Iran

Country Iran
Capital Tehran
Continent Asia
Currency Rial(IRR)
Languages Persian, Azerbaijani, Kurdish, Lurish, Gilaki, Balochi, Mazandarani, Arabic, Turkmen, Armenian & Georgian

Information

Introduction

Known as Persia until 1935, Iran became an Islamic republic in 1979 after the ruling monarchy was overthrown and Shah Mohammad Reza PAHLAVI was forced into exile. Conservative clerical forces established a theocratic system of government with ultimate political authority vested in a learned religious scholar referred to commonly as the Supreme Leader who, according to the constitution, is accountable only to the Assembly of Experts - a popularly elected 86-member body of clerics. US-Iranian relations have been strained since a group of Iranian students seized the US Embassy in Tehran on 4 November 1979 and held it until 20 January 1981. During 1980-88, Iran fought a bloody, indecisive war with Iraq that eventually expanded into the Persian Gulf and led to clashes between US Navy and Iranian military forces between 1987 and 1988. Iran has been designated a state sponsor of terrorism for its activities in Lebanon and elsewhere in the world and remains subject to US, UN, and EU economic sanctions and export controls because of its continued involvement in terrorism and its nuclear weapons ambitions. Following the election of reformer Hojjat ol-Eslam Mohammad KHATAMI as president in 1997 and a reformist Majles (legislature) in 2000, a campaign to foster political reform in response to popular dissatisfaction was initiated. The movement floundered as conservative politicians, through the control of unelected institutions, prevented reform measures from being enacted and increased repressive measures. Starting with nationwide municipal elections in 2003 and continuing through Majles elections in 2004, conservatives reestablished control over Iran's elected government institutions, which culminated with the August 2005 inauguration of hardliner Mahmud AHMADI-NEJAD as president. His controversial reelection in June 2009 sparked nationwide protests over allegations of electoral fraud. The UN Security Council has passed a number of resolutions (1696 in July 2006, 1737 in December 2006, 1747 in March 2007, 1803 in March 2008, and 1835 in September 2008) calling for Iran to suspend its uranium enrichment and reprocessing activities and comply with its IAEA obligations and responsibilities. Resolutions 1737, 1477, and 1803 subject a number of Iranian individuals and entities involved in Iran's nuclear and ballistic missile programs to sanctions. Additionally, several Iranian entities are subject to US sanctions under Executive Order 13382 designations for proliferation activities and EO 13224 designations for support of terrorism.

[+] Geography

[+] People

[+] Government

Video

Map


View Larger Map

References

Iran - Wikipedia
Iran - CIA World Fact Book
Iran - BBC
Iran - National Geographic
Iran - Timeline - BBC

Cities

Links

News Headlines

Google News
The coming US crackdown on Iran - New York Post

New York Post

The coming US crackdown on Iran
New York Post
It all but disappeared as President Barack Obama and Secretary of State John Kerry gave away one concession after another in the run-up to the completion of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action — the Iran nuclear deal — in 2015. Such pressure never ...
Trump Personally Intervened to Toughen Iran Deal LetterBloomberg
Obama Freed Nuclear Smuggler To Get Iran DealForward
Trump's Iran nuclear deal review faces a dangerous pathCNBC
National Review -Fox News Insider -Wall Street Journal (subscription) (blog) -US Department of State
all 208 news articles »


US Navy fires warning flare at Iran vessel in Persian Gulf - ABC News

ABC News

US Navy fires warning flare at Iran vessel in Persian Gulf
ABC News
A U.S. Navy guided-missile destroyer fired a warning flare toward an Iranian Revolutionary Guard vessel coming near it in the Persian Gulf, an American official said on Wednesday, the latest tense naval encounter between the two countries. The incident ...
US destroyer forced to alter course by Iranian vessel acting 'provocative'CNN
US destroyer has close encounter with Iranian boat at seaDaily Mail
Navy destroyer has close encounter with Iran vessel in Persian GulfFox News
The New Indian Express -Newsweek
all 30 news articles »


