Lebanon

Country Lebanon
Capital Beirut
Continent Asia
Currency Lebanese pound(LBP)
Languages Arabic, French & English

Information

Introduction

Following World War I, France acquired a mandate over the northern portion of the former Ottoman Empire province of Syria. The French separated out the region of Lebanon in 1920, and granted this area independence in 1943. A lengthy civil war (1975-1990) devastated the country, but Lebanon has since made progress toward rebuilding its political institutions. Under the Ta'if Accord - the blueprint for national reconciliation - the Lebanese established a more equitable political system, particularly by giving Muslims a greater voice in the political process while institutionalizing sectarian divisions in the government. Since the end of the war, Lebanon has conducted several successful elections. Most militias have been reduced or disbanded, with the exception of Hizballah, designated by the US State Department as a Foreign Terrorist Organization, and Palestinian militant groups. During Lebanon's civil war, the Arab League legitimized in the Ta'if Accord Syria's troop deployment, numbering about 16,000 based mainly east of Beirut and in the Bekaa Valley. Israel's withdrawal from southern Lebanon in May 2000 and the passage in September 2004 of UNSCR 1559 - a resolution calling for Syria to withdraw from Lebanon and end its interference in Lebanese affairs - encouraged some Lebanese groups to demand that Syria withdraw its forces as well. The assassination of former Prime Minister Rafiq HARIRI and 22 others in February 2005 led to massive demonstrations in Beirut against the Syrian presence ("the Cedar Revolution"), and Syria withdrew the remainder of its military forces in April 2005. In May-June 2005, Lebanon held its first legislative elections since the end of the civil war free of foreign interference, handing a majority to the bloc led by Sa'ad HARIRI, the slain prime minister's son. In July 2006, Hizballah kidnapped two Israeli soldiers leading to a 34-day conflict with Israel in which approximately 1,200 Lebanese civilians were killed. UNSCR 1701 ended the war in August 2006, and Lebanese Armed Forces (LAF) deployed throughout the country for the first time in decades, charged with securing Lebanon's borders against weapons smuggling and maintaining a weapons-free zone in south Lebanon with the help of the UN Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL). The LAF in May-September 2007 battled Sunni extremist group Fatah al-Islam in the Nahr al-Barid Palestinian refugee camp, winning a decisive victory, but destroying the camp and displacing 30,000 Palestinian residents. Lebanese politicians in November 2007 were unable to agree on a successor to Emile LAHUD when he stepped down as president, creating a political vacuum until the election of LAF Commander Gen. Michel SULAYMAN in May 2008 and the formation of a new unity government in July 2008. Legislative elections in June 2009 again produced victory for the bloc led by Sa'ad HARIRI, but a period of prolonged negotiation over the composition of the cabinet ensued. A national unity government was finally formed in November 2009 and approved by the National Assembly the following month. In January 2010, Lebanon assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2010-11 term.

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References

Lebanon - Wikipedia
Lebanon - CIA World Fact Book
Lebanon - BBC
Lebanon - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

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'You have no one but us': Lebanon's political elite resurrected amid coronavirus crisis - Middle East Eye'You have no one but us': Lebanon's political elite resurrected amid coronavirus crisis  Middle East Eye

In Lebanon, Some Turn To Beloved Local Saint For Solace And Protection From COVID-19 - NPRIn Lebanon, Some Turn To Beloved Local Saint For Solace And Protection From COVID-19  NPR

Lebanon Defaulted Lebanon hopes to pay off debts with cannabis - ?????????Lebanon Defaulted Lebanon hopes to pay off debts with cannabis  ?????????

