Sudan

Country Sudan
Capital Khartoum
Continent Africa
Currency Sudanese pound(SDG)
Languages Arabic & English

Information

Introduction

Military regimes favoring Islamic-oriented governments have dominated national politics since independence from the UK in 1956. Sudan was embroiled in two prolonged civil wars during most of the remainder of the 20th century. These conflicts were rooted in northern economic, political, and social domination of largely non-Muslim, non-Arab southern Sudanese. The first civil war ended in 1972 but broke out again in 1983. The second war and famine-related effects resulted in more than four million people displaced and, according to rebel estimates, more than two million deaths over a period of two decades. Peace talks gained momentum in 2002-04 with the signing of several accords. The final North/South Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), signed in January 2005, granted the southern rebels autonomy for six years followed by a referendum on independence for Southern Sudan. The referendum was held in January 2011 and indicated overwhelming support for independence. South Sudan became independent on 9 July 2011. Since southern independence Sudan has been combating rebels from the Sudan People's Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N) in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile states. A separate conflict, which broke out in the western region of Darfur in 2003, has displaced nearly two million people and caused an estimated 200,000 to 400,000 deaths. The UN took command of the Darfur peacekeeping operation from the African Union in December 2007. Peacekeeping troops have struggled to stabilize the situation, which has become increasingly regional in scope and has brought instability to eastern Chad. Sudan also has faced large refugee influxes from neighboring countries primarily Ethiopia and Chad. Armed conflict, poor transport infrastructure, and lack of government support have chronically obstructed the provision of humanitarian assistance to affected populations.

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References

Sudan - Wikipedia
Sudan - CIA World Fact Book
Sudan - BBC
Sudan - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

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Amid unrest, Sudan's bourse maps out expansion plans - ReutersAmid unrest, Sudan's bourse maps out expansion plans  Reuters

South Sudan Has 100 More Days to Transition to New Government - Human Rights WatchSouth Sudan Has 100 More Days to Transition to New Government  Human Rights Watch

South Sudan: What's delaying the unity government? - Al Jazeera EnglishSouth Sudan: What's delaying the unity government?  Al Jazeera English

Families still waiting for justice after Sudan sit-in dispersal - Anadolu AgencyFamilies still waiting for justice after Sudan sit-in dispersal  Anadolu Agency

Pope Francis 'hopes to visit South Sudan next year' - BBC NewsPope Francis 'hopes to visit South Sudan next year'  BBC News

A scramble for safety in flooded South Sudan town - The New HumanitarianA scramble for safety in flooded South Sudan town  The New Humanitarian

Exclusive: Sudan needs up to $5 billion in budget support to prevent collapse - ReutersExclusive: Sudan needs up to $5 billion in budget support to prevent collapse  Reuters

Leaders In South Sudan Again Postpone Creating Unity Government - NPRLeaders In South Sudan Again Postpone Creating Unity Government  NPR

UN Report: Jordan, UAE, Turkey, Sudan Accused of Violating Sanctions on Libya - VOA NewsUN Report: Jordan, UAE, Turkey, Sudan Accused of Violating Sanctions on Libya  VOA News

Sudan: Bashir, aides charged for plotting the 1989 coup - Deccan HeraldSudan: Bashir, aides charged for plotting the 1989 coup  Deccan Herald

South Sudan Rival Leaders Delay New Government by 100 Days - VOA NewsSouth Sudan Rival Leaders Delay New Government by 100 Days  VOA News

What will happen when South Sudan's UN camps close? - DevexWhat will happen when South Sudan's UN camps close?  Devex

Sudan Coalition Wants Bashir Turned Over to ICC - VOA NewsSudan Coalition Wants Bashir Turned Over to ICC  VOA News

Sudan to prosecute 1989 coup leaders who brought Bashir to power - IOLSudan to prosecute 1989 coup leaders who brought Bashir to power  IOL

Africa in the news: US – Africa updates, South Sudan unity government, and Mauritius elections - Brookings InstitutionAfrica in the news: US – Africa updates, South Sudan unity government, and Mauritius elections  Brookings Institution

South Sudan: Ebola Preparedness Dashboard (October 2019) - South Sudan - ReliefWebSouth Sudan: Ebola Preparedness Dashboard (October 2019) - South Sudan  ReliefWeb

Sudan: El Gezira agricultural workers demand housing, services - Radio DabangaSudan: El Gezira agricultural workers demand housing, services  Radio Dabanga

Sudan launches its first ever satellite in partnership with China - Al Jazeera EnglishSudan launches its first ever satellite in partnership with China  Al Jazeera English

