Iran

Country Iran
Capital Tehran
Continent Asia
Currency Rial(IRR)
Languages Persian, Azerbaijani, Kurdish, Lurish, Gilaki, Balochi, Mazandarani, Arabic, Turkmen, Armenian & Georgian

Information

Introduction

Known as Persia until 1935, Iran became an Islamic republic in 1979 after the ruling monarchy was overthrown and Shah Mohammad Reza PAHLAVI was forced into exile. Conservative clerical forces established a theocratic system of government with ultimate political authority vested in a learned religious scholar referred to commonly as the Supreme Leader who, according to the constitution, is accountable only to the Assembly of Experts - a popularly elected 86-member body of clerics. US-Iranian relations have been strained since a group of Iranian students seized the US Embassy in Tehran on 4 November 1979 and held it until 20 January 1981. During 1980-88, Iran fought a bloody, indecisive war with Iraq that eventually expanded into the Persian Gulf and led to clashes between US Navy and Iranian military forces between 1987 and 1988. Iran has been designated a state sponsor of terrorism for its activities in Lebanon and elsewhere in the world and remains subject to US, UN, and EU economic sanctions and export controls because of its continued involvement in terrorism and its nuclear weapons ambitions. Following the election of reformer Hojjat ol-Eslam Mohammad KHATAMI as president in 1997 and a reformist Majles (legislature) in 2000, a campaign to foster political reform in response to popular dissatisfaction was initiated. The movement floundered as conservative politicians, through the control of unelected institutions, prevented reform measures from being enacted and increased repressive measures. Starting with nationwide municipal elections in 2003 and continuing through Majles elections in 2004, conservatives reestablished control over Iran's elected government institutions, which culminated with the August 2005 inauguration of hardliner Mahmud AHMADI-NEJAD as president. His controversial reelection in June 2009 sparked nationwide protests over allegations of electoral fraud. The UN Security Council has passed a number of resolutions (1696 in July 2006, 1737 in December 2006, 1747 in March 2007, 1803 in March 2008, and 1835 in September 2008) calling for Iran to suspend its uranium enrichment and reprocessing activities and comply with its IAEA obligations and responsibilities. Resolutions 1737, 1477, and 1803 subject a number of Iranian individuals and entities involved in Iran's nuclear and ballistic missile programs to sanctions. Additionally, several Iranian entities are subject to US sanctions under Executive Order 13382 designations for proliferation activities and EO 13224 designations for support of terrorism.

[+] Geography

[+] People

[+] Government

Video

Map


View Larger Map

References

Iran - Wikipedia
Iran - CIA World Fact Book
Iran - BBC
Iran - National Geographic
Iran - Timeline - BBC

Cities

Links

News Headlines

Google News
Iran slams US arms deal with Saudi Arabia - Sky News Australia

Sky News Australia

Iran slams US arms deal with Saudi Arabia
Sky News Australia
Iran has accused the US of selling arms to 'dangerous terrorists' in the Middle East - a day after President Donald Trump signed an arms deal with Saudi Arabia. It also accused the US of spreading 'Iranophobia' after Mr Trump lashed out at Tehran ...
The Trump administration's Iran policy is dangerous and flawedThe Guardian
Iran just held an election. So why is the theocratic monarchy Saudi Arabia our friend?Los Angeles Times
Rouhanis re-election as Iran president does not signal a win for democracyDailyO
New York Times -USA TODAY
all 7,760 news articles »


Lindt siege tragedy could have been avoided, Iran's ambassador says - SBS

SBS

Lindt siege tragedy could have been avoided, Iran's ambassador says
SBS
Iran says the Sydney siege tragedy would have been prevented had Australia heeded its warnings over gunman Man Haron Monis and extradited him to face fraud charges. Monis was wanted by Iranian authorities which informed Interpol and the Australian ...

and more »


