Ukraine

Country Ukraine
Capital Kiev
Continent Europe
Currency Hryvnia(UAH)
Languages Ukrainian, Armenian, Belarusian, Bulgarian,Crimean Tatar, Gagauz, German, Greek, Hungarian, Karaim, Krymchak, Moldovan, Polish, Romani, Romanian, Russian, Rusyn, Slovak & Yiddish

Information

Introduction

Ukraine was the center of the first eastern Slavic state, Kyivan Rus, which during the 10th and 11th centuries was the largest and most powerful state in Europe. Weakened by internecine quarrels and Mongol invasions, Kyivan Rus was incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and eventually into the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. The cultural and religious legacy of Kyivan Rus laid the foundation for Ukrainian nationalism through subsequent centuries. A new Ukrainian state, the Cossack Hetmanate, was established during the mid-17th century after an uprising against the Poles. Despite continuous Muscovite pressure, the Hetmanate managed to remain autonomous for well over 100 years. During the latter part of the 18th century, most Ukrainian ethnographic territory was absorbed by the Russian Empire. Following the collapse of czarist Russia in 1917, Ukraine was able to achieve a short-lived period of independence (1917-20), but was reconquered and forced to endure a brutal Soviet rule that engineered two forced famines (1921-22 and 1932-33) in which over 8 million died. In World War II, German and Soviet armies were responsible for some 7 to 8 million more deaths. Although final independence for Ukraine was achieved in 1991 with the dissolution of the USSR, democracy and prosperity remained elusive as the legacy of state control and endemic corruption stalled efforts at economic reform, privatization, and civil liberties. A peaceful mass protest "Orange Revolution" in the closing months of 2004 forced the authorities to overturn a rigged presidential election and to allow a new internationally monitored vote that swept into power a reformist slate under Viktor YUSHCHENKO. Subsequent internal squabbles in the YUSHCHENKO camp allowed his rival Viktor YANUKOVYCH to stage a comeback in parliamentary elections and become prime minister in August of 2006. An early legislative election, brought on by a political crisis in the spring of 2007, saw Yuliya TYMOSHENKO, as head of an "Orange" coalition, installed as a new prime minister in December 2007. Viktor YANUKOVUYCH was elected president in a February 2010 run-off election that observers assessed as meeting most international standards. The following month, the Rada approved a vote of no-confidence prompting Yuliya TYMOSHENKO to resign from her post as prime minister.

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References

Ukraine - Wikipedia
Ukraine - CIA World Fact Book
Ukraine - BBC
Ukraine - Timeline - BBC

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Google News
Hepburn: NATO must offer an ultimatum to Russia Get out of Ukraine - Ottawa Citizen

Ottawa Citizen

Hepburn: NATO must offer an ultimatum to Russia Get out of Ukraine
Ottawa Citizen
A picture taken on April 6, 2015, shows Lida Antonova, 79, collecting corn in a field near the village of Petropavlivka. As a tenuous ceasefire brings a lull to Ukraine's yearlong conflict between pro-Russian rebels and Ukrainian troops. NATO must ...
NATO's Image Improves on Both Sides of AtlanticPew Research Center's Global Attitudes Project

all 16 news articles »


Ukraine needs China loan deadline pushed back, Deputy PM says - euronews

euronews

Ukraine needs China loan deadline pushed back, Deputy PM says
euronews
By Pavel Polityuk KIEV (Reuters) Ukraine needs more time to submit proposals for coal and gas projects to China in order to secure funding worth up to $3.65 billion (2.8 billion pounds) as Kiev is unlikely to meet a June deadline, Deputy Prime ...

and more »


Trump and Russia: The lucrative Ukraine years of Paul Manafort - The Spokesman-Review

The Spokesman-Review

Trump and Russia: The lucrative Ukraine years of Paul Manafort
The Spokesman-Review
It was March 2013, and the former U.S. congressman had traveled to Ukraine to persuade President Viktor Yanukovych, an ally of Russia's Vladimir Putin, to free Yanukovych's arch rival from prison. The statuette came with a hopeful message: You ...



The Eurovision in Ukraine was an exercise in soft power - EUROPP - European Politics and Policy (blog)

EUROPP - European Politics and Policy (blog)

The Eurovision in Ukraine was an exercise in soft power
EUROPP - European Politics and Policy (blog)
But as Roch Dunin-Wasowicz argues, the contest nevertheless delivered a carefully constructed ideological message about Ukraine's European aspirations and its pride in its cultural heritage and traditions, while also signalling comradeship with the ...

and more »


Donald Trump's EU visit offers chance to resolve Ukraine conflict - Financial Times

Financial Times

Donald Trump's EU visit offers chance to resolve Ukraine conflict
Financial Times
Since taking office, Donald Trump has turned his back on Ukraine, largely ignoring Russia's illegal annexation of Crimea in 2014 and its aggression in Ukraine's ...

and more »


Dan Coats: Ukraine, Libya taught other countries to seek nuclear weapons - Washington Examiner

Washington Examiner

Dan Coats: Ukraine, Libya taught other countries to seek nuclear weapons
Washington Examiner
The experiences of Ukraine and Libya have taught other vulnerable countries around the world not to surrender their weapons of mass destruction under pressure from the west, according to Dan Coats, President Trump's director of national intelligence.



Ukraine Stands Firm With Crimea's Tatars - WSJ - Wall Street Journal (subscription)

Wall Street Journal (subscription)

Ukraine Stands Firm With Crimea's Tatars - WSJ
Wall Street Journal (subscription)
Our people share a long and painful history of oppression at the hands of Russia.
Another View: Russia's aims still drive friction as attention to Ukraine ...Press Herald

all 4 news articles »


Ukraine backs tough TV language rules to limit Russian - EURACTIV

EURACTIV

Ukraine backs tough TV language rules to limit Russian
EURACTIV
Ukraine's parliament ratched up its cultural war against Russia yesterday (22 May) by backing television language quotas requiring major channels to broadcast at least three-quarters of their programmes in Ukrainian. The measure was passed a week after ...
Language quotas for Ukraine's TV will only fuel tensions media groupTASS
Ukraine Breaks Another Link to RussiaSTRATFOR
European Union Opens Up to Ukraine - Legal Insurrectionlegal Insurrection (blog)
The News International -POLITICO.eu
all 37 news articles »


Dutch senators poised to back EU's treaty with Ukraine in key vote - DutchNews.nl

DutchNews.nl

Dutch senators poised to back EU's treaty with Ukraine in key vote
DutchNews.nl
The Dutch senate is set to vote in favour of the controversial EU treaty with Ukraine on Tuesday thanks to the support of the CDA, the Volkskrant said. Christian Democrat senators have a 'positive attitude,' Elco Brinkman, the party's leader in the ...



US to switch from free military grants to loans for Ukraine & others - RT

RT

US to switch from free military grants to loans for Ukraine & others
RT
The US will scrap many of its sizeable foreign military grants and replace them with loans, the White House's top finance official has said. Ukraine, which received large shipments of American military equipment, is among the countries affected by the ...
US to end free military assistance to UkrainePravda

all 17 news articles »