Poland

Country Poland
Capital Warsaw
Continent Europe
Currency ZÅ‚oty(PLN)
Languages Polish & Kashubian

Information

Introduction

Poland is an ancient nation that was conceived near the middle of the 10th century. Its golden age occurred in the 16th century. During the following century, the strengthening of the gentry and internal disorders weakened the nation. In a series of agreements between 1772 and 1795, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned Poland amongst themselves. Poland regained its independence in 1918 only to be overrun by Germany and the Soviet Union in World War II. It became a Soviet satellite state following the war, but its government was comparatively tolerant and progressive. Labor turmoil in 1980 led to the formation of the independent trade union "Solidarity" that over time became a political force and by 1990 had swept parliamentary elections and the presidency. A "shock therapy" program during the early 1990s enabled the country to transform its economy into one of the most robust in Central Europe, but Poland still faces the lingering challenges of high unemployment, underdeveloped and dilapidated infrastructure, and a poor rural underclass. Solidarity suffered a major defeat in the 2001 parliamentary elections when it failed to elect a single deputy to the lower house of Parliament, and the new leaders of the Solidarity Trade Union subsequently pledged to reduce the Trade Union's political role. Poland joined NATO in 1999 and the European Union in 2004. With its transformation to a democratic, market-oriented country largely completed, Poland is an increasingly active member of Euro-Atlantic organizations.

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References

Poland - Wikipedia
Poland - CIA World Fact Book
Poland - BBC
Poland - National Geographic
Poland - Timeline - BBC

Cities

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News Headlines

Google News
Photojournalist detained at Poland's latest abortion protest - The Associated Press
  1. Photojournalist detained at Poland's latest abortion protest  The Associated Press
  2. Photojournalist detained as abortion protest flares in Poland  Sydney Morning Herald
  3. Police detain people at Poland''s latest abortion protests  Outlook India
  4. Police detain people at Poland's latest abortion protests  SCNow
  5. View Full coverage on Google News


Hungary, Poland Remain Defiant in Standoff With EU - Voice of America
  1. Hungary, Poland Remain Defiant in Standoff With EU  Voice of America
  2. Romania PM berates Poland and Hungary over EU budget veto  Financial Times
  3. The E.U. Puts Its Foot Down on the Rule of Law  The New York Times
  4. PM says Poland is for EU treaties, against rule-of-law mechanism  The First News
  5. View Full coverage on Google News


Poland can contribute to the EU's 55% target while solving its key problems - EURACTIVPoland can contribute to the EU's 55% target while solving its key problems  EURACTIV

LGBTQ News: Homosexuality Makes You Enemy of State in Poland - BloombergLGBTQ News: Homosexuality Makes You Enemy of State in Poland  Bloomberg

Commercial Law Revolution in Poland – New Holding Law and Enhanced Corporate Oversight Mechanisms - The National Law ReviewCommercial Law Revolution in Poland – New Holding Law and Enhanced Corporate Oversight Mechanisms  The National Law Review

Poland crackdown on Women's Strike protests continues unabated - Amnesty InternationalPoland crackdown on Women's Strike protests continues unabated  Amnesty International

To See Where Polarization Leads, Americans Could Look to Poland - BloombergQuintTo See Where Polarization Leads, Americans Could Look to Poland  BloombergQuint

World's deepest diving pool opens in Poland - The Jakarta Post - Jakarta PostWorld's deepest diving pool opens in Poland - The Jakarta Post  Jakarta Post

A Film Festival in Poland Feted His Work. Now He May Face Prison There. - The New York TimesA Film Festival in Poland Feted His Work. Now He May Face Prison There.  The New York Times

Poland’s blind battle against the coronavirus - POLITICO.euPoland’s blind battle against the coronavirus  POLITICO.eu

AliExpress aims to increase market share in Poland - Xinhua | English.news.cn - XinhuaAliExpress aims to increase market share in Poland - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

Poland finds eight coronavirus cases among farmed mink - Reuters IndiaPoland finds eight coronavirus cases among farmed mink  Reuters India

Poland finds eight coronavirus cases among farmed minks - ReutersPoland finds eight coronavirus cases among farmed minks  Reuters

Germany Needs to End Hungary and Poland's Blackmail - Carnegie EuropeGermany Needs to End Hungary and Poland's Blackmail  Carnegie Europe

Poland to keep hotels and restaurants closed during winter holiday break - The First NewsPoland to keep hotels and restaurants closed during winter holiday break  The First News

