Iraq

Country Iraq
Capital Baghdad
Continent Asia
Currency Iraqi dinar (IQD)
Languages Arabic & Kurdish

Information

Introduction

Formerly part of the Ottoman Empire, Iraq was occupied by Britain during the course of World War I; in 1920, it was declared a League of Nations mandate under UK administration. In stages over the next dozen years, Iraq attained its independence as a kingdom in 1932. A "republic" was proclaimed in 1958, but in actuality a series of strongmen ruled the country until 2003. The last was SADDAM Husayn. Territorial disputes with Iran led to an inconclusive and costly eight-year war (1980-88). In August 1990, Iraq seized Kuwait but was expelled by US-led, UN coalition forces during the Gulf War of January-February 1991. Following Kuwait's liberation, the UN Security Council (UNSC) required Iraq to scrap all weapons of mass destruction and long-range missiles and to allow UN verification inspections. Continued Iraqi noncompliance with UNSC resolutions over a period of 12 years led to the US-led invasion of Iraq in March 2003 and the ouster of the SADDAM Husayn regime. US forces remained in Iraq under a UNSC mandate through 2009 and under a bilateral security agreement thereafter, helping to provide security and to train and mentor Iraqi security forces. In October 2005, Iraqis approved a constitution in a national referendum and, pursuant to this document, elected a 275-member Council of Representatives (CoR) in December 2005. After the election, Ibrahim al-JAAFARI was selected as prime minister; he was replaced by Nuri al-MALIKI in May 2006. The CoR approved most cabinet ministers in May 2006, marking the transition to Iraq's first constitutional government in nearly a half century. On 31 January 2009, Iraq held elections for provincial councils in all provinces except for the three provinces comprising the Kurdistan Regional Government and at-Ta'mim (Kirkuk) province.

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References

Iraq - Wikipedia
Iraq - CIA World Fact Book
Iraq - BBC
Iraq - National Geographic
Iraq - Timeline - BBC

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Ramzan breeds dread in crisis-hit Iraq - Times of IndiaRamzan breeds dread in crisis-hit Iraq  Times of India

Iran, Iraq sign joint cooperation program in Baghdad - Anadolu AgencyIran, Iraq sign joint cooperation program in Baghdad  Anadolu Agency

Iraq's Maritime Heritage Finds a Haven in the Classroom - Al-Fanar MediaIraq's Maritime Heritage Finds a Haven in the Classroom  Al-Fanar Media

Photos show a changed Baghdad a year after Iraq's youth revolution - Washington PostPhotos show a changed Baghdad a year after Iraq's youth revolution  Washington Post

Iraq blames public for new virus record, urges vaccinations - Times of IndiaIraq blames public for new virus record, urges vaccinations  Times of India

Roadside bomb hits US-led coalition convoy in Iraq - Anadolu AgencyRoadside bomb hits US-led coalition convoy in Iraq  Anadolu Agency

In Iraq, Drought and Abundance in the Mesopotamian Marshes - The New York TimesIn Iraq, Drought and Abundance in the Mesopotamian Marshes  The New York Times

In Iraq, Herding Water Buffalo Is Once Again A Growing Industry - NPRIn Iraq, Herding Water Buffalo Is Once Again A Growing Industry  NPR

U.S. commits to withdrawal of combat troops from Iraq - The HinduU.S. commits to withdrawal of combat troops from Iraq  The Hindu

Iraq gets first batch of Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine - Anadolu AgencyIraq gets first batch of Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine  Anadolu Agency

Iraq: Humanitarian Bulletin, March 2021 - Iraq - ReliefWebIraq: Humanitarian Bulletin, March 2021 - Iraq  ReliefWeb

UN Iraq Special Representative Jeanine Hennis-Plasschaert extends her best wishes for a peaceful, healthy Ramadan [EN/AR/KU] - World - ReliefWebUN Iraq Special Representative Jeanine Hennis-Plasschaert extends her best wishes for a peaceful, healthy Ramadan [EN/AR/KU] - World  ReliefWeb

Iraq to Impose Partial Curfew During Ramadan - Asharq Al-awsat - EnglishIraq to Impose Partial Curfew During Ramadan  Asharq Al-awsat - English

