Saudi Arabia

Country Saudi Arabia
Capital Riyadh
Continent Asia
Currency Saudi Riyal(SAR)
Languages Arabic

Information

Introduction

Saudi Arabia is the birthplace of Islam and home to Islam's two holiest shrines in Mecca and Medina. The king's official title is the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques. The modern Saudi state was founded in 1932 by ABD AL-AZIZ bin Abd al-Rahman Al SAUD (Ibn Saud) after a 30-year campaign to unify most of the Arabian Peninsula. A male descendent of Ibn Saud, his son ABDALLAH bin Abd al-Aziz, rules the country today as required by the country's 1992 Basic Law. Following Iraq's invasion of Kuwait in 1990, Saudi Arabia accepted the Kuwaiti royal family and 400,000 refugees while allowing Western and Arab troops to deploy on its soil for the liberation of Kuwait the following year. The continuing presence of foreign troops on Saudi soil after the liberation of Kuwait became a source of tension between the royal family and the public until all operational US troops left the country in 2003. Major terrorist attacks in May and November 2003 spurred a strong on-going campaign against domestic terrorism and extremism. King ABDALLAH has continued the cautious reform program begun when he was crown prince. To promote increased political participation, the government held elections nationwide from February through April 2005 for half the members of 179 municipal councils. In December 2005, King ABDALLAH completed the process by appointing the remaining members of the advisory municipal councils. The king instituted an Inter-Faith Dialogue initiative in 2008 to encourage religious tolerance on a global level; in February 2009, he reshuffled the cabinet, which led to more moderates holding ministerial and judicial positions, and appointed the first female to the cabinet. The country remains a leading producer of oil and natural gas and holds more than 20% of the world's proven oil reserves. The government continues to pursue economic reform and diversification, particularly since Saudi Arabia's accession to the WTO in December 2005, and promotes foreign investment in the kingdom. A burgeoning population, aquifer depletion, and an economy largely dependent on petroleum output and prices are all ongoing governmental concerns.

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References

Saudi Arabia - Wikipedia
Saudi Arabia - CIA World Fact Book
Saudi Arabia - BBC
Saudi Arabia - Timeline - BBC

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Dramatic drop in Saudi Arabia executions after laws changed in 2020 - Business StandardDramatic drop in Saudi Arabia executions after laws changed in 2020  Business Standard

After Saudi Arabia, UAE could seek early repayment of loan to Pakistan - Hindustan TimesAfter Saudi Arabia, UAE could seek early repayment of loan to Pakistan  Hindustan Times

Saudi Arabia provides stimulus for listed companies in IPO push - MintSaudi Arabia provides stimulus for listed companies in IPO push  Mint

Saudi Arabia Allowed Israelis to Compete in Dakar Rally: Report - BloombergQuintSaudi Arabia Allowed Israelis to Compete in Dakar Rally: Report  BloombergQuint

Saudi Arabia: Man asks wife to borrow SR120,000 to marry another - Gulf NewsSaudi Arabia: Man asks wife to borrow SR120,000 to marry another  Gulf News

Saudi, World's Top Oil Producer, Launches City With No Cars - NDTVSaudi, World's Top Oil Producer, Launches City With No Cars  NDTV

Saudi Arabia: Two expats arrested for stealing SR1m - Gulf NewsSaudi Arabia: Two expats arrested for stealing SR1m  Gulf News

Saudi Arabia aims to manufacture first car by 2022 - Gulf NewsSaudi Arabia aims to manufacture first car by 2022  Gulf News

Saudi Arabia launches $270m company to develop the holy sites - Arab NewsSaudi Arabia launches $270m company to develop the holy sites  Arab News

Saudi Arabia: UN rights expert welcomes 'positive first step' toward détente in Gulf - UN NewsSaudi Arabia: UN rights expert welcomes 'positive first step' toward détente in Gulf  UN News

Letter from Saudi Arabia: ‘The Irish here are all in the same boat’ - The Irish TimesLetter from Saudi Arabia: ‘The Irish here are all in the same boat’  The Irish Times

