Albania

Country Albania
Capital Tirana
Continent Europe
Currency Lek(ALL)
Languages Albanian

Information

Introduction

Albania declared its independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1912, but was conquered by Italy in 1939. Communist partisans took over the country in 1944. Albania allied itself first with the USSR (until 1960), and then with China (to 1978). In the early 1990s, Albania ended 46 years of xenophobic Communist rule and established a multiparty democracy. The transition has proven challenging as successive governments have tried to deal with high unemployment, widespread corruption, a dilapidated physical infrastructure, powerful organized crime networks, and combative political opponents. Albania has made progress in its democratic development since first holding multiparty elections in 1991, but deficiencies remain. International observers judged elections to be largely free and fair since the restoration of political stability following the collapse of pyramid schemes in 1997; however, there have been claims of electoral fraud in every one of Albania's post-communist elections. In the 2005 general elections, the Democratic Party and its allies won a decisive victory on pledges to reduce crime and corruption, promote economic growth, and decrease the size of government. The election, and particularly the orderly transition of power, was considered an important step forward. Albania joined NATO in April 2009 and is a potential candidate for EU accession. Although Albania's economy continues to grow, the country is still one of the poorest in Europe, hampered by a large informal economy and an inadequate energy and transportation infrastructure.

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References

Albania - Wikipedia
Albania - CIA World Fact Book
Albania - BBC
Albania - Timeline - BBC

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Supporting the electoral reform in Albania through advice and recommendations on political finance legislative and institutional framework - Council of EuropeSupporting the electoral reform in Albania through advice and recommendations on political finance legislative and institutional framework  Council of Europe

Albania should be ready for second wave of COVID-19: PM - Xinhua | English.news.cn - XinhuaAlbania should be ready for second wave of COVID-19: PM - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

Albania sets up team for EU accession negotiations - European Western BalkansAlbania sets up team for EU accession negotiations  European Western Balkans

ECRI welcomes Albania's significant progress, but some issues give rise for concern - Council of EuropeECRI welcomes Albania's significant progress, but some issues give rise for concern  Council of Europe

Voltalia to build and operate 140MW solar plant in Albania - Energy Live News - Energy Made EasyVoltalia to build and operate 140MW solar plant in Albania  Energy Live News - Energy Made Easy

Albania's building permits decrease 25% y/y in Q1 - SeeNewsAlbania's building permits decrease 25% y/y in Q1  SeeNews

Várhelyi: I hope for an agreement on electoral reform in Albania - European Western BalkansVárhelyi: I hope for an agreement on electoral reform in Albania  European Western Balkans

Political parties in Albania fail to meet the deadline on electoral reform - European Western BalkansPolitical parties in Albania fail to meet the deadline on electoral reform  European Western Balkans

Albania reopens land borders, but mass gatherings still banned - National PostAlbania reopens land borders, but mass gatherings still banned  National Post

Few Foreign Companies and Prevalent Gender Gap in Company Management in Albania - Exit - Explain AlbaniaFew Foreign Companies and Prevalent Gender Gap in Company Management in Albania  Exit - Explain Albania

Holding onto Hoxha: Guarding the last statue of communist Albania - Al Jazeera EnglishHolding onto Hoxha: Guarding the last statue of communist Albania  Al Jazeera English

Albania and Kosovo allow all movement, operation of businesses - Outlook IndiaAlbania and Kosovo allow all movement, operation of businesses  Outlook India

Albania sells 8.69 bln leks (69.8 mln euro) of 12-mo T-bills - table - SeeNewsAlbania sells 8.69 bln leks (69.8 mln euro) of 12-mo T-bills - table  SeeNews

ECRI welcomes Albania's significant progress, but some issues give rise to concern - Council of EuropeECRI welcomes Albania's significant progress, but some issues give rise to concern  Council of Europe

Albanian 'Backroom Deal' on Justice Reform Alarms US, EU - Balkan InsightAlbanian 'Backroom Deal' on Justice Reform Alarms US, EU  Balkan Insight