Lebanon, in Coronavirus Lockdown, to Allow Expats to Come Home - The New York TimesLebanon, in Coronavirus Lockdown, to Allow Expats to Come Home  The New York Times

COVID-19: Lebanon businesses help overwhelmed hospitals - Al Jazeera AmericaCOVID-19: Lebanon businesses help overwhelmed hospitals  Al Jazeera America

Coronavirus: Lebanon banks halt dollar withdrawals after pandemic closes airport - Middle East EyeCoronavirus: Lebanon banks halt dollar withdrawals after pandemic closes airport  Middle East Eye

Undocumented in Lebanon: No papers, no coronavirus test - Al Jazeera EnglishUndocumented in Lebanon: No papers, no coronavirus test  Al Jazeera English

Lebanon's number of COVID-19 cases rises to 463 - Xinhua | English.news.cn - XinhuaLebanon's number of COVID-19 cases rises to 463 - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

Lebanon's coronavirus crisis spurs race to tackle looming ventilator shortage - ArabnewsLebanon's coronavirus crisis spurs race to tackle looming ventilator shortage  Arabnews

Lebanon: Upcoming Appointments Instigate Sharp Debate - Asharq Al-awsat EnglishLebanon: Upcoming Appointments Instigate Sharp Debate  Asharq Al-awsat English

Good Samaritans come to the aid of Lebanon seniors - ABC27Good Samaritans come to the aid of Lebanon seniors  ABC27

Covid-19: Lebanon police raid internet cafe for breaking curfew - Gulf NewsCovid-19: Lebanon police raid internet cafe for breaking curfew  Gulf News

Lebanon County added to coronavirus stay-at-home order - Lebanon Daily NewsLebanon County added to coronavirus stay-at-home order  Lebanon Daily News

Lebanon Registers 17 New Coronavirus Cases, One More Death - NaharnetLebanon Registers 17 New Coronavirus Cases, One More Death  Naharnet

Lebanon to default on debt payments for first time as crisis deepens - BBC NewsLebanon to default on debt payments for first time as crisis deepens  BBC News

The desperate final days of a domestic worker in Lebanon - Al Jazeera EnglishThe desperate final days of a domestic worker in Lebanon  Al Jazeera English

Lebanon: COVID-19 Worsens Medical Supply Crisis - Human Rights WatchLebanon: COVID-19 Worsens Medical Supply Crisis  Human Rights Watch

Lebanon to impose partial curfew over coronavirus - Anadolu AgencyLebanon to impose partial curfew over coronavirus  Anadolu Agency

Lebanon 'to declare state of medical emergency' over coronavirus - Al Jazeera EnglishLebanon 'to declare state of medical emergency' over coronavirus  Al Jazeera English

Lebanon Vows Recovery Plan for ‘Broken’ Economy by Year-End - BloombergLebanon Vows Recovery Plan for ‘Broken’ Economy by Year-End  Bloomberg

Lebanon army deployed to enforce public lockdown - Aljazeera.comLebanon army deployed to enforce public lockdown  Aljazeera.com

Lebanon faces virus peak within days, doctors warn - ArabnewsLebanon faces virus peak within days, doctors warn  Arabnews

Coronavirus delivers tough blow to Lebanon's dying economy - The Times of IsraelCoronavirus delivers tough blow to Lebanon's dying economy  The Times of Israel

The 'butcher' who fled Lebanon in a U.S. helicopter - HaaretzThe 'butcher' who fled Lebanon in a U.S. helicopter  Haaretz

Around 20,000 Lebanese want to return to homeland | News , Lebanon News - The Daily StarAround 20,000 Lebanese want to return to homeland | News , Lebanon News  The Daily Star

Lebanon VA clinics operating on “limited service” status - ABC27Lebanon VA clinics operating on “limited service” status  ABC27

Architect Karim Nader releases pictures of his challenging Lebanon construction - World Architecture NewsArchitect Karim Nader releases pictures of his challenging Lebanon construction  World Architecture News

Hezbollah deploys medics, hospitals against coronavirus in Lebanon - ReutersHezbollah deploys medics, hospitals against coronavirus in Lebanon  Reuters

17 new coronavirus cases, one more death in Lebanon - The Daily Star17 new coronavirus cases, one more death in Lebanon  The Daily Star

Lebanon court orders release of US citizen accused of torture - The GuardianLebanon court orders release of US citizen accused of torture  The Guardian