Iraq PM pledges country will never become launchpad for attacks on Saudi Arabia - WIONIraq PM pledges country will never become launchpad for attacks on Saudi Arabia  WION

Iraq crackdown on corruption helps to boost forex reserves to $60bn says PM - Arab NewsIraq crackdown on corruption helps to boost forex reserves to $60bn says PM  Arab News

Iraq reports 4,901 new coronavirus cases, overall tally reach 763,085 - Business StandardIraq reports 4,901 new coronavirus cases, overall tally reach 763,085  Business Standard

Roundup: Iran reports 23,311 new COVID-19 cases; Iraq receives 2nd batch of China-donated vaccines - Xinhua | English.news.cn - XinhuaRoundup: Iran reports 23,311 new COVID-19 cases; Iraq receives 2nd batch of China-donated vaccines - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

Breaking Baghdad: How Iraq's crystal meth epidemic is ravaging the nation - The IndependentBreaking Baghdad: How Iraq's crystal meth epidemic is ravaging the nation  The Independent

In Iraq, how Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani played a transformative role - Hindustan TimesIn Iraq, how Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani played a transformative role  Hindustan Times

Iraq's Electoral Preparations and Processes Report No. 7 (9 April 2021) - Iraq - ReliefWebIraq's Electoral Preparations and Processes Report No. 7 (9 April 2021) - Iraq  ReliefWeb

Iraq’s anti-American militias aren’t just Iranian proxies. That helps explain their troubles. - The Washington PostIraq’s anti-American militias aren’t just Iranian proxies. That helps explain their troubles.  The Washington Post

RAF engaged in 10-day attack on Isis in Iraq this spring - The GuardianRAF engaged in 10-day attack on Isis in Iraq this spring  The Guardian

A growing challenge for Iraq: Iran-aligned Shiite militias - Arab NewsA growing challenge for Iraq: Iran-aligned Shiite militias  Arab News

The Impact of COVID-19 on Daily-wage Work and the Refugee Households that Rely on it in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KR-I), March 2021 - Iraq - ReliefWebThe Impact of COVID-19 on Daily-wage Work and the Refugee Households that Rely on it in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KR-I), March 2021 - Iraq  ReliefWeb

CERF contributes US$ 1.6 M to UNFPA integrated interventions in Iraq [EN/AR/KU] - Iraq - ReliefWebCERF contributes US$ 1.6 M to UNFPA integrated interventions in Iraq [EN/AR/KU] - Iraq  ReliefWeb

Iraq lays cornerstone for next phase of Grand Port of Al Faw project in Basra - Hellenic Shipping News WorldwideIraq lays cornerstone for next phase of Grand Port of Al Faw project in Basra  Hellenic Shipping News Worldwide

3RP Iraq Country Chapter 2021-2022 - Iraq - ReliefWeb3RP Iraq Country Chapter 2021-2022 - Iraq  ReliefWeb

As oil rebounds and economy is poised to recover Iraq eyes foreign investment - The NationalAs oil rebounds and economy is poised to recover Iraq eyes foreign investment  The National

Stabilization in Iraq Factsheet - Iraq - ReliefWebStabilization in Iraq Factsheet - Iraq  ReliefWeb

US agrees to redeploy remaining combat forces from Iraq - Arab NewsUS agrees to redeploy remaining combat forces from Iraq  Arab News

Getting into Iraq may soon be much easier - The EconomistGetting into Iraq may soon be much easier  The Economist

Hopes, But No Firm Dates, for US Withdrawal From Iraq - Voice of AmericaHopes, But No Firm Dates, for US Withdrawal From Iraq  Voice of America

Building a peaceful Iraq: New MoU between UNDP Iraq and swisspeace signed [EN/AR/KU] - Iraq - ReliefWebBuilding a peaceful Iraq: New MoU between UNDP Iraq and swisspeace signed [EN/AR/KU] - Iraq  ReliefWeb

ISHM: March 11 - March 18, 2021 - Iraq - ReliefWebISHM: March 11 - March 18, 2021 - Iraq  ReliefWeb

Iraq: Only vaccination will end the fast spread of COVID-19 | MSF - Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) InternationalIraq: Only vaccination will end the fast spread of COVID-19 | MSF  Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) International

