Afghanistan

Country Afghanistan
Capital Kabul
Continent Asia(South Asia)
Currency Afghani(AFN)
Languages Pashto & Dari

Information

Introduction

Ahmad Shah DURRANI unified the Pashtun tribes and founded Afghanistan in 1747. The country served as a buffer between the British and Russian Empires until it won independence from notional British control in 1919. A brief experiment in democracy ended in a 1973 coup and a 1978 Communist counter-coup. The Soviet Union invaded in 1979 to support the tottering Afghan Communist regime, touching off a long and destructive war. The USSR withdrew in 1989 under relentless pressure by internationally supported anti-Communist mujahedin rebels. A series of subsequent civil wars saw Kabul finally fall in 1996 to the Taliban, a hardline Pakistani-sponsored movement that emerged in 1994 to end the country's civil war and anarchy. Following the 11 September 2001 terrorist attacks in New York City and Washington, D.C., a U.S., Allied, and anti-Taliban Northern Alliance military action toppled the Taliban for sheltering Osama BIN LADIN. The UN-sponsored Bonn Conference in 2001 established a process for political reconstruction that included the adoption of a new constitution, a presidential election in 2004, and National Assembly elections in 2005. In December 2004, Hamid KARZAI became the first democratically elected president of Afghanistan and the National Assembly was inaugurated the following December. Karzai was re-elected in November 2009 for a second term. Despite gains toward building a stable central government, a resurgent Taliban and continuing provincial instability - particularly in the south and the east - remain serious challenges for the Afghan Government.

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References

Afghanistan - Wikipedia
Afghanistan - CIA World Fact Book
Afghanistan - BBC
Afghanistan - National Geographic
Afghanistan - Timeline - BBC

Cities

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News Headlines

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Afghanistan Army kills 8 Taliban terrorists in Takhar province - BW BusinessworldAfghanistan Army kills 8 Taliban terrorists in Takhar province  BW Businessworld

Taliban praise continued US troop withdrawal from Afghanistan - Times of IndiaTaliban praise continued US troop withdrawal from Afghanistan  Times of India

As Ordered by Trump, US Down to 2,500 Troops in Afghanistan - Voice of AmericaAs Ordered by Trump, US Down to 2,500 Troops in Afghanistan  Voice of America

Afghanistan raises ‘delay’ in India’s acceptance of envoy - The HinduAfghanistan raises ‘delay’ in India’s acceptance of envoy  The Hindu

India could boost military assistance to Afghanistan, as Taliban peace talks resume in Doha - ThePrintIndia could boost military assistance to Afghanistan, as Taliban peace talks resume in Doha  ThePrint

Afghanistan launches year’s first polio vaccination drive - Al Jazeera EnglishAfghanistan launches year’s first polio vaccination drive  Al Jazeera English

8 Afghan security force members killed in Taliban attack in Afghanistan's Baghlan province - ANI News8 Afghan security force members killed in Taliban attack in Afghanistan's Baghlan province  ANI News

Afghanistan's COVID-19 caseload reaches 53,981 - ANI NewsAfghanistan's COVID-19 caseload reaches 53,981  ANI News

Indian, Afghan clerics jointly call on Taliban to stop attacks on civilians - Hindustan TimesIndian, Afghan clerics jointly call on Taliban to stop attacks on civilians  Hindustan Times

US policy toward Afghanistan: Consider the trade-offs, including with other policy areas - Brookings InstitutionUS policy toward Afghanistan: Consider the trade-offs, including with other policy areas  Brookings Institution

US downsizes its troops in Afghanistan to 2,500 - Al Jazeera EnglishUS downsizes its troops in Afghanistan to 2,500  Al Jazeera English

Turkmenistan holds briefing on projects w/Afghanistan - Anadolu AgencyTurkmenistan holds briefing on projects w/Afghanistan  Anadolu Agency

Iran's Suggestion of Using Shiite Fighters in Afghanistan Seen as Risky - Voice of AmericaIran's Suggestion of Using Shiite Fighters in Afghanistan Seen as Risky  Voice of America

Afghanistan launches polio vaccination targeting 9 9 million children-ANI - BW BusinessworldAfghanistan launches polio vaccination targeting 9 9 million children-ANI  BW Businessworld

