Algeria

Country Algeria
Capital Algiers
Continent Africa
Currency Algerian dinar(DZD)
Languages Arabic

Information

Introduction

After more than a century of rule by France, Algerians fought through much of the 1950s to achieve independence in 1962. Algeria's primary political party, the National Liberation Front (FLN), has dominated politics ever since. Many Algerians in the subsequent generation were not satisfied, however, and moved to counter the FLN's centrality in Algerian politics. The surprising first round success of the Islamic Salvation Front (FIS) in the December 1991 balloting spurred the Algerian army to intervene and postpone the second round of elections to prevent what the secular elite feared would be an extremist-led government from assuming power. The army began a crackdown on the FIS that spurred FIS supporters to begin attacking government targets. The government later allowed elections featuring pro-government and moderate religious-based parties, but this did not appease the activists who progressively widened their attacks. The fighting escalated into an insurgency, which saw intense fighting between 1992-98 resulting in over 100,000 deaths - many attributed to indiscriminate massacres of villagers by extremists. The government gained the upper hand by the late-1990s and FIS's armed wing, the Islamic Salvation Army, disbanded in January 2000. Abdelaziz BOUTEFLIKA, with the backing of the military, won the presidency in 1999 in an election widely viewed as fraudulent and was reelected in a landslide victory in 2004. BOUTEFLIKA was overwhelmingly reelected to a third term in 2009 after the government amended the constitution in 2008 to remove presidential term limits. Longstanding problems continue to face BOUTEFLIKA, including large-scale unemployment, a shortage of housing, unreliable electrical and water supplies, government inefficiencies and corruption, and the continuing activities of extremist militants. The Salafist Group for Preaching and Combat (GSPC) in 2006 merged with al-Qai'da to form al-Qai'da in the Lands of the Islamic Maghreb, which has launched an ongoing series of kidnappings and bombings - including high-profile, mass-casualty suicide attacks targeting the Algerian Government and Western interests.

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References

Algeria - Wikipedia
Algeria - CIA World Fact Book
Algeria - BBC
Algeria - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

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Algeria – France: Macron interview raises hackles - The Africa ReportAlgeria – France: Macron interview raises hackles  The Africa Report

Human rights breaches in Belarus, Ethiopia, and Algeria | News - EU NewsHuman rights breaches in Belarus, Ethiopia, and Algeria | News  EU News

Algeria Eyes Cross-Border Missions as Fear of Militant Spillover Grows - Voice of AmericaAlgeria Eyes Cross-Border Missions as Fear of Militant Spillover Grows  Voice of America

Algerian group calls Macron liar over no apology claim - Anadolu AgencyAlgerian group calls Macron liar over no apology claim  Anadolu Agency

UAE threatens Algeria with sanctions over cooperation with Turkey, report says | Daily Sabah - Daily SabahUAE threatens Algeria with sanctions over cooperation with Turkey, report says | Daily Sabah  Daily Sabah

Severstal Supplies X70 Coils to Alfapipe in Algeria - SteelGuruSeverstal Supplies X70 Coils to Alfapipe in Algeria  SteelGuru

Fugitive FETO terrorist suspect nabbed in Algeria - Anadolu AgencyFugitive FETO terrorist suspect nabbed in Algeria  Anadolu Agency

Algeria buys 14 stealth fighters from Russia, report says - Middle East MonitorAlgeria buys 14 stealth fighters from Russia, report says  Middle East Monitor

Turkish businessman extradited by Algeria over suspected Gulen connection - The Arab WeeklyTurkish businessman extradited by Algeria over suspected Gulen connection  The Arab Weekly

Promised New Start, Algerians Vote on Constitution Amid Cynicism - BloombergQuintPromised New Start, Algerians Vote on Constitution Amid Cynicism  BloombergQuint

Algeria sends 60 tons of aid to West Sahara refugees - Anadolu AgencyAlgeria sends 60 tons of aid to West Sahara refugees  Anadolu Agency

Algerian president finishes virus treatment, undergoes tests - Associated PressAlgerian president finishes virus treatment, undergoes tests  Associated Press

Forest fires kill 2 in Algeria - Anadolu AgencyForest fires kill 2 in Algeria  Anadolu Agency

