Australia

Country Australia
Capital Canberra
Continent Australia-Oceania
Currency Australian dollar(AUD)
Languages English

Information

Introduction

Aboriginal settlers arrived on the continent from Southeast Asia about 40,000 years before the first Europeans began exploration in the 17th century. No formal territorial claims were made until 1770, when Capt. James COOK took possession in the name of Great Britain. Six colonies were created in the late 18th and 19th centuries; they federated and became the Commonwealth of Australia in 1901. The new country took advantage of its natural resources to rapidly develop agricultural and manufacturing industries and to make a major contribution to the British effort in World Wars I and II. In recent decades, Australia has transformed itself into an internationally competitive, advanced market economy. It boasted one of the OECD's fastest growing economies during the 1990s, a performance due in large part to economic reforms adopted in the 1980s. Long-term concerns include climate-change issues such as the depletion of the ozone layer and more frequent droughts, and management and conservation of coastal areas, especially the Great Barrier Reef.

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References

Australia - Wikipedia
Australia - CIA World Fact Book
Australia - BBC
Australia - National Geographic
Australia - Timeline - BBC

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Australians in their 20s have more confirmed cases of coronavirus than any other age group - The GuardianAustralians in their 20s have more confirmed cases of coronavirus than any other age group  The Guardian

Australia's devastating bushfire season comes to an end - Al Jazeera EnglishAustralia's devastating bushfire season comes to an end  Al Jazeera English

Coronavirus Australia latest: at a glance - The GuardianCoronavirus Australia latest: at a glance  The Guardian

'There are food shortages': thousands of Australians stuck abroad amid coronavirus plead for help to get home - The Guardian'There are food shortages': thousands of Australians stuck abroad amid coronavirus plead for help to get home  The Guardian

Australia's strict new coronavirus social distancing rules explained: state by state guidelines - The GuardianAustralia's strict new coronavirus social distancing rules explained: state by state guidelines  The Guardian

More than 400 coronavirus cases – 10% of Australia’s total – are from Ruby Princess cruise ship - The GuardianMore than 400 coronavirus cases – 10% of Australia’s total – are from Ruby Princess cruise ship  The Guardian

Sunday: Australia is shocked UK would consider tracking mobile data to beat pandemic. Monday: Australia to deploy drone intimidation squads - The RegisterSunday: Australia is shocked UK would consider tracking mobile data to beat pandemic. Monday: Australia to deploy drone intimidation squads  The Register

Later gestation abortions hit by Australia's coronavirus travel restrictions - The GuardianLater gestation abortions hit by Australia's coronavirus travel restrictions  The Guardian

Civil liberties concerns over Australian police powers to issue fines for coronavirus rule breaches - The GuardianCivil liberties concerns over Australian police powers to issue fines for coronavirus rule breaches  The Guardian

What happens in the rest of Australia matters here. Please stay home – for yourselves and for us - The GuardianWhat happens in the rest of Australia matters here. Please stay home – for yourselves and for us  The Guardian

Australian government will pay half to integrate private hospitals into Covid-19 response - The GuardianAustralian government will pay half to integrate private hospitals into Covid-19 response  The Guardian

Australian authorities to check every proposed foreign investment during coronavirus crisis - The GuardianAustralian authorities to check every proposed foreign investment during coronavirus crisis  The Guardian

Australian airlines ask government for up to $5.6bn to survive the coronavirus crisis - The GuardianAustralian airlines ask government for up to $5.6bn to survive the coronavirus crisis  The Guardian

Australian economic stimulus package: how much governments have committed to coronavirus crisis - The GuardianAustralian economic stimulus package: how much governments have committed to coronavirus crisis  The Guardian

'Treated worse than criminals': Australian arrivals put into quarantine lament conditions - The Guardian'Treated worse than criminals': Australian arrivals put into quarantine lament conditions  The Guardian

Australia enacts sweeping lockdown powers to combat COVID-19 spread - CNAAustralia enacts sweeping lockdown powers to combat COVID-19 spread  CNA

Experts confident Australia will have enough ventilators to meet coronavirus demand - The GuardianExperts confident Australia will have enough ventilators to meet coronavirus demand  The Guardian

Nearly one in five of Australia's big polluters breach government-set emissions limits - The GuardianNearly one in five of Australia's big polluters breach government-set emissions limits  The Guardian

Australia stars prepared for pay cuts, says Tim Paine | ESPNcricinfo.com - ESPNcricinfoAustralia stars prepared for pay cuts, says Tim Paine | ESPNcricinfo.com  ESPNcricinfo

Australians becoming more anxious about coronavirus threat, Essential poll finds - The GuardianAustralians becoming more anxious about coronavirus threat, Essential poll finds  The Guardian

