Afghanistan

Country Afghanistan
Capital Kabul
Continent Asia(South Asia)
Currency Afghani(AFN)
Languages Pashto & Dari

Information

Introduction

Ahmad Shah DURRANI unified the Pashtun tribes and founded Afghanistan in 1747. The country served as a buffer between the British and Russian Empires until it won independence from notional British control in 1919. A brief experiment in democracy ended in a 1973 coup and a 1978 Communist counter-coup. The Soviet Union invaded in 1979 to support the tottering Afghan Communist regime, touching off a long and destructive war. The USSR withdrew in 1989 under relentless pressure by internationally supported anti-Communist mujahedin rebels. A series of subsequent civil wars saw Kabul finally fall in 1996 to the Taliban, a hardline Pakistani-sponsored movement that emerged in 1994 to end the country's civil war and anarchy. Following the 11 September 2001 terrorist attacks in New York City and Washington, D.C., a U.S., Allied, and anti-Taliban Northern Alliance military action toppled the Taliban for sheltering Osama BIN LADIN. The UN-sponsored Bonn Conference in 2001 established a process for political reconstruction that included the adoption of a new constitution, a presidential election in 2004, and National Assembly elections in 2005. In December 2004, Hamid KARZAI became the first democratically elected president of Afghanistan and the National Assembly was inaugurated the following December. Karzai was re-elected in November 2009 for a second term. Despite gains toward building a stable central government, a resurgent Taliban and continuing provincial instability - particularly in the south and the east - remain serious challenges for the Afghan Government.

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References

Afghanistan - Wikipedia
Afghanistan - CIA World Fact Book
Afghanistan - BBC
Afghanistan - National Geographic
Afghanistan - Timeline - BBC

Cities

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News Headlines

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18 killed, 57 injured in suicide bombing in Afghanistan’s capital Kabul - Hindustan Times
  1. 18 killed, 57 injured in suicide bombing in Afghanistan’s capital Kabul  Hindustan Times
  2. At least 18 dead in suicide bomb attack in Kabul  The Guardian
  3. Nine civilians killed in bomb attack on bus in Afghanistan  Al Jazeera English
  4. Afghanistan bombing: At least 18 killed including teenagers in suicide blast at Kabul education centre  Sky News
  5. Official: Roadside bomb killed 9 in eastern Afghanistan  Outlook India
  6. View Full coverage on Google News


Once U.S. leaves, Pakistan will gain more space in Afghanistan, says Ata Mohammad Noor - The Hindu
  1. Once U.S. leaves, Pakistan will gain more space in Afghanistan, says Ata Mohammad Noor  The Hindu
  2. Taliban vows to pave way for investment in Afghanistan  Anadolu Agency
  3. Perspective | The U.S. is secretly helping the Taliban fight ISIS in Afghanistan  Washington Post
  4. Trump's Afghanistan troop pullout plan leaves Afghan women scared for their rights, and their lives  NBC News
  5. 33 Taliban terrorists killed in a security operation in east Afghanistan  WION
  6. View Full coverage on Google News


Afghanistan: Vice President Threatens Those Reporting Civilian Deaths - Human Rights WatchAfghanistan: Vice President Threatens Those Reporting Civilian Deaths  Human Rights Watch

Trump says U.S. has had enough of 19 years in Afghanistan - The HinduTrump says U.S. has had enough of 19 years in Afghanistan  The Hindu

Challenges in Afghanistan - The Tribune IndiaChallenges in Afghanistan  The Tribune India

Peace in Afghanistan will enhance regional connectivity: Imran Khan - Business StandardPeace in Afghanistan will enhance regional connectivity: Imran Khan  Business Standard

Afghanistan Stampede Over Pakistan Visas Leaves at Least 12 Dead - The New York TimesAfghanistan Stampede Over Pakistan Visas Leaves at Least 12 Dead  The New York Times

Keep low profile on Afghanistan, as Pakistan holds key to war and peace — Abdullah to Modi - ThePrintKeep low profile on Afghanistan, as Pakistan holds key to war and peace — Abdullah to Modi  ThePrint

Afghanistan is India’s one reliable neighbour, but Hekmatyar’s surprise entry can change this - ThePrintAfghanistan is India’s one reliable neighbour, but Hekmatyar’s surprise entry can change this  ThePrint