Western Sahara conflict tests Turkey-Algeria ties - Al-MonitorWestern Sahara conflict tests Turkey-Algeria ties  Al-Monitor

Turkey nabs senior FETÖ member in Algeria in joint operation | Daily Sabah - Daily SabahTurkey nabs senior FETÖ member in Algeria in joint operation | Daily Sabah  Daily Sabah

Lakhdar Bouregaa: Algeria war hero and protest icon dies - Al Jazeera EnglishLakhdar Bouregaa: Algeria war hero and protest icon dies  Al Jazeera English

Algerians approve new constitution after referendum - Al Jazeera EnglishAlgerians approve new constitution after referendum  Al Jazeera English

France to Grant Fewer Visas to Countries Like Algeria, Morocco, & Tunisia for Refusing to Take Back Illegal Migrants - SchengenVisaInfo.comFrance to Grant Fewer Visas to Countries Like Algeria, Morocco, & Tunisia for Refusing to Take Back Illegal Migrants  SchengenVisaInfo.com

Algeria’s president Tebboune tests positive for COVID-19 - Al Jazeera EnglishAlgeria’s president Tebboune tests positive for COVID-19  Al Jazeera English

Algeria takes part in 12th meeting of Arab Water Council - Algeria Press ServiceAlgeria takes part in 12th meeting of Arab Water Council  Algeria Press Service

Algeria Votes on New Constitution Promising New Freedoms - Voice of AmericaAlgeria Votes on New Constitution Promising New Freedoms  Voice of America

Algeria Blows Another Chance at Reform - BloombergQuintAlgeria Blows Another Chance at Reform  BloombergQuint

Algerians ask where their ‘missing’ president is - The IndependentAlgerians ask where their ‘missing’ president is  The Independent

Algeria's Referendum: Stirrings of Democracy and the Decline of Islamism - besacenter.orgAlgeria's Referendum: Stirrings of Democracy and the Decline of Islamism  besacenter.org

Morocco's F-16 Purchase Pushes Algeria to Order Russian Fighter Jets - Morocco World NewsMorocco's F-16 Purchase Pushes Algeria to Order Russian Fighter Jets  Morocco World News

Algerian party slams Saudi over Muslim Brotherhood - Anadolu AgencyAlgerian party slams Saudi over Muslim Brotherhood  Anadolu Agency

Algerians back two-term limit for president - Financial TimesAlgerians back two-term limit for president  Financial Times

Solidarity with Sahrawi people: Algerian Journalists' Association created in Algiers - Algeria Press ServiceSolidarity with Sahrawi people: Algerian Journalists' Association created in Algiers  Algeria Press Service

Algeria backs extending OPEC supply cuts, Russia mulls options - Al Jazeera EnglishAlgeria backs extending OPEC supply cuts, Russia mulls options  Al Jazeera English

Algerian President Transferred to German Hospital Amid COVID Scare - Voice of AmericaAlgerian President Transferred to German Hospital Amid COVID Scare  Voice of America

Algeria Says Voters Backed Constitutional Changes in Referendum - Voice of AmericaAlgeria Says Voters Backed Constitutional Changes in Referendum  Voice of America

EU trained Algeria and Morocco police in online disinformation tactics - Middle East EyeEU trained Algeria and Morocco police in online disinformation tactics  Middle East Eye

Colonialism and Conflict: Facts About the Map of Morocco - Morocco World NewsColonialism and Conflict: Facts About the Map of Morocco  Morocco World News

Algerian President in Hospital After Reportedly Contracting COVID-19 - Voice of AmericaAlgerian President in Hospital After Reportedly Contracting COVID-19  Voice of America

Algeria grants itself power to intervene in Libya - Al-MonitorAlgeria grants itself power to intervene in Libya  Al-Monitor

Algeria main destination as Rouen loads 119k mt of wheat - AgriCensusAlgeria main destination as Rouen loads 119k mt of wheat  AgriCensus

Mahrez: Manchester City winger scores against Zimbabwe to help Algeria qualify for Afcon 2022 - Goal.comMahrez: Manchester City winger scores against Zimbabwe to help Algeria qualify for Afcon 2022  Goal.com