UNHCR South Sudan Factsheet - September 2019 - South Sudan - ReliefWebUNHCR South Sudan Factsheet - September 2019 - South Sudan  ReliefWeb

Germany Donates Millions to WFP for South Sudan Flooding - VOA NewsGermany Donates Millions to WFP for South Sudan Flooding  VOA News

South Sudan official upbeat on new China-aided health infrastructure project - Xinhua | English.news.cn - XinhuaSouth Sudan official upbeat on new China-aided health infrastructure project - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

'Lost Boy' of Sudan Wins New York State District Councilor Seat - VOA News'Lost Boy' of Sudan Wins New York State District Councilor Seat  VOA News

Sudan rebel leader meets Arab League S-G in Cairo - Radio DabangaSudan rebel leader meets Arab League S-G in Cairo  Radio Dabanga

South Sudan Silences a Witness to Its Horrors - The New York TimesSouth Sudan Silences a Witness to Its Horrors  The New York Times

South Sudan Leaders Again Postpone Creation of Unity Government - VOA NewsSouth Sudan Leaders Again Postpone Creation of Unity Government  VOA News

Sudan: State Level Population Dashboard - Refugees from South Sudan (as of 31 October 2019) - Sudan - ReliefWebSudan: State Level Population Dashboard - Refugees from South Sudan (as of 31 October 2019) - Sudan  ReliefWeb

Congress can help win the peace in South Sudan - Roll CallCongress can help win the peace in South Sudan  Roll Call

The Iconic Photo of Her Helped Fuel Sudan's Revolution. Now, She and Other Women Are Being Sidelined - TIMEThe Iconic Photo of Her Helped Fuel Sudan's Revolution. Now, She and Other Women Are Being Sidelined  TIME

Thousands protest in Sudan, call to disband ex-ruling party - Washington PostThousands protest in Sudan, call to disband ex-ruling party  Washington Post

PM Hamdok in Brussels, praises EU support for Sudan - Radio DabangaPM Hamdok in Brussels, praises EU support for Sudan  Radio Dabanga

17 die of dengue fever in Kassala - Sudan - ReliefWeb17 die of dengue fever in Kassala - Sudan  ReliefWeb

North Darfur governor order to facilitate humanitarian access - Sudan - ReliefWebNorth Darfur governor order to facilitate humanitarian access - Sudan  ReliefWeb

Charlie Chaplin and the reclaiming of Sudan - African ArgumentsCharlie Chaplin and the reclaiming of Sudan  African Arguments

Sudan: 15+ injured as angry protestors torch tractors in Sennar - Radio DabangaSudan: 15+ injured as angry protestors torch tractors in Sennar  Radio Dabanga

South Sudan lost 7,640 children to Pneumonia in 2018: report - Xinhua | English.news.cn - XinhuaSouth Sudan lost 7,640 children to Pneumonia in 2018: report - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

In Sudan, Women Showed the World How It’s Done - The New York TimesIn Sudan, Women Showed the World How It’s Done  The New York Times

UAE, Sudan, Jordan, 'break arms embargo to back Haftar' - Al Jazeera EnglishUAE, Sudan, Jordan, 'break arms embargo to back Haftar'  Al Jazeera English

Sudan's lost Jewish community - in pictures - BBC NewsSudan's lost Jewish community - in pictures  BBC News

'Emergency unfolding' in flooded South Sudan - BBC News'Emergency unfolding' in flooded South Sudan  BBC News

Sudan accused of violating Libya arms embargo - Radio DabangaSudan accused of violating Libya arms embargo  Radio Dabanga

Cholera prevention efforts underway to protect millions in Sudan's Khartoum state - UN NewsCholera prevention efforts underway to protect millions in Sudan's Khartoum state  UN News

'Unique opportunity' to resolve border dispute between Sudan, South Sudan - UN News'Unique opportunity' to resolve border dispute between Sudan, South Sudan  UN News

Will South Sudan finally be able to clinch lasting peace in 100 days? - FRANCE 24Will South Sudan finally be able to clinch lasting peace in 100 days?  FRANCE 24

Stuck on US terror list, Sudan turns to wealthy Gulf for aid - Associated PressStuck on US terror list, Sudan turns to wealthy Gulf for aid  Associated Press

Humanitarian Aid: EU allocates €55 million in Sudan - Sudan - ReliefWebHumanitarian Aid: EU allocates €55 million in Sudan - Sudan  ReliefWeb

What Is Next For Sudan? - ForbesWhat Is Next For Sudan?  Forbes

South Sudan's Machar seeks delay to unity government - Al Jazeera EnglishSouth Sudan's Machar seeks delay to unity government  Al Jazeera English