A Radical Cleric Ignites an Islamist Resistance in Afghanistan - The New York TimesA Radical Cleric Ignites an Islamist Resistance in Afghanistan  The New York Times

As violence flares in south Afghanistan, key questions answered - Al Jazeera EnglishAs violence flares in south Afghanistan, key questions answered  Al Jazeera English

It's not just India, Pakistan also covets the Afghanistan borderlands - Economic TimesIt's not just India, Pakistan also covets the Afghanistan borderlands  Economic Times

NATO chief rules out rushed, early exit from Afghanistan - CNBCTV18NATO chief rules out rushed, early exit from Afghanistan  CNBCTV18

US Out of Afghanistan by Christmas? Adviser Says That's President's Desire - Voice of AmericaUS Out of Afghanistan by Christmas? Adviser Says That's President's Desire  Voice of America

This Ex-Taliban Commander Is Now the Face of Afghan Security - The New York TimesThis Ex-Taliban Commander Is Now the Face of Afghan Security  The New York Times

The Big Question: What Price Peace in Afghanistan? - BloombergQuintThe Big Question: What Price Peace in Afghanistan?  BloombergQuint

Al Qaeda's second-in-command on FBI's most wanted list 'killed by Afghan security forces' - Sky NewsAl Qaeda's second-in-command on FBI's most wanted list 'killed by Afghan security forces'  Sky News

19 years after war, peace still elusive in Afghanistan - Anadolu Agency19 years after war, peace still elusive in Afghanistan  Anadolu Agency

Afghanistan: Mounting casualties as parties to peace talks fail to protect civilians - Amnesty InternationalAfghanistan: Mounting casualties as parties to peace talks fail to protect civilians  Amnesty International

NATO to Reinforce Iraq Mission, Urges Peace in Afghanistan - Voice of AmericaNATO to Reinforce Iraq Mission, Urges Peace in Afghanistan  Voice of America

Explosion hits education center in Kabul, Afghanistan: witness - Xinhua | English.news.cn - XinhuaExplosion hits education center in Kabul, Afghanistan: witness - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

How Russia Views Afghanistan Today - War on the RocksHow Russia Views Afghanistan Today  War on the Rocks

Didn’t discuss troops for peacekeeping or for New Delhi to engage Taliban directly: Dr. Abdullah Abdullah - The HinduDidn’t discuss troops for peacekeeping or for New Delhi to engage Taliban directly: Dr. Abdullah Abdullah  The Hindu

Trump Aide Insists U.S. Will Reduce Forces in Afghanistan to 2,500 Troops - The New York TimesTrump Aide Insists U.S. Will Reduce Forces in Afghanistan to 2,500 Troops  The New York Times

Afghanistan's Abdullah Discusses Iran, Pakistan, Peace Process - Voice of AmericaAfghanistan's Abdullah Discusses Iran, Pakistan, Peace Process  Voice of America

In Proud Corners of Afghanistan, New Calls for Autonomy - The New York TimesIn Proud Corners of Afghanistan, New Calls for Autonomy  The New York Times

Clemency for the Taliban will not lead to peace in Afghanistan - Al Jazeera EnglishClemency for the Taliban will not lead to peace in Afghanistan  Al Jazeera English

As US troops leave parts of Afghanistan, Taliban expands influence - The Washington PostAs US troops leave parts of Afghanistan, Taliban expands influence  The Washington Post

Afghanistan's Economy – and Access to Aid – at Stake in Peace Talks - The DiplomatAfghanistan's Economy – and Access to Aid – at Stake in Peace Talks  The Diplomat

Attack Kills 8 in Afghanistan as President Visits Doha - Voice of AmericaAttack Kills 8 in Afghanistan as President Visits Doha  Voice of America

Student's Top Grades Send A Message: No One Can Stop Afghani Women : Goats and Soda - NPRStudent's Top Grades Send A Message: No One Can Stop Afghani Women : Goats and Soda  NPR

At least 18 killed in suicide bombing at school in Afghanistan - Walla Walla Union-BulletinAt least 18 killed in suicide bombing at school in Afghanistan  Walla Walla Union-Bulletin

