Algeria

Country Algeria
Capital Algiers
Continent Africa
Currency Algerian dinar(DZD)
Languages Arabic

Information

Introduction

After more than a century of rule by France, Algerians fought through much of the 1950s to achieve independence in 1962. Algeria's primary political party, the National Liberation Front (FLN), has dominated politics ever since. Many Algerians in the subsequent generation were not satisfied, however, and moved to counter the FLN's centrality in Algerian politics. The surprising first round success of the Islamic Salvation Front (FIS) in the December 1991 balloting spurred the Algerian army to intervene and postpone the second round of elections to prevent what the secular elite feared would be an extremist-led government from assuming power. The army began a crackdown on the FIS that spurred FIS supporters to begin attacking government targets. The government later allowed elections featuring pro-government and moderate religious-based parties, but this did not appease the activists who progressively widened their attacks. The fighting escalated into an insurgency, which saw intense fighting between 1992-98 resulting in over 100,000 deaths - many attributed to indiscriminate massacres of villagers by extremists. The government gained the upper hand by the late-1990s and FIS's armed wing, the Islamic Salvation Army, disbanded in January 2000. Abdelaziz BOUTEFLIKA, with the backing of the military, won the presidency in 1999 in an election widely viewed as fraudulent and was reelected in a landslide victory in 2004. BOUTEFLIKA was overwhelmingly reelected to a third term in 2009 after the government amended the constitution in 2008 to remove presidential term limits. Longstanding problems continue to face BOUTEFLIKA, including large-scale unemployment, a shortage of housing, unreliable electrical and water supplies, government inefficiencies and corruption, and the continuing activities of extremist militants. The Salafist Group for Preaching and Combat (GSPC) in 2006 merged with al-Qai'da to form al-Qai'da in the Lands of the Islamic Maghreb, which has launched an ongoing series of kidnappings and bombings - including high-profile, mass-casualty suicide attacks targeting the Algerian Government and Western interests.

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References

Algeria - Wikipedia
Algeria - CIA World Fact Book
Algeria - BBC
Algeria - Timeline - BBC

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Morocco/Algeria: The armed forces behind the Western Sahara conflict - The Africa ReportMorocco/Algeria: The armed forces behind the Western Sahara conflict  The Africa Report

Thousands pour onto the streets of Algeria in fresh protests - TRT WorldThousands pour onto the streets of Algeria in fresh protests  TRT World

Ambassador to Algeria Denies Allegations That France Has Limited Number of Visas Issued to Algerians - SchengenVisaInfo.com - SchengenVisaInfo.comAmbassador to Algeria Denies Allegations That France Has Limited Number of Visas Issued to Algerians - SchengenVisaInfo.com  SchengenVisaInfo.com

Are Morocco and Algeria on the brink of war? - The Africa ReportAre Morocco and Algeria on the brink of war?  The Africa Report

Morocco/Algeria: Military leaders in the shadows - The Africa ReportMorocco/Algeria: Military leaders in the shadows  The Africa Report

Macron reveals more torture by French army in Algeria war - The Indian ExpressMacron reveals more torture by French army in Algeria war  The Indian Express

Algeria: Protests resurge despite COVID restrictions - DW (English)Algeria: Protests resurge despite COVID restrictions  DW (English)

Ali Boumendjel: France admits 'torture and murder' of Algerian nationalist - BBC NewsAli Boumendjel: France admits 'torture and murder' of Algerian nationalist  BBC News

Algeria welcomes France's admission it killed independence figure - FRANCE 24Algeria welcomes France's admission it killed independence figure  FRANCE 24

Algeria's protesters resume demonstrations after year-long break - DW (English)Algeria's protesters resume demonstrations after year-long break  DW (English)

Morocco/Algeria: Western Sahara conflict shows signs of escalation - The Africa ReportMorocco/Algeria: Western Sahara conflict shows signs of escalation  The Africa Report

Algeria at the Hirak's Second Anniversary - International Policy DigestAlgeria at the Hirak's Second Anniversary  International Policy Digest

France admits 'torture and murder' of Algerian freedom fighter - Times of IndiaFrance admits 'torture and murder' of Algerian freedom fighter  Times of India

There must be truth and justice for Algeria’s disappeared - Al Jazeera EnglishThere must be truth and justice for Algeria’s disappeared  Al Jazeera English

In Reconciliation Act, Macron Acknowledges Truth of Algerian Lawyer’s Death - The New York TimesIn Reconciliation Act, Macron Acknowledges Truth of Algerian Lawyer’s Death  The New York Times

Across Africa - Algerian protesters mark two-year anniversary of Hirak rallies - FRANCE 24Across Africa - Algerian protesters mark two-year anniversary of Hirak rallies  FRANCE 24

