Timor-Leste

Country Timor-leste
Capital Dili
Continent East & Southeast Asia
Currency United States dollar(USD)
Languages Portuguese, Tetum, Indonesian & English

Information

Introduction

The Portuguese began to trade with the island of Timor in the early 16th century and colonized it in mid-century. Skirmishing with the Dutch in the region eventually resulted in an 1859 treaty in which Portugal ceded the western portion of the island. Imperial Japan occupied Portuguese Timor from 1942 to 1945, but Portugal resumed colonial authority after the Japanese defeat in World War II. East Timor declared itself independent from Portugal on 28 November 1975 and was invaded and occupied by Indonesian forces nine days later. It was incorporated into Indonesia in July 1976 as the province of Timor Timur (East Timor). An unsuccessful campaign of pacification followed over the next two decades, during which an estimated 100,000 to 250,000 individuals lost their lives. On 30 August 1999, in a UN-supervised popular referendum, an overwhelming majority of the people of Timor-Leste voted for independence from Indonesia. Between the referendum and the arrival of a multinational peacekeeping force in late September 1999, anti-independence Timorese militias - organized and supported by the Indonesian military - commenced a large-scale, scorched-earth campaign of retribution. The militias killed approximately 1,400 Timorese and forcibly pushed 300,000 people into western Timor as refugees. The majority of the country's infrastructure, including homes, irrigation systems, water supply systems, and schools, and nearly 100% of the country's electrical grid were destroyed. On 20 September 1999, the Australian-led peacekeeping troops of the International Force for East Timor (INTERFET) deployed to the country and brought the violence to an end. On 20 May 2002, Timor-Leste was internationally recognized as an independent state. In late April 2006, internal tensions threatened the new nation's security when a military strike led to violence and a near breakdown of law and order. At Dili's request, an Australian-led International Stabilization Force (ISF) deployed to Timor-Leste in late May. In August, the UN Security Council established the UN Integrated Mission in Timor-Leste (UNMIT), which included an authorized police presence of over 1,600 personnel. The ISF and UNMIT restored stability, allowing for presidential and parliamentary elections in April and June 2007 in a largely peaceful atmosphere. In February 2008, a rebel group staged an unsuccessful attack against the president and prime minister. The ringleader was killed in the attack and the majority of the rebels surrendered in April 2008. Since the unsuccessful attacks the government has enjoyed one of its longest periods of post-independence stability.

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References

Timor-Leste - Wikipedia
Timor-Leste - CIA World Fact Book
Timor-Leste - BBC
Timor-Leste - Timeline - BBC

Cities

Links

News Headlines

Google News
From guerrilla fighter to president: Francisco Guterres' plans to rebuild Timor-Leste - SBS

SBS

From guerrilla fighter to president: Francisco Guterres' plans to rebuild Timor-Leste
SBS
In Timor-Leste's western enclave of Oecusse, change is coming fast. Reuban Landos and his family run a tiny village store on the edge of a paddy field. Vast mountains decorate the horizon, but soon the landscape will have another defining feature - a ...
Timor-Leste: A safer highway means a better cup of coffeesatPRnews (press release)

all 2 news articles »


'Much to be done': new president brings Timor-Leste hope for a better future - The Guardian

The Guardian

'Much to be done': new president brings Timor-Leste hope for a better future
The Guardian
National pride is a serious business for Timor-Leste, a young country with a violent history. So on the eve of a presidential inauguration and the 15th anniversary of the nation's independence, the capital Dili is covered in flags. They adorn houses ...
New president for Timor-LesteSBS
Chinese president's special envoy attends Timor-Leste presidential inaugurationXinhua
Xi exchanges congratulations with Timor-Leste president on ties-building anniversaryGlobal Times

all 7 news articles »


Timor Leste loves hearing our rubbish story - ABC Local

ABC Local

Timor Leste loves hearing our rubbish story
ABC Local
A delegation of 28 local government workers are in town for nine days to look at how they could bring a little bit of Darwin into their Timor Leste towns. Eduardo Casimiro is a technical assistant from Ermeera District, 75km from Dili, and Bob Elix is ...



Fifteen years of freedom for Timor-Leste - Asia Times

Asia Times

Fifteen years of freedom for Timor-Leste
Asia Times
On May 19, as dignitaries gathered in Dili for the inauguration of Timor-Leste's new president, Francisco “Lu-Olo” Guterres, the ceremony had an added significance as the new nation celebrated 15 years of independence from repressive and conflict ...



President congratulates new Timor Leste leader, Singapore News ... - The Straits Times

President congratulates new Timor Leste leader, Singapore News ...
The Straits Times
President Tony Tan Keng Yam has congratulated his Timor Leste counterpart, Mr Francisco Guterres, who was sworn into office over the weekend, underscoring ...

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Current Timor Leste says PNG can learn from his country - POST-COURIER

POST-COURIER

Current Timor Leste says PNG can learn from his country
POST-COURIER
Timor Leste has some very good lessons they can share with Papua New Guinea and Bougainville on how they successfully gained independence amidst war and destruction which caused hundreds of deaths. Xanana Gusmao, Timor Leste's hero, the first ...
PNG not invited for G7 Meet | Papua New Guinea TodayPapua New Guinea Today

all 3 news articles »


Global Conference on Sustainable Development in Fragile and Conflict-affected States opens in Timor-Leste - ReliefWeb

Global Conference on Sustainable Development in Fragile and Conflict-affected States opens in Timor-Leste
ReliefWeb
Dili, 22 May 2017 – The Global Conference on the 2030 Agenda: A Roadmap for SDGs in Fragile and Conflict-affected States” was officially opened on Monday by the President of the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste H.E. Mr. Francisco Guterres “Lu Olo”.



Timor-Leste bishop tells young to follow Mary's example - Vatican ... - Vatican Radio

Vatican Radio

Timor-Leste bishop tells young to follow Mary's example - Vatican ...
Vatican Radio
Timor-Leste bishop tells young to follow Mary's example - The Bishop Carmo da Silva tells young leadership trainees to share their faith with others in daily ...
The Caiman and the Crocodile; Timor Leste and Cuba - Prensa LatinaPrensa Latina
Chinese president's special envoy to attend Timor-Leste presidential ...Xinhua

all 4 news articles »


MLA to attend Timor-Leste inauguration - Katherine Times

Katherine Times

MLA to attend Timor-Leste inauguration
Katherine Times
Mr Gunner said the inauguration will be an important first step in forging a close relationship with the new President of our closest neighbour. “The Northern Territory and Timor-Leste have always maintained a close relationship and will continue to do ...



Timor Leste independence, friendship agreement celebrated this week - Bega District News

Bega District News

Timor Leste independence, friendship agreement celebrated this week
Bega District News
A special flag-raising ceremony is planned for Wednesday, May 17, to mark Timor Leste's independence day.
The Universal Lesson Of East Timor - New MatildaNew Matilda

all 2 news articles »