Poland

Country Poland
Capital Warsaw
Continent Europe
Currency ZÅ‚oty(PLN)
Languages Polish & Kashubian

Information

Introduction

Poland is an ancient nation that was conceived near the middle of the 10th century. Its golden age occurred in the 16th century. During the following century, the strengthening of the gentry and internal disorders weakened the nation. In a series of agreements between 1772 and 1795, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned Poland amongst themselves. Poland regained its independence in 1918 only to be overrun by Germany and the Soviet Union in World War II. It became a Soviet satellite state following the war, but its government was comparatively tolerant and progressive. Labor turmoil in 1980 led to the formation of the independent trade union "Solidarity" that over time became a political force and by 1990 had swept parliamentary elections and the presidency. A "shock therapy" program during the early 1990s enabled the country to transform its economy into one of the most robust in Central Europe, but Poland still faces the lingering challenges of high unemployment, underdeveloped and dilapidated infrastructure, and a poor rural underclass. Solidarity suffered a major defeat in the 2001 parliamentary elections when it failed to elect a single deputy to the lower house of Parliament, and the new leaders of the Solidarity Trade Union subsequently pledged to reduce the Trade Union's political role. Poland joined NATO in 1999 and the European Union in 2004. With its transformation to a democratic, market-oriented country largely completed, Poland is an increasingly active member of Euro-Atlantic organizations.

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References

Poland - Wikipedia
Poland - CIA World Fact Book
Poland - BBC
Poland - National Geographic
Poland - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

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Israeli president in Poland: Many Poles aided in murder of Jews - Haaretz
  1. Israeli president in Poland: Many Poles aided in murder of Jews  Haaretz
  2. Words used to describe Auschwitz stir controversy, 75 years on  Al Jazeera English
  3. Zelensky meets with former prisoners of Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp in Poland  Ukrinform. Ukraine and world news
  4. Before the Liberation of Auschwitz, a March of Misery  The New York Times
  5. Cuomo heads to Poland for Auschwitz liberation anniversary  WCAX
  6. View full coverage on Google News


Poland's Holocaust Commemorations Marred by Politics - Balkan InsightPoland's Holocaust Commemorations Marred by Politics  Balkan Insight

France's Macron to Make First Visit to Poland on Feb. 3-4 - The New York TimesFrance's Macron to Make First Visit to Poland on Feb. 3-4  The New York Times

Poland's President Invited to Israel Amid Row Over WWII - The New York TimesPoland's President Invited to Israel Amid Row Over WWII  The New York Times

The Distortions of Holocaust History by Russia and Poland Are a Disgrace - BloombergThe Distortions of Holocaust History by Russia and Poland Are a Disgrace  Bloomberg

Commemoration marking Auschwitz liberation anniversary kicks off in Poland - Xinhua | English.news.cn - XinhuaCommemoration marking Auschwitz liberation anniversary kicks off in Poland - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

Poland to sign F-35 purchase on Friday - Airforce TechnologyPoland to sign F-35 purchase on Friday  Airforce Technology

Poland, Israel condemn resurgent anti-Semitism at Auschwitz commemoration - ReutersPoland, Israel condemn resurgent anti-Semitism at Auschwitz commemoration  Reuters

The postcard from Poland | James Sorene - Jewish NewsThe postcard from Poland | James Sorene  Jewish News

Legal chaos in Poland deepens, posing major challenge for EU - The Associated PressLegal chaos in Poland deepens, posing major challenge for EU  The Associated Press

Poland to Sign $4.6 Billion F-35 Fighter Jet Deal: Minister - The New York TimesPoland to Sign $4.6 Billion F-35 Fighter Jet Deal: Minister  The New York Times

Rivlin to Polish counterpart: 'Many Poles' stood by, helped murder Jews in WWII - The Times of IsraelRivlin to Polish counterpart: 'Many Poles' stood by, helped murder Jews in WWII  The Times of Israel

Liberator or Persecutor? How Poland sees the role of the Soviet Union in World War Two - EuronewsLiberator or Persecutor? How Poland sees the role of the Soviet Union in World War Two  Euronews

Poland judges: Parliament and Supreme Court issue rival rulings - BBC NewsPoland judges: Parliament and Supreme Court issue rival rulings  BBC News

Poland's president Andrzej Duda: "May the memory of the victims of the Holocaust live eternally" - FRANCE 24Poland's president Andrzej Duda: "May the memory of the victims of the Holocaust live eternally"  FRANCE 24

