wanted: A New Chapter In U.S.-Sudan Relations - Huffington Post

Huffington Post

Wanted: A New Chapter In U.S.-Sudan Relations
Huffington Post
U.S.-Sudan relations have ranged from outright hostility to limited diplomatic engagement since Sudanese president Omar Hassan al-Bashir ascended to power in 1989, yet the Obama administration spent the past two years seeking to improve bilateral ...
Businesses close as South Sudan's economic crisis worsensSudan Tribune
South Sudan ambassador dismisses rift with EthiopiaFox News
Quandary in South Sudan: Should It Lose Its Hard-Won Independence?New York Times
Forbes -The Hill (blog) -Saudi Gazette
all 46 news articles »


Opposition military officers defect to join FVP Taban Deng - Sudan Tribune

Opposition military officers defect to join FVP Taban Deng
Sudan Tribune
January 24, 2017 (ADDIS ABABA) - Eleven military officers who originally were loyal to South Sudan opposition group Federal Democratic Party/ South Sudan Armed Forces (FDP/SSAF) switch sides to join SPLM-IO under leadership of the First Vice ...



Uganda's sprawling haven for 270000 of South Sudan's refugees - The Guardian

The Guardian

Uganda's sprawling haven for 270000 of South Sudan's refugees
The Guardian
It runs around the outside of his right eye, starting at the tip of his eyebrow and curving down to the top of his cheekbone. He got it, he says, when rebels opposed to South Sudan's President Salva Kiir attacked his car near his home in the small ...



Medics: 'Cholera spreading in Sudan' - Reliefweb

Medics: 'Cholera spreading in Sudan'
Reliefweb
According to laboratory results, the diarrhoea cases spreading over various parts of Sudan since September last year are caused by cholera. The Central Committee of Sudanese Doctors reported 53 such cases in Red Sea and El Gezira states on Friday.



Sudan receives $400m deposit from UAE - Sudan Tribune

The National

Sudan receives $400m deposit from UAE
Sudan Tribune
January 23, 2017 (KHARTOUM) -The United Arab Emirates has agreed to provide the Central Bank of Sudan (CBoS) with a $400 million deposit, announced the Abu Dhabi Fund for Development (ADFD) on Monday. In a statement released on its website the ...
Abu Dhabi Fund for Development injects Dh1.47bn into SudanThe National
Abu Dhabi injects $400 million into Central Bank of SudanZawya
Abu Dhabi to deposit $400m in Sudan central bankThe Nation
News Ghana -ArabianBusiness.com
all 7 news articles »


Indonesia probes police unit held in Sudan - Jakarta Post

Jakarta Post

Indonesia probes police unit held in Sudan
Jakarta Post
Indonesia probes police unit held in Sudan African Union peacekeepers evacuated their base in Haskanita, Sudan, on Sept. 30, 2007 after rebel forces killed at least 10 in a surprise raid. (AP/Alfred de Montesquiou) ...
Indonesia investigates whether its peacekeepers smuggled guns out of SudanSouth China Morning Post
Indonesia denies peacekeepers tried to leave Sudan with armsThe Star Online
Sudan: Indonesian UNAMID Police Deny Smuggling Arms From DarfurAllAfrica.com
Netralnews
all 19 news articles »


UN calls for “swift deployment” of regional protection force to South ... - South Sudan News Agency

South Sudan News Agency

UN calls for “swift deployment” of regional protection force to South ...
South Sudan News Agency
New York/Juba, January 23, 2017 (SSNA) — The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) on Monday called for an immediate deployment of the regional ...
UN urged to speed up deployment of peacekeeping troops to South ...International Business Times UK

all 6 news articles »


Sudanese ambassador eyes improved ties with Turkey - Anadolu Agency

Anadolu Agency

Sudanese ambassador eyes improved ties with Turkey
Anadolu Agency
Sudan hopes to benefit from Turkish investment and know-how in the wake of the U.S. easing sanctions against the east African state, the country's ambassador to Ankara has said. Osman Eldirdieri al-Mubarak Ali hailed Sudan's ties with Turkey in an ...

and more »


4.6 million people projected to require food assistance from January—April 2017 (WFP estimate) - ReliefWeb

ReliefWeb

4.6 million people projected to require food assistance from January—April 2017 (WFP estimate)
ReliefWeb
In 2016, WFP provided food assistance to 4 million people in South Sudan—the highest number of people in one year since South Sudan's independence. Life-saving food assistance was provided to people affected by conflict and acute food insecurity, ...



Sudan's interest in South Sudanese peace - Sudan Tribune

Sudan's interest in South Sudanese peace
Sudan Tribune
Sudan and South Sudan's relationship is of vital importance to resolving conflicts in both countries. Khartoum, and other countries in the region, clearly benefit from a stable South Sudan. Once-fraught relations between the two countries have improved ...