Poland

Country Poland
Capital Warsaw
Continent Europe
Currency ZÅ‚oty(PLN)
Languages Polish & Kashubian

Information

Introduction

Poland is an ancient nation that was conceived near the middle of the 10th century. Its golden age occurred in the 16th century. During the following century, the strengthening of the gentry and internal disorders weakened the nation. In a series of agreements between 1772 and 1795, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned Poland amongst themselves. Poland regained its independence in 1918 only to be overrun by Germany and the Soviet Union in World War II. It became a Soviet satellite state following the war, but its government was comparatively tolerant and progressive. Labor turmoil in 1980 led to the formation of the independent trade union "Solidarity" that over time became a political force and by 1990 had swept parliamentary elections and the presidency. A "shock therapy" program during the early 1990s enabled the country to transform its economy into one of the most robust in Central Europe, but Poland still faces the lingering challenges of high unemployment, underdeveloped and dilapidated infrastructure, and a poor rural underclass. Solidarity suffered a major defeat in the 2001 parliamentary elections when it failed to elect a single deputy to the lower house of Parliament, and the new leaders of the Solidarity Trade Union subsequently pledged to reduce the Trade Union's political role. Poland joined NATO in 1999 and the European Union in 2004. With its transformation to a democratic, market-oriented country largely completed, Poland is an increasingly active member of Euro-Atlantic organizations.

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References

Poland - Wikipedia
Poland - CIA World Fact Book
Poland - BBC
Poland - National Geographic
Poland - Timeline - BBC

Cities

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News Headlines

Google News
Coronavirus slams Poland's already-troubled coal industry - Associated PressCoronavirus slams Poland's already-troubled coal industry  Associated Press

Poland's Duda goes to war against foreign media - PoliticoPoland's Duda goes to war against foreign media  Politico

Fitch Affirms Poland's PGE at 'BBB+'; Stable Outlook - Fitch RatingsFitch Affirms Poland's PGE at 'BBB+'; Stable Outlook  Fitch Ratings

Orange appoints CEOs for Belgium and Poland in reshuffle - Capacity MediaOrange appoints CEOs for Belgium and Poland in reshuffle  Capacity Media

Poland's STS finalises acquisition of Betsys - iGaming BusinessPoland's STS finalises acquisition of Betsys  iGaming Business

DWF directs Poland's largest Baltic-linking railway project - ICLG.comDWF directs Poland's largest Baltic-linking railway project  ICLG.com

Poland celebrates milestone LNG import – Kallanish Energy News - Kallanish EnergyPoland celebrates milestone LNG import – Kallanish Energy News  Kallanish Energy

Poland's Retreat From Europe - Carnegie EuropePoland's Retreat From Europe  Carnegie Europe

Knife-edge Polish presidential race could slow the march of populism - The GuardianKnife-edge Polish presidential race could slow the march of populism  The Guardian

Poland's GDP will drop by 4.6 pct in 2020, EU forecasts - The First NewsPoland's GDP will drop by 4.6 pct in 2020, EU forecasts  The First News

Poland gets among EU leaders in offshore wind energy - Warsaw Business JournalPoland gets among EU leaders in offshore wind energy  Warsaw Business Journal

Epidemic slowly dying down in most parts of Poland - minister - The First NewsEpidemic slowly dying down in most parts of Poland - minister  The First News

Coronavirus response: Poland delivers additional medical assistance to Iraq - NATO HQCoronavirus response: Poland delivers additional medical assistance to Iraq  NATO HQ

Poland's clash of values in presidential election - BBC NewsPoland's clash of values in presidential election  BBC News

Lithuania's president, prime minister to visit Poland to mark Zalgiris battle anniversary - Baltic TimesLithuania's president, prime minister to visit Poland to mark Zalgiris battle anniversary  Baltic Times

Hello Boys! Poland's hottest Instagram star sends internet wild with her glam pics - but who is Weronika Bielik? - The First NewsHello Boys! Poland's hottest Instagram star sends internet wild with her glam pics - but who is Weronika Bielik?  The First News

Where can you safely fly to from Poland? - The First NewsWhere can you safely fly to from Poland?  The First News

Poland's elections: What you need to know - CGTNPoland's elections: What you need to know  CGTN

