Egypt

Country Egypt
Capital Cairo
Continent Africa
Currency Egyptian pound(EGP)
Languages Arabic

Information

Introduction

The regularity and richness of the annual Nile River flood, coupled with semi-isolation provided by deserts to the east and west, allowed for the development of one of the world's great civilizations. A unified kingdom arose circa 3200 B.C., and a series of dynasties ruled in Egypt for the next three millennia. The last native dynasty fell to the Persians in 341 B.C., who in turn were replaced by the Greeks, Romans, and Byzantines. It was the Arabs who introduced Islam and the Arabic language in the 7th century and who ruled for the next six centuries. A local military caste, the Mamluks took control about 1250 and continued to govern after the conquest of Egypt by the Ottoman Turks in 1517. Following the completion of the Suez Canal in 1869, Egypt became an important world transportation hub, but also fell heavily into debt. Ostensibly to protect its investments, Britain seized control of Egypt's government in 1882, but nominal allegiance to the Ottoman Empire continued until 1914. Partially independent from the UK in 1922, Egypt acquired full sovereignty with the overthrow of the British-backed monarchy in 1952. The completion of the Aswan High Dam in 1971 and the resultant Lake Nasser have altered the time-honored place of the Nile River in the agriculture and ecology of Egypt. A rapidly growing population (the largest in the Arab world), limited arable land, and dependence on the Nile all continue to overtax resources and stress society. The government has struggled to meet the demands of Egypt's growing population through economic reform and massive investment in communications and physical infrastructure.

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References

Egypt - Wikipedia
Egypt - CIA World Fact Book
Egypt - BBC
Egypt - National Geographic
Egypt - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

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Egypt Egypt promotes local products - Al-MonitorEgypt Egypt promotes local products  Al-Monitor

Boris Johnson urged to confront Egypt leader over human rights - The GuardianBoris Johnson urged to confront Egypt leader over human rights  The Guardian

Egypt to Reduce LNG Cargoes for Sale as Gas Prices Plummet - BloombergEgypt to Reduce LNG Cargoes for Sale as Gas Prices Plummet  Bloomberg

New IMF Program Still Up in the Air as Egypt Primes Its Economy - BloombergNew IMF Program Still Up in the Air as Egypt Primes Its Economy  Bloomberg

UK, Egypt leaders discuss cease-fire in Libya - Anadolu AgencyUK, Egypt leaders discuss cease-fire in Libya  Anadolu Agency

Pompeo Felt 'Outrage' Over US Citizen's Death in Egypt - TIMEPompeo Felt 'Outrage' Over US Citizen's Death in Egypt  TIME

Last Ottoman viceroy casts shadow on current Turco-Egyptian culture war - Al-MonitorLast Ottoman viceroy casts shadow on current Turco-Egyptian culture war  Al-Monitor

Egypt proposes bill to criminalise child marriage - Middle East MonitorEgypt proposes bill to criminalise child marriage  Middle East Monitor

Cold, rainy weather for Egypt on Wednesday - Egypt IndependentCold, rainy weather for Egypt on Wednesday  Egypt Independent

Egypt Despite US efforts, Ethiopia-Egypt dam spat holds strong - Al-MonitorEgypt Despite US efforts, Ethiopia-Egypt dam spat holds strong  Al-Monitor

Egypt village turns a profit on used tyres - Gulf NewsEgypt village turns a profit on used tyres  Gulf News

Egyptian club registers 74-year-old player - BBC NewsEgyptian club registers 74-year-old player  BBC News

Egypt Expects 5.9% Economic Growth in 2020 - Asharq Al-awsat EnglishEgypt Expects 5.9% Economic Growth in 2020  Asharq Al-awsat English

Mustafa Kassem: Egyptian-American dies on hunger strike in Egypt - BBC NewsMustafa Kassem: Egyptian-American dies on hunger strike in Egypt  BBC News

Egypt Egypt unruffled by EastMed pipeline project - Al-MonitorEgypt Egypt unruffled by EastMed pipeline project  Al-Monitor

Egypt signs off on exploration commitments - News for the Oil and Gas Sector - Energy VoiceEgypt signs off on exploration commitments - News for the Oil and Gas Sector  Energy Voice

UK – Egypt announce joint economic partnership - GOV.UKUK – Egypt announce joint economic partnership  GOV.UK

Leaked audio from Egypt prison: 'Someone is sick guard' - Middle East MonitorLeaked audio from Egypt prison: 'Someone is sick guard'  Middle East Monitor

MIDEAST STOCKS-Egypt extends losses in subdued Gulf - ReutersMIDEAST STOCKS-Egypt extends losses in subdued Gulf  Reuters

Nile River dam row: Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan make draft deal - BBC NewsNile River dam row: Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan make draft deal  BBC News

