Iraq

Country Iraq
Capital Baghdad
Continent Asia
Currency Iraqi dinar (IQD)
Languages Arabic & Kurdish

Information

Introduction

Formerly part of the Ottoman Empire, Iraq was occupied by Britain during the course of World War I; in 1920, it was declared a League of Nations mandate under UK administration. In stages over the next dozen years, Iraq attained its independence as a kingdom in 1932. A "republic" was proclaimed in 1958, but in actuality a series of strongmen ruled the country until 2003. The last was SADDAM Husayn. Territorial disputes with Iran led to an inconclusive and costly eight-year war (1980-88). In August 1990, Iraq seized Kuwait but was expelled by US-led, UN coalition forces during the Gulf War of January-February 1991. Following Kuwait's liberation, the UN Security Council (UNSC) required Iraq to scrap all weapons of mass destruction and long-range missiles and to allow UN verification inspections. Continued Iraqi noncompliance with UNSC resolutions over a period of 12 years led to the US-led invasion of Iraq in March 2003 and the ouster of the SADDAM Husayn regime. US forces remained in Iraq under a UNSC mandate through 2009 and under a bilateral security agreement thereafter, helping to provide security and to train and mentor Iraqi security forces. In October 2005, Iraqis approved a constitution in a national referendum and, pursuant to this document, elected a 275-member Council of Representatives (CoR) in December 2005. After the election, Ibrahim al-JAAFARI was selected as prime minister; he was replaced by Nuri al-MALIKI in May 2006. The CoR approved most cabinet ministers in May 2006, marking the transition to Iraq's first constitutional government in nearly a half century. On 31 January 2009, Iraq held elections for provincial councils in all provinces except for the three provinces comprising the Kurdistan Regional Government and at-Ta'mim (Kirkuk) province.

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References

Iraq - Wikipedia
Iraq - CIA World Fact Book
Iraq - BBC
Iraq - National Geographic
Iraq - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
Iraq declares eastern Mosul 'fully liberated' from ISIS - Fox News

Fox News

Iraq declares eastern Mosul 'fully liberated' from ISIS
Fox News
Iraq's prime minister on Tuesday declared eastern Mosul "fully liberated" from Islamic State group militants after a day of fierce fighting and more than three months after a massive U.S.-backed operation to retake the city began. HOW ISIS IS TURNING ...
Iraq Announces Liberation of Eastern MosulDepartment of Defense
PM Abadi says Iraq's oil is for Iraqis, in reaction to TrumpReuters
Iraq PM confirms capture of east MosulHindustan Times
Aljazeera.com -Voice of America
all 399 news articles »


Iraq is worried that Donald Trump says he may re-invade to take their oil - Salon

Salon

Iraq is worried that Donald Trump says he may re-invade to take their oil
Salon
Iraq is worried that Donald Trump says he may re-invade to take their oil Iraqi security forces patrol in an area recently liberated from Islamic State in the predominantly Christian town of Tilkaif, Iraq, Saturday, Jan. 21, 2017. (AP Photo/Khalid ...
Trump on Iraq: 'We should have kept the oil'The Boston Globe
Iraqis Are Pissed That Trump Said The US Might Try To Seize Their Oil, AgainBuzzFeed News
Spicer won't say whether Trump will take Iraq's oilWashington Examiner (blog)
Truthdig -New York Magazine -Raw Story
all 24 news articles »


Firebrand Iraq cleric warns US on Israel embassy move - Yahoo News

Yahoo News

Firebrand Iraq cleric warns US on Israel embassy move
Yahoo News
Najaf (Iraq) (AFP) - Moving the US embassy in Israel from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem would be a declaration of war on Islam, influential Iraqi cleric Moqtada al-Sadr said Tuesday. "Transferring the US embassy to Jerusalem would be a public and ...
War On Islam: Donald Trump's Jerusalem Embassy Could Spark Conflict With Iraq, Muslim Cleric WarnsInternational Business Times

all 1,106 news articles »


Coalition launches 19 strikes in Syria, Iraq - Kuwait News Agency

Digital Journal

Coalition launches 19 strikes in Syria, Iraq
Kuwait News Agency
WASHINGTON, Jan 24 (KUNA) -- The US-led coalition against the so-called Islamic State (IS) launched 19 strikes "consisting of 54 engagements" in Syria and Iraq Monday, the Combined Joint Task Force - Operation Inherent Resolve (CJTF-OIR) said.
Air attacks in Syria and Iraq cost U.S. about $11 billion so farDigital Journal

all 103 news articles »


Genel Energy looking for strong year in Kurdish Iraq - UPI.com

UPI.com

Genel Energy looking for strong year in Kurdish Iraq
UPI.com
24 (UPI) -- Operations in the Kurdish north of Iraq can proceed in earnest on the back of consistent payments from the regional government, Genel Energy said. Companies working in the semiautonomous Kurdish region reported monthly payments for exports ...

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Who's tracking casualties in Iraq? A California high school teacher - MyStatesman.com

MyStatesman.com

Who's tracking casualties in Iraq? A California high school teacher
MyStatesman.com
"It was a sad moment for tracking the violence and security situation in Iraq," said Wing, who immediately fired back on his nine-year-old blog, "Musings on Iraq." "The Iraqi Joint Operations Command said that those figures were exaggerated without ...

and more »


Iraq says most oil majors participating in its OPEC cuts - Reuters

Reuters

Iraq says most oil majors participating in its OPEC cuts
Reuters
Iraqi oil minister Jabar al-Luaibi said that to deliver Iraq's share of the reduction, the country had cut output from its "national fields" and those of international oil companies (IOCs) working in Iraq were also participating. "We are in ...
Oil Minister: Iraq Has Already Cut 180000 Bpd Under OPEC DealOilPrice.com
Oil Rises on Signs of Increased OPEC Compliance With AccordBloomberg
UPDATE 1-Iraq has cut 180000 bpd as part of OPEC oil deal - ministerBusiness Insider

all 371 news articles »


'We met women subjected to extreme sexual violence in Iraq' - Times of Malta

Times of Malta

'We met women subjected to extreme sexual violence in Iraq'
Times of Malta
With Iraq's security forces poised to retake the city of Mosul and evict ISIS from its last major foothold in Iraq, Fr Joseph Cassar, country director of the Jesuit Refugee Service in Iraq, tells Joseph Grech about its people's suffering, JRS projects ...

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Syrian Peshmerga to return home after training in Iraq - Anadolu Agency

Anadolu Agency

Syrian Peshmerga to return home after training in Iraq
Anadolu Agency
Syrian Kurdish Peshmerga fighters will return to Syria after receiving training in northern Iraq's semi-autonomous Kurdish region, a Kurdish politician said Tuesday. "Syrian Peshmerga will return [to Syria] over the next six months under the protection ...

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US, Coalition Continue Strikes Against ISIL in Syria, Iraq - Department of Defense

US, Coalition Continue Strikes Against ISIL in Syria, Iraq
Department of Defense
SOUTHWEST ASIA, Jan. 22, 2017 U.S. and coalition military forces continued to attack Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant terrorists in Syria and Iraq yesterday, Combined Joint Task Force Operation Inherent Resolve officials reported today ...

and more »