Iran

Country Iran
Capital Tehran
Continent Asia
Currency Rial(IRR)
Languages Persian, Azerbaijani, Kurdish, Lurish, Gilaki, Balochi, Mazandarani, Arabic, Turkmen, Armenian & Georgian

Information

Introduction

Known as Persia until 1935, Iran became an Islamic republic in 1979 after the ruling monarchy was overthrown and Shah Mohammad Reza PAHLAVI was forced into exile. Conservative clerical forces established a theocratic system of government with ultimate political authority vested in a learned religious scholar referred to commonly as the Supreme Leader who, according to the constitution, is accountable only to the Assembly of Experts - a popularly elected 86-member body of clerics. US-Iranian relations have been strained since a group of Iranian students seized the US Embassy in Tehran on 4 November 1979 and held it until 20 January 1981. During 1980-88, Iran fought a bloody, indecisive war with Iraq that eventually expanded into the Persian Gulf and led to clashes between US Navy and Iranian military forces between 1987 and 1988. Iran has been designated a state sponsor of terrorism for its activities in Lebanon and elsewhere in the world and remains subject to US, UN, and EU economic sanctions and export controls because of its continued involvement in terrorism and its nuclear weapons ambitions. Following the election of reformer Hojjat ol-Eslam Mohammad KHATAMI as president in 1997 and a reformist Majles (legislature) in 2000, a campaign to foster political reform in response to popular dissatisfaction was initiated. The movement floundered as conservative politicians, through the control of unelected institutions, prevented reform measures from being enacted and increased repressive measures. Starting with nationwide municipal elections in 2003 and continuing through Majles elections in 2004, conservatives reestablished control over Iran's elected government institutions, which culminated with the August 2005 inauguration of hardliner Mahmud AHMADI-NEJAD as president. His controversial reelection in June 2009 sparked nationwide protests over allegations of electoral fraud. The UN Security Council has passed a number of resolutions (1696 in July 2006, 1737 in December 2006, 1747 in March 2007, 1803 in March 2008, and 1835 in September 2008) calling for Iran to suspend its uranium enrichment and reprocessing activities and comply with its IAEA obligations and responsibilities. Resolutions 1737, 1477, and 1803 subject a number of Iranian individuals and entities involved in Iran's nuclear and ballistic missile programs to sanctions. Additionally, several Iranian entities are subject to US sanctions under Executive Order 13382 designations for proliferation activities and EO 13224 designations for support of terrorism.

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References

Iran - Wikipedia
Iran - CIA World Fact Book
Iran - BBC
Iran - National Geographic
Iran - Timeline - BBC

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Hopes rise for release of Briton jailed in Iran after court hearing postponed - The Guardian

The Guardian

Hopes rise for release of Briton jailed in Iran after court hearing postponed
The Guardian
Hopes have been raised that the British-Iranian dual national Nazanin Zaghari-Ratcliffe could soon be freed from a Tehran prison after her expected appearance in court was postponed in the wake of a visit to the country by the UK foreign secretary ...
Iran postpones court appearance of jailed woman as UK minister visitsCNN
Boris Johnson Leaves Iran With Fate of Nazanin Zaghari-Ratcliffe UnclearNew York Times
Johnson's talks on jailed Briton in Iran 'worthwhile' - BBC NewsBBC News
Telegraph.co.uk -The Spokesman-Review -Reuters
all 349 news articles »


Congress considers the Iran nuclear deal - The Interpreter

The Interpreter

Congress considers the Iran nuclear deal
The Interpreter
The US Congress could scuttle the nuclear deal with Iran this week. But it's unlikely to do so. Donald Trump has railed against the deal since his campaign. In a speech on 13 October, Trump said 'the Iran Deal was one of the worst and most one-sided ...
Much hinges on keeping Iran-US nuclear deal in placeThe Daily Herald

all 2 news articles »


Iran says 'good relations' possible if Saudis change - Newsday

Aljazeera.com

Iran says 'good relations' possible if Saudis change
Newsday
TEHRAN, Iran - (AP) -- President Hassan Rouhani says Iran is ready to restore ties with Saudi Arabia if it stops bombing Yemen and cuts its alleged ties with Israel. In a speech broadcast Sunday, Rouhani said the regional rivals could have "good ...
Rouhani: Ready to restore ties with Saudi ArabiaAljazeera.com
Iran's president signals 'good ties' possible with Saudi ArabiaDeutsche Welle
Saudi Arabia and Iran: Four Proxy Conflicts ExplainedWall Street Journal
Foreign Policy (blog) -i24NEWS -Sputnik International
all 218 news articles »


