Ukraine

Country Ukraine
Capital Kiev
Continent Europe
Currency Hryvnia(UAH)
Languages Ukrainian, Armenian, Belarusian, Bulgarian,Crimean Tatar, Gagauz, German, Greek, Hungarian, Karaim, Krymchak, Moldovan, Polish, Romani, Romanian, Russian, Rusyn, Slovak & Yiddish

Information

Introduction

Ukraine was the center of the first eastern Slavic state, Kyivan Rus, which during the 10th and 11th centuries was the largest and most powerful state in Europe. Weakened by internecine quarrels and Mongol invasions, Kyivan Rus was incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and eventually into the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. The cultural and religious legacy of Kyivan Rus laid the foundation for Ukrainian nationalism through subsequent centuries. A new Ukrainian state, the Cossack Hetmanate, was established during the mid-17th century after an uprising against the Poles. Despite continuous Muscovite pressure, the Hetmanate managed to remain autonomous for well over 100 years. During the latter part of the 18th century, most Ukrainian ethnographic territory was absorbed by the Russian Empire. Following the collapse of czarist Russia in 1917, Ukraine was able to achieve a short-lived period of independence (1917-20), but was reconquered and forced to endure a brutal Soviet rule that engineered two forced famines (1921-22 and 1932-33) in which over 8 million died. In World War II, German and Soviet armies were responsible for some 7 to 8 million more deaths. Although final independence for Ukraine was achieved in 1991 with the dissolution of the USSR, democracy and prosperity remained elusive as the legacy of state control and endemic corruption stalled efforts at economic reform, privatization, and civil liberties. A peaceful mass protest "Orange Revolution" in the closing months of 2004 forced the authorities to overturn a rigged presidential election and to allow a new internationally monitored vote that swept into power a reformist slate under Viktor YUSHCHENKO. Subsequent internal squabbles in the YUSHCHENKO camp allowed his rival Viktor YANUKOVYCH to stage a comeback in parliamentary elections and become prime minister in August of 2006. An early legislative election, brought on by a political crisis in the spring of 2007, saw Yuliya TYMOSHENKO, as head of an "Orange" coalition, installed as a new prime minister in December 2007. Viktor YANUKOVUYCH was elected president in a February 2010 run-off election that observers assessed as meeting most international standards. The following month, the Rada approved a vote of no-confidence prompting Yuliya TYMOSHENKO to resign from her post as prime minister.

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References

Ukraine - Wikipedia
Ukraine - CIA World Fact Book
Ukraine - BBC
Ukraine - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

Google News
Ukraine pilot: 'Hope is the last thing to die' - BBC News

BBC News

Ukraine pilot: 'Hope is the last thing to die'
BBC News
Ukraine pilot: 'Hope is the last thing to die'. 5 hours ago. A Ukrainian military pilot has broken off her hunger strike after 83 days in a Russian prison. Nadiya Savchenko is awaiting trial for involvement in the death of two Russian journalists ...
Ukraine accuses rebels of violating ceasefireRTE.ie
Russia denounces arrival of US military trainers in UkraineLos Angeles Times
John Boehner, top Democrats demand Obama arm UkraineWashington Times
Reuters -Yahoo News -USA TODAY
all 1,761 news articles »


Struggle to pierce wall of silence on Russian casualties in Ukraine - Financial Times

Financial Times

Struggle to pierce wall of silence on Russian casualties in Ukraine
Financial Times
Yet several months after Russian soldiers appeared in Ukraine's Donbass region, president Vladimir Putin continues to deny that his country is at war. A majority of the public believes him. According to a poll conducted by the independent Levada Centre ...

and more »


US Soldiers Readying for Ukraine Deployment - DefenseNews.com (blog)

DefenseNews.com (blog)

US Soldiers Readying for Ukraine Deployment
DefenseNews.com (blog)
WASHINGTON — The US Army is preparing to send approximately 300 troops at a time to train Ukrainian forces in western Ukraine, according to documents posted on a government contracting site. A solicitation posted in late February said that the US ...

