Syria

Country Syria
Capital Damascus
Continent Asia
Currency Syrian pound(SYP)
Languages Arabic

Information

Introduction

Following World War I, France acquired a mandate over the northern portion of the former Ottoman Empire province of Syria. The French administered the area as Syria until granting it independence in 1946. The new country lacked political stability, however, and experienced a series of military coups during its first decades. Syria united with Egypt in February 1958 to form the United Arab Republic. In September 1961, the two entities separated, and the Syrian Arab Republic was reestablished. In November 1970, Hafiz al-ASAD, a member of the Socialist Ba'th Party and the minority Alawite sect, seized power in a bloodless coup and brought political stability to the country. In the 1967 Arab-Israeli War, Syria lost the Golan Heights to Israel. During the 1990s, Syria and Israel held occasional peace talks over its return. Following the death of President al-ASAD, his son, Bashar al-ASAD, was approved as president by popular referendum in July 2000. Syrian troops - stationed in Lebanon since 1976 in an ostensible peacekeeping role - were withdrawn in April 2005. During the July-August 2006 conflict between Israel and Hizballah, Syria placed its military forces on alert but did not intervene directly on behalf of its ally Hizballah. In May 2007 Bashar al-ASAD was elected to his second term as President.

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References

Syria - Wikipedia
Syria - CIA World Fact Book
Syria - BBC
Syria - Timeline - BBC

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Germany 'seeks extradition' of Syria's Jamil Hassan from Lebanon - Aljazeera.comGermany 'seeks extradition' of Syria's Jamil Hassan from Lebanon  Aljazeera.com

Head of Syria's Air Force Intelligence Directorate, General Jamil Hassan, reportedly admitted to hospital in Lebanon.



SDF looks to clear more civilians from last ISIL pocket in Syria - Aljazeera.comSDF looks to clear more civilians from last ISIL pocket in Syria  Aljazeera.com

US-backed Syrian Democratic Forces vow to keep 'corridor' to final ISIL holdout open for fleeing civilians.



U.S. Allies Spurred a Partial Reversal of Trump’s Syria Withdrawal Plan, Official Says - The Wall Street JournalU.S. Allies Spurred a Partial Reversal of Trump’s Syria Withdrawal Plan, Official Says  The Wall Street Journal

The Trump administration decision to keep hundreds of U.S. troops based in Syria was driven by allies who said they wouldn't stay behind to prevent a ...



US Will Leave 400 Troops In Syria - NPRUS Will Leave 400 Troops In Syria  NPR

Two months after President Trump announced a complete withdrawal of U.S. forces from the country, the White House says the contingent will remain for an ...



Syria's Monumental Loss | by Muhammad Idrees Ahmad | NYR Daily - The New York Review of BooksSyria's Monumental Loss | by Muhammad Idrees Ahmad | NYR Daily  The New York Review of Books

In May 2015, the world watched in horror as ISIS rolled into Tadmur, home to Palmyra's magnificent Greco-Roman ruins. The ensuing destruction was widely ...



Shamima Begum in Syria: Where now for IS bride? - BBC NewsShamima Begum in Syria: Where now for IS bride?  BBC News

With her UK citizenship revoked and the IS caliphate dying, where should Brits like Shamima go next?



Russian propganda train shows off spoils of Syrian war - Euronews EnglishRussian propganda train shows off spoils of Syrian war  Euronews English

A propaganda train displaying weapons and military vehicles that the Russian military seized in Syria is now en route from Moscow to the far eastern port city of ...



Iran mocks Netanyahu, says time of Israel’s action in Syria is ending - The Jerusalem PostIran mocks Netanyahu, says time of Israel’s action in Syria is ending  The Jerusalem Post

Secretary of Iran's Supreme National Security Council says that deterrence will increase against Israel's actions, and hints that US may increase withdrawal in ...



Lindsey Graham changes tune on Trump's Syria strategy - Daily Local NewsLindsey Graham changes tune on Trump's Syria strategy  Daily Local News

President Donald Trump has agreed to keep about 400 US troops in Syria after the withdrawal of most US forces there this spring, a senior administration official ...



