Ukraine

Country Ukraine
Capital Kiev
Continent Europe
Currency Hryvnia(UAH)
Languages Ukrainian, Armenian, Belarusian, Bulgarian,Crimean Tatar, Gagauz, German, Greek, Hungarian, Karaim, Krymchak, Moldovan, Polish, Romani, Romanian, Russian, Rusyn, Slovak & Yiddish

Information

Introduction

Ukraine was the center of the first eastern Slavic state, Kyivan Rus, which during the 10th and 11th centuries was the largest and most powerful state in Europe. Weakened by internecine quarrels and Mongol invasions, Kyivan Rus was incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and eventually into the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. The cultural and religious legacy of Kyivan Rus laid the foundation for Ukrainian nationalism through subsequent centuries. A new Ukrainian state, the Cossack Hetmanate, was established during the mid-17th century after an uprising against the Poles. Despite continuous Muscovite pressure, the Hetmanate managed to remain autonomous for well over 100 years. During the latter part of the 18th century, most Ukrainian ethnographic territory was absorbed by the Russian Empire. Following the collapse of czarist Russia in 1917, Ukraine was able to achieve a short-lived period of independence (1917-20), but was reconquered and forced to endure a brutal Soviet rule that engineered two forced famines (1921-22 and 1932-33) in which over 8 million died. In World War II, German and Soviet armies were responsible for some 7 to 8 million more deaths. Although final independence for Ukraine was achieved in 1991 with the dissolution of the USSR, democracy and prosperity remained elusive as the legacy of state control and endemic corruption stalled efforts at economic reform, privatization, and civil liberties. A peaceful mass protest "Orange Revolution" in the closing months of 2004 forced the authorities to overturn a rigged presidential election and to allow a new internationally monitored vote that swept into power a reformist slate under Viktor YUSHCHENKO. Subsequent internal squabbles in the YUSHCHENKO camp allowed his rival Viktor YANUKOVYCH to stage a comeback in parliamentary elections and become prime minister in August of 2006. An early legislative election, brought on by a political crisis in the spring of 2007, saw Yuliya TYMOSHENKO, as head of an "Orange" coalition, installed as a new prime minister in December 2007. Viktor YANUKOVUYCH was elected president in a February 2010 run-off election that observers assessed as meeting most international standards. The following month, the Rada approved a vote of no-confidence prompting Yuliya TYMOSHENKO to resign from her post as prime minister.

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References

Ukraine - Wikipedia
Ukraine - CIA World Fact Book
Ukraine - BBC
Ukraine - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
US Names New Targets of Sanctions Over Ukraine - New York Times

The Hill

US Names New Targets of Sanctions Over Ukraine
New York Times
Also identified as subject to sanctions are four officials who served in the government of former President Viktor F. Yanukovych of Ukraine. Five operators of Crimean ports and one sea ferry operator are also identified. Russia annexed the Crimean ...
U.S. Fine-Tunes Sanctions on Russia Over UkraineU.S. News & World Report
US tightens sanctions on Russia over UkraineThe Hill
US Imposes Further Russia And Ukraine-Related SanctionsRadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty

all 74 news articles »


Ukraine pilot Savchenko appears in Russian court - BBC News

BBC News

Ukraine pilot Savchenko appears in Russian court
BBC News
A Ukrainian helicopter pilot, accused of involvement in the killing of two Russian journalists in eastern Ukraine, has appeared in court in Russia. A pre-trial hearing for Nadia Savchenko, in custody for more than a year, was held in the town of ...
Ukraine: Civilians killed in shelling amid fragile truceeuronews
Russian Official Condemns Ukraine For Initiating Criminal Proceedings Against ...International Business Times
Female Ukrainian war hero facing 25 years in Russian jailWashington Post
European Council on Foreign Relations
all 476 news articles »