An Algerian dies by setting fire to himself in Western Algeria - The North Africa PostAn Algerian dies by setting fire to himself in Western Algeria  The North Africa Post

Macron admits French forces ‘tortured and murdered’ Algerian freedom fighter - FRANCE 24 EnglishMacron admits French forces ‘tortured and murdered’ Algerian freedom fighter  FRANCE 24 English

Cronies, corruption: How Algeria's auto sector hit the wall - Economic TimesCronies, corruption: How Algeria's auto sector hit the wall  Economic Times

Algeria draft law to strip nationality from diaspora citizens - Middle East EyeAlgeria draft law to strip nationality from diaspora citizens  Middle East Eye

Algeria goalkeeper Oukidja given five-match ban after Ligue 1 sending off against Angers - Goal.comAlgeria goalkeeper Oukidja given five-match ban after Ligue 1 sending off against Angers  Goal.com

Algeria: Repressive tactics used to target Hirak activists two years on - Amnesty InternationalAlgeria: Repressive tactics used to target Hirak activists two years on  Amnesty International

Algeria's Hirak Protest Movement Marks Second Anniversary - Human Rights WatchAlgeria's Hirak Protest Movement Marks Second Anniversary  Human Rights Watch

French soldiers killed Algerian lawyer in war of independence, Macron admits - The GuardianFrench soldiers killed Algerian lawyer in war of independence, Macron admits  The Guardian

Thousands defy Algeria curfew as protests resurge - Africanews EnglishThousands defy Algeria curfew as protests resurge  Africanews English

Morocco suspends flights with Algeria, Egypt - Xinhua | English.news.cn - XinhuaMorocco suspends flights with Algeria, Egypt - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

Algeria: Has Hirak hit an impasse, or is there more to come? - The Africa ReportAlgeria: Has Hirak hit an impasse, or is there more to come?  The Africa Report

Algeria: Thousands take to the streets to relaunch protest movement - DW (English)Algeria: Thousands take to the streets to relaunch protest movement  DW (English)

Algeria's ES Setif to play South Africa's Orlando Pirates in Ghana - Xinhua | English.news.cn - XinhuaAlgeria's ES Setif to play South Africa's Orlando Pirates in Ghana - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

Report on France's Colonial Past in Algeria Spurs Criticism, Little Action - Voice of AmericaReport on France's Colonial Past in Algeria Spurs Criticism, Little Action  Voice of America

Algeria reports 132 new COVID-19 cases, 122,092 in total - Xinhua | English.news.cn - XinhuaAlgeria reports 132 new COVID-19 cases, 122,092 in total - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

The Right That Vanished from Algeria's Constitution - Human Rights WatchThe Right That Vanished from Algeria's Constitution  Human Rights Watch

Algeria: Hirak Protests Draw Thousands Despite Heavy Police Presence - Morocco World NewsAlgeria: Hirak Protests Draw Thousands Despite Heavy Police Presence  Morocco World News

Macron admits France murdered top Algerian independence figure - Al Jazeera EnglishMacron admits France murdered top Algerian independence figure  Al Jazeera English

Impact of France's nuclear tests persists: Algeria - Anadolu AgencyImpact of France's nuclear tests persists: Algeria  Anadolu Agency

Algeria prepares law to withdraw nationality of people threatening state - ReutersAlgeria prepares law to withdraw nationality of people threatening state  Reuters

The Guardian view on France and Algeria: breaking the silence - The GuardianThe Guardian view on France and Algeria: breaking the silence  The Guardian

Algeria's response to COVID-19: an ongoing journey - The LancetAlgeria's response to COVID-19: an ongoing journey  The Lancet

Mismanagement may end Algeria's run as an oil exporter - WorldOil - WorldOilMismanagement may end Algeria's run as an oil exporter - WorldOil  WorldOil

Algeria seeks French admission of colonial crimes - Anadolu AgencyAlgeria seeks French admission of colonial crimes  Anadolu Agency

Algerian MPs quit international conference over Israel - Anadolu AgencyAlgerian MPs quit international conference over Israel  Anadolu Agency

Man sentenced to death in Algeria for beheading of French mountaineer - The GuardianMan sentenced to death in Algeria for beheading of French mountaineer  The Guardian

Zambia dismisses Algeria's allegations, installs its consul in Laayoune - The North Africa PostZambia dismisses Algeria's allegations, installs its consul in Laayoune  The North Africa Post

Algeria reports 163 new COVID-19 cases, 122,593 in total - Xinhua | English.news.cn - XinhuaAlgeria reports 163 new COVID-19 cases, 122,593 in total - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

