Ukraine

Country Ukraine
Capital Kiev
Continent Europe
Currency Hryvnia(UAH)
Languages Ukrainian, Armenian, Belarusian, Bulgarian,Crimean Tatar, Gagauz, German, Greek, Hungarian, Karaim, Krymchak, Moldovan, Polish, Romani, Romanian, Russian, Rusyn, Slovak & Yiddish

Information

Introduction

Ukraine was the center of the first eastern Slavic state, Kyivan Rus, which during the 10th and 11th centuries was the largest and most powerful state in Europe. Weakened by internecine quarrels and Mongol invasions, Kyivan Rus was incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and eventually into the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. The cultural and religious legacy of Kyivan Rus laid the foundation for Ukrainian nationalism through subsequent centuries. A new Ukrainian state, the Cossack Hetmanate, was established during the mid-17th century after an uprising against the Poles. Despite continuous Muscovite pressure, the Hetmanate managed to remain autonomous for well over 100 years. During the latter part of the 18th century, most Ukrainian ethnographic territory was absorbed by the Russian Empire. Following the collapse of czarist Russia in 1917, Ukraine was able to achieve a short-lived period of independence (1917-20), but was reconquered and forced to endure a brutal Soviet rule that engineered two forced famines (1921-22 and 1932-33) in which over 8 million died. In World War II, German and Soviet armies were responsible for some 7 to 8 million more deaths. Although final independence for Ukraine was achieved in 1991 with the dissolution of the USSR, democracy and prosperity remained elusive as the legacy of state control and endemic corruption stalled efforts at economic reform, privatization, and civil liberties. A peaceful mass protest "Orange Revolution" in the closing months of 2004 forced the authorities to overturn a rigged presidential election and to allow a new internationally monitored vote that swept into power a reformist slate under Viktor YUSHCHENKO. Subsequent internal squabbles in the YUSHCHENKO camp allowed his rival Viktor YANUKOVYCH to stage a comeback in parliamentary elections and become prime minister in August of 2006. An early legislative election, brought on by a political crisis in the spring of 2007, saw Yuliya TYMOSHENKO, as head of an "Orange" coalition, installed as a new prime minister in December 2007. Viktor YANUKOVUYCH was elected president in a February 2010 run-off election that observers assessed as meeting most international standards. The following month, the Rada approved a vote of no-confidence prompting Yuliya TYMOSHENKO to resign from her post as prime minister.

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References

Ukraine - Wikipedia
Ukraine - CIA World Fact Book
Ukraine - BBC
Ukraine - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
30-Somethings Remake Ukraine - Bloomberg View

Bloomberg View

30-Somethings Remake Ukraine
Bloomberg View
The recent public squabble between two Ukrainian billionaires, President Petro Poroshenko and Igor Kolomoisky, over control of two state energy companies may create the impression that Ukraine's economic reforms have bogged down in traditional ...
Residents in Eastern Ukraine City Rally Against SeparatismNew York Times
Fall of oligarch who bankrolled Ukraine's warTelegraph.co.uk
Ukraine leaders oust oligarch as governor of DnipropetrovskIrish Times
The Moscow Times -Business Insider
all 51 news articles »


Voices: Ukraine a country aching with anguish - USA TODAY

USA TODAY

Voices: Ukraine a country aching with anguish
USA TODAY
KIEV, Ukraine Everywhere I went during my recent visit to Ukraine, I ran into people heartbroken about what war with Russian-backed separatists has done to their country. I encountered tears in Odessa, Mariupol, Donetsk, Amvrosiivka, Vasylkiivka and ...
US Sending Soldiers to Train Ukraine National GuardDaily Signal
Rebel Leader: Kiev Blocks Solution for Eastern UkraineABC News
Ukraine Says Rebel Attacks Waning as Tanks Said to Cross BorderBloomberg
Hot Air -New York Times -International Business Times
all 132 news articles »