Quake info: Reported earthquake Afghanistan 17 Jan 2021 12:35 am (GMT +4:30) - 12 user experience reports - VolcanoDiscoveryQuake info: Reported earthquake Afghanistan 17 Jan 2021 12:35 am (GMT +4:30) - 12 user experience reports  VolcanoDiscovery

Quake info: Moderate mag. 5.5 earthquake - Hindu Kush Region, Afghanistan, on Sunday, 17 Jan 2021 12:32 am (GMT +4:30) - 129 user experience reports - VolcanoDiscoveryQuake info: Moderate mag. 5.5 earthquake - Hindu Kush Region, Afghanistan, on Sunday, 17 Jan 2021 12:32 am (GMT +4:30) - 129 user experience reports  VolcanoDiscovery

The Uyghur factor: China perceives Afghanistan as a threat - The Sunday GuardianThe Uyghur factor: China perceives Afghanistan as a threat  The Sunday Guardian

Turkmenistan, Afghanistan open new rail and power links - WIONTurkmenistan, Afghanistan open new rail and power links  WION

Afghanistan: Education in Emergencies Working Group (EiEWG) Dashboard – COVID-19 response - December 2020 - Afghanistan - ReliefWebAfghanistan: Education in Emergencies Working Group (EiEWG) Dashboard – COVID-19 response - December 2020 - Afghanistan  ReliefWeb

Apologise, Afghanistan tells China after busting its espionage cell in Kabul - Hindustan TimesApologise, Afghanistan tells China after busting its espionage cell in Kabul  Hindustan Times

Afghanistan: Explosions in 4 provinces, 3 policemen killed - ANI NewsAfghanistan: Explosions in 4 provinces, 3 policemen killed  ANI News

Taliban attack on Afghanistan's Darqad district repulsed, 9 killed - ANI NewsTaliban attack on Afghanistan's Darqad district repulsed, 9 killed  ANI News

War and words: On Afghanistan's slow progress toward peace and stability - The HinduWar and words: On Afghanistan's slow progress toward peace and stability  The Hindu

US withdrawing troops from Afghanistan a reward for Pakistan, says Afghan politician - ANI NewsUS withdrawing troops from Afghanistan a reward for Pakistan, says Afghan politician  ANI News

Pakistan using Taliban as ‘tool’ for dominance in Afghanistan, says Former senator - Hindustan TimesPakistan using Taliban as ‘tool’ for dominance in Afghanistan, says Former senator  Hindustan Times

10 Taliban terrorists killed, 3 injured in airstrikes in Afghanistan - Business Standard10 Taliban terrorists killed, 3 injured in airstrikes in Afghanistan  Business Standard

Afghanistan foils ISIS plan to assassinate the top US envoy to Kabul - CNNAfghanistan foils ISIS plan to assassinate the top US envoy to Kabul  CNN

1 killed, 7 injured in car explosion in Afghanistan's Ghazni - ANI News1 killed, 7 injured in car explosion in Afghanistan's Ghazni  ANI News

Afghanistan-Ireland series to be held in the UAE after visas come through - ESPNcricinfoAfghanistan-Ireland series to be held in the UAE after visas come through  ESPNcricinfo

Iran's railway ambitions go beyond Afghanistan - Atlantic CouncilIran's railway ambitions go beyond Afghanistan  Atlantic Council

Afghanistan: District police chief in Herat killed in Taliban attack - BW BusinessworldAfghanistan: District police chief in Herat killed in Taliban attack  BW Businessworld

Afghanistan lets 10 Chinese spies caught in Kabul with explosives fly back home in chartered aircraft - Times NowAfghanistan lets 10 Chinese spies caught in Kabul with explosives fly back home in chartered aircraft  Times Now

India expresses 'deep concern' over targeted killings of journalists, activists in Afghanistan, calls for immediate ceasefire - ANI NewsIndia expresses 'deep concern' over targeted killings of journalists, activists in Afghanistan, calls for immediate ceasefire  ANI News

Summary of key findings from Phase II (2017-2020) - Afghanistan - ReliefWebSummary of key findings from Phase II (2017-2020) - Afghanistan  ReliefWeb

