Russia

Country Russia
Capital Moscow
Continent Asia
Currency Russian ruble(RUB)
Languages Russian

Information

Introduction

Founded in the 12th century, the Principality of Muscovy, was able to emerge from over 200 years of Mongol domination (13th-15th centuries) and to gradually conquer and absorb surrounding principalities. In the early 17th century, a new Romanov Dynasty continued this policy of expansion across Siberia to the Pacific. Under PETER I (ruled 1682-1725), hegemony was extended to the Baltic Sea and the country was renamed the Russian Empire. During the 19th century, more territorial acquisitions were made in Europe and Asia. Defeat in the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-05 contributed to the Revolution of 1905, which resulted in the formation of a parliament and other reforms. Repeated devastating defeats of the Russian army in World War I led to widespread rioting in the major cities of the Russian Empire and to the overthrow in 1917 of the imperial household. The Communists under Vladimir LENIN seized power soon after and formed the USSR. The brutal rule of Iosif STALIN (1928-53) strengthened Communist rule and Russian dominance of the Soviet Union at a cost of tens of millions of lives. The Soviet economy and society stagnated in the following decades until General Secretary Mikhail GORBACHEV (1985-91) introduced glasnost (openness) and perestroika (restructuring) in an attempt to modernize Communism, but his initiatives inadvertently released forces that by December 1991 splintered the USSR into Russia and 14 other independent republics. Since then, Russia has shifted its post-Soviet democratic ambitions in favor of a centralized semi-authoritarian state whose legitimacy is buttressed, in part, by carefully managed national elections, former President PUTIN's genuine popularity, and the prudent management of Russia's windfall energy wealth. Russia has severely disabled a Chechen rebel movement, although violence still occurs throughout the North Caucasus.

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References

Russia - Wikipedia
Russia - CIA World Fact Book
Russia - BBC
Russia - National Geographic
Russia - Timeline - BBC

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In Odd Twist, Russia’s Gazprom ‘Saves’ Ukraine’s Naftogaz - ForbesIn Odd Twist, Russia’s Gazprom ‘Saves’ Ukraine’s Naftogaz  Forbes

New Reports Highlight Russia's Deep-Seated Culture of Corruption - VOA NewsNew Reports Highlight Russia's Deep-Seated Culture of Corruption  VOA News

Israeli backpacker imprisoned in Russia formally asks Putin for a pardon - The Times of IsraelIsraeli backpacker imprisoned in Russia formally asks Putin for a pardon  The Times of Israel

India & Russia explore joint development of IT products; AI solutions - Economic TimesIndia & Russia explore joint development of IT products; AI solutions  Economic Times

Putin Decides Low-Growth Russia Could Use Some Help From Keynes - BloombergPutin Decides Low-Growth Russia Could Use Some Help From Keynes  Bloomberg

Young Israeli woman held in Russia files pardon request to Putin - HaaretzYoung Israeli woman held in Russia files pardon request to Putin  Haaretz

The Fate of the China-Russia Alliance - The National Interest OnlineThe Fate of the China-Russia Alliance  The National Interest Online

The Kremlin is notorious for global meddling online. But controlling cyberspace at home has been trickier. - The Washington PostThe Kremlin is notorious for global meddling online. But controlling cyberspace at home has been trickier.  The Washington Post

Russia, Turkey emerge political frontrunners in Libya: Report - Al Jazeera EnglishRussia, Turkey emerge political frontrunners in Libya: Report  Al Jazeera English

Vladimir Putin just signaled that he means to run Russia to his dying breath - New York PostVladimir Putin just signaled that he means to run Russia to his dying breath  New York Post

How Putin Controls Russia - The New YorkerHow Putin Controls Russia  The New Yorker

Russia Is Determined to Buy Stealth Fighters, Bombers, Drones and Even a New Aircraft Carrier - The National Interest OnlineRussia Is Determined to Buy Stealth Fighters, Bombers, Drones and Even a New Aircraft Carrier  The National Interest Online

Europe 'has a duty' to stand up to Russia over re-writing of holocaust history - Telegraph.co.ukEurope 'has a duty' to stand up to Russia over re-writing of holocaust history  Telegraph.co.uk

Bulgaria expels two Russian diplomats suspected of spying - Al Jazeera EnglishBulgaria expels two Russian diplomats suspected of spying  Al Jazeera English

Neo-Nazi Rinaldo Nazzaro running US militant group The Base from Russia - BBC NewsNeo-Nazi Rinaldo Nazzaro running US militant group The Base from Russia  BBC News

Foggo: Allies worried about buying weapons should look at Russia A2/AD - Business InsiderFoggo: Allies worried about buying weapons should look at Russia A2/AD  Business Insider

