Ukraine

Country Ukraine
Capital Kiev
Continent Europe
Currency Hryvnia(UAH)
Languages Ukrainian, Armenian, Belarusian, Bulgarian,Crimean Tatar, Gagauz, German, Greek, Hungarian, Karaim, Krymchak, Moldovan, Polish, Romani, Romanian, Russian, Rusyn, Slovak & Yiddish

Information

Introduction

Ukraine was the center of the first eastern Slavic state, Kyivan Rus, which during the 10th and 11th centuries was the largest and most powerful state in Europe. Weakened by internecine quarrels and Mongol invasions, Kyivan Rus was incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and eventually into the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. The cultural and religious legacy of Kyivan Rus laid the foundation for Ukrainian nationalism through subsequent centuries. A new Ukrainian state, the Cossack Hetmanate, was established during the mid-17th century after an uprising against the Poles. Despite continuous Muscovite pressure, the Hetmanate managed to remain autonomous for well over 100 years. During the latter part of the 18th century, most Ukrainian ethnographic territory was absorbed by the Russian Empire. Following the collapse of czarist Russia in 1917, Ukraine was able to achieve a short-lived period of independence (1917-20), but was reconquered and forced to endure a brutal Soviet rule that engineered two forced famines (1921-22 and 1932-33) in which over 8 million died. In World War II, German and Soviet armies were responsible for some 7 to 8 million more deaths. Although final independence for Ukraine was achieved in 1991 with the dissolution of the USSR, democracy and prosperity remained elusive as the legacy of state control and endemic corruption stalled efforts at economic reform, privatization, and civil liberties. A peaceful mass protest "Orange Revolution" in the closing months of 2004 forced the authorities to overturn a rigged presidential election and to allow a new internationally monitored vote that swept into power a reformist slate under Viktor YUSHCHENKO. Subsequent internal squabbles in the YUSHCHENKO camp allowed his rival Viktor YANUKOVYCH to stage a comeback in parliamentary elections and become prime minister in August of 2006. An early legislative election, brought on by a political crisis in the spring of 2007, saw Yuliya TYMOSHENKO, as head of an "Orange" coalition, installed as a new prime minister in December 2007. Viktor YANUKOVUYCH was elected president in a February 2010 run-off election that observers assessed as meeting most international standards. The following month, the Rada approved a vote of no-confidence prompting Yuliya TYMOSHENKO to resign from her post as prime minister.

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References

Ukraine - Wikipedia
Ukraine - CIA World Fact Book
Ukraine - BBC
Ukraine - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
Dear Ukraine: Please Don't Shoot Yourself in the Foot - Foreign Policy

Foreign Policy

Dear Ukraine: Please Don't Shoot Yourself in the Foot
Foreign Policy
Despite the unceasing flare-ups of separatist violence in the Donbass, Ukraine's new government has managed to take some steps to move the country forward: it has passed legislation to combat corruption, secured funding to stabilize the economy, and ...
EU, Ukraine Meet but Remain At Odds on a Number of IssuesWall Street Journal
EU won't send armed force to UkraineBBC News
Ukraine Seeks EU Help As Shelling Continues In The EastRadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty
Yahoo News
all 455 news articles »


MH17 disaster: Germany 'failed to warn of Ukraine risk' - BBC News

BBC News

MH17 disaster: Germany 'failed to warn of Ukraine risk'
BBC News
The German government was told of the risk of flying over eastern Ukraine shortly before flight MH17 was shot down last July, but failed to pass on the alert, reports say. Diplomatic cables sent two days before the crash said the situation had become ...
MH17: Berlin knew Ukraine flight dangers before crash but did not inform ...ABC Online
Germany Failed to Pass on Warnings Before Plane Was Shot Down Over UkraineTIME
Media: Berlin did not warn of Ukraine flight dangers before MH17 crashDeutsche Welle
Hindustan Times -Daily Mail
all 63 news articles »


GOP defense budget challenges Obama on Ukraine, Guantanamo - U.S. News & World Report

