Ukraine

Country Ukraine
Capital Kiev
Continent Europe
Currency Hryvnia(UAH)
Languages Ukrainian, Armenian, Belarusian, Bulgarian,Crimean Tatar, Gagauz, German, Greek, Hungarian, Karaim, Krymchak, Moldovan, Polish, Romani, Romanian, Russian, Rusyn, Slovak & Yiddish

Information

Introduction

Ukraine was the center of the first eastern Slavic state, Kyivan Rus, which during the 10th and 11th centuries was the largest and most powerful state in Europe. Weakened by internecine quarrels and Mongol invasions, Kyivan Rus was incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and eventually into the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. The cultural and religious legacy of Kyivan Rus laid the foundation for Ukrainian nationalism through subsequent centuries. A new Ukrainian state, the Cossack Hetmanate, was established during the mid-17th century after an uprising against the Poles. Despite continuous Muscovite pressure, the Hetmanate managed to remain autonomous for well over 100 years. During the latter part of the 18th century, most Ukrainian ethnographic territory was absorbed by the Russian Empire. Following the collapse of czarist Russia in 1917, Ukraine was able to achieve a short-lived period of independence (1917-20), but was reconquered and forced to endure a brutal Soviet rule that engineered two forced famines (1921-22 and 1932-33) in which over 8 million died. In World War II, German and Soviet armies were responsible for some 7 to 8 million more deaths. Although final independence for Ukraine was achieved in 1991 with the dissolution of the USSR, democracy and prosperity remained elusive as the legacy of state control and endemic corruption stalled efforts at economic reform, privatization, and civil liberties. A peaceful mass protest "Orange Revolution" in the closing months of 2004 forced the authorities to overturn a rigged presidential election and to allow a new internationally monitored vote that swept into power a reformist slate under Viktor YUSHCHENKO. Subsequent internal squabbles in the YUSHCHENKO camp allowed his rival Viktor YANUKOVYCH to stage a comeback in parliamentary elections and become prime minister in August of 2006. An early legislative election, brought on by a political crisis in the spring of 2007, saw Yuliya TYMOSHENKO, as head of an "Orange" coalition, installed as a new prime minister in December 2007. Viktor YANUKOVUYCH was elected president in a February 2010 run-off election that observers assessed as meeting most international standards. The following month, the Rada approved a vote of no-confidence prompting Yuliya TYMOSHENKO to resign from her post as prime minister.

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References

Ukraine - Wikipedia
Ukraine - CIA World Fact Book
Ukraine - BBC
Ukraine - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
Belarus' President Promises Help for Ukraine - ABC News

Voice of America

Belarus' President Promises Help for Ukraine
ABC News
Belarus' authoritarian president on Sunday promised to help Ukraine as it struggles through its pro-Russia separatist insurgency and economic hardships. Ukraine's year of crisis has been unsettling to Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko, who has ...
Belarus President Offers Support to UkraineVoice of America
Rebels accuse Ukraine as peace talks postponedIrish Times
Belarus strongman looks to revive Ukraine peace talksEconomic Times

all 65 news articles »


Coming winter is a weapon of war in east Ukraine - USA TODAY

Coming winter is a weapon of war in east Ukraine
USA TODAY
A deteriorating humanitarian situation amid the hardship of an approaching winter in east Ukraine is giving the Ukrainian national government an opening to turn the local population against Russian-backed separatists. The government of Ukraine is ...



Unicef: 1.7 million Ukrainian children suffering amid conflict, winter cold ... - CNN

CNN

Unicef: 1.7 million Ukrainian children suffering amid conflict, winter cold ...
CNN
(CNN) -- More than 1.7 million children in conflict-torn areas of eastern Ukraine face an "extremely serious" situation, the U.N. children's agency has warned, with their suffering exacerbated by harsh winter weather. Many families have been forced ...
'The highest price': Over 1.7mn children affected by Ukrainian conflict, UN saysRT
Ukraine Today: UNICEF Ukraine Report; UNICEF raises concern for children ...Kyiv Post

all 42 news articles »


Poroshenko Meets Belarus Leader as Ukrainian Peace Efforts Stall - Bloomberg

Bloomberg

Poroshenko Meets Belarus Leader as Ukrainian Peace Efforts Stall
Bloomberg
In eastern Ukraine, where another unsteady truce has held since Dec. 9, four government soldiers were wounded in the past day as they came under repeated attacks from their pro-Russian adversaries, according to military spokesman Andriy Lysenko.
EconomyS&P cuts Ukraine rating to CCC on default fearsFinancial Times
G-7 Officials to Discuss Ukraine Funding GapWall Street Journal
S&P lowers Ukraine credit rating to CCC-Press TV
Sputnik UK -ITAR-TASS
all 41 news articles »


US slaps sanctions on Putin's biker gang over Ukraine - Telegraph.co.uk

Telegraph.co.uk

US slaps sanctions on Putin's biker gang over Ukraine
Telegraph.co.uk
Also on the list was Natalya Poklonskaya, a 34-year-old prosecutor from Crimea, whose good looks and staunch criticisms of Ukraine's pro-Western independence movement made a hero in pro-Kremlin circles earlier this year. She became an internet ...

and more »


Ukraine Today: Russian convoy enters Ukraine; dozens more Russian trucks ... - Kyiv Post

Kyiv Post

Ukraine Today: Russian convoy enters Ukraine; dozens more Russian trucks ...
Kyiv Post
Another Russian convoy of trucks has arrived in the insurgent-occupied city of Luhansk in east Ukraine according to Russian state-backed new agency TASS. The outlet said 1,400 tonnes of humanitarian cargo was being delivered. This follows several other ...

and more »


Ukraine should put Russia to the test - Los Angeles Times

Los Angeles Times

Ukraine should put Russia to the test
Los Angeles Times
Ukraine is now strong enough to seize the initiative to create a lasting cease-fire in its Donbas Rust Belt, currently occupied by Russia and its proxies. And Russia may be weak enough to be receptive. It is in Kiev's interest to do so. A state of ...
For Putin, a year of successes and failures on Ukraine, NATO and the WestWashington Post
Ukraine crisis: Russia defies fresh Western sanctionsBBC News
Economic Fears May Push Russia Into Ukraine DealNew York Times
CBC.ca -FT.com (registration) (blog) -Yahoo News
all 4,280 news articles »


Ukraine Crisis in Mind, Lithuania Establishes a Rapid Reaction Force - New York Times

New York Times

Ukraine Crisis in Mind, Lithuania Establishes a Rapid Reaction Force
New York Times
Major Pakutka leads the two main units in Lithuania's brand-new rapid-reaction force. It is the first of its kind along NATO's eastern flank, intended to address exactly the kind of hybrid, insurgent warfare that has characterized the conflict in ...

and more »


Ukraine conflict: Hackers take sides in virtual war - BBC News

BBC News

Ukraine conflict: Hackers take sides in virtual war
BBC News
Throughout the bitter violence of the Ukrainian conflict, another hidden war has been waged, involving several groups of computer hackers. Little is beyond their reach. Official documents and private communications are made public, and websites blocked.

and more »


Foreign Bankers Rape Ukraine - Voltaire Network

Voltaire Network

Foreign Bankers Rape Ukraine
Voltaire Network
If it were not for the fact that the lives of some 45 million people are at stake, Ukrainian national politics could be laughed off as a very sick joke. Any pretenses that the October national elections would bring a semblance of genuine democracy of ...