Lake Skadar, Montenegro and Albania - nasa.govLake Skadar, Montenegro and Albania  nasa.gov

Albania: How a lagoon became a frontline defence against climate change - UN EnvironmentAlbania: How a lagoon became a frontline defence against climate change  UN Environment

Protests in Tirana ahead of BIG project as Albanian national theatre demolished - DezeenProtests in Tirana ahead of BIG project as Albanian national theatre demolished  Dezeen

Unnamed Albanian player tests positive for virus - Outlook IndiaUnnamed Albanian player tests positive for virus  Outlook India

Why a Theatre's Demolition Has Sparked Outrage in Albania - Balkan InsightWhy a Theatre's Demolition Has Sparked Outrage in Albania  Balkan Insight

Albania and Kosovo had the highest number of "lazy young people" in Europe in 2019 - Greek City - Greek City TimesAlbania and Kosovo had the highest number of "lazy young people" in Europe in 2019 - Greek City  Greek City Times

Greek leader in Albania: "We live in the midst of chauvinistic Albanian terror, Greece help us!" - - Greek City TimesGreek leader in Albania: "We live in the midst of chauvinistic Albanian terror, Greece help us!" -  Greek City Times

Migrants in Albania: Begging for food, hiding from violence - InfoMigrantsMigrants in Albania: Begging for food, hiding from violence  InfoMigrants

Support to freedom of expression and freedom of the media in Albania: Grant agreements signed with Albanian partners - Council of EuropeSupport to freedom of expression and freedom of the media in Albania: Grant agreements signed with Albanian partners  Council of Europe

EU Delegation Concerned over Situation for Migrants in Albanian Reception Centre - Exit - Explain AlbaniaEU Delegation Concerned over Situation for Migrants in Albanian Reception Centre  Exit - Explain Albania

Over 60000 Albanians Received EU Residence Permits in 2018 - Exit - Explain AlbaniaOver 60000 Albanians Received EU Residence Permits in 2018  Exit - Explain Albania

Tall Story: Stashed Cash but No Crime in Albanian Court - Balkan InsightTall Story: Stashed Cash but No Crime in Albanian Court  Balkan Insight

Albania to Open Crèches, Land Borders, Hotel Beaches on Monday - The New York TimesAlbania to Open Crèches, Land Borders, Hotel Beaches on Monday  The New York Times

Albanian President Warns State Institutions over Europol's Drug Report - Exit - Explain AlbaniaAlbanian President Warns State Institutions over Europol's Drug Report  Exit - Explain Albania

UN Concerned About Albanian Deportations of Turkish 'Gulenists' - Balkan InsightUN Concerned About Albanian Deportations of Turkish 'Gulenists'  Balkan Insight

Albanian Psychologists Prohibit Anti-LGBT “Conversion Therapy” - Human Rights WatchAlbanian Psychologists Prohibit Anti-LGBT “Conversion Therapy”  Human Rights Watch

Albania to reopen land borders on June 1 - report - SeeNewsAlbania to reopen land borders on June 1 - report  SeeNews

Albanian protesters, police clash over theater demolition - Washington PostAlbanian protesters, police clash over theater demolition  Washington Post

France's Voltalia wins 140 MW solar park tender in Albania - EBRD - Renewables NowFrance's Voltalia wins 140 MW solar park tender in Albania - EBRD  Renewables Now

National Theatre demolition adds fuel to Albania's fiery politics | BALKAN BLOG - bne IntelliNewsNational Theatre demolition adds fuel to Albania's fiery politics | BALKAN BLOG  bne IntelliNews

Knut Fleckenstein appointed as Adviser to the Speaker of Parliament of Albania - European Western BalkansKnut Fleckenstein appointed as Adviser to the Speaker of Parliament of Albania  European Western Balkans

Albania's Q1 power output rises - SeeNewsAlbania's Q1 power output rises  SeeNews

