Iran

Country Iran
Capital Tehran
Continent Asia
Currency Rial(IRR)
Languages Persian, Azerbaijani, Kurdish, Lurish, Gilaki, Balochi, Mazandarani, Arabic, Turkmen, Armenian & Georgian

Information

Introduction

Known as Persia until 1935, Iran became an Islamic republic in 1979 after the ruling monarchy was overthrown and Shah Mohammad Reza PAHLAVI was forced into exile. Conservative clerical forces established a theocratic system of government with ultimate political authority vested in a learned religious scholar referred to commonly as the Supreme Leader who, according to the constitution, is accountable only to the Assembly of Experts - a popularly elected 86-member body of clerics. US-Iranian relations have been strained since a group of Iranian students seized the US Embassy in Tehran on 4 November 1979 and held it until 20 January 1981. During 1980-88, Iran fought a bloody, indecisive war with Iraq that eventually expanded into the Persian Gulf and led to clashes between US Navy and Iranian military forces between 1987 and 1988. Iran has been designated a state sponsor of terrorism for its activities in Lebanon and elsewhere in the world and remains subject to US, UN, and EU economic sanctions and export controls because of its continued involvement in terrorism and its nuclear weapons ambitions. Following the election of reformer Hojjat ol-Eslam Mohammad KHATAMI as president in 1997 and a reformist Majles (legislature) in 2000, a campaign to foster political reform in response to popular dissatisfaction was initiated. The movement floundered as conservative politicians, through the control of unelected institutions, prevented reform measures from being enacted and increased repressive measures. Starting with nationwide municipal elections in 2003 and continuing through Majles elections in 2004, conservatives reestablished control over Iran's elected government institutions, which culminated with the August 2005 inauguration of hardliner Mahmud AHMADI-NEJAD as president. His controversial reelection in June 2009 sparked nationwide protests over allegations of electoral fraud. The UN Security Council has passed a number of resolutions (1696 in July 2006, 1737 in December 2006, 1747 in March 2007, 1803 in March 2008, and 1835 in September 2008) calling for Iran to suspend its uranium enrichment and reprocessing activities and comply with its IAEA obligations and responsibilities. Resolutions 1737, 1477, and 1803 subject a number of Iranian individuals and entities involved in Iran's nuclear and ballistic missile programs to sanctions. Additionally, several Iranian entities are subject to US sanctions under Executive Order 13382 designations for proliferation activities and EO 13224 designations for support of terrorism.

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References

Iran - Wikipedia
Iran - CIA World Fact Book
Iran - BBC
Iran - National Geographic
Iran - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
Iranian scientist acquitted of stealing research deported by US - BBC News
  1. Iranian scientist acquitted of stealing research deported by US  BBC News
  2. Speculation surrounds Iran scientist release after US detention  Al Jazeera English
  3. U.S. Returns Iran Scientist in Possible Precursor to Prisoner Exchange  The New York Times
  4. Hope for prisoner swap fades as US deports Iranian scientist, but no Americans freed  ABC News
  5. U.S. deports Iranian scientist acquitted in trade secrets case  CBS News
  6. View Full coverage on Google News


As Iran Lifts Its Lockdown, Coronavirus Cases Return to Peak Level - The Wall Street JournalAs Iran Lifts Its Lockdown, Coronavirus Cases Return to Peak Level  The Wall Street Journal

George Floyd vigil in Iran leads to online backlash - ABC NewsGeorge Floyd vigil in Iran leads to online backlash  ABC News

Jailed, Ailing Iranian-Swedish Doctor’s Wife Says Iran Ignored His Release Appeals - VOA NewsJailed, Ailing Iranian-Swedish Doctor’s Wife Says Iran Ignored His Release Appeals  VOA News

Iran says 230 killed in November protests after petrol price hike - Al Jazeera EnglishIran says 230 killed in November protests after petrol price hike  Al Jazeera English

Venezuela to seek more gasoline from Iran - EnerCom Inc.Venezuela to seek more gasoline from Iran  EnerCom Inc.

