Poland

Country Poland
Capital Warsaw
Continent Europe
Currency ZÅ‚oty(PLN)
Languages Polish & Kashubian

Information

Introduction

Poland is an ancient nation that was conceived near the middle of the 10th century. Its golden age occurred in the 16th century. During the following century, the strengthening of the gentry and internal disorders weakened the nation. In a series of agreements between 1772 and 1795, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned Poland amongst themselves. Poland regained its independence in 1918 only to be overrun by Germany and the Soviet Union in World War II. It became a Soviet satellite state following the war, but its government was comparatively tolerant and progressive. Labor turmoil in 1980 led to the formation of the independent trade union "Solidarity" that over time became a political force and by 1990 had swept parliamentary elections and the presidency. A "shock therapy" program during the early 1990s enabled the country to transform its economy into one of the most robust in Central Europe, but Poland still faces the lingering challenges of high unemployment, underdeveloped and dilapidated infrastructure, and a poor rural underclass. Solidarity suffered a major defeat in the 2001 parliamentary elections when it failed to elect a single deputy to the lower house of Parliament, and the new leaders of the Solidarity Trade Union subsequently pledged to reduce the Trade Union's political role. Poland joined NATO in 1999 and the European Union in 2004. With its transformation to a democratic, market-oriented country largely completed, Poland is an increasingly active member of Euro-Atlantic organizations.

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References

Poland - Wikipedia
Poland - CIA World Fact Book
Poland - BBC
Poland - National Geographic
Poland - Timeline - BBC

Cities

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News Headlines

Google News
Poland to Seek $1.5 Billion From Russia's Gazprom - The New York Times
  1. Poland to Seek $1.5 Billion From Russia's Gazprom  The New York Times
  2. Poland State Gas Distributor Says It Wins $1.5 Billion From Russia's Gazprom In Price Dispute  Radio Free Europe/ Radio Liberty
  3. Poland's PGNiG wins $1.5 bln in court battle with Gazprom  Financial Post
  4. Poland's PGNiG wins $1.5 billion in court battle with Gazprom  Reuters UK
  5. View Full coverage on Google News


Poland Tightens Public Life Restrictions Against Coronavirus - The New York TimesPoland Tightens Public Life Restrictions Against Coronavirus  The New York Times

Poland opposition leader calls on voters to boycott election - Financial TimesPoland opposition leader calls on voters to boycott election  Financial Times

The Coronavirus Disinformation Campaign Against Poland - The Wall Street JournalThe Coronavirus Disinformation Campaign Against Poland  The Wall Street Journal

Poland expects sharp rise in coronavirus cases - ReutersPoland expects sharp rise in coronavirus cases  Reuters

OPINION - Visiting Auschwitz the day Poland locked itself down - Anadolu AgencyOPINION - Visiting Auschwitz the day Poland locked itself down  Anadolu Agency

Coronavirus: Poland sends doctors to help Italy - Wanted in RomeCoronavirus: Poland sends doctors to help Italy  Wanted in Rome

Number of confirmed coronavirus cases in Poland rises to 2215 - The First NewsNumber of confirmed coronavirus cases in Poland rises to 2215  The First News

Poland's parliament approves coronavirus economic rescue package - ReutersPoland's parliament approves coronavirus economic rescue package  Reuters

Number of confirmed coronavirus cases in Poland rises to 2132 - The First NewsNumber of confirmed coronavirus cases in Poland rises to 2132  The First News

Poland rolls out digital signature service - FinextraPoland rolls out digital signature service  Finextra

Coronavirus threatens Poland's remarkable growth story - DW (English)Coronavirus threatens Poland's remarkable growth story  DW (English)

Cryptomathic and KIR partner to boost e-signature services in Poland - IBS IntelligenceCryptomathic and KIR partner to boost e-signature services in Poland  IBS Intelligence

20 fire platforms for Poland Panstwowa Straz Pozarna - Vertikal.net20 fire platforms for Poland Panstwowa Straz Pozarna  Vertikal.net

Poland says virus fallout makes it 'even more difficult' to hit EU climate goal - EURACTIVPoland says virus fallout makes it 'even more difficult' to hit EU climate goal  EURACTIV

Poland to consider postponing election based on data in early April - ReutersPoland to consider postponing election based on data in early April  Reuters

UNTHA to expand in Poland - International Cement ReviewUNTHA to expand in Poland  International Cement Review

