Algeria

Country Algeria
Capital Algiers
Continent Africa
Currency Algerian dinar(DZD)
Languages Arabic

Information

Introduction

After more than a century of rule by France, Algerians fought through much of the 1950s to achieve independence in 1962. Algeria's primary political party, the National Liberation Front (FLN), has dominated politics ever since. Many Algerians in the subsequent generation were not satisfied, however, and moved to counter the FLN's centrality in Algerian politics. The surprising first round success of the Islamic Salvation Front (FIS) in the December 1991 balloting spurred the Algerian army to intervene and postpone the second round of elections to prevent what the secular elite feared would be an extremist-led government from assuming power. The army began a crackdown on the FIS that spurred FIS supporters to begin attacking government targets. The government later allowed elections featuring pro-government and moderate religious-based parties, but this did not appease the activists who progressively widened their attacks. The fighting escalated into an insurgency, which saw intense fighting between 1992-98 resulting in over 100,000 deaths - many attributed to indiscriminate massacres of villagers by extremists. The government gained the upper hand by the late-1990s and FIS's armed wing, the Islamic Salvation Army, disbanded in January 2000. Abdelaziz BOUTEFLIKA, with the backing of the military, won the presidency in 1999 in an election widely viewed as fraudulent and was reelected in a landslide victory in 2004. BOUTEFLIKA was overwhelmingly reelected to a third term in 2009 after the government amended the constitution in 2008 to remove presidential term limits. Longstanding problems continue to face BOUTEFLIKA, including large-scale unemployment, a shortage of housing, unreliable electrical and water supplies, government inefficiencies and corruption, and the continuing activities of extremist militants. The Salafist Group for Preaching and Combat (GSPC) in 2006 merged with al-Qai'da to form al-Qai'da in the Lands of the Islamic Maghreb, which has launched an ongoing series of kidnappings and bombings - including high-profile, mass-casualty suicide attacks targeting the Algerian Government and Western interests.

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References

Algeria - Wikipedia
Algeria - CIA World Fact Book
Algeria - BBC
Algeria - Timeline - BBC

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Algerians have been protesting for months. What’s changed? - Washington PostAlgerians have been protesting for months. What’s changed?  Washington Post

Algeria jails 22 protesters over Berber flags - FRANCE 24Algeria jails 22 protesters over Berber flags  FRANCE 24

Oscar Niemeyer’s Algerian architecture uncovered - Wallpaper*Oscar Niemeyer’s Algerian architecture uncovered  Wallpaper*

Algeria magistrates end strike over reshuffle - Al Jazeera EnglishAlgeria magistrates end strike over reshuffle  Al Jazeera English

Algeria jails protesters over waving Berber flags - Middle East MonitorAlgeria jails protesters over waving Berber flags  Middle East Monitor

Brahimi left out as Belmadi makes six changes to Algeria squad - BBC NewsBrahimi left out as Belmadi makes six changes to Algeria squad  BBC News

Algeria presidential election: Five candidates announced - Al Jazeera EnglishAlgeria presidential election: Five candidates announced  Al Jazeera English

Algeria council selects 5 candidates for presidential race - Daily SabahAlgeria council selects 5 candidates for presidential race  Daily Sabah

Algerian protesters march on in defiance of 'The Power' - ReutersAlgerian protesters march on in defiance of 'The Power'  Reuters

Algerians Protest Election Plan, Mark Independence War - VOA NewsAlgerians Protest Election Plan, Mark Independence War  VOA News

Algeria's Sonatrach renews long-term gas sales contract with Italy's Edison - S&P GlobalAlgeria's Sonatrach renews long-term gas sales contract with Italy's Edison  S&P Global

Algerian energy law fuels anger on streets - Saudi GazetteAlgerian energy law fuels anger on streets  Saudi Gazette

IOCs retain Algerian caution - Petroleum EconomistIOCs retain Algerian caution  Petroleum Economist

Algeria arrests fifth journalist amid anti-government protests - CPJ Press Freedom OnlineAlgeria arrests fifth journalist amid anti-government protests  CPJ Press Freedom Online

Algeria: Crackdown on Protestant Faith - Human Rights WatchAlgeria: Crackdown on Protestant Faith  Human Rights Watch

Algeria registers 22 candidates for presidential election - FRANCE 24 EnglishAlgeria registers 22 candidates for presidential election  FRANCE 24 English

Algeria target Zambia scalp - SuperSportAlgeria target Zambia scalp  SuperSport

Algeria: Persecution of Christians Continues Unbroken - Gatestone InstituteAlgeria: Persecution of Christians Continues Unbroken  Gatestone Institute