After Crushing Anti-Government Rallies At Home, Iran Expresses Support For U.S. Protesters - Radio Free Europe/ Radio LibertyAfter Crushing Anti-Government Rallies At Home, Iran Expresses Support For U.S. Protesters  Radio Free Europe/ Radio Liberty

Iran Is Rebuilding Its Faux Target Carrier And Getting the Details Wrong - Yahoo NewsIran Is Rebuilding Its Faux Target Carrier And Getting the Details Wrong  Yahoo News

Army general's censure of IRGC raises eyebrows in Iran - Anadolu AgencyArmy general's censure of IRGC raises eyebrows in Iran  Anadolu Agency

Iran says scientist jailed in US 'to return in days' - Al Jazeera EnglishIran says scientist jailed in US 'to return in days'  Al Jazeera English

Iran's Nader RPG Has Found Itself On Many Middle Eastern Battlefields - Yahoo NewsIran's Nader RPG Has Found Itself On Many Middle Eastern Battlefields  Yahoo News

Iran's rapid rise in Covid-19 cases stokes fears of second wave - The GuardianIran's rapid rise in Covid-19 cases stokes fears of second wave  The Guardian

Iranian Lawmaker Says Bitcoin Should Be Central Bank's Turf - CoinDesk - CoinDeskIranian Lawmaker Says Bitcoin Should Be Central Bank's Turf - CoinDesk  CoinDesk

Iran urges Europe to stand against US sanctions - Xinhua | English.news.cn - XinhuaIran urges Europe to stand against US sanctions - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

'Maximum pressure' on the economy won't change Iran's behavior - Atlantic Council'Maximum pressure' on the economy won't change Iran's behavior  Atlantic Council

Turkey's pandemic slowdown continues, while Iran sees record daily rebound in COVID-19 cases - Xinhua | English.news.cn - XinhuaTurkey's pandemic slowdown continues, while Iran sees record daily rebound in COVID-19 cases - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

Pro-Iran militias in Iraq wage 'fake news' campaign against US - Al-MonitorPro-Iran militias in Iraq wage 'fake news' campaign against US  Al-Monitor

France, Britain, Germany slam US decision to revoke Iran sanctions waivers - New EuropeFrance, Britain, Germany slam US decision to revoke Iran sanctions waivers  New Europe

U.S. move imperils effort to reduce weapons risk from Iranian reactor - Science MagazineU.S. move imperils effort to reduce weapons risk from Iranian reactor  Science Magazine

While Iran Downplays Past Abuses, More Crimes Against Humanity Could Be Looming - National Council of Resistance of Iran (NCRI)While Iran Downplays Past Abuses, More Crimes Against Humanity Could Be Looming  National Council of Resistance of Iran (NCRI)

France, UK, Germany 'regret' US end to three Iran nuclear waivers - Al Jazeera EnglishFrance, UK, Germany 'regret' US end to three Iran nuclear waivers  Al Jazeera English

Iran's mosques to resume daily prayers as lockdown eases - Al Jazeera EnglishIran's mosques to resume daily prayers as lockdown eases  Al Jazeera English

Iran, other foes keep focus on US racial strife - NWAOnlineIran, other foes keep focus on US racial strife  NWAOnline

Iran's women are still struggling for basic rights - Morning Star OnlineIran's women are still struggling for basic rights  Morning Star Online

Iran’s strategy for fighting covid-19 could backfire - The Washington PostIran’s strategy for fighting covid-19 could backfire  The Washington Post

US court orders Iran, Syria liable for attacks in Israel - The PioneerUS court orders Iran, Syria liable for attacks in Israel  The Pioneer

Iran dismisses new US sanctions as 'fruitless and repetitive' - Al Jazeera EnglishIran dismisses new US sanctions as 'fruitless and repetitive'  Al Jazeera English

Chess Official In Iran Fired Over His Daughter's Hijab - Iran News By Radio FardaChess Official In Iran Fired Over His Daughter's Hijab  Iran News By Radio Farda

Women’s Boxing Banned In Iran's Khuzestan Province - Radio Free Europe/ Radio LibertyWomen’s Boxing Banned In Iran's Khuzestan Province  Radio Free Europe/ Radio Liberty

