Poland

Country Poland
Capital Warsaw
Continent Europe
Currency ZÅ‚oty(PLN)
Languages Polish & Kashubian

Information

Introduction

Poland is an ancient nation that was conceived near the middle of the 10th century. Its golden age occurred in the 16th century. During the following century, the strengthening of the gentry and internal disorders weakened the nation. In a series of agreements between 1772 and 1795, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned Poland amongst themselves. Poland regained its independence in 1918 only to be overrun by Germany and the Soviet Union in World War II. It became a Soviet satellite state following the war, but its government was comparatively tolerant and progressive. Labor turmoil in 1980 led to the formation of the independent trade union "Solidarity" that over time became a political force and by 1990 had swept parliamentary elections and the presidency. A "shock therapy" program during the early 1990s enabled the country to transform its economy into one of the most robust in Central Europe, but Poland still faces the lingering challenges of high unemployment, underdeveloped and dilapidated infrastructure, and a poor rural underclass. Solidarity suffered a major defeat in the 2001 parliamentary elections when it failed to elect a single deputy to the lower house of Parliament, and the new leaders of the Solidarity Trade Union subsequently pledged to reduce the Trade Union's political role. Poland joined NATO in 1999 and the European Union in 2004. With its transformation to a democratic, market-oriented country largely completed, Poland is an increasingly active member of Euro-Atlantic organizations.

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References

Poland - Wikipedia
Poland - CIA World Fact Book
Poland - BBC
Poland - National Geographic
Poland - Timeline - BBC

Cities

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News Headlines

Google News
Focus - Poland's mining heartland contemplates a coal-free future - FRANCE 24Focus - Poland's mining heartland contemplates a coal-free future  FRANCE 24

Poland says looser coronavirus restrictions possible in May - ReutersPoland says looser coronavirus restrictions possible in May  Reuters

Skeletons of WWII-era nuns murdered by Soviets unearthed in Poland - Livescience.comSkeletons of WWII-era nuns murdered by Soviets unearthed in Poland  Livescience.com

Amazon Launches Website in Poland, to Offer Free Shipping on Orders Above EUR 83 - Gadgets 360Amazon Launches Website in Poland, to Offer Free Shipping on Orders Above EUR 83  Gadgets 360

Six killed in Ukrainian bus accident in Poland - WHBL NewsSix killed in Ukrainian bus accident in Poland  WHBL News

Opinion: Poland needs more courageous judges - Deutsche WelleOpinion: Poland needs more courageous judges  Deutsche Welle

As PM plans two Europe visits, Poland pitches for Warsaw stop - The HinduAs PM plans two Europe visits, Poland pitches for Warsaw stop  The Hindu

Poland says cases of British virus variant are rising: minister - ReutersPoland says cases of British virus variant are rising: minister  Reuters

Poland's UOKiK Actions; Italian Competition Authority Investigation; EC Actions - The National Law ReviewPoland's UOKiK Actions; Italian Competition Authority Investigation; EC Actions  The National Law Review

Surgical Glove Maker Catapults Into Poland’s Stock Benchmark - BloombergQuintSurgical Glove Maker Catapults Into Poland’s Stock Benchmark  BloombergQuint

Hampton By Hilton Bialystok Will Open This Year In Poland – Hospitality Net - Hospitality NetHampton By Hilton Bialystok Will Open This Year In Poland – Hospitality Net  Hospitality Net

2021 Venture Capital Guide - Poland | World Law Group - JDSupra - JD Supra2021 Venture Capital Guide - Poland | World Law Group - JDSupra  JD Supra

Poland rebar mart quiet after splash of activity - American Metal MarketPoland rebar mart quiet after splash of activity  American Metal Market

Emerging Europe.Com Bolsters Defences As Amazon Enters Poland - BW BusinessworldEmerging Europe.Com Bolsters Defences As Amazon Enters Poland  BW Businessworld

'Annihilation' of Poland's Jewish cemeteries documented in provocative book - The Times of Israel'Annihilation' of Poland's Jewish cemeteries documented in provocative book  The Times of Israel

Poland will now allow vaccinated tourists to not undergo quarantine - HappytripsPoland will now allow vaccinated tourists to not undergo quarantine  Happytrips

DOC LAB POLAND Selects 21 Projects - FilmNewEurope.com - Film New EuropeDOC LAB POLAND Selects 21 Projects - FilmNewEurope.com  Film New Europe

Poland Keeps Rates on Hold in Defiance of Inflation Spike - BloombergPoland Keeps Rates on Hold in Defiance of Inflation Spike  Bloomberg

Novavax Deal With Mabion Boosts Poland's Nascent Biotech Scene - BloombergNovavax Deal With Mabion Boosts Poland's Nascent Biotech Scene  Bloomberg