Afghanistan's only female warlord attacked by Taliban | Daily Sabah - Daily SabahAfghanistan's only female warlord attacked by Taliban | Daily Sabah  Daily Sabah

Thousands displaced by fighting in southern Afghanistan - UN NewsThousands displaced by fighting in southern Afghanistan  UN News

15 dead, over 30 injured in Afghanistan attack - Anadolu Agency15 dead, over 30 injured in Afghanistan attack  Anadolu Agency

The 20th Year of the Afghanistan War Should Be America's Last - Defense OneThe 20th Year of the Afghanistan War Should Be America's Last  Defense One

FM Qureshi reaffirms Pakistan's support for peaceful, stable Afghanistan - The Express TribuneFM Qureshi reaffirms Pakistan's support for peaceful, stable Afghanistan  The Express Tribune

9 people killed in roadside bombings of Afghanistan's Ghazni - Devdiscourse9 people killed in roadside bombings of Afghanistan's Ghazni  Devdiscourse

Afghan Women Determined to End Polio | UNICEF Afghanistan - UNICEFAfghan Women Determined to End Polio | UNICEF Afghanistan  UNICEF

Imran Khan: Peace is within reach in Afghanistan. A hasty international withdrawal would be unwise. - The Washington PostImran Khan: Peace is within reach in Afghanistan. A hasty international withdrawal would be unwise.  The Washington Post

Facing IS, last embattled Sikhs, Hindus leave Afghanistan - The Associated PressFacing IS, last embattled Sikhs, Hindus leave Afghanistan  The Associated Press

Pakistan Unveils New ‘Friendly’ Visa Policy for Afghanistan - Voice of AmericaPakistan Unveils New ‘Friendly’ Visa Policy for Afghanistan  Voice of America

Pakistan blocking India-Afghanistan connectivity, troubling our foreign policy: EAM Jaishankar - Times NowPakistan blocking India-Afghanistan connectivity, troubling our foreign policy: EAM Jaishankar  Times Now

Greece And Afghanistan Sign Memorandum On Returning Illegal Immigrants - GreekCityTimes.comGreece And Afghanistan Sign Memorandum On Returning Illegal Immigrants  GreekCityTimes.com

The US & Russia 'Wrecked Havoc' In Afghanistan & It Is Time For An Official Apology - EurAsian TimesThe US & Russia 'Wrecked Havoc' In Afghanistan & It Is Time For An Official Apology  EurAsian Times

Afghanistan: Medical treatment there, in U.S. - Seattle TimesAfghanistan: Medical treatment there, in U.S.  Seattle Times

A New Generation Fights for Afghanistan - The Wall Street JournalA New Generation Fights for Afghanistan  The Wall Street Journal

Trump says US troops in Afghanistan should be ‘home by Christmas’ - Al Jazeera EnglishTrump says US troops in Afghanistan should be ‘home by Christmas’  Al Jazeera English

Afghanistan Needs Peace, But So Much More - The DiplomatAfghanistan Needs Peace, But So Much More  The Diplomat

Video shows SAS soldiers discussing a fellow operator apparently killing a 'compliant' prisoner in Afghanistan - ABC NewsVideo shows SAS soldiers discussing a fellow operator apparently killing a 'compliant' prisoner in Afghanistan  ABC News

Pakistan and Afghanistan are the last countries fighting polio - The EconomistPakistan and Afghanistan are the last countries fighting polio  The Economist

Airstrike Kills 12 Children in Northeastern Afghanistan - Voice of AmericaAirstrike Kills 12 Children in Northeastern Afghanistan  Voice of America

Trump weighs pre-election foreign policy speech that reveals plan to pull more troops from Afghanistan - NBC NewsTrump weighs pre-election foreign policy speech that reveals plan to pull more troops from Afghanistan  NBC News

India committed to peace in Afghanistan: Jaishankar after meeting Abdullah Abdullah - Hindustan TimesIndia committed to peace in Afghanistan: Jaishankar after meeting Abdullah Abdullah  Hindustan Times

Top 10 world news today: Afghanistan bombing, Joe Biden`s record spending, and more - WIONTop 10 world news today: Afghanistan bombing, Joe Biden`s record spending, and more  WION

Why the First Anglo-Afghan War Still Matters - The DiplomatWhy the First Anglo-Afghan War Still Matters  The Diplomat