and more »


Nato expansion and the Ukraine conflict - The Guardian

The Guardian

Nato expansion and the Ukraine conflict
The Guardian
Seumas Milne's commentary on the situation in Ukraine (The demonisation of Russia risks paving the way for war, 5 March) contains errors in historical fact and in political judgment. Incidentally, these errors are also a regular feature of Russian ...
Ukraine crisis to top agenda at EU meeting in RigaBBC News
Concerns over Ukraine in Estonia's Russian speaking communityeuronews

all 15 news articles »


The women fighting on the frontline in Ukraine - The Guardian

The Guardian

The women fighting on the frontline in Ukraine
The Guardian
The volunteer battalions fighting alongside Ukraine's army are known for being fearless on the battlefield. They also have a reputation for fierce nationalism and far-right views. One of these units is the assault battalion Aidar, based in the town of ...



Italian, Russian leaders hold talks over EU-Russia ties, Ukraine crisis - Deutsche Welle

Deutsche Welle

Italian, Russian leaders hold talks over EU-Russia ties, Ukraine crisis
Deutsche Welle
The Italian leader traveled to Moscow in hopes of mending ties with Russia, and to encourage Russia to cooperate with efforts to stabilize Ukraine. Both leaders said they hoped a ceasefire agreement agreed to last month would stabilize relations ...
Exclusive: Scribbled note shows Nemtsov on trail of Russian deaths in UkraineReuters
US Sanctions Over Ukraine Hit Two Russian Banks HardestWall Street Journal
'Hero of Ukraine' Nadia Savchenko battles on in Moscow cellFinancial Times
euronews -Voice of America -Sydney Morning Herald
all 896 news articles »


Britain: EU to prepare possible new sanctions on Russia over Ukraine - Reuters

Reuters

Britain: EU to prepare possible new sanctions on Russia over Ukraine
Reuters
At a joint conference with his British counterpart in Warsaw, Polish Foreign Minister Grzegorz Schetyna said new sanctions could be imposed if, for example, separatists attack Ukraine's port city of Mariupol, but a move such as excluding Russia from ...
Is Russia's conflict with Ukraine really about trade? If so, this might help.Reuters Blogs (blog)
Ukraine's Conflict Tops Agenda Of EU Foreign Ministers In RigaRadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty
Wall Street Journal: EU scales back Ukraine sanctionsKyiv Post
Economic Times
all 205 news articles »


Ukraine crisis: timeline of major events - Telegraph.co.uk

Telegraph.co.uk

Ukraine crisis: timeline of major events
Telegraph.co.uk
Crisis in Ukraine. 1st December 2013. (Reuters). Ukrainian police break up student protest camp in Kiev's Independence Square over president Viktor Yanukovich's failure to sign trade deal with EU. 20th February 2014. More than 100 people reportedly die ...



Ukraine Says EU Should Help Pay to Store Gas if It Wants to Prepare for Worst ... - Wall Street Journal

Wall Street Journal

Ukraine Says EU Should Help Pay to Store Gas if It Wants to Prepare for Worst ...
Wall Street Journal
BRUSSELS—The European Union should share the cost of filling Ukraine's natural-gas storage if it wants to prepare for worst-case scenarios next winter, the country's energy minister said in an interview, highlighting a potential clash in coming ...

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24 dead, more missing after Ukraine coal mine blast - USA TODAY

USA TODAY

24 dead, more missing after Ukraine coal mine blast
USA TODAY
DONETSK, Ukraine (AP) — A rebel-held city scarred by months of conflict in eastern Ukraine suffered more tragedy Wednesday when a methane gas explosion in a coal mine killed at least 24 workers and left nine missing. As rescue efforts stretched past ...
Officials: 33 bodies recovered from eastern Ukraine mine disasterCNN
Ukraine coal mine: Dozens feared dead in Zasyadko gas blastBBC News
Thirty-three miners dead after pit blast in east UkraineReuters
New York Times -ABC Online
all 1,121 news articles »