Iraq

Country Iraq
Capital Baghdad
Continent Asia
Currency Iraqi dinar (IQD)
Languages Arabic & Kurdish

Information

Introduction

Formerly part of the Ottoman Empire, Iraq was occupied by Britain during the course of World War I; in 1920, it was declared a League of Nations mandate under UK administration. In stages over the next dozen years, Iraq attained its independence as a kingdom in 1932. A "republic" was proclaimed in 1958, but in actuality a series of strongmen ruled the country until 2003. The last was SADDAM Husayn. Territorial disputes with Iran led to an inconclusive and costly eight-year war (1980-88). In August 1990, Iraq seized Kuwait but was expelled by US-led, UN coalition forces during the Gulf War of January-February 1991. Following Kuwait's liberation, the UN Security Council (UNSC) required Iraq to scrap all weapons of mass destruction and long-range missiles and to allow UN verification inspections. Continued Iraqi noncompliance with UNSC resolutions over a period of 12 years led to the US-led invasion of Iraq in March 2003 and the ouster of the SADDAM Husayn regime. US forces remained in Iraq under a UNSC mandate through 2009 and under a bilateral security agreement thereafter, helping to provide security and to train and mentor Iraqi security forces. In October 2005, Iraqis approved a constitution in a national referendum and, pursuant to this document, elected a 275-member Council of Representatives (CoR) in December 2005. After the election, Ibrahim al-JAAFARI was selected as prime minister; he was replaced by Nuri al-MALIKI in May 2006. The CoR approved most cabinet ministers in May 2006, marking the transition to Iraq's first constitutional government in nearly a half century. On 31 January 2009, Iraq held elections for provincial councils in all provinces except for the three provinces comprising the Kurdistan Regional Government and at-Ta'mim (Kirkuk) province.

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References

Iraq - Wikipedia
Iraq - CIA World Fact Book
Iraq - BBC
Iraq - National Geographic
Iraq - Timeline - BBC

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Google News
Iraq oil shipments to Turkey reportedly plunge after standoff with Kurds - CNBC

CNBC

Iraq oil shipments to Turkey reportedly plunge after standoff with Kurds
CNBC
Oil flows through Iraqi Kurdistan to Turkey have reportedly plunged this week after Iraq's army seized oil fields held by the Kurds. The drop follows reports of production disruptions as major oil fields changed from Kurdish to central government ...
America Has Become Dispensable in IraqThe Atlantic
Iraq's military declares mission accomplished in KirkukAljazeera.com
Iran filling vacuum following ISIS defeat in IraqFox News
Financial Times -UN News Centre -Bloomberg
all 2,552 news articles »


Iraq Will Remain United - New York Times

New York Times

Iraq Will Remain United
New York Times
BAGHDAD — In June 2014, the cover of Time magazine echoed a sentiment common among pundits and outsiders: “The End of Iraq,” it read. I am proud to say that three years later, thanks to the Iraqi armed forces and the Iraqi people, these predictions ...
Kurdistan threatens to block Iraq's internet access in return for ...Quartz
Iraq's Kurds have overplayed their hand. Now both sides must talkThe Guardian
Oil prices buoyed by Kurdish and Iraq tension, say leading tradersFinancial Times
Bloomberg -Anadolu Agency -Rudaw
all 107 news articles »


Saudi Carrier Launches Direct Flight to Iraq After 27 Years - U.S. News & World Report

Trend News Agency

Saudi Carrier Launches Direct Flight to Iraq After 27 Years
U.S. News & World Report
DUBAI, United Arab Emirates (AP) — Saudi budget-carrier flynas on Wednesday launched the first direct flight between the kingdom and Iraq since the Gulf War 27 years ago, marking another move by the kingdom to improve ties with its neighbor in an ...
Iraq, Saudi Arabia resume air traffic after 27-year haltTrend News Agency
King Salman stresses kingdom's support for united Iraq in phone call to AbadiAl-Arabiya

all 67 news articles »


