Ukraine

Country Ukraine
Capital Kiev
Continent Europe
Currency Hryvnia(UAH)
Languages Ukrainian, Armenian, Belarusian, Bulgarian,Crimean Tatar, Gagauz, German, Greek, Hungarian, Karaim, Krymchak, Moldovan, Polish, Romani, Romanian, Russian, Rusyn, Slovak & Yiddish

Information

Introduction

Ukraine was the center of the first eastern Slavic state, Kyivan Rus, which during the 10th and 11th centuries was the largest and most powerful state in Europe. Weakened by internecine quarrels and Mongol invasions, Kyivan Rus was incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and eventually into the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. The cultural and religious legacy of Kyivan Rus laid the foundation for Ukrainian nationalism through subsequent centuries. A new Ukrainian state, the Cossack Hetmanate, was established during the mid-17th century after an uprising against the Poles. Despite continuous Muscovite pressure, the Hetmanate managed to remain autonomous for well over 100 years. During the latter part of the 18th century, most Ukrainian ethnographic territory was absorbed by the Russian Empire. Following the collapse of czarist Russia in 1917, Ukraine was able to achieve a short-lived period of independence (1917-20), but was reconquered and forced to endure a brutal Soviet rule that engineered two forced famines (1921-22 and 1932-33) in which over 8 million died. In World War II, German and Soviet armies were responsible for some 7 to 8 million more deaths. Although final independence for Ukraine was achieved in 1991 with the dissolution of the USSR, democracy and prosperity remained elusive as the legacy of state control and endemic corruption stalled efforts at economic reform, privatization, and civil liberties. A peaceful mass protest "Orange Revolution" in the closing months of 2004 forced the authorities to overturn a rigged presidential election and to allow a new internationally monitored vote that swept into power a reformist slate under Viktor YUSHCHENKO. Subsequent internal squabbles in the YUSHCHENKO camp allowed his rival Viktor YANUKOVYCH to stage a comeback in parliamentary elections and become prime minister in August of 2006. An early legislative election, brought on by a political crisis in the spring of 2007, saw Yuliya TYMOSHENKO, as head of an "Orange" coalition, installed as a new prime minister in December 2007. Viktor YANUKOVUYCH was elected president in a February 2010 run-off election that observers assessed as meeting most international standards. The following month, the Rada approved a vote of no-confidence prompting Yuliya TYMOSHENKO to resign from her post as prime minister.

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References

Ukraine - Wikipedia
Ukraine - CIA World Fact Book
Ukraine - BBC
Ukraine - Timeline - BBC

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Thousands of Saakashvili supporters stage protest against Ukraine ... - Reuters

Reuters

Thousands of Saakashvili supporters stage protest against Ukraine ...
Reuters
Several thousand people marched through central Kiev on Sunday to protest against the detention of Ukrainian opposition figure Mikheil Saakashvili and call for the impeachment of President Petro Poroshenko.
Is Ukraine's struggle about corruption or power? | Georgia | Al JazeeraAljazeera.com
Saakashvili supporters demand Ukraine's leader be impeachedFox News
Thousands in Ukraine Demand Saakashvili's ReleaseVoice of America
RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty -NPR -Facebook
all 297 news articles »


Russian Nationalists Disrupt Screening Of Film About Ukraine Conflict - RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty

RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty

Russian Nationalists Disrupt Screening Of Film About Ukraine Conflict
RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty
Members of a Russian nationalist group have disrupted the screening in Moscow of a film about the ongoing conflict in eastern Ukraine.

and more »


What Went Wrong in Ukraine And When? - Emerging Europe

Emerging Europe

What Went Wrong in Ukraine And When?
Emerging Europe
Since the annexation of Crimea and the beginning of the ongoing war with Russia, Ukraine has been branded as a villain seeking foreign assistance. With National Bank reserves of 5 billion euros and a public debt equal to 80.2 per cent of GDP, Ukraine ...

and more »


Opposition Bloc accuses Ukraine's authorities of flagrant violation on human rights - TASS

TASS

Opposition Bloc accuses Ukraine's authorities of flagrant violation on human rights
TASS
KIEV, December 10. /TASS/. Ukraine's current authorities are violating human rights consistently and comprehensively, like no others before them, the Opposition Bloc party said in a statement on Sunday, the internationally observed Human Rights Day ...



Manafort involved in drafting Ukraine op-ed, court papers show - Politico

Politico

Manafort involved in drafting Ukraine op-ed, court papers show
Politico
New documents show President Donald Trump's former campaign chairman Paul Manafort was heavily involved in drafting an op-ed defending his work in Ukraine. The opinion piece was drafted while Manafort was under house arrest facing several felony ...
Manafort says Ukraine op-ed shouldn't impact bail dealCNN
Prosecutors say emails prove Manafort heavily edited Ukraine op-edNBCNews.com
Special Counsel Mueller filing shows Manafort drafted Ukraine op-ed despite gag orderReuters
Business Insider -PBS NewsHour
all 228 news articles »


US Wants Peacekeeping Force In Ukraine-Russia Dispute - NPR

Reuters

US Wants Peacekeeping Force In Ukraine-Russia Dispute
NPR
TILLERSON: So we will continue to work with Russia to see if we cannot agree a peacekeeping force that can enter Ukraine, reduce the violence. The violence in Ukraine is up in 2017. More people have died in 2017 than 2016, and this simply has to stop ...
Ukraine - biggest obstacle to normal Russia ties, says TillersonReuters
Tillerson: Biggest Snag in US-Russia Relations is Ukraine, Not Election MeddlingForeign Policy (blog)
Tillerson vows no warming with Russia until it leaves UkraineWashington Post
New York Post -RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty -ABC News
all 217 news articles »


Ukraine's defense budget up by 28 percent in 2018 - Kyiv Post

Kyiv Post

Ukraine's defense budget up by 28 percent in 2018
Kyiv Post
Ukraine will allocate Hr 165.3 billion ($6.1 billion) to defense and security in 2018, according to the budget bill passed by the Verkhovna Rada on Dec. 7. In comparison with 2017, when spending was Hr 129 billion ($4.9 billion), next year's ...



Ceasefire violations recorded in all directions in Donbas in past day Ukraine's ATO HQ - UNIAN

UNIAN

Ceasefire violations recorded in all directions in Donbas in past day Ukraine's ATO HQ
UNIAN
In addition, illegal armed units opened fire from grenade launchers and cannons of an infantry fighting at the defenders of the villages of Vodiane and Talakivka. "In total, 39 violations of the ceasefire by the invaders were recorded in the past day ...

and more »


Europe's lowest wages paid in Ukraine local survey - UNIAN

UNIAN

Europe's lowest wages paid in Ukraine local survey
UNIAN
Ukrainian experts have drawn up a list of the poorest European countries, designating Ukraine as the leader of the anti-rating, Texty.org.ua said. Read alsoAverage nominal wage in Ukraine grows by almost 40% in Oct The level of wages and salaries after ...
As China Invests in Ukraine, Russia Stands to GainDaily Signal
112.ua: Militants launched 14 attacks on Ukrainian Army positionsKyiv Post

all 10 news articles »


Ukrainian court orders arrest of suspect in downing of MH17 - Kyiv Post

Kyiv Post

Ukrainian court orders arrest of suspect in downing of MH17
Kyiv Post
A mechanic (face obscured, as he figures in a criminal investigation) stands in front of Buk launcher 332 of Russia's 53rd Anti-Aircraft Missile Brigade in an undated photograph thought to have been taken in spring 2013. The Buk launcher has been ...

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