Ukraine

Country Ukraine
Capital Kiev
Continent Europe
Currency Hryvnia(UAH)
Languages Ukrainian, Armenian, Belarusian, Bulgarian,Crimean Tatar, Gagauz, German, Greek, Hungarian, Karaim, Krymchak, Moldovan, Polish, Romani, Romanian, Russian, Rusyn, Slovak & Yiddish

Information

Introduction

Ukraine was the center of the first eastern Slavic state, Kyivan Rus, which during the 10th and 11th centuries was the largest and most powerful state in Europe. Weakened by internecine quarrels and Mongol invasions, Kyivan Rus was incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and eventually into the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. The cultural and religious legacy of Kyivan Rus laid the foundation for Ukrainian nationalism through subsequent centuries. A new Ukrainian state, the Cossack Hetmanate, was established during the mid-17th century after an uprising against the Poles. Despite continuous Muscovite pressure, the Hetmanate managed to remain autonomous for well over 100 years. During the latter part of the 18th century, most Ukrainian ethnographic territory was absorbed by the Russian Empire. Following the collapse of czarist Russia in 1917, Ukraine was able to achieve a short-lived period of independence (1917-20), but was reconquered and forced to endure a brutal Soviet rule that engineered two forced famines (1921-22 and 1932-33) in which over 8 million died. In World War II, German and Soviet armies were responsible for some 7 to 8 million more deaths. Although final independence for Ukraine was achieved in 1991 with the dissolution of the USSR, democracy and prosperity remained elusive as the legacy of state control and endemic corruption stalled efforts at economic reform, privatization, and civil liberties. A peaceful mass protest "Orange Revolution" in the closing months of 2004 forced the authorities to overturn a rigged presidential election and to allow a new internationally monitored vote that swept into power a reformist slate under Viktor YUSHCHENKO. Subsequent internal squabbles in the YUSHCHENKO camp allowed his rival Viktor YANUKOVYCH to stage a comeback in parliamentary elections and become prime minister in August of 2006. An early legislative election, brought on by a political crisis in the spring of 2007, saw Yuliya TYMOSHENKO, as head of an "Orange" coalition, installed as a new prime minister in December 2007. Viktor YANUKOVUYCH was elected president in a February 2010 run-off election that observers assessed as meeting most international standards. The following month, the Rada approved a vote of no-confidence prompting Yuliya TYMOSHENKO to resign from her post as prime minister.

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References

Ukraine - Wikipedia
Ukraine - CIA World Fact Book
Ukraine - BBC
Ukraine - Timeline - BBC

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How Ukraine's Orange Revolution shaped twenty-first century geopolitics - Atlantic CouncilHow Ukraine's Orange Revolution shaped twenty-first century geopolitics  Atlantic Council

Ukraine sours on President Volodymyr Zelenskiy as challenges mount for former comedian - NBC NewsUkraine sours on President Volodymyr Zelenskiy as challenges mount for former comedian  NBC News

COMMENT: Ukraine and the Biden Presidency - bne IntelliNewsCOMMENT: Ukraine and the Biden Presidency  bne IntelliNews

Ukraine president tests negative for coronavirus: statement - Reuters IndiaUkraine president tests negative for coronavirus: statement  Reuters India

Ukraine may appoint former finance minister Markarova as ambassador to Washington - ReutersUkraine may appoint former finance minister Markarova as ambassador to Washington  Reuters

Ukraine can learn from Azerbaijan's recent victory - Atlantic CouncilUkraine can learn from Azerbaijan's recent victory  Atlantic Council

Ukraine's new privatization faces array of old obstacles - Atlantic CouncilUkraine's new privatization faces array of old obstacles  Atlantic Council

Ukraine Can't Block Enforcement Of $81M Tatneft Award - Law360Ukraine Can't Block Enforcement Of $81M Tatneft Award  Law360

DRL probing graft plaint in Ukraine - The HinduDRL probing graft plaint in Ukraine  The Hindu

Estonia supporting OSCE Special Monitoring Mission to Ukraine with EUR 20,000 - Baltic TimesEstonia supporting OSCE Special Monitoring Mission to Ukraine with EUR 20,000  Baltic Times

