Iran

Country Iran
Capital Tehran
Continent Asia
Currency Rial(IRR)
Languages Persian, Azerbaijani, Kurdish, Lurish, Gilaki, Balochi, Mazandarani, Arabic, Turkmen, Armenian & Georgian

Information

Introduction

Known as Persia until 1935, Iran became an Islamic republic in 1979 after the ruling monarchy was overthrown and Shah Mohammad Reza PAHLAVI was forced into exile. Conservative clerical forces established a theocratic system of government with ultimate political authority vested in a learned religious scholar referred to commonly as the Supreme Leader who, according to the constitution, is accountable only to the Assembly of Experts - a popularly elected 86-member body of clerics. US-Iranian relations have been strained since a group of Iranian students seized the US Embassy in Tehran on 4 November 1979 and held it until 20 January 1981. During 1980-88, Iran fought a bloody, indecisive war with Iraq that eventually expanded into the Persian Gulf and led to clashes between US Navy and Iranian military forces between 1987 and 1988. Iran has been designated a state sponsor of terrorism for its activities in Lebanon and elsewhere in the world and remains subject to US, UN, and EU economic sanctions and export controls because of its continued involvement in terrorism and its nuclear weapons ambitions. Following the election of reformer Hojjat ol-Eslam Mohammad KHATAMI as president in 1997 and a reformist Majles (legislature) in 2000, a campaign to foster political reform in response to popular dissatisfaction was initiated. The movement floundered as conservative politicians, through the control of unelected institutions, prevented reform measures from being enacted and increased repressive measures. Starting with nationwide municipal elections in 2003 and continuing through Majles elections in 2004, conservatives reestablished control over Iran's elected government institutions, which culminated with the August 2005 inauguration of hardliner Mahmud AHMADI-NEJAD as president. His controversial reelection in June 2009 sparked nationwide protests over allegations of electoral fraud. The UN Security Council has passed a number of resolutions (1696 in July 2006, 1737 in December 2006, 1747 in March 2007, 1803 in March 2008, and 1835 in September 2008) calling for Iran to suspend its uranium enrichment and reprocessing activities and comply with its IAEA obligations and responsibilities. Resolutions 1737, 1477, and 1803 subject a number of Iranian individuals and entities involved in Iran's nuclear and ballistic missile programs to sanctions. Additionally, several Iranian entities are subject to US sanctions under Executive Order 13382 designations for proliferation activities and EO 13224 designations for support of terrorism.

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References

Iran - Wikipedia
Iran - CIA World Fact Book
Iran - BBC
Iran - National Geographic
Iran - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
Before Anyone Further Appeases Iran... - Forbes

Forbes

Before Anyone Further Appeases Iran...
Forbes
Iranian President Hassan Rouhani addresses the parliament in Tehran on August 15, 2017. Rouhani warned that Iran could abandon its 2015 nuclear deal with world powers within hours if the United States keeps on imposing new sanctions as he outlined ...
Iran says it could quit nuclear deal if US keeps adding sanctionsThe Guardian
Iran could quit nuclear deal in 'hours' if US imposes new sanctions: RouhaniCNBC
Moscow hopes Iran won't quit nuclear dealReuters
The Jerusalem Post
all 229 news articles »


Prominent Opposition Leader in Iran Begins Hunger Strike - New York Times

New York Times

Prominent Opposition Leader in Iran Begins Hunger Strike
New York Times
TEHRAN — One of Iran's most prominent opposition leaders, under house arrest since 2011, began a hunger strike on Wednesday to demand a public trial, family members said. The release of the opposition leader, Mehdi Karroubi, and another former ...
Iran's detained opposition leader Karroubi starts hunger strikeReuters
Detained Iran opposition leader goes on hunger strikeAnadolu Agency
Iran opposition leader under house arrest on hunger strikeABC News

all 8 news articles »


Iran opposition leader begins hunger strike to demand public trial - The Guardian

The Guardian

Iran opposition leader begins hunger strike to demand public trial
The Guardian
An ailing 79-year-old Iranian opposition leader who has been under house arrest since February 2011 has embarked on a hunger strike, demanding authorities try him in public. Mehdi Karroubi, a former presidential candidate, fell foul of the ...
Iran reform leader on hunger strike over 6-year house arrestBusiness Standard

all 5 news articles »


Turkey, Iran Voice Opposition To Kurdish Independence Vote In Rare Visit - RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty

RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty

Turkey, Iran Voice Opposition To Kurdish Independence Vote In Rare Visit
RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty
Turkey and Iran have voiced strong opposition to a referendum on Kurdish independence scheduled next month in neighboring Iraq during a rare visit to Ankara by Tehran's army chief of staff on August 16. Turkish media said it was the first such visit ...
Iran's military chief in rare visit to Turkey for Syria talksReuters
Iran general slams Iraq referendum plan during Erdogan talksYahoo7 News
Iran's Top General Makes Rare Visit to AnkaraVoice of America
Hurriyet Daily News -Press TV -Radio Pakistan (press release)
all 80 news articles »


Iran: US religious freedom report 'unfounded and biased' - Washington Examiner

Washington Examiner

Iran: US religious freedom report 'unfounded and biased'
Washington Examiner
Iranian officials on Wednesday accused the State Department of issuing a "biased" report condemning the regime's restrictions on religious freedom. "The Islamic Republic of Iran considers the report as unrealistic, unfounded and biased which has been ...
US report on religious freedom “unrealistic, baseless and biased'' – IranVanguard
Iran says committed to nuclear deal, criticizes US for hindering deal implementationPress TV
Iran Rejects US Religious Freedom Report As 'Biased'RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty
i24NEWS
all 234 news articles »


Islamic State threatens more bloodshed in Iran - Washington Post

Washington Post

Islamic State threatens more bloodshed in Iran
Washington Post
ISTANBUL — The Islamic State has stepped up its efforts to target Iran, releasing a stream of propaganda, vowing more bloodshed and boosting recruitment among the country's Sunni minority groups. Last week, Iranian authorities said they arrested more ...
Can Anyone Stop Iran From Taking Over Iraq?New York Times

all 12 news articles »


In direct challenge to Trump, Iran's president says it could restart its nuclear program 'within hours' - Los Angeles Times

Los Angeles Times

In direct challenge to Trump, Iran's president says it could restart its nuclear program 'within hours'
Los Angeles Times
Trump has also pledged to undo the 2015 agreement that Iran signed with the United States and five other world powers under which it suspended activities that could have led to the production of a nuclear bomb in exchange for a sharp reduction in ...
Iran's President Threatens to Restart Nuclear ProgramNew York Times
Iran could quit nuclear deal if new sanctions imposedAljazeera.com
Iran's nuclear programme could restart 'in hours' if US impose new sanctionsThe Independent
CNN -BBC News
all 272 news articles »


'Iran building missile factory in Syria' - The Jerusalem Post

The Jerusalem Post

'Iran building missile factory in Syria'
The Jerusalem Post
“So we are seeing the execution of a long term strategy and this is one that puts Israel in a bind because Israel is fearful of provoking a war in Lebanon or entering the fray in Syria and is reticent to engage Iran directly.” That means Israel must ...
Satellite images show Iran 'is building a secret missile factory on the Syrian coast which could be used to strike ...Daily Mail
Satellite Shows Iran Building Scud Missile Factory in SyriaThe Jewish Press - JewishPress.com
Iran Building Weapons Factories In Syria, Lebanon, Israeli Media ReportsRadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty
The Independent -Reuters -Haaretz
all 67 news articles »


Russia hopeful US won't scrap nuclear deal with Iran unilaterally - Firstpost

Firstpost

Russia hopeful US won't scrap nuclear deal with Iran unilaterally
Firstpost
Moscow: Moscow hopes the US will refrain from unilateral steps leading to the collapse of the 2015 nuclear agreement with Iran, the Russian Foreign Ministry said. "I hope that the US will not violate the obligations it has assumed," Xinhua news agency ...
Get Rid of the Iran Deal: Here Are Four OptionsNational Review
Trump to harm US interests if he reneges on Iran nuclear deal: AnalystPress TV

all 13 news articles »


Iran freezes assets of BBC Persian staff in crackdown on journalists - The Guardian

The Guardian

Iran freezes assets of BBC Persian staff in crackdown on journalists
The Guardian
The BBC has criticised Iran for imposing an asset freeze on staff at its London-based Persian-service, the latest crackdown against the corporation's Iranian employees. Tehran's judicial authorities have issued a court order listing more than 150 BBC ...
Iran judiciary freezes assets of BBC Persian staff - BBC NewsBBC News
Iranian court freezes assets of more than 150 BBC staffReuters

all 11 news articles »