Albania

Country Albania
Capital Tirana
Continent Europe
Currency Lek(ALL)
Languages Albanian

Information

Introduction

Albania declared its independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1912, but was conquered by Italy in 1939. Communist partisans took over the country in 1944. Albania allied itself first with the USSR (until 1960), and then with China (to 1978). In the early 1990s, Albania ended 46 years of xenophobic Communist rule and established a multiparty democracy. The transition has proven challenging as successive governments have tried to deal with high unemployment, widespread corruption, a dilapidated physical infrastructure, powerful organized crime networks, and combative political opponents. Albania has made progress in its democratic development since first holding multiparty elections in 1991, but deficiencies remain. International observers judged elections to be largely free and fair since the restoration of political stability following the collapse of pyramid schemes in 1997; however, there have been claims of electoral fraud in every one of Albania's post-communist elections. In the 2005 general elections, the Democratic Party and its allies won a decisive victory on pledges to reduce crime and corruption, promote economic growth, and decrease the size of government. The election, and particularly the orderly transition of power, was considered an important step forward. Albania joined NATO in April 2009 and is a potential candidate for EU accession. Although Albania's economy continues to grow, the country is still one of the poorest in Europe, hampered by a large informal economy and an inadequate energy and transportation infrastructure.

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References

Albania - Wikipedia
Albania - CIA World Fact Book
Albania - BBC
Albania - Timeline - BBC

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I grew up in Stalinist Albania, where voting was pointless. In Britain, it’s essential - The GuardianI grew up in Stalinist Albania, where voting was pointless. In Britain, it’s essential  The Guardian

Exhibition marking 70-year diplomatic ties with China kicks off in Albania - Xinhua | English.news.cn - XinhuaExhibition marking 70-year diplomatic ties with China kicks off in Albania - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

Vetting process in Albania – the marching failure - European Western BalkansVetting process in Albania – the marching failure  European Western Balkans

Albania: A legacy of dictatorship - Revisited - FRANCE 24Albania: A legacy of dictatorship - Revisited  FRANCE 24

Albania, North Macedonia and Serbia discuss common market after EU snub - Daily SabahAlbania, North Macedonia and Serbia discuss common market after EU snub  Daily Sabah

[EWB Interview] Kefalogiannis: Decoupling of Albania and North Macedonia would send a wrong message - European Western Balkans[EWB Interview] Kefalogiannis: Decoupling of Albania and North Macedonia would send a wrong message  European Western Balkans

Albanian police say Iranian 'terror cell' planned to attack exiles - The GuardianAlbanian police say Iranian 'terror cell' planned to attack exiles  The Guardian

Albanian parents smuggle children into UK drug trade - The TelegraphAlbanian parents smuggle children into UK drug trade  The Telegraph

France apologises to Albania for playing wrong anthem at Euro 2020 qualifier - RFIFrance apologises to Albania for playing wrong anthem at Euro 2020 qualifier  RFI

Failure to open accession talks with Albania and North Macedonia is a mistake | News - EU NewsFailure to open accession talks with Albania and North Macedonia is a mistake | News  EU News

Albania offers first comments on Macron's enlargement damper - EURACTIVAlbania offers first comments on Macron's enlargement damper  EURACTIV

EU failure to open membership talks with Albania and North Macedonia condemned - The GuardianEU failure to open membership talks with Albania and North Macedonia condemned  The Guardian

Albania v Scotland: What has changed for Shelley Kerr's side? - BBC NewsAlbania v Scotland: What has changed for Shelley Kerr's side?  BBC News

Albanian parents trafficking their teenage sons to UK to join organised crime gangs - Telegraph.co.ukAlbanian parents trafficking their teenage sons to UK to join organised crime gangs  Telegraph.co.uk

Albanian banks' Q3 net profit falls - SeeNewsAlbanian banks' Q3 net profit falls  SeeNews

Secretary General praises Albania's strong commitment to NATO - NATO HQSecretary General praises Albania's strong commitment to NATO  NATO HQ

Q&A: Why the focus on people arriving from Georgia and Albania? - The Irish TimesQ&A: Why the focus on people arriving from Georgia and Albania?  The Irish Times

Albania Gets Religion - Pulitzer Center on Crisis ReportingAlbania Gets Religion  Pulitzer Center on Crisis Reporting

Big interview: Hibs' Florian Kamberi speaks on representing Albania - Edinburgh NewsBig interview: Hibs' Florian Kamberi speaks on representing Albania  Edinburgh News

England MU21s squad named for two away games with Albania and Netherlands in November - The FAEngland MU21s squad named for two away games with Albania and Netherlands in November  The FA

Search for Victims of Albanian Communism Impeded by Prosecutors - Balkan InsightSearch for Victims of Albanian Communism Impeded by Prosecutors  Balkan Insight