Algeria's ONAB buys 30k mt of Argentina's corn for April - AgriCensusAlgeria's ONAB buys 30k mt of Argentina's corn for April  AgriCensus

An Oil Country No More? Algerian Energy Exports Sink Rapidly - BloombergAn Oil Country No More? Algerian Energy Exports Sink Rapidly  Bloomberg

Algeria declares state of emergency over bird flu - Anadolu AgencyAlgeria declares state of emergency over bird flu  Anadolu Agency

Morocco/Algeria : Tensions on the rise after Algerian show mocks the King - The Africa ReportMorocco/Algeria : Tensions on the rise after Algerian show mocks the King  The Africa Report

Algeria Fact Sheet (Last updated 01/02/2021) - Algeria - ReliefWebAlgeria Fact Sheet (Last updated 01/02/2021) - Algeria  ReliefWeb

Algeria's COVID-19 death toll surpasses 3,000 - Xinhua | English.news.cn - XinhuaAlgeria's COVID-19 death toll surpasses 3,000 - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

Macron admits France murdered Algerian independence figure - The Jakarta Post - Jakarta PostMacron admits France murdered Algerian independence figure - The Jakarta Post  Jakarta Post

BRIEFING NOTES - (1) Iran; (2) Algeria; (3) Montenegro - Scoop.co.nzBRIEFING NOTES - (1) Iran; (2) Algeria; (3) Montenegro  Scoop.co.nz

France acknowledges Algerian freedom fighter's "torture, murder" - Africanews EnglishFrance acknowledges Algerian freedom fighter's "torture, murder"  Africanews English

French report grapples with nuclear fallout from Algerian War - Bulletin of the Atomic ScientistsFrench report grapples with nuclear fallout from Algerian War  Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists

Macron admits France tortured and murdered Algerian freedom fighter - Middle East EyeMacron admits France tortured and murdered Algerian freedom fighter  Middle East Eye

New Japan funding for Refugees and Asylum-Seekers in Algeria [EN/AR] - Algeria - ReliefWebNew Japan funding for Refugees and Asylum-Seekers in Algeria [EN/AR] - Algeria  ReliefWeb

Algeria is a vital new frontier for Britain as we look beyond Europe to extend our influence around the world - PoliticsHomeAlgeria is a vital new frontier for Britain as we look beyond Europe to extend our influence around the world  PoliticsHome

UN: Algeria Responsible for Human Rights Violations in Tindouf Camps - Morocco World NewsUN: Algeria Responsible for Human Rights Violations in Tindouf Camps  Morocco World News

What a shortage of cars says about Algeria - The EconomistWhat a shortage of cars says about Algeria  The Economist

Algeria's President Returns Home After Hospitalization in Germany - U.S. News & World ReportAlgeria's President Returns Home After Hospitalization in Germany  U.S. News & World Report

61 years later, Algerians still suffer from France's atomic legacy - TRT World61 years later, Algerians still suffer from France's atomic legacy  TRT World

France admits murder of Algerian freedom fighter - Anadolu AgencyFrance admits murder of Algerian freedom fighter  Anadolu Agency

Algerian Jews Have Not Forgotten France's Colonial Crimes - Boston ReviewAlgerian Jews Have Not Forgotten France's Colonial Crimes  Boston Review

Algerian Official Attacks Moroccan Media for Exposing Algeria’s Fake War Claims - Morocco World NewsAlgerian Official Attacks Moroccan Media for Exposing Algeria’s Fake War Claims  Morocco World News

Study Reveals Algeria’s State Press’ Purposeful Schizophrenia - Morocco World NewsStudy Reveals Algeria’s State Press’ Purposeful Schizophrenia  Morocco World News

Morocco’s Government, Parliament Denounce Algeria’s Hostility - Morocco World NewsMorocco’s Government, Parliament Denounce Algeria’s Hostility  Morocco World News

Read next on IOL Mamelodi Sundowns denied entry into Algeria for CAF Champions league match - IOLRead next on IOL Mamelodi Sundowns denied entry into Algeria for CAF Champions league match  IOL

Champions League: Algerians Bensebaini and Mahrez come face-to-face - BBC NewsChampions League: Algerians Bensebaini and Mahrez come face-to-face  BBC News

Is Algeria once again confronted with the threat of terrorism? - The Africa ReportIs Algeria once again confronted with the threat of terrorism?  The Africa Report

Algeria must prioritize economic change amidst COVID-19 and political crisis - Brookings InstitutionAlgeria must prioritize economic change amidst COVID-19 and political crisis  Brookings Institution

Algeria – France: ‘Apologising will not get to the heart of the issue’, says historian Benjamin Stora - The Africa ReportAlgeria – France: ‘Apologising will not get to the heart of the issue’, says historian Benjamin Stora  The Africa Report

