Ukraine

Country Ukraine
Capital Kiev
Continent Europe
Currency Hryvnia(UAH)
Languages Ukrainian, Armenian, Belarusian, Bulgarian,Crimean Tatar, Gagauz, German, Greek, Hungarian, Karaim, Krymchak, Moldovan, Polish, Romani, Romanian, Russian, Rusyn, Slovak & Yiddish

Information

Introduction

Ukraine was the center of the first eastern Slavic state, Kyivan Rus, which during the 10th and 11th centuries was the largest and most powerful state in Europe. Weakened by internecine quarrels and Mongol invasions, Kyivan Rus was incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and eventually into the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. The cultural and religious legacy of Kyivan Rus laid the foundation for Ukrainian nationalism through subsequent centuries. A new Ukrainian state, the Cossack Hetmanate, was established during the mid-17th century after an uprising against the Poles. Despite continuous Muscovite pressure, the Hetmanate managed to remain autonomous for well over 100 years. During the latter part of the 18th century, most Ukrainian ethnographic territory was absorbed by the Russian Empire. Following the collapse of czarist Russia in 1917, Ukraine was able to achieve a short-lived period of independence (1917-20), but was reconquered and forced to endure a brutal Soviet rule that engineered two forced famines (1921-22 and 1932-33) in which over 8 million died. In World War II, German and Soviet armies were responsible for some 7 to 8 million more deaths. Although final independence for Ukraine was achieved in 1991 with the dissolution of the USSR, democracy and prosperity remained elusive as the legacy of state control and endemic corruption stalled efforts at economic reform, privatization, and civil liberties. A peaceful mass protest "Orange Revolution" in the closing months of 2004 forced the authorities to overturn a rigged presidential election and to allow a new internationally monitored vote that swept into power a reformist slate under Viktor YUSHCHENKO. Subsequent internal squabbles in the YUSHCHENKO camp allowed his rival Viktor YANUKOVYCH to stage a comeback in parliamentary elections and become prime minister in August of 2006. An early legislative election, brought on by a political crisis in the spring of 2007, saw Yuliya TYMOSHENKO, as head of an "Orange" coalition, installed as a new prime minister in December 2007. Viktor YANUKOVUYCH was elected president in a February 2010 run-off election that observers assessed as meeting most international standards. The following month, the Rada approved a vote of no-confidence prompting Yuliya TYMOSHENKO to resign from her post as prime minister.

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References

Ukraine - Wikipedia
Ukraine - CIA World Fact Book
Ukraine - BBC
Ukraine - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
Kyiv Sees No Elections in Eastern Ukraine Until Russians Leave - Voice of America

Voice of America

Kyiv Sees No Elections in Eastern Ukraine Until Russians Leave
Voice of America
A top Ukrainian official said that elections in eastern Ukraine will be possible only after Ukraine's sovereignty is renewed in the region and Russia's presence is eliminated in those territories. A deputy speaker of the Ukrainian Parliament, Oksana ...
UN says nearly 10000 killed since Ukraine conflict beganGlobalnews.ca
Do Ukraine's Leaders Understand Freedom of the Press?Foreign Policy (blog)
Germany says to host fresh Ukraine talksChannel News Asia
Ukraine Today -Next Big Future -CCTV
all 21 news articles »


Flight of Fancy? Ukraine Considers Building 'Domestic' Multirole Fighter - Sputnik International

Sputnik International

Flight of Fancy? Ukraine Considers Building 'Domestic' Multirole Fighter
Sputnik International
Last week, Petro Poroshenko announced that Ukraine's defense enterprises would soon create a new engine for the country's fighter jets. Unfortunately, the engines would still be attached to Russian MiG and Sukhoi airplanes. Therefore, Ukrainian media ...



US Bill Links Russia Sanctions Relief To Crimea's Return - RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty

RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty

US Bill Links Russia Sanctions Relief To Crimea's Return
RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty
WASHINGTON -- A new bill in the U.S. Congress would prevent the White House from lifting a raft of sanctions against Russia until Ukraine restores control over Crimea, which Moscow forcibly annexed in 2014, or settles the peninsula's status to Kyiv's ...
Anti-Russian Sanctions Hinder Ukrainian Crisis Resolution - French LawmakerSputnik International

all 65 news articles »


Live from the struggling streets of Kiev, Ukraine - RT

RT

Live from the struggling streets of Kiev, Ukraine
RT
Derek Monroe is a writer/reporter and consultant based in Illinois, USA. He has reported on international and US foreign policy issues from Latin America, Poland, Japan, Iraq, Ukraine, Sri Lanka and India. His work appeared in Foreign Policy in Focus, ...

and more »


Ukraine Reform Monitor - Carnegie Endowment for International Peace

Carnegie Endowment for International Peace

Ukraine Reform Monitor
Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
The Ukraine Reform Monitor provides independent, rigorous assessments of the extent and quality of reforms in Ukraine. The Carnegie Endowment has assembled an independent team of Ukraine-based scholars to analyze reforms in four key areas. This fifth ...



Ukraine and Russia see opportunity in Easter ceasefire - EurActiv

EurActiv

Ukraine and Russia see opportunity in Easter ceasefire
EurActiv
Ukraine told the UN Security Council yesterday (28 April) that a fragile ceasefire must be strengthened before progress can be achieved in political talks on solving the two-year conflict in the country's east. Deputy Foreign Minister Vadym Prystaiko ...
9333 Killed Since Ukraine Conflict Began, UN SaysNew York Times
Ukraine: Security Council meets on situation with sense of 'urgency and hope'UN News Centre
Monitors: 'Alarming' Number of Cease-fire Violations in E. UkraineVoice of America
i24news -RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty -International Business Times UK
all 89 news articles »


Easter ceasefire fails to take hold in eastern Ukraine - Reuters

Reuters

Easter ceasefire fails to take hold in eastern Ukraine
Reuters
Easter ceasefire fails to take hold in eastern Ukraine. 5:48pm EDT - 01:07. Ukrainian government forces and pro-Russian rebels exchange heavy gunfire near the eastern city of Donetsk, despite an Easter holiday ceasefire agreement. Diane Hodges reports.



McDonald's Is Probing a Copycat Burger Joint in East Ukraine - Fortune

Fortune

McDonald's Is Probing a Copycat Burger Joint in East Ukraine
Fortune
The McDonald's fast food chain said its lawyers were investigating after entrepreneurs in separatist-controlled eastern Ukraine started selling McDonald's-style hamburgers out of a restaurant that the company shut down two years ago. The company said ...
A Rogue McDonald's Is Feeding Rebel- Controlled UkraineNewser

all 10 news articles »


Ukraine Bitcoin License Plans Have Been Put On Ice - newsBTC

newsBTC

Ukraine Bitcoin License Plans Have Been Put On Ice
newsBTC
Various countries around the world are contemplating whether or not they have to undertake additional action to regulate Bitcoin and cryptocurrency. Until very recently, Ukraine had a Bitcoin License proposal, but that has been killed off very recently.



Cold War-style hotline proposed as tension between East-West rises in Ukraine - CBC.ca

CBC.ca

Cold War-style hotline proposed as tension between East-West rises in Ukraine
CBC.ca
Moscow and the West blame each other for the tension, and on April 20 the first meeting in two years between Moscow and NATO to try to ease the standoff over Ukraine ended with neither hint of progress nor any sense there'll be an easing of the current ...

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