Lebanon

Country Lebanon
Capital Beirut
Continent Asia
Currency Lebanese pound(LBP)
Languages Arabic, French & English

Information

Introduction

Following World War I, France acquired a mandate over the northern portion of the former Ottoman Empire province of Syria. The French separated out the region of Lebanon in 1920, and granted this area independence in 1943. A lengthy civil war (1975-1990) devastated the country, but Lebanon has since made progress toward rebuilding its political institutions. Under the Ta'if Accord - the blueprint for national reconciliation - the Lebanese established a more equitable political system, particularly by giving Muslims a greater voice in the political process while institutionalizing sectarian divisions in the government. Since the end of the war, Lebanon has conducted several successful elections. Most militias have been reduced or disbanded, with the exception of Hizballah, designated by the US State Department as a Foreign Terrorist Organization, and Palestinian militant groups. During Lebanon's civil war, the Arab League legitimized in the Ta'if Accord Syria's troop deployment, numbering about 16,000 based mainly east of Beirut and in the Bekaa Valley. Israel's withdrawal from southern Lebanon in May 2000 and the passage in September 2004 of UNSCR 1559 - a resolution calling for Syria to withdraw from Lebanon and end its interference in Lebanese affairs - encouraged some Lebanese groups to demand that Syria withdraw its forces as well. The assassination of former Prime Minister Rafiq HARIRI and 22 others in February 2005 led to massive demonstrations in Beirut against the Syrian presence ("the Cedar Revolution"), and Syria withdrew the remainder of its military forces in April 2005. In May-June 2005, Lebanon held its first legislative elections since the end of the civil war free of foreign interference, handing a majority to the bloc led by Sa'ad HARIRI, the slain prime minister's son. In July 2006, Hizballah kidnapped two Israeli soldiers leading to a 34-day conflict with Israel in which approximately 1,200 Lebanese civilians were killed. UNSCR 1701 ended the war in August 2006, and Lebanese Armed Forces (LAF) deployed throughout the country for the first time in decades, charged with securing Lebanon's borders against weapons smuggling and maintaining a weapons-free zone in south Lebanon with the help of the UN Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL). The LAF in May-September 2007 battled Sunni extremist group Fatah al-Islam in the Nahr al-Barid Palestinian refugee camp, winning a decisive victory, but destroying the camp and displacing 30,000 Palestinian residents. Lebanese politicians in November 2007 were unable to agree on a successor to Emile LAHUD when he stepped down as president, creating a political vacuum until the election of LAF Commander Gen. Michel SULAYMAN in May 2008 and the formation of a new unity government in July 2008. Legislative elections in June 2009 again produced victory for the bloc led by Sa'ad HARIRI, but a period of prolonged negotiation over the composition of the cabinet ensued. A national unity government was finally formed in November 2009 and approved by the National Assembly the following month. In January 2010, Lebanon assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2010-11 term.

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References

Lebanon - Wikipedia
Lebanon - CIA World Fact Book
Lebanon - BBC
Lebanon - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

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On Lebanon's civil war anniversary, veterans warn: 'Do not repeat history' - Arab NewsOn Lebanon's civil war anniversary, veterans warn: 'Do not repeat history'  Arab News

Lebanon Needs New Government, Radical Change of Direction, IMF Says - Voice of AmericaLebanon Needs New Government, Radical Change of Direction, IMF Says  Voice of America

Lebanon Needs Urgent Help, Analysts Say - Voice of AmericaLebanon Needs Urgent Help, Analysts Say  Voice of America

Why Lebanon is keeping mum on Syria's contentious oil exploration contracts - Arab NewsWhy Lebanon is keeping mum on Syria's contentious oil exploration contracts  Arab News

Egypt, Lebanon announce Ramadan to start Tuesday - Times NowEgypt, Lebanon announce Ramadan to start Tuesday  Times Now

Can Lebanon and Israel agree on a maritime border? - Times NowCan Lebanon and Israel agree on a maritime border?  Times Now

