Afghanistan

Country Afghanistan
Capital Kabul
Continent Asia(South Asia)
Currency Afghani(AFN)
Languages Pashto & Dari

Information

Introduction

Ahmad Shah DURRANI unified the Pashtun tribes and founded Afghanistan in 1747. The country served as a buffer between the British and Russian Empires until it won independence from notional British control in 1919. A brief experiment in democracy ended in a 1973 coup and a 1978 Communist counter-coup. The Soviet Union invaded in 1979 to support the tottering Afghan Communist regime, touching off a long and destructive war. The USSR withdrew in 1989 under relentless pressure by internationally supported anti-Communist mujahedin rebels. A series of subsequent civil wars saw Kabul finally fall in 1996 to the Taliban, a hardline Pakistani-sponsored movement that emerged in 1994 to end the country's civil war and anarchy. Following the 11 September 2001 terrorist attacks in New York City and Washington, D.C., a U.S., Allied, and anti-Taliban Northern Alliance military action toppled the Taliban for sheltering Osama BIN LADIN. The UN-sponsored Bonn Conference in 2001 established a process for political reconstruction that included the adoption of a new constitution, a presidential election in 2004, and National Assembly elections in 2005. In December 2004, Hamid KARZAI became the first democratically elected president of Afghanistan and the National Assembly was inaugurated the following December. Karzai was re-elected in November 2009 for a second term. Despite gains toward building a stable central government, a resurgent Taliban and continuing provincial instability - particularly in the south and the east - remain serious challenges for the Afghan Government.

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References

Afghanistan - Wikipedia
Afghanistan - CIA World Fact Book
Afghanistan - BBC
Afghanistan - National Geographic
Afghanistan - Timeline - BBC

Cities

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News Headlines

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2021: Afghanistan's Year of Reckoning - Observer Research Foundation
  1. 2021: Afghanistan's Year of Reckoning  Observer Research Foundation
  2. Afghanistan Needs Decentralization for Peace's Sake  Foreign Policy
  3. Taliban Back Out of Turkey Talks, Dealing a Blow to Afghanistan Peace Efforts  The Wall Street Journal
  4. Conflicts leave 65 dead in Afghanistan in past 24 hrs  ANI News
  5. Ashraf Ghani, Afghanistan's President, Has Little Sway Over Its Future  The New York Times
  6. View Full coverage on Google News


5 miners die, 4 missing in coal mine collapse in Afghanistan - The Tribune India5 miners die, 4 missing in coal mine collapse in Afghanistan  The Tribune India

Removal of US troops from Afghanistan will be orderly: Biden administration - Business StandardRemoval of US troops from Afghanistan will be orderly: Biden administration  Business Standard

In Afghanistan, India needs a seat at the table - The Indian ExpressIn Afghanistan, India needs a seat at the table  The Indian Express

2 killed in gunmen attack in Afghanistan's Balkh - ANI News2 killed in gunmen attack in Afghanistan's Balkh  ANI News

Afghanistan to face growing emission of greenhouse gases: report - Xinhua | English.news.cn - XinhuaAfghanistan to face growing emission of greenhouse gases: report - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

US officials to meet with NATO as Afghanistan deadline looms - Al Jazeera EnglishUS officials to meet with NATO as Afghanistan deadline looms  Al Jazeera English

There are dreadful and deceitful scenarios staring at Afghanistan. India will have to step up - ThePrintThere are dreadful and deceitful scenarios staring at Afghanistan. India will have to step up  ThePrint

Explained: The United States in Afghanistan, 19 years later - The Indian ExpressExplained: The United States in Afghanistan, 19 years later  The Indian Express

Biden Faces His First Disasters in Yemen and Afghanistan - Foreign PolicyBiden Faces His First Disasters in Yemen and Afghanistan  Foreign Policy

Afghanistan: 305 killed, 350 injured in targeted attacks in March - ANI NewsAfghanistan: 305 killed, 350 injured in targeted attacks in March  ANI News