Moscow pressuring us to merge with Russia, claims Belarus president - EuronewsMoscow pressuring us to merge with Russia, claims Belarus president  Euronews

Russia says jailed Israeli women yet to seek pardon – in what would be a first - HaaretzRussia says jailed Israeli women yet to seek pardon – in what would be a first  Haaretz

Bulgaria Charges 3 Russian Agents in Poisoning Case - The New York TimesBulgaria Charges 3 Russian Agents in Poisoning Case  The New York Times

Russian comedian who joked about President Putin flees country - BBC NewsRussian comedian who joked about President Putin flees country  BBC News

Why is Vladimir Putin racing to amend Russia's constitution? - ABC NewsWhy is Vladimir Putin racing to amend Russia's constitution?  ABC News

Japan arrests ex-SoftBank employee suspected of spying for Russia - CNAJapan arrests ex-SoftBank employee suspected of spying for Russia  CNA

What is Russia's Putin up to? - BBC NewsWhat is Russia's Putin up to?  BBC News

U.S.-Israeli Woman Jailed in Russia Seeks Pardon: Interfax - The New York TimesU.S.-Israeli Woman Jailed in Russia Seeks Pardon: Interfax  The New York Times

Boris Johnson faces diplomatic dilemma over Russia parade - Financial TimesBoris Johnson faces diplomatic dilemma over Russia parade  Financial Times

Lukashenka Accuses Moscow Of Pressuring Belarus Into Russian Merger - Radio Free Europe/ Radio LibertyLukashenka Accuses Moscow Of Pressuring Belarus Into Russian Merger  Radio Free Europe/ Radio Liberty

A Perversion of Justice in Russia - Human Rights WatchA Perversion of Justice in Russia  Human Rights Watch

Trump wondered how long Ukraine could last in fight with Russia, recording shows - POLITICOTrump wondered how long Ukraine could last in fight with Russia, recording shows  POLITICO

Will Russia provide missiles to 'close the entire sky' over Iran? - Al-MonitorWill Russia provide missiles to 'close the entire sky' over Iran?  Al-Monitor

In recording Trump asks how long Ukraine can resist Russians - The Associated PressIn recording Trump asks how long Ukraine can resist Russians  The Associated Press

Report: Russia Says Smartphones Sold in the Country Must Have Software that Supports Traditional Russian Values - GizmodoReport: Russia Says Smartphones Sold in the Country Must Have Software that Supports Traditional Russian Values  Gizmodo

Putin's New Prime Minister, Mikhail Mishustin, Will Help the Russian President Consolidate Power - Foreign PolicyPutin's New Prime Minister, Mikhail Mishustin, Will Help the Russian President Consolidate Power  Foreign Policy

Weather, Russia are Japan's concerns, Sport News & Top Stories - The Straits TimesWeather, Russia are Japan's concerns, Sport News & Top Stories  The Straits Times

Norway sweeps men's sprint, Russia claims women's title at Oberstdorf - Xinhua | English.news.cn - XinhuaNorway sweeps men's sprint, Russia claims women's title at Oberstdorf - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

Does Russia's new culture minister hate the arts? - BBC NewsDoes Russia's new culture minister hate the arts?  BBC News

The Lawfare Podcast: Michael Schwirtz on Russia's Lethal Actions in Europe - LawfareThe Lawfare Podcast: Michael Schwirtz on Russia's Lethal Actions in Europe  Lawfare

Russia's Putin seeks to stimulate birth rate - BBC NewsRussia's Putin seeks to stimulate birth rate  BBC News

Raymond de Souza: Auschwitz and Russia's selective memory of the Second World War - National PostRaymond de Souza: Auschwitz and Russia's selective memory of the Second World War  National Post

Ex-SoftBank employee arrested over alleged leak of proprietary information to Russian spies - The Japan TimesEx-SoftBank employee arrested over alleged leak of proprietary information to Russian spies  The Japan Times

Israeli woman jailed in Russia on drug charges submits petition to be pardoned by Putin - Daily MailIsraeli woman jailed in Russia on drug charges submits petition to be pardoned by Putin  Daily Mail

Russia's 'leading from behind' strategy on Libya - Al-MonitorRussia's 'leading from behind' strategy on Libya  Al-Monitor

Kunlun Red Star to play remainder of KHL season in Russia due to coronavirus outbreak - Russian Machine Never BreaksKunlun Red Star to play remainder of KHL season in Russia due to coronavirus outbreak  Russian Machine Never Breaks

Russia's regions are in revolt | TheHill - The HillRussia's regions are in revolt | TheHill  The Hill

Meet the Sukhoi S-70: Russia's New and Deadly Stealth Drone - The National Interest OnlineMeet the Sukhoi S-70: Russia's New and Deadly Stealth Drone  The National Interest Online

