Australia

Country Australia
Capital Canberra
Continent Australia-Oceania
Currency Australian dollar(AUD)
Languages English

Information

Introduction

Aboriginal settlers arrived on the continent from Southeast Asia about 40,000 years before the first Europeans began exploration in the 17th century. No formal territorial claims were made until 1770, when Capt. James COOK took possession in the name of Great Britain. Six colonies were created in the late 18th and 19th centuries; they federated and became the Commonwealth of Australia in 1901. The new country took advantage of its natural resources to rapidly develop agricultural and manufacturing industries and to make a major contribution to the British effort in World Wars I and II. In recent decades, Australia has transformed itself into an internationally competitive, advanced market economy. It boasted one of the OECD's fastest growing economies during the 1990s, a performance due in large part to economic reforms adopted in the 1980s. Long-term concerns include climate-change issues such as the depletion of the ozone layer and more frequent droughts, and management and conservation of coastal areas, especially the Great Barrier Reef.

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References

Australia - Wikipedia
Australia - CIA World Fact Book
Australia - BBC
Australia - National Geographic
Australia - Timeline - BBC

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Australia's Devastating Wildfires Were Not Inevitable - The NationAustralia's Devastating Wildfires Were Not Inevitable  The Nation

The Australia fires portend a future of climate apartheid - Al Jazeera EnglishThe Australia fires portend a future of climate apartheid  Al Jazeera English

Steps From the Australian Open, Anger and Activism Have Their Day - The New York TimesSteps From the Australian Open, Anger and Activism Have Their Day  The New York Times

Kindness is not enough: Australia needs a strategic national response to the bushfires - The GuardianKindness is not enough: Australia needs a strategic national response to the bushfires  The Guardian

NASA animation shows global effects of Australia wildfires, hurricanes and more - Space.comNASA animation shows global effects of Australia wildfires, hurricanes and more  Space.com

A woman choked to death eating Australia's national cake on the country's national day - CNNA woman choked to death eating Australia's national cake on the country's national day  CNN

Australia confirms fifth coronavirus case from last flight out of Wuhan - CNAAustralia confirms fifth coronavirus case from last flight out of Wuhan  CNA

If you love Australia, climate change should scare the hell out of you - The GuardianIf you love Australia, climate change should scare the hell out of you  The Guardian

One hundred Australian children stranded in Wuhan as coronavirus spreads - The GuardianOne hundred Australian children stranded in Wuhan as coronavirus spreads  The Guardian

Coronavirus: Australia considers evacuating citizens caught in China amid lockdown - The GuardianCoronavirus: Australia considers evacuating citizens caught in China amid lockdown  The Guardian

Federal government withholds water funding from NSW in Murray-Darling standoff - The GuardianFederal government withholds water funding from NSW in Murray-Darling standoff  The Guardian

Woman dies in pub's lamington-eating contest in Australia - Sky NewsWoman dies in pub's lamington-eating contest in Australia  Sky News

Melbourne horse trainer among 100 Australian citizens trapped in Wuhan as deadly virus continues to spread - 9NewsMelbourne horse trainer among 100 Australian citizens trapped in Wuhan as deadly virus continues to spread  9News

Rafael Nadal Holds Off Nick Kyrgios to Advance in Australian Open - The New York TimesRafael Nadal Holds Off Nick Kyrgios to Advance in Australian Open  The New York Times

Australian government adviser urges threatened species overhaul after bushfires - The GuardianAustralian government adviser urges threatened species overhaul after bushfires  The Guardian

Why Australia probably doesn't need more koala mittens - BBC NewsWhy Australia probably doesn't need more koala mittens  BBC News

Woman dies in Australia Day lamington-eating contest - BBC NewsWoman dies in Australia Day lamington-eating contest  BBC News

Australian government secretly releasing sensitive medical records to police - The GuardianAustralian government secretly releasing sensitive medical records to police  The Guardian

Heatwave forecast to span Australia according to Bureau of Meteorology - ABC NewsHeatwave forecast to span Australia according to Bureau of Meteorology  ABC News

'Pay the rent': Invasion Day rallies around Australia protest against 26 January celebrations - The Guardian'Pay the rent': Invasion Day rallies around Australia protest against 26 January celebrations  The Guardian

Wuhan virus: Australia confirms fifth coronavirus case from last flight out of Wuhan - The Straits TimesWuhan virus: Australia confirms fifth coronavirus case from last flight out of Wuhan  The Straits Times

