Iran

Country Iran
Capital Tehran
Continent Asia
Currency Rial(IRR)
Languages Persian, Azerbaijani, Kurdish, Lurish, Gilaki, Balochi, Mazandarani, Arabic, Turkmen, Armenian & Georgian

Information

Introduction

Known as Persia until 1935, Iran became an Islamic republic in 1979 after the ruling monarchy was overthrown and Shah Mohammad Reza PAHLAVI was forced into exile. Conservative clerical forces established a theocratic system of government with ultimate political authority vested in a learned religious scholar referred to commonly as the Supreme Leader who, according to the constitution, is accountable only to the Assembly of Experts - a popularly elected 86-member body of clerics. US-Iranian relations have been strained since a group of Iranian students seized the US Embassy in Tehran on 4 November 1979 and held it until 20 January 1981. During 1980-88, Iran fought a bloody, indecisive war with Iraq that eventually expanded into the Persian Gulf and led to clashes between US Navy and Iranian military forces between 1987 and 1988. Iran has been designated a state sponsor of terrorism for its activities in Lebanon and elsewhere in the world and remains subject to US, UN, and EU economic sanctions and export controls because of its continued involvement in terrorism and its nuclear weapons ambitions. Following the election of reformer Hojjat ol-Eslam Mohammad KHATAMI as president in 1997 and a reformist Majles (legislature) in 2000, a campaign to foster political reform in response to popular dissatisfaction was initiated. The movement floundered as conservative politicians, through the control of unelected institutions, prevented reform measures from being enacted and increased repressive measures. Starting with nationwide municipal elections in 2003 and continuing through Majles elections in 2004, conservatives reestablished control over Iran's elected government institutions, which culminated with the August 2005 inauguration of hardliner Mahmud AHMADI-NEJAD as president. His controversial reelection in June 2009 sparked nationwide protests over allegations of electoral fraud. The UN Security Council has passed a number of resolutions (1696 in July 2006, 1737 in December 2006, 1747 in March 2007, 1803 in March 2008, and 1835 in September 2008) calling for Iran to suspend its uranium enrichment and reprocessing activities and comply with its IAEA obligations and responsibilities. Resolutions 1737, 1477, and 1803 subject a number of Iranian individuals and entities involved in Iran's nuclear and ballistic missile programs to sanctions. Additionally, several Iranian entities are subject to US sanctions under Executive Order 13382 designations for proliferation activities and EO 13224 designations for support of terrorism.

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References

Iran - Wikipedia
Iran - CIA World Fact Book
Iran - BBC
Iran - National Geographic
Iran - Timeline - BBC

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In Syria, Trump administration takes on new goal: Iranian retreat - Washington Post

Washington Post

In Syria, Trump administration takes on new goal: Iranian retreat
Washington Post
The Trump administration has opened a new chapter in American involvement in Syria, vowing to remain until the civil war's conclusion in a bid to halt Iran's expansion across the Middle East. The vision articulated last week by senior U.S. officials ...
Iran fires missiles at militants in Syria over Ahvaz attackBBC News
Iran missiles in Syria land 'within three miles' of US troopsCNN
Iran launches missiles into Syria in retaliation for parade attackUSA TODAY
New York Times -CBS News
all 1,217 news articles »


Report: Western Intelligence Believes Iran Intensifying Advanced Weapons Shipments to Hezbollah - Haaretz

Haaretz

Report: Western Intelligence Believes Iran Intensifying Advanced Weapons Shipments to Hezbollah
Haaretz
U.S. and Western intelligence officials believe Iran has intensified its advanced weaponry shipments to the Lebanon-based terrorist organization Hezbollah, Fox News reported on Friday. Recent shipments included GPS components which are meant to ...
Report: Iran sent advanced technology to improve Hezbollah rocketsThe Jerusalem Post
Iran Supplies Hezbollah With Precision Devices, US Media ReportSputnik International
Iran sent Hezbollah advanced weapons to turn rockets into precision missiles, new flight data suggestsFox News
The Times of Israel -Ynetnews -Arutz Sheva
all 13 news articles »


Haley Blasts Iran Over Alleged Use of Child Soldiers - Voice of America

Voice of America

Haley Blasts Iran Over Alleged Use of Child Soldiers
Voice of America
U.S. Ambassador to the U.N. Nikki Haley strongly condemned Iran for its alleged recruitment and use of child soldiers in battlefields across the Middle East. "The use of child soldiers is a moral outrage that every civilized nation rejects while Iran ...