Afghanistan conflict: The families caught in crossfire on Helmand front line - bbc.co.ukAfghanistan conflict: The families caught in crossfire on Helmand front line  bbc.co.uk

US ends Afghanistan-Pakistan Hands military adviser program - Stars and StripesUS ends Afghanistan-Pakistan Hands military adviser program  Stars and Stripes

White House leans on Pentagon to fulfill Trump’s Afghanistan pledge - POLITICOWhite House leans on Pentagon to fulfill Trump’s Afghanistan pledge  POLITICO

Huge red poppy design for replacement memorial to Afghanistan and Iraq fallen - The Wiltshire Gazette and HeraldHuge red poppy design for replacement memorial to Afghanistan and Iraq fallen  The Wiltshire Gazette and Herald

EASO publishes a COI report: Afghanistan, Security Situation (2020 update) - EU NewsEASO publishes a COI report: Afghanistan, Security Situation (2020 update)  EU News

Years after they fought in Afghanistan, US troops watch as their children deploy to the same war - Stars and StripesYears after they fought in Afghanistan, US troops watch as their children deploy to the same war  Stars and Stripes

Urgent: Improvised bombs kill 9, wound 2 in E. Afghanistan - Xinhua | English.news.cn - XinhuaUrgent: Improvised bombs kill 9, wound 2 in E. Afghanistan - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

Afghanistan reports 81 new COVID-19 cases, 40,768 in total - Xinhua | English.news.cn - XinhuaAfghanistan reports 81 new COVID-19 cases, 40,768 in total - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

On the Brink: Displacement-affected communities in Afghanistan during the Covid-19 pandemic - Afghanistan - ReliefWebOn the Brink: Displacement-affected communities in Afghanistan during the Covid-19 pandemic - Afghanistan  ReliefWeb

COVID-19 Rapid Response, Mobile Clinics in Afghanistan Receive New Funding Support - Afghanistan - ReliefWebCOVID-19 Rapid Response, Mobile Clinics in Afghanistan Receive New Funding Support - Afghanistan  ReliefWeb

Delivering Strong and Sustained Health Gains in Afghanistan: The Sehatmandi Project - Afghanistan - ReliefWebDelivering Strong and Sustained Health Gains in Afghanistan: The Sehatmandi Project - Afghanistan  ReliefWeb

Afghanistan: Strategic Situation Report: COVID-19, No. 81 (22 October 2020) - Afghanistan - ReliefWebAfghanistan: Strategic Situation Report: COVID-19, No. 81 (22 October 2020) - Afghanistan  ReliefWeb

American Freedom Museum holds dedication ceremony for Iraq, Afghanistan Memorial - KLTVAmerican Freedom Museum holds dedication ceremony for Iraq, Afghanistan Memorial  KLTV

Strictly's Afghanistan veteran JJ Chalmers says he 'should be in a box in the ground' - Yahoo Finance UKStrictly's Afghanistan veteran JJ Chalmers says he 'should be in a box in the ground'  Yahoo Finance UK

WHO Afghanistan Situation Report (August 2020) - Afghanistan - ReliefWebWHO Afghanistan Situation Report (August 2020) - Afghanistan  ReliefWeb

Afghanistan: Attacks on Health Care (September 01 - 30, 2020) - Afghanistan - ReliefWebAfghanistan: Attacks on Health Care (September 01 - 30, 2020) - Afghanistan  ReliefWeb

Afghanistan: Regional COVID-19 mission to Afghanistan concludes - Afghanistan - ReliefWebAfghanistan: Regional COVID-19 mission to Afghanistan concludes - Afghanistan  ReliefWeb

Last Indian hostage returns from Afghanistan, as intra-Afghan talks with Taliban begin in Doha - The HinduLast Indian hostage returns from Afghanistan, as intra-Afghan talks with Taliban begin in Doha  The Hindu

CrisisInSight Weekly Picks, 15 October 2020 - Afghanistan - ReliefWebCrisisInSight Weekly Picks, 15 October 2020 - Afghanistan  ReliefWeb

UNHCR Afghanistan: Persons with Specific Needs - Response Snapshot (01 January - 30 September 2020) - Afghanistan - ReliefWebUNHCR Afghanistan: Persons with Specific Needs - Response Snapshot (01 January - 30 September 2020) - Afghanistan  ReliefWeb