Why is Trump’s lawyer fighting against women’s rights in Poland? - Al Jazeera EnglishWhy is Trump’s lawyer fighting against women’s rights in Poland?  Al Jazeera English

Poland: New protests as PM urges restraint amid virus spike - The Associated PressPoland: New protests as PM urges restraint amid virus spike  The Associated Press

A square in Poland is named after Harivansh Rai Bachchan, a look at the city's love affair with the Bachchans - HappytripsA square in Poland is named after Harivansh Rai Bachchan, a look at the city's love affair with the Bachchans  Happytrips

Explained: Why are women in Poland protesting against a court ruling on abortions? - The Indian ExpressExplained: Why are women in Poland protesting against a court ruling on abortions?  The Indian Express

Amnesty calls on Poland police to cease violent response to abortion law protests - JURISTAmnesty calls on Poland police to cease violent response to abortion law protests  JURIST

European Union Tries to Counter Anti-L.G.B.T.Q. Wave in Hungary and Poland - The New York TimesEuropean Union Tries to Counter Anti-L.G.B.T.Q. Wave in Hungary and Poland  The New York Times

Poland opens world's deepest swimming pool with a depth of 148ft - Daily MailPoland opens world's deepest swimming pool with a depth of 148ft  Daily Mail

It is not up to Poland to ‘overcome’ its WWII history - POLITICO.euIt is not up to Poland to ‘overcome’ its WWII history  POLITICO.eu

Breaking up is hard to do for Poland and coal - POLITICO.euBreaking up is hard to do for Poland and coal  POLITICO.eu

Polish pro-choice protests continue with blockades and red paint - The GuardianPolish pro-choice protests continue with blockades and red paint  The Guardian

Ugly Scenes as Far Right Control Poland's Independence Day March | Reporting Democracy - Balkan InsightUgly Scenes as Far Right Control Poland's Independence Day March | Reporting Democracy  Balkan Insight

Opposition for adding Poland's EU membership to constitution - The First NewsOpposition for adding Poland's EU membership to constitution  The First News

'This is war': Inside Poland's abortion protests | Poland - Aljazeera.com'This is war': Inside Poland's abortion protests | Poland  Aljazeera.com

Best foods to try in Poland - CNNBest foods to try in Poland  CNN

Poland 'slammed the door shut' on legal and safe abortions: Human rights experts - UN NewsPoland 'slammed the door shut' on legal and safe abortions: Human rights experts  UN News

Poland delays implementing abortion ruling amid protests - The Associated PressPoland delays implementing abortion ruling amid protests  The Associated Press

Commission disburses €17 billion under SURE to Italy, Spain and Poland - EU NewsCommission disburses €17 billion under SURE to Italy, Spain and Poland  EU News

Poland awaiting developments in U.S. before recognising Biden - ReutersPoland awaiting developments in U.S. before recognising Biden  Reuters

Poland reports highest daily COVID-19 deaths - Anadolu AgencyPoland reports highest daily COVID-19 deaths  Anadolu Agency

Poland Sets Record for Daily COVID-19 Cases - Voice of AmericaPoland Sets Record for Daily COVID-19 Cases  Voice of America

Aerial video shows vast scale of protest in Poland - CNNAerial video shows vast scale of protest in Poland  CNN

Brussels on course for struggle with Hungary and Poland as first-ever LGBTIQ strategy is unveiled - EuronewsBrussels on course for struggle with Hungary and Poland as first-ever LGBTIQ strategy is unveiled  Euronews

Poland Payments Market Report 2020: Total Number of Payments in Poland Exceeded 8.8 Billion in 2019, it is Expected to Stagnate and Fall Slightly in 2020 - GlobeNewswirePoland Payments Market Report 2020: Total Number of Payments in Poland Exceeded 8.8 Billion in 2019, it is Expected to Stagnate and Fall Slightly in 2020  GlobeNewswire

Poland and Hungary unite to veto EU budget - EURACTIVPoland and Hungary unite to veto EU budget  EURACTIV

Poland's Culture Wars Are Dangerous, and Europe Risks Handing a Victory to Russia - Foreign PolicyPoland's Culture Wars Are Dangerous, and Europe Risks Handing a Victory to Russia  Foreign Policy

Poland Mobilises Controversial 'Weekend Warriors' for Pandemic Response - Balkan InsightPoland Mobilises Controversial 'Weekend Warriors' for Pandemic Response  Balkan Insight

Hungary and Poland to counter critics with ‘rule of law institute’ - The GuardianHungary and Poland to counter critics with ‘rule of law institute’  The Guardian