China's Bankers denies abusing dominant oil position in Albania - ReutersChina's Bankers denies abusing dominant oil position in Albania  Reuters

Euro 2021 qualifying: Albania 0-5 Scotland - Shelley Kerr's side cruise to win - BBC NewsEuro 2021 qualifying: Albania 0-5 Scotland - Shelley Kerr's side cruise to win  BBC News

Euro 2021 qualifying: Albania 0-5 Scotland - Kerr's Scots record emphatic win - BBC NewsEuro 2021 qualifying: Albania 0-5 Scotland - Kerr's Scots record emphatic win  BBC News

Chronicle in stone: Tirana’s changing face divides Albanians - The Irish TimesChronicle in stone: Tirana’s changing face divides Albanians  The Irish Times

EURO 2020 – UEFA European Qualifiers – Albania vs Andorra Preview & Prediction - The Stats ZoneEURO 2020 – UEFA European Qualifiers – Albania vs Andorra Preview & Prediction  The Stats Zone

Fears over crime and press freedom cloud Albania’s hopes for EU accession talks - The Irish TimesFears over crime and press freedom cloud Albania’s hopes for EU accession talks  The Irish Times

Croatia strongly supports Albania's accession talks with EU: president - Xinhua | English.news.cn - XinhuaCroatia strongly supports Albania's accession talks with EU: president - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

Albanian Daily News - albaniandailynews.comAlbanian Daily News  albaniandailynews.com

Albania, China sign agreement on broadcasting of television programs - Xinhua | English.news.cn - XinhuaAlbania, China sign agreement on broadcasting of television programs - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

Albania moves to tame one of Europe's last wild rivers - Christian Science MonitorAlbania moves to tame one of Europe's last wild rivers  Christian Science Monitor

Albania sells 3.6 bln leks (28.6 mln euro) of 5-yr T-notes – table - SeeNewsAlbania sells 3.6 bln leks (28.6 mln euro) of 5-yr T-notes – table  SeeNews

Albania's capital hosts 4th China-CEEC Forum of Capital City Mayors - Xinhua | English.news.cn - XinhuaAlbania's capital hosts 4th China-CEEC Forum of Capital City Mayors - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

Albania Confirms Infamous Drug Dealer's Jail Sentence - Balkan InsightAlbania Confirms Infamous Drug Dealer's Jail Sentence  Balkan Insight

Visitors attend classic vehicle show in Tirana, Albania - Xinhua | English.news.cn - XinhuaVisitors attend classic vehicle show in Tirana, Albania - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

Albania Blames Likely Accession Talks 'No' on Divided EU - Balkan InsightAlbania Blames Likely Accession Talks 'No' on Divided EU  Balkan Insight

Albin Kurti: Mini-Schengen Meeting 'Unexpected', Albania Should Consult with Kosovo - Exit - Explain AlbaniaAlbin Kurti: Mini-Schengen Meeting 'Unexpected', Albania Should Consult with Kosovo  Exit - Explain Albania

UEFA fines France over Albania anthem mix-up - SportstarUEFA fines France over Albania anthem mix-up  Sportstar

Albanian competition watchdog to investigate China's Bankers Petroleum - ReutersAlbanian competition watchdog to investigate China's Bankers Petroleum  Reuters

U.S. Envoy: EU Snub Of North Macedonia, Albania 'Historic Mistake' - Radio Free Europe/ Radio LibertyU.S. Envoy: EU Snub Of North Macedonia, Albania 'Historic Mistake'  Radio Free Europe/ Radio Liberty

Albania Can Only Move On from Communism Once It Has Dealt with the Past - Exit - Explain AlbaniaAlbania Can Only Move On from Communism Once It Has Dealt with the Past  Exit - Explain Albania

HRC Welcomes Sidita Zaja, Global Fellow from Albania - Human Rights CampaignHRC Welcomes Sidita Zaja, Global Fellow from Albania  Human Rights Campaign

Beijing dance academy performs in Albania - Xinhua | English.news.cn - XinhuaBeijing dance academy performs in Albania - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

Classic vehicle show held in Albanian capital city - Xinhua | English.news.cn - XinhuaClassic vehicle show held in Albanian capital city - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

Albanian journalist and her children win High Court challenge - The Irish TimesAlbanian journalist and her children win High Court challenge  The Irish Times

Albania, North Macedonia and Serbia agree to set up common market - bne IntelliNewsAlbania, North Macedonia and Serbia agree to set up common market  bne IntelliNews

France objects to North Macedonia and Albania EU accession talks - Financial TimesFrance objects to North Macedonia and Albania EU accession talks  Financial Times

Scotland Women 'didn't play well' in Albania rout - Shelley Kerr - BBC NewsScotland Women 'didn't play well' in Albania rout - Shelley Kerr  BBC News

