Ukraine

Country Ukraine
Capital Kiev
Continent Europe
Currency Hryvnia(UAH)
Languages Ukrainian, Armenian, Belarusian, Bulgarian,Crimean Tatar, Gagauz, German, Greek, Hungarian, Karaim, Krymchak, Moldovan, Polish, Romani, Romanian, Russian, Rusyn, Slovak & Yiddish

Information

Introduction

Ukraine was the center of the first eastern Slavic state, Kyivan Rus, which during the 10th and 11th centuries was the largest and most powerful state in Europe. Weakened by internecine quarrels and Mongol invasions, Kyivan Rus was incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and eventually into the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. The cultural and religious legacy of Kyivan Rus laid the foundation for Ukrainian nationalism through subsequent centuries. A new Ukrainian state, the Cossack Hetmanate, was established during the mid-17th century after an uprising against the Poles. Despite continuous Muscovite pressure, the Hetmanate managed to remain autonomous for well over 100 years. During the latter part of the 18th century, most Ukrainian ethnographic territory was absorbed by the Russian Empire. Following the collapse of czarist Russia in 1917, Ukraine was able to achieve a short-lived period of independence (1917-20), but was reconquered and forced to endure a brutal Soviet rule that engineered two forced famines (1921-22 and 1932-33) in which over 8 million died. In World War II, German and Soviet armies were responsible for some 7 to 8 million more deaths. Although final independence for Ukraine was achieved in 1991 with the dissolution of the USSR, democracy and prosperity remained elusive as the legacy of state control and endemic corruption stalled efforts at economic reform, privatization, and civil liberties. A peaceful mass protest "Orange Revolution" in the closing months of 2004 forced the authorities to overturn a rigged presidential election and to allow a new internationally monitored vote that swept into power a reformist slate under Viktor YUSHCHENKO. Subsequent internal squabbles in the YUSHCHENKO camp allowed his rival Viktor YANUKOVYCH to stage a comeback in parliamentary elections and become prime minister in August of 2006. An early legislative election, brought on by a political crisis in the spring of 2007, saw Yuliya TYMOSHENKO, as head of an "Orange" coalition, installed as a new prime minister in December 2007. Viktor YANUKOVUYCH was elected president in a February 2010 run-off election that observers assessed as meeting most international standards. The following month, the Rada approved a vote of no-confidence prompting Yuliya TYMOSHENKO to resign from her post as prime minister.

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References

Ukraine - Wikipedia
Ukraine - CIA World Fact Book
Ukraine - BBC
Ukraine - Timeline - BBC

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Ukraine bars major religious procession from entering Kyiv after threat of attack - Deutsche Welle

Deutsche Welle

Ukraine bars major religious procession from entering Kyiv after threat of attack
Deutsche Welle
Both Russia and Ukraine are dominantly eastern Orthodox, but the Ukrainian believers are divided between rival denominations. The controversial march is organized by the Ukrainian branch of the Russian church, which is subordinate to the Moscow ...
In the Aftermath of War, Ukraine's Black Market Arms Trade FlourishesThe Wire
Ukraine Cross Procession format to be changed amid security fears ministerTASS
Kremlin-backed religious procession barred from marching in Kyiv (upated)Ukraine Today
Aljazeera.com -Reuters
all 117 news articles »


Two Years of War: Ukraine still unsure how to help internal refugees - Ukraine Today

Ukraine Today

Two Years of War: Ukraine still unsure how to help internal refugees
Ukraine Today
Pablo Mateu, United Nations Refugee Agency representative in Ukraine says though, Ukraine must fulfill its part of the commitments. However, two years after the war began Ukrainian politicians still talk about how they weren't prepared to deal with it ...

and more »


Before his murder, Sheremet met Ukraine's ex-tax chief and Nemtsov's allies in Moscow - Ukraine Today

Ukraine Today

Before his murder, Sheremet met Ukraine's ex-tax chief and Nemtsov's allies in Moscow
Ukraine Today
"He visited the so-called office centre Moscow City which accommodates all Ukraine's 'exiled ex-ministers', who we must extradite and convict. And one of these exiles was former Tax Minister Klymenko. However, we could not make to discuss what Sheremet ...



Ukraine to send food producers' mission to Israel - Ukraine Today

Ukraine Today

Ukraine to send food producers' mission to Israel
Ukraine Today
which are of interest to Ukrainian exporters, was discussed during a meeting. The key sectors include mechanical engineering, metallurgy, agriculture and the light industry, as well as the chemical and wood industry. We've agreed to arrange a trade ...



New confirmation of secret detention allegations in Ukraine | Human ... - Human Rights Watch

Human Rights Watch

New confirmation of secret detention allegations in Ukraine | Human ...
Human Rights Watch
Last week Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch published a joint report documenting incommunicado and secret detention of civilians by the warring ...
New Details Emerge on SBU Secret Detention Center in Ukraine ...Sputnik International

all 2 news articles »


Russian Wheat Falls on Competition With Ukraine, Romanian Crops - AgWeb

AgWeb

Russian Wheat Falls on Competition With Ukraine, Romanian Crops
AgWeb
Russia's wheat-export prices resumed declines last week amid bumper crops in Black Sea nations including Ukraine and Romania, according to the Institute for Agricultural Market Studies, or Ikar. Wheat for loading at Black Sea ports fell 1.8 percent ...

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US Joins Ukraine And NATO Members In Black Sea Drills - RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty

RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty

US Joins Ukraine And NATO Members In Black Sea Drills
RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty
The 15th annual Sea Breeze naval exercises are underway on the Black Sea. Co-hosted by the Ukrainian and U.S. navies, the drills include personnel from 13 nations including Britain, Turkey, Romania and Georgia. Participating forces are practicing ...

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Turkey accuses Ukraine of participating in military coup - Ukraine Today

Ukraine Today

Turkey accuses Ukraine of participating in military coup
Ukraine Today
This is according to the recent reports of Turkish media. Numerous editions claim Ukraine has strongly supported the opposition movement of Fethullah Gulen who is said to stand behind the mutiny. Watch also Ukraine Today's interview with Bohdan ...

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Ukraine ready for ultra-right military coup - Pravda

Pravda

Ukraine ready for ultra-right military coup
Pravda
Ukrainian Interior Minister Arsen Avakov admitted a possibility of a military coup in Ukraine. In turn, member of Fatherland Party, Igor Lutsenko, described the scenario of the possible military coup in Ukraine on his Facebook page. According to ...
Ukraine, Italy discuss participation of Ukraine's Armed Forces in NATO mission as part of Italian contingent in ...Interfax
Ukrainian Defence Ministry signs contracts with almost 41000 soldiersUkrinform News

all 7 news articles »


Ukraine's Forgotten War - RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty

RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty

Ukraine's Forgotten War
RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty
The Daily Vertical is a video primer for Russia-watchers that appears Monday through Friday. Viewers can suggest topics via Twitter @PowerVertical or on the Power Vertical Facebook page. A transcript of today's Daily Vertical can be found here.

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