Poland, Israel Condemn Anti-Semitism at Auschwitz Commemoration - http://hamodia.comPoland, Israel Condemn Anti-Semitism at Auschwitz Commemoration  http://hamodia.com

Poland accuses Brussels of double standards in judiciary row - ReutersPoland accuses Brussels of double standards in judiciary row  Reuters

Poland announces $4.6B deal for F-35s - Seeking AlphaPoland announces $4.6B deal for F-35s  Seeking Alpha

Poland, Israel condemn antisemitism at Auschwitz ceremony - watch live - The Jerusalem PostPoland, Israel condemn antisemitism at Auschwitz ceremony - watch live  The Jerusalem Post

Gov. Cuomo heads to Poland for 75th anniversary of Auschwitz liberation - New York PostGov. Cuomo heads to Poland for 75th anniversary of Auschwitz liberation  New York Post

India-Poland can promote rules-based world order: Polish Institute of International Affairs - Economic TimesIndia-Poland can promote rules-based world order: Polish Institute of International Affairs  Economic Times

Poland lawmakers give final approval to legislation allowing politicians to fire judges who criticize their decisions - JURISTPoland lawmakers give final approval to legislation allowing politicians to fire judges who criticize their decisions  JURIST

Pelosi expected to raise judicial independence on Poland visit - Al Jazeera EnglishPelosi expected to raise judicial independence on Poland visit  Al Jazeera English

From Communist-era roots to cash cows: Poland's gaming industry takes on the world - ReutersFrom Communist-era roots to cash cows: Poland's gaming industry takes on the world  Reuters

World Leaders Mark Auschwitz Liberation Without Poland - Foreign PolicyWorld Leaders Mark Auschwitz Liberation Without Poland  Foreign Policy

Poland and Polish people were victims of WWII - Israeli president - The First NewsPoland and Polish people were victims of WWII - Israeli president  The First News

Erbud gets USD-19m wind farm construction job in Poland - Renewables NowErbud gets USD-19m wind farm construction job in Poland  Renewables Now

'A well-planned battle for control of Poland's judiciary' - Al Jazeera English'A well-planned battle for control of Poland's judiciary'  Al Jazeera English

VIDEO: Risking her life to save others in Nazi-occupied Poland - FRANCE 24 EnglishVIDEO: Risking her life to save others in Nazi-occupied Poland  FRANCE 24 English

These photos highlight the human hurt over Poland's 'LGBT-free zones' - EuronewsThese photos highlight the human hurt over Poland's 'LGBT-free zones'  Euronews

Zelensky paying working visit to Poland | KyivPost - Ukraine's Global Voice - Kyiv PostZelensky paying working visit to Poland | KyivPost - Ukraine's Global Voice  Kyiv Post

Poland pushes for Nazi camp in Austria to be remembered - The Times of IsraelPoland pushes for Nazi camp in Austria to be remembered  The Times of Israel

Thomas Cook airline Condor sold to Poland's LOT - DW (English)Thomas Cook airline Condor sold to Poland's LOT  DW (English)

Rule of law in Poland and Hungary has worsened | News - EU NewsRule of law in Poland and Hungary has worsened | News  EU News

Europe 'has a duty' to stand up to Russia over re-writing of holocaust history - Telegraph.co.ukEurope 'has a duty' to stand up to Russia over re-writing of holocaust history  Telegraph.co.uk

75 Years After Auschwitz Liberation, Worry That ‘Never Again’ Is Not Assured - The New York Times75 Years After Auschwitz Liberation, Worry That ‘Never Again’ Is Not Assured  The New York Times

Cuomo visits Poland for Auschwitz liberation anniversary - WIVT - NewsChannel 34Cuomo visits Poland for Auschwitz liberation anniversary  WIVT - NewsChannel 34

Venice Commission: New reform in Poland further undermines judicial independence - Council of EuropeVenice Commission: New reform in Poland further undermines judicial independence  Council of Europe

Poland’s finance minister set for tax battle with Airbnb - Financial TimesPoland’s finance minister set for tax battle with Airbnb  Financial Times

Lithuania leader joins Poland in snubbing Israel event amid WWII row with Russia - The Times of IsraelLithuania leader joins Poland in snubbing Israel event amid WWII row with Russia  The Times of Israel

Mountain house in Poland has glazed cut between gables - DezeenMountain house in Poland has glazed cut between gables  Dezeen

Poland to sign contract for purchase of F-35 combat aircraft - MoD - The First NewsPoland to sign contract for purchase of F-35 combat aircraft - MoD  The First News

