Syria

Country Syria
Capital Damascus
Continent Asia
Currency Syrian pound(SYP)
Languages Arabic

Information

Introduction

Following World War I, France acquired a mandate over the northern portion of the former Ottoman Empire province of Syria. The French administered the area as Syria until granting it independence in 1946. The new country lacked political stability, however, and experienced a series of military coups during its first decades. Syria united with Egypt in February 1958 to form the United Arab Republic. In September 1961, the two entities separated, and the Syrian Arab Republic was reestablished. In November 1970, Hafiz al-ASAD, a member of the Socialist Ba'th Party and the minority Alawite sect, seized power in a bloodless coup and brought political stability to the country. In the 1967 Arab-Israeli War, Syria lost the Golan Heights to Israel. During the 1990s, Syria and Israel held occasional peace talks over its return. Following the death of President al-ASAD, his son, Bashar al-ASAD, was approved as president by popular referendum in July 2000. Syrian troops - stationed in Lebanon since 1976 in an ostensible peacekeeping role - were withdrawn in April 2005. During the July-August 2006 conflict between Israel and Hizballah, Syria placed its military forces on alert but did not intervene directly on behalf of its ally Hizballah. In May 2007 Bashar al-ASAD was elected to his second term as President.

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References

Syria - Wikipedia
Syria - CIA World Fact Book
Syria - BBC
Syria - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

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How the US Presidential Election Will Affect the Future of Syria and Bashar al-Assad - Foreign Policy
  1. How the US Presidential Election Will Affect the Future of Syria and Bashar al-Assad  Foreign Policy
  2. Syria’s stock market stops trades of Rami Makhlouf’s telecom company  Al-Monitor
  3. Syrian stock market halts trading for cellular company Syriatel, owned by Assad cousin  TheRecord.com
  4. Syrian Kurdish Leader: U.S. Gave “No Information” on Promised Sanction Exemption  Yahoo News
  5. Lebanon denies endorsing US sanctions act targeting Syrian government  Middle East Eye
  6. View Full coverage on Google News


Syrian opposition: Move, disband, or do the bidding of others - Atlantic CouncilSyrian opposition: Move, disband, or do the bidding of others  Atlantic Council

Syrian Stock Market Halts Trading for Assad Cousin's Company - VOA NewsSyrian Stock Market Halts Trading for Assad Cousin's Company  VOA News

Photos: Street Artists Memorialize George Floyd Worldwide, From Berlin To Syria - ForbesPhotos: Street Artists Memorialize George Floyd Worldwide, From Berlin To Syria  Forbes

Qatar Charity implements qualitative project to enhance food security in northern Syria - Syrian Arab Republic - ReliefWebQatar Charity implements qualitative project to enhance food security in northern Syria - Syrian Arab Republic  ReliefWeb

Syria records lowest civilian deaths since beginning of war - Outlook IndiaSyria records lowest civilian deaths since beginning of war  Outlook India

WHO delivers health supplies by road to northeast Syria - Syrian Arab Republic - ReliefWebWHO delivers health supplies by road to northeast Syria - Syrian Arab Republic  ReliefWeb

His Family Fled Syria. He Didn’t Cry Until He Heard About His Sisters. - The New York TimesHis Family Fled Syria. He Didn’t Cry Until He Heard About His Sisters.  The New York Times

Russia delivers Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-29 to Syria to tackle Israel`s F-16 Fighting Falcons - Zee NewsRussia delivers Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-29 to Syria to tackle Israel`s F-16 Fighting Falcons  Zee News

Western Countries Leave Children of ISIS in Syrian Camps - The New York TimesWestern Countries Leave Children of ISIS in Syrian Camps  The New York Times

Syria & the Surrounding Countries - ETC Situation Report #41 (Reporting Period: 01/04/2020 to 31/05/2020) - Syrian Arab Republic - ReliefWebSyria & the Surrounding Countries - ETC Situation Report #41 (Reporting Period: 01/04/2020 to 31/05/2020) - Syrian Arab Republic  ReliefWeb

UN envoy calls for Russia-US talks to help end Syrian war - Al Jazeera EnglishUN envoy calls for Russia-US talks to help end Syrian war  Al Jazeera English

Assad attempts to weaponize COVID-19 in Syria | TheHill - The HillAssad attempts to weaponize COVID-19 in Syria | TheHill  The Hill

Syria: Bomb attack kills civilian in Ras al-Ayn - Anadolu AjansiSyria: Bomb attack kills civilian in Ras al-Ayn  Anadolu Ajansi

125 civilians killed in Syria in May, report finds – Middle East Monitor - Middle East Monitor125 civilians killed in Syria in May, report finds – Middle East Monitor  Middle East Monitor