Saudi Arabia’s Top Bank Follows UAE Rivals to Dollar Bond Market - BloombergQuintSaudi Arabia’s Top Bank Follows UAE Rivals to Dollar Bond Market  BloombergQuint

Saudi Arabia: Students to start 2nd semester online - Gulf NewsSaudi Arabia: Students to start 2nd semester online  Gulf News

Swissport expands further into Saudi Arabia - Arab NewsSwissport expands further into Saudi Arabia  Arab News

Saudi Arabia plans 170km city without roads in Neom economic zone - News - GCRSaudi Arabia plans 170km city without roads in Neom economic zone - News  GCR

TCS to acquire General Electric's stake in TCS Saudi Arabia - Business TodayTCS to acquire General Electric's stake in TCS Saudi Arabia  Business Today

Saudi Arabia: Could COVID-19 pandemic qualify as force majeure? - Gulf NewsSaudi Arabia: Could COVID-19 pandemic qualify as force majeure?  Gulf News

Saudi Arabia foils attempts to smuggle huge haul of drugs - Gulf NewsSaudi Arabia foils attempts to smuggle huge haul of drugs  Gulf News

Saudi Arabia to lift entry ban linked to new coronavirus strain on Sunday - Hindustan TimesSaudi Arabia to lift entry ban linked to new coronavirus strain on Sunday  Hindustan Times

Indian expatriates, stranded in UAE, reach residences in Saudi Arabia, Kuwait - Hindustan TimesIndian expatriates, stranded in UAE, reach residences in Saudi Arabia, Kuwait  Hindustan Times

Saudi Arabia’s oil production cuts will protect its riches - ThePrintSaudi Arabia’s oil production cuts will protect its riches  ThePrint

Saudi petrochemicals giant SABIC hires NCB for speciality chemicals unit IPO: Sources - Economic TimesSaudi petrochemicals giant SABIC hires NCB for speciality chemicals unit IPO: Sources  Economic Times

Qatar-Saudi Arabia direct flights resume amid Gulf detente - Economic TimesQatar-Saudi Arabia direct flights resume amid Gulf detente  Economic Times

Saudi Arabia confirms 5 COVID-19 deaths, 147 new cases - Arab NewsSaudi Arabia confirms 5 COVID-19 deaths, 147 new cases  Arab News

Saudi Arabia warns against travel to countries where COVID-19 'not under control' - Arab NewsSaudi Arabia warns against travel to countries where COVID-19 'not under control'  Arab News

Unicommerce expands operation in Saudi Arabia - Express ComputerUnicommerce expands operation in Saudi Arabia  Express Computer

Air France-KLM awards Swissport expanded contract in Saudi Arabia - theloadstar.comAir France-KLM awards Swissport expanded contract in Saudi Arabia  theloadstar.com

Unicommerce sets up operation in Saudi Arabia to grow international presence - BusinessLineUnicommerce sets up operation in Saudi Arabia to grow international presence  BusinessLine

Saudi Arabia’s public investment fund to invest in a city without cars - Economic TimesSaudi Arabia’s public investment fund to invest in a city without cars  Economic Times

Huawei to build largest shop outside of China in Saudi Arabia - TelecompaperHuawei to build largest shop outside of China in Saudi Arabia  Telecompaper

Saudi Arabia: Exhibit of rare manuscripts in Prophet's Mosque to open this week - Gulf NewsSaudi Arabia: Exhibit of rare manuscripts in Prophet's Mosque to open this week  Gulf News

The West Asia Post | Saudi Arabia's $500 billion megacity - WIONThe West Asia Post | Saudi Arabia's $500 billion megacity  WION

Saudi Arabia suspends Air India, other flights for a week - Hindustan TimesSaudi Arabia suspends Air India, other flights for a week  Hindustan Times

Saudi Arabia aims to raise over $5 billion in bond-market return - MintSaudi Arabia aims to raise over $5 billion in bond-market return  Mint

Saudi Arabia's King Salman Gets Coronavirus Vaccine Dose - NDTVSaudi Arabia's King Salman Gets Coronavirus Vaccine Dose  NDTV