Trump's alignment with Israel and Saudi against Iran: Here's the catch - PRI

PRI

Trump's alignment with Israel and Saudi against Iran: Here's the catch
PRI
The second part of Trump's strategy entails building a coalition against Iran and its Shiite proxies with Saudi Arabia and other Gulf states. And as part of that coalition-building, the United States will “encourage” the Gulf states to normalize their ...
Trump plays on fears of Iran to push for Mideast peaceFinancial Times
Analysis: In Mideast, Trump pushes shared worries over IranWashington Post
Trump Bets Arab Fears of Iran Threat Can Win Mideast PeaceBloomberg
WNYC -Fox News Insider -Telegraph.co.uk
all 3,755 news articles »


Zambia U20 seal fightback win over Iran - ESPN FC

ESPN FC

Zambia U20 seal fightback win over Iran
ESPN FC
Zambia came back from two goals down to secure a thrilling 4-2 victory over Iran on Wednesday, taking a giant step towards the knockout stages of the 2017 FIFA Under-20 World Cup in Gabon. A double from Reza Shekari had the Iranians 2-0 up almost 10 ...
Zambia rally to rout Iran and reach last 16Lusaka Times
How to watch Zambia vs Iran in 2017 Men's U-20 World Cup, group stage: start time, TV schedule, and live streamOnce A Metro

all 73 news articles »


Iran's Maxed-Out Crude Output Eases OPEC Push to Extend Cuts ... - Bloomberg

Bloomberg

Iran's Maxed-Out Crude Output Eases OPEC Push to Extend Cuts ...
Bloomberg
Iran's oil industry bounced back from sanctions last year, cranking up output to recover market share from other OPEC producers. Now that its surge has topped ...
Iran: There is debate over length of OPEC-led oil output cut extension - ISNAReuters

all 5 news articles »


Professor Gives View on Iran's Politics - Valley News

Valley News

Professor Gives View on Iran's Politics
Valley News
Iranian President Hassan Rouhani attends a televised speech after he won the election, in Tehran, Iran, Saturday, May 20, 2017. Rouhani says that the message of Friday's election that gave him another four-year term is one of Iran living in peace and ...
Iran votes for reformThe Hindu
Iran elections still unfair and not freeWashington Times
The Patient Resilience of Iran's ReformersNew York Times
The Atlantic -Al-Monitor -TIME
all 587 news articles »


Iran Builds New Terror Centers As US Stalls On Terrorist Designation - Forbes

Forbes

Iran Builds New Terror Centers As US Stalls On Terrorist Designation
Forbes
It is heartening that the Trump Administration is considering officially designating Iran's Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) as a "Foreign Terrorist Organization" (FTO). For several years, a faction of the IRGC, the Qods Force, has held this ...

and more »


Trump finds reasons to change course on Iran - Financial Times - Financial Times

Financial Times

Trump finds reasons to change course on Iran - Financial Times
Financial Times
Sir, Former US president Barack Obama believed that conclusion of a nuclear agreement with Iran in 2015 would usher the Islamic republic into a period of ...
The election is over. But Iran's next big transition is coming sooner ...Washington Post

all 3 news articles »


Why Do Russia, China, Iran and Cuba All Have in Common? Intelligence Services Gunning for America - The National Interest Online (blog)

The National Interest Online (blog)

Why Do Russia, China, Iran and Cuba All Have in Common? Intelligence Services Gunning for America
The National Interest Online (blog)
Lesser in capability, but, nonetheless, still dangerous, are Iran and Cuba, both of which maintain potent intelligence agencies. “Iran and Cuba also pose persistent foreign intelligence threats to the United States,” Stewart wrote. “Cuba's intelligence ...



Five Killed, Hundreds Arrested In Bahrain At Shi'ite Protest; Iran Blames Trump - RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty

RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty

Five Killed, Hundreds Arrested In Bahrain At Shi'ite Protest; Iran Blames Trump
RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty
Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif called it the "first concrete result" of what he described as U.S. President Donald Trump "cozying up to despots" in Saudi Arabia two days earlier -- a reference to a summit Trump attended with leaders of ...
Iran blames Trump as Bahrain protesters killedSky News

all 102 news articles »