USCIRF Alarmed Over Systematic Church Closures in Algeria - United States Commission on International Religious FreedomUSCIRF Alarmed Over Systematic Church Closures in Algeria  United States Commission on International Religious Freedom

Manager Appointed For Nexus Automotive Algeria As Nexus Fulfills Pledge To Have 'Feet On The Ground' In Africa - AftermarketNews.com (AMN)Manager Appointed For Nexus Automotive Algeria As Nexus Fulfills Pledge To Have 'Feet On The Ground' In Africa  AftermarketNews.com (AMN)

Algerian Protesters Are Still in the Streets, Months After Pushing Out Longtime President Bouteflika - Democracy Now!Algerian Protesters Are Still in the Streets, Months After Pushing Out Longtime President Bouteflika  Democracy Now!

Rain halts oil shipments from Algeria's Skikda-Ennahar - ReutersRain halts oil shipments from Algeria's Skikda-Ennahar  Reuters

Manchester City and Algeria successes boosted my confidence, says Mahrez - The GuardianManchester City and Algeria successes boosted my confidence, says Mahrez  The Guardian

The Algerian Hirak: Young people and the non-violent revolution - Open DemocracyThe Algerian Hirak: Young people and the non-violent revolution  Open Democracy

Algerian Presidential Candidate Calls for Rapprochement with Morocco - Morocco World NewsAlgerian Presidential Candidate Calls for Rapprochement with Morocco  Morocco World News

Algerian 'Hirak' is neither a revolution nor a social movement - Daily SabahAlgerian 'Hirak' is neither a revolution nor a social movement  Daily Sabah

Bouteflika-era figure makes Algeria presidential run - FRANCE 24Bouteflika-era figure makes Algeria presidential run  FRANCE 24

Algerian giants USM Alger face uncertain future with owner in jail - BBC NewsAlgerian giants USM Alger face uncertain future with owner in jail  BBC News

Algeria's hydrocarbon reform adds fuel to protest movement - Al-MonitorAlgeria's hydrocarbon reform adds fuel to protest movement  Al-Monitor

Algerian court places journalist in custody - ReutersAlgerian court places journalist in custody  Reuters

Social and economic woes weigh heavily on Algeria's future - Equal TimesSocial and economic woes weigh heavily on Algeria's future  Equal Times

The Ann Coulter of France is a Jew of Algerian heritage - The Times of IsraelThe Ann Coulter of France is a Jew of Algerian heritage  The Times of Israel

Arkad-ABB awarded EPC contract for Algeria compression station - World PipelinesArkad-ABB awarded EPC contract for Algeria compression station  World Pipelines

Italy to Make It Easier for Algerians to Get a Schengen Visa - SchengenVisaInfo.comItaly to Make It Easier for Algerians to Get a Schengen Visa  SchengenVisaInfo.com

Exploring Algerian culture, self-presentation at new Wallach gallery exhibition - CU Columbia SpectatorExploring Algerian culture, self-presentation at new Wallach gallery exhibition  CU Columbia Spectator

How Algerians who fought for France faced persecution - BBC NewsHow Algerians who fought for France faced persecution  BBC News

Algerian magistrates protest at Supreme Court amid crisis - Washington PostAlgerian magistrates protest at Supreme Court amid crisis  Washington Post

IOM organizes first humanitarian charter flight from Algeria to Niger - Niger - ReliefWebIOM organizes first humanitarian charter flight from Algeria to Niger - Niger  ReliefWeb

Algerian judges clash with riot police during lawyers' strike - The New ArabAlgerian judges clash with riot police during lawyers' strike  The New Arab

Energy revenue drop widens Algeria's trade deficit - ReutersEnergy revenue drop widens Algeria's trade deficit  Reuters

Algerian and French federations to discuss friendly - BBC NewsAlgerian and French federations to discuss friendly  BBC News

Algeria Forces Christians Out of the Country's Largest Churches - ChristianityToday.comAlgeria Forces Christians Out of the Country's Largest Churches  ChristianityToday.com

Algerian court detains former minister over corruption allegations - ReutersAlgerian court detains former minister over corruption allegations  Reuters

UPDATE 1-Algeria launches tender to purchase milling wheat - ReutersUPDATE 1-Algeria launches tender to purchase milling wheat  Reuters

Onyekuru's position changed my free-kick against Nigeria - Algeria's Mahrez - Goal.comOnyekuru's position changed my free-kick against Nigeria - Algeria's Mahrez  Goal.com

Algeria to build 50MW solar power plant - Construction ReviewAlgeria to build 50MW solar power plant  Construction Review

Algeria judges launch strike ahead of contentious presidential polls - Middle East EyeAlgeria judges launch strike ahead of contentious presidential polls  Middle East Eye

