Ukraine

Country Ukraine
Capital Kiev
Continent Europe
Currency Hryvnia(UAH)
Languages Ukrainian, Armenian, Belarusian, Bulgarian,Crimean Tatar, Gagauz, German, Greek, Hungarian, Karaim, Krymchak, Moldovan, Polish, Romani, Romanian, Russian, Rusyn, Slovak & Yiddish

Information

Introduction

Ukraine was the center of the first eastern Slavic state, Kyivan Rus, which during the 10th and 11th centuries was the largest and most powerful state in Europe. Weakened by internecine quarrels and Mongol invasions, Kyivan Rus was incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and eventually into the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. The cultural and religious legacy of Kyivan Rus laid the foundation for Ukrainian nationalism through subsequent centuries. A new Ukrainian state, the Cossack Hetmanate, was established during the mid-17th century after an uprising against the Poles. Despite continuous Muscovite pressure, the Hetmanate managed to remain autonomous for well over 100 years. During the latter part of the 18th century, most Ukrainian ethnographic territory was absorbed by the Russian Empire. Following the collapse of czarist Russia in 1917, Ukraine was able to achieve a short-lived period of independence (1917-20), but was reconquered and forced to endure a brutal Soviet rule that engineered two forced famines (1921-22 and 1932-33) in which over 8 million died. In World War II, German and Soviet armies were responsible for some 7 to 8 million more deaths. Although final independence for Ukraine was achieved in 1991 with the dissolution of the USSR, democracy and prosperity remained elusive as the legacy of state control and endemic corruption stalled efforts at economic reform, privatization, and civil liberties. A peaceful mass protest "Orange Revolution" in the closing months of 2004 forced the authorities to overturn a rigged presidential election and to allow a new internationally monitored vote that swept into power a reformist slate under Viktor YUSHCHENKO. Subsequent internal squabbles in the YUSHCHENKO camp allowed his rival Viktor YANUKOVYCH to stage a comeback in parliamentary elections and become prime minister in August of 2006. An early legislative election, brought on by a political crisis in the spring of 2007, saw Yuliya TYMOSHENKO, as head of an "Orange" coalition, installed as a new prime minister in December 2007. Viktor YANUKOVUYCH was elected president in a February 2010 run-off election that observers assessed as meeting most international standards. The following month, the Rada approved a vote of no-confidence prompting Yuliya TYMOSHENKO to resign from her post as prime minister.

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References

Ukraine - Wikipedia
Ukraine - CIA World Fact Book
Ukraine - BBC
Ukraine - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
Ukraine crisis: Amnesty deplores abuses by both sides - BBC News

BBC News

Ukraine crisis: Amnesty deplores abuses by both sides
BBC News
Human rights group Amnesty International says there is evidence of atrocities committed by both warring sides in eastern Ukraine, but not on the scale reported by Russia. It said "strong evidence" implicated government forces in the killing of four men ...
Ukraine says Russia has agreed to supply gasUSA TODAY
Ukraine crisis: Donetsk explosion sends blast wave across rebel-held city amid ...The Independent
Ukraine, Russia agree on winter natural gas supplyCBS News
NEWS.com.au
all 2,764 news articles »


Ukraine's politicians face mob attacks - BBC News

BBC News

Ukraine's politicians face mob attacks
BBC News
Over the past few weeks, Ukrainian political activists have carried out a series of sensational actions, seizing politicians and local officials and throwing them into big bins. The activists, many from far-right groups, accuse the politicians of ...

and more »


Pro-Russian rebels using seized Ukrainian missile downed MH17 passenger ... - Sydney Morning Herald

Sydney Morning Herald

Pro-Russian rebels using seized Ukrainian missile downed MH17 passenger ...
Sydney Morning Herald
Germany's intelligence service believes Malaysia Airlines flight MH17 was shot down by pro-Russian rebels using a missile taken from a Ukraine military base, a German newspaper has reported. The finding contradicts previous claims – including by Prime ...
Spiegel: Review finds rebels shot down MH17 in UkraineDeutsche Welle
Germany's intel agency says MH17 downed by Ukraine militia – reportRT
Germany Says Pro-Russian Rebels in Ukraine Downed MH17 With Captured ...Mashable
The Australian -MSN Philippines News -Kyiv Post
all 83 news articles »


Russia, Ukraine Edge Closer to Natural-Gas Deal - Wall Street Journal

Wall Street Journal

Russia, Ukraine Edge Closer to Natural-Gas Deal
Wall Street Journal
KIEV, Ukraine—Russia and Ukraine have reached a preliminary agreement on a price for winter gas supplies, officials from both countries said, moving closer to a deal that would ease concerns that the countries' dispute could disrupt supplies to Europe ...



Ukraine parliament says 100s died in battle - U.S. News & World Report

CTV News

Ukraine parliament says 100s died in battle
U.S. News & World Report
The Donbas Arena stadium, one of the venues which hosted the Euro 2012 Soccer tournament, after it was damaged by a shockwave caused by a blast during shelling in the town of Donetsk, eastern Ukraine Monday, Oct. 20, 2014. A powerful explosion has ...
Ukraine says 100s of soldiers killed in battle with separatistsCTV News

all 37 news articles »


Voices: Rescuing a woman stuck in Ukraine war zone - USA TODAY

USA TODAY

Voices: Rescuing a woman stuck in Ukraine war zone
USA TODAY
DONETSK, Ukraine — A visit to the command post of rebels fighting for control of the battered airport Friday turned into a mission to help Nadezda Panasyk, 75, the last civilian living in the same building. Convincing her to leave was one thing ...



Russia Won't Accept Terms to End Sanctions Over Ukraine - Bloomberg

Bloomberg

Russia Won't Accept Terms to End Sanctions Over Ukraine
Bloomberg
The U.S. and the European Union imposed restrictions on Russian officials and companies after the March annexation of Crimea and July's downing of a Malaysian passenger plane over eastern Ukraine. Russia's partners, including overseas politicians and ...



EU Must Help Ukraine Secure Gas Supply, Says UK Foreign Secretary - Wall Street Journal

Wall Street Journal

EU Must Help Ukraine Secure Gas Supply, Says UK Foreign Secretary
Wall Street Journal
LUXEMBOURG—The British Foreign Secretary said on Monday that the European Union will have to help Ukraine secure energy supplies this winter but it is not yet clear how this can be done. Philip Hammond, who was on his way to a meeting of European ...
Mark Adomanis: West needs to put up or shut up about UkraineKyiv Post
EU Foreign Chiefs to Talk on Ukraine, Ebola, IS in Luxembourg MondayRIA Novosti

all 162 news articles »


Give Ukraine the weapons it needs for self-defense - Washington Post

Give Ukraine the weapons it needs for self-defense
Washington Post
When Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko spoke to a joint session of Congress last month, he thanked the United States for its assistance in confronting Russian aggression, and indeed, our country, along with our NATO allies, has done much.



Ground zero in the battle for Ukraine: Donetsk airport - USA TODAY

USA TODAY

Ground zero in the battle for Ukraine: Donetsk airport
USA TODAY
DONETSK, Ukraine — The airport here in this battle-scarred region of eastern Ukraine seems oblivious to the cease-fire brokered six weeks ago. The battles between Russian-backed rebels and Ukrainian forces rage on at a place that has taken on greater ...