Ukraine Will Try Again for Downed Plane Tribunal - ABC News

CNN

Ukraine Will Try Again for Downed Plane Tribunal
ABC News
Ukraine's foreign minister said Thursday that the five countries investigating the downing of a Malaysia Airlines plane over Ukraine a year ago will try again to get U.N. Security Council approval for an international tribunal to prosecute the alleged ...
Russia vetoes UN tribunal to investigate MH17 crash in UkraineCNN
Russia Vetoes UN Resolution on Tribunal for Malaysia Airlines Crash in UkraineNew York Times
Russia Vetoes UN Tribunal on Malaysia Airlines Flight Downed Over UkraineWall Street Journal
euronews
all 1,036 news articles »


Ukraine, Bondholders Move Closer to Deal - Wall Street Journal

Wall Street Journal

Ukraine, Bondholders Move Closer to Deal
Wall Street Journal
Long drawn-out negotiations between Ukraine and the major investors who own its debt are finally starting to thaw. After months of relative stalemate, a group of the conflict-torn country's creditors has indicated it is willing to take a small ...
Ukraine Creditor Group Said to Offer Principal Cut on BondsBloomberg
Ukraine eyes September debt repayment freezeBusiness Standard
Ukraine continues talks on need for a writedown of USD 19 billionUkraine Today

all 26 news articles »


Hollywood Stars Jared Leto, George Clooney Put on Ukraine's "White List" - Hollywood Reporter

Hollywood Reporter

Hollywood Stars Jared Leto, George Clooney Put on Ukraine's "White List"
Hollywood Reporter
Ukraine has compiled a "white list" of Hollywood notables for their perceived support of the country as opposed to the "black list" of individuals siding with the Kremlin in the ongoing conflict between Ukraine and Russia. Tim Roth, George Clooney ...

and more »


Monsters of Ukraine: Made in the USA - Antiwar.com

Antiwar.com

Monsters of Ukraine: Made in the USA
Antiwar.com
We're in the summer doldrums of the news cycle, a perfect time for our government and the media – or do I repeat myself? – to drop certain inconvenient stories down the Memory Hole. My job, of course, is to retrieve them…. Remember Ukraine? I seem to ...



Ukraine's Ethnic Romanians Seek Autonomy From Kiev Amid Eastern Conflict ... - International Business Times

International Business Times

Ukraine's Ethnic Romanians Seek Autonomy From Kiev Amid Eastern Conflict ...
International Business Times
Members of the National Guard of Ukraine lined up after military tactical exercises at a training base near Kiev, Ukraine, July 22, 2015. The Assembly of Northern Bukovina Romanians seeks political freedom “to safeguard the rights of Romanians living ...
Ukraine's Ethnic Romanians Demand Autonomy Rights – MediaSputnik International

all 3 news articles »


An SOS From Battleground Ukraine - Wall Street Journal

Wall Street Journal

An SOS From Battleground Ukraine
Wall Street Journal
Kiev, Ukraine. As befits a head of state managing a war, Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko is blunt in an interview Monday evening at the presidential-administration building here. Asked about the kind of weapons his armed forces would need to deter ...
Poroshenko honours Ukraine Church leader derided by RussiaYahoo News
Kiev and the rebels agree that Ukraine divided cannot standThe Hill (blog)
Poroshenko says trade war, Russian military aggression results in fall of ...Kyiv Post
The Moscow Times (registration) -Interfax
all 112 news articles »


Aid convoys to Ukraine are blocked - Church Times

Church Times

Aid convoys to Ukraine are blocked
Church Times
The charity's UK national manager, Carly Jones, said: “We remain very concerned for the people of Ukraine, and the long-term impact the conflict is having on communities. Access to water is a critical issue, with up to one million people at risk of a ...



Ukraine-Russia Conflict: German Military Spending $21 Billion On Troops For ... - International Business Times

International Business Times

Ukraine-Russia Conflict: German Military Spending $21 Billion On Troops For ...
International Business Times
"Ukraine isn't NATO territory, but Vladimir Putin has destroyed an enormous amount of trust with his conduct," German Defense Minister Ursula von der Leyen told the German magazine Der Spiegel in June. "That's why we have to take the concerns of our ...
NATO steps up Ukraine mission in response to RussiaPBS NewsHour (blog)
German army to receive 20 million euros for Ukraine maneuversDeutsche Welle
Ukraine: Close to the EdgeCounterPunch
Ukraine Today -Open Democracy
all 48 news articles »