Another Afghan peace push and a role for India - The HinduAnother Afghan peace push and a role for India  The Hindu

UNHCR Afghanistan: Community Based Protection - Response Snapshot (01 January - 30 September 2020) - Afghanistan - ReliefWebUNHCR Afghanistan: Community Based Protection - Response Snapshot (01 January - 30 September 2020) - Afghanistan  ReliefWeb

Getting India back to the Afghan high table - The HinduGetting India back to the Afghan high table  The Hindu

Afghanistan: Near-record violence risks derailing imminent talks between Government and Taliban - UN NewsAfghanistan: Near-record violence risks derailing imminent talks between Government and Taliban  UN News

Rightsizing the Afghanistan mission - Brookings InstitutionRightsizing the Afghanistan mission  Brookings Institution

Expect war not peace in Afghanistan to intensify, says AHMADZAI - GlobeNewswireExpect war not peace in Afghanistan to intensify, says AHMADZAI  GlobeNewswire

Why the US shouldn’t withdraw all its troops from Afghanistan and Iraq - ThePrintWhy the US shouldn’t withdraw all its troops from Afghanistan and Iraq  ThePrint

Marine vet's newly opened cigar lounge was inspired by Afghanistan deployment - Marine Corps TimesMarine vet's newly opened cigar lounge was inspired by Afghanistan deployment  Marine Corps Times

U.S. sees Taliban deal as exit from Afghanistan. Militants see it as victory over the superpower. - NBC NewsU.S. sees Taliban deal as exit from Afghanistan. Militants see it as victory over the superpower.  NBC News

IOM - Humanitarian Assistance Programme (HAP) Biweekly Report (2 September - 15 September 2020) - Afghanistan - ReliefWebIOM - Humanitarian Assistance Programme (HAP) Biweekly Report (2 September - 15 September 2020) - Afghanistan  ReliefWeb

Afghanistan needs a settlement - Atlantic CouncilAfghanistan needs a settlement  Atlantic Council

ANALYSIS - In Afghanistan, another Great Game set to unfold - Anadolu AgencyANALYSIS - In Afghanistan, another Great Game set to unfold  Anadolu Agency

Does India Have a New Playbook for a New Afghanistan? - The DiplomatDoes India Have a New Playbook for a New Afghanistan?  The Diplomat

No Exit From India's Afghanistan Dilemma? – The Diplomat - The DiplomatNo Exit From India's Afghanistan Dilemma? – The Diplomat  The Diplomat

The mess in Afghanistan - Brookings InstitutionThe mess in Afghanistan  Brookings Institution

A refresher of Afghanistan's wars: How did it all start? - CGTNA refresher of Afghanistan's wars: How did it all start?  CGTN

Will Afghanistan's Long-Delayed Peace Ever Arrive? - The DiplomatWill Afghanistan's Long-Delayed Peace Ever Arrive?  The Diplomat

Taliban attack military centre in Afghanistan, casualties reported - Economic TimesTaliban attack military centre in Afghanistan, casualties reported  Economic Times

India temporarily closes 2 consulates in Afghanistan - The HinduIndia temporarily closes 2 consulates in Afghanistan  The Hindu

India should play an active role in articulating and promoting a peace process in Afghanistan - The Indian ExpressIndia should play an active role in articulating and promoting a peace process in Afghanistan  The Indian Express

India, Afghanistan sign 5 pacts for developing educational infra in Afghan provinces - Hindustan TimesIndia, Afghanistan sign 5 pacts for developing educational infra in Afghan provinces  Hindustan Times

Taliban Ramp Up Attacks Even as Coronavirus Spreads in Afghanistan - The New York TimesTaliban Ramp Up Attacks Even as Coronavirus Spreads in Afghanistan  The New York Times

Pakistan Sees Taliban as Buffer to India in Future Afghanistan, Experts Say - Voice of AmericaPakistan Sees Taliban as Buffer to India in Future Afghanistan, Experts Say  Voice of America

Security Council condemns 'heinous and cowardly' terrorist attack in Jalalabad, Afghanistan - UN NewsSecurity Council condemns 'heinous and cowardly' terrorist attack in Jalalabad, Afghanistan  UN News