Op-Ed: Lebanon should learn the lessons of the past to protect the future - CNBCOp-Ed: Lebanon should learn the lessons of the past to protect the future  CNBC

Gov. Wolf adds Lebanon County, 6 others to stay-at-home order - LancasterOnlineGov. Wolf adds Lebanon County, 6 others to stay-at-home order  LancasterOnline

Lebanon state of emergency over coronavirus - Al Jazeera AmericaLebanon state of emergency over coronavirus  Al Jazeera America

Lebanon veterans' home reports second coronavirus death - KEZI TVLebanon veterans' home reports second coronavirus death  KEZI TV

Naomi Campbell to House Helpers: "Don't Go To Lebanon" - The961Naomi Campbell to House Helpers: "Don't Go To Lebanon"  The961

Lebanon's police clear protest camps in Beirut as coronavirus curfew takes effect - ArabnewsLebanon's police clear protest camps in Beirut as coronavirus curfew takes effect  Arabnews

Here is an early look at 2020 Lancaster-Lebanon League football schedules - LancasterOnlineHere is an early look at 2020 Lancaster-Lebanon League football schedules  LancasterOnline

Lebanon breaks into applause for medical workers | News , Lebanon News - The Daily StarLebanon breaks into applause for medical workers | News , Lebanon News  The Daily Star

Lebanon VA limits services at Community Clinics - bctv.orgLebanon VA limits services at Community Clinics  bctv.org

Lebanon to ban flights from 11 coronavirus-hit countries - Al Jazeera EnglishLebanon to ban flights from 11 coronavirus-hit countries  Al Jazeera English

Lebanon military court drops charges against 'Butcher of Khiam' - Al Jazeera EnglishLebanon military court drops charges against 'Butcher of Khiam'  Al Jazeera English

Standoff: Lebanon finance minister urges prosecution of banks - Aljazeera.comStandoff: Lebanon finance minister urges prosecution of banks  Aljazeera.com

Lebanon Banks Halt Dollar Withdrawals over 'Airport Closure' - Naharnet.comLebanon Banks Halt Dollar Withdrawals over 'Airport Closure'  Naharnet.com

CMA CGM donates 50000 masks, flies in rapid tests for Lebanon - The Daily StarCMA CGM donates 50000 masks, flies in rapid tests for Lebanon  The Daily Star

Amid economic crisis, Lebanon grapples with COVID-19 - Al Jazeera AmericaAmid economic crisis, Lebanon grapples with COVID-19  Al Jazeera America

‘Operation Well Wish’: Get-well wishes flood Oregon Veterans’ Home in Lebanon - The Register-Guard‘Operation Well Wish’: Get-well wishes flood Oregon Veterans’ Home in Lebanon  The Register-Guard

Lebanon's Government Is Accused Of Swarming WhatsApp To Catch Protesters - NPRLebanon's Government Is Accused Of Swarming WhatsApp To Catch Protesters  NPR

Lebanon set to legalise medical, industrial cannabis cultivation - Aljazeera.comLebanon set to legalise medical, industrial cannabis cultivation  Aljazeera.com

Americans Held Overseas in Iran and Lebanon Are Freed - The New York TimesAmericans Held Overseas in Iran and Lebanon Are Freed  The New York Times

Lebanon considers options to restructure crisis-hit banks - Financial TimesLebanon considers options to restructure crisis-hit banks  Financial Times

Now is the time to save Lebanon from Hezbollah - The Jerusalem PostNow is the time to save Lebanon from Hezbollah  The Jerusalem Post

Riots rock overcrowded Lebanon prisons over coronavirus fears - Al Jazeera EnglishRiots rock overcrowded Lebanon prisons over coronavirus fears  Al Jazeera English

Coronavirus, oil price may dash Lebanon's aid hopes - minister - The Star OnlineCoronavirus, oil price may dash Lebanon's aid hopes - minister  The Star Online