Ongoing insecurity in Darfur, despite 'remarkable developments' in Sudan: UN peacekeeping chief - UN NewsOngoing insecurity in Darfur, despite 'remarkable developments' in Sudan: UN peacekeeping chief  UN News

Child soldiers rife in Sudan's multiple conflicts - Al Jazeera AmericaChild soldiers rife in Sudan's multiple conflicts  Al Jazeera America

Can Sudan's Railway, Once Largest in Africa, Get Back on Track? - VOA NewsCan Sudan's Railway, Once Largest in Africa, Get Back on Track?  VOA News

A Constitutional Moment in Sudan - LawfareA Constitutional Moment in Sudan  Lawfare

Sudan peace talks resume after deadlock - Al Jazeera EnglishSudan peace talks resume after deadlock  Al Jazeera English

Popular Congress Party: Sudan must ratify Rome Statute, hand Al Bashir to ICC - Radio DabangaPopular Congress Party: Sudan must ratify Rome Statute, hand Al Bashir to ICC  Radio Dabanga

Egypt, Ethiopia, Sudan to try to resolve dam dispute by January 15: Treasury - ReutersEgypt, Ethiopia, Sudan to try to resolve dam dispute by January 15: Treasury  Reuters

EU allocates €55m humanitarian aid to Sudan - EUobserverEU allocates €55m humanitarian aid to Sudan  EUobserver

Opposition forces in Panyume laud UNMISS' peace advocacy efforts - South Sudan - ReliefWebOpposition forces in Panyume laud UNMISS' peace advocacy efforts - South Sudan  ReliefWeb

Correction: South Sudan-Fragile Peace story - Associated PressCorrection: South Sudan-Fragile Peace story  Associated Press

South Sudan Bishop Eduardo Hiiboro Kussala Pushes for Peace - TIMESouth Sudan Bishop Eduardo Hiiboro Kussala Pushes for Peace  TIME

Artists find creative freedom in post-Bashir Sudan - Aljazeera.comArtists find creative freedom in post-Bashir Sudan  Aljazeera.com

Mabuza in Uganda for South Sudan consultations - defenceWebMabuza in Uganda for South Sudan consultations  defenceWeb

Sudan’s First Female Chief Justice Wins Wide Acceptance - VOA Learning EnglishSudan’s First Female Chief Justice Wins Wide Acceptance  VOA Learning English

Unprecedented flooding affects thousands of locals, refugees in South Sudan - UNHCRUnprecedented flooding affects thousands of locals, refugees in South Sudan  UNHCR

Sudan talks: Displaced communities wait for deal - Al Jazeera AmericaSudan talks: Displaced communities wait for deal  Al Jazeera America

Sudan's Government, Rebels Start Peace Talks in Juba - VOA NewsSudan's Government, Rebels Start Peace Talks in Juba  VOA News

European Commission Provides €55M In Humanitarian Assistance For Sudan - Kaiser Family FoundationEuropean Commission Provides €55M In Humanitarian Assistance For Sudan  Kaiser Family Foundation

Locust invasion: UN warning for Ethiopia, Kenya, Eritrea and Sudan - BBC NewsLocust invasion: UN warning for Ethiopia, Kenya, Eritrea and Sudan  BBC News

South Sudan: Camp Coordination and Camp Management Cluster - Site Profile | Wau Collective Centres, September 2019 - South Sudan - ReliefWebSouth Sudan: Camp Coordination and Camp Management Cluster - Site Profile | Wau Collective Centres, September 2019 - South Sudan  ReliefWeb

Sudanese women demand participation in peace negotiations - Radio DabangaSudanese women demand participation in peace negotiations  Radio Dabanga

Malawi vs South Sudan live streaming: Watch the AFCON qualifier online, preview, prediction & odds - 101 Great GoalsMalawi vs South Sudan live streaming: Watch the AFCON qualifier online, preview, prediction & odds  101 Great Goals

This week's news in brief - Radio DabangaThis week's news in brief  Radio Dabanga

Crisis looms in South Sudan: experts - Anadolu AgencyCrisis looms in South Sudan: experts  Anadolu Agency

Trump Meets With Egypt, Ethiopia, Sudan FMs About Dam Feud - VOA NewsTrump Meets With Egypt, Ethiopia, Sudan FMs About Dam Feud  VOA News

Aid groups navigate uncertainty ahead of South Sudan unity government deadline - DevexAid groups navigate uncertainty ahead of South Sudan unity government deadline  Devex