Best's Commentary: Australian Insurers Able to Contend With Mounting Bushfire Losses - Associated PressBest's Commentary: Australian Insurers Able to Contend With Mounting Bushfire Losses  Associated Press

Nick Kyrgios Discusses Emotional Australian Summer, Kobe Bryant Inspiration - ATP TourNick Kyrgios Discusses Emotional Australian Summer, Kobe Bryant Inspiration  ATP Tour

Why These Australia Fires Are Like Nothing We’ve Seen Before - The New York TimesWhy These Australia Fires Are Like Nothing We’ve Seen Before  The New York Times

Australia’s Wild Weather: First Fires, Now Baseball-Size Hail - The New York TimesAustralia’s Wild Weather: First Fires, Now Baseball-Size Hail  The New York Times

Fact Check: Australia's unprecedented fires are down to climate change, not arson - Greenpeace InternationalFact Check: Australia's unprecedented fires are down to climate change, not arson  Greenpeace International

Tanker Plane Fighting Australia's Bushfires Crashes, Killing U.S. Crew Of 3 - NPRTanker Plane Fighting Australia's Bushfires Crashes, Killing U.S. Crew Of 3  NPR

Controversial tennis great Margaret Court presented with trophy at Australian Open - ABC NewsControversial tennis great Margaret Court presented with trophy at Australian Open  ABC News

Australian bushfires to contribute to huge annual increase in global carbon dioxide - The GuardianAustralian bushfires to contribute to huge annual increase in global carbon dioxide  The Guardian

Fire raining on beaches, red skies and a billion animals killed: the new Australian summer - The GuardianFire raining on beaches, red skies and a billion animals killed: the new Australian summer  The Guardian

Australian Coal Company Says Bush-Fire Smoke Is Slowing Production - The New York TimesAustralian Coal Company Says Bush-Fire Smoke Is Slowing Production  The New York Times

Australia fires: Storms wreak damage but bushfires 'far from over' - BBC NewsAustralia fires: Storms wreak damage but bushfires 'far from over'  BBC News

Nick Kyrgios Holds His Temper, and Australia Holds Its Breath - The New York TimesNick Kyrgios Holds His Temper, and Australia Holds Its Breath  The New York Times

Australia fires: A visual guide to the bushfire crisis - BBC NewsAustralia fires: A visual guide to the bushfire crisis  BBC News

The race to decipher how climate change influenced Australia's record fires - Nature.comThe race to decipher how climate change influenced Australia's record fires  Nature.com

Calm urged as China's coronavirus reaches Australia with four confirmed cases - SBS NewsCalm urged as China's coronavirus reaches Australia with four confirmed cases  SBS News

Rosie Batty 'dismayed' by decision to give Bettina Arndt an Australia Day honour - The GuardianRosie Batty 'dismayed' by decision to give Bettina Arndt an Australia Day honour  The Guardian

Australia fires: Your questions about arson, travel and recovery - BBC NewsAustralia fires: Your questions about arson, travel and recovery  BBC News

The Australia Fires: Everything You Need to Read - The New York TimesThe Australia Fires: Everything You Need to Read  The New York Times

Kontaveit conquers Swiatek, Halep looms in Australian Open QF - WTA TennisKontaveit conquers Swiatek, Halep looms in Australian Open QF  WTA Tennis

Police injured in alcohol-fuelled Australia Day brawl - 9NewsPolice injured in alcohol-fuelled Australia Day brawl  9News

Resurgent Muguruza rolls into Australian Open quarterfinals 2020 Australian Open 12 hrs ago - WTA TennisResurgent Muguruza rolls into Australian Open quarterfinals 2020 Australian Open 12 hrs ago  WTA Tennis

Australian woman dies in cake-eating contest - The Jakarta Post - Jakarta PostAustralian woman dies in cake-eating contest - The Jakarta Post  Jakarta Post

'Incredible' signs of life return to burned bush - BBC News'Incredible' signs of life return to burned bush  BBC News

Ten impacts of the Australian bushfires - UN EnvironmentTen impacts of the Australian bushfires  UN Environment

Halep holds off Mertens to return to Australian Open quarterfinals - WTA TennisHalep holds off Mertens to return to Australian Open quarterfinals  WTA Tennis

Australia Wildfires Have Claimed 25 Lives And Will Burn For Months, Officials Say - NPRAustralia Wildfires Have Claimed 25 Lives And Will Burn For Months, Officials Say  NPR