Coronavirus crisis ramps up pressure on Poland's banks - Euromoney magazineCoronavirus crisis ramps up pressure on Poland's banks  Euromoney magazine

Frightened by Coronavirus, Many of U.K.’s Poles Are Heading Home - The New York TimesFrightened by Coronavirus, Many of U.K.’s Poles Are Heading Home  The New York Times

Flow of goods slows as Poland tightens borders - Financial TimesFlow of goods slows as Poland tightens borders  Financial Times

Poland's C/A surplus at EUR 2.22 bln after Q4 - central bank - The First NewsPoland's C/A surplus at EUR 2.22 bln after Q4 - central bank  The First News

Democracy Digest: Poland Resists Calls to Delay Election | Reporting Democracy - Balkan InsightDemocracy Digest: Poland Resists Calls to Delay Election | Reporting Democracy  Balkan Insight

Poland shuts schools - Financial TimesPoland shuts schools  Financial Times

Poland's Coronavirus Fight Exposes Healthcare Weaknesses - Balkan InsightPoland's Coronavirus Fight Exposes Healthcare Weaknesses  Balkan Insight

Amazon to donate €1m to aid organizations in Poland - Warsaw Business JournalAmazon to donate €1m to aid organizations in Poland  Warsaw Business Journal

As Poland’s government punishes judges, corruption is rising - The EconomistAs Poland’s government punishes judges, corruption is rising  The Economist

Poland further limits movement over coronavirus, sticks to election date - ReutersPoland further limits movement over coronavirus, sticks to election date  Reuters

Poland receives medical supplies from China to help combat virus - The First NewsPoland receives medical supplies from China to help combat virus  The First News

Poland may need a more effective ‘anti-crisis shield’ - Financial TimesPoland may need a more effective ‘anti-crisis shield’  Financial Times

More EU 5G auctions face delays, Netherlands and Poland to go ahead by June - TelecompaperMore EU 5G auctions face delays, Netherlands and Poland to go ahead by June  Telecompaper

Ukraine's economic growth may spell trouble for Poland - Aljazeera.comUkraine's economic growth may spell trouble for Poland  Aljazeera.com

Minister announces more anti-crisis shield solutions in Poland - The First NewsMinister announces more anti-crisis shield solutions in Poland  The First News

Poland made an app for quarantined coronavirus patients which forces them send a selfie ... - Business Insider - Business InsiderPoland made an app for quarantined coronavirus patients which forces them send a selfie ... - Business Insider  Business Insider

Poland's incredulous presidential election - Emerging EuropePoland's incredulous presidential election  Emerging Europe

Polish composer Penderecki dies at 86 after long illness - ReutersPolish composer Penderecki dies at 86 after long illness  Reuters

Poland: Anti-Crisis Shield Retail Landlord-Tenant - The National Law ReviewPoland: Anti-Crisis Shield Retail Landlord-Tenant  The National Law Review

Abortion Activists in Poland Fret as Coronavirus Curbs Access - The New York TimesAbortion Activists in Poland Fret as Coronavirus Curbs Access  The New York Times

Denmark, Poland and Czechs seal borders over coronavirus - Financial TimesDenmark, Poland and Czechs seal borders over coronavirus  Financial Times

VOD market surges in Poland - Broadband TV NewsVOD market surges in Poland  Broadband TV News

Poland's PKN readies Lotos concessions as EU concerns loom - ReutersPoland's PKN readies Lotos concessions as EU concerns loom  Reuters

Poland May Announce New Coronavirus Restrictions Tuesday | World News - U.S. News & World ReportPoland May Announce New Coronavirus Restrictions Tuesday | World News  U.S. News & World Report

Poland's world-beating new film-makers: 'We have a common enemy' - The GuardianPoland's world-beating new film-makers: 'We have a common enemy'  The Guardian

Poland's sham presidential election in a pandemic - EUobserverPoland's sham presidential election in a pandemic  EUobserver

Poland Imposes Full Border Controls, Quarantines for Visitors - BloombergPoland Imposes Full Border Controls, Quarantines for Visitors  Bloomberg

Poland's bid for nuclear power - EuronewsPoland's bid for nuclear power  Euronews

Further electric bus contracts for Solaris in Poland - www.electrive.comFurther electric bus contracts for Solaris in Poland  www.electrive.com