First ever Lempicka painting to be auctioned in Poland estimated to fetch 4-6 mln PLN - The First NewsFirst ever Lempicka painting to be auctioned in Poland estimated to fetch 4-6 mln PLN  The First News

Poland abortion protests reflect a deep schism in country's society - EuronewsPoland abortion protests reflect a deep schism in country's society  Euronews

Poland bans flights to 10 countries – The First News - The First NewsPoland bans flights to 10 countries – The First News  The First News

Poland's Fragile Government Scrambles to Find Way Out of Crisis | Reporting Democracy - Balkan InsightPoland's Fragile Government Scrambles to Find Way Out of Crisis | Reporting Democracy  Balkan Insight

Poland hopes to boost export of agri-food products to UK after Brexit - The First NewsPoland hopes to boost export of agri-food products to UK after Brexit  The First News

Poland’s ‘LGBT-free zones’ energize some activists, prompt others to leave - The Washington PostPoland’s ‘LGBT-free zones’ energize some activists, prompt others to leave  The Washington Post

The EU Must Stand Up to Hungary and Poland on Rule of Law - BloombergThe EU Must Stand Up to Hungary and Poland on Rule of Law  Bloomberg

Two Holocaust survivors return to Poland to Never Forget, with a side of Klezmer - The Times of IsraelTwo Holocaust survivors return to Poland to Never Forget, with a side of Klezmer  The Times of Israel

Poland: Congress conducts remote fact-finding mission on situation of LGBTI+ - Council of EuropePoland: Congress conducts remote fact-finding mission on situation of LGBTI+  Council of Europe

Poland abortion: Voices of Poles divided over near-total ban - BBC NewsPoland abortion: Voices of Poles divided over near-total ban  BBC News

Poland vs. Netherlands - Football Match Report - November 18, 2020 - ESPNPoland vs. Netherlands - Football Match Report - November 18, 2020  ESPN

Poland’s government sets its sights on private media - Financial TimesPoland’s government sets its sights on private media  Financial Times

Poland abortion: Polish women look for help in Germany after terminations all but banned - EuronewsPoland abortion: Polish women look for help in Germany after terminations all but banned  Euronews

Poland's abortion ruling amounts to a ban – but it will not end access - The Conversation UKPoland's abortion ruling amounts to a ban – but it will not end access  The Conversation UK

Poland: Charges against women for LGBTI Virgin Mary posters must be dropped - Amnesty InternationalPoland: Charges against women for LGBTI Virgin Mary posters must be dropped  Amnesty International

Poland: Authorities must protect peaceful protests against abortion restrictions - Amnesty InternationalPoland: Authorities must protect peaceful protests against abortion restrictions  Amnesty International

Poland reports record high 548 COVID-19 deaths - ReutersPoland reports record high 548 COVID-19 deaths  Reuters

Poland’s abortion rules are now among the strictest in any rich country - The EconomistPoland’s abortion rules are now among the strictest in any rich country  The Economist

Poland’s biggest IPO raises expectations for foreign investors - Financial TimesPoland’s biggest IPO raises expectations for foreign investors  Financial Times

Polish PM to announce new pandemic restrictions today - The First NewsPolish PM to announce new pandemic restrictions today  The First News

(20) Poland's total number of coronavirus cases tripled in less than a month - CNN International(20) Poland's total number of coronavirus cases tripled in less than a month  CNN International

Poland: Retail sales miss estimates while construction outperforms - ING ThinkPoland: Retail sales miss estimates while construction outperforms  ING Think

Taco Hemingway Agonizes About His Role in Poland’s Culture Wars - The New York TimesTaco Hemingway Agonizes About His Role in Poland’s Culture Wars  The New York Times

Poland's President Duda congratulates Biden on 'successful campaign' - ReutersPoland's President Duda congratulates Biden on 'successful campaign'  Reuters

Poland sees highest daily spike in virus cases, deaths - Anadolu AgencyPoland sees highest daily spike in virus cases, deaths  Anadolu Agency

Polish diplomats say Brexit deal in Poland's interest - The First NewsPolish diplomats say Brexit deal in Poland's interest  The First News

Poland secures sufficient COVID-19 vaccines for adult population - The First NewsPoland secures sufficient COVID-19 vaccines for adult population  The First News

The tragedy of Poland's 'self-limiting revolution' - Red FlagThe tragedy of Poland's 'self-limiting revolution'  Red Flag

