Australia

Country Australia
Capital Canberra
Continent Australia-Oceania
Currency Australian dollar(AUD)
Languages English

Information

Introduction

Aboriginal settlers arrived on the continent from Southeast Asia about 40,000 years before the first Europeans began exploration in the 17th century. No formal territorial claims were made until 1770, when Capt. James COOK took possession in the name of Great Britain. Six colonies were created in the late 18th and 19th centuries; they federated and became the Commonwealth of Australia in 1901. The new country took advantage of its natural resources to rapidly develop agricultural and manufacturing industries and to make a major contribution to the British effort in World Wars I and II. In recent decades, Australia has transformed itself into an internationally competitive, advanced market economy. It boasted one of the OECD's fastest growing economies during the 1990s, a performance due in large part to economic reforms adopted in the 1980s. Long-term concerns include climate-change issues such as the depletion of the ozone layer and more frequent droughts, and management and conservation of coastal areas, especially the Great Barrier Reef.

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References

Australia - Wikipedia
Australia - CIA World Fact Book
Australia - BBC
Australia - National Geographic
Australia - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

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'Unacceptable': UN committee damns Australia's record on human rights - The Guardian

The Guardian

'Unacceptable': UN committee damns Australia's record on human rights
The Guardian
Australia has been excoriated before the UN human rights committee for its “chronic non-compliance” with the committee's recommendations, drawing particular condemnation over the mandatory detention of children and the same-sex marriage survey.
We deserve human rights scrutiny, say Greens as Australia grilled at UNSBS

all 8 news articles »


South Australia's unemployment rate falls to its best level since 2013 - ABC Online

ABC Online

South Australia's unemployment rate falls to its best level since 2013
ABC Online
South Australia's unemployment rate has settled below 6 per cent for the first time in four years, a day ahead of the loss of nearly 1,000 Holden jobs in Adelaide's north. Australian Bureau of Statistics figures show that the headline seasonally ...
Australia's unemployment rate falls to four-year low of 5.5%The Guardian
Australia unemployment drops to 4-year lowFinancial Times
Australia jobs growth speeds ahead, nudges unemployment lowereuronews
Business Insider Australia
all 32 news articles »


Entry-level jobs vanish from Australia's labour market – report ... - The Guardian

The Guardian

Entry-level jobs vanish from Australia's labour market – report ...
The Guardian
Anglicare deputy director calls on government to stop making scapegoats of those excluded from the workforce.
Australia's employment boom bypassing entry-level job seekers ...ABC Online

all 7 news articles »


Australia citizenship overhaul hits Senate hurdle - BBC News

BBC News

Australia citizenship overhaul hits Senate hurdle
BBC News
An Australian government plan to overhaul its citizenship process has stalled after opposition parties effectively blocked its Senate passage. The proposed bill would have made it harder to gain citizenship. It included requirements for applicants to ...
Citizenship test: Tony Burke compares English language requirements to White Australia PolicyABC Online
Peter Dutton concedes he will have to amend citizenship legislationThe Guardian

all 33 news articles »


Crown Casino: Gambling industry 'Australia's equivalent of the NRA', Tim Costello says - ABC Online

ABC Online

Crown Casino: Gambling industry 'Australia's equivalent of the NRA', Tim Costello says
ABC Online
The Alliance for Gambling Reform has slammed plans for a mega casino in Brisbane, saying the gambling industry is Australia's "blind spot" and akin to the National Rifle Association in America. Today is the last day for public consultation on the ...



Rising dragon: China's carbon market exposes Australia's energy paralysis - The Conversation AU

The Conversation AU

Rising dragon: China's carbon market exposes Australia's energy paralysis
The Conversation AU
In sharp contrast, the absence of an explicit carbon price in Australia and persistent turbulence and confusion around domestic energy policy are hindering investment in renewable energy, leaving Australia lagging behind global trends in cutting emissions.
Turnbull energy policy 'remarkably similar' to intensity scheme, Kim Carr saysThe Guardian
Power Games: Tony Abbott Finally Cleans Up With Australia's New Energy PolicyNew Matilda

all 64 news articles »


Australia grilled on human rights by UN - The Sydney Morning Herald

The Sydney Morning Herald

Australia grilled on human rights by UN
The Sydney Morning Herald
London: Former prime minister Tony Abbott's attack on a 2015 report into children in immigration detention has been raised during a United Nations examination of Australia's human rights record. Australia is being grilled by the Human Rights Committee ...
'Unacceptable to routinely reject committee's views': Australia grilled on human rights record by UNSBS

all 2 news articles »


Poll puts Nick Xenophon ahead as preferred South Australian premier - The Guardian

The Guardian

Poll puts Nick Xenophon ahead as preferred South Australian premier
The Guardian
Outgoing federal senator Nick Xenophon has been named as the preferred premier for South Australia as he prepares to contest the March state election. A privately commissioned Galaxy poll puts the Liberals on 31%, with Xenophon's SA Best party a close ...
Xenophon The Preferred Premier For South Australia: PollHuffington Post Australia

all 14 news articles »


Australia spy chief warns of growing foreign meddling - Channel NewsAsia

Channel NewsAsia

Australia spy chief warns of growing foreign meddling
Channel NewsAsia
Australia's spy chief says overseas powers have sought classified information on the country's alliances and partnerships, its position on diplomatic, economic and military issues and innovations in science and technology. (Photo: AFP/William West).

and more »


'A free and open Indo-Pacific': US flags pact with Australia-Japan-India - The Sydney Morning Herald

The Sydney Morning Herald

'A free and open Indo-Pacific': US flags pact with Australia-Japan-India
The Sydney Morning Herald
Los Angeles: US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson has raised the prospect of Australia joining the US, Japan and India in a powerful strategic alliance to promote "a free and open Indo-Pacific". Mr Tillerson, in a speech and question-and-answer session ...

and more »