Syria

Country Syria
Capital Damascus
Continent Asia
Currency Syrian pound(SYP)
Languages Arabic

Information

Introduction

Following World War I, France acquired a mandate over the northern portion of the former Ottoman Empire province of Syria. The French administered the area as Syria until granting it independence in 1946. The new country lacked political stability, however, and experienced a series of military coups during its first decades. Syria united with Egypt in February 1958 to form the United Arab Republic. In September 1961, the two entities separated, and the Syrian Arab Republic was reestablished. In November 1970, Hafiz al-ASAD, a member of the Socialist Ba'th Party and the minority Alawite sect, seized power in a bloodless coup and brought political stability to the country. In the 1967 Arab-Israeli War, Syria lost the Golan Heights to Israel. During the 1990s, Syria and Israel held occasional peace talks over its return. Following the death of President al-ASAD, his son, Bashar al-ASAD, was approved as president by popular referendum in July 2000. Syrian troops - stationed in Lebanon since 1976 in an ostensible peacekeeping role - were withdrawn in April 2005. During the July-August 2006 conflict between Israel and Hizballah, Syria placed its military forces on alert but did not intervene directly on behalf of its ally Hizballah. In May 2007 Bashar al-ASAD was elected to his second term as President.

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References

Syria - Wikipedia
Syria - CIA World Fact Book
Syria - BBC
Syria - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

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Turkey launches military offensive in Syria, days after Trump announced pullback of US troops - CNN
  1. Turkey launches military offensive in Syria, days after Trump announced pullback of US troops  CNN
  2. Turkey begins offensive against Kurdish fighters in Syria  Associated Press
  3. Militia Commander Says It Will Attack Turkish Forces if They Enter Syria  The New York Times
  4. Turkey's military operation in Syria: All the latest updates  Al Jazeera English
  5. Syria: Erdogan's eyes more likely to be on Putin than Trump  The Guardian
  6. View full coverage on Google News


US is out of the picture in Syria-Turkey crisis. Putin now owns this mess - CNNUS is out of the picture in Syria-Turkey crisis. Putin now owns this mess  CNN

Trump dismisses Syria concerns; Dems walk out of WH meeting - The Associated PressTrump dismisses Syria concerns; Dems walk out of WH meeting  The Associated Press

US defense secretary says withdrawal of troops from northeast Syria will take 'weeks not days' - CNNUS defense secretary says withdrawal of troops from northeast Syria will take 'weeks not days'  CNN

Statement from the Press Secretary - Whitehouse.govStatement from the Press Secretary  Whitehouse.gov

Syria in maps: Visualizing what Trump's pullout has done - The Washington PostSyria in maps: Visualizing what Trump's pullout has done  The Washington Post

Erdogan wanted war in Syria to bring stability to Turkey – it may bring instability to both - The IndependentErdogan wanted war in Syria to bring stability to Turkey – it may bring instability to both  The Independent

Turkey, Syria and the war that just gets tougher to report - Aljazeera.comTurkey, Syria and the war that just gets tougher to report  Aljazeera.com

Britain makes move to bring home Isis children stranded in Syria - The GuardianBritain makes move to bring home Isis children stranded in Syria  The Guardian

Syria Cease-Fire Tested by Fighting, Questions About Buffer Zone - The Wall Street JournalSyria Cease-Fire Tested by Fighting, Questions About Buffer Zone  The Wall Street Journal

In Syria, Russia Is Pleased to Fill an American Void - The New York TimesIn Syria, Russia Is Pleased to Fill an American Void  The New York Times

Turkey-Syria offensive: Not our border, says Donald Trump - BBC NewsTurkey-Syria offensive: Not our border, says Donald Trump  BBC News

‘They are livid’: Trump’s withdrawal from Syria prompts rare public criticism from current, former military officials - The Washington Post‘They are livid’: Trump’s withdrawal from Syria prompts rare public criticism from current, former military officials  The Washington Post

What rural Ohio makes of Turkey-Syria crisis - BBC NewsWhat rural Ohio makes of Turkey-Syria crisis  BBC News

Who Are the Kurds, and Why Is Turkey Attacking Them in Syria? - The New York TimesWho Are the Kurds, and Why Is Turkey Attacking Them in Syria?  The New York Times

Reporters' Notebook: The Moment Everything Changed In Syria - NPRReporters' Notebook: The Moment Everything Changed In Syria  NPR

McConnell slams Trump administration for Syria withdrawal - CNNMcConnell slams Trump administration for Syria withdrawal  CNN

McConnell condemns Trump over Syria as impeachment inquiry ramps up - The GuardianMcConnell condemns Trump over Syria as impeachment inquiry ramps up  The Guardian