Coronavirus cause of Algeria president's hospitalization - ABC NewsCoronavirus cause of Algeria president's hospitalization  ABC News

Suspected jihadist freed by Mali is detained in Algeria - ReutersSuspected jihadist freed by Mali is detained in Algeria  Reuters

Algeria slashes activist's jail term for 'offending Islam' - FRANCE 24Algeria slashes activist's jail term for 'offending Islam'  FRANCE 24

Man City: Algeria boss backs disappointed Mahrez after Liverpool omission - AS EnglishMan City: Algeria boss backs disappointed Mahrez after Liverpool omission  AS English

Algeria Passes Constitutional Reforms a Silent Majority Rejects - BloombergAlgeria Passes Constitutional Reforms a Silent Majority Rejects  Bloomberg

As Algeria heads for constitution vote, enthusiasm in short supply - ReutersAs Algeria heads for constitution vote, enthusiasm in short supply  Reuters

Volunteers conduct disinfection in downtown Algiers, Algeria - Xinhua | English.news.cn - XinhuaVolunteers conduct disinfection in downtown Algiers, Algeria - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

Algeria: Fake News, Obfuscation Shroud Tebboune's COVID-19 Status - Morocco World NewsAlgeria: Fake News, Obfuscation Shroud Tebboune's COVID-19 Status  Morocco World News

France interior minister criticised for tribute at Algeria war monument - Middle East EyeFrance interior minister criticised for tribute at Algeria war monument  Middle East Eye

OPEC+ could deepen oil cuts if needed, says Algerian energy minister - ReutersOPEC+ could deepen oil cuts if needed, says Algerian energy minister  Reuters

Maghreb (Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia) Oil and Gas, Construction, Transport & Power and Water Projects, H2 2020 with COVID-19 Impact Update - GlobeNewswireMaghreb (Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia) Oil and Gas, Construction, Transport & Power and Water Projects, H2 2020 with COVID-19 Impact Update  GlobeNewswire

WFP Algeria Country Brief, October 2020 - Algeria - ReliefWebWFP Algeria Country Brief, October 2020 - Algeria  ReliefWeb

Algerian gas exports to drop by 4.7 per cent, energy minister says - ETEnergyworld.comAlgerian gas exports to drop by 4.7 per cent, energy minister says  ETEnergyworld.com

Who is al-Qaeda’s new North Africa chief? - Al Jazeera EnglishWho is al-Qaeda’s new North Africa chief?  Al Jazeera English

Mahrez was missed by Algeria when Man City hosted Liverpool - Belmadi - Goal.comMahrez was missed by Algeria when Man City hosted Liverpool - Belmadi  Goal.com

Belmadi’s Algeria contract extended until 2022 World Cup - Goal.comBelmadi’s Algeria contract extended until 2022 World Cup  Goal.com

Algeria may have acquired 14 Sukhoi Su-57 fighters, according to rumors - Airway1Algeria may have acquired 14 Sukhoi Su-57 fighters, according to rumors  Airway1

Algeria: Finance - Benabderrahmane Discusses Algeria's Economic Outlook With IMF Team - AllAfrica.comAlgeria: Finance - Benabderrahmane Discusses Algeria's Economic Outlook With IMF Team  AllAfrica.com

Saudi's King Salman, Crown Prince send letters to COVID-positive Algerian president - Arab NewsSaudi's King Salman, Crown Prince send letters to COVID-positive Algerian president  Arab News

2021 Algerian Youth Leadership Program youth participant application - Nevada Today2021 Algerian Youth Leadership Program youth participant application  Nevada Today

Gurguerate : Algerian journalists create a pro-Polisario NGO - Yabiladi in EnglishGurguerate : Algerian journalists create a pro-Polisario NGO  Yabiladi in English

Wedding Rings of Algerian Couple Found Month after Boat Capsize in Mediterranean - News18Wedding Rings of Algerian Couple Found Month after Boat Capsize in Mediterranean  News18

France: Gerald Darmanin to discuss security with Tunisia, Algeria - Al Jazeera EnglishFrance: Gerald Darmanin to discuss security with Tunisia, Algeria  Al Jazeera English

Riyad Mahrez: From bribery accusations to Algeria's talisman - PlanetFootballRiyad Mahrez: From bribery accusations to Algeria's talisman  PlanetFootball