After five failed attempts to escape ISIS slavery, she tried one last time - The Washington PostAfter five failed attempts to escape ISIS slavery, she tried one last time  The Washington Post

AMUDA, Syria — The walk to freedom lasted 53 hours and the little boy cried all the way. It wasn't their first escape attempt — she'd tried five times before to flee ...



Convoy leaves final IS holdout in Syria - RTE.ieConvoy leaves final IS holdout in Syria  RTE.ie

A convoy of trucks evacuated dozens of people including women and children from the Islamic State group's last Syrian holdout, bringing US-backed forces ...



Islamic State: Thousands of foreign children in Syrian camps - BBC NewsIslamic State: Thousands of foreign children in Syrian camps  BBC News

The children, whose parents were Islamic State members, are at the centre of an international battle.



U.S. Allies Are Refusing to Do Trump’s Dirty Work in Syria - Vanity FairU.S. Allies Are Refusing to Do Trump’s Dirty Work in Syria  Vanity Fair

America's allies “unanimously” declined the Trump administration's request to pick up the slack in Syria when U.S. troops depart.



Second Briton says he wants to be allowed back to UK from Syria - The GuardianSecond Briton says he wants to be allowed back to UK from Syria  The Guardian

A second Briton who left to go to Syria has said he wants to return to the UK. Jack Letts, who is suspected of joining Islamic State, said he missed Britain, but ...



'He's used chemical weapons': Meghan McCain confronts Tulsi Gabbard over Syrian president - USA TODAY'He's used chemical weapons': Meghan McCain confronts Tulsi Gabbard over Syrian president  USA TODAY

Meghan McCain didn't hold back any criticism of 2020 hopeful Tulsi Gabbard on Wednesday during an appearance on ABC's "The View."



SAS among special forces fighting in Syria, MoD admits - The TimesSAS among special forces fighting in Syria, MoD admits  The Times

The Ministry of Defence has confirmed that British special forces have taken part in the war against Isis, despite a parliamentary vote in December 2015 that only ...



Assad adviser rejects idea of granting Syrian Kurds autonomy - ReutersAssad adviser rejects idea of granting Syrian Kurds autonomy  Reuters

MOSCOW (Reuters) - A senior adviser to Syrian President Bashar al-Assad on Tuesday flatly rejected the idea of giving Syrian Kurds a measure of autonomy, ...



UK rehomes some 100 Syria White Helmets and family members - BBC NewsUK rehomes some 100 Syria White Helmets and family members  BBC News

Some 100 volunteers and family members from the Syria White Helmets civil defence group have been resettled in the UK, the Home Office has confirmed.



I witnessed the purgatory of people trapped in Syria's Rukban camp - The GuardianI witnessed the purgatory of people trapped in Syria's Rukban camp  The Guardian

Constant hunger and thirst haunt those stranded in the desert, where escape means paying vast sums to smugglers.



6 Syria, Islamic State: Militant group losing ground, images show shocking aftermath - NEWS.com.au6 Syria, Islamic State: Militant group losing ground, images show shocking aftermath  NEWS.com.au

Two feet deep, below a plot of farmland outside the Syrian city of Raqa, lies a large and deadly legacy of the Islamic State group: a mass grave holding an ...



Rania Abouzeid book excerpt: Revisiting the beginnings of Syria's chaos - National PostRania Abouzeid book excerpt: Revisiting the beginnings of Syria's chaos  National Post

In No Turning Back, Rania Abouzeid revisits the beginnings of unrest in Syria. This is part of a series of excerpts from books shortlisted for this year's Lionel ...



Canadian who tried to join terror group in Syria set for release from prison despite being ‘high risk to public safety’ - Global NewsCanadian who tried to join terror group in Syria set for release from prison despite being ‘high risk to public safety’  Global News

An Ontario man who travelled to Syria to join an al-Qaida faction is being released from prison less than two years after pleading guilty, even though the Parole ...



British Woman Who Joined ISIS In Syria As Teen Is Stripped Of U.K. Citizenship - NPRBritish Woman Who Joined ISIS In Syria As Teen Is Stripped Of U.K. Citizenship  NPR

The British woman who moved from London to Syria in 2015 to join the Islamic State won't be able to return to England, British officials say. A lawyer for the ...



Withdrawing U.S. troops from Syria is proving easier said than done - The Washington PostWithdrawing U.S. troops from Syria is proving easier said than done  The Washington Post

ANKARA, Turkey — President Trump's decision to pull U.S. troops out of Syria has triggered a scramble among international powers and local forces to figure ...



