Ukraine

Country Ukraine
Capital Kiev
Continent Europe
Currency Hryvnia(UAH)
Languages Ukrainian, Armenian, Belarusian, Bulgarian,Crimean Tatar, Gagauz, German, Greek, Hungarian, Karaim, Krymchak, Moldovan, Polish, Romani, Romanian, Russian, Rusyn, Slovak & Yiddish

Information

Introduction

Ukraine was the center of the first eastern Slavic state, Kyivan Rus, which during the 10th and 11th centuries was the largest and most powerful state in Europe. Weakened by internecine quarrels and Mongol invasions, Kyivan Rus was incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and eventually into the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. The cultural and religious legacy of Kyivan Rus laid the foundation for Ukrainian nationalism through subsequent centuries. A new Ukrainian state, the Cossack Hetmanate, was established during the mid-17th century after an uprising against the Poles. Despite continuous Muscovite pressure, the Hetmanate managed to remain autonomous for well over 100 years. During the latter part of the 18th century, most Ukrainian ethnographic territory was absorbed by the Russian Empire. Following the collapse of czarist Russia in 1917, Ukraine was able to achieve a short-lived period of independence (1917-20), but was reconquered and forced to endure a brutal Soviet rule that engineered two forced famines (1921-22 and 1932-33) in which over 8 million died. In World War II, German and Soviet armies were responsible for some 7 to 8 million more deaths. Although final independence for Ukraine was achieved in 1991 with the dissolution of the USSR, democracy and prosperity remained elusive as the legacy of state control and endemic corruption stalled efforts at economic reform, privatization, and civil liberties. A peaceful mass protest "Orange Revolution" in the closing months of 2004 forced the authorities to overturn a rigged presidential election and to allow a new internationally monitored vote that swept into power a reformist slate under Viktor YUSHCHENKO. Subsequent internal squabbles in the YUSHCHENKO camp allowed his rival Viktor YANUKOVYCH to stage a comeback in parliamentary elections and become prime minister in August of 2006. An early legislative election, brought on by a political crisis in the spring of 2007, saw Yuliya TYMOSHENKO, as head of an "Orange" coalition, installed as a new prime minister in December 2007. Viktor YANUKOVUYCH was elected president in a February 2010 run-off election that observers assessed as meeting most international standards. The following month, the Rada approved a vote of no-confidence prompting Yuliya TYMOSHENKO to resign from her post as prime minister.

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References

Ukraine - Wikipedia
Ukraine - CIA World Fact Book
Ukraine - BBC
Ukraine - Timeline - BBC

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Google News
Guest post: in Ukraine, it is time to call a war a war - FT.com (registration) (blog)

FT.com (registration) (blog)

Guest post: in Ukraine, it is time to call a war a war
FT.com (registration) (blog)
US President Barrack Obama dare not utter the word 'invasion' and asks his advisers why Ukraine is so important. Russia denies it has troops in eastern Ukraine while Ukraine itself describes its own military actions there as an “anti-terrorist operation”.
Eight months after Russia annexed Crimea from Ukraine, a complicated transitionWashington Post
On Ukraine Front Line, Sniper Fire and Shelling Leave Cease-Fire in TattersNew York Times
Ukraine's new parliament sits for first timeThe Guardian
Wall Street Journal -Reuters -BBC News
all 1,418 news articles »


Ukraine's government - The Economist

Ukraine's government
The Economist
“SHAME! Shame! Shame!” roared the crowd when Ukraine's leaders appeared at a recent ceremony honouring the Maidan victims. Protesters accused President Petro Poroshenko of breaking promises. A year after the “revolution of dignity” began, the ...



Ukraine Militias Warn of Anti-Kiev Coup - Daily Beast

Daily Beast

Ukraine Militias Warn of Anti-Kiev Coup
Daily Beast
KIEV, Ukraine—The burly man with the close-cropped silver hair and his two companions ask not to be identified too closely when they talk to me in some dowdy offices near an ancient monastery overlooking the Dnieper River. They want to be described as ...
The US, Ukraine and shaleRussia Beyond the Headlines
Russia Cuts Off Coal Deliveries To Ukraine, Could Lead To Dangerous Power ...The Inquisitr
EU Extends Ukraine Sanctions to 13 New PeopleABC News
ITAR-TASS -Sputnik International
all 68 news articles »


A Tilt Toward NATO in Ukraine as Parliament Meets - New York Times

A Tilt Toward NATO in Ukraine as Parliament Meets
New York Times
MOSCOW — As Ukraine's new Parliament, firmly controlled by a coalition of pro-Western parties, convened for the first time on Thursday, President Petro O. Poroshenko urged lawmakers to repeal a 2010 law that codified the country's nonaligned status in ...



Russian warships 'monitored' in English Channel amid heightened tensions over ... - Express.co.uk

Express.co.uk

Russian warships 'monitored' in English Channel amid heightened tensions over ...
Express.co.uk
Heightened tension between Moscow and the West and follows a G20 summit at which Vladimir Putin came under international pressure over the Ukraine crisis. France's president Francois Hollande this week suspended the planned delivery of a warship to ...
Russian Warships Enter English Channel Amid Tension Over UkraineBloomberg
Bloomberg: Russian warships enter English Channel amid tension over UkraineKyiv Post

all 174 news articles »


Stalin, Father of Ukraine? - New York Times

Stalin, Father of Ukraine?
New York Times
28, 2006, the Ukrainian Parliament officially designated the famine of 1931-33, which killed 5 to 7 million Soviets during Stalin's rule, a genocide. On Saturday, Ukraine's president, Petro O. Poroshenko, accompanied by other officials and by his wife ...

and more »


Ukraine crisis: West's sanctions target Putin, not policy, Russia insists - Christian Science Monitor

Christian Science Monitor

Ukraine crisis: West's sanctions target Putin, not policy, Russia insists
Christian Science Monitor
Moscow — Russia sees no connection between sanctions imposed against it by the United States and the European Union and the deepening crisis in Ukraine. Instead it views them merely as a "destabilizing" effort to inflict damage, Foreign Minister ...
McCain blasts Europe's approach to Ukraine conflict 'a joke'euronews
The west is letting Putin get his way on UkraineThe Guardian
West is letting Putin get his way on Ukrainegulfnews.com
Center for Research on Globalization -Kyiv Post -The Japan Times
all 297 news articles »


New Ukraine Parliament Called to Fight Corruption - ABC News

ABC News

New Ukraine Parliament Called to Fight Corruption
ABC News
Ukraine's president set out a strongly reformist agenda during the inaugural session of parliament Thursday, calling for the immediate overhaul of a justice system he said was corrupted from the top down. Petro Poroshenko said a successful reform ...



Opinion: A case for doing more for Ukraine - AirForceTimes.com

AirForceTimes.com

Opinion: A case for doing more for Ukraine
AirForceTimes.com
During the latter part of my military career, I saw Ukraine's Army on exercises, in Balkan Peacekeeping Operations, and in combat. Early assessment: they had tough soldiers, and extremely bad senior officers. In the Balkans, they siphoned gas and sold ...



Ukraine banks axe services in pro-Russian regions - The Guardian

The Guardian

Ukraine banks axe services in pro-Russian regions
The Guardian
The separatist authorities have a dilemma: they have declared independence from Ukraine, but unlike with the Crimea peninsula, Russia has shown little appetite for formally taking over the east. This leaves the rebel authorities unsure where to turn ...