Australia fires: massive fire near Canberra airport prompts warning to residents - The GuardianAustralia fires: massive fire near Canberra airport prompts warning to residents  The Guardian

‘It’s an Atomic Bomb’: Australia Deploys Military as Fires Spread - The New York Times‘It’s an Atomic Bomb’: Australia Deploys Military as Fires Spread  The New York Times

Australia’s Fires Test Its Winning Growth Formula - The New York TimesAustralia’s Fires Test Its Winning Growth Formula  The New York Times

‘Nowhere Else to Go’: Some Defy Warnings to Flee Australian Fires - The New York Times‘Nowhere Else to Go’: Some Defy Warnings to Flee Australian Fires  The New York Times

Margaret Court: John McEnroe hopes Serena Williams beats Australian's record - BBC NewsMargaret Court: John McEnroe hopes Serena Williams beats Australian's record  BBC News

At Least 24 People and Millions of Animals Have Been Killed by Australia's Bushfires - TIMEAt Least 24 People and Millions of Animals Have Been Killed by Australia's Bushfires  TIME

Roger Federer Fights Off Upset at Australian Open - The New York TimesRoger Federer Fights Off Upset at Australian Open  The New York Times

Stan Wawrinka Upsets Daniil Medvedev At Australian Open - ATP TourStan Wawrinka Upsets Daniil Medvedev At Australian Open  ATP Tour

UK climate scientist corrects Australian MP Craig Kelly's 'blatant misrepresentation' - The GuardianUK climate scientist corrects Australian MP Craig Kelly's 'blatant misrepresentation'  The Guardian

Australia Fires Keep Spreading as Military Reservists Called Up - The New York TimesAustralia Fires Keep Spreading as Military Reservists Called Up  The New York Times

Round of Upsets at Australian Open as 6 of Top 10 Women’s Seeds Lose - The New York TimesRound of Upsets at Australian Open as 6 of Top 10 Women’s Seeds Lose  The New York Times

Alexander Zverev Ends Andrey Rublev's Streak, Reaches Quarter-finals - 2020 Australian Open Fourth Round - ATP TourAlexander Zverev Ends Andrey Rublev's Streak, Reaches Quarter-finals - 2020 Australian Open Fourth Round  ATP Tour

Australia bushfires: brown rain falls in Melbourne as temperatures soar and fires flare in NSW - The GuardianAustralia bushfires: brown rain falls in Melbourne as temperatures soar and fires flare in NSW  The Guardian

Fears of more coronavirus in Australia - The Canberra TimesFears of more coronavirus in Australia  The Canberra Times

An ancient aquatic system older than the pyramids has been revealed by the Australian bushfires - CNNAn ancient aquatic system older than the pyramids has been revealed by the Australian bushfires  CNN

Australia fires: PM admits mistakes in handling of crisis - BBC NewsAustralia fires: PM admits mistakes in handling of crisis  BBC News

How Does Rafael Nadal Relax During The Australian Open? - ATP TourHow Does Rafael Nadal Relax During The Australian Open?  ATP Tour

How to Help Victims of Australia’s Fires - The New York TimesHow to Help Victims of Australia’s Fires  The New York Times

The Springs Ran Dry. Then This Australian Town Burned. - The New York TimesThe Springs Ran Dry. Then This Australian Town Burned.  The New York Times

Stan Wawrinka into the Australian Open quarterfinals and enjoying the ride - ESPNStan Wawrinka into the Australian Open quarterfinals and enjoying the ride  ESPN

Australia fires: Smoke to make 'full circuit' around globe, Nasa says - BBC NewsAustralia fires: Smoke to make 'full circuit' around globe, Nasa says  BBC News

Catastrophic Australian bushfires derail research - Nature.comCatastrophic Australian bushfires derail research  Nature.com

Australia's Massive Fires Hurt Tourism And Threaten To Slow Its Economy - NPRAustralia's Massive Fires Hurt Tourism And Threaten To Slow Its Economy  NPR

Australia: Extreme weather in pictures - BBC NewsAustralia: Extreme weather in pictures  BBC News

Nick Kyrgios earned the respect of fans and foes during the Australian Open - ESPNNick Kyrgios earned the respect of fans and foes during the Australian Open  ESPN