Trump told 6 Syria falsehoods in only 4 minutes - Vox.comTrump told 6 Syria falsehoods in only 4 minutes  Vox.com

Turkey Agrees to Pause Military Operations in Northern Syria - The Wall Street JournalTurkey Agrees to Pause Military Operations in Northern Syria  The Wall Street Journal

Rebels Backed by Turkey Kill at Least Two Prisoners in Syria - The New York TimesRebels Backed by Turkey Kill at Least Two Prisoners in Syria  The New York Times

Turkey's involvement in Syria's civil war: The complicated history of how we got here - CBS NewsTurkey's involvement in Syria's civil war: The complicated history of how we got here  CBS News

US officials: Ceasefire is not holding in Syria - CNNUS officials: Ceasefire is not holding in Syria  CNN

Media alarmed by U.S. pullout from Syria — which didn't actually happen - SalonMedia alarmed by U.S. pullout from Syria — which didn't actually happen  Salon

'We Didn't Believe We Would See The Sun Rise': Refugees From Syria Arrive In Iraq - NPR'We Didn't Believe We Would See The Sun Rise': Refugees From Syria Arrive In Iraq  NPR

Sky Views: UK reeling as Trump pulls out of Syria - and with good reason - Sky NewsSky Views: UK reeling as Trump pulls out of Syria - and with good reason  Sky News

UN investigates alleged use of white phosphorus in Syria - The GuardianUN investigates alleged use of white phosphorus in Syria  The Guardian

Assad Is Now Syria's Best-Case Scenario - Foreign PolicyAssad Is Now Syria's Best-Case Scenario  Foreign Policy

The Endgame in Syria - National ReviewThe Endgame in Syria  National Review

Pelosi, other US lawmakers arrive in Jordan for meetings on Syria - Fox NewsPelosi, other US lawmakers arrive in Jordan for meetings on Syria  Fox News

Russian Media Cheers Trump's Moves in Syria: 'Putin Won the Lottery!' - The Daily BeastRussian Media Cheers Trump's Moves in Syria: 'Putin Won the Lottery!'  The Daily Beast

A photographer’s account from the frontlines of Turkey’s incursion in Syria - Washington PostA photographer’s account from the frontlines of Turkey’s incursion in Syria  Washington Post

Can our friends trust the US as an ally? Most Americans say Trump's Syria move has hurt - USA TODAYCan our friends trust the US as an ally? Most Americans say Trump's Syria move has hurt  USA TODAY

Belgium to evacuate Isis suspects from Syria detention camps - The GuardianBelgium to evacuate Isis suspects from Syria detention camps  The Guardian

What Trump Actually Gets Right About Syria - POLITICOWhat Trump Actually Gets Right About Syria  POLITICO

Viewpoint: Syria could be beginning of end for Trump - BBC NewsViewpoint: Syria could be beginning of end for Trump  BBC News

The Way Forward in Syria - The New York TimesThe Way Forward in Syria  The New York Times

Pompeo Sees Cease-fire as Key Goal of Ankara Visit: Syria Update - BloombergPompeo Sees Cease-fire as Key Goal of Ankara Visit: Syria Update  Bloomberg

How 12 Australian family members ended up detained or dead in Syria after the fall of Islamic State - ABC NewsHow 12 Australian family members ended up detained or dead in Syria after the fall of Islamic State  ABC News

Turkey-Syria offensive: 'Hundreds' of IS relatives escape camp - BBC NewsTurkey-Syria offensive: 'Hundreds' of IS relatives escape camp  BBC News

Turkish Proxies Appear to Be Using White Phosphorus in Syria - Foreign PolicyTurkish Proxies Appear to Be Using White Phosphorus in Syria  Foreign Policy

Pentagon sees few options for preventing new ISIS safe haven in Syria - POLITICOPentagon sees few options for preventing new ISIS safe haven in Syria  POLITICO

Turkey launches ground offensive in northern Syria - BBC NewsTurkey launches ground offensive in northern Syria  BBC News

Democrats Are Hypocrites for Condemning Trump Over Syria - The AtlanticDemocrats Are Hypocrites for Condemning Trump Over Syria  The Atlantic

U.S. Officials Are Worried About Turkish Foray Into Syria - The Wall Street JournalU.S. Officials Are Worried About Turkish Foray Into Syria  The Wall Street Journal

Bloodied clothes and body bags: Kurds mourn dead in Syria - The GuardianBloodied clothes and body bags: Kurds mourn dead in Syria  The Guardian

