Iran

Country Iran
Capital Tehran
Continent Asia
Currency Rial(IRR)
Languages Persian, Azerbaijani, Kurdish, Lurish, Gilaki, Balochi, Mazandarani, Arabic, Turkmen, Armenian & Georgian

Information

Introduction

Known as Persia until 1935, Iran became an Islamic republic in 1979 after the ruling monarchy was overthrown and Shah Mohammad Reza PAHLAVI was forced into exile. Conservative clerical forces established a theocratic system of government with ultimate political authority vested in a learned religious scholar referred to commonly as the Supreme Leader who, according to the constitution, is accountable only to the Assembly of Experts - a popularly elected 86-member body of clerics. US-Iranian relations have been strained since a group of Iranian students seized the US Embassy in Tehran on 4 November 1979 and held it until 20 January 1981. During 1980-88, Iran fought a bloody, indecisive war with Iraq that eventually expanded into the Persian Gulf and led to clashes between US Navy and Iranian military forces between 1987 and 1988. Iran has been designated a state sponsor of terrorism for its activities in Lebanon and elsewhere in the world and remains subject to US, UN, and EU economic sanctions and export controls because of its continued involvement in terrorism and its nuclear weapons ambitions. Following the election of reformer Hojjat ol-Eslam Mohammad KHATAMI as president in 1997 and a reformist Majles (legislature) in 2000, a campaign to foster political reform in response to popular dissatisfaction was initiated. The movement floundered as conservative politicians, through the control of unelected institutions, prevented reform measures from being enacted and increased repressive measures. Starting with nationwide municipal elections in 2003 and continuing through Majles elections in 2004, conservatives reestablished control over Iran's elected government institutions, which culminated with the August 2005 inauguration of hardliner Mahmud AHMADI-NEJAD as president. His controversial reelection in June 2009 sparked nationwide protests over allegations of electoral fraud. The UN Security Council has passed a number of resolutions (1696 in July 2006, 1737 in December 2006, 1747 in March 2007, 1803 in March 2008, and 1835 in September 2008) calling for Iran to suspend its uranium enrichment and reprocessing activities and comply with its IAEA obligations and responsibilities. Resolutions 1737, 1477, and 1803 subject a number of Iranian individuals and entities involved in Iran's nuclear and ballistic missile programs to sanctions. Additionally, several Iranian entities are subject to US sanctions under Executive Order 13382 designations for proliferation activities and EO 13224 designations for support of terrorism.

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References

Iran - Wikipedia
Iran - CIA World Fact Book
Iran - BBC
Iran - National Geographic
Iran - Timeline - BBC

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Israel Broadens Fight Against Iran - Wall Street Journal

Wall Street Journal

Israel Broadens Fight Against Iran
Wall Street Journal
In June Israel targeted a far-flung compound near the Syria-Iraq border, according to a security official, after carrying out multiple strikes closer to home against suspected Iranian military assets in Syria, where Iran is a key backer of President ...
Helsinki summit an opportunity to win Russia's support for constraining Iran in SyriaThe Hill
Trump Talks Iran, Syria With Netanyahu Ahead of Helsinki Summit With PutinHaaretz
Netanyahu, Trump discuss Syria, Iran ahead of Helsinki summitReuters
Quartz -i24NEWS
all 352 news articles »


Iran nuclear deal: US rejects EU plea for sanctions exemption - BBC News

BBC News

Iran nuclear deal: US rejects EU plea for sanctions exemption
BBC News
The US has rebuffed high-level pleas from the European Union to grant exemptions to European companies from its sanctions against Iran. In a letter to European nations, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said the US rejected the appeal because it wants to ...
How the Mossad Broke Into an Iranian Facility and Stole Half a Ton of Nuclear FilesHaaretz
Stolen documents shed new light on Iran weapons technology: reportsThe Hill
Papers stolen in a daring Israeli raid on Tehran archive reveal the extent of Iran's past weapons researchWashington Post
Wall Street Journal
all 52 news articles »


Dipping into emergency oil reserves would be a mistake for US, Iranian official warns Trump - The Globe and Mail

