Afghanistan

Country Afghanistan
Capital Kabul
Continent Asia(South Asia)
Currency Afghani(AFN)
Languages Pashto & Dari

Information

Introduction

Ahmad Shah DURRANI unified the Pashtun tribes and founded Afghanistan in 1747. The country served as a buffer between the British and Russian Empires until it won independence from notional British control in 1919. A brief experiment in democracy ended in a 1973 coup and a 1978 Communist counter-coup. The Soviet Union invaded in 1979 to support the tottering Afghan Communist regime, touching off a long and destructive war. The USSR withdrew in 1989 under relentless pressure by internationally supported anti-Communist mujahedin rebels. A series of subsequent civil wars saw Kabul finally fall in 1996 to the Taliban, a hardline Pakistani-sponsored movement that emerged in 1994 to end the country's civil war and anarchy. Following the 11 September 2001 terrorist attacks in New York City and Washington, D.C., a U.S., Allied, and anti-Taliban Northern Alliance military action toppled the Taliban for sheltering Osama BIN LADIN. The UN-sponsored Bonn Conference in 2001 established a process for political reconstruction that included the adoption of a new constitution, a presidential election in 2004, and National Assembly elections in 2005. In December 2004, Hamid KARZAI became the first democratically elected president of Afghanistan and the National Assembly was inaugurated the following December. Karzai was re-elected in November 2009 for a second term. Despite gains toward building a stable central government, a resurgent Taliban and continuing provincial instability - particularly in the south and the east - remain serious challenges for the Afghan Government.

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References

Afghanistan - Wikipedia
Afghanistan - CIA World Fact Book
Afghanistan - BBC
Afghanistan - National Geographic
Afghanistan - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

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The Latest: Afghanistan deploys 20k more troops to polls - Washington Post

Washington Post

The Latest: Afghanistan deploys 20k more troops to polls
Washington Post
KABUL, Afghanistan The Latest on parliamentary elections in Afghanistan (all times local):. 11 a.m.. Afghanistan's Interior Ministry says it has increased its deployment of Afghan National Security Forces to 70,000 from a previous 50,000 military ...
An Afghan Police Chief Took On the Taliban and Won. Then His Luck Ran Out.New York Times
New details of top US general's close call in Afghanistan insider attackABC News
Afghanistan election: Voters cast ballots amid heavy securityBBC News
Business Insider
all 2,904 news articles »


'It is time': Afghanistan's female candidates promise change - Aljazeera.com

Aljazeera.com

'It is time': Afghanistan's female candidates promise change
Aljazeera.com
Kabul, Afghanistan - Pashtana Arabzai feels she has done her homework and says it is only a matter of days before she realises her ambition. For the past three weeks, she has travelled back and forth across Afghanistan's capital, Kabul, trying to ...



Attack in Afghanistan is a reminder of formidable task - WIS10

WIS10

Attack in Afghanistan is a reminder of formidable task
WIS10
There are about 14,000 U.S. troops in Afghanistan on a mission to train and assist Afghan government forces in taking the fight to the Taliban, which controls or contests close to half the districts in the country. Violence is rising, claiming the ...



Afghanistan election: Female MP refutes 'heavy' make-up news report - BBC News

BBC News

Afghanistan election: Female MP refutes 'heavy' make-up news report
BBC News
Afghan news channel, Ariana, has focused on female candidates' appearance in the run-up to the parliamentary election on 20 October. Naheed Farid - who has been a member of the country's national assembly since 2010 - says news reports like this one ...



Saudi Arabia, Afghanistan, Banksy: Your Friday Briefing - New York Times

New York Times

Saudi Arabia, Afghanistan, Banksy: Your Friday Briefing
New York Times
(Want to get this briefing by email? Here's the sign-up.) Good morning. President Trump on Jamal Khashoggi, a major attack in Afghanistan and a reason to stay out of the water 150 million years ago. Here's the latest: Image. CreditDoug Mills/The New ...



Ben Roberts-Smith rejects Afghanistan allegations and 'gossip' detailed in court document - ABC Local

ABC Local

Ben Roberts-Smith rejects Afghanistan allegations and 'gossip' detailed in court document
ABC Local
Mr Roberts-Smith is suing Fairfax Media over a series of articles which he believes were defamatory because they implied he had "broken the moral and legal rules of military engagement" during the Afghanistan war and was "therefore a criminal".

and more »


Polls open in Afghanistan's parliamentary elections, protected by thousands of Afghan forces - New Zealand Herald

Polls open in Afghanistan's parliamentary elections, protected by thousands of Afghan forces
New Zealand Herald
KABUL, Afghanistan (AP) Polls open in Afghanistan's parliamentary elections, protected by thousands of Afghan forces. Herald recommends. Married US teacher pleads guilty to having sexual relationship with bo... Waikino School: The story of New ...



Afghanistan, Boston Red Sox, 'Halloween': Your Friday Briefing - New York Times

New York Times

Afghanistan, Boston Red Sox, 'Halloween': Your Friday Briefing
New York Times
Abdul Raziq had survived dozens of attempts on his life and was considered an indispensable American ally in southern Afghanistan, the Taliban's heartland. But he was killed in what appeared to be an insider attack in Kandahar City on Thursday, along ...



Afghanistan On Edge Ahead Of Parliamentary Vote - WBUR

Afghanistan On Edge Ahead Of Parliamentary Vote
WBUR
Afghanistan is on edge ahead of Saturday's parliamentary elections. Some candidates have been targeted by the Taliban in the run-up to the vote. Here & Now's Peter O'Dowd speaks with the BBC's chief international correspondent Lyse Doucet ...



Khashoggi, Afghanistan, Abuse: Your Thursday Evening Briefing - New York Times

New York Times

Khashoggi, Afghanistan, Abuse: Your Thursday Evening Briefing
New York Times
(Want to get this briefing by email? Here's the sign-up.) Good evening. Here's the latest. Image. CreditSabah, via Associated Press. President Trump told The Times he believed that Jamal Khashoggi, the dissident Saudi journalist, was dead. He also ...