Ukraine

Country Ukraine
Capital Kiev
Continent Europe
Currency Hryvnia(UAH)
Languages Ukrainian, Armenian, Belarusian, Bulgarian,Crimean Tatar, Gagauz, German, Greek, Hungarian, Karaim, Krymchak, Moldovan, Polish, Romani, Romanian, Russian, Rusyn, Slovak & Yiddish

Information

Introduction

Ukraine was the center of the first eastern Slavic state, Kyivan Rus, which during the 10th and 11th centuries was the largest and most powerful state in Europe. Weakened by internecine quarrels and Mongol invasions, Kyivan Rus was incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and eventually into the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. The cultural and religious legacy of Kyivan Rus laid the foundation for Ukrainian nationalism through subsequent centuries. A new Ukrainian state, the Cossack Hetmanate, was established during the mid-17th century after an uprising against the Poles. Despite continuous Muscovite pressure, the Hetmanate managed to remain autonomous for well over 100 years. During the latter part of the 18th century, most Ukrainian ethnographic territory was absorbed by the Russian Empire. Following the collapse of czarist Russia in 1917, Ukraine was able to achieve a short-lived period of independence (1917-20), but was reconquered and forced to endure a brutal Soviet rule that engineered two forced famines (1921-22 and 1932-33) in which over 8 million died. In World War II, German and Soviet armies were responsible for some 7 to 8 million more deaths. Although final independence for Ukraine was achieved in 1991 with the dissolution of the USSR, democracy and prosperity remained elusive as the legacy of state control and endemic corruption stalled efforts at economic reform, privatization, and civil liberties. A peaceful mass protest "Orange Revolution" in the closing months of 2004 forced the authorities to overturn a rigged presidential election and to allow a new internationally monitored vote that swept into power a reformist slate under Viktor YUSHCHENKO. Subsequent internal squabbles in the YUSHCHENKO camp allowed his rival Viktor YANUKOVYCH to stage a comeback in parliamentary elections and become prime minister in August of 2006. An early legislative election, brought on by a political crisis in the spring of 2007, saw Yuliya TYMOSHENKO, as head of an "Orange" coalition, installed as a new prime minister in December 2007. Viktor YANUKOVUYCH was elected president in a February 2010 run-off election that observers assessed as meeting most international standards. The following month, the Rada approved a vote of no-confidence prompting Yuliya TYMOSHENKO to resign from her post as prime minister.

[+] Geography

[+] People

[+] Government

Video

Map


View Larger Map

References

Ukraine - Wikipedia
Ukraine - CIA World Fact Book
Ukraine - BBC
Ukraine - Timeline - BBC

Cities

Links

News Headlines

Google News
In Ruins of Ukrainian Town, Residents Crave Food, Water and Peace - New York Times

New York Times

In Ruins of Ukrainian Town, Residents Crave Food, Water and Peace
New York Times
LUHANSK, Ukraine Rebel fighters picked their way through the debris of this city's airport last week, pointing out the bloodstained stretchers and the corpse of a Ukrainian soldier tangled in the wreck of a burned vehicle. The battle for control of ...
Ukraine deal with pro-Russian rebels at Minsk talksBBC News
Munitions Factory Hit in Ukraine's Donetsk, Buffer Zone to Be Set UpNBCNews.com
Buffer Zone Agreed on in Ukrainian Peace TalksABC News
Washington Post -CBC.ca -Financial Times
all 629 news articles »


Leaked transcripts reveal Putin's secret attack in Ukraine - New York Post

Kyiv Post

Leaked transcripts reveal Putin's secret attack in Ukraine
New York Post
Giving lie to Vladimir Putin's claims that Russia isn't fighting in Ukraine, up to 80 Russian troops were killed in a skirmish there last month, according to information released by an opposition politician. Members of an elite Russian paratroop force ...
New York Post: Leaked transcripts reveal Putin's secret attack in UkraineKyiv Post
'G20 wants Putin to face up to outrage over Ukraine'The Hindu

all 16 news articles »


Explosion Rocks Eastern Ukraine Hours After an Amended Cease-Fire Is Signed - New York Times

New York Times

Explosion Rocks Eastern Ukraine Hours After an Amended Cease-Fire Is Signed
New York Times
DONETSK, Ukraine A giant explosion shattered the stillness of an early fall morning here just hours after Ukraine and pro-Russian rebels signed the latest version of their cease-fire accord, illustrating the fragility of a truce agreed upon two ...



