Iran

Country Iran
Capital Tehran
Continent Asia
Currency Rial(IRR)
Languages Persian, Azerbaijani, Kurdish, Lurish, Gilaki, Balochi, Mazandarani, Arabic, Turkmen, Armenian & Georgian

Information

Introduction

Known as Persia until 1935, Iran became an Islamic republic in 1979 after the ruling monarchy was overthrown and Shah Mohammad Reza PAHLAVI was forced into exile. Conservative clerical forces established a theocratic system of government with ultimate political authority vested in a learned religious scholar referred to commonly as the Supreme Leader who, according to the constitution, is accountable only to the Assembly of Experts - a popularly elected 86-member body of clerics. US-Iranian relations have been strained since a group of Iranian students seized the US Embassy in Tehran on 4 November 1979 and held it until 20 January 1981. During 1980-88, Iran fought a bloody, indecisive war with Iraq that eventually expanded into the Persian Gulf and led to clashes between US Navy and Iranian military forces between 1987 and 1988. Iran has been designated a state sponsor of terrorism for its activities in Lebanon and elsewhere in the world and remains subject to US, UN, and EU economic sanctions and export controls because of its continued involvement in terrorism and its nuclear weapons ambitions. Following the election of reformer Hojjat ol-Eslam Mohammad KHATAMI as president in 1997 and a reformist Majles (legislature) in 2000, a campaign to foster political reform in response to popular dissatisfaction was initiated. The movement floundered as conservative politicians, through the control of unelected institutions, prevented reform measures from being enacted and increased repressive measures. Starting with nationwide municipal elections in 2003 and continuing through Majles elections in 2004, conservatives reestablished control over Iran's elected government institutions, which culminated with the August 2005 inauguration of hardliner Mahmud AHMADI-NEJAD as president. His controversial reelection in June 2009 sparked nationwide protests over allegations of electoral fraud. The UN Security Council has passed a number of resolutions (1696 in July 2006, 1737 in December 2006, 1747 in March 2007, 1803 in March 2008, and 1835 in September 2008) calling for Iran to suspend its uranium enrichment and reprocessing activities and comply with its IAEA obligations and responsibilities. Resolutions 1737, 1477, and 1803 subject a number of Iranian individuals and entities involved in Iran's nuclear and ballistic missile programs to sanctions. Additionally, several Iranian entities are subject to US sanctions under Executive Order 13382 designations for proliferation activities and EO 13224 designations for support of terrorism.

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References

Iran - Wikipedia
Iran - CIA World Fact Book
Iran - BBC
Iran - National Geographic
Iran - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
Iranian Montrealer facing deportation can stay in Canada - CBC.ca

CBC.ca

Iranian Montrealer facing deportation can stay in Canada
CBC.ca
Roghayeh Azizi Mirmahaleh, who was set to be deported to Iran next week, has been granted a two-year temporary residency permit and can stay in Canada, her lawyer has confirmed. The 60-year-old who lives in Montreal spent three years in an Iranian ...
Iranian woman facing deportation from Canada granted temporary residencyMacleans.ca
Iranian Montrealer will not be deportedMontreal Gazette
Woman set for deportation to Iran arrested after being deemed a flight riskTimes Colonist

all 20 news articles »


America's growing toughness towards Iran - The Economist

The Economist

America's growing toughness towards Iran
The Economist
Speaking on February 19th at this year's Munich Security Conference, he described the challenges facing the Middle East as “Iran, Iran and Iran”. Delegates from the Arab states present might not have relished being seen to agree with the Zionist enemy ...
THINKERSgulfnews.com

all 19 news articles »


Lebanese Fear Being Caught in Trump's Push on Iran - Wall Street Journal (subscription)

Lebanese Fear Being Caught in Trump's Push on Iran
Wall Street Journal (subscription)
BEIRUT—No country is more important for Iran's regional influence than Lebanon, where the Shiite militia Hezbollah plays an outsize role. Now that President Donald Trump seeks to roll back this Iranian sway, many Lebanese fear their country will end ...

