Armenia

Country Armenia
Capital Yerevan
Continent Asia
Currency Dram(AMD)
Languages Armenian

Information

Introduction

Armenia prides itself on being the first nation to formally adopt Christianity (early 4th century). Despite periods of autonomy, over the centuries Armenia came under the sway of various empires including the Roman, Byzantine, Arab, Persian, and Ottoman. During World War I in the western portion of Armenia, Ottoman Turkey instituted a policy of forced resettlement coupled with other harsh practices that resulted in an estimated 1 million Armenian deaths. The eastern area of Armenia was ceded by the Ottomans to Russia in 1828; this portion declared its independence in 1918, but was conquered by the Soviet Red Army in 1920. Armenian leaders remain preoccupied by the long conflict with Azerbaijan over Nagorno-Karabakh, a primarily Armenian-populated region, assigned to Soviet Azerbaijan in the 1920s by Moscow. Armenia and Azerbaijan began fighting over the area in 1988; the struggle escalated after both countries attained independence from the Soviet Union in 1991. By May 1994, when a cease-fire took hold, ethnic Armenian forces held not only Nagorno-Karabakh but also a significant portion of Azerbaijan proper. The economies of both sides have been hurt by their inability to make substantial progress toward a peaceful resolution. Turkey closed the common border with Armenia in 1994 because of the Armenian separatists' control of Nagorno-Karabakh and surrounding areas, further hampering Armenian economic growth. However, in 2009 senior Armenian leaders began pursuing rapprochement with Turkey, which could result in the border reopening.

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References

Armenia - Wikipedia
Armenia - CIA World Fact Book
Armenia - BBC
Armenia - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
Thousands continue to march in Armenia to demand PM`s resignation - WION
  1. Thousands continue to march in Armenia to demand PM`s resignation  WION
  2. Armenian Opposition Marches In Yerevan, Demands PM's Resignation  Radio Free Europe / Radio Liberty
  3. Armenia defence ministry says 'unacceptable' to involve army in politics  The Hindu
  4. Armenia's Prime Minister Accuses Military of Planning Coup Following Losses in Nagorno-Karabakh  The Wall Street Journal
  5. Erdogan comments on the situation of Armenia and Pashinyan  Mediamax.am
  6. View Full coverage on Google News


Grandmaster Aronian says he is leaving Armenia, will represent US - Times of IndiaGrandmaster Aronian says he is leaving Armenia, will represent US  Times of India

Kremlin says Armenia should comply with Karabakh ceasefire agreements - WIONKremlin says Armenia should comply with Karabakh ceasefire agreements  WION

Azerbaijan warns Armenia to abide by cease-fire - Anadolu AgencyAzerbaijan warns Armenia to abide by cease-fire  Anadolu Agency

'Armenia has never been in such a pathetic situation' - Anadolu Agency'Armenia has never been in such a pathetic situation'  Anadolu Agency

Situation remains tense in Armenia as hundreds camp outside parliament | Daily Sabah - Daily SabahSituation remains tense in Armenia as hundreds camp outside parliament | Daily Sabah  Daily Sabah

Armenia seeks bigger Russian military presence on its border with Azerbaijan - Hindustan TimesArmenia seeks bigger Russian military presence on its border with Azerbaijan  Hindustan Times

Turkey condemns coup attempt in Armenia, FM Çavusoglu says | Daily Sabah - Daily SabahTurkey condemns coup attempt in Armenia, FM Çavusoglu says | Daily Sabah  Daily Sabah

Armenia opposition supporters rally in Yerevan, demand Pashinyan's resignation - FRANCE 24Armenia opposition supporters rally in Yerevan, demand Pashinyan's resignation  FRANCE 24

REACH Armenia: Multi-Sector Needs Assessment (MSNA) - Report on humanitarian needs of people in a refugee- like situation and hosting households affected by the conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh (December 2020) - Armenia - ReliefWebREACH Armenia: Multi-Sector Needs Assessment (MSNA) - Report on humanitarian needs of people in a refugee- like situation and hosting households affected by the conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh (December 2020) - Armenia  ReliefWeb

Armenian PM Addresses Military After Officers Demand His Resignation - Radio Free Europe / Radio LibertyArmenian PM Addresses Military After Officers Demand His Resignation  Radio Free Europe / Radio Liberty