Head of Poland's Shakespeare theater, Jerzy Limon, dies - Seymour TribuneHead of Poland's Shakespeare theater, Jerzy Limon, dies  Seymour Tribune

Poland's judicial independence will be destroyed unless EU moves faster, says MEP - EuronewsPoland's judicial independence will be destroyed unless EU moves faster, says MEP  Euronews

President Xi lauds China-Poland relations, eyes to deepen ties with CEEC - CGTNPresident Xi lauds China-Poland relations, eyes to deepen ties with CEEC  CGTN

European values: Poland’s media fears a crackdown - Financial TimesEuropean values: Poland’s media fears a crackdown  Financial Times

Spanish Museum to Return Two Nazi-Looted Paintings to Poland - ARTnewsSpanish Museum to Return Two Nazi-Looted Paintings to Poland  ARTnews

Poland: Rainbow halo women's acquittal shows tactics of intimidation against activists - Amnesty InternationalPoland: Rainbow halo women's acquittal shows tactics of intimidation against activists  Amnesty International

Poland does not plan to buy Russian vaccine, says minister - ReutersPoland does not plan to buy Russian vaccine, says minister  Reuters

Media blackout in Poland to protest new ad tax - Times of IndiaMedia blackout in Poland to protest new ad tax  Times of India

FOCUS-Emerging Europe.com bolsters defences as Amazon enters Poland - Yahoo FinanceFOCUS-Emerging Europe.com bolsters defences as Amazon enters Poland  Yahoo Finance

Poland to spend millions on "Active Retun to School" programme - The First NewsPoland to spend millions on "Active Retun to School" programme  The First News

Swiatek's success helps Poland revive coastal tournament - SportstarSwiatek's success helps Poland revive coastal tournament  Sportstar

Poland to amend media tax plan after outcry - Financial TimesPoland to amend media tax plan after outcry  Financial Times

Poland's solar PV capacity tops 3.9 GW - Renewables NowPoland's solar PV capacity tops 3.9 GW  Renewables Now

Opinion | Why Poland must have a free media - TheSpec.comOpinion | Why Poland must have a free media  TheSpec.com

Germany concerned about Poland’s nuclear energy plans - DW (English)Germany concerned about Poland’s nuclear energy plans  DW (English)

AIR Exclusive: Ambassador of Poland to India Mr Adam Borkowski shares his insights on India-Poland relations - All India RadioAIR Exclusive: Ambassador of Poland to India Mr Adam Borkowski shares his insights on India-Poland relations  All India Radio

Institute of Gerontology researcher publishes book on aging in Poland - The South EndInstitute of Gerontology researcher publishes book on aging in Poland  The South End

Lithuania to start supplying LNG to Poland next year - Hellenic Shipping News WorldwideLithuania to start supplying LNG to Poland next year  Hellenic Shipping News Worldwide

France and Poland win biathlon relays at IBU Youth World Championships - Insidethegames.bizFrance and Poland win biathlon relays at IBU Youth World Championships  Insidethegames.biz

Piotr Zyla of Poland becomes a ski jumping world champion aged 34 - Olympic ChannelPiotr Zyla of Poland becomes a ski jumping world champion aged 34  Olympic Channel

Alaska National Guardsmen return from deployment to Poland - DVIDSAlaska National Guardsmen return from deployment to Poland  DVIDS

Poland to ease some COVID-19 restrictions, but lockdown remains - ANI NewsPoland to ease some COVID-19 restrictions, but lockdown remains  ANI News

Poland sees energy transformation costing $120 billion by 2045 - ETEnergyworld.comPoland sees energy transformation costing $120 billion by 2045  ETEnergyworld.com

Overseas Markets changing rapidly, SOFARSOLAR Won “Top Brand PV Inverter” in Poland, Brazil and India Again - pv magazine InternationalOverseas Markets changing rapidly, SOFARSOLAR Won “Top Brand PV Inverter” in Poland, Brazil and India Again  pv magazine International

UEFA EURO 2020 contenders in focus: Poland | UEFA EURO 2020 - UEFA.comUEFA EURO 2020 contenders in focus: Poland | UEFA EURO 2020  UEFA.com

"What Poland is to the apple market, Belgium is to this year's pear market" - FreshPlaza.com"What Poland is to the apple market, Belgium is to this year's pear market"  FreshPlaza.com

IMF Executive Board 2020 Article IV Consultation with the Republic of Poland - International Monetary FundIMF Executive Board 2020 Article IV Consultation with the Republic of Poland  International Monetary Fund

Poland's Public Tries to Clear the Air | Reporting Democracy - Balkan InsightPoland's Public Tries to Clear the Air | Reporting Democracy  Balkan Insight