IMF evaluates tax policy in Ukraine - Ukrinform. Ukraine and world newsIMF evaluates tax policy in Ukraine  Ukrinform. Ukraine and world news

A consequential election for Ukraine - Brookings InstitutionA consequential election for Ukraine  Brookings Institution

Ukraine's Nations League match in Switzerland cancelled due to virus - Times of IndiaUkraine's Nations League match in Switzerland cancelled due to virus  Times of India

Great Construction program: 100 schools already built in Ukraine - Ukrinform. Ukraine and world newsGreat Construction program: 100 schools already built in Ukraine  Ukrinform. Ukraine and world news

Dr Reddy’s faces complaint in Ukraine over 'improper benefits' to healthcare professionals - Times of IndiaDr Reddy’s faces complaint in Ukraine over 'improper benefits' to healthcare professionals  Times of India

Ukraine's State Treasury stops financing of all unsecured expenses - 112 InternationalUkraine's State Treasury stops financing of all unsecured expenses  112 International

Will Biden’s presidency be a ‘blessing’ for war-torn Ukraine? - Al Jazeera EnglishWill Biden’s presidency be a ‘blessing’ for war-torn Ukraine?  Al Jazeera English

Defense Ministry developed draft military security strategy of Ukraine - Ukrinform. Ukraine and world newsDefense Ministry developed draft military security strategy of Ukraine  Ukrinform. Ukraine and world news

Grey Bees by Andrey Kurkov — humanity amid the Ukraine conflict - Financial TimesGrey Bees by Andrey Kurkov — humanity amid the Ukraine conflict  Financial Times

Ukraine: Armed Groups' Arbitrary Pandemic Restrictions - Human Rights WatchUkraine: Armed Groups' Arbitrary Pandemic Restrictions  Human Rights Watch

Ukraine’s anti-corruption push is stalled. Biden can help get it going again. - Washington PostUkraine’s anti-corruption push is stalled. Biden can help get it going again.  Washington Post

Ukraine to deepen cooperation with BSEC - Kryklii - Ukrinform. Ukraine and world newsUkraine to deepen cooperation with BSEC - Kryklii  Ukrinform. Ukraine and world news

Ukraine's industrial production down 6.8 pct in January-October - Xinhua | English.news.cn - XinhuaUkraine's industrial production down 6.8 pct in January-October - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

Putin's Karabakh victory sparks alarm in Ukraine - Atlantic CouncilPutin's Karabakh victory sparks alarm in Ukraine  Atlantic Council

Ukraine launches 'Crimean Platform', Russia also invited - EURACTIVUkraine launches 'Crimean Platform', Russia also invited  EURACTIV

Zinchenko hits out after receiving death threats following error for Ukraine - GoalZinchenko hits out after receiving death threats following error for Ukraine  Goal

OSCE spots new Russian drone control station in Ukraine - defence-blog.comOSCE spots new Russian drone control station in Ukraine  defence-blog.com

Ukraine: Epidemic of violence against women in conflict-torn east - Amnesty InternationalUkraine: Epidemic of violence against women in conflict-torn east  Amnesty International

Ukraine’s post-election message to White House: Leave us out of U.S. political feuds - The Washington PostUkraine’s post-election message to White House: Leave us out of U.S. political feuds  The Washington Post

Ambassador of Ukraine in the State of Israel discussed with the Patriarch of the Holy City of Jerusalem and All Palestine the development of the OCU - Interfax UkraineAmbassador of Ukraine in the State of Israel discussed with the Patriarch of the Holy City of Jerusalem and All Palestine the development of the OCU  Interfax Ukraine

Ukraine courts cannot be allowed to throw out anti-corruption gains - Financial TimesUkraine courts cannot be allowed to throw out anti-corruption gains  Financial Times

Ukraine to introduce total lockdown in case of medical system's collapse, - Health Minister - 112 InternationalUkraine to introduce total lockdown in case of medical system's collapse, - Health Minister  112 International

Turkey Forges a New Geo-Strategic Axis from Azerbaijan to Ukraine - RUSI AnalysisTurkey Forges a New Geo-Strategic Axis from Azerbaijan to Ukraine  RUSI Analysis