India backs UN-led initiative for ceasefire in Afghanistan: Jaishankar - Hindustan TimesIndia backs UN-led initiative for ceasefire in Afghanistan: Jaishankar  Hindustan Times

Afghanistan's crystal meth boom is rooted in this plant - Chemical & Engineering NewsAfghanistan's crystal meth boom is rooted in this plant  Chemical & Engineering News

Concerns mount that US withdrawal from Afghanistan could risk progress on women's rights - CNNConcerns mount that US withdrawal from Afghanistan could risk progress on women's rights  CNN

35 Taliban terrorists killed in Afghanistan - All India Radio35 Taliban terrorists killed in Afghanistan  All India Radio

Enter the peace process: On India’s role in Afghanistan - The HinduEnter the peace process: On India’s role in Afghanistan  The Hindu

Afghanistan: Taliban Target Journalists, Women in Media - Human Rights WatchAfghanistan: Taliban Target Journalists, Women in Media  Human Rights Watch

Approach with caution: cleaning the Afghan mess - The Indian ExpressApproach with caution: cleaning the Afghan mess  The Indian Express

From War to Peace: The Regional Stakes in Afghanistan’s Future - Observer Research FoundationFrom War to Peace: The Regional Stakes in Afghanistan’s Future  Observer Research Foundation

Afghanistan: Targeted Killings of Civilians Escalate - Human Rights WatchAfghanistan: Targeted Killings of Civilians Escalate  Human Rights Watch

Kabul Designer 'Ramps Up' Protest With Fashion Show Depicting Ongoing Violence in Afghanistan - News18Kabul Designer 'Ramps Up' Protest With Fashion Show Depicting Ongoing Violence in Afghanistan  News18

Afghanistan's Peace Must be Inclusive - Institute for War and Peace ReportingAfghanistan's Peace Must be Inclusive  Institute for War and Peace Reporting

Life torn apart: Return from Austria to Afghanistan - InfoMigrantsLife torn apart: Return from Austria to Afghanistan  InfoMigrants

I lost both my legs fighting in Afghanistan. Staying there doesn't honor our troops. - USA TODAYI lost both my legs fighting in Afghanistan. Staying there doesn't honor our troops.  USA TODAY

US strives to forge Taliban power-sharing deal in Afghanistan - Financial TimesUS strives to forge Taliban power-sharing deal in Afghanistan  Financial Times

Pakistan intelligence planning to launch war through Taliban: Afghanistan - Economic TimesPakistan intelligence planning to launch war through Taliban: Afghanistan  Economic Times

Why America Failed to Bring Liberal Values to Afghanistan - Foreign PolicyWhy America Failed to Bring Liberal Values to Afghanistan  Foreign Policy

Pakistan's secret agencies killed four Bugti men in Afghanistan's Spin Boldak: Baloch leader - ANI NewsPakistan's secret agencies killed four Bugti men in Afghanistan's Spin Boldak: Baloch leader  ANI News

Biden’s Afghanistan Dilemma - The New York TimesBiden’s Afghanistan Dilemma  The New York Times

Moderate 4.3 quake hits near Aibak, Aybak, Samangan, Afghanistan - VolcanoDiscoveryModerate 4.3 quake hits near Aibak, Aybak, Samangan, Afghanistan  VolcanoDiscovery

The Interview - Afghanistan's Abdullah Abdullah: 'Taliban haven't observed their commitment' - FRANCE 24The Interview - Afghanistan's Abdullah Abdullah: 'Taliban haven't observed their commitment'  FRANCE 24

India’s ‘diplomacy by default’ in Afghanistan - National HeraldIndia’s ‘diplomacy by default’ in Afghanistan  National Herald

NATO hasn't made a final decision on troop withdrawal from Afghanistan as deadline approaches - CNBCNATO hasn't made a final decision on troop withdrawal from Afghanistan as deadline approaches  CNBC

Antony Blinken to return to Brussels for talks on Ukraine, Afghanistan - WIONAntony Blinken to return to Brussels for talks on Ukraine, Afghanistan  WION

