Iraq

Country Iraq
Capital Baghdad
Continent Asia
Currency Iraqi dinar (IQD)
Languages Arabic & Kurdish

Information

Introduction

Formerly part of the Ottoman Empire, Iraq was occupied by Britain during the course of World War I; in 1920, it was declared a League of Nations mandate under UK administration. In stages over the next dozen years, Iraq attained its independence as a kingdom in 1932. A "republic" was proclaimed in 1958, but in actuality a series of strongmen ruled the country until 2003. The last was SADDAM Husayn. Territorial disputes with Iran led to an inconclusive and costly eight-year war (1980-88). In August 1990, Iraq seized Kuwait but was expelled by US-led, UN coalition forces during the Gulf War of January-February 1991. Following Kuwait's liberation, the UN Security Council (UNSC) required Iraq to scrap all weapons of mass destruction and long-range missiles and to allow UN verification inspections. Continued Iraqi noncompliance with UNSC resolutions over a period of 12 years led to the US-led invasion of Iraq in March 2003 and the ouster of the SADDAM Husayn regime. US forces remained in Iraq under a UNSC mandate through 2009 and under a bilateral security agreement thereafter, helping to provide security and to train and mentor Iraqi security forces. In October 2005, Iraqis approved a constitution in a national referendum and, pursuant to this document, elected a 275-member Council of Representatives (CoR) in December 2005. After the election, Ibrahim al-JAAFARI was selected as prime minister; he was replaced by Nuri al-MALIKI in May 2006. The CoR approved most cabinet ministers in May 2006, marking the transition to Iraq's first constitutional government in nearly a half century. On 31 January 2009, Iraq held elections for provincial councils in all provinces except for the three provinces comprising the Kurdistan Regional Government and at-Ta'mim (Kirkuk) province.

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References

Iraq - Wikipedia
Iraq - CIA World Fact Book
Iraq - BBC
Iraq - National Geographic
Iraq - Timeline - BBC

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World leaders congratulate Iraq on defeating IS - ABC News

ABC News

World leaders congratulate Iraq on defeating IS
ABC News
Saudi Arabia says the achievement is a big victory against terrorism in the region and the United Kingdom applauded Iraq's security forces "for their courage and sacrifice." Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi declared victory in the more than three ...
Returning fighters concern as Iraq declares victory over ISABC Local
Iraq declares victory over Islamic State but root causes of conflict still unaddressedGlobalnews.ca
Iraq holds victory parade after defeating Islamic StateReuters.com
Worcester Telegram -NPR
all 450 news articles »


After Fall of ISIS, Iraq's Second-Largest City Picks Up the Pieces - New York Times

New York Times

After Fall of ISIS, Iraq's Second-Largest City Picks Up the Pieces
New York Times
MOSUL, Iraq — In the heat of the late summer sun, weeks after the end of one of the largest urban battles since World War II, a high school principal trekked from his home in east Mosul to the west bank of the Tigris River to confront the ruins of his ...

and more »


US Agency to Help Iraq Recover From IS Despite Trump Aid Cuts - U.S. News & World Report

U.S. News & World Report

US Agency to Help Iraq Recover From IS Despite Trump Aid Cuts
U.S. News & World Report
An Iraqi Federal Police member carries a machine gun as he walks along a street controlled by Iraqi forces during a break in combat against Islamic State in Mosul, Iraq, April 3. REUTERS/Andres Martinez Casares Reuters. By Ahmed Aboulenein. BAGHDAD ...

and more »


Australia to review Iraq deployment amid calls to end RAAF's ... - ABC - ABC Online

ABC Online

Australia to review Iraq deployment amid calls to end RAAF's ... - ABC
ABC Online
Defence Minister Marise Payne says Australia will reconsider its military commitment to Iraq following Islamic State's defeat, with a former Army chief suggesting the RAAF's bombing missions over the country should now end.

and more »


Iraq needs a long-term strategy as much as it needs short-term wins - The National

The National

Iraq needs a long-term strategy as much as it needs short-term wins
The National
Haider Al Abadi, Iraq's prime minister, declared victory on Sunday, with a national holiday on Monday to celebrate this victory. However, the term "celebrate" is difficult for those who lost loved ones fighting ISIL, for others who lost loved ones at ...
UK recognizes Kurdish Peshmerga in Iraq's ISIS fightRudaw

all 16 news articles »


Generous German funding will significantly help vulnerable people in Iraq - ReliefWeb

ReliefWeb

Generous German funding will significantly help vulnerable people in Iraq
ReliefWeb
(Baghdad, 10 December 2017): The Federal Foreign Office of Germany has generously donated EUR 30 million (USD 34.8 million) to the Iraq Humanitarian Fund (IHF), a pooled fund led by the Humanitarian Coordinator and managed by OCHA. “We are deeply ...
UN: Germany donates €30 million for Iraq post-ISISRudaw

all 2 news articles »


Iraq oil minister says Kirkuk oil swap deal with Iran is for one year - Reuters

Reuters

Iraq oil minister says Kirkuk oil swap deal with Iran is for one year
Reuters
Iraqi Oil Minister Jabar al-Luaibi said on Sunday that a deal signed with Tehran to swap up to 60000 barrels per day of crude produced from the northern Iraqi Kirkuk oilfield for Iranian oil is for one year and subject to renewal.
UN: Oil-for-Food Program in Iraq fully implementedRudaw

all 32 news articles »


US scholarship for Muslim women honors Iraq-born pioneering pharmacologist - Daily Sabah

Daily Sabah

US scholarship for Muslim women honors Iraq-born pioneering pharmacologist
Daily Sabah
The family of an Iraq-born woman who developed a pioneering drug for congestive heart failure in the United States has created a scholarship for Muslim women pursuing careers in science, technology, engineering and math. The Adawia Alousi Scholars ...

and more »


Shiite armed groups in Iraq decide to disband - Arab News

Arab News

Shiite armed groups in Iraq decide to disband
Arab News
A member of Iraqi security forces carries an Iraqi flag as he celebrates the final victory over the Daesh at Tahrir Square in Baghdad, Iraq on Sunday. (REUTERS). BAGHDAD: A number of armed Shiite factions that fought Daesh alongside Iraqi government ...



'If we do nothing, there will be many more tragedies': Iraq issues warning as Arab foreign ministers slam Trump at ... - Daily Mail

Daily Mail

'If we do nothing, there will be many more tragedies': Iraq issues warning as Arab foreign ministers slam Trump at ...
Daily Mail
Arab foreign ministers fumed over Donald Trump's decision to recognise Jerusalem as Israel's capital at an emergency meeting in Cairo today. In speech after speech, officials at the Arab League get-together spoke venomously of President Trump's ...
Trump's Jerusalem decision could incite extremists, Iraq warnsFox News

all 13,967 news articles »