Algeria

Country Algeria
Capital Algiers
Continent Africa
Currency Algerian dinar(DZD)
Languages Arabic

Information

Introduction

After more than a century of rule by France, Algerians fought through much of the 1950s to achieve independence in 1962. Algeria's primary political party, the National Liberation Front (FLN), has dominated politics ever since. Many Algerians in the subsequent generation were not satisfied, however, and moved to counter the FLN's centrality in Algerian politics. The surprising first round success of the Islamic Salvation Front (FIS) in the December 1991 balloting spurred the Algerian army to intervene and postpone the second round of elections to prevent what the secular elite feared would be an extremist-led government from assuming power. The army began a crackdown on the FIS that spurred FIS supporters to begin attacking government targets. The government later allowed elections featuring pro-government and moderate religious-based parties, but this did not appease the activists who progressively widened their attacks. The fighting escalated into an insurgency, which saw intense fighting between 1992-98 resulting in over 100,000 deaths - many attributed to indiscriminate massacres of villagers by extremists. The government gained the upper hand by the late-1990s and FIS's armed wing, the Islamic Salvation Army, disbanded in January 2000. Abdelaziz BOUTEFLIKA, with the backing of the military, won the presidency in 1999 in an election widely viewed as fraudulent and was reelected in a landslide victory in 2004. BOUTEFLIKA was overwhelmingly reelected to a third term in 2009 after the government amended the constitution in 2008 to remove presidential term limits. Longstanding problems continue to face BOUTEFLIKA, including large-scale unemployment, a shortage of housing, unreliable electrical and water supplies, government inefficiencies and corruption, and the continuing activities of extremist militants. The Salafist Group for Preaching and Combat (GSPC) in 2006 merged with al-Qai'da to form al-Qai'da in the Lands of the Islamic Maghreb, which has launched an ongoing series of kidnappings and bombings - including high-profile, mass-casualty suicide attacks targeting the Algerian Government and Western interests.

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References

Algeria - Wikipedia
Algeria - CIA World Fact Book
Algeria - BBC
Algeria - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

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Algeria to welcome home independence fighters' remains - Anadolu Agency
  1. Algeria to welcome home independence fighters' remains  Anadolu Agency
  2. France to return skulls of 24 Algerian anti-colonial fighters, Algiers says  BBC News
  3. France to return remains of 24 fighters killed during colonisation of Algeria  FRANCE 24 English
  4. Algeria says France to return remains of 24 resistance fighters  Arab News
  5. John F. Kennedy on the Algerian crisis  America Magazine
  6. View Full coverage on Google News


On Tocqueville in Algeria and epistemic violence - Al Jazeera EnglishOn Tocqueville in Algeria and epistemic violence  Al Jazeera English

Algeria receives remains of Algerians who fought French colonisation - TRT WorldAlgeria receives remains of Algerians who fought French colonisation  TRT World

Algeria prepares new plan to revive economy, reduce dependence on oil - Reuters IndiaAlgeria prepares new plan to revive economy, reduce dependence on oil  Reuters India

Armelle Khellas: Algeria defender signs for ASPTT Albi - Goal.comArmelle Khellas: Algeria defender signs for ASPTT Albi  Goal.com

Algeria to place targeted lockdown measures against COVID-19 - cgtn.comAlgeria to place targeted lockdown measures against COVID-19  cgtn.com

Covid-19 Has Put Algeria’s Peaceful Revolution on Hold - The NationCovid-19 Has Put Algeria’s Peaceful Revolution on Hold  The Nation

France Returns Remains of Algerian Resistance Fighters - IDN InDepthNews | Analysis That MattersFrance Returns Remains of Algerian Resistance Fighters  IDN InDepthNews | Analysis That Matters

Idir: how a song from the village took Algerian music to the world - The Conversation CAIdir: how a song from the village took Algerian music to the world  The Conversation CA

Algerians left stranded in France over coronavirus fears - FRANCE 24Algerians left stranded in France over coronavirus fears  FRANCE 24