Top 10 Places on Your Bucket List When Travelling to Egypt - Tech TimesTop 10 Places on Your Bucket List When Travelling to Egypt  Tech Times

Promethean to install 26,000 flat panels in Egypt - AV MagazinePromethean to install 26,000 flat panels in Egypt  AV Magazine

US Citizen Dies in Egyptian Prison - Human Rights WatchUS Citizen Dies in Egyptian Prison  Human Rights Watch

Egypt, UK announce LE492 million economic partnership - Egypt IndependentEgypt, UK announce LE492 million economic partnership  Egypt Independent

Glovo exits Egypt, Turkey, and two other markets to focus on profitability - MENAbytesGlovo exits Egypt, Turkey, and two other markets to focus on profitability  MENAbytes

Egypt court orders minister to reveal missing ex-MP's location - Daily NationEgypt court orders minister to reveal missing ex-MP's location  Daily Nation

Egypt Inks Gas Deals in Western Region, Warns Turkey against Unilateral Moves - Asharq Al-awsat EnglishEgypt Inks Gas Deals in Western Region, Warns Turkey against Unilateral Moves  Asharq Al-awsat English

Businessman Ahmed Abou Hashima claims circulated clips are 'fabricated' - Egypt IndependentBusinessman Ahmed Abou Hashima claims circulated clips are 'fabricated'  Egypt Independent

Trade exchange bet. Egypt, UK hikes 9.4% in 9 months - EgypttodayTrade exchange bet. Egypt, UK hikes 9.4% in 9 months  Egypttoday

Incendiary balloons are launched at Israel – but addressed to Egypt - HaaretzIncendiary balloons are launched at Israel – but addressed to Egypt  Haaretz

Israel begins exporting natural gas to Egypt - Aljazeera.comIsrael begins exporting natural gas to Egypt  Aljazeera.com

Former president accuses Saudis, UAE and Egypt of leading counter-revolution in North Africa - Middle East MonitorFormer president accuses Saudis, UAE and Egypt of leading counter-revolution in North Africa  Middle East Monitor

Egyptian security forces raid Turkish news agency in Cairo - Al Jazeera EnglishEgyptian security forces raid Turkish news agency in Cairo  Al Jazeera English

Instagram influencer and YouTuber arrested for climbing pyramids in Egypt - Times of IndiaInstagram influencer and YouTuber arrested for climbing pyramids in Egypt  Times of India

Egypt breakthrough: How ’ancient treasure map’ exposed Tutankhamun secret - Express.co.ukEgypt breakthrough: How ’ancient treasure map’ exposed Tutankhamun secret  Express.co.uk

70 species threatened with extinction in Egypt - Egypttoday70 species threatened with extinction in Egypt  Egypttoday

Google celebrates Egyptian Lawyer Moufida Abdel Rahman's 106th birthday - Egypt IndependentGoogle celebrates Egyptian Lawyer Moufida Abdel Rahman's 106th birthday  Egypt Independent

Two Democratic senators will call on Trump to impose sanctions on Egyptian officials after jailed U.S. citizen dies - The Washington PostTwo Democratic senators will call on Trump to impose sanctions on Egyptian officials after jailed U.S. citizen dies  The Washington Post

AU 39th session of PRC kicks off under Egypt's presidency - EgypttodayAU 39th session of PRC kicks off under Egypt's presidency  Egypttoday

Egypt primary surplus at 30 bln EGP in H1 FY 19/20 - ReutersEgypt primary surplus at 30 bln EGP in H1 FY 19/20  Reuters

Lawmakers and activists call for admin to hold Egypt accountable for American's death - CNNLawmakers and activists call for admin to hold Egypt accountable for American's death  CNN

'Where is he?': Egyptian government ordered to reveal location of Mostafa al-Naggar - Middle East Eye'Where is he?': Egyptian government ordered to reveal location of Mostafa al-Naggar  Middle East Eye

Aubameyang to face Salah in World Cup qualifying as Egypt and Gabon drawn together - Goal.comAubameyang to face Salah in World Cup qualifying as Egypt and Gabon drawn together  Goal.com

Number of church registrations in Egypt continues to rise - Barnabas FundNumber of church registrations in Egypt continues to rise  Barnabas Fund

Hany El Behairy first Egyptian to join Louvre fashion show in Paris - Egypt IndependentHany El Behairy first Egyptian to join Louvre fashion show in Paris  Egypt Independent

D'Nile isn't just a river in Egypt - Arutz ShevaD'Nile isn't just a river in Egypt  Arutz Sheva

Food in Egypt: 13 delicious dishes and drinks you shouldn't miss - CNNFood in Egypt: 13 delicious dishes and drinks you shouldn't miss  CNN

