Timor-Leste

Country Timor-leste
Capital Dili
Continent East & Southeast Asia
Currency United States dollar(USD)
Languages Portuguese, Tetum, Indonesian & English

Information

Introduction

The Portuguese began to trade with the island of Timor in the early 16th century and colonized it in mid-century. Skirmishing with the Dutch in the region eventually resulted in an 1859 treaty in which Portugal ceded the western portion of the island. Imperial Japan occupied Portuguese Timor from 1942 to 1945, but Portugal resumed colonial authority after the Japanese defeat in World War II. East Timor declared itself independent from Portugal on 28 November 1975 and was invaded and occupied by Indonesian forces nine days later. It was incorporated into Indonesia in July 1976 as the province of Timor Timur (East Timor). An unsuccessful campaign of pacification followed over the next two decades, during which an estimated 100,000 to 250,000 individuals lost their lives. On 30 August 1999, in a UN-supervised popular referendum, an overwhelming majority of the people of Timor-Leste voted for independence from Indonesia. Between the referendum and the arrival of a multinational peacekeeping force in late September 1999, anti-independence Timorese militias - organized and supported by the Indonesian military - commenced a large-scale, scorched-earth campaign of retribution. The militias killed approximately 1,400 Timorese and forcibly pushed 300,000 people into western Timor as refugees. The majority of the country's infrastructure, including homes, irrigation systems, water supply systems, and schools, and nearly 100% of the country's electrical grid were destroyed. On 20 September 1999, the Australian-led peacekeeping troops of the International Force for East Timor (INTERFET) deployed to the country and brought the violence to an end. On 20 May 2002, Timor-Leste was internationally recognized as an independent state. In late April 2006, internal tensions threatened the new nation's security when a military strike led to violence and a near breakdown of law and order. At Dili's request, an Australian-led International Stabilization Force (ISF) deployed to Timor-Leste in late May. In August, the UN Security Council established the UN Integrated Mission in Timor-Leste (UNMIT), which included an authorized police presence of over 1,600 personnel. The ISF and UNMIT restored stability, allowing for presidential and parliamentary elections in April and June 2007 in a largely peaceful atmosphere. In February 2008, a rebel group staged an unsuccessful attack against the president and prime minister. The ringleader was killed in the attack and the majority of the rebels surrendered in April 2008. Since the unsuccessful attacks the government has enjoyed one of its longest periods of post-independence stability.

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References

Timor-Leste - Wikipedia
Timor-Leste - CIA World Fact Book
Timor-Leste - BBC
Timor-Leste - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
Timor-Leste's critical window on ASEAN - The Interpreter

Timor-Leste's critical window on ASEAN
The Interpreter
Amid the celebrations of ASEAN's 50th birthday last week, the question of whether Timor-Leste will soon be granted full membership lingers. ASEAN membership is the cornerstone of Timor-Leste's foreign policy. In March 2011, Timor-Leste applied for ...



WFP Timor-Leste Country Brief, June 2017 - ReliefWeb

ReliefWeb

WFP Timor-Leste Country Brief, June 2017
ReliefWeb
WFP supported the launch of the Timor-Leste Strategic Review: Progress and Success in Achieving Sustainable Development Goal 2, undertaken by local non-governmental organization (NGO) the Centre of Studies for Peace and Development (CEPAD), ...



FIBA Oceania President "astonished" in Timor-Leste - FIBA

FIBA Oceania President "astonished" in Timor-Leste
FIBA
TIMOR-LESTE - Bouncing basketballs, laughter and smiles welcomed FIBA Oceania President to the South East Asian country separated from Australia to the south by the Timor Sea, and the Indonesian Province of East Nusa Tenggara to the west.



Timor Leste should join Asean: The Jakarta Post columnist - The Straits Times

The Straits Times

Timor Leste should join Asean: The Jakarta Post columnist
The Straits Times
AINARO, Timor Leste (THE JAKARTA POST/ASIA NEWS NETWORK) - Bright blue election boxes and indelibly inked index fingers. These are just some of the vivid colors of democracy that come to mind as I think back to something momentous that just ...
Timor Leste deserves to join ASEANJakarta Post

all 3 news articles »


Time (and Oil) Running Out for Timor-Leste - The Diplomat

The Diplomat

Time (and Oil) Running Out for Timor-Leste
The Diplomat
Elections in Timor-Leste have highlighted the challenges facing one of Southeast Asia's poorest nations, amid predictions that its key oil and gas resources could be depleted by the end of the decade. Preliminary results Sunday from parliamentary ...
Timor-Leste set for new coalition after ruling parties win pollSBS
Timor-Leste elections suggest reframed cross-party governmentThe Interpreter
Timor Leste votes for Parliament amid huge challengesThe Straits Times
Asia Pacific Report -Asia Times
all 97 news articles »


Timor-Leste elections a significant milestone - The Interpreter

The Interpreter

Timor-Leste elections a significant milestone
The Interpreter
For a nation that only won its hard-fought battle for independence 15 years ago, Timor Leste has travelled a long way fast. On 22 July, the Timorese people voted for the fourth time in parliamentary elections to elect the 65 members of the National ...



cloudyBoss Intern Boosts Digital Profile of Home Country, Timor-Leste - PR.com (press release)

cloudyBoss Intern Boosts Digital Profile of Home Country, Timor-Leste
PR.com (press release)
One of the leading lights of the cloudyBoss Internship Program is Ana Xbelo from Timor-Leste (East Timor). Sydney, Australia, August 17, 2017 --(PR.com)-- Ana is one of a select few to be granted a full undergraduate scholarship by her government to ...



US and Timor Leste navies stage joint exercise, SE Asia News ... - The Straits Times

The Straits Times

US and Timor Leste navies stage joint exercise, SE Asia News ...
The Straits Times
Navy personnel in Timor Leste practising combat tactics taught by the US Marines during an exercise at a naval base in Metinaro, Dili, yesterday. The United ...

and more »


Timor-Leste: Failing State or Missed Opportunity? - The Diplomat

The Diplomat

Timor-Leste: Failing State or Missed Opportunity?
The Diplomat
There is a lot of doom and gloom about the possibility of Timor-Leste becoming a failed state. Caution is understandable, as failed states create regional instability. However, there is a tendency to overlook the positive steps that Timor-Leste takes ...



Timor-Leste Prepares for New Government and Opportunities for Tourist Economy - The Asia Foundation - In Asia

The Asia Foundation - In Asia

Timor-Leste Prepares for New Government and Opportunities for Tourist Economy
The Asia Foundation - In Asia
In July, Timor-Leste held its 4th parliamentary election, heralding in a new government, and potentially new leadership both within key ministries and at the prime ministerial level. Such leadership changes come at a critical time for the oil-dependent ...