Australia

Country Australia
Capital Canberra
Continent Australia-Oceania
Currency Australian dollar(AUD)
Languages English

Information

Introduction

Aboriginal settlers arrived on the continent from Southeast Asia about 40,000 years before the first Europeans began exploration in the 17th century. No formal territorial claims were made until 1770, when Capt. James COOK took possession in the name of Great Britain. Six colonies were created in the late 18th and 19th centuries; they federated and became the Commonwealth of Australia in 1901. The new country took advantage of its natural resources to rapidly develop agricultural and manufacturing industries and to make a major contribution to the British effort in World Wars I and II. In recent decades, Australia has transformed itself into an internationally competitive, advanced market economy. It boasted one of the OECD's fastest growing economies during the 1990s, a performance due in large part to economic reforms adopted in the 1980s. Long-term concerns include climate-change issues such as the depletion of the ozone layer and more frequent droughts, and management and conservation of coastal areas, especially the Great Barrier Reef.

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References

Australia - Wikipedia
Australia - CIA World Fact Book
Australia - BBC
Australia - National Geographic
Australia - Timeline - BBC

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As Australia Burns, Its Leaders Trade Insults - The New York TimesAs Australia Burns, Its Leaders Trade Insults  The New York Times

NSW and Queensland fires: no letup for exhausted communities as bushfires flare 'all around us' - The Guardian
  1. NSW and Queensland fires: no letup for exhausted communities as bushfires flare 'all around us'  The Guardian
  2. Australian Fire Officials Say the Worst Is Yet to Come  The New York Times
  3. Australian bushfires reach Sydney's suburbs  BBC News
  4. Sydney bushfires: Hundreds flee as deadly fires rage across Australia - latest warnings  Express.co.uk
  5. Australia fires could be out of control for months, says fire chief  The Guardian
  6. View full coverage on Google News


'Never seen anything like this': Guardian Australia readers respond to bushfires - The Guardian'Never seen anything like this': Guardian Australia readers respond to bushfires  The Guardian

These Devastating Photos Show The Effects Of The Massive Bushfires In Australia - BuzzFeed NewsThese Devastating Photos Show The Effects Of The Massive Bushfires In Australia  BuzzFeed News

Australia's highest court agrees to hear Cardinal Pell appeal - Al Jazeera EnglishAustralia's highest court agrees to hear Cardinal Pell appeal  Al Jazeera English

Australia bushfires: Pregnant firefighter defends decision to fight fires - BBC NewsAustralia bushfires: Pregnant firefighter defends decision to fight fires  BBC News

Australia's history with East Timor isn’t pretty but it must be told truthfully - The GuardianAustralia's history with East Timor isn’t pretty but it must be told truthfully  The Guardian

Rich Australians lobby tax office to prevent increased scrutiny of their businesses - The GuardianRich Australians lobby tax office to prevent increased scrutiny of their businesses  The Guardian

Australia Selection Hopefuls For Pakistan Series Fluff Chances in Practice Game - News18Australia Selection Hopefuls For Pakistan Series Fluff Chances in Practice Game  News18

A 16-year-old quick just pushed around Australia’s Test hopefuls - Fox SportsA 16-year-old quick just pushed around Australia’s Test hopefuls  Fox Sports

Australia’s Booming ETF Market Just Hit a Speed Bump - BloombergAustralia’s Booming ETF Market Just Hit a Speed Bump  Bloomberg

Pakistan teenage tearaway Naseem fires in Perth - cricket.com.auPakistan teenage tearaway Naseem fires in Perth  cricket.com.au

Big Oil Stuck In Australia’s Growth v Climate-Change Conundrum - ForbesBig Oil Stuck In Australia’s Growth v Climate-Change Conundrum  Forbes

Norway set to gain more from drilling in Great Australian Bight than Australia - The GuardianNorway set to gain more from drilling in Great Australian Bight than Australia  The Guardian

Australia has trialled 22 batsmen in 9 years. No wonder there’s no one left - Fox SportsAustralia has trialled 22 batsmen in 9 years. No wonder there’s no one left  Fox Sports

Australian white nationalists reveal plans to recruit 'disgruntled, white male population' - The GuardianAustralian white nationalists reveal plans to recruit 'disgruntled, white male population'  The Guardian

Chelsea Women pull off major coup in signing Australia striker Sam Kerr - The GuardianChelsea Women pull off major coup in signing Australia striker Sam Kerr  The Guardian