Lebanon extends area claimed in border dispute with Israel - Arab NewsLebanon extends area claimed in border dispute with Israel  Arab News

How gas windfall could save Lebanon from bankruptcy - Arab NewsHow gas windfall could save Lebanon from bankruptcy  Arab News

Infographic: How much do basic necessities cost in Lebanon? - Al Jazeera EnglishInfographic: How much do basic necessities cost in Lebanon?  Al Jazeera English

Lebanon's Lokman Slim's widow: 'His work lives on in all of us' - DW (English)Lebanon's Lokman Slim's widow: 'His work lives on in all of us'  DW (English)

‘No one cares’: Lebanon’s financial crisis and domestic workers - Al Jazeera English‘No one cares’: Lebanon’s financial crisis and domestic workers  Al Jazeera English

Lebanon: Education - End of Year 2020 Dashboard - Lebanon - ReliefWebLebanon: Education - End of Year 2020 Dashboard - Lebanon  ReliefWeb

TIKA Built a Dairy in Lebanon - Lebanon - ReliefWebTIKA Built a Dairy in Lebanon - Lebanon  ReliefWeb

Over 300 Defence Force members prepare for Lebanon - RTE.ieOver 300 Defence Force members prepare for Lebanon  RTE.ie

Lebanon: Refugees, Migrants Left Behind in Vaccine Rollout - Human Rights WatchLebanon: Refugees, Migrants Left Behind in Vaccine Rollout  Human Rights Watch

Many of Lebanon’s children ‘may never get back to school’ - Al Jazeera EnglishMany of Lebanon’s children ‘may never get back to school’  Al Jazeera English

Lebanon opposition wants joint election push to oust elite - FRANCE 24Lebanon opposition wants joint election push to oust elite  FRANCE 24

Supporting Syrian Refugees amidst Lebanon's Crises - Syrian Arab Republic - ReliefWebSupporting Syrian Refugees amidst Lebanon's Crises - Syrian Arab Republic  ReliefWeb

Analysts Warn of Economic, Security Collapse in Lebanon - Voice of AmericaAnalysts Warn of Economic, Security Collapse in Lebanon  Voice of America

‘He did something horrible’: Gunman’s friend shocked by Lebanon double murder suicide - WKRN News 2‘He did something horrible’: Gunman’s friend shocked by Lebanon double murder suicide  WKRN News 2

Lebanon is held hostage by its politicians - Financial TimesLebanon is held hostage by its politicians  Financial Times

Still Reeling After the Beirut Explosion, Lebanon Is At Breaking Point – Byline Times - Byline TimesStill Reeling After the Beirut Explosion, Lebanon Is At Breaking Point – Byline Times  Byline Times

Lebanon's Finance Minister: Country Must Ration Subsidies Before Reserves Run Out - Voice of AmericaLebanon's Finance Minister: Country Must Ration Subsidies Before Reserves Run Out  Voice of America

Lebanon stability reflects on entire Arab nation: Egypt's FM Shoukry - EgypttodayLebanon stability reflects on entire Arab nation: Egypt's FM Shoukry  Egypttoday

Lebanon's annual inflation soars to 155.4% in February - The NationalLebanon's annual inflation soars to 155.4% in February  The National

Lebanon's recent crisis worse than civil war, survivors say | Daily Sabah - Daily SabahLebanon's recent crisis worse than civil war, survivors say | Daily Sabah  Daily Sabah

Coronavirus and financial deterioration strip Lebanon's Easter of joy - Arab NewsCoronavirus and financial deterioration strip Lebanon's Easter of joy  Arab News

Will Lebanese banks crash Middle East finances? - DW (English)Will Lebanese banks crash Middle East finances?  DW (English)

Analysis: Lebanon's woes push it to fringes of global finance system - ReutersAnalysis: Lebanon's woes push it to fringes of global finance system  Reuters

Lebanon held hostage as it hurtles towards collapse - Financial TimesLebanon held hostage as it hurtles towards collapse  Financial Times

Iftar an unaffordable luxury in Lebanon as Ramadan approaches - The NationalIftar an unaffordable luxury in Lebanon as Ramadan approaches  The National