and more »


Iran's president tries to defuse anger in an oil-rich province hit by dust storms, blackouts and protests - Los Angeles Times

Los Angeles Times

Iran's president tries to defuse anger in an oil-rich province hit by dust storms, blackouts and protests
Los Angeles Times
Bidding to ease public anger over a mounting environmental crisis, Iranian President Hassan Rouhani on Thursday visited an oil-rich southwestern province that has been crippled by sandstorms and power blackouts. Residents of Khuzestan province have ...
Why does Iran neglect Arabs in oil-rich Ahvaz?Arab News

all 8 news articles »


Trump Can't Deal With Iran If He Doesn't Understand It - Foreign Policy (blog)

Foreign Policy (blog)

Trump Can't Deal With Iran If He Doesn't Understand It
Foreign Policy (blog)
1, then-National Security Advisor Michael Flynn accused Iran of a “provocative ballistic missile launch and an attack against a Saudi naval vessel conducted by Iran-supported Houthi militants.” Two days later, Washington slapped sanctions on 25 ...
Donald Trump intends to take on Iran. Right, but riskyThe Economist
Iran Ready To Give US 'Slap In The Face': CommanderNDTV
Iran Threatens US With a “Slap in the Face”legal Insurrection (blog)
The Hill -The Independent -Voice of America
all 60 news articles »


Iran: Possible Conservative Presidential Candidate Emerges - STRATFOR

Iran: Possible Conservative Presidential Candidate Emerges
STRATFOR
Iran's conservative Popular Front of Islamic Revolution Forces coalition voted on selected contenders to be the faction's candidate in the upcoming presidential election, Entekhab reported Feb. 23. Hojjat al-Islam Mehdi Seyyed Ibrahim Raisi won the ...



Iran Deal Allows Cheating and Must Be Renegotiated, Cruz Says - The Weekly Standard

Conservative Review

Iran Deal Allows Cheating and Must Be Renegotiated, Cruz Says
The Weekly Standard
The Obama administration structured the Iran nuclear deal to cover up Iranian violations, which may make it impossible to rigorously enforce the landmark agreement as Trump administration officials have suggested, according to a top Republican senator.
Ted Cruz: American people deserve to know about Iran deal's 'hidden' detailsConservative Review
Oil And Gas News: Iran Defies Trump, Builds Business Ties Around The WorldInternational Business Times

all 4 news articles »


Netanyahu urges Australia to take more aggressive tone on Iran - Jerusalem Post Israel News

Jerusalem Post Israel News

Netanyahu urges Australia to take more aggressive tone on Iran
Jerusalem Post Israel News
SYDNEY – Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu urged the 11 Australian ministers he met with on Thursday – the equivalent of Israel's security cabinet – to take a more aggressive position toward Iran. With this message, Netanyahu continued lobbying efforts ...

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Laura Secor: The fish, the stream and the rise of theocratic Iran - National Post

National Post

Laura Secor: The fish, the stream and the rise of theocratic Iran
National Post
In the run-up to the awarding of the Lionel Gelber Prize, the National Post presents excerpts from all five nominated books. Today: Laura Secor on the the little-known literary origins of the Iranian Revolution. On a cold winter night, at the bottom of ...



Iran Uses Palestinian Conference to Spotlight Anti-Israel Rhetoric - Voice of America

Voice of America

Iran Uses Palestinian Conference to Spotlight Anti-Israel Rhetoric
Voice of America
The two-day Sixth International Conference in Support of the Palestinian Intifada ended Wednesday in the Iranian capital, Tehran, with Iran's president pledging more aid for Palestinians fighting against Israel. Tehran has long provided monetary and ...
Iran warns Arab states: Don't be enticed by Israeli attempts to win Arab alliesJerusalem Post Israel News
Iran Troubled by Signs of Emerging Israeli-Arab ReconciliationCNSNews.com
Rouhani: Iran pays heavy price to support PalestiniansThe Times of Israel
Toronto Sun -Hindustan Times -Reuters
all 196 news articles »