Transtainer moves hazardous cargo in reefer containers across Russia to Poland - WorldCargo NewsTranstainer moves hazardous cargo in reefer containers across Russia to Poland  WorldCargo News

Russia's Role in the Libyan Civil War Gives It Leverage Over Europe - Foreign PolicyRussia's Role in the Libyan Civil War Gives It Leverage Over Europe  Foreign Policy

Trump-Russia dossier: sex, spies and videotape | News - The TimesTrump-Russia dossier: sex, spies and videotape | News  The Times

One Ukraine soldier wounded as Russia-led forces mount 10 attacks on Jan 25 - UNIANOne Ukraine soldier wounded as Russia-led forces mount 10 attacks on Jan 25  UNIAN

Belarus imports oil from Norway after Russia halts supplies - The Associated PressBelarus imports oil from Norway after Russia halts supplies  The Associated Press

Belarus receives first batch of Norwegian oil amid supply row with Russia - ReutersBelarus receives first batch of Norwegian oil amid supply row with Russia  Reuters

How a Russian disinfo op got Trump impeached - POLITICOHow a Russian disinfo op got Trump impeached  POLITICO

Yes, Secretary Pompeo, Americans Should Care About Ukraine - The New York TimesYes, Secretary Pompeo, Americans Should Care About Ukraine  The New York Times

Ex-SoftBank worker thought Russians he gave info to might be spies - The MainichiEx-SoftBank worker thought Russians he gave info to might be spies  The Mainichi

Travel - Russia's mysterious 'City of the Dead' - BBC NewsTravel - Russia's mysterious 'City of the Dead'  BBC News

Russia Gives China a Leg Up in Foreign Broadcasting - Wall Street JournalRussia Gives China a Leg Up in Foreign Broadcasting  Wall Street Journal

‘Chaos Is the Point’: Russian Hackers and Trolls Grow Stealthier in 2020 - The New York Times‘Chaos Is the Point’: Russian Hackers and Trolls Grow Stealthier in 2020  The New York Times

Russia's Strategy in Central Asia: Inviting India to Balance China - The DiplomatRussia's Strategy in Central Asia: Inviting India to Balance China  The Diplomat

Putin fast-tracks effort to extend his rule in Russia - The Associated PressPutin fast-tracks effort to extend his rule in Russia  The Associated Press

Syrian Regime, Backed by Russia, Inches Closer to Maarat al-Numan - Asharq Al-awsat EnglishSyrian Regime, Backed by Russia, Inches Closer to Maarat al-Numan  Asharq Al-awsat English

The debunked "Russian influence" nonsense is infantilizing liberals - SalonThe debunked "Russian influence" nonsense is infantilizing liberals  Salon

Russian 'Propaganda Machine' Selects Kansas City As Its Second Radio Broadcast Site - KCURRussian 'Propaganda Machine' Selects Kansas City As Its Second Radio Broadcast Site  KCUR

Putin Moves to Heighten Russia's Role After Suleimani Killing - Foreign PolicyPutin Moves to Heighten Russia's Role After Suleimani Killing  Foreign Policy

Turkey, Russia and the Libyan conundrum - Al Jazeera EnglishTurkey, Russia and the Libyan conundrum  Al Jazeera English

Putin's Rule Turns 20: Many Russians Find Stability; A New Generation Sees Stagnation - NPRPutin's Rule Turns 20: Many Russians Find Stability; A New Generation Sees Stagnation  NPR

Nadler's Russia Claim - FactCheck.orgNadler's Russia Claim  FactCheck.org

Russians Hacked Ukrainian Gas Company at Center of Impeachment - The New York TimesRussians Hacked Ukrainian Gas Company at Center of Impeachment  The New York Times

The Rift Between Turkey and America Has Paved the Way for Russia's Rebound - The National Interest OnlineThe Rift Between Turkey and America Has Paved the Way for Russia's Rebound  The National Interest Online

Swiss uncovered suspected Davos spy plot by Russian 'plumbers': paper - ReutersSwiss uncovered suspected Davos spy plot by Russian 'plumbers': paper  Reuters

Has Russia's Pivot to Asia Worked? - The DiplomatHas Russia's Pivot to Asia Worked?  The Diplomat

Putin wanted Russian science to top the world. Then a huge academic scandal blew up. - The Washington PostPutin wanted Russian science to top the world. Then a huge academic scandal blew up.  The Washington Post

Stalingrad Foundation praises Tayside man's research on Dundee's links to wartime Russia - Evening TelegraphStalingrad Foundation praises Tayside man's research on Dundee's links to wartime Russia  Evening Telegraph

Multipolarity in Practice: Understanding Russia's Engagement With Regional Institutions - Carnegie Endowment for International PeaceMultipolarity in Practice: Understanding Russia's Engagement With Regional Institutions  Carnegie Endowment for International Peace

