Algeria

Country Algeria
Capital Algiers
Continent Africa
Currency Algerian dinar(DZD)
Languages Arabic

Information

Introduction

After more than a century of rule by France, Algerians fought through much of the 1950s to achieve independence in 1962. Algeria's primary political party, the National Liberation Front (FLN), has dominated politics ever since. Many Algerians in the subsequent generation were not satisfied, however, and moved to counter the FLN's centrality in Algerian politics. The surprising first round success of the Islamic Salvation Front (FIS) in the December 1991 balloting spurred the Algerian army to intervene and postpone the second round of elections to prevent what the secular elite feared would be an extremist-led government from assuming power. The army began a crackdown on the FIS that spurred FIS supporters to begin attacking government targets. The government later allowed elections featuring pro-government and moderate religious-based parties, but this did not appease the activists who progressively widened their attacks. The fighting escalated into an insurgency, which saw intense fighting between 1992-98 resulting in over 100,000 deaths - many attributed to indiscriminate massacres of villagers by extremists. The government gained the upper hand by the late-1990s and FIS's armed wing, the Islamic Salvation Army, disbanded in January 2000. Abdelaziz BOUTEFLIKA, with the backing of the military, won the presidency in 1999 in an election widely viewed as fraudulent and was reelected in a landslide victory in 2004. BOUTEFLIKA was overwhelmingly reelected to a third term in 2009 after the government amended the constitution in 2008 to remove presidential term limits. Longstanding problems continue to face BOUTEFLIKA, including large-scale unemployment, a shortage of housing, unreliable electrical and water supplies, government inefficiencies and corruption, and the continuing activities of extremist militants. The Salafist Group for Preaching and Combat (GSPC) in 2006 merged with al-Qai'da to form al-Qai'da in the Lands of the Islamic Maghreb, which has launched an ongoing series of kidnappings and bombings - including high-profile, mass-casualty suicide attacks targeting the Algerian Government and Western interests.

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References

Algeria - Wikipedia
Algeria - CIA World Fact Book
Algeria - BBC
Algeria - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

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Chinese Long March 3B launches Algeria's first telecom satellite - SpaceNews

SpaceNews

Chinese Long March 3B launches Algeria's first telecom satellite
SpaceNews
PRINCETON, New Jersey — China Great Wall Industry Corp. launched Algeria's first telecommunications satellite, Alcomsat-1, aboard a Long March 3B rocket at 11:40 a.m. Eastern to geostationary transfer orbit, the Algerian press agency APS said today ...
Chinese Long March 3B lofts Alcomsat-1 for AlgeriaNASASpaceflight.com
Chinese rocket launches with first Algerian communications satelliteSpaceflight Now
Chinese, Algerian presidents hail successful launch of communications satelliteXinhua
Algeria Press Service
all 8 news articles »


Algerians angry at France over 'traitors' - BBC News - BBC.com - BBC News

BBC News



Algeria-based Zim students in demo over cash, Zim embassy unleashes cops on them - New Zimbabwe.com

Algeria-based Zim students in demo over cash, Zim embassy unleashes cops on them
New Zimbabwe.com
HARARE diplomats in Algeria Sunday unleashed police on more than 300 Zimbabwean students studying and living in that country after they staged a sit-in demonstration outside the embassy in an effort to have the consulate look into their plight. One ...



Time to move on from Algeria's colonial past, says France's Macron - Reuters

Reuters

Time to move on from Algeria's colonial past, says France's Macron
Reuters
Many in Algeria had wondered whether Macron would offer an official apology for the past given his statement earlier this year when he described France's colonial rule as a “crime against humanity”. But he did not go any further than his predecessor ...
Macron seeks 'new relationship' with former colony AlgeriaWashington Post
Macron visits Algeria in a bid to reset relationsFRANCE 24
Emmanuel Macron looks to boost security, economic co-operation between France and AlgeriaToronto Star
gulfnews.com -teleSUR English
all 346 news articles »


Zimbabwe Scholarship students arrested in Algeria for protesting - The Zimbabwe Mail

The Zimbabwe Mail

Zimbabwe Scholarship students arrested in Algeria for protesting
The Zimbabwe Mail
ALGIERS – Zimbabwean students who are studying in Algeria on the government of Zimbabwe scholarships have been detained after staging a demonstration at the Zimbabwean Embassy. The students were protesting against the non-payment of scholarship ...

and more »


Saphir Taider: Algeria players must accept responsibility for World Cup failure - BBC Sport

BBC Sport

Saphir Taider: Algeria players must accept responsibility for World Cup failure
BBC Sport
Three different coaches took charge of Algeria's campaign Milovan Rajevac, George Leekens and Lucas Alcaraz. Serbian Rajevac lasted just two matches in charge and was sacked after a friendly and Algeria's 1-1 draw with Cameroon in their opening World ...



Algeria defender Faouzi Ghoulam extends Napoli deal - BBC Sport

BBC Sport

Algeria defender Faouzi Ghoulam extends Napoli deal
BBC Sport
Algeria defender Faouzi Ghoulam extends Napoli deal. 5 Dec; From the section African. Share this page. Share this with. Digg · Facebook · Google · LinkedIn · Reddit · StumbleUpon · Twitter. Copy this link. http://www.bbc.co.uk/sport/football/42241327 ...

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Algeria Says Jerusalem Announcement 'Blatant Violation' of UN Resolutions - U.S. News & World Report

Algeria Says Jerusalem Announcement 'Blatant Violation' of UN Resolutions
U.S. News & World Report
TUNIS (Reuters) - Algeria is deeply concerned about a U.S. decision to recognize Jerusalem as Israel's capital, saying it was a blatant violation of U.N. Security Council resolutions, state news agency APS said on Wednesday. "Algeria learned with deep ...



NATO and Algeria hold workshop on critical energy infrastructure security - NATO HQ (press release)

NATO HQ (press release)

NATO and Algeria hold workshop on critical energy infrastructure security
NATO HQ (press release)
The workshop, which also featured a visit to the Krechba natural gas production site, was organised by the Algerian authorities and NATO's Emerging Security Challenges Division. Over 60 participants covered in particular terrorist and cyber threats to ...

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Algeria seizes ship with Israel made clothes - Middle East Monitor

Middle East Monitor

Algeria seizes ship with Israel made clothes
Middle East Monitor
Algerian customs authorities have seized a ship in the port of Algiers carrying three large containers loaded with Israeli made clothes and imported through a private company in Algiers from China, Echourouk newspaper reported. The paper quoted customs ...