Iran's Rouhani submits conservative 2018 budget as US tensions overshadow economy - Reuters

Reuters

Iran's Rouhani submits conservative 2018 budget as US tensions overshadow economy
Reuters
But that leap in growth was almost entirely due to a surge in the oil sector as Iran became able to increase its oil exports; the rest of the economy, which is more important to the welfare of most Iranians, improved much less. The IMF projects growth ...
Iran's Rouhani sees major economic growth next yearYahoo Singapore News
Iran's Next Year Budget Bill Presented to the Parliament: General Revenues Rise 6.5%Financial Tribune
Iran's Rouhani to Depart for Emergency Session on Jerusalem in Turkey - SourceSputnik International

all 24 news articles »


Netanyahu says France supports Israel's anti-Iran policies - The Times of Israel

The Times of Israel

Netanyahu says France supports Israel's anti-Iran policies
The Times of Israel
Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu (L) and French President Emmanuel Macron shake hands during a joint news conference following their meeting at the Elysee Palace in Paris on December 10, 2017. (AFP/Pool/Philippe Wojazer). PARIS — France is supportive ...
Netanyahu Told Macron: Israel Won't Tolerate Iranian Missile Factories at Its BorderHaaretz
Netanyahu quiet on US Embassy move in speech, focuses on Iranian threatWashington Post

all 14,019 news articles »


USIC Claims DRNK Transferred 3 Nuclear War Heads to Iran - Scoop.co.nz (press release)

Chicago Tribune

USIC Claims DRNK Transferred 3 Nuclear War Heads to Iran
Scoop.co.nz (press release)
In 2013, the Washington Free Beacon reported that Iranian missile technicians from the Shahid Hemmat Industrial Group traveled to Pyongyang to work on an 80-ton rocket booster. According to the report, “The booster is believed by U.S. intelligence ...
Remember Iran when dealing with North KoreaChicago Tribune

all 47 news articles »


Iran Struggling with Rapid Spread of HIV/AIDS - The Jewish Press - JewishPress.com

The Jewish Press - JewishPress.com

Iran Struggling with Rapid Spread of HIV/AIDS
The Jewish Press - JewishPress.com
Homeira Fallahi, a senior advisor to the AIDS and sexually transmitted diseases department of the Health Ministry told Tehran Times that the Iran-based website hiv-sti.ir is dedicated to HIV and sexually transmitted diseases (STD), with information ...



Turkey, Iran security cooperation 'vital' for region: Turkish Interior Minister - Hurriyet Daily News

Hurriyet Daily News

Turkey, Iran security cooperation 'vital' for region: Turkish Interior Minister
Hurriyet Daily News
Cooperation on security between Turkey and its neighbor Iran is “vital” for the region, Interior Minister Süleyman Soylu said on Dec. 9. Soylu's remarks came during a news conference after a security meeting with his Iranian counterpart Abdolreza ...

and more »


Iraq oil minister says Kirkuk oil swap deal with Iran is for one year - Reuters

Reuters

Iraq oil minister says Kirkuk oil swap deal with Iran is for one year
Reuters
Between 30,000 and 60,000 bpd of Kirkuk crude will be delivered by tanker trucks to the border area of Kermanshah, where Iran has a refinery. Luaibi also said that the construction of an oil pipeline from Kirkuk to the Turkish port of Ceyhan will take ...
Iraq and Iran sign Kirkuk oil swap agreementMiddle East Eye

all 30 news articles »


As the Russia-Iran-Turkey alliance expands, the US is reconciled to a lower profile - Scroll.in

Scroll.in

As the Russia-Iran-Turkey alliance expands, the US is reconciled to a lower profile
Scroll.in
Kaleidoscopic changes in West Asia have produced a constellation of power posing fresh challenges to the United States. The emerging alliance among Russia, Iran and Turkey gained its newest member in Qatar, thanks to a rash move by Saudi Crown Prince ...

and more »