Raja Meziane: Algerian unsigned singer becomes sound of revolution - BBC NewsRaja Meziane: Algerian unsigned singer becomes sound of revolution  BBC News

Algerian Gov Officials Close Down Country's Largest Christian Churches - CBN NewsAlgerian Gov Officials Close Down Country's Largest Christian Churches  CBN News

Photos of Protests Around the World: Catalonia, Hong Kong, Lebanon, Chile, Algeria | Best Countries - U.S. News & World ReportPhotos of Protests Around the World: Catalonia, Hong Kong, Lebanon, Chile, Algeria | Best Countries  U.S. News & World Report

Canadian weapons sales to Algeria on eve of U.N arms treaty ‘troubling,’ say experts - CTV NewsCanadian weapons sales to Algeria on eve of U.N arms treaty ‘troubling,’ say experts  CTV News

Jordanian Ambassador to Algeria passes away - Roya News EnglishJordanian Ambassador to Algeria passes away  Roya News English

Nov 12, 2019 8:00:am Algeria's tortuous E&P reform [NGW Magazine] - Natural Gas WorldNov 12, 2019 8:00:am Algeria's tortuous E&P reform [NGW Magazine]  Natural Gas World

Algeria protesters keep up pressure as deadline looms for presidential bids - Middle East EyeAlgeria protesters keep up pressure as deadline looms for presidential bids  Middle East Eye

Algeria's Falling Oil Output Shifts Focus to Shale Gas - RigzoneAlgeria's Falling Oil Output Shifts Focus to Shale Gas  Rigzone

ALGERIA'S OIL SHIPMENTS FROM SKIKDA HALTED BECAUSE OF RAIN DAMAGE, ENNAHAR SAYS - NO OFFICIAL CONFIRMATION - Yahoo NewsALGERIA'S OIL SHIPMENTS FROM SKIKDA HALTED BECAUSE OF RAIN DAMAGE, ENNAHAR SAYS - NO OFFICIAL CONFIRMATION  Yahoo News

The Arab world faces more challenges than just toppling autocrats - Washington PostThe Arab world faces more challenges than just toppling autocrats  Washington Post

Algeria deports 3200 sub-Saharan Africans in one month - Middle East MonitorAlgeria deports 3200 sub-Saharan Africans in one month  Middle East Monitor

Shepherd Professor Serves as Expert on Algerian Humor - Morgan County USAShepherd Professor Serves as Expert on Algerian Humor  Morgan County USA

Chipolopolo foreign-based stars troop into Blida ahead of Algeria showdown - zambianfootball.co.zmChipolopolo foreign-based stars troop into Blida ahead of Algeria showdown  zambianfootball.co.zm

Belaid to Asharq Al-Awsat: For First Time, Algerians Won’t Know Winner of Elections Beforehand - Asharq Al-awsat EnglishBelaid to Asharq Al-Awsat: For First Time, Algerians Won’t Know Winner of Elections Beforehand  Asharq Al-awsat English

Locally based Copper Bullets, Sunzu arrive in Algeria, Others on the way - zambianfootball.co.zmLocally based Copper Bullets, Sunzu arrive in Algeria, Others on the way  zambianfootball.co.zm

AFCON 2021 Qualifiers: Kabaso Chongo upbeat ahead of Algeria showdown - Futaa.comAFCON 2021 Qualifiers: Kabaso Chongo upbeat ahead of Algeria showdown  Futaa.com

Za mu kammala ginin sabuwar titi daga Abuja zuwa kasar Algeria cikin shekaru 3 – Fashola - Latest News in Nigeria & Breaking Naija News 24/7 | LEGIT.NGZa mu kammala ginin sabuwar titi daga Abuja zuwa kasar Algeria cikin shekaru 3 – Fashola  Latest News in Nigeria & Breaking Naija News 24/7 | LEGIT.NG

AFCON 2021 Qualifiers: Ugandans to officiate African champions Algeria's away match - Kawowo SportsAFCON 2021 Qualifiers: Ugandans to officiate African champions Algeria's away match  Kawowo Sports

Nigeria-Algeria highway gets Buhari's approval - NairametricsNigeria-Algeria highway gets Buhari's approval  Nairametrics

Protesters in Algeria Won New Elections, but What They Really Want Is an End to Military Influence in Politics - Foreign PolicyProtesters in Algeria Won New Elections, but What They Really Want Is an End to Military Influence in Politics  Foreign Policy

Algeria's protesters march against ruling elite as elections approach - ReutersAlgeria's protesters march against ruling elite as elections approach  Reuters

Proposals for regularizing situation of graduates under pre-employment contracts examined - Algeria Press ServiceProposals for regularizing situation of graduates under pre-employment contracts examined  Algeria Press Service

