Ukraine

Country Ukraine
Capital Kiev
Continent Europe
Currency Hryvnia(UAH)
Languages Ukrainian, Armenian, Belarusian, Bulgarian,Crimean Tatar, Gagauz, German, Greek, Hungarian, Karaim, Krymchak, Moldovan, Polish, Romani, Romanian, Russian, Rusyn, Slovak & Yiddish

Information

Introduction

Ukraine was the center of the first eastern Slavic state, Kyivan Rus, which during the 10th and 11th centuries was the largest and most powerful state in Europe. Weakened by internecine quarrels and Mongol invasions, Kyivan Rus was incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and eventually into the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. The cultural and religious legacy of Kyivan Rus laid the foundation for Ukrainian nationalism through subsequent centuries. A new Ukrainian state, the Cossack Hetmanate, was established during the mid-17th century after an uprising against the Poles. Despite continuous Muscovite pressure, the Hetmanate managed to remain autonomous for well over 100 years. During the latter part of the 18th century, most Ukrainian ethnographic territory was absorbed by the Russian Empire. Following the collapse of czarist Russia in 1917, Ukraine was able to achieve a short-lived period of independence (1917-20), but was reconquered and forced to endure a brutal Soviet rule that engineered two forced famines (1921-22 and 1932-33) in which over 8 million died. In World War II, German and Soviet armies were responsible for some 7 to 8 million more deaths. Although final independence for Ukraine was achieved in 1991 with the dissolution of the USSR, democracy and prosperity remained elusive as the legacy of state control and endemic corruption stalled efforts at economic reform, privatization, and civil liberties. A peaceful mass protest "Orange Revolution" in the closing months of 2004 forced the authorities to overturn a rigged presidential election and to allow a new internationally monitored vote that swept into power a reformist slate under Viktor YUSHCHENKO. Subsequent internal squabbles in the YUSHCHENKO camp allowed his rival Viktor YANUKOVYCH to stage a comeback in parliamentary elections and become prime minister in August of 2006. An early legislative election, brought on by a political crisis in the spring of 2007, saw Yuliya TYMOSHENKO, as head of an "Orange" coalition, installed as a new prime minister in December 2007. Viktor YANUKOVUYCH was elected president in a February 2010 run-off election that observers assessed as meeting most international standards. The following month, the Rada approved a vote of no-confidence prompting Yuliya TYMOSHENKO to resign from her post as prime minister.

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References

Ukraine - Wikipedia
Ukraine - CIA World Fact Book
Ukraine - BBC
Ukraine - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
Ukraine's Military Drive in East Enters Neutral Gear, as Pact on Crisis Is Tested - New York Times

BBC News

Ukraine's Military Drive in East Enters Neutral Gear, as Pact on Crisis Is Tested
New York Times
SLOVYANSK, Ukraine — The promised Ukrainian military effort to reassert control over the restive eastern part of the country barely registered on Wednesday, but the Geneva agreement to defuse the crisis in the country frayed even further as the United ...
Exclusive: Meet the Pro-Russian Separatists of Eastern UkraineTIME
Ukraine crisis: Army moves to retake SlovianskBBC News
Russia demands Ukraine pull troops from own territory as Harper readies 500 ...National Post
CNN -Sky News -RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty (blog)
all 5,784 news articles »


Ukraine crisis: US troops land in Poland for exercises - BBC News

BBC News

Ukraine crisis: US troops land in Poland for exercises
BBC News
The first contingent of US troops has landed in Poland for military exercises amid tensions with Russia over Ukraine. An initial 150 soldiers are to be followed by a further 450 within days. US President Barack Obama has warned Russia it faces new ...
American Reporter Detained in Ukraine as Tensions RiseABC News (blog)
Russia threatens to attack Ukraine as US sends paratroopers in to bolster alliesNational Post
To buoy shaky Ukrainian government, US pledging aid and sending troops to E ...Washington Post
RT -WDIV Detroit -FRANCE 24
all 515 news articles »


Ukraine's Maidan protesters: 'The revolution is not finished yet' - Telegraph.co.uk

Ukraine's Maidan protesters: 'The revolution is not finished yet'
Telegraph.co.uk
Ukraine is a country gripped by two rolling revolutions. One is taking place in the eastern region of Donetsk, where pro-Russian activists have proclaimed the birth of their own republic, and the other is still unfolding in Kiev, where some of the ...

and more »


Russia threatens retaliation as Kiev orders military moves in eastern Ukraine - Washington Post

Russia threatens retaliation as Kiev orders military moves in eastern Ukraine
Washington Post
HORLIVKA, Ukraine — Russia warned Wednesday that it was prepared to retaliate against any attack on its citizens or interests in Ukraine, as the Kiev government resumed military operations against pro-Russian militants in the eastern part of the country.



Kidnapping of Ukrainian patriots has Russia's full support, says Kiev - The Guardian

The Guardian

Kidnapping of Ukrainian patriots has Russia's full support, says Kiev
The Guardian
The local councillor was walking away from the city hall in the eastern Ukrainian city of Gorlovka after taking part in a pro-Ukrainian flashmob in the central square. Three days earlier, separatists had seized the government building, taking down the ...



American journalist held by pro-Russian insurgents in Ukraine - Fox News

American journalist held by pro-Russian insurgents in Ukraine
Fox News
DONETSK, Ukraine – Pro-Russian gunmen in eastern Ukraine admitted on Wednesday that they are holding an American journalist who has not been since early Tuesday. Simon Ostrovsky, a journalist for Vice News, has been covering the crisis in Ukraine ...



American Journalist Kidnapped By Ukraine's Pro-Russia Insurgents - NPR (blog)

American Journalist Kidnapped By Ukraine's Pro-Russia Insurgents
NPR (blog)
An American journalist operating in eastern Ukraine has been kidnapped by pro-Russian gunmen, the separatists said Wednesday. Simon Ostrovsky, working for Vice News, was seized at gunpoint early Tuesday by masked men in the restive eastern ...



Moldova, the Next Ukraine - New York Times

Moldova, the Next Ukraine
New York Times
Think of Moldova as “the next Ukraine,” for Russia may be about to take a bite out of this little country, nestled beside Ukraine and Romania and often said to be the poorest country in Europe. Russia already has bullied Moldova mercilessly for trying ...

and more »


TIME, VICE Journalists Detained by Separatists in Eastern Ukraine - TIME

TIME, VICE Journalists Detained by Separatists in Eastern Ukraine
TIME
A pro-Russia activist hangs a flag of the so-called "People's Republic of Donetsk" on the regional administration building seized by separatists as armed men in military fatigues guard the premises in the eastern Ukrainian city of Slavyansk on April 21 ...



More Jewish Sites Vandalized in Ukraine, as Biden Condemns Anti-Semitic ... - TheBlaze.com

TheBlaze.com

More Jewish Sites Vandalized in Ukraine, as Biden Condemns Anti-Semitic ...
TheBlaze.com
Just days after a synagogue was fire bombed, new reports of anti-Jewish violence have emerged in Ukraine, including the vandalizing of a Holocaust memorial and a prominent Jewish figure's tomb. The Jewish Telegraphic Agency (JTA), quoting the ...
Star House magazineAlgemeiner

all 76 news articles »