Albania Risks Clashes Amid Fury Over Threat to Theatre - Balkan InsightAlbania Risks Clashes Amid Fury Over Threat to Theatre  Balkan Insight

Sport in Albania continues to flourish says President of University Federation - Insidethegames.bizSport in Albania continues to flourish says President of University Federation  Insidethegames.biz

Albania PM Tries to Defuse Anger Over Theatre Demolition - Balkan InsightAlbania PM Tries to Defuse Anger Over Theatre Demolition  Balkan Insight

Violence and Hunger Stalk Refugees and Migrants in Albania - Balkan InsightViolence and Hunger Stalk Refugees and Migrants in Albania  Balkan Insight

Albania becomes third European country to ban gay ‘conversion therapy’ - FRANCE 24 EnglishAlbania becomes third European country to ban gay ‘conversion therapy’  FRANCE 24 English

Declining Tourism Will Hit Albania Hard, Government Still Has No Strategy - Exit - Explain AlbaniaDeclining Tourism Will Hit Albania Hard, Government Still Has No Strategy  Exit - Explain Albania

Big Source of Illicit Cannabis, Albania Mulls Legalising Medical Use - Balkan InsightBig Source of Illicit Cannabis, Albania Mulls Legalising Medical Use  Balkan Insight

Prime Minister Enjoys Trip to Paris on Air Albania Charter Flight at Weekend - Exit - Explain AlbaniaPrime Minister Enjoys Trip to Paris on Air Albania Charter Flight at Weekend  Exit - Explain Albania

President of Albania presents a platform on crucial reforms and resolution of crisis - European Western BalkansPresident of Albania presents a platform on crucial reforms and resolution of crisis  European Western Balkans

Albania sticks to re-opening plan due to few virus cases - ReutersAlbania sticks to re-opening plan due to few virus cases  Reuters

Government Sets Up Albania's Team for EU Accession Talks - Exit - Explain AlbaniaGovernment Sets Up Albania's Team for EU Accession Talks  Exit - Explain Albania

Albanian Tourism Season to Last Until November - Exit - Explaining Albania - Exit - Explain AlbaniaAlbanian Tourism Season to Last Until November - Exit - Explaining Albania  Exit - Explain Albania

Kosovo and Albania Ponder Unified Basketball League - Balkan InsightKosovo and Albania Ponder Unified Basketball League  Balkan Insight

Albania lifts curbs on driving, slashes curfew in green zones - Reuters UKAlbania lifts curbs on driving, slashes curfew in green zones  Reuters UK

Interview with World Bank Country Manager for Albania on Social and Economic Impacts of COVID-19 - Marketscreener.comInterview with World Bank Country Manager for Albania on Social and Economic Impacts of COVID-19  Marketscreener.com

Albania resumes work on electoral reform and the vetting process - European Western BalkansAlbania resumes work on electoral reform and the vetting process  European Western Balkans

Albania: The European Court finds effective scheme for compensating owners of nationalised property - Cour Européenne des Droits de l'HommeAlbania: The European Court finds effective scheme for compensating owners of nationalised property  Cour Européenne des Droits de l'Homme

Albania and Turkey Only Countries to Have Destroyed Sites under Europa Nostra Protection - Exit - Explain AlbaniaAlbania and Turkey Only Countries to Have Destroyed Sites under Europa Nostra Protection  Exit - Explain Albania

Half of bars, restaurants in Albania face risk of closing at year end: report - Xinhua | English.news.cn - XinhuaHalf of bars, restaurants in Albania face risk of closing at year end: report - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

Albania, Once Haven of Illicit Cannabis, Set to Legalise Crop for Medical Use - The New York TimesAlbania, Once Haven of Illicit Cannabis, Set to Legalise Crop for Medical Use  The New York Times

Istanbul Prosecution demands imprisonment for 'Air Albania' shareholder - Tirana TimesIstanbul Prosecution demands imprisonment for 'Air Albania' shareholder  Tirana Times

