Timor-Leste

Country Timor-leste
Capital Dili
Continent East & Southeast Asia
Currency United States dollar(USD)
Languages Portuguese, Tetum, Indonesian & English

Information

Introduction

The Portuguese began to trade with the island of Timor in the early 16th century and colonized it in mid-century. Skirmishing with the Dutch in the region eventually resulted in an 1859 treaty in which Portugal ceded the western portion of the island. Imperial Japan occupied Portuguese Timor from 1942 to 1945, but Portugal resumed colonial authority after the Japanese defeat in World War II. East Timor declared itself independent from Portugal on 28 November 1975 and was invaded and occupied by Indonesian forces nine days later. It was incorporated into Indonesia in July 1976 as the province of Timor Timur (East Timor). An unsuccessful campaign of pacification followed over the next two decades, during which an estimated 100,000 to 250,000 individuals lost their lives. On 30 August 1999, in a UN-supervised popular referendum, an overwhelming majority of the people of Timor-Leste voted for independence from Indonesia. Between the referendum and the arrival of a multinational peacekeeping force in late September 1999, anti-independence Timorese militias - organized and supported by the Indonesian military - commenced a large-scale, scorched-earth campaign of retribution. The militias killed approximately 1,400 Timorese and forcibly pushed 300,000 people into western Timor as refugees. The majority of the country's infrastructure, including homes, irrigation systems, water supply systems, and schools, and nearly 100% of the country's electrical grid were destroyed. On 20 September 1999, the Australian-led peacekeeping troops of the International Force for East Timor (INTERFET) deployed to the country and brought the violence to an end. On 20 May 2002, Timor-Leste was internationally recognized as an independent state. In late April 2006, internal tensions threatened the new nation's security when a military strike led to violence and a near breakdown of law and order. At Dili's request, an Australian-led International Stabilization Force (ISF) deployed to Timor-Leste in late May. In August, the UN Security Council established the UN Integrated Mission in Timor-Leste (UNMIT), which included an authorized police presence of over 1,600 personnel. The ISF and UNMIT restored stability, allowing for presidential and parliamentary elections in April and June 2007 in a largely peaceful atmosphere. In February 2008, a rebel group staged an unsuccessful attack against the president and prime minister. The ringleader was killed in the attack and the majority of the rebels surrendered in April 2008. Since the unsuccessful attacks the government has enjoyed one of its longest periods of post-independence stability.

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References

Timor-Leste - Wikipedia
Timor-Leste - CIA World Fact Book
Timor-Leste - BBC
Timor-Leste - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
FNU, Timor Leste accord - Fiji Times

Fiji Times

FNU, Timor Leste accord
Fiji Times
"We are the oldest institution in Fiji and probably regarded as the first medical school in the Pacific region. This partnership with Timor-Leste recognises the intention of FNU to expand its co-operation in a broad range area and to work with the ...

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FNU partners with Timor Leste health arm - Fiji Times

FNU partners with Timor Leste health arm
Fiji Times
Update: 4:48PM A FIJI university has partnered with the Ministry of Health of the Democratic Republic of Timor Leste focused on the development of human resources in the health sector. Fiji National University (FNU) signed the Memorandum of Agreement ...



Timor-Leste Parliamentary Elections: Hard Choices, Hard Times - The Diplomat

The Diplomat

Timor-Leste Parliamentary Elections: Hard Choices, Hard Times
The Diplomat
This election is particularly significant, as it will again test the strength of the new coalition of the two largest political parties in Timor-Leste — the Revolutionary Front for an Independent East Timor (FRETILIN) and the National Congress for ...



Two Bali escaped inmates captured in Timor Leste - The Straits Times

The Guardian

Two Bali escaped inmates captured in Timor Leste
The Straits Times
JAKARTA (AFP) - Two foreign inmates who tunnelled their way out of a Bali prison have been captured in Timor Leste, police said Friday (June 23), in the latest prison break case in Indonesia. Bulgarian Dimitar Nikolov Iliev and Indian Sayed Mohammed ...
Two Bali prison escapees caught in Timor-Leste, but Australian still at largeThe Guardian
Two Bali foreign inmates caught in Timor LesteJakarta Post
Two of four escapees from Bali jail captured in Timor-LesteSBS
Indonesia Expat -Malay Mail Online -Jakarta Globe
all 122 news articles »


Timor-Leste journalist threatened with jail in defamation case found not guilty - The Guardian

The Guardian

Timor-Leste journalist threatened with jail in defamation case found not guilty
The Guardian
Reporter Raimundos Oki (centre) after his hearing in Dili, Timor-Leste. Dozens of journalists came to support Oki and his former editor Lourenco Vicente Martins as the court ruled on a suit launched by Rui Aria de Araújo. Photograph: Valentino Dariel ...



Timor-Leste president Francisco 'Lu'Olo' Guterres: a product of war now pushing for peace - The Guardian

The Guardian

Timor-Leste president Francisco 'Lu'Olo' Guterres: a product of war now pushing for peace
The Guardian
At his swearing in on 19 May, Lu'Olo pledged to assert Timor-Leste and its “principles and values” on the world stage, promoting peace, prosperity, environmental protection and the elimination of poverty. The country would pursue bilateral ...



The Big Winner of Timor-Leste's Parliamentary Elections? The Country Itself - The Diplomat

The Diplomat

The Big Winner of Timor-Leste's Parliamentary Elections? The Country Itself
The Diplomat
When these teenagers were born, Timor-Leste was not officially a country. They would have been born in the aftermath of the terrible violence and destruction that surrounded the 1999 independence referendum, which set Timor-Leste on the course to ...



Business opportunities aplenty in Timor-Leste - Borneo Bulletin Online

Business opportunities aplenty in Timor-Leste
Borneo Bulletin Online
TIMOR-LESTE, Asia's youngest nation, offers Brunei Darussalam vast opportunities in various fields, particularly the Halal food industry and human capacity building. This was stated by Ambassador of Brunei Darussalam to Timor-Leste Norazlianah binti ...



Vanuatu's Sope honoured by Timor Leste - Radio New Zealand

Radio New Zealand

Vanuatu's Sope honoured by Timor Leste
Radio New Zealand
A former Vanuatu prime minister, Barak Sope, has received the 'Order of Timor Leste' - that country's highest honour. Former Vanuatu Prime Minister Barak Sope Photo: RNZ / Johnny Blades. While pinning the medal on Mr Sope at a ceremony in Dili, the ...

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Timor-Leste Minister of State Highlights Cuban Collaboration - Prensa Latina

Prensa Latina

Timor-Leste Minister of State Highlights Cuban Collaboration
Prensa Latina
Havana, Jun 22 (Prensa Latina) Timor Leste''s Minister of State, Antonio da Conceição, has highlighted today the collaboration his country has maintained with ...

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