Taliban terrorists kill 6 security personnel, injure 9 in Afghanistan - The Siasat DailyTaliban terrorists kill 6 security personnel, injure 9 in Afghanistan  The Siasat Daily

OPINION - Kashmir can unlock war in Afghanistan - Anadolu AgencyOPINION - Kashmir can unlock war in Afghanistan  Anadolu Agency

4 Dominant Afghanistan clinch series with Zimbabwe rout - International Cricket Council4 Dominant Afghanistan clinch series with Zimbabwe rout  International Cricket Council

Conflict and COVID-19: Afghanistan's vaccine roadblocks - The New HumanitarianConflict and COVID-19: Afghanistan's vaccine roadblocks  The New Humanitarian

A Stalemate in Afghanistan - Future Directions InternationalA Stalemate in Afghanistan  Future Directions International

Attacks in Afghanistan kill 4, including religious scholar - Associated PressAttacks in Afghanistan kill 4, including religious scholar  Associated Press

Malaysia in Talks to Double Palm Oil Shipments to Afghanistan - BloombergMalaysia in Talks to Double Palm Oil Shipments to Afghanistan  Bloomberg

Americans are not unanimously war-weary on Afghanistan - Brookings InstitutionAmericans are not unanimously war-weary on Afghanistan  Brookings Institution

Afghanistan says 75 Taliban fighters killed - Anadolu AgencyAfghanistan says 75 Taliban fighters killed  Anadolu Agency

Those in Pak who support proxy war in Afghanistan should face tough sanctions: Ex-Canadian Envoy - ANI NewsThose in Pak who support proxy war in Afghanistan should face tough sanctions: Ex-Canadian Envoy  ANI News

Recent Match Report - Afghanistan vs Zimbabwe 1st T20I 2020/21 - ESPNcricinfoRecent Match Report - Afghanistan vs Zimbabwe 1st T20I 2020/21  ESPNcricinfo

Australia Investigates War Crime Allegations In Afghanistan - NPRAustralia Investigates War Crime Allegations In Afghanistan  NPR

5 civilians dead, 7 hurt in Afghanistan mine blasts - Anadolu Agency | English5 civilians dead, 7 hurt in Afghanistan mine blasts  Anadolu Agency | English

Moscow plays down Beijing, pledges deeper Delhi ties: S-400 to Afghanistan - The Indian ExpressMoscow plays down Beijing, pledges deeper Delhi ties: S-400 to Afghanistan  The Indian Express

Three Women Working to Vaccinate Children Are Shot Dead in Afghanistan - The New York TimesThree Women Working to Vaccinate Children Are Shot Dead in Afghanistan  The New York Times

3 Female Polio Vaccinators Killed in Afghanistan - Voice of America3 Female Polio Vaccinators Killed in Afghanistan  Voice of America

World Bank: Political and Security Uncertainty Slow Down Afghanistan's Economic Recovery - World Bank GroupWorld Bank: Political and Security Uncertainty Slow Down Afghanistan's Economic Recovery  World Bank Group

IMF Reaches Staff-Level Agreement on the First Review under Afghanistan's Extended Credit Facility Arrangement - International Monetary FundIMF Reaches Staff-Level Agreement on the First Review under Afghanistan's Extended Credit Facility Arrangement  International Monetary Fund

What's Really Going On in Afghanistan? - Toward FreedomWhat's Really Going On in Afghanistan?  Toward Freedom

Sticky bombs latest weapon in Afghanistan's arsenal of war - The Associated PressSticky bombs latest weapon in Afghanistan's arsenal of war  The Associated Press

Azerbaijan vows to support Afghanistan's development - Anadolu Agency | EnglishAzerbaijan vows to support Afghanistan's development  Anadolu Agency | English

A photo tour of Kabul shows how 20 years of US military presence reshaped Afghanistan's capital - The Washington PostA photo tour of Kabul shows how 20 years of US military presence reshaped Afghanistan's capital  The Washington Post

Crisis in Afghanistan: Stalled peace process under threat - International Rescue CommitteeCrisis in Afghanistan: Stalled peace process under threat  International Rescue Committee