Poland to spend over EUR 3 bln of EU money to improve air quality - The First NewsPoland to spend over EUR 3 bln of EU money to improve air quality  The First News

Polish Central Bank Questions Lenders' Will to Resolve FX Loans - BloombergPolish Central Bank Questions Lenders' Will to Resolve FX Loans  Bloomberg

Tour of Poland stage where Jakobsen crashed will not be used again, says UCI - Cyclingnews.comTour of Poland stage where Jakobsen crashed will not be used again, says UCI  Cyclingnews.com

Poland's underachievers urged to trust in youth - Chinadaily.com.cn - Chinadaily USAPoland's underachievers urged to trust in youth - Chinadaily.com.cn  Chinadaily USA

There's Still Hope for Poland - Charged AffairsThere's Still Hope for Poland  Charged Affairs

Jakob Ingebrigtsen steps out and back in again to claim gold in Poland - The Irish TimesJakob Ingebrigtsen steps out and back in again to claim gold in Poland  The Irish Times

Opinion: The Holocaust and Poland's good reputation - DW (English)Opinion: The Holocaust and Poland's good reputation  DW (English)

EU blocked over sanctions on Hungary, Poland - EURACTIVEU blocked over sanctions on Hungary, Poland  EURACTIV

Czechs Ask Germany, Poland, Switzerland for Help With COVID-19 Patients - U.S. News & World ReportCzechs Ask Germany, Poland, Switzerland for Help With COVID-19 Patients  U.S. News & World Report

Poland reports 15,829 new coronavirus infections – The First News - The First NewsPoland reports 15,829 new coronavirus infections – The First News  The First News

Viaplay secures more UEFA rights for Poland - Broadband TV NewsViaplay secures more UEFA rights for Poland  Broadband TV News

Poland: PGE Baltica Hires DNV to Assist with Offshore Wind JV with Ørsted - Offshore EngineerPoland: PGE Baltica Hires DNV to Assist with Offshore Wind JV with Ørsted  Offshore Engineer

Poland and Hungary are gunning for the social media giants - Emerging EuropePoland and Hungary are gunning for the social media giants  Emerging Europe

Poland's judicial reforms 'liable to infringe EU law,' rules bloc's top court - CGTNPoland's judicial reforms 'liable to infringe EU law,' rules bloc's top court  CGTN

Poland's cases of British coronavirus variant rising: Minister - The Peninsula QatarPoland's cases of British coronavirus variant rising: Minister  The Peninsula Qatar

Poland's dangerous new direction - New EuropePoland's dangerous new direction  New Europe

Poland, Chaney on collision course in district title tilt on Saturday’s Game of the Week - WKBN.comPoland, Chaney on collision course in district title tilt on Saturday’s Game of the Week  WKBN.com

LafargeHolcim Poland orders Gebr. Pfeiffer vertical roller mill - World CementLafargeHolcim Poland orders Gebr. Pfeiffer vertical roller mill  World Cement

New reports show increasing discrimination and attacks on LGBTI people in Poland and Europe as a whole - Council of EuropeNew reports show increasing discrimination and attacks on LGBTI people in Poland and Europe as a whole  Council of Europe

Poland still prefers EU-approved vaccines says health minister - The First NewsPoland still prefers EU-approved vaccines says health minister  The First News

'Mind-changing, unforgettable' trip to Poland - Delaware Gazette'Mind-changing, unforgettable' trip to Poland  Delaware Gazette

Republic of Poland : 2020 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Poland - International Monetary FundRepublic of Poland : 2020 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Poland  International Monetary Fund

Road tunnel to link two islands in north-western Poland - The First NewsRoad tunnel to link two islands in north-western Poland  The First News

Poland To Host The Red Bull BC One World Final 2020 - BW BusinessworldPoland To Host The Red Bull BC One World Final 2020  BW Businessworld

Poland eases coronavirus restrictions - POLITICO.euPoland eases coronavirus restrictions  POLITICO.eu

Poland's abortion ruling focus of debate in EU parliament - ABC NewsPoland's abortion ruling focus of debate in EU parliament  ABC News

Poland Lifts Quarantine Requirement for Fully Vaccinated Travelers From Select Countries - Travel + LeisurePoland Lifts Quarantine Requirement for Fully Vaccinated Travelers From Select Countries  Travel + Leisure

Families of Poland's secret army asked to share stories of wartime Britain - The GuardianFamilies of Poland's secret army asked to share stories of wartime Britain  The Guardian

Germany, Poland and Sweden expel Russian diplomats - The GuardianGermany, Poland and Sweden expel Russian diplomats  The Guardian