GOP defense budget challenges Obama on Ukraine, Guantanamo
U.S. News & World Report
WASHINGTON (AP) — The GOP chairman of the House Armed Service Committee on Monday recommended a $604 billion defense budget for 2016 that challenges the White House because it includes lethal weapons for Ukraine, makes it harder for the ...

and more »


Ukraine: Developing an Authentic 'Counter-Culture' Will Be Difficult - Huffington Post

Huffington Post

Ukraine: Developing an Authentic 'Counter-Culture' Will Be Difficult
Huffington Post
For answers, I recently traveled to Ukraine where demonstrators overthrew the unpopular government of Viktor Yanukovych just over a year ago. To be sure, the EuroMaidan movement displayed radical traits or characteristics during its latter phases ...



Hunger strike Ukraine pilot 'being transferred' to Russian hospital - Yahoo News

Yahoo News

Hunger strike Ukraine pilot 'being transferred' to Russian hospital
Yahoo News
The Ukrainian military flyer, who will be 34 next month, first went on hunger strike in December to protest her arrest last year for alleged involvement in an attack that killed two Russian journalists on eastern Ukraine's frontlines. She had enlisted ...
Vitali Klitschko, ex-heavyweight boxing champ, says Ukraine can't take on ...Washington Times
Russian Volunteer: Separatists in Eastern Ukraine Are 'Bandits' and 'Cutthroats'Washington Free Beacon
Is Ukraine Conflict a Victory or Defeat for Russia?The Moscow Times
Kyiv Post -Ukraine Today
all 87 news articles »


Ukraine takes first step to avoid default - Financial Times

Financial Times

Ukraine takes first step to avoid default
Financial Times
Ukreximbank's $750m bond is the first due for repayment out of 29 bonds and loans that Ukraine hopes to renegotiate over the next four years. The Ministry of Finance said it welcomed the “overwhelming support” from creditors for the bond extension and ...
Ukraine Crosses First Debt Hurdle With Bank Note ExtensionBloomberg
Ukraine Gains Respite on Broader Debt RestructuringNasdaq

all 8 news articles »


Turkey, Ukraine Eye Joint Defense Projects - DefenseNews.com

DefenseNews.com

Turkey, Ukraine Eye Joint Defense Projects
DefenseNews.com
ANKARA — Turkey and its littoral Black Sea neighbor, Ukraine, are striving to build a strategic industrial alliance that could include cooperation across a variety of military programs. A Ukrainian delegation under the umbrella of Ukroboronprom, a ...

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Ukraine's rebels mete out rough justice in authority vacuum - U.S. News & World Report

Ukraine's rebels mete out rough justice in authority vacuum
U.S. News & World Report
A man stands tied to a post by pro-Russian rebels, accused of stealing from local people, with a poster around his neck reading "I am marauder, I beat and steal from civilians", standing next to a highway in Krasnyi Partyzan, Ukraine, Thursday, April ...

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U.S. Military Wants 'Bigger Guns' To Prepare For Russia And Ukraine Hostilities - The Inquisitr

The Inquisitr

U.S. Military Wants 'Bigger Guns' To Prepare For Russia And Ukraine Hostilities
The Inquisitr
U.S. military members of the 2nd Cavalry Regiment have requested bigger guns to prepared for increasing hostilities between Russia and the Ukraine. The cavalry unit is reportedly one of the last United States military regiments stationed in Europe.
US troops in Europe request bigger guns amid tensions with Russia over UkraineFox News

all 5 news articles »


Merkel Says Russia Sanctions to Stay as Ukraine Seeks EU Aid - Bloomberg

Bloomberg

Merkel Says Russia Sanctions to Stay as Ukraine Seeks EU Aid
Bloomberg
German Chancellor Angela Merkel said she expects European Union sanctions against Russia to be renewed as the bloc held summit talks with Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko. Merkel said Monday that EU members agreed in March that removal of ...
Bloomberg: Merkel says Russia sanctions to stay as Ukraine seeks EU aidKyiv Post

all 29 news articles »