Afghan mother wants peace for Afghanistan - Anadolu AgencyAfghan mother wants peace for Afghanistan  Anadolu Agency

President of Afghanistan declares 'unwavering support' for a People's Vaccine for COVID-19 - UNAIDSPresident of Afghanistan declares 'unwavering support' for a People's Vaccine for COVID-19  UNAIDS

Afghanistan: Country's four million internally displaced need urgent support amid pandemic - Amnesty InternationalAfghanistan: Country's four million internally displaced need urgent support amid pandemic  Amnesty International

Earthquake of magnitude 4.3 hits Afghanistan's Fayzabad - India TodayEarthquake of magnitude 4.3 hits Afghanistan's Fayzabad  India Today

Top Russian diplomat lauds Moscow talks on Afghanistan - Anadolu AgencyTop Russian diplomat lauds Moscow talks on Afghanistan  Anadolu Agency

Letters: COVID fight; war in Afghanistan - Longmont Times-CallLetters: COVID fight; war in Afghanistan  Longmont Times-Call

The situation in Afghanistan and its implications for international peace and security - Report of the Secretary-General (A/75/811–S/2021/252) - Afghanistan - ReliefWebThe situation in Afghanistan and its implications for international peace and security - Report of the Secretary-General (A/75/811–S/2021/252) - Afghanistan  ReliefWeb

Secretary-General appoints Jean Arnault as his personal envoy on Afghanistan - UN NewsSecretary-General appoints Jean Arnault as his personal envoy on Afghanistan  UN News

Islamic Republic of Afghanistan : Technical Assistance Report-Strengthening Oversight over State-Owned Corporations, PPPs and Fiscal Risks - International Monetary FundIslamic Republic of Afghanistan : Technical Assistance Report-Strengthening Oversight over State-Owned Corporations, PPPs and Fiscal Risks  International Monetary Fund

Afghanistan: La Niña Drought - Emergency Appeal (n° MDRAF007) - Afghanistan - ReliefWebAfghanistan: La Niña Drought - Emergency Appeal (n° MDRAF007) - Afghanistan  ReliefWeb

Biden should remove US troops from Afghanistan | Opinion | albanyherald.com - The Albany HeraldBiden should remove US troops from Afghanistan | Opinion | albanyherald.com  The Albany Herald

Troop withdrawal from Afghanistan has a May deadline, will it happen? - Defence ConnectTroop withdrawal from Afghanistan has a May deadline, will it happen?  Defence Connect

Media Concern Trolling About Afghanistan Withdrawal Again | Scoop News - Scoop.co.nzMedia Concern Trolling About Afghanistan Withdrawal Again | Scoop News  Scoop.co.nz

Afghanistan's last known Jew is leaving for Israel - The Times of IsraelAfghanistan's last known Jew is leaving for Israel  The Times of Israel

The daring journey to reach Afghanistan’s famous Buddhas—before they were lost - National GeographicThe daring journey to reach Afghanistan’s famous Buddhas—before they were lost  National Geographic

Insecurity, virus sees polio cases rise in Afghanistan - Republic WorldInsecurity, virus sees polio cases rise in Afghanistan  Republic World

Too many people who helped the U.S. in Afghanistan and Iraq face a deadly problem - The Washington PostToo many people who helped the U.S. in Afghanistan and Iraq face a deadly problem  The Washington Post

Wave Of Targeted Killings Has Afghans Increasingly On Edge - NPRWave Of Targeted Killings Has Afghans Increasingly On Edge  NPR

The Ancient Method That Keeps Afghanistan's Grapes Fresh All Winter - Atlas ObscuraThe Ancient Method That Keeps Afghanistan's Grapes Fresh All Winter  Atlas Obscura

Pentagon could open itself to costly litigation from contractors if US pulls out of Afghanistan this year - CNNPentagon could open itself to costly litigation from contractors if US pulls out of Afghanistan this year  CNN

Three female polio vaccination health workers shot dead in eastern Afghanistan - ReutersThree female polio vaccination health workers shot dead in eastern Afghanistan  Reuters