Algerian president signs new constitution into law - The HinduAlgerian president signs new constitution into law  The Hindu

Paris Artwork Calls Attention to Journalist Jailed in Algeria - Voice of AmericaParis Artwork Calls Attention to Journalist Jailed in Algeria  Voice of America

Algeria launches coronavirus vaccination campaign - The HinduAlgeria launches coronavirus vaccination campaign  The Hindu

Coronavirus in Algeria: 'No-one could travel to say goodbye to grandpa' - BBC NewsCoronavirus in Algeria: 'No-one could travel to say goodbye to grandpa'  BBC News

Invisibility and Negrophobia in Algeria – Arab Reform Initiative - ?????? ??????? ??????Invisibility and Negrophobia in Algeria – Arab Reform Initiative  ?????? ??????? ??????

Algeria Blows Another Chance at Reform - BloombergQuintAlgeria Blows Another Chance at Reform  BloombergQuint

Algeria : a battle between Paris and Moscow for the wheat market - The Africa ReportAlgeria : a battle between Paris and Moscow for the wheat market  The Africa Report

Algeria: President Tebboune returns to Germany for health treatment - The Africa ReportAlgeria: President Tebboune returns to Germany for health treatment  The Africa Report

France tries to come to terms with colonial past in Algeria - Financial TimesFrance tries to come to terms with colonial past in Algeria  Financial Times

Algeria: Realities and challenges - International Financial Law ReviewAlgeria: Realities and challenges  International Financial Law Review

Algeria’s lust for life despite COVID-19 and unfinished revolution - The Africa ReportAlgeria’s lust for life despite COVID-19 and unfinished revolution  The Africa Report

Algeria referendum: A vote 'to end years of deviousness' - BBC NewsAlgeria referendum: A vote 'to end years of deviousness'  BBC News

Defining Algeria's Destiny - The CitizenDefining Algeria's Destiny  The Citizen

Macron's Algeria Report Isn't Progress, It's a Whitewash. - Foreign PolicyMacron's Algeria Report Isn't Progress, It's a Whitewash.  Foreign Policy

Report Aims at ‘Reconciling’ France and Algeria, Its Former Colony - The New York TimesReport Aims at ‘Reconciling’ France and Algeria, Its Former Colony  The New York Times

Algeria – France: Macron interview raises hackles - The Africa ReportAlgeria – France: Macron interview raises hackles  The Africa Report

Mystery surrounds Algeria article branded 'complete fabrication' by UN rights office - UN NewsMystery surrounds Algeria article branded 'complete fabrication' by UN rights office  UN News

Black Algerians: Voices from a Community that is Still Too Invisible - ?????? ??????? ??????Black Algerians: Voices from a Community that is Still Too Invisible  ?????? ??????? ??????

Algeria Eyes Cross-Border Missions as Fear of Militant Spillover Grows - Voice of AmericaAlgeria Eyes Cross-Border Missions as Fear of Militant Spillover Grows  Voice of America

Algeria Seeks Tougher Jail Term for Prominent Activist - Voice of AmericaAlgeria Seeks Tougher Jail Term for Prominent Activist  Voice of America

Algeria: Activist Facing Charges for Peaceful Support of Protests - Human Rights WatchAlgeria: Activist Facing Charges for Peaceful Support of Protests  Human Rights Watch

Algeria is unapologetically pro-Palestinian, and it won't change - TRT WorldAlgeria is unapologetically pro-Palestinian, and it won't change  TRT World

Algeria: How President Tebboune is dismantling Gaïd Salah’s military networks - The Africa ReportAlgeria: How President Tebboune is dismantling Gaïd Salah’s military networks  The Africa Report

In Algeria, Protests Pause for COVID-19 as the Regime Steps Up Repression - World Politics ReviewIn Algeria, Protests Pause for COVID-19 as the Regime Steps Up Repression  World Politics Review

After the Referendum: Reviving Dialogue in Algeria - RUSI AnalysisAfter the Referendum: Reviving Dialogue in Algeria  RUSI Analysis

European Parliament passes resolution on deteriorating situation of human rights in Algeria - JURISTEuropean Parliament passes resolution on deteriorating situation of human rights in Algeria  JURIST

Algeria to welcome home independence fighters' remains - Anadolu AgencyAlgeria to welcome home independence fighters' remains  Anadolu Agency

Algeria: Mass Convictions for Homosexuality - Human Rights WatchAlgeria: Mass Convictions for Homosexuality  Human Rights Watch

WFP Algeria Country Brief, December 2020 - Algeria - ReliefWebWFP Algeria Country Brief, December 2020 - Algeria  ReliefWeb