Albania

Country Albania
Capital Tirana
Continent Europe
Currency Lek(ALL)
Languages Albanian

Information

Introduction

Albania declared its independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1912, but was conquered by Italy in 1939. Communist partisans took over the country in 1944. Albania allied itself first with the USSR (until 1960), and then with China (to 1978). In the early 1990s, Albania ended 46 years of xenophobic Communist rule and established a multiparty democracy. The transition has proven challenging as successive governments have tried to deal with high unemployment, widespread corruption, a dilapidated physical infrastructure, powerful organized crime networks, and combative political opponents. Albania has made progress in its democratic development since first holding multiparty elections in 1991, but deficiencies remain. International observers judged elections to be largely free and fair since the restoration of political stability following the collapse of pyramid schemes in 1997; however, there have been claims of electoral fraud in every one of Albania's post-communist elections. In the 2005 general elections, the Democratic Party and its allies won a decisive victory on pledges to reduce crime and corruption, promote economic growth, and decrease the size of government. The election, and particularly the orderly transition of power, was considered an important step forward. Albania joined NATO in April 2009 and is a potential candidate for EU accession. Although Albania's economy continues to grow, the country is still one of the poorest in Europe, hampered by a large informal economy and an inadequate energy and transportation infrastructure.

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References

Albania - Wikipedia
Albania - CIA World Fact Book
Albania - BBC
Albania - Timeline - BBC

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Albania migration trends change, 52 percent mull leaving - Channel NewsAsia

Channel NewsAsia

Albania migration trends change, 52 percent mull leaving
Channel NewsAsia
REUTERS: More than half of Albania's population would like to move to richer countries with better schooling, a study showed on Friday. The study, led by Russell King of the University of Sussex and Albanian researcher Ilir Gedeshi, found that the ...

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Turkey asks Albania to close US-based cleric's businesses - Minneapolis Star Tribune

Washington Post

Turkey asks Albania to close US-based cleric's businesses
Minneapolis Star Tribune
TIRANA, Albania Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu says he expects Albania to close all businesses owned by Fethullah Gulen, the U.S.-based Turkish cleric Ankara blames for an attempted coup two years ago. Cavusoglu, in the Albanian capital ...
Albania, Turkey agree to establish high-level cooperation councilXinhua

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'Malnourished' animals report prompts Albania zoo closure - Washington Post

Washington Post

'Malnourished' animals report prompts Albania zoo closure
Washington Post
MBROSTAR, Albania A report claiming lions and other animals were left malnourished at a private zoo in Albania has prompted Albanian authorities to order the zoo's temporary closure. Environment Minister Blendi Klosi ordered the immediate inspection ...

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TAP launches offshore construction works in Albania - AzerNews

AzerNews

TAP launches offshore construction works in Albania
AzerNews
By Trend. The Trans Adriatic Pipeline (TAP) marked the start of construction works for the 105km offshore pipeline section, said a message from TAP AG consortium. The physical offshore pipeline installation is planned to be carried out in 2019, as per ...
TAP starts works in Albania on gas pipeline's offshore sectionSeeNews
TAP project to inject 1.15 bln USD in Albanian economy: PMXinhua

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OSCE Condemns Albania Website Registration Demand - Balkan Insight

Balkan Insight

OSCE Condemns Albania Website Registration Demand
Balkan Insight
A government move ordering media websites to register with the tax authority as part of an alleged 'anti-defamation drive' was criticized on Thursday by the OSCE's Freedom of the Media Representative and by the organisation Civil Rights Defenders.



Int'l congress on Ottoman history takes place in Albania - Hurriyet Daily News

Hurriyet Daily News

Int'l congress on Ottoman history takes place in Albania
Hurriyet Daily News
A major international conference on Ottoman history began in Albania on Oct. 18 with the attendance of nearly 120 academics from all over the world. The congress will continue until Oct. 20. The 2nd International Congress of Ottoman Studies (OSARK) ...



OSCE criticizes Albania's plan to register online media - New Zealand Herald

OSCE criticizes Albania's plan to register online media
New Zealand Herald
Harlem Desir, OSCE's media freedom representative, criticized the order from Albania's Electronic and Postal Communications Authority for 44 media websites to register and get their tax number within 72 hours or they will be closed down. Desir said he ...

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Animals are rescued from 'zoo from hell' after MailOnline exposed the plight of malnourished lions, wolves and ... - Daily Mail

Daily Mail

Animals are rescued from 'zoo from hell' after MailOnline exposed the plight of malnourished lions, wolves and ...
Daily Mail
Albanian police have rescued malnourished and diseased animals from the 'zoo from hell' after a government minister in the country saw MailOnline's report on their plight. Shocking pictures taken at the Safari Park Zoo in Fier, southwest Albania ...



Albanian FM thanks Kotzias for 'genuine cooperation' - www.ekathimerini.com

www.ekathimerini.com

Albanian FM thanks Kotzias for 'genuine cooperation'
www.ekathimerini.com
Albania's Foreign Minister Ditmir Bushati on Wednesday thanked former counterpart Nikos Kotzias for his efforts to resolve long-standing bilateral issues, following the Greek minister's tumultuous resignation from Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras' cabinet.

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Albanian Authorities Threaten to Close 44 Websites - Balkan Insight

Balkan Insight

Albanian Authorities Threaten to Close 44 Websites
Balkan Insight
But BIRN Albania's director Kristina Voko said the AKEP statement showed blatant misunderstanding of the country's laws, and was an attempt by the government to exert direct control over institutions that by law are independent from it. "Apparently ...