Poland

Country Poland
Capital Warsaw
Continent Europe
Currency Złoty(PLN)
Languages Polish & Kashubian

Information

Introduction

Poland is an ancient nation that was conceived near the middle of the 10th century. Its golden age occurred in the 16th century. During the following century, the strengthening of the gentry and internal disorders weakened the nation. In a series of agreements between 1772 and 1795, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned Poland amongst themselves. Poland regained its independence in 1918 only to be overrun by Germany and the Soviet Union in World War II. It became a Soviet satellite state following the war, but its government was comparatively tolerant and progressive. Labor turmoil in 1980 led to the formation of the independent trade union "Solidarity" that over time became a political force and by 1990 had swept parliamentary elections and the presidency. A "shock therapy" program during the early 1990s enabled the country to transform its economy into one of the most robust in Central Europe, but Poland still faces the lingering challenges of high unemployment, underdeveloped and dilapidated infrastructure, and a poor rural underclass. Solidarity suffered a major defeat in the 2001 parliamentary elections when it failed to elect a single deputy to the lower house of Parliament, and the new leaders of the Solidarity Trade Union subsequently pledged to reduce the Trade Union's political role. Poland joined NATO in 1999 and the European Union in 2004. With its transformation to a democratic, market-oriented country largely completed, Poland is an increasingly active member of Euro-Atlantic organizations.

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References

Poland - Wikipedia
Poland - CIA World Fact Book
Poland - BBC
Poland - National Geographic
Poland - Timeline - BBC

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Poland Risks Being the EU's Rogue State - Bloomberg - Bloomberg

Bloomberg

Poland Risks Being the EU's Rogue State - Bloomberg
Bloomberg
People hold up a Polish and EU flag and copies of the Constitution as they gather in front of the presidential palace in Warsaw under the slogan "Free courts, free elections, free Poland." Photographer: JANEK SKARZYNSKI/AFP. Behind the noise of Brexit ...
'Blackmail & nasty threats' Poland's war with EU rages on as new ...Express.co.uk
Poland: a new leader into the breachIrish Times
Christian With Jewish Roots Slated to Become Poland's New PMHaaretz
The Economist -UNIAN -Jewish News
all 34 news articles »


European Parliament threatens Poland over pro-life law - Catholic Herald Online

Catholic Herald Online

European Parliament threatens Poland over pro-life law
Catholic Herald Online
A Polish church spokesman dismissed a threat of European Union sanctions if his country's parliament goes ahead with church-backed legislation to curb abortions of handicapped fetuses. The Polish bishops' conference underlines that the right to life ...



Poland: Human remains exposed as Jewish cemetery dug up to ... - The Independent

The Independent

Poland: Human remains exposed as Jewish cemetery dug up to ...
The Independent
Human remains from an old Jewish burial ground in eastern Poland have been dug up and dumped in an empty lot to make way for the construction of an electrical substation and a parking lot, authorities have revealed. Polish Chief Rabbi Michael Schudrich ...
Poland: Jewish community dismayed by digging at old cemeteryHerald-Whig

all 5 news articles »


Poland parliament approves controversial judicial overhaul - Financial Times

Express.co.uk

Poland parliament approves controversial judicial overhaul
Financial Times
Poland's lower house of parliament has approved two controversial judicial reform bills that critics say are a threat to the rule of law, as the bitter battle over the future of the Polish court system approaches its denouement. Following a heated ...
Polish MPs pass judicial bills amid accusations of threat to democracyThe Guardian
Poland DEFIES EU: Warsaw provokes Brussels fury with major judicial overhaulExpress.co.uk
Poland breaks norms and grants greater power to ruling partyChristian Science Monitor
Capital FM Kenya -New York Times -News & Observer
all 60 news articles »


Poland's finance minister to replace Beata Szydlo as prime minister - The Guardian

The Guardian

Poland's finance minister to replace Beata Szydlo as prime minister
The Guardian
Poland's governing Law and Justice (PiS) party has named the development and finance minister, Mateusz Morawiecki, to replace the prime minister, Beata Szydlo, who tendered her resignation on Thursday. Morawiecki, 49, who has made a name for himself by ...
Brussels looks to Poland's new PM to improve relationsFinancial Times
Who Is Mateusz Morawiecki, Poland's New Prime Minister - BloombergBloomberg
The Latest: Poland judges made 'equal to ordinary people'Sacramento Bee
U.S. News & World Report -euronews -The Guardian
all 127 news articles »


Super Eagles Set For Poland Friendly - CHANNELS TELEVISION

CHANNELS TELEVISION

Super Eagles Set For Poland Friendly
CHANNELS TELEVISION
Super Eagles Set For Poland Friendly. Channels Television Updated December 10, 2017. AddThis Sharing Buttons. Share to Facebook Share to Twitter Share to WhatsApp Share to Email Share to More. File photo. Nigeria's Super Eagles are set to face Poland ...
Russia 2018: Super Eagles to play Poland friendlyPremium Times
Russia 2018 WC: Eagles to play Poland March 23, says RohrVanguard
Super Eagles To Play Poland Friendly, Get New Trainer For World CupComplete Sports Nigeria
Independent Newspapers Limited -Ripples Nigeria -SCORE NIGERIA (blog)
all 29 news articles »


Tusk: No security for Poland if it is in conflict with Ukraine | UNIAN - UNIAN

UNIAN

Tusk: No security for Poland if it is in conflict with Ukraine | UNIAN
UNIAN
Tusk: No security for Poland if it is in conflict with Ukraine. View news feed in news about politics for 09 December from UNIAN Information Agency.

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Social-policy brief for Poland's outgoing PM: official - National - thenews.pl

thenews.pl

Social-policy brief for Poland's outgoing PM: official - National
thenews.pl
Poland's outgoing Prime Minister Beata Szydlo is to remain in government as a deputy PM in charge of social policy, a senior politician said on Saturday.

and more »


Ski jumping: Poland pipped to the post in Germany - thenews.pl

thenews.pl

Ski jumping: Poland pipped to the post in Germany
thenews.pl
Poland came second in the World Cup ski jumping team competition in Germany on Saturday after losing by a hair's breadth to Norway. Poland's Kamil Stoch during the men's team competition at the FIS Ski Jumping World Cup in Titisee-Neustadt, Germany ...

and more »


EU to sue Poland, Hungary and Czechs for refusing refugee quotas - BBC News

BBC News

EU to sue Poland, Hungary and Czechs for refusing refugee quotas
BBC News
The European Commission is to sue Poland, Hungary and the Czech Republic at the European Court of Justice (ECJ) for refusing to take in asylum seekers. The commission, the EU's executive body, accused the three countries of "non-compliance with their ...
EU takes Poland, Hungary, Czech Republic to court over migrant quotasFinancial Times
EU sues Czechs, Hungary, Poland over refugee quotasPress Trust of India
EU takes Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland to court for failing to take in their share of refugeesDaily Mail
Express.co.uk -Deutsche Welle -ABC News -The Guardian
all 112 news articles »