In an Epic Standoff, Unarmed Algerians Get the Army to Blink - The New York TimesIn an Epic Standoff, Unarmed Algerians Get the Army to Blink  The New York Times

Said Bouteflika: Brother of deposed Algerian leader sentenced to 15 years - BBC NewsSaid Bouteflika: Brother of deposed Algerian leader sentenced to 15 years  BBC News

Stalemate in Algeria six months after start of protests that ousted leader - The GuardianStalemate in Algeria six months after start of protests that ousted leader  The Guardian

Algeria protests: how disinformation spread on social media - BBC NewsAlgeria protests: how disinformation spread on social media  BBC News

Thousands of Algeria protesters defy army chief's clampdown - FRANCE 24 EnglishThousands of Algeria protesters defy army chief's clampdown  FRANCE 24 English

Algeria protesters demand army quit politics after cleric urges election - ReutersAlgeria protesters demand army quit politics after cleric urges election  Reuters

Soolking: Stampede at Algeria rap concert 'kills at least five' - BBC NewsSoolking: Stampede at Algeria rap concert 'kills at least five'  BBC News

Thousands march in Algeria, say no election before elite quits - ReutersThousands march in Algeria, say no election before elite quits  Reuters

Algeria: End clampdown on protests amid wave of arrests targeting demonstrators - Amnesty InternationalAlgeria: End clampdown on protests amid wave of arrests targeting demonstrators  Amnesty International

Algeria: Tightening the Screws on Protests - Human Rights WatchAlgeria: Tightening the Screws on Protests  Human Rights Watch

Hundreds of Algerians protest against proposed energy law - ReutersHundreds of Algerians protest against proposed energy law  Reuters

As the West toasted men on the moon, Algeria held a party to a post-imperial world - The Conversation - AfricaAs the West toasted men on the moon, Algeria held a party to a post-imperial world  The Conversation - Africa

Algeria’s military ruler ramps up crackdown on uprising - Financial TimesAlgeria’s military ruler ramps up crackdown on uprising  Financial Times

The Kasbah of Algiers, a symbol of Algeria - Revisited - FRANCE 24The Kasbah of Algiers, a symbol of Algeria - Revisited  FRANCE 24

Algeria to block Total from buying Anadarko's Algerian assets: minister - ReutersAlgeria to block Total from buying Anadarko's Algerian assets: minister  Reuters

Algeria culture minister quits after concert stampede - BBC NewsAlgeria culture minister quits after concert stampede  BBC News

In Algeria, conservatives weigh in against pressure for Western-style democracy - ReutersIn Algeria, conservatives weigh in against pressure for Western-style democracy  Reuters

Algeria's Moment of Truth | by Zaki Laïdi - Project SyndicateAlgeria's Moment of Truth | by Zaki Laïdi  Project Syndicate

Algeria has dominated in the Africa Cup soccer tournament. The French far right has a problem with that. - The Washington PostAlgeria has dominated in the Africa Cup soccer tournament. The French far right has a problem with that.  The Washington Post

Algeria faces more protests over caretaker government - The GuardianAlgeria faces more protests over caretaker government  The Guardian

Algeria to hold presidential election this year: interim president - ReutersAlgeria to hold presidential election this year: interim president  Reuters

Algeria's one-time kingmaker goes on trial - Reuters.comAlgeria's one-time kingmaker goes on trial  Reuters.com

Algeria protests: Youth lead the movement for change - BBC NewsAlgeria protests: Youth lead the movement for change  BBC News

Algerian protesters keep up pressure on country's rulers - ReutersAlgerian protesters keep up pressure on country's rulers  Reuters

Algeria army chief calls for elections this year - ReutersAlgeria army chief calls for elections this year  Reuters

Algeria hospital fire kills eight infants - BBC NewsAlgeria hospital fire kills eight infants  BBC News

The Fight for Freedom in Algeria Isn't Finished - Foreign PolicyThe Fight for Freedom in Algeria Isn't Finished  Foreign Policy

Algerian economy creaks at the seams after six months of turmoil - ReutersAlgerian economy creaks at the seams after six months of turmoil  Reuters

Algerians tired of ruling cadre march as ex-premiers bid for presidency - ReutersAlgerians tired of ruling cadre march as ex-premiers bid for presidency  Reuters

No let-up in sight as Algeria's protest movement enters 7th month - Al Jazeera EnglishNo let-up in sight as Algeria's protest movement enters 7th month  Al Jazeera English

Algerian protesters push for reforms, man tries to burn himself - ReutersAlgerian protesters push for reforms, man tries to burn himself  Reuters