Erdogan’s calamitous Syrian blunder has finally broken his spell over Turkey - The GuardianErdogan’s calamitous Syrian blunder has finally broken his spell over Turkey  The Guardian

'Totally gross': Susan Rice hits back at Trump after he criticizes her Syria policy - USA TODAY'Totally gross': Susan Rice hits back at Trump after he criticizes her Syria policy  USA TODAY

The Intelligence Fallout From Trump’s Withdrawal in Syria - The AtlanticThe Intelligence Fallout From Trump’s Withdrawal in Syria  The Atlantic

Bill Maher says Trump has made Syria 'more anti-American than Berkeley' - Fox NewsBill Maher says Trump has made Syria 'more anti-American than Berkeley'  Fox News

Putin Is the New King of Syria - The Wall Street JournalPutin Is the New King of Syria  The Wall Street Journal

Boy begs dad for burning to stop after 'chemical attack' in Syria - Metro.co.ukBoy begs dad for burning to stop after 'chemical attack' in Syria  Metro.co.uk

Syrian Rebels See Chance for New Life With Turkish Troops - The New York TimesSyrian Rebels See Chance for New Life With Turkish Troops  The New York Times

A Foreseen Calamity in Syria - The New York TimesA Foreseen Calamity in Syria  The New York Times

Turkey-Syria cease-fire is 'not a success,' Republican lawmaker says - Fox NewsTurkey-Syria cease-fire is 'not a success,' Republican lawmaker says  Fox News

'Nothing we actually can do' to extract Australians from Syria, says Christian Porter - Sydney Morning Herald'Nothing we actually can do' to extract Australians from Syria, says Christian Porter  Sydney Morning Herald

ABC Apologizes for Showing Video From U.S. Gun Range in Report on Syria - The New York TimesABC Apologizes for Showing Video From U.S. Gun Range in Report on Syria  The New York Times

America Still Needs A Syria Strategy - Foreign PolicyAmerica Still Needs A Syria Strategy  Foreign Policy

US Military Officers Who Fought With Kurdish SDF Fighters in Syria Are Devastated, Ashamed - Foreign PolicyUS Military Officers Who Fought With Kurdish SDF Fighters in Syria Are Devastated, Ashamed  Foreign Policy

Turkey's Attack on Kurds Isn't Just Trump's Fault - Foreign PolicyTurkey's Attack on Kurds Isn't Just Trump's Fault  Foreign Policy

Republican Voters Are Largely Backing Trump’s Withdrawal From Syria - FiveThirtyEightRepublican Voters Are Largely Backing Trump’s Withdrawal From Syria  FiveThirtyEight

Syrian army begins to move troops to 'confront' Turkey in northern Syria: state media - ReutersSyrian army begins to move troops to 'confront' Turkey in northern Syria: state media  Reuters

In Democratic Debate, A Fiery Clash Over U.S. Role In Syria - NPRIn Democratic Debate, A Fiery Clash Over U.S. Role In Syria  NPR

US nuclear bombs at Turkish airbase complicate rift over Syria invasion - The GuardianUS nuclear bombs at Turkish airbase complicate rift over Syria invasion  The Guardian

VIDEO: Troops left food, books and drinks at abandoned US Syria base - Business InsiderVIDEO: Troops left food, books and drinks at abandoned US Syria base  Business Insider

Turkey's operation in Syria exposed Europe's double standards - Al Jazeera EnglishTurkey's operation in Syria exposed Europe's double standards  Al Jazeera English

The hasty U.S. pullback from Syria is a searing moment in America’s withdrawal from the Middle East - The Washington PostThe hasty U.S. pullback from Syria is a searing moment in America’s withdrawal from the Middle East  The Washington Post

US conducts airstrike on weapons storage site as troops pull out of Syria - CNNUS conducts airstrike on weapons storage site as troops pull out of Syria  CNN

Syria war criminals may find the law is finally closing in on them - The GuardianSyria war criminals may find the law is finally closing in on them  The Guardian

Trump is condemning millions of Syrians to Assad and Iran’s cruelty - The Washington PostTrump is condemning millions of Syrians to Assad and Iran’s cruelty  The Washington Post

What it means for US bases in Syria to be occupied by Syrian and Russian forces - Military TimesWhat it means for US bases in Syria to be occupied by Syrian and Russian forces  Military Times

How Bashar Assad won in Syria - HaaretzHow Bashar Assad won in Syria  Haaretz

Kurds in Malta protest Turkish military action in northern Syria - Times of MaltaKurds in Malta protest Turkish military action in northern Syria  Times of Malta