Russia announces plan to ‘use the advantages’ of climate change - The GuardianRussia announces plan to ‘use the advantages’ of climate change  The Guardian

Swiss police suspect Davos plumbers of being Russian spies - Financial TimesSwiss police suspect Davos plumbers of being Russian spies  Financial Times

Putin is not all bad - Telegraph IndiaPutin is not all bad  Telegraph India

Yandex, Russia’s biggest search engine, is an on-ramp for child sexual imagery, experts say - FortuneYandex, Russia’s biggest search engine, is an on-ramp for child sexual imagery, experts say  Fortune

Russia announces ceasefire deal with Turkey in Syria's Idlib - Al Jazeera EnglishRussia announces ceasefire deal with Turkey in Syria's Idlib  Al Jazeera English

Two elephants escape from circus in Russia as one explores snowy city streets - Daily MailTwo elephants escape from circus in Russia as one explores snowy city streets  Daily Mail

Trump Loses Another Russia Adviser, Adding to NSC Turnover - BloombergTrump Loses Another Russia Adviser, Adding to NSC Turnover  Bloomberg

Russia Takes a Big Step Toward Internet Isolation - WIREDRussia Takes a Big Step Toward Internet Isolation  WIRED

Ex-SoftBank employee arrested over alleged info leakage to Russia - The MainichiEx-SoftBank employee arrested over alleged info leakage to Russia  The Mainichi

Putin's Russia Is 20 Years Old and Stronger Than Ever. Or Is It? - BloombergPutin's Russia Is 20 Years Old and Stronger Than Ever. Or Is It?  Bloomberg

Russia’s Putin, Germany’s Merkel Hold Talks in Moscow - VOA NewsRussia’s Putin, Germany’s Merkel Hold Talks in Moscow  VOA News

U.S. troops block Russian forces from capturing Syrian oil field - Washington TimesU.S. troops block Russian forces from capturing Syrian oil field  Washington Times

Medvedev Out: Putin Overhauls Russia's Governance System | Asharq AL-awsat - Asharq Al-awsat EnglishMedvedev Out: Putin Overhauls Russia's Governance System | Asharq AL-awsat  Asharq Al-awsat English

Is Russia's Submarine Force Dying? - The National Interest OnlineIs Russia's Submarine Force Dying?  The National Interest Online

PRO: Russia thanks you for opposing voter ID - Kenosha NewsPRO: Russia thanks you for opposing voter ID  Kenosha News

First on CNN: Russian warship 'aggressively approached' US destroyer in Arabian Sea - CNNFirst on CNN: Russian warship 'aggressively approached' US destroyer in Arabian Sea  CNN

Russia’s Oil Output Hits Post-Soviet High Despite OPEC+ Deal - BloombergRussia’s Oil Output Hits Post-Soviet High Despite OPEC+ Deal  Bloomberg

Russia-Poland row over start of WW2 escalates - BBC NewsRussia-Poland row over start of WW2 escalates  BBC News

Russia's Vladimir Putin oversees hypersonic missile test near Crimea - CNNRussia's Vladimir Putin oversees hypersonic missile test near Crimea  CNN

Iraq Considers Purchase of Russian Air-Defense Missile System - Wall Street JournalIraq Considers Purchase of Russian Air-Defense Missile System  Wall Street Journal

The Only Winner of the U.S.-Iran Showdown Is Russia - SlateThe Only Winner of the U.S.-Iran Showdown Is Russia  Slate

U.S. Probes If Russia Is Targeting Biden in 2020 Election Meddling - BloombergU.S. Probes If Russia Is Targeting Biden in 2020 Election Meddling  Bloomberg

Russian journals retract more than 800 papers after 'bombshell' investigation - Science MagazineRussian journals retract more than 800 papers after 'bombshell' investigation  Science Magazine

Russia's 'New' Tactics Promise to Make Russian Tanks Unstoppable - The National Interest OnlineRussia's 'New' Tactics Promise to Make Russian Tanks Unstoppable  The National Interest Online

Russia's New Hypersonic Weapon Flies at Mach 27 - Popular MechanicsRussia's New Hypersonic Weapon Flies at Mach 27  Popular Mechanics

Ukraine and pro-Russian separatists exchange prisoners - BBC NewsUkraine and pro-Russian separatists exchange prisoners  BBC News

Russia's ban appeal to be heard by Court of Arbitration for Sport - BBC NewsRussia's ban appeal to be heard by Court of Arbitration for Sport  BBC News

Soleimani's killing ignites Russia-vs.-Iran schism in Syria - Fox NewsSoleimani's killing ignites Russia-vs.-Iran schism in Syria  Fox News