Afghanistan

Country Afghanistan
Capital Kabul
Continent Asia(South Asia)
Currency Afghani(AFN)
Languages Pashto & Dari

Information

Introduction

Ahmad Shah DURRANI unified the Pashtun tribes and founded Afghanistan in 1747. The country served as a buffer between the British and Russian Empires until it won independence from notional British control in 1919. A brief experiment in democracy ended in a 1973 coup and a 1978 Communist counter-coup. The Soviet Union invaded in 1979 to support the tottering Afghan Communist regime, touching off a long and destructive war. The USSR withdrew in 1989 under relentless pressure by internationally supported anti-Communist mujahedin rebels. A series of subsequent civil wars saw Kabul finally fall in 1996 to the Taliban, a hardline Pakistani-sponsored movement that emerged in 1994 to end the country's civil war and anarchy. Following the 11 September 2001 terrorist attacks in New York City and Washington, D.C., a U.S., Allied, and anti-Taliban Northern Alliance military action toppled the Taliban for sheltering Osama BIN LADIN. The UN-sponsored Bonn Conference in 2001 established a process for political reconstruction that included the adoption of a new constitution, a presidential election in 2004, and National Assembly elections in 2005. In December 2004, Hamid KARZAI became the first democratically elected president of Afghanistan and the National Assembly was inaugurated the following December. Karzai was re-elected in November 2009 for a second term. Despite gains toward building a stable central government, a resurgent Taliban and continuing provincial instability - particularly in the south and the east - remain serious challenges for the Afghan Government.

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References

Afghanistan - Wikipedia
Afghanistan - CIA World Fact Book
Afghanistan - BBC
Afghanistan - National Geographic
Afghanistan - Timeline - BBC

Cities

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2 US service members killed in Afghanistan - CNN2 US service members killed in Afghanistan  CNN

U.S. Military Plane Crashed in Afghanistan, Officials Confirm - The New York TimesU.S. Military Plane Crashed in Afghanistan, Officials Confirm  The New York Times

US says mystery crash in Afghanistan was US Air Force plane - The Associated PressUS says mystery crash in Afghanistan was US Air Force plane  The Associated Press

Afghanistan Is Ready for Major U.S. Troop Reduction, Ghani Says - The New York TimesAfghanistan Is Ready for Major U.S. Troop Reduction, Ghani Says  The New York Times

Afghanistan President: Pakistan still shelters insurgents - ReutersAfghanistan President: Pakistan still shelters insurgents  Reuters

US dropped bombs in Afghanistan at record level in 2019 - Stars and StripesUS dropped bombs in Afghanistan at record level in 2019  Stars and Stripes

Help Bellingcat and TBIJ investigate airstrikes in Afghanistan - bellingcat - bellingcatHelp Bellingcat and TBIJ investigate airstrikes in Afghanistan - bellingcat  bellingcat

Aircraft with 83 on board reported crashed in Afghanistan province - FlightglobalAircraft with 83 on board reported crashed in Afghanistan province  Flightglobal

US records highest airstrike rate in Afghanistan for a decade - Jane'sUS records highest airstrike rate in Afghanistan for a decade  Jane's

Afghan conflict: Half a million people displaced in 2019 - Aljazeera.comAfghan conflict: Half a million people displaced in 2019  Aljazeera.com

Taliban Offer to Reduce Violence in Afghanistan Ahead of Deal With U.S. - The New York TimesTaliban Offer to Reduce Violence in Afghanistan Ahead of Deal With U.S.  The New York Times

In Afghanistan, Being an Artist Is a Dangerous Job - The New York TimesIn Afghanistan, Being an Artist Is a Dangerous Job  The New York Times

Afghanistan: 'Violence reduction' must mean no civilian casualties - Amnesty InternationalAfghanistan: 'Violence reduction' must mean no civilian casualties  Amnesty International

UPDATE: Bombardier E-11A Crashes in Afghanistan - Sam ChuiUPDATE: Bombardier E-11A Crashes in Afghanistan  Sam Chui

Ending the War Won't Solve Afghanistan's Governance Problem - The DiplomatEnding the War Won't Solve Afghanistan's Governance Problem  The Diplomat

TAPI Pipeline Project Faces More Delays in Afghanistan - TOLOnewsTAPI Pipeline Project Faces More Delays in Afghanistan  TOLOnews

From the US to Afghanistan: Rediscovering the mother who left me - Al Jazeera EnglishFrom the US to Afghanistan: Rediscovering the mother who left me  Al Jazeera English

Afghanistan to field Chinook heavy-lift helos - IHS Jane's 360Afghanistan to field Chinook heavy-lift helos  IHS Jane's 360

As Iran and U.S. Trade Blows, Afghanistan Sweats Between the 2 Powers - The New York TimesAs Iran and U.S. Trade Blows, Afghanistan Sweats Between the 2 Powers  The New York Times