Poland Amends Money Laundering Prevention Act and More - The National Law ReviewPoland Amends Money Laundering Prevention Act and More  The National Law Review

PKN Orlen to buy 89.4-MW wind farm portfolio in Poland - Renewables NowPKN Orlen to buy 89.4-MW wind farm portfolio in Poland  Renewables Now

Poland steps up an assault on free expression. The U.S. response will be crucial. - The Washington PostPoland steps up an assault on free expression. The U.S. response will be crucial.  The Washington Post

Poland Moves to Resolve $30 Billion Swiss-Loan Threat to Banks - BloombergPoland Moves to Resolve $30 Billion Swiss-Loan Threat to Banks  Bloomberg

Poland boasts lowest unemployment in EU – The First News - The First NewsPoland boasts lowest unemployment in EU – The First News  The First News

Poland Insurance Market Analysis and Forecasts to 2022, Featuring Aviva, Metlife, PZU Zycie SA, Uniqa Tu SA and More - GlobeNewswirePoland Insurance Market Analysis and Forecasts to 2022, Featuring Aviva, Metlife, PZU Zycie SA, Uniqa Tu SA and More  GlobeNewswire

Mid Europe completes acquisition of Sage Poland - Private Equity WireMid Europe completes acquisition of Sage Poland  Private Equity Wire

Poland's Lake District Sees Sudden Spike in COVID Cases - U.S. News & World ReportPoland's Lake District Sees Sudden Spike in COVID Cases  U.S. News & World Report

EU must take 'urgent' steps over Poland's human rights violations, says NGO - EuronewsEU must take 'urgent' steps over Poland's human rights violations, says NGO  Euronews

Czech Republic asks Germany, Switzerland and Poland for help with COVID patients: health ministry - WHBL NewsCzech Republic asks Germany, Switzerland and Poland for help with COVID patients: health ministry  WHBL News

Poland Rules Out Sweeteners to Push Banks Toward Franc-Loan Fix - BloombergPoland Rules Out Sweeteners to Push Banks Toward Franc-Loan Fix  Bloomberg

A Massacre in a Forest Becomes a Test of Poland’s Pushback on Wartime Blame - The New York TimesA Massacre in a Forest Becomes a Test of Poland’s Pushback on Wartime Blame  The New York Times

Poland's PGE to tender 150 MW of solar, eyes onshore wind acquisitions - report - Renewables NowPoland's PGE to tender 150 MW of solar, eyes onshore wind acquisitions - report  Renewables Now

Tour of Poland downhill sprint finish banned by UCI after Fabio Jakobsen crash - Cycling WeeklyTour of Poland downhill sprint finish banned by UCI after Fabio Jakobsen crash  Cycling Weekly

Highlights: Perry ends Poland’s postseason run in regional semifinals - WKBN.comHighlights: Perry ends Poland’s postseason run in regional semifinals  WKBN.com

Catholic bishops express ‘pain and sadness’ at Poland's ‘rainbow halo’ verdict - Catholic News AgencyCatholic bishops express ‘pain and sadness’ at Poland's ‘rainbow halo’ verdict  Catholic News Agency

Poland activates temporary hospitals in nine provinces amid third wave - The First NewsPoland activates temporary hospitals in nine provinces amid third wave  The First News

Novavax Partners With Poland's Mabion For COVID-19 Vaccine Production: Bloomberg - Yahoo FinanceNovavax Partners With Poland's Mabion For COVID-19 Vaccine Production: Bloomberg  Yahoo Finance

Fontaine Family hires Tiffany Poland | Lewiston Sun Journal - Lewiston Sun JournalFontaine Family hires Tiffany Poland | Lewiston Sun Journal  Lewiston Sun Journal

ATP approves Italian 250 tournament, WTA adds Poland event - SportBusinessATP approves Italian 250 tournament, WTA adds Poland event  SportBusiness

Five go to Poland! Check out event schedule for Scots with GB and NI at the European Indoors - scottishathletics.org.ukFive go to Poland! Check out event schedule for Scots with GB and NI at the European Indoors  scottishathletics.org.uk

Shares in Poland's Mabion surge on Novavax vaccine programme deal - Yahoo FinanceShares in Poland's Mabion surge on Novavax vaccine programme deal  Yahoo Finance

Hungary's Viktor Orbán and Poland's Jaroslaw Kaczynski defy the EU even as their countries profit from it - CBC.caHungary's Viktor Orbán and Poland's Jaroslaw Kaczynski defy the EU even as their countries profit from it  CBC.ca

Ørsted Buys Into Baltica 2 & 3 OWFs in Poland - Offshore WINDØrsted Buys Into Baltica 2 & 3 OWFs in Poland  Offshore WIND