Iran

Country Iran
Capital Tehran
Continent Asia
Currency Rial(IRR)
Languages Persian, Azerbaijani, Kurdish, Lurish, Gilaki, Balochi, Mazandarani, Arabic, Turkmen, Armenian & Georgian

Information

Introduction

Known as Persia until 1935, Iran became an Islamic republic in 1979 after the ruling monarchy was overthrown and Shah Mohammad Reza PAHLAVI was forced into exile. Conservative clerical forces established a theocratic system of government with ultimate political authority vested in a learned religious scholar referred to commonly as the Supreme Leader who, according to the constitution, is accountable only to the Assembly of Experts - a popularly elected 86-member body of clerics. US-Iranian relations have been strained since a group of Iranian students seized the US Embassy in Tehran on 4 November 1979 and held it until 20 January 1981. During 1980-88, Iran fought a bloody, indecisive war with Iraq that eventually expanded into the Persian Gulf and led to clashes between US Navy and Iranian military forces between 1987 and 1988. Iran has been designated a state sponsor of terrorism for its activities in Lebanon and elsewhere in the world and remains subject to US, UN, and EU economic sanctions and export controls because of its continued involvement in terrorism and its nuclear weapons ambitions. Following the election of reformer Hojjat ol-Eslam Mohammad KHATAMI as president in 1997 and a reformist Majles (legislature) in 2000, a campaign to foster political reform in response to popular dissatisfaction was initiated. The movement floundered as conservative politicians, through the control of unelected institutions, prevented reform measures from being enacted and increased repressive measures. Starting with nationwide municipal elections in 2003 and continuing through Majles elections in 2004, conservatives reestablished control over Iran's elected government institutions, which culminated with the August 2005 inauguration of hardliner Mahmud AHMADI-NEJAD as president. His controversial reelection in June 2009 sparked nationwide protests over allegations of electoral fraud. The UN Security Council has passed a number of resolutions (1696 in July 2006, 1737 in December 2006, 1747 in March 2007, 1803 in March 2008, and 1835 in September 2008) calling for Iran to suspend its uranium enrichment and reprocessing activities and comply with its IAEA obligations and responsibilities. Resolutions 1737, 1477, and 1803 subject a number of Iranian individuals and entities involved in Iran's nuclear and ballistic missile programs to sanctions. Additionally, several Iranian entities are subject to US sanctions under Executive Order 13382 designations for proliferation activities and EO 13224 designations for support of terrorism.

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References

Iran - Wikipedia
Iran - CIA World Fact Book
Iran - BBC
Iran - National Geographic
Iran - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
Russia and Iran's Cooperation Hints at a New Middle East - U.S. News & World Report

U.S. News & World Report

Russia and Iran's Cooperation Hints at a New Middle East
U.S. News & World Report
Russian President Vladimir Putin and his Iranian counterpart, Hassan Rouhani, will meet from March 27 to 29. According to the Tehran Times, both sides are "preparing more than 10 documents for signing" on various economic and political issues.
Iran's Rouhani Seeks Deals With New Friend RussiaVoice of America
Iran's President Hassan Rouhani arrives in Russia for Kremlin talkseuronews
Iranian poor struggle to make ends meetFinancial Times
Fox News -Press TV -Washington Post
all 75 news articles »


Giuliani To Help Defend Accused Iran Money Launderer - NBCNews.com

NBCNews.com

Giuliani To Help Defend Accused Iran Money Launderer
NBCNews.com
President Trump's "cyber czar," ex-New York mayor Rudy Giuliani, has joined the defense team of a gold trader who is under federal indictment for fraud, money laundering and evading sanctions on Iran, and who has ties to Turkish President Recep Erdogan.
Turkish trader in Iran sanctions case adds lawyer close to Trump in legal teamCNBC
Accused Iran Sanctions Violator Retains GiulianiDaily Beast
REVEALED: Guiliani met with Turkish president on behalf of client charged with violating US-Iran sanctionsRaw Story

all 8 news articles »