Albanian Opposition Determined to Conclude the Electoral Reform - Exit - Explain AlbaniaAlbanian Opposition Determined to Conclude the Electoral Reform  Exit - Explain Albania

His journey from Albania to U.S. is a success - Eagle-TribuneHis journey from Albania to U.S. is a success  Eagle-Tribune

Five Places in Albania to Visit After Lockdown - Exit - Explaining Albania - Exit - Explain AlbaniaFive Places in Albania to Visit After Lockdown - Exit - Explaining Albania  Exit - Explain Albania

Albania's coronavirus cases top 800 - report - SeeNewsAlbania's coronavirus cases top 800 - report  SeeNews

Albanian journalist harasses the Greek minority in Northern Epirus again - Greek City Times - Greek City TimesAlbanian journalist harasses the Greek minority in Northern Epirus again - Greek City Times  Greek City Times

Tender process for Vlora airport in Albania to resume soon - bne IntelliNewsTender process for Vlora airport in Albania to resume soon  bne IntelliNews

Venice Commission Criticizes Albania's Judicial Vetting Process - Exit - Explain AlbaniaVenice Commission Criticizes Albania's Judicial Vetting Process  Exit - Explain Albania

Albania and Romania collude to weaken Greeks in Northern Epirus - Greek City Times - Greek City TimesAlbania and Romania collude to weaken Greeks in Northern Epirus - Greek City Times  Greek City Times

Albania Is Third European Country to Ban Conversion Therapy - Advocate.comAlbania Is Third European Country to Ban Conversion Therapy  Advocate.com

No concrete promise after EU-Balkan summit commits to Albania - New Eastern EuropeNo concrete promise after EU-Balkan summit commits to Albania  New Eastern Europe

20 former Albanian judges, prosecutors accused of corruption - The - Washington Post20 former Albanian judges, prosecutors accused of corruption - The  Washington Post

Comment: Albania - Some Exceptional Extraordinary Measures - Exit - Explain AlbaniaComment: Albania - Some Exceptional Extraordinary Measures  Exit - Explain Albania

Austrian Airlines to recommence flights in Albania - Tirana TimesAustrian Airlines to recommence flights in Albania  Tirana Times

Sejamini: The US Knows There Is No Democracy in Albania but Will Never Admit It - Exit - Explain AlbaniaSejamini: The US Knows There Is No Democracy in Albania but Will Never Admit It  Exit - Explain Albania

Omonoia condemns racist Albanian media against Greek minority - Greek City Times - Greek City TimesOmonoia condemns racist Albanian media against Greek minority - Greek City Times  Greek City Times

Bulgaria increases pressure against Skopje, offers passports to Slavs in Albania - Greek City Times - Greek City TimesBulgaria increases pressure against Skopje, offers passports to Slavs in Albania - Greek City Times  Greek City Times

Rights Court Backs Albania on How It Makes Up for Communist Ills - Courthouse News ServiceRights Court Backs Albania on How It Makes Up for Communist Ills  Courthouse News Service

Life's a beach: How COVID-19 is changing tourism on the Albanian coast - Global VoicesLife's a beach: How COVID-19 is changing tourism on the Albanian coast  Global Voices

Prime Minister Edi Rama Enjoys Trip to Paris on Air Albania Charter Flight at Weekend - Exit - Explain AlbaniaPrime Minister Edi Rama Enjoys Trip to Paris on Air Albania Charter Flight at Weekend  Exit - Explain Albania

Europa Nostra: Time for the Awakening of Civil Society in Albania - Exit - Explain AlbaniaEuropa Nostra: Time for the Awakening of Civil Society in Albania  Exit - Explain Albania

Foreigners in Albania Have Their Say on the Possible Demolition of the National Theatre - Exit - Explain AlbaniaForeigners in Albania Have Their Say on the Possible Demolition of the National Theatre  Exit - Explain Albania

Privatization of Albania's High Court - Exit - Explain AlbaniaPrivatization of Albania's High Court  Exit - Explain Albania