Australia Fires ‘Warning Shot’ on Foreign Suitors - BloombergAustralia Fires ‘Warning Shot’ on Foreign Suitors  Bloomberg

Australia Unleashes Record Stimulus in A$130 Billion Jobs Plan - BloombergAustralia Unleashes Record Stimulus in A$130 Billion Jobs Plan  Bloomberg

Australia’s future rugby landscape to be shaped by critical pay cut talks - The GuardianAustralia’s future rugby landscape to be shaped by critical pay cut talks  The Guardian

Australia enlists particle accelerator in COVID-19 fight - CNAAustralia enlists particle accelerator in COVID-19 fight  CNA

How Australia responded to the JobKeeper $1,500 wage subsidy - Savings.com.auHow Australia responded to the JobKeeper $1,500 wage subsidy  Savings.com.au

Australia's consumer confidence lowest since 1970s - MarketWatchAustralia's consumer confidence lowest since 1970s  MarketWatch

For Australia's temporary visa holders, the coronavirus crisis means 'everything is broken' - SBS NewsFor Australia's temporary visa holders, the coronavirus crisis means 'everything is broken'  SBS News

INDUSTRY Racing Australia chairman's open letter to participants about COVID-19 Racing Australia's chairman Greg Nichols - RacenetINDUSTRY Racing Australia chairman's open letter to participants about COVID-19 Racing Australia's chairman Greg Nichols  Racenet

Australia to Unveil Wage Subsidies, Limits Foreign Takeovers - BloombergAustralia to Unveil Wage Subsidies, Limits Foreign Takeovers  Bloomberg

Coronavirus gets personal: crying in the streets as Australian jobs vanish and lives change forever - The GuardianCoronavirus gets personal: crying in the streets as Australian jobs vanish and lives change forever  The Guardian

Morning mail: new limits on socialising, moratorium on evictions, what to watch in lockdown - The GuardianMorning mail: new limits on socialising, moratorium on evictions, what to watch in lockdown  The Guardian

Coronavirus total in Western Australia increases by just nine cases of COVID-19 in 24 hours - ABC NewsCoronavirus total in Western Australia increases by just nine cases of COVID-19 in 24 hours  ABC News

Australia Says Goodbye to the World’s Longest Boom - The New York TimesAustralia Says Goodbye to the World’s Longest Boom  The New York Times

Australian golf courses told to close immediately as coronavirus restrictions take hold - 7NEWS.com.auAustralian golf courses told to close immediately as coronavirus restrictions take hold  7NEWS.com.au

Qantas baggage handlers in South Australia test positive for coronavirus - SBS NewsQantas baggage handlers in South Australia test positive for coronavirus  SBS News

After the coronavirus, Australia and the world can never be the same again - The GuardianAfter the coronavirus, Australia and the world can never be the same again  The Guardian

Coronavirus live updates: Australia urges world leaders to freeze global economy; riot squad on Sydney beaches; cases pass 800,000 - 9NewsCoronavirus live updates: Australia urges world leaders to freeze global economy; riot squad on Sydney beaches; cases pass 800,000  9News

Australia records 3,400 cases of Covid-19 with median age of 48 – as it happened - The GuardianAustralia records 3,400 cases of Covid-19 with median age of 48 – as it happened  The Guardian

Australia's net debt likely to jump to more than $500 billion as massive coronavirus stimulus unleashed - ABC NewsAustralia's net debt likely to jump to more than $500 billion as massive coronavirus stimulus unleashed  ABC News

Coronavirus crisis leaves backpackers broke, stranded in Australia - ABC NewsCoronavirus crisis leaves backpackers broke, stranded in Australia  ABC News

Coronavirus bank loans: what’s on offer for Australian home owners and small business - The GuardianCoronavirus bank loans: what’s on offer for Australian home owners and small business  The Guardian

Australian stockmarket swings to heavy losses after strong morning trade - 9NewsAustralian stockmarket swings to heavy losses after strong morning trade  9News

Australians stuck in quarantine hotels complain about their 'prison food' dinners - Daily MailAustralians stuck in quarantine hotels complain about their 'prison food' dinners  Daily Mail

PM announces payment to Australian employers worth $130bn – as it happened - The GuardianPM announces payment to Australian employers worth $130bn – as it happened  The Guardian

Australians trapped in India's coronavirus lockdown fear running out of food and water - The GuardianAustralians trapped in India's coronavirus lockdown fear running out of food and water  The Guardian

More than 800 German cruise passengers head home, 41 infected with coronavirus remain in Australia - USA TODAYMore than 800 German cruise passengers head home, 41 infected with coronavirus remain in Australia  USA TODAY