5 IS militants killed in airstrike in Iraq - Xinhua | English.news.cn - Xinhua5 IS militants killed in airstrike in Iraq - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

Rockets hit near Iraq base housing US trainers, no one hurt - Associated PressRockets hit near Iraq base housing US trainers, no one hurt  Associated Press

France supports WFP's agricultural resilience–building projects in the South of Iraq [EN/AR/KU] - Iraq - ReliefWebFrance supports WFP's agricultural resilience–building projects in the South of Iraq [EN/AR/KU] - Iraq  ReliefWeb

Iraq: Coronavirus Disease 2021 (COVID-19) - Weekly Situation Report (Week 13) (29 March to 04 April 2021) - Iraq - ReliefWebIraq: Coronavirus Disease 2021 (COVID-19) - Weekly Situation Report (Week 13) (29 March to 04 April 2021) - Iraq  ReliefWeb

Fitch Revises Outlook on Iraq to Stable; Affirms at 'B-' - Fitch RatingsFitch Revises Outlook on Iraq to Stable; Affirms at 'B-'  Fitch Ratings

Iraq battles two killer epidemics at once: Crystal meth and Covid-19 - CNNIraq battles two killer epidemics at once: Crystal meth and Covid-19  CNN

Iraq Says It Now Has More Than $60 Billion of Foreign Reserves - BloombergQuintIraq Says It Now Has More Than $60 Billion of Foreign Reserves  BloombergQuint

Iraq reports 6,791 new COVID-19 cases, 924,946 in total - Xinhua | English.news.cn - XinhuaIraq reports 6,791 new COVID-19 cases, 924,946 in total - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

Joint Statement on the US-Iraq Strategic Dialogue - US Embassy in GeorgiaJoint Statement on the US-Iraq Strategic Dialogue  US Embassy in Georgia

ICRC activities in Iraq: Annual Report 2020 - Iraq - ReliefWebICRC activities in Iraq: Annual Report 2020 - Iraq  ReliefWeb

IOM Iraq COVID-19 Response Overview #9 (26 January - 22 February 2021) - Iraq - ReliefWebIOM Iraq COVID-19 Response Overview #9 (26 January - 22 February 2021) - Iraq  ReliefWeb

Iraq infections surge as coronavirus variant fuels second wave - Al Jazeera EnglishIraq infections surge as coronavirus variant fuels second wave  Al Jazeera English

Iraqi PM agreed on Saudi, UAE investment projects in Iraq, with value exceeding $6 billion: agency - ReutersIraqi PM agreed on Saudi, UAE investment projects in Iraq, with value exceeding $6 billion: agency  Reuters

Iraq Discussing $7 Billion Energy Deal With Total, Minister Says - BloombergIraq Discussing $7 Billion Energy Deal With Total, Minister Says  Bloomberg

ISHM: March 11 - March 25, 2021 - Iraq - ReliefWebISHM: March 11 - March 25, 2021 - Iraq  ReliefWeb

Iraq, Total agree to work jointly on associated gas, solar power projects - S&P GlobalIraq, Total agree to work jointly on associated gas, solar power projects  S&P Global

Iraq's Yazidis warn of ongoing threats from extremists - DW (English)Iraq's Yazidis warn of ongoing threats from extremists  DW (English)

Canada's special forces involved in major assault on Islamic State in Iraq last month - The Globe and MailCanada's special forces involved in major assault on Islamic State in Iraq last month  The Globe and Mail

Nemam Ghafouri, Doctor Who Aided Yazidis in Iraq, Dies at 52 - The New York TimesNemam Ghafouri, Doctor Who Aided Yazidis in Iraq, Dies at 52  The New York Times

IRAQ DATA: March oil exports drop 0.8% amid signs of tighter OPEC+ compliance - S&P GlobalIRAQ DATA: March oil exports drop 0.8% amid signs of tighter OPEC+ compliance  S&P Global

COVID-19 in Iraq: Hundreds of infants and children infected every day as new variant spreads - Iraq - ReliefWebCOVID-19 in Iraq: Hundreds of infants and children infected every day as new variant spreads - Iraq  ReliefWeb

