Afghanistan

Country Afghanistan
Capital Kabul
Continent Asia(South Asia)
Currency Afghani(AFN)
Languages Pashto & Dari

Information

Introduction

Ahmad Shah DURRANI unified the Pashtun tribes and founded Afghanistan in 1747. The country served as a buffer between the British and Russian Empires until it won independence from notional British control in 1919. A brief experiment in democracy ended in a 1973 coup and a 1978 Communist counter-coup. The Soviet Union invaded in 1979 to support the tottering Afghan Communist regime, touching off a long and destructive war. The USSR withdrew in 1989 under relentless pressure by internationally supported anti-Communist mujahedin rebels. A series of subsequent civil wars saw Kabul finally fall in 1996 to the Taliban, a hardline Pakistani-sponsored movement that emerged in 1994 to end the country's civil war and anarchy. Following the 11 September 2001 terrorist attacks in New York City and Washington, D.C., a U.S., Allied, and anti-Taliban Northern Alliance military action toppled the Taliban for sheltering Osama BIN LADIN. The UN-sponsored Bonn Conference in 2001 established a process for political reconstruction that included the adoption of a new constitution, a presidential election in 2004, and National Assembly elections in 2005. In December 2004, Hamid KARZAI became the first democratically elected president of Afghanistan and the National Assembly was inaugurated the following December. Karzai was re-elected in November 2009 for a second term. Despite gains toward building a stable central government, a resurgent Taliban and continuing provincial instability - particularly in the south and the east - remain serious challenges for the Afghan Government.

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References

Afghanistan - Wikipedia
Afghanistan - CIA World Fact Book
Afghanistan - BBC
Afghanistan - National Geographic
Afghanistan - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

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Afghanistan to Release Last Taliban Prisoners, Removing Final Hurdle to Talks - The New York Times
  1. Afghanistan to Release Last Taliban Prisoners, Removing Final Hurdle to Talks  The New York Times
  2. Afghanistan to release 400 'hard-core' Taliban prisoners in bid for peace  Reuters
  3. Afghanistan to free 400 Taliban to start peace talks  Anadolu Agency
  4. Afghanistan to release 400 'hard-core' Taliban prisoners in bid to start peace talks  ABC News
  5. Afghanistan to release last 400 Taliban prisoners, paving the way for peace talks  The Washington Post
  6. View Full coverage on Google News


US to cut troop levels in Afghanistan - Anadolu Agency
  1. US to cut troop levels in Afghanistan  Anadolu Agency
  2. 'Troops in Afghanistan to be reduced below 5,000 in months'  India TV News
  3. Esper says US troop levels in Afghanistan to go below 5,000 by end of November  CNN
  4. Esper says US troop presence in Afghanistan will be 'less than 5,000' by November | TheHill  The Hill
  5. Defense Chief Says U.S. Will Cut Troops In Afghanistan Below 5,000  Gandhara
  6. View Full coverage on Google News


Afghanistan: Strategic Situation Report: COVID-19, No. 67 (9 August 2020) - Afghanistan - ReliefWebAfghanistan: Strategic Situation Report: COVID-19, No. 67 (9 August 2020) - Afghanistan  ReliefWeb

Islamic State group claims deadly attack on Afghanistan prison - BBC NewsIslamic State group claims deadly attack on Afghanistan prison  BBC News

Afghanistan to Free ‘Worst’ Taliban Prisoners to Push Talks - BloombergAfghanistan to Free ‘Worst’ Taliban Prisoners to Push Talks  Bloomberg

Afghanistan to Release Taliban Prisoners - BloombergAfghanistan to Release Taliban Prisoners  Bloomberg

More U.S. Troops Will Leave Afghanistan Before the Election, Trump Says - The New York TimesMore U.S. Troops Will Leave Afghanistan Before the Election, Trump Says  The New York Times

Expect war not peace in Afghanistan to intensify, says AHMADZAI - GlobeNewswireExpect war not peace in Afghanistan to intensify, says AHMADZAI  GlobeNewswire

In Afghanistan, Russia Is Fighting—and Winning—an Information War Against the United States - Foreign PolicyIn Afghanistan, Russia Is Fighting—and Winning—an Information War Against the United States  Foreign Policy