Iran confirms rejecting appeal by held British-Iranian woman - Minneapolis Star Tribune

Minneapolis Star Tribune

Iran confirms rejecting appeal by held British-Iranian woman
Minneapolis Star Tribune
TEHRAN, IranIran has confirmed that the final appeal by a British-Iranian woman detained in Iran while on a trip with her toddler daughter of having her five-year prison sentence overturned has been denied. Nazanin Zaghari-Ratcliffe's family ...
Iran confirms upholding British-Iranian's 5-year sentenceDaily Mail
British-Iranian woman jailed in Tehran loses legal appealThe Guardian
British woman held in Iran on spying charges loses final appeal and will spend five years in jailVICE News
The Independent -CBS News -The Wire
all 58 news articles »


Iran hardliners struggle to present united front ahead of poll - Financial Times

Financial Times

Iran hardliners struggle to present united front ahead of poll
Financial Times
Shortly after Ebrahim Raisi was confirmed as a hardline candidate for Iran's presidential election, he revealed a surprise weapon in his campaign armoury: his wife. Sample the FT's top stories for a week. You select the topic, we deliver the news ...



Iran: Khamenei Says Next President Should Be Less Engaged With West - The Wire

The Wire

Iran: Khamenei Says Next President Should Be Less Engaged With West
The Wire
London: Iran's supreme leader called on presidential candidates on Tuesday to champion economic self-sufficiency, further distancing himself from Hassan Rouhani's policy of opening to the West and seeking foreign investment. Allies of Ayatollah Ali ...
Iran Election: What Is The Message Of Ahmadinejad's Disqualification?Daily Caller
Iran polling: Will vote see Rouhani-Ghalibaf rematch?Al-Monitor

all 30 news articles »


Deterring Iran: A US strategic path forward | TheHill - The Hill (blog)

The Hill (blog)

Deterring Iran: A US strategic path forward | TheHill
The Hill (blog)
On April 19, U.S. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson certified that Iran is sticking to the terms of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) nuclear deal but ...
Donald Trump Should Blacklist Iran's Islamic Revolutionary Guard ...U.S. News & World Report

all 3 news articles »


Boeing must be stopped from doing business with Iran - The Hill (blog)

The Hill (blog)

Boeing must be stopped from doing business with Iran
The Hill (blog)
The Iranian regime might soon become a lobbying force to reckon with on Capitol Hill. That is one upshot of Boeing's plan to expedite delivery of its airplanes sold to Iran. It is also why President Trump should move quickly to scuttle the deal by ...



White House Intervened to Toughen Letter on Iran Nuclear Deal - Wall Street Journal (subscription)

Wall Street Journal (subscription)

White House Intervened to Toughen Letter on Iran Nuclear Deal
Wall Street Journal (subscription)
WASHINGTON—President Donald Trump told aides to toughen a State Department letter last week that declared Iran in compliance with a landmark nuclear deal, senior U.S. officials involved in a policy review said. Top White House officials said the ...



Total close to lucrative flagship gas deal with Iran - The New Arab

The New Arab

Total close to lucrative flagship gas deal with Iran
The New Arab
Iran is confident that it is close to signing a flagship contract with French energy giant Total to exploit natural gas reserves in the country. In a statement published by Iran's ISNA News Agency on Wednesday the country's Deputy Oil Minister Amir ...

and more »


Florida Congressional Reps Call for Getting Tougher With Iran - Sunshine State News

Sunshine State News

Florida Congressional Reps Call for Getting Tougher With Iran
Sunshine State News
Iran's despicable human rights record is only getting worse as its compromised elections approach next month," Ros-Lehtinen said as she introduced the resolution. "Despite the propaganda portraying Rouhani as a 'reformer,' executions and crackdowns on ...