Iran

Country Iran
Capital Tehran
Continent Asia
Currency Rial(IRR)
Languages Persian, Azerbaijani, Kurdish, Lurish, Gilaki, Balochi, Mazandarani, Arabic, Turkmen, Armenian & Georgian

Information

Introduction

Known as Persia until 1935, Iran became an Islamic republic in 1979 after the ruling monarchy was overthrown and Shah Mohammad Reza PAHLAVI was forced into exile. Conservative clerical forces established a theocratic system of government with ultimate political authority vested in a learned religious scholar referred to commonly as the Supreme Leader who, according to the constitution, is accountable only to the Assembly of Experts - a popularly elected 86-member body of clerics. US-Iranian relations have been strained since a group of Iranian students seized the US Embassy in Tehran on 4 November 1979 and held it until 20 January 1981. During 1980-88, Iran fought a bloody, indecisive war with Iraq that eventually expanded into the Persian Gulf and led to clashes between US Navy and Iranian military forces between 1987 and 1988. Iran has been designated a state sponsor of terrorism for its activities in Lebanon and elsewhere in the world and remains subject to US, UN, and EU economic sanctions and export controls because of its continued involvement in terrorism and its nuclear weapons ambitions. Following the election of reformer Hojjat ol-Eslam Mohammad KHATAMI as president in 1997 and a reformist Majles (legislature) in 2000, a campaign to foster political reform in response to popular dissatisfaction was initiated. The movement floundered as conservative politicians, through the control of unelected institutions, prevented reform measures from being enacted and increased repressive measures. Starting with nationwide municipal elections in 2003 and continuing through Majles elections in 2004, conservatives reestablished control over Iran's elected government institutions, which culminated with the August 2005 inauguration of hardliner Mahmud AHMADI-NEJAD as president. His controversial reelection in June 2009 sparked nationwide protests over allegations of electoral fraud. The UN Security Council has passed a number of resolutions (1696 in July 2006, 1737 in December 2006, 1747 in March 2007, 1803 in March 2008, and 1835 in September 2008) calling for Iran to suspend its uranium enrichment and reprocessing activities and comply with its IAEA obligations and responsibilities. Resolutions 1737, 1477, and 1803 subject a number of Iranian individuals and entities involved in Iran's nuclear and ballistic missile programs to sanctions. Additionally, several Iranian entities are subject to US sanctions under Executive Order 13382 designations for proliferation activities and EO 13224 designations for support of terrorism.

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References

Iran - Wikipedia
Iran - CIA World Fact Book
Iran - BBC
Iran - National Geographic
Iran - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
Iran accuses US of 'brazen' plan to change its government - News 12 Westchester

Iran accuses US of 'brazen' plan to change its government
News 12 Westchester
UNITED NATIONS (AP) - Iran is accusing U.S. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson of "a brazen interventionist plan" to change the current government that violates international law and the U.N. Charter. Iran's U.N. Ambassador Gholamali Khoshroo said in a ...

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Why Iran and Israel may be on the verge of conflict — in Syria - New York Post

Why Iran and Israel may be on the verge of conflict — in Syria
New York Post
By capturing this road, and the area east of Israel and north of Jordan, they can establish a land corridor from Iran, through Iraq, to Damascus and Syria's neighbor, Lebanon. Throw in Yemen, and Iran's dream of a “Shiite crescent” that would make it ...