Mystery Submarine May Reveal A Major New Capability For Iran - ForbesMystery Submarine May Reveal A Major New Capability For Iran  Forbes

Iran, Russia, China, Turkey celebrate 'collapse' of US - The Jerusalem PostIran, Russia, China, Turkey celebrate 'collapse' of US  The Jerusalem Post

EDITORIAL: the Power Struggle in the Final Phase of Iran's Regime - National Council of Resistance of Iran (NCRI)EDITORIAL: the Power Struggle in the Final Phase of Iran's Regime  National Council of Resistance of Iran (NCRI)

Romina Ashrafi: Outrage in Iran after girl murdered ‘for eloping’ - BBC NewsRomina Ashrafi: Outrage in Iran after girl murdered ‘for eloping’  BBC News

Iran's foreign minister says on Instagram that Iranian scientist imprisoned in US is now on his way back to Iran - KTIVIran's foreign minister says on Instagram that Iranian scientist imprisoned in US is now on his way back to Iran  KTIV

Iran's Majles: A Parliament Of IRGC Commanders - Iran News By Radio FardaIran's Majles: A Parliament Of IRGC Commanders  Iran News By Radio Farda

Iran: Coronavirus fatalities in 324 cities exceed 48,800 - NCRI - National Council of Resistance of Iran (NCRI)Iran: Coronavirus fatalities in 324 cities exceed 48,800 - NCRI  National Council of Resistance of Iran (NCRI)

FIFA threatens Iran's Football Federation with suspension - ArabnewsFIFA threatens Iran's Football Federation with suspension  Arabnews

Iran berates U.S. over police killing, slams racism - ReutersIran berates U.S. over police killing, slams racism  Reuters

Oil-Starved Venezuela Celebrates Arrival of Tankers From Iran - The New York TimesOil-Starved Venezuela Celebrates Arrival of Tankers From Iran  The New York Times

Eyeing Iran, US warns to stay 100 metres away from its warships - Al Jazeera EnglishEyeing Iran, US warns to stay 100 metres away from its warships  Al Jazeera English

U.S. and Iran Are Negotiating a Prisoner Release Despite Rising Tensions - The New York TimesU.S. and Iran Are Negotiating a Prisoner Release Despite Rising Tensions  The New York Times

The Twilight of the Iranian Revolution - The New YorkerThe Twilight of the Iranian Revolution  The New Yorker

Iran: Coronavirus Update, Over 48800 Deaths, June 2, 2020, 6:00 PM CEST - National Council of Resistance of Iran (NCRI)Iran: Coronavirus Update, Over 48800 Deaths, June 2, 2020, 6:00 PM CEST  National Council of Resistance of Iran (NCRI)

Signs of Iranian retrenchment are likely to be overstated - Financial TimesSigns of Iranian retrenchment are likely to be overstated  Financial Times

Wielding Sanctions, U.S. Disrupts Iranian Fuel Shipments to Venezuela - The Wall Street JournalWielding Sanctions, U.S. Disrupts Iranian Fuel Shipments to Venezuela  The Wall Street Journal

Release of Iranian scientist in doubt as US official 'calls BS' - The GuardianRelease of Iranian scientist in doubt as US official 'calls BS'  The Guardian

Detained Iranian Lawyer’s Husband Criticizes Iran’s Refusal to Furlough Her - Voice of AmericaDetained Iranian Lawyer’s Husband Criticizes Iran’s Refusal to Furlough Her  Voice of America

Iranian Friendly Fire Kills 19 in 2nd Missile Accident of Year - The New York TimesIranian Friendly Fire Kills 19 in 2nd Missile Accident of Year  The New York Times

Iran’s Gasoline for Maduro - The Wall Street JournalIran’s Gasoline for Maduro  The Wall Street Journal

Iran Sees New Surge in Virus Cases After Reopening Country - The New York TimesIran Sees New Surge in Virus Cases After Reopening Country  The New York Times

Iran hands over Pakistanis who illegally crossed over border - DAWN.comIran hands over Pakistanis who illegally crossed over border  DAWN.com

Iran changes tack in Iraqi politics after mastermind's assassination - ReutersIran changes tack in Iraqi politics after mastermind's assassination  Reuters

