Ukraine

Country Ukraine
Capital Kiev
Continent Europe
Currency Hryvnia(UAH)
Languages Ukrainian, Armenian, Belarusian, Bulgarian,Crimean Tatar, Gagauz, German, Greek, Hungarian, Karaim, Krymchak, Moldovan, Polish, Romani, Romanian, Russian, Rusyn, Slovak & Yiddish

Information

Introduction

Ukraine was the center of the first eastern Slavic state, Kyivan Rus, which during the 10th and 11th centuries was the largest and most powerful state in Europe. Weakened by internecine quarrels and Mongol invasions, Kyivan Rus was incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and eventually into the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. The cultural and religious legacy of Kyivan Rus laid the foundation for Ukrainian nationalism through subsequent centuries. A new Ukrainian state, the Cossack Hetmanate, was established during the mid-17th century after an uprising against the Poles. Despite continuous Muscovite pressure, the Hetmanate managed to remain autonomous for well over 100 years. During the latter part of the 18th century, most Ukrainian ethnographic territory was absorbed by the Russian Empire. Following the collapse of czarist Russia in 1917, Ukraine was able to achieve a short-lived period of independence (1917-20), but was reconquered and forced to endure a brutal Soviet rule that engineered two forced famines (1921-22 and 1932-33) in which over 8 million died. In World War II, German and Soviet armies were responsible for some 7 to 8 million more deaths. Although final independence for Ukraine was achieved in 1991 with the dissolution of the USSR, democracy and prosperity remained elusive as the legacy of state control and endemic corruption stalled efforts at economic reform, privatization, and civil liberties. A peaceful mass protest "Orange Revolution" in the closing months of 2004 forced the authorities to overturn a rigged presidential election and to allow a new internationally monitored vote that swept into power a reformist slate under Viktor YUSHCHENKO. Subsequent internal squabbles in the YUSHCHENKO camp allowed his rival Viktor YANUKOVYCH to stage a comeback in parliamentary elections and become prime minister in August of 2006. An early legislative election, brought on by a political crisis in the spring of 2007, saw Yuliya TYMOSHENKO, as head of an "Orange" coalition, installed as a new prime minister in December 2007. Viktor YANUKOVUYCH was elected president in a February 2010 run-off election that observers assessed as meeting most international standards. The following month, the Rada approved a vote of no-confidence prompting Yuliya TYMOSHENKO to resign from her post as prime minister.

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References

Ukraine - Wikipedia
Ukraine - CIA World Fact Book
Ukraine - BBC
Ukraine - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
Ukrainian Forces Struggle as Fighting Flares in East - New York Times

New York Times

Ukrainian Forces Struggle as Fighting Flares in East
New York Times
DONETSK, Ukraine — The shattered remains of a tank bearing a tattered Ukrainian flag sat beside the main highway to Mariupol on Monday afternoon, a remnant of what pro-Russian rebel forces said was a failed attempt by Ukrainian forces to push into ...
War in UkraineThe Economist
Ukraine to ask Hague to investigate 'crimes against humanity'CNN International
Has Russia's War Against Ukraine Reached a Point of No Return?Huffington Post
USA TODAY -Daily Beast
all 2,812 news articles »


Ukraine miners rescued after shelling left them trapped - The Guardian

The Guardian

Ukraine miners rescued after shelling left them trapped
The Guardian
Almost 500 coal miners were trapped for a while in separatist-controlled Donetsk in Ukraine, after shelling knocked out a power station. But a Donetsk city official told the Donetsk News Agency later in the afternoon that all the miners had been ...
Ukraine: 500 Miners Trapped After Shell BlastSky News
Almost 500 miners trapped underground in Ukraine after shelling hits power ...The Independent
Shelling of Ukraine coal hub leaves hundreds of miners trapped for hoursRT
Sydney Morning Herald -Yahoo News
all 57 news articles »


Rebels press Ukraine offensive, Obama promises steps against Russian-backed ... - Reuters

Reuters

Rebels press Ukraine offensive, Obama promises steps against Russian-backed ...
Reuters
Fighting in eastern Ukraine had mainly died down since a September ceasefire, but in recent days the war has returned in full force, with the rebels announcing the effective end of the truce and an offensive to expand territory under their control. On ...



Ukraine rebels move to encircle government troops in new advance - Reuters

Reuters

Ukraine rebels move to encircle government troops in new advance
Reuters
Ambassadors of NATO countries and Ukraine met in Brussels on Monday to discuss a response to the fighting, their first such emergency meeting since August. Moscow denies playing a military role. Russian President Vladimir Putin accused Kiev of ...



Ukraine conflict: Putin 'foreign legion' remarks nonsense - Nato - BBC News

BBC News

Ukraine conflict: Putin 'foreign legion' remarks nonsense - Nato
BBC News
Nato's chief has dismissed as "nonsense" a claim by Russia's Vladimir Putin that the Ukrainian army operates as a "foreign legion" for the alliance. Nato Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg also called on Russia to stop providing military support to ...



More aid to Ukraine would invest in a stronger Europe - Washington Post

More aid to Ukraine would invest in a stronger Europe
Washington Post
Some have argued that little has changed in Ukraine since the Maidan “Revolution of Dignity” last year except for the faces of those who make up Ukraine's political establishment. But the opposite is true: In stark contrast to life before Maidan ...

and more »


Ukraine at war: 'People feel abandoned' - The Guardian

The Guardian

Ukraine at war: 'People feel abandoned'
The Guardian
People peer through the windshield of a trolleybus in Donetsk, on 22 January. At least six civilians were killed when a shell hit a trolleybus stop in rebel-controlled Donetsk in eastern Ukraine. Photograph: Reuters ...



Russia Defiant After More Threats From West Over Ukraine - U.S. News & World Report

U.S. News & World Report

Russia Defiant After More Threats From West Over Ukraine
U.S. News & World Report
"(Ukraine's army) is not even an army, it's a foreign legion, in this case a foreign NATO legion," Putin said. "They have totally different goals, connected to the geopolitical containment of Russia, which absolutely do not coincide with the national ...



Ukraine crisis: Children to be evacuated from Donetsk as fighting escalates - ABC Online

ABC Online

Ukraine crisis: Children to be evacuated from Donetsk as fighting escalates
ABC Online
Officials are preparing to evacuate children in risk areas of Ukraine's war-torn east following the deaths of nine people, including seven soldiers, in the past 24 hours. "As a result of shelling, Ukraine has lost seven soldiers while 24 were injured ...
Kiev introduces state of emergency in Donbass, high alert across UkraineRT
Kiev declares state of emergency in eastern UkraineXinhua
Kiev orders all territories of Ukraine to be on high alert: PM YatseniukThe Daily Star

all 23 news articles »


At least 30 killed in shelling in Ukrainian city of Mariupol, officials say - CNN International

At least 30 killed in shelling in Ukrainian city of Mariupol, officials say
CNN International
(CNN) At least 30 people, including two children, have been killed in shelling in the southeastern Ukrainian city of Mariupol, city officials said Saturday, in the latest violence to rock the disputed Donetsk region. Another 102 people were injured, at ...