Venezuela

Country Venezuela
Capital Caracas
Continent South America
Currency Bolivar fuerte(VEF)
Languages Spanish

Information

Introduction

Venezuela was one of three countries that emerged from the collapse of Gran Colombia in 1830 (the others being Ecuador and New Granada, which became Colombia). For most of the first half of the 20th century, Venezuela was ruled by generally benevolent military strongmen, who promoted the oil industry and allowed for some social reforms. Democratically elected governments have held sway since 1959. Hugo CHAVEZ, president since 1999, seeks to implement his "21st Century Socialism," which purports to alleviate social ills while at the same time attacking capitalist globalization and existing democratic institutions. Current concerns include: a weakening of democratic institutions, political polarization, a politicized military, drug-related violence along the Colombian border, increasing internal drug consumption, overdependence on the petroleum industry with its price fluctuations, and irresponsible mining operations that are endangering the rain forest and indigenous peoples.

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References

Venezuela - Wikipedia
Venezuela - CIA World Fact Book
Venezuela - BBC
Venezuela - Timeline - BBC

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News Headlines

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Maduro Orders Takeover of Guaido’s Party Ahead of Venezuela Vote - BloombergMaduro Orders Takeover of Guaido’s Party Ahead of Venezuela Vote  Bloomberg

Venezuela's Oil Riches Are Quietly Falling Under Russian Control - OilPrice.comVenezuela's Oil Riches Are Quietly Falling Under Russian Control  OilPrice.com

Venezuelan TV mogul’s Rolls-Royce at center of dispute with Miami federal prosecutors - Miami HeraldVenezuelan TV mogul’s Rolls-Royce at center of dispute with Miami federal prosecutors  Miami Herald

Venezuela Top Court Ousts Leaders of Guaido's Party Ahead of Vote - The New York TimesVenezuela Top Court Ousts Leaders of Guaido's Party Ahead of Vote  The New York Times

Venezuela gold: UK High Court rules against Nicolás Maduro - BBC NewsVenezuela gold: UK High Court rules against Nicolás Maduro  BBC News

Statement by the President on Venezuelan Independence Day - Whitehouse.govStatement by the President on Venezuelan Independence Day  Whitehouse.gov

Venezuela poverty rate surges amid economic collapse, inflation - study - Reuters UKVenezuela poverty rate surges amid economic collapse, inflation - study  Reuters UK

Erratic power outages reported in much of Venezuela - Outlook IndiaErratic power outages reported in much of Venezuela  Outlook India

'Get me back to Caracas': desperate Venezuelans leave lockdown Bogotá - The Guardian'Get me back to Caracas': desperate Venezuelans leave lockdown Bogotá  The Guardian

Iranian Military-Owned Conglomerate Sets Up Shop in Venezuela - The Wall Street JournalIranian Military-Owned Conglomerate Sets Up Shop in Venezuela  The Wall Street Journal

Venezuela: Arrest warrants for Guaido's ad hoc central bank board - Aljazeera.comVenezuela: Arrest warrants for Guaido's ad hoc central bank board  Aljazeera.com

A new deal could ease Venezuela’s humanitarian crisis. The international community must get behind it. - The Washington PostA new deal could ease Venezuela’s humanitarian crisis. The international community must get behind it.  The Washington Post

Venezuela’s Fuel Shortage Returns After Iranian Cargoes Dry Up - Yahoo FinanceVenezuela’s Fuel Shortage Returns After Iranian Cargoes Dry Up  Yahoo Finance

Venezuela to hold parliamentary elections in December - Al Jazeera EnglishVenezuela to hold parliamentary elections in December  Al Jazeera English

Venezuela sanctions set off fight for 'plundered' oil cargo - Yahoo Canada FinanceVenezuela sanctions set off fight for 'plundered' oil cargo  Yahoo Canada Finance

Venezuela's top court ousts leaders of two opposition parties - BBC NewsVenezuela's top court ousts leaders of two opposition parties  BBC News

US tries to seize four Iranian tankers sailing towards Venezuela - Al Jazeera EnglishUS tries to seize four Iranian tankers sailing towards Venezuela  Al Jazeera English

Forced disappearances are increasing in Venezuela -- and the coronavirus is making them last longer, rights group says - CNNForced disappearances are increasing in Venezuela -- and the coronavirus is making them last longer, rights group says  CNN

In Pictures: Venezuela's water shortage | - Aljazeera.comIn Pictures: Venezuela's water shortage |  Aljazeera.com

Desperate Venezuelans Go To Extremes To Get Clean Water - The Weather ChannelDesperate Venezuelans Go To Extremes To Get Clean Water  The Weather Channel