Algerian court releases jailed anti-gov't protest leader Tabbou - Al Jazeera EnglishAlgerian court releases jailed anti-gov't protest leader Tabbou  Al Jazeera English

Algeria to keep borders closed until COVID-19 ends - Xinhua | English.news.cn - XinhuaAlgeria to keep borders closed until COVID-19 ends - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

May 8: Algeria will officially mourn Europe’s day of celebration - TRT WorldMay 8: Algeria will officially mourn Europe’s day of celebration  TRT World

Algerian prez welcomes move to end Moroccan cold war - Anadolu AgencyAlgerian prez welcomes move to end Moroccan cold war  Anadolu Agency

Algeria: Realities and challenges | International Financial Law Review - International Financial Law ReviewAlgeria: Realities and challenges | International Financial Law Review  International Financial Law Review

Algeria’s rulers consolidate grip as economy falters - Financial TimesAlgeria’s rulers consolidate grip as economy falters  Financial Times

Traditional and modern ways to approach COVID-19 in Algeria - UNDPTraditional and modern ways to approach COVID-19 in Algeria  UNDP

Algeria: President Tebboune (already) reshuffles the government - The Africa ReportAlgeria: President Tebboune (already) reshuffles the government  The Africa Report

Ex-Algeria premier jailed for 12 years for corruption - Anadolu AgencyEx-Algeria premier jailed for 12 years for corruption  Anadolu Agency

Libyan premier arrives in Algeria for talks - Anadolu AgencyLibyan premier arrives in Algeria for talks  Anadolu Agency

From militants to student activists: The women who fought for Algeria - Middle East EyeFrom militants to student activists: The women who fought for Algeria  Middle East Eye

Africa: Idir - How a Song From the Village Took Algerian Music to the World - AllAfrica - Top Africa NewsAfrica: Idir - How a Song From the Village Took Algerian Music to the World  AllAfrica - Top Africa News

As Taboos on IMF Aid Crumble, Algeria Remains an African Holdout - BloombergQuintAs Taboos on IMF Aid Crumble, Algeria Remains an African Holdout  BloombergQuint

Algeria: Constitutional reform process undermined by crackdown - Amnesty InternationalAlgeria: Constitutional reform process undermined by crackdown  Amnesty International

Algeria steps up diplomacy in hopes of ending Libya's war - Al Jazeera EnglishAlgeria steps up diplomacy in hopes of ending Libya's war  Al Jazeera English

Falling out between Algiers and Paris comes to an end - The Africa ReportFalling out between Algiers and Paris comes to an end  The Africa Report

Algeria : Reopening Algeria to foreign investments - LexologyAlgeria : Reopening Algeria to foreign investments  Lexology

WFP Algeria Country Brief, May 2020 - Algeria - ReliefWebWFP Algeria Country Brief, May 2020 - Algeria  ReliefWeb

Algeria to further relax coronavirus lockdown - ReutersAlgeria to further relax coronavirus lockdown  Reuters

Algeria's first mounting system manufacturer - pv magazine InternationalAlgeria's first mounting system manufacturer  pv magazine International

Algeria offers mediating role in Libya as UN condemns mass graves - Al Jazeera EnglishAlgeria offers mediating role in Libya as UN condemns mass graves  Al Jazeera English

Algeria to produce PPE with TIKA's support - Algeria - ReliefWebAlgeria to produce PPE with TIKA's support - Algeria  ReliefWeb

Algeria weighs plan to allow army deployments abroad, as Tebboune - The New ArabAlgeria weighs plan to allow army deployments abroad, as Tebboune  The New Arab

Kabylia: MEP Questions Treatment of the Kabyle People - UNPOKabylia: MEP Questions Treatment of the Kabyle People  UNPO

Algeria: Largest Islamist party voices concerns over draft constitutional amendment - Middle East MonitorAlgeria: Largest Islamist party voices concerns over draft constitutional amendment  Middle East Monitor

Algerian regime maintains its attacks on civilians, jails mother of two - North Africa JournalAlgerian regime maintains its attacks on civilians, jails mother of two  North Africa Journal