Saudi Arabia makes artificial intelligence a cornerstone of its 2030 vision - C4ISRNetSaudi Arabia makes artificial intelligence a cornerstone of its 2030 vision  C4ISRNet

Saudi Arabia: Personal Drivers Face Abuse - Human Rights WatchSaudi Arabia: Personal Drivers Face Abuse  Human Rights Watch

Saudi Arabia extends suspension of international flights by another week - Hindustan TimesSaudi Arabia extends suspension of international flights by another week  Hindustan Times

How Saudi Arabia's ancient AlUla region is building for the future - World Economic ForumHow Saudi Arabia's ancient AlUla region is building for the future  World Economic Forum

Sahara desert hit by icy blast and snow blankets parts of Saudi Arabia in -2C chill - The SunSahara desert hit by icy blast and snow blankets parts of Saudi Arabia in -2C chill  The Sun

New COVID-19 vaccine center opens in 4th KSA region - Arab NewsNew COVID-19 vaccine center opens in 4th KSA region  Arab News

Saudi Arabia aims to earn more than $4bn from privatization drive in 2021: CEO - Arab NewsSaudi Arabia aims to earn more than $4bn from privatization drive in 2021: CEO  Arab News

KAPSARC president Adam Sieminski praises Saudi Arabia's '5-star' vaccination process - Arab NewsKAPSARC president Adam Sieminski praises Saudi Arabia's '5-star' vaccination process  Arab News

Saudi Arabia Rethinking Relationship With U.S. Under Biden - NPRSaudi Arabia Rethinking Relationship With U.S. Under Biden  NPR

Saudi Arabia: Anti-corruption watchdog pledges confidentiality, protection to whistleblowers - Gulf NewsSaudi Arabia: Anti-corruption watchdog pledges confidentiality, protection to whistleblowers  Gulf News

Saudi Arabia to appoint female judges soon - Saudi GazetteSaudi Arabia to appoint female judges soon  Saudi Gazette

Opinion | Saudi Arabia Is Slowly Killing My Father - The New York TimesOpinion | Saudi Arabia Is Slowly Killing My Father  The New York Times

FIFA President discusses football development with Saudi Arabia sports authorities - FIFA.comFIFA President discusses football development with Saudi Arabia sports authorities  FIFA.com

Saudi Arabia announces 7 more COVID-19 deaths - Arab NewsSaudi Arabia announces 7 more COVID-19 deaths  Arab News

How tackling skills mismatch could add 1.3% to Saudi Arabia's GDP - ArabianBusiness.comHow tackling skills mismatch could add 1.3% to Saudi Arabia's GDP  ArabianBusiness.com

Huawei Unveils Largest Store Outside China in Saudi Arabia - Retail & Leisure InternationalHuawei Unveils Largest Store Outside China in Saudi Arabia  Retail & Leisure International

Front Row & Muvi Cinemas Launch Saudi Arabia Distribution Venture Front Row Arabia - DeadlineFront Row & Muvi Cinemas Launch Saudi Arabia Distribution Venture Front Row Arabia  Deadline

Saudi Arabia slams Israel over illegal housing construction - Anadolu AgencySaudi Arabia slams Israel over illegal housing construction  Anadolu Agency

The Real Price of Saudi Arabia’s Surprise Oil Cuts - BloombergThe Real Price of Saudi Arabia’s Surprise Oil Cuts  Bloomberg

US targets 5 individuals from Iraq, Morocco and Saudi Arabia with counter terrorism sanctions: Treasury department - WIONUS targets 5 individuals from Iraq, Morocco and Saudi Arabia with counter terrorism sanctions: Treasury department  WION

Egyptian who ruled in favor of ceding key islands to Saudi Arabia voted parliament speaker - Al-MonitorEgyptian who ruled in favor of ceding key islands to Saudi Arabia voted parliament speaker  Al-Monitor

Saudi Arabia issues first e-license for car rental brokerage - Gulf NewsSaudi Arabia issues first e-license for car rental brokerage  Gulf News

