Sudan

Country Sudan
Capital Khartoum
Continent Africa
Currency Sudanese pound(SDG)
Languages Arabic & English

Information

Introduction

Military regimes favoring Islamic-oriented governments have dominated national politics since independence from the UK in 1956. Sudan was embroiled in two prolonged civil wars during most of the remainder of the 20th century. These conflicts were rooted in northern economic, political, and social domination of largely non-Muslim, non-Arab southern Sudanese. The first civil war ended in 1972 but broke out again in 1983. The second war and famine-related effects resulted in more than four million people displaced and, according to rebel estimates, more than two million deaths over a period of two decades. Peace talks gained momentum in 2002-04 with the signing of several accords. The final North/South Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), signed in January 2005, granted the southern rebels autonomy for six years followed by a referendum on independence for Southern Sudan. The referendum was held in January 2011 and indicated overwhelming support for independence. South Sudan became independent on 9 July 2011. Since southern independence Sudan has been combating rebels from the Sudan People's Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N) in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile states. A separate conflict, which broke out in the western region of Darfur in 2003, has displaced nearly two million people and caused an estimated 200,000 to 400,000 deaths. The UN took command of the Darfur peacekeeping operation from the African Union in December 2007. Peacekeeping troops have struggled to stabilize the situation, which has become increasingly regional in scope and has brought instability to eastern Chad. Sudan also has faced large refugee influxes from neighboring countries primarily Ethiopia and Chad. Armed conflict, poor transport infrastructure, and lack of government support have chronically obstructed the provision of humanitarian assistance to affected populations.

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References

Sudan - Wikipedia
Sudan - CIA World Fact Book
Sudan - BBC
Sudan - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
UN Threatens Sanctions If South Sudan Peace Deal Isn't Kept - ABC News

Sudan Tribune

UN Threatens Sanctions If South Sudan Peace Deal Isn't Kept
ABC News
The U.N. Security Council is discussing imposing sanctions on two additional South Sudanese for continuing to fuel conflict in the world's newest nation, diplomats said Friday. The council called for an immediate end to fighting in a statement after a ...
South Sudan government lambastes IGAD for postponing ceasefire workshopSudan Tribune
South Sudan's New Ceasefire Is Already Falling ApartVICE News
US readies new UN sanctions on South SudanYahoo News
Voice of America
all 113 news articles »


Sudan's dialogue will not be successful without rebel groups : political officials - Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune

Sudan's dialogue will not be successful without rebel groups : political officials
Sudan Tribune
The Sudanese government says the dialogue should be prepared and held by Sudanese inside the country without foreign intervention, arguing that previous initiatives didn't bring peace or stability to Sudan and the international community didn't ...
National Dialogue Mechanism to Determine Official Stance on AUPSC StatementSudan Vision

all 4 news articles »


Sudanese president vows to “rip up” any UNSC resolution on national dialogue - Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune

Sudanese president vows to “rip up” any UNSC resolution on national dialogue
Sudan Tribune
September 4, 2015 (KHARTOUM) - The Sudanese president Omer Hassan al-Bashir has pledged to tear off any resolution by the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) regarding the national dialogue. JPEG - 25.1 kb; Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir, ...
Sudan President Bashir Bags Goodies On China TripAllAfrica.com
International Committee of the Red CrossICRC (press release)
Joint NGO Letter: Human Rights Situation in SudanHuman Rights Watch
Sudan Vision -Anadolu Agency
all 35 news articles »


Lack of Funds Could Ground Humanitarian Air Service in Sudan - Voice of America

Voice of America

Lack of Funds Could Ground Humanitarian Air Service in Sudan
Voice of America
200,000 people have been displaced and Sudan is a country with very little infrastructure," she said. "Many of the aid operations are in far-fetched places. If the U.N. Humanitarian Air Service cannot fly the aid workers to those regions, we cannot ...
UN humanitarian air service in dire need of funds to continue life-saving work ...UN News Centre

all 4 news articles »


South Sudanese rebels deny links with Gen. Gatdet forces - Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune

South Sudanese rebels deny links with Gen. Gatdet forces
Sudan Tribune
September 4, 2015 (FANGAK) – The rebel-appointed deputy governor of Fangak (Phow state) in South Sudan has dismissed claims by a rival faction of the armed opposition movement that it destroyed a barge allegedly belonging to pro-government forces.

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Sudan, South Sudan FMs meet in Moscow next wednesday - Sudan Tribune

Sudan, South Sudan FMs meet in Moscow next wednesday
Sudan Tribune
Russian Foreign Ministry spokesperson Maria Zakharova on Thursday told reporters that Sudan's foreign minister Ibrahim Ghandour and his South Sudanese counterpart Barnaba Marial Benjamin will be in Moscow in a two day visit from 9 to 11 September at ...



Stephen Deng: Lost Boy of Sudan - Calgary Herald

Calgary Herald

Stephen Deng: Lost Boy of Sudan
Calgary Herald
When Stephen Deng was 11 years old in 1985 he crossed the border from war torn Sudan into Ethiopia, becoming one of tens of thousands of Lost Boys, children displaced or left orphaned by civil war. Now he has graduated from the Calgary Police Auxiliary ...

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Zuma meets Al-Bashir in China‚ agrees to visit Sudan - Times LIVE

Times LIVE

Zuma meets Al-Bashir in China‚ agrees to visit Sudan
Times LIVE
In a statement today‚ the Presidency said Zuma had met Al-Bashir “to discuss strengthening relations between South Africa and Sudan‚ on the margins of the 70th Anniversary of the Victory of the Chinese Peoples' War of Resistance against Japanese ...
'Relations between SA and Sudan remain warm' - PresidencyThe Citizen (press release) (blog)
India to host Sudan President against US wishesDeccan Herald
Al-Bashir Attends China's Commemoration of World War II VictoryAllAfrica.com

all 153 news articles »


Banned cluster bombs 'used in Syria, Ukraine, Yemen, Sudan, Libya' - The Guardian

The Guardian

Banned cluster bombs 'used in Syria, Ukraine, Yemen, Sudan, Libya'
The Guardian
Cluster bombs were dropped on two locations in Libya in early 2015, but it was not possible to determine who was responsible, and Sudan's armed forces used air-dropped cluster bombs in South Kordofan province in the first half of 2015 and previously in ...
Cluster munitions used in Ukraine, Libya, Sudan, Syria and Yemen, according to ...Ottawa Citizen
'Sudan continued using cluster bombs in South Kordofan, Darfur this year'Radio Tamazuj

all 30 news articles »


Sudanese journalist arrested in Saudi Arabia fears deportation - The Guardian

Sudanese journalist arrested in Saudi Arabia fears deportation
The Guardian
“We are extremely concerned for Waleed al-Hussein al-Dood's safety should he be forced to return to Sudan,” said the CPJ's Middle East and north Africa programme coordinator, Sherif Mansour. “Al-Dood has a right to be granted access to his lawyer and ...
Sudanese Journalist Arrested in Saudi Arabia, Faces DeportationAllAfrica.com
Saudi Arabia accused of arresting Sudanese journalistsStarAfrica.com

all 5 news articles »