Algeria sentences prominent activist to prison - Yahoo NewsAlgeria sentences prominent activist to prison  Yahoo News

Algeria virus cases hit daily record - Medical XpressAlgeria virus cases hit daily record  Medical Xpress

Algerian journalist Ali Djamel Toubal sentenced to 2 years in prison over Facebook posts - CPJ Press Freedom OnlineAlgerian journalist Ali Djamel Toubal sentenced to 2 years in prison over Facebook posts  CPJ Press Freedom Online

Spain Reopens Borders to 12 Third-Countries Recommended by EU Council - SchengenVisaInfo.comSpain Reopens Borders to 12 Third-Countries Recommended by EU Council  SchengenVisaInfo.com

Algeria Finally Embraces Foreign Investment: The End of the 49%-51% Rule and the Endorsement of Long-Awaited Measures Inciting FDIs in the 2020 Additional Finance Act - JD SupraAlgeria Finally Embraces Foreign Investment: The End of the 49%-51% Rule and the Endorsement of Long-Awaited Measures Inciting FDIs in the 2020 Additional Finance Act  JD Supra

Algeria to position objected lockdown procedures in opposition to Coronavirus - MENAFN.COMAlgeria to position objected lockdown procedures in opposition to Coronavirus  MENAFN.COM

Algeria to keep borders closed till COVID-19 ends [Morning Call] - Africanews EnglishAlgeria to keep borders closed till COVID-19 ends [Morning Call]  Africanews English

Donovan's World Cup goal against Algeria: The oral history of the most famous moment in USMNT history - ESPNDonovan's World Cup goal against Algeria: The oral history of the most famous moment in USMNT history  ESPN

In Support of Nomadic Bedouins During COVID-19: Algerian Red Crescent Sends Aid to Al-Oued - Algeria - ReliefWebIn Support of Nomadic Bedouins During COVID-19: Algerian Red Crescent Sends Aid to Al-Oued - Algeria  ReliefWeb

Italy: Euro MP condemns Algeria's 'oppression' of Amazigh minority - Middle East MonitorItaly: Euro MP condemns Algeria's 'oppression' of Amazigh minority  Middle East Monitor

Algeria's trade deficit deepens as energy revenue falls - The NationalAlgeria's trade deficit deepens as energy revenue falls  The National

Germany Lifts Entry Ban for Travellers from 11 Third-Countries - Leaves Out Algeria, Morocco, Rwanda & Serbia - SchengenVisaInfo.comGermany Lifts Entry Ban for Travellers from 11 Third-Countries - Leaves Out Algeria, Morocco, Rwanda & Serbia  SchengenVisaInfo.com

Neptune Energy reports major milestone for Touat gas facility in Algeria - Oil Review Middle EastNeptune Energy reports major milestone for Touat gas facility in Algeria  Oil Review Middle East

Algeria-Polisario smear campaigns will not affect Morocco's southern provinces boom - The North Africa PostAlgeria-Polisario smear campaigns will not affect Morocco's southern provinces boom  The North Africa Post

Morocco Summons Algerian Ambassador Over Algeria’s ‘Hostile’ Remarks - Morocco World NewsMorocco Summons Algerian Ambassador Over Algeria’s ‘Hostile’ Remarks  Morocco World News

Ex-Algerian police commander 'contacts Western intelligence agencies for asylum' - Middle East MonitorEx-Algerian police commander 'contacts Western intelligence agencies for asylum'  Middle East Monitor

President Tebboune underlines his commitment to consecration of transparency, assures that Algerian people is his major concern - Algeria Press ServicePresident Tebboune underlines his commitment to consecration of transparency, assures that Algerian people is his major concern  Algeria Press Service

Algeria names new energy and finance ministers: state TV - ReutersAlgeria names new energy and finance ministers: state TV  Reuters

Algeria 'Waiting' for Apology Over French Colonial Occupation - AllAfrica.comAlgeria 'Waiting' for Apology Over French Colonial Occupation  AllAfrica.com