Swiss ex-sergeant convicted for leading Christian militia against IS in Syria - Middle East EyeSwiss ex-sergeant convicted for leading Christian militia against IS in Syria  Middle East Eye

Hanna Johannes Cosar, led a militia fighting against Islamic State, was found guilty of violating Swiss neutrality.



People gather for funeral of seven Syrian refugee children killed in Halifax fire - Edmonton JournalPeople gather for funeral of seven Syrian refugee children killed in Halifax fire  Edmonton Journal

The children's father is in critical condition, recovering from extensive burns. The family was among 1795 Syrian refugees who have come to Nova Scotia in ...



Abdul Deghayes death: Third arrest over Syria pair's brother - BBC NewsAbdul Deghayes death: Third arrest over Syria pair's brother  BBC News

The 22-year-old's twin and their older brother died fighting for Islamists in Syria in 2014.



The Syrians returning home after years of fleeing war - BBC NewsThe Syrians returning home after years of fleeing war  BBC News

After years of people fleeing Syria and its civil war, there are now long queues to enter the country each day. Jordan opened its Jaber border crossing last ...



'Jihadi Jack' watched ISIS carry out ‘horrific’ public executions in Syria - Mirror.co.uk'Jihadi Jack' watched ISIS carry out ‘horrific’ public executions in Syria  Mirror.co.uk

The 23-year-old shared the horrifying details from the Kurdish jail where he has been held for two years on suspicion of joining IS after he ran away to Syria in ...



U.S.-Backed Kurdish Forces Launch 'Final Push' Against ISIS In Syria - NPRU.S.-Backed Kurdish Forces Launch 'Final Push' Against ISIS In Syria  NPR

U.S.-backed and Kurdish-led Syrian forces said Sunday they are locked in a fierce battle to take over the final territory controlled by ISIS in eastern Syria.



News Brief: Venezuela, North Carolina Election, Syria Crisis - NPRNews Brief: Venezuela, North Carolina Election, Syria Crisis  NPR

Trump continues his push for regime change. Officials examine the election results of the states 9th Congressional District which may be fraudulent. And, an ...



Liz Cheney: We 'can't be fooled into thinking' withdrawal from Syria won't reconstitute ISIS - CNNLiz Cheney: We 'can't be fooled into thinking' withdrawal from Syria won't reconstitute ISIS  CNN

Washington (CNN) Wyoming Republican Rep. Liz Cheney said Sunday that "we can't be fooled into thinking" a withdrawal of US troops from Syria would mean ...



Isis defeat in Syria within days or weeks: Australian Defence chiefs - Stuff.co.nzIsis defeat in Syria within days or weeks: Australian Defence chiefs  Stuff.co.nz

Isis fighters only hold about an area of land 700 metres square in Syria now.



U.S.’s Syria Ally Supplies Oil to Assad’s Brokers - The Wall Street JournalU.S.’s Syria Ally Supplies Oil to Assad’s Brokers  The Wall Street Journal

America's Kurdish-led military ally in Syria has become an important supplier of crude oil to the regime of President Bashar al-Assad, delivering crude to a broker ...



Former ISIS bride who went to Syria says she 'interpreted everything very wrong' - ABC NewsFormer ISIS bride who went to Syria says she 'interpreted everything very wrong'  ABC News

In her first television interview, a 24-year-old Alabama woman who spent four years as an ISIS bride told ABC News that she'd felt obligated to go to Syria once ...



This photographer documented Syria’s ancient monuments, unaware they would be ravaged by war - Washington PostThis photographer documented Syria’s ancient monuments, unaware they would be ravaged by war  Washington Post

Photographer Kevin Bubriski visited Syria before the war.



Cease-Fire in Syria’s Idlib Province Is at Risk After Extremists Take Over - The New York TimesCease-Fire in Syria’s Idlib Province Is at Risk After Extremists Take Over  The New York Times

BEIRUT, Lebanon — The Syrian government and its Russian backers have suggested that the recent takeover of the last rebel stronghold in Syria by an Al ...