Lebanon: An economy sliding into devastation | Daily Sabah - Daily SabahLebanon: An economy sliding into devastation | Daily Sabah  Daily Sabah

'Helpless and hopeless': despair grips Lebanon's youth - The National'Helpless and hopeless': despair grips Lebanon's youth  The National

Lebanon’s political class ‘squabbling over a field of ruins’ as economic crisis rages - FRANCE 24 EnglishLebanon’s political class ‘squabbling over a field of ruins’ as economic crisis rages  FRANCE 24 English

Amid Myriad Crises, Lebanon Now Confronts An Ecological Disaster On Its Shores - NPRAmid Myriad Crises, Lebanon Now Confronts An Ecological Disaster On Its Shores  NPR

Lebanon's President Aoun holds central bank responsible for crisis - Arab NewsLebanon's President Aoun holds central bank responsible for crisis  Arab News

Lebanon could sink like the Titanic, warns parliament speaker - Al Jazeera EnglishLebanon could sink like the Titanic, warns parliament speaker  Al Jazeera English

Palestinians in Lebanon: 'The world has forgotten us' - DW (English)Palestinians in Lebanon: 'The world has forgotten us'  DW (English)

Lebanon - Q&A from the press briefing (8 Apr. 2021) - Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs - France DiplomatieLebanon - Q&A from the press briefing (8 Apr. 2021) - Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs  France Diplomatie

Lebanon needs new government, radical change of direction - IMF - Yahoo FinanceLebanon needs new government, radical change of direction - IMF  Yahoo Finance

Lebanon: Tripoli Detainees Allege Torture, Forced Disappearance - Human Rights WatchLebanon: Tripoli Detainees Allege Torture, Forced Disappearance  Human Rights Watch

Lebanon faces baby milk shortage - The NationalLebanon faces baby milk shortage  The National

Lebanon crisis: PM stuck in office on less than $1,000 a month - Financial TimesLebanon crisis: PM stuck in office on less than $1,000 a month  Financial Times

Lebanon needs an aid paradigm shift - Al Jazeera EnglishLebanon needs an aid paradigm shift  Al Jazeera English

Lebanon crisis escalates as last-ditch cabinet talks fail to form new govt - FRANCE 24 EnglishLebanon crisis escalates as last-ditch cabinet talks fail to form new govt  FRANCE 24 English

Specter of civil conflict in Lebanon looms as economic meltdown gives way to violence - CNNSpecter of civil conflict in Lebanon looms as economic meltdown gives way to violence  CNN

Covid: The clarinettist who took on Lebanon's vaccine scandal - BBC NewsCovid: The clarinettist who took on Lebanon's vaccine scandal  BBC News

Nobody Knows What Lebanon's Currency Is Worth Anymore - Foreign PolicyNobody Knows What Lebanon's Currency Is Worth Anymore  Foreign Policy

World Bank urges Lebanon to ‘help itself so we can help it’ - Aljazeera.comWorld Bank urges Lebanon to ‘help itself so we can help it’  Aljazeera.com

Why Lebanon should also look east - Arab NewsWhy Lebanon should also look east  Arab News

Lebanon’s Venice Biennale pavilion is an architectural take on an olive grove - The SpacesLebanon’s Venice Biennale pavilion is an architectural take on an olive grove  The Spaces

Analysis: Lebanon frozen by political intransigence as it hurtles towards collapse - ReutersAnalysis: Lebanon frozen by political intransigence as it hurtles towards collapse  Reuters

Lebanon's collapse puts financial strain on students studying abroad - Arab NewsLebanon's collapse puts financial strain on students studying abroad  Arab News

Lebanon: Action Needed on Syrian Refugee Education Crisis - Human Rights WatchLebanon: Action Needed on Syrian Refugee Education Crisis  Human Rights Watch

Lebanon’s Financial Collapse Hits Where It Hurts: The Grocery Store - The New York TimesLebanon’s Financial Collapse Hits Where It Hurts: The Grocery Store  The New York Times

