Ukraine

Country Ukraine
Capital Kiev
Continent Europe
Currency Hryvnia(UAH)
Languages Ukrainian, Armenian, Belarusian, Bulgarian,Crimean Tatar, Gagauz, German, Greek, Hungarian, Karaim, Krymchak, Moldovan, Polish, Romani, Romanian, Russian, Rusyn, Slovak & Yiddish

Information

Introduction

Ukraine was the center of the first eastern Slavic state, Kyivan Rus, which during the 10th and 11th centuries was the largest and most powerful state in Europe. Weakened by internecine quarrels and Mongol invasions, Kyivan Rus was incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and eventually into the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. The cultural and religious legacy of Kyivan Rus laid the foundation for Ukrainian nationalism through subsequent centuries. A new Ukrainian state, the Cossack Hetmanate, was established during the mid-17th century after an uprising against the Poles. Despite continuous Muscovite pressure, the Hetmanate managed to remain autonomous for well over 100 years. During the latter part of the 18th century, most Ukrainian ethnographic territory was absorbed by the Russian Empire. Following the collapse of czarist Russia in 1917, Ukraine was able to achieve a short-lived period of independence (1917-20), but was reconquered and forced to endure a brutal Soviet rule that engineered two forced famines (1921-22 and 1932-33) in which over 8 million died. In World War II, German and Soviet armies were responsible for some 7 to 8 million more deaths. Although final independence for Ukraine was achieved in 1991 with the dissolution of the USSR, democracy and prosperity remained elusive as the legacy of state control and endemic corruption stalled efforts at economic reform, privatization, and civil liberties. A peaceful mass protest "Orange Revolution" in the closing months of 2004 forced the authorities to overturn a rigged presidential election and to allow a new internationally monitored vote that swept into power a reformist slate under Viktor YUSHCHENKO. Subsequent internal squabbles in the YUSHCHENKO camp allowed his rival Viktor YANUKOVYCH to stage a comeback in parliamentary elections and become prime minister in August of 2006. An early legislative election, brought on by a political crisis in the spring of 2007, saw Yuliya TYMOSHENKO, as head of an "Orange" coalition, installed as a new prime minister in December 2007. Viktor YANUKOVUYCH was elected president in a February 2010 run-off election that observers assessed as meeting most international standards. The following month, the Rada approved a vote of no-confidence prompting Yuliya TYMOSHENKO to resign from her post as prime minister.

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References

Ukraine - Wikipedia
Ukraine - CIA World Fact Book
Ukraine - BBC
Ukraine - Timeline - BBC

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Google News
Enmity and Civilian Toll Rise in Ukraine While Attention Is Diverted - New York Times

New York Times

Enmity and Civilian Toll Rise in Ukraine While Attention Is Diverted
New York Times
The Ukrainian military's advances to reclaim territory from rebel control have come at a steep human cost. According to a United Nations count released on Monday, 799 civilians have been killed since mid-April, when Ukraine began to battle insurgents ...
Downing of MH17 jet in Ukraine 'may be war crime' - UNBBC News
Fighting Intensifies in Ukraine as America Issues New Evidence Against RussiaThe Wire
Fighting in Ukraine prompts residents to fleeTimes of India
Reuters India -Christian Science Monitor
all 2,074 news articles »


Putin's Ukraine Unreality Show - Wall Street Journal

Wall Street Journal

Putin's Ukraine Unreality Show
Wall Street Journal
On July 12 Russia's main state television channel, Channel One, interviewed a Ukrainian woman with a heart-wrenching story. The woman said she had witnessed the public execution of a 3-year-old boy, who was crucified in the crowded main square of ...
Significant new European sanctions on Russia expected, US saysWashington Post
US: These Satellite Photos Prove That Russian Troops Are Shelling UkraineBusiness Insider
Russia, Germany up diplomatic battle over Ukraine sanctionsReuters
National Post -The Globe and Mail
all 1,457 news articles »


MH17 jet 'downed by missile shrapnel,' says Ukraine - BBC News

BBC News

MH17 jet 'downed by missile shrapnel,' says Ukraine
BBC News
Security officials in Ukraine say the downed Malaysia Airlines jet in eastern Ukraine suffered an explosive loss of pressure after it was punctured by shrapnel from a missile. They say the information came from the plane's flight data recorders, which ...
Ukraine: MH17 Downed by 'Massive Explosive Decompression'TIME
Plane suffered massive decompression after shrapnel hit, black boxes showCBC.ca
Ukraine violence stops police team sent to secure site of Malaysia Air crashFox News
Wall Street Journal -Los Angeles Times
all 2,728 news articles »


Ukraine Reports Heavy Fighting Around Malaysia Airlines Crash Site - Wall Street Journal

Wall Street Journal

Ukraine Reports Heavy Fighting Around Malaysia Airlines Crash Site
Wall Street Journal
Natalya Voloshina, mayor of Petropavlivka, one of those villages, said a Ukrainian armored column traveled through the tiny settlement Monday morning, followed by a rebel regiment. As night fell, she said, the sound of gunfire began echoing off the ...



Officials Pull Back from Crash Site as the Army Puts Pressure on Rebels - New York Times

New York Times

Officials Pull Back from Crash Site as the Army Puts Pressure on Rebels
New York Times
SHAKHTYORSK, Ukraine — Fierce fighting gripped a dozen towns in eastern Ukraine on Monday, blocking an international police force from reaching the wreckage of Malaysia Airlines Flight 17, which is now near, or even in the middle of, a battlefield.



Ukraine: Rebels Still Manipulating Crash Site - ABC News

Newsday

Ukraine: Rebels Still Manipulating Crash Site
ABC News
Earlier fighting raged around the debris field in eastern Ukraine, once again preventing an international police team charged with securing the site from getting there. Government troops have stepped up their push to win back territory from the ...
Ukraine: Rebels still manipulating Malaysian Airlines crash siteLivemint

all 54 news articles »


Citizen Journalists Are Live-Mapping the Crisis in Ukraine - CityLab

Citizen Journalists Are Live-Mapping the Crisis in Ukraine
CityLab
Created by a team of software engineers based in Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine, the site mainly uses Twitter to aggregate and chart the locations of deaths, bombings, fires, arrests, and even chilling photographs taken by civilians—like the one of Donetsk ...



Ukraine: 'Massive explosive decompression' brought down Malaysia plane - Chicago Tribune

Ukraine: 'Massive explosive decompression' brought down Malaysia plane
Chicago Tribune
KIEV—. Analysis of the black box flight recorders from a downed Malaysian airliner show it was destroyed by shrapnel coming from a rocket blast and went down because of "massive explosive decompression," a Ukrainian security official said Monday.



As fighting continues in east Ukraine, US releases images said to implicate Russia - Washington Post

As fighting continues in east Ukraine, US releases images said to implicate Russia
Washington Post
KIEV, Ukraine — Rebels and government troops fired on each other's positions Sunday in a strategically important city in eastern Ukraine, sending residents into bomb shelters, as Washington released images that it said prove Russia is shooting across ...



Ukraine: Are 2014 pro-Russia rebels fighting 1920s war? - BBC News

BBC News

Ukraine: Are 2014 pro-Russia rebels fighting 1920s war?
BBC News
Imperial symbols nearly a century old are inspiring the pro-Russian separatists in eastern Ukraine. As Ukrainian troops advance on the rebel-held strongholds of Donetsk and Luhansk, what keeps the separatists going? Their military leader Igor Strelkov ...

and more »