Who Gets to Tell the Story of the Afghanistan War? - Defense OneWho Gets to Tell the Story of the Afghanistan War?  Defense One

Afghanistan snows: Communities calling for help - Aljazeera.comAfghanistan snows: Communities calling for help  Aljazeera.com

Conflict and refugee returns fuel Afghanistan displacement - The New HumanitarianConflict and refugee returns fuel Afghanistan displacement  The New Humanitarian

Death of Qassem Soleimani: What to Expect in Afghanistan and Pakistan - RUSI AnalysisDeath of Qassem Soleimani: What to Expect in Afghanistan and Pakistan  RUSI Analysis

Two U.S. Service Members Killed in Afghanistan - The New York TimesTwo U.S. Service Members Killed in Afghanistan  The New York Times

Taliban council agrees to temporary cease-fire in Afghanistan - USA TODAYTaliban council agrees to temporary cease-fire in Afghanistan  USA TODAY

Afghanistan voted in September and final results are still not out – what's happening? - The Conversation UKAfghanistan voted in September and final results are still not out – what's happening?  The Conversation UK

Beijing-backed Pakistan port opens as hub for Afghanistan trade - Nikkei Asian ReviewBeijing-backed Pakistan port opens as hub for Afghanistan trade  Nikkei Asian Review

John Bass, U.S. Envoy to Afghanistan, Steps Down on Cusp of New Peace Deal - The New York TimesJohn Bass, U.S. Envoy to Afghanistan, Steps Down on Cusp of New Peace Deal  The New York Times

Opinion: In Iran Crisis, Iraq And Afghanistan Risk Becoming Collateral Damage - NPROpinion: In Iran Crisis, Iraq And Afghanistan Risk Becoming Collateral Damage  NPR

Conservative vets launch ads urging Afghanistan withdrawal - POLITICOConservative vets launch ads urging Afghanistan withdrawal  POLITICO

Afghanistan: Authorities commit to protect human rights defenders - Amnesty InternationalAfghanistan: Authorities commit to protect human rights defenders  Amnesty International

Ranger Medics Save Lives in Afghanistan with Blood Transfusions While Under Fire - Military.comRanger Medics Save Lives in Afghanistan with Blood Transfusions While Under Fire  Military.com

Pence Observes Transfer of Remains of 2 Soldiers Killed in Afghanistan - The New York TimesPence Observes Transfer of Remains of 2 Soldiers Killed in Afghanistan  The New York Times

Army's 10th Mountain Division Headed to Afghanistan as US Talks Withdrawal - Military.comArmy's 10th Mountain Division Headed to Afghanistan as US Talks Withdrawal  Military.com

Afghan War Casualty Report: January 2020 - The New York TimesAfghan War Casualty Report: January 2020  The New York Times

After 30 Years, Looted Kushan Bull Sculpture Will Return to Afghanistan's Kabul Museum - Smithsonian.comAfter 30 Years, Looted Kushan Bull Sculpture Will Return to Afghanistan's Kabul Museum  Smithsonian.com

Fort Drum soldiers come home early from Afghanistan - WWNYFort Drum soldiers come home early from Afghanistan  WWNY

Pakistan's Imran Khan and Afghanistan's Ashraf Ghani Lead South Asian Delegation at Davos - Foreign PolicyPakistan's Imran Khan and Afghanistan's Ashraf Ghani Lead South Asian Delegation at Davos  Foreign Policy

Afghanistan fears violence in region after Soleimani's killing - Al Jazeera EnglishAfghanistan fears violence in region after Soleimani's killing  Al Jazeera English

Afghanistan's Borderlands: Unruly, Unruled, and Central to Peace - The Asia Foundation - In AsiaAfghanistan's Borderlands: Unruly, Unruled, and Central to Peace  The Asia Foundation - In Asia

The next president needs a clear plan for Afghanistan: 5,000 troops for five years - USA TODAYThe next president needs a clear plan for Afghanistan: 5,000 troops for five years  USA TODAY

Recent Match Report - South Africa Under-19s vs Afghanistan Under-19s, Under-19s World Cup, 1st Match, Group D - ESPNcricinfoRecent Match Report - South Africa Under-19s vs Afghanistan Under-19s, Under-19s World Cup, 1st Match, Group D  ESPNcricinfo

Afghanistan: Cold Wave - Jan 2020 - ReliefWebAfghanistan: Cold Wave - Jan 2020  ReliefWeb

January 06, 2020 Afghanistan Reacts to Soleimani's Death - The DiplomatJanuary 06, 2020 Afghanistan Reacts to Soleimani's Death  The Diplomat

