Algeria

Country Algeria
Capital Algiers
Continent Africa
Currency Algerian dinar(DZD)
Languages Arabic

Information

Introduction

After more than a century of rule by France, Algerians fought through much of the 1950s to achieve independence in 1962. Algeria's primary political party, the National Liberation Front (FLN), has dominated politics ever since. Many Algerians in the subsequent generation were not satisfied, however, and moved to counter the FLN's centrality in Algerian politics. The surprising first round success of the Islamic Salvation Front (FIS) in the December 1991 balloting spurred the Algerian army to intervene and postpone the second round of elections to prevent what the secular elite feared would be an extremist-led government from assuming power. The army began a crackdown on the FIS that spurred FIS supporters to begin attacking government targets. The government later allowed elections featuring pro-government and moderate religious-based parties, but this did not appease the activists who progressively widened their attacks. The fighting escalated into an insurgency, which saw intense fighting between 1992-98 resulting in over 100,000 deaths - many attributed to indiscriminate massacres of villagers by extremists. The government gained the upper hand by the late-1990s and FIS's armed wing, the Islamic Salvation Army, disbanded in January 2000. Abdelaziz BOUTEFLIKA, with the backing of the military, won the presidency in 1999 in an election widely viewed as fraudulent and was reelected in a landslide victory in 2004. BOUTEFLIKA was overwhelmingly reelected to a third term in 2009 after the government amended the constitution in 2008 to remove presidential term limits. Longstanding problems continue to face BOUTEFLIKA, including large-scale unemployment, a shortage of housing, unreliable electrical and water supplies, government inefficiencies and corruption, and the continuing activities of extremist militants. The Salafist Group for Preaching and Combat (GSPC) in 2006 merged with al-Qai'da to form al-Qai'da in the Lands of the Islamic Maghreb, which has launched an ongoing series of kidnappings and bombings - including high-profile, mass-casualty suicide attacks targeting the Algerian Government and Western interests.

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References

Algeria - Wikipedia
Algeria - CIA World Fact Book
Algeria - BBC
Algeria - Timeline - BBC

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Google pays homage to Algerian artist Mohammed Issiakhem - The National

The National

Google pays homage to Algerian artist Mohammed Issiakhem
The National
The latest nod from Google, which reportedly processes over 3.5 billion search requests per day, will no doubt shed light on Issiakhem's innovative work and one of the leaders of Algeria's arts scene from its early years post-independence in the 1960s ...

and more »


Algeria to amend energy law in early 2019 - Oil Review Africa

Oil Review Africa

Algeria to amend energy law in early 2019
Oil Review Africa
Currently, Algeria produces more than one million bpd of oil and 135bn cu/m of gas each year. With new project on the streamline, the country aims to increase domestic production to meet the demand and to ramp up export to the international marketplaces.



Algeria renews natural gas contracts with Spain - Xinhua

Algeria renews natural gas contracts with Spain
Xinhua
ALGIERS, June 14 (Xinhua) -- Algeria's national oil company Sonatrach on Thursday renewed agreements with Spain's Fenosa for natural gas sales until 2030. According to Sonatrach's statement, the agreements enable Sonatrach to consolidate its position ...
Spain's Gas Natural Fenosa signs €30bn supply deal with Algeria to 2030Financial Times

all 2 news articles »


Notorious Algerian Terrorist Mokhtar Belmokhtar Could Still Be Alive - Council on Foreign Relations (blog)

Council on Foreign Relations (blog)

Notorious Algerian Terrorist Mokhtar Belmokhtar Could Still Be Alive
Council on Foreign Relations (blog)
The London-based Saudi magazine, El Majalaa, is reporting that Mokhtar Belmokhtar is still alive, contrary to U.S. claims in 2013, 2015, and 2016 that he had been killed in Libya. The report, which cites correspondence with Libyan and Algerian ...



Chinese embassy in Algeria issues safety warning to Chinese citizens after fatal robbery - Xinhua

Chinese embassy in Algeria issues safety warning to Chinese citizens after fatal robbery
Xinhua
ALGIERS, June 12 (Xinhua) -- The Chinese embassy in Algeria on Tuesday alerted Chinese citizens in the North African country to take further safety precautions following a recent fatal robbery of a Chinese citizen. The embassy said in a statement on ...



Mexico mine the spirit of Algeria to down Germany in a World Cup opener - BreakingNews.ie

BreakingNews.ie

Mexico mine the spirit of Algeria to down Germany in a World Cup opener
BreakingNews.ie
An inspired Mexico held on to beat defending champions Germany 1-0 in a stunning performance at Moscow's Luzhniki Stadium. Man of the match Hirving Lozano scored the only goal of the game when he finished a Mexican break by drilling a low shot past ...

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Total, Repsol, Sonatrach extend Algeria gas deal - MarketWatch

euronews

Total, Repsol, Sonatrach extend Algeria gas deal
MarketWatch
Total SA (FP.FR), Repsol SA (REP.MC) and Sonatrach have signed a 25-year extension to exploit the Tin Fouye Tabankort gas field in Algeria, the French oil major said Monday. France's Total will have a 26.4% interest in the field, while Sonatrach will ...
Total Signs Deal to Extend TFT Gas Field License in AlgeriaRigzone
Total announces extension of Tin Fouyé Tabankort gas, condensate field in AlgeriaWorldOil

all 12 news articles »


YouTube hit film shows gulf in Algeria society - gulfnews.com

YouTube hit film shows gulf in Algeria society
gulfnews.com
Algiers: A five-minute film that instantly became a YouTube hit is exposing the gulf between young Algerians agitating for change and aging politicians readying to extend their rule at elections in less than a year. “Rani Zaafane,” produced by Anes ...



Palestinian cause: Algeria scores victory at UN - Algeria Press Service

Algeria Press Service

Palestinian cause: Algeria scores victory at UN
Algeria Press Service
ALGIERS-Ahead of the vote of the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) on Wednesday evening on a resolution condemning Israel for its violence in Gaza and providing for a international mechanism to protect Palestinians, “Algeria scored a victory at ...



5 Multi-Millionaires From Algeria You Should Know - Forbes

Forbes

5 Multi-Millionaires From Algeria You Should Know
Forbes
While Algeria with its 40-million strong population can lay claim to only one billionaire – industrial Issad Rebrab of Cevital, a few Algerians have built multi-million and billion dollar empires in industries as diverse as agriculture, food ...