75 years on, Holocaust survivors struggle to recover property in Poland - Reuters75 years on, Holocaust survivors struggle to recover property in Poland  Reuters

In Poland, a Stubborn Defender of Judicial Independence - The New York TimesIn Poland, a Stubborn Defender of Judicial Independence  The New York Times

Poland Urged to Look for Nazi-Looted Art Still Held in Its Museums - The New York TimesPoland Urged to Look for Nazi-Looted Art Still Held in Its Museums  The New York Times

2020 Corporate and Commercial Law Developments in Poland - The National Law Review2020 Corporate and Commercial Law Developments in Poland  The National Law Review

Poland pays tribute to six million murdered Jews - The First NewsPoland pays tribute to six million murdered Jews  The First News

Poland demands full territorial integrity of Ukraine - President Duda - The First NewsPoland demands full territorial integrity of Ukraine - President Duda  The First News

Thousands protest in Warsaw against Poland's 'muzzle-law' - Al Jazeera AmericaThousands protest in Warsaw against Poland's 'muzzle-law'  Al Jazeera America

Polish president accuses Putin of ‘historical lie’ over second world war - Financial TimesPolish president accuses Putin of ‘historical lie’ over second world war  Financial Times

In WWII dispute with Russia, Poland notes 'atrocities' done by Soviet Union - The Times of IsraelIn WWII dispute with Russia, Poland notes 'atrocities' done by Soviet Union  The Times of Israel

Make no mistake: Poland and Hungary aren’t the only EU states abusing the law - The GuardianMake no mistake: Poland and Hungary aren’t the only EU states abusing the law  The Guardian

Russian Politician Glosses Over History's Complexity, Blames Poland for Nazi Death Camps on Its Soil - Polygraph.infoRussian Politician Glosses Over History's Complexity, Blames Poland for Nazi Death Camps on Its Soil  Polygraph.info

The dispute over World War II that is causing a major rift between Poland and Russia - HaaretzThe dispute over World War II that is causing a major rift between Poland and Russia  Haaretz

Orange Poland offers digital signature for new contracts in shops - TelecompaperOrange Poland offers digital signature for new contracts in shops  Telecompaper

Media Watch: Poland striker offered to Chelsea, latest on Olivier Giroud switch to Serie A, Edinson Cavani left out by PSG | Official Site - Chelsea FCMedia Watch: Poland striker offered to Chelsea, latest on Olivier Giroud switch to Serie A, Edinson Cavani left out by PSG | Official Site  Chelsea FC

Has Poland Banned the Building of Mosques? - Snopes.comHas Poland Banned the Building of Mosques?  Snopes.com

Russia and Poland Feud Over Putin Remarks on World War II - Wall Street JournalRussia and Poland Feud Over Putin Remarks on World War II  Wall Street Journal

Poland: Judges and lawyers from across Europe protest judicial takeover in Warsaw - Amnesty InternationalPoland: Judges and lawyers from across Europe protest judicial takeover in Warsaw  Amnesty International

Zelensky begins working visit to Poland - 112 InternationalZelensky begins working visit to Poland  112 International

ASF Poland: Virus moves up to 12km from German border - Pig ProgressASF Poland: Virus moves up to 12km from German border  Pig Progress

EU will keep sending Poland cash despite rule of law breaches, country's populist prime minister predicts - The IndependentEU will keep sending Poland cash despite rule of law breaches, country's populist prime minister predicts  The Independent

Poland's Stoch wins Zakopane ski jumping event - The First NewsPoland's Stoch wins Zakopane ski jumping event  The First News

Why isn't Germany helping gay rights in Hungary, Poland? - EUobserverWhy isn't Germany helping gay rights in Hungary, Poland?  EUobserver

Roger Scruton’s special role in Poland’s passage to democracy - Spectator.co.ukRoger Scruton’s special role in Poland’s passage to democracy  Spectator.co.uk

Poland: improvements in Roma integration, but increased intolerance against national minorities - Council of EuropePoland: improvements in Roma integration, but increased intolerance against national minorities  Council of Europe

Poland and Germany get most from Green transition fund - EUobserverPoland and Germany get most from Green transition fund  EUobserver

Ukraine's population falls behind Poland's for the first time, electronic census says 5mn people lost since 2000 - bne IntelliNewsUkraine's population falls behind Poland's for the first time, electronic census says 5mn people lost since 2000  bne IntelliNews