Bomb hits convoy of U.S. troops in Afghanistan, NATO official says - HaaretzBomb hits convoy of U.S. troops in Afghanistan, NATO official says  Haaretz

Trump may reduce troops in Afghanistan without Taliban deal - AxiosTrump may reduce troops in Afghanistan without Taliban deal  Axios

US combat deaths in Afghanistan highest in years | TheHill - The HillUS combat deaths in Afghanistan highest in years | TheHill  The Hill

10th Mountain leaders will deploy to Afghanistan this spring to replace 1st Armored - ArmyTimes.com10th Mountain leaders will deploy to Afghanistan this spring to replace 1st Armored  ArmyTimes.com

Five lessons Afghanistan teaches us about Iran | TheHill - The HillFive lessons Afghanistan teaches us about Iran | TheHill  The Hill

US military presence in the Middle East and Afghanistan - Aljazeera.comUS military presence in the Middle East and Afghanistan  Aljazeera.com

US-Funded American University of Afghanistan faces closure - The PIE NewsUS-Funded American University of Afghanistan faces closure  The PIE News

Afghan war plagued by ‘mendacity’ and lies, inspector general tells Congress - The Washington PostAfghan war plagued by ‘mendacity’ and lies, inspector general tells Congress  The Washington Post

All Afghans have been persecuted, says Hamid Karzai - The HinduAll Afghans have been persecuted, says Hamid Karzai  The Hindu

‘I wanted to broaden and complicate the way one understands life in Afghanistan’: Jamil Jan Kochai - Scroll.in‘I wanted to broaden and complicate the way one understands life in Afghanistan’: Jamil Jan Kochai  Scroll.in

Afghanistan’s Mental Illness Emergency - The Jerusalem PostAfghanistan’s Mental Illness Emergency  The Jerusalem Post

Airstrike in western Afghanistan kills leader of Taliban splinter group, may have killed civilians - Stars and StripesAirstrike in western Afghanistan kills leader of Taliban splinter group, may have killed civilians  Stars and Stripes

After Afghanistan, Pakistan says it will not allow its soil to be used against anyone - Economic TimesAfter Afghanistan, Pakistan says it will not allow its soil to be used against anyone  Economic Times

ICC U19 World Cup 2020: India, Afghanistan, Pakistan and Bangladesh reaches the... - The Cricket TimesICC U19 World Cup 2020: India, Afghanistan, Pakistan and Bangladesh reaches the...  The Cricket Times

Confidential documents reveal U.S. officials failed to tell the truth about the war in Afghanistan - The Washington PostConfidential documents reveal U.S. officials failed to tell the truth about the war in Afghanistan  The Washington Post

Climate change threatens Afghanistan's crumbling heritage - Bangkok PostClimate change threatens Afghanistan's crumbling heritage  Bangkok Post

ICC U19 WC wrap: Spinners help Afghanistan secure Super League berth - Cricbuzz - CricbuzzICC U19 WC wrap: Spinners help Afghanistan secure Super League berth - Cricbuzz  Cricbuzz

Afghanistan consulate opened - The HinduAfghanistan consulate opened  The Hindu

Inside the U.S. military's raid against its own security guards that left dozens of Afghan children dead - USA TODAYInside the U.S. military's raid against its own security guards that left dozens of Afghan children dead  USA TODAY

The real reason China wants peace in Afghanistan - South China Morning PostThe real reason China wants peace in Afghanistan  South China Morning Post

Where U.S. troops are in the Middle East and Afghanistan, visualized - The Washington PostWhere U.S. troops are in the Middle East and Afghanistan, visualized  The Washington Post

59-year-old Afghanistan veteran will report to Army basic training this summer - ArmyTimes.com59-year-old Afghanistan veteran will report to Army basic training this summer  ArmyTimes.com

ICC U19 World Cup 2020: Pakistan, Afghanistan progress to... - The Cricket TimesICC U19 World Cup 2020: Pakistan, Afghanistan progress to...  The Cricket Times

The folks who lied about Iraq and Afghanistan are lying about Iran. We must stop a new war. | Will Bunch - The Philadelphia InquirerThe folks who lied about Iraq and Afghanistan are lying about Iran. We must stop a new war. | Will Bunch  The Philadelphia Inquirer

Funeral services held for Spc. Miguel Angel Villalon, soldier killed in Afghanistan - KGBT-TVFuneral services held for Spc. Miguel Angel Villalon, soldier killed in Afghanistan  KGBT-TV

Harsh weather kills 70 more people in Pakistan, Afghanistan - NBC MontanaHarsh weather kills 70 more people in Pakistan, Afghanistan  NBC Montana

Where Are U.S. Troops Near Iran? Tens of Thousands of American Soldiers Are in Middle East, Afghanistan - NewsweekWhere Are U.S. Troops Near Iran? Tens of Thousands of American Soldiers Are in Middle East, Afghanistan  Newsweek