Australia fires: Employee brands News Corp coverage 'irresponsible' - BBC NewsAustralia fires: Employee brands News Corp coverage 'irresponsible'  BBC News

Dominic Thiem Beats Gael Monfils To Reach First Australian Open Quarter-final - ATP TourDominic Thiem Beats Gael Monfils To Reach First Australian Open Quarter-final  ATP Tour

Pavlyuchenkova edges Kerber in nailbiter to make Australian Open quarters - WTA TennisPavlyuchenkova edges Kerber in nailbiter to make Australian Open quarters  WTA Tennis

Australia's Wildfires Spark Disinformation Battle As They Take A Tragic Toll - NPRAustralia's Wildfires Spark Disinformation Battle As They Take A Tragic Toll  NPR

Australia fires: The farmers burying their own cattle - BBC NewsAustralia fires: The farmers burying their own cattle  BBC News

Australia's indigenous people have a solution for the country's bushfires. And it's been around for 50,000 years - CNNAustralia's indigenous people have a solution for the country's bushfires. And it's been around for 50,000 years  CNN

The Search for Clean Air Amid Australia's Smoky Fires - The InterceptThe Search for Clean Air Amid Australia's Smoky Fires  The Intercept

Australia fires: Misleading maps and pictures go viral - BBC NewsAustralia fires: Misleading maps and pictures go viral  BBC News

Some of Australia’s Smallest Species Could Be Lost to Wildfires - The New York TimesSome of Australia’s Smallest Species Could Be Lost to Wildfires  The New York Times

Australia's Fires Are Emitting Vast Amounts Of Carbon - NPRAustralia's Fires Are Emitting Vast Amounts Of Carbon  NPR

Australian Open 2020: Day 9, Match Points - WTA TennisAustralian Open 2020: Day 9, Match Points  WTA Tennis

Australia Will Lose to Climate Change - The AtlanticAustralia Will Lose to Climate Change  The Atlantic

Australia fires: Does controlled burning really work? - BBC NewsAustralia fires: Does controlled burning really work?  BBC News

Australian of the Year James Muecke forced to give up surgery due to neurological condition - ABC NewsAustralian of the Year James Muecke forced to give up surgery due to neurological condition  ABC News

Court gets recognition, without addressing Australian crowd - Yahoo SportsCourt gets recognition, without addressing Australian crowd  Yahoo Sports

Australia's wildfires will create big problems for fresh water - National GeographicAustralia's wildfires will create big problems for fresh water  National Geographic

Australia bushfires: Fundraiser reaches A$20m in 48 hours - BBC NewsAustralia bushfires: Fundraiser reaches A$20m in 48 hours  BBC News

Opinion: We May Never Know The Toll Fires Have Taken On Australia's Wildlife - NPROpinion: We May Never Know The Toll Fires Have Taken On Australia's Wildlife  NPR

Bob Bryan & Mike Bryan Bid Farewell To Australian Open - ATP TourBob Bryan & Mike Bryan Bid Farewell To Australian Open  ATP Tour

An Australian runner found dangerous spikes hidden on a popular nature trail - CNNAn Australian runner found dangerous spikes hidden on a popular nature trail  CNN

Earth’s Oldest Asteroid Impact Found in Australia - The New York TimesEarth’s Oldest Asteroid Impact Found in Australia  The New York Times

Beautiful gestures: the good news stories coming out of Australia's bushfires - The GuardianBeautiful gestures: the good news stories coming out of Australia's bushfires  The Guardian

Australian Open 2020: Nick Kyrgios says he has 'made progress' after losing to Rafael Nadal - BBC SportAustralian Open 2020: Nick Kyrgios says he has 'made progress' after losing to Rafael Nadal  BBC Sport

How Long Will Australia Be Livable? - The AtlanticHow Long Will Australia Be Livable?  The Atlantic

Australian fires: Everything we know about the crisis and how you can help - CNETAustralian fires: Everything we know about the crisis and how you can help  CNET

How Rupert Murdoch Is Influencing Australia’s Bushfire Debate - The New York TimesHow Rupert Murdoch Is Influencing Australia’s Bushfire Debate  The New York Times

New Zealand sends troops to help with Australian bushfires as Pacific nations offer support - The GuardianNew Zealand sends troops to help with Australian bushfires as Pacific nations offer support  The Guardian

In One Photo, Capturing the Devastation of Australia’s Fires - The New York TimesIn One Photo, Capturing the Devastation of Australia’s Fires  The New York Times