Erdogan: Safe zones in Syria will allow refugees to return home - Aljazeera.comErdogan: Safe zones in Syria will allow refugees to return home  Aljazeera.com

Turkish president says safe zones to be set up in northern Syria will allow more refugees to go back to the country.



UN rights chief 'alarmed' by upsurge in attacks against civilians in Syria's Idlib - UN NewsUN rights chief 'alarmed' by upsurge in attacks against civilians in Syria's Idlib  UN News

Civilians in Syria's north-western city of idlib continue to be used “as pawns”, caught in the crossfire of bombardments by the Government and its allies, and ...



Shamima Begum, UK schoolgirl who joined Islamic State in Syria, asks to bring baby home - ABC NewsShamima Begum, UK schoolgirl who joined Islamic State in Syria, asks to bring baby home  ABC News

Saying she never did anything dangerous in Syria and that people should have sympathy for her, 19-year-old Briton Shamima Begum asks that she be allowed ...



Syria Ordered to Pay $302.5 Million to Family of Marie Colvin - The New York TimesSyria Ordered to Pay $302.5 Million to Family of Marie Colvin  The New York Times

A federal court in Washington ordered Syria to pay Marie Colvin's family $302.5 million. The ruling could help ease the way for war-crimes prosecutions.



A Deadly Welcome Awaits Syria’s Returning Refugees - Foreign PolicyA Deadly Welcome Awaits Syria’s Returning Refugees  Foreign Policy

As the Syrian war draws to an end and the barrel bombs stop terrorizing the country, Syrians are being encouraged to return home by the countries to which they ...



The Syrian-Armenian 'refugee' jewellers of Yerevan - Al Jazeera EnglishThe Syrian-Armenian 'refugee' jewellers of Yerevan  Al Jazeera English

More than 20000 Syrians of Armenian heritage travelled to Yerevan as war unravelled, among them many jewellers.



Turkey in a pickle over Syrian olives - BBC NewsTurkey in a pickle over Syrian olives  BBC News

When Turkey launched a military offensive in northern Syria last January and called it Operation Olive Branch, many dismissed the name as part of a ...



Syrian refugee family escapes house fire in Fredericton - CTV NewsSyrian refugee family escapes house fire in Fredericton  CTV News

As thousands of people mourned the loss of seven children from a Syrian refugee family who died in a house fire in Nova Scotia, a Syrian refugee family in New ...



Kurds in Iraq say US withdrawal from Syria a mistake - Al Jazeera EnglishKurds in Iraq say US withdrawal from Syria a mistake  Al Jazeera English

Iraq's Kurdish Peshmerga leaders say ISIL still a threat and US should not withdraw from Syria.



Netanyahu defends confirmation of Syria strike: I wouldn't reveal things they don't know - HaaretzNetanyahu defends confirmation of Syria strike: I wouldn't reveal things they don't know  Haaretz

WARSAW - Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu defended on Thursday his decision to confirm Israeli strikes on Syria that were reported earlier in the week.



ISIS has been reduced to 1.5 square miles in Syria. This is its final stand. - CNNISIS has been reduced to 1.5 square miles in Syria. This is its final stand.  CNN

The end of the war against ISIS is in sight. An exclusive look at the terror group's last stand, shot in the Syrian villages of Susa and Marashida.



Venezuela's Maduro Is Doomed? They Said That About Syria's Assad - BloombergVenezuela's Maduro Is Doomed? They Said That About Syria's Assad  Bloomberg

As hundreds of thousands of his citizens took to the street demanding his departure, governments everywhere called on the president to step down. Neighboring ...



Syria jails 'English-speaking voice' in brutal ISIS videos - report - The Jerusalem PostSyria jails 'English-speaking voice' in brutal ISIS videos - report  The Jerusalem Post

"No, I don't regret it,” Khalifa told 'The New York Times' in an interview from his prison cell in Syria. “I was asked the same thing by my interrogators, and I told ...



Canadian women fleeing ISIS territory surrender to U.S.-backed forces in Syria - Global NewsCanadian women fleeing ISIS territory surrender to U.S.-backed forces in Syria  Global News

Their surrender brings the number of Canadians held by the Syrian Democratic Forces to at least 20, mostly children.