Christodoulides to pay working visits to UAE and Saudi Arabia - Cyprus MailChristodoulides to pay working visits to UAE and Saudi Arabia  Cyprus Mail

Saudi Arabia, Oman compete for control in Yemen's Mahra - Anadolu AgencySaudi Arabia, Oman compete for control in Yemen's Mahra  Anadolu Agency

Nawaz Sharif not invited by King Salman to visit Saudi Arabia: PM’s aide - The Express TribuneNawaz Sharif not invited by King Salman to visit Saudi Arabia: PM’s aide  The Express Tribune

Saudi Arabia warns oil producers over fragile market - Financial TimesSaudi Arabia warns oil producers over fragile market  Financial Times

His Majesty receives thanks cable from King of Saudi Arabia - Times of OmanHis Majesty receives thanks cable from King of Saudi Arabia  Times of Oman

Saudi Arabia warns citizens, residents against traveling to 12 countries without permission - Saudi GazetteSaudi Arabia warns citizens, residents against traveling to 12 countries without permission  Saudi Gazette

DIAGNOS Announces Partnership in Saudi Arabia with Magrabi Hospitals and Centers to Screen Diabetic Patients - GlobeNewswireDIAGNOS Announces Partnership in Saudi Arabia with Magrabi Hospitals and Centers to Screen Diabetic Patients  GlobeNewswire

Saudi Arabia hosts 'Women in Industry 2020' conference - Arab NewsSaudi Arabia hosts 'Women in Industry 2020' conference  Arab News

Pakistani actress granted permanent residency in Saudi Arabia - Arab NewsPakistani actress granted permanent residency in Saudi Arabia  Arab News

Saudi Arabia 2020 inflation rises to 3.4% after VAT tripled - Khaleej TimesSaudi Arabia 2020 inflation rises to 3.4% after VAT tripled  Khaleej Times

Hill International chosen to manage two-thirds of Saudi Arabia's schools - News - GCRHill International chosen to manage two-thirds of Saudi Arabia's schools - News  GCR

ThePlace: Saudi Arabia's Wadi Khitanand - Arab NewsThePlace: Saudi Arabia's Wadi Khitanand  Arab News

Google is partnering with oil giant Aramco to access Saudi Arabia's $10 billion cloud market - CNBCGoogle is partnering with oil giant Aramco to access Saudi Arabia's $10 billion cloud market  CNBC

Saudi Arabia’s Open Banking Plan Aims To Advance Digital Innovation - pymnts.comSaudi Arabia’s Open Banking Plan Aims To Advance Digital Innovation  pymnts.com

Air Service Resumes Between Qatar, Saudi Arabia - Business Travel NewsAir Service Resumes Between Qatar, Saudi Arabia  Business Travel News

Saudi Arabian Airlines (Saudia) Ranked a Five-Star Global Airline by APEX - PRNewswireSaudi Arabian Airlines (Saudia) Ranked a Five-Star Global Airline by APEX  PRNewswire

Weather warnings issued across Saudi Arabia until Friday - Arab NewsWeather warnings issued across Saudi Arabia until Friday  Arab News

U.S. Shale Is Gaining Influence Over Oil Markets - Yahoo FinanceU.S. Shale Is Gaining Influence Over Oil Markets  Yahoo Finance

Saudi students compete to design KSA's cultural buildings - Arab NewsSaudi students compete to design KSA's cultural buildings  Arab News

Palestinian man dies of Covid-19 in Saudi Arabia - WAFA - Palestine News AgencyPalestinian man dies of Covid-19 in Saudi Arabia  WAFA - Palestine News Agency

Saudi Arabia's crown prince receives first dose of COVID-19 vaccine - Arab NewsSaudi Arabia's crown prince receives first dose of COVID-19 vaccine  Arab News

Naming the street by the Saudi Embassy for Khashoggi is fitting symbolism. We need policy to match. - The Washington PostNaming the street by the Saudi Embassy for Khashoggi is fitting symbolism. We need policy to match.  The Washington Post