Mastercard invests in Poland's Verestro - FinextraMastercard invests in Poland's Verestro  Finextra

New deal marks the birth of offshore wind in Poland - Energy Live News - Energy Made EasyNew deal marks the birth of offshore wind in Poland  Energy Live News - Energy Made Easy

Fewer tourists travelling in Poland in May - GUS – The First News - The First NewsFewer tourists travelling in Poland in May - GUS – The First News  The First News

How Covid-19 is hitting Poland's already vulnerable coal industry - Emerging EuropeHow Covid-19 is hitting Poland's already vulnerable coal industry  Emerging Europe

Poland's unemployment at historically low level - PM – The First News - The First NewsPoland's unemployment at historically low level - PM – The First News  The First News

Number of confirmed coronavirus cases in Poland reaches 36155 - The First NewsNumber of confirmed coronavirus cases in Poland reaches 36155  The First News

What Poland wants when it comes to US troops - Atlantic CouncilWhat Poland wants when it comes to US troops  Atlantic Council

Poland welcomes British travellers as borders reopen | News - Breaking Travel NewsPoland welcomes British travellers as borders reopen | News  Breaking Travel News

Implementation of the Trade Secret Directive - An Update from Poland - LexologyImplementation of the Trade Secret Directive - An Update from Poland  Lexology

Poland's budget deficit falls to around 17 bln zlotys at end-June -finmin - Reuters IndiaPoland's budget deficit falls to around 17 bln zlotys at end-June -finmin  Reuters India

Poland 'invades' Czech Republic in 'misunderstanding' - BBC NewsPoland 'invades' Czech Republic in 'misunderstanding'  BBC News

Poland's choice: A test of populism - GZERO MediaPoland's choice: A test of populism  GZERO Media

Poland should get less from Covid-19 fund due to rights record, claim EU member states - The GuardianPoland should get less from Covid-19 fund due to rights record, claim EU member states  The Guardian

Poland's energy U-turn: Gov't steps up efforts to reduce coal use - Aljazeera.comPoland's energy U-turn: Gov't steps up efforts to reduce coal use  Aljazeera.com

Women’s safety, protection and freedom is at stake in Poland | View - EuronewsWomen’s safety, protection and freedom is at stake in Poland | View  Euronews

Five things to know about Poland - Deccan HeraldFive things to know about Poland  Deccan Herald

Poland’s bizarre electoral bazaar is open for business - Financial TimesPoland’s bizarre electoral bazaar is open for business  Financial Times

Who is Jaroslaw Kaczynski, the puppet master of Poland's far-right? - EuronewsWho is Jaroslaw Kaczynski, the puppet master of Poland's far-right?  Euronews

Former interior designer leads foodie revolution with Poland's first fully-vegan dairy - The First NewsFormer interior designer leads foodie revolution with Poland's first fully-vegan dairy  The First News

Orange appoints new CEOs in Poland and Belgium - WebWireOrange appoints new CEOs in Poland and Belgium  WebWire

Coronavirus response: Poland provides medical aid to Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan to tackle global pandemic - NATO HQCoronavirus response: Poland provides medical aid to Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan to tackle global pandemic  NATO HQ

In Poland, an 'inclusive' soccer club stands up to homophobia - DW (English)In Poland, an 'inclusive' soccer club stands up to homophobia  DW (English)

Republic of Poland : Technical Assistance Report-Progress Report on Budget System Reform–Developing a Standard Chart of Accounts and a Medium-term Budget Framework - International Monetary FundRepublic of Poland : Technical Assistance Report-Progress Report on Budget System Reform–Developing a Standard Chart of Accounts and a Medium-term Budget Framework  International Monetary Fund

Archaeologists Unearth 16th-Century Children's Cemetery in Poland - Smithsonian MagazineArchaeologists Unearth 16th-Century Children's Cemetery in Poland  Smithsonian Magazine

US-Poland Energy Partnership - Energy.govUS-Poland Energy Partnership  Energy.gov

Primate of Poland: Church must rebuild trust amid abuse crisis - Catholic San FranciscoPrimate of Poland: Church must rebuild trust amid abuse crisis  Catholic San Francisco

Poland reopens borders with all European Union neighbors - Deutsche WellePoland reopens borders with all European Union neighbors  Deutsche Welle

