Timor-Leste

Country Timor-leste
Capital Dili
Continent East & Southeast Asia
Currency United States dollar(USD)
Languages Portuguese, Tetum, Indonesian & English

Information

Introduction

The Portuguese began to trade with the island of Timor in the early 16th century and colonized it in mid-century. Skirmishing with the Dutch in the region eventually resulted in an 1859 treaty in which Portugal ceded the western portion of the island. Imperial Japan occupied Portuguese Timor from 1942 to 1945, but Portugal resumed colonial authority after the Japanese defeat in World War II. East Timor declared itself independent from Portugal on 28 November 1975 and was invaded and occupied by Indonesian forces nine days later. It was incorporated into Indonesia in July 1976 as the province of Timor Timur (East Timor). An unsuccessful campaign of pacification followed over the next two decades, during which an estimated 100,000 to 250,000 individuals lost their lives. On 30 August 1999, in a UN-supervised popular referendum, an overwhelming majority of the people of Timor-Leste voted for independence from Indonesia. Between the referendum and the arrival of a multinational peacekeeping force in late September 1999, anti-independence Timorese militias - organized and supported by the Indonesian military - commenced a large-scale, scorched-earth campaign of retribution. The militias killed approximately 1,400 Timorese and forcibly pushed 300,000 people into western Timor as refugees. The majority of the country's infrastructure, including homes, irrigation systems, water supply systems, and schools, and nearly 100% of the country's electrical grid were destroyed. On 20 September 1999, the Australian-led peacekeeping troops of the International Force for East Timor (INTERFET) deployed to the country and brought the violence to an end. On 20 May 2002, Timor-Leste was internationally recognized as an independent state. In late April 2006, internal tensions threatened the new nation's security when a military strike led to violence and a near breakdown of law and order. At Dili's request, an Australian-led International Stabilization Force (ISF) deployed to Timor-Leste in late May. In August, the UN Security Council established the UN Integrated Mission in Timor-Leste (UNMIT), which included an authorized police presence of over 1,600 personnel. The ISF and UNMIT restored stability, allowing for presidential and parliamentary elections in April and June 2007 in a largely peaceful atmosphere. In February 2008, a rebel group staged an unsuccessful attack against the president and prime minister. The ringleader was killed in the attack and the majority of the rebels surrendered in April 2008. Since the unsuccessful attacks the government has enjoyed one of its longest periods of post-independence stability.

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References

Timor-Leste - Wikipedia
Timor-Leste - CIA World Fact Book
Timor-Leste - BBC
Timor-Leste - Timeline - BBC

Cities

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News Headlines

Google News
Why the Return of Partisanship in Timor-Leste is a Good Thing - The Diplomat

The Diplomat

Why the Return of Partisanship in Timor-Leste is a Good Thing
The Diplomat
What a relief. For years, myself and some other pundits deplored the fact that there was very little political opposition to Timor-Leste's “unity government.” So little, in fact, that President Tuar Matan Ruak went beyond his constitutional role by ...



Timor-Leste and Australia agree on draft sea border treaty - The Straits Times

Macauhub

Timor-Leste and Australia agree on draft sea border treaty
The Straits Times
THE HAGUE • Australia and Timor-Leste have drawn up a draft treaty setting out their maritime borders, with the aim of ending a bitter dispute over lucrative oil and gas fields, officials said yesterday. "Timor-Leste and Australia have reached ...
Australia and Timor-Leste agree on border delimitationMacauhub
Australia, Timor-Leste Reach Draft Treaty Over Maritime BoundaryNatural Gas World
Australia, Timor-Leste reach draft agreement on maritime borderhttp://en.vietnamplus.vn/ (press release)

all 6 news articles »


Timor-Leste Government wants to double non-oil tax revenue - Macauhub

Timor-Leste Government wants to double non-oil tax revenue
Macauhub
The government of Timor-Leste (East Timor) intends to double non-oil tax revenues to US$400 million a year with the introduction of Value Added Tax (VAT) and increases in the taxes on tobacco and alcohol, said the Minister of Planning and Finance.



Timor-Leste open to investment in oil, gas, tourism, agriculture and fisheries, says Ambassador - EMTV Online

EMTV Online

Timor-Leste open to investment in oil, gas, tourism, agriculture and fisheries, says Ambassador
EMTV Online
With its longstanding dispute with Australia over the Timor Sea resolved, neighbouring Timor-Leste looks set to expand its petroleum and mineral industries. Meanwhile, its government is actively seeking investors in agriculture and fisheries, tourism ...



Timor Leste president swears in first minority government - The Straits Times

The Straits Times

Timor Leste president swears in first minority government
The Straits Times
DILI (Reuters) - Timor Leste President Francisco "Lu Olo" Guterres swore in the remaining members of the new Cabinet on Tuesday (Oct 3) and urged the first minority government since independence to focus on improving living conditions and avoiding ...

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Can market systems development build resilience in fragile contexts? A Case Study of Effective Seed Storage in Timor ... - ReliefWeb

ReliefWeb

Can market systems development build resilience in fragile contexts? A Case Study of Effective Seed Storage in Timor ...
ReliefWeb
Mercy Corps' Effective Seed Storage (ESS) seeks to increase food security in Timor-Leste through initiatives aimed at reducing seed and harvest storage losses and maintaining better access to quality seeds. Since August 2011, ESS has successfully ...



IMF Staff Completes 2017 Article IV Consultation Mission to Timor-Leste - International Monetary Fund

IMF Staff Completes 2017 Article IV Consultation Mission to Timor-Leste
International Monetary Fund
An International Monetary Fund (IMF) staff team led by Ms. Yu Ching Wong visited Timor-Leste from September 25-October 6 to conduct the 2017 Article IV Consultation discussions. The discussions covered recent developments and current economic ...

and more »


Timor Leste's struggle in sustaining democracy amidst developmental challenges - Sin Chew Jit Poh

Sin Chew Jit Poh

Timor Leste's struggle in sustaining democracy amidst developmental challenges
Sin Chew Jit Poh
After 15 years of its restoration of independence, Timor Leste is a country that remains unknown to many of us in the Southeast Asia region. Geographically, it is located on the eastern edge of the Indonesian archipelago. As a small state, the country ...
Small nations, big lessons - RapplerRappler

all 2 news articles »


Timor-Leste's New Government and the Future of the Youth in Politics - The Diplomat

The Diplomat

Timor-Leste's New Government and the Future of the Youth in Politics
The Diplomat
Led by Mari Alkatiri, secretary-general of the Revolutionary Front for an Independent East Timor (Fretilin) for the second time as the prime minister, the Seventh Constitutional Government of Timor-Leste was finally sworn in on September 15. Some ...



United Nations News Centre - Timor-Leste is vivid example of what ... - UN News Centre

UN News Centre

United Nations News Centre - Timor-Leste is vivid example of what ...
UN News Centre
Maria Helena Lopes de Jesus Pires, Permanent Representative of the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste to the United Nations, addresses the general debate ...

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