Saudi Arabia launches 'health passport' for COVID-19 vaccine recipients - Arab NewsSaudi Arabia launches 'health passport' for COVID-19 vaccine recipients  Arab News

Abu Dhabi lists Saudi Arabia on safe travel list - Arab NewsAbu Dhabi lists Saudi Arabia on safe travel list  Arab News

Saudi Arabia's Qiddiya begins design of world's fastest roller coaster - Arab NewsSaudi Arabia's Qiddiya begins design of world's fastest roller coaster  Arab News

Saudi Arabia Goes An ‘Extra-Mile’ to Placate Pakistan As Determined Islamabad Refuses To Yield An Inch - EurAsian TimesSaudi Arabia Goes An ‘Extra-Mile’ to Placate Pakistan As Determined Islamabad Refuses To Yield An Inch  EurAsian Times

Prince Khalid bin Salman: Saudi Arabia continuing its policy to establish stability in Yemen - Arab NewsPrince Khalid bin Salman: Saudi Arabia continuing its policy to establish stability in Yemen  Arab News

Saudi Arabia reports 189 new coronavirus cases - Arab NewsSaudi Arabia reports 189 new coronavirus cases  Arab News

Saudi Arabia's Prince Khalid bin Salman receives first dose of COVID-19 vaccine - Arab NewsSaudi Arabia's Prince Khalid bin Salman receives first dose of COVID-19 vaccine  Arab News

Pilatus can continue to work in Saudi Arabia and the UAE - swissinfo.chPilatus can continue to work in Saudi Arabia and the UAE  swissinfo.ch

Saudi Arabia launches air raids in Sanaa after deadly Aden blasts - Al Jazeera EnglishSaudi Arabia launches air raids in Sanaa after deadly Aden blasts  Al Jazeera English

Saudi Arabia's KSrelief distributes more than 35 tons of food baskets in Yemen's Marib - Arab NewsSaudi Arabia's KSrelief distributes more than 35 tons of food baskets in Yemen's Marib  Arab News

Arab Coalition destroys 3 armed drones fired by Houthis targeting Saudi Arabia - Saudi GazetteArab Coalition destroys 3 armed drones fired by Houthis targeting Saudi Arabia  Saudi Gazette

Saudi Arabia condemns attack targeting Green Zone in Baghdad - Arab NewsSaudi Arabia condemns attack targeting Green Zone in Baghdad  Arab News

Report accuses Saudi Arabia, UAE of probably hacking phones of over three dozen journalists in London, Qatar - The Washington PostReport accuses Saudi Arabia, UAE of probably hacking phones of over three dozen journalists in London, Qatar  The Washington Post

Channel Maker Aims for Races in Saudi Arabia and Dubai - BloodHorse.comChannel Maker Aims for Races in Saudi Arabia and Dubai  BloodHorse.com

Trump administration pushes forward on $500 million weapons deal with Saudi Arabia - The Washington PostTrump administration pushes forward on $500 million weapons deal with Saudi Arabia  The Washington Post

Anthony Joshua vs Tyson Fury: Saudi Arabia huge favourite to host fight with UK venue very unlikely according - talkSPORT.comAnthony Joshua vs Tyson Fury: Saudi Arabia huge favourite to host fight with UK venue very unlikely according  talkSPORT.com

Saudi Arabia's AlUla heritage sites now open to the public all year long - Gulf NewsSaudi Arabia's AlUla heritage sites now open to the public all year long  Gulf News

Saudi Arabia extends week-long border closure - Region - World - Ahram OnlineSaudi Arabia extends week-long border closure - Region - World  Ahram Online

Trump administration considering granting Saudi prince legal immunity for alleged assassination plot, sources say - CNNTrump administration considering granting Saudi prince legal immunity for alleged assassination plot, sources say  CNN

Saudi Arabia: Just how deep are its troubles? - BBC NewsSaudi Arabia: Just how deep are its troubles?  BBC News

Saudi Arabia Removes Controversial Restrictions On Foreign Workers - NDTVSaudi Arabia Removes Controversial Restrictions On Foreign Workers  NDTV