George Soros: I may invest $1 billion in Ukraine - CNNMoney

CNNMoney

George Soros: I may invest $1 billion in Ukraine
CNNMoney
George Soros has long called for the West to pump billions into Ukraine. Now he says he's ready to walk the talk. The veteran hedge fund investor told an Austrian newspaper he was prepared to invest $1 billion in the collapsing war-ravaged economy ...
Soros says ready to invest $1 billion in Ukraine if West helpsReuters
George Soros Would Invest $1bn in Ukraine With Western BackingNewsweek
George Soros Says He'd Invest $1 Billion to Save Ukraine From Russia but ...TheBlaze.com
Channel News Asia -RTE.ie
all 73 news articles »


Russian Tanks and Fighters Enter Eastern Ukraine, Says Kiev - Newsweek

Newsweek

Russian Tanks and Fighters Enter Eastern Ukraine, Says Kiev
Newsweek
22 Russian tanks crossed into Ukraine's separatist-held eastern territories over the weekend, as pro-Moscow forces continue to seep into Ukraine's war-stricken Donetsk and Luhansk regions, Donetsk's local pro-government officials reported yesterday.
22 Russian tanks enter Ukraine on March 28Charter 97

all 4 news articles »


Did Ukraine Just Lose 5 Indian Air Force Planes? - The Diplomat

The Diplomat

Did Ukraine Just Lose 5 Indian Air Force Planes?
The Diplomat
Defense News reports that five Antonov AN-32 military transport aircraft have gone missing in Ukraine. According to an Indian Air Force official, the last five out of 40 AN-32s undergoing upgrades at the Kiev-based Antonov State Company have become ...
IAF's AN-32 planes stranded in UkraineZee News
5 Indian Warplanes Vanish in Ukraine During Modernization Work ReportThe Moscow Times
Ukraine 'Lost Without Trace' Five Indian Warplanes During Planned UpgradeSputnik International

all 12 news articles »


Captive Ukrainian pilot Nadiya Savchenko sends defiant message to Putin from jail - CNN

CNN

Captive Ukrainian pilot Nadiya Savchenko sends defiant message to Putin from jail
CNN
In a letter from prison, written in response to questions from CNN, she said: "If Putin wants to defeat Ukraine -- let's try to defeat me first!" "But if he wants peace and friendship between our nations as he claims," she added, "I am ready to make ...
Ukraine Today launches new online project 'From Russia with Love'Ukraine Today
European Union walks a tightrope with Ukraine and GreeceIrish Examiner
Ukraine Faces 30% Risk of Messy Default as Creditor Talks BeginBloomberg
Daily Signal -Huffington Post -The Globe and Mail
all 82 news articles »


Rutgers Hit by Cyberattacks From China, Ukraine Over 2 Days: University ... - NBC New York

Rutgers Hit by Cyberattacks From China, Ukraine Over 2 Days: University ...
NBC New York
The FBI is investigating the cyberattacks, a university source told NBC 4 New York, adding that the attacks came from unidentified parties in China and Ukraine. A university spokesman says the system is now working on campus, but that university ...

and more »


Juncker cancels Kyiv visit, EU-Ukraine summit to be held instead - EurActiv

EurActiv

Juncker cancels Kyiv visit, EU-Ukraine summit to be held instead
EurActiv
Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker cancelled his visit to Ukraine today (30 March) due to health reasons. Instead, an EU-Ukraine summit will take place on 27 April in Kyiv, with the participation of EU heads of state and government. Juncker ...
EU Foreign Affairs chief Mogherini postpones Ukraine visit after Juncker cancelsUkraine Today

all 17 news articles »


Ukraine Conflict Stalls Indian AF Upgrades - DefenseNews.com

DefenseNews.com

Ukraine Conflict Stalls Indian AF Upgrades
DefenseNews.com
NEW DELHI India will need to explore fresh options, including direct purchase, to shore up its air transport fleet as the Ukraine conflict has stymied the upgrade of its AN-32 aircraft, an Indian Air Force official said. The last five of 40 AN-32 ...



US should not arm Ukraine, only help it to arm itself - Daily News & Analysis

US should not arm Ukraine, only help it to arm itself
Daily News & Analysis
When Congress overwhelmingly passed a resolution recently urging President Barack Obama to arm Ukraine with "lethal defensive weapon systems," it was calling on the US to send arms to the world's ninth biggest defence exporter, whose supplies last ...