Poland fisher reels in tank, gun | News, Sports, Jobs - Youngstown VindicatorPoland fisher reels in tank, gun | News, Sports, Jobs  Youngstown Vindicator

Poland to receive protective gear, tests from China to fight coronavirus - ReutersPoland to receive protective gear, tests from China to fight coronavirus  Reuters

Russia is using pandemic to discredit Poland - services spokesperson - The First NewsRussia is using pandemic to discredit Poland - services spokesperson  The First News

Poland's coronavirus death toll among lowest in Europe - PM - The First NewsPoland's coronavirus death toll among lowest in Europe - PM  The First News

Polish President OKs $510M Public Media Bill Amid Reelection - TIMEPolish President OKs $510M Public Media Bill Amid Reelection  TIME

Poland Dares Europe to Act Over Purge of Judges - BloombergPoland Dares Europe to Act Over Purge of Judges  Bloomberg

Poland’s leadership doesn’t need ‘Polexit’ – it can undermine the EU from within - The GuardianPoland’s leadership doesn’t need ‘Polexit’ – it can undermine the EU from within  The Guardian

Poland and migrants: Conservatism vs economy - Modern DiplomacyPoland and migrants: Conservatism vs economy  Modern Diplomacy

Poland Pledges Stimulus Worth 9%/GDP to Combat Virus Fallout - BloombergPoland Pledges Stimulus Worth 9%/GDP to Combat Virus Fallout  Bloomberg

Poland Shuts Schools Until EasterPoland Shuts Schools Until Easter - The New York TimesPoland Shuts Schools Until EasterPoland Shuts Schools Until Easter  The New York Times

Poland’s supreme court chief hits out at ruling party - Financial TimesPoland’s supreme court chief hits out at ruling party  Financial Times

Poland to let more prisoners serve sentences at home amid coronavirus - The Jakarta Post - Jakarta PostPoland to let more prisoners serve sentences at home amid coronavirus - The Jakarta Post  Jakarta Post

Richard C. Gamble, Poland, Ohio - WKBN.comRichard C. Gamble, Poland, Ohio  WKBN.com

Poland announces first coronavirus case - The Jakarta Post - Jakarta PostPoland announces first coronavirus case - The Jakarta Post  Jakarta Post

Poland: Processing Employment Data During Coronavirus - The National Law ReviewPoland: Processing Employment Data During Coronavirus  The National Law Review

10 promising Poland-based startups to watch in 2020 - EU-Startups10 promising Poland-based startups to watch in 2020  EU-Startups

Poland: Anti-Crisis Shield Act Re: Retail Lease Agreements - The National Law ReviewPoland: Anti-Crisis Shield Act Re: Retail Lease Agreements  The National Law Review

Poland's Tepid Welcome to Ukrainians Leaves Economy Vulnerable | Reporting Democracy - Balkan InsightPoland's Tepid Welcome to Ukrainians Leaves Economy Vulnerable | Reporting Democracy  Balkan Insight

Coronavirus Poland: Is it safe to travel to Polish cities like Krakow? - Metro.co.ukCoronavirus Poland: Is it safe to travel to Polish cities like Krakow?  Metro.co.uk

Poland reports first death from COVID-19, to raise epidemic alert level - CNAPoland reports first death from COVID-19, to raise epidemic alert level  CNA

Poland introduces first QE programme - ING ThinkPoland introduces first QE programme  ING Think

'Unprecedented versatility': Poland's Grand Theatre upgraded with L-Acoustics Kiva II - Installation International'Unprecedented versatility': Poland's Grand Theatre upgraded with L-Acoustics Kiva II  Installation International

Poland, Belarus to carry out air exercise ahead of hockey games - The First NewsPoland, Belarus to carry out air exercise ahead of hockey games  The First News

Poland will not announce state of emergency yet -President - National PostPoland will not announce state of emergency yet -President  National Post

Coronavirus fight in Poland sees government using confiscated alcohol as disinfectant - Fox NewsCoronavirus fight in Poland sees government using confiscated alcohol as disinfectant  Fox News

CD Projekt Red donates $950000 to help combat the coronavirus in Poland - PC Games InsiderCD Projekt Red donates $950000 to help combat the coronavirus in Poland  PC Games Insider

ASF Poland: First outbreak on farm in Western Poland - Pig ProgressASF Poland: First outbreak on farm in Western Poland  Pig Progress