“This isn't just a problem for Poland; this is a risk to the European Union itself”—a rule-of-law crisis - The Economist“This isn't just a problem for Poland; this is a risk to the European Union itself”—a rule-of-law crisis  The Economist

Poland, Past and Present - Tablet MagazinePoland, Past and Present  Tablet Magazine

Mountain men in Poland bring in the New Year in full costume - EuronewsMountain men in Poland bring in the New Year in full costume  Euronews

Why Rainbow Benches Are Dividing Poland - OZYWhy Rainbow Benches Are Dividing Poland  OZY

Poland village | News, Sports, Jobs - Youngstown VindicatorPoland village | News, Sports, Jobs  Youngstown Vindicator

Russia-Poland row over start of WW2 escalates - BBC NewsRussia-Poland row over start of WW2 escalates  BBC News

Poland: publication of the 4th Advisory Committee Opinion - Council of EuropePoland: publication of the 4th Advisory Committee Opinion  Council of Europe

Poland calls on Putin to tell truth at WWII event - ABC NewsPoland calls on Putin to tell truth at WWII event  ABC News

Poland tops 1.3 GW of PV capacity - pv magazine InternationalPoland tops 1.3 GW of PV capacity  pv magazine International

Constable: Polish American actress from Bartlett hosts 'Flavor of Poland' - Chicago Daily HeraldConstable: Polish American actress from Bartlett hosts 'Flavor of Poland'  Chicago Daily Herald

Cuomo heading to Poland for commemoration of death camp's liberation - Times UnionCuomo heading to Poland for commemoration of death camp's liberation  Times Union

Poland: Disappointing industrial production - ING ThinkPoland: Disappointing industrial production  ING Think

Poland: Retail sales no big surprise - ING ThinkPoland: Retail sales no big surprise  ING Think

Study Analyzes Warriors' Remains in Medieval Tombs in Poland - ArchaeologyStudy Analyzes Warriors' Remains in Medieval Tombs in Poland  Archaeology

Poland takes charge of NATO high readiness force - NATO HQPoland takes charge of NATO high readiness force  NATO HQ

Putin’s Big Lie - The AtlanticPutin’s Big Lie  The Atlantic

Father fears for daughter taken to Poland by mother in breach of court orders - Telegraph.co.ukFather fears for daughter taken to Poland by mother in breach of court orders  Telegraph.co.uk

Poland’s booming economy fuels demand for life’s luxuries - Financial TimesPoland’s booming economy fuels demand for life’s luxuries  Financial Times

EU Unveils Fund To Woo Poland On Climate - ForbesEU Unveils Fund To Woo Poland On Climate  Forbes

Struthers holds off Poland in Northeast-8 battle | News, Sports, Jobs - Youngstown VindicatorStruthers holds off Poland in Northeast-8 battle | News, Sports, Jobs  Youngstown Vindicator

Putin ‘cherrypicking’ facts when he blames Poland for helping to start WWII, historians say - National PostPutin ‘cherrypicking’ facts when he blames Poland for helping to start WWII, historians say  National Post

Scientists in Poland create a new kind of artificial bone that can be carved and bent into any shape - EuronewsScientists in Poland create a new kind of artificial bone that can be carved and bent into any shape  Euronews

Japan and Poland agree to bolster energy cooperation - The Japan TimesJapan and Poland agree to bolster energy cooperation  The Japan Times

Semi-subterranean home nestles in luscious Poland landscape - ArchinectSemi-subterranean home nestles in luscious Poland landscape  Archinect

Following Poland's lead, Lithuania proposes controversial Holocaust law - The Times of IsraelFollowing Poland's lead, Lithuania proposes controversial Holocaust law  The Times of Israel

Poland: Stable wage growth, weak construction output - ING ThinkPoland: Stable wage growth, weak construction output  ING Think

Poland's Cyfrowy Polsat begins 5G roll-out - ReutersPoland's Cyfrowy Polsat begins 5G roll-out  Reuters

Poland's Duda to forego Holocaust memorial event in Israel - DW (English)Poland's Duda to forego Holocaust memorial event in Israel  DW (English)

Bird flu Poland not contained - Poultry WorldBird flu Poland not contained  Poultry World

Poland's opposition parties tap gay candidate to challenge president - NBC NewsPoland's opposition parties tap gay candidate to challenge president  NBC News

ASF Poland: Outbreaks in the west far from over - Pig ProgressASF Poland: Outbreaks in the west far from over  Pig Progress

Archaeologists discover WWII plane wreck and human remains in Poland - The AgeArchaeologists discover WWII plane wreck and human remains in Poland  The Age