Time to offer Lebanon's political elite an escape route - Arab NewsTime to offer Lebanon's political elite an escape route  Arab News

Why Lebanon doesn't want to stop with Publix as city takes steps to attract better development - The TennesseanWhy Lebanon doesn't want to stop with Publix as city takes steps to attract better development  The Tennessean

Feature: High plowing cost stops olive farmers in southern Lebanon from cultivating lands - Xinhua | English.news.cn - XinhuaFeature: High plowing cost stops olive farmers in southern Lebanon from cultivating lands - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

Syrian refugees’ plight in Lebanon 10 years after the uprising - Al Jazeera EnglishSyrian refugees’ plight in Lebanon 10 years after the uprising  Al Jazeera English

Lebanon increases climate goal despite political and economic turmoil - Climate HomeLebanon increases climate goal despite political and economic turmoil  Climate Home

Brawls in shops as Lebanon's financial meltdown hits supply of food - ReutersBrawls in shops as Lebanon's financial meltdown hits supply of food  Reuters

Tuesday is first day of Ramadan in Egypt, Kuwait, Lebanon - Gulf NewsTuesday is first day of Ramadan in Egypt, Kuwait, Lebanon  Gulf News

Video: Lebanon is selling its fighter jets | Actionable Intelligence - AirForceTimes.comVideo: Lebanon is selling its fighter jets | Actionable Intelligence  AirForceTimes.com

Lebanon registers 1,277 new COVID-19 cases, 462,339 in total - ANI NewsLebanon registers 1,277 new COVID-19 cases, 462,339 in total  ANI News

London group collects donations to provide emergency aid for Lebanon - CTV News LondonLondon group collects donations to provide emergency aid for Lebanon  CTV News London

Off-duty soldier shoots two men dead in southern Lebanon outside pub - Arab NewsOff-duty soldier shoots two men dead in southern Lebanon outside pub  Arab News

Lebanon private sector steps in to speed up vaccine campaign - Associated PressLebanon private sector steps in to speed up vaccine campaign  Associated Press

'Part of village life': Ten years on, Syrian refugees still crowd Lebanon's Bekaa valley - FRANCE 24 English'Part of village life': Ten years on, Syrian refugees still crowd Lebanon's Bekaa valley  FRANCE 24 English

Weapons or food? Lebanon's Armed Forces risk going hungry - Atlantic CouncilWeapons or food? Lebanon's Armed Forces risk going hungry  Atlantic Council

North Allegheny, Mt. Lebanon move on to Penguins Cup finals in Class AAA | Trib HSSN - TribLIVENorth Allegheny, Mt. Lebanon move on to Penguins Cup finals in Class AAA | Trib HSSN  TribLIVE

Lebanon’s ancient Roman Baalbek temples reborn - Al Jazeera EnglishLebanon’s ancient Roman Baalbek temples reborn  Al Jazeera English

Aoun turns to diplomats in bid to break Lebanon's political deadlock - Arab NewsAoun turns to diplomats in bid to break Lebanon's political deadlock  Arab News

How Covid worsened Lebanon's economic problems - Pharmaceutical TechnologyHow Covid worsened Lebanon's economic problems  Pharmaceutical Technology

ECHO Factsheet - Lebanon (Last updated 31/03/2021) - Lebanon - ReliefWebECHO Factsheet - Lebanon (Last updated 31/03/2021) - Lebanon  ReliefWeb

Lebanon orders probe into torture claims of detained Syrians - Al Jazeera EnglishLebanon orders probe into torture claims of detained Syrians  Al Jazeera English

COVID-19 Vaccine Misinformation Has Been Catching On In Lebanon - NPRCOVID-19 Vaccine Misinformation Has Been Catching On In Lebanon  NPR

Saudi ambassador urges Lebanon's factions to agree new government as soon as possible - Arab NewsSaudi ambassador urges Lebanon's factions to agree new government as soon as possible  Arab News

Discontent grows among Lebanon's Shiite communities - Arab NewsDiscontent grows among Lebanon's Shiite communities  Arab News