Algeria: Attar Condemns Attacks On Oil Installations in Saudi Arabia - AllAfrica.comAlgeria: Attar Condemns Attacks On Oil Installations in Saudi Arabia  AllAfrica.com

Iran, Turkey, Algeria see new record daily COVID-19 infections amid pandemic resurgence - Xinhua | English.news.cn - XinhuaIran, Turkey, Algeria see new record daily COVID-19 infections amid pandemic resurgence - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

Quake info: Moderate mag. 5.1 earthquake - 15 km northeast of Didouche Mourad, Constantine, Algeria, on Sunday, 22 Nov 4.53 am (GMT +1) - 203 user experience reports - VolcanoDiscoveryQuake info: Moderate mag. 5.1 earthquake - 15 km northeast of Didouche Mourad, Constantine, Algeria, on Sunday, 22 Nov 4.53 am (GMT +1) - 203 user experience reports  VolcanoDiscovery

Australia cancels Muslim scholar’s citizenship in a local first - Al Jazeera EnglishAustralia cancels Muslim scholar’s citizenship in a local first  Al Jazeera English

Algeria's coronavirus tally rises to 72,755 - Xinhua | English.news.cn - XinhuaAlgeria's coronavirus tally rises to 72,755 - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

Algeria: New Boss Same As The Old Boss - Strategy PageAlgeria: New Boss Same As The Old Boss  Strategy Page

Algeria Forest Fires: Campaign Aims To Plant 250,000 Trees - Morocco World NewsAlgeria Forest Fires: Campaign Aims To Plant 250,000 Trees  Morocco World News

Nimes' Karim Aribi handed first call-up as Mahrez headlines Algeria squad for Zimbabwe clash - Goal.comNimes' Karim Aribi handed first call-up as Mahrez headlines Algeria squad for Zimbabwe clash  Goal.com

Polisario envoy leaves Mauritania empty-handed - The North Africa PostPolisario envoy leaves Mauritania empty-handed  The North Africa Post

Algeria referendum turnout only 23.7%, official says - ReutersAlgeria referendum turnout only 23.7%, official says  Reuters

Algeria records highest daily COVID-19 cases, 77,000 in total - Xinhua | English.news.cn - XinhuaAlgeria records highest daily COVID-19 cases, 77,000 in total - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

EP Today | News - EU NewsEP Today | News  EU News

Turkish businessman with ties to Gülen movement deported from Algeria - Stockholm Center for FreedomTurkish businessman with ties to Gülen movement deported from Algeria  Stockholm Center for Freedom

What We're Watching: Johnson's political mess, carnage in Kabul, Algerian plot twist - GZERO MediaWhat We're Watching: Johnson's political mess, carnage in Kabul, Algerian plot twist  GZERO Media

Quake info: Mag. 4.2 earthquake - Mouzaia, 13 km southwest of Blida (Itaborai), Blida, Algeria, on Thursday, 26 Nov 8.00 pm (GMT +1) - 1 user experience report - VolcanoDiscoveryQuake info: Mag. 4.2 earthquake - Mouzaia, 13 km southwest of Blida (Itaborai), Blida, Algeria, on Thursday, 26 Nov 8.00 pm (GMT +1) - 1 user experience report  VolcanoDiscovery

Al-Qaeda in North Africa appoints new leader after killing - Al Jazeera EnglishAl-Qaeda in North Africa appoints new leader after killing  Al Jazeera English

Algeria: Prime Minister Kicks Off National Reforestation Campaign in Tipaza - AllAfrica.comAlgeria: Prime Minister Kicks Off National Reforestation Campaign in Tipaza  AllAfrica.com

UAE suspends visa issuance to 13 countries including Algeria, Libya, Tunisia - The North Africa PostUAE suspends visa issuance to 13 countries including Algeria, Libya, Tunisia  The North Africa Post

Western Sahara: Who are the Polisario Front and what do they want? - EuronewsWestern Sahara: Who are the Polisario Front and what do they want?  Euronews