Unfinished Business in the Armenia-Azerbaijan Conflict - Carnegie EuropeUnfinished Business in the Armenia-Azerbaijan Conflict  Carnegie Europe

Mobile Health Teams Will Provide A Lifeline to Thousands of Armenia's Conflict-Displaced - Armenia - ReliefWebMobile Health Teams Will Provide A Lifeline to Thousands of Armenia's Conflict-Displaced - Armenia  ReliefWeb

IAEA Assists Armenia to Strengthen its National Nuclear Legal Framework | IAEA - International Atomic Energy AgencyIAEA Assists Armenia to Strengthen its National Nuclear Legal Framework | IAEA  International Atomic Energy Agency

Joining 6-nation forum Armenia's only option: Experts - Anadolu AgencyJoining 6-nation forum Armenia's only option: Experts  Anadolu Agency

Armenia - Psychologist in Yerevan - ReliefWebArmenia - Psychologist in Yerevan  ReliefWeb

Turkey slams Dutch bid to recognise massacre of Armenians as genocide - EuronewsTurkey slams Dutch bid to recognise massacre of Armenians as genocide  Euronews

Nagorno-Karabakh – Complex Emergency | Fact Sheet #1 Fiscal Year (FY) 2021 - Armenia - ReliefWebNagorno-Karabakh – Complex Emergency | Fact Sheet #1 Fiscal Year (FY) 2021 - Armenia  ReliefWeb

Earthquake Shakes Armenia's Capital - Radio Free Europe / Radio LibertyEarthquake Shakes Armenia's Capital  Radio Free Europe / Radio Liberty

Press review: Power struggle erupts in Armenia and Maduro hits back at EU over sanctions - TASSPress review: Power struggle erupts in Armenia and Maduro hits back at EU over sanctions  TASS

Becoming an Armenian Citizen - Armenian WeeklyBecoming an Armenian Citizen  Armenian Weekly

Armenia, Artsakh Foreign Minister Discuss Cooperation - Hetq OnlineArmenia, Artsakh Foreign Minister Discuss Cooperation  Hetq Online

Armenia Inter-Agency Operational Update, 10 December 2020 - 1 February 2021 - Armenia - ReliefWebArmenia Inter-Agency Operational Update, 10 December 2020 - 1 February 2021 - Armenia  ReliefWeb

Armenia's Other Frontier: Plan To Revive Old Soviet Railway To Azerbaijan's Naxcivan Brings Potential, Concerns - Radio Free Europe / Radio LibertyArmenia's Other Frontier: Plan To Revive Old Soviet Railway To Azerbaijan's Naxcivan Brings Potential, Concerns  Radio Free Europe / Radio Liberty

Fear And Loathing Vs. Trade Across The Armenian-Azerbaijani Border - Radio Free Europe / Radio LibertyFear And Loathing Vs. Trade Across The Armenian-Azerbaijani Border  Radio Free Europe / Radio Liberty

Moderate magnitude 4.6 earthquake 91 km northeast of Yerevan, Armenia - VolcanoDiscoveryModerate magnitude 4.6 earthquake 91 km northeast of Yerevan, Armenia  VolcanoDiscovery

UPDATE: Name released in town of Armenia death investigation, no foul play suspected - WiscNewsUPDATE: Name released in town of Armenia death investigation, no foul play suspected  WiscNews

MPs call on Dutch government to recognise 1915 Armenia massacre as genocide - EuronewsMPs call on Dutch government to recognise 1915 Armenia massacre as genocide  Euronews

Health Care Gets Investment Boost in Two Regions of Armenia, with World Bank Support - Armenia - ReliefWebHealth Care Gets Investment Boost in Two Regions of Armenia, with World Bank Support - Armenia  ReliefWeb

‘I don’t even know if my home still exists.’ - National Geographic‘I don’t even know if my home still exists.’  National Geographic

Armenia approves Russia's Sputnik V coronavirus vaccine - Russia's RDIF - ReutersArmenia approves Russia's Sputnik V coronavirus vaccine - Russia's RDIF  Reuters

Historian rejects 'genocide' in 1915 Armenian events - Anadolu AgencyHistorian rejects 'genocide' in 1915 Armenian events  Anadolu Agency