Lebanon County asks for donations of personal protective equipment to help coronavirus fight - Lebanon Daily NewsLebanon County asks for donations of personal protective equipment to help coronavirus fight  Lebanon Daily News

'The whole system is broken': Lebanon's prison riots stretch deeper than coronavirus fears - The Daily Star'The whole system is broken': Lebanon's prison riots stretch deeper than coronavirus fears  The Daily Star

Breaking: 17 New Coronavirus Cases in Lebanon, Total of 463 - The961Breaking: 17 New Coronavirus Cases in Lebanon, Total of 463  The961

North Lebanon fire companies help boy celebrate birthday after COVID-19 cancels plans - ABC27North Lebanon fire companies help boy celebrate birthday after COVID-19 cancels plans  ABC27

Lebanon confirms fourth death from coronavirus - Anadolu AgencyLebanon confirms fourth death from coronavirus  Anadolu Agency

Lebanon's coronavirus cases rise to 120 - Anadolu AgencyLebanon's coronavirus cases rise to 120  Anadolu Agency

Coronavirus: Palestinian-themed masks made by refugees in Lebanon - Middle East EyeCoronavirus: Palestinian-themed masks made by refugees in Lebanon  Middle East Eye

Lebanon County athletes wrap up college seasons cut short by coronavirus concerns - Lebanon Daily NewsLebanon County athletes wrap up college seasons cut short by coronavirus concerns  Lebanon Daily News

In coronavirus lockdown, Lebanese banks turn off dollar tap - Aljazeera.comIn coronavirus lockdown, Lebanese banks turn off dollar tap  Aljazeera.com

Lebanon crisis: 'The country needs our energy' - BBC NewsLebanon crisis: 'The country needs our energy'  BBC News

Lebanon Firefighter Tests Positive for Coronavirus | 93.1FM - 93.1 WIBC IndianapolisLebanon Firefighter Tests Positive for Coronavirus | 93.1FM  93.1 WIBC Indianapolis

Lebanon's leading coronavirus hospital stages second protest in three weeks - Middle East MonitorLebanon's leading coronavirus hospital stages second protest in three weeks  Middle East Monitor

Public Institutions No Longer Have To Pay Stamp Duties - The961Public Institutions No Longer Have To Pay Stamp Duties  The961

Lebanon's economic collapse spells doom for Mideast Christians - New York PostLebanon's economic collapse spells doom for Mideast Christians  New York Post

Hidden Still Spirits making sanitizing spray for local facilities during coronavirus outbreak - Lebanon Daily NewsHidden Still Spirits making sanitizing spray for local facilities during coronavirus outbreak  Lebanon Daily News

Is COVID-19 the 'last straw' for Lebanon's fragile economy? - PBS NewsHourIs COVID-19 the 'last straw' for Lebanon's fragile economy?  PBS NewsHour

Lebanon News: What Will Eurobond Investors Get in Default? - BloombergLebanon News: What Will Eurobond Investors Get in Default?  Bloomberg

Lebanon: Hints at Deal with US Over Fakhoury’s Case - Asharq Al-awsat EnglishLebanon: Hints at Deal with US Over Fakhoury’s Case  Asharq Al-awsat English

Lebanon closes parks; Wilson County and Lebanon schools now closed through April 30 - TennesseanLebanon closes parks; Wilson County and Lebanon schools now closed through April 30  Tennessean

Lebanon's Crisis Reaching Into Emergency Rooms - U.S. News & World ReportLebanon's Crisis Reaching Into Emergency Rooms  U.S. News & World Report

Lebanon: Depositor bail-in 'may be the only way' to save the banking sector - Euromoney magazineLebanon: Depositor bail-in 'may be the only way' to save the banking sector  Euromoney magazine

Starved of dollars and drowning in debt, Lebanon's economy sinks fast - ReutersStarved of dollars and drowning in debt, Lebanon's economy sinks fast  Reuters

Lebanon veterans home accepting well wishes while residents remain on coronavirus lockdown - KATULebanon veterans home accepting well wishes while residents remain on coronavirus lockdown  KATU