Iran’s clerics have bungled their coronavirus response, stoking doubts about their rule - The Washington PostIran’s clerics have bungled their coronavirus response, stoking doubts about their rule  The Washington Post

Amnesty Demands Justice After Iran's 'Killing Spree' Against Protesters - VOA NewsAmnesty Demands Justice After Iran's 'Killing Spree' Against Protesters  VOA News

Finally, a Stage for Female Composers From Iran - The New York TimesFinally, a Stage for Female Composers From Iran  The New York Times

US Clamps Down on Waivers Tied to Iran's Nuclear Cooperation - Voice of AmericaUS Clamps Down on Waivers Tied to Iran's Nuclear Cooperation  Voice of America

Iran's Ahmadinejad tweets N-word over George Floyd death, quotes Tupac - The Jerusalem PostIran's Ahmadinejad tweets N-word over George Floyd death, quotes Tupac  The Jerusalem Post

Tremors felt in UAE after earthquake rocks Iran - The NationalTremors felt in UAE after earthquake rocks Iran  The National

Nazanin Zaghari-Ratcliffe's Release From Prison in Iran Is Extended - The New York TimesNazanin Zaghari-Ratcliffe's Release From Prison in Iran Is Extended  The New York Times

Why Hassan Rouhani Ended Iran's Lockdown - Foreign PolicyWhy Hassan Rouhani Ended Iran's Lockdown  Foreign Policy

Why Iran has the world's best-performing stockmarket - The EconomistWhy Iran has the world's best-performing stockmarket  The Economist

US and Iran court Iraq's energy sector attention with top diplomat meetings - Rudaw Media NetworkUS and Iran court Iraq's energy sector attention with top diplomat meetings  Rudaw Media Network

No coronavirus deaths in Spain, a first since March: Live updates - Al Jazeera EnglishNo coronavirus deaths in Spain, a first since March: Live updates  Al Jazeera English

Pentagon calls Iran's recent military satellite launch a 'security concern' amid deteriorating relations - CNBCPentagon calls Iran's recent military satellite launch a 'security concern' amid deteriorating relations  CNBC

Iran's currency is set to get a new name — and lose four zeros - CBS NewsIran's currency is set to get a new name — and lose four zeros  CBS News

Our Iranian Lockdown: filmmaker Q&A - The GuardianOur Iranian Lockdown: filmmaker Q&A  The Guardian

#SpaceWatchGL Perspectives On Iran's Satellite Launch: Seyed Hossein Mousavian's Iranian View - SpaceWatch.Global#SpaceWatchGL Perspectives On Iran's Satellite Launch: Seyed Hossein Mousavian's Iranian View  SpaceWatch.Global

Sanctions make Iran's coronavirus crisis more deadly - Al Jazeera EnglishSanctions make Iran's coronavirus crisis more deadly  Al Jazeera English

On Iranian Gunboats: Beware Conflating American and Mainstream Views of the Law - Just SecurityOn Iranian Gunboats: Beware Conflating American and Mainstream Views of the Law  Just Security

Officials: Israel linked to a disruptive cyberattack on Iranian port facility - The Washington PostOfficials: Israel linked to a disruptive cyberattack on Iranian port facility  The Washington Post

Iraqis, not US troops, must be the ones who counter Iran's influence in Iraq - Military TimesIraqis, not US troops, must be the ones who counter Iran's influence in Iraq  Military Times

The covid-19 crisis could strengthen Iran’s ‘invisible government’ - Washington PostThe covid-19 crisis could strengthen Iran’s ‘invisible government’  Washington Post

Iran's mishandled coronavirus response is triggering a backlash against the regime - Business Insider - Business InsiderIran's mishandled coronavirus response is triggering a backlash against the regime - Business Insider  Business Insider

Call for U.S. regime change effort in Iran disregards our sorry history of violent covert action - cleveland.comCall for U.S. regime change effort in Iran disregards our sorry history of violent covert action  cleveland.com

Tensions with Iran and its proxies led to accelerated transfer of bases housing coalition troops to Iraqi forces - Military TimesTensions with Iran and its proxies led to accelerated transfer of bases housing coalition troops to Iraqi forces  Military Times