Armenian prime minister cries ‘coup’ after army calls for his resignation - The IndependentArmenian prime minister cries ‘coup’ after army calls for his resignation  The Independent

Armenians should not confuse allies and empathy In Sight - Armenian WeeklyArmenians should not confuse allies and empathy In Sight  Armenian Weekly

Explained: What is the peace deal signed between Azerbaijan and Armenia? - The Indian ExpressExplained: What is the peace deal signed between Azerbaijan and Armenia?  The Indian Express

Fragile ceasefire: on Armenia–Azerbaijan clashes - The HinduFragile ceasefire: on Armenia–Azerbaijan clashes  The Hindu

Explained | Azerbaijan vs Armenia: An old regional conflict, and interested neighbours - The Indian ExpressExplained | Azerbaijan vs Armenia: An old regional conflict, and interested neighbours  The Indian Express

Armenian government provides 470 mln AMD for construction of new district in the border village of Shurnukh – Public Radio of Armenia - Public Radio of ArmeniaArmenian government provides 470 mln AMD for construction of new district in the border village of Shurnukh – Public Radio of Armenia  Public Radio of Armenia

Armenia asks Moscow for help amid Nagorno-Karabakh fighting - The HinduArmenia asks Moscow for help amid Nagorno-Karabakh fighting  The Hindu

Armenia-Azerbaijan ceasefire fails again, thanks to Pakistan, Turkey - Business StandardArmenia-Azerbaijan ceasefire fails again, thanks to Pakistan, Turkey  Business Standard

Russia, Armenia, Azerbaijan to restore transportation in Nagorno-Karabakh - Business StandardRussia, Armenia, Azerbaijan to restore transportation in Nagorno-Karabakh  Business Standard

Armenian protesters demand prime minister quit over deal with Nagorno-Karabakh - The GuardianArmenian protesters demand prime minister quit over deal with Nagorno-Karabakh  The Guardian

Nearly 2,425 troops killed in Karabakh conflict: Armenia health ministry - Business StandardNearly 2,425 troops killed in Karabakh conflict: Armenia health ministry  Business Standard

In midst of Nagorno-Karabakh clashes, Indians are backing Armenia, on the ground, and online - The Indian ExpressIn midst of Nagorno-Karabakh clashes, Indians are backing Armenia, on the ground, and online  The Indian Express

Azerbaijan says army has entered Kalbajar district handed over by Armenia - The HinduAzerbaijan says army has entered Kalbajar district handed over by Armenia  The Hindu

Armenia, Azerbaijan accuse each other of violating US-brokered truce - Business StandardArmenia, Azerbaijan accuse each other of violating US-brokered truce  Business Standard

Armenians Displaced By Post War Demarcations - Armenia - ReliefWebArmenians Displaced By Post War Demarcations - Armenia  ReliefWeb

Armenia-Azerbaijan conflict: A USSR relic simmering for a century - The Indian ExpressArmenia-Azerbaijan conflict: A USSR relic simmering for a century  The Indian Express

Why India is special to Armenians: Their land of prosperity - The Indian ExpressWhy India is special to Armenians: Their land of prosperity  The Indian Express

Armenia begins period of mourning for victims of Azerbaijan clashes - The GuardianArmenia begins period of mourning for victims of Azerbaijan clashes  The Guardian

Armenia: Unlawful Rocket, Missile Strikes on Azerbaijan - Human Rights WatchArmenia: Unlawful Rocket, Missile Strikes on Azerbaijan  Human Rights Watch

Lookback at Nagorno Karabakh deal: How Azerbaijan cheered Armenia's loss as Turkey, Russia won strategically - Times NowLookback at Nagorno Karabakh deal: How Azerbaijan cheered Armenia's loss as Turkey, Russia won strategically  Times Now

Explained: Why Armenia and Azerbaijan are on verge of all-out war - India TV NewsExplained: Why Armenia and Azerbaijan are on verge of all-out war  India TV News

The Future of Democracy and State Building in Postconflict Armenia - Carnegie EuropeThe Future of Democracy and State Building in Postconflict Armenia  Carnegie Europe

Nagorno-Karabakh: War between Armenia and Azerbaijan faces decisive moment in mid-November - Times NowNagorno-Karabakh: War between Armenia and Azerbaijan faces decisive moment in mid-November  Times Now