How long can Boeing's Iran deal survive? - CNNMoney

CNNMoney

How long can Boeing's Iran deal survive?
CNNMoney
The odds of Boeing selling planes to Iran appear to be lengthening by the day. Relations between Iran and the U.S. are going from bad to worse. Tehran slapped sanctions on 15 U.S. companies Sunday in retaliation for American sanctions announced last ...
Iran Imposes Sanctions on 15 US CompaniesNew York Times
Iran sanctions US companies: Will that hurt? (+video)Christian Science Monitor
Iran's 'reciprocal' sanctions include Blooming Grove's Kahr ArmsPocono Record
The Oshkosh Northwestern -Voice of America -Washington Examiner -?????
all 117 news articles »


Foreign Investors Flock to Iran as US Firms Watch on the Sidelines - Wall Street Journal (subscription)

Wall Street Journal (subscription)

Foreign Investors Flock to Iran as US Firms Watch on the Sidelines
Wall Street Journal (subscription)
Dozens of development projects and deals have been hammered out since Iran's nuclear accord with world powers in 2015 lifted a range of sanctions. Among them, France's Peugeot and Renault SA are building cars. The U.K.'s Vodafone Group PLC is ...
European firms seize Iran opportunitiesEJ Insight

all 3 news articles »


Netanyahu to Trump:Prevent Iran from 'ever' developing nuclear weapons - Business Standard

Business Standard

Netanyahu to Trump:Prevent Iran from 'ever' developing nuclear weapons
Business Standard
He also referred to Iran as the greatest threat to Israel and appealed to the Trump administration to prevent "Iran from ever ... developing nuclear weapons. That ... will always be our policy." The premier said that "our partnership (with the US ...
Nikki Haley's reiterates Trump's wait-and-see approach to the Iran dealWashington Examiner
Pence: Trump Administration 'Has Put Iran on Notice'Voice of America

all 322 news articles »


Bahrain alleges Iran-backed group planned assassinations - Washington Post

Washington Post

Bahrain alleges Iran-backed group planned assassinations
Washington Post
DUBAI, United Arab Emirates — Bahrain is alleging a 14-member group backed by Iran planned assassinations in the island kingdom. The Interior Ministry issued a statement early Monday saying 11 members of the group “are suspected of receiving ...
Iran: Lawmaker Threatens to Designate US Military, CIA 'Terrorist Organizations'Breitbart News
Bahrain breaks Iran-linked 'terrorist' cell behind bus attack: reportReuters

all 20 news articles »


Lawrence Solomon: With an Arab NATO and a contained Iran, Trump is changing the Middle East - National Post

National Post

Lawrence Solomon: With an Arab NATO and a contained Iran, Trump is changing the Middle East
National Post
Donald Trump's Middle East policy is emerging. Apart from supporting Israel, he wants to eradicate ISIL and other Islamic jihadists, he wants to deter Iran and its dream of hegemony over the entire Middle East, and he wants the Arab countries to bear ...

and more »


Pakistani found spying for Iran against Germany and France, sent to jail - Hindustan Times

Hindustan Times

Pakistani found spying for Iran against Germany and France, sent to jail
Hindustan Times
A Pakistani man was convicted in Germany on Monday of spying for Iran to search out potential attack targets for the Revolutionary Guards. The defendant, 31-year-old Mustufa Haidar Syed-Naqfi, was sentenced to four years and three months in prison “for ...

and more »


Islamic State releases video threatening Iran - The Indian Express

The Indian Express

Islamic State releases video threatening Iran
The Indian Express
The Islamic State group threatened Iran for its role in the region's conflicts, in a rare Farsi-language propaganda video released on Monday. The 36-minute video, entitled “The Farsi Land: from Yesterday till Today”, was issued through IS's social ...
ISIS Directs Threats To Iran In Farsi In New VideoVocativ

all 3 news articles »


Obama's Iran deal 'czar' retains position at State Department - Conservative Review

Conservative Review

Obama's Iran deal 'czar' retains position at State Department
Conservative Review
President Donald Trump has famously called the Iran deal the “worst deal ever negotiated,” Yet Mull, who has dedicated himself to enforcing that deal, continues to serve his exact role in the State Department as “Lead Coordinator for Iran Nuclear ...