Syria

Country Syria
Capital Damascus
Continent Asia
Currency Syrian pound(SYP)
Languages Arabic

Information

Introduction

Following World War I, France acquired a mandate over the northern portion of the former Ottoman Empire province of Syria. The French administered the area as Syria until granting it independence in 1946. The new country lacked political stability, however, and experienced a series of military coups during its first decades. Syria united with Egypt in February 1958 to form the United Arab Republic. In September 1961, the two entities separated, and the Syrian Arab Republic was reestablished. In November 1970, Hafiz al-ASAD, a member of the Socialist Ba'th Party and the minority Alawite sect, seized power in a bloodless coup and brought political stability to the country. In the 1967 Arab-Israeli War, Syria lost the Golan Heights to Israel. During the 1990s, Syria and Israel held occasional peace talks over its return. Following the death of President al-ASAD, his son, Bashar al-ASAD, was approved as president by popular referendum in July 2000. Syrian troops - stationed in Lebanon since 1976 in an ostensible peacekeeping role - were withdrawn in April 2005. During the July-August 2006 conflict between Israel and Hizballah, Syria placed its military forces on alert but did not intervene directly on behalf of its ally Hizballah. In May 2007 Bashar al-ASAD was elected to his second term as President.

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References

Syria - Wikipedia
Syria - CIA World Fact Book
Syria - BBC
Syria - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
Obscure Islamist Group Targets Turkish Military in Northwest Syria - Voice of AmericaObscure Islamist Group Targets Turkish Military in Northwest Syria  Voice of America

Russia carries out 40 raids on Deash areas in Syria - Arab NewsRussia carries out 40 raids on Deash areas in Syria  Arab News

Terror attack kills 1, wounds 6 others in Syria's Azaz | Daily Sabah - Daily SabahTerror attack kills 1, wounds 6 others in Syria's Azaz | Daily Sabah  Daily Sabah

40 Killed In Deadliest Israeli Strikes On Syria Since 2018 - NDTV40 Killed In Deadliest Israeli Strikes On Syria Since 2018  NDTV

Syria says will import more fuel to cover shortfalls hit by sanctions - ETEnergyworld.comSyria says will import more fuel to cover shortfalls hit by sanctions  ETEnergyworld.com

Syria sanctions inflict suffering as al-Assad regime marches on - Al Jazeera EnglishSyria sanctions inflict suffering as al-Assad regime marches on  Al Jazeera English

Israel's deadly raids on Syria and US support for it | Daily Sabah - Daily SabahIsrael's deadly raids on Syria and US support for it | Daily Sabah  Daily Sabah

Beirut blast chemicals possibly linked to Syrian businessmen - report, company filings - ReutersBeirut blast chemicals possibly linked to Syrian businessmen - report, company filings  Reuters

Three Syrian soldiers killed near Golan Heights: monitor - Arab NewsThree Syrian soldiers killed near Golan Heights: monitor  Arab News

Russia registers 21 ceasefire violations in Syria, Turkey records no breaches - ANI NewsRussia registers 21 ceasefire violations in Syria, Turkey records no breaches  ANI News

OFAC issues Syria-related settlement with French bank for $8.5 million - LexologyOFAC issues Syria-related settlement with French bank for $8.5 million  Lexology

Russia sends 300 more troops to Syria's Al-Hasakah to reinforce observation posts-military - indiabloomsRussia sends 300 more troops to Syria's Al-Hasakah to reinforce observation posts-military  indiablooms

Syrian al-Hol returnees face difficult homecomings - The New HumanitarianSyrian al-Hol returnees face difficult homecomings  The New Humanitarian

Syria: dozens killed in Isis bus attack - The GuardianSyria: dozens killed in Isis bus attack  The Guardian

Field Site Manager - North West Syria - ReliefWebField Site Manager - North West Syria  ReliefWeb

Terrorists Took Advantage Of Syria War, World Can't Ignore: India At UN - NDTVTerrorists Took Advantage Of Syria War, World Can't Ignore: India At UN  NDTV

Mental health and psychosocial support officer | Syria | 2021 - ReliefWebMental health and psychosocial support officer | Syria | 2021  ReliefWeb

No overlooking Syria's suffering amid global coronavirus concerns - Arab NewsNo overlooking Syria's suffering amid global coronavirus concerns  Arab News

North West Syria: Shortages of oxygen, water as coronavirus cases quadruple in two months - Syrian Arab Republic - ReliefWebNorth West Syria: Shortages of oxygen, water as coronavirus cases quadruple in two months - Syrian Arab Republic  ReliefWeb

Syria mVAM Bulletin #51: December 2020 - Syrian Arab Republic - ReliefWebSyria mVAM Bulletin #51: December 2020 - Syrian Arab Republic  ReliefWeb