Afghanistan, COVID-19, Maritime Exercises Among Topics Covered at Pentagon Briefing - Department of DefenseAfghanistan, COVID-19, Maritime Exercises Among Topics Covered at Pentagon Briefing  Department of Defense

Defense Secretary Austin Makes Unannounced Visit To Afghanistan - NPRDefense Secretary Austin Makes Unannounced Visit To Afghanistan  NPR

The Future Of US Involvement In Afghanistan - the1a.orgThe Future Of US Involvement In Afghanistan  the1a.org

Afghanistan: Nutrition Cluster Situation and Response Dashboard - February 2021 - Afghanistan - ReliefWebAfghanistan: Nutrition Cluster Situation and Response Dashboard - February 2021 - Afghanistan  ReliefWeb

Visual arts | 'Depicting the Invisible': Veterans of Iraq and Afghanistan wars the focus of exhibit - The Columbus DispatchVisual arts | 'Depicting the Invisible': Veterans of Iraq and Afghanistan wars the focus of exhibit  The Columbus Dispatch

DoD Spent Hundreds of Millions on Air Transport in Afghanistan -- But Didn't Ask Allies for Repayment - Military.comDoD Spent Hundreds of Millions on Air Transport in Afghanistan -- But Didn't Ask Allies for Repayment  Military.com

US gave coalition partners in Afghanistan years of free helicopter rides, report says - Stars and StripesUS gave coalition partners in Afghanistan years of free helicopter rides, report says  Stars and Stripes

The US's Latest Plan for Afghanistan and Why India Is Counting on Afghan Leaders - The WireThe US's Latest Plan for Afghanistan and Why India Is Counting on Afghan Leaders  The Wire

Afghanistan peace talks resume, path forward is anything but certain - Business StandardAfghanistan peace talks resume, path forward is anything but certain  Business Standard

No hasty withdrawal of troops from Afghanistan: US Defence Secretary - Business StandardNo hasty withdrawal of troops from Afghanistan: US Defence Secretary  Business Standard

Force Taliban to reduce violence and agree to truce, Afghanistan tells Pakistan - Hindustan TimesForce Taliban to reduce violence and agree to truce, Afghanistan tells Pakistan  Hindustan Times

Challenges in Afghanistan - The Tribune IndiaChallenges in Afghanistan  The Tribune India

In Afghanistan, different priorities means vastly different policies - Brookings InstitutionIn Afghanistan, different priorities means vastly different policies  Brookings Institution

Afghanistan: Dedicated support required for 'bigger year' ahead - UN NewsAfghanistan: Dedicated support required for 'bigger year' ahead  UN News

Analysis | With U.S. drawing down troops, what’s next for Afghanistan? - The HinduAnalysis | With U.S. drawing down troops, what’s next for Afghanistan?  The Hindu

Uncertainties in Afghanistan - The Tribune IndiaUncertainties in Afghanistan  The Tribune India

India, Afghanistan ink deal for new dam, PM Modi calls for immediate ceasefire - Hindustan TimesIndia, Afghanistan ink deal for new dam, PM Modi calls for immediate ceasefire  Hindustan Times

India could boost military assistance to Afghanistan, as Taliban peace talks resume in Doha - ThePrintIndia could boost military assistance to Afghanistan, as Taliban peace talks resume in Doha  ThePrint

India announces 100 projects worth $80 mn in Afghanistan - MintIndia announces 100 projects worth $80 mn in Afghanistan  Mint

Afghanistan war: 26,000 Afghan children killed or maimed since 2005 - BBC NewsAfghanistan war: 26,000 Afghan children killed or maimed since 2005  BBC News

Afghanistan: At least 30 Taliban militants killed in Balkh Province blast - Business StandardAfghanistan: At least 30 Taliban militants killed in Balkh Province blast  Business Standard

Donald Trump's reckless Afghanistan retreat - Nikkei AsiaDonald Trump's reckless Afghanistan retreat  Nikkei Asia