Sydney council votes to end colonial Australia Day celebrations and replace with Aboriginal festival - The TelegraphSydney council votes to end colonial Australia Day celebrations and replace with Aboriginal festival  The Telegraph

Greens 'exploiting tragedy to pump up their cult', Craig Kelly says – as it happened - The GuardianGreens 'exploiting tragedy to pump up their cult', Craig Kelly says – as it happened  The Guardian

Australia Bushfire Latest: Season Is Longer and More Intense - BloombergAustralia Bushfire Latest: Season Is Longer and More Intense  Bloomberg

Alexander Downer says Australia should reduce UK intelligence sharing if Corbyn wins - The GuardianAlexander Downer says Australia should reduce UK intelligence sharing if Corbyn wins  The Guardian

Australian MP says bushfire victims ‘most likely’ voted for Greens - The IndependentAustralian MP says bushfire victims ‘most likely’ voted for Greens  The Independent

Australia's climate response among the worst in the G20, report finds - The GuardianAustralia's climate response among the worst in the G20, report finds  The Guardian

'None of us is an island' says Bono as U2 launches Australian tour - The Age'None of us is an island' says Bono as U2 launches Australian tour  The Age

Irish in Australia: ‘Fires are spreading, the sky is bright red and the winds are hot’ - The Irish TimesIrish in Australia: ‘Fires are spreading, the sky is bright red and the winds are hot’  The Irish Times

Bushfires leave thick, smoky haze across Australia's east coat – video - The GuardianBushfires leave thick, smoky haze across Australia's east coat – video  The Guardian

Australia bushfires: 'We owe you milk' say firefighters who saved man's house - BBC NewsAustralia bushfires: 'We owe you milk' say firefighters who saved man's house  BBC News

Australian fire authorities issue 'catastrophic warning' for first time in Sydney - EuronewsAustralian fire authorities issue 'catastrophic warning' for first time in Sydney  Euronews

Australia: the campus fight over Beijing’s influence - Financial TimesAustralia: the campus fight over Beijing’s influence  Financial Times

WATCH: Leggie snares a hat-trick, but one of his victims was not impressed - Fox SportsWATCH: Leggie snares a hat-trick, but one of his victims was not impressed  Fox Sports

'We're screwed': the New Zealanders left stranded in Australia - The Guardian'We're screwed': the New Zealanders left stranded in Australia  The Guardian

Greta Thunberg to hitch a ride to Europe with Australian YouTube influencers - The GuardianGreta Thunberg to hitch a ride to Europe with Australian YouTube influencers  The Guardian

Marnus Labuschagne: Glamorgan sign Australia batsman to two-year deal - BBC NewsMarnus Labuschagne: Glamorgan sign Australia batsman to two-year deal  BBC News

South Turramurra: Sydney suburb in the pink after surviving bushfire emergency - The GuardianSouth Turramurra: Sydney suburb in the pink after surviving bushfire emergency  The Guardian

Bid to decriminalise sex work in South Australia defeated in Parliament - ABC NewsBid to decriminalise sex work in South Australia defeated in Parliament  ABC News

No longer the 12th man ... Australia's economic standing slips - Sydney Morning HeraldNo longer the 12th man ... Australia's economic standing slips  Sydney Morning Herald

Australia facing most significant global changes since WWII, DFAT warns ministers - Sydney Morning HeraldAustralia facing most significant global changes since WWII, DFAT warns ministers  Sydney Morning Herald

Cricket Australia, Test series vs Pakistan: How Pat Cummins put injury problems behind him - Fox SportsCricket Australia, Test series vs Pakistan: How Pat Cummins put injury problems behind him  Fox Sports

NSW and Qld fires updates: water-bombing helicopter crash-lands at bushfires west of Brisbane – as it happened - The GuardianNSW and Qld fires updates: water-bombing helicopter crash-lands at bushfires west of Brisbane – as it happened  The Guardian

Australian school students learn online more than average but their marks have flatlined - ABC NewsAustralian school students learn online more than average but their marks have flatlined  ABC News

‘Corbyn is hostile to Western interests!’ Australia will hide security advice from leader - Express.co.uk‘Corbyn is hostile to Western interests!’ Australia will hide security advice from leader  Express.co.uk

Australia bushfire 'came through like a cyclone', says family - Sky NewsAustralia bushfire 'came through like a cyclone', says family  Sky News

Hazardous air quality warning as smoke from bushfires spreads across NSW - The GuardianHazardous air quality warning as smoke from bushfires spreads across NSW  The Guardian

French revolution creates speculation in Australia among rival auction houses - Sydney Morning HeraldFrench revolution creates speculation in Australia among rival auction houses  Sydney Morning Herald

