Ukraine

Country Ukraine
Capital Kiev
Continent Europe
Currency Hryvnia(UAH)
Languages Ukrainian, Armenian, Belarusian, Bulgarian,Crimean Tatar, Gagauz, German, Greek, Hungarian, Karaim, Krymchak, Moldovan, Polish, Romani, Romanian, Russian, Rusyn, Slovak & Yiddish

Information

Introduction

Ukraine was the center of the first eastern Slavic state, Kyivan Rus, which during the 10th and 11th centuries was the largest and most powerful state in Europe. Weakened by internecine quarrels and Mongol invasions, Kyivan Rus was incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and eventually into the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. The cultural and religious legacy of Kyivan Rus laid the foundation for Ukrainian nationalism through subsequent centuries. A new Ukrainian state, the Cossack Hetmanate, was established during the mid-17th century after an uprising against the Poles. Despite continuous Muscovite pressure, the Hetmanate managed to remain autonomous for well over 100 years. During the latter part of the 18th century, most Ukrainian ethnographic territory was absorbed by the Russian Empire. Following the collapse of czarist Russia in 1917, Ukraine was able to achieve a short-lived period of independence (1917-20), but was reconquered and forced to endure a brutal Soviet rule that engineered two forced famines (1921-22 and 1932-33) in which over 8 million died. In World War II, German and Soviet armies were responsible for some 7 to 8 million more deaths. Although final independence for Ukraine was achieved in 1991 with the dissolution of the USSR, democracy and prosperity remained elusive as the legacy of state control and endemic corruption stalled efforts at economic reform, privatization, and civil liberties. A peaceful mass protest "Orange Revolution" in the closing months of 2004 forced the authorities to overturn a rigged presidential election and to allow a new internationally monitored vote that swept into power a reformist slate under Viktor YUSHCHENKO. Subsequent internal squabbles in the YUSHCHENKO camp allowed his rival Viktor YANUKOVYCH to stage a comeback in parliamentary elections and become prime minister in August of 2006. An early legislative election, brought on by a political crisis in the spring of 2007, saw Yuliya TYMOSHENKO, as head of an "Orange" coalition, installed as a new prime minister in December 2007. Viktor YANUKOVUYCH was elected president in a February 2010 run-off election that observers assessed as meeting most international standards. The following month, the Rada approved a vote of no-confidence prompting Yuliya TYMOSHENKO to resign from her post as prime minister.

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References

Ukraine - Wikipedia
Ukraine - CIA World Fact Book
Ukraine - BBC
Ukraine - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
What is Putin's Next Move in Ukraine—and the Baltics? - Newsweek

Newsweek

What is Putin's Next Move in Ukraine—and the Baltics?
Newsweek
With respect to Ukraine, Putin's position is hardly ideal, but it is still manageable. He now owns Crimea and controls two rebellious provinces in the southeast Donbas region. He knows Ukraine faces the possibility of economic collapse, even though it ...

and more »


Ukraine's government bears more responsibility for ongoing conflict than the ... - The Guardian

The Guardian

Ukraine's government bears more responsibility for ongoing conflict than the ...
The Guardian
The proposals, supported by the US and EU, form part of a promise made at the Minsk peace agreement to grant “special status” to the pro-Russian rebel-held regions to help end the ongoing conflict in eastern Ukraine. But in reality, these ...
Right-Wing Party Members Charged with Ukraine ClashesVoice of America
Ukraine's New Military Doctrine Identifies Russia As Aggressor, Eyes Naval ...DefenseNews.com
Three-day-old ceasefire in Ukraine broken as fighting resumes in some areasWashington Post
Daily Beast -International Business Times -New York Times
all 2,116 news articles »


[Feature] EU reform in Ukraine: prosecuting the prosecutor - EUobserver

EUobserver

[Feature] EU reform in Ukraine: prosecuting the prosecutor
EUobserver
Ukraine's own prosecution service is the “backbone” of a corrupt system holding it back from normality, the EU diplomat tasked with cleaning things up has said. It's a problem which grew to monstrous proportions in the past 25 years of post-Soviet rule.



Ukraine: UN agencies call for urgent action to stop spread of polio virus - UN News Centre

UN News Centre

Ukraine: UN agencies call for urgent action to stop spread of polio virus
UN News Centre
“The only effective way to protect children from polio is vaccination,” stressed UNICEF's representative in Ukraine, Giovanna Barberis, in a press release. “The available vaccines supplied by UNICEF should be used as soon as possible to ensure children ...
Polio Outbreak In Ukraine Is Grim Reminder Of Need For Continued VigilanceForbes

all 19 news articles »


VENICE WATCH: Ukraine revolution inspires Venice documentary - U.S. News & World Report

U.S. News & World Report

VENICE WATCH: Ukraine revolution inspires Venice documentary
U.S. News & World Report
The film captures the excitement and drama of the movement that ultimately toppled Yanukovych — though not its aftermath, which includes ongoing fighting between pro-Kiev and pro-Russian forces in eastern Ukraine. The film is one of two in Venice ...

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Ukraine's Oscar Entry Selection Process Stirs Controversy - Hollywood Reporter

Hollywood Reporter

Ukraine's Oscar Entry Selection Process Stirs Controversy
Hollywood Reporter
Controversy is stirring in Ukraine as producers voice concerns that changes to the country's procedure for selecting its Oscar entry may lead to failure to nominate a film in the foreign-language category this year. On Wednesday, a group of Ukrainian ...



Ukraine needs radical reforms not Soviet bans - The Guardian

The Guardian

Ukraine needs radical reforms not Soviet bans
The Guardian
Out of all Ukraine's regions, Dnepropetrovsk is most supportive of the military struggle against separatists in the Donbass. But Dnepropetrovsk also registers one of the highest levels of hostility (33.6%) towards Stepan Bandera (the Ukrainian ...



US, Ukraine kick off annual Black Sea exercise - NavyTimes.com

RT

US, Ukraine kick off annual Black Sea exercise
NavyTimes.com
The U.S. Navy continues to wave its flag at Russia's front door. The United States and Ukraine on Sept. 1 launched exercise Sea Breeze 2015 in the Black Sea. Officials tout the 14th annual multinational exercise as a way to strengthen regional security ...
NATO kicks off naval drills in Black Sea with UkraineRT
US Missile Destroyer Arrives in Ukraine's Black Sea Port of OdessaSputnik International

all 42 news articles »


Ukraine gas hopes pinned on lower royalty rates - Financial Times

Financial Times

Ukraine gas hopes pinned on lower royalty rates
Financial Times
A loss of territory in the east, recession and efficiency moves have cut Ukraine's gas consumption to about 40bn cu m (bcm) a year. But domestic production has long hovered at 19-21bcm, as output by independent companies has been growing while state ...
Ukraine Today: Saying goodbye to Lenin - Ukrainian workers start dismantling ...Kyiv Post

all 148 news articles »


Saakashvili, Yatsenyuk Spar Over Ukrainian Reforms - RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty

RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty

Saakashvili, Yatsenyuk Spar Over Ukrainian Reforms
RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty
A war of words has erupted between Ukrainian Prime Minister Arseniy Yatsenyuk and former Georgian President Mikheil Saakashvili, now governor of Ukraine's Odesa region, over the pace and depth of reforms being implemented by the government in Kyiv.

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