For Egypt, a new sparkling army base instead of a risky military adventure in Libya - HaaretzFor Egypt, a new sparkling army base instead of a risky military adventure in Libya  Haaretz

Egypt discover their opponents in U-20 Arab Cup draw - KingFutEgypt discover their opponents in U-20 Arab Cup draw  KingFut

‘The Crow’, ‘I, Robot’ & ‘Gods Of Egypt’ Director Alex Proyas Signs With Gersh - Deadline‘The Crow’, ‘I, Robot’ & ‘Gods Of Egypt’ Director Alex Proyas Signs With Gersh  Deadline

Rania Al-Mashat appointed Egypt's governor at World Bank, several other financial institutions - Egypt IndependentRania Al-Mashat appointed Egypt's governor at World Bank, several other financial institutions  Egypt Independent

Egypt Egyptian political party leaders react to Sisi's merger proposal - Al-MonitorEgypt Egyptian political party leaders react to Sisi's merger proposal  Al-Monitor

Egypt’s Red-Hot Currency Continues to Rise as Inflows Pick Up - BloombergEgypt’s Red-Hot Currency Continues to Rise as Inflows Pick Up  Bloomberg

Lawsuit demands Turkey to repay Egypt 23M gold coins - EgypttodayLawsuit demands Turkey to repay Egypt 23M gold coins  Egypttoday

Egypt's economic reform proves successful: Egypt's PM - Egypt IndependentEgypt's economic reform proves successful: Egypt's PM  Egypt Independent

In Montreal, Egyptian Mummies, in 3-D, Have Secrets to Share - National ReviewIn Montreal, Egyptian Mummies, in 3-D, Have Secrets to Share  National Review

Egypt sovereign fund bringing in Actis to help attract investment - ReutersEgypt sovereign fund bringing in Actis to help attract investment  Reuters

Egypt extends state of emergency to 3 years - ChronicleEgypt extends state of emergency to 3 years  Chronicle

Video Showing Sexual Assault by Mob in Egypt Draws Outrage - The New York TimesVideo Showing Sexual Assault by Mob in Egypt Draws Outrage  The New York Times

Israel to host music festival in Egypt's Sinai - Middle East MonitorIsrael to host music festival in Egypt's Sinai  Middle East Monitor

Zooba’s Carb-Happy Koshari Sticks to Its Egyptian Roots - Grub StreetZooba’s Carb-Happy Koshari Sticks to Its Egyptian Roots  Grub Street

Egypt court sentences former Italian honorary consul to 15 years for smuggling artefacts - Politics - Egypt - Ahram OnlineEgypt court sentences former Italian honorary consul to 15 years for smuggling artefacts - Politics - Egypt  Ahram Online

Security requires eradicating terrorism: Egypt's religious endowments minister - Politics - Egypt - Ahram OnlineSecurity requires eradicating terrorism: Egypt's religious endowments minister - Politics - Egypt  Ahram Online

Egypt's head-to-head record against Gabon, Libya and Angola - National Teams - Sports - Ahram OnlineEgypt's head-to-head record against Gabon, Libya and Angola - National Teams - Sports  Ahram Online

Egypt- 9 oil, gas search agreements signed at $452m investment in Mediterranean, Western Desert - MENAFN.COMEgypt- 9 oil, gas search agreements signed at $452m investment in Mediterranean, Western Desert  MENAFN.COM

Brunette Bombshell Demi Rose Shares Stunning Snaps From Egypt - The InquisitrBrunette Bombshell Demi Rose Shares Stunning Snaps From Egypt  The Inquisitr

‘Dream come true!’ How Egypt archaeologist uncovered intact mummy - Express.co.uk‘Dream come true!’ How Egypt archaeologist uncovered intact mummy  Express.co.uk

Egypt road accidents kill 28 including tourists - Al Jazeera EnglishEgypt road accidents kill 28 including tourists  Al Jazeera English

Egyptian admits to killing daughter over socks | Mena - Gulf NewsEgyptian admits to killing daughter over socks | Mena  Gulf News

Egypt Post wins Excellence Award for best postal development in Africa - MENAFN.COMEgypt Post wins Excellence Award for best postal development in Africa  MENAFN.COM

In major development, Israel starts pumping gas to Egypt - HaaretzIn major development, Israel starts pumping gas to Egypt  Haaretz

Hamas denies rift with Egypt over Haniyeh's Iran visit - Middle East MonitorHamas denies rift with Egypt over Haniyeh's Iran visit  Middle East Monitor

Egypt begins construction of Middle East’s largest private medical city - Construction ReviewEgypt begins construction of Middle East’s largest private medical city  Construction Review

Instagrammer, Jailed For Climbing Pyramid In Egypt, Reveals Why He Did It - NDTV NewsInstagrammer, Jailed For Climbing Pyramid In Egypt, Reveals Why He Did It  NDTV News