Quake info: Minor mag. 3.9 earthquake - 11 km northwest of Guelma, Algeria, on Sunday, 22 Nov 7.32 am (GMT +1) - 6 user experience reports - VolcanoDiscoveryQuake info: Minor mag. 3.9 earthquake - 11 km northwest of Guelma, Algeria, on Sunday, 22 Nov 7.32 am (GMT +1) - 6 user experience reports  VolcanoDiscovery

Algeria orders retrial of Bouteflika's brother, ex-intelligence chief - Middle East MonitorAlgeria orders retrial of Bouteflika's brother, ex-intelligence chief  Middle East Monitor

5.2-magnitude quake hits 24 km WSW of Azzaba, Algeria - cgtn.com5.2-magnitude quake hits 24 km WSW of Azzaba, Algeria  cgtn.com

Algerian assembly backs death penalty for child abduction - Middle East MonitorAlgerian assembly backs death penalty for child abduction  Middle East Monitor

Natural hazards in Algeria: interventions cost DZD545 billion over past 16 years - Algeria Press ServiceNatural hazards in Algeria: interventions cost DZD545 billion over past 16 years  Algeria Press Service

Algeria: Coronavirus - 1019 New Cases, 602 Recoveries and 19 Deaths - AllAfrica.comAlgeria: Coronavirus - 1019 New Cases, 602 Recoveries and 19 Deaths  AllAfrica.com

Nigeria to enhance economic cooperation with Algeria ? Buhari - VanguardNigeria to enhance economic cooperation with Algeria ? Buhari  Vanguard

Algeria's President Abdelmadjid Tebboune hospitalised amid Covid-19 scare - Middle East EyeAlgeria's President Abdelmadjid Tebboune hospitalised amid Covid-19 scare  Middle East Eye

Algerian CSOs express their unwavering support to the Saharawi people's struggle - Sahara Press ServiceAlgerian CSOs express their unwavering support to the Saharawi people's struggle  Sahara Press Service

Collapse of Western Sahara ceasefire threatens prospect of a peaceful solution to 45-year long conflict - Algeria - ReliefWebCollapse of Western Sahara ceasefire threatens prospect of a peaceful solution to 45-year long conflict - Algeria  ReliefWeb

Sahrawi ambassador to Algeria: Armed struggle to continue until independence - Algeria Press ServiceSahrawi ambassador to Algeria: Armed struggle to continue until independence  Algeria Press Service

AQMI appointed Algerian Abu Obeïda Youssef Al-Annabi in replacement of Abdelmalek Droukdel - The North Africa PostAQMI appointed Algerian Abu Obeïda Youssef Al-Annabi in replacement of Abdelmalek Droukdel  The North Africa Post

AFCON 2021 qualifiers: Sudan stuns Ghana, Algeria qualifies despite draw - CGTNAFCON 2021 qualifiers: Sudan stuns Ghana, Algeria qualifies despite draw  CGTN

Sahrawi Ambassador to Algeria: Moroccan expansion hinders AMU's project - Algeria Press ServiceSahrawi Ambassador to Algeria: Moroccan expansion hinders AMU's project  Algeria Press Service

Algeria supreme court sends Bouteflika's brother for retrial - Region - World - Ahram OnlineAlgeria supreme court sends Bouteflika's brother for retrial - Region - World  Ahram Online

120 Algeria Health Workers Have Died From Virus: Ministry - New Vision120 Algeria Health Workers Have Died From Virus: Ministry  New Vision

Two Algerians receive Knight of the Order of Star of Italy - Algeria Press ServiceTwo Algerians receive Knight of the Order of Star of Italy  Algeria Press Service

It is time to rebuild, heal and revive Azerbaijani Fuzuli city - Algerian Ambassador [PHOTO] - MENAFN.COMIt is time to rebuild, heal and revive Azerbaijani Fuzuli city - Algerian Ambassador [PHOTO]  MENAFN.COM

Zimbabwe/Algeria: Musona Targets Points Against Algerians - AllAfrica - Top Africa NewsZimbabwe/Algeria: Musona Targets Points Against Algerians  AllAfrica - Top Africa News

Algerian referee Ghorbal to officiate Champions League final between Ahly and Zamalek - Egyptian Football - Sports - Ahram OnlineAlgerian referee Ghorbal to officiate Champions League final between Ahly and Zamalek - Egyptian Football - Sports  Ahram Online