This 'gay, atheist, leftist' is taking on Poland's right-wing government - Los Angeles TimesThis 'gay, atheist, leftist' is taking on Poland's right-wing government  Los Angeles Times

Coronavirus Poland map: The top regions in Poland struck down by killer virus - ExpressCoronavirus Poland map: The top regions in Poland struck down by killer virus  Express

Poland's TVP public television rift reveals PiS party split - DW (English)Poland's TVP public television rift reveals PiS party split  DW (English)

Poland's Chief of Army diagnosed with coronavirus - Anadolu AgencyPoland's Chief of Army diagnosed with coronavirus  Anadolu Agency

POLAND: Carrefour Pledges To Fix Prices On Key Own Label Lines - NamnewsPOLAND: Carrefour Pledges To Fix Prices On Key Own Label Lines  Namnews

Greenpeace has filed a law suit against power company in Poland - Environment JournalGreenpeace has filed a law suit against power company in Poland  Environment Journal

Poland News and Virus: Koronawirus Wiadomosci z Polski - BloombergPoland News and Virus: Koronawirus Wiadomosci z Polski  Bloomberg

Covid-19: Poland's WOT territorial defence forces deployed for first time - IHS Jane's 360Covid-19: Poland's WOT territorial defence forces deployed for first time  IHS Jane's 360

Coronavirus panic buying in Japan, France, Netherlands, and Poland - Business Insider - Business InsiderCoronavirus panic buying in Japan, France, Netherlands, and Poland - Business Insider  Business Insider

Poland, Czech Republic close borders, shut down public life due to coronavirus - World Socialist Web SitePoland, Czech Republic close borders, shut down public life due to coronavirus  World Socialist Web Site

Most Poles support Poland's EU membership - The First NewsMost Poles support Poland's EU membership  The First News

US Olympic hopeful Monica Aksamit stranded in Poland due to COVID-19 travel ban - CNBCUS Olympic hopeful Monica Aksamit stranded in Poland due to COVID-19 travel ban  CNBC

This Museum in Poland Is Dedicated Entirely to Cats - Travel+LeisureThis Museum in Poland Is Dedicated Entirely to Cats  Travel+Leisure

Poland faces $15 bln nuclear power bill over 20 years - minister - ReutersPoland faces $15 bln nuclear power bill over 20 years - minister  Reuters

Is it safe to travel to Poland? Latest advice as 26 cases of COVID-19 are confirmed including army general - The SunIs it safe to travel to Poland? Latest advice as 26 cases of COVID-19 are confirmed including army general  The Sun

Poland resident places flags around community | News, Sports, Jobs - Youngstown VindicatorPoland resident places flags around community | News, Sports, Jobs  Youngstown Vindicator

EU exposed: Poland's refusal to lift border checks reveals huge weakness in single market - Express.co.ukEU exposed: Poland's refusal to lift border checks reveals huge weakness in single market  Express.co.uk

Poland is largest producer of button mushrooms in EU - The First NewsPoland is largest producer of button mushrooms in EU  The First News

Minister: No Poland deal yet for Estonians returning in wake of coronavirus - ERR NewsMinister: No Poland deal yet for Estonians returning in wake of coronavirus  ERR News

Why did the Plague spare Poland? - Big ThinkWhy did the Plague spare Poland?  Big Think

Polish Government Seeks Emergency Powers to Fight Coronavirus - BloombergPolish Government Seeks Emergency Powers to Fight Coronavirus  Bloomberg

Mary E. Scanlon, Poland, Ohio - WKBN.comMary E. Scanlon, Poland, Ohio  WKBN.com

Ukrainian Red Cross volunteers help Ukrainians arriving home from Poland | KyivPost - Ukraine's Global Voice - Kyiv PostUkrainian Red Cross volunteers help Ukrainians arriving home from Poland | KyivPost - Ukraine's Global Voice  Kyiv Post

Helen Bond, Poland, Ohio - WKBN.comHelen Bond, Poland, Ohio  WKBN.com

Life under quarantine in Poland - CityNews MontrealLife under quarantine in Poland  CityNews Montreal

Life inside Poland's “Gay-Free Zones” - Channel 4 NewsLife inside Poland's “Gay-Free Zones”  Channel 4 News

Poland's PGNiG continues attempts to cut reliance on Russian gas - ReutersPoland's PGNiG continues attempts to cut reliance on Russian gas  Reuters