Ukraine leader gets support in US, but not lethal aid - CNN

CNN

Ukraine leader gets support in US, but not lethal aid
CNN
Washington (CNN) -- American leaders offered Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko a high-profile platform Thursday to advocate for greater support to his besieged military, though the levels of assistance ultimately offered by the United States fell ...
Applause, but No Arms, for UkraineWall Street Journal
Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko: Russian Aggression Sparking a New ...U.S. News & World Report
White House rebuffs Ukraine appeal for weaponsUSA TODAY
Telegraph.co.uk -Russia Beyond the Headlines -New York Times
all 4,138 news articles »


No safeguards stopping Canadian equipment from falling into wrong hands in ... - National Post

National Post

No safeguards stopping Canadian equipment from falling into wrong hands in ...
National Post
There appear to be no safeguards preventing Canadian military equipment sent to Ukraine from ending up in the hands of extreme right-wing paramilitary units or being sold on the black market. Opposition MPs want rules put in place, noting that earlier ...

and more »


Ukraine crisis: Nato top general says truce 'in name only' - BBC News

BBC News

Ukraine crisis: Nato top general says truce 'in name only'
BBC News
Nato's most senior military commander has said the ceasefire between Ukraine and pro-Russian separatists currently exists "in name only". Gen Philip Breedlove said the numbers of artillery rounds fired recently was comparable to periods before the ...
Ukraine crisis: Ceasefire 'in name only,' says NATO chiefCBC.ca
General Says Ukraine Truce 'a Cease-Fire in Name Only'Wall Street Journal
Top NATO general says Ukraine has cease-fire 'in name only'Fox News
Aljazeera.com -Reuters
all 172 news articles »


Why this Ukraine ceasefire will stick - Reuters Blogs (blog)

Reuters Blogs (blog)

Why this Ukraine ceasefire will stick
Reuters Blogs (blog)
The war in eastern Ukraine, which has had more impact on the European economy than any news coming out of Frankfurt or Brussels, appears to be ending. Despite the sporadic attacks that have wrecked previous ceasefire attempts. Investors have mostly ...
Austrian leader says Putin sees progress in Ukraine crisisReuters UK
Vladimir Putin threatened to invade NATO nations in alleged conversation with ...National Post
Russia, Ukraine and Europe have been into Vladimir Putin's black hole of fearThe Guardian
BBC News
all 844 news articles »


?'They'll ridicule us': Ukraine defense minister 'claims' Russia used nukes - RT

RT

?'They'll ridicule us': Ukraine defense minister 'claims' Russia used nukes
RT
A reported claim by Ukraine's Defense minister that Russia used tactical nuclear weapons against his troops sparked sarcastic comments from Moscow and criticism from the rival Ukrainian Interior Ministry. The allegations, by Col. Gen. Valery Geletey ...
Ukrainian minister's statement about Russian nuclear strike on Lugansk absurd ...ITAR-TASS

all 3 news articles »


Ukraine: Donetsk rebel weapons factory blows up - euronews

euronews

Ukraine: Donetsk rebel weapons factory blows up
euronews
The former Soviet weapons factory is about ten kilometres from the city's airport, which is controlled by the Ukrainian army. Rebel sources are quoted as saying a shell hit the factory. But other reports say residents have said on social media that ...



Families of German MH17 victims to sue Ukraine: lawyer - Reuters UK

Reuters UK

Families of German MH17 victims to sue Ukraine: lawyer
Reuters UK
Giemulla planned to hand his case to the European Court of Human Rights in about two weeks, accusing Ukraine and its President Petro Poroshenko of manslaughter by negligence in 298 cases. He would also push for compensation of up to one million ...

and more »