Ukraine

Country Ukraine
Capital Kiev
Continent Europe
Currency Hryvnia(UAH)
Languages Ukrainian, Armenian, Belarusian, Bulgarian,Crimean Tatar, Gagauz, German, Greek, Hungarian, Karaim, Krymchak, Moldovan, Polish, Romani, Romanian, Russian, Rusyn, Slovak & Yiddish

Information

Introduction

Ukraine was the center of the first eastern Slavic state, Kyivan Rus, which during the 10th and 11th centuries was the largest and most powerful state in Europe. Weakened by internecine quarrels and Mongol invasions, Kyivan Rus was incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and eventually into the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. The cultural and religious legacy of Kyivan Rus laid the foundation for Ukrainian nationalism through subsequent centuries. A new Ukrainian state, the Cossack Hetmanate, was established during the mid-17th century after an uprising against the Poles. Despite continuous Muscovite pressure, the Hetmanate managed to remain autonomous for well over 100 years. During the latter part of the 18th century, most Ukrainian ethnographic territory was absorbed by the Russian Empire. Following the collapse of czarist Russia in 1917, Ukraine was able to achieve a short-lived period of independence (1917-20), but was reconquered and forced to endure a brutal Soviet rule that engineered two forced famines (1921-22 and 1932-33) in which over 8 million died. In World War II, German and Soviet armies were responsible for some 7 to 8 million more deaths. Although final independence for Ukraine was achieved in 1991 with the dissolution of the USSR, democracy and prosperity remained elusive as the legacy of state control and endemic corruption stalled efforts at economic reform, privatization, and civil liberties. A peaceful mass protest "Orange Revolution" in the closing months of 2004 forced the authorities to overturn a rigged presidential election and to allow a new internationally monitored vote that swept into power a reformist slate under Viktor YUSHCHENKO. Subsequent internal squabbles in the YUSHCHENKO camp allowed his rival Viktor YANUKOVYCH to stage a comeback in parliamentary elections and become prime minister in August of 2006. An early legislative election, brought on by a political crisis in the spring of 2007, saw Yuliya TYMOSHENKO, as head of an "Orange" coalition, installed as a new prime minister in December 2007. Viktor YANUKOVUYCH was elected president in a February 2010 run-off election that observers assessed as meeting most international standards. The following month, the Rada approved a vote of no-confidence prompting Yuliya TYMOSHENKO to resign from her post as prime minister.

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References

Ukraine - Wikipedia
Ukraine - CIA World Fact Book
Ukraine - BBC
Ukraine - Timeline - BBC

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Pro-Russia Rebels Say They Will Settle For Autonomy In Ukraine - NPR (blog)

NPR (blog)

Pro-Russia Rebels Say They Will Settle For Autonomy In Ukraine
NPR (blog)
Update at 3:21 p.m. ET. Pro-Russia rebels in Ukraine are no longer demanding full independence, telling negotiators in Belarus that they will respect Ukraine's sovereignty in exchange for autonomy. The Associated Press adds: "It's a shift that reflects ...
Russia Calls on US to Push Ukraine Into Halting Military CampaignWall Street Journal
Ukraine claims Russian military forces in major rebel citiesFox News
Russia calls for cease-fire with rebels, but Ukraine vows to keep up the fightWashington Post
The Guardian -BBC News -Telegraph.co.uk
all 1,671 news articles »


Baltic States Fear Putin Amid Escalation in Ukraine - NBCNews.com

NBCNews.com

Baltic States Fear Putin Amid Escalation in Ukraine
NBCNews.com
In the latest chapter of the West's confrontation with Russia, President Barack Obama will travel to Estonia on Wednesday to stress U.S. solidarity with the Baltic states, the former Soviet republics rattled by Russian President Vladimir Putin's ...
NATO vs. Putin: Ukraine crisis redefining much more than bordersCBC.ca
NATO Unveils Rapid-Response Force to Counter Russian Troops in UkraineTIME
NATO creating 'spearhead' force to respond quickly to Ukraine crisisThe Globe and Mail
Yahoo News -CNN -The Guardian
all 861 news articles »


Ukraine talks begin; Russia seeks 'peaceful settlement' - USA TODAY

USA TODAY

Ukraine talks begin; Russia seeks 'peaceful settlement'
USA TODAY
Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said Monday that his country's military would not interfere with the situation in Ukraine and that he stood ready to "converse" with the West to reach a peaceful settlement to the crisis there. "There will be no ...
Russia Warns Ukraine Troops To Pull BackSky News
Ukraine war pulls in foreign fightersBBC News
Ukrainian Troops Abandon Luhansk Airport; Crisis Talks To Resume In Four DaysRadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty
New York Times -Vox -Fox News
all 10,202 news articles »


Finland's Lesson for Ukraine - New York Times

Finland's Lesson for Ukraine
New York Times
The former American national security adviser, Zbigniew Brzezinski, has used the term to suggest that accepting Russian domination is the only course Ukraine can take. I disagree. Finlandization or the challenge of surviving as a small nation in the ...



Ban Ki-moon: no military solution to Ukraine crisis - The Guardian

The Guardian

Ban Ki-moon: no military solution to Ukraine crisis
The Guardian
The UN secretary general, Ban Ki-moon, has warned western powers "there is no military solution" to the Ukraine crisis, after the government in Kiev accused Russia of launching a "great war". As Nato prepares to upgrade its combat readiness in eastern ...



Ukraine Shifts to Defense Against Russian Incursion - Wall Street Journal

Wall Street Journal

Ukraine Shifts to Defense Against Russian Incursion
Wall Street Journal
Russia called on Kiev to agree to an immediate and unconditional cease-fire in talks on Monday. Fighting has continued in eastern Ukraine and Russian President Vladimir Putin said Ukraine's leaders refuse to negotiate in good faith. (Photo: Getty Images).



Putin Threatens Nuclear War Over Ukraine - Daily Beast

Putin Threatens Nuclear War Over Ukraine
Daily Beast
On Friday, as Russian Federation tanks and troops poured across the border into eastern Ukraine, Vladimir Putin talked about his country's most destructive weaponry. I want to remind you that Russia is one of the most powerful nuclear nations, he said.



Ukraine crisis: Government setbacks in Luhansk and Donetsk - BBC News

BBC News

Ukraine crisis: Government setbacks in Luhansk and Donetsk
BBC News
Ukrainian forces have suffered a series of setbacks, as pro-Russian rebels advance in the east of the country. Officials said nearly 700 soldiers had been taken prisoner since the rebel offensive began. Earlier the military said government forces had ...



Ukraine crisis: Separatists soften stance on independence - CBC.ca

Ukraine crisis: Separatists soften stance on independence
CBC.ca
It remains unclear, however, whether the talks can reach a compromise amid the brutal fighting that has continued in eastern Ukraine. On Monday, the rebels pushed Ukrainian government forces from an airport near Luhansk, the second-largest rebel-held ...



Thousands of Russian soldiers sent to Ukraine, say rights groups - The Guardian

The Guardian

Thousands of Russian soldiers sent to Ukraine, say rights groups
The Guardian
Up to 15,000 Russian soldiers have been sent to Ukraine over the past two months, and at least 200 may have died in combat there, according to rights groups. Moscow denies that it has deployed regular troops to Ukraine to prop up separatists battling ...