Ukraine

Country Ukraine
Capital Kiev
Continent Europe
Currency Hryvnia(UAH)
Languages Ukrainian, Armenian, Belarusian, Bulgarian,Crimean Tatar, Gagauz, German, Greek, Hungarian, Karaim, Krymchak, Moldovan, Polish, Romani, Romanian, Russian, Rusyn, Slovak & Yiddish

Information

Introduction

Ukraine was the center of the first eastern Slavic state, Kyivan Rus, which during the 10th and 11th centuries was the largest and most powerful state in Europe. Weakened by internecine quarrels and Mongol invasions, Kyivan Rus was incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and eventually into the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. The cultural and religious legacy of Kyivan Rus laid the foundation for Ukrainian nationalism through subsequent centuries. A new Ukrainian state, the Cossack Hetmanate, was established during the mid-17th century after an uprising against the Poles. Despite continuous Muscovite pressure, the Hetmanate managed to remain autonomous for well over 100 years. During the latter part of the 18th century, most Ukrainian ethnographic territory was absorbed by the Russian Empire. Following the collapse of czarist Russia in 1917, Ukraine was able to achieve a short-lived period of independence (1917-20), but was reconquered and forced to endure a brutal Soviet rule that engineered two forced famines (1921-22 and 1932-33) in which over 8 million died. In World War II, German and Soviet armies were responsible for some 7 to 8 million more deaths. Although final independence for Ukraine was achieved in 1991 with the dissolution of the USSR, democracy and prosperity remained elusive as the legacy of state control and endemic corruption stalled efforts at economic reform, privatization, and civil liberties. A peaceful mass protest "Orange Revolution" in the closing months of 2004 forced the authorities to overturn a rigged presidential election and to allow a new internationally monitored vote that swept into power a reformist slate under Viktor YUSHCHENKO. Subsequent internal squabbles in the YUSHCHENKO camp allowed his rival Viktor YANUKOVYCH to stage a comeback in parliamentary elections and become prime minister in August of 2006. An early legislative election, brought on by a political crisis in the spring of 2007, saw Yuliya TYMOSHENKO, as head of an "Orange" coalition, installed as a new prime minister in December 2007. Viktor YANUKOVUYCH was elected president in a February 2010 run-off election that observers assessed as meeting most international standards. The following month, the Rada approved a vote of no-confidence prompting Yuliya TYMOSHENKO to resign from her post as prime minister.

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References

Ukraine - Wikipedia
Ukraine - CIA World Fact Book
Ukraine - BBC
Ukraine - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
Russia: Natural Gas Will Flow After Ukraine Pays - ABC News

ABC News

Russia: Natural Gas Will Flow After Ukraine Pays
ABC News
Alexei Miller, chief of Russia's state-controlled Gazprom natural gas giant, made the statement hours after Russia, Ukraine and the European Union thrashed out a $4.6 billion deal that will guarantee Russian gas supplies to Ukraine and further on to ...
Gazprom to resume gas supply once Ukraine pays $2.2 billionReuters
Russian gas set to flow to Ukraine again after new supply deal agreedThe Guardian
Russia, Ukraine agree on gas supplies until March 2015RT
BBC News -New York Times -The Economist (blog)
all 2,545 news articles »


Ukraine's election - The Economist

The Economist

Ukraine's election
The Economist
TO ALL appearances, Ukraine's parliamentary election on October 26th was a triumph. Reformists mostly won and voters rebuked the far right and far left. Western allies heaped praise on the pro-European, pro-democratic results. Yet Ukraine remains ...
After Ukraine Vote, a New Test: Burying a Legacy of Dysfunctional PoliticsNew York Times
Ukraine's Poroshenko taps Yatsenyuk for PM after Russian gas dealBusiness Insider
Ukraine's Poroshenko backs Yatseniuk for new term as prime ministerReuters
The Japan Times -The Nation.
all 265 news articles »


Ukraine conflict: The 'cyborg' defenders of Donetsk airport - BBC News

BBC News

Ukraine conflict: The 'cyborg' defenders of Donetsk airport
BBC News
Mention a cyborg to a Ukrainian these days and they probably won't think of "cybernetic organisms", or man-machines of science fiction. Instead, the word now conjures up images of rugged, heavily armed men holed up inside what remains of Donetsk ...
Ukraine fighters, surrounded at wrecked airport, refuse to give upLos Angeles Times

all 16 news articles »


Coal Miners Stuck in the Middle of Ukraine's War - ABC News

ABC News

Coal Miners Stuck in the Middle of Ukraine's War
ABC News
Glistening black sweat rolls down the spine of a beefy miner as he jackhammers bedrock along the shaft at the Chelyuskintsev coal mine in Donetsk, Ukraine's eastern industrial heartland. Vitaly Khristich is one of hundreds of miners who each day brave ...

and more »


In Ukraine's European core, new weariness over war with pro-Russian rebels - Washington Post

Mashable

In Ukraine's European core, new weariness over war with pro-Russian rebels
Washington Post
Seven months into the bloody fighting that has seized Ukraine's east, the rest of this fractious country, long split between competing tugs from Europe and Russia, is pointing its face more than ever toward the West. Ukraine elected the most pro ...
Russian action star caught firing a machine gun toward UkraineMashable
Europe won't recognize vote in eastern Ukraine, Merkel tells PutinReuters
Over 4000 killed in Ukraine conflict: UNHindustan Times
Channel News Asia -Sydney Morning Herald
all 364 news articles »


Ukraine soldiers to government: we're coming for you next - Yahoo News

The Malay Mail Online

Ukraine soldiers to government: we're coming for you next
Yahoo News
When Russian troops swarmed into Ukraine's southern region Crimea in March, Ukrainians dizzy with the success of the latest street revolution in Kiev were caught flat-footed. Their country of 45 million people, it turned out, barely had an army -- no ...
Ukraine Welcomes Soldiers Back From FrontiRadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty
Ukraine Militias Warn They'll Launch Coup in Six MonthsAntiwar.com

all 7 news articles »


Russian gas supplies to Ukraine could resume next week - The Guardian

The Guardian

Russian gas supplies to Ukraine could resume next week
The Guardian
Russia could resume natural gas deliveries to Ukraine as soon as next week if Kiev pays $2.2 billion in debt and pre-payments, gas exporter Gazprom said on Friday, under a deal that also safeguards winter deliveries to Europe. Moscow, Kiev and the ...



Memo to the EU: give Ukraine a better gas deal - FT.com (registration) (blog)

FT.com (registration) (blog)

Memo to the EU: give Ukraine a better gas deal
FT.com (registration) (blog)
Thursday's EU-brokered Ukraine-Russia gas deal restores energy flows to Ukraine, and thus also to Europe, that had been blocked by Moscow since June, ensuring that homes will be heated through the coming winter. However, beyond that obvious plus, ...



Russia could resume gas supply to Ukraine by next week - The Guardian

The Guardian

Russia could resume gas supply to Ukraine by next week
The Guardian
Moscow, Kiev and the European Union reached an agreement on Thursday over the gas supplies despite tensions over a pro-Russian separatist rebellion in east Ukraine. Gazprom cut off Ukraine in June amid a bitter dispute over unpaid bills and pricing for ...



Ukraine, Moscow Clinch Deal on Russian Gas Supply - ABC News

ABC News

Ukraine, Moscow Clinch Deal on Russian Gas Supply
ABC News
Moscow and Kiev on Thursday clinched a multi-billion dollar deal that will guarantee that Russian gas exports flow into Ukraine and beyond to the European Union throughout the winter despite their intense rivalry over the fighting in eastern Ukraine.