The Hindu Explains | What’s behind the Armenia-Azerbaijan clashes? - The HinduThe Hindu Explains | What’s behind the Armenia-Azerbaijan clashes?  The Hindu

After Armenia-Azerbaijan War, Trauma, Tragedy and Devastation - The New York TimesAfter Armenia-Azerbaijan War, Trauma, Tragedy and Devastation  The New York Times

Azerbaijani forces enter last district handed over by Armenia - WIONAzerbaijani forces enter last district handed over by Armenia  WION

Explained: Why Armenia and Azerbaijan are at loggerheads over Nagorno-Karabakh again - The Indian ExpressExplained: Why Armenia and Azerbaijan are at loggerheads over Nagorno-Karabakh again  The Indian Express

Armenia declares martial law, total mobilisation after clashes in Nagorno-Karabakh region - WIONArmenia declares martial law, total mobilisation after clashes in Nagorno-Karabakh region  WION

Guterres urges continued dialogue between Armenia and Azerbaijan - UN NewsGuterres urges continued dialogue between Armenia and Azerbaijan  UN News

Is Armenia's Democracy on Borrowed Time? - Carnegie Endowment for International PeaceIs Armenia's Democracy on Borrowed Time?  Carnegie Endowment for International Peace

'Imagine Caucasus becoming another Syria?': Armenia’s president pleas for urgent international support - CNBC'Imagine Caucasus becoming another Syria?': Armenia’s president pleas for urgent international support  CNBC

COVID19 Pandemic: A problems catalyst for Armenia? - Observer Research FoundationCOVID19 Pandemic: A problems catalyst for Armenia?  Observer Research Foundation

Among those lining up to fight in Nagorno-Karabakh, Armenian youth with a strong Kolkata connect - The Indian ExpressAmong those lining up to fight in Nagorno-Karabakh, Armenian youth with a strong Kolkata connect  The Indian Express

Pakistan meddles in Armenia-Azerbaijan war – Why Imran Khan follows Turkey’s footsteps in West Asia - Times NowPakistan meddles in Armenia-Azerbaijan war – Why Imran Khan follows Turkey’s footsteps in West Asia  Times Now

United States Power Vacuum Risks Escalating Violence in Armenia-Azerbaijan - Carnegie EuropeUnited States Power Vacuum Risks Escalating Violence in Armenia-Azerbaijan  Carnegie Europe

Armenian forces hit 2 Azerbaijan choppers as fierce fighting erupts over disputed land - ThePrintArmenian forces hit 2 Azerbaijan choppers as fierce fighting erupts over disputed land  ThePrint

Explainer: What's behind the fighting between Armenia and Azerbaijan? - Atlantic CouncilExplainer: What's behind the fighting between Armenia and Azerbaijan?  Atlantic Council

Why are Armenia and Azerbaijan fighting and what are the implications? - The GuardianWhy are Armenia and Azerbaijan fighting and what are the implications?  The Guardian

Armenia's Tragedy in Shushi | by Viken Berberian - The New York Review of BooksArmenia's Tragedy in Shushi | by Viken Berberian  The New York Review of Books

Armenia-Azerbaijan conflict: Why Caucasus flare-up risks wider war - BBC NewsArmenia-Azerbaijan conflict: Why Caucasus flare-up risks wider war  BBC News

Armenia and the Failed Experiment of Eurocentrism - Armenian Weekly - Armenian WeeklyArmenia and the Failed Experiment of Eurocentrism - Armenian Weekly  Armenian Weekly

Fighting Flares Between Azerbaijan and Armenia - The New York TimesFighting Flares Between Azerbaijan and Armenia  The New York Times

Azerbaijan-Armenia war: Lessons for the military - Economic TimesAzerbaijan-Armenia war: Lessons for the military  Economic Times

Why Nagorno-Karabakh has pitted Armenia and Azerbaijan for decades - The Washington PostWhy Nagorno-Karabakh has pitted Armenia and Azerbaijan for decades  The Washington Post

Analysis | Why Stakes Are Raised in the Azeri-Armenian Conflict - Washington PostAnalysis | Why Stakes Are Raised in the Azeri-Armenian Conflict  Washington Post