End of Venezuela’s Oil Fortune Looms Over Maduro’s Regime - BloombergQuintEnd of Venezuela’s Oil Fortune Looms Over Maduro’s Regime  BloombergQuint

Secret Detentions Become a Common Tool of Repression Under Maduro - The New York TimesSecret Detentions Become a Common Tool of Repression Under Maduro  The New York Times

How Venezuela’s regime plans to win this year’s legislative election - The EconomistHow Venezuela’s regime plans to win this year’s legislative election  The Economist

Venezuela's rival leaders in legal battle to determine fate of over $1 billion gold reserves held in London - CNBCVenezuela's rival leaders in legal battle to determine fate of over $1 billion gold reserves held in London  CNBC

The US and Venezuela’s opposition must change tack - Financial TimesThe US and Venezuela’s opposition must change tack  Financial Times

Businessman close to Venezuela's Nicolás Maduro arrested in Cape Verde - BBC NewsBusinessman close to Venezuela's Nicolás Maduro arrested in Cape Verde  BBC News

Venezuelans returning home after Colombia economic lockdown - Aljazeera.comVenezuelans returning home after Colombia economic lockdown  Aljazeera.com

Venezuela Oil Crisis Deepens With India Refiners Halting Imports - BloombergQuintVenezuela Oil Crisis Deepens With India Refiners Halting Imports  BloombergQuint

End of Venezuela's oil fortune looms over Nicolas Maduro's regime - The Japan TimesEnd of Venezuela's oil fortune looms over Nicolas Maduro's regime  The Japan Times

Video shows 6 American oil executives jailed in Venezuela - The Associated PressVideo shows 6 American oil executives jailed in Venezuela  The Associated Press

Venezuela's Maduro tightens grip on power, helped by coronavirus lockdown - CNNVenezuela's Maduro tightens grip on power, helped by coronavirus lockdown  CNN

Venezuela's Economy Under Siege: A Conversation with Luis Salas - Venezuelanalysis.comVenezuela's Economy Under Siege: A Conversation with Luis Salas  Venezuelanalysis.com

Venezuela's Oil Production Continues To Plummet - OilPrice.comVenezuela's Oil Production Continues To Plummet  OilPrice.com

Venezuela's Maduro Denied Access to Gold Storage as Self-Sovereign BTC Shines - CointelegraphVenezuela's Maduro Denied Access to Gold Storage as Self-Sovereign BTC Shines  Cointelegraph

Virus hits Venezuelan city, raising fears of broader crisis - The Associated PressVirus hits Venezuelan city, raising fears of broader crisis  The Associated Press

Fate of $1bn in Venezuelan gold hangs in balance at high court - The GuardianFate of $1bn in Venezuelan gold hangs in balance at high court  The Guardian

Venezuela's fall leaves world's richest oil reserves tapped by a single rig - WorldOilVenezuela's fall leaves world's richest oil reserves tapped by a single rig  WorldOil

Venezuelan Crude Output Falls for Sixth Month, Deepening Crisis - BloombergVenezuelan Crude Output Falls for Sixth Month, Deepening Crisis  Bloomberg

Iran 'imposed its will' with Venezuela fuel shipment: Top general - Al Jazeera EnglishIran 'imposed its will' with Venezuela fuel shipment: Top general  Al Jazeera English

Venezuela security operations leave over 1,300 dead in five months, U.N. rights office says - ReutersVenezuela security operations leave over 1,300 dead in five months, U.N. rights office says  Reuters

Venezuelans take extraordinary steps to beat water shortage - Associated PressVenezuelans take extraordinary steps to beat water shortage  Associated Press

Peru: Authorities should regularize Venezuelans' migratory status in the context of the COVID-19 crisis - Amnesty InternationalPeru: Authorities should regularize Venezuelans' migratory status in the context of the COVID-19 crisis  Amnesty International

Venezuelan bishop: 'Pandemic exacerbating country's socio-economic crisis'' - Vatican NewsVenezuelan bishop: 'Pandemic exacerbating country's socio-economic crisis''  Vatican News

COVID-19's double dangers for Venezuelan women in Colombia - The New HumanitarianCOVID-19's double dangers for Venezuelan women in Colombia  The New Humanitarian

Venezuela's oil exports plummet as shipping contracts get suspended - ReutersVenezuela's oil exports plummet as shipping contracts get suspended  Reuters

Venezuela's Dark Laundering Loop: Saab Nabbed, Bagley Pleads Guilty, Maduro Sweats - WLRNVenezuela's Dark Laundering Loop: Saab Nabbed, Bagley Pleads Guilty, Maduro Sweats  WLRN