Is ISIS defeated in Iraq and Syria? - Fox News

Fox News

Is ISIS defeated in Iraq and Syria?
Fox News
It's unclear how -- or if -- Baghdadi plans to maintain or recapture ISIS' lost territory in Syria and Iraq. The leader's establishment of a “caliphate” after seizing control of Mosul in 2014 signaled the group plan to branch into other countries. ISIS ...
ISIS down to 6500 fighters, holds only 3 percent of IraqWashington Examiner
As Islamic State loses ground in Syria and Iraq, jihadis flock to Al-Qaeda to continue waging warFirstpost
No Clear End Game For US Military In Iraq And SyriaAlabama Public Radio
Quartz
all 875 news articles »


Iraq takes oil fields from the Kurds, but the conflict still threatens crude flows - CNBC

CNBC

Iraq takes oil fields from the Kurds, but the conflict still threatens crude flows
CNBC
Iraqi forces quickly seized oil fields from the Kurdish regional government this week, largely avoiding violence. Iraq's oil supplies will not be secure until the central government and Kurds reach an agreement, analysts say. The Kurds control the main ...
Iraq, Iran Conflicts Renew Oil ETF AttentionETF Trends
Crude prices likely to rise on Iraq dispute, fear of Iran sanctionsEconomic Times
Fuel Fix on TwitterChron.com
Telegraph.co.uk -Hindu Business Line -Moneycontrol.com
all 410 news articles »


After loss of Raqqa, ISIS remains scattered in Iraq and Syria ... - Washington Post

Washington Post

After loss of Raqqa, ISIS remains scattered in Iraq and Syria ...
Washington Post
On Tuesday, Oct. 17 U.S.-backed forces claimed to control the city of Raqqa, the Islamic State's most important symbolic stronghold and onetime capital.

and more »


US veterans sue drug companies over Iraq bribes - Financial Times - Financial Times

Financial Times

US veterans sue drug companies over Iraq bribes - Financial Times
Financial Times
Several US veterans and relatives of American soldiers killed or wounded in Iraq on Tuesday sued five pharmaceutical and medical equipment makers, saying ...
Suit: U.S. Firms' Bribes Funded Iraq Militia Attacks on Americans ...NBCNews.com
Families allege Big Pharma helped finance Iraq's Mahdi Army ...USA TODAY

all 5 news articles »


Veterans' lawsuit claims Big Pharma bribes in Iraq helped finance terrorism - FiercePharma

FiercePharma

Veterans' lawsuit claims Big Pharma bribes in Iraq helped finance terrorism
FiercePharma
Filed Tuesday in Washington, D.C., the lawsuit alleged that top pharma companies Pfizer, Roche, Johnson & Johnson and AstraZeneca paid bribes to secure healthcare contracts in Iraq. Those payments ultimately supported terrorism that hurt or killed U.S. ...
Big Pharma funded anti-US militia in Iraq, US veterans allege in ...Fox News
Veterans & Widows Say Big Pharma Funded Terror in IraqCourthouse News Service
Iraq War victims' families, one from C.O., sue big drug, medical ...KTVZ
RT
all 9 news articles »


SitRep: Raqqa Falls as Washington Flails Over Iraq, Kurd Fight ... - Foreign Policy (blog)

Foreign Policy (blog)

SitRep: Raqqa Falls as Washington Flails Over Iraq, Kurd Fight ...
Foreign Policy (blog)
An Iraqi soldier walks past a road sign as they move on the center of Kirkuk on October 16. (AHMAD AL-RUBAYE/AFP/Getty Images). By Paul McLeary with ...

and more »


A Look At The Parallels Between US Relations With North Korea And Iraq - NPR

A Look At The Parallels Between US Relations With North Korea And Iraq
NPR
NPR's Ari Shapiro speaks with Charles Duelfer, who led the Iraq Survey Group, about parallels between Saddam Hussein and George W. Bush's assumptions about each other, and Kim Jong Un and Trump's. ARI SHAPIRO, HOST: American diplomats are in ...

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