Egypt

Country Egypt
Capital Cairo
Continent Africa
Currency Egyptian pound(EGP)
Languages Arabic

Information

Introduction

The regularity and richness of the annual Nile River flood, coupled with semi-isolation provided by deserts to the east and west, allowed for the development of one of the world's great civilizations. A unified kingdom arose circa 3200 B.C., and a series of dynasties ruled in Egypt for the next three millennia. The last native dynasty fell to the Persians in 341 B.C., who in turn were replaced by the Greeks, Romans, and Byzantines. It was the Arabs who introduced Islam and the Arabic language in the 7th century and who ruled for the next six centuries. A local military caste, the Mamluks took control about 1250 and continued to govern after the conquest of Egypt by the Ottoman Turks in 1517. Following the completion of the Suez Canal in 1869, Egypt became an important world transportation hub, but also fell heavily into debt. Ostensibly to protect its investments, Britain seized control of Egypt's government in 1882, but nominal allegiance to the Ottoman Empire continued until 1914. Partially independent from the UK in 1922, Egypt acquired full sovereignty with the overthrow of the British-backed monarchy in 1952. The completion of the Aswan High Dam in 1971 and the resultant Lake Nasser have altered the time-honored place of the Nile River in the agriculture and ecology of Egypt. A rapidly growing population (the largest in the Arab world), limited arable land, and dependence on the Nile all continue to overtax resources and stress society. The government has struggled to meet the demands of Egypt's growing population through economic reform and massive investment in communications and physical infrastructure.

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References

Egypt - Wikipedia
Egypt - CIA World Fact Book
Egypt - BBC
Egypt - National Geographic
Egypt - Timeline - BBC

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'Massive' ancient building discovered by archaeologists in Egypt - The Independent

The Independent

'Massive' ancient building discovered by archaeologists in Egypt
The Independent
Archaeologists have discovered a “massive” ancient building in Egypt. The building was found in the town of Mit Rahina, 12 miles (20km) south of the capital, Cairo. The country's Antiquities Ministry said archaeologists also uncovered an attached ...



Archaeologists Discover 'Huge' Ancient Building In Egypt - NPR

NPR

Archaeologists Discover 'Huge' Ancient Building In Egypt
NPR
Archaeologists have uncovered what they say is a 'huge' ancient building in what was once Egypt's capital city, the country's Antiquities Ministry announced Tuesday. The city of Memphis was founded circa 2925 B.C. by Menes, a king who is said to have ...
'Massive' ancient building found in Egypt9news.com.au
Memphis and its Necropolis – the Pyramid Fields from Giza to Dahshur - UNESCO World Heritage CentreUNESCO World Heritage Centre
Rania A. Al Mashat on Twitter: "With Dr. Zahi Hawass, @UN Cultural Heritage Ambassador. The beginning of a new ...Twitter
Cambridge University Press -The American University in Cairo
all 201 news articles »


Commentary: Egypt builds a new capital, a chance to design an inclusive city - Channel NewsAsia

Channel NewsAsia

Commentary: Egypt builds a new capital, a chance to design an inclusive city
Channel NewsAsia
MANCHESTER: Egypt is the latest country to build a new capital city from scratch, with ambitions to move parliament away from Cairo as early as 2019. With nearly 24 million people living in Greater Metropolitan Cairo, the current Egyptian capital ...

and more »


Pompeo justifies sending Egypt money in memo detailing human rights abuses - Politico

Politico

Pompeo justifies sending Egypt money in memo detailing human rights abuses
Politico
But far from assuring lawmakers that Egypt is making progress on human rights, the “memorandum of justification” laying out the decision amounts to a searing indictment of how Egypt's government treats its citizens — describing extrajudicial killings ...
Developing countries 'losing out' in a world not governed by laws, Egyptian President says at UN AssemblyUN News

all 50 news articles »


Pleasing Investors Is Getting Expensive for IMF-Backed Egypt - Bloomberg

Bloomberg

Pleasing Investors Is Getting Expensive for IMF-Backed Egypt
Bloomberg
It needs to maintain high interest rates to keep attracting foreigners, who hold about $17 billion in local debt, and avoid being sucked into a crisis that has swept emerging markets this year. But Egypt's high borrowing costs are hurting businesses ...

and more »


Archaeologists in Egypt find building with Roman bath and chamber attached - CBS News

CBS News

Archaeologists in Egypt find building with Roman bath and chamber attached
CBS News
CAIRO -- Egypt says archaeologists have discovered a "massive" ancient building in the town of Mit Rahina, located 12 miles south of Cairo. The Antiquities Ministry said Tuesday that archaeologists also uncovered an attached building that includes a ...

and more »


Palestinian talks: Egypt seeks to regain regional power - Aljazeera.com

Aljazeera.com

Palestinian talks: Egypt seeks to regain regional power
Aljazeera.com
Egypt has been mediating talks between rival Palestinian factions, but analysts say Cairo is trying to capitalise on the situation to re-establish itself as a regional powerhouse. Fatah and Hamas reconciliation talks have been stalled for months over a ...
Readers' Blog: It's logical that Gaza become part of EgyptIrish Examiner
Hamas: Israel truce talks brokered by Egypt slow but aliveThe Daily Star

all 513 news articles »


Watchdog Urges Egypt to Reverse Seizure of Newspaper - Voice of America

Voice of America

Watchdog Urges Egypt to Reverse Seizure of Newspaper
Voice of America
A press freedoms group has called on Egyptian authorities to reverse their decision to take over a daily newspaper a day after security forces stormed its headquarters. Reporters Without Borders says Tuesday the decision to take over al-Mesryoon was ...

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Egypt's Sissi at UN: World Must Guarantee Palestinian State With East Jerusalem as Capital - Haaretz

Haaretz

Egypt's Sissi at UN: World Must Guarantee Palestinian State With East Jerusalem as Capital
Haaretz
Egyptian President Abdel-Fatah al-Sissi told the UN General Assembly on Tuesday that Cairo is committed to the establishment of a Palestinian state with East Jerusalem as its capital. To really understand Israel and the Palestinians - subscribe to Haaretz.

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Ancient Egyptian 'Magic Spell' Deciphered - Live Science

Live Science

Ancient Egyptian 'Magic Spell' Deciphered
Live Science
An ancient Egyptian papyrus with an image showing two bird-like creatures, possibly with a penis connecting them, has been deciphered, revealing a magic spell of love. "The most striking feature of [the papyrus] is its image," wrote Korshi Dosoo, a ...

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