Solider returns home to Myrtle Beach after deployment in Afghanistan - WIS10Solider returns home to Myrtle Beach after deployment in Afghanistan  WIS10

Car bombing kills 7, wounds 16 in Afghanistan's eastern Ghazni province - Xinhua | English.news.cn - XinhuaCar bombing kills 7, wounds 16 in Afghanistan's eastern Ghazni province - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

Afghanistan ceasefire holds as hundreds of Taliban fighters freed - Al Jazeera EnglishAfghanistan ceasefire holds as hundreds of Taliban fighters freed  Al Jazeera English

Pentagon not confirming any plans to halve US troops in Afghanistan by the election - Military TimesPentagon not confirming any plans to halve US troops in Afghanistan by the election  Military Times

72 Taliban killed as violence rages in Afghanistan - Anadolu Agency72 Taliban killed as violence rages in Afghanistan  Anadolu Agency

U.S.-Taliban deal brings little respite for Afghanistan's battered civilians - CBS NewsU.S.-Taliban deal brings little respite for Afghanistan's battered civilians  CBS News

Within the Taliban, clashing views of post-war Afghanistan - The Washington PostWithin the Taliban, clashing views of post-war Afghanistan  The Washington Post

In Afghanistan, a Rarely Seen Anti-Tank Weapon Destroys a Helicopter - The New York TimesIn Afghanistan, a Rarely Seen Anti-Tank Weapon Destroys a Helicopter  The New York Times

Afghanistan, Pakistan at odds over border clash - Anadolu AgencyAfghanistan, Pakistan at odds over border clash  Anadolu Agency

Zimbabwe cancels T20I series against Afghanistan due to COVID-19 pandemic - SportstarZimbabwe cancels T20I series against Afghanistan due to COVID-19 pandemic  Sportstar

Pompeo Warned Russia Against Bounties on U.S. Troops in Afghanistan - The New York TimesPompeo Warned Russia Against Bounties on U.S. Troops in Afghanistan  The New York Times

New China-Pakistan Axis Undermines U.S. in Afghanistan, Strengthens Uighur Persecution - U.S. News & World ReportNew China-Pakistan Axis Undermines U.S. in Afghanistan, Strengthens Uighur Persecution  U.S. News & World Report

UK War Crime Revelations in Afghanistan Expose Justice Failings - Human Rights WatchUK War Crime Revelations in Afghanistan Expose Justice Failings  Human Rights Watch

United States condemns deadly airstrikes in Afghanistan’s Herat province - Hindustan TimesUnited States condemns deadly airstrikes in Afghanistan’s Herat province  Hindustan Times

Remembering President Daoud's Coup: Lessons for Afghanistan's Future - The DiplomatRemembering President Daoud's Coup: Lessons for Afghanistan's Future  The Diplomat

Pakistan-China intelligence-sharing deal threatens US peace efforts in Afghanistan - WIONPakistan-China intelligence-sharing deal threatens US peace efforts in Afghanistan  WION

Pakistan must engage in civilised, friendly relationship with Afghanistan: Hamid Karzai - Times of IndiaPakistan must engage in civilised, friendly relationship with Afghanistan: Hamid Karzai  Times of India

Afghanistan NDS kills Pakistan-origin ISIS Khorasan intelligence chief Asadullah Orakzai - Times NowAfghanistan NDS kills Pakistan-origin ISIS Khorasan intelligence chief Asadullah Orakzai  Times Now

Mumbai: Rs 1,000 crore heroin from Afghanistan seized at Nhava Sheva - Times of IndiaMumbai: Rs 1,000 crore heroin from Afghanistan seized at Nhava Sheva  Times of India

Women From Afghanistan's Gen Z Are on a Mission to Change How Their Country Talks About Life, Death, and Freedom - Foreign PolicyWomen From Afghanistan's Gen Z Are on a Mission to Change How Their Country Talks About Life, Death, and Freedom  Foreign Policy

