Ukraine

Country Ukraine
Capital Kiev
Continent Europe
Currency Hryvnia(UAH)
Languages Ukrainian, Armenian, Belarusian, Bulgarian,Crimean Tatar, Gagauz, German, Greek, Hungarian, Karaim, Krymchak, Moldovan, Polish, Romani, Romanian, Russian, Rusyn, Slovak & Yiddish

Information

Introduction

Ukraine was the center of the first eastern Slavic state, Kyivan Rus, which during the 10th and 11th centuries was the largest and most powerful state in Europe. Weakened by internecine quarrels and Mongol invasions, Kyivan Rus was incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and eventually into the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. The cultural and religious legacy of Kyivan Rus laid the foundation for Ukrainian nationalism through subsequent centuries. A new Ukrainian state, the Cossack Hetmanate, was established during the mid-17th century after an uprising against the Poles. Despite continuous Muscovite pressure, the Hetmanate managed to remain autonomous for well over 100 years. During the latter part of the 18th century, most Ukrainian ethnographic territory was absorbed by the Russian Empire. Following the collapse of czarist Russia in 1917, Ukraine was able to achieve a short-lived period of independence (1917-20), but was reconquered and forced to endure a brutal Soviet rule that engineered two forced famines (1921-22 and 1932-33) in which over 8 million died. In World War II, German and Soviet armies were responsible for some 7 to 8 million more deaths. Although final independence for Ukraine was achieved in 1991 with the dissolution of the USSR, democracy and prosperity remained elusive as the legacy of state control and endemic corruption stalled efforts at economic reform, privatization, and civil liberties. A peaceful mass protest "Orange Revolution" in the closing months of 2004 forced the authorities to overturn a rigged presidential election and to allow a new internationally monitored vote that swept into power a reformist slate under Viktor YUSHCHENKO. Subsequent internal squabbles in the YUSHCHENKO camp allowed his rival Viktor YANUKOVYCH to stage a comeback in parliamentary elections and become prime minister in August of 2006. An early legislative election, brought on by a political crisis in the spring of 2007, saw Yuliya TYMOSHENKO, as head of an "Orange" coalition, installed as a new prime minister in December 2007. Viktor YANUKOVUYCH was elected president in a February 2010 run-off election that observers assessed as meeting most international standards. The following month, the Rada approved a vote of no-confidence prompting Yuliya TYMOSHENKO to resign from her post as prime minister.

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References

Ukraine - Wikipedia
Ukraine - CIA World Fact Book
Ukraine - BBC
Ukraine - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
Ukrainian Troops Press Rebels in Their Eastern Strongholds - New York Times

New York Times

Ukrainian Troops Press Rebels in Their Eastern Strongholds
New York Times
DONETSK, Ukraine With street fights and artillery barrages, the Ukrainian military pressed its advance on Wednesday on the two eastern provincial capitals held by pro-Russian separatists in a day of violence that killed 52 civilians and Ukrainian ...
Pro-Russian separatists shoot down Ukranian jet, hit two coptersCNN
Ukraine crisis: What does the footage tell us?BBC News
Ukraine convoy attack: 'We were riding with white flag' say survivors as 15 ...Telegraph.co.uk
CNNMoney -The Guardian
all 3,466 news articles »


The Only American Fighting for Ukraine Dies in Battle - VICE News

VICE News

The Only American Fighting for Ukraine Dies in Battle
VICE News
Mark Gregory Paslawsky, the sole American fighting on the Ukrainian side of the war in the east of the country, died from injuries sustained in battle in the town of Ilovaysk on Tuesday. Known by the codename "Franko," the 55-year-old investment banker ...
An American Voice on Ukraine's Front Lines Goes SilentNew York Times
American Volunteer Fighter 'Franko' Dies Fighting Separatists in Eastern UkraineThe Wire
US Army Vet Killed Fighting Pro-Russian Separatists In UkraineRadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty
Business Insider
all 9 news articles »


Ukraine conflict: Russia convoy 'in customs border zone' - BBC News

BBC News

Ukraine conflict: Russia convoy 'in customs border zone'
BBC News
Four lorries from a 280-strong Russian aid convoy have moved into the customs zone near Ukraine's border, a Ukrainian security official has said. But Andriy Lysenko said cargo checks by Ukrainian border guards would not start until Thursday because ...



German Leader Emerges as Key Figure in Ukraine Talks - New York Times

New York Times

German Leader Emerges as Key Figure in Ukraine Talks
New York Times
RIGA, Latvia With President Obama facing a host of other problems around the world and at home, Chancellor Angela Merkel of Germany is emerging more and more as a pivotal leader on the Ukraine conflict. But while the leadership role plays to her ...

and more »


Ukraine crisis: Russia shuts McDonald's restaurants as fighting continues in ... - ABC Online

Telegraph.co.uk

Ukraine crisis: Russia shuts McDonald's restaurants as fighting continues in ...
ABC Online
Russia has ordered the temporary closure of four McDonald's restaurants in Moscow, a decision it said was over sanitary violations but comes against a backdrop of worsening US-Russian ties over Ukraine. The four restaurants ordered to suspend ...
Russia shuts down McDonald's branches in Moscow amid Ukraine rowTelegraph.co.uk
UPDATE 3-Russia shuts four McDonald's restaurants amid Ukraine tensionsReuters
No Big Macs for Russia, four McDonald's closed amid Ukraine tensionsCANOE

all 143 news articles »


Plenty of Room at the Top of Ukraine's Fading Rebellion - New York Times

Plenty of Room at the Top of Ukraine's Fading Rebellion
New York Times
DONETSK, Ukraine To outward appearances, Fyodor D. Berezin is the picture of a senior military commander. He wears camouflage, has bodyguards and confidently gives orders as the newly named deputy defense minister of the separatist Donetsk ...



Ukraine conflict: Fierce battle for town of Ilovaisk - BBC News

BBC News

Ukraine conflict: Fierce battle for town of Ilovaisk
BBC News
Ukrainian government and rebel forces are both claiming control of the small town of Ilovaisk in the Donetsk region after fierce fighting. Security forces said the town was under government control but the rebels said they had repulsed an attack. Nine ...



Activists paint Moscow's 'Stalin Tower' with Ukraine colours - The Guardian

The Guardian

Activists paint Moscow's 'Stalin Tower' with Ukraine colours
The Guardian
In the latest act of solidarity with Ukraine in Russia, daredevils apparently defied both the authorities and any fear of falling 176 metres from the 32-floor structure and made it to the top of the tower overnight, painting the Soviet star at the top ...
Propaganda row as Russian child models brandish guns in fashion show ...Daily Mail
Protesters paint Moscow skyscraper spire in Ukraine colorsNew York Post
Activists plant Ukraine flag atop famous Moscow buildingUSA TODAY
The Wire -The Moscow Times -RT (blog)
all 141 news articles »


Ukraine fighting kills 43 in 24 hours - CBC.ca

CBC.ca

Ukraine fighting kills 43 in 24 hours
CBC.ca
The Ukrainian troops are trying to encircle Donetsk, the largest city still in rebel hands, and also drive the rebels out of the city of Luhansk. Several neighbourhoods in Donetsk have been hit with artillery fire in the last few days and fighting on ...



Putin Meeting Leaves Ukraine With Tough Choices - Wall Street Journal

Wall Street Journal

Putin Meeting Leaves Ukraine With Tough Choices
Wall Street Journal
Russian President Vladimir Putin and his Ukrainian counterpart will meet next week for the first time in two months, officials in both countries said, intensifying a diplomatic push that could force Kiev to choose between continuing its military ...