Treaty of Zgorzelec establishing Poland's post WWII border with Germany signed 70 years ago today - The First NewsTreaty of Zgorzelec establishing Poland's post WWII border with Germany signed 70 years ago today  The First News

Poland needs to develop knowledge capital, PM says - The First NewsPoland needs to develop knowledge capital, PM says  The First News

Polish election: Andrzej Duda says LGBT 'ideology' worse than communism - BBC NewsPolish election: Andrzej Duda says LGBT 'ideology' worse than communism  BBC News

Poland to shut 12 coal mines in attempt to contain coronavirus - Financial TimesPoland to shut 12 coal mines in attempt to contain coronavirus  Financial Times

Is Trump piggybacking on Poland to reshuffle Europe's power players? - TRT WorldIs Trump piggybacking on Poland to reshuffle Europe's power players?  TRT World

Poland's unemployment rates rises to 6.1% in June: Labour Ministry - ReutersPoland's unemployment rates rises to 6.1% in June: Labour Ministry  Reuters

Coronavirus response: Poland delivers medical aid to Iraq - NATO HQCoronavirus response: Poland delivers medical aid to Iraq  NATO HQ

Poland seeks tighter ties with US - MoD - The First NewsPoland seeks tighter ties with US - MoD  The First News

Nationalist Drift Tested in Poland as President Faces Runoff - BloombergNationalist Drift Tested in Poland as President Faces Runoff  Bloomberg

Number of confirmed coronavirus cases in Poland reaches 35950 - The First NewsNumber of confirmed coronavirus cases in Poland reaches 35950  The First News

Poland's GDP to reach close to 4 pct next year - development min - The First NewsPoland's GDP to reach close to 4 pct next year - development min  The First News

USyd law professor faces politically-motivated charges in Poland - Honi SoitUSyd law professor faces politically-motivated charges in Poland  Honi Soit

Poland: Activists at risk of 10-year jail term for COVID-19 poster campaign challenging government statistics - Amnesty InternationalPoland: Activists at risk of 10-year jail term for COVID-19 poster campaign challenging government statistics  Amnesty International

What's Different in Poland's Second Try at Virus Vote - BloombergWhat's Different in Poland's Second Try at Virus Vote  Bloomberg

Poland resumes international flights – The First News - The First NewsPoland resumes international flights – The First News  The First News

Polish president scales down homophobic rhetoric as election nears - The GuardianPolish president scales down homophobic rhetoric as election nears  The Guardian

Poland's current strategic doctrine - Modern DiplomacyPoland's current strategic doctrine  Modern Diplomacy

Poland wants generous EU budget for Central Europe - KTIVPoland wants generous EU budget for Central Europe  KTIV

PM call with PM Morawiecki of Poland: 27 June 2020 - GOV.UKPM call with PM Morawiecki of Poland: 27 June 2020  GOV.UK

Rafael offers new multi-missile launcher for Poland's tank-destroyer program - DefenseNews.comRafael offers new multi-missile launcher for Poland's tank-destroyer program  DefenseNews.com

Spotlight: Rail freight assists Poland in fighting COVID-19 pandemic - Xinhua | English.news.cn - XinhuaSpotlight: Rail freight assists Poland in fighting COVID-19 pandemic - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

Poland Opens Path to Currency War in EU’s East, Rabobank Says - BloombergPoland Opens Path to Currency War in EU’s East, Rabobank Says  Bloomberg

Gay “ideology” is worse than communism, says Poland’s president - The EconomistGay “ideology” is worse than communism, says Poland’s president  The Economist

When Can I Travel to Poland? European Visitors Allowed from June 13 - Time OutWhen Can I Travel to Poland? European Visitors Allowed from June 13  Time Out

Poland's Simplified Restructuring Proceeding Takes Effect - LexologyPoland's Simplified Restructuring Proceeding Takes Effect  Lexology

Poland says Putin falsifies history to weaken Western allies - The Associated PressPoland says Putin falsifies history to weaken Western allies  The Associated Press

Tesco sells up in Poland to focus on UK - The GuardianTesco sells up in Poland to focus on UK  The Guardian