Ukrainian local elections: Zelenskyy fairytale is over - Atlantic CouncilUkrainian local elections: Zelenskyy fairytale is over  Atlantic Council

Ukraine caught between constitutional crisis and counter-revolution - Atlantic CouncilUkraine caught between constitutional crisis and counter-revolution  Atlantic Council

Volodymyr Zelenskiy, President Of Ukraine, Hospitalized With COVID-19 : Coronavirus Updates - NPRVolodymyr Zelenskiy, President Of Ukraine, Hospitalized With COVID-19 : Coronavirus Updates  NPR

Abnormal weather in Ukraine in bright pictures. A photo – The Saxon - 112 InternationalAbnormal weather in Ukraine in bright pictures. A photo – The Saxon  112 International

Germany take step forward with win over Ukraine - Deutsche WelleGermany take step forward with win over Ukraine  Deutsche Welle

Coronavirus crisis exposes Ukraine's healthcare failures - Atlantic CouncilCoronavirus crisis exposes Ukraine's healthcare failures  Atlantic Council

A Tarnished Gem? Building Bad On Ukraine's Black Sea Coast - Radio Free Europe / Radio LibertyA Tarnished Gem? Building Bad On Ukraine's Black Sea Coast  Radio Free Europe / Radio Liberty

Belarus: Ukraine largest importer of potatoes in the first half of 2020 - FreshPlaza.comBelarus: Ukraine largest importer of potatoes in the first half of 2020  FreshPlaza.com

UKRAINIAN BUSINESS OF DANISH PIG-BREEDING COMPANY GOODVALLEY INCREASES EBITDA IN UKRAINE BY 81% - Ukraine open for businessUKRAINIAN BUSINESS OF DANISH PIG-BREEDING COMPANY GOODVALLEY INCREASES EBITDA IN UKRAINE BY 81%  Ukraine open for business

Ukraine's Zelenskiy Promises Action as Allies Sound Alarm Over Reform Rollback - Voice of AmericaUkraine's Zelenskiy Promises Action as Allies Sound Alarm Over Reform Rollback  Voice of America

Kremlin memory wars and the search for a unifying Ukrainian national identity - Atlantic CouncilKremlin memory wars and the search for a unifying Ukrainian national identity  Atlantic Council

Ukraine fulfilling its obligations under Minsk agreements - French Foreign Ministry - Ukrinform. Ukraine and world newsUkraine fulfilling its obligations under Minsk agreements - French Foreign Ministry  Ukrinform. Ukraine and world news

Ukraine winter wheat sowing near end, harvest underway - Successful FarmingUkraine winter wheat sowing near end, harvest underway  Successful Farming

Ukraine- Kyiv reports 1422 new coronavirus cases - MENAFN.COMUkraine- Kyiv reports 1422 new coronavirus cases  MENAFN.COM

First COVID-19 vaccines expected in Ukraine no earlier than May 2021 – media - UNIANFirst COVID-19 vaccines expected in Ukraine no earlier than May 2021 – media  UNIAN

Ukraine's Geopolitical Successes Become Russian Defeats - The Jamestown FoundationUkraine's Geopolitical Successes Become Russian Defeats  The Jamestown Foundation

Ukrainian President Zelenskyy tests positive for COVID-19 - Al Jazeera EnglishUkrainian President Zelenskyy tests positive for COVID-19  Al Jazeera English

Ukraine has used 66.5% of season's wheat export quota so far - Successful FarmingUkraine has used 66.5% of season's wheat export quota so far  Successful Farming

New Short Film Explores The Urban Landscapes of Ukraine's Socialist Era - ArchDailyNew Short Film Explores The Urban Landscapes of Ukraine's Socialist Era  ArchDaily

What shall Scania do – satisfy illegal claims or further invest in Ukraine? - Interfax UkraineWhat shall Scania do – satisfy illegal claims or further invest in Ukraine?  Interfax Ukraine

Ukraine police close Biden probe initiated by ousted prosecutor - NBC NewsUkraine police close Biden probe initiated by ousted prosecutor  NBC News