EIB supports regional investment programme in Albania - SeeNewsEIB supports regional investment programme in Albania  SeeNews

Journalist who reported on election corruption in Albania wins appeal over protection refusal - Irish ExaminerJournalist who reported on election corruption in Albania wins appeal over protection refusal  Irish Examiner

English Channel yacht skipper charged over Albanian migrants - BBC NewsEnglish Channel yacht skipper charged over Albanian migrants  BBC News

US Embassy Threatens to Sanction 'Corrupt' Albanian Officials - Balkan InsightUS Embassy Threatens to Sanction 'Corrupt' Albanian Officials  Balkan Insight

Luxury yacht used to smuggle group of Albanian migrants to Britain, NCA reveal - The TelegraphLuxury yacht used to smuggle group of Albanian migrants to Britain, NCA reveal  The Telegraph

Albania will withdraw from "mini-Schengen" if Kosovo is not included - European Western BalkansAlbania will withdraw from "mini-Schengen" if Kosovo is not included  European Western Balkans

Leo Varadkar says Georgia and Albania driving rise in asylum-seeker numbers - Irish ExaminerLeo Varadkar says Georgia and Albania driving rise in asylum-seeker numbers  Irish Examiner

Airport's tough stance on Albanian migrants - Independent.ieAirport's tough stance on Albanian migrants  Independent.ie

[EWB Interview] Dedja: Despite disappointment, Albania will continue to implement reforms - European Western Balkans[EWB Interview] Dedja: Despite disappointment, Albania will continue to implement reforms  European Western Balkans

The Iranian opposition fighters who mustn't think about sex - BBC NewsThe Iranian opposition fighters who mustn't think about sex  BBC News

Albania Police Expose 'Terrorist Cell' Targeting Iranian Exiles - Balkan InsightAlbania Police Expose 'Terrorist Cell' Targeting Iranian Exiles  Balkan Insight

Ties with Albania in focus on sidelines of EU-Arab summit | Kathimerini - www.ekathimerini.comTies with Albania in focus on sidelines of EU-Arab summit | Kathimerini  www.ekathimerini.com

US Diplomat Criticizes '19th-Century View' After EU Snubs North Macedonia, Albania - Radio Free Europe/ Radio LibertyUS Diplomat Criticizes '19th-Century View' After EU Snubs North Macedonia, Albania  Radio Free Europe/ Radio Liberty

European integration is only alternative for region: presidents of Albania, North Macedonia - Xinhua | English.news.cn - XinhuaEuropean integration is only alternative for region: presidents of Albania, North Macedonia - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

Albania set to call up Hibs star Florian Kamberi - Edinburgh NewsAlbania set to call up Hibs star Florian Kamberi  Edinburgh News

North Macedonia's Albanian Parties Battle for Supremacy - Balkan InsightNorth Macedonia's Albanian Parties Battle for Supremacy  Balkan Insight

How an Australian sheep farmer's daughter became 'Queen of Albania' by marrying her gun-toting king - Daily MailHow an Australian sheep farmer's daughter became 'Queen of Albania' by marrying her gun-toting king  Daily Mail

Albania ambassador nominee Yuri Kim testifies before Senate committee - Pacific Daily NewsAlbania ambassador nominee Yuri Kim testifies before Senate committee  Pacific Daily News

Croatian PM says North Macedonia, Albania 'deserved' to start EU accession talks - Talking Europe - FRANCE 24Croatian PM says North Macedonia, Albania 'deserved' to start EU accession talks - Talking Europe  FRANCE 24

EBRD, Albania's Union Bank in 30 mln euro risk-sharing deal - ReutersEBRD, Albania's Union Bank in 30 mln euro risk-sharing deal  Reuters

First Flag: Kosovo's Would-Be PM Takes Serbian Heat For Favoring Albanian Banner - Radio Free Europe/ Radio LibertyFirst Flag: Kosovo's Would-Be PM Takes Serbian Heat For Favoring Albanian Banner  Radio Free Europe/ Radio Liberty

Hannah Godfrey & Abi Harrison join Scotland women squad for Albania match - BBC NewsHannah Godfrey & Abi Harrison join Scotland women squad for Albania match  BBC News

Looking behind France's Shameful Veto on Albania, N. Macedonia's EU Accession Talks - European ViewsLooking behind France's Shameful Veto on Albania, N. Macedonia's EU Accession Talks  European Views

'Air Albania' Wins Bid for National Stadium Name, despite Not Satisfying Criteria - Exit - Explain Albania'Air Albania' Wins Bid for National Stadium Name, despite Not Satisfying Criteria  Exit - Explain Albania

France Squad to face Moldova & Albania announced - Get French Football NewsFrance Squad to face Moldova & Albania announced  Get French Football News

Albania Foils IRGC Terrorist Plot - Asharq Al-awsat EnglishAlbania Foils IRGC Terrorist Plot  Asharq Al-awsat English

