Russia

Country Russia
Capital Moscow
Continent Asia
Currency Russian ruble(RUB)
Languages Russian

Information

Introduction

Founded in the 12th century, the Principality of Muscovy, was able to emerge from over 200 years of Mongol domination (13th-15th centuries) and to gradually conquer and absorb surrounding principalities. In the early 17th century, a new Romanov Dynasty continued this policy of expansion across Siberia to the Pacific. Under PETER I (ruled 1682-1725), hegemony was extended to the Baltic Sea and the country was renamed the Russian Empire. During the 19th century, more territorial acquisitions were made in Europe and Asia. Defeat in the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-05 contributed to the Revolution of 1905, which resulted in the formation of a parliament and other reforms. Repeated devastating defeats of the Russian army in World War I led to widespread rioting in the major cities of the Russian Empire and to the overthrow in 1917 of the imperial household. The Communists under Vladimir LENIN seized power soon after and formed the USSR. The brutal rule of Iosif STALIN (1928-53) strengthened Communist rule and Russian dominance of the Soviet Union at a cost of tens of millions of lives. The Soviet economy and society stagnated in the following decades until General Secretary Mikhail GORBACHEV (1985-91) introduced glasnost (openness) and perestroika (restructuring) in an attempt to modernize Communism, but his initiatives inadvertently released forces that by December 1991 splintered the USSR into Russia and 14 other independent republics. Since then, Russia has shifted its post-Soviet democratic ambitions in favor of a centralized semi-authoritarian state whose legitimacy is buttressed, in part, by carefully managed national elections, former President PUTIN's genuine popularity, and the prudent management of Russia's windfall energy wealth. Russia has severely disabled a Chechen rebel movement, although violence still occurs throughout the North Caucasus.

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References

Russia - Wikipedia
Russia - CIA World Fact Book
Russia - BBC
Russia - National Geographic
Russia - Timeline - BBC

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Facebook's General Counsel to Testify to Congress in Russia Probe - NBCNews.com

NBCNews.com

Facebook's General Counsel to Testify to Congress in Russia Probe
NBCNews.com
WASHINGTON — Facebook's general counsel, Colin Stretch, will testify before the House and Senate intelligence committees in open hearings Nov. 1 as part of the congressional investigation into Russia's use of technology to try to interfere with the ...



Russia Gets A New Candidate For President, But Is She Serious? - NDTV

NDTV

Russia Gets A New Candidate For President, But Is She Serious?
NDTV
In a campaign statement in the Russian daily Vedomosti that barely mentioned Putin and focused instead on public dissatisfaction with Russian politics, she said that she was "outside of ideology" and not a fan of Russia's annexation of Crimea (though ...
Russian Socialite Enters Race to Challenge President PutinNew York Times
Russia socialite Ksenia Sobchak declares presidential bidBBC News
Ksenia Sobchak: 'Russia's Paris Hilton' plans to challenge Vladimir Putin in 2018 electionABC Online
Telegraph.co.uk -The Independent -Financial Times
all 64 news articles »


'Death Island': Britain's concentration camp in Russia - BBC News

BBC News

'Death Island': Britain's concentration camp in Russia
BBC News
When British soldiers were sent to Russia after the Russian Revolution their main enemies were the Germans and their allies - their opponents in World War One - but they also found themselves fighting and imprisoning Bolsheviks. In the process they ...

and more »


Jeff Sessions shifts ground on Russia contacts under Senate questioning - The Guardian

The Guardian

Jeff Sessions shifts ground on Russia contacts under Senate questioning
The Guardian
Under intense questioning by the Senate judiciary committee, Sessions departed from his previous blanket denials about contacts with Russian officials, saying he did “not recall” elements of the conversations in three meetings in 2016 with the ...
Sessions, Franken get heated at hearing: 'The ambassador from Russia is Russian'CNN
Senators Grill Attorney General Sessions On Russia, Comey, 'Sanctuary Cities'NPR
Russia, Comey firing, Clinton emails: Attorney General Jeff Sessions in his own wordsUSA TODAY
New York Times -Washington Post -Politico
all 419 news articles »


Trump Campaign Staffers Pushed Russian Propaganda Days Before the Election - Daily Beast

Daily Beast

Trump Campaign Staffers Pushed Russian Propaganda Days Before the Election
Daily Beast
Some of the Trump campaign's most prominent names and supporters, including Trump's campaign manager, digital director, and son, pushed tweets from professional trolls paid by the Russian government in the heat of the 2016 election campaign.
Twitter slow to nix Russia-linked account, says reportCNET
Twitter Was Warned Repeatedly About This Fake Account Run By A Russian Troll Farm And Refused To Take It DownBuzzFeed News
Russian Twitter account pretending to be Tennessee GOP fools celebrities, politiciansChicago Tribune

all 19 news articles »


Russia Deceived Black Activists Into Aiding Their Election Interference Scheme - Gizmodo

Gizmodo

Russia Deceived Black Activists Into Aiding Their Election Interference Scheme
Gizmodo
A landmark investigation from Russian news outlet RBC uncovered a Kremlin-sponsored scheme that used Facebook to recruit black activists in the US as part of Russia's election interference campaign, reportedly paying them to organize Black Lives Matter ...
The Russian Troll Farm That Weaponized Facebook Had American Boots on the GroundVanity Fair
Russia's troll factory also paid for 100 activists in the USQuartz
Russian troll factory paid US activists to help fund protests during electionThe Guardian
Mother Jones
all 35 news articles »


The Big Upgrade to America's Nuclear Arsenal That Russia Fears - Scout (blog)

Scout (blog)

The Big Upgrade to America's Nuclear Arsenal That Russia Fears
Scout (blog)
The Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration (DOE/NNSA)—which develops and builds America's nuclear arsenal—has completed production of the U.S. Navy's Arming Fuzing Subsystem for the W76-1/Mk4A [3] Life Extension ...



In attempt to sow fear, Russian trolls paid for self-defense classes for African Americans - CNNMoney

CNNMoney

In attempt to sow fear, Russian trolls paid for self-defense classes for African Americans
CNNMoney
A group linked to the Russian troll farm behind thousands of fake Facebook ads paid personal trainers in New York, Florida, and other parts of the United States to run self-defense classes for African Americans in an apparent attempt to stoke fear and ...

and more »


Why Europe's Greatest Risk for War Is in the Baltics - Scout

Scout

Why Europe's Greatest Risk for War Is in the Baltics
Scout
Since 2014, the NATO alliance has made numerous posture changes on its eastern flank to deter Russia [3]. Essentially, the alliance's goal is to change Russian behavior, but how does one measure such policy modifications in Moscow? The RAND ...

and more »


America's Unpredictability Is Worrying Russia - Bloomberg

Bloomberg

America's Unpredictability Is Worrying Russia
Bloomberg
Russia's ability to influence the debate in Washington, let alone reset a damaged relationship, has vanished, according to current and former policy makers at the annual Valdai Club conference in Sochi. With an official investigation under way into ...

and more »