Intel: SDF commander reports progress on Kurdish reconciliation talks in Syria - Al-MonitorIntel: SDF commander reports progress on Kurdish reconciliation talks in Syria  Al-Monitor

Special Operators In Syria Are First American Unit To Use Computerized Sights On Their Rifles - The DriveSpecial Operators In Syria Are First American Unit To Use Computerized Sights On Their Rifles  The Drive

Syria: UN continues cross-border humanitarian response amid COVID-19 - Syrian Arab Republic - ReliefWebSyria: UN continues cross-border humanitarian response amid COVID-19 - Syrian Arab Republic  ReliefWeb

Syria’s Assad is confronting the toughest challenges of the 9-year war - The Washington PostSyria’s Assad is confronting the toughest challenges of the 9-year war  The Washington Post

Russian diplomat, UN chief talk Syria, Libya on phone - Anadolu AgencyRussian diplomat, UN chief talk Syria, Libya on phone  Anadolu Agency

125 Civilians Documented Killed in Syria in May 2020, including Eight Who Died Due to Torture, and One Massacre - Syrian Arab Republic - ReliefWeb125 Civilians Documented Killed in Syria in May 2020, including Eight Who Died Due to Torture, and One Massacre - Syrian Arab Republic  ReliefWeb

“Un-silence my world” Campaign - Syrian Arab Republic - ReliefWeb“Un-silence my world” Campaign - Syrian Arab Republic  ReliefWeb

Russia is getting more than it bargained for in Libya and Syria - Business Insider - Business InsiderRussia is getting more than it bargained for in Libya and Syria - Business Insider  Business Insider

A new Gaza: Turkey's border policy in northern Syria - European Council on Foreign RelationsA new Gaza: Turkey's border policy in northern Syria  European Council on Foreign Relations

Fraud allegations taint efforts to prosecute war crimes in Syria - The NationalFraud allegations taint efforts to prosecute war crimes in Syria  The National

Rami Makhlouf: The rift at the heart of Syria's ruling family - BBC NewsRami Makhlouf: The rift at the heart of Syria's ruling family  BBC News

UN steps up cross-border aid delivery to NW Syria - Xinhua | English.news.cn - XinhuaUN steps up cross-border aid delivery to NW Syria - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

Nine policemen abducted and killed in south Syria - Al Jazeera AmericaNine policemen abducted and killed in south Syria  Al Jazeera America

ISIS Prisoners Threaten U.S. Mission in Northeastern Syria - The New York TimesISIS Prisoners Threaten U.S. Mission in Northeastern Syria  The New York Times

Israeli aircraft reportedly pound military outposts in Syria - Al Jazeera EnglishIsraeli aircraft reportedly pound military outposts in Syria  Al Jazeera English

IS militants 'dumped bodies in Syria gorge', HRW says - BBC NewsIS militants 'dumped bodies in Syria gorge', HRW says  BBC News

US court orders Iran, Syria liable for attacks in Israel - KCTV Kansas CityUS court orders Iran, Syria liable for attacks in Israel  KCTV Kansas City

'War crimes' committed by Russia, Assad gov't in Syria: Amnesty - Al Jazeera English'War crimes' committed by Russia, Assad gov't in Syria: Amnesty  Al Jazeera English

Syria’s children ‘go to bed hungry’ as prices soar - Financial TimesSyria’s children ‘go to bed hungry’ as prices soar  Financial Times

Syria's Rami Makhlouf relinquishes assets to charity - ArabnewsSyria's Rami Makhlouf relinquishes assets to charity  Arabnews

Syria imposes travel ban on Assad's tycoon cousin Rami Makhlouf - Al Jazeera EnglishSyria imposes travel ban on Assad's tycoon cousin Rami Makhlouf  Al Jazeera English

Local councils and security forces’ procedures do not stop northern Syria’s bombings - ??? ????Local councils and security forces’ procedures do not stop northern Syria’s bombings  ??? ????

New mechanisms to educate 500 thousand students northern Syria - Enab BaladiNew mechanisms to educate 500 thousand students northern Syria  Enab Baladi

Libya conflict: Russia and Turkey risk Syria repeat - BBC NewsLibya conflict: Russia and Turkey risk Syria repeat  BBC News

Syria’s Assad Defeated His Foes. Now He Targets His Friends. - The Wall Street JournalSyria’s Assad Defeated His Foes. Now He Targets His Friends.  The Wall Street Journal

Lebanese trapped in Syria returning home | News , Lebanon News - The Daily StarLebanese trapped in Syria returning home | News , Lebanon News  The Daily Star

Young photographers offer alternative glimpse into life on Turkey-Syria border - EuronewsYoung photographers offer alternative glimpse into life on Turkey-Syria border  Euronews

