Iraq

Country Iraq
Capital Baghdad
Continent Asia
Currency Iraqi dinar (IQD)
Languages Arabic & Kurdish

Information

Introduction

Formerly part of the Ottoman Empire, Iraq was occupied by Britain during the course of World War I; in 1920, it was declared a League of Nations mandate under UK administration. In stages over the next dozen years, Iraq attained its independence as a kingdom in 1932. A "republic" was proclaimed in 1958, but in actuality a series of strongmen ruled the country until 2003. The last was SADDAM Husayn. Territorial disputes with Iran led to an inconclusive and costly eight-year war (1980-88). In August 1990, Iraq seized Kuwait but was expelled by US-led, UN coalition forces during the Gulf War of January-February 1991. Following Kuwait's liberation, the UN Security Council (UNSC) required Iraq to scrap all weapons of mass destruction and long-range missiles and to allow UN verification inspections. Continued Iraqi noncompliance with UNSC resolutions over a period of 12 years led to the US-led invasion of Iraq in March 2003 and the ouster of the SADDAM Husayn regime. US forces remained in Iraq under a UNSC mandate through 2009 and under a bilateral security agreement thereafter, helping to provide security and to train and mentor Iraqi security forces. In October 2005, Iraqis approved a constitution in a national referendum and, pursuant to this document, elected a 275-member Council of Representatives (CoR) in December 2005. After the election, Ibrahim al-JAAFARI was selected as prime minister; he was replaced by Nuri al-MALIKI in May 2006. The CoR approved most cabinet ministers in May 2006, marking the transition to Iraq's first constitutional government in nearly a half century. On 31 January 2009, Iraq held elections for provincial councils in all provinces except for the three provinces comprising the Kurdistan Regional Government and at-Ta'mim (Kirkuk) province.

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References

Iraq - Wikipedia
Iraq - CIA World Fact Book
Iraq - BBC
Iraq - National Geographic
Iraq - Timeline - BBC

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Google News
Top general: US mulling 'long-term commitment' in Iraq - CNN

CNN

Top general: US mulling 'long-term commitment' in Iraq
CNN
Chairman of the Joint Chiefs Gen. Joseph Dunford said that both the US and NATO have begun discussions with Iraq about the possibility. "We have, as has NATO, begun a dialogue about a long term commitment to grow the capacity, maintain the capacity of ...
There Were Two Major Victories Against ISIS in Iraq and SyriaNew York Magazine
Iraq retakes Mosul airport; 'ISIS is now trapped,' US envoy saysfox6now.com
Pentagon plan to defeat Islamic State to look beyond Iraq, SyriaThe Star Online
Washington Post -New York Times -Business Day (registration)
all 164 news articles »


Iraq retakes Mosul airport amid cautious advances against IS - The New Indian Express

The New Indian Express

Iraq retakes Mosul airport amid cautious advances against IS
The New Indian Express
The cautious advance stood in sharp contrast to the first days of Iraq's push into Mosul from the east, when Iraqi forces quickly advanced deep into the city's congested neighborhoods, where they were hit with heavy IS counterattacks, including dozens ...

and more »


Isis suffers strategic reversals in Iraq and Syria - Irish Times

Irish Times

Isis suffers strategic reversals in Iraq and Syria
Irish Times
The seizure of al-Bab came as the airfield on the western outskirts of Iraq's second city fell to Iraqi troops after a brief, but intense, battle. Its capture allows advancing government forces to consolidate a stronghold close to Mosul before ...
Military Strikes Continue Against ISIS in Syria, IraqDepartment of Defense
Iraqi Forces Recapture ISIS-Held Mosul Airport Under Fire: State TVNBCNews.com
Iraq forces attack IS-held Mosul airportThe Hindu
The Guardian
all 1,529 news articles »


ISIS Says British Militant Carried Out Suicide Attack in Iraq - New York Times

New York Times

ISIS Says British Militant Carried Out Suicide Attack in Iraq
New York Times
LONDON — They called him Abu Zakariya al-Britani — the surname means “the Briton” — and they say he blew himself up on Monday in an attack at a village southwest of Mosul, Iraq. The claim, in a communiqué from the Islamic State, immediately revived ...
Iraq suicide bomber was former detainee at Guantanamo BayUPI.com
Briton carried out Iraq suicide attack: ISISThe Straits Times
British ISIS suicide bomber who blew himself up in Iraq 'used taxpayers' money to fund terror'Mirror.co.uk
The Guardian -CBC.ca -Reuters
all 329 news articles »


Iraq: the ICRC steps up its humanitarian response around Mosul - ICRC (press release)

ICRC (press release)

Iraq: the ICRC steps up its humanitarian response around Mosul
ICRC (press release)
"All sides must do everything in their power to protect civilians who stay in Mosul, just as they must ensure safe passage for those who leave the city," said the ICRC's head of delegation in Iraq, Katharina Ritz. "They must also do their utmost to ...

and more »


ISIS 'poised to go broke in Iraq, Syria' - WND.com

WND.com

ISIS 'poised to go broke in Iraq, Syria'
WND.com
Cheryl K. Chumley is a journalist, columnist, public speaker and author of "The Devil in DC." and "Police State USA: How Orwell's Nightmare is Becoming our Reality." She is also a journalism fellow with The Phillips Foundation in Washington, D.C ...



Iraq Is a Huge Opportunity for Trump - Wall Street Journal (subscription)

New York Times

Iraq Is a Huge Opportunity for Trump
Wall Street Journal (subscription)
Defense Secretary Jim Mattis's visit to Iraq on Monday made headlines largely because he reassured the Iraqi people that the U.S. is “not in Iraq to seize anybody's oil.” Meanwhile, as the battle for Mosul continues, the commander of U.S. forces in ...
Jim Mattis to Baghdad: 'We're Not in Iraq to Seize Anybody's Oil'New York Times
Trump's defense chief, in Iraq, says: We're not here for your oilCNBC
Defense Chief Contradicts Trump on Iraq and OilNewsweek
Washington Post -Chicago Tribune
all 385 news articles »


New Trump Adviser HR McMaster Faces An Old Challenge — Iraq - NPR

NPR

New Trump Adviser HR McMaster Faces An Old Challenge — Iraq
NPR
In April 1991, I met a young U.S. Army captain in the moonscape of southern Iraq. He was frustrated. Just weeks earlier, the officer and his troops had been part of the wave of U.S. forces that drove Saddam Hussein's Iraqi military out of Kuwait. The ...
3 Generals Bound by Iraq Will Guide Trump on SecurityNew York Times
Trump's security pick an Iraq war heroThe Australian
General McMaster's Appointment Might Mean 'More US Forces in Iraq and Syria'Sputnik International

all 1,508 news articles »


The War in Iraq: Why? - New York Times

New York Times

The War in Iraq: Why?
New York Times
Phil Klay writes powerfully of the values that guide American military forces in combat in Iraq (“What We're Fighting For,” Sunday Review, Feb. 12). Our fighting men and women are indeed brave and honorable. Yet their valor and the exercise of ...



Documentary on local Iraq vets screening at War Memorial - Milwaukee Journal Sentinel

Milwaukee Journal Sentinel

Documentary on local Iraq vets screening at War Memorial
Milwaukee Journal Sentinel
A documentary about two Wisconsin Iraq War veterans who walked from Milwaukee to Los Angeles in 2013 will be screened March 9 at the War Memorial. "Almost Sunrise" tells the story of Anthony Anderson and Tom Voss, who decided to go on the ...