US Blames Taliban for Plotting Afghan Assassinations - Voice of AmericaUS Blames Taliban for Plotting Afghan Assassinations  Voice of America

US Embassy: American Citizens 'Should Consider Departing' Afghanistan - The Khaama Press News AgencyUS Embassy: American Citizens 'Should Consider Departing' Afghanistan  The Khaama Press News Agency

Afghanistan reports 81 daily COVID-19 cases, tally at 54,062 - Xinhua | English.news.cn - XinhuaAfghanistan reports 81 daily COVID-19 cases, tally at 54,062 - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

Car bomb kills 8 in Afghanistan’s Kabul: Officials - Hindustan TimesCar bomb kills 8 in Afghanistan’s Kabul: Officials  Hindustan Times

U.S. Army First Lieutenant and Buffalo native talks returning from Afghanistan - WIVB.com - News 4U.S. Army First Lieutenant and Buffalo native talks returning from Afghanistan  WIVB.com - News 4

Afghanistan Humanitarian Needs and Planned Response 2021 - Afghanistan - ReliefWebAfghanistan Humanitarian Needs and Planned Response 2021 - Afghanistan  ReliefWeb

Pakistani militants against Belt and Road targeted in Afghanistan - Nikkei AsiaPakistani militants against Belt and Road targeted in Afghanistan  Nikkei Asia

U.N. Estimates Many In Afghanistan Are Suffering From Hunger - NPRU.N. Estimates Many In Afghanistan Are Suffering From Hunger  NPR

Afghanistan to stop '39' number plates, 'people pay bribes to avoid the number' - MintAfghanistan to stop '39' number plates, 'people pay bribes to avoid the number'  Mint

Women's rights activist shot dead in Afghanistan - DW (English)Women's rights activist shot dead in Afghanistan  DW (English)

25,000 Guardsmen Are In The Capital, Five Times The Troops In Afghanistan, Syria, Iraq Combined - The Drive25,000 Guardsmen Are In The Capital, Five Times The Troops In Afghanistan, Syria, Iraq Combined  The Drive

Exclusive: Pentagon presses ahead with Afghanistan troop drawdown despite law barring it - ReutersExclusive: Pentagon presses ahead with Afghanistan troop drawdown despite law barring it  Reuters

U.S. forces are reduced to lowest level since 2001 - PBS NewsHourU.S. forces are reduced to lowest level since 2001  PBS NewsHour

Ayrshire and Afghanistan meet as unique Burns event goes online - The NationalAyrshire and Afghanistan meet as unique Burns event goes online  The National

Doctors Killed in Afghanistan Explosion - Voice of AmericaDoctors Killed in Afghanistan Explosion  Voice of America

Acting defense chief visits Afghanistan during troop pullout - Military TimesActing defense chief visits Afghanistan during troop pullout  Military Times

Canada’s foreign aid to Afghanistan had some success but many failures: internal review - Global NewsCanada’s foreign aid to Afghanistan had some success but many failures: internal review  Global News

Afghanistan Defense Market Report 2020: Attractiveness, Competitive Landscape and Forecasts to 2025 Featuring Sierra Nevada, MD Helicopters, Sikorsky Aircraft, & Textron Marine & Land Systems - ResearchAndMarkets.com - Business WireAfghanistan Defense Market Report 2020: Attractiveness, Competitive Landscape and Forecasts to 2025 Featuring Sierra Nevada, MD Helicopters, Sikorsky Aircraft, & Textron Marine & Land Systems - ResearchAndMarkets.com  Business Wire

Afghanistan among The First to Receive COVID-19 Vaccine Shipment from India - The Khaama Press News AgencyAfghanistan among The First to Receive COVID-19 Vaccine Shipment from India  The Khaama Press News Agency

20 passengers kidnapped in Afghanistan's Baghlan province, police says attempt was foiled - BW Businessworld20 passengers kidnapped in Afghanistan's Baghlan province, police says attempt was foiled  BW Businessworld

Joe Biden should go slow on Afghanistan. We need patience in this peace process. - USA TODAYJoe Biden should go slow on Afghanistan. We need patience in this peace process.  USA TODAY