Venezuela's Guaido says opposition will not recognize 'false' electoral body - ReutersVenezuela's Guaido says opposition will not recognize 'false' electoral body  Reuters

Venezuela's two presidents - ProspectVenezuela's two presidents  Prospect

UN: millions of Venezuelans are refugees - Republic World - Republic WorldUN: millions of Venezuelans are refugees - Republic World  Republic World

Venezuela’s Capital Is Booming. Is This the End of the Revolution? - The New York TimesVenezuela’s Capital Is Booming. Is This the End of the Revolution?  The New York Times

Why coronavirus could be catastrophic for Venezuela - BBC NewsWhy coronavirus could be catastrophic for Venezuela  BBC News

Venezuela's Suffering Shows Where Illiberalism Leads - The AtlanticVenezuela's Suffering Shows Where Illiberalism Leads  The Atlantic

One year on: The day Venezuela became known as the country with two presidents - CNBCOne year on: The day Venezuela became known as the country with two presidents  CNBC

Venezuela’s Maduro, Used to Crises, Faces His Toughest One Yet - The New York TimesVenezuela’s Maduro, Used to Crises, Faces His Toughest One Yet  The New York Times

Rural Venezuela Crumbles as President Shores Up the Capital and His Power - The New York TimesRural Venezuela Crumbles as President Shores Up the Capital and His Power  The New York Times

Report: US considering charges against Venezuela's first lady - Al Jazeera EnglishReport: US considering charges against Venezuela's first lady  Al Jazeera English

Venezuela TV shows 'US citizens confessing over failed coup' - BBC NewsVenezuela TV shows 'US citizens confessing over failed coup'  BBC News

U.S. Counts on Global Crises to Press Again for Power Shift in Venezuela - The New York TimesU.S. Counts on Global Crises to Press Again for Power Shift in Venezuela  The New York Times

From Nearly Free to Out-of-Reach: Gasoline’s Crazy Price Swing in Venezuela - The New York TimesFrom Nearly Free to Out-of-Reach: Gasoline’s Crazy Price Swing in Venezuela  The New York Times

Only Venezuelans can resolve Venezuela's deepening crisis, DiCarlo tells Security Council - UN NewsOnly Venezuelans can resolve Venezuela's deepening crisis, DiCarlo tells Security Council  UN News

To Survive, Venezuela’s Leader Gives Up Decades of Control Over Oil - The New York TimesTo Survive, Venezuela’s Leader Gives Up Decades of Control Over Oil  The New York Times

Venezuela says US drug charges against Maduro show 'desperation' - Al Jazeera EnglishVenezuela says US drug charges against Maduro show 'desperation'  Al Jazeera English

Venezuela detains 40 suspects after failed Maduro 'kidnap attempt' - The GuardianVenezuela detains 40 suspects after failed Maduro 'kidnap attempt'  The Guardian

Venezuela troops seize abandoned Colombian combat boats, weapons - Al Jazeera EnglishVenezuela troops seize abandoned Colombian combat boats, weapons  Al Jazeera English

Venezuela faces threat of coronavirus catastrophe - Financial TimesVenezuela faces threat of coronavirus catastrophe  Financial Times

Venezuela's military to escort Iranian tankers bringing petrol - BBC NewsVenezuela's military to escort Iranian tankers bringing petrol  BBC News

Venezuela’s broken health system is uniquely vulnerable to coronavirus. Neighbors are afraid the country will hemorrhage infected migrants. - The Washington PostVenezuela’s broken health system is uniquely vulnerable to coronavirus. Neighbors are afraid the country will hemorrhage infected migrants.  The Washington Post

Oil-rich Venezuela is running out of gas, and Maduro is running out of options - The Washington PostOil-rich Venezuela is running out of gas, and Maduro is running out of options  The Washington Post

Who's in Charge in Venezuela and What May Come Next - BloombergWho's in Charge in Venezuela and What May Come Next  Bloomberg

Venezuela crisis: Pompeo pledges more US support for Guaidó - BBC NewsVenezuela crisis: Pompeo pledges more US support for Guaidó  BBC News

Venezuela crisis: Juan Guaidó greeted with abuse after return from world tour - BBC NewsVenezuela crisis: Juan Guaidó greeted with abuse after return from world tour  BBC News

Venezuela's options narrow - Petroleum EconomistVenezuela's options narrow  Petroleum Economist

Venezuela: Urgent Aid Needed to Combat Covid-19 - Human Rights WatchVenezuela: Urgent Aid Needed to Combat Covid-19  Human Rights Watch