Has Russia grown tired of Syria's Bashar al-Assad? - Al Jazeera EnglishHas Russia grown tired of Syria's Bashar al-Assad?  Al Jazeera English

Could Assad row with cousin tear down Syrian regime? - The GuardianCould Assad row with cousin tear down Syrian regime?  The Guardian

EU’s message behind lifting sanctions on Syrian investors - Enab BaladiEU’s message behind lifting sanctions on Syrian investors  Enab Baladi

Syria's unchecked kleptocracy deepens political rifts - TRT WorldSyria's unchecked kleptocracy deepens political rifts  TRT World

Assad cousin's dissent reveals power struggle in Syria's ruling family - FRANCE 24 EnglishAssad cousin's dissent reveals power struggle in Syria's ruling family  FRANCE 24 English

Syrian human rights NGO calls on real estate owners to document their properties to avoid Palestine’s West Bank scenario - Enab BaladiSyrian human rights NGO calls on real estate owners to document their properties to avoid Palestine’s West Bank scenario  Enab Baladi

Middle East Report N°213 - Silencing the Guns in Syria's Idlib - Syrian Arab Republic - ReliefWebMiddle East Report N°213 - Silencing the Guns in Syria's Idlib - Syrian Arab Republic  ReliefWeb

Turkey, Russia carry out 14th joint patrol in Idlib, Syria - Anadolu AgencyTurkey, Russia carry out 14th joint patrol in Idlib, Syria  Anadolu Agency

Online English classes revive ties severed by war in Syria - Associated PressOnline English classes revive ties severed by war in Syria  Associated Press

US court: Iran, Syria, Hamas, IJ can be liable for 'lone-wolf' attackers - The Jerusalem PostUS court: Iran, Syria, Hamas, IJ can be liable for 'lone-wolf' attackers  The Jerusalem Post

No more “exceptionally” admitted students in Syrian private schools - Enab BaladiNo more “exceptionally” admitted students in Syrian private schools  Enab Baladi

Turkey's assault against Syrian Kurds leaves trail of misery and spin - Al-MonitorTurkey's assault against Syrian Kurds leaves trail of misery and spin  Al-Monitor

Syrians flee camps and return to destroyed homes in Idlib - Aljazeera.comSyrians flee camps and return to destroyed homes in Idlib  Aljazeera.com

The Lebanese In Syria Can Now Return Home By Land - The961The Lebanese In Syria Can Now Return Home By Land  The961

The Syrian refugee on the UK's coronavirus front lines - Al Jazeera EnglishThe Syrian refugee on the UK's coronavirus front lines  Al Jazeera English

The Syrian doctor using his experiences of working in war-torn Aleppo to help him fight Covid-19 in the NHS - Manchester Evening NewsThe Syrian doctor using his experiences of working in war-torn Aleppo to help him fight Covid-19 in the NHS  Manchester Evening News

How Putin Is Winning in Syria :: Middle East Quarterly - Middle East ForumHow Putin Is Winning in Syria :: Middle East Quarterly  Middle East Forum

Educating Syria's Lost Generation | Close Up | Humanitarian crises - Aljazeera.comEducating Syria's Lost Generation | Close Up | Humanitarian crises  Aljazeera.com

The UAE detains and tortures a Turkish citizen for helping Syrian refugees - TRT WorldThe UAE detains and tortures a Turkish citizen for helping Syrian refugees  TRT World

We've Got A Close Up Look At Syria's MiG-29s And It Isn't Pretty - The DriveWe've Got A Close Up Look At Syria's MiG-29s And It Isn't Pretty  The Drive

Syria's Assad warns of 'catastrophe' if coronavirus cases spike - ArabnewsSyria's Assad warns of 'catastrophe' if coronavirus cases spike  Arabnews

ISIS seeks to exploit pandemic to mount resurgence in Iraq and Syria - CNNISIS seeks to exploit pandemic to mount resurgence in Iraq and Syria  CNN

Qatar Charity's project to enhance food security in Syria - Gulf TimesQatar Charity's project to enhance food security in Syria  Gulf Times

IOM launches appeal to support displaced and migrant Syrians amid COVID-19 pandemic - InfoMigrantsIOM launches appeal to support displaced and migrant Syrians amid COVID-19 pandemic  InfoMigrants

Turkey's occupation of northern Syria includes population transfers - Al-MonitorTurkey's occupation of northern Syria includes population transfers  Al-Monitor

The not-so-sacred profit bonanza of Syria's jihadi groups - Al-MonitorThe not-so-sacred profit bonanza of Syria's jihadi groups  Al-Monitor

Russia, Egypt discuss conditions in Libya, Syria - Politics - Egypt - Ahram OnlineRussia, Egypt discuss conditions in Libya, Syria - Politics - Egypt  Ahram Online