Poland relaxes restrictions on retail, but keeps some sectors closed - The First NewsPoland relaxes restrictions on retail, but keeps some sectors closed  The First News

Changes in structure of raspberry producers in Poland - hortidaily.comChanges in structure of raspberry producers in Poland  hortidaily.com

Trump ally Poland conflicted over Biden win - EURACTIVTrump ally Poland conflicted over Biden win  EURACTIV

U.S. Election, Poland, Coronavirus: Your Thursday Briefing - The New York TimesU.S. Election, Poland, Coronavirus: Your Thursday Briefing  The New York Times

EU seeks to convince Poland on climate change target - ReutersEU seeks to convince Poland on climate change target  Reuters

Poland Vows to End Street 'Revolution' as Police Quash Protest - BloombergPoland Vows to End Street 'Revolution' as Police Quash Protest  Bloomberg

France Lockdown, Poland Protests, Coronavirus: Your Thursday Briefing - The New York TimesFrance Lockdown, Poland Protests, Coronavirus: Your Thursday Briefing  The New York Times

Johnny Depp To Receive Award At Poland's Camerimage - DeadlineJohnny Depp To Receive Award At Poland's Camerimage  Deadline

Poland vs Netherlands Nations League preview: where to watch, what they need - UEFA.comPoland vs Netherlands Nations League preview: where to watch, what they need  UEFA.com

Poland's total coronavirus cases top 300,000 after new daily record - ReutersPoland's total coronavirus cases top 300,000 after new daily record  Reuters

This non-Jewish leader is working to clean up Poland’s Jewish cemeteries - The Jerusalem PostThis non-Jewish leader is working to clean up Poland’s Jewish cemeteries  The Jerusalem Post

Tom Poland: Nature's engineers | Tom Poland - Index-JournalTom Poland: Nature's engineers | Tom Poland  Index-Journal

Poland's American Film Festival Crowns U.S Work In Progress & Festival Winners - DeadlinePoland's American Film Festival Crowns U.S Work In Progress & Festival Winners  Deadline

New national lockdown ruled out in Poland despite rising COVID-19 cases - Reuters IndiaNew national lockdown ruled out in Poland despite rising COVID-19 cases  Reuters India

Belarus protests: Why Poland is backing the opposition - BBC NewsBelarus protests: Why Poland is backing the opposition  BBC News

Poland Abandoning Commitment to Women - Human Rights WatchPoland Abandoning Commitment to Women  Human Rights Watch

Euro News: Arsen Goulamirian Injured, Poland Results, Yoka, More - BoxingScene.comEuro News: Arsen Goulamirian Injured, Poland Results, Yoka, More  BoxingScene.com

10 Poland-based investors discuss trends, opportunities and the road ahead - TechCrunch10 Poland-based investors discuss trends, opportunities and the road ahead  TechCrunch

Future of 'Third Republic' defines run-off vote in Poland - The GuardianFuture of 'Third Republic' defines run-off vote in Poland  The Guardian

Poland’s presidential election: Five key questions answered - Aljazeera.comPoland’s presidential election: Five key questions answered  Aljazeera.com

Polish PM to recommend tightest virus rules for whole country - ReutersPolish PM to recommend tightest virus rules for whole country  Reuters

40 years after Solidarity, Gdansk's rebellious spirit still inspires Poland - National Geographic40 years after Solidarity, Gdansk's rebellious spirit still inspires Poland  National Geographic

Protect people 'fleeing war, violence', UN refugee agency urges Poland - UN NewsProtect people 'fleeing war, violence', UN refugee agency urges Poland  UN News

Five things to know about Poland - Deccan HeraldFive things to know about Poland  Deccan Herald

Poland's Retreat From Europe - Carnegie EuropePoland's Retreat From Europe  Carnegie Europe

Bengalureans, get ready to fly directly to Poland - Bangalore MirrorBengalureans, get ready to fly directly to Poland  Bangalore Mirror

Poland can be India's gateway to Central Europe: Polish diplomat - Times of IndiaPoland can be India's gateway to Central Europe: Polish diplomat  Times of India

Germany overcame its history. Why can’t Poland? - POLITICO.euGermany overcame its history. Why can’t Poland?  POLITICO.eu

Poland LGBT: Diplomats from 50 countries call for end to discrimination - BBC NewsPoland LGBT: Diplomats from 50 countries call for end to discrimination  BBC News

Poland Punishes LGBT Rights Activist with Pretrial Detention - Human Rights WatchPoland Punishes LGBT Rights Activist with Pretrial Detention  Human Rights Watch