Iranian FM Not Ruling Out Military Action Against Militants in Syria's Idlib - Sputnik InternationalIranian FM Not Ruling Out Military Action Against Militants in Syria's Idlib  Sputnik International

GENEVA (Sputnik) - Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif has not ruled out that an offensive against terrorists in Syria's Idlib province could be ...



Senate rebukes Trump’s plan to withdraw U.S. forces from Syria, Afghanistan - The Washington PostSenate rebukes Trump’s plan to withdraw U.S. forces from Syria, Afghanistan  The Washington Post

The vast majority of Senate Republicans backed Majority Leader Mitch McConnell on Thursday in a rebuke of President Trump's rationale for withdrawing U.S. ...



Syria: CBS News dodges ISIS bombs despite Trump claim group is almost wiped out - CBS NewsSyria: CBS News dodges ISIS bombs despite Trump claim group is almost wiped out  CBS News

U.S. forces and allies have reduced ISIS territory, but the fighting continues.



U.S. Asks Western Allies to Help Form Buffer Zone in Northern Syria - The Wall Street JournalU.S. Asks Western Allies to Help Form Buffer Zone in Northern Syria  The Wall Street Journal

The U.S. wants to assemble a coalition of Western nations to create and potentially enforce a new buffer zone in northern Syria, U.S. officials said, but none have ...



Canadian captured in Syria admits to role in gruesome ISIS execution videos - Global NewsCanadian captured in Syria admits to role in gruesome ISIS execution videos  Global News

A Canadian previously identified by Global News as the narrator of an ISIS execution video has now admitted to his role in the terror group's propaganda.



Mitch McConnell unveils proposal urging troops stay in Syria, Afghanistan in rebuke to Trump - CNNMitch McConnell unveils proposal urging troops stay in Syria, Afghanistan in rebuke to Trump  CNN

Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell is pushing an amendment to a Middle East policy bill that would acknowledge "al Qaeda, ISIS and their affiliates in ...



Tunisia calls for Arab League to readmit Syria - Aljazeera.comTunisia calls for Arab League to readmit Syria  Aljazeera.com

The Arab League suspended Syria's membership in November 2011 as the death toll in the country's civil war mounted.



Halifax calls 'community gathering' to mourn Syrian children killed in fire - CP24 Toronto's Breaking NewsHalifax calls 'community gathering' to mourn Syrian children killed in fire  CP24 Toronto's Breaking News

Halifax city hall has called a “community gathering” in the city's main square tonight in support of the Syrian refugee family that lost seven children in a ...



BBC World Service - Newshour, Civilians evacuated from last IS enclave in Syria - BBC NewsBBC World Service - Newshour, Civilians evacuated from last IS enclave in Syria  BBC News

The US-backed Syrian Democratic Forces have evacuated people from Baghuz.



Trump says he would send US troops back to Syria should ISIS regain strength - CNNTrump says he would send US troops back to Syria should ISIS regain strength  CNN

President Donald Trump acknowledged the possibility that ISIS and other terror groups could regain their strength in Syria and Afghanistan if he withdraws or ...



Israel just admitted arming anti-Assad Syrian rebels. Big mistake - HaaretzIsrael just admitted arming anti-Assad Syrian rebels. Big mistake  Haaretz

In his final days as the Israel Defense Forces' Chief of Staff, Lieutenant General Gadi Eisenkot confirmed, on the record, that Israel had directly supported ...



New Democratic Government in Northeast Syria Could Be 'Holy Highway' Prophesied About in Scripture - CBN NewsNew Democratic Government in Northeast Syria Could Be 'Holy Highway' Prophesied About in Scripture  CBN News

If anything positive comes out of Syria's civil war, it could be the new government formed in the northeast part of the country. It's based on equal rights and ...



A Last Indignity of War for Syrians: Assad’s Red Tape - The Wall Street JournalA Last Indignity of War for Syrians: Assad’s Red Tape  The Wall Street Journal

The government of President Bashar al-Assad, after recapturing most rebel-held areas and reasserting control, is now re-establishing its authority through ...



Healthcare scare: Lack of funding in Syria's rebel-held areas - Aljazeera.comHealthcare scare: Lack of funding in Syria's rebel-held areas  Aljazeera.com

How a group of doctors in Syria is trying to make up for the shortfall in desperately needed medical care.