Petrofac secures Iraq contract extension - WorldOil - WorldOilPetrofac secures Iraq contract extension - WorldOil  WorldOil

US, Iraq to hold talks over American troop presence - Associated PressUS, Iraq to hold talks over American troop presence  Associated Press

Pro-Iran militias in Iraq go rogue trying to pressure Kadhimi | | AW - The Arab WeeklyPro-Iran militias in Iraq go rogue trying to pressure Kadhimi | | AW  The Arab Weekly

Iraq receives the first delivery of COVID-19 vaccines through the COVAX Facility [EN/AR/KU] - Iraq - ReliefWebIraq receives the first delivery of COVID-19 vaccines through the COVAX Facility [EN/AR/KU] - Iraq  ReliefWeb

Protests Against Government Corruption In Iraq Have Been Met With Violence - NPRProtests Against Government Corruption In Iraq Have Been Met With Violence  NPR

IRAQ DATA: SOMO says March oil output nearly steady as OPEC+ compliance slips - S&P GlobalIRAQ DATA: SOMO says March oil output nearly steady as OPEC+ compliance slips  S&P Global

Iraq: Humanitarian Bulletin, February 2021 - Iraq - ReliefWebIraq: Humanitarian Bulletin, February 2021 - Iraq  ReliefWeb

Kurds in 'mountain prison' cower as Turkey fights PKK with drones in Iraq - The GuardianKurds in 'mountain prison' cower as Turkey fights PKK with drones in Iraq  The Guardian

Before becoming a terrorist leader, ISIS chief was a prison informer in Iraq for U.S., records show - The Washington PostBefore becoming a terrorist leader, ISIS chief was a prison informer in Iraq for U.S., records show  The Washington Post

What to Expect When You're Expecting NATO in Iraq - War on the RocksWhat to Expect When You're Expecting NATO in Iraq  War on the Rocks

Iraq Approves Smaller Budget Plan, Assuming Oil at $45 a Barrel - BloombergIraq Approves Smaller Budget Plan, Assuming Oil at $45 a Barrel  Bloomberg

UAE to invest $3bn in Iraq - Arab NewsUAE to invest $3bn in Iraq  Arab News

The actress defying cultural norms to tell new stories in Iraq - Al Jazeera EnglishThe actress defying cultural norms to tell new stories in Iraq  Al Jazeera English

Iraq's Saddam-era laws being used to silence critics - FRANCE 24Iraq's Saddam-era laws being used to silence critics  FRANCE 24

Release of the 2021-2022 Regional Refugee and Resilience Plan - Iraq - ReliefWebRelease of the 2021-2022 Regional Refugee and Resilience Plan - Iraq  ReliefWeb

'We Will Never Break': In Iraq, A Yazidi Women's Choir Keeps Ancient Music Alive - NPR'We Will Never Break': In Iraq, A Yazidi Women's Choir Keeps Ancient Music Alive  NPR

Iraq's Jewish community dwindles to fewer than five - Arab NewsIraq's Jewish community dwindles to fewer than five  Arab News

COVID-19: Iraq imposes partial curfew through Ramadan, cuts 1 hour from workday - Kurdistan24COVID-19: Iraq imposes partial curfew through Ramadan, cuts 1 hour from workday  Kurdistan24

New contribution from Japan supports UNDP's Programme on Community-based Reconciliation and Reintegration in Iraq during COVID-19 [EN/AR/KU] - Iraq - ReliefWebNew contribution from Japan supports UNDP's Programme on Community-based Reconciliation and Reintegration in Iraq during COVID-19 [EN/AR/KU] - Iraq  ReliefWeb

Iraq, Total mull joint work on associated gas, solar power projects: minister - S&P GlobalIraq, Total mull joint work on associated gas, solar power projects: minister  S&P Global

Coalition Aircraft Batter ISIS with 133 Airstrikes in Iraq - Air Force MagazineCoalition Aircraft Batter ISIS with 133 Airstrikes in Iraq  Air Force Magazine

Inside Iraq's crippling crystal meth crisis - CNNInside Iraq's crippling crystal meth crisis  CNN