Coronavirus: EU to allow entry to citizens of Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia - The NationalCoronavirus: EU to allow entry to citizens of Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia  The National

Algeria's cereal imports' bill rises in first quarter - Reuters AfricaAlgeria's cereal imports' bill rises in first quarter  Reuters Africa

Benrahma extends scoring run as Brentford fight back to beat Charlton Athletic - Goal.comBenrahma extends scoring run as Brentford fight back to beat Charlton Athletic  Goal.com

Morocco and Algeria Still Can't Define Mutual Wins - International Policy DigestMorocco and Algeria Still Can't Define Mutual Wins  International Policy Digest

Algerian government allows public transport to resume - Xinhua | English.news.cn - XinhuaAlgerian government allows public transport to resume - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

Algeria's health sector suffers 26 deaths from Covid-19, 1,515 cases - ZAWYAAlgeria's health sector suffers 26 deaths from Covid-19, 1,515 cases  ZAWYA

President Tebboune chairs meeting to examine draft national plan for socioeconomic recovery - Algeria Press ServicePresident Tebboune chairs meeting to examine draft national plan for socioeconomic recovery  Algeria Press Service

Nokia and Djezzy tackle growing mobile traffic demand - Capacity MediaNokia and Djezzy tackle growing mobile traffic demand  Capacity Media

Africa’s coronavirus deaths top 11,500 - TASSAfrica’s coronavirus deaths top 11,500  TASS

Algerian Judo Star Promoted To Sports Government Position - FIGHT SPORTSAlgerian Judo Star Promoted To Sports Government Position  FIGHT SPORTS

ALGERIA : Sonatrach eases Altime's pain over Mediterranean games postponement - Africa IntelligenceALGERIA : Sonatrach eases Altime's pain over Mediterranean games postponement  Africa Intelligence

Riyad Mahrez: The Algerian Ace Tearing Premier League Defences Apart Since 2014 - 90minRiyad Mahrez: The Algerian Ace Tearing Premier League Defences Apart Since 2014  90min

Global Date Fruit Market to Observe Exponential Growth 2020-2026 by Egypt, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Algeria - Bandera County CourierGlobal Date Fruit Market to Observe Exponential Growth 2020-2026 by Egypt, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Algeria  Bandera County Courier

Ottawa terror suspect denied state-funded lawyer in extradition fight - Cape Breton PostOttawa terror suspect denied state-funded lawyer in extradition fight  Cape Breton Post

Exclusive: Talent investor People Equity Fund raises $12.5 million to invest in founders in Morocco, Algeria, Pakistan & Bangladesh - MENAbytesExclusive: Talent investor People Equity Fund raises $12.5 million to invest in founders in Morocco, Algeria, Pakistan & Bangladesh  MENAbytes

UN : Morocco and Algeria split over the Sahara issue at the Human Rights Council - Yabiladi in EnglishUN : Morocco and Algeria split over the Sahara issue at the Human Rights Council  Yabiladi in English

Algeria's Berkine Nord gas exports to reach 6 Mmcm/d by year-end – Kallanish Energy News - Kallanish EnergyAlgeria's Berkine Nord gas exports to reach 6 Mmcm/d by year-end – Kallanish Energy News  Kallanish Energy

Djerad : law to be "firmly" applied against those who incite non-compliance with Covid 19 preventive measures - Algeria Press ServiceDjerad : law to be "firmly" applied against those who incite non-compliance with Covid 19 preventive measures  Algeria Press Service

Perilous crossings from North Africa to Europe swell as economic gloom sets in - Middle East EyePerilous crossings from North Africa to Europe swell as economic gloom sets in  Middle East Eye

13 Illegal Migrants Detained After Landing In La Azohía - Murcia Today13 Illegal Migrants Detained After Landing In La Azohía  Murcia Today

Algeria: Protest Leader's Sentence Doubled on Eve of His Release - Human Rights WatchAlgeria: Protest Leader's Sentence Doubled on Eve of His Release  Human Rights Watch