Coronavirus Australia latest: 27 March at a glance - The GuardianCoronavirus Australia latest: 27 March at a glance  The Guardian

Fires Where They Are 'Not Supposed To Happen' In Australia's Ancient Rainforest - NPRFires Where They Are 'Not Supposed To Happen' In Australia's Ancient Rainforest  NPR

Joe Root: England captain motivated by Australia documentary series - BBC SportJoe Root: England captain motivated by Australia documentary series  BBC Sport

Covid-19 coronavirus: New Zealanders living in Australia able to access payments - New Zealand HeraldCovid-19 coronavirus: New Zealanders living in Australia able to access payments  New Zealand Herald

Australia coronavirus shutdown: which places are closed and which are open - The GuardianAustralia coronavirus shutdown: which places are closed and which are open  The Guardian

Covid-19: Jacinda Ardern praises Australia's wage subsidy scheme for including Kiwis - RNZCovid-19: Jacinda Ardern praises Australia's wage subsidy scheme for including Kiwis  RNZ

Death toll in Australia from coronavirus reaches 19 - Anadolu AgencyDeath toll in Australia from coronavirus reaches 19  Anadolu Agency

Astrophysicist gets magnets stuck up nose while inventing coronavirus device - The GuardianAstrophysicist gets magnets stuck up nose while inventing coronavirus device  The Guardian

Coronavirus fears for Australia's largest warship ahead of training mission - ABC NewsCoronavirus fears for Australia's largest warship ahead of training mission  ABC News

Three Aussie greats named their Ashes XIs... and dropped some bombshells - Fox SportsThree Aussie greats named their Ashes XIs... and dropped some bombshells  Fox Sports

Marine rotation to Australia delayed over COVID-19 concerns - Marine Corps TimesMarine rotation to Australia delayed over COVID-19 concerns  Marine Corps Times

Australians stuck on cruise ship off Uruguay worry they will be forgotten amid coronavirus pandemic - ABC NewsAustralians stuck on cruise ship off Uruguay worry they will be forgotten amid coronavirus pandemic  ABC News

Coronavirus update: Federal Government partners with private hospitals, Spain has its highest daily death toll, United States passes 3,000 deaths, Italy extends lockdown - ABC NewsCoronavirus update: Federal Government partners with private hospitals, Spain has its highest daily death toll, United States passes 3,000 deaths, Italy extends lockdown  ABC News

A major scorecard gives the health of Australia's environment less than 1 out of 10 - The Conversation AUA major scorecard gives the health of Australia's environment less than 1 out of 10  The Conversation AU

African swine fever outbreak in Papua New Guinea has Australian biosecurity on high alert - ABC NewsAfrican swine fever outbreak in Papua New Guinea has Australian biosecurity on high alert  ABC News

Coronavirus: What does Australia's entry ban mean for foreigners? - BBC NewsCoronavirus: What does Australia's entry ban mean for foreigners?  BBC News

I helped prepare Australia's pandemic plan and so far it's unfolding reasonably well - Sydney Morning HeraldI helped prepare Australia's pandemic plan and so far it's unfolding reasonably well  Sydney Morning Herald

COVID-19: Australia's new app, WhatsApp chat, and telehealth launch - ZDNetCOVID-19: Australia's new app, WhatsApp chat, and telehealth launch  ZDNet

Coronavirus: Is Australia on lockdown and how many cases are there? - Metro.co.ukCoronavirus: Is Australia on lockdown and how many cases are there?  Metro.co.uk

Eastern Australia's coronavirus hotspots revealed: map shows affluent Sydney suburbs hard hit - The GuardianEastern Australia's coronavirus hotspots revealed: map shows affluent Sydney suburbs hard hit  The Guardian

Australia’s Most Isolated Communities Lock Down to Beat Virus - BloombergAustralia’s Most Isolated Communities Lock Down to Beat Virus  Bloomberg

The cause of Australia's first pandemic is still a controversial mystery 231 years on - ABC NewsThe cause of Australia's first pandemic is still a controversial mystery 231 years on  ABC News

'We'll see bankruptcies': how coronavirus has shut down Australian film and TV - The Guardian'We'll see bankruptcies': how coronavirus has shut down Australian film and TV  The Guardian

Australian Crypto Exchange CoinSpot Wins ISO Security Accreditation - CoinDeskAustralian Crypto Exchange CoinSpot Wins ISO Security Accreditation  CoinDesk

Think when coronavirus is over Australia's economy will snap back into place? Good luck with that - The GuardianThink when coronavirus is over Australia's economy will snap back into place? Good luck with that  The Guardian

Australia fires 'warning shot' on foreign takeovers amid coronavirus weakness - The Straits TimesAustralia fires 'warning shot' on foreign takeovers amid coronavirus weakness  The Straits Times