and more »


Iran gets February deadline to fix terror financing: Watchdog - Moneycontrol.com

Moneycontrol.com

Iran gets February deadline to fix terror financing: Watchdog
Moneycontrol.com
A global financial watchdog warned Iran to clamp down on terrorism financing by February or face a deeper squeeze on its sanctions-hit economy. The Islamic republic, already hurt by a resumption of US sanctions over its past nuclear programme, this ...
Iran hails FATF's decision to extend suspension of its counter-measuresPRESSTV
Iran has until February to stop terror financingArab News
Anti-money-laundering body gives Iran until February to complete reformsReuters
gulfnews.com
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With few buyers, Iranian oil armada heads to China ahead of US sanctions - Economic Times

Economic Times

With few buyers, Iranian oil armada heads to China ahead of US sanctions
Economic Times
An unprecedented volume of Iranian crude oil is set to arrive at China's northeast Dalian port this month and in early November before U.S. sanctions on Iran take effect, according to an Iranian shipping source and data on Refinitiv Eikon. A source ...
The Oil Keeps Flowing: Iran Evades US SanctionsOilPrice.com
India engaged with all stakeholders on Iranian oil import issue: MEAMoneycontrol.com
With few buyers, Iranian oil fleet heads to China ahead of US sanctionsTimes of India
CNN -Foreign Policy -CNBC
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Key negotiators behind Obama's Iran nuclear deal say Morrison government should not follow Trump - The Sydney Morning Herald

The Sydney Morning Herald

Key negotiators behind Obama's Iran nuclear deal say Morrison government should not follow Trump
The Sydney Morning Herald
Barack Obama's chief negotiator on the Iran nuclear deal has questioned whether the Morrison government's review of its support for the agreement can find any better way to stop the country building an atomic bomb. Another key former US official has ...
Wentworth: no excuse for copying Trump on Israel or IranThe Australian

all 4 news articles »


Oil To Go Up As Iran Plays Turkey-US-Saudi Split - Seeking Alpha

Oil To Go Up As Iran Plays Turkey-US-Saudi Split
Seeking Alpha
Saudi Arabia relies on its American-made military hardware to assert its military power in the Middle East and its main opponent in the region is Iran. The rivalry between these two large, well-armed, petroleum producing nations takes roots in ...

and more »


Iran Says Saudi Arabia Is 'Always Popular with the US' Despite Accusations It Killed Khashoggi and Bombed Civilians - Newsweek

Newsweek

Iran Says Saudi Arabia Is 'Always Popular with the US' Despite Accusations It Killed Khashoggi and Bombed Civilians
Newsweek
Iran has criticized the U.S.'s continued staunch support for its ally Saudi Arabia, despite allegations it was involved in the disappearance of a prominent journalist abroad, supported militant groups and killed civilians amid the ongoing war in Yemen ...
Iran may benefit from international uproar over Khashoggi case as US-Saudi ties are testedCNBC
Regime change in Iran is Trump's real motive for siding with the SaudisThe Guardian

all 8,750 news articles »


US intelligence officials are concerned about voter-influence efforts from Russia, China, and Iran - CNBC

CNBC

US intelligence officials are concerned about voter-influence efforts from Russia, China, and Iran
CNBC
U.S. intelligence officials say they're concerned about "ongoing campaigns" by Russia, China, Iran and other countries to undermine confidence in American democracy. In a joint statement, the Office of the Director of National Intelligence, the ...
US Agencies Again Warn Of Foreign Interference In Elections By Russia, Iran, ChinaRadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty
Russia, China, Iran trying to disrupt US November elections - agenciesChannel NewsAsia
US National Security Officials Worried About Voter Influence From Russia, China and IranTIME

all 65 news articles »


Donald Trump administration ATTACKED by Iran in latest outburst - US an 'OUTAW REGIME' - Express.co.uk

Express.co.uk

Donald Trump administration ATTACKED by Iran in latest outburst - US an 'OUTAW REGIME'
Express.co.uk
Mohammad Javad Zarif took to Twitter on Wednesday to attack Washington over a new round of sanctions that target two Iranian banks and several companies with alleged ties to Iran's Basij militia, a volunteer force that is made up of government loyalists.
Trump Administration Is an 'Outlaw Regime' With an 'Addiction to Sanctions,' Iran's Foreign Minister SaysNewsweek
Iran calls for joint operation with Pakistan to secure release of abducted forcesPRESSTV

all 118 news articles »