Global Telecom Towers Market Expected to reach highest CAGR by 2025: Maroc Telecom, Optimum Telecom Algeria, ATM Mobilis, Médi Télécom (Méditel), Ooredoo Algérie SPA - Apsters NewsGlobal Telecom Towers Market Expected to reach highest CAGR by 2025: Maroc Telecom, Optimum Telecom Algeria, ATM Mobilis, Médi Télécom (Méditel), Ooredoo Algérie SPA  Apsters News

Algeria calls for heightened alert over coronavirus - Anadolu AgencyAlgeria calls for heightened alert over coronavirus  Anadolu Agency

Can Algeria overcome its long-lasting political crisis? - Brookings InstitutionCan Algeria overcome its long-lasting political crisis?  Brookings Institution

Algeria summons Moroccan ambassador over 'enemy country' remark - Al Jazeera EnglishAlgeria summons Moroccan ambassador over 'enemy country' remark  Al Jazeera English

Algeria to release two leaders of Hirak protest movement - Al Jazeera EnglishAlgeria to release two leaders of Hirak protest movement  Al Jazeera English

WFP Algeria Country Brief, March 2020 - Algeria - ReliefWebWFP Algeria Country Brief, March 2020 - Algeria  ReliefWeb

Algeria protest: Thousands flood capital to demand 'new revolution' - BBC NewsAlgeria protest: Thousands flood capital to demand 'new revolution'  BBC News

Algeria to impose curfews in all provinces - Anadolu AgencyAlgeria to impose curfews in all provinces  Anadolu Agency

Algeria rights groups say government cracking down on critics - Al Jazeera EnglishAlgeria rights groups say government cracking down on critics  Al Jazeera English

Algeria’s Perfect Storm: COVID-19 and Its Fallout - Chatham HouseAlgeria’s Perfect Storm: COVID-19 and Its Fallout  Chatham House

Coronavirus tests Algeria's protest movement - Al Jazeera EnglishCoronavirus tests Algeria's protest movement  Al Jazeera English

French forces kill al-Qaeda’s Algeria leader - The HinduFrench forces kill al-Qaeda’s Algeria leader  The Hindu

Algeria: Prominent Journalist Facing Charges - Human Rights WatchAlgeria: Prominent Journalist Facing Charges  Human Rights Watch

During Pandemic, Algeria Tightens Vise on Protest Movement - Human Rights WatchDuring Pandemic, Algeria Tightens Vise on Protest Movement  Human Rights Watch

For Algeria's Hirak Protest Movement, COVID-19 Could Prove an Opportunity - VOA NewsFor Algeria's Hirak Protest Movement, COVID-19 Could Prove an Opportunity  VOA News

Coronavirus: Algeria protests called off for first time in a year - BBC NewsCoronavirus: Algeria protests called off for first time in a year  BBC News

Algeria recalls envoy to France over public TV documentaries - Al Jazeera EnglishAlgeria recalls envoy to France over public TV documentaries  Al Jazeera English

Algeria Targets Online Media - VOA NewsAlgeria Targets Online Media  VOA News

Algeria: Blind repression and worsening freedoms in Algeria - North Africa JournalAlgeria: Blind repression and worsening freedoms in Algeria  North Africa Journal

Algeria: Post Election Repression - Human Rights WatchAlgeria: Post Election Repression  Human Rights Watch

Rights Language in Algeria's Draft Constitution No Comfort to Jailed Journalist - Human Rights WatchRights Language in Algeria's Draft Constitution No Comfort to Jailed Journalist  Human Rights Watch

Opinion | EU travel list leaves off star performers while including coronavirus hotspots - The Brussels TimesOpinion | EU travel list leaves off star performers while including coronavirus hotspots  The Brussels Times

Austerity policies could trigger social explosion in Algeria | Saber Blidi | AW - The Arab WeeklyAusterity policies could trigger social explosion in Algeria | Saber Blidi | AW  The Arab Weekly

Coronavirus in Algeria: A country’s last warning - The Africa ReportCoronavirus in Algeria: A country’s last warning  The Africa Report