Venezuela's Maduro urges women to have six children - BBC NewsVenezuela's Maduro urges women to have six children  BBC News

Venezuela crisis: Two lawmakers claim Speaker role - BBC NewsVenezuela crisis: Two lawmakers claim Speaker role  BBC News

Iran oil tanker reaches Venezuela amid US tension - BBC NewsIran oil tanker reaches Venezuela amid US tension  BBC News

Celebrated Abroad, Juan Guaidó Faces Critical Test in Venezuela - The New York TimesCelebrated Abroad, Juan Guaidó Faces Critical Test in Venezuela  The New York Times

Venezuelan Opposition, Trying to Rekindle Protests, Is Pushed Back by Tear Gas - The New York TimesVenezuelan Opposition, Trying to Rekindle Protests, Is Pushed Back by Tear Gas  The New York Times

Venezuela crisis: Secret service raids offices of opposition leader Guaidó - BBC NewsVenezuela crisis: Secret service raids offices of opposition leader Guaidó  BBC News

Venezuela’s Problem Isn’t Socialism - Foreign Affairs MagazineVenezuela’s Problem Isn’t Socialism  Foreign Affairs Magazine

Is 2020 the year for regime change in Venezuela? - Financial TimesIs 2020 the year for regime change in Venezuela?  Financial Times

Trump squeezes Venezuela’s regime, while ordinary Venezuelans go hungry - The Washington PostTrump squeezes Venezuela’s regime, while ordinary Venezuelans go hungry  The Washington Post

Economic, Political Crises Hinder Venezuela's Pandemic Battle - NPREconomic, Political Crises Hinder Venezuela's Pandemic Battle  NPR

Venezuela files legal claim with Bank of England over gold - BBC NewsVenezuela files legal claim with Bank of England over gold  BBC News

Venezuela arbitrarily detaining reporters covering COVID-19: CPJ - Al Jazeera EnglishVenezuela arbitrarily detaining reporters covering COVID-19: CPJ  Al Jazeera English

Buzz over Venezuela's Guaido fades as Maduro holds firm - The Associated PressBuzz over Venezuela's Guaido fades as Maduro holds firm  The Associated Press

As Venezuela's economy struggles, some of its citizens turn to a lucrative gig: Cybercrime - NBC NewsAs Venezuela's economy struggles, some of its citizens turn to a lucrative gig: Cybercrime  NBC News

Covid-19 forces migrants and refugees back to crisis-ridden Venezuela - Norwegian Refugee CouncilCovid-19 forces migrants and refugees back to crisis-ridden Venezuela  Norwegian Refugee Council

Venezuela's Guaido Urges Mass Rallies Saturday - Voice of AmericaVenezuela's Guaido Urges Mass Rallies Saturday  Voice of America

'All we have are walls': crisis leaves Venezuela's schools crumbling - The Guardian'All we have are walls': crisis leaves Venezuela's schools crumbling  The Guardian

UNICEF Venezuela Situation Report (April 2020) - Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) - ReliefWebUNICEF Venezuela Situation Report (April 2020) - Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)  ReliefWeb

Venezuela wins seat on UN Human Rights Council - BBC NewsVenezuela wins seat on UN Human Rights Council  BBC News

Russian State Oil Company Rosneft, in Sudden Move, Sells Assets in Venezuela - The New York TimesRussian State Oil Company Rosneft, in Sudden Move, Sells Assets in Venezuela  The New York Times

Maduro Picks Surprising Tool To Level Out Venezuela's Tailspin: Capitalism - NPRMaduro Picks Surprising Tool To Level Out Venezuela's Tailspin: Capitalism  NPR

Venezuela names official indicted by U.S. as Oil Minister - The HinduVenezuela names official indicted by U.S. as Oil Minister  The Hindu

Venezuela confirms two coronavirus cases, suspends school - Al Jazeera EnglishVenezuela confirms two coronavirus cases, suspends school  Al Jazeera English

Venezuelan Leader Juan Guaidó Was A Guest At The State Of The Union - NPRVenezuelan Leader Juan Guaidó Was A Guest At The State Of The Union  NPR

Exclusive: Venezuela in talks with China over support amid pandemic, oil price drop - sources - ReutersExclusive: Venezuela in talks with China over support amid pandemic, oil price drop - sources  Reuters

Thousands Of Migrants Head Back To Venezuela To Flee Colombia's COVID-19 Lockdown - NPRThousands Of Migrants Head Back To Venezuela To Flee Colombia's COVID-19 Lockdown  NPR

Troops that revolted against Venezuela's Maduro have fled the country - NBC NewsTroops that revolted against Venezuela's Maduro have fled the country  NBC News