Syria's Kurds badly lacking true friends - Arab NewsSyria's Kurds badly lacking true friends  Arab News

COVID-19 Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices (KAP) Survey: Northwest Syria - October 2020 (Round 5) - Syrian Arab Republic - ReliefWebCOVID-19 Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices (KAP) Survey: Northwest Syria - October 2020 (Round 5) - Syrian Arab Republic  ReliefWeb

Turkey | Syria: Border Crossings Status (08 Jan 2021) [EN/AR/TR] - Syrian Arab Republic - ReliefWebTurkey | Syria: Border Crossings Status (08 Jan 2021) [EN/AR/TR] - Syrian Arab Republic  ReliefWeb

First Person: Cheese proves key to survival for Syrian refugee family amid pandemic - UN NewsFirst Person: Cheese proves key to survival for Syrian refugee family amid pandemic  UN News

Syria, Burdened by War's Destruction, Now Faces Covid - The New York TimesSyria, Burdened by War's Destruction, Now Faces Covid  The New York Times

Syrian Arab Republic: Overview of Humanitarian Response from within Syria (January - October 2020) - Syrian Arab Republic - ReliefWebSyrian Arab Republic: Overview of Humanitarian Response from within Syria (January - October 2020) - Syrian Arab Republic  ReliefWeb

WFP Syria Situation Report #11, November 2020 - Syrian Arab Republic - ReliefWebWFP Syria Situation Report #11, November 2020 - Syrian Arab Republic  ReliefWeb

Israeli Strikes on Syria Kill 6, Monitor Says - Voice of AmericaIsraeli Strikes on Syria Kill 6, Monitor Says  Voice of America

What’s the actual human cost of Syria’s war? - Aljazeera.comWhat’s the actual human cost of Syria’s war?  Aljazeera.com

US rolls out new Syria sanctions that hit Syrian first lady and her family - CNNUS rolls out new Syria sanctions that hit Syrian first lady and her family  CNN

Syrian soldier killed in Israeli raid near Damascus - Al Jazeera EnglishSyrian soldier killed in Israeli raid near Damascus  Al Jazeera English

Syrian businessmen linked to firm that bought Beirut explosives - Al Jazeera EnglishSyrian businessmen linked to firm that bought Beirut explosives  Al Jazeera English

Syria’s bread lines are so long that children have to skip school to wait in them - The Washington PostSyria’s bread lines are so long that children have to skip school to wait in them  The Washington Post

Feature: Young Syrian girl finds in football sanctuary from life's stress - Xinhua | English.news.cn - XinhuaFeature: Young Syrian girl finds in football sanctuary from life's stress - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

Focus - From Syria to the Naples mafia: Record amphetamine bust raises questions - FRANCE 24Focus - From Syria to the Naples mafia: Record amphetamine bust raises questions  FRANCE 24

UN sends over 80 truckloads of aid to Idlib, Syria - Anadolu AgencyUN sends over 80 truckloads of aid to Idlib, Syria  Anadolu Agency

North-west Syria: Cross-border Humanitarian Response Fact Sheet (November 2020) - Syrian Arab Republic - ReliefWebNorth-west Syria: Cross-border Humanitarian Response Fact Sheet (November 2020) - Syrian Arab Republic  ReliefWeb

EU puts new Syrian foreign minister to sanctions list - Anadolu AgencyEU puts new Syrian foreign minister to sanctions list  Anadolu Agency

Chemical stockpile that caused Beirut blast 'shipped by business with ties to Syria's Assad' - Daily MailChemical stockpile that caused Beirut blast 'shipped by business with ties to Syria's Assad'  Daily Mail

Syrian Air makes first Aleppo to Beirut flight since 2011 - CNASyrian Air makes first Aleppo to Beirut flight since 2011  CNA

Turkish aid agency built 14,000 houses in Syria in 2020 - Anadolu AgencyTurkish aid agency built 14,000 houses in Syria in 2020  Anadolu Agency

Syrian National Army thwarts infiltration attempt - Anadolu AgencySyrian National Army thwarts infiltration attempt  Anadolu Agency

Regime forces kill 2 civilians in northern Syria - Anadolu AgencyRegime forces kill 2 civilians in northern Syria  Anadolu Agency

France repatriates 7 minors from Syria - Anadolu AgencyFrance repatriates 7 minors from Syria  Anadolu Agency

Inside Syria’s former ISIL bases converted to treat COVID - Al Jazeera EnglishInside Syria’s former ISIL bases converted to treat COVID  Al Jazeera English

Greece arrests suspected Syrian militant wanted in Netherlands - ReutersGreece arrests suspected Syrian militant wanted in Netherlands  Reuters

Brutal winter for Syria's refugees - New Straits TimesBrutal winter for Syria's refugees  New Straits Times