Iran builds new secret missile site in Syria for Hezbollah - The Jerusalem PostIran builds new secret missile site in Syria for Hezbollah  The Jerusalem Post

Israel exposed on Thursday Iranian, Syrian and Hezbollah efforts to build a missile factory in the Syrian town of Safita.



In Syria's Aleppo, a slow rebuild begins - IRINnews.orgIn Syria's Aleppo, a slow rebuild begins  IRINnews.org

More than two years after the Syrian government won a long and deadly battle for Aleppo, sounds of demolition and construction have replaced the explosions ...



How the Syrian battlefield is preparing the Corps for a fight with Russia or China - Marine Corps TimesHow the Syrian battlefield is preparing the Corps for a fight with Russia or China  Marine Corps Times

While much of the conflicts across the Middle East tend toward low tech and low intensity, the fight in Syria is providing Marine commanders with a wealth of ...



Russian military rolls out urgent fix to helicopters found defective in Syria tests - Express.co.ukRussian military rolls out urgent fix to helicopters found defective in Syria tests  Express.co.uk

RUSSIAN military helicopters are being given urgent upgrades to fix deficiencies found during testing in Syria.



Regime bombardment kills 18 civilians in northwest Syria over the past 48 hours: Monitor - Times NowRegime bombardment kills 18 civilians in northwest Syria over the past 48 hours: Monitor  Times Now

Since September, the region has been protected from a massive regime offensive by a ceasefire deal brokered by regime ally Russia and rebel backer Turkey.



For Syrian Refugee Children, Poignant Reminders Of Home - ForbesFor Syrian Refugee Children, Poignant Reminders Of Home  Forbes

Displaced by violence, Syrian children growing up in Jordan's Za'atari refugee camp cling to treasured mementos of a peaceful past.



Syria's White Helmets rescue two puppies from being crushed to death - Daily MailSyria's White Helmets rescue two puppies from being crushed to death  Daily Mail

Syria's White Helmets were filmed rushing into a wreckage of a building in northwestern town of Maarat al-Numan, between Homs and Aleppo.



A Syrian Chocolatier's Legend Lives On In Europe — But Stays Close To Its Roots - NPRA Syrian Chocolatier's Legend Lives On In Europe — But Stays Close To Its Roots  NPR

Ghraoui chocolate in Damascus was a place fit for queens — literally. But the family that owned it since 1805 moved from war-torn Syria to Hungary to start over, ...



As ISIS shrinks, Syrians return home and discover a wasteland - CNNAs ISIS shrinks, Syrians return home and discover a wasteland  CNN

Hajin, Syria (CNN) Two boys in their early teens swing sledgehammers, knocking down what remains of a wall. Another is hauling pieces of wood across the ...



In Syria, thousands flee last Isis territory with tales of horror: ‘We were starving there’ - The IndependentIn Syria, thousands flee last Isis territory with tales of horror: ‘We were starving there’  The Independent

The trucks arrived just as night fell, pulling into a gravel clearing by the side of the road. From the back of each vehicle peered the faces of dozens of women and ...



Syria's Torture Photos: Witness to Atrocity | by Susie Linfield | NYR Daily - The New York Review of BooksSyria's Torture Photos: Witness to Atrocity | by Susie Linfield | NYR Daily  The New York Review of Books

The following photographs contain disturbing *content*. They show people whom Human Rights Watch understands to have died in the custody of the Syrian ...



US troops are leaving Syria, but some might stick around at this remote base just to rain on Iran's parade - INSIDERUS troops are leaving Syria, but some might stick around at this remote base just to rain on Iran's parade  INSIDER

While the US is planning to pull troops out of Syria, it looks like some US military personnel could stay behind at a remote outpost to counter Iran.



Syrian refugee opens his own barbershop 3 years after arriving in Montreal - Global NewsSyrian refugee opens his own barbershop 3 years after arriving in Montreal  Global News

WATCH: Three years after arriving in Montreal from war-torn Syria, the Halabi Family has been working tirelessly to make its place in Canada. As Global's Dan ...



Al-Qaida's advance in northern Syria threatens fragile truce - Associated PressAl-Qaida's advance in northern Syria threatens fragile truce  Associated Press

BEIRUT (AP) — It only took a few days for al-Qaida-linked militants to seize more than two dozen towns and villages in northern Syria from rival insurgents ...