Call for bids: supporting Women, Peace and Security in Iraq - GOV.UKCall for bids: supporting Women, Peace and Security in Iraq  GOV.UK

Iraq registers 8,331 new coronavirus cases in highest daily increase - ReutersIraq registers 8,331 new coronavirus cases in highest daily increase  Reuters

Japan supports internally displaced persons, returnees, and Syrian refugees in Iraq [EN/AR] - Iraq - ReliefWebJapan supports internally displaced persons, returnees, and Syrian refugees in Iraq [EN/AR] - Iraq  ReliefWeb

On Passover 2021, Iraq's Jewish community dwindles to fewer than five - The Times of IsraelOn Passover 2021, Iraq's Jewish community dwindles to fewer than five  The Times of Israel

A trend analysis of key indicators in IDP camps - Iraq, 2018 - 2020 - Iraq - ReliefWebA trend analysis of key indicators in IDP camps - Iraq, 2018 - 2020 - Iraq  ReliefWeb

Iraq Humanitarian Response Plan 2021 (February 2021) Executive Summary - Iraq - ReliefWebIraq Humanitarian Response Plan 2021 (February 2021) Executive Summary - Iraq  ReliefWeb

Iraq Moves To Exploit Its Massive Natural Gas Reserves - OilPrice.comIraq Moves To Exploit Its Massive Natural Gas Reserves  OilPrice.com

Iran's rivalling power centres are creating havoc in Iraq - Middle East EyeIran's rivalling power centres are creating havoc in Iraq  Middle East Eye

U.S. Air Force continues to pound ISIS targets in Iraq - AirForceTimes.comU.S. Air Force continues to pound ISIS targets in Iraq  AirForceTimes.com

Iraq COVID-19 Food Security Monitor Bi-Weekly Update - Issue 26, 19 January 2021 [EN/AR] - Iraq - ReliefWebIraq COVID-19 Food Security Monitor Bi-Weekly Update - Issue 26, 19 January 2021 [EN/AR] - Iraq  ReliefWeb

Switzerland pays first official visit to Iraq in over 40 years - swissinfo.chSwitzerland pays first official visit to Iraq in over 40 years  swissinfo.ch

Yazidis in Iraq struggle to rebuild their lives - CBC.caYazidis in Iraq struggle to rebuild their lives  CBC.ca

5 things to know for April 8: Covid-19, guns, immigration, Iraq, Northern Ireland - CNN5 things to know for April 8: Covid-19, guns, immigration, Iraq, Northern Ireland  CNN

Policy Recommendations for the New Administration: Iraq - uschamber.comPolicy Recommendations for the New Administration: Iraq  uschamber.com

Reimagining the U.S.-Iraq Economic Relationship: 4 Ideas for the Biden Administration - uschamber.comReimagining the U.S.-Iraq Economic Relationship: 4 Ideas for the Biden Administration  uschamber.com

Iraq gives visa on arrival to citizens of 30 countries - Al-MonitorIraq gives visa on arrival to citizens of 30 countries  Al-Monitor

Died: Ashur Eskrya, Champion of Iraq's Displaced Christians | News & Reporting - ChristianityToday.comDied: Ashur Eskrya, Champion of Iraq's Displaced Christians | News & Reporting  ChristianityToday.com

UN Iraq Representative Hennis-Plasschaert on Nowruz: After a bleak year, hope [EN/AR/KU] - Iraq - ReliefWebUN Iraq Representative Hennis-Plasschaert on Nowruz: After a bleak year, hope [EN/AR/KU] - Iraq  ReliefWeb

Too many people who helped the U.S. in Afghanistan and Iraq face a deadly problem - The Washington PostToo many people who helped the U.S. in Afghanistan and Iraq face a deadly problem  The Washington Post

Canada extends Iraq anti-ISIL mission by 1 year - Global NewsCanada extends Iraq anti-ISIL mission by 1 year  Global News

House panel votes to repeal 19-year-old Iraq war authorization - POLITICOHouse panel votes to repeal 19-year-old Iraq war authorization  POLITICO

One dead in rocket attack on Iraq base hosting U.S. troops - The HinduOne dead in rocket attack on Iraq base hosting U.S. troops  The Hindu