Ukraine

Country Ukraine
Capital Kiev
Continent Europe
Currency Hryvnia(UAH)
Languages Ukrainian, Armenian, Belarusian, Bulgarian,Crimean Tatar, Gagauz, German, Greek, Hungarian, Karaim, Krymchak, Moldovan, Polish, Romani, Romanian, Russian, Rusyn, Slovak & Yiddish

Information

Introduction

Ukraine was the center of the first eastern Slavic state, Kyivan Rus, which during the 10th and 11th centuries was the largest and most powerful state in Europe. Weakened by internecine quarrels and Mongol invasions, Kyivan Rus was incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and eventually into the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. The cultural and religious legacy of Kyivan Rus laid the foundation for Ukrainian nationalism through subsequent centuries. A new Ukrainian state, the Cossack Hetmanate, was established during the mid-17th century after an uprising against the Poles. Despite continuous Muscovite pressure, the Hetmanate managed to remain autonomous for well over 100 years. During the latter part of the 18th century, most Ukrainian ethnographic territory was absorbed by the Russian Empire. Following the collapse of czarist Russia in 1917, Ukraine was able to achieve a short-lived period of independence (1917-20), but was reconquered and forced to endure a brutal Soviet rule that engineered two forced famines (1921-22 and 1932-33) in which over 8 million died. In World War II, German and Soviet armies were responsible for some 7 to 8 million more deaths. Although final independence for Ukraine was achieved in 1991 with the dissolution of the USSR, democracy and prosperity remained elusive as the legacy of state control and endemic corruption stalled efforts at economic reform, privatization, and civil liberties. A peaceful mass protest "Orange Revolution" in the closing months of 2004 forced the authorities to overturn a rigged presidential election and to allow a new internationally monitored vote that swept into power a reformist slate under Viktor YUSHCHENKO. Subsequent internal squabbles in the YUSHCHENKO camp allowed his rival Viktor YANUKOVYCH to stage a comeback in parliamentary elections and become prime minister in August of 2006. An early legislative election, brought on by a political crisis in the spring of 2007, saw Yuliya TYMOSHENKO, as head of an "Orange" coalition, installed as a new prime minister in December 2007. Viktor YANUKOVUYCH was elected president in a February 2010 run-off election that observers assessed as meeting most international standards. The following month, the Rada approved a vote of no-confidence prompting Yuliya TYMOSHENKO to resign from her post as prime minister.

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References

Ukraine - Wikipedia
Ukraine - CIA World Fact Book
Ukraine - BBC
Ukraine - Timeline - BBC

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Google News
The diplomats have a deal on Ukraine. Whether it sticks is very much in doubt. - NBCNews.com

CNN

The diplomats have a deal on Ukraine. Whether it sticks is very much in doubt.
NBCNews.com
Pro-Russian separatists in turbulent eastern Ukraine said Friday that they are not bound by any deal, and will not lay down their guns and vacate public buildings two critical requirements until the Ukrainian government steps down. Russia lashed ...
Pro-Russia separatists in Ukraine defiant despite international deal, call for ...CNN
Ukraine crisis: Kiev reaches out to eastern rebelsBBC News
Pro-Russian militants ignore settlement, continue occupation of buildings in ...Washington Post
Fox News -USA TODAY -The Guardian
all 6,862 news articles »


How Ukraine crisis could pull US to war - CNN

How Ukraine crisis could pull US to war
CNN
The deal, reached by Russia, Ukraine and the West, called for, among other things, disarming illegally armed pro-Russian demonstrators in eastern Ukraine, and the surrender of the government buildings they have seized. These are good and essential ...



Fliers ordering Jews to 'register' in Ukraine a hoax - New York Post

CNN

Fliers ordering Jews to 'register' in Ukraine a hoax
New York Post
The Nazi-era-style leaflets which instructed Jews to register as pro-Russia separatists and declare all property were likely used as a tool get the international community involved in the battle between Russia and Ukraine, the rabbi told The ...
Anti-Semitic 'provocation' signals dangerous game in Ukraine cityThe Globe and Mail
Anti-Semitic fliers in eastern Ukraine denouncedCNN
Who Is Behind Letters Ordering Jews in East Ukraine to Register?NBCNews.com
New York Times -The Independent -Telegraph.co.uk
all 308 news articles »


New Russia sanctions threats as Ukraine stalemate goes on - Reuters

New Russia sanctions threats as Ukraine stalemate goes on
Reuters
Leaders of gunmen who have taken over city halls and other sites in and around Donetsk this month in pursuit of demands for a Crimea-style referendum on union with Russia, rejected the agreement struck in Geneva by Ukraine, Russia, the United States ...



Separatist Leader Vows to Ignore Deal Reached on Ukraine - New York Times

Separatist Leader Vows to Ignore Deal Reached on Ukraine
New York Times
DONETSK, Ukraine The leader of a group of pro-Russian separatists said Friday that he would ignore an international agreement to de-escalate the political crisis in eastern Ukraine, saying his group would remain in the government buildings in the ...



Diplomats reach deal on defusing Ukraine crisis - Washington Post

Diplomats reach deal on defusing Ukraine crisis
Washington Post
GENEVA Top diplomats on Thursday laid out a series of steps to tamp down violence and political unrest in Ukraine, even as Western officials publicly doubted Russia's resolve to use its influence to help defuse the crisis in the former Soviet republic.



Ukraine crisis moving from bluster to diplomacy - CBC.ca

Ukraine crisis moving from bluster to diplomacy
CBC.ca
Though a few shots have been fired, mostly in the air and the air in some pockets here is truly combustible that kind of violence has generally failed to materialize. Although this morning a Ukrainian report claims three pro-Russians were killed ...



Russia and West reach surprise deal on Ukraine crisis - Telegraph.co.uk

Russia and West reach surprise deal on Ukraine crisis
Telegraph.co.uk
Vladimir Putin has secured key concessions from Ukraine and its Western supporters as the Kremlin was offered a central role in determining the future of its neighbour and former client state. Four-way talks in Geneva involving Kiev and Moscow ...



Ukraine crisis: Pro-Russia militants shrug off Geneva deal - CBC.ca

Ukraine crisis: Pro-Russia militants shrug off Geneva deal
CBC.ca
Armed pro-Russian separatists in eastern Ukraine said on Friday they were not bound by an international deal ordering them to disarm and were looking for more assurances about their security before leaving the public buildings they are holding. John ...



'Novorossiya,' the latest historical concept to worry about in Ukraine - Washington Post (blog)

Washington Post (blog)

'Novorossiya,' the latest historical concept to worry about in Ukraine
Washington Post (blog)
During an epic question-and-answer session with the Russian public Thursday, President Vladimir Putin dropped a reference that is likely to be obscure to many in the West. Talking about the Ukrainian elections and ethnic Russians in that country's east ...