How an Egyptian village turns a profit on used tyres - DispatchLIVEHow an Egyptian village turns a profit on used tyres  DispatchLIVE

Egyptian Academy for Engineering, Zewail City sign cooperation protocol - EgypttodayEgyptian Academy for Engineering, Zewail City sign cooperation protocol  Egypttoday

Egypt paired with Gabon, Libya, Angola in 2022 World Cup qualifiers - National Teams - Sports - Ahram OnlineEgypt paired with Gabon, Libya, Angola in 2022 World Cup qualifiers - National Teams - Sports  Ahram Online

Arabic press review: Dire conditions see Egyptian doctors resign en masse - Middle East EyeArabic press review: Dire conditions see Egyptian doctors resign en masse  Middle East Eye

Egypt: Rights Activist Assaulted - Human Rights WatchEgypt: Rights Activist Assaulted  Human Rights Watch

Egypt Attempts to Restore a Historic Synagogue in order to Provide Cover for Many Sins - MosaicEgypt Attempts to Restore a Historic Synagogue in order to Provide Cover for Many Sins  Mosaic

Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood changes course - Anadolu AgencyEgypt's Muslim Brotherhood changes course  Anadolu Agency

Egypt competition watchdog approves Uber acquisition of Careem with conditions - ReutersEgypt competition watchdog approves Uber acquisition of Careem with conditions  Reuters

Honeywell, Etisalat Misr and ACUD to deploy technology for Egypt's smart city - Technical Review Middle EastHoneywell, Etisalat Misr and ACUD to deploy technology for Egypt's smart city  Technical Review Middle East

Mixed reactions over turning Egypt's Investment Ministry into authority - Al-MonitorMixed reactions over turning Egypt's Investment Ministry into authority  Al-Monitor

EFA official meets Mohamed Salah over preparations for 2022 World Cup - Egypt IndependentEFA official meets Mohamed Salah over preparations for 2022 World Cup  Egypt Independent

Egypt's ex-chief of staff released after nearly 2 years in prison - Al Jazeera EnglishEgypt's ex-chief of staff released after nearly 2 years in prison  Al Jazeera English

In Photos: Egypt's Saint Catherine Covered In Snow - Egyptian StreetsIn Photos: Egypt's Saint Catherine Covered In Snow  Egyptian Streets

Al Jazeera's Mahmoud Hussein held in Egypt prison for 3 years - Al Jazeera EnglishAl Jazeera's Mahmoud Hussein held in Egypt prison for 3 years  Al Jazeera English

Five million expected to visit Grand Egyptian Museum annually: Egyptian Cabinet - Egypt IndependentFive million expected to visit Grand Egyptian Museum annually: Egyptian Cabinet  Egypt Independent

Code name 'Angel': Mossad agent who handled Israel's greatest spy speaks out - HaaretzCode name 'Angel': Mossad agent who handled Israel's greatest spy speaks out  Haaretz

Amid Turkey deployment bid, France, Egypt urge restraint in Libya - Al Jazeera EnglishAmid Turkey deployment bid, France, Egypt urge restraint in Libya  Al Jazeera English

Egypt orders retrial of monks sentenced to death for bishop's murder - ReutersEgypt orders retrial of monks sentenced to death for bishop's murder  Reuters

Archaeological reproductions to be sold in Egyptian airports - EgypttodayArchaeological reproductions to be sold in Egyptian airports  Egypttoday

Egypt demonstrates aerial refuelling for combat aircraft - IHS Jane's 360Egypt demonstrates aerial refuelling for combat aircraft  IHS Jane's 360

4000-Year-Old Guide to the Ancient Egyptian Underworld May Be Oldest Illustrated 'Book' - Smithsonian.com4000-Year-Old Guide to the Ancient Egyptian Underworld May Be Oldest Illustrated 'Book'  Smithsonian.com

Honeywell, Etisalat Misr, ACUD to deploy tech at Egypt's smart city - Construction Week OnlineHoneywell, Etisalat Misr, ACUD to deploy tech at Egypt's smart city  Construction Week Online

Dyer: Egypt, Ethiopia close to war over dam's effect on Nile water flow - The London Free PressDyer: Egypt, Ethiopia close to war over dam's effect on Nile water flow  The London Free Press

Video: Egypt's oldest pyramid opens in 2020 for first time - Egypt IndependentVideo: Egypt's oldest pyramid opens in 2020 for first time  Egypt Independent

Egypt's Sphinx Airport receives first international flight - Egypt IndependentEgypt's Sphinx Airport receives first international flight  Egypt Independent

An Afterlife So Perilous, You Needed a Guidebook - The New York TimesAn Afterlife So Perilous, You Needed a Guidebook  The New York Times