Pop Experimentalist Sudan Archives Discusses The Road To 'Athena,' Her Stunning Debut Album - NPRPop Experimentalist Sudan Archives Discusses The Road To 'Athena,' Her Stunning Debut Album  NPR

South Sudan's opposition leader warns of return to civil war - The Associated PressSouth Sudan's opposition leader warns of return to civil war  The Associated Press

Yemen war: Houthis say Sudan troops suffering heavy casualties - Aljazeera.comYemen war: Houthis say Sudan troops suffering heavy casualties  Aljazeera.com

UN Security Council calls for South Sudan leaders to speed up action on peace deal - UN NewsUN Security Council calls for South Sudan leaders to speed up action on peace deal  UN News

What federal system is suitable for South Sudan? - Sudan TribuneWhat federal system is suitable for South Sudan?  Sudan Tribune

South Sudan's 'Women of Courage' - Vatican NewsSouth Sudan's 'Women of Courage'  Vatican News

Sudan Situation Report, 31 Oct 2019 [EN/AR] - Sudan - ReliefWebSudan Situation Report, 31 Oct 2019 [EN/AR] - Sudan  ReliefWeb

South Sudan: Justice for war crimes must not be delayed any longer - South Sudan - ReliefWebSouth Sudan: Justice for war crimes must not be delayed any longer - South Sudan  ReliefWeb

South Sudan's former child soldiers struggle to move on - Associated PressSouth Sudan's former child soldiers struggle to move on  Associated Press

Sudan agrees reforms with World Bank, IMF: finance minister - ReutersSudan agrees reforms with World Bank, IMF: finance minister  Reuters

Floods threaten to derail South Sudan's recovery - The New HumanitarianFloods threaten to derail South Sudan's recovery  The New Humanitarian

Opposition forces in Eastern Equatoria continue registrations at cantonment sites - South Sudan - ReliefWebOpposition forces in Eastern Equatoria continue registrations at cantonment sites - South Sudan  ReliefWeb

South Sudan Education and Peace Building focuses on teacher training - The Presbyterian OutlookSouth Sudan Education and Peace Building focuses on teacher training  The Presbyterian Outlook

South Sudan: Seasonal Floods Analysis Maps October 2019 - South Sudan - ReliefWebSouth Sudan: Seasonal Floods Analysis Maps October 2019 - South Sudan  ReliefWeb

U.S., UK and Norway urge South Sudan to meet deadline for transitional government - ReutersU.S., UK and Norway urge South Sudan to meet deadline for transitional government  Reuters

Sudan's publishers enjoy freedom after 30 years - News - Khaleej TimesSudan's publishers enjoy freedom after 30 years - News  Khaleej Times

In Tombura, UNMISS works with faith groups to foster peaceful coexistence - South Sudan - ReliefWebIn Tombura, UNMISS works with faith groups to foster peaceful coexistence - South Sudan  ReliefWeb

USAID continues to support the growing humanitarian need in Sudan - Sudan - ReliefWebUSAID continues to support the growing humanitarian need in Sudan - Sudan  ReliefWeb

Statement of the Troika Embassies in Juba, South Sudan - GOV.UKStatement of the Troika Embassies in Juba, South Sudan  GOV.UK

Sudanese Congress Party: FFC should take part in peace talks - Radio DabangaSudanese Congress Party: FFC should take part in peace talks  Radio Dabanga

Sudan's Sovereign Council affirms commitment to Juba negotiations - Radio DabangaSudan's Sovereign Council affirms commitment to Juba negotiations  Radio Dabanga

SABC to broadcast Bafana Bafana vs Sudan 2021 Africa Cup of Nations - KickOff.comSABC to broadcast Bafana Bafana vs Sudan 2021 Africa Cup of Nations  KickOff.com

Sudan's Attorney General to lift immunity of former NISS members - Radio DabangaSudan's Attorney General to lift immunity of former NISS members  Radio Dabanga

The 'lost boy' of Sudan becomes the first refugee to win council seat in Syracuse, New York - Face2Face AfricaThe 'lost boy' of Sudan becomes the first refugee to win council seat in Syracuse, New York  Face2Face Africa

Sudan Archives: Athena review – Afro futurism goes mainstream - The GuardianSudan Archives: Athena review – Afro futurism goes mainstream  The Guardian

Sudan humanitarian assistance to support crisis-hit communities - Government EuropaSudan humanitarian assistance to support crisis-hit communities  Government Europa

Venezuela, Poland and Sudan amongst 14 new Human Rights Council members - UN NewsVenezuela, Poland and Sudan amongst 14 new Human Rights Council members  UN News