Timor-Leste

Country Timor-leste
Capital Dili
Continent East & Southeast Asia
Currency United States dollar(USD)
Languages Portuguese, Tetum, Indonesian & English

Information

Introduction

The Portuguese began to trade with the island of Timor in the early 16th century and colonized it in mid-century. Skirmishing with the Dutch in the region eventually resulted in an 1859 treaty in which Portugal ceded the western portion of the island. Imperial Japan occupied Portuguese Timor from 1942 to 1945, but Portugal resumed colonial authority after the Japanese defeat in World War II. East Timor declared itself independent from Portugal on 28 November 1975 and was invaded and occupied by Indonesian forces nine days later. It was incorporated into Indonesia in July 1976 as the province of Timor Timur (East Timor). An unsuccessful campaign of pacification followed over the next two decades, during which an estimated 100,000 to 250,000 individuals lost their lives. On 30 August 1999, in a UN-supervised popular referendum, an overwhelming majority of the people of Timor-Leste voted for independence from Indonesia. Between the referendum and the arrival of a multinational peacekeeping force in late September 1999, anti-independence Timorese militias - organized and supported by the Indonesian military - commenced a large-scale, scorched-earth campaign of retribution. The militias killed approximately 1,400 Timorese and forcibly pushed 300,000 people into western Timor as refugees. The majority of the country's infrastructure, including homes, irrigation systems, water supply systems, and schools, and nearly 100% of the country's electrical grid were destroyed. On 20 September 1999, the Australian-led peacekeeping troops of the International Force for East Timor (INTERFET) deployed to the country and brought the violence to an end. On 20 May 2002, Timor-Leste was internationally recognized as an independent state. In late April 2006, internal tensions threatened the new nation's security when a military strike led to violence and a near breakdown of law and order. At Dili's request, an Australian-led International Stabilization Force (ISF) deployed to Timor-Leste in late May. In August, the UN Security Council established the UN Integrated Mission in Timor-Leste (UNMIT), which included an authorized police presence of over 1,600 personnel. The ISF and UNMIT restored stability, allowing for presidential and parliamentary elections in April and June 2007 in a largely peaceful atmosphere. In February 2008, a rebel group staged an unsuccessful attack against the president and prime minister. The ringleader was killed in the attack and the majority of the rebels surrendered in April 2008. Since the unsuccessful attacks the government has enjoyed one of its longest periods of post-independence stability.

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References

Timor-Leste - Wikipedia
Timor-Leste - CIA World Fact Book
Timor-Leste - BBC
Timor-Leste - Timeline - BBC

Cities

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PH Azkals suffer embarrassing loss to Timor Leste - Inquirer.net

Inquirer.net

PH Azkals suffer embarrassing loss to Timor Leste
Inquirer.net
On the day Philippine football marked one of its biggest achievements, a hastily assembled national men's squad also suffered one of its most embarrassing losses on Tuesday. The Azkals, the top-ranked team in Southeast Asia at No. 118, absorbed a ...

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Portuguese couple detained in Darwin after arriving by boat from Timor-Leste - The Guardian

The Guardian

Portuguese couple detained in Darwin after arriving by boat from Timor-Leste
The Guardian
Two Portuguese nationals convicted of embezzling more than $800,000 from Timor-Leste have been detained by Australian Border Force after apparently fleeing Dili in a boat and arriving at the Darwin Sailing Club. Guardian Australia understands the duo ...



Emergency Obstetric and Newborn Care (EmONC) Improvement Plan of Action - Timor-Leste 2016-2019 - ReliefWeb

ReliefWeb

Emergency Obstetric and Newborn Care (EmONC) Improvement Plan of Action - Timor-Leste 2016-2019
ReliefWeb
Timor-Leste is committed to the health of its women and Children since Independence. The Government and its Development Partners united under the H4+ initiative have improved the situation since 2008. The good achievements of the Millennium Development ...

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IMF Executive Board Concludes 2017 Article IV Consultation with the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste - International Monetary Fund

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2017 Article IV Consultation with the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste
International Monetary Fund
On December 6, 2017, the Executive Board of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) concluded the Article IV consultation [1] with the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste, and considered and endorsed the staff appraisal without a meeting on a lapse-of ...

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Keeping the water running in Timor Leste - Pursuit

Pursuit

Keeping the water running in Timor Leste
Pursuit
Little wonder then, that there is an ongoing effort by the governments of Timor Leste and Australia and a broad group of NGOs, to bring water closer to people's homes. When I visited Timor Leste as part of my research into the system dynamics of rural ...



Timor-Leste embassy in Pretoria sacks new mother - Citizen

Citizen

Timor-Leste embassy in Pretoria sacks new mother
Citizen
A young mother is struggling despite winning a court battle for unfair dismissal against the Timor-Leste embassy in Pretoria, which fired her because she was pregnant, only for the embassy to hide behind diplomatic immunity. Noma Dlamalala, a South ...



WFP Timor-Leste Country Brief, October 2017 - ReliefWeb

ReliefWeb

WFP Timor-Leste Country Brief, October 2017
ReliefWeb
WFP supported the conduct of the Timor-Leste Strategic Review: Progress and Success in Achieving Sustainable Development Goal 2 undertaken by local non-governmental organization (NGO) the Centre of Studies for Peace and Development (CEPAD) and Johns ...



Opposition to Current Political Situation in Timor-Leste - Scoop.co.nz (press release)

Opposition to Current Political Situation in Timor-Leste
Scoop.co.nz (press release)
Dili, 2 December, 2017 – On December 2nd 2017, the most voted political party at 2017 elections, Frente Revolucionária do Timor-Leste Independente (FRETILIN), held an extended Central Committee meeting at its headquarters. The meeting, that had around ...

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Football: Azkals end Taipei campaign with loss to Timor-Leste - ABS-CBN News

ABS-CBN News

Football: Azkals end Taipei campaign with loss to Timor-Leste
ABS-CBN News
The Philippine Azkals suffered their second straight defeat in their last game at the Chinese Taipei Football Association (CTFA) International Tournament on Tuesday. The Azkals bowed to Timor Leste, 1-0, two days after sustaining a 3-0 defeat at the hands of host team Chinese-Taipei. The Filipinos had a smashing opening in the CTFA when they dominated Laos, 3-1. The CTFA International Tournament is a the four-nation competition taking place at the Municipal Stadium in Taipei. (For more sports coverage, visit ...



42 years after Timor-Leste's declared independence, a democracy plea - Asia Pacific Report

Asia Pacific Report

42 years after Timor-Leste's declared independence, a democracy plea
Asia Pacific Report
We encourage those in government, Parliament and political parties to design, improve, and carry out programmes to strengthen and diversify Timor-Leste's economy, minimise poverty, decrease unemployment and malnutrition, reduce inequalities, and ...