Gas exporters book 90% capacity of key pipeline link from Russia via Poland: auction results - ReutersGas exporters book 90% capacity of key pipeline link from Russia via Poland: auction results  Reuters

News out of Poland: ‘There is no Fort Trump’ - The Mercury NewsNews out of Poland: ‘There is no Fort Trump’  The Mercury News

Looted art regained after WWII showcased in Instagram gallery - The First NewsLooted art regained after WWII showcased in Instagram gallery  The First News

Pope in open challenge to Poland's martial law – archive, 1987 - The GuardianPope in open challenge to Poland's martial law – archive, 1987  The Guardian

Poland's unemployment at 6.0 percent in May - stats office - The First NewsPoland's unemployment at 6.0 percent in May - stats office  The First News

Poland and Sweden are the only EU countries who have not passed COVID-19 peak: ECDC - EuronewsPoland and Sweden are the only EU countries who have not passed COVID-19 peak: ECDC  Euronews

Poland After the Presidential Election - Stratfor WorldviewPoland After the Presidential Election  Stratfor Worldview

Equestrian Nation: Poland - Fédération Equestre InternationaleEquestrian Nation: Poland  Fédération Equestre Internationale

Poland to scrap plane passenger limits from July - The First NewsPoland to scrap plane passenger limits from July  The First News

Putin says Poland's leaders were to blame for their people's suffering under the Nazis - HaaretzPutin says Poland's leaders were to blame for their people's suffering under the Nazis  Haaretz

Former FGCU basketball player signed to team in Poland - NBC2 NewsFormer FGCU basketball player signed to team in Poland  NBC2 News

Offshore wind strategic for Poland's energy security: NATO | Recharge - RechargeOffshore wind strategic for Poland's energy security: NATO | Recharge  Recharge

Coronavirus, Russian Bounties, Poland’s Election: Your Monday Briefing - The New York TimesCoronavirus, Russian Bounties, Poland’s Election: Your Monday Briefing  The New York Times

Poland to have Europe's shallowest recession - PM - The First NewsPoland to have Europe's shallowest recession - PM  The First News

Poland 'crossed rubicon' against EU court injunction - EUobserverPoland 'crossed rubicon' against EU court injunction  EUobserver

NATO puts defence plan for Poland, Baltics into action, officials say - ReutersNATO puts defence plan for Poland, Baltics into action, officials say  Reuters

Two Algerians found hiding under semi-trailer truck in Poland - The First NewsTwo Algerians found hiding under semi-trailer truck in Poland  The First News

Announcement expected on troop increase in Poland, US official says - Stars and StripesAnnouncement expected on troop increase in Poland, US official says  Stars and Stripes

Poland Is Home to Over 100 "LGBT-Free" Communities - DER SPIEGEL - DER SPIEGELPoland Is Home to Over 100 "LGBT-Free" Communities - DER SPIEGEL  DER SPIEGEL

Europe’s country-by-country travel restrictions explained - POLITICO.euEurope’s country-by-country travel restrictions explained  POLITICO.eu

Catch of a lifetime: Fisherman reels in 39-pound lake trout - Press HeraldCatch of a lifetime: Fisherman reels in 39-pound lake trout  Press Herald

Poland's presidential poll postponed over coronavirus - BBC NewsPoland's presidential poll postponed over coronavirus  BBC News

Poland: Reject New Curbs on Abortion, Sex Ed - Human Rights WatchPoland: Reject New Curbs on Abortion, Sex Ed  Human Rights Watch

Zero turnout as Poland holds bizarre ghost election - The HinduZero turnout as Poland holds bizarre ghost election  The Hindu

India-Poland can promote rules-based world order: Polish Institute of International Affairs - Economic TimesIndia-Poland can promote rules-based world order: Polish Institute of International Affairs  Economic Times

Welcome New Monitoring for Poland - Human Rights WatchWelcome New Monitoring for Poland  Human Rights Watch

Poland may have to leave EU, Supreme Court warns - BBC NewsPoland may have to leave EU, Supreme Court warns  BBC News

Ukrinform: Ukraine's national football team to play against Poland on November 11 | KyivPost - Ukraine's Global Voice - Kyiv PostUkrinform: Ukraine's national football team to play against Poland on November 11 | KyivPost - Ukraine's Global Voice  Kyiv Post