Did America's top commander in Afghanistan ditch his 1911 for a (tricked out) Glock? - Military TimesDid America's top commander in Afghanistan ditch his 1911 for a (tricked out) Glock?  Military Times

Promoting human rights the focus of UN-backed events across Afghanistan's southeast - Afghanistan - ReliefWebPromoting human rights the focus of UN-backed events across Afghanistan's southeast - Afghanistan  ReliefWeb

US lies and deception spelled out in Afghanistan papers' shocking detail - The GuardianUS lies and deception spelled out in Afghanistan papers' shocking detail  The Guardian

From Vietnam to Afghanistan, all US governments lie - The Conversation USFrom Vietnam to Afghanistan, all US governments lie  The Conversation US

UP: Vishwa Hindu Parishad to help 1.5 crore refugees from Pakistan, Afghanistan get citizenship - Times of IndiaUP: Vishwa Hindu Parishad to help 1.5 crore refugees from Pakistan, Afghanistan get citizenship  Times of India

Media release Smith and Anderson hit superb tons in final U19 World Cup warm-up matches - International Cricket CouncilMedia release Smith and Anderson hit superb tons in final U19 World Cup warm-up matches  International Cricket Council

Countries to watch in 2020, from Chile to Afghanistan: 5 essential reads - The Conversation USCountries to watch in 2020, from Chile to Afghanistan: 5 essential reads  The Conversation US

Trump thanks troops in Afghanistan, says Taliban want a deal - The Associated PressTrump thanks troops in Afghanistan, says Taliban want a deal  The Associated Press

Recent Match Report - West Indies vs Ireland 3rd ODI 2020 - ESPNcricinfoRecent Match Report - West Indies vs Ireland 3rd ODI 2020  ESPNcricinfo

Why 2019 was Afghanistan's best and worst year since US invasion - Al Jazeera EnglishWhy 2019 was Afghanistan's best and worst year since US invasion  Al Jazeera English

Why is there a war in Afghanistan? The short, medium and long story - BBC NewsWhy is there a war in Afghanistan? The short, medium and long story  BBC News

Afghanistan war: US-Taliban deal would see 5,400 troops withdraw - BBC NewsAfghanistan war: US-Taliban deal would see 5,400 troops withdraw  BBC News

No Clear Way Out of Afghanistan War for Trump - Foreign PolicyNo Clear Way Out of Afghanistan War for Trump  Foreign Policy

U.S. has begun reducing troops in Afghanistan, commander says - The Washington PostU.S. has begun reducing troops in Afghanistan, commander says  The Washington Post

Afghanistan mosque bombing: death toll rises - The GuardianAfghanistan mosque bombing: death toll rises  The Guardian

Afghanistan mourns, vows to crush militants after attack - The Associated PressAfghanistan mourns, vows to crush militants after attack  The Associated Press

In Afghanistan’s War and Peace, WhatsApp Delivers the Message - The New York TimesIn Afghanistan’s War and Peace, WhatsApp Delivers the Message  The New York Times

U.S. Service Member Killed in Afghanistan - The Wall Street JournalU.S. Service Member Killed in Afghanistan  The Wall Street Journal

Afghanistan 'frees' several Taliban prisoners - Aljazeera.comAfghanistan 'frees' several Taliban prisoners  Aljazeera.com

Afghanistan at a crossroads - Atlantic CouncilAfghanistan at a crossroads  Atlantic Council

The past three months in Afghanistan have been the deadliest for civilians in a decade - The Washington PostThe past three months in Afghanistan have been the deadliest for civilians in a decade  The Washington Post

Inside Afghanistan's Online Battlefield - The DiplomatInside Afghanistan's Online Battlefield  The Diplomat

Afghanistan: Where the road to peace is harder than war - BBC NewsAfghanistan: Where the road to peace is harder than war  BBC News

Afghanistan to release Taliban fighters in prisoner swap - Al Jazeera EnglishAfghanistan to release Taliban fighters in prisoner swap  Al Jazeera English

Afghanistan Update - NPRAfghanistan Update  NPR

No, we couldn’t win in Afghanistan. But we shouldn’t leave without a peace deal. - The Washington PostNo, we couldn’t win in Afghanistan. But we shouldn’t leave without a peace deal.  The Washington Post

Afghanistan war: Taliban tell Trump their 'doors are open' - BBC NewsAfghanistan war: Taliban tell Trump their 'doors are open'  BBC News

Afghanistan papers detail US dysfunction: 'We did not know what we were doing' - The GuardianAfghanistan papers detail US dysfunction: 'We did not know what we were doing'  The Guardian

Afghanistan Papers Detail US Role in Abuse - Human Rights WatchAfghanistan Papers Detail US Role in Abuse  Human Rights Watch