Lebanon

Country Lebanon
Capital Beirut
Continent Asia
Currency Lebanese pound(LBP)
Languages Arabic, French & English

Information

Introduction

Following World War I, France acquired a mandate over the northern portion of the former Ottoman Empire province of Syria. The French separated out the region of Lebanon in 1920, and granted this area independence in 1943. A lengthy civil war (1975-1990) devastated the country, but Lebanon has since made progress toward rebuilding its political institutions. Under the Ta'if Accord - the blueprint for national reconciliation - the Lebanese established a more equitable political system, particularly by giving Muslims a greater voice in the political process while institutionalizing sectarian divisions in the government. Since the end of the war, Lebanon has conducted several successful elections. Most militias have been reduced or disbanded, with the exception of Hizballah, designated by the US State Department as a Foreign Terrorist Organization, and Palestinian militant groups. During Lebanon's civil war, the Arab League legitimized in the Ta'if Accord Syria's troop deployment, numbering about 16,000 based mainly east of Beirut and in the Bekaa Valley. Israel's withdrawal from southern Lebanon in May 2000 and the passage in September 2004 of UNSCR 1559 - a resolution calling for Syria to withdraw from Lebanon and end its interference in Lebanese affairs - encouraged some Lebanese groups to demand that Syria withdraw its forces as well. The assassination of former Prime Minister Rafiq HARIRI and 22 others in February 2005 led to massive demonstrations in Beirut against the Syrian presence ("the Cedar Revolution"), and Syria withdrew the remainder of its military forces in April 2005. In May-June 2005, Lebanon held its first legislative elections since the end of the civil war free of foreign interference, handing a majority to the bloc led by Sa'ad HARIRI, the slain prime minister's son. In July 2006, Hizballah kidnapped two Israeli soldiers leading to a 34-day conflict with Israel in which approximately 1,200 Lebanese civilians were killed. UNSCR 1701 ended the war in August 2006, and Lebanese Armed Forces (LAF) deployed throughout the country for the first time in decades, charged with securing Lebanon's borders against weapons smuggling and maintaining a weapons-free zone in south Lebanon with the help of the UN Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL). The LAF in May-September 2007 battled Sunni extremist group Fatah al-Islam in the Nahr al-Barid Palestinian refugee camp, winning a decisive victory, but destroying the camp and displacing 30,000 Palestinian residents. Lebanese politicians in November 2007 were unable to agree on a successor to Emile LAHUD when he stepped down as president, creating a political vacuum until the election of LAF Commander Gen. Michel SULAYMAN in May 2008 and the formation of a new unity government in July 2008. Legislative elections in June 2009 again produced victory for the bloc led by Sa'ad HARIRI, but a period of prolonged negotiation over the composition of the cabinet ensued. A national unity government was finally formed in November 2009 and approved by the National Assembly the following month. In January 2010, Lebanon assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2010-11 term.

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References

Lebanon - Wikipedia
Lebanon - CIA World Fact Book
Lebanon - BBC
Lebanon - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

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Germany, Saudi Arabia to restore envoys after Lebanon row - Channel NewsAsia

Channel NewsAsia

Germany, Saudi Arabia to restore envoys after Lebanon row
Channel NewsAsia
UNITED NATIONS: Germany and Saudi Arabia on Tuesday (Sep 25) agreed to return ambassadors some 10 months after the kingdom fumed over criticism about its role in Lebanon. Saudi Arabia, which has increasingly challenged Western governments ...
Germany, Saudi Arabia mend ties after Lebanon rowThe New Arab
Saudi Arabia, Germany agree to restore ambassadors after Lebanon rowArabianBusiness.com

all 135 news articles »


Fifty thousand Syrians returned to Syria from Lebanon this year: official - Reuters

Reuters

Fifty thousand Syrians returned to Syria from Lebanon this year: official
Reuters
Lebanon is hosting 976,000 registered Syrian refugees, according to the U.N. High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR). The government says the total number of Syrians in the country is around 1.5 million. Lebanese politicians have been calling for Syrian ...
Fifty thousand Syrians return to war-torn home from LebanonThe Jerusalem Post
50000 Syrians back home from Lebanon this year, says officialSaudi Gazette

all 41 news articles »


Lebanon's Parliament approves Arms Trade Treaty , angering Hezbollah - DefenseNews.com

DefenseNews.com

Lebanon's Parliament approves Arms Trade Treaty , angering Hezbollah
DefenseNews.com
BEIRUT — Lebanon's Parliament has ratified the international Arms Trade Treaty, angering Hezbollah legislators, some of whom walked out in protest. The 2014 treaty seeks to regulate international trade in conventional arms and prevent illicit trade.

and more »


Lebanon earns statement SWD volleyball win over Marion - Bristol Herald Courier (press release) (blog)

Bristol Herald Courier (press release) (blog)

Lebanon earns statement SWD volleyball win over Marion
Bristol Herald Courier (press release) (blog)
“My girls just played great,” said Lebanon coach Dennis Price. “Marion is tough, they fight you until the end, no matter what the score is. They have a great coach, they are all about winning, that's all they know. Getting to this point, getting this ...



I-81 closed for crash near Lebanon exit - ABC27

ABC27

I-81 closed for crash near Lebanon exit
ABC27
JONESTOWN, Pa. (WHTM) - A crash involving at least two tractor-trailers has closed part of Interstate 81 in Lebanon County. State police said southbound traffic was stopped around noon at mile marker 93, three miles north of the Lebanon exit. The ...

and more »


Tampa mother in DC to plead for son's return from Lebanon - WFLA

WFLA

Tampa mother in DC to plead for son's return from Lebanon
WFLA
TAMPA, Fla. (WFLA) - A Tampa Bay area mother is in Washington D.C. ready to plead her case with Florida's two senators to get her young son returned from Beirut, Lebanon. Rachelle Smith is in a bitter custody battle with her son's father. She is hoping ...
Tampa mother in Washington to plead for son's return from LebanonFOX 13 News, Tampa Bay

all 2 news articles »


No rape charge in case of man found naked, bloody, with knife - Dayton Daily News

Dayton Daily News

No rape charge in case of man found naked, bloody, with knife
Dayton Daily News
This morning, Handley, 31, of Lebanon, was served with a warrant advising him he had been indicted on charges of aggravated possession of drugs, and possession of heroin, both fifth-degree felonies; and possession of drug paraphernalia, a fourth-degree ...

and more »


Lebanon's national drink cause for cheers — and a debate - Toronto Star

Toronto Star

Lebanon's national drink cause for cheers — and a debate
Toronto Star
TAANAYEL, LEBANON—Every part of Lebanon's national drink, arak, is infused with tradition — from distilling the aniseed-tinged liquor to the ritual of mixing it at the table, when the transparent liquid suddenly turns milky white as water is added ...



Quick change scam suspect being sought by Lebanon, VA Police Department - WJHL-TV News Channel 11

WJHL-TV News Channel 11

Quick change scam suspect being sought by Lebanon, VA Police Department
WJHL-TV News Channel 11
LEBANON, VA (WJHL) -- The Lebanon, Virginia Police Department is asking for assistance in identifying a man in reference to a quick change scam of local stores. No other information has been released about the scams or what stores were impacted.



Lebanon Restaurant Inspections: Pizza shop missed some spots - Lebanon Daily News

Lebanon Daily News

Lebanon Restaurant Inspections: Pizza shop missed some spots
Lebanon Daily News
Commercially processed refrigerated, ready-to-eat, time/temperature-control-for-safety food (sliced deli meats and non-exempt cheese), located in the walk-in cooler, and held more than 24 hours, is not being marked with the date it was opened. Observed ...