Tulsi Gabbard, Asked at Debate About Syria, Attacks the Media - The New York TimesTulsi Gabbard, Asked at Debate About Syria, Attacks the Media  The New York Times

The Kurds Are Officially Ready to Partner With Assad and Putin - Foreign PolicyThe Kurds Are Officially Ready to Partner With Assad and Putin  Foreign Policy

Trump Defends His Syria Pullout While House Delivers Rebuke - BloombergTrump Defends His Syria Pullout While House Delivers Rebuke  Bloomberg

12 Hours. 4 Syrian Hospitals Bombed. One Culprit: Russia. - The New York Times12 Hours. 4 Syrian Hospitals Bombed. One Culprit: Russia.  The New York Times

Syria Demands Immediate Withdrawal of U.S. and Turkish Forces, Again - The New York TimesSyria Demands Immediate Withdrawal of U.S. and Turkish Forces, Again  The New York Times

House Rebukes Trump Over Withdrawal of U.S. Forces from Syria - BloombergHouse Rebukes Trump Over Withdrawal of U.S. Forces from Syria  Bloomberg

Turkey presses assault against Kurdish forces in northern Syria - CBC.caTurkey presses assault against Kurdish forces in northern Syria  CBC.ca

Saudi ambassador accuses Turkey of causing chaos in Syria - The GuardianSaudi ambassador accuses Turkey of causing chaos in Syria  The Guardian

Shields and Brooks on Trump and Syria, impeachment outlook - PBS NewsHourShields and Brooks on Trump and Syria, impeachment outlook  PBS NewsHour

Trump’s Syria retreat blamed for murder of Hervin Khalaf - QuartzTrump’s Syria retreat blamed for murder of Hervin Khalaf  Quartz

Kurds say Turkey is violating hours-old 'ceasefire' in northern Syria - CNN InternationalKurds say Turkey is violating hours-old 'ceasefire' in northern Syria  CNN International

Syria, White House, Opioids: Your Wednesday Evening Briefing - The New York TimesSyria, White House, Opioids: Your Wednesday Evening Briefing  The New York Times

Syria Truce Shaky as Erdogan, Kurds Disagree on What It Means - BloombergSyria Truce Shaky as Erdogan, Kurds Disagree on What It Means  Bloomberg

'We deserve support': Reinvented north-east Syria strives for stability - The Guardian'We deserve support': Reinvented north-east Syria strives for stability  The Guardian

Erdogan: Turkey has no choice but set up Syria 'safe zone' alone - Al Jazeera EnglishErdogan: Turkey has no choice but set up Syria 'safe zone' alone  Al Jazeera English

Like ‘Working in a Prison’: Six Years in the Hell of Syria’s Hospitals - The New York TimesLike ‘Working in a Prison’: Six Years in the Hell of Syria’s Hospitals  The New York Times

How Times Reporters Proved Russia Bombed Syrian Hospitals - The New York TimesHow Times Reporters Proved Russia Bombed Syrian Hospitals  The New York Times

In Syria, America Had No Good Options - The AtlanticIn Syria, America Had No Good Options  The Atlantic

Turkey Syria: Trump sends $50 million in emergency financial assistance to Syria - CBS NewsTurkey Syria: Trump sends $50 million in emergency financial assistance to Syria  CBS News

Frustration on Syria mounts from Republicans during 'heated' Esper meeting - CNNFrustration on Syria mounts from Republicans during 'heated' Esper meeting  CNN

Turkey Syria offensive: Tens of thousands flee homes - BBC NewsTurkey Syria offensive: Tens of thousands flee homes  BBC News

'They'll come to kill us': Canadian trapped in Syria pleads to UN for help - CTV News'They'll come to kill us': Canadian trapped in Syria pleads to UN for help  CTV News

Russia Savors U.S. Missteps in Syria, and Seizes Opportunity - The New York TimesRussia Savors U.S. Missteps in Syria, and Seizes Opportunity  The New York Times

Republicans Divided Over Political Costs Of Trump's Syria Withdrawal - NPRRepublicans Divided Over Political Costs Of Trump's Syria Withdrawal  NPR

Liz Cheney tried to blame the Syria debacle on impeachment - CNNLiz Cheney tried to blame the Syria debacle on impeachment  CNN

Pelosi Cites Trump 'Meltdown' as GOP Blasts Syria Reversal - BloombergPelosi Cites Trump 'Meltdown' as GOP Blasts Syria Reversal  Bloomberg

As Syrian troops move in, Australian IS captives plead 'don't let us fall into the hands of the regime' - ABC NewsAs Syrian troops move in, Australian IS captives plead 'don't let us fall into the hands of the regime'  ABC News