UK crime agency considers investigating Lebanon corruption report, sources say - ReutersUK crime agency considers investigating Lebanon corruption report, sources say  Reuters

Why Lebanon ran out of money and what it can do now - Arab NewsWhy Lebanon ran out of money and what it can do now  Arab News

First batch of COVID-19 vaccines delivered through COVAX Facility arrives in Lebanon - Lebanon - ReliefWebFirst batch of COVID-19 vaccines delivered through COVAX Facility arrives in Lebanon - Lebanon  ReliefWeb

Syria to send Lebanon emergency oxygen supply for hospitals - Associated PressSyria to send Lebanon emergency oxygen supply for hospitals  Associated Press

Lebanon Is Almost Bankrupt but Still Reliant on Indentured Labor Under the Kafala System - Foreign PolicyLebanon Is Almost Bankrupt but Still Reliant on Indentured Labor Under the Kafala System  Foreign Policy

Lebanon considering building a public restroom downtown - Dayton Daily NewsLebanon considering building a public restroom downtown  Dayton Daily News

Lebanon's Air Force launches public aircraft bids as part of fleet reorg - DefenseNews.comLebanon's Air Force launches public aircraft bids as part of fleet reorg  DefenseNews.com

Covid-19 worsened Lebanese crisis – leading macroeconomic influencers - Pharmaceutical TechnologyCovid-19 worsened Lebanese crisis – leading macroeconomic influencers  Pharmaceutical Technology

Lebanon: Torture of Syrian refugees arbitrarily detained on counter-terror charges - Amnesty InternationalLebanon: Torture of Syrian refugees arbitrarily detained on counter-terror charges  Amnesty International

UNRWA raises alarm on the situation of Palestine refugees in Lebanon - Lebanon - ReliefWebUNRWA raises alarm on the situation of Palestine refugees in Lebanon - Lebanon  ReliefWeb

Lebanon's largest Christian bloc warns against sidelining president - ReutersLebanon's largest Christian bloc warns against sidelining president  Reuters

“I don't know how we will survive” - Lebanon children hit hard by price hikes and rising insecurity - Lebanon - ReliefWeb“I don't know how we will survive” - Lebanon children hit hard by price hikes and rising insecurity - Lebanon  ReliefWeb

Lebanese are gripped by worry as economic meltdown speeds up - Associated PressLebanese are gripped by worry as economic meltdown speeds up  Associated Press

Europe must act as Lebanon collapses, France says - ReutersEurope must act as Lebanon collapses, France says  Reuters

Lancaster man injured in overnight shooting outside Lebanon city business, police say - FOX43.comLancaster man injured in overnight shooting outside Lebanon city business, police say  FOX43.com

COVID-19 response – Lebanon monthly situation report (19 March 2021) - Lebanon - ReliefWebCOVID-19 response – Lebanon monthly situation report (19 March 2021) - Lebanon  ReliefWeb

1st National Bank unveils plans for three-story corporate HQ in Lebanon - Dayton Business Journal - Dayton Business Journal1st National Bank unveils plans for three-story corporate HQ in Lebanon - Dayton Business Journal  Dayton Business Journal

Lavrov meets with delegation from Lebanon's Hezbollah - Anadolu AgencyLavrov meets with delegation from Lebanon's Hezbollah  Anadolu Agency

Lebanon chooses new superintendent from another southwest Ohio district - Dayton Daily NewsLebanon chooses new superintendent from another southwest Ohio district  Dayton Daily News

North Lebanon Twp. officials pursue Lions Lake improvements via state grant - LebTownNorth Lebanon Twp. officials pursue Lions Lake improvements via state grant  LebTown

Gunshots fired in Lebanon Monday morning; firearm recovered - LebTownGunshots fired in Lebanon Monday morning; firearm recovered  LebTown

Lebanon's skinniest building was reportedly built by a man who wanted to ruin his brother's seafront views - InsiderLebanon's skinniest building was reportedly built by a man who wanted to ruin his brother's seafront views  Insider