Five destinations to watch — from the Faroe Islands to Pakistan - Financial TimesFive destinations to watch — from the Faroe Islands to Pakistan  Financial Times

Death Trap: Safety Oversight Failing Albania's Construction Workers - Balkan InsightDeath Trap: Safety Oversight Failing Albania's Construction Workers  Balkan Insight

Albanian who rescued Jews during Holocaust to be honored in Poland - The Times of IsraelAlbanian who rescued Jews during Holocaust to be honored in Poland  The Times of Israel

Opinion: EU's 'no' to Western Balkans could spark conflict - DW (English)Opinion: EU's 'no' to Western Balkans could spark conflict  DW (English)

Government Ignores International Advice on 'Chilling' Anti-Defamation Law - Exit - Explain AlbaniaGovernment Ignores International Advice on 'Chilling' Anti-Defamation Law  Exit - Explain Albania

EU's Juncker says blocking membership for North Macedonia and Albania 'a historic error' - ReutersEU's Juncker says blocking membership for North Macedonia and Albania 'a historic error'  Reuters

Embracing Life, Love and Rich Fare at Dua Kafe - The New York TimesEmbracing Life, Love and Rich Fare at Dua Kafe  The New York Times

Albanian PM to Sue Kosovo's Haradinaj for Libel - Balkan InsightAlbanian PM to Sue Kosovo's Haradinaj for Libel  Balkan Insight

Could Albania Be About to Start Selling Citizenship? - Exit - Explain AlbaniaCould Albania Be About to Start Selling Citizenship?  Exit - Explain Albania

[EWB Interview] Hajdari: EU's negative answer will further fragment Albanian politics - European Western Balkans[EWB Interview] Hajdari: EU's negative answer will further fragment Albanian politics  European Western Balkans

Ryan Sessegnon returns to England Under 21 setup for clashes with Albania and Holland - Daily MailRyan Sessegnon returns to England Under 21 setup for clashes with Albania and Holland  Daily Mail

Belgian mayor criticised for preventing deportation of Albanian family - The Brussels TimesBelgian mayor criticised for preventing deportation of Albanian family  The Brussels Times

Albanian child rescued from Syrian refugee camp nightmare - Tirana TimesAlbanian child rescued from Syrian refugee camp nightmare  Tirana Times

Albanian boy freed from ISIS camp on way home to Italy - Stripes JapanAlbanian boy freed from ISIS camp on way home to Italy  Stripes Japan

The battle against Albanian mafia flooding Birmingham with cocaine - Birmingham LiveThe battle against Albanian mafia flooding Birmingham with cocaine  Birmingham Live

I Came to Britain to Run an Illegal Weed Grow House - VICEI Came to Britain to Run an Illegal Weed Grow House  VICE

Erdogan’s enemies in the Balkans fear Turkey’s growing reach - The Irish TimesErdogan’s enemies in the Balkans fear Turkey’s growing reach  The Irish Times

Debutant praised by Aberdeen's Corsie after rout of Albania - Aberdeen Evening ExpressDebutant praised by Aberdeen's Corsie after rout of Albania  Aberdeen Evening Express

Scotland's women win Euro 2021 qualifier in Albania - Aberdeen Evening ExpressScotland's women win Euro 2021 qualifier in Albania  Aberdeen Evening Express

President Meta: Path To EU "Impossible" Unless Media Freedom In Albania Improves - Exit - Explain AlbaniaPresident Meta: Path To EU "Impossible" Unless Media Freedom In Albania Improves  Exit - Explain Albania

Albania Bans Nationalist Rally on the Anniversary of Katsifas Killing - Greek ReporterAlbania Bans Nationalist Rally on the Anniversary of Katsifas Killing  Greek Reporter

Albanians prefer Italy and Greece | News - www.ekathimerini.comAlbanians prefer Italy and Greece | News  www.ekathimerini.com

Zaim Hajdari Named and Honored as Newest Board Member of Albanian-American Islamic Center of Queens: Asked to Help Bridge Generational and Cultural Divides - PRNewswireZaim Hajdari Named and Honored as Newest Board Member of Albanian-American Islamic Center of Queens: Asked to Help Bridge Generational and Cultural Divides  PRNewswire

Assignment, Albania's Iranian guests - BBC NewsAssignment, Albania's Iranian guests  BBC News

Joseph Muscat disappointed over EU's lack of decision on Albania and North Macedonia - MaltaTodayJoseph Muscat disappointed over EU's lack of decision on Albania and North Macedonia  MaltaToday

Newsmaker: Leo Keka went from Albanian immigrant to Quincy restaurateur - The Patriot LedgerNewsmaker: Leo Keka went from Albanian immigrant to Quincy restaurateur  The Patriot Ledger