Ukraine: Drop 6.8 seen in developed output - MENAFN.COMUkraine: Drop 6.8 seen in developed output  MENAFN.COM

A New Front Opens in the Russia-Ukraine Conflict: Borscht - The New York TimesA New Front Opens in the Russia-Ukraine Conflict: Borscht  The New York Times

UK programme assistance to Ukraine in 2020-2021 - GOV.UK - GOV.UKUK programme assistance to Ukraine in 2020-2021 - GOV.UK  GOV.UK

Indonesia to remain key market for Ukrainian wheat - Argus MediaIndonesia to remain key market for Ukrainian wheat  Argus Media

'Donbass' review: A dark Ukrainian war comedy - Los Angeles Times'Donbass' review: A dark Ukrainian war comedy  Los Angeles Times

Dr Reddys to probe anonymous complaint regarding healthcare professionals in Ukraine - Medical DialoguesDr Reddys to probe anonymous complaint regarding healthcare professionals in Ukraine  Medical Dialogues

Ukraine and the ongoing Belarus factor - The Ukrainian WeeklyUkraine and the ongoing Belarus factor  The Ukrainian Weekly

UNICEF expert predicts peak of COVID-19 epidemic in Ukraine - UNIANUNICEF expert predicts peak of COVID-19 epidemic in Ukraine  UNIAN

Senior clerics to continue discussion of Ukraine issue following rift - Cyprus MailSenior clerics to continue discussion of Ukraine issue following rift  Cyprus Mail

Human Resources and Operations Assistant | KyivPost - Ukraine's Global Voice - Kyiv PostHuman Resources and Operations Assistant | KyivPost - Ukraine's Global Voice  Kyiv Post

Fate of UEFA tranche to fight COVID-19 six months later remains a secret in Ukraine - 112 InternationalFate of UEFA tranche to fight COVID-19 six months later remains a secret in Ukraine  112 International

Hungarian official denied entry to Ukraine - Ukrinform. Ukraine and world newsHungarian official denied entry to Ukraine  Ukrinform. Ukraine and world news

Culture Minister offers to impose two-week lockdown on New Year holidays - 112 InternationalCulture Minister offers to impose two-week lockdown on New Year holidays  112 International

Ukrainian connection | 2020-11-23 | MEAT+POULTRY - Meat & PoultryUkrainian connection | 2020-11-23 | MEAT+POULTRY  Meat & Poultry

Ukraine's Pivotal Role in the Trump-Putin Deal – Byline Times - Byline TimesUkraine's Pivotal Role in the Trump-Putin Deal – Byline Times  Byline Times

Ukraine climbs 20 positions in road quality rating | KyivPost - Ukraine's Global Voice - Kyiv PostUkraine climbs 20 positions in road quality rating | KyivPost - Ukraine's Global Voice  Kyiv Post

Ukrainian military dies from Covid-19 in Congo during UN mission - 112 InternationalUkrainian military dies from Covid-19 in Congo during UN mission  112 International

Container Traffic via Ukrainian Ports in January-October – SeaNews - http://seanews.ruContainer Traffic via Ukrainian Ports in January-October – SeaNews  http://seanews.ru

Mayoral races in Ukraine: City-by-city runoff preview - Atlantic CouncilMayoral races in Ukraine: City-by-city runoff preview  Atlantic Council

Judge not, that ye be not judged - Ukraine's constitutional court attacks anti-corruption laws | Europe - The EconomistJudge not, that ye be not judged - Ukraine's constitutional court attacks anti-corruption laws | Europe  The Economist

OCCUPANCY OF BEDS BY PATIENTS WITH COVID-19 IN UKRAINE IS 52% - Ukraine open for businessOCCUPANCY OF BEDS BY PATIENTS WITH COVID-19 IN UKRAINE IS 52%  Ukraine open for business

Ukraine’s Power Play on Minsk - The National InterestUkraine’s Power Play on Minsk  The National Interest

Taming Ukraine's oligarchs - Atlantic CouncilTaming Ukraine's oligarchs  Atlantic Council

Ukraine’s Zelenskyy hospitalised after contracting coronavirus - Al Jazeera EnglishUkraine’s Zelenskyy hospitalised after contracting coronavirus  Al Jazeera English