Car bomb targets Afghan National Army unit in Afghanistan's Helmand - BW BusinessworldCar bomb targets Afghan National Army unit in Afghanistan's Helmand  BW Businessworld

Number of American troops in Afghanistan drops to 8,600 as Taliban make big changes ahead of expected talks - Military TimesNumber of American troops in Afghanistan drops to 8,600 as Taliban make big changes ahead of expected talks  Military Times

Defence Secretary to review SAS Afghanistan emails - BBC NewsDefence Secretary to review SAS Afghanistan emails  BBC News

2 key police commanders killed in Afghanistan - Anadolu Agency2 key police commanders killed in Afghanistan  Anadolu Agency

82nd Airborne shares story of Arkansas soldiers in Afghanistan - KOLR - OzarksFirst.com82nd Airborne shares story of Arkansas soldiers in Afghanistan  KOLR - OzarksFirst.com

Pompeo speaks with Pak foreign minister on Afghanistan and regional stability - WIONPompeo speaks with Pak foreign minister on Afghanistan and regional stability  WION

Afghanistan writes to UNSC over ‘violations’ of its territory by Pakistan forces - The HinduAfghanistan writes to UNSC over ‘violations’ of its territory by Pakistan forces  The Hindu

Strengthening Afghanistan's fight against COVID-19 - World Bank GroupStrengthening Afghanistan's fight against COVID-19  World Bank Group

RAW had recruited three warlords in Afghanistan, says book - Deccan HeraldRAW had recruited three warlords in Afghanistan, says book  Deccan Herald

US Drawing Down Troops in Afghanistan as Taliban Attacks Surge - Voice of AmericaUS Drawing Down Troops in Afghanistan as Taliban Attacks Surge  Voice of America

U.S. General Discusses Status Of U.S. Troops In Afghanistan - NPRU.S. General Discusses Status Of U.S. Troops In Afghanistan  NPR

India, US discuss Afghanistan peace process, Indo-Pacific region security in telephonic conversation - DNA IndiaIndia, US discuss Afghanistan peace process, Indo-Pacific region security in telephonic conversation  DNA India

The role of Afghanistan’s resources in security - Asia TimesThe role of Afghanistan’s resources in security  Asia Times

Afghanistan's Higher Education System Has a Stark Geographic Divide - The DiplomatAfghanistan's Higher Education System Has a Stark Geographic Divide  The Diplomat

WhereIsMyName: Afghan women campaign for the right to reveal their name - BBC NewsWhereIsMyName: Afghan women campaign for the right to reveal their name  BBC News

Tournament hubs, Afghanistan Test and Boxing Day: where does the Australia summer stand? | ESPNcricinfo.com - ESPNcricinfoTournament hubs, Afghanistan Test and Boxing Day: where does the Australia summer stand? | ESPNcricinfo.com  ESPNcricinfo

India facilitating visa requests of Afghanistan’s Hindu and Sikh minorities - Hindustan TimesIndia facilitating visa requests of Afghanistan’s Hindu and Sikh minorities  Hindustan Times

This Is the State That Looks Most Like Afghanistan, According to Hollywood - Military.comThis Is the State That Looks Most Like Afghanistan, According to Hollywood  Military.com

Afghanistan: Weekly Humanitarian Update (13 – 19 July 2020) - Afghanistan - ReliefWebAfghanistan: Weekly Humanitarian Update (13 – 19 July 2020) - Afghanistan  ReliefWeb

COVID-19 Creates New Challenges for Migrants in Afghanistan and Abroad - Afghanistan - ReliefWebCOVID-19 Creates New Challenges for Migrants in Afghanistan and Abroad - Afghanistan  ReliefWeb

For Women in Afghan Security Forces, a Daily Battle - The New York TimesFor Women in Afghan Security Forces, a Daily Battle  The New York Times

Family of Sikh refugees in Amritsar says told to go to Afghanistan to get documents for visa extension - The Indian ExpressFamily of Sikh refugees in Amritsar says told to go to Afghanistan to get documents for visa extension  The Indian Express

Afghanistan: COVID-19 Multi-Sectoral Response Operational Situation Report, 29 July 2020 - Afghanistan - ReliefWebAfghanistan: COVID-19 Multi-Sectoral Response Operational Situation Report, 29 July 2020 - Afghanistan  ReliefWeb