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Supreme Court Takes Up Dispute Over Iran Antiquities in Terror Case - NBCNews.com

NBCNews.com

Supreme Court Takes Up Dispute Over Iran Antiquities in Terror Case
NBCNews.com
The U.S. Supreme Court agreed Tuesday to take up a long running legal battle over a claim by victims of terrorism to Iranian antiquities held in a Chicago museum. Nine U.S. citizens sued Iran after a 1997 suicide bombing in Israel. The Islamic ...
Justices to hear dispute over seizing Iran artifactsEconomic Times
SCOTUS to rule on Iran compensation to terror victimsArutz Sheva
US Supreme Court will rule on US citizens suing Iran over Hamas bombingi24NEWS (press release) (registration)

all 16 news articles »


Iran warns US against 'dangerous' Syria escalation - Inquirer.net

Inquirer.net

Iran warns US against 'dangerous' Syria escalation
Inquirer.net
In this image provided by the U.S. Navy, the guided-missile destroyer USS Porter (DDG 78) launches a tomahawk land attack missile in the Mediterranean Sea, Friday, April 7, 2017. The United States blasted a Syrian air base with a barrage of cruise ...
Trump's War: From Bombing Syria to Challenging Russia and IranNewsweek
Haley says warning to Syria also aimed at Russia and IranABC News
Iran Warns US Against 'Dangerous Escalation' In Syria Over 'Fake Pretext'RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty
The Drive -Daily Beast -The National Interest Online -BuzzFeed News
all 888 news articles »


There Is No Good Time to Invest in Iran - The Diplomat

The Diplomat

There Is No Good Time to Invest in Iran
The Diplomat
There doesn't appear to be much concrete information to back up these claims, and the Islamic Republic of Iran has a demonstrated track record of exaggerating its own prospects, both in terms of economic outcomes and military development. Yet, the ...
Tillerson Lets Slip He Wants Regime Change in IranNewsweek
The Iran Puzzle - The New York TimesNew York Times
Trump is right to focus on Iran's support of terrorism - Baltimore SunBaltimore Sun
The American Conservative -The Hill -Breitbart News
all 33 news articles »


How a hashtag on Wednesdays is fighting Iran's dress code for women - Times of India

Times of India

How a hashtag on Wednesdays is fighting Iran's dress code for women
Times of India
BEIRUT: Before she begins her Wednesday morning, Iranian activist Masih Alinejad spends hours sifting through scores of videos and photos sent to her of women in Iran wearing white headscarves or white clothing as part of a growing online protest.

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Brain drain to the West: Inside 'Iran's MIT' - CNN.com - CNN International

CNN International

Brain drain to the West: Inside 'Iran's MIT' - CNN.com
CNN International
Tehran, Iran (CNN) Sporting earbuds and sagging backpacks, students lounge on patches of grass, shaded by trees from the harsh sun. They sit in the library, ...

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, he said, could easily trigger a conflict in which Israel would be pounded simultaneously by artillery and rockets ... - Tablet Magazine

Tablet Magazine

, he said, could easily trigger a conflict in which Israel would be pounded simultaneously by artillery and rockets ...
Tablet Magazine
At the conference and in interviews, Israeli officials debated other indications that despite the restrictions fastened on the country's nuclear program by the Iran Deal, the regime remains committed to becoming the region's Islamic superpower and to ...
Iran's flag on Israel's border: 'We are coming'The Jerusalem Post
Iran Won in Lebanon. What About Iraq?American Enterprise Institute

all 7 news articles »


Iran's Zarif raps US Supreme Court's partial revival of travel ban - Reuters

Reuters

Iran's Zarif raps US Supreme Court's partial revival of travel ban
Reuters
"We always believed that the Muslim ban that President Trump imposed soon after assuming office had no basis in facts and would not help fight terrorism," Iran's Mohammad Javad Zarif told a joint news conference in Berlin with his German counterpart.
Trump's travel ban will breed more terrorism, says IranVanguard
Germany praises nuclear deal with IranWashington Post
Iran's Zarif Says US Travel Ban 'Regrettable'RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty
Press TV -Deutsche Welle -ABC News -The Economic Times
all 80 news articles »


Iran nuclear deal must be allowed to thrive | Letters | World news ... - The Guardian

The Guardian

Iran nuclear deal must be allowed to thrive | Letters | World news ...
The Guardian
Letters: Reader T Douglas Reilly draws on his experience with the International Atomic Energy Agency to praise the Iran nuclear deal, while David Gleeson ...

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