Nikolenko appointed as new spokesman of Ukrainian Foreign Ministry - Ukrinform. Ukraine and world newsNikolenko appointed as new spokesman of Ukrainian Foreign Ministry  Ukrinform. Ukraine and world news

Why Ukraine frittered away Motor Sich and $ 3.5 billion - 112 InternationalWhy Ukraine frittered away Motor Sich and $ 3.5 billion  112 International

OSCE project co-ordinator in Ukraine: UK statement - GOV.UKOSCE project co-ordinator in Ukraine: UK statement  GOV.UK

Zelensky appoints Ukrainian Ambassador to France Omelchenko as Ukraine's representative to UNESCO - Interfax UkraineZelensky appoints Ukrainian Ambassador to France Omelchenko as Ukraine's representative to UNESCO  Interfax Ukraine

Ukraine wheat export prices down over the past week, corn flat - Successful FarmingUkraine wheat export prices down over the past week, corn flat  Successful Farming

Ukraine working on Plan B in case 'weekend quarantine' fails | KyivPost - Ukraine's Global Voice - Kyiv PostUkraine working on Plan B in case 'weekend quarantine' fails | KyivPost - Ukraine's Global Voice  Kyiv Post

Prominent rabbis pray for Ukraine's president Zelensky amid Covid recovery - Jewish NewsProminent rabbis pray for Ukraine's president Zelensky amid Covid recovery  Jewish News

Ukraine's retail trade turnover grows 7.3% - State Statistics Service - MENAFN.COMUkraine's retail trade turnover grows 7.3% - State Statistics Service  MENAFN.COM

Citizens of Russia and Ukraine will be able to return from Azerbaijan to their homeland - AZERTAC NewsCitizens of Russia and Ukraine will be able to return from Azerbaijan to their homeland  AZERTAC News

Ukraine calls upon Cyprus to join Crimean Platform - 112 InternationalUkraine calls upon Cyprus to join Crimean Platform  112 International

Day in Donbas: No shooting, no casualties among Ukrainian forces - 112 InternationalDay in Donbas: No shooting, no casualties among Ukrainian forces  112 International

More than 300 detained by police in Ukraine protests - RochesterFirstMore than 300 detained by police in Ukraine protests  RochesterFirst

India votes against Ukraine-sponsored resolution in the United Nations - Economic TimesIndia votes against Ukraine-sponsored resolution in the United Nations  Economic Times

Ukraine Legislative Update: October 2020 [EN/UK] - Ukraine - ReliefWebUkraine Legislative Update: October 2020 [EN/UK] - Ukraine  ReliefWeb

Ukraine investigating over 5,000 cases of war crimes in Crimea, Donbas - Mamedov - Ukrinform. Ukraine and world newsUkraine investigating over 5,000 cases of war crimes in Crimea, Donbas - Mamedov  Ukrinform. Ukraine and world news

Number of deaths in Ukraine in September grows by 15.4% | KyivPost - Ukraine's Global Voice - Kyiv PostNumber of deaths in Ukraine in September grows by 15.4% | KyivPost - Ukraine's Global Voice  Kyiv Post

Ukraine: Protection Cluster Factsheet - October 2020 [EN/RU/UK] - Ukraine - ReliefWebUkraine: Protection Cluster Factsheet - October 2020 [EN/RU/UK] - Ukraine  ReliefWeb

Yields remain low as Ukraine's corn harvest hits 89% complete - AgriCensusYields remain low as Ukraine's corn harvest hits 89% complete  AgriCensus

Ukraine PM sees progress in fulfilling obligations to IMF - ReutersUkraine PM sees progress in fulfilling obligations to IMF  Reuters

Ukraine says Iran dragging its feet in plane crash investigation - ReutersUkraine says Iran dragging its feet in plane crash investigation  Reuters

Ukraine’s Big Backslide Continues - The National InterestUkraine’s Big Backslide Continues  The National Interest

Misrule of law: Ukraine's constitutional crisis – European Council on Foreign Relations - European Council on Foreign RelationsMisrule of law: Ukraine's constitutional crisis – European Council on Foreign Relations  European Council on Foreign Relations