The Globe and Mail

Dipping into emergency oil reserves would be a mistake for US, Iranian official warns Trump
The Globe and Mail
A senior Iranian oil official urged U.S. President Donald Trump not to use the country's Strategic Petroleum Reserve to push prices lower, and instead drop sanctions on Iran's crude exports. “My advice to you, Mr. President, is to avoid touching the ...
Iranian Official Urges Trump Not to Use US Strategic Oil ReserveBloomberg
Iran Says Oil Producers Led Trump Into 'Trap,' Forecasts Prices to RiseSputnik International
Oil markets rattled by trade war and IranThe Times

all 65 news articles »


Iran's supreme leader calls for government to be backed in face of ... - Reuters

Reuters

Iran's supreme leader calls for government to be backed in face of ...
Reuters
DUBAI (Reuters) - Iran's supreme leader on Sunday called on state bodies to support the government of President Hassan Rouhani in fighting looming U.S. ...
Iran's supreme leader calls for government to be backed in face of US sanctionsEyewitness News
Iran's Leader Calls For Support For Rohani In Face Of Fresh US SanctionsRadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty
World Briefs: Iran school official jailed for abusing boysThe Straits Times
Xinhua -RadioFarda -Middle East Monitor
all 35 news articles »


Mass protests sweep Iraq, target pro-Iran militias and parties - The Jerusalem Post

The Jerusalem Post

Mass protests sweep Iraq, target pro-Iran militias and parties
The Jerusalem Post
Najaf airport has been sacked. The border with Kuwait has been occupied by protesters and roads to major oil fields blocked in southern Iraq. The base of a Kata'ib Hezbollah pro-Iranian militia was set on fire. In response Baghdad has cut off access to ...
Iran flights to Iraq's Najaf redirected to Baghdad: Iranian state TVReuters
Iran suspends flights to Iraq's Najaf amid protestsMiddle East Monitor

all 38 news articles »


US rejects Europe's hopes of relief from Iran sanctions - Financial Times

Financial Times

US rejects Europe's hopes of relief from Iran sanctions
Financial Times
International companies active in Iran face the threat of US sanctions within weeks after Washington rebuffed a high-level European plea to exempt crucial industries that would help keep a nuclear deal with Tehran alive. Mike Pompeo, US secretary of ...
Twitter is the latest battlefield between the US and IranFox News
On third anniversary, survival of Iran nuclear deal in questionAljazeera.com
Iranian Assassins Are Back With a Vengeance, or So It SeemsDaily Beast
Bloomberg -PRESSTV
all 168 news articles »


Trump and Putin's unholy alliance could lead to war with Iran - The Guardian

The Guardian

Trump and Putin's unholy alliance could lead to war with Iran
The Guardian
European countries tend to forget Washington's enduring post-1979 vendetta with Iran. They also underestimate the depth of American ignorance. US diplomats have not worked in Tehran for almost 40 years. American politicians, businesses and media have ...

and more »


Iran Says Three Militants Killed Near Iraqi Border - RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty

RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty

Iran Says Three Militants Killed Near Iraqi Border
RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty
Iran's Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps (IRGC) killed three suspected militants in a security operation conducted on July 14 in the western part of the country near the border with Iraq, state media reports. The IRGC, in a statement carried by Iran's ...
Iran Guards say kill three militants near Iraq borderReuters
Explained: How Could Iran Disrupt Gulf Oil Flows?Haaretz
Threats to Strait of Hormuz demonstrate Iran's desperationArab News

all 20 news articles »


German intel report: Iran seeks to shatter states' stability with WMD - The Jerusalem Post

The Jerusalem Post

German intel report: Iran seeks to shatter states' stability with WMD
The Jerusalem Post
The German intelligence agency of the state of Hesse published a new document on countering the spread of weapons of mass destruction, singling out the Islamic Republic of Iran as one of two states seeking to obtain the ultimate form of powerful weapons.



Israel said to strike Iran-linked base in northern Syria - The Times of Israel

The Times of Israel

Israel said to strike Iran-linked base in northern Syria
The Times of Israel
Israel has been pushing Russia to remove Iranian-aligned militia fighters from Syria, and has vowed to stop them from getting a foothold anywhere in the country. Russia has reportedly only agreed to removing them from the Golan border region.

and more »