Australia A Test hopefuls press their claims in tour match against Pakistan at Perth Stadium - ABC NewsAustralia A Test hopefuls press their claims in tour match against Pakistan at Perth Stadium  ABC News

Australia's F-35s: lessons from a problematic purchase - The InterpreterAustralia's F-35s: lessons from a problematic purchase  The Interpreter

Queensland police officer who leaked abuse victim's details lodges appeal - The GuardianQueensland police officer who leaked abuse victim's details lodges appeal  The Guardian

She's the voice: how the governor-general's wife became Australia's singing sovereign - The GuardianShe's the voice: how the governor-general's wife became Australia's singing sovereign  The Guardian

World Rally Championship: Rally Australia cancelled due to bushfires - BBC NewsWorld Rally Championship: Rally Australia cancelled due to bushfires  BBC News

The day it forgot to rain on Australia - Sydney Morning HeraldThe day it forgot to rain on Australia  Sydney Morning Herald

Yuendumu shooting: NT police officer charged with murder over death of Kumanjayi Walker - The GuardianYuendumu shooting: NT police officer charged with murder over death of Kumanjayi Walker  The Guardian

More than 100 bushfires rage across Australia's east coast - video - The GuardianMore than 100 bushfires rage across Australia's east coast - video  The Guardian

Why Is Australia Trying to Shut Down Climate Activism? - The New York TimesWhy Is Australia Trying to Shut Down Climate Activism?  The New York Times

Jennifer Aniston says she is 'so sorry to hear about' the Australian bushfires - Daily MailJennifer Aniston says she is 'so sorry to hear about' the Australian bushfires  Daily Mail

Australia’s apprenticeship crisis: What went wrong and how to fix it - The New DailyAustralia’s apprenticeship crisis: What went wrong and how to fix it  The New Daily

Australia A scramble for answers as twin Pakistan tons send ominous warning - Fox SportsAustralia A scramble for answers as twin Pakistan tons send ominous warning  Fox Sports

Three dead in 'unprecedented' fires in Australian state of New South Wales - CNN InternationalThree dead in 'unprecedented' fires in Australian state of New South Wales  CNN International

Braving the blazes: dramatic footage of bushfires ravaging Australia's east coast – video - The GuardianBraving the blazes: dramatic footage of bushfires ravaging Australia's east coast – video  The Guardian

Election 2019: Australia fears Jeremy Corbyn security risk | News - The TimesElection 2019: Australia fears Jeremy Corbyn security risk | News  The Times

Australian retiree convicted of terrorism and jailed for 12 years in Vietnam - The GuardianAustralian retiree convicted of terrorism and jailed for 12 years in Vietnam  The Guardian

Australia's states are growing closer to China as the federal relationship remains strained - ABC NewsAustralia's states are growing closer to China as the federal relationship remains strained  ABC News

Glenn Murcutt's MPavilion Unveiled in Australia - ArchDailyGlenn Murcutt's MPavilion Unveiled in Australia  ArchDaily

'There is a trade-off': Asia-Pacific trade deal highlights Australia's perilous balancing act - The Guardian'There is a trade-off': Asia-Pacific trade deal highlights Australia's perilous balancing act  The Guardian

Paralympics: Australian Cycling Champion Modra Killed in Road Collision - The New York TimesParalympics: Australian Cycling Champion Modra Killed in Road Collision  The New York Times

‘No real standouts’: The grim reality for Australian rugby - Fox Sports‘No real standouts’: The grim reality for Australian rugby  Fox Sports

What are the links between climate change and bushfires? – explainer - The GuardianWhat are the links between climate change and bushfires? – explainer  The Guardian

Russell Crowe's property scorched by Australian bushfires - ReutersRussell Crowe's property scorched by Australian bushfires  Reuters

The most beautiful places in Australia - CNNThe most beautiful places in Australia  CNN

Ashton Turner: Worcestershire sign Australia batsman for T20 Blast - BBC SportAshton Turner: Worcestershire sign Australia batsman for T20 Blast  BBC Sport

Out of control: bushfires blaze across Australia's east coast – in pictures - The GuardianOut of control: bushfires blaze across Australia's east coast – in pictures  The Guardian

Australian and Chinese military officials to meet - Sydney Morning HeraldAustralian and Chinese military officials to meet  Sydney Morning Herald

Kim Kardashian hints she's coming to Australia before Christmas - Daily MailKim Kardashian hints she's coming to Australia before Christmas  Daily Mail