'CPEC to provide great benefit to Afghanistan, Central Asian nations' - The Shillong Times'CPEC to provide great benefit to Afghanistan, Central Asian nations'  The Shillong Times

'Leading the Way': Women driving peace and security in Afghanistan, the Occupied Palestinian Territory and Yemen - Afghanistan - ReliefWeb'Leading the Way': Women driving peace and security in Afghanistan, the Occupied Palestinian Territory and Yemen - Afghanistan  ReliefWeb

New in 2021: US troop presence heading down to 2,500 in Iraq and Afghanistan - Military TimesNew in 2021: US troop presence heading down to 2,500 in Iraq and Afghanistan  Military Times

Afghanistan - Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #1, Fiscal Year (FY) 2021 (January 12, 2021) - Afghanistan - ReliefWebAfghanistan - Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #1, Fiscal Year (FY) 2021 (January 12, 2021) - Afghanistan  ReliefWeb

Covid Is an Afterthought in War-Torn Afghanistan - The New York TimesCovid Is an Afterthought in War-Torn Afghanistan  The New York Times

Australia Set To Host Afghanistan For One-Off Test In 2021 - NDTV SportsAustralia Set To Host Afghanistan For One-Off Test In 2021  NDTV Sports

Afghanistan: COVID-19 Multi-Sectoral Response Operational Situation Report, 14 January 2021 - Afghanistan - ReliefWebAfghanistan: COVID-19 Multi-Sectoral Response Operational Situation Report, 14 January 2021 - Afghanistan  ReliefWeb

‘You forget you are in a war zone for a little bit’: How one woman’s art in Afghanistan started a chain reaction - The Washington Post‘You forget you are in a war zone for a little bit’: How one woman’s art in Afghanistan started a chain reaction  The Washington Post

The CIA Is Running Death Squads in Afghanistan - The NationThe CIA Is Running Death Squads in Afghanistan  The Nation

Afghanistan: Remembering the fallen of 2020 - Middle East - Stripes - Stars and StripesAfghanistan: Remembering the fallen of 2020 - Middle East - Stripes  Stars and Stripes

Afghanistan stamp honors Doctor Nakamura - NHK WORLDAfghanistan stamp honors Doctor Nakamura  NHK WORLD

25,000 troops authorized in DC, more than Afghanistan, Iraq - KYW Newsradio 106025,000 troops authorized in DC, more than Afghanistan, Iraq  KYW Newsradio 1060

Afghanistan Humanitarian Response Plan 2018-2021 (January 2021 revision) - Afghanistan - ReliefWebAfghanistan Humanitarian Response Plan 2018-2021 (January 2021 revision) - Afghanistan  ReliefWeb

Challenges in Afghanistan - The Tribune IndiaChallenges in Afghanistan  The Tribune India

World News Roundup: Gunmen kill two female Supreme Court judges in Afghanistan; Lebanon patriarch tells feuding president and PM-designate to reconcile and more - DevdiscourseWorld News Roundup: Gunmen kill two female Supreme Court judges in Afghanistan; Lebanon patriarch tells feuding president and PM-designate to reconcile and more  Devdiscourse

Analysis | With U.S. drawing down troops, what’s next for Afghanistan? - The HinduAnalysis | With U.S. drawing down troops, what’s next for Afghanistan?  The Hindu

Between a Republic and an Emirate: The Future of Afghanistan - Observer Research FoundationBetween a Republic and an Emirate: The Future of Afghanistan  Observer Research Foundation

Afghanistan: Dedicated support required for 'bigger year' ahead - UN NewsAfghanistan: Dedicated support required for 'bigger year' ahead  UN News

Uncertainties in Afghanistan - The Tribune IndiaUncertainties in Afghanistan  The Tribune India

Afghanistan is India’s one reliable neighbour, but Hekmatyar’s surprise entry can change this - ThePrintAfghanistan is India’s one reliable neighbour, but Hekmatyar’s surprise entry can change this  ThePrint

Hekmatyar Redux: With US exiting Afghanistan, is the warlord of any use to Pakistan? - The Indian ExpressHekmatyar Redux: With US exiting Afghanistan, is the warlord of any use to Pakistan?  The Indian Express

