Iran

Country Iran
Capital Tehran
Continent Asia
Currency Rial(IRR)
Languages Persian, Azerbaijani, Kurdish, Lurish, Gilaki, Balochi, Mazandarani, Arabic, Turkmen, Armenian & Georgian

Information

Introduction

Known as Persia until 1935, Iran became an Islamic republic in 1979 after the ruling monarchy was overthrown and Shah Mohammad Reza PAHLAVI was forced into exile. Conservative clerical forces established a theocratic system of government with ultimate political authority vested in a learned religious scholar referred to commonly as the Supreme Leader who, according to the constitution, is accountable only to the Assembly of Experts - a popularly elected 86-member body of clerics. US-Iranian relations have been strained since a group of Iranian students seized the US Embassy in Tehran on 4 November 1979 and held it until 20 January 1981. During 1980-88, Iran fought a bloody, indecisive war with Iraq that eventually expanded into the Persian Gulf and led to clashes between US Navy and Iranian military forces between 1987 and 1988. Iran has been designated a state sponsor of terrorism for its activities in Lebanon and elsewhere in the world and remains subject to US, UN, and EU economic sanctions and export controls because of its continued involvement in terrorism and its nuclear weapons ambitions. Following the election of reformer Hojjat ol-Eslam Mohammad KHATAMI as president in 1997 and a reformist Majles (legislature) in 2000, a campaign to foster political reform in response to popular dissatisfaction was initiated. The movement floundered as conservative politicians, through the control of unelected institutions, prevented reform measures from being enacted and increased repressive measures. Starting with nationwide municipal elections in 2003 and continuing through Majles elections in 2004, conservatives reestablished control over Iran's elected government institutions, which culminated with the August 2005 inauguration of hardliner Mahmud AHMADI-NEJAD as president. His controversial reelection in June 2009 sparked nationwide protests over allegations of electoral fraud. The UN Security Council has passed a number of resolutions (1696 in July 2006, 1737 in December 2006, 1747 in March 2007, 1803 in March 2008, and 1835 in September 2008) calling for Iran to suspend its uranium enrichment and reprocessing activities and comply with its IAEA obligations and responsibilities. Resolutions 1737, 1477, and 1803 subject a number of Iranian individuals and entities involved in Iran's nuclear and ballistic missile programs to sanctions. Additionally, several Iranian entities are subject to US sanctions under Executive Order 13382 designations for proliferation activities and EO 13224 designations for support of terrorism.

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References

Iran - Wikipedia
Iran - CIA World Fact Book
Iran - BBC
Iran - National Geographic
Iran - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
US Ambassador to UN Escalates Confrontation With Iran - New York Times

Washington Post

US Ambassador to UN Escalates Confrontation With Iran
New York Times
The Trump administration escalated a bitter confrontation with Iran on Wednesday, demanding that the United Nations Security Council punish the Iranian government for what the American ambassador called its “outlaw behavior” across the Middle East.
The Iran conundrumWashington Post
By Refusing to Recertify Nuclear Deal, Trump Has Put Iran on Path to Regime ChangeThe Wire
Behind Schumer's shocking switch on the Iran dealNew York Post
MyAJC -Financial Times -CBS News
all 350 news articles »


Struggle Over Kirkuk Puts the US and Iran on the Same Side - New York Times

New York Times

Struggle Over Kirkuk Puts the US and Iran on the Same Side
New York Times
Another was the United States turning its back on a crucial ally in the fight against the Islamic State, the Kurds, as Washington's goals aligned with those of a regional nemesis, Iran. While the military action in Kirkuk on Monday and Tuesday was ...
Battle for Kurdistan: Trump Betrays a US Ally, Allowing Iran to Gain the Upper HandHaaretz
The fall of Kirkuk and US Kurdish alliesWashington Times
Iran's real foreign minister isn't who you think it isWashington Examiner

all 109 news articles »


Iran sanctions uncertainty puts major oil companies in 'wait-and-see' mode - CNBC