Fortnite gamer who assaulted pregnant partner during live stream avoids jail - The GuardianFortnite gamer who assaulted pregnant partner during live stream avoids jail  The Guardian

American woman who fell in love with an Australian man at a beach club in Bali is trying to FIND him - Daily MailAmerican woman who fell in love with an Australian man at a beach club in Bali is trying to FIND him  Daily Mail

University of Western Australia's decision to close publishing house sparks outrage - The GuardianUniversity of Western Australia's decision to close publishing house sparks outrage  The Guardian

India IT giant points to 'friction' over Australian skills levy - The Australian Financial ReviewIndia IT giant points to 'friction' over Australian skills levy  The Australian Financial Review

Dumb Australia funding Zillow's innovative losses - The Australian Financial ReviewDumb Australia funding Zillow's innovative losses  The Australian Financial Review

Voter fraud detected in Guardian's Australian bird of the year poll - The GuardianVoter fraud detected in Guardian's Australian bird of the year poll  The Guardian

No doom and gloom for these car brands in Australia - CarAdviceNo doom and gloom for these car brands in Australia  CarAdvice

Australia's "climate wars" are spilling into the streets - AxiosAustralia's "climate wars" are spilling into the streets  Axios

'These are the future fires': Californian fire chief says Australia is facing the 'new normal' - The Age'These are the future fires': Californian fire chief says Australia is facing the 'new normal'  The Age

Australian Women and Men’s Soccer Teams Reach Deal to Close Pay Gap - The New York TimesAustralian Women and Men’s Soccer Teams Reach Deal to Close Pay Gap  The New York Times

Anthony Albanese 'raised concerns' before Labor election defeat - The GuardianAnthony Albanese 'raised concerns' before Labor election defeat  The Guardian

Australia’s beloved native birds are disappearing – and the cause is clear - The GuardianAustralia’s beloved native birds are disappearing – and the cause is clear  The Guardian

'I can't believe I'm free': the Canadian citizens ending the torment for Australia’s offshore refugees - The Guardian'I can't believe I'm free': the Canadian citizens ending the torment for Australia’s offshore refugees  The Guardian

Australia to settle more immigrants outside major cities - ReutersAustralia to settle more immigrants outside major cities  Reuters

Commonwealth Bank leads in complaints against big four - ABC NewsCommonwealth Bank leads in complaints against big four  ABC News

Australia Proposes Face Scans for Watching Online Pornography - The New York TimesAustralia Proposes Face Scans for Watching Online Pornography  The New York Times

An Australian far-right group is using Orania as a blueprint for 'Anglo-European' enclaves ahead of a 'race war': report - Business Insider South AfricaAn Australian far-right group is using Orania as a blueprint for 'Anglo-European' enclaves ahead of a 'race war': report  Business Insider South Africa

Australia's extreme fires signal grim warning for New Zealand - New Zealand HeraldAustralia's extreme fires signal grim warning for New Zealand  New Zealand Herald

Five-year-old boy facing deportation from Australia because of mild disability - The GuardianFive-year-old boy facing deportation from Australia because of mild disability  The Guardian

Steve Smith hates getting out: Australia star distraught after bizarre dismissal in Shield game - India TodaySteve Smith hates getting out: Australia star distraught after bizarre dismissal in Shield game  India Today

Hiding Australia's high-rise tinder boxes - SpikedHiding Australia's high-rise tinder boxes  Spiked

Australia's 'backpacker tax' ruled illegal by court - BBC NewsAustralia's 'backpacker tax' ruled illegal by court  BBC News

Chinese cultural influence over Australia felt in Perth by expats in academia and media - ABC NewsChinese cultural influence over Australia felt in Perth by expats in academia and media  ABC News

Melbourne Cup: how Australia's signature race lost its hold on the nation - The GuardianMelbourne Cup: how Australia's signature race lost its hold on the nation  The Guardian

'Unprecedented' bushfires rage across Australia - CNN'Unprecedented' bushfires rage across Australia  CNN

China hits back at Australia's foreign minister for highlighting human rights abuses - The GuardianChina hits back at Australia's foreign minister for highlighting human rights abuses  The Guardian

'Beyond the pale': Official history of Australia's East Timor operations on ice amid censorship claims - Sydney Morning Herald'Beyond the pale': Official history of Australia's East Timor operations on ice amid censorship claims  Sydney Morning Herald

Renewables meet 50% of electricity demand on Australia's power grid for first time - The GuardianRenewables meet 50% of electricity demand on Australia's power grid for first time  The Guardian