Afghanistan

Country Afghanistan
Capital Kabul
Continent Asia(South Asia)
Currency Afghani(AFN)
Languages Pashto & Dari

Information

Introduction

Ahmad Shah DURRANI unified the Pashtun tribes and founded Afghanistan in 1747. The country served as a buffer between the British and Russian Empires until it won independence from notional British control in 1919. A brief experiment in democracy ended in a 1973 coup and a 1978 Communist counter-coup. The Soviet Union invaded in 1979 to support the tottering Afghan Communist regime, touching off a long and destructive war. The USSR withdrew in 1989 under relentless pressure by internationally supported anti-Communist mujahedin rebels. A series of subsequent civil wars saw Kabul finally fall in 1996 to the Taliban, a hardline Pakistani-sponsored movement that emerged in 1994 to end the country's civil war and anarchy. Following the 11 September 2001 terrorist attacks in New York City and Washington, D.C., a U.S., Allied, and anti-Taliban Northern Alliance military action toppled the Taliban for sheltering Osama BIN LADIN. The UN-sponsored Bonn Conference in 2001 established a process for political reconstruction that included the adoption of a new constitution, a presidential election in 2004, and National Assembly elections in 2005. In December 2004, Hamid KARZAI became the first democratically elected president of Afghanistan and the National Assembly was inaugurated the following December. Karzai was re-elected in November 2009 for a second term. Despite gains toward building a stable central government, a resurgent Taliban and continuing provincial instability - particularly in the south and the east - remain serious challenges for the Afghan Government.

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References

Afghanistan - Wikipedia
Afghanistan - CIA World Fact Book
Afghanistan - BBC
Afghanistan - National Geographic
Afghanistan - Timeline - BBC

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Google News
How to Stabilize Afghanistan - Foreign Affairs (subscription)

Foreign Affairs (subscription)

How to Stabilize Afghanistan
Foreign Affairs (subscription)
Since the end of 2016, Russia has reportedly been providing arms to the Taliban operating in northern Afghanistan. Russian officials have also reportedly met with Taliban representatives in Russia and Tajikistan. Meanwhile, over the past year Moscow ...
Afghanistan arrests 35 soldiers after attack on baseDaily Mail

all 15 news articles »


Turnbull: Aussie troops to stay in Iraq, Afghanistan - Starts at 60

Starts at 60

Turnbull: Aussie troops to stay in Iraq, Afghanistan
Starts at 60
Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull says Australian troops will remain in Afghanistan and Iraq “long term”, extending Australia's Middle East commitment indefinitely. The announcement comes off the back of his two-day visit to Aussie troops in both ...
PM makes surprise visit to troops in Afghanistan and Iraq9news.com.au
Australian troops will be in Iraq, Afghanistan for long term, says Malcolm TurnbullThe Sydney Morning Herald
Anzac Day: Malcolm Turnbull makes surprise visit to Australians troops in Afghanistan and IraqThe West Australian
The Guardian -Huffington Post Australia -SBS
all 136 news articles »


Afghanistan envoy pitches for trilateral strategic partnership to counter terrorism - The New Indian Express

Afghanistan envoy pitches for trilateral strategic partnership to counter terrorism
The New Indian Express
“India, the US and Afghanistan are strategic partners. Reviving the strategic partnership, dialogue is highly necessary in war against terrorism,” Abdali said in the inaugural Ambassadorial address while appreciating India's assistance to help capacity ...

and more »


Why It's Time For America To Leave Afghanistan Behind - Jalopnik

Jalopnik

Why It's Time For America To Leave Afghanistan Behind
Jalopnik
The attack prompted a surprise visit to Afghanistan by U.S. Defense Secretary James Mattis, and the resignation of the two top military officials of the Afghan government. The Afghan Minister of Defense and Army Chief of Staff both stepped down ...
IS group, Taliban clash in Afghanistan, dozens killedKSBY San Luis Obispo News
SECDEF Mattis Predicts An Extended Fight in AfghanistanUSNI News
All In Again In Afghanistan?WBUR
War on the Rocks -The Sun -Rapid City Journal
all 203 news articles »


UN Says Torture by Security Forces Widespread in Afghanistan - The Wire

The Wire

UN Says Torture by Security Forces Widespread in Afghanistan
The Wire
The UN report comes as senior Afghan officials prepare to appear before the UN Committee Against Torture in Geneva this week to face a review of Afghanistan's record of implementing anti-torture laws. The International Criminal Court in The Hague is ...
Conflict-related detainees in Afghanistan tortured, ill-treated in government facilities – UNUN News Centre
UN Condemns Ongoing Torture of Detainees in AfghanistanVoice of America

all 12 news articles »


2 Top Afghanistan Military Officials Resign After Taliban Attack - New York Times

New York Times

2 Top Afghanistan Military Officials Resign After Taliban Attack
New York Times
The Afghan minister of defense, Gen. Abdullah Habibi, left, and the army chief of staff, Gen. Qadam Shah Shahim, both resigned on Monday. Credit Muhammad Sadiq/European Pressphoto Agency; Rahmat Gul/Associated Press. BALKH, Afghanistan — The ...
Top Afghan defense officials resign after Taliban attack that killed more than 100 soldiersLos Angeles Times
Eight police killed in Afghanistan's northThe Australian
The Trump administration has no idea what it's doing in AfghanistanThinkProgress
TIME -New York Magazine -Aljazeera.com -New York Times
all 941 news articles »


Karzai, Russian Foreign Minister discuss Afghanistan security situation - Business Standard

Karzai, Russian Foreign Minister discuss Afghanistan security situation
Business Standard
On his part, Lavrov promised that Russia will continue its efforts to help bring peace to Afghanistan, according to the statement. Abdul Qayoum Kochai, Afghanistan's ambassador to Moscow, former foreign minister Zarar Ahmad Osmani and Abdul Karim ...

and more »


Air Force Reservists Serve in Afghanistan > U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ... - Department of Defense

Department of Defense

Air Force Reservists Serve in Afghanistan > U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ...
Department of Defense
A group of Air Force reservists from Tinker Air Force Base, Oklahoma, have deployed to Kandahar Air Base, Afghanistan, to support the Afghan air force in its ...

and more »


Government considering Afghanistan, Myanmar's proposal to boost pharma exports - Economic Times

Economic Times

Government considering Afghanistan, Myanmar's proposal to boost pharma exports
Economic Times
The department of commerce is closely examining Afghanistan's proposal seeking India's help in setting up a manufacturing facility for IV fluids as also of Myanmar, which wants to purchase generics in large quantities for its state-owned hospitals ...



United Nations News Centre - Afghanistan makes progress in ... - UN News Centre

UN News Centre

United Nations News Centre - Afghanistan makes progress in ...
UN News Centre
Special Representative for Afghanistan Tadamichi Yamamoto (left) and Abdul Basir Anwar, Afghanistan's Minister of Justice, launch new report on the country's ...
UN says corruption in Afghanistan a challenge despite progressDaily Mail
Afghanistan's Other Battlefield: The Fight Against Corruption (April ...Reliefweb

all 7 news articles »