Alireza Firouzja & Iranian Chess Heritage | chess24.com - chess24Alireza Firouzja & Iranian Chess Heritage | chess24.com  chess24

Iranian President Calls for National Crypto Mining Strategy - CoinDesk - CoinDeskIranian President Calls for National Crypto Mining Strategy - CoinDesk  CoinDesk

China, Iran mock US amid ongoing riots: 'I can't breathe' - Fox NewsChina, Iran mock US amid ongoing riots: 'I can't breathe'  Fox News

Exclusive: Iran-linked hackers recently targeted coronavirus drugmaker Gilead - sources - ReutersExclusive: Iran-linked hackers recently targeted coronavirus drugmaker Gilead - sources  Reuters

Michel Foucault and Iran's Ayatollahs - besacenter.orgMichel Foucault and Iran's Ayatollahs  besacenter.org

Iran reports failed cyber-attack on Strait of Hormuz port - ZDNetIran reports failed cyber-attack on Strait of Hormuz port  ZDNet

Modi faces no political costs for suffering he causes. He’s just like Iran’s Ali Khamenei - ThePrintModi faces no political costs for suffering he causes. He’s just like Iran’s Ali Khamenei  ThePrint

On Annexation, a Green Light Turns Yellow, Pompeo’s Visit to Israel Signals - The New York TimesOn Annexation, a Green Light Turns Yellow, Pompeo’s Visit to Israel Signals  The New York Times

Iranian Scientist Who Contracted COVID-19 in ICE Jail Is Deported - Democracy Now!Iranian Scientist Who Contracted COVID-19 in ICE Jail Is Deported  Democracy Now!

U.S. Says Chinese, Iranian Hackers Seek to Steal Coronavirus Research - The Wall Street JournalU.S. Says Chinese, Iranian Hackers Seek to Steal Coronavirus Research  The Wall Street Journal

How Russiagate Began With Obama's Iran Deal Domestic Spying Campaign - Tablet MagazineHow Russiagate Began With Obama's Iran Deal Domestic Spying Campaign  Tablet Magazine

Iran’s supreme leader releases anti-Israel 'final solution' poster - The Jerusalem PostIran’s supreme leader releases anti-Israel 'final solution' poster  The Jerusalem Post

The US and Iran are still perilously close to conflict - The GuardianThe US and Iran are still perilously close to conflict  The Guardian

Iran crisis: US 'ready for serious negotiations' with Tehran - BBC NewsIran crisis: US 'ready for serious negotiations' with Tehran  BBC News

Rouhani says Iran watching US activities in Gulf region - Al Jazeera EnglishRouhani says Iran watching US activities in Gulf region  Al Jazeera English

Outrage in Iran After Killing of Suleimani: Here’s What You Need to Know - The New York TimesOutrage in Iran After Killing of Suleimani: Here’s What You Need to Know  The New York Times

Coronavirus Could Break Iranian Society - The AtlanticCoronavirus Could Break Iranian Society  The Atlantic

How Iran Completely and Utterly Botched Its Response to the Coronavirus - The New York TimesHow Iran Completely and Utterly Botched Its Response to the Coronavirus  The New York Times

Coronavirus: Iran and the US trade blame over sanctions - BBC NewsCoronavirus: Iran and the US trade blame over sanctions  BBC News

'Death to the dictator': What is Iran's future? - Los Angeles Times'Death to the dictator': What is Iran's future?  Los Angeles Times

Iran | Country Page | World - Human Rights WatchIran | Country Page | World  Human Rights Watch

Exclusive: Iran's response to US will be military -- Khamenei's adviser - CNNExclusive: Iran's response to US will be military -- Khamenei's adviser  CNN

A Sea of Mourners in Iran, and New Threats From Both Sides - The New York TimesA Sea of Mourners in Iran, and New Threats From Both Sides  The New York Times

Coronavirus: Iran limits travel and urges banknote avoidance - BBC NewsCoronavirus: Iran limits travel and urges banknote avoidance  BBC News

U.S. and Iran Conflict: Live Updates - The New York TimesU.S. and Iran Conflict: Live Updates  The New York Times