One of Europe's Greatest Beach Destinations Isn't Where You Think It Is - ThrillistOne of Europe's Greatest Beach Destinations Isn't Where You Think It Is  Thrillist

Albanian Daily News - albaniandailynews.comAlbanian Daily News  albaniandailynews.com

15000 Albanians Apply for Seasonal Work in Greece - Exit - Explain Albania15000 Albanians Apply for Seasonal Work in Greece  Exit - Explain Albania

Greek police arrest wild herb raiders on Albanian border | Kathimerini - www.ekathimerini.comGreek police arrest wild herb raiders on Albanian border | Kathimerini  www.ekathimerini.com

Stefano Boeri Architetti designs coronavirus-resilient plan for Tirana - DezeenStefano Boeri Architetti designs coronavirus-resilient plan for Tirana  Dezeen

UNICEF Albania Raises Alarm Over Continuing Trafficking of Children and Young People from Albania - Exit - Explain AlbaniaUNICEF Albania Raises Alarm Over Continuing Trafficking of Children and Young People from Albania  Exit - Explain Albania

Albanian Ombudsman Criticises Police for Violence against Protestors - Exit - Explain AlbaniaAlbanian Ombudsman Criticises Police for Violence against Protestors  Exit - Explain Albania

Albanian Police Monitoring Tirana Protest with Sniper Rifles - Exit - Explain AlbaniaAlbanian Police Monitoring Tirana Protest with Sniper Rifles  Exit - Explain Albania

Montenegro to r?open borders for citizens of Croatia, Slovenia, Albania - PM - SeeNewsMontenegro to r?open borders for citizens of Croatia, Slovenia, Albania - PM  SeeNews

Albanian Media Council Warns Government against Closing TV Channel - Exit - Explain AlbaniaAlbanian Media Council Warns Government against Closing TV Channel  Exit - Explain Albania

Kosovo's Prime Minister Praises Resistance against Demolition of Albania's National Theatre - Exit - Explain AlbaniaKosovo's Prime Minister Praises Resistance against Demolition of Albania's National Theatre  Exit - Explain Albania

Protest Against 'Dictatorship' Organised in Albania for Today - Exit - Explain AlbaniaProtest Against 'Dictatorship' Organised in Albania for Today  Exit - Explain Albania

Albania Close to Legalizing Medical Marijuana - Exit - Explaining Albania - Exit - Explain AlbaniaAlbania Close to Legalizing Medical Marijuana - Exit - Explaining Albania  Exit - Explain Albania

Albanian President Takes Government to Constitutional Court over National Theatre - Exit - Explain AlbaniaAlbanian President Takes Government to Constitutional Court over National Theatre  Exit - Explain Albania

Albanian Parliament and President Clash over Head of State Audit Appointment - Exit - Explain AlbaniaAlbanian Parliament and President Clash over Head of State Audit Appointment  Exit - Explain Albania

More Protests in Albania as Workers Demand COVID-19 Financial Aid - Exit - Explain AlbaniaMore Protests in Albania as Workers Demand COVID-19 Financial Aid  Exit - Explain Albania

Richard Grenell Resigns as US Ambassador to Berlin - Exit - Explain AlbaniaRichard Grenell Resigns as US Ambassador to Berlin  Exit - Explain Albania

Bars and Cafes to Open in Albania from 18 May - Exit - Explaining Albania - Exit - Explain AlbaniaBars and Cafes to Open in Albania from 18 May - Exit - Explaining Albania  Exit - Explain Albania

Albanian Air and Land Borders Could Open from 18 May - Exit - Explain AlbaniaAlbanian Air and Land Borders Could Open from 18 May  Exit - Explain Albania

Albanian MP Hajdari Slams Big Parties for Refusing to Change Electoral System - Exit - Explain AlbaniaAlbanian MP Hajdari Slams Big Parties for Refusing to Change Electoral System  Exit - Explain Albania