CNBC

Iran sanctions uncertainty puts major oil companies in 'wait-and-see' mode
CNBC
Iran might appear to be increasingly isolated on the global stage but the country's deputy oil minister said Tuesday that it is on the verge of signing deals with major global oil and gas companies. Speaking in London, Amir Hossein Zamaninia said Iran ...
Iran Official Backs Extension of OPEC Cuts, Dismisses Trump RiskBloomberg
Iran Ready For OPEC Oil Deal ExtensionOilPrice.com (blog)

all 48 news articles »


Iranian General Helped Iraqis Seize Kirkuk From US Allies - NBCNews.com

NBCNews.com

Iranian General Helped Iraqis Seize Kirkuk From US Allies
NBCNews.com
A few days after the Trump administration announced a new, get-tough approach to Iran, one of that country's top military commanders and the armed Shiite militias he supports played a key role in the seizure of an important Iraqi city from the U.S ...
Iran filling vacuum following ISIS defeat in IraqFox News
Take it from me: Kirkuk was not an Iranian defeat of AmericaWashington Examiner
If Trump Wants to Confront Iran, He Should Start in KirkukForeign Policy (blog)
The American Interest -Washington Post -Lawfare (blog)
all 2,552 news articles »


Letter from ex-PM about jailed British-Iranian woman 'proves government links' - The Guardian

The Guardian

Letter from ex-PM about jailed British-Iranian woman 'proves government links'
The Guardian
Tehran's prosecutor general has said that a letter from David Cameron pleading for the release of a British-Iranian woman serving a five-year jail term in Iran on charges relating to national security was “confirmation that she had links with the UK ...

and more »


Haley pushes UN to follow US stance on Iran - Channel NewsAsia

Channel NewsAsia

Haley pushes UN to follow US stance on Iran
Channel NewsAsia
UNITED NATIONS: US Ambassador Nikki Haley urged the UN Security Council on Wednesday (Oct 18) to follow in the US footsteps and confront Iran over what she described as its "aggressive, destabilising and unlawful behavior" in the region. The council ...
Haley tells UN Security Council to follow Trump on IranKITV Honolulu

all 50 news articles »


Trump and Iran - VUE Weekly

Trump and Iran
VUE Weekly
Now, Trump has directed more curses at Iran, declaring that he will pull the United States out of the 2015 agreement that prevents Iran from developing nuclear weapons for the next 10 years. Or rather, he has announced that Congress will do that—but ...

and more »


One Norwegian company is defying Trump's Iran tantrum - Business Insider Nordic (blog)

Business Insider Nordic (blog)

One Norwegian company is defying Trump's Iran tantrum
Business Insider Nordic (blog)
President Donald Trump wants to reisolate Iran, reneging on the nuclear deal, JCPOA, of 2015. The president described the agreement – that has been called the signature foreign policy achievement of Barack Obama's presidency – as, “embarrassing,” and, ...
Norwegian firms signs $3B deal with Iran for solar panelsWichita Eagle
Norwegian Firm Signs $2.9b Deal to Build Solar Plants in IranteleSUR English
Norway's Saga Energy signs $3bn solar panels deal with Iran - reportRT

all 26 news articles »


The Iran Nuclear Deal Without The United States - Forbes

Forbes

The Iran Nuclear Deal Without The United States
Forbes
Iran is actually meeting the terms of the nuclear deal hammered out in Switzerland two years ago by the United States-led P5+1 Group (China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom, United States, plus Germany). According to the United Nations' nuclear ...
Trump is toying with Iran — and another US adversary is watchingCNBC
Trump's Iran Strategy Looks Ominously FamiliarPOLITICO Magazine
What's our Iran policy, again?Washington Post
Foreign Policy -CNN -Financial Times
all 4,940 news articles »


5.2-magnitude earthquake jolts southern Iran - Fox News

5.2-magnitude earthquake jolts southern Iran
Fox News
It says the epicenter of the earthquake was 10 kilometers (6.2 miles) deep. There were no immediate reports of casualties or major damage. Iran is prone to earthquakes as it sits on many major fault lines. In 2003, a 6.6-magnitude quake flattened the ...

and more »