Has Russia Ended the War Between Armenia and Azerbaijan? - Council on Foreign RelationsHas Russia Ended the War Between Armenia and Azerbaijan?  Council on Foreign Relations

Armenia: Cluster Munitions Used in Multiple Attacks on Azerbaijan - Human Rights WatchArmenia: Cluster Munitions Used in Multiple Attacks on Azerbaijan  Human Rights Watch

Azerbaijan-Armenia Conflict: Turkey Backs Azerbaijan, Raising Stakes - BloombergAzerbaijan-Armenia Conflict: Turkey Backs Azerbaijan, Raising Stakes  Bloomberg

Fighting Between Armenia and Azerbaijan Risks Drawing in Bigger Powers - The New York TimesFighting Between Armenia and Azerbaijan Risks Drawing in Bigger Powers  The New York Times

How drone warfare helped Azerbaijan vanquish Armenia – and the lessons for India - Times NowHow drone warfare helped Azerbaijan vanquish Armenia – and the lessons for India  Times Now

OIC condemns Armenia's attacks on Azerbaijan - Anadolu AgencyOIC condemns Armenia's attacks on Azerbaijan  Anadolu Agency

New cease-fire announced in 4-week Nagorno-Karabakh conflict - The Associated PressNew cease-fire announced in 4-week Nagorno-Karabakh conflict  The Associated Press

Armenia Mourns Karabakh War Victims - Voice of AmericaArmenia Mourns Karabakh War Victims  Voice of America

Armenia-Azerbaijan War: What is Happening in Nagorno-Karabakh? - The Wall Street JournalArmenia-Azerbaijan War: What is Happening in Nagorno-Karabakh?  The Wall Street Journal

Armenia’s prime minister offers to discuss early election in response to opposition protests - PBS NewsHourArmenia’s prime minister offers to discuss early election in response to opposition protests  PBS NewsHour

How Erdogan is testing bond with Putin, or ‘his patience’, in Armenia-Azerbaijan conflict - ThePrintHow Erdogan is testing bond with Putin, or ‘his patience’, in Armenia-Azerbaijan conflict  ThePrint

The Armenia-Azerbaijan Conflict: Answering Some Intriguing Questions - IndraStra GlobalThe Armenia-Azerbaijan Conflict: Answering Some Intriguing Questions  IndraStra Global

Armenia says it shot down Azerbaijani drone near capital - The Associated PressArmenia says it shot down Azerbaijani drone near capital  The Associated Press

'The Wound Is Very Deep': Azerbaijanis And Armenians In Russia Long For Peace - NPR'The Wound Is Very Deep': Azerbaijanis And Armenians In Russia Long For Peace  NPR

Armenia and Azerbaijan Are at War Again—and Not in Nagorno-Karabakh - Foreign PolicyArmenia and Azerbaijan Are at War Again—and Not in Nagorno-Karabakh  Foreign Policy

Another Chance to Address Homophobic Violence in Armenia - Human Rights WatchAnother Chance to Address Homophobic Violence in Armenia  Human Rights Watch

REACH Armenia: MSNA Update to Coordination Steering Group (04 December 2020) - Armenia - ReliefWebREACH Armenia: MSNA Update to Coordination Steering Group (04 December 2020) - Armenia  ReliefWeb

Coronavirus-infected President of Armenia hospitalized with pneumonia - Office - United News of IndiaCoronavirus-infected President of Armenia hospitalized with pneumonia - Office  United News of India

Armenia: Cluster Munitions Kill Civilians in Azerbaijan - Human Rights WatchArmenia: Cluster Munitions Kill Civilians in Azerbaijan  Human Rights Watch

Rockets, Cluster Munitions And Missiles Rain Down On Armenian And Azerbaijani Civilians - ForbesRockets, Cluster Munitions And Missiles Rain Down On Armenian And Azerbaijani Civilians  Forbes

Armenia-Azerbaijan conflict: Assessing needs of displaced people - Armenia - ReliefWebArmenia-Azerbaijan conflict: Assessing needs of displaced people - Armenia  ReliefWeb

Armenia says its fighter jet 'shot down by Turkey' - BBC NewsArmenia says its fighter jet 'shot down by Turkey'  BBC News

'Armenia moving S-300 missile systems to border areas' - Anadolu Agency'Armenia moving S-300 missile systems to border areas'  Anadolu Agency