Promotion of Abdul Rashid Dostum Shows Afghanistan's Impunity for Warlords - Foreign PolicyPromotion of Abdul Rashid Dostum Shows Afghanistan's Impunity for Warlords  Foreign Policy

No plans of sub-regional group with China, Afghanistan and Pakistan, says Nepal Foreign Minister - Zee NewsNo plans of sub-regional group with China, Afghanistan and Pakistan, says Nepal Foreign Minister  Zee News

Afghanistan: Strategic Situation Report: COVID-19, No. 64 (23 July 2020) - Afghanistan - ReliefWebAfghanistan: Strategic Situation Report: COVID-19, No. 64 (23 July 2020) - Afghanistan  ReliefWeb

Afghanistan faces 'catastrophe' as COVID-19 cases grow: Red Crescent - ReutersAfghanistan faces 'catastrophe' as COVID-19 cases grow: Red Crescent  Reuters

EASO publishes a new COI report on Afghanistan: "Criminal law, customary justice and informal dispute resolution" - EU NewsEASO publishes a new COI report on Afghanistan: "Criminal law, customary justice and informal dispute resolution"  EU News

Army officer killed in non-combat incident in Afghanistan - ArmyTimes.comArmy officer killed in non-combat incident in Afghanistan  ArmyTimes.com

Afghanistan: Strategic Situation Report: COVID-19, No. 62 (16 July 2020) - Afghanistan - ReliefWebAfghanistan: Strategic Situation Report: COVID-19, No. 62 (16 July 2020) - Afghanistan  ReliefWeb

What the heroin industry can teach us about solar power - BBC NewsWhat the heroin industry can teach us about solar power  BBC News

Islamic State claims attack in Afghanistan's Jalalabad - ReutersIslamic State claims attack in Afghanistan's Jalalabad  Reuters

Afghan prisoner swap likely to free Hekmatullah, rogue soldier who murdered three Australians - ABC NewsAfghan prisoner swap likely to free Hekmatullah, rogue soldier who murdered three Australians  ABC News

Afghan Border Forces Receive COVID-19 Medical Supply Aid - TOLOnewsAfghan Border Forces Receive COVID-19 Medical Supply Aid  TOLOnews

Afghanistan needs a settlement - Atlantic CouncilAfghanistan needs a settlement  Atlantic Council

The mess in Afghanistan - Brookings InstitutionThe mess in Afghanistan  Brookings Institution

After recent violence, is Afghanistan’s peace process dead? - Brookings InstitutionAfter recent violence, is Afghanistan’s peace process dead?  Brookings Institution

Afghanistan seeks regional support for peace - Anadolu AgencyAfghanistan seeks regional support for peace  Anadolu Agency

Afghanistan: The detention centre for teenage Taliban members - BBC NewsAfghanistan: The detention centre for teenage Taliban members  BBC News

Confidential documents reveal U.S. officials failed to tell the truth about the war in Afghanistan - The Washington PostConfidential documents reveal U.S. officials failed to tell the truth about the war in Afghanistan  The Washington Post

India’s options in Afghanistan - Times of IndiaIndia’s options in Afghanistan  Times of India

In Afghanistan, one step forward, but peace still a far leap - The InterpreterIn Afghanistan, one step forward, but peace still a far leap  The Interpreter

Telling the Afghanistan war story during COVID-19 through the lens of young Afghan-Canadian - GlobeNewswireTelling the Afghanistan war story during COVID-19 through the lens of young Afghan-Canadian  GlobeNewswire

Afghanistan calls on Iran to probe killing of citizens - Anadolu AgencyAfghanistan calls on Iran to probe killing of citizens  Anadolu Agency

US watchdog: Afghanistan gov't weakened ahead of Taliban talks - Al Jazeera EnglishUS watchdog: Afghanistan gov't weakened ahead of Taliban talks  Al Jazeera English

ANALYSIS - In Afghanistan, another Great Game set to unfold - Anadolu AgencyANALYSIS - In Afghanistan, another Great Game set to unfold  Anadolu Agency