IS-Khorasan Province | Black flag in Afghanistan - The HinduIS-Khorasan Province | Black flag in Afghanistan  The Hindu

‘Pakistan targeting Indians working in Afghanistan’: Govt to Parliament - Hindustan Times‘Pakistan targeting Indians working in Afghanistan’: Govt to Parliament  Hindustan Times

The mess in Afghanistan - Brookings InstitutionThe mess in Afghanistan  Brookings Institution

Hopes for peace appear to be slipping away in Afghanistan - The GuardianHopes for peace appear to be slipping away in Afghanistan  The Guardian

The COVID19 reality of Afghanistan - Observer Research FoundationThe COVID19 reality of Afghanistan  Observer Research Foundation

Kabul attack shows why India needs own Afghanistan plan, no matter who wins in US - ThePrintKabul attack shows why India needs own Afghanistan plan, no matter who wins in US  ThePrint

There Is a Crisis of Empathy in Afghanistan - The WireThere Is a Crisis of Empathy in Afghanistan  The Wire

Afghanistan: Bomb, mortars kill 23 civilians in Helmand - The Indian ExpressAfghanistan: Bomb, mortars kill 23 civilians in Helmand  The Indian Express

The problem with Afghanistan and need for long(er) term planning - The Sunday GuardianThe problem with Afghanistan and need for long(er) term planning  The Sunday Guardian

Pakistan Sees Taliban as Buffer to India in Future Afghanistan, Experts Say - Voice of AmericaPakistan Sees Taliban as Buffer to India in Future Afghanistan, Experts Say  Voice of America

Pak Continues Effort To Counter Indian Influence In Afghanistan: Pentagon - NDTVPak Continues Effort To Counter Indian Influence In Afghanistan: Pentagon  NDTV

Trump’s call to withdraw US troops from Afghanistan puts Biden in a jam - ThePrintTrump’s call to withdraw US troops from Afghanistan puts Biden in a jam  ThePrint

New Delhi’s salience in the Afghan matrix - Hindustan TimesNew Delhi’s salience in the Afghan matrix  Hindustan Times

Afghanistan Attack: 8 killed, several injured as multiple rockets hit Kabul's Green Zone - Jagran EnglishAfghanistan Attack: 8 killed, several injured as multiple rockets hit Kabul's Green Zone  Jagran English

India Supports Afghan-Led Peace Process: US Pentagon Report - NDTVIndia Supports Afghan-Led Peace Process: US Pentagon Report  NDTV

India should play an active role in articulating and promoting a peace process in Afghanistan - The Indian ExpressIndia should play an active role in articulating and promoting a peace process in Afghanistan  The Indian Express

Afghanistan’s vision for achieving a perennial peace - Observer Research FoundationAfghanistan’s vision for achieving a perennial peace  Observer Research Foundation

Peace process must ensure Afghanistan’s soil isn’t used for anti-India activities: Jaishankar - Hindustan TimesPeace process must ensure Afghanistan’s soil isn’t used for anti-India activities: Jaishankar  Hindustan Times

Afghanistan Needs Truth Before It Can Have Reconciliation - Foreign PolicyAfghanistan Needs Truth Before It Can Have Reconciliation  Foreign Policy

The Taliban movement has changed, says Russian Presidential envoy for Afghanistan - The HinduThe Taliban movement has changed, says Russian Presidential envoy for Afghanistan  The Hindu

How a troop drawdown in Afghanistan signals American weakness and could send Afghan allies into the Taliban's arms - The Conversation USHow a troop drawdown in Afghanistan signals American weakness and could send Afghan allies into the Taliban's arms  The Conversation US

Afghanistan needs a settlement - Atlantic CouncilAfghanistan needs a settlement  Atlantic Council

Afghanistan war: 26,000 Afghan children killed or maimed since 2005 - BBC NewsAfghanistan war: 26,000 Afghan children killed or maimed since 2005  BBC News

Afghanistan: Civilian casualties down, but hundreds still killed, despite US-Taliban deal - UN NewsAfghanistan: Civilian casualties down, but hundreds still killed, despite US-Taliban deal  UN News