In pictures: The world comes together in solidarity protesting George Floyd's death - Gulf NewsIn pictures: The world comes together in solidarity protesting George Floyd's death  Gulf News

How does Israel keep getting past Syria's air defenses? - Syria DirectHow does Israel keep getting past Syria's air defenses?  Syria Direct

Three Finnish families arrive from Syrian camp on Sunday - YLE NewsThree Finnish families arrive from Syrian camp on Sunday  YLE News

Concerns over “Caesar” from becoming “political bazaar” - Enab BaladiConcerns over “Caesar” from becoming “political bazaar”  Enab Baladi

Syrian charged with terror financing - Views and News from NorwaySyrian charged with terror financing  Views and News from Norway

Syrian mercenaries refuse fighting in Libya: SOHR - EgypttodaySyrian mercenaries refuse fighting in Libya: SOHR  Egypttoday

Syria War: 'Highly probable' Syrian military hit civilian targets - UN - BBC NewsSyria War: 'Highly probable' Syrian military hit civilian targets - UN  BBC News

America’s Abandonment of Syria - The New YorkerAmerica’s Abandonment of Syria  The New Yorker

Syria's divisions damage efforts to mobilise against coronavirus - Al Jazeera EnglishSyria's divisions damage efforts to mobilise against coronavirus  Al Jazeera English

'Nowhere is safe': UN warns of urgent danger of Syria escalation - Al Jazeera English'Nowhere is safe': UN warns of urgent danger of Syria escalation  Al Jazeera English

Assad may have won the Syrian war, but now he’s battling the economy - The Washington PostAssad may have won the Syrian war, but now he’s battling the economy  The Washington Post

AP Explains: Why Syria's M5 is Assad's highway to victory - Associated PressAP Explains: Why Syria's M5 is Assad's highway to victory  Associated Press

Syria civil war: Germany holds unprecedented state torture trial - BBC NewsSyria civil war: Germany holds unprecedented state torture trial  BBC News

Coronavirus 'disaster in the making' in war-torn Syria - Al Jazeera EnglishCoronavirus 'disaster in the making' in war-torn Syria  Al Jazeera English

Syria war: Jihadist assault 'kills dozens of soldiers' - BBC NewsSyria war: Jihadist assault 'kills dozens of soldiers'  BBC News

Syria war: Who benefits from its oil production? - BBC NewsSyria war: Who benefits from its oil production?  BBC News

Fears mount as Syria reports first coronavirus case - Al Jazeera EnglishFears mount as Syria reports first coronavirus case  Al Jazeera English

Syria's grim anniversary - The New HumanitarianSyria's grim anniversary  The New Humanitarian

Deadly clash in Syria a vivid reminder of US troops' ill-defined mission - The GuardianDeadly clash in Syria a vivid reminder of US troops' ill-defined mission  The Guardian

UN: More than 235,000 flee northwest Syria violence - Al Jazeera EnglishUN: More than 235,000 flee northwest Syria violence  Al Jazeera English

The highway that determines the future for Syria and its citizens - The GuardianThe highway that determines the future for Syria and its citizens  The Guardian

'Very dire' situation: EU calls for end to Syria bombing - Al Jazeera English'Very dire' situation: EU calls for end to Syria bombing  Al Jazeera English

Turkey Declares Major Offensive Against Syrian Government - The New York TimesTurkey Declares Major Offensive Against Syrian Government  The New York Times

Concern mounts of 'catastrophic' coronavirus outbreak in Syria - Al Jazeera EnglishConcern mounts of 'catastrophic' coronavirus outbreak in Syria  Al Jazeera English

Syria's war turns 9: How barbarity, confusion and indifference helped Bashar Assad prosper - USA TODAYSyria's war turns 9: How barbarity, confusion and indifference helped Bashar Assad prosper  USA TODAY

Syrian Children Freeze to Death. Bombs Rain Down. And ‘Nobody Cares.’ - The New York TimesSyrian Children Freeze to Death. Bombs Rain Down. And ‘Nobody Cares.’  The New York Times

Coronavirus: Syria reports first death amid warning of spread - BBC NewsCoronavirus: Syria reports first death amid warning of spread  BBC News

'After war we now have this': Syrians grapple with poverty and coronavirus - The Guardian'After war we now have this': Syrians grapple with poverty and coronavirus  The Guardian

Syria: Aid Restrictions Hinder Covid-19 Response - Human Rights WatchSyria: Aid Restrictions Hinder Covid-19 Response  Human Rights Watch

Syria's war: More than 20 killed in air raids on rebel-held Idlib - Al Jazeera EnglishSyria's war: More than 20 killed in air raids on rebel-held Idlib  Al Jazeera English

What Trump just triggered in Syria, visualized - The Washington PostWhat Trump just triggered in Syria, visualized  The Washington Post