Coronavirus: Australia orders all arrivals to self-isolate for 14 days - BBC NewsCoronavirus: Australia orders all arrivals to self-isolate for 14 days  BBC News

Forecasters put Australia on alert for tropical development at start of April - AccuWeather.comForecasters put Australia on alert for tropical development at start of April  AccuWeather.com

This Is England: beloved UK drama is the tonic Australia needs right now - The GuardianThis Is England: beloved UK drama is the tonic Australia needs right now  The Guardian

Australia’s Record Heat Means Another Blow to Great Barrier Reef - The Indian ExpressAustralia’s Record Heat Means Another Blow to Great Barrier Reef  The Indian Express

Coronavirus in Australia: how many cases are there? Maps, latest numbers and statistics - The GuardianCoronavirus in Australia: how many cases are there? Maps, latest numbers and statistics  The Guardian

Australian prime minister to ask global leaders to fund urgent research for coronavirus vaccine - The GuardianAustralian prime minister to ask global leaders to fund urgent research for coronavirus vaccine  The Guardian

Coronavirus is a ticking time bomb for the Australian prison system - The GuardianCoronavirus is a ticking time bomb for the Australian prison system  The Guardian

Australia's private hospitals face closure after coronavirus causes elective surgery ban - The GuardianAustralia's private hospitals face closure after coronavirus causes elective surgery ban  The Guardian

Coronavirus Australia latest: 19 March at a glance - The GuardianCoronavirus Australia latest: 19 March at a glance  The Guardian

Australian leader warns coronavirus outbreak is a 'once-in-100 year' crisis - CNNAustralian leader warns coronavirus outbreak is a 'once-in-100 year' crisis  CNN

'Non-essential' services: what do Australia's latest coronavirus restrictions mean? - The Guardian'Non-essential' services: what do Australia's latest coronavirus restrictions mean?  The Guardian

What Australia's $189bn coronavirus economic rescue package means for you - The GuardianWhat Australia's $189bn coronavirus economic rescue package means for you  The Guardian

Jacinda Ardern asks for coronavirus relief for New Zealanders banned from Australia's welfare - The GuardianJacinda Ardern asks for coronavirus relief for New Zealanders banned from Australia's welfare  The Guardian

Australian government unveils $17.6bn stimulus package as coronavirus hammers stock market - The GuardianAustralian government unveils $17.6bn stimulus package as coronavirus hammers stock market  The Guardian

The Chats: the making of Australia’s favourite ratbags - The GuardianThe Chats: the making of Australia’s favourite ratbags  The Guardian

Smoke from Australia's Bushfires Killed Hundreds - Scientific AmericanSmoke from Australia's Bushfires Killed Hundreds  Scientific American

Coronavirus: Australia at a glance – sign up for our daily email newsletter - The GuardianCoronavirus: Australia at a glance – sign up for our daily email newsletter  The Guardian

Blue Murder at 25: why it's a pulse-pounding Australian crime classic - The GuardianBlue Murder at 25: why it's a pulse-pounding Australian crime classic  The Guardian

Coronavirus Australia: government waives sickness allowance wait time - The GuardianCoronavirus Australia: government waives sickness allowance wait time  The Guardian

Job losses from Australia's coronavirus shutdown will be 'devastating' - The GuardianJob losses from Australia's coronavirus shutdown will be 'devastating'  The Guardian

Australian airline industry to receive $715m rescue package - The GuardianAustralian airline industry to receive $715m rescue package  The Guardian

Australian government says a coronavirus general lockdown remains an option - The GuardianAustralian government says a coronavirus general lockdown remains an option  The Guardian

'Truth telling': The stories of Australia's Stolen Generations - Al Jazeera English'Truth telling': The stories of Australia's Stolen Generations  Al Jazeera English

Bondi beach closed after crowds defy ban on gatherings of 500-plus - The GuardianBondi beach closed after crowds defy ban on gatherings of 500-plus  The Guardian

Australia's coronavirus self-isolation rules: who has to do it and how it works - The GuardianAustralia's coronavirus self-isolation rules: who has to do it and how it works  The Guardian

Australian athletes told to prepare for Olympic Games in 2021 - The GuardianAustralian athletes told to prepare for Olympic Games in 2021  The Guardian

Australians scrap over toilet rolls amid coronavirus panic buying - Al Jazeera EnglishAustralians scrap over toilet rolls amid coronavirus panic buying  Al Jazeera English

Australia's Fire-Ravaged Forests Are Recovering. Ecologists Hope It Lasts - NPRAustralia's Fire-Ravaged Forests Are Recovering. Ecologists Hope It Lasts  NPR