US-Taliban Peace Deal: What to Know - Council on Foreign RelationsUS-Taliban Peace Deal: What to Know  Council on Foreign Relations

Afghanistan and Taliban begin direct talks with aim of prisoner swap - BBC NewsAfghanistan and Taliban begin direct talks with aim of prisoner swap  BBC News

There Is a Crisis of Empathy in Afghanistan - The WireThere Is a Crisis of Empathy in Afghanistan  The Wire

Taliban kills 9 soldiers in Afghanistan - Anadolu AgencyTaliban kills 9 soldiers in Afghanistan  Anadolu Agency

In Afghanistan, Coronavirus Complicates War and Peace - The New York TimesIn Afghanistan, Coronavirus Complicates War and Peace  The New York Times

Afghanistan's Next War - The New York TimesAfghanistan's Next War  The New York Times

Afghanistan war: US and Afghan Taliban start partial truce - BBC NewsAfghanistan war: US and Afghan Taliban start partial truce  BBC News

China, Afghanistan, Pakistan Seek ‘Orderly’ Foreign Troop Exit - VOA AsiaChina, Afghanistan, Pakistan Seek ‘Orderly’ Foreign Troop Exit  VOA Asia

Pakistan envoy for Afghanistan holds talks with Taliban - Anadolu AgencyPakistan envoy for Afghanistan holds talks with Taliban  Anadolu Agency

Pakistan, China call for withdrawal of foreign troops from Afghanistan - ThePrintPakistan, China call for withdrawal of foreign troops from Afghanistan  ThePrint

U.S. Troops in Afghanistan Reduced to 8,600, General Says - The New York TimesU.S. Troops in Afghanistan Reduced to 8,600, General Says  The New York Times

Afghanistan Investigating Claims Migrants Were Killed by Iranian Guards - The New York TimesAfghanistan Investigating Claims Migrants Were Killed by Iranian Guards  The New York Times

Taliban, US Spar Over Al-Qaida Presence in Afghanistan - VOA NewsTaliban, US Spar Over Al-Qaida Presence in Afghanistan  VOA News

Winning the peace in Afghanistan - Atlantic CouncilWinning the peace in Afghanistan  Atlantic Council

Taliban attack military centre in Afghanistan, casualties reported - Economic TimesTaliban attack military centre in Afghanistan, casualties reported  Economic Times

US, Russia share a complex and bloody history in Afghanistan - Military TimesUS, Russia share a complex and bloody history in Afghanistan  Military Times

Afghanistan's Fight against Corruption: Crucial for Peace and Prosperity (June 2020) [EN/Dari] - Afghanistan - ReliefWebAfghanistan's Fight against Corruption: Crucial for Peace and Prosperity (June 2020) [EN/Dari] - Afghanistan  ReliefWeb

Is Afghanistan underreporting COVID-19 cases? - Anadolu AgencyIs Afghanistan underreporting COVID-19 cases?  Anadolu Agency

Afghanistan conflict: US to cut $1bn in aid over political feud - BBC NewsAfghanistan conflict: US to cut $1bn in aid over political feud  BBC News

IS regional leader Sheikh Khorasani 'arrested in Afghanistan' - BBC NewsIS regional leader Sheikh Khorasani 'arrested in Afghanistan'  BBC News

Afghan Leaders End Political Impasse - Afghanistan - ReliefWebAfghan Leaders End Political Impasse - Afghanistan  ReliefWeb

COVID-19 in Afghanistan: Compounding Crises - Afghanistan - ReliefWebCOVID-19 in Afghanistan: Compounding Crises - Afghanistan  ReliefWeb

Afghanistan: a war not to forget, a people to support - iPolitics.caAfghanistan: a war not to forget, a people to support  iPolitics.ca

Will US-Taliban deal limit India's leverage in Afghanistan? - Al Jazeera EnglishWill US-Taliban deal limit India's leverage in Afghanistan?  Al Jazeera English

India Supports Afghan-Led Peace Process: US Pentagon Report - NDTVIndia Supports Afghan-Led Peace Process: US Pentagon Report  NDTV