Afghanistan

Country Afghanistan
Capital Kabul
Continent Asia(South Asia)
Currency Afghani(AFN)
Languages Pashto & Dari

Information

Introduction

Ahmad Shah DURRANI unified the Pashtun tribes and founded Afghanistan in 1747. The country served as a buffer between the British and Russian Empires until it won independence from notional British control in 1919. A brief experiment in democracy ended in a 1973 coup and a 1978 Communist counter-coup. The Soviet Union invaded in 1979 to support the tottering Afghan Communist regime, touching off a long and destructive war. The USSR withdrew in 1989 under relentless pressure by internationally supported anti-Communist mujahedin rebels. A series of subsequent civil wars saw Kabul finally fall in 1996 to the Taliban, a hardline Pakistani-sponsored movement that emerged in 1994 to end the country's civil war and anarchy. Following the 11 September 2001 terrorist attacks in New York City and Washington, D.C., a U.S., Allied, and anti-Taliban Northern Alliance military action toppled the Taliban for sheltering Osama BIN LADIN. The UN-sponsored Bonn Conference in 2001 established a process for political reconstruction that included the adoption of a new constitution, a presidential election in 2004, and National Assembly elections in 2005. In December 2004, Hamid KARZAI became the first democratically elected president of Afghanistan and the National Assembly was inaugurated the following December. Karzai was re-elected in November 2009 for a second term. Despite gains toward building a stable central government, a resurgent Taliban and continuing provincial instability - particularly in the south and the east - remain serious challenges for the Afghan Government.

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References

Afghanistan - Wikipedia
Afghanistan - CIA World Fact Book
Afghanistan - BBC
Afghanistan - National Geographic
Afghanistan - Timeline - BBC

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Afghanistan: Taliban resume fighting as Eid ceasefire ends - Aljazeera.com

Aljazeera.com

Afghanistan: Taliban resume fighting as Eid ceasefire ends
Aljazeera.com
In the statement on Sunday, the Taliban repeated their preconditions for peace talks, including that they would only negotiate directly with the US and that foreign forces should leave Afghanistan. "Our fighters will now resume their operations across ...
India Welcomes Afghanistan's Decision to Extend Ceasefire With Armed GroupsThe Wire
India welcomes ceasefire extension in AfghanistanLivemint
Taliban refuse to extend Afghanistan ceasefire, as suicide attack kills 18Channel NewsAsia
Stars and Stripes
all 624 news articles »


2nd bombing in Afghanistan raises two-day death toll to 55 and mars temporary cease-fire - Los Angeles Times

Los Angeles Times

2nd bombing in Afghanistan raises two-day death toll to 55 and mars temporary cease-fire
Los Angeles Times
Inside the provincial governor's compound, officials hosted dozens of Taliban fighters and hundreds of guests in a celebration Sunday of a temporary cease-fire that many hoped would be a precursor to peace talks in Afghanistan. But the deadly violence ...
Afghan-Taliban ceasefires are marred by another mass killing -- and it's not clear who's responsibleCNN
As Afghan Cease-Fire Ends, Temporary Friends Hug, Then Return to WarNew York Times
Taliban rules out extension of Afghanistan Eid festival ceasefireBBC News
Aljazeera.com -Firstpost
all 1,272 news articles »


'I came to terms with dying in a trench in Afghanistan' - Telegraph.co.uk

Telegraph.co.uk

'I came to terms with dying in a trench in Afghanistan'
Telegraph.co.uk
But in 2011, on his second tour of Afghanistan for Operation Herrick XIV, he was severely injured by an improvised explosive device. "I was in a coma for three weeks; hospital for nearly three months; and rehab for three years," says McCulley, who ...



World Cup, Afghanistan, North Korea: Your Monday Briefing - New York Times

New York Times

World Cup, Afghanistan, North Korea: Your Monday Briefing
New York Times
In Afghanistan, 17 people were killed and 50 wounded in a bombing in Jalalabad, a day after President Ashraf Ghani announced that the government would extend its cease-fire with the Taliban. A spokesman said the death toll could rise. [The New York ...



India vs Afghanistan: Ajinkya Rahane and Co's ruthless attitude stand out in clinical demolition of Test debutants - Firstpost

Firstpost

India vs Afghanistan: Ajinkya Rahane and Co's ruthless attitude stand out in clinical demolition of Test debutants
Firstpost
What a stark contrast and pleasant surprise it was, therefore, to see the current Indian squad, the world's number one Test team, take a hard-nosed approach and give no quarters in their merciless take down of Test debutants Afghanistan. Certainly it ...
Afghanistan pays the price for inadequate preparationThe Hindu
India v Afghanistan: Test debutants beaten inside two daysBBC Sport
In heartwarming gesture, Ajinkya Rahane invites Afghanistan for victory photo-opTimes of India
NEWS.com.au -Economic Times
all 1,036 news articles »


Violence returns to Afghanistan after brief cease-fire - Anadolu Agency

Anadolu Agency

Violence returns to Afghanistan after brief cease-fire
Anadolu Agency
By Shadi Khan Saif. KABUL, Afghanistan. Violence returned to Afghanistan on Monday after a three-day Eid truce killing at least seven security personnel in various Taliban attacks, officials and local media confirmed. Muhibullah Muhib, spokesman for ...
Pakistani Taliban Chief Mullah Fazlullah Killed In US Drone StrikeNDTV

all 18 news articles »


Sikh leader holds out hope for dwindling minority in Afghanistan - The Tribune

The Tribune

Sikh leader holds out hope for dwindling minority in Afghanistan
The Tribune
Avtar Singh Khalsa will represent Afghanistan's tiny Sikh and Hindu minority in the next parliament, where he says he hopes to serve the entire country. Few Afghans are as invested in the government's quest for peace and stability as the dwindling Sikh ...

and more »


Don't be disheartened, Afghanistan cricket: Ganguly - Times of India

Times of India

Don't be disheartened, Afghanistan cricket: Ganguly
Times of India
"No surprises were thrown up at the Chinnaswamy Stadium but at the same time not many expected that the India-Afghanistan Test match would get over in just two days. The Afghan boys shouldn't worry about how long the Test lasted but should rewind the ...
Big occasion of Test cricket got better of Afghanistan: Afghanistan batting coachDaily News & Analysis
Afghanistan still a winner despite Test debut thrashingThe Roar
Afghanistan cricket team will learn with time, claims Sourav GangulySportsCafe

all 19 news articles »


Second Attack During Afghanistan's Cease-Fire Leaves Several Dead - Newsy

Newsy

Second Attack During Afghanistan's Cease-Fire Leaves Several Dead
Newsy
The Taliban have been fighting to regain control of Afghanistan since a U.S.-led invasion ousted the group from power in 2001. ISIS, however, sees the Taliban as a rival. While the Taliban are described as nationalist and only focused on Afghanistan ...



Nazi flag photo from Afghanistan angers Australia's prime minister - Fox News

Fox News

Nazi flag photo from Afghanistan angers Australia's prime minister
Fox News
Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull has issued a statement condemning soldiers who flew a Nazi swastika flag above a military vehicle while on duty in Afghanistan in 2007, Voice of America reported Saturday. "Completely and utterly unacceptable ...