Sudan

Country Sudan
Capital Khartoum
Continent Africa
Currency Sudanese pound(SDG)
Languages Arabic & English

Information

Introduction

Military regimes favoring Islamic-oriented governments have dominated national politics since independence from the UK in 1956. Sudan was embroiled in two prolonged civil wars during most of the remainder of the 20th century. These conflicts were rooted in northern economic, political, and social domination of largely non-Muslim, non-Arab southern Sudanese. The first civil war ended in 1972 but broke out again in 1983. The second war and famine-related effects resulted in more than four million people displaced and, according to rebel estimates, more than two million deaths over a period of two decades. Peace talks gained momentum in 2002-04 with the signing of several accords. The final North/South Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), signed in January 2005, granted the southern rebels autonomy for six years followed by a referendum on independence for Southern Sudan. The referendum was held in January 2011 and indicated overwhelming support for independence. South Sudan became independent on 9 July 2011. Since southern independence Sudan has been combating rebels from the Sudan People's Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N) in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile states. A separate conflict, which broke out in the western region of Darfur in 2003, has displaced nearly two million people and caused an estimated 200,000 to 400,000 deaths. The UN took command of the Darfur peacekeeping operation from the African Union in December 2007. Peacekeeping troops have struggled to stabilize the situation, which has become increasingly regional in scope and has brought instability to eastern Chad. Sudan also has faced large refugee influxes from neighboring countries primarily Ethiopia and Chad. Armed conflict, poor transport infrastructure, and lack of government support have chronically obstructed the provision of humanitarian assistance to affected populations.

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References

Sudan - Wikipedia
Sudan - CIA World Fact Book
Sudan - BBC
Sudan - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
AU Threatens South Sudan Warring Factions With Sanctions - ABC News

BBC News

AU Threatens South Sudan Warring Factions With Sanctions
ABC News
The African Union Saturday joined regional and international organizations in threatening South Sudan's warring factions with sanctions. Sanctions will be imposed on all parties in South Sudan who continue to undermine the cessation of hostilities ...
South Sudan's President Kiir fit to attend peace talksBBC News
Amnesty slams African Union's decision to defer S. Sudan atrocities reportSudan Tribune
South Sudan's warring leaders meet face-to-faceAljazeera.com
Voice of America
all 270 news articles »


What next for South Sudan's 3000 freed child soldiers? - The Guardian

The Guardian

What next for South Sudan's 3000 freed child soldiers?
The Guardian
At a ceremony on Tuesday, 280 child soldiers were released in Gumuruk, South Sudan, following a peace agreement between President Salva Kiir's government and the South Sudan Democratic Army (SSDA) Cobra Faction militant group in Jonglei State.
Child soldiers released in South SudanSBS

all 3 news articles »


S. Sudan army worries over defections in W. Equatoria state - Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune

S. Sudan army worries over defections in W. Equatoria state
Sudan Tribune
Manyang said he transferred Major Losuba Lodoru, a South Sudan army (SPLA) officer who recently defected and formed a new rebel movement, from the directorate of policy, planning and research to become director for administration in his office.

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South Sudan: UN warns surge in Sudanese refugees pushes camp capacity to ... - UN News Centre

UN News Centre

South Sudan: UN warns surge in Sudanese refugees pushes camp capacity to ...
UN News Centre
30 January 2015 – Sudanese refugees continue to pour into South Sudan as they flee aerial bombardments and ground attacks in the war-torn Nuba Mountains in Sudan, the United Nations refugee agency said today, as it warned that many of the settlement ...
Sudan: Fresh Fighting Over Past Month Forces 3000 to Flee Sudan's Nuba ...AllAfrica.com

all 12 news articles »


Zimbabwe's Mugabe elected new AU chairman - Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune

Zimbabwe's Mugabe elected new AU chairman
Sudan Tribune
“Had it not been his relation with the west, Mugabe has much better democratic credentials with several other west darling dictators” Demissie told Sudan Tribune. Though AU remains dependent to the west for financial and political supports, Demissie ...
Mugabe Chairman of the African UnionSudan Vision

all 305 news articles »


South Sudan's Greater Equatoria leaders want Igga maintained as VP - Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune

South Sudan's Greater Equatoria leaders want Igga maintained as VP
Sudan Tribune
January 30, 2015 (JUBA) - Leaders from South Sudan's Greater Equatoria region on Friday opposed a proposal by the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) to have rebel leader, Riek Machar appointed as the country's first vice president.



Sudan's NCF to campaign for elections boycott - Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune

Sudan's NCF to campaign for elections boycott
Sudan Tribune
On 3 December, Sudanese political and armed opposition forces and civil society organisations signed in Addis Ababa the “Sudan Call” for the end of war, dismantlement of the one-party state, achievement of a comprehensive peace and democratic ...
Sudan: Police deployed in Khartoum over opposition threats to boycott pollsStarAfrica.com

all 2 news articles »


Constitutional amendments dash hopes for peace in Sudan's Two Areas: Arman - Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune

Constitutional amendments dash hopes for peace in Sudan's Two Areas: Arman
Sudan Tribune
January 30, 2015 (KHARTOUM) - Weeks before a new round of talks between the warring parties in Blue Nile and South Kordofan, the Sudan People's Liberation Movement North (SPLM-N) pointed that the horizon of peace seems as remote as ever due to ...
Medical aid group MSF says pulls out of parts of SudanReuters
MSF leaves Sudan's conflict zones amid 'unacceptable' security situationMiddle East Eye
Sudan aid work being blocked by Khartoum, says MSFBBC News
Human Rights Watch
all 56 news articles »


African Union Postpones Report on South Sudan Atrocities - ABC News

African Union Postpones Report on South Sudan Atrocities
ABC News
The African Union has postponed releasing a report which is expected to reveal those responsible for atrocities committed in the violence in South Sudan, the chairman of a commission inquiry into the conflict said Friday. The African Union Peace and ...



South Sudan to renegotiate oil fees with Sudan: official - Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune

South Sudan to renegotiate oil fees with Sudan: official
Sudan Tribune
“The mediators who mediated the peace and the cooperation agreement between the two countries should have the same argument that South Sudan should not be allowed to collapse if we are losing more and it has become now in favor of Sudan,” said ...
Sudan Signs Six-year Oil Exploration Deal with ChinaSudan Vision
Sudan signs oil contract with china in disputed area with S/SudanStarAfrica.com

all 5 news articles »