Algeria

Country Algeria
Capital Algiers
Continent Africa
Currency Algerian dinar(DZD)
Languages Arabic

Information

Introduction

After more than a century of rule by France, Algerians fought through much of the 1950s to achieve independence in 1962. Algeria's primary political party, the National Liberation Front (FLN), has dominated politics ever since. Many Algerians in the subsequent generation were not satisfied, however, and moved to counter the FLN's centrality in Algerian politics. The surprising first round success of the Islamic Salvation Front (FIS) in the December 1991 balloting spurred the Algerian army to intervene and postpone the second round of elections to prevent what the secular elite feared would be an extremist-led government from assuming power. The army began a crackdown on the FIS that spurred FIS supporters to begin attacking government targets. The government later allowed elections featuring pro-government and moderate religious-based parties, but this did not appease the activists who progressively widened their attacks. The fighting escalated into an insurgency, which saw intense fighting between 1992-98 resulting in over 100,000 deaths - many attributed to indiscriminate massacres of villagers by extremists. The government gained the upper hand by the late-1990s and FIS's armed wing, the Islamic Salvation Army, disbanded in January 2000. Abdelaziz BOUTEFLIKA, with the backing of the military, won the presidency in 1999 in an election widely viewed as fraudulent and was reelected in a landslide victory in 2004. BOUTEFLIKA was overwhelmingly reelected to a third term in 2009 after the government amended the constitution in 2008 to remove presidential term limits. Longstanding problems continue to face BOUTEFLIKA, including large-scale unemployment, a shortage of housing, unreliable electrical and water supplies, government inefficiencies and corruption, and the continuing activities of extremist militants. The Salafist Group for Preaching and Combat (GSPC) in 2006 merged with al-Qai'da to form al-Qai'da in the Lands of the Islamic Maghreb, which has launched an ongoing series of kidnappings and bombings - including high-profile, mass-casualty suicide attacks targeting the Algerian Government and Western interests.

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References

Algeria - Wikipedia
Algeria - CIA World Fact Book
Algeria - BBC
Algeria - Timeline - BBC

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Algeria's state oil firm gets new management, targets brain drain - Reuters

Reuters

Algeria's state oil firm gets new management, targets brain drain
Reuters
In 2017, Algeria was ranked 18th in a U.S. Energy Information Administration list by output. Empowering Kaddour to make far-reaching changes is part of efforts by Bouteflika, an army-backed former independence fighter in office since 1999, to overcome ...

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Factbox: What is Algeria doing to revive its energy sector? - Reuters

Reuters

Factbox: What is Algeria doing to revive its energy sector?
Reuters
Another focus has been to boost shale gas reserves to offset rising domestic gas consumption eating into exports. Sonatrach has expressed hope that Exxon Mobil (XOM.N) will agree on cooperation in this area. Algeria sits on the third-largest reserves ...
What is Algeria doing to revive its energy sector? BrinkwireBrinkwire (press release)

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Powerlifting President lauds athletes' outstanding performance in Algeria - The Punch

The Punch

Powerlifting President lauds athletes' outstanding performance in Algeria
The Punch
The Nigeria Para Powerlifting Federation has praised its athletes for winning 11 gold and two silver medals at the World Para-powerlifting Africa Championships that ended in Algiers, Algeria on Sunday. The President of the federation, Queen Obuh, told ...
World Para Powerlifting Africa Championships: Powerlifting ...Vanguard
Para Powerlifting Championships: Athletes commended for outstanding performanceP.M. News

all 10 news articles »


Egypt, South Africa, Algeria shine at Africa Youth Chess Championship - Citizen TV (press release)

Egypt, South Africa, Algeria shine at Africa Youth Chess Championship
Citizen TV (press release)
In the U-eight category Zambian Madamombe Anotida is the current leader ahead of Namibias WCM Hinda Otilie while Kenya's WCM Tracy Njoki is third in the country. South Africa's Levitan Caleb is leading the U8 after edging out his compatriot Liang Yi ...

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Algeria arrests protesters against Bouteflika re-election bid - Middle East Monitor

Middle East Monitor

Algeria arrests protesters against Bouteflika re-election bid
Middle East Monitor
Algerian police yesterday arrested a number of political and human rights activists and journalists who protested in central Algiers against President Abdelaziz Bouteflika's bid for re-election for a fifth term. The head of the Union for Change and ...



Memories of Hungary in Algeria - Budapest Times

Budapest Times

Memories of Hungary in Algeria
Budapest Times
From the street looking into the pub, the many different things hanging on the walls are exciting enough to feel an invitation and walk in: tusks, heads of wild boars, bears and antelopes, and antlers of stags. Even in this great mixture of memorabilia ...



Algerians go online to sell animals for Eid sacrifices - BBC News

BBC News

Algerians go online to sell animals for Eid sacrifices
BBC News
Sheep traders in Algeria are using Facebook and a local online selling site to sell their livestock ahead of the Islamic Eid al-Adha festival. They are hopeful that e-commerce can spare them the risks that come with travelling to big cities to sell ...



Veteran Malian jihadist surrenders to Algeria - Long War Journal

Long War Journal

Veteran Malian jihadist surrenders to Algeria
Long War Journal
Photo released by Algeria's Ministry of Defense purportedly showing Sultan Ould Bady surrendering himself to the Algerian military. Algeria's Ministry of Defense announced yesterday that Sultan Ould Bady, a veteran jihadist from northern Mali ...



Algeria's Bounedjah Scores Seven Goals in Qatar Game - Al-Bawaba

Al-Bawaba

Algeria's Bounedjah Scores Seven Goals in Qatar Game
Al-Bawaba
Having last featured for Algeria in June's international friendly match against Portugal, Bounedjah is expected to shine for the Desert Foxes when they resume their 2019 Africa Cup of Nations qualifying bid with a visit to The Gambia next month.
Algerian striker Bounedjah scores seven goals in Qatar gameGoal.com
Algerian striker Bounedjah scores seven goals in Qatar game | Goal ...Goal.com

all 12 news articles »


WHO: 30 per cent of Algerian births are via caesarean - Middle East Monitor

Middle East Monitor

WHO: 30 per cent of Algerian births are via caesarean
Middle East Monitor
Caesarean deliveries in Algerian hospitals and obstetric clinics have been increasing year after year. This fact has led the World Health Organisation (WHO) to issue a warning to Algeria about this alarming situation. It is strange that many pregnant ...