Morgan Stanley: Restructuring Lebanon's public debt challenging task - The Daily StarMorgan Stanley: Restructuring Lebanon's public debt challenging task  The Daily Star

Epidemic only compounds Lebanon's socio-economic woes | Rami Rayess - The Arab WeeklyEpidemic only compounds Lebanon's socio-economic woes | Rami Rayess  The Arab Weekly

Life for Lebanon's migrant domestic workers worsens amid crisis - Human Rights WatchLife for Lebanon's migrant domestic workers worsens amid crisis  Human Rights Watch

Lebanon PM Orders Security Forces to Enforce Virus Curbs - The New York TimesLebanon PM Orders Security Forces to Enforce Virus Curbs  The New York Times

Number of coronavirus cases in Lebanon rises to 77 - Anadolu AgencyNumber of coronavirus cases in Lebanon rises to 77  Anadolu Agency

Lebanon: Spate of Free Speech Prosecutions - Human Rights WatchLebanon: Spate of Free Speech Prosecutions  Human Rights Watch

Journey's distribution center in Lebanon donated for TEMA COVID-19 response - NewsChannel5.comJourney's distribution center in Lebanon donated for TEMA COVID-19 response  NewsChannel5.com

Lebanon Takes Aim at Peg With Talks on Weaker Rate for Deposits - BloombergLebanon Takes Aim at Peg With Talks on Weaker Rate for Deposits  Bloomberg

For the first time, Lebanon defaults on its debts - The EconomistFor the first time, Lebanon defaults on its debts  The Economist

Lebanon added to Pennsylvania 'stay-at-home' orders - Central Penn Business JournalLebanon added to Pennsylvania 'stay-at-home' orders  Central Penn Business Journal

Coronavirus: Lebanon turns to sarcasm to cope with crisis - The NationalCoronavirus: Lebanon turns to sarcasm to cope with crisis  The National

Virus Measures Spark Lebanon, Mideast Fears of Liberties Setback - NaharnetVirus Measures Spark Lebanon, Mideast Fears of Liberties Setback  Naharnet

Coronavirus Hastens Lebanon's Impending Economic Collapse - theTrumpet.comCoronavirus Hastens Lebanon's Impending Economic Collapse  theTrumpet.com

Lebanon May Ask Banks to Buy Back Bonds Sold to Foreign Funds - BloombergLebanon May Ask Banks to Buy Back Bonds Sold to Foreign Funds  Bloomberg

Lebanon’s ‘two crises’: coronavirus and financial collapse - PRILebanon’s ‘two crises’: coronavirus and financial collapse  PRI

'Now we have corona': Cash-strapped Lebanon navigates new crisis - Reuters'Now we have corona': Cash-strapped Lebanon navigates new crisis  Reuters

The Viruses of Lebanon | Jewish & Israel News - AlgemeinerThe Viruses of Lebanon | Jewish & Israel News  Algemeiner

IMF deal seen as only way out for Lebanon - ReutersIMF deal seen as only way out for Lebanon  Reuters

UNIFIL donates equipment to Naqoura Municipality to fight coronavirus - The Daily StarUNIFIL donates equipment to Naqoura Municipality to fight coronavirus  The Daily Star

Former member of Israel-backed militia killed in Lebanon - YnetnewsFormer member of Israel-backed militia killed in Lebanon  Ynetnews

ODE: "Strong possibility" students won't return this year - Lebanon ExpressODE: "Strong possibility" students won't return this year  Lebanon Express

IMF deal would spark 'popular revolution' in Lebanon, Hezbollah believes - ReutersIMF deal would spark 'popular revolution' in Lebanon, Hezbollah believes  Reuters

Lebanon County Obituaries - LebTownLebanon County Obituaries  LebTown

After default, Lebanon's in a losing game of chicken with its creditors - HaaretzAfter default, Lebanon's in a losing game of chicken with its creditors  Haaretz