Exclusive: Longtime US Diplomat Weighs America's Legacy in Syria - Defense OneExclusive: Longtime US Diplomat Weighs America's Legacy in Syria  Defense One

Syrian Arab Republic: COVID-19 Response Update No. 14 - 12 January 2021 - Syrian Arab Republic - ReliefWebSyrian Arab Republic: COVID-19 Response Update No. 14 - 12 January 2021 - Syrian Arab Republic  ReliefWeb

How the Biden presidency might impact Turkey's Kurdish problem - Arab NewsHow the Biden presidency might impact Turkey's Kurdish problem  Arab News

Hard Numbers: Italian cabinet crisis, Chinese jab woes, Israel raids Syria, Africa procures vaccines - GZERO MediaHard Numbers: Italian cabinet crisis, Chinese jab woes, Israel raids Syria, Africa procures vaccines  GZERO Media

Syria reports third Israeli strike on Iranian targets in ten days; 15 deaths and injuries reported - Haaretz.comSyria reports third Israeli strike on Iranian targets in ten days; 15 deaths and injuries reported  Haaretz.com

25,000 Guardsmen Are In The Capital, Five Times The Troops In Afghanistan, Syria, Iraq Combined - The Drive25,000 Guardsmen Are In The Capital, Five Times The Troops In Afghanistan, Syria, Iraq Combined  The Drive

Personal story – Syrian case worker Mohamad: “I want to give back to the community” - WHO/EuropePersonal story – Syrian case worker Mohamad: “I want to give back to the community”  WHO/Europe

ICRC Response COVID-19 - Near & Middle East, December 2020 - Syrian Arab Republic - ReliefWebICRC Response COVID-19 - Near & Middle East, December 2020 - Syrian Arab Republic  ReliefWeb

Syrian child injured by landmine finds hope in sports - Syria DirectSyrian child injured by landmine finds hope in sports  Syria Direct

YPG/PKK terrorist arrested in northern Syria - Anadolu AgencyYPG/PKK terrorist arrested in northern Syria  Anadolu Agency

Hundreds of Syrian refugees flee Lebanon camp as tents torched - NBC NewsHundreds of Syrian refugees flee Lebanon camp as tents torched  NBC News

Qatar Charity Provides Medical Surgeries, Winter Aid for Syrian Refugees in Lebanon - Lebanon - ReliefWebQatar Charity Provides Medical Surgeries, Winter Aid for Syrian Refugees in Lebanon - Lebanon  ReliefWeb

In Canada, Syrian refugee kids find belonging through hockey - The WorldIn Canada, Syrian refugee kids find belonging through hockey  The World

TNA, allies call for outfit like IIIM in Syria to probe SL - The Island.lkTNA, allies call for outfit like IIIM in Syria to probe SL  The Island.lk

Syrian Air conducts 1st Aleppo-Beirut flight since 2011 - Daijiworld.comSyrian Air conducts 1st Aleppo-Beirut flight since 2011  Daijiworld.com

Syrian painter depicts ancient Damascene architecture - The Peninsula QatarSyrian painter depicts ancient Damascene architecture  The Peninsula Qatar

Turkey: Uzbek-origin terrorist nabbed on Syrian border - Anadolu AgencyTurkey: Uzbek-origin terrorist nabbed on Syrian border  Anadolu Agency

Syrian Arab Republic: UNDOF Deployment Map, January 2021 - Syrian Arab Republic - ReliefWebSyrian Arab Republic: UNDOF Deployment Map, January 2021 - Syrian Arab Republic  ReliefWeb

Syrian refugees celebrate fifth anniversary in Canada with virtual event - CKOM News Talk SportsSyrian refugees celebrate fifth anniversary in Canada with virtual event  CKOM News Talk Sports

Jordan: COVID-19, an addition to Syrian refugees' renewed suffering in harsh winter - Jordan - ReliefWebJordan: COVID-19, an addition to Syrian refugees' renewed suffering in harsh winter - Jordan  ReliefWeb

Syrian Boy Reunites With Family In London - NPRSyrian Boy Reunites With Family In London  NPR

'We did not come here to take. We are here to contribute,' says Syrian refugee in N.S. - TheChronicleHerald.ca'We did not come here to take. We are here to contribute,' says Syrian refugee in N.S.  TheChronicleHerald.ca

The UK blogger who unmasks Russian hitmen and Syrian war criminals - Telegraph.co.ukThe UK blogger who unmasks Russian hitmen and Syrian war criminals  Telegraph.co.uk

Turkish authorities rebuff UN inquiry into murder of Syrian-American journalist - RevealTurkish authorities rebuff UN inquiry into murder of Syrian-American journalist  Reveal

Syria's COVID-19 vaccine is expected by April, but fair access is not guaranteed - Syria DirectSyria's COVID-19 vaccine is expected by April, but fair access is not guaranteed  Syria Direct

A year ago today, in pictures: Syria airstrikes and more moments you may remember - Billings GazetteA year ago today, in pictures: Syria airstrikes and more moments you may remember  Billings Gazette

Reasons to fear the coming winter season in Syria - Syrian Arab Republic - ReliefWebReasons to fear the coming winter season in Syria - Syrian Arab Republic  ReliefWeb

Syria: As coronavirus threat intensifies, ceasefire more urgent than ever - UN NewsSyria: As coronavirus threat intensifies, ceasefire more urgent than ever  UN News

Sudbury Five head coach to join Syrian national team coaching staff - Sudbury.comSudbury Five head coach to join Syrian national team coaching staff  Sudbury.com

Assad's Syria Is Starting to Starve Like Saddam's Iraq - Foreign PolicyAssad's Syria Is Starting to Starve Like Saddam's Iraq  Foreign Policy

Syria war: New US sanctions target Assad government's foreign backers - BBC NewsSyria war: New US sanctions target Assad government's foreign backers  BBC News

The SDF Seeks a Path Toward Durable Stability in North East Syria - Syrian Arab Republic - ReliefWebThe SDF Seeks a Path Toward Durable Stability in North East Syria - Syrian Arab Republic  ReliefWeb

Syria: Millions displaced, impoverished and traumatized, Security Council hears - UN NewsSyria: Millions displaced, impoverished and traumatized, Security Council hears  UN News

Syria's Assad: Lone survivor of Arab Spring - Times of IndiaSyria's Assad: Lone survivor of Arab Spring  Times of India

In war-torn Syria, the coronavirus pandemic has brought its people to the brink of starvation - The Conversation AUIn war-torn Syria, the coronavirus pandemic has brought its people to the brink of starvation  The Conversation AU

Syria war: Assad under pressure as economic crisis spirals - BBC NewsSyria war: Assad under pressure as economic crisis spirals  BBC News

COVID-19 has drastically hit civilians and civil society in Syria - Syrian Arab Republic - ReliefWebCOVID-19 has drastically hit civilians and civil society in Syria - Syrian Arab Republic  ReliefWeb

Syria at War: Eight Years On - Syrian Arab Republic - ReliefWebSyria at War: Eight Years On - Syrian Arab Republic  ReliefWeb

Is the endgame near in Syria’s civil war? - The HinduIs the endgame near in Syria’s civil war?  The Hindu

COVID-19 crisis 'unlike any we have dealt with', as new tragedy looms for Syria - UN NewsCOVID-19 crisis 'unlike any we have dealt with', as new tragedy looms for Syria  UN News

Factbox: Iranian influence and presence in Syria - Atlantic CouncilFactbox: Iranian influence and presence in Syria  Atlantic Council

As their country crumbles, Syrians wrestle with the "terrifying" prospect of life as refugees - CBS NewsAs their country crumbles, Syrians wrestle with the "terrifying" prospect of life as refugees  CBS News

Syria: Top UN officials appeal to donors to help end 'shocking' scale of suffering - UN NewsSyria: Top UN officials appeal to donors to help end 'shocking' scale of suffering  UN News

UN Syria envoy places hope in new talks, works towards lasting ceasefire - UN NewsUN Syria envoy places hope in new talks, works towards lasting ceasefire  UN News

Syria's Bread Lines Can Mean A 6-Hour Wait For A Couple Of Packets Of Pitas : Goats and Soda - NPRSyria's Bread Lines Can Mean A 6-Hour Wait For A Couple Of Packets Of Pitas : Goats and Soda  NPR

Wheat and fuel shortages overwhelm Syria - Financial TimesWheat and fuel shortages overwhelm Syria  Financial Times

Why Are Russians Paying for Bombing Schools in Syria? - Human Rights WatchWhy Are Russians Paying for Bombing Schools in Syria?  Human Rights Watch

Dozens of Prisoners Released in Syria - Human Rights WatchDozens of Prisoners Released in Syria  Human Rights Watch

The Caesar Act might alter the UAE's normalization policy with Syria - Atlantic CouncilThe Caesar Act might alter the UAE's normalization policy with Syria  Atlantic Council

Syrians Face Growing Hunger as Winter Approaches - Voice of AmericaSyrians Face Growing Hunger as Winter Approaches  Voice of America

Reliable no more? The current state of the Syrian armed forces - Atlantic CouncilReliable no more? The current state of the Syrian armed forces  Atlantic Council

Syria Relief Declare COVID-19 Emergency In Syria - Syrian Arab Republic - ReliefWebSyria Relief Declare COVID-19 Emergency In Syria - Syrian Arab Republic  ReliefWeb

2021 budget reveals the depth of Syria's economic woes - Atlantic Council2021 budget reveals the depth of Syria's economic woes  Atlantic Council