Ukraine

Country Ukraine
Capital Kiev
Continent Europe
Currency Hryvnia(UAH)
Languages Ukrainian, Armenian, Belarusian, Bulgarian,Crimean Tatar, Gagauz, German, Greek, Hungarian, Karaim, Krymchak, Moldovan, Polish, Romani, Romanian, Russian, Rusyn, Slovak & Yiddish

Information

Introduction

Ukraine was the center of the first eastern Slavic state, Kyivan Rus, which during the 10th and 11th centuries was the largest and most powerful state in Europe. Weakened by internecine quarrels and Mongol invasions, Kyivan Rus was incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and eventually into the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. The cultural and religious legacy of Kyivan Rus laid the foundation for Ukrainian nationalism through subsequent centuries. A new Ukrainian state, the Cossack Hetmanate, was established during the mid-17th century after an uprising against the Poles. Despite continuous Muscovite pressure, the Hetmanate managed to remain autonomous for well over 100 years. During the latter part of the 18th century, most Ukrainian ethnographic territory was absorbed by the Russian Empire. Following the collapse of czarist Russia in 1917, Ukraine was able to achieve a short-lived period of independence (1917-20), but was reconquered and forced to endure a brutal Soviet rule that engineered two forced famines (1921-22 and 1932-33) in which over 8 million died. In World War II, German and Soviet armies were responsible for some 7 to 8 million more deaths. Although final independence for Ukraine was achieved in 1991 with the dissolution of the USSR, democracy and prosperity remained elusive as the legacy of state control and endemic corruption stalled efforts at economic reform, privatization, and civil liberties. A peaceful mass protest "Orange Revolution" in the closing months of 2004 forced the authorities to overturn a rigged presidential election and to allow a new internationally monitored vote that swept into power a reformist slate under Viktor YUSHCHENKO. Subsequent internal squabbles in the YUSHCHENKO camp allowed his rival Viktor YANUKOVYCH to stage a comeback in parliamentary elections and become prime minister in August of 2006. An early legislative election, brought on by a political crisis in the spring of 2007, saw Yuliya TYMOSHENKO, as head of an "Orange" coalition, installed as a new prime minister in December 2007. Viktor YANUKOVUYCH was elected president in a February 2010 run-off election that observers assessed as meeting most international standards. The following month, the Rada approved a vote of no-confidence prompting Yuliya TYMOSHENKO to resign from her post as prime minister.

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References

Ukraine - Wikipedia
Ukraine - CIA World Fact Book
Ukraine - BBC
Ukraine - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
Carrots and sticks play prominent role in Canadian policy on Ukraine: Paul Wells - Toronto Star

Toronto Star

Carrots and sticks play prominent role in Canadian policy on Ukraine: Paul Wells
Toronto Star
Harper used to talk tough on Ukraine, even telling Vladimir Putin to his face that he needs to reverse his annexation of Crimea. Some observers viewed it as knuckle-dragging or base partisan calculus. “Good old political pandering to the sizable ...

and more »


Operatic Baritone Killed in Ukraine Fighting - ABC News

RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty

Operatic Baritone Killed in Ukraine Fighting
ABC News
A Ukrainian baritone who performed in French opera productions for nearly two decades before joining a volunteer battalion in warring eastern Ukraine has been killed in the fighting. Ukrainian news reports cited the nationalist group Pravy Sektor as ...
Ukrainian Opera Singer Killed While Fighting In Eastern UkraineRadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty
Ukraine opera singer killed in separatist eastThe Straits Times

all 8 news articles »


In Ukraine, a Modern-Day Mengele Makes His TV Debut—in Sweatpants - Observer

Observer

In Ukraine, a Modern-Day Mengele Makes His TV Debut—in Sweatpants
Observer
Two years ago, on June 8, 2014, in the Ukrainian city of Enakievo—territory controlled by pro-Russian separatists—17 wounded separatist combatants were delivered to the local hospital. Fifteen of them were ethnic Ukrainians, two were Russian citizens.



The Netherlands threatens not to ratify Ukraine treaty - DutchNews.nl

DutchNews.nl

The Netherlands threatens not to ratify Ukraine treaty
DutchNews.nl
Prime minister Mark Rutte has raised the issue of amending the EU's treaty of association with Ukraine with European officials following the Dutch no vote in April's referendum. Rutte is hoping the treaty can be amended to take away objections raised ...
Dutch Prime Minister Says EU's Ukraine Pact Must Address His Nation's ConcernsWall Street Journal
Dutch PM Rutte wants 'binding' assurances over EU's Ukraine dealReuters
Dutch PM Demands 'Assurances' Before Ratifying EU-Ukraine DealThe Moscow Times (registration)
EUobserver -NL Times
all 38 news articles »


Jose Ugaz: ?Searching for a model to break impunity in Ukraine - Kyiv Post

Kyiv Post

Jose Ugaz: ?Searching for a model to break impunity in Ukraine
Kyiv Post
Is there a global model emerging to break the cycle of impunity for corruption that could be used in Ukraine? This was what I wanted to assess when I visited Ukraine last month in my capacity as chair of Transparency International, the global anti ...
FBI, Ukraine's National Anti-Corruption Bureau Sign MOU - US EmbassySputnik International

all 2 news articles »


Ukraine pundits see Brexit as a bad omen - Kyiv Post

Kyiv Post

Ukraine pundits see Brexit as a bad omen
Kyiv Post
Ukraine's Vice Prime Minister for European Integration Ivanna Klympush-Tsintsadze, speaking after the announcement of the “Brexit” referendum results, said that the EU would lose focus on external challenges as it dealt with problems within its ranks.
For pro-EU Ukraine, a chill wind blows with BrexitChristian Science Monitor
Can Ukraine's economic problems bring Russia and the EU together?Russia Direct
Brexit decision not to significantly affect Ukrainian economy – economy ministerInterfax

all 5 news articles »


SWIFT hackers nick $10m from Ukraine bank - The Register

The Register

SWIFT hackers nick $10m from Ukraine bank
The Register
Hackers stole $10m from a Ukrainian bank by – yup, you guessed it – invading its computers and using the inter-bank transfer system SWIFT to shift their loot. The theft from an unnamed Ukrainian bank follows news of cyber-heists at other banks ...
SWIFT robbers swoop on Ukrainian bankSC Magazine UK

all 4 news articles »


Ukraine city names street for Lubavitcher Rebbe - The Times of Israel

The Times of Israel

Ukraine city names street for Lubavitcher Rebbe
The Times of Israel
The city of Dnepropetrovsk in eastern Ukraine named a street after Menachem Mendel Schneerson, the last and most prominent Lubavitcher rebbe, who fled the city after Communist agents arrested his father there in the 1930s. Menachem Mendel ...

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American-Japanese company ready to build nuclear fuel plant in Ukraine - Ukraine Today

Ukraine Today

American-Japanese company ready to build nuclear fuel plant in Ukraine
Ukraine Today
The Minister said, during his joint visit with Prime Minister Volodymyr Groysman to the U.S., the Ukrainian officials presented the Khmelnytsky Nuclear Power Plant project - the so-called Ukraine-EU Energy Bridge - as well as projects of constructing ...



Bicycle flashmob unites Ukraine on Constitution day - Ukraine Today

Ukraine Today

Bicycle flashmob unites Ukraine on Constitution day
Ukraine Today
East or West, Ukraine is united. In view of recent Constitutional anniversary Ukrainian cyclists organized a so-